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'

Occupational Wage Survey

ATLANTA, GEORGIA
MAY 1962

Bulletin No. 1 3 0 3 - 6 5




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STA TISTIC S
Ewan Clogue, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
ATLANTA, GEORGIA




MAY 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-65
August 1962

UNITED STA TES DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STA TISTIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 30 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The L abor M arket O ccupational Wage Survey P rogra m
The Bureau of L abor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage su rveys in 82 labor m arkets.
The
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplem entary benefits.
A p relim in ary report furnishing
trend data and average earnings is relea sed within a month
of the
com p letion of each study. This bulletin provides
additional data not included in the p relim in ary report.
Two bulletins, bringing together the results of all
of the
area su rveys, are issu ed after com pletion of the
final area bulletin in the current round of surveys. The
fir s t of these bulletins w ill be available late in 1962 and
the other e a rly in 1963. During the survey year, sum m ary
re le a se s presenting areaw ide occupational earnings data
for 25 to 30 labor m ark ets, are issued as data becom e
available.
This bulletin was prepared in the B ureau's r e gional o ffice in Atlanta, G a ., by James D. Garland, under
the d irection of Donald
M. Cruse. The study was under
the general d ire ctio n
o f Louis B. Woytych, A ssistant
R egional D ire cto r fo r W ages and Industrial Relations.




Introduction ______________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups __________________________

1
4

T ables:
1. E stablishm ents and w ork ers within scope of survey _____________
2. P ercen ts of in crea se in standard w eekly sa la ries and
straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups ______________________________________________
3. Indexes of standard w eekly sa la ries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups,
and percen ts o f change for selected p eriod s __________________
A: Occupational earnings:*
A - l . O ffice occupations— en and wom en ------------------------------------m
A -2 . P ro fe ssio n a l and technical occupations—
men
and wom en _________________________________________________
A -3 . O ffice, p rofession a l, and technical
occupations— en and wom en com bined ____________________
m
A -4 . Maintenance and power plant occupations ___________________
A -5 . Custodial and m aterial m ovem ent occupations _____________
B:

3
5
5
6
10
11
13
14

Establishm ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary wage p rovision s:*
B - l . Shift differentials ____________________________________________ 16
B -2. Minimum entrance salaries for wom en office w ork ers ___ 17
B -3. Scheduled w eekly hours _____________________________________ 18
B -4 . Paid holidays _______________________________________________ 19
B -5 . Paid vacations ______________________________________________ 20
B -6 . Health, insurance, and pension plans _____________________ 22

Appendixes:
A.
B.

Changes in occupational descrip tion s ____________________________
Occupational d escrip tion s _________________________________________

* NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations are available in previous area rep orts for Atlanta
and fo r other m ajor a rea s,
A d ir e c to r y indicating the area s, dates o f study,
and p rice s o f these rep orts is available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and supplem entary wage p r a c ­
tices are available for con tra ct cleaning se r v ic e s (June 1961) and paints and v a r ­
nishes (May 1961). Union s c a le s , indicative o f prevailing pay le v e ls , are also
available fo r the follow ing trades o r industries: Building con stru ction, printing,
lo ca l-tra n s it operating em p loyees, and m otortru ck d riv ers and h elp ers.

iii

23
25




Occupational Wage Survey—Atlanta, Ga.

Introduction

to the work schedules (rounded to the n earest half hour) fo r which
stra igh t-tim e sa la rie s are paid; average weekly earnings fo r these
occupations have been rounded to the n earest half d olla r.

This a rea is 1 o f 82 labor m arkets in which the U .S . D e­
partment o f L a b o r 's Bureau o f L abor Statistics has conducted s u r ­
veys o f occu pation al earnings and related wage benefits on an a re a ­
wide b a s is .
In this a rea , data w ere obtained by personal v isits of
Bureau field econ om ists to representative establishm ents within six
broad industry d iv ision s: M anufacturing; transportation, com m u n ica­
tion, and other public u tilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
in su ran ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s .
M ajor industry groups
excluded fro m these studies are governm ent operations and the c o n ­
stru ction and e x tra ctiv e industries.
Establishm ents having few er
than a p r e s crib e d num ber of w ork ers are om itted also becau se they
tend to furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to
warrant in clu sion . Separate tabulations are provided fo r each o f the
broad industry d ivision s which m eet publication c r ite r ia .

A verage earnings of men and wom en are presented separately
fo r se le cte d occupations in which both sex es are com m on ly em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay lev els of m en and wom en in these occupations are
la rg e ly due to (1) d iffe re n ces in the distribution o f the sexes among
industries and establish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in s p e cific duties p e r­
fo rm e d , although the occupations are appropriately c la s s ifie d within
the same su rvey job d escrip tion ; and (3) d ifferen ces in length o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e rit review when individual sa la ries are adjusted on this
b a s is .
L onger average se r v ic e o f men would resu lt in higher average
pay when both sexes are em ployed within the same rate range.
Job
d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in these su rveys are usu­
ally m ore gen era lized than those used in individual establishm ents to
allow fo r m inor d iffe re n ces among establishm ents in sp ecific duties
p e rfo rm e d .

T hese su rveys are conducted on a sample b asis because o f the
u n n ecessary c o s t involved in surveying all establishm ents. To obtain
optim um a ccu ra cy at m inim um co s t, a greater proportion o f large
than o f sm all establish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
e v e r, all establish m en ts are given their appropriate weight. E stim ates
based on the establishm ents studied are presented, th e re fo re , as r e ­
lating to all establish m en ts in the industry grouping and area , e x ­
cept fo r those below the m inimum size studied.

O ccupational em ploym ent estim ates rep resen t the total in all
establishm ents within the scop e o f the study and not the number actu­
ally su rveyed. B ecause o f d ifferen ces in occupational structure among
establish m en ts, the estim ates o f occupational em ploym ent obtained
fr o m the sam ple o f establishm ents studied serve only to indicate the
rela tive im portance o f the job s studied.
These d ifferen ces in o c c u ­
pational structure do not m a teria lly affect the a ccu ra cy o f the earn ­
ings data.

O ccupations and Earnings
The occu pation s se le cte d fo r study are com m on to a variety
o f m anufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. O ccupational c la s ­
sifica tion is based on a uniform set of job d escription s designed to
take account o f in terestablishm ent variation in duties within the same
jo b .
(See appendix fo r listing o f these d e s crip tio n s.) Earnings data
are presen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tables) for the follow ing types o f o c c u ­
pations: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p rofession al and technical; (c) m ainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and m aterial m ovem ent.

E stablishm ent P r a c tic e s and Supplementary Wage P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is presented (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on selected
establishm ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary benefits as they relate to
o ffic e and plant w o rk e rs.
The con cep t "o ffice w o r k e r s ," as used
in this bulletin, includes working su p erv isors and nonsupervisory
w ork ers p erform in g c le r ic a l o r related functions, and excludes admin­
istra tiv e , execu tive, and p rofession a l p erson nel. "Plant w o rk e rs" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w ork ers (including lead m en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
A dm inistrative,
execu tive, and p rofession a l em p loyees, and fo r c e -a c c o u n t construction
em p loyees who are u tilized as a separate w ork fo r c e are excluded.
C a feteria w ork ers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing indus­
tr ie s , but are included as plant w ork ers in nonmanufacturing industries.

O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs, i . e . , those h ired to work a regular weekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational cla ss ifica tio n . Earnings data exclude
prem ium pay fo r ov ertim e and fo r w ork on weekends, h olidays, and
late sh ifts.
N onproduction bonuses are excluded a lso , but c o s t - o f living bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are rep orted , as fo r o ffice c le r ic a l occu pation s, r e fe re n ce is




1

2

Shift differential data (table B -l) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy,1 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, die clas­
sification "other" was used. In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance salaries (table B-2) relate only to the
establishments visited. They are presented in terms of establish­
ments with formal minimum salary policies.
The scheduled hours (table B-3) of a majority of the firstshift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B-4 through
B-6) are treated statistically on the basis that these are applicable
to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers are eli­
gible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums of
individual items in tables B-3 through B-6 may not equal totals be­
cause of rounding.
The first part of the paid holidays table (table B-4) presents
the number of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second
part combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to for­
mal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off with
pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate estimates
are provided according to employer practice in computing vacation
payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or
flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay, pay­
ments not on a time basis were so converted; for example, a payment
of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of
1 week's pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension plans
(table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ­
ployer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's compen­
sation, social* security, and railroad retirement. Such plans include
those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and those pro­
vided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer out of
current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions,2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness. Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
either of the following conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time
but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
were excluded.




3

Table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Atlanta* Ga. , 1 by major industry division,2 May 1962

Industry division

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Number of establishments

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within
scope of
study1
3
2

Studied

Studied
Total4

Office

Plant

Total4

_
All divisions .. ______ ........._________ _________ ____ _

50

834

225

181,000

36,300

112,400

109,680

_______ _________________
Manufacturing ____ .. ..
Nonmanufacturing ________ ..........____ _
.......______
Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5 __
7
6
____ __
Wholesale trade
- n . _______ _______. ______
T
Retail trade ______________ ___ ______________ ._______
Finance, insurance, and real estate __ _____________
_
S e rv ice .’ ----------------------------------------------------------------

50
50

279
555

69
156

72,700
108,300

7,500
28,800

53,000
59.400

44,940
64,740

50
50
50
50
50

83
138
156
92
86

31
34
35
30
26

33,100
16,700
32, 500
16,000
10,000

6,500
5,700
4,700
10,800
(8)

18,600
8,400
23,800
6800
(#)

25,650
6,550
18,420
9,830
4,290

1 The Atlanta Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area consists of Clayton, Cobb, DeKalb, Fulton, and Gwinnett Counties. The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table
provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with
other area employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll
period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division. Major changes from the earlier edition (used in the
Bureau's labor market wage surveys conducted prior to July 1958) are the transfer of milk pasteurization plants and ready-mixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or retail) to manu­
facturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting from services to the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum-size limitation. All outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance,auto repair
service, and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 Estimate relates to real estate establishments only.
7 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and engineering and architectural services.
8 This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A and B tables. Separate presentation of data for this division isnot made
for one or more of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too small to provide enough data to merit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to permit separate
presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.




4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; me­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels. Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series (table 2). This series initiated with the expansion of the labor market
wage survey programs to 82 areas will replace the old series (1953 base) shown
in table 3. Changes in the jobs surveyed and job descriptions since the start of
the old series called for a reexamination of the jobs and job groupings for which
trends were to be computed.
The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series with
the following exceptions: The women clerical group is replaced by an office
clerical group (men and women) and the industrial nurse category includes both
men and women. Changes were also made in the jobs included within job group­
ings in order that an identical list could be employed in all areas.

