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Occupational Wage Survey

CANTON, OHIO
M A Y 1962

Bu lletin No. 1 3 0 3 - 6 2




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewar» Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




CANTON, OHIO
MAY

1962

B u lle tin N o . 1 3 0 3 -6 2
June 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clogue, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage surveys in 82 labor markets. The
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits. A preliminary report furnishing
trend data and average earnings is released within a month
of the completion of each study. This bulletin provides
additional data not included in the preliminary report.

Introduction ______________________ -________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups _______________________

1
4

Tables:
1.
2.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey __________
Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups ________________________________________

3
3

Two bulletins, bringing together the results of all
of the area surveys, are issued after completion of the
final area bulletin in the current round of surveys. The
first of these bulletins will be available late in 1962 and
the other early in 1963. During the survey year, summary
releases presenting areawide occupational earnings data
for 25 to 30 labor markets, are issued as data become
available.

A: Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women ____
A-2. Professional and technical occupations—
men
A -3. Office, professional, and technical
occupations—
men and women combined ________________
A-4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations _______________
A -5. Custodial and material movement occupations __________

7
8
9

This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau's re ­
gional office in Chicago, 111., by Mary Stokes, under the
direction of Elliot A. Browar. The study was under the
general direction of Woodrow C. Linn, Assistant Regional
Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.

B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B -l. Shift differentials ______________________________________
B-2. Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers __
B-3. Scheduled weekly hours ________________________________
B-4. Paid holidays _________________________________________
B-5. Paid vacations _________________________________________
B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans __________________

10
11
12
13
14
16




5

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions _________________________
B. Occupational descriptions ____________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available in previous
area reports for Canton and for other major areas. A
directory indicating the areas, dates of study, and prices
of these reports is available upon request.

in

17
19




O ccu pation al W age S urvey—Canton, O hio

Introduction

to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U.S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics has conducted sur­
veys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an area­
wide basis. In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of
Bureau field economists to representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica­
tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry groups
excluded from these studies are government operations and the con­
struction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because they
tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (l) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
basis. Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
pe rformed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re ­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data
are presented (in the A -series tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B-series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to
office and plant workers. The concept "office w orkers," as used
in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes admin­
istrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant workers" in­
clude working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Administrative,
executive, and professional employees, and force-account construction
employees who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufacturing indus­
tries, but are included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i.e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is




1

2

Shift differential data (table B - 1) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy,1 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification "other1 was used. In establishments in which some late1
shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance salaries (table B-2) relate only to the
establishments visited. They are presented in terms of establish­
ments with formal minimum salary policies.
The scheduled hours (table B-3) of a majority of the firstshift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B-4 through
B-6) are treated statistically on the basis that these are applicable
to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers are eli­
gible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums of
individual items in tables B-3 through B-6 may not equal totals be­
cause of rounding.
The first part of the paid holidays table (table B-4) presents
the number of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second
part combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to fo r­
mal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off with
pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate estimates
are provided according to employer practice in computing vacation
payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or
flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay, pay­
ments not on a time basis were so converted; for example, a payment
of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of
1 week's pay.

1 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.




Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension plans
(table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em­
ployer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's compen­
sation, social security, and railroad retirement. Such plans include
those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and those pro­
vided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer out of
current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions,23plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
*
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulation^
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness. Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker's life.
2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
were excluded.

3

T a b le 1.

E stab lish m en ts and w o rk e rs w ithin s c o p e o f su r v e y and num ber studied in Canton, O hio, 1 b y m a jo r in d u stry d iv isio n , 2 M ay 1962

. . . ___ ______ . . . . __ ___

.....

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts

M an u factu rin g
T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er
p u b lic u tilit ie s 5 ______
____ — — —------- — ------------W h o le s a le tra d e _______________ - - _________ ____,_ - ___ ___
_
_
__ ____ _
R e ta il tra d e
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te ------------------------------S e r v i c e s 7 _______ . . . __ ___ . . ______ ___ ____ . . . .

84

59, 900

109
85

49
35

47, 500
12, 400

50
50
50
50
50

-----

194

50
50

-----------------

W ithin
scope of
study 3

50

In du stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

N um ber o f esta b lish m e n ts

M in im um
em ploym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
of study

13
17
39
10
6

10
4
13
4
4

Studied

W ithin s c o p e o f study
Studied
T o ta l4

4,
1,
5,
1,

O ffic e

P lan t

T o t a l4

7, 100

44, 500

44, 660

5, 300
1, 800

36, 400
8, 100

37,3 1 0
7, 350

100
500
100
300
400

600
(*)
(M
(?)
(6 )

2, 300
(*>
0
(?)
(6 )

