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HOUSTON, TEXAS
JUNE 1962

Bulletin No. 1 3 0 3 - 7 9




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
HOUSTON, TEXAS




JUNE 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-79
August 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 2 5, D .C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
Wage trends for selected occupational groups _______________________
The Bureau of Labor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage surveys in 82 labor markets.
The
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits. A preliminary report furnishing
trend data and average earnings is released within a month
of the completion of each study. This bulletin provides
additional data not included in the preliminary report.

4

Tables:
1.
2.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey __________
Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups __________________________________________

3
3

Two bulletins, bringing together the results of all
of the area surveys, are issued after completion of the
final area bulletin in the current round of surveys. The
firs t of these bulletins w ill be available late in 1962 and
the other early in 1963. During the survey year, summary
releases presenting areawide occupational earnings data
for 25 to 30 labor markets, are issued as data become
available.

A: Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women _____________________
A-2. Professional and technical occupations—
men
and w o m e n _____________ -______________ ________________
A-3. Office, professional, and technical
occupations—
men and women combined ________________
A-4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations _______________
A-5. Custodial and m aterial movement occupations __________

9
10
11

This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau's r e ­
gional office in Atlanta, Ga., by William L. Dansby, under
the direction of Donald M. Cruse. The study was under
the general direction of Louis B. Woytych, Assistant
Regional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.

B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B -l. Shift differentials _______________________________________
B-2. Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers _
B-3. Scheduled weekly hours ___ — ___________________________
—
B-4. Paid holidays ___________________________________________
B-5. Paid vacations __________________________________________
B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans __________________

13
14
15
16
17
19




5
8

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions __________________________
B. Occupational descriptions ________________________________ ____

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available in previous area reports
for Houston and for the other major areas, A directory indicating
the areas, dates of study, and prices of these reports is available
upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and supplementary
wage provisions in the Houston area are also available for life in­
surance (June 1961), machinery industries (March 1962), and paints
and varnishes (May 1961), Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay
levels are available for the following trades or industries: Building
construction, printing, local-transit operating employees, and m otor­
truck drivers and helpers.

iii

21
23




Occupational Wage

S u r v e y — Houston,

Tex.

Introduction

to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U.S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics has conducted sur­
veys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an area­
wide basis. In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of
Bureau field economists to representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica­
tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry groups
excluded from these studies are government operations and the con­
struction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because they
tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2 )’ differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or m erit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
basis. Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
pe rformed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as r e ­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data
are presented (in the A -series tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and power plant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to
office and plant workers. The concept "office w ork ers," as used
in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes admin­
istrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant workers" in­
clude working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Administrative,
executive, and professional employees, and force-account construction
employees who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufacturing indus­
tries, but are included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-tim e workers, i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is




1

2

Shift differential data (table B - l) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy,1 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification '’other" was used. In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance salaries (table B-2) relate only to the
establishments visited. They are presented in terms of establish­
ments with formal minimum salary policies.
The scheduled hours (table B-3) of a majority of the firs tshift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B-4 through
B-6) are treated statistically on the basis that these are applicable
to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers are e li­
gible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums of
individual items in tables B-3 through B-6 may not equal totals be­
cause of rounding.
The firs t part of the paid holidays table (table B-4) presents
the number of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second
part combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to fo r ­
mal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off with
pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate estimates
are provided according to employer practice in computing vacation
payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or
flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay, pay­
ments not on a time basis were so converted; for example, a payment
of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of
1 week's pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension plans
(table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ­
ployer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's compen­
sation, social* security, and railroad retirement. Such plans include
those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and those p ro­
vided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer out of
current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to form al plans3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness. Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors1 fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments fo r the remainder of the
worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
either of the following conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time
but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
were excluded.




3

Table

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Houston, T e x .,

by m ajor industry d ivision ,2 June 1962

Number of establishments

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Within
scope of
study3

Studied

-----------------

50

960

M an u factu rin g---------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------- -----— -------------------—
Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5
_ - Wholesale t r a d e ______ ________________ —— ----------------Retail trade
......
_
.................. „ .,
Finance, insurance, and rea l e s t a t e ___________________
S e rv ic e s 7 ..
_ — _
___ _ _
—
—— -

50
50
50
50
50
50
50

Workers in establishments

Industry division

A ll divisions

__

_

__

__ _

Within scope of study

Studied

T o ta l4

O ffice

Plant

227

190,300

32,500

121,300

99, 040

303
657

72
155

76,300
114,000

7,800
24,700

54,400
66,900

39,020
60,020

118
146
200
97
96

34
35
44
20
22

33,400
18,400
39,200
12,000
10,900

17,600
9, 500
30,900
(?)
( 6)

23,690
7,770
20,340
4,710
3,500

8, 100
4,800
3,500
(?)
( 6)

T otal4

1 The Houston Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea consists of Harris County. The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description
of the size and composition of the labor fo rce included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other area employment indexes to measure
employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments
are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division. Major changes from the ea rlier edition (used in the
Bureau’s labor m arket wage surveys conducted prior to July 1958) are the transfer of m ilk pasteurization plants and ready-m ixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or retail) to manu­
facturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting from services to the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minim um -size limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair
service, and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A and B tables. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made
for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to permit separate
presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and engineering and architectural services.




Table 2.

Percents o f increase in standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings
for selected occupational groups in Houston, Tex. , May .1961 to June 1962,
and June I960 to May 1961
May 19^1
to
June 1962

Industry and occupational group

May I960
to
May 1961

A ll industries:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d w o m e n )
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m e n a n d w o m e n )
U n s k i l l e d p la n t (m e n )

--------

2. 3
1.9
4.0
7. 3

3.2
4.9
2.8

2.9
.9
3. 1
8.0

3.2
6.6
1.6
2.2

1. 1

Manufacturing:
Skilled maintenance (men)

----------- -----

4
Wag* Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the p e r­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
The p e r­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B.
The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations.
The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961.
These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group.
Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series.
The expansion of the labor market wage survey program in 1961 made
data available in 82 areas for the computation of wage trends for selected job
groupings.
Sixty-one areas were surveyed in I960; prior to I960, coverage was
limited to 20 areas.
Therefore, it was decided to compute a new trend series in
which 1961 w ill be the base year since this is the first year in which data were
collected in all 82 areas.
The percents of change shown in table 2 are not comparable with sim ilar
data shown for this area in last year's Bulletin 1285-78.
The new series intro­
duces changes in the job groupings for which trends are shown and changes in
jobs included in the computations.

5

A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division. Houston, Tex., June 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

0
0

Weekly:
Weekly! *40.00 *45.00
hours
and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r
45 .0 0 50.00

55.00

^ 5 .0 0 *60.00 ^ 5 .0 0
60.00

65 .0 0

0
0
0

Number
of
workers

©

Avuuaa
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , a n d in d u s t r y d iv is i o n

*75.00 *80.00 *85.00 *90.00 *9 5 .0 0 f o o .o o fo 5 .0 0 !1 0 .0 0 1 15.00 120.00 125.00 (3 0 .0 0 (3 5 .0 0 (4 0 .0 0 (4 5 .0 0
A
an

70.00

75.00

80.00

85.00

23
-

17
3
14
14

10
10
8

90 .0 0

95 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00

over

M en
.
-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A _______________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ___________—_________ —
P u b l i c u t ilit ie s 2 _______________________
.
.
W h o le s a l e t r a d e __________

444
111
333
182
123

40 .0
40 .0
40 .0
40 .0
40.0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B _______________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _________________________

181
6l
120

40 .0
40 .0
40 .0

81.00
81.50
81.00

C l e r k s , o r d e r ____________________________ ______
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g .
.
W h o le s a l e t r a d e -----------------, ---------------

224
7J>
149
128

40 .0
39.5
40 .0
40 .0

89.50
55.66
87.50
89.50

C le r k s , p a y r o ll _
_
_______________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______
_____
_______
P u b li c u t il it ie s 2 _______________________

109
75
56

40.5
40.5
40 .0

102.00
102.66
99.00

O f f i c e b o y s ______________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________
P u b li c u t ilit ie s 2 _______________________

204
171
62

40 .0
46 .6 “
40.0

57.00
55.5b
62.00

2
2

Tabulating-machine operators,
class A ---------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing —
. __________

119
66

39.5
59.5

117.50
114.50

Tabulating-machine operators,
class B ---------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing .
Public utilities 2 _______________________
Wholesale t r a d e ________________________

195
1^4
38
63

40 .0
40 .0
40 .0
40 .0

??
52

109

_
-

_

$104.00
109.00
102.50
100.00
107.50:

_
-

_
-

_

17
4
13

16
5
11

-

13
4
9

11
11
2

7
7
5

39
10
29
19

32
16
16
16

31
6
25
25

43
22
21
21

22
2
20
20

13
2
11
11

7
6
1
1

1
1
1

3
-

11
-

2
1
1

7
7
7

3
2
1

6
6
2

9
7
7

20
26
20

4
-

-

2
2
1

17
14
11

?
5
1

3
2
1

.
-

_

2
-

2
-

2
-

-

-

-

-

3
2
2

_

-

10
10
10

1
1
1

_
-

-

-

-

3
3
1

4
4
4

47
40
24

45
44
10

-

2
2
-

30
2
28

16

62
52
3

-

2
1” ”
1
1

28
19
9

8

-

_

“

13
8
5

16
-

-

3
3

"

-

8
-

“

26
6
18
5
13

11
5
6

-

6
1
5

_
-

38
14
24
4
13

19
l2
7

-

_
-

75
24
51
25
23

9
7
2
1
1

-

.