5

Table 2. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings
for selected occupational groups in Atlanta, G a., May 1961 to May 1962, and
June I960 to May 1961
Industry and occupational group

Ms*y 1961
to
May 1962

All industries:
Office clerical (men and women) ____ ____ _
_
Industrial nurses (men and women) ____________ ______
Skilled maintenance (men) -------- --------------- ------------- ...
Unskilled plant (men) —
_______ ______________________ _

3. 1
4.7
4. 1
6.4

3.7
1. 1
3.6
2.7

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and women)
---------- --- —---- «_
Industrial nurses (men and w o m e n )---------- ------ ------ ---Skilled maintenance (men) _
. . . . . .
Unskilled plant (men) __________________________ _____

4.4
6. 0
3.5
7.6

2.9
1.5
3. 3
4. 1

June 1960
to
May 1961

Table 3. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Atlanta, G a.,
May 1961 and May 1962, and percents of change for selected periods
in d e xe s M a rch 1953=100

P e r c e n t s o f change 1 fr o m —

M ay 1962

M ay 1961

M ay 1961
to
M ay 1962

1 4 0 .9
1 51 .9
14 6 .8
1 50 .8

136.6
145 .0
141 .4
142.1

3 .1
4 .7
3 .8
6 .1

3 .1
1.1
3 .4
2 .0

145 .6
1 5 7 .0
143 .8
153 .5

138 .0
148.1
138.7
142.7

5 .5
6 .0
3 .7
7 .5

2 .6
1 .5
3. 3
3 .9

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p

June I960
to
M ay 1961

M a y 1959
to
June I960

M ay 1958
to
M ay 1959

A p r il 1957
to
M ay 1958

A p r il 1956
to
A p r il 1957

M a r c h 1955
to
A p r il 1956

M a r c h 1954
to
M a r c h 1955

M a rch 1953
to
M a rch 1954

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (w om en )
U n sk illed p lan t (m an)

_

M a n u factu rin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en )
S k illed m a in ten an ce (m en )
U n sk illed plan t (m en )

1
2

--------------- ------ . . . . .
__

4 .4
4 .4
4 .0
1 .6

5 .9
5 .4
3. 1
2- l . 0

3 .9
4 .7
4 .0
1 .0

5 .6
5 .5
6 .2
5 .6

3 .4
3 .8
4. 3
4 .9

6. 3
9 .0
5 .4
13.6

2 .2
4 .3
2 .9
1 .8

3 .0
5 .3
5 .3
5 .9

2 .5
5 .1
3 .4
2 .1

6 .8
6 .0
6 .8
7 .3

5 .0
5 .0
3 .9
6 .6

4 .4
8 .8
5 .0
1 1 .4

1 .9
4 .3
3 .1
1 .7

3 .8
4 .4
4 .9
4 .9

Unless otherwise indicated, all are increases.
Decline reflects the exclusion of some higher paid workers because of changes in duties since previous survey.




A: Occupational Earnings

6

Table A-L Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Atlanta, Ga., May 1962)
A vnuos

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N m er
ub
o
1
w
orked

NUMBER OF WORKER8 RECEIVING 8TRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

$
t
t
»
$
I
1
1
s
*40.00 *45.00 *50.00 *55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 75.00 80.00 *85.00 9 0 .0 0 95.00 1 0 0 .0 0 *05.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
a s s * and
and
(S n ard) (S n a ) under
Ud
ta d rd
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 mo.no 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 over

Men
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B ___ ___ _
. .....

—

27

39.5 $67.50

Clerks, accounting, class A .
Manufacturing ...—________________
Nonmanufacturing —
—
Public utilities * _______________
Wholesale trade ----------------------Finance 3 ___ _____ __ __ _______
Clerks, accounting, class B _____
Manufacturing-----------------------------Nonmanufacturing —______________
Public utilities * _______________
Wholesale tr a d e _______________

399
13$
260
82
142
27
439
71
368
41
238

.

39.5 104.50
46.6 1 6 6 . 6 0
39.5 104.00
39.0 107.00
40.0 105.00
39.0 92.50
40.0 83.00
46.6 81.50
40.0 83.00
39.5 90.00
39.5 85.50

•
.
.
.
_
.
.

.
4
4
-

.

1

67
67

39.5
39.5

61.50
61.50

4
4

Clerks, order ---------------------------------Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Wholesale trade ---------------------------Clerks, payroll __
___
__
_
___
Manufacturing . . . .
Nonmanufacturing —
~
—

199
48
151
151

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5

85.50
87.50
85.00
85. 00
95.50

_

Duplicating-machine operators
(Mimeograph or Ditto) ------------------------Nonmanufacturing
_
___. . . . . .
Office b o y s ____
Nonmanufacturing —
______ ________
Public utilities2
Wholesale tr a d e ----------------------Finance3 --------------------------------

Tabulating-machine operators,
ClaSS A ■i,.r..~».r" — --■-,r.r-r -,.-1r--,„r-r
.T
T
Nonmanufacturing------------------ ------Public utilities 2
_________
Wholesale trade ----------------------Finance3 -------------------------------Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
.
Manufacturing
—
-----------------Nonmanufacturing_______________ ____ ___
Public utilities 2 ______________________
Wholesale tr a d e ---------------------------Finance3 ---------------------------------------

86




.
-

38. 5
38.5

63.50
63.56

214
191
46

39.0
39.0
38.5
39.0
39.0

58. 50
58.00
68.50
56.50
53.50

.
-

7
7
.
3

6

10

6

3

.

1

1

7

18
?

25
14

11
2
2

11

7
41
3
38
3
31
4

2

-

1

-

1

.
-

.

1

1

27

47
14
33

2

25

'

i

6

.

6

4?
1

42

5
3
6?

a
48
4
43

-

.

1
1

35
35
-

-

2
20

7

6
22
3

11
11

20
20

8
8

4
4

8
8

10

20
2

5

20
11

18

29

18
18
_

5
5

9
9

28
28

2

6

t

3
3

18
18
23
19
4
1

•

1

10
10
1
1

-

.
-

-

-

-

6
6

2
2

12
12

1
1

1
1

58
48

57
53
7
35

21

10
10
8

_
.
-

13

10

1

1

35

67
29
38
6

25
2
11

2

-

11
2

33

23
9
14

14

27

1

22

12
1
11
11

7

•

•

.

.

-

•

*

-

35
l3

27
13
14

34

21

28

8
2
6

8
1

14

22

13
9
17
17
17

10

24

13
8

2
12

15

-

1

4
4
-

11
2

6

-

6

-

4
7

4

1

7

13

6

2

2
2

6

ll

-

9
4
5

— T i­

2

-

8

-

9

1

2

2

1

5
2

5
5
5
-

•

3
3

-

-

15
14
14

2
2
2

_
-

2
1
1

-

19
7

-

8
2
6

3
1

6
6
1

15
15
4

-

-

-

1

2

-

1

1

3

208
44
164
41
56
52

39, 5_
40.0
39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0

84.50

.
-

.

31
4
27
5

27
3
24

1
1

2

l

4

3

7

-

-

13

30

-

4

3

7

1

-

-

13
3

-

-

-

-

-

3

3

7

30
5
17

10

2

-

2
2

8
8

21
2o

•

9
9
3

7

5

■

6

3
25

5

.
-

■

1

6

22

2

i
-

74.50
71.00
69.50

55

6

30
4

5

-

39.5
39.6
38.5

1

38
13
19
4
65
17
48

6
2

.
.

-

.
-

i
19
9
7
3
58

13
13
7

.
-

-

•
39

3
3
7

.
.

80.00
85.00
82.00
73.00

45

1
1

39.0 101.50
39.0 1 0 0 . 0 0
38.5 101.50
39.5 105.50
39.0 95.50
1 0 2 .0 0

.
21

7
-

1
8

7
7
5
5
-

-

-

.
-

.
-

16
15
4

40
39
4
32
3

12

14

9

11
1
10
10

5
3
2

-

5

1

1

-

2
2

2

1

2

.
-

2
2

1
1

2
2

_

7
5

-

2

1

-

-

-

.
-

_
-

_
-

1

-

4
4
3

5

1
2

3

-

-

-

-

1
1
2

-

-

-

-

1

11

17

12
10
22

10

2
1
10

149
131
34
46
29

Tabulating-machine operators,
class C
__________ _ _ .
----- 87 r
T
Nonmanufacturing__
___ .
Public utilities 2 __________________
25
See footnotes at end of table.

8

.

n ? io

1 0 1 .0 0

26
26

60

11
11

4
4
4
.

-

-

68

2

4

Clerks, file, class B 4 ______________
Nonmanufacturing-------------------------

49
37

•

-

9

-

-

11
10

6

7
7

l

1

8
8
8

4
4
3

3
3

15
13

2
1

2

-

6

4
3

11
1
10
1

30

18

1

8
10

4
1?
12

"

3

29
9
14
5
2

-

■

13
11
2

4
5

3
3
3

8
2

7
5
4

12
2
2

3
-

-

■

”

.
-

8

7
5

_
•

17
14
5

_
-

5
1

2

1

-

-

3

1

1
1

-

1
-

3
1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

1
1
-

6
6
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

■

“

■

*

~

"

-

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Atlanta, Ga., May 1962)
NUMBER 07 WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O *
F

Anuai
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orker*

*
t
S
S
S
I
S
1
1
I
S
W
eeklv
W
eeklyj 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 *60.00 ^5.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
hoar**
and
(Standard) (Standard)
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.0Q_ 75.00 80.00 85.00 Q0.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 over

Men— Continued
T yp ists, cla s s B . . .

______

..

.

P u blic utilities 2 _______ __________

100
..."■§7"'
87

40.0
40.0
40.0

$86.00
8 l5 0
87.50

.

12
16
10

7
2
2

14
11
8

19

21
16
13

13
6
7

22
10
12

10
19
r —
14
1

5
5
4
1

11
•
11
6
1
4

41
•
41
21
3
17

15
5
10
_
2
8

5

44

5
.
5

44
6
4
34

5?
3
56
10
4
35

63
7
56
24
3
29

38
57
22
12
20

.
.
.
.

-

1

11

e
a
“

-

-

-

-

_
-

4
4
-

i

7
-

9
6
-

4
4

12
.
12

—

2
r*
2

35
35
35

16
16
16

-

-

12
3
12 " " l
12
-

3

_

_

-

-

“

8
19
n r ~ ------ 5“
14
8

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

.

.