3, 890
450
2, 030
680
300

1 T he Canton Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a co n s ists o f Stark County. The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f study" e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n
o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the survey. The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r, to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er a r e a em p loym en t in dexes to m ea su re
e m p loy m en t tren d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age su rv e y s re q u ir e s the u se o f e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) s m a ll establish m en ts
a re e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g esta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n . M a jo r changes fr o m the e a r lie r ed ition (u sed in the
B u re a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s con d u cted p r io r to July 1958) a re the tr a n s fe r o f m ilk p a s te u r iz a tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te es ta b lis h m en ts f r o m trad e (w h oles a le o r re ta il) to
m a n u factu rin g, and the t r a n s fe r o f ra d io and te le v is io n b ro a d ca stin g f r o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s d iv ision .
3 In clu d es a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p loym en t at o r above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n . A ll ou tle ts (within the a r e a ) o f co m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s tr ie s as tra d e, fin a n ce,
auto rep a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 establish m en t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and o th er w o r k e r s exclu ded f r o m the se p a ra te o ffic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n w e re exclu d ed .
6 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m an u factu rin g" in the S e r ie s A and B ta b le s .
Sepa ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade
fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m ploym en t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it se p a ra te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d es ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it separate
p re s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e rm it se p a ra te p re se n ta tio n , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in divid u al esta b lish m en t data.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




T a b le 2.

P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly e a rn in gs fo r
s e le cte d o ccu p a tio n a l gro u p s in Canton, O hio, D e c e m b e r I960 to M ay 1962,
and D e ce m b e r 1959 to D e c e m b e r I960
D e c e m b e r I960
to
M ay 1962

D e c e m b e r 1959
to
D e c e m b e r I960

A ll in d u s trie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en ) _____ __ ____________
In du strial n u rse s (m e n and w o m e n ) ____________ __ . . . .
S k illed m aintenance (m en) ------—--------------------- -----------U n sk illed plant (m en) . . . __ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5.0
3.6
3.5
3.1

1.7
2.7
3.1
3.5

M anufacturin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ) ------- ------------------— _
In du strial n u rses (m en and w o m e n ) ----------- ----------------S k illed m aintenance ( m e n ) __ _______ ___ —— . — . . . . — —
U n sk illed plant ( m e n ) ___ . . . . . . . ----------------------- ------- — —

5.4
3.6
3.6
3.4

1.4
2.7
3.3
3.4

Industry and o cc u p a tio n a l grou p

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pav for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series. The expansion of the labor market wage survey program in 1961 made
data available in 82 areas for the computation of wage trends for selected job
groupings. Sixty-one areas were surveyed in I960; prior to I960, coverage was
limited to 20 areas. Therefore, it was decided to compute a new trend series in
which 1961 will be the base year since this is the first year in which data were
collected in all 82 'areas.
The percents of change shown in table 2 are not comparable with similar
data shown for this area in last year's Bulletin 1285-29. The new series intro­
duces changes in the job groupings for which trends are shown and changes in
jobs included in the computations.

A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-l.

5

Office Occupations—Men and W om en

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area ba sis
by industry division , Canton, Ohio, M ay 1962)
NU M B ER OF W O RK ER S RECE IVIN G ST R A IG H T-TIM E W E E KLY EA RN IN G S OF

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S.
$
$
$
$
$
$
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
and
and
under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 o v e r

Men
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ___________
M anufacturing ________________________

84
65

40.5
40.0

120.50

_

-

_

_

i2 6 .o o

-

"

-

-

C lerk s, o r d e r ______ —___________________
M anufacturing _______________________

62
45

40.5
39.0

100.00
104.00

-

-

-

_

-

-

C lerk s, p a y roll _________________________
M anufacturing ________________________

44
44

40.0
46.0

116.50
116.50

_

-

-

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A _________________________________
M anufacturing ________________________

30
26

40.0
40.0

119.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

12 1 .0 6

-

-

“

-

-

-

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B _________________________________
M anufacturing _________________________________

36
54

40.0
4070

101.00
102.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

1
"

1
1

B ook keepin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B _________________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

203
36
167

40.0
39.5
40.0

53.50
69.00
50.50

5
5

80
80

65
2
63

13
2
11

20
14
6

3
3
-

5
5
-

C lerk s , accounting, c la s s A ___________
M anufacturing ________________________

60
48

40.0
40.0

82.00
80.00

40.0
?076
39.5

83.00
89.50
62.00

11

-

11

6
2
4

1
1

140
105
35

"
-

2
2

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ___________
M anufacturing
. .
N onm anufacturing ___________________

-

20
12
8

C lerk s, file , c la s s B 3 __________________
M anufacturing ________________________

56
29

39.5
39.5

61.00
65.00

6
1

18
9

13
4

$

_

-

-

2
2

2
2

5
4

4
4

4
3

1

17
16

10
"

7
7

8
8

1
1

_

1
1

_

-

2
2

2
1

8
8

_

"

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

1
-

1
1

1
1

1
1

5
5

3
2

5
5

2
2

4
4

5
5
-

1
1
-

4
2
2

1
1
-

-

8
8

16
14

11
11

7
5

9
6

11
6
5

13
12
1

9
7
2

14
10
4

5
5

2
2

5
11
11

1
1
5
5

3
3

-

7
6

5
2

-

2

2
2

_

7

_

_

.