41
14
27
11
14

20
20
8
8

-

23
15
8

51
8
43
31
5

49
9
40
27
12

-

33
14
19
7
12

11
2
9
3
4
_

9
9
9
-

11
4
7
6
1

10
2
8
3
5

.
-

_

_

-

-

1
1

-

-

“

-

“

-

10
4
6
6

3
3
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

-

-

-

1
-

10
8

6
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

_

_

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
9
5
4

.

-

11
11
11

-

11

1
• -

-

-

3
1

2
2
_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

3
3

9
9

8
1

9
9

7
2

6
4

7
1

11
6

16
14

12
16

11
5

7
2

3
1

10
7

94.50
95.66
104.00
93.00

-

-

-

-

7
?
-

1
1
-

25
15
13
2

5
4
2
2

12
8
4
4

.

-

-

18
U
9
8

.

7

23
22
6
16

.

-

40
38
1
4

3
1
-

-

14
9
2
1

3
-

-

11
11
1

29
26
1

“

4
4
4

-

1

-

-

-

-

40 .0
46.0

68.00
61.00

_

2
J

12
1

28
58

21
10

14
£

_

_

2
2

_

3

9
1

6
2

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

40 .0
40.0

64.50
60.50

-

12
11

5
3

43
43

17
6

4
4

4

-

-

.

3

-

-

.

1

1

_

_

"

-

7
7

.

-

12
12

-

86

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

172
152
65

40 .5
40 .5
40 .0

80.50

-

-

13
15
4

1
1
1

1
1

-

1
1
1

-

-

2
1
1

-

-

1
1
1

1
1

-

31
23
7

-

-

30
~Tf
5

4
-

-

20
20
15

4
-

77.00

32
32
26

-

-

12
12

19

-

-

-

7 6 .5 6

-

-

-

496
63
433
63
68

40.5
40 .0
40.5
40 .0
40 .5

67.00
65.00
67.50
68.00
65.00

-

1

-

.

-

33
14
3

-

_
.

_

-

90
17
73
20
12

-

1

42
18
24
6
2

-

-

„
_

13

Women
Billers, machine (billing machine)

_____—

N A n m a m if a

Billers, machine (bookkeeping
machine) _________
_________ —
Nonmanufacturing ________________—
—
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class A --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------Wholesale trade . . _ ____
.
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ...
____ .
Wholesale t r a d e __________________
Retail trade _____________________________

See footnotes at end of table.




-

'

-

79

91
12

79
12
15

79
1
22

38

5

16
4

“

131
8

23

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

123

20
9
6

_
.

_
-

_
-

_
.

1
1

_
.

_
.

_
•

-

8

3

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Houston, T e x ., June 1962)
Averaoh
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

an d in d u s t r y d iv is i o n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

$
Weekly,
Weekly . 4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 l o . 00 55. 00 1 0 .0 0
hours 1 earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r
on 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0
4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0

$
S
$
$
$
$
$
75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 9 0 .0 0 *9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
and

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

75. 00 8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0

95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00

over

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d
—
_
_

_
-

_
-

3
3
-

57
27
30
1
2
3

33
8
25
3
7
8

73
10
63
4
29
5

90
25
65
9
1

1

24
5
19
4
5
5

141
30
111
13
30
25

144
32
112
21
26
33

89
30
59
25
27
1

94
51
43
10
12
8

98
54
44
34
6

16
3
13

33
5
28

21
11
10

12
9
3

16
7
9

54
42
11

18
17

15
15
5

6

-

67
55
19

77
77

19
19

14
12

6
6

7
3

_

13
13

_

5

_

1

7
7

-

-

-

8 6 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
83. 50
86. 50
9 5 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

_

_

_

-

18
1
17
5
7
5

26
8
18
9
3

26
8
18
5
5

-

7
7
7

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

72. 50
7 2 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
73. 50
67. 50

_
-

7
7
5
2

25
25
6
6
12

16
15
3
12

59
57

43
40
2
16
22

42
32
4

345
71
274
102
125

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 5 .5 0
90. 50
84. 00
9 1 .0 0
84. 00

_
.

_
-

_
-

3
3
-

26
11
15
1

K e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B 3 --------------M a n u f a c t u r in g _
_ __ ___________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------P u b li c u t i l i t i e s 2 ---------—
— —
W h o le s a l e t r a d e --------------------------------

324
74
250
51
87

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

67. 50
74. 50
65. 50
7 0 .0 0
6 7 .0 0

O f f i c e g i r l s --------- -----------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------

113
90

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

54. 00
53. 50

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g --------------— -------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------P u b li c u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________
W h o le s a l e t r a d e — . .
~
— —
R e t a il t r a d e ------

510
158
352
80
79
53

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 1 .0

$ 9 0 .0 0
94. 00
88. 00
101. 50
90. 50
82. 50

-

"

-

“

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------- --------------------P u b li c u t ilit ie s 2 ---------------------------W h o le s a l e t r a d e -------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ____________________________

815
273
542
149
140
95

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 2 .0 0
76. 50
7 0 .0 0
73. 50
74. 00
6 6 .5 0

_
_
_
-

13
6
7
2
5

52
4
48
5
7
10

63
12
51
23
5
3

C l e r k s , f i le , c l a s s A 3 --------------- -----------M a n u f a c t u r in g ------------ — — — ----N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g --------- -------- ~ —

139
48
91

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .5

73. 50
7 9 .0 0
70. 50

.

_

-

-

12
12

C l e r k s , f i le , c l a s s B 3
..........................
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------P u b li c u t i l i t i e s 2 -------------------------------

294
258
59

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

61. 00
6 1 .0 0
75. 50

2
2

55
55

-

-

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s C 3 -----------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ________________________

129
123

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

52. 00
51. 50

2
2

C l e r k s , o r d e r ------------ ----- -------- ----------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------

76
54

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

74. 00
67. 50

l

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------- P u b li c u t i l i t i e s 2 ____ —
—
W h o le s a l e t r a d e — — ------------ —
R e t a il t r a d e _______ —

325
104
221
92
52
62

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .5

C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------P u b li c u t i l i t i e s 2 -----------------------------W h o le s a l e t r a d e -------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ---------------------------------------

320
291
72
72
134

K e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A 3 --------------M a n u f a c t u r in g
_____
___ ___ —
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ________________ — —
P u b li c u t i l i t i e s 2 ____
___ — —
W h o le s a l e t r a d e --------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table,




-

-

51
45

15
15
-

6
16
30

1

“

18

■

_

-

-

1
1

-

-

_

1

>

-

-

2
2

2
2
2

1

3
3
3

4
2

11

_
-

_

_

1
-

21
21
4
12

39
1
38
3
28

67
4
63
15
39

32
13
19
9

7

9

66
22
44
5
27

37
4
33
13

10
10
-

7

8
3
5
4
1

5
5

_

_

2
1

-

_

2
2

22

7
3

-

22

-

"
1

39
33
9
4
16

16

32
29

3
1
2

2
2

37
35
12
9
11

11

_

“
2
1
1

3
2

27

45
34

-

9

-

4
2
2

23
10
13
8
4

4
2

-

3
1
2

30
13
17
11
6

-

-

2
1

-

50
14
36

70
13
57
10
25

_

4
2
2

21
1
20
11
5
4

-

-

_

5
5
-

-

38
5
33

-

_

3
_
3
1
2

_

-

-

1
1
1

14
3
11
5
6

-

61
5
56
6

“

-

10
7
3
1
2

6
6

-

4
2
2
2

"

