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Occupational Wage Survey

SAVANNAH, GEORGIA
JUNE 1962

B u lle tin No. 1 3 0 3 - 8 0




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
SAVANNAH, GEORGIA




JUNE 1 9 6 2

B u lletin N o. 1 3 0 3 *8 0
August 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 2 5, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The L abor M arket Occupational Wage Survey P rogram
Wage trends fo r selected occupational groups
The Bureau o f L abor Statistics annually conducts
occu pation al wage su rveys in 82 labor m arkets.
The
studies p rov id e data on occupational earnings and related
supplem entary b en efits.
A p relim in a ry rep ort furnishing
trend data and a v era g e earnings is re le a se d within a month
o f the com p letion o f each study.
This bulletin provid es
additional data not included in the p relim in ary rep ort.
Two bu lletin s, bringing together the results o f ali
o f the a rea su rv e y s, are issu ed after com pletion o f the
final area bulletin in the cu rren t round o f surveys.
The
fir s t o f these bulletins w ill be available late in 1962 and
the other ea rly in 1963. During the survey yea r, sum m ary
re le a se s p resen tin g areaw ide occupational earnings data
fo r 25 to 30 la b or m ark ets, are issued as data b e co m e
available.
This bulletin was prep ared in the B ureau's r e ­
gional o ffic e in Atlanta, Ga. , by Cappa C. Kent, under
the d ire ctio n o f Donald M. C ruse.
The study was under
the gen eral d ir e c tio n o f Louis B. Woytych, A ssistant
R egional D ir e c to r fo r W ages and Industrial R elations.




_________________________

4

E stablishm ents and w ork ers within scop e o f su rvey -__________
P ercen ts o f change in standard weekly sa la ries and
stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected
occu pation al groups -------------------------------------------------------------------

3

T a b le s :
1.
2.

A : Occupational earnings :*
A - 1. O ffice o ccu p a tion s-m en and wom en ---------------------------------A - 2. P ro fe ssio n a l and tech n ical occu p a tion s-m en _____________
A - 3. O ffice, p ro fe ssio n a l, and tech n ical
occu p a tion s-m en and wom en com bined ------------------------A - 4. M aintenance and powerplant occupations -------------------------A - 5. C ustodial and m a terial m ovem ent occu pation s ---------------B : E stablishm ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary wage p ro v isio n s:*
B - l . Shift d ifferen tia ls _________________________________________
B -2 . M inimum entrance sa la ries fo r wom en o ffice
w ork ers ---------------------------------------------------------------------------B -3 . Scheduled weekly hours ___________________________________
B -4 . Paid holidays ---------------------------------------------------------------------B -5 . Paid vacations -------------------------------------------------------------------B -6 . Health, insurance, and pension plans ____________________

3
5
6
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
15

A pp en d ixes:
A. Changes in occupational d escrip tion s ___________________________
B. O ccupational d escrip tion s _______________________________________

* NOTE: S im ilar tabulations are available in p reviou s area
rep orts fo r Savannah and fo r other m a jor area s.
A d i­
r e c to r y indicating the a rea s, dates o f study, and p rice s o f
these rep orts is available upon request.
Union sca les, indicative o f prevailin g pay le v e ls,
are also available fo r seven se le cte d building trades in
the Savannah area.

iii

17
19




Occupational Wage Survey—Savannah, Ga.

Introduction

to the w ork schedules (rounded to the n earest half hour) fo r which
straigh t-tim e sa la ries are paid; average w eekly earnings fo r these
occupations have been rounded to the n earest half d olla r.

This area is 1 of 82 labor m arkets in which the U .S. D e­
partm ent o f L a b o r 's B ureau o f L abor Statistics has conducted s u r ­
veys o f occu pation al earnings and related wage benefits on an a re a ­
wide b a s is .
In this a rea , data were obtained by personal visits o f
Bureau fie ld econ om ists to representative establishm ents within six
broad industry d ivision s: Manufacturing; transportation, com m u n ica­
tion, and other public u tilities; wholesale trade; reta il trade; finance,
in su ran ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s .
M ajor industry groups
exclu ded fro m these studies are governm ent operations and the c o n ­
stru ction and ex tra ctive industries.
Establishm ents having few er
than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w ork ers are om itted also because they
tend to furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to
w arrant in clu sion . Separate tabulations are provided fo r each o f the
broad industry division s which m eet publication c r ite r ia .

A verage earnings of men and wom en are presented separately
fo r se le cte d occupations in which both sexes are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls o f men and wom en in these occupations are
la rg e ly due to (1) d iffe ren ces in the distribution o f the sexes among
industries and establish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp e cific duties p e r­
fo rm e d , although the occupations are appropriately cla s s ifie d within
the sam e survey job d escrip tion ; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ic e o r m e rit review when individual sa la ries are adjusted on this
b a s is .
L onger average s e rv ice of men would resu lt in higher average
pay when both sexes are em ployed within the same rate range.
Job
d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in these surveys are usu­
ally m ore gen era lized than those used in individual establishm ents to
allow fo r m inor d iffe re n ces among establishm ents in sp e cific duties
pe rfo rm e d .

T hese su rveys are conducted on a sample b asis because o f the
u n n ecessary c o s t involved in surveying all establishm ents. To obtain
optim um a ccu ra cy at m inim um co st, a greater proportipn o f large
than o f sm a ll establish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
e v e r , all establish m en ts are given their appropriate weight. E stim ates
based on the establishm ents studied are presented, th e re fo re , as r e ­
lating to all establishm ents in the industry grouping and a rea , e x ­
cep t fo r those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational em ploym ent estim ates rep resen t the total in all
establishm ents within the scop e o f the study and not the number actu­
ally su rveyed . B ecause o f d ifferen ces in occupational structure among
establish m en ts, the estim ates o f occupational em ploym ent obtained
fr o m the sam ple o f establishm ents studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance o f the job s studied.
These d ifferen ces in o c c u ­
pational structure do not m aterially affect the a ccu ra cy of the ea rn ­
ings data.

O ccupations and Earnings
The occu pation s se le cte d fo r study are com m on to a variety
o f m anufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. O ccupational c la s ­
sifica tion is based on a uniform set of job d escription s designed to
take account o f interestablishm ent variation in duties within the sam e
jo b .
(See appendix fo r listing o f these d e sc r ip tio n s.) Earnings data
are presen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tables) fo r the follow ing types o f o c c u ­
pations: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p rofession al and tech n ical; (c) m ainte­
nance and pow er plant; and (d) custodial and m aterial m ovem ent.