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

Women
B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) . . _
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------

105
85
40

39.5
39.5
40.0

70.00

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) . . . . . . . .
_______ ________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

89
36
53

40.0
40.0
40.0

63.00
66.50
60.50

.
-

Bookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s A ___
.
______
M anufacturing _______________________
N onmanuf a c t u r i n g __________ ________
W holesale t r a d e __________________
T?*ta4 t-ra m
1
A
.........
.... ..........
F in a n ce 3
__ __

187
*9
148
48
33
67

66.6
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.0

73.00
T T So'
72.00
71.00
73.50
71.50

-

-

-

-

401
64
317
131
29
141

40.0
46.6
40.0
40.0
40.5
39.5

66.50
HA 0
65.00
70.00
63.50
60.00

417
67
330
123
30
78
97

39.5
40.0
39.5
38.5
39.5
41.0
39.0

89.50
9160
87.50
98.50
92.50
79.00
79.50

1,474

39,0

70.00

19

39.0
38.0
40.0
40.5
39.0

69.50
71.50
79.50
64.50
60.50

19

3*039.0
39.0

75.50
7i.OO
68.50

-

Bookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs,
c la s s B ________________________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale t r a d e ______ ___________
Retail trad* .......... .............
.... ..
C lerk*, accounting, c la s s A _ __
Manufacturing . . . . .
. ______ . .
______
Nonmanufacturing . . .
P u blic u tilitie s 2 _________________
W holesale t r a d e __________________
Retail trade ____ . . ____

Finance3 _____ __ .
Clerks, accounting, class B _
__
Manufacturing ___ _ _
Nonmanufacturing ------------------Public u tilitie s 2

-

________

Wholesale tra d e_______________
Retail t r a d e ___
Finance3 --------------------------------Clerks, file, class A 4 ____________
Nonmanufacturing
. .. __ . .
F in an ce5

_

C lerk s, file , class B 4 —

- -

Manufacturing ----------------------------Nonmanufacturing________________
Public utilities2 _______________
Wholesale tra de_______________
R etail trade _
____ . .... . .
Finance3 ----------------- ---------See footnotes at end of table.




26
1

1,256
363
320
196
332

124
105
57
401

33

368
42

8
8

42
191

4o.6

39*5
40.6
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0

66.60
74.00

-

-

T 7 r1
2 f<

59.00
70.60
58.00
71.00
61.00
52.50
55.00

_
5

1

13

8
8
-

8

38

1

37

_
_

37

-

170
1
1
159
36
19
30
72
5
5
5

12
0
2
10
0
3

1
.
.

1

218
16

11

32
3
29

10

19

.
_

1

231
55
176

22
0
81
2
0
2
2 8
26
64
6 83
6
2
0
l
2
0
9
8 15
105
5

10
0
2

19
4

53

3

50

8

.
_

1
-

9

.

.

_

.

.

30
11
19
9
1
9

13
4
9
_

-

-

1

3

.

-

.

.

.

.
.

.

1
_

3
3

.

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

8

36
9
27
8
12
7

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

60
'S
'
52
33
8
13

22
7
15
10

21
" 1 5 ..
6
6

22
2
20
17

4
2
2
2

3
•
3
1

-

2
1
1

1
1
_

_
.

_
_
_

_
_

.

_

_
_

_
_
_

40
5
35
1
4
8

46

33
5
28
15

85
16
69
39
8
4
17

23
23
16

47

21

25
17
3
5

18
4

17
6
11
4
7

27
16
8
2
1
5

2
_
2
2

2
_
2
2

3
_
3
3

_
_

.
_
_

32
16
22
1

9

12

1

3

-

46
2
4
12
28

_

5
8
66

160
49

147
89

50
9
31

16

106

2
6
2 2
1 2
27
1
2
57
32
17
1
2
15 - 12
4
6

3?
6

33
7

37
6

14

8
7

62

55

26

9

13
5 "

8
.
6
2

-

-

_
_

.

_

5

175

a

_

— V

1 2
0 2
l?f 124

13

2
1

3

12

26

2
2
2
2
5

J
12
7
13

2
2
22

1
2
1
0

1
6

2
4
6
6
2
6
_
6
6

_

5

ii

i

_

5

2
8
1 2 97
0
33
1
2
1 " T
6
6
9
93
87
6
28
_
8 5
19
75
82
4
7
1
0
2
_
4
30
1 .
4
1 15 "" 1"
3
.
14
1 _
_
.
1
1
_
.
3
1 _
„
3
1

_
-

-

1 15
0
5
r —1
6 0
4
1
0
2 _
_ _
_
.
•
_
_

6
3
------ T -----1
2
4
2
1
2
1

18
------ 5 13
13

_
-

-

-

6

_

1
_
1
1

„

6
6
_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

.
_
„
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_

.
.

_

_

_
_

_

_

l

_

—r

_

_

_

_

_

8
Table A-L Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Atlanta, G a ., May 1962)

Aej c i
v bl h
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number

of

workers

2 SS1
(Standard) (Standard)

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OP-

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
t
*
S
'
S
S
*
$
$
40.00 45.00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 0 0 65. 00 70. 00 75.00 80.00 *85. 00 90.00 95.00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
and
and
under
45. 00 50.00 55. 00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75. 00 80.00 85. 00 90.00 95.00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00^ 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 over

Women—Continued
Clerks, file, class C 4 -------Nonmanufacturing ----------------- — ---Finance3 ---------------------------------

433
428
254

39.0 $51.00
39.0 51.00
38.5 50. 00

Clerks, order ------------------- --------------Manufacturing
.
—
Nonmanufacturing-------— -------------Wholesale tra de------------------------

307
81
226
142
80

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
40 0

67.00
67.50
6 6 . 50
70.00
60 50

Clerks, p a y ro ll-------------------------------Manufacturing-----------------------------Nonmanufacturing —
~
—
Public utilities 2 ----------------------Wholesale tra d e-----------------------Retail trade --------— ---------Finance3 ---------------------------------

352
115
237
59
59
65
34

39.5
39.5
39.5
38.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

78. 00
77. 50
78. 50
8 6 . 00
84. 00
71.00
73. 00

Comptometer operators —-----------------Manufacturing -----------------------------Nonmanufacturing _____ _ — ---Wholesale tra de--------_ _ -----------Retail trade ---------------------------

470
58
412
226
161

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5

Duplicating-machine operators
(Mimeograph or Ditto) ---------------------

33

Keypunch operators, class A 4 -----------Nonmanufacturing ----- ------ __—
Public utilities 2 ----------------------Wholesale trade —
_
_
Retail tr a d e ----------------------------Finance3 ---------------------------------

412
349
119
123
38
65

Keypunch operators, class B 4 -----------Manufacturing —
_______
Nonmanufacturing------------------------as ^
Wholesale trade _______________ _
Pa^ i1

482
50
432
85

Office girls _____ _ _
__ _____
Manufacturing-----------------------------Nonmanufacturing-------------------------




132
131
74

94
92
16

19
19
13

1
1
1

3
3
-

33
14
19

69
15
54
25
25

51
3
48
27

jj

41
9
32
14
18

8

5
3
-

14
5
9
3
-

30

27
14
13

36

2

2

1

3

74. 00
85. 50
72. 50
73. 50
69. 50

_
_
-

4
4
4

39.0

62. 0 0

-

-

39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
38.0

82. 50
81.00
93. 00
80. 50
71.50
67. 50

128
141

39.0
39.5
39.0
38. 0
40.'0
40. 0
38. 5

65. 00
82. 50
63. 00
65. 50
7110 0
60. 0 0
61. 50

157
25
132
71

39.5
39.5
39.5
39. 0

54. 50
51.00
55. 00
55. 50

_
-

39.5 89. 50
39.5 93. 00
39.0 8 8 . 00
39.0 104. 00
39.5 90. 50
39.5 82. 0 0
39.0 79. 50

.
_
-

68

Secretaries -------- „ _______ _ —_ 1,894
Manufacturing-----------------------------509
Nonmanufacturing------------------------- 1, 385
Public utilities 2 _______________
305
Wholesale tra d e________________
343
Retail t r a d e ___________________
173,
Finance3 ___ ______
___ __
506

See footnotes at end of table.

_
_
-

185
183
150

%

2
2

_
_
_
-

_
_
20

-

8

8
22

11

9

1

2

8

21

25
5

56

21
8

20

79
5
74
39
35

-

13

13
7

2

2

54
42
12

_

_

53

27
18
9
7

6

7
4
3
3

7
7
7

2
2

26
4

26
9
17

25

11

42
42

5
1
1

-

_

_

_
-

7
7
7

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

2
1
1
1

4

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
-

1
1

2

43
4
39
1

16

49
30
19
4
6

8
12

7
-

107

61

28
3
25
18
2
2

34

11

2

2

96
42
54

59
31
16

32
21

9

22
8

5
9
“
21

4
17
9
2

1

2

2

20

18

51
50

41
36

27

80

21

66

1

2

35
34
-

32

9

20

1
8

2

6
6

11
2

3
1

9
4
5
2
2

1

24
7
10

27
15
12

7
1

5
1

4
3
1

5
-

4

-

23
7
16
7
7

9
7

7
4
3

2
2

-

_
_
-

6

-

2

_

6

5

2
2

6
6

_

1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

7
7
3
4
-

1

1

1

1

9
9
9
_
-

.
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

-

-

37
29
23

33
15
18
4

2

11

2
2

2
2
2

_
-

_
_
-

8

12
12

5
47
5
42

-

106
1

4
13
67
4
63

2

14
86
6

48
15
33
23

49
3
46
18

31
5
26
13

15
9

4

5
5
_
_

33
_
33
_

65
5
60
-

1

11
22

126
29
97
_
26
13
53

_
-

_

13

13
17

_

_

7

105
18
4
40
40

20

_

7
7
-

10
5

-

_

21

25
5
5

5
13

_

12

8

5
15
33

15

8
11

39

80
18
13
20

29
10
2
8

7
52

90
83
82
1

14

15

6
6

8

-

5

-

67
67
5
23
30

50

7

1

12
12

12
12

49

1
6

21
21

-

-

263
83
180
17
38
23
92

131
28
103

236
51
185
46
44
17
69

5
-

_
_

-

_

-

-

_
.
_
-

-

-

-

-

36
14

13

9

2
1

2

-

6

2

7

33

9

158
28
130
8

42
24
51

4
4
4
219
57
162
13
23
20

93

2

1

6
6

3

6

34
17
43

-

-

-

-

-

127
26

229
116
113
58
27
13
13

87

66

67
30
27
3
3

101

38
30
9
23

20

-

15
51
22
22

4
3

8

3
1

-

3

8

2

18
3

5
4
-

7
7
_

-

1

-

22

1

4
17

1
1
6
.

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Atlanta, Ga., May 1962)
AvM u.au

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W

Number
of
workers

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OFI

Weekly
hours1
(Standard)

W e e k ly ,
earnings*
(Standard)

39.0
39.5
39.0
38.5
40.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.0
38.5
40.0
38.5
41.0
39.5
41.5
39.5
41.0
39.0

$72.00
74.50
71.50
79.50
72.00
64.00
62.50

t

t
1
s
1
1
1
S
95.00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
and
1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 over

$

omen—Continued

Stenographer*, general45 _________ ____
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------Public utilities 1 _______________
2
Wholesale trade
_ _
_
Retail t r a d e ___________________

1,475
269
1 ,2 0 6

Stenographers, senior 4
.
-_
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------Public utilities2 _______________
Wholesale trade
. . .
Finance3 --------------------------------Switchboard operators __._________ __
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ________________
P n K H r n H J IH e*2

Retail t r a d e ___________________

442
316
95
337
654
3 1 4

69
130
75
255
25
230
45
69
45
365
103

M.M
83.00
80.00
9 1 .0 0

_

10

68

197

10

68

1 92

5
-

.