14
4
10
2
2
6

-

18
2
16
-

“
2
2
2

-

27
11
16
8
5
3

7
6

-

1
1
1
-

19

9
9

4

6
6
5
1

41
22
19
1
3
1

-

6

9
5
4
2
2

28
16
12
11
1

15
12

6

4
4
1
3

8
3
5
3
2

25
24
1
1
-

_

6

10
3
7
7
-

52
7
45
10
11
2

2
2

_

-

4
3

18
7
11
3
8

49
14
35
14
7
10

-

1
11
11

2
2
1

1
2
2
2

“

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

5
4
1
1
-

_
-

-

-

“

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

11

_

_

_

„

_

_

2

_

_

_

30
15
15
5
3
3

23
11
12
6
6

2
2
1
1

28
3
25
14
11

8
1
7
7
-

10
6
4
4
-

5
2
3
3

3
3
-

9
7
2
2

2
1
1
1

-

4
4
4

-

“

-

-

"

-

"

-

-

-

■

10
9
1
5
3

16
14
5
5
4

14
13
11
2
-

5
5
5
-

3
3
1
2

1
-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

1
1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
1
1
-

-

-

31
9
22
9

11
4
7
5

75
13
62
58
4

10
5
5
5

10
5
5
1
4

7
1
6
1
5

6
2
4
1
3

1
1
1

2
1
1
1

1
1
1

2
1
1
1

-

1
1
-

-

-

9
9

1
1
-

2

.
-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

_
-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

1

-

-

-

_

-

2

-

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Houston, Tex., June 1962)
Avsbaqs
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N u m ber
of
workers

Weekly
hours*
(Standard)

W eekly
earnings*
(Standard)

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F

$
$
s
*40.00 *45.00 *50.00 *55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 *75.00 *80.00 *85.00 *90.00 *95.00 100.00 105.00 *10.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 *30.00 135.00 *40.00 145.00
and
and
under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over

Wome nr—Continued
Secretaries
— —
....
Manufacturing — ------- --- ------------Nonmanufacturing —
Public utilities 1 ________________
2
Wholesale t r a d e _________________
Retail t r a d e _____ __— ______ ____

1.971
609
1,362
410
390
116

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.5

$95.50
99.00
94.00
100.00
98.50
84.50

-

>
_
-

3
3
.
3

5
.
5
1
-

43
7
36
4
4

65
6
59
20
11
4

113
31
82
12
17
10

143
41
102
25
40
10

241
79
162
37
33
16

244
68
176
27
36
36

186
48
138
47
54
15

227
67
160
53
54
5

188
58
130
43
35
4

141
64
77
39
15
5

98
40
58
43
6
4

75
30
45
19
15
-

59
14
45
12
26
-

22
11
11
4
3
-

25
10
15
7
8
-

Stenographers, general3 4 ---- ----- ----Manufacturing __________ ....._______
Nonmanufacturing____ _____________
Public utilities2
.
.
...
Wholesale t r a d e ___ ___________ __
Retail t r a d e ________

1,224
330
894
356
195
50

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

76.00
82.00
74.00
76.00
78.00
68.50

-

_
.
-

26
7
19
2
3
8

85
10
75
24
6
4

171
28
143
53
31
5

171
28
143
52
24
5

137
34
103
61
6
13

233
44
189
71
49
11

143
52
91
22
26
1

71
41
30
7
20
1

52
32
20
9
4
2

41
20
21
12
9
-

39
4
35
28
7
-

24
9
15
13
2
-

8
3
5
1
4
-

13
11
2
1
1
-

2
2
_
.
_
-

4
2
2
.
2
-

4
3
1
.
1
-

Stenographers, senior3 ______ ...__.....
Manufacturing------- -------------------Nonmanufacturing______ ____ ______
Public utilities 2 ________________
Wholesale trade ______ ....._______

570
89
481
247
106

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0

89.50
97.50
88.00
87.00
92.50

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

5
5
-

2
2
1
-

8
8
4
1

32
1
31
16
-

81
2
79
53
20

93
93
52
21

116
28
88
46
11

73
19
54
24
12

54
6
48
19
12

42
15
27
8
8

17
4
13
7
6

17
7
10
7
3

10
2
8
5
3

12
3
9
3
6

2
_
2
1
1

2
_
2
_
2

Switchboard o p e r a to r s ________________
Manufacturing --------------------------- ,
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------

324
70
254
49
79

41.0
40.0
41.0
40.0
40.5

71.00 4 16
82.00
67.50
16
80.50
8
59.00

25
25
10

25
2
23
2
9

24
4
20
1
16

44
3
41
4
12

37
10
27
6
12

32
14
18
1
7

36
7
29
11
4

11
2
9
2

19
9
10
6

9
5
4
3

34
4
30
11

2
2
2

3
3
_

_
_

3
3
.
_

1
1
_
_

2
2
.

1
1
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

490
18*
303
50
113
67

40.0
40.0
40.5
40.0
40.0
41.5

69.00
72.00
67.00
66.00
69.00
62.00

1
1

36
20
16

.

-

8
6
2
2

3
3
.

_

„

_
_

_
_

.
_

_
_

.
>
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
.

7
-

7
-

24
4
20
3
5
1

20
Id
2

5
9

31
22
9
1
4
1

12
5
7

-

30
5
20
2

11
4
7

.

118
20
26
29

82
2*
59
6
31
16

59

-

48
16
32
13
6
8

155

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Transcribing-machine operators.
g ene r al ......___________ ______ ___ ____
Nonmanufacturing_______ ___ _____ __
Wholesale t r a d e __________________ ___ _______

201
176

39.5
39.5
40.0

69.00
70.00
72.00

17
17

34
27
16

55
45
27

24
24
5

22
22
5

18
16

3
3

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

6
8

_

_

.

-

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Typist 8 , class A ____ ____ _______________ _____ ____
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing
.
.
.
Public utilities 2 ________________
Wholesale trade
___
.
__

633
165
468
96
113

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

70.50
77.00

144
16
128
31
35

78

11
0

85
*2
53

19

2
0

1
0
1
1

45
i9
26

Typists, class B

599
1*6
469
104

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
41.0

140

69
11
58
15
27

16
3
13
7
5

17
11
6
2

P u b lic
R e ta il

u t ilit ie s 2

_

_____

traH e

Switchboard operator-receptionists —
M a n u fa c tu rin g
N n n m a n u fa e tu rin g

Public utilities 2 ________________
Wholesale t r a d e ___ ______ ______
Retail trade ...
.
. . .

M a n u fa c tu rin g

Nonmanufacturing------------------ ---Public utilities 2 ___________ _____
Wholesale trade
Retail t r a d e _____________ _______

1
2
3
4

8
6

76

6 .0
80
6 .0
90
69.50

59.00
61.50
58.50
60.50

6 .0
20
58.00

_

.

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
2
2

_

15

18

-

6

-

1
1
-

1

18

-

74

2

4

1
2
1

72
19
9

77
19
58

94
18
76

170
24
146
31

15

6
9
6

1
0

5
19

2
1
18

il

105
32
16
22

7

71

1
2

1
0

W

44
57
4

1

2

1

8
6

8
2
0

-

-

-

50
19
31
14
17
-

_

_

_

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
.
-

2
2
-

_
_
_
_
-

_

-

1
.
1
1
-

_

.

_

7
6

6
5
1

_

_

_

_

.

.

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

7

14
3
3

3
3
_

_

6

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

6
6

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

5

3

37
19
18

1
1

1

1
1

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Description for this job has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
Includes 6 workers at $35 to $40.




12
7
5
5
-

31
9
22
8
10
-

_

8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Houston, Tex., June 1962)
Avsiuoa
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , a n d in d u s t r y d iv is i o n

N um ber
of
workers

1

W e ekly,
hours
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS 07

3
3
3
3
3
3
$
$
3
3
3
3
S
S
3
3
3
3
3
65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 95 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 160.00 170.00 180.00 190.00
and
and
under
7 0 .0 0 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 13 5.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 160.00 170.00 180.00 190.00 o v e r
s

3

2 S 5 S .(Standard)

$

M en

D ra fts m e n , le a d e r
—
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
P u b li c u t ilit ie s 1 _______________________
2

155

D r a fts m e n , s e n io r
__ ___
_
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
P u b li c u t ilit ie s 2 . . — __________________

688
339
349
247

M a n u f a c t u r in g
— -- ----- -------- -—
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _.— — — —
________—

PnhHr ntilltUa *

4 0 .0
“ 4 5 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

313
Z7TZ
111
91

4 0 .0
40. o
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

89. 50
8 9 .5 0
89. 50
89. 50

81
65

4 0 .0

109. 00
114. 00

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

7
.
7

-

“

■

“

"

23
16
7

39
31
7

7

47
zl
25
25

8

5

332
T 2

—

10
10

2

22
12
10
3

27
20
7
6

27

58
35
23
18

19
14
5

12

15
10

7

3

7

1 1 9 .0 0
119. $0
118. 00
1 1 8 .0 0

46. 0

_

_

*149. 50
1 4 8 .0 0
150. 50
150. 00

76

79
68

3

2

6
3
1
1

20

21

11

37

13

3

2

4

7
7

18
18

9
5

33
28

43
35

9

15

7

12

2
2

3
2

8

8

4

8

8

3

-

-

1

“

■

■

7
5
2
2

10
9
1
1

1
-

2
-

1
1

2
2

-

.