E stablishm ent P r a c tic e s and Supplementary Wage P rov ision s
Inform ation is presented (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on selected
establishm ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary benefits as they relate to
o ffic e and plant w o rk e rs.
The con cept "o ffice w o r k e r s ," as used
in this bulletin, includes working su p ervisors and n onsupervisory
w ork ers perform in g c le r ic a l o r related functions, and excludes admin­
istra tiv e , execu tiv e, and p rofession a l p erson nel. "Plant w o rk e rs" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w ork ers (including lead m en and tra in ees) engaged in n onoffice functions.
A dm inistrative,
execu tive, and p ro fe ssio n a l em p loyees, and fo r c e -a cco u n t con stru ction
em p loyees who are u tilized as a separate work fo r c e are excluded.
C a feteria w ork ers and routem en are excluded in manufacturing indus­
tr ie s , but are included as plant w ork ers in rionmanufacturing in du stries.

O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs , i . e . , those h ired to work a regu lar weekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational cla ss ifica tio n . Earnings data exclude
prem ium pay fo r ov ertim e and fo r w ork on weekends, h olidays, and
late sh ifts.
N onproduction bonuses are excluded a lso , but c o s t - o f living bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where w eekly
hours are rep o rte d , as fo r o ffice c le r ic a l occu pation s, re fe re n ce is




1

2

Shift differen tial data (table B - 1) are lim ited to manufacturing
in d u stries. This inform ation is presented both in term s o f (a) esta b ­
lishm ent p o li c y ,1 presen ted in term s o f total plant w ork er em p loy ­
m ent, and (b) e ffectiv e p ra ctice , presented in term s o f w ork ers
actually em ployed on the sp e cifie d shift at the tim e o f the su rvey.
In establishm ents having va ried d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m a jority was used o r , if no amount applied to a m a jo rity , the c la s ­
sifica tion "o th e r " was used.
In establishm ents in which som e la te shift hours are paid at norm al ra tes, a d ifferen tial was re co rd e d only
if it applied to a m a jority o f the shift h ours.
Minimum entrance sa la rie s (table B -2 ) relate only to the
establishm ents v isite d .
They are p resen ted in term s o f e sta b lish ­
ments with form a l m inim um sa la ry p o lic ie s .
The scheduled hours (table B -3 ) o f a m a jority of the f i r s t shift w ork ers in an establishm ent are tabulated as applying to all o f
the plant o r o ffic e w ork ers o f that establishm ent. P aid h olidays; paid
vacations; and health, in su ran ce, and pension plans (tables B -4 through
B -6 ) are treated sta tistica lly on the b a sis that these are applicable
to all plant o r o ffic e w ork ers if a m a jority o f such w ork ers are e li­
gible o r m ay eventually qualify fo r the p ra ctice s liste d .
Sums o f
individual item s in tables B -3 through B -6 m ay not equal totals b e ­
cause o f rounding.
The fir s t part o f the paid holidays table (table B -4 ) presents
the num ber o f whole and half holidays actually provided. The second
part com bin es whole and h alf holidays to show total holiday tim e .
The sum m ary o f vacation plans (table B -5 ) is lim ited to f o r ­
m al p o lic ie s , excluding in form al arrangem ents w hereby tim e o ff with
pay is granted at the d iscre tio n o f the e m p lo y e r. Separate estim ates
are p rovided accord in g to em p loyer p ra ctice in com puting vacation
paym ents, such as tim e paym ents, percen t o f annual earn in gs, o r
fla t-su m am ounts. H ow ever, in the tabulations o f vacation pay, pay­
ments not on a tim e b a sis w ere so con verted; fo r exam ple, a payment
o f 2 p ercen t o f annual earnings was co n sid e re d as the equivalent o f
1 w eek 's pay.

Data are presented fo r all health, in su ran ce, and pension plans
(table B -6 ) fo r which at least a part o f the co st is born e by the e m ­
p lo y e r, excepting only legal requirem ents such as w ork m en 's com p en ­
sation, s o c ia l secu rity, and ra ilroa d retirem en t. Such plans include
those underwritten by a co m m e rcia l insurance com pany and those p r o ­
vided through a union fund or paid d ire ctly by the em p loyer out o f
current operating funds o r from a fund set aside fo r this pu rp ose.
Death benefits are included as a fo rm o f life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ited to that type o f in ­
surance under which predeterm ined cash paym ents are m ade d ire ctly
to the insured on a weekly o r monthly b a sis during illn ess o r acciden t
disability.
Information is presen ted fo r all such plans to which the
em p loyer contributes.
However, in New Y ork and New J e rse y , which
have enacted tem porary disability insurance laws which requ ire e m ­
p lo y e r con trib u tion s,2 plans are included only if the em p loyer (1) co n ­
tributes m o re than is legally requ ired, o r (2) p rovid es the em ployee
with benefits which exceed the requirem ents o f the law. Tabulation?
o f paid sick -le a v e plans are lim ited to fo rm a l p la n s 3 which provid e
full pay o r a proportion o f the w o rk e r's pay during absence fro m work
becau se o f illn ess.
Separate tabulations are presen ted a ccord in g to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting p eriod , and (2) plans
which p rovid e either partial pay o r a waiting p e rio d . In addition to the
presentation o f the proportions o f w ork ers who are provid ed sick n ess
and acciden t insurance o r paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown o f w orkers who rece iv e either o r both types o f ben efits.
Catastrophe insurance, som etim es r e fe r r e d to as extended
m ed ica l insurance, includes those plans which a re designed to p rotect
em ployees in ca se o f sickness and in ju ry involving expenses beyond
the norm al coverage of hospitalization, m ed ica l, and su rgica l plans.
M edical insurance r e fe rs to plans provid in g fo r com plete o r p artial
payment o f d o c to r s' fe e s. Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m e r ­
cia l insurance com panies o r nonprofit organ izations o r they m ay be
s e lf-in su re d . Tabulations o f retirem en t pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide monthly paym ents fo r the rem ainder o f the
w o rk e r's life .