.

.

75.50
65.50 *52
86.50
63.00 52

9

6

9

28

21
1
20

30
5
25

6
3

-

-

8

23

-

9
18

4 o .b

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0
40.0
39.0
38.5
39.5
41.5
38.5
39.0
3 4 .5

39.0
39.0
40.0
40.0
38.5

-

1

8 8 .0 0

10

451
33
418
137
213
506
56
450
51
56
33
Finance *
284
1,103
Typists, class B _________________________________
Manufacturing .
121
Nonmanufacturing -------------------982
PiiVil 1r utilities2
90
Wholesale trade
95
Retail trade
109
Finance3
666

3

12

10

T r ansc r ibing - machine operators.
general
Manufacturing..............................................
-.........
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------Wholesale tra d e ___
Finance3 --------------------------------Typists, class A ..
Manufacturing ...______ ________ __
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities2 ..............—
..........................
Wholesale trade
Retail t r a d e -----------------------------------------------

_

28

-

VI n a n c e 2

_

-

-

--------------------------------------------

8
11
2

65.50
70.00
65.00
69.50
60.50
68.50
79.6o
67.50
85.50
70.00
54.50
64.50
57.50
61.00
57.00
73.00
59.00
56.00
54.00

Retail trade

42
110

22

-

39.0

F iih lic u t ilit ie s 2
W h o le s a le t r a d e

262

21

6

8

23

72.50
71.00

_____________

25

-

38.5
38.5

___

84

15

90

8

Tabulating-machine operators.
class B -------------------------------------------------------------------- } ?
}
Nonmanufacturing
1 10

Nonmanufacturing

8

6

-

36
64

____

_.............................. _
..

22

18

-

40.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
41.0
38.5

M a n u fa c tu r in g

205
76
129
25
71

12

22

.

Switchboard operator-receptionists

246
38
208
37
59

.

61
17

1
37

-

£4

I

30
-

_

-

209
185
14
65
33
65
25
25

1
9

60.50
68.50
68.50
48.00
68.50
86.50
70.00
61.00
58.50

F in a n c e 3

1
2
3
4
5

t

t

t

S

40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 ^0 .0 0 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00
and
a j j s 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00

3

23
42

24

4

1

37

23

13
15
83
28
55

9

7

22

10

2

4

17

14

16
15

-

-

11

-

-

11

20
20

.
.

4
4

12
8

77
32
45

200

67
133
64
45
3
21
68

?0

34
56
25
23
2
6

_

68
6l
22
22

31
13

7
23

i f

4

-

6

13

17

5

9

.
.
-

-

.

4

-

95
5
90
23
65
73

_
.

_
_

6

7

9
17
298
16
282

175
4
171

3
12

50
299
i i

266

4
4

9

3
7

22

161

221

40
31
186

35

_

6
2

67
172
"i f
145
14
18
26
81

121
1

4
26
3
87
64

_
_

_
_

20
— 2
2

4
3

3
3

2

!

_

_

l
_

1
_

3

_

3

3

2

1

1

4
4

2

_

_

i

_

.

1

.

_
_

_

_

_

_

5

-

.

-

.

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

.
_

.
_

_

20

4

*

19

11

12
2
10

.

3

2

23

6
2

12

11
8

4

i
_

_

1

_

.
_

.

.

1

6

21

-

8
f

-

3
3

32

4

2

-

2

i

30
9

17
13
4

29

1
1

_

33

4

_

i

44
25
9
70

6
6

15

55
3
7
35
55

10

12
2

44
7
37

22
8

14

3

8

_

2
1

5

7

12

5
2

lb
23
23

1

-

2

-

.

1

.

2
2

.
_

_

2

_

2
2
1
1

8

_

2
2

1

2

_

i

_

_

-

.

.
_
_

.
_
_

2
2

2
2

.
_
_
_

_
.
.
_

•
.
_

_
_

-

_

_

.

_

_

_

.
_
_

5

„

7

11

3

9

.

_

.

3

1

9

7

8

2

2
1

2

4

15

1

1

9

7

_

5

5

1

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Description for this job has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
Includes 23 workers at $30 to $35; 8 at $35 to $40.




_
_

21

1

11

8

_
_
_

3

_

11

8

_

18

H

38
26

22

41

_

19

25

19

120

_
_

_

_

1

30

4

4

.
_

i

46

79

_

1
1

13

66
6

i

_

-

1

105

71

.

_

1

4

9

-

_

6

-

16

18
16

26

20

i

16
16

2

1
12
11

1

21

26

6

20
20

1
1

7

2
2

22

6

13

224
19
4
14

5

11

58

26

s?
48
9
35
3
23
3

8

12

10

2

31

2

95
27
54
83

!2

i f

11
1

22

23

16

9

4

41
41
3
34
26

20

24

10

77
77
.

2

87

47

19
7
14

21

9

46
34

24

_

55

52
31
19

11
11

3
_

58

_

.

_

10

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Atlanta, Ga., May 1962)
NTMW'.H OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Averaob
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
lwr
of
w
orker*

$
3
$
3
$
t
%
$
$
$
i
$
$
W
eekly
W
eekly . 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 |
1
S95.OOjlOO.Oo|lO5.00 110.00 jl 15.001 20.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00
hours1 earning*
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 9-5.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 T 15.00'120.00'125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 |160.00 165^Wi

i

i

i

Men

1
Draftsm en, leader ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________ _
D raftsm en, senior ______________________
Manufactur ing ________________________
Nonmanufactur ing __________________ _
W holesale trade ___________________
Draftsm en, junior __________________ _____
Manuf actur i n g ____________ _________ —
Nonmanufactur ing ____________ ______ _

47

lb
282
111
171
54
237

111
126

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5

!

j 165.00
$
jlfO o "
j
122.00
1*6.SO
119.00
124.00
88.50
| 95.00
82.50

„
-

_

_

-

-

"

■

2
2
■

2

20

17

32

-

-

-

2

20

17

11
21

6
6

1

3 :
- i
3 i
"
i

21
8

27
7

13

20

9 !

19
2

9

17

:

31
18
13

17
26
7
10
!
7
19 :
7 | 3

6
1 i
!

30

21
9

!
i

29
19

1 10
1

40
34

9

1

6 i

1 !
8 !

Nurses, industrial (registered) _
Manufacturing _______ ___________ _

1 i
1

I

69
46

40.0

46.6

99.50
106.00

l

2

6
1

5

l

9

4

9

8

2 !
1

3

2

i

18

5

3 I

1
6

‘

' 24 i 20
7
| 9
15 ; 13
8 ] 3
i

9
9

Women

6
6

!
i
1'

;

2

1
1

l

20 ' 28
1 i
9
19
19
4 ! 12
_

1

_
-

-

3
3 '

8
3

26 1 15
23 : 10
5
3

j

.

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Workers were distributed as follows: 3 at $ 165 to $ 170; 20 at $ 190 to $ 195; 2 at $ 205 to $ 210.'




i
!
i

!
1 I
1

j

1

-

2
2

i 1 25
2
10

■

j

i
1
2

"

5
5

_

1

-

!

5
5
■

.
-

15
5

10
5

.
-

3
3

4
4

2

1

-

9
5
4

-

-

11

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Atlanta, Ga., May 1962)

N mer
ub
of
w ers
ork

Occupation and industry division

A ge
vera
we ly .
ek
ea in s 1
rn g
(S n a )
ta d rd

..

109
69
27
40

Billers, machine (bookkeeping machine)______ __
Manufacturing ________________________ ______
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

95
36
59

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A ------------

194
41
153
48
33
67

Nonmanufactur ing __________________________
/-O aa1e
e
...
fra^A

-----—
--------- $70.50 Clerks, file, class B 4 ___________ —
■"69. W
71. 00
Public utilities2 - ___________ __________
74. 00
Wholesale trade ____—
--------------------- ------—
62.00
6 6 . 50
59. 50
73. 50 Clerks, order
76. 6 6
72. 50
Nonmanufacturing---------------------------—
—------71.00
Wholesale trade __ ____ ____________ ___
Retail trade
____
73. 50
71. 50

___ __ ________ __ __

590
205
172
85
124

derlcRf accounting, class B
Manufacturing ________________ — -------------------——
Nonmanufacturing __________ — -------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ------------------ --------------- -------------------- —
Wholesale tra d e --------------- --------------------------- — -------Retail trade ____ — . .
------ ------------------------Finance3 . . . . ___________ ________________ ____________

1,913
269
1,624
404
558
240
363

Keypunch operators, class A 4 _____ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ ______
Nonmanufacturing -------------------- ----------------------- -----73.00
Public utilities2 _____ ______ ______________ ________ _
74: 56
Wholesale trade ______ ______ _____ ____ _______
73. 00
13 ~tn-i 1
73.50
V iv ia v irA 3
82.00
67. 50 Keypunch operators, class B 4 __________________
6 1 . 00

428
94
334
134
29
155
816

Nonmanufacturing

n^rlfs, file, class A*
Nonmanufacturing

See footnotes at end of table,




131
1 12

57

77. 00
75. 00
6 8 . 50

Public utilities2
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
■Finance3

.