.

-

.

_

_

_

19
9
10
9

101
16
85
50

45

44

40

22

18

23

23
17

26
9

17
12

16
9
7
3

5
4
1
1

6
4

5
4
1
1

_
-

_
-

-

-

2
2

4
4

-

-

-

-

10

6

1
1

9
9

1
1

1

2

5

3
3

3

7

1

2

1
1

71
35
21
20

42
36

25
2

7
5
2

_
-

4

2

2

8

7

7

1

7
7

9
9

23

2

82
34
48
33

50
19
31
30

63
"3 0 “
13
13

9
9

49
7

4
-

8
8

W om en

N u r s e s , in d u s t r i a l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) ___________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________________

40. 0

_

2

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
9 Includes 1 worker at $55 to $60; 2 at $60 to $65.




3

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Houston, Tex., June 1962)

Number
of
worker*

Average
weekly j
earning*
(Standard)

B illers, machine (billing machine) .
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2

123
54
69
29

$ 7 4 .0 0
80.50
68.50
83.00

Billers, machine (bookkeeping machine)
Nonmanufacturing___________________

116

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A .
Nonmanufacturing_________ _______
Wholesale t r a d e ____________________

184
rsi5
65

81.50
S o .60
77.00

Bookkeeping -machine operators, class B ,
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2
Wholesale trade .
Retail trade

498
63
43 5
25
63
68

67.00
65.60
67.50
72.50
68.00
65.00

Clerks, accounting, class A
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _
Public utilities 2
Wholesale trade .
Retail t r a d e ____
Clerks, accounting, class B
Manufacturing___________
Nonmanufacturing --------Public utilities 2
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Clerks, file, class A 3
Manufacturing_____
Nonmanufacturing

954
269
685
262
202
57

Number
of
worker*

327
291
72
72
134

Average

Average
weekly |
earning*
(Standard)

$ 7 2 .5 0
72.66
79.00
73.50
67 .5 0

65.50

Occupation and industry division

Occupation and industry division

Occupation and industry division

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations

Comptometer operators
Nonmanufacturing __
Public utilities 2 Wholesale trade _
Retail trade
Duplicating-machine operators
(Mimeograph or Ditto)

96.50

106.66
95.00
100.50
101.00
83.00

996
334
662
202
188
95

74.00
77.56
72.00
76.00
77.00
66.50

144
51
93

75.00

6^.06

Clerks, file, class B 3
Nonmanufacturing ..
Public utilities 2

303
264
61

61.00
61.00
75.00

Clerks, file, class C 3
N onmanufactur ing

129
123

52.00
51.50

71.00

Clerks, order
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _
Wholesale trade ,

300
97
203
160

85.50
92.50
82.00
85.50

Clerks, payroll ..
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ..
Public utilities 2
Wholesale trade
Retail t r a d e ___

434
136
296
148
60
71

90 .0 0
93.50
88.00
91.00
99.00
77.00

Keypunch operators, class A 3
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing „
Public utilities 2
Wholesale trade .
Keypunch operators, class B 3
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2
Wholesale t r a d e _
_
Office boys and girls
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing «...
Public utilities 2
Manufacturing ___
Nonmanufacturing „
Public utilities 2
Wholesale trade .
Retail trade
Stenographers, general3 _
_
Manufacturing_____
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2
Wholesale trade .
Retail trade ____
Stenographers, senior3
Manufacturing____
Nonmanufacturing M
Public utilities 2
Wholesale trade .
Switchboard operators
Manufacturing____
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2
Retail trade ____
Switchboard operator -receptionists
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing .
Public utilities 2
Wholesale trade ,
Retail t r a d e ___

55

85 .5 0
96 .5 6
84.00
90 .5 0
84 .0 0

325
74
251
51
88

67 .5 0
74 .5 0
65 .5 0
70 .0 0
67 .0 0

317
56
261
86

56.00
6 l .60
55.00
60 .5 0

2, 009
619
1 ,3 9 0
430
398
116

96 .0 0
9 9 .6 6
95 .0 0
101.00
99 .0 0
84.50

1,23 1
556
901
363
195
50

76 .5 0
62.66
74.00
76.50
7 8 .0 0
68 .5 0

577
89
488
248
112

71.00
82.66
67.50
80.50
59.00

490
187
303
50
113
67

69 .0 0
7 W
67 .0 0
66 .0 0
69 .0 0
62 .0 0

class B

89 .5 0
9 7 .5o

324
76
254
49
79

97
28

Nonmanufacturing «
Public utilities 2
Wholesale trade .

61 .0 0

347
71
276
104
125

class A
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2

Tabulating-machine operators,
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2 ----

247
214
52
89

92.0 0
102.00
91.0 0

93.50

81

~TT

73.00
77.00

201

69.00
70.00

T tT

Typists, class A .
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2
Wholesale trade .

649 .
“m
477
98
120

Typists, class B .
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2
Wholesale trade ,
Retail trade ___

611
130
481
104
86
88

70.50
..... 77". 0068.00
70.00
70.00

59.50
5T?0"
59.00
60.50
62.00
59.00

Professional and technical occupations

Draftsmen, l e a d e r ---Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ..
Public utilities2
88.00
87.50
92 .0 0

$ 1 1 6 .5 0
113.50
117.50

Transcribing-machine operators, general .
Nonmanufacturing .
Wholesale trade

Draftsmen, senior ---Manufacturing ____
Nonmanufacturing ..
Public utilities 2
Draftsmen, junior —
Manufacturing .....
Nonmanufacturing _
Public utilities 2
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Manufacturing __
—— —

Earnings are for a regular workweek for which employees receive their straight-time weekly salaries, exclusive of any premium pay.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Description for this job has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




earning*1
(Standard)

149.50

~TT

TW.W

79

150.50
150.00

68
702
"3 4 T
359
253

m

10
2
10
0
81
65

119.00

n o r
118.50
118.50
89.00

W.W

... " "

9 .0
00
9 .0
00

19 0
0 .0
i

1 4 . 65 “

10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Houston, Tex., June 1962)
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OP—
N u m ber
of
workers

A verage
hourly
earnings

Carpenters, maintenance ------- .-------Manufacturing____________________ _
Nonmanufacturing ________ ________

358
303
55

$3.19
3.27
2.73

Electricians, maintenance _____ _____
Manufacturing ---------------------------

587
546

Engineers, stationary___ _________ ___
Manufacturing___ _________ ________
Nonmanufacturing____ _________ ___
Public utilities 2 _________________

Occupation and industry division

.

t

1.20 *1.30 *1.40
and
under
1.30 1.40 1.50

-

2
2

-

_

13

_

_

10
io
-

3
3

4
4

3
1
2

2
2

7
4
3

1
1

22
7
15

3
1
2

6
6
-

12
8
4

-

109
108
1

37
37
-

121
115
6

-

12
6
6

-

9
7

4
3

5
2

6
1

1
1

8
8

_
-

6
6

14
14

14
12

56
66

50
49

42
42

107
107

216
203

5
5

-

31
31

-

3.23
3.28

_

_

310
100
210
49

2.50
2. 81
2.35
2.49

_
_
-

_
_
-

9
_
9

Helpers, maintenance t r a d e s _________
Manufacturing --------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------

621
506“
115

2.42
2.51
2.06

36
_
6

11
_
11

14
.
14

Machine-tool operators, toolroom
Manufacturing

253
253

2.91
2.91

Machinists, maintenance______________
Manufacturing _____________________

477
438

3.24
3.21

_
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

Mechanics, automotive
(maintenance) ________________ , r_____
_
Manufacturing___ __________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------- ----------Public utilities 2 _______________________ ______
Wholesale t r a d e _____________________________

686
20F“
481
358
84

2.63
2.80
2.56
2.53
2.66

.

-

-

-

10
10

42

-

_

.

_

_

42
42

10
4
6

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

18
4
14
12
2

18

-

_
_

_
_

_
.