2 The tem porary d isability laws in C alifornia and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer contributions.
3 An establishm ent was con sid ered as having a form a l plan if
it established at least the m inimum num ber o f days o f sick leave that
1
An establishm ent was con sid e re d as having a p olicy if it m et
could be expected by each em ployee. Such a plan need not be written,
either o f the follow in g conditions: (l ) Operated late shifts at the time
but in form al sick -le a v e allow ances, determ ined on an individual b a sis,
o f the su rvey, o r (2) had fo rm a l p rovision s cov erin g late sh ifts.
w ere excluded.




3

T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m en ts and w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e of s u r v e y and num ber studied in Savannah, G a .,

M an u factu rin g

_________________________________

_____________

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m en ts

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts

M inim um
e m p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
of study

In d u stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

b y m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 June 1962

_____

_________________________

___

__

_____

T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other
p u b lic u tilit ie s 5 ___________ _____________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e ___________ ________________ ____________
R e ta il t r a d e ___ ____ ______ __ .. ___
______ _______ ___
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ____________________
S e r v ic e s
------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------

W ithin
scop e of
study 3

50

96

61

19, 800

2, 700

14, 100

1 6,790

50
50

38
58

25
36

12, 200
7, 600

1, 100
1, 600

9, 400
4, 700

10, 910
5, 880

50
50
50
50
50

13
8
22
5
10

11
4
12
3
6

3, 300
500
2, 200
600
1, 000

800

1, 700

3, 210
240
1, 380
420
630

W ithin s c o p e o f study

Studied

Studied
O ffic e

T o ta l4

C>
( )
( )
(6 )

Plant

0
(*>
( )
(6)

T o t a l4

1 T h e Savannah Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tica l A r e a co n s is ts o f Chatham County. T h e " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f study" e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a ccu ra te d e s c r ip ­
tion o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the su.rvey.
The e s tim a te s a re not intended, h o w e v e r, to s e r v e as a b a s is of c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er a r e a em p loym en t in dexes to
m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) sm a ll
es ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the su rvey.
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e sta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n . M a jor ch an ges f r o m the e a r lie r ed ition (used in the
B u re a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s con du cted p r io r to July 1958) a r e the tr a n s fe r o f m ilk p a s te u r iz a tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te esta b lis h m e n ts f r o m trade (w h olesa le or reta il) to
m a n u fa ctu rin g, and the t r a n s fe r o f r a d io and te le v is io n b ro a d ca stin g f r o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 In clu d es a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p loym en t at o r above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the are a ) o f com p a n ies in su ch in d u s tr ie s as tra d e, fin a n ce, auto re p a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e th e a te r s a re c o n s id e r e d as 1 establish m en t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and other w o r k e r s e xclu d ed f r o m the se p a ra te o ffic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n w e r e e xclu d e d . S avannah's tra n sit s y s te m is m u n ic ip a lly o p e ra te d and is ex clu d ed b y d efin ition fr o m the s c o p e of the study.
6 T h is in d u s try d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A and B ta b le s.
S eparate p r e s e n ta tio n o f data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ade
fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m ploym en t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it se p a ra te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d esig n ed in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a ­
rate p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it se p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e of in divid u al es ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u tom obile r e p a ir sh o p s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and en g in eerin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s . 1
2




T able 2.

P e r c e n t s o f change in standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e
h o u r ly e a rn in gs f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n a l gro u p s in
M ay 1961 to June 1962, and June I960 to M ay 1961

Industry and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ) _______________________
In du strial n u rse s (m en and w o m e n ) -------------------------------S k ille d m aintenance (m en )
------„------ „-----------------U n sk illed plant (m en)
. .........
.........
M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (men and w o m e n )
__ __ _
In du strial n u rs e s (m en and w om en ) _ „
S k ille d m aintenance ( m e n ) _______________________________
U n sk illed plant ( m e n ) _____________________________________

M ay 1961
to
June 1962

4. 7

n

5. 8
5. 3

June I960
to
M ay 1961

2. 0
(*)
2. 8
2-2 . 3

(|)

()
*

5 .4
1 .6

(X)
2. 3
2 -4 . 3

1 In su fficie n t data to m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .
2 This de clin e la r g e ly r e fle c t s sh ifts in e m p lo ym e n ts b e tw e e n h ig h - and lo w -w a g e es ta b lis h m en ts
rath er than w age d e c r e a s e s .

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P resen ted in table 2 are p ercen ts o f change in sa la rie s of
office c le r ic a l w ork ers and industrial n u rses, and in average earnings
of selected plant w ork er groups.
F or o ffice c le r ic a l w ork ers and industrial n urses, the p e r ­
cents of change relate to average weekly sa la ries fo r n orm al hours
of work, that is, the standard w ork schedule fo r which straight-tim e
salaries are paid.
F or plant w ork er groups, they m easu re changes
in straight-tim e hourly earnings, excluding prem ium pay fo r o v e r ­
time and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
The p e r ­
centages are based on data fo r selected key occupations and include
m ost of the n um erically im portant jo b s within each group.
The o f­
fice c le r ic a l data are based on m en and wom en in the follow ing 19 jo b s:
Bookkeeping-m achine op era tors, c la s s B; cle rk s, accounting, c la s s A
and B; clerk s, file , cla s s A, B, and C; cle rk s, o rd e r; cle rk s, pay­
roll; Com ptom eter o p era tors; keypunch op era tors, cla ss A and B;
office boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; stenographers, general; sten ogra­
phers, sen ior; sw itchboard o p era tors; tabulating-m achine op era tors,
cla ss B; and typists, cla s s A and B.
The industrial nurse data are
based on m en and wom en industrial n u rses.
Men in the follow ing
8 skilled maintenance job s and 2 unskilled jo b s w ere included in the
plant w orker data: Skilled— carp en ters; e le ctricia n s; m a ch in ists; m e ­
chanics; m ech an ics, autom otive; pain ters; p ip efitters; and tool and
die m akers; unskilled— ja n itors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers; and la b o re rs,
m aterial handling.
A verage weekly sa la rie s or average hourly earnings w ere
computed fo r each of the selected occupations.
The average s a l­