_____________

__

_________________________________________
.
_ _______

__

_

_ -

A
verage
w ly .
eek
e rn g
a in s
(S n a )
ta d rd

Occupation and industry division

N m er
ub
of
w er*
ork

A ge
vera
ea in * 1
rn g
(S n a )
ta d rd

371
48
323
51
91
33
131

$56. 50
5 6 . 00
57.00
67.00
56.50
53.00
54. 50

Office occupations—Continued
468
33
435
54
96
42
204

$59. 50 Office boys and girls ---------------------------- ...--------70. 50
Manufacturing
m m ......
mm
-11r ■■■■■■■■ . n_m 1 ■■■■■» ■■ ■ m
1
58. 50
Nonmanufacturing .......... _____________
__
Public utilities 2 __________________________
69. 50
62.00
Wholesale tra d e ------—
------------- —
---------------T4
? »tail trade , , , r_ _ _
52. 50
____ — __ ____
Finance3 _ _______
55.00

1,913
89. 50
51.00 SfCTftArif s
IT.TKT
----- 52T" H F
Nonrnanufacturing
_ ___
__
1,392
8 8 .0 0
50. 00
312 104.00
Public utilities2 _____ — __ —------------90. 50
343
74.00
----—
----------506
Wholesale tra d e _____________ —
82.00
74. 5b
173
Retail trade _ j._.
129
74.00
506
79. 50
377
Finance3 ..
...
___ _
__ ——
78. 00
293
60. 50
80
72. 50
1,503
Stenographers, general4 __________________ __ —.
Manufacturing __ __ ____
81. 50
----- 25T 74.50
438
72.00
1,234
164
81. 5b
80. 0 0
470
274
81.50
Public utilities2
___________________ _ —
U7>nlosala trade
72. 00
316
8 8 . 50
78
Petatl trade
64. 00
8 9 . 00
77
95
6 2 ! 50
337
71.00
65
7 3 ! 00
34
654
Stenographers, senior4 -------------------------------- ----89. 50
514
o5. U
U
74. 00
...
...
—
Nonmanufacturing ___ ... ___
477
80.00
F4VW
Public utilities 2 -------------------- -----------------65
69
91.00
72. 50
130
412
Wholesale tra d e ____________ ___ _________ __
Finance3
_
__ __
_________
75. 50
73. 50
75
226
161
69. 50
Switchboard operators _ _ _ _ _ _ _______ ___
65.50
255
8 6 . 50
Manufacturing____ ___ ___________ .. __
25
63.00
63.00
230
Nonmanufacturing------------------------- ------------_
59
6 1 . TO
8 8 .0 0
45
Public utilities 2 ________ ______ _____ _____ ___________
46
Retail trade ___ _ ____ _
60.50
69
68.50
45
83.50
445
6 8 . 50
" 377 " ■ i o r Switchboard operator-receptionists _______ ____ __________
370
9 3 .0 0
6 8 . 50
108
147
Manufacturing ______ ______ — . . . ____
6 8 . 50
80. 50
262
123
Nonmanufacturing . ______ —
-----------------------------------—
Public utilities ^
_r-nw --r„Mr- n _r,r-,-nM -,-riJ_ ,__1ir
M
,^l
-r U
r___
42
8 6 . 50
71. 50
38
.......
W}^n1 a s a 1 e t r a d e
70. 00
110
67. 50
65
6 1 .0 0
36
Retail t r a d e ___________ ___ ___________________
64
58. 50
65.00
Finance3 . — — ------ --------------- ----- — --------489
81.50"
56
101.50
166
63. 50 Tabulating-machine operators, class A ________________
439
99755“
143
65. 50
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------- — ---------91
71.00
35 1 0 2 . 0 0
Public utilities2 _____
.
. . . . .
68
60.00
Wholesale tra d e ______ ______
_______
__
50 106.00
128
32
94.00
Finance3 _ _
__
_______ _ .
142
61. 50

453
— 443“
266

Manufacturing ---------------------------- ------------—
Nonmanufacturing ___ —
______ —
_______ ______
67.00
Public utilities ^ m
_ _ s mm m m m r_jm_m
--r em w m m m m , u
i
72. 6 6
Wholesale trade
65. 50
Retail t r a d e -----------—
-----------------70.50
63.50
60. 50 Comptometer operators ___ —
—-------------- .. —
Manufacturing —
_______ —
----------------------------Nonmanufacturing----------- -------------------- -------Wholesale trade
97.00
Retail trade ______
__
— _ __
95. 00
101.50 Duplicating-machine operators
(Mimeograph or Ditto) __
_____ ___________
103.00
ftfnnmanufacturing
_______ _
__
____
80. 50
82. 0 0

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B -----------Manufacturing _________________ ____ _____
Nonmanufacturing _____
......
— . ----Wholesale tra d e -------------------------------------- Retail trade ___________
— ------- -----------

Public "H'MHea*
W esal e trade
Vinl
fra/4o

N m er
ub
of
w ers
ork

Office occupations—Continued

Office occupations
Billers, machine (billing machine) _____ ____

Occupation and industry division

12

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Atlanta, Ga. , May 1962)

Occupation and industry division

Number

of

worker*

Average
weekly .
earning*
(Standard)

Nonmanufacturing

----------

P u h lir u t il it ie s 1
2
W h o le s a le tr a d e _
F in a n r e 2

______ - _____

---------

___

---------------------— —
____
___
__ _______
. . . ___
. .

Tabulating-machine operators, class C _____________
Nonmanufacturing _______ __ _ _______ ______ _____
Public utilities 2 _________________________
Wholesale trade ________ —
— --------Transcribing-machine operators, general _____ ____
M a n u f a c t u r in g

Nonmanufacturing
W h o le s a le tra d e
T T in an ce 2

1
2
9
4

___________
_

— _____ _____ _____ _

Number

of

Average
weekly .
earning*
(Standard)

327
5$
274
107
81
65
110

69
25
30
451
---- 53—
418
137
213

$80.00 Typists, class A __

____________

__________

1 0 1 .0 0

76.00
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
__
__ ______ _
_ __
75. 00
W h o le sa le tra d e
__
___ _________ __ __
79.00
R e ta il t r a d e
,
74.00
74. 50
72.00
69. 50 Typists, class B --------------------------- ----------------------------- ~
82. 50
Manufacturing
_____________ _______ ___
Nonmanufac turing ________ _______ ___ _________________
65. 50
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 24 _________
70. 60
Wholesale trade _____ __ ______________ _____ _______
65.00
_ _ _ _ _ _
Retail trade ____ __ __
69. 50
Finance 9
,,,
,_
60. 50

508
57
451
51
56
33
285

$68.50 1 Draftsmen, leader --------------------- --------------- _ . ____ _ _
79.00
Nonmanufacturing __________________________ __
67. 50
. . . . _____
_ _____
_ _
_ ....
85. 50 Draftsmen, senior ___
70.00
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_ _
_ _ _ ___ __ _
54. 50
64.50
Public utilities2 ________________ _ . ______ ___

1,203

59. 50 Draftsmen, junior _________ . _____ ___ _____
62.00
Manufacturing ___ ________________ __________________ - __ Nonmanufacturing __________ ______ __________ __ —
59. 50
80.00
59.00
56.00 Nurses, industrial (registered)____ _______
M a n u f a c t u r in g
_
_
____ ______ _
54.00

W bn1 o e a l p

iU

1,069
177
95
109
666

Earnings are for a regular workweek for which employees receive their straight-time weekly salaries, exclusive of any premium pay.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Description for this job has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




Occupation and industry division

Number
of
worker*

Average
weekly «
earnings
(Standard)

47
26

$165. 00
155.00

296
li8
178
46
54

121.50
126.00
118. 50
106. 50
124.00

Professional and technical occupations

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations—-Continued
Tabulating-machine operators, class B

Occupation and industry division

126

50
95700”
82. 50

69
46

99. 50
106.00

238
112

88.

13
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Atlanta, Ga., May 1962)1
3
2

O ccupation and industry d ivision

N ber
um
of
w
orker*

C arp enters, m aintenance ___________ __ _
M anufacturing
___ _
_
» __
Nonmanufacturing _____ ____ _________
Retail trade ______________________

135
69

E le ctricia n s , maintenance
. . -----------M a n u fa c tu r in g ---- ------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________ __ ______

290
241
49

En gin eers, s t a t io n a r y __________ __ _____
M anufacturing _________________ ____
Nonmanufacturing --------— ------—------Retail trade ______________________

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
s
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average *
2.30 2.40 2.50 *2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 *3.40 *3.50 3.60 *3.70
1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 S
hourly
earnings* and
and
under
1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 over
$2.49
2.45
2.53
2.73

-

-

-

2.98
3.01
2.79

_
-

_
-

_
-

130
74
56
26

2.72
5.01
2.32
2.37

_
-

F irem en , stationary b o i l e r __________ . . .
M anufacturing _______________________

65
58

1.88

H elpers, m aintenance trades —____ ___
M anufacturing --------- -------- ----------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________

66
33

1
1

15

8

-

10

6
2

5
4

5

20

1

5
3
3

23
3

-

4
3

1
1

_
-

_
-

6
6

1
1

5
5

11

2

7
4

-

2
4

_
"

_
-

-

.
-

-

_
-

1

5

1.65

“

2

13
15

7
7

5
5

262
156
132

2.03

218
16

4

2

2.16
1.90

2

2
2

2

17
17
-

M achinists, m aintenance . . . . ---- *-----M anufacturing ------------------------------------

337
33(5

2.84

.

_

.

“

•

M echanics, autom otive (m aintenance) . .
Manufactu ring _______________________
N onm anufacturing . . . _________________
Pu blic u t ilitie s 3 _______ —_________
Retail trade ______________________

844
145
702
589
35

2.70
5.54
2.77
2.82
2.45

M echanics, m aintenance _______________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ---- ------------------------- __
Nonmanufacturing ____ _____________
R etail trade _________— ---- ------------

533
405
127
28

2.49
2.45
2.61
2.65

O iie r 8 ____________________________________
M annfartnring
_
n,

69
69

2.07
2.07

P a in ters, m a in te n a n c e __________________
M anufacturing
------ ------------ . . —
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

133
58
75

2.43

5.61

2.92
2.05

P ip efitters, m a in te n a n c e _______________
M anufacturing
________ _. . . _____

97
66

3.03
3.03

T ool and die m a k e r s ____________________
Manuf actu ring _______________________

156
156

-

_

_

-

-

.
"

5
5
■

_
■

13
13

_

_

11
16
l
-

2

8

5
5

-

5

2
1

_

13

“

12

12
2
10

20
20

_

_

“

“

8
■
8

16
16
-

3

3

27

17

5o

~

7
~

16
1
1

_

_

5
5

3
3
■

_
"
5

6
“
13
13

_
-

!

_

_

_

_

_

“

■

■

~

“

_

_

.

_

■

“

■

“

3
3

-

2

7
5

_

53
7
46

25

2
23

6
6

17
5

1
1

12
10
2

-

-

16
-

16

2
2
2

12
10
2
1

2
1
1
1

2

4

3

1

2
1

4
3

1
1

3

1

*

9
9
3

8

3

-

8
2

2
1
1

2

14
14
-

4

11
7
4

52
27
25

11
11
"

12
8

21
21

25
24

4
4

-

1

6
6

-

-

-

2

1
1

2
-

-

22
20
2

13
7

20
20

6

■

2
1
1
1

5
5

5
5

1

2

2
2

5
5

_

_

■

31
16
15

2

2

-

5

14

24
24

47
3
44
44
“

88

1

6

33

37
28
9

5

9
4
5

5
_
5
3

-

9

2

7
7

2
2

_
_
-

61
6l

_

-

2
2
“

1
4
4

1

-

_
_

6
6

-

_
_

-

.
-

_

1
1

22
22

1

-

-

4
3

8
8

1
1

-

.
.

5
5
-

-

-

-

.
-

-

1
1

1
1

3
3

_

_

_

_

-

"

~

-

14
14

9
9

-

1
1

.
.
_

_

.
.

_
_
_

.
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_

95
94

1

-

-

_

_

"

2
2

"

~

1
1

61
6l

19
19

9
9

4

63
55

37
37

40

16

8
8

70
5
65
58

44
44
23
14

89

45

150

63
7
56
56

67

11

8

5

59
58

6
6

4
4
-

2
1
1

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

“

-

6
4
2

-

_

9
9

-

-

-

-

“

“

5
5

2

8

-

-

-

2

8

2
5

14

1
1

3
3

.