_
_

_

14
14

2
2

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_

-

_
_

_
-

_
-

3
3

6

5

7

_
_

m a in te n a n c e

Manufacturing
__ _ __
Nonmanufacturing
.....
... _

1, 349
1, 124
225

2.93
2799“
2.63

__

151
151

3.39
3.39

____ _ ______

141
139

2.51
2.50

Painters, maintenance________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing__________________

409
312
97

3.06
3.32
2.24

P i p e f it t e r s r m a in te n a n c e

783
783
66
------ 5 5 “
190
167

16
_
16

3
29
_ “ft l
3
6

3
.
3

_
_
-

30
24
6

37
_
37

19
6
13
2

4
.
4
4

18
3
15
3

22
4
18
18

20
4
16
12

10
2
8
1

21
21
4

4
4
-

9
4
5
5

20
8
12
“

5
4
1
-

17
14
3
-

_
-

27
27
-

10
10
-

“

1
1
"

29
16
13

10
6
4

4
4
-

34
34
-

1
1

35
33
2

24
24
-

104
79
25

118
118
-

15
15
-

43
16
27

58
54
4

18
18

5
6

60
60

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

7
7

2
2

_
-

_
-

12
12

4
4

69
69

81
81

62
62

13
13

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
“

-

_
-

6
6

.
“

.
“

21
21

9
9

5
6

7
7

11
ll

55
53

3
3

183
163

1
1

132
132

8
-

7
7

29
“

107
19
88
84
4

48
44
4

19
18
1
1

26

13

5

82

6
2
4

33
33

7
7

3
3
-

5
5
-

14
14

46
46

56
50
6

-

-

-

-

2
2

49
49

28
26

13

2

1
1
-

3
3

-

-

3.15
3.15

_

_
-

.

18
18
-

-

2

-

-

-

-

13
3
10

5
3
2

82
43
22

32
32
28
4

14
1
13
4
7

35
27
8
8
-

105
2
103
103
-

48
46

26
9
16
139
34
105

15
3
12

43
36
7

59
66
4

7
1
6

13
l2
1

183
139
44

258
250
8

_
5
- — r

_

_

_

_

96
96
“
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

4
4

19
1$

_

_

16

6

-

-

16

6

11
9

1
1

6
6

1

_
-

-

-

1

-

18
18

11
10
1

12
12
-

3
1
T
2

5

-

4
— 4

29
-F T

-

116
84
32

M illw r ig h t s

Manufacturing
Oilers
...
..
Manufacturing

__

M a n u fa c tu rin g

22
22

-

-

-

-

6

5

7

-

13

2

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

7

-

27
27
-

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes 2 workers at $ 1.10 to $ 1.20.




223
223
-

_
-

27
27 '
-

5
5
-

_

130

_

_

r

-

~T W

-

-

_

.

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
6
-

155
140
15

_

5

118
118
-

9
5
-

19
19

307
307

5
5
_

5
— r

— J T

22

115

_

15

115

-

—

84 321
84 n r

Sheet-metal workers,
m a in te n a n c e

-

16

3.41
3.41

Tool and die makers ----------------------M a n u fa c t u rin g
__ _

8
_
8

3.35

Manufacturing ---------------------------

_

4
4

-

M e c h a n ic s ,

-

$
$
$
S
*
$
$
$
1.50 *1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 *2.20 *2.30 *2.40 *2.50 *2.60 *2.70 *2.80 *2.90 *3.00 3.10 *3.20 *3.30 3.40 *3.50 *3.60 *3.70
and
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 over

7
7

7
7

_

12
12

_

_

14

....

5

s

_

19

-

15

38
“i r

*

9“

_
-

_

16

_

6

9

16

6

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Houston, Tex., June 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS 07—
O c c u p a t i o n 1 a n d in d u s t r y d iv is i o n

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(w o m e n ) __ - ------------------- — —
.
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------- — --------------------G u a r d s ___________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g —----------------------------------—
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g —------------------------------P u b li c u t il it ie s 3 -------------------------------

Number
of
worker*

230
ZS S ”
374
168
63

Average U n d e r *0 .7 0 *0.80 *0 .9 0 *1 .0 0 *1 .1 0 *1 .2 0 *1 .3 0
*1 .4 0 *1 .5 0 *1 .6 0 *1 .7 0 *1 .8 0 *1 .9 0 *2 .0 0 *2 .1 0 * 2 .2 0 *2 .3 0 * 2 .4 0 *2 .5 0 *2 .6 0 *2 .7 0 *2 .8 0 *2 .9 0 *3 .0 0 *3 .1 0
hourly z
an d
earning* $
and
u n d er
0.70
.80
.90
1.00
1.10
2.20
1.20
1.30
1.80
1.90 2.00
2.40
2.50
1.40
1.70
2.10
2.30
2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90
1.50
1.60
3.00
3.10 o v e r

$ 1 .1 2

15
12
" 15" ... I f

•
-

68
ST

20
20T

85

27

32

_

.

_

32
32

-

-

-

19
17
2

-

-

-

-

2.09
2.72
1.32
1.42

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

85

-

-

-

-

-

-

27
18

54
54
-

41

54
54
.
-

43
43
-

205
2
203
-

18

12

12

2

113

763
30
733
13
15
117

526
62
464
20
42
122

239
29
210
4
25
102

200
51
149
12
13
86

197
86
111
47
17
16

64

41
-

732
713
24

25
2l
5

16
12
2

29
29
27

-

51?
t5 i
327
102
130
90

349
91
252
26
150
76

245
122
123
4
104
15

31

46
46
36
10

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s
( m e n ) „r—
------------------------- _______■
r„^_
M a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------- -- --------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ____________________ ____
P u b li c u t i l i t i e s 3 ........................
W h o le s a l e t r a d e __________________ _____
R e t a i l t r a d e ---------------------------------------

3 ,0 8 8
827“
2, 261
182
198
624

1.44
i.9 6
1.25
1.62
1.70
1.21

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , an d c l e a n e r s
(w om en)
_____________- rr -----------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------ ---------------- ---P u b li c u t il it ie s 3 -- ----------------------------

1 ,0 1 3
958”
77

1.16
i.1 6
1.45

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g ------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ----------—
„
_
P u b li c u t il it ie s 3 — ................. ..........
W h o le s a l e t r a d e
R e t a i l t r a d e — -- --------------------------------

3, 206
17493 "
1 ,7 1 3
737
686
269

O rd e r fille r s
..
.
_____
_______
M a n u f a c t u r in g _____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
— ------ . . . . . . . . . . . .
W h o le s a l e t r a d e
___________
R e t a i l t r a d e -------- — ---------------------------

-

-

84
64

55
55

-

17
17

-

-

-

-

-

1.64
1.67
1.61
1.75
1.55
1.36

_
_

.
-

.
.

-

-

-

2
2
.
2

907
151
756
477
135

1.82
17527
1.81
1.83
1.80

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

31
25
6

P a c k e r s , s h i p p i n g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -----------------------------W h o le s a l e t r a d e _______________________
R e t a i l t r a d e --------------- ------------------------

158
111
59
50

1.46
1.41
1.45
1.35

_

_

_

-

-

19
19
19

R e c e iv i n g c l e r k s _______________________ _______
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____
_______
____
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
.
_____________ .
W h o le s a l e t r a d e ------------------- -----------R e t a il tr a d e _

326
102
224
68
118

S h ip p in g c l e r k s

-

-

-

.

18
18
-

-

-

-

-

18

-

2.03
2.43
1.85
1.75
1.89

_

.
-

_

-

-

2
2
-

-

15
15
10

-

-

-

-

-

3

2.21
2.37
1.98

_

_

_

.

_

_______________________________

186
110
76

-

-

-

-

-

-

S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s _____________
M a n u f a c t u r in g —— -------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g — ----- ------------ _ -------W h o le s a l e t r a d e —

254
152
102
83

2.18
2.27
2.06
2.07

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

._
M a n n f a r t i i r 1n g

—

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

—

.

.

See footnotes at end of table.




.

3
3

80
66
_

20
20

-

66
58 r
8
8

-

3
3
-

_
-

3
2
1

5
5

-

-

-

84
81
3
.
.

26
11
15
12
_

3

6
6
6

6
-

12
12

3

2?

-

28
28
-

8
8
-

15
15
-

3
2
1

-

3
3
3

-

-

-

69
6£
7
7
.

68
8
60
.
60

178
178
_
_

78
76
2
2
_

2
2
2

-

18
18

4
-

-

-

-

46
41
5
5
.

181
&
122
80
42

27
_
27
24
3

18
6
13

26

26

38
18
8
12

63
47
8
5

9
9
9

8
-

-

-

-

-

286
111
175
110
40
25

315
166
129
102
13
14

301
141
160
152
6
2

126
87
39
28
4
7

236
54
182
2
126
38

94
64
30
5
25

116
116
1
1
_

45
41
4
-

9

38
38
28
10

76
30
46
46

138
1i
126
27

97
39
58
22

-

-

-

88
30
58
12
37

74
-

9
1
8

74
72
2

186
22
164
110
54

71
10
61
60
1

34
18
12
6

17
17
5
12

34
23
12
11

18
6
3
3

8
4
4

3
3
1

2
2
2

1

16
16
10
6

11
3
8
3

21
21

19

16

7

9

16

54
12
42
8
7

15
-

28
8
20

21
6
15
9

5

17
1
16
8
8

35

14
2
10

3

3

3
3

5

_

7

10
10

-

7

53
25
28
24
13
11

9

50
50
-

57
57
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
_
_

15
15
.
.
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
„

_
_
_
.
_

.
.
_
_

2
2
2

-

-

-

.