a r ie s or hourly earnings w ere then m ultiplied by the average em p loy ­
m ent in the job during the period su rveyed in 1961.
T hese w eighted
earnings fo r individual occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an a g ­
gregate fo r each occupational group.
Finally, the ra tio of these group
aggregates fo r the one year to the aggregate fo r the other y ea r was
computed and the d ifferen ce between the resu lt and 100 is the p ercen t
of change fro m the one p eriod to the other.
The percent of change m ea su res, p rin cip a lly, the e ffe cts of
(1) gen eral salary and wage changes; (2) m e r it or other in cre a se s
in pay re ce iv e d by individual w ork e rs while in the sam e jo b ; and
(3) changes in the labor fo r c e such as labor tu rn over, fo r c e expan­
sions, fo r c e reductions, and changes in the p rop ortion s o f w ork ers
em ployed by establishm ents with d ifferen t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the
labor fo r c e can cause in crea ses or d e c r e a s e s in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. F or exam ple, a fo r c e expansion
m ight in crea se the prop ortion of low er paid w o rk e rs in a sp e c ific
occupation and resu lt in a drop in the a verage, w h ereas a reduction
in the prop ortion of low er paid w ork e rs would have the opposite effect.
The m ovem ent of a high-paying establish m en t out o f an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
o ccu rre d in other area establishm ents.
The use o f constant em ploym ent w eights elim in ates the e ffe cts
of changes in the prop ortion of w ork ers rep resen ted in each jo b in ­
cluded in the data.
Nor a re the p ercen ts o f change influenced by
changes in standard w ork schedules or in prem iu m pav fo r overtim e,
since they are based on pay fo r stra ig h t-tim e h ou rs.

The above text rep resen ts the m ethod used in computing a new trend
s e r ie s .
The expansion o f the labor m arket wage survey p rogram in 1961 m ade
data available in 82 a rea s fo r the com putation of wage trends fo r selected jo b
groupings.
Sixty-one a rea s w ere surveyed in I960; p rio r to I960, covera g e was
lim ited to 20 a rea s.
T h erefore, it was decided to compute a new trend s e r ie s in
which 1961 w ill be the b ase year since this is the fir s t year in which data w ere
co lle cte d in a ll 82 a rea s.
The p ercen ts of change shown in table 2 a re not com parable with sim ilar
data shown fo r this area in la st y e a r 's Bulletin 1285-76.
The new se rie s in tro ­
duces changes in the jo b groupings fo r which trends are shown and changes in
jo b s included in the com putations.

A:

Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry d ivision , Savannah, G a ., June 1962)
Average
Sex,

o cc u p a tio n ,

Number
of
workers

a n d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Weekly,
Weekly, 4 0 . 0 0 4 5 . 0 0 5 0 . 0 0 5 5 . 0 0 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 00 7 5 . 0 0
earnings1
hours
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r
45J
_0.0
5 5 . 0 0 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 0 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
5
$
$
$
$
8 5. 00 9 0 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0
and
8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0
8 0 . 00
-

|
M en
C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A _____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------- __ — ------ _

44
19
25

40. 5
3 9 .5
4 1 .0

$ 1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B --------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------ --------- __ — ----------

28
16

4 0 .0
39. 5

8 6 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

3
2

2
2

3
3

I
!

----------------

15

4 0 .0

1 0 3 .5 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

i

----------------------------------------------

17

3 9 .5

6 6 .0 0

.

1

5

4

.

.

.

1

!

C le r k s ,

p a y r o ll

O ffice boys

---------

---------

__

_
-

W om en
40. 5
40. 5

5 4 .5 0
5 3 .5 0

2
2

5
5

24
24

7
7

3
3

2

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ___________
M anufacturing _________ __ __ _____
N onm anufacturing -------- __ __ ---- _

45
21
24

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 5

8 6 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

4

5

-

-

_
-

"

3
1
2

4

5

15
10
5

35
5
30

13
13

12
4
8

_

_

1

4
2
2

6 2 .5 0
6 0 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

_
-

4 0 .0

8 6 .0 0

_

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ----------------M anufacturing ---- ------- --------N onm anufacturing ------------------------------

117
34
83

3 9 .0
39. 5
3 9 .0

C lerk s, p a y ro ll ---------------------------------------

22

Keypunch o p e ra to rs , c la s s B 2

-----------------

38

3 9 .5

7 0 .5 0

S e c r e ta r ie s --------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing --------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ___________________
Pu blic u tilities 3 ---------------------------

93
51
42
21

39. 5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 8 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0

Stenographers, g e n e r a l2 _______________
M anufacturing ___ ___________ _____
N onm anufacturing ___________________
Public u t ilit ie s 3 ____ ________ __

1 32
71
61
43

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 9 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

39. 5

8 2 .0 0

_

_

__

__

_

_ 22 _

_

- -- -- -- -- - _ -

_-_

- __ -

_

39

39. 5

7 8 .0 0

ii
i

4
3

3
3
-

i

4
4
_

i

1

3
2
-1
1
|
!

-

3
3

5
3
2

15
1
14

3
~

4

l

_

“

-

-

_

5

3

3

1
1

4
_
4

3
1
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

4

“

-

-

-

-

-

1

7
7

2
2

1
_
1

4
1
3

_
_

1
1

_
_

1

_

-

6
3
3

-

"

-

-

-

11
5
6

13
6
7

3
2
1

2
1

3

5
5

4
4

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

2

2

_

5

_

2

1

4

8

6

6

_
-

_

-

-

2
_
2

10
4
6

~

-

-

-

2

5
4

17

1
1

10

_

-

-

7
7
3

_

_

_

2

_

_

_

l

1

i

-

!
]
1

i
i

3

-

_

4

6
3
3

13
6
7

6
5
1

4

-

-

-

"

-

1

_

_

_

_

_

2
1
1
1

2
2
-

_
-

5
4

20
17
3

_
-

_
-

12
8

5
1

2

4
4

4
4

2
2

1
1
1

3
_
3
1

5
5
-

5
5
-

12

14

3

1

2

2

-

T4

-

-

-

-

3

14

3

1
1

2
2

2
2

_

_

_

_

"

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

4

3

2

_

2

2

1

1

4

2

-

-

1

"

-

6
6

2

4

13

6

3

3

1

-

1

1
1

12
12
1

5

-

3

_

_i

_

5

_

_

_

-

"

3

i
_

"

5
4
1
1

19
19

i_

-

11
10
1

4

-

"

9
5
4
2

13
10
3
1

7

_

11

-

_
-

,

-

4

_

"

i

_

Standard hours r e fle c t the workweek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings c o rre s p o n d to these w eekly hours.
D escrip tio n fo r this jo b has been re vise d since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes 12 w o rk e rs at $30 to $35.