"

4
4

_

2
2

_

-

_

-

_

1

_

-

_

"

-

_

_

11
5

9
6

6
6

19
19

-

2 10
16

4
4

8
8

2
2

2
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

13
13

5

2
2

_

_

-

-

3
3

3
3

8
8

2
1

6
6

2
2

-

-

-

-

3
3

2
2

1
1

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

19
19

4
4

4
4

_
2
2

- :
_ ;
4
4

-

_
_
-

_
_

_
_
_

_

_

_

7
------ 7 -

------- 5 —

W om en

*

1

C lerk s, o r d e r ___________________________

38

40.0

72.00

-

_

2

6

5

4

3

12

1

2.
_

4

_

1

_

C lerk s, p a y ro ll _________________________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------

95
77

40.0
39.5

84.50
88.00

_

_

5
4

7
2

11
11

13
10

8
6

5
5

5
5

5
4

17
17

.

-

7
3

.

-

5
3

C om ptom eter o p e r a to r s __ ________ __
M anufacturing ________________________

69
65

39.5
39.5

73.50
74.50

.

-

1
1

8
6

12
10

15
15

5
5

9
9

6
6

3
3

5
5

_

2
2

2
2

1
1

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A 3 _________
M anufacturing ________________________

45
41

40.0
40.0

82.50
83.00

_

_
“

4
4

3
3

9
6

5
4

2
2

2
2

10
10

-

4
4

_

-

1
1

_

-

5
5

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , cla ss B 3 _________
M anufacturing ________________________

110
100

39.5
40.0

72.00
72.50

_

6
6

12
12

14
11

12
10

4
3

18
16

8
8

14
12

1

5
5

313
202
111

40.0
39.5
40.0

87.50
93.00
78.50

6
6

7
2
5

13
3
10

23
11
12

19
9
10

13
7
6

32
19
13

30
24
6

28
14
14

41
30
11

18
13
5

20
14
6

17
17
-

Stenographers, g e n e r a l3
_ ____ __
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
P u blic u tilities 4 __________________

248
86
57

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

72.00
71.50
72.00
78.50

6
6
-

49
33
16
5

35
25
10
2

31
18
13
10

17
11
6
6

21
12
9
5

40
30
10
10

16
7
9
9

12
6
6
6

6
3
3
3

8
7
1
1

2
2
-

100
79

40.0
40.0

89.00
86.00

3
2
1
~

10
7
3
_
_
-

Stenographers, s e n i o r 3 ________________
_______
M anufacturing

_
2
2
*

1

2
2

-

12
12

7
7

13
12

11
11

5
5

11
5

11
7

6
-

11
11

8
4

j

16
16

S e c r e ta r ie s
__ _ —„ ____ _____ — __
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

1
1

-

See footn otes at end o f table,




162

-

_

1

•

!
!

1

_

_

_

_

3
3

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

-

4
4
_
_
_

— r~
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

1
1
_
_
_
_

1

-

12
12
_
_
_
-

15
13
2
_
_
2
2

"

-

2

-

-

2
_
2
_
_
_
_

-

_

6
Table A-L

Office Occupations—Men and W omen— Continued

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Canton, O hio, May 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
w
orkers

W
eekly,
W
eekly x *40.00 *45.00 *50.00 *55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 *75.00 *80.00 *85.00 *90.00 *95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 f 25.00 f 30.00 f35.00 *140.00 *145.00
earnings
hours
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 ov er

Women— Continued
Sw itchboard o p era tors --------------------------M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ------------------------------

59
27
32

39.5
39.5
39.5

$71.00
83.00
61.00

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts ___
M anufacturing _______________________

79
57

39.5
39.5

68.00
71.00

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e ra to rs ,
gen eral ________________________________
M anufacturing ----- ------ __ _ -----------

43
38

40.0
40.0

71.50
72.00

T yp ists, c la s s A ------------------------------------M anufacturing __________________ ____

120
102

40.0
40.0

76.50
78.50

T yp ists, c la s s B ________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

154
89
65

40.0
39.5
40.5

58.50
62.50
53.00

1
2
3
4

6
6

1
1

6
2
4

6
4

11
4

6
r
38
8
30

9
9
_
.
~

—

_
1
1

8
8
1
1

_
"

_
~
2
2

_
2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

“

-

4
3

6
4

7
7

14
14

1
1

_

_

1
1
_

_

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
"

1
1
“

2
2
“

_
■

_
“

_
“

_
-

_
■

_
~

_
■

5
4
1

5
4
1

5
3
2

3
2
1

6
2
4

4
1
3

11
9

1
1
8
6

14
6

9
9

9
9

-

4
3

1
1

7
7

5
4

6
3

3
3

4
4

7
7

4
4

2
2

1
-

10
4

11
7

20
15

15
15

12
12

15
15

2
2

29
16
13

36
23
13

15
15
”

13
6
7

10
9
1

1
1

5
4
1

'