15
9

42

_
-

28
3
25

40
5
35
29

29

42
58
4

53
50

3

3
30

32
25
7

2

1

■

2

6

6
4
2
2

1
1

21
21

.

5
5

10
10

3
3

■

.
■

_

.

.

“

"

"

6
6

3

10
lo

6
-

6

14

5o
12
10
2
65
57

11
1

2

-

.

.

.

41
’ 1
40

8
1

_
"

3

1

2
1

-

7

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

“

~

■

“

~

2
11

55
6
2

8

_

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Includes 1 worker at $ 1.10 to $ 1.20.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




3
3

-

8

3.18
3.18

1
2
3

5

4
4
-

1
"

2
2

16
78
33

1
-

1

5

2

6

i5

6

83
81

32
32

144
138

3

107
68
39

1
63
55

8
.
8

1
2
1

24

2

1
'

"

6
1

14
” 14
-

6
4
2

10
10

10
10

34
55

6
6

22

6
6

17
17

12
15

2
2

55

1

7

55

63
65

32

55

_

5
“ ~5“

_
-

-

14

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Atlanta, Ga., May 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
S
$
$
s
S
$
$
$
$
Average Under *0.70 *0.80 *0.90 *1.00 *1.10 *1.20 *1.30 $
1.40 *1.50 *1.60 *1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 *2.40 *2.50 *2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10
hourly ,
earning* $
and
and
0.70 under
,80
♦?o 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2,70 2,80 2,90 3.0p 3.10 PY-SI,

O ccupation 1 and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orker*

E levator op era tors, passenger
(men) __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

141
140

$1.03

Elevator op era tors, passenger
(women) _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------

102
102

.69
759

394
Guards ---------------------------------------------------Manufacturing _______________________ — m ~
207
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Janitors, p orters, and clea n ers
(men) __________________________________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________ ___
Public u t ilitie s 4 _________________
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ______________________
F in a n ce 5 _________________________
Janitors, p orters, and clea n ers
(wom en) _______________________ _

2,910
1, 100
1.810
272

122
422
286

1.02

1.91
2.56
1.32
1.41
1.80
1.18
1.63

1.61
1.11
1.03

2
2

«
-

50
50

~

65
65

3

9
9

-

*

-

2

372

-

-

2
2

16
16

5
5

1
1

-

•
-

-

72

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

.

-

-

•

•

-

*

•

-

_
-

3
3
-

5
5

8

17

4

-

1
16

9
9

11
11

78
78

66
66

_
-

13
13

_
-

_
-

_
-

3

35

23
4
19
16

_
-

329
325
4

1

2
2

24
24
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

160
i56

36
36
-

316
316
316
-

5
5
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

42
42
42
-

40
*9

8
6

1
1

-

_
-

5
5
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

6
6

7
7

---- ---

150

12

8

8

1

1
-

8

5
3

-

12

1

1

250
136
114
80

120

6
20
8

16
3

91
48
43
15
4

91
_
91
_
_
-

82
_
82
_
27
25

169
_
169
-•
32
130

719
118
601

-

275
275
169
-

20
-

20
.

20

2

265
139
126
23

16
59
56

42
53

11

6

61

62

6

61

62

1.66
1.11

_

680

_
145

5
-

.

.76

-

42
-

21

3,215
1,682
1, 533
532
647
354

1.72
1.63
1.82
2.49
1.42
1.53

_
_
-

.
-

_
-

_
_
-

O rder fille r s ____________________________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufac tur ing
__________
W holesale trade ---------------------------R etail trade ----------------------------------

1, 029
809
562
229

1.79
1.77
1.80
1.74
1.94

_
_
-

_
.
-

_
-

.
_
-

P a ck ers, shipping (men) ---------------------Manufacturing _____ . . . ________. . . . -----Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________

488
204
284
255

1.67
1.81
1.56
1.56

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

_

_

1.81

-

150

11

1.88
2.02

-

_

187

1.95
2.67

-

-

187

298
118
180
55
124

-

-

82

R eceiving cle r k s ________________________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ______________________

-

_

82

192
1.55
P a ck ers, shipping (women) ________
Manufacturing _______________________ — W ~ — 3751”
93
1.48
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
45
1.46
R etail trade ----------------------------------

1
1

_

1.39
.97

220

4
4

-

1.02

L a b orers, m aterial handling _______ . .. .
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u tilitie s 4 _________________
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ______________________

-

_

68
521
63
71
262

2
2

-

589

Nonmanufacturing __________—_____ _
DnKli/*
^
R etail trade ______________________
F in a n ce 5 ---------------------------------------

5
4

_

-

21
26
l
_
l

5
639
224
315
214

-

2
33
19

1
1

11

-

1

3 1

1
2

57

10
47
47
-

1

16 i 110
1 ! 102
8
1
14
8
15

9

11
8

7

.

22

2
2

12

2
7

3

7

-

-

12
12

5
7

7

2
1

22
22

330

213
108
105
62
43

459
389
70
33
26

136
62
44
-

100

70
60
39

7
7
5

11

23

43
57
48
9

21

2

149
149
50
9
90

37
io
27
23
4

75
34
41
13
28

121

63

38
83
52
13

10
53
28
25

97
97
85

12

7
7
7
-

30
30
25
5

84
55
29

35
30
5
-

47
5
42
39

3
3
3

45
45
45

6
2

1
1

4
3

17
3
14
4

6

7
i

1

_

-

i

-

6
6

-

1
1

1

6
6

266
124
7
160
17

_
_
-

29
29
-

11
2

82

9
7

78
7
71
63

2
1
1
1

44
17
27
19

63
4$
18
4

16
-

26

19

14

32
15
17

12
2
10
2
8

6

3

16

26
g

110

4
4

21

54
38
26

20

52
26
32
28
4

4
4

-

2

114
26
76
72
4

-

-

1

10

_
_
-

-

234
116
118

8

89
31

82
35

14
9
5
5

-

82
43
39
24
5
9

86
93
30
31
24

101

_

-

2

179

8

9

101
87
14

8
74
71

6
14

-

_

-

10

-

4

4

14

7

14

22

16
-

21

10

9
7

24

15

6

2

18

-

10
8

6
10
2
8

2

26

12
14
-

14

8
7
1
1

-

1

-

1

21
20
1

124
14

102

-

109

93
41
52
16
36

100

12

9
91
84
7

-

110
1

99
3
3

1
-

1

1

-

116
116
4

-

112

-

12
11
1

-

6
6

2

-

_
.
*

-

2
2

53
53
"

1
1

1
1

13
13

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

13
13
7

23

13

2

8

24

10

1
12
8

-

-

21

13
3

2

6

10

4

2

8
6
1

-

3

23
16
13

-

-

3

13

-

24
17
7
7

_
-

_
-

_
-

_




-

-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

1

-

-

2
1
1

-

-

-

-

1
-

1

1
'

See footnotes at end of table,

-

15

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Atlanta, Ga., May 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation1 and industry division

Shipping clerks ______________ __ ____
Manufacturing __ . . . ____
Nonmanufacturing ...
______ ___
Shipping and receiving clerks ________
—___
_
Manufacturing _____
Nonmanufacturing

Number
of
workera

164
$5

71
69
249
145
104
86

Average Under *0.70
hourly ,
earning!1* 5
2
and

*0.80 *0.90 *1.00 *1.10 *1.20 *1.30 *1.40 *1.50 *1.60 *1.70 *1.80 *1.90 *2.00 *2 .1 0 *2.20 *2.30 *2.40 *2.50 *2.60 *2.70 *2.80 *2.90 *3 .0 0 *3 .1 0
and
0.70 under
,99 •?o 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2 .2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2t69 2.79 2rgQ 2.90 3.00 3 .1 0 over

$2.24
2.28
2.18
2.1$
2.44
2.53
2.32
2 26

Truckdrivers 7 ------------------- -----------Manufacturing
____ __
__
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------Public utilities 4 * ______________
6
_
Wholesale trade ___
_____
Retail trade ___________________

2, 788
1, 753
580
381

Truckdrivers, light (under
lVz t o n s )______________________
Manufacturing ________________
Nonmanufacturing
Wholesale tra d e------------------Retail trade _______________ _

610
159
451
246
151

Truckdrivers, medium (1Va to and
including 4 tons) ___ ______ ______
Manufacturing ________ __________
Nonmanufacturing
__ ___
Public utilities 4 _____________
Wholesale trade .
_____
Retail t r a d e -----—---------- —...

1,646
255
1, 391
963
271
97

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
trailer type) ______ ___
Nonmanufacturing _____________
Public utilities4 _____________
Retail trade ______________

1. 036
946
750
133

Truckers, power (forklift)____
___
Manufacturing______ .
_
Nnnmamifartnfing
Public utilities 4 _______________
Wtinl«ia1« frarl*
Retail trade ___________________

654
i£o“
194
32
94

2.09
2.74
1.92

68

423
156
267
47

1.34

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

.

5
5

9
9

1
2
2
9
6
7

3, 347
559

-

-

37
37

-

.
-

30

9
36

104
31

54

-

10

3

1.45
1.43
1.46
1.54

_

-

58

101

55
40
15

-

-

52
52
9
36

52

1.22

37
37
.
30

2.39
1.76
2.51
2.74
1.93

-

.
-

-

118
33
85

37
30
7

25

.

.

.

83

6

.

2.31
1.75
2.42
2.77
1.83
1.76

52
52

176
34
137

140

-

1

-

12
2
10
10

6

42

230

142
4
138
19
119

164
54
105

23
16

48
48
42

12

2

7
7

60
60

25

-

6

-

34
29
4

21

31

58

66
2o

14

8

12

3

25

-

10
21

33
14
19

31
27
4

22

9
10

_
4

22

6
6

.

.
.
-

36
8
6

-

-

*

-

-

2

-

6

-

-

2.14

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

19

6

82

48

14

6

5o

52

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

32

16

76
61
15

1.26
1.38

18

56

2.21

.

5
_

.

22

16

155
26
129

10

31
6
23
9

40
24
11

9

51
45
6
6

46
5
5
36

6

31
4
36

5
9

5

2
-

37
13
24
3

2

7
31

32

5

13
1

2
6

1

6

5

-

1

2

27
-

4

11

6

6

10

.
_

.
.
_

5

1

41
33
4
4
.
_

4
7
-

_

17
5

37
1

12

36
33

2

2
1

.

65
.
-

-

-

24

8
5

5

14

5

5

10

2

7

42

16

g

3

4

5
2

23
15

2

9

-

2

8

2

4

2

7
3

6

224
174
2
1

-

7

-

_

3

9

5

-

2

1
1

5
5

211
6

99
2

10

6

19
80

12

2

5

2

7

_

6
6
g

1

19

12

15

5

4

7

47 1477

4
_

26 1472
_ 1463
5
8

4

21

1

_

.
_

_
.
_

51

44

1

2l

23
_

747
.
747
744

2
21

2
1

_
.
.
.
_

16
8
8
g

7

55
45
7

-

1

72
21

51
.
50
1

>
.