4
2
2

6
2
4

T yp ists, c la s s B - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2-9 - - - 3 9 . 5- - - 5 -6 .5 0 - - 2 - - - 8- - - 1- - - - 3 - - - 8 - - - - 6 - M anufacturing - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 16- - - 3 9 . 0 - - -6 1- .0 0 - - - - - - 2 - - - 1 - - - 3 - - 4 - ! - - - - -

1
2
3
4

2

:
!
!
I

3
1

i
;
!

4
2
2

3

Sw itchboard o p e ra to rs - - - - - - - - - - - 39 - - - 4 2- . 0- - - 5 7 .0- 0 - 4- 13 - - - 2 - - - 1- - - - 8
N onm anufacturing - - - - - - - - - - - - 30- - - 4 2 - . 5 - - - 5 3- .5 -0 - - 13- - - - 1 - - - - - - - - 8 -

"

i
43
41

T yp ists, c la s s A -

1
1

i

!

B ook keepin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B _________________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

Stenographers, s e n io r 2 _

'
•

-

_
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

6
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Savannah, Ga., June 1962)
Average
N u m ber
of
w orkers

O ccupation and industry d ivision

20
16

D raftsm en, sen ior ______ ________ _ ____ ____ _____
M anufacturing ____ _____ __ __ __ ------- --- _ _

W e e k ly
h ou rs
(S ta n da rd )

40.0
” 40.0“

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

W e e k ly .
e a rn in g s1
(S ta n da rd)

$
$
$
$95.00 100.00 ?05.00 fio.oo 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 ?40.00
and
under
100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00

$118.50
115.00

3
3

1
Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re c e iv e
w eekly hours.

1
1

3
3

their regu lar

2
2

1

3
3

1
1

5
3

1

straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings c o r re s p o n d to these

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Savannah, Ga., June 1962)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of

earnings1
(Standard)

45
43

$56.50
56.00

_____________________________

C lerks, accounting, c la s s B ____ ______________________
M anufacturing _______ ______ _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____ _____ __ ___________ __
P ublic utilities 2 ______________________________

38

_________ _ ________

19

89
40
49

99.50
101.50
98.00

S e cre ta rie s
, 1 1 . , iim
h__
M anufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanuf actur ing _______________________________________
P ublic utilities 2 ______________________________

103
51
52

145
50
95
72

67.50
67.00
67.50
70.00

37
20
17
15

93.00
88.00
99.00
104.00

Stenographers, g e n e r a l 3 ___________________________

136

M a n u fa c tu r in g

C lcrk sj p ayroll
M a n u fa c tu r in g

Nonmanufacturing _______________________________
P u h lic u t i l i t i e s 2

O ccupation and industry division

_

_

s e n io r 3

_________

_______

31

39
30

$ 5 7 .0 0
53.50

T yp ists, cla ss A _____________ _____________________________
91.50
89.00
94.00 T ypists, cla ss B _____________ __ --------- __ _______________
106.00

42

80.00

30
16

56.50
61.00

20
16

118.50
115.00

73

63
45

79.50
74.00
85.50
95.00

24

83.50

_____

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations
D raftsm en, sen ior ____________________________________
Manufacturing

Earnings are fo r a regular w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees re c e iv e their straigh t-tim e w eekly s a la r ie s , e xclu sive of any prem iu m pay.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
D escrip tion fo r this jo b has been re v ise d sin ce the last su rvey in this area. See appendix A.




earnings1
(Standard)

$70.50 Switchboard op era tors _______________________________________
Nonmanuf ac tur ing
___________ ___________ _____
66.50

_____________

P u h lic u t ilit ie s 2
S ten og ra p h ers,

__

___

_

Nonmanufacturing __ _________

—

Number
of

O ffice occupations— Continued
_

Keypunch op e ra to rs, c la s s B 3 ____
O ffice boys and g irls __ ____

C lerks, accounting, c la s s A
M anufacturing

Average
weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations
B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la s s B _______ __
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________

Number
of
workers

O ccupation and industry division

7
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Savannah, Ga., June 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Occupation and industry division

C arpenters, m a in te n a n c e ______________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________

42
39

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Avenge $1.20 $
1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 *2.60 2.70 2.80 *2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40
hourly ,
earnings
and
under
1.30 IA 0 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2,60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50

$2.72
2.74

~

4
4

■

“

_

_

_

_

E lectrician s, m a in te n a n ce __________ __
Manufacturing
— — — __

114
110

3.06
3.05

_

F irem en , stationary b o i l e r ____________
Manufacturing _ — _
— ___

71
66

2.16
n r

2 12
10

6
6

3
3

3
3

10
10

"

5
4

_

_

_

6
6

H elpers, maintenance trades _
M aniifarhi ring
M achinists, maintenance

271
---- 2^4

_

112
no

__ . . _

M echanics, automotive
(m a in te n a n ce )_________ __ _________ ___
M a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________

2.26
— 05 “

2.64
2.$8

156
151

2.67
2.67

-

■

“

“

.

.

_

2
2

P ainters, maintenanre
Manufacturing

48
48

2.76
2.76

"

86
86

3.06
0 5 “




__ _

-

-

_

_

6
6

4
4

-

-

"

-

5
5

-

9
9

52
52

12
ll

4
4

4
4

8
8

.

2
2

8

62
62

3
3

4

"

9
9

-

34
34

12
12

~

4
4

4
4

7
5

16
15

3
3

_

-

35
35

29
27

19
18

90
90

"
3
"

4
4

_

.

.

■

"

"

2

28
28

2
"

'

-

16
16

2
•

-

"

-

-

-

-

40
40

-

.

2
2

.

-

-

-

1
1

.

"
1
1

1
1

1
■

1

■

8
8

.

Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Includes 2 w ork ers at $0.70 to $0.80.

15
15

■

_

.

.

“

2
2

_

"

4
4

_

•

_

_

-

"

21
ll

n
lo

"

.

-

.

1
1

"

_

.

.

3
3

”

"

5
5

-

-

2.36
2.36

P ip efitters, maintenance
Manufacturing

2
2

_

■

39
35

-

73
73

-

_

2
■

-

“

2
---- —

O ilers _ _
_ _ ________
M anufacturing __ _
_ __ ___ __

- -

_
”

“

3.18
— 37T s i

35
28

M echanics, maintenance
_ __
M anufacturing _ __ ____ _______

_
■

_

■

!
1

9
9

11
11

10
10

8
8

.

.

-

-

6
6

_

1
~ — r"1
.

.