2
2

_

_

-

-

~

----------1

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees re c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 3 at $145 to $150; 7 at $150 to $155.
D escrip tion fo r this jo b has been re v ise d since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Canton, O hio, May 1962)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Weekly!
(Standard)

Weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

N U M B ER OF W ORKERS R E CEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E W E E K L Y E A RN IN G S OF S
$
Under ^ 5.00 *80.00 *85.00 *90.00 *95.00 l o o .o o 105.00 110.00 115.0?) *120.00 125.00 130.00 *135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00 175.00
<
t
and
•
P
and
under
7 5 00
80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00 175.00 ov er

Men
D raftsm en, leader ____________
M anufacturing ______________

41
40

40.0 $151.00
4 0 J 1 150.50

-

"

_

j

_

"

-

"

“

2
2

4,
4

6
6

3
3

7
7

8
8

3
3

-

4
3

-

4
4

9
9
_

25
21
4
4

13
10
3
3

24
18
6
6

23
15
8
8

21
21
_

8
8
_

4
4
_

4
4
_

2
2
_

_
_
_

_

1
1

3
3

-

19
16
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

23
23

9
9

-

5
5

7
7

1
1

_

3
3

_

_

_

"

“

D raftsm en, sen ior _____________
Manufacturing ---------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------Public u tilities 2 ________

180
154
26
26

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

129.00
129.00
128.00
128.00

_
_

-

-

_

1
1
_

-

_

_

4
4
_

11
11
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
6
2
2

D raftsm en, junior _____________
Manufacturing ______________

160
151

40.0
40.0

109.00
110.00

9
9

1
1

11
11

6
6

18
12

20
17

11
11

13
13

6
6

12
12

59
58

40.0
40.0

99.50
99.00

3
3

3
3

7
7

4
4

5
5

9
9

5
5

3
2

2
2

18
18

W om en
N urses, industrial (reg is te re d )
M anufacturing ______________

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings corresp ond to these w eekly hours.
T ran sportation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.




“

_

7
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry d ivision , Canton, O hio, M ay 1962)

N ber
um
of

O ccupation and industry d iv isio n

Average
w
eekly ,
earnings 1
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of

w
eekly .
earnings 1
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

w
eekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

O ffice boys and g irls ____ ___________ ________ ___
_____ ___________________________
M anufacturing

36
25

$73. 50
76. 50

T ran scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e ra to rs , general _________
M anufacturing ____________________________________

45
38

$73.00
72.00

S e cre ta rie s
____
______ ________________________
M anufacturing ________________________________ __
Nonmanufacturing ___ ___________________________

313
202
111

87. 50
93.00
78.50

T yp ists, cla s s A _________________________________ —
M anufacturing ____________________________________

121
102

77. 00
78. 50

90.00
97. 00
62.00

Stenographers, g e n e r a l1 ___________________________
2
M anufacturing
_
_
________
Nnnmannfacturing
_
_
___ ____
Pu blic utilities 3 ______________________________

248
162
86
57

72. 00
71. 50
72.00
78. 50

T yp ists, cla s s B _____________________________________
M anufacturing
_
________ — __
N onm anufacturing --------------------------------------------------

154
89
65

58. 50
62. 50
53.00

56
29

61.00
65.00

Stenographers, s e n io r 2 ---------------- ------------------------M anufacturing ____________________________________

100
79

89.00
86.00

___ ____

100
75

89.50
90. 00

Switchboard op erators ______________________________
M anufacturing ___ _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________

59
27
32

71.00
83.00
61.00

D raftsm en, leader ___________________________________
M anufacturing --------------------------------------------------------

41
40

151. 00
150.50

C le r k s , p a y r o ll ______ _________ ________ ________
M anufacturing ____________________________________

139
121

94. 50
98. 50

Switchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists ______ ____ __
M anufacturing ____ __________________ _________

79
57

68.00
71.00

69
65

73. 50
74. 50

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs , c la s s A -----------------

40
36

114.50
117.00

D raftsm en, senior ___________________________________
M anufacturing ____________________________________
N onm anufacturing ________________________________
P ublic utilities 3 _______________________________

180
154
26
26

129.00
129.00
128.00
128.00

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A 2 --------------------------------M anufacturing ________
____
________ ____

45
41

9
82.50 1 Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs , cla s s B ________ __
M anufacturing ____________________________________
83.00

46
42

. 100. 50
1103.00

D raftsm en, junior _____ ____________________________
M anufacturing ____________________________________

161
152

109.00
109. 50

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B 2 ______ ___ __________
AAannfarhiring

110
100

I
7 2.00 |Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s C ----------------72. 50
M anufacturing

34
30

86. 50
90. 50

N u rses, industrial (reg is tered ) _____________________
M anufacturing ___ ____
___ __________________

64
63

99. 50
99. 50

-------

203
w
167

$53 .50
6 9.00
50. 50

C lerics, ar.r.oiinting, c la s s A
_
_
__
M anufacturing _________ __ __ __________________
____
N onm anufacturing ______ __________ - ____

144
113
31

104. 50
106.50
97. 50

C.1#»rles, a rc minting, c la s s B
M anufacturing
... _
_
N onm anufacturing ________________________________

183
148
35

N onm anufacturing -------------

----------------------

C le r k s , file , c la s s B 2 ____ ________ ______
____
M anufacturing _________ __ __ — --------------C le r k s , o rd e r

C om ptom eter op era tors
M anufacturing

__

_________ ______

________

P r o fe s s io n a l and technical occupations

1 Earnings are fo r a regu la r w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e their straigh t-tim e w eekly s a la r ie s , e xclu sive o f any prem iu m pay.
2 D e scrip tio n fo r this jo b has been re v ise d since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
3 T ra n sp orta tion , com m u n ication , and other public u tilities.