.

_

.

_

9
6

2

5

3
*
0

3

_

4

.
.
„
_

-

-

7

_

_
-

.
_
.

_
.
_
_

_
.
_
_
_
-

_
_

_
_
_

_
.
_

-

-

-

56
5
r r — 3F— r
26
_
26

_
.

.

"

‘

_
_

_
_

8

5
5
.
3

4

49
44
_
44

11

10

14
14

43
9
34
19
.
14

25

2
2

29
29

46
16
30
19

12

_

.
.

11
1
10
10

64

.
_

_
-

11
1
10
10

58
4d

6
5

7
4

-

-

11

1
1

7

72

_

1

19
37

31

26

-

-

12

45
56
48

20

7

-

-

130
87
43

8

7

5

5

10
10

4

84

5

15

7
6

10

106
22

20

ii

19
5
14
14

187
54
150
5
65
80

11

18

5

15
15

7
7

54
43

n

18

2

95
39
56

.

1.46

5
3
2

9

4
4

-

2 .1 7

10
1
9

7
7

2 .8 6

2 .75

2
2

85
70
15

1.99

2.67

7
5

65

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay £or overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Workers were distributed as follows: 57 at $ 0.40 to $ 0.50; 15 at $0.50 to $ 0.60.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Workers were distributed as follows: 75 at $ 0.50 to $ 0.60; 5 at $ 0.60 to $ 0.70.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




-

7

2 .0 2

Watchmen _________________
__ _
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------Retail trade ___________________

-

205
157
.

97

-

-

18

36

-------F — I F

56
8
-

17

-

_
3

17

44

10

-

102
102
6

78
70

2

19
.
19

55

19

8

9

1

1
2

_
_

1

----- 1
f
_

1
2

_

2

42

15

15

_
_

730

-

719

-

4
4

17
—

_
-

2

8

3

_

------- T — y fs i —

-

134
“ T34

15

3

50
.
49

6

4
4

11
86

42
39
3
.

_

8

15

5

„
_

_
_

_
_

16




B : E stab lish m en t P ractices and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Table B-l.

Shift Differentials

(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant workers by type and amount of differential,
Atlanta, G a ., May 1962
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
Shift differential

In establishments having formal
provisions 1 for—

Actually working on—

Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

Second shift

79.7

65.3

15.2

4.3

Third or other
shift

With shift pay d iffe ren tia l------------------------------

66.9

60.3

11.8

3.3

Uniform cents (per hour) _________________

54.5

33.4

11.6

2.7

2. 1
10.3
3. 1
2.9
3.4
1. 1
12.0
.9
14.3
1.3
2.3
.7
“

_
7.3
1.5
1.2
6.1
7.4
1.4
1.5
1.9
.9
1.4
1.3
1.6

.5
1.3
.7
.7
.7
.2
2.4
.2
4. 1
.7
-

_
.8
.1
.4
1. 1
.2
-

11. 1

11.1

.1

<*>

11. 1
-

2.1
9. 1

.1
-

(1
2)

-

1.4

-

.

Full day's pay for reduced hours, plus
cents differential ______ _________ ______

-

13.0

-

.4

Other formal pay differential __________ _
_

1.3

1.3

.1

No shift pay d iffe r e n tia l_____________________

12.8

5.0

3.4

Under 5 cents _________ ________ _______
5 cents — , __ ^ _ ^
_
_ ___ r
____ r
____________
_
________
6 cents —______ , ____ ____ .___ T
,
7 l /z cents ______ ____ ____ ______ ___ ___
_
8 cents __________ „___ ____ ________
9 cents _____ .____________________ ____ _
10 cents _______________________________
11 cents __________________ ,____________
12 cents _____ __________ ___ ....
121/z cents ______ ___ ____ T
__
13 cents ____________________ _
I 3 V3 cents _
_
___ __ _____ _______ ...
15 cents
__ _________.____ .__ „
16 cents ____________________ __________
20 cents
21 cents ____ —
_________ ____________ _
24 cents ----------------------------------------------Uniform p e rce n ta g e _______________ _____ _
5 percent ________________________________________
10 percent __
_ ____ __
_
_
_
Full day's pay for reduced h o u r s _________

(b 1
.1

.

1

1

1 .0

1 Includes establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments with formal provisions covering late shifts
even though they were not currently operating late shifts.
2 Less than 0.05 percent.

17

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary fo r selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, Atlanta, Ga., May 1962)

Inexperienced typists
Minimum weekly salary 1

All
industries

Establishments having no specified minimum _
Establishments which did not employ workers
in this category

All
schedules

40

37Vz

383/4

40

XXX

XXX

45 1

98

23

21

75

9

11

50

3

3
3
28
7
19

_

-

4

3

6

5
.

17

67

8

10

-

-

3

-

-

23

3

2

.

_

4

8
20

20
8

9
4

5

4

15

6
2
1

2
6
3
6
4
3

2
2

4

4

_

.

2

2

_

_

3
4
4

1

1

2

1

_
.
_

XXX

11
2
2

_

3
3
24
7
13

_

_

.

2
6
2

4
1

3

_
_

1

_
_

3
1
11

4
9

-

-

7
5
7
4
3

5

5

2
2

3
4
3

_

_

5

_

1

1

6

_

1

-

-

4

-

_

2

2

.

~

-

1
1

_

1

-

-

2
2
2

1
1
2
1

_

_

-

_

3

1
1
2
1

2

-

-

2

47

24

XXX

23

XXX

XXX

XXX

80

22

XXX

58

XXX

XXX

XXX

-

_

2

-

3

1
2
1

2
2

-

-

2

38

19

XXX

19

XXX

XXX

XXX

31

XXX

70

XXX

XXX

XXX

_

-

_

_

1
2
1

2

_

-

1

3

40

XXX

19

.
-

383/4

156

XXX

1
2

37V2

XXX

XXX

_

All
schedules

40

69

156

_

All
schedules

225

XXX

86

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—

1
1

69

Establishments studied

$40.00 and under $42.50
$42.50 and under $45.00
$45.00 $iid under $47.50
$47.50 and under $50.00
$50.00 and under $52.50
$52.50 and under $55.00
$55.00 and under $57.50
$57.50 and under $60.00
$60.00 and under $62.50
$62.50 and under $65.00
$65.00 and under $67.50
$67.50 and under $70.00
$70.00 and under $72.50
$72.50 and under $75.00
$75.00 and under $77.50
$77.50 and under $80.00
Over $ 80.00 ____

Manufacturing
All
usi.ri.es

Based on standard weekly hours :3 of---All
schedules

Establishments having a specified minimum

Other inexperienced clerical workers 2

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

2

I

_ |
II

|

1
1
_

2
1

5
5
3
1
1
1
1
_

Lowest salary rate formally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
Rates applicable to messengers, office girls, or similar subclerical jobs are not considered.
Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries. Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the most common workweeks reported.




Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-shift workers, Atlanta, G a ., May 1962)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Weekly nours

All workers

.

—

-----------------------

—----------------------------------------------

Under 37 Vz hours --------------------------------------------------------------------37 ty* hours ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ——
Over 37l/z and under 40 hours -------------------------------------40 hOUrS
Over 40 and under 44 hours -------------------------------------------44 hours
Over 44 and under 48 hours -------------------------------------------48 hours ----------- —------------- — --------------------------------------------------------




1
2
3
4
8

P L A N T W ORKERS

A ll
,
in d u strie s*

M a n u fa cturin g

P u b llo ,
u tilitie s1
2

W h olesale
tra d e

R e ta il tra d e

Fina n ce3

A ll
A
industries4

M an u fa cturin g

P u b lic ,
u tilit ie s 2

W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il tra d e

1 00

100

1 00

100

1 00

100

100

100

100

100

100

2

2
6
1

3
15
14
65
2
1

(!)
(*>

(9)
7
(*)
89
3

5
32

5
15
75
3
3

78
7
3

(5)

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

63

11
-

Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0. 5 percent.

5
16
40
38

3
1

75
4
5
4
4
3

85
3
1
1
1
1

•

_

.

3
85
5

95
3
-•

2

_
.

52
7
14

.

12

-

-

3

5

14

-

2




19

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and.in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Atlanta, G a ., May 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o rk e rs

________ -

____

All .
industrial1

__

-----------

W ork ers in establishm ents providing
paid h o l id a y s ___________
____
W ork ers in establishm ents providing
no paid holidays
.
___

PLANT WORKERS

M
anufacturing

Public 2
utilities1*
2

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finanee9

All .
industries4

M
anufacturing

Public 2
utilities 2

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

100

99

100

88

88

100

96

88

“

1

"

12

12

“

4

12

5
34
2
15
.
3
17
.
3
17
.
.

10
66
.
4
.
.
8
.
.
.
.
.
“

( 5)

( 5)

1
28
2
16
2
2
30
1
1
8
5
1
1

( s)
17
3
21
1
8
44
5

10
16
1
71
3

1
20
1
22
4
16
5
30

-

-

-

1
59
1
4
27
6
-

‘

'

'

'

.
-

“

N um ber o f d a y s

L e s s than 5 h o l id a y s ____ _____________________
___
______ ___
5 holidays . ________ ___
5 holidays plus 1 half day — -------------— --------6 holidays
T
-------- „___________________________
6 holidays plus 1 h alf day
__—
___
6 holidays plus 2 half d a y s ____ — -----------------7 h o l id a y s _________________
7 holidays plus 2 h alf days __— -----------------------7 holidays plus 3 h alf d a y s _____ ____ — --------8 holidays ___________
______________
8 holidays plus 1 h alf d a y ____________________
9 h o lid a y s _ r
_ _____ --------------- T.------------------------n
9 holidays plus 1 h alf day __
_________
10 holidays plus 1 half day
_________
___

2

-

-

2

37
3
12
5
7
5

-

7
13

2
2
8

5
29
1
17
2
5
26
( 5)
3
1
“

j
19
2
20
4
9
27
5
-

10
30
.
60
.
(•)

2
-

.
.

”

"

-

.

.
_

3

(•)
60
60
90
90
100
100
100
100
100

20
40
40
55
58
91
96
96
96
96

Total h o lida y tim e 6
*

10Vi d a y s ______

_____________

9l/z or more days ------------------------------------------9 or more d a y s __ __________________ _ _ _ _ _ _
81/* or more d a y s ______ _______________ _____
8 or more days
__
_
__
7 or more d a y s ______—
----------- -----6Vs or more days
--------------------- ---------------6 or more days ________ _ _____ —
__-____...
51/* or more days -----------------------------------5 or more days -----------------------------------------------4 or more d a y s _____ — —
— .............. ......
3 or more days _ —
2 or more days . . .
_
____
..
__________
1 or more days . . .