-

.

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

73
65
8
8
_

168
39
129
87
42

18
18
_
_
_

25
_
25
25
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

1
1
.
_

_
_
.
_

2
_

6
_

10
_

2
.
2

6
4
2

10
10

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

8
8
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

7

10

7

5

2

7

9

20
20

4

3

5

5

3

5

13

3
3

5

10
10

3
-

89

14
2
12
10

•

4

5

19
11
8
8

24
18
6
6

-

26

3
.
2
1

7

1
6

17
2
15

4

26
17
9

3

7

1

4

-

3

-

4

1
1

15
13

13

7

19
17

11

14
5

2
2
7
7

_

7
.

3
17
16
1

6
6
_

1

_

_

_

4
4

17
17
.
_

4
4

_

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

13
13

4
4

11

3
3

4
4

_

5
5

4

15
15
_

7
7

3

_

_

3
3

9

57
31
26
26

7

1

_

-

g

11

_

7
7

_

_

-

2
2

_

_
.

2
_

2
2

17
11
6
6

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Houston, Tex., June 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
worker*

O c c u p a t io n 1 an d in d u s t r y d iv is i o n

S
t
$
*
Average
hourly z U n d e r 0.70 0.80 0.90
an d
earning* $
0.70 u n d e r
.90
1.00
.80

T r u c k d r iy e r > 4 _______________________ _
3 ,2 6 7
613
2 ,6 5 4
1 ,0 8 0
812
662

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___
P u b li c u t ilit ie s 14
3
2
_____
W h o le s a l e t r a d e
R e t a il t r a d e
_

T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (u n d e r
1^2 t o n s ) ____________ , ____________________
_

$ 2 .0 9
1 .8 5 "
2.14
2.78
1.69
1.70

745
1a
613
334

R e t a il t r a d e

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d iu m (lV a to an d
in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
.
—
M a n u f a c t u r in g ....................... ..........—
P u b l i c u t ilit ie s 3
W h o le s a l e t r a d e ................. ..........
R e t a i l t r a d e ________, _
_

1.63

1 . 8V
1.58
1 38
L50

1 .6 5 9
4TT —
1 ,2 3 2
666
352
203

2 .1 1

748
599”
322

—

2.40
2.45
2.90

T r u c k d r i v e r s , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a i l e r ty p e )
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g .
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ___________________

n r r

2.20
2.72
1.51
1.72

308
r r r

1.32
1.52
1.20
1.17

—

UnK14 a i i f i l i f i A A ^

1
2
3
4

_____ — ____ f

—
_
_

—

101
*7 *
38

-

-

165

164
54

96
39
67

194
Vo
104
5
64
26

66

113
26

41
23
18
.
-

286
92
193

29

5

96

115
5V
56
5
30
21

22
-

_

2

52
60

168

154
•
154

10

73
15
58
14
47

119

131

.

49

130
-

_
.

11

_

10

121

84

“

"

.
36
13

-

-

-

-

.

86
37

60
14

12
it

21
21

4
-

2
-

22
74
-

_

-

-

$

«

t

S

S

$

S

S

S

2.20

* 2 .3 0

2.40

2.5 0

2.60

2.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.10

2.20

2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.10

over

40
61
9
7
-

137

94
14
80
42
•
38

63

67
16
51
29

23
26
-

346
17
329
315
14

531
531
531
-

4
4
-

”

~

■

■

”

13

6
6

20

-

2 .10

17
39
.

6
33

88
.
5
76

2

317
41
276
.

6

146
37

112
120

18

2

65
14
51

-

27
V

78
-

12

16
14

78

12

12
6

-

71

-

-

9

-

35
io
25
.
25

19
V
10
5
5

22

33
27
6
-

.
6

160
6T
79
2
38
37

38
31
7
7
-

4

2
-

11
-

7
-

108
~ToW

8
8

-

16
6
-

"

8
129
106
23

20

-

20

-

-

19

8

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

77

56
5
51
40
11

13
4
9
-

17
IV
-

327
T2
315
315
-

146
-

4
4

9
9

146
146
-

-

-

“

1

107

1

11

“

66
42
24

219
219

2
2

3
3

6
6

■

“

39
"" 68
1
1

*

■

"

"

"

“

48
48
26
16

15
2
13
.
13

25

17
it

68
20
48
48

28
11
17
9
8

2Q
12
8
8

32
32
32

70
62
38
28

33
27
6
6

1
1
1

48
l6
32
32

4
4

23
23

-

-

-

-

18
18

5
-

5

-

3

3

8

15

13
11
2

2

2

13

-

-

2

2

5
g

-

9
-

-

“

7
V
7

85
21
64
64

/_

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

•

■

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

315
615
315

12
12
-

16
16
-

77
VV
-

61
46
15
15

_

_

-

-

4

2
-

-

-

-

*

38

166

22

4
4
-

•

-

12
6

9
V
-

12
1

"

.
.
.

6
58
40

-

106
105
1

~

'

11
6
8

“

40

.

$

■

'

5“
35

5T
115
30

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




22
9

65
to
45
35
10

*

.

73
17
55

2

70
18
52
4
42
6

1

6
-

2.10

_

.

-

2.00

57
9
48
34
5

•
•
.

1.53

1.90

29
7

.
.
.
.

122

1.80

62
28
34
19
13

.
_
.
-

T r u c k e r 8, p o w e r (o t h e r th an
f o r k li f t ) ~ __ ___________________________________

1.70

73
-

-

.
.

1.60

44
15

-

-

1.50

79
27

-

•
.

1.40

110
2

-

2.18
2.3 V
1.97
2.11
1.78

1.30

18

10

695
367
328
196
116

2.00

147
4
81
61

.
.
-

"

1.90

1

4
.
4

"

S

1.80

299

.
-

-

$

1.70

298

-

-

S

$
1.60

112

-

-

$
1.50

197
$5

*

-

S
1.40

-

-

-

I

11

-

-

$
1.30

1.20

11

>
.
.
.

-

%

and

4
4
.
.

-

1 .1 0
1.20

.
-

•

%

1.10

.
-

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (f o r k li f t ) ......................—
i
M a n u f a c t u r in g ........................................
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g — .
.
—
P u b l i c u t il it ie s 3 ______________________
W liA la a a lA ft*

W a tc h m e n
M a n u f a c t u r in g

1.00

-

15

7

1

-

-

-

4

-

2




Bs Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant workers by type and amount of differential,
Houston, Tex., June 1962)
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
In establishments having form al
provisions 1 for—

Shift differential

Actually working on—
Third or other
shift

Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

Second shift

86.8

75.2

18.3

With shift pay d iffe re n tia l_____________________

83.0

75.2

17.6

8.9

Uniform cents (per h o u r )__________________

80.6

72.8

17.3

8.8

cents
_ —
___
____
cents
.
.
__
cents
-__ ____________________ ___
__
.
— —
cents
____
_______
l llz cents
8 cents
, ____________ . _____ _
_
9 cents ______ __________________________
10 cents . .
_____________ —
-...
12 cents
___ — ______ ______
12Vz cents
_______ ___________________
13 cents
__
—
..
______
l.„r
13l/ cents ___________ _____ w ------------3
14 cents — ■ __________________________
15 c e n t s __
__
__
16 cents ___ __________________________
_____
—
____
18 cents
20 cents ■■■,■ .m
■■■ ■ ..■■■■■ t
m .■■■Lh. m,■■
■■ .
.■

3.0
4.6
8.1
11.5
1.9
27.9
10.7
8.3
.7
1.7
1.4
.8
.
_
.
-

1.6
1.9
1.3
L9
.
1.2
6.2
21.2
2.0
3.0
.9
1.6
1.4
21.1
5.1
1.4
1.0

Uniform percentage ---------------- - ---------—

2.4

2.4

__

2.4
-

1.5
.9

No shift pay d iffe r e n t ia l____ ___ — — ----------

3.8

4
5
6
7

5 percent _
7V percent
2

—
__

__
___

.3
.3
2.2
3.0
.5
6.6
1.9
1.5
(1
2)
.3
.5
.3
-

.
-

.

1
1

8.9

_
.
.1
.4
.1
.1
.8
2.8
.3
.3
.1
.3
.1
2.8
.6
.1
.1

-3

.1

.3
-

_
.1

.7

1 Includes establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments with form al provisions covering late shifts
even though they w ere not currently operating late shifts.
2 Less than 0.05 percent.

14
Table B-2.

M inimum Entrance Salaries for W omen Office W orkers

(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance sa la ry for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, Houston, Tex., June 1962)

Inexperienced typists
M a n u fa c tu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s a l a r y 1

|
|
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f—
1

A ll
in d u s t rie s

Other inexperienced cle rica l w orkers 1
2

___

__

>_

_________ ____

.