8
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Canton, Ohio, May 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS O F -

O ccupation and industry d ivision

C a rp enters, m aintenance ----------------------- ------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

Number
of
workers

114
86

Average
hourly1
earnings

$
$
$
1. 70 1. 80 1. 90
and
under
1. 80 1. 90 2. 00

$ 2 . 83
2. 97

$
2.00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2.40

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

$
2. 70

$
2. 80

$
2. 90

$
3. 00

$
3. 10

$
3. 20

2. 10

2.20

2. 30

2.40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

2.90

3.00

3. 10

3. 20

3. 30

.

“

"

.

.

.

“

~

"

_
.

3
3

8
8

7
7

22
22

17
17

17
17

3
3

5
5

-

1
1

6
6

9
9

27
22

17
17

24
24

32
30

8
8

111
111

143
143

9
9

31
31

_

4
4

12
6

4
4

3
3

33
33

9
8

8
8

.

.

~

~

5
5

-

■

.

.

.

.

-

"

-

E n gin eers, stationary --------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

91
83

2. 85
2. 87

■

1
"

.

-

"

12
12

1

.

.

.

_

77
76

2. 72
2. 73

M ach in e-tool o p e ra to rs, to o lro o m -----------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

233
233
406
406

3. 22
3. 22

.

_

.

-

-

-

-

~

.

.

-

"

195
119
76
62

2.
2.
2.
2.

M echanics, m aintenance ---- --------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

241
236

2. 90
2. 89

-

M illw rights _____________________________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

436
436

3. 09
3. 09

-

Q ilers ___________________________________________

56
56

2. 51
2. 51

-

P a in ters, m aintenance -------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

37
35

2. 89
2. 92

P ip efitters, m aintenance ---------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

149
142

3. 06
3. 07

T ool and die m akers -----------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

245
245

-

2

15
15

6
6

"

•

9
9

.

_

_

-

■

15
15

1
1

4
4

34
34

6
6

5
5

71
71

18
18

68
68

11
11

-

3
3

6
6

5
5

17
17

28
28

37
37

30
30

70
70

192
192

18
18

-

-

-

"

_

_

.

.

■

"
3
3

50
43
7
7

~

■

-

9
9

9
9

21
21

18
18

30
28

24
24

23
23

2
2

4
4

12
12

51
51

2
2

33
33

-

-

-

14
14

12
12

14
14

43
43

69
69

229
229

32
32

7
7

_

-

8
8

6

-

6

6
6

10
10

14
14

9
9

8
8

9
9

.

.

.

_

_

_

_

-

“

"

"

"

•

_

_

.

“

"

-

"

3
3

1

-

-

_

_

■

“

-

_

5
5
5

-

2
-

4
4

-

-

"

-

1 E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.




18
18

18
15
3
3

-

-

'

31
26
5
5

-

-

.

17
7
10
8

-

3. 11
3. 11

-

9
9

14
3
11
4

-

-

19
19

.

36
25
11
9

7
6

2
2

.

8
8
8

7

4
4
4

-

.

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

~

M echanics, autom otive (m aintenance) ------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------Public u tilit ie s 1 __ — _________________
2

M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

72
84
54
56

"

_

3. 23
3. 23

M achinists, m aintenance ----------------- -------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

~

3 .60

"

3. 10
3. 11

F irem en , stationary b o ile r ------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

3. 50

$
3.60
and
over

19
4

422
415

.

3 .40

$
3. 50

13
"

E le c tr ic ia n s , m aintenance -------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------ ------------ ----

.

$
$
3. 30 3.40

.
-

2
2

3
3

_

4
4’

2
2

18
18
4
4

35
35

7
7

16
16

1
1

2
2

7
4

13
13

23
23

60
56

8
8

14
14

_

•

40
40

2
2

26
26

15
15

31
31

58
58

11
11

23
23

.

.