2
2

6
— r~

2
2

1
1

3
2

1
1

1
1

!
1

4
1

46
46

1
1

-

15
15

.
"

33
33

1
1

-

"

1

1
1

4
4

3
3

4
4

3
3

28
28

5
5

j
1

8

1

_

1
1

-

1

.

15
15

20
16

43
43

-

-

"

8
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A verage straigh t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Savannah, G a., June 1962)
N UM BER OF W O RK ER S RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E H OURLY E A R N IN G S OF—

O ccu p ation 1 and industry d ivision
2

N u m b er
of
w orkers

A v era g e
h o u rly ,
earn in gs

*0.50 *0.60 "0.70 *0.80 *0.90
and
under
.90 1.00
.80
.60
.70

$

1.00 *1.10 *1.20 *1.30 *1.40 *1.50 *1.60 *1.70
1.10

1.20

1.30

1.40

1.50

1.60

1.70

$
$
$
$
$
1.80 *1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30
2.40

2.50

2.60

2.70

2
2

4
4

19
10

4
4

■

“

“

9
8
1
1

15
14
1
1

10
4
6
6

2

1

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

“

■

“

6
6
“

115
115
■

24
24

9
9

10
10

12
12

8
8
“

11
11

_

_

_

_

-

“

"

“

11
8

3
3
“

2
2
“

_
-

33
33

3
3

2.00

2
2

3
3

14
14

$2.0 9
2.06

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs
(men) ________ —
_ __ — — __
M anufacturing
__ __ __ __ __ __
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 34 _ __ ____ __
5

176
90
86
31

1.38
1.54
1.21
1.72

5
5

4
4
"

18
4
14
“

2
2
“

3
3
■

10
3
7

20
2
18
5

22
20
2
1

23
10
13
7

~

2
2
~

14
14
“

8
5
3
3

8
4
4
4

28

1.09

4 10

-

-

-

-

3

4

2

1

-

-

-

1

370
283
87

1.70
1.69
1.75

"

"

"

"

"

5
5
■

94
59
35

4
4

58
58
“

■

1
1

3
3

14
13
1

7
6

O rder f i l l e r s ____________________________
M anufacturing _______________________

33
26

1.88
1.88

.

.

.

.

_

“

"

-

“

"

6
6

.

-

-

3
1

“

T r u c k d riv e r s 5 __________________________
M anufacturing
_____ . . — — . . __
Nonm anufacturing ___________________

151
66
85

1.95
1.64
2.03

.

.

.
"

.
■

_
-

■

3
3
”

20
3
17

22
18
4

.
■

T r u ck d riv ers , light (under
IV2 tons) ___________________________ _

20

1.46

-

-

-

-

-

3

11

T r u ck d riv ers , m edium (IV2 to and
including 4 tons) -----------------------------M anufacturing ___ __ __ _ __ __
N onm anufacturing __ __ _ — —

101
45
58

2.13
1.98
2.24

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

■

9

T ru ck ers, pow er ( f o r k l i f t ) _____________
M anufacturing
__
____ ______ __

182
160

2.16
2.12

.

.

.

.

_

.

.

■

“

~

■

■

"

"

T ru ck ers , p ow er (other than
fork lift)
_,,
M anufacturing _____________________________________

104
98

1.98
TT9S

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

"

64
50

1.57
1.58

2

.

2.10

2.80

2.90 o v e r

7

L a b o r e rs , m a teria l h a n d lin g ___________
M anufacturing ___ — __ ____ __ —
Nonm anufacturing ___________________

$
$
2.60 *2.70 *2.80 2.90
and

2.30

1.90

48
39

2.40 *2.50

2.20

1.80

M anufacturing _______________________

$

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs
(wom en) _____________ ________________

W atchmen _ _ _ _______
M anufacturing
_

1
2
3
4
5

_
—
_
__ __ __

_
__

__ _
_ _ __

-

-

.

9

11
11

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem iu m pay f o r ov e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public u tilities.
Includes 4 w o rk e rs at $ 0.30 to $0 .4 0 ; 4 at $ 0.40 to $ 0.50.
Includes all d r iv e r s r e g a rd le s s of size and type of truck operated.




_

.
-

2
8

1

_

_

_

-

-

■

.

21
2
19

_

-

-

8

■

-

■

■

-

-

-

-

"

■

"

“

"

■

“

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

“

6
6

_
“

.
■

.
-

28
28

2
2
“

"

28
28

2
2
~

_
~

17
16

“

6

15
11
4

”

■

8
8

“

■

■

3
3
■

2
2
“

"

25
25
“

3
3

6
6

"

“

10
10

6
6

6
6

.

1
1

_

_

16
16

8
8

84
78

_

“

15
■

_

“

19
19

_

“

4
4

24
24

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

"

1
1

10
10

-

63
57

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

■

~

■

~

~

“

9
6

8
8

6
4

!

1

5
1

.

6

_

10
8

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

“
_

5
5

6

_




B:' Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

9

Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(S hift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa ctu rin g p lan t w o r k e r s b y typ e and a m ou n t o f d iffe r e n t ia l, Savannah, G a . , June 1962)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p lan t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v i s io n s 1 fo r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

S e c o n d s h ift
w ork

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o r k

----------

9 1 .2

__ __
__ __

2 c e n ts ----------------------------------------------------------3 c e n ts ---------------------------------------------- --------_____ ___
_____
5 c e n ts ----- —
6 c e n ts ___ __ __
__ __ __ __ ___ ___
7 c e n ts __________
______
__ __ __
7 l 2 c e n ts ---------- __
lz
__
__ __ ___
8 c e n ts
— — _____ __
___ __ ___
9 c e n ts ----- ------- ----------- -------- __ __
10 c e n ts -------------------------------------------------------I3V3 c e n ts ----------------------------------------- — ~

1. 5
2. 1
55. 8
6 .8
_
.9

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e -----------------------------------------

4. 1

4. 1

7 p e r c e n t --------------------------------- ---------------------

4. 1

A c tu a lly w o rk in g on—

4. 1

T otal

------------------

-------- — ------------- —

W ith s h ift pay d iffe r e n t ia l -------------U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h ou r)

-------

F u ll d a y 's pay f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s
O th e r f o r m a l pay d iffe r e n t ia l
N o s h ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l

----__

-----------------

------------------------

__________________

— —

S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

8 5 .7

22. 6

15. 1

7 7 .6

74. 1

18. 1

1 4 .4

72. 1

6 6 .2

1 7 .9

14. 3

_

2. 5
2 .6

_
1. 5
4 .9
_
5 .0
_
50. 8
2 .5
1. 3
-

I

. 1
.5
14. 5
.7
_

.4
_

( Z)
. 1
_
.4
_

_
.4
1. 3

1 3 .4
. 3
. 1
-

-

-

-

2. 5

-

-

1 .4

1 .4

.2

.2

13. 5

1 1 .6

4. 5

.6

1 In clu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s ,
e v e n th ou gh they w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .

and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts

10
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f esta b lis h m e n ts stu died in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by m in im u m e n tran ce sa la r y fo r s e le c t e d ' c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w om en o f fi c e w o r k e r s , Savannah, G a . , June 1962)
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M anufacturin g
M in im um w eek ly s a la r y 1

A ll
in d u s trie s

-------------------------------------------------------------------

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m

—

-----

..