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ----------------- ---------------$ 4 0 . 0 0 a n d n n rfe r $ 4 2 . 50

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

227

_

72

XXX

155

XXX

227

60

22

21

38

32

91

1
10
6
4
1
2
2
3
2

2
4
28
8
10
4
6
7
8
4

.............. .

$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 . Oft
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0

_____________ __________ ______ ________ _
_
.....
^ , „
___________
_____
_ _
__

$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0

_______________ _____ _____— ______. __________
.. .....
.......... . . ..
..... .

$ 6 2 .5 0 a n d
$ 6 5 .0 0 a n d
$ 67.50 a n d
$ 70.00 a n d

under
under
under
under

$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 70.00
$ 72.50

_______________________ ____ ______ __________ ___
____________ - — ------- ----------------------- ------------

........ .

....

_
. . _
____ ___ ___

......

__ .
_

. .
. .

_
_

_
_
1

1
12
7
9
4
5
4
6
3
3

1
5
1
2
2
3
1
2

4
1
2
2
3
1
2

1
2

1
1

1
1

$ 72.50 a n d u n d e r $ 75.00
$ 75.00 a n d u n d e r $ 77.50 ------- ---- ------------------ -------------------------------------O v e r $77.50 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2
1

2
1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ____ ___________ ___ ____ _

22

6

144
1

1
12
6
4
3
3
2
3
2
1

_
l

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d

-

_

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

M a n u fa c tu rin g

1

2
1
1

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

72

XXX

155

XXX

30

29

61

54

_

2
4
25
7
4
3
4
5
5
1

2
4
22
7
4
2
3
4
4

-

-

-

-

3
1
6
1
2
2
3
3

3
1
5
1
2
2
3
3

2

2
1
1

_

1

1

1

_

_
_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

2
4

2
3

XXX

16

XXX

33

13

XXX

20

XXX

43

XXX

101

XXX

102

28

XXX

74

xxx

1

XXX

XXX

1

1

XXX

2
1

2
3

_
1

1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in tK iu

ra tp g n ry

...

____

___ _
_

XXX

1 Lowest salary rate form ally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerica l jobs.
2 Rates applicable to m essengers, office g irls, or sim ilar subclerical jobs are not considered.
3 Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries. Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the most common workweek reported.




15
Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly H ours

(P ercen t distribution of office and plant w o rk e rs in a ll industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift w ork ers, Houston, T ex., June 1962)

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

P L A N T W ORKERS

Weekly hours
A ll
,
industries1

A ll w orkers

..

.

.

.

____ ________ ...
.
.
_
35 hours
37Vz hour 8
__
.
.
......
383/* hours
______ ______________ _______
40 hours
___
_
.
----------- ------------. . . .
O ver 40 and under 44 hours .
.
__
44 hours
.
.
.
.
.
O ver 44 and under 48 hours ___
.
__
48 hours
O ver 48 hours -----------------------------------------




1
2
3
4

100
(4)
4
2
86
4
2
1
(4)
(4)

M a n u facturin g

P u b lic ,
u tilities1
2

W h olesale
trad e

100

100

3

.

.

-

91
5
(4)
1

97
3

.

.

(4)

R e tail trade

A ll
,
industries3

M an u factu rin g

P u b lie ,
utilities2

W h olesale
trad e

R e tail trad e

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

2
6
78
6
7
1

1
2
80
9
8

.

.

<
4)

.

2

3

.

.

-

.

-

76
2
5
7
6
3

88
1
2
5
2

94
1

65

-

19
8
3
5

Includes data fo r finance, insurance, real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data fo r rea l estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0.5 percent.

1
(4)
4

-

.

1
-

57
5
10
8
10
8

16




T ab le B-4.

Paid H olidays

(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Houston, T e x ., June 1962)

OFFICE workers;
Item

A ll workers __

All
.
in stries 1
du

— —

_ _

Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays _ ___________ ____ _______
__
Workers in establishments providing
no paid h o lid a y s -------------------------------------

PLANT WORKERS

M
anufactu
ring

Publio ,
utilities 1
2

W olesale
h
trade

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

100

<5
4)

(4)

“

1
9

14
(4)
3

(4)
8
(4)
1
27
5
3
28
1
27
“

1
19
2
60
18
-

3
3
17
18
46
47
90
90

27
29
59
64
92
92

Retail trade

=

_J£S L=

99
1

All ,
indu
stries3

M
anufactu
ring

Public ,
utilities2

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

96

95

95

83

4

5

5

17

1
5
1
21
1
2
31
35
“

2
23
2
53
15
"

4
7
44
1
25
12
3
“

11
16
46
9
■

15
15
68
70
93
93
95
95
95
95
95

3
15
15
40
40
84
84
91
93
93
93
95

91
9

N u m b er o f d a y s

Less than 5 holidays
5 h o lid a y s ___
__ ____ ___
_____________
5 holidays plus 1 half day -------------------------5 holidays plus 2 half d a y s ___________________
6 holidays —______ ,
___________________________
6 holidays plus 1 half day ____________________
holidays plus 2 half days
_ __
6 holidays plus 3 half days
7 holidays
__ __ __ __
7 holidays plus 1 half d a y ____ __ _____________
7 holidays plus 2 half d a y s _________ _ ________
7 holidays plus 4 half days . _
8 h o lid a y s
----9 holidays _
____
____ _____ ______ _______
10 h o lid a y s ____

0

(4)
42
2
1
27
O
i4
n

2
11
42
3
19
21
3
“

3
19
61
16
“

3
24
24
45
45
87
87
98

-

4
9
(4)
30
1
1
(4)
27
(!)
n
19
(4)

Total holiday timo*
10 day 8 _____ —______ _
_ ___________
__
9 or m ore d a y s __
_______
_________ „
8 or m ore days ------------------------------------ ,
—
71 or m ore d a y s _______
/*
____ ___
7 or m ore d a y s ___
—
____ _________________
6Va or m ore days ____________________________
6 or more days ______
___
____ __
5V2 or m ore d a y s
_ _
5 or m ore days ___
____
__
________ __
4V2 or m ore days -----------------------------------4 or m ore days
3 or m ore d a y s _____ _________________ _______
1 or m ore d a y s _____ _________ ______________ _

1
2
3
4
5
includes

99

99

99

99

99

99

99

99

99

99

18
18
77
80
99

100
100
100
100
100
100

99

100
100
100

16
16
77
77
96
96
96
98
99

(* )

20
20
47
48
78
78
87
87
88
89
91

35
35
68
69
90
90
95

95
95
96
96

9
9

56
56
72
72
74
77
83

Includes data fo r finance, insurance, real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for rea l estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0. 5 percent.
A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of w orkers receivin g a total of 7 days
those with 7 full days and no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions w ere then cumulated.

17
Table B-5.

Paid V acations

(P ercen t distribution of office and plant w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Houston, T e x ., June 1962)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Vacation policy

A ll workers

. . _________

_ ____

A ll
.
in d u strie s1

_____ ______

___

M a n u facturin g

P u b lic utilities 2

P L A N T WORKERS

W h olesale
trade

R e tail trade

A ll
,
in d u strie s3

M a n u facturin g

P u b lic ,
utilities 2

W h olesale
trade

R e tail trad e

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99

100
100

100
100

100
100

100
100

99
96
3

99
99

97
97
.
.
_

95
91
1
4

3

5

3
13

2
20
1
-

Method of poymont
W orkers in establishments providing
paid vacations ____ t .-t_______ ---------------- ^--------------------Length-of-tim e payment — ___ _______— ____
Percentage payment ______ __________ ________ ____
Flat-sum payment _________________________- ____________
Other
_________
_________
. . . _______
W orkers in establishments providing
no paid vacations ____ ________ ____________ — _____________

.

-

.

-

.

97
95
1
1

.

_

_

_

.
_

( 4)

-

-

-

-

3

1

1

2
35
3

5
29

4
35

1
27
2
2

3
14
1
<
4)

5
5

.

Amount of vacation pay*
A fte r 6 months of service
Under 1 week _ . _____ __ ______________________________________
1 week -r___ __________ _r_________ rirn_______ _____ r______,
Over 1 and under 2 weeks . _________ . . . . . . . . ____
2 weeks .
____
___
« . . .
~
___

1

_

-

_
26
8
1

.

-

_

-

_

37
1
3

_

-

A fter 1 year o f service
Under 1 week
________. . . ____ __________
1 week _________________________________________________________ r—
_
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ___ __________________ . _ ____
2 weeks
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.

33
( 4)
67

_

.

3
i
(*)
64

42
_

58

_

_

26

61

.

.