■

2
2

-

Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Canton, Ohio, M ay 1962)
N UM BER OF W O RK ER S RECE IVIN G ST R A IG H T-TIM E H OURLY E A RN ING S OF—
$

$

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry division

of
workers

hourly 2
earnings

0 .8 0

J an itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e r s
(m en) __ ________ __ __ ____ _________
P u blic u tilities 1
3
2

_________________________

J an itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e r s
(wom en) __ __ ______ __ _ ______

________

N onm anufacturing ___________________
L a b o r e rs , m a teria l h a n d lin g ___________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

$

$

$

$

$

$

$
1 .8 0

1.90

2.00

2 .10

2.20

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2.60

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2.9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

1.00

1.10

1.20

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1.60

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1.90

2.0 0

2.10

2.2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

over

12

112

59

12

112

cq

and

2.16

13

7

2 .2 8

l

98
25

1.61

-

11

10

2

6

11

10

_

3

8
2

15
3

12

—

r ~

5

11

16

10

8

5

11

16

49
49

36
36

19
7

10

16

14

211

4

2

16

45
33

121

10

116

9

211

4

2

5

11

13

6

3

11

12

6

12

5

2 .0 5

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

8

3

1 .5 3

-

-

10

-

2

3

4

4

6

5

3

3

4

5

14
14

1

2

-

8

-

-

-

1

-

5

15

2

41

30
30

55

27

39

11

75
44

138
134

3

5

-

16

16

31

4

9

3

16

25

3

5

3

1.22

9

3

16

20

-

2 .3 3

-

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

1

2

-

1 .9 7

2 .3 7

166

2 .1 7

2

15

-

-

2

_

_

12

_

_

17
24

140

R eceivin g c le r k s ________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

79
43

2 .3 1
2 .6 4

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

5

_

-

36

1 .9 2

-

-

-

6 ~~

-

-

-

5

-

-

Shipping c le r k s __________________________
M anufacturing
__ ____ __ __ _____

76
68

2 .5 8
2 .6 0

Shipping and re c e iv in g c le r k s __________
M anufacturing ________________________

78
54

r u c k d r iv e r s 4 ___ _ __ __ __ __ __ _
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing __ __ __ __ __
P u blic u tilities 3 __________________

654

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

2

-

-

_

_

_

261
207
54

100

9

43

_

7

42

18
17

3

97
3

2

1

1

_

_

_

_

-

5
5

-

-

5

-

5

-

5

_

-

-

-

-

2 .3 7
2 .4 5

-

-

-

-

-

T ru c k d riv e r s , light (under
lV 2 t o n s ) -------------------------------------------

25

2 .2 5

-

-

-

-

340
134

2 .4 3

_

_

2

1

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

8

7

32

56

7

_

21

16

22

16

-

25
25

12

21

18
18

1

4

5
5

1

12

22

T~

1

5

1

12

4

8

3

13

2

1

2

2

7

2

5

3

13

2

1

2

2

1

5

1

9
5
4

5

2

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

2

3

21

1

30

_

_

3

19

1

28

4
4

_

-

9
7

-

1

5

9

1

7
3

10

14

3

2

_

-

2

1

_

3

2

10

2

2

-

-

-

2

9

108
32

77
74

1

1

—

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fo r k lift) ______________
Manuf acturing
__ ____ __ _

335
321

131

5

“

5

9

"

_

58

2

_

-

80
24

9
7

64

_

7

47
7

_

_

_

_

56

2

57

40

1

169
169
_

76

3

1

1

_

_

-

-

-

58
50

19
19
_

-

-

-

2

-

1

-

76

1

1

1

_

_

2

2

5

1

-

-

10

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

5

61
56

7

55

16

7

155

11

_

2

55

12

-

2

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

~
6

8

1

-

-

3

2

3

6

2 .5 5
2 .5 6

43

1 .8 4

25

1

2

2 .4 5
2 .4 5

T r u c k e r s , pow er (oth er than
fork lift) -------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ___ __ _ __ _________

1

2

2

-

■

_

_

_

_

“

"

-

-

"
_

5
5

80
4

39
36

1

1

-

“

-

_

_

_

_

_

"
2 .3 8

1

2

2 .2 5

50

_
_
-

_

8

5

T ru c k d riv e r s , m edium (lV z to and
including 4 tons) ___________________
N onm anufacturing -------------------------

T ru c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
other than t r a ile r type) _________________

1

_

3

12

5
5

2 .7 3
2 .7 0

_

12

2 .2 7
2 .4 8
2 .5 7

_

5
5

2 .3 3
2 .5 1
2 .5 2

2 .3 3

_

1

16

126

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17

-

_

28

2

3

_

_

27
27

33
33

29
29

28
26

20

44
44

85
85

30
30

12

6

.

_
.

12

6

-

-

.
-

4
4

-

3
3

1

2

2

88

6

1

1

2

3
3

6

16

-

_

21

-

21

-

6

88

6

-

-

-

-

2

_

9

_

6

2

-

5

2

-

16

-

-

-

-

2.20

7

4

1 Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except where otherw ise indicated.
2 Excludes prem iu m pay fo r ove rtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holid ays, and late shifts.
3 T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public u tilities.
Includes all d r iv e r s re g a r d le s s o f size and type of truck operated.