3

.
-

4

2

10
19
51
53
69

2

-

7

3

71

59
59
80
83

99
99
99
99
99

99
99
99
99
99

73
74
90
90
100
100
100
100
100

2

5
36
56
56
78
79
99

100
100
100
100

.
-

6
6
33
33

38
39
98
98
99
99
99

8
11
13
26
37

•
1
1

2
2

4

6

49
60
63
100
100
100
100
100

35
37
53
54
83
85
86
87
88

43
46

44

66

68
87
87
87
88
88

_
8
8
11
11
78
80
83
83
88

1 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
9 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
4 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
9 Less than 0. 5 percent.
4 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those
with 7 full days and no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Atlanta, Ga., May 1962)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation p o licy

A ll w o rk e rs _______

-

---------------

All .
industries1
----------------

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities2

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

All .
industries4

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities2

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
?9
(*>
-

100
?9

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

96
85
10
1
-

95
75
21
-

100
100
-

*96
92
4
-

98
93
5
-

"

*

-

4

5

-

4

2

15
9
3
“

_
41
-

6
32
-

13
24
-

M e th o d o l p a y m e n t
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations ________
____ _ — -------------L en gth *of-tim e p a y m e n t------ ------ —
P ercentage payment __________ ____________
F la t-su m p a y m e n t ___________________ ______
Othe r — _____________________ „__ ,___________
r
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations ____________________________

n

-

A m ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 7
A fter 6 months of s e r v ic e
Under 1 week ____________ _____ ________ ___
1 w eek
____
_ _________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ____________________
2 w e e k s __________ ______ ____ ________ _______

6
44
7
1

6
31
5
-

„
52
2
-

6
26
5
-

10
35
-

9
63
16
3

10
19
1
-

.
27
(6)
72

.
24
76

_
53
(6)
46

.
8
.
89

.
60
40

_
5
95

2
65
1
28

.
68
2
25

_
65
(6)
35

4
44
.
45

5
63
31

_
9
3
87
1

.
12
88

_
12
17
71
-

.
5
95
-

_
15
1
80
4

_
5
95
-

1
49
5
40
1

.
54
5
36
-

_
44
3
53
-

_
35
1
61
-

2
40
9
42
6

.
5
<6)
93
2

.
8
.
92
-

.
1
99
-

.
5
_
95
-

_
4
1
91
4

.
5
_
91
4

1
22
9
62
1

.
25
15
55
-

4
(6)
95
-

_
25
1
70
-

2
17
9
64
6

_
5

.
8
92

.
1
99

.
5
.
95

.
23
15
57
-

95

2
17
9
64

-

1
21
9
63
1

.
25
1
70

-

.
5
91
4

.
4

-

.
4
1
91
4

-

-

6

_

_

_
-

1
10

_
7
1
77
6
4

_
(6)
99
-

_
13

2
13
9
61
2
11

A fter 1 year o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek __________ _________ __ ______
1 w eek
I..-,.
- .I,
__
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w eeks __________________ ______________
After 2 years of s e r v ic e
Under 1 week
,
1 w eek ___ . _________________ _____ ____
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w eeks
r ____ ________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ____________________
After 3 years of s e r v ic e
Under 1 week _________________________________
1 w e e k ________ _____________
_ ____ _____
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w e e k s __ ____ _ „ __________________ ____ ____
O ver 2 and under 3 weeks . . . . . . . . ______________
A fter 4 years of s e r v ic e
Under 1 week . . . ________________ ____________
1 w eek
. . . . . . „,.rn__...................... ....l
---.
O ver 1 and under 2 weeks . . . ________________
2 w e e k s __________________ _________________
O ver 2 and under 3 weeks . . . . ____ ____________

(6)

93
2

(6)

A fter 5 yea rs of s e rv ice
Under 1 week _________________________________
1 w e e k _________________________ _____________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ______ ________ __. _ .
2 w eeks , _ _ ........ . _
. , , „
,
O ver 2 and under 3 weeks ____________________
3 w e e k s __ ______________ ____ __________ ._




See footnotes at end of table.

_
1
1
93

3
2

_
2

(6)

94
1
2

(6)
98
1

1
3
96
.

“

.
1
1
83

(6)

15

-

92
8
“

3
75

3

4

3
81
-




21

Table B-5. Paid Vacations— Continued
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Atlanta, Ga., May 1962)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Vacation policy

A m ount off vacation p a y 7—

A ll
.
Industries*

M an u fa cturin g

P u b lic ,
u tilitie s *

W h olesale
tra d e

PLAN T W ORKERS

R e ta il trade

F in a n c e 3

A ll
4
in dustries

M an u fa cturin g

P u b lic ,
utilities

W h olesale
tra d e

R e ta il tra d e

Continuod

After 10 vears of service
Under 1 week .
1 week _________________ „_______ ,________ .
Over 1 and under 2 weeks __________________
2 weeks _________________„ ___ T— n.__T„__ „r-_,
T
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___ ____________ __ _
3 weeks -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

1

2

_

65
4
30

_

_
_
_

_
_

_

_
_
.

59

21
11
67

67
8
25

_

1

73
1
24

86
14

40

_

_

_

_

_

1

(6)
10
1
51
10
24

_

7
_

53
16
19

_
_
_

74
.

26

_

13
_

56
5
22

2
11
2
31
10
41

After 12 vears of service
Under 1 week _____________________________
1 week _____ _________________________ __
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks___ _____________
2 weeks ------------------ --------- --------- ---------------------- ---------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks __________ ________
3 weeks ------------------------ ------------ — ___________________

1

2

_

_

_
_
_

_

_

_

1

_
_
_

47
6
46

36
1
61

54
1
45

33
18
48

21
11
67

66
5
29

_

_

_
.
.

_

_

1

1

.

.

1

(6)
10
1
39
11
36

_

_

7

_
„

13

37
17
34

47
1
53

47
9
28

13

_

2
11
2
31
10
41

After 15 years of service
Under 1 week _____________________________
1 week — _ _____________ _________ ______
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _______________________
2 weeks , ___ _______ __________ _____________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ------------------------------------------3 weeks _____________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _______________________
4 weeks ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------After 20 vears of service
Under 1 week __________________________________ __
1 week _______________ __ ________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks __________________
2 weeks _____ ________________ __________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks -------------------------—
3 weeks ___ ______ _______ __ _
__
4 weeks ---------------------------------------------------After 25 vears of service
Under 1 week ____- _________ — ____________ _
1 week . . . . -------- — — --------------------------------------- Over 1 and under 2 weeks — __ _____________ _
2 week8 „__„_______ T__________ r— ________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ------------------------------— --------3 weeks __________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks __________________
4 week. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

2

_

_

1?
(6)
79
1
(6)

27
(6)
71

2

20
.

19

17

.

.

.

98

79

78

_

_

79
4
-

_

_

-

-

-

2

_

_

_

_

1

2

.

_

_
.
_

1?
(6)
62
18

27
(6)
68
3

84
14

42
38

_

_

_

2
.

1

1

_

_

20
_

_
_
_

19

17

_

_

41
39

70
13

_

_
_
_

2
_

_
_
_

_

1
.

_

.

17
(6)
36

27
(6)
63

2

20
_

19

12

.

57

24

10

25

.

_

-

.

_

46

8

42

56

1

1

70

.

64

_

.

(6)
10
1
27
1
56

_

„
_

30
2
55

3

36

2
11
2
30

_

97

«.

_

48

49

2

2

-

-

4

_

_
.

_

7

13

29
2
52
6

3

36

2
11
2
30

73
24

32
16

25
28

_
_
_

_

7

13

29
2
44
2
12

3

36

2
11
2
30

55

20

12

42

27

41

(6)
10
1
26
1
45
14
(6)
10
1
26
1
34
1
23

1 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
4 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Includes proportions of workers in establishments which did not provide paid vacations until after 2 years of service.
6 Less than 0. 5 percent.
7 Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions.
indicated at 10 years' service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.

7

_

_

_
_

.

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

„
_

For example, the changes in proportions

NOTE: In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length-of-time," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments,
were converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.

22

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percent of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, Atlanta, Ga., May 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS

|

PLANT WORKERS

Type of benefit
Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities1
2

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

98

95

100

97

58

70

54

63

72

79

74

40

69

44

58

AH
.
industries *

A ll w ork ers

------------------------------------------------------

100

All
4
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utllitl.'s 2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

96

99

93

97

100

93

83

29

59

55

62

57

63

38

77

85

59

66

75

72

73

59

43

49

17

24

51

72

48

53

19

29

54

31

43

15

18

9

30

14

45

7

91
91
51
74
76
(6)

90
90
66
84
89
(6)

Retail trade

Finance34

!

W orkers in establishm ents providing:
Life insurance _____________________________
A ccidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance _________________________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or b o th 5 _________ —___________
Sickness and accident insurance _______
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) _________________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) ______________ ____ _____
H ospitalization insurance _________________
Surgical insurance . . . . . . . . . ___. . . . . . . . . _______
M edical insurance _________________________
Catastrophe insurance _____ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retirem ent pension . . . . ___. . . . __ ________ . . . . .
No health, insurance, or pension plan ------

15
90
89
64
78
82
( 6)

3

31

3

99
95
69
65
75

77
77
61
84
76

93
90
66
85
90

(6)

16
1
I

6

39

3

29

87
85
48
41
55
5

98
96
51
31
55
2

82
82
61
71
75

84
75
48
55
64
4

73
73
40
45
52
12

1 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
4 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick-leave plans are limited to those which definitely
establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
6 Less than 0. 5 percent.




Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.

Since the Bureau’ s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’ s bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

23




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureaus wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C lass A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)—U se s a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— s e s a bookkeeping
U
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

25

26

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— odtinued
C
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C lass B-Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C lass A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
C lass B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­

ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

C lass C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already

been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.



CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the fo llow in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

27

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la ss A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la ss fi—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,

follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

28

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C lass C —Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor=type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C lass A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D oes not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C lass B —
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the follow in g: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B—
Performs one or more o f the follow in g: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

29

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the follow in g: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees9 injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicant^
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




30

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or c h ie f engineers in esta b lish •
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.



Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow in g: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

31

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m ost o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in volves the follow in g: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

32

PIPE FITTE R , MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating s y ste m s are exclu ded .

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the follow in g: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate-




men who are stationed at gate and ch eck on iden tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
other persons entering .

33

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may in volve one or more o f
the follow in g: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P ackers who a lso make
wooden b o xe s or crates are exclu ded .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are exclu ded .

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
ping work in v o lv e s:

routes,

Ship•

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work in v o lv e s :

May

R eceivin g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers9 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.



For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R eceivin g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receivin g clerk

34

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesm en and over-the-road drivers
are excluded .

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination
Truckdriver, light (under
Truckdriver, medium (1%
Truckdriver, h eavy (over
Truckdriver, heavy (over




o f s i z e s listed separately)
1% tons)
to and including 4 tons)
4 tons, trailer type)
4 tons, other than trailer type)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102