74

39

_

_

_

1
64
1
31

68
2
29

1
34
5
58

32
7
60

1
11
6
80

_

_

10
10
79

4
(4)
95

1
9
6
81

_

_

_

9
10
79

4
(4)
95

9
7
82

(4)
7
2
84

_

_

4
2
87

4
(4)
94

55
_

41

58
.

4
65
_

39

26

_

4
39
3
50

A fter 2 years of service
Under 1 week _________ ______ _ _______ __ _____ _ __
1 week ___________ „____ „m r__ rm_________ r _____
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ______________________________
2 weeks -----— ...
.
_______________
..
____ ___

.

8
6
86

_

_

.

.

6
1
93

3
23
74

12

28
3
68

-

88

_

.

30
8
61

29
69

A fter 3 years of service
Under 1 week _________
.
_______
____
___________
1 week _________ r-„_____ r_ ________ ________ _____
_
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ______________________________
2 weeks ____ ____
_____________ _
..
___________ ___ _

.

3
( 4)
96

_

_

.

_

.

7

6
2
92

4
(4)
95

(4)
100

_

.

_

_

-

7

5
2
93

-

93

_

9
7
82

4
10
1
80

A fter 4 years of service
Under 1 week _______________________________________
_______
1 week ______________________________________ _____ ________,___ _____
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s --------— ------------------------------2 weeks _____ ___________
..
........
.....
.......

.

3
(4)
97

4
(4)
96

(*)
100

-

93

4
9
2
80

A fte r 5 years of service
Under 1 week ------ ------ ------ ------- -------------- ----—
1 week . . . . . . . . . _______
________
« ...
...
.......
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ------------- .
2 weeks __________________________ ______________ „ - T,,_______ , wm
—
O ver 2 and under 3 weeks -------------------- ----------— ~




See footnotes at end o f table.

.

_

_

1
( 4)
92
3
4

2
(4)
84

-

( 4)
100

-

-

14

(4)

_

.

1

4
2
89

_

99
.

.

.

.

.

6

4

6

1

.

5
_

92
.

2
8
2
77
_

6

18




T ab le B-5.

Paid Vacations— Continued

(P ercen t distribution of office and plant w o rk e rs in a ll industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Houston, Tex., June 1962)

PLANT W
ORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS'
Vacation policy

All .
indu
stries1

M
anufactu
ring

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

All ,
in stries3
du

M
anufacturing

Public,
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

.
4
79
.
17
-

.
5
72
6
15
-

2
8
1
63
.
21
■

Amount of vacation p ay5——Continued
A fter 10 years of service
Under 1 w e e k _________________________________
1 week _
. . . . . .
..
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
. __
2 weeks _____
__
....
Over 2 and under 3 weeks . . . .
. . .
3 weeks . .
. . . ___
. ----- —
4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------

.
1
( 4)
57
2
39
( 4)

.
2
( 4)
43
7
49
-

.
.
.
59
_
41
-

.
1
.
71
2
26
-

.
4
62
34
-

( 4)
7
1
54
4
31
-

.
4
2
39
7
47
-

.
1
( 4)
50
2
47
( 4)

.
2
( 4)
28
1
69
-

.
.
52
4
44
-

_
1
67
2
29
-

.
4
51
45
-

( 4)
7
1
42
4
43
-

4
2
27
7
59
-

.
4
58
2
36
-

5
65
6
21
-

2
8
1
47
.
37
-

1
24
70
3
2

2
16
79
.
3

9
89
1

1
40
55
.
5

4
37
59
-

8
25
63
1

6
17
75
.
2

4
6
89
_
-

5
34
57
.
1

11
40
45
-

1
24
55
1
18

2
16
50
5
27

9
84

1
40
29

4
37
42

8
24
43

6
17
42

4
6
77

5
34
45

.

-

.

.

.

.

11
40
33

7

30

17

21

34

12

13

12

1
23
44
( 4)
29
3

2
16
39

.

9
68

1
40
24

4
37
25

-

.

.

-

35

34

5
34
33
3
22

11
40
25

22

6
17
30
5
41

4
6
56

43

8
24
32
3
30

A fter 12 years of service
Under 1 week . . . . . .
...
. . . .
1 week ...........................i..__...■■ .I... .ii - - ■ii
Over 1 and under 2 weeks -------------------------2 weeks
___ _______ rjm , r^1___r __r___
T
ir
Over 2 and under 3 weeks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 weeks
__
...
__
4 weeks . ___

_

_

A fter 15 years of service
Under 2 weeks --------------------------------------2 weeks , ........
,■■ ...- -,,,
«■■
■
__
________
3 weeks
.
..
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ____________________
4 weeks
_____
. .

_
-

A fter 20 years of service
Under 2 weeks ----------------------------------------2 weeks ________ ,______ ________ ____ r—,_ _
3 weeks
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ------------------------- ^
4 weeks
__
...
.

.

_

A fter 25 years of service
Under 2 weeks .
.
2 weeks
..
3 weeks
.
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
4 w m Icr

.

.

33

1 Includes data fo r finance, insurance, real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data fo r real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
*
Less than 0.5 percent.
5
Periods of service w ere a rb itra rily chosen and do not n ecessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions.
proportions indicated at 10 years' service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.

.

19

F o r example, the changes in

NOTE: In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length of time, " such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum
payments, w ere converted to an equivalent time basis; fo r example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay.

19
Table B-6.

H ealth, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(Percen t of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, Houston, Tex. • June 1962)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

[

P L A N T W ORKERS

Type of benefit
A ll
.
In d u s trie *1

A ll workers

..

W h olesale
trad e

100

—___

M an u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic 2
u tilitie s 1

100

100

100

B etaU trad e

A ll
,
industries9

M an u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic 2
utilities

W h ole sa le
trad e

RetaQ trad e

100

100

100

100

100

100

W orkers in establishments providing:
L ife insurance
__
Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance
___
__
__
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both1* .
4
3
2
_______

93
—

92

99

92

87

85

87

94

81

83

44

56

33

57

46

50

54

48

64

42

65

85

59

60

80

68

77

60

66

63
24

Sickness and accident insurance _______
Sick leave (fu ll pay and no
waiting period)
___
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting p e r i o d ) ___
____
—

20

39

5

16

19

37

54

20

25

47

70

46

45

21

17

13

26

41

13

9

3

10

8

48

20

21

20

7

30

Hospitalization in s u r a n c e ____________________
Surgical insurance ..
______
_______
—
M edical in s u ra n c e ____________________________
Catastrophe insurance -----------------------------Retirem ent p e n s io n ___________________________
No health, insurance, or pension p l a n _______

90
90
66
76
68
2

88
88
62
63
78
2

84
84
64
79
68

95
95
67
82
53
3

86
86
36
48
54
2

81
81
53
48
54
9

87
87
68
51
67
8

74
74
42
61
67
6

84
84
53
52
41
9

81
81
40
37
39
6

1 Includes data for finance, insurance, real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data fo r rea l estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Unduplicated total o f workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick-leave plans are lim ited to those
which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Inform al sick-leave allowances determined on an
individual basis are excluded.







Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions
Since the Bureau9s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A-l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’s bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.
The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

21




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field economists are in*
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C lass A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)— se s a special billing ma­
U
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C lass B —
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)—
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C lass A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’s business transactions. W involves posting and balancing
ork
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

23

24

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G —C o n tin u e d

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ao»
counting clerks.
C lass B —
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C lass A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
C lass B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­

ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids. As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.
C lass C —
Performs routine filing of material that has already

been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.



C LE R K , ORDER

Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

25

KEYPUN CH O PERA TO R

C la ss A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards* Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched*
May train inexperienced operators*
C la ss B —
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards* Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards* May
verify cards* Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched* Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc*, are referred to supervisor*

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work*

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint-,
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: W requires high degree of stenographer
ork
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

26

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C lass C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C lass A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C lass B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.



TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
C lass A—
Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
C lass B—
Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

27

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued
completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
W is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
ork
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. W involves most of the following:
ork
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. W
ork
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. W involves: Operating and maintaining
ork
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. H ead or chief engineers in establish •
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. W involves most o f the following: Planning
ork
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.



Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. W
ork
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

29

M A C H IN IST , M A IN T E N A N C E —C o n tin u e d

M ILL W R IG H T

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in die -plant layout
are required. W involves most of the following: Planning and laying
ork
out of die work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. W involves most of the following: Examining automotive
ork
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
W involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ork
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.



OILER
Lubricates* with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. W involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
ork
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. W involves most of the following:
ork
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

30

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER. MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

repairing building sanitation or heating system s are excluded.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
W involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
ork
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. W involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ork
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. W
ork
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate-




men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.

31

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. W
ork­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. W requires the
ork
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers9 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.



SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

32

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over^the-road drivers

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of siz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under iy2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type, of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
U .S. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : 1962 O F — 656829


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102