_

5

3

_

5

829
663

130

$

1 .7 0

2

-

$

$

$

1 .6 0

144

W a tc h m e n ________________________________
M anufacturing
._

$

$

$

1 .5 0

527
429

137
56

$

1 .4 0

P a ck e rs , shipping _______________________
M anufacturing ________________________

T ru c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) ____ ____________________
M anufacturing
______
__ ______
__

$

1 .3 0

$ 2 .5 8
2 .6 3

359
295
132

$

1.20

O rd er f i l l e r s _____________________________

T

$

$

1.10

322
310

105
43
62

$

$

1.00

and
under
.9 0

G uards __ — — __ __ __ ------- __ _____

$

$
0.90

-

-

-

7

2

9

8

6
5

_

_

_

_

_

_

_




B:

E sta b lish m en t P ra ctice s a n d S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s b y type and am ount o f d iffe re n tia l*
C anton, O h io , M ay 1962)
P e r c e n t o f m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

A ctu a lly w o rk in g on—
T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

S e co n d sh ift
w o rk

T h ir d o r other
s h ift w o rk

___

9 5 .5

9 5 .5

2 6 .3

13. 5

W ith sh ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l _______________________

9 1 .9

9 4 .2

2 5 .3

1 3 .4

8 8 .3

9 0 .6

24. 1

12. 5

1. 5
7. 1
2 .3
2 .4
6 6 .8
4 .7
3 .4
-

_
6 .6
. 1
5. 5
2. 2
4 .9
1. 1
. 5
6 6 .3
1 .4
.4
1. 5

.2
1 .7
.5
.5
19. 1
1. 5
. 5
-

_
.8
.7
. 1
(1 )
2

3 .6

3 .6

1 .2

.9

3 .6
■

3 .6

1 .2
~

.9

3 .6

1 .3

1 .0

. 1

T otal

_ ____

______________

__

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r) __

____________

___

_____

3 ce n ts ____________ ____________ __________
5 ce n ts _______________________ __ _____
6 c e n ts ___ _____ ___ ____ _____ ___ __________
7 x!z c e n ts __ _____
__ _______ __ __ __
8 ce n ts __
_________ __ _______
______
9 c e n t s __ _____ _________________ _________
_________ __
__ ____
10 ce n ts ________
IOV2 c e n ts _ _____ ___________________ __
11 c e n ts ___ _____________ __________ ___
12 c e n ts ____________________________________
15 c e n t s ______ __ _________ ______________ __
____ ______________ _____________
16 ce n ts
20 c e n ts ____________________
___ __ __
U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e ____________

______

_

5 p e r c e n t _________ __ _________________ ___ __
10 p e r c e n t _ ___________ ___ ___
___
N o sh ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l

______

__ _

1 In clu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s ,
e v e n though th e y w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .

S e co n d sh ift

1 0 .4
.2
. 1
.3

and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts

II
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f e sta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f fic e w o r k e r s , C anton, O hio, M ay 1962)
O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p ists
N on m anufacturing

M anuf a ctu r ing
M in im u m w e e k ly s a la r y 1

A ll
sch e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied

______

__ _____

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g a s p e c ifie d m in im u m

__

_________

___________________

M anufacturin g
A ll
in d u stries

B a s e d on standard w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
in d u stries

40

A ll
s ch e d u le s

40

84

49

XXX

35

XXX

31

20

20

11

_
4
4
1
2
3
1
1

N onm anufacturing

B a s ed on standard w e e k ly h ou rs 3 of—
40

84

49

XXX

35

XXX

7

34

22

22

12

8

2
3
1
2

_
3
1
-

_
3
1
-

-

-

-

1
1
1
-

1
1
1
-

1
4
5
1
2
2
1
1

_
2
5
1
-

-

1
2
9
1
5
1
4
3
1
1
1

2
1
1
-

2
1
1
-

-

-

2
7
1
6
1
3
4
1
1
1
4

4
4
1
2
3
1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

4

-

1
4

1
4
5
1
2
2
1
1
1
4

E s ta b lis h m e n ts havin g no s p e c ifie d m in im u m __________________

25

15

XXX

10

XXX

30

18

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y
___________________
______ _________________

28

14

XXX

14

XXX

20

9

XXX

$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 57. 50
$ 60. 00
$ 62. 50
$ 65. 00
$ 67. 50
$ 70. 00
$ 7 2 . 50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

u n d er
u n d er
u nd er
un d er
u n d er
u nd er
un d er
un d er
un d er
un d er
un d er
u nd er
un d er
over

$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 57. 50
$ 60. 00
$ 62. 50
$ 65. 00
$ 67. 50
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 72. 50
_ _____

____________ _____________________ _
_____________________________________
__
__
------------ ---------- _
__ ______
________
______ __
-------------------------------------- __
______
__ _____ _____ __ _______
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_ __ _____
______ __ ___ __ _
---------------------------------_____________________________________
_____________________________________
__ _____
__ __ __ --------------- ---

A ll
sch ed u les

A ll
s ch ed u les

-

1
4

40

12

XXX
XXX

L o w e s t s a la r y ra te fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d f o r h irin g in e x p e rie n ce d w o r k e r s fo r typing o r o th er c l e r i c a l j o b s .
R a tes a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g ir ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e not c o n s id e r e d .
H ou rs r e fl e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . D ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll w o rk w eek s c o m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n w ork w eek re p o rte d .