—

U nder $ 42. 50
........................................................................................
$ 4 2 . 50 and under $ 45. 00 --------------------------------------------------------$ 4 5 . 00 and u nd er $ 4 7 . 50 --------------------------------------------------------$ 47. 50 and u nd er $ 50. 00 --------------------------------------------------------$ 50. 00 and u nd er $ 52. 50 --------------------------------------------------------$ 52. 50 and u nd er $ 55. 00 —
------- ---------- — — — —
$ 55. 00 and u nd er $ 57. 50 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------$ 57. 50 and under $ 60. 00 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------$ 6 0 . 00 and u nd er $ 6 2 . 50 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------$ 62. 50 and u nd er $ 65. 00 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------$ 6 5 . 00 and tinder $ 6 7 . 50 — —
---------- ----------------------------------------O v er $ 67. 50 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------E sta b lish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m

----------------------------------------

E sta b lish m en ts w h ich d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

M an u factu rin g
A ll
in d u stries

B a sed on stan dard w eek ly h o u rs 3 o f —
1
A ll
s ch e d u le s

E sta b lish m en ts studied

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
N onm anufacturing

40

A ll
s ch e d u le s

N onm anufac tur ing

B a s e d on stan dard w e e k ly h ou rs 3 o f —
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

61

25

XXX

36

XXX

61

25

XXX

36

XXX

19

9

6

10

8

31

16

11

15

12

_

_
2

_
1

_
4
1
1

1
3
2
4
1

2
2
1
1

1
1
6
2
2

_
1
6
1
1

-

-

_
_
6
1
6
1

-

-

3
1

1
1

-

-

2
1
9
4
6
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

1

1

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

1

1

1
2
i
1

-

1
1
1

1
2
1
1

-

1
1
2

1
1
2
1
3

-

-

-

2

2

6

1

XXX

5

XXX

11

2

XXX

9

XXX

36

15

XXX

21

XXX

19

7

XXX

12

XXX

1

-

4
1
3

-

L o w e s t s a la r y rate fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d fo r h ir in g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s f o r typing o r o th e r c le r i c a l j o b s .
R a tes a p p lica b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o f fi c e g i r ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e not c o n s id e r e d .
H ours r e fl e c t the w ork w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s . D ata a r e p re s e n te d f o r a ll w ork w eek s co m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n w o rk w e e k r e p o r te d .




11
Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly Hours

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y s ch ed u led w eek ly h ou rs
o f f ir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , Savannah, Ga. , June 1962)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

W e e k ly h o u rs
A ll in d u strie s

A ll w o r k e r s

_________

_________________________

U nder 37V2 h o u r s ____
__ -----------------------3 7 x/z h ou rs _______________________________________
O v e r 3 7 V2 and un d er 40 h o u r s -------------------------40 h ou rs __________ __ __ __ — ------- -------------4 2 h ou r s __________ _________________ _____________
O v e r 42 and un d er 45 h o u rs ____________
___
----- ----------------4 5 h ou rs ---------- ------------- —
O v e r 45 and un d er 48 h o u rs -----------------------------48 h ou rs _______ _________________
____________
O v e r 48 h o u r s _____ ___ ~ __
—
---------

100

3
8
1
83
3
(4 )
1
1
1

1

M a n u fa ct u r in g

100

7
5
3
85
1
-

A ll in d u s tr ie s 3

P u b lic u tilit ie s 2

100

18
78
4
-

j
!!
!
1
1
I
i
i
1

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

100

3

2

-

80
4
6
1
2
4

69
7
5
6
2
6
4

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a d d ition t o th o s e in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




100

-

94
-

6
!

1
2
3
4

P u b lic u tilitie s

^

12
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y num ber o f paid h o lid a y s
p ro v id e d annually, Savannah, G a ., June 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Item
All in d u s tr ie s 1

A ll w o r k e r s

____________________________________

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h o lid a y s __________________________ _____
W ork ers in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h olid a y s ______________________________

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilit ie s 2

100

100

100

98

99

2

1

n
(4)
1
28
7
57
4

(4
")
1
9
12
70
6

4
61
68
96
97
97
98

6
76
88
97
98
99
99

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s 2

100

100

100

100

84

94

91

“

16

6

9

4
7
89
“

1
1
2
8
14
53
5

2
2
5
18
61
6

8
82
“

6
67
85
90
92
94
94

82
91
91
91
91
91

A ll in d u strie s3

Number of days

2
3
4
5
6
7
8

h olid a ys
h olid ays
h olid a ys
h olid a ys
h olid ays
h olid a y s
h olid a ys

_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
____________________________ _________

Total holiday time

8
7
6
5
4
3
2

or
or
or
or
or
or
or

m ore
m ore
m ore
m ore
m ore
m ore
m ore

d ays
days
days
days
d ays
days
days

5

_________________________________
----------------------- -----------------------__________________ ____________
_________________________________
_________________________________
______________________ _________
_________________________________

89
96
100
100
100
100

5
58
72
80
82
83
1
i

!

____________________________ !
1 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
4 L e s s than 0.5 p e rce n t.
5 A ll com b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the s a m e am ount a r e co m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a to ta l o f 7 d a y s in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 7 fu ll d a ys and
no h a lf d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a ys, 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o on. P r o p o r t io n s w e re then cu m u lated.




13
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations

(P e r c e n t distrib u tion o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , Savannah, G a., June 1962)
PLAN T W ORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

V a ca tio n p o l ic y
A ll industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

__

__ __ __ ________

__ __ __

__

100

M anufacturing

100

Public utilities2

All industries3

i

jj

100

Method of payment

100

M anufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

i

jj
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
11

100

L e n g t h -o f-t im e paym en t ____________________
P e r c e n t a g e paym en t
— _____ _____ __ __
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t __ ______ — — __ _____O th er
-- ------------------------------ -------- — _____
W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
n o paid v a c a tio n s __ __ __ _____ __ __ __ —

100

100

97

98

97

100

100

100

93

93

97

-

-

-

3

4

1

-

-

-

3

2

Amount of vacation p a y 4
A ft e r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k ____________________________________
1 w eek __ __ ________
__ __ __ __ _ _________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ______________________

( 5)
34

2

1

_

12

34

_

2

3

7
-

4

1

4

_
90
7

72

43

26

-

-

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k __ _________________________________
1 w e e k ____ _______
____ _____ ___ ___ ___ ___
2 w e e k s _ __ __ _____ ___ __ __ __ __ — __ —

_

_

38

16

62

84

10
16

13
-

73

87

3
97

5
95

3
97

5

_

_

79
21

85

8
52
40

70
3
23

87
11

9
45

( 5)

23

25
73

87

11

25

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
w e e k ____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s _ _____ ______ ________ __
__ ________
1

_

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
w e e k ____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s ____ _____ __ __ __ __ __ _____ __ __
1

1

73

100

10

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w ppV
O v e r 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s __________________ _ __
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------

1

_
95

100

5

j

)
i
j

77

18
79

8

4

1

(

94

19

1

j

10

_
87

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
w eek __ __ ____________ __ __ __ _____ ___ _
O v e r 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s __________ ________________ _____________
1

2
98
1

See fo o tn o te s at end o f table,




1

99

(5)
100

86
1

_
97

14
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations— Continued

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by va ca tion pay
p r o v is io n s , Savannah, G a . , June 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries 1

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 4—

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

C o n t in u e d

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ___________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ---------------------------------2 w eeks _____ __ ______ __ __ ________________
3 w eeks _______ __ __ __ _______________________

|
|
2
62
36

1
34
65

(5)

j

81

1
|
j

4

_

-

-

40
54

76
21

8
1
45
43

4
40
54

_
76
21

8
1
26

4
25
69

_
6
91

26
55
6

4
25
64
4

6
82
8

8
1
23
22
43

20
20
54

19
!

A fte r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

----------O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ---------------2 w eeks ______
___
____________ ____________
3 w eeks -----------------------------------------------------------------

8
1
45

2
62
36

1
34
65

2
19
79

1
25
74

2

1
25
71
3

( s)
4
90
6

1
21
15
63

(5)

(5)

j

81
19

1
1

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ---------------------------------2 w eeks _______ _______ __ __ __ ------ --------------3 w eeks ____________________ _______________ ___

(5)
4
96

I

61

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek ___________ ___
________ — -------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ----------------__ — __ __ ------------------------2 w eeks __ ___
3 w pp Ics
_ ______
4 w eeks __ ___ ___ ___ ___ __ ____ ______ _________

-

19
74
5

8

_
-

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek --------------------- ------------- --------O ver 1 and u n d er 2 w eek s ---------------------------------2 w eeks __ ___
_______________
______ _____
3 w eeks --------------- ----------------------------------------------4 w eeks ________________________________ ________

1
2
3
4
includ e
5

2
-

18
37
44

i
j
1

4

72
24

!
j

4
-

_
6
63
28

Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s shown se p a r a te ly .
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fl e c t the in d ivid u al p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s . F o r e x a m p le , the ch an ges in p r o p o r t io n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e
chan ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g be tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .

N O T E : In the tabu lation s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , paym ents oth er than "len gth o f t i m e , " such as p e rce n ta g e o f annual ea rn in g s o r fla t - s u m p a y m en ts , w e r e c o n v e r t e d
to an equivalent tim e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a paym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.




15
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
health, in su ra n ce , o r p e n sio n b e n e fits , Savannah, G a ., June 1962)
PLAN T W ORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

T yp e o f b e n e fit

A ll w o r k e r s

___ _

__

__

__

A ll in d u s tr ie s 1

___

___

M a n u fa c t u r in g

A ll in d u s tr ie s

P u b ji c u tilitie s 23

3

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s 2

100

100

100

92

95

94

27

30

22

84

76

89

57

89

100

100

100

97

100

96

36

21

20

65

80

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :
L ife in s u r a n c e ___
___ __ — — —
A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e ____
__ _ _ _ _ _
- —
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o t h 4

1

j

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e ___ —
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w a itin g p e r io d ) — ,— . . . —
--------------------------S ick le a v e (p a r tia l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r io d ) ___

54

79

58

70

47

62

66

6

-

7

“

18

5

1

19

H os p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ____ _____ ____ ___ — —
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e _________ ____ ______________________
___ __
__
__
M e d ica l in s u r a n c e
__ __ C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e _
R e tir e m e n t p e n s i o n _________________________
No health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n plan . . . .

89
89
61
75
57
2

78
78
77
95
36
4

86
86
64
60
59
7

90
90
75
62
74
5

72
72
70
89
40
6

99
99
84
80
85

34
22

1 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in su ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s .
3 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
4 U n d u p lica ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w . S ic k -le a v e plan s a r e lim ite d to th ose w h ich d e fin ite ly es ta b lis h at lea st
the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y that can be e x p e c te d b y ea ch e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in divid u al b a s is a r e exclu d ed .







Appendix A : Changes in Occupational D escriptions

stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.

Since the Bureau’ s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more sp ecific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’ s bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

17




Appendix B : Occupalional D escriptions

The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type o f machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (hilling machine)—
Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry o f necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
die bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (hookkeeping machine)— ses a bookkeeping
U
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry o f figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

19

20

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G —C o n tin u e d

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.



CLERK , ORDER

Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

21

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R

Class A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C/ass B—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



S E C R E T A R Y —— o n tin u e d
C

making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by die following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

22

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part o f regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety o f tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group o f tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts o f a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.



TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B—
Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

23

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts*
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units o f complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints^
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a*
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use o f drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina•
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to die ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees9 injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicant^
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions o f work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




24

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.



Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working

25

M A C H IN IST , M A IN T E N A N C E —C on tin u ed

M IL L W R IG H T

properties o f the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in die trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.



OILER
Lubricates f with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

26

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.




27

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish*
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method o f shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform other related duties.



SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of die goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

28

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l l2 tons)
/
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

* U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1962 0 — 654867


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102