12
Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly Hours

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s b y sch edu led w e e k ly h o u r s
o f f ir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , Canton, O h io , M ay 1962)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

W eek ly h ou rs
A ll industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s

_____________________________________

U nder 37 V2 h ou rs ---------------- --------------------------------------------37V2 h ou rs _______________________ ___________ —
37 V2 and under 40 h ou rs
40 h ou rs _______________ ____________ ___ ____ _________
42 h ou rs _____________ ___________________________________________
44 h ou rs _________________________________________________________
45 h ou rs _________ ______________________________________________
O vpr

1
2
3
4

100

M anufacturing

100

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

100

100

2

(4 )

(4 )

3

4

5

1

-

89

94

100

-

-

3

1

(4 )

(4 )

M anufacturing

-

1

2
87
2
3
1

2

Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a t e ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s shown se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




100

2
2
-

93
2
(4 )

1

P u b lic utilities 2

100

-

88
-

4
8

13
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by n u m b er o f paid h olid a y s
p r o v id e d annually, Canton, O hio, M ay 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Item
AU industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities1
2

AU industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
pa id h o lid a y s __----- ------------- — ------- — ------W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no pa id h o lid a y s —-----------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

97

98

91

(4)

(4)

"

3

2

9

(4)
(4)
23
2
6
56

(4)
1
11
1
7
66
9
4
1

5
76
19

1

3
( 4)
18
6
57
2
4
7
1

2
(4)
12
6
61
2
5
8
1

"

1
80
11
“

1
13
14
77
77
94
95
95
97

1
15
17
84
84
96
96
96
98

11
11
90
90
91
91
91
91

N um ber of d a y s

L e s s than
5 h o lid a y s
6 h olid a y s
6 h o lid a y s
6 h o lid a y s
7 h o lid a y s
7 h o lid a y s
7 h o lid a y s
8 h o lid a y s
9 h o lid a y s

5 h o lid a y s -------------—— ------------------ —
------- ,------------------------- ---------------------------_
— ----------------------- . -------------------------------- p lu s 1 h a lf day __ __ ______ ___ _____
plus 2 h a lf d a y s — ------------------ ------_____ ____ __ ______ —
---------- ------p lu s 1 h a lf day --------------- ------------------plu s 2 h a lf d a ys -------------- ____ — ------___ _____ ________ ,_ _____— -— __ —
____ _
_____ _____ — __ _______---------

6

3
3
(4)

Total h o lid ay tim e 5

9 d ays _____________________________________________
8 or
7 1/2
7 or
6 Vi
or
5 or
4 or
3 or

6

m o r e days --- ------------- — ---- ---------- ----------—
o r m o r e d a ys ---------------------------------- -----------m o r e days --------------------------------- ___________----o r m o r e days ------ -------- -------------_____--------m o r e d a y s ___ ___________ — ----------------------m o r e d ays ----------------------------------------------------m o r e d ays ________ _________________ _______
m o r e d ays ---------------------- -------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
no h a lf

(4)
6
12
75
77
99
99
99
99

1
6
14
87
88
99
99
99
99

19
19
95
95
100
100
100
100

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er public u tilitie s .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il trade, r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
A ll c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; fo r exa m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 days in c lu d e s th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and
d a y s, 6 fu ll d a ys and 2 h a lf da ys, 5 fu ll days and 4 half d a y s, and s o on . P r o p o r tio n s w e re then cu m u lated.




14
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in industry d iv isio n s by v a ca tion pay
p r o v is io n s , C anton, O hio, M ay 1962)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y
Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
"
-

All industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

______________________________________

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

99
76
23
"
-

100
72
28
“
-

100
100
~
-

Method of paym ent
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid v a ca tio n s _____ ____
___________________
L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent _____________________
P e r c e n ta g e paym ent -------------------------------- —
F la t -s u m paym ent ____________________________
O ther ______ ____________________ _____ _____
W ork ers in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s ______________________________

1

Amount of vacation p a y 4
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek _____________________________________
j w eek
... -■^
. __
, ,Tt, ,..,
,
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s _______________________
2 w eeks ___________________________________________

_TX
_1J
_

5
36
32
(5)

2
41
39
(5)

18
“

28
3
“

30
1
■

14
■

(5 )
24
76

_
14
86

_
73
25

3
88
4
4

3
90
5
2

80
4
15

_
10
1
89
-

1
37
60
-

1
79
5
13

1
85
6
6

35
14
51
“

_
6
3
91
-

_
5
5
90
-

98

1
22
50
25
1

1
24
60
13
1

9
90
~

_
6
3
91
-

5
4
91
-

_
98
"

1
21
49
26
2

1
23
59
14
2

_
9
90

2
94
2
2

2
95
3
■

100
-

3
1
87
5
3

2
1
91
5

96
4

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek _____________________________________
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ------------- ------------------2 w eeks __________________________________ _______
A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek -------------------------------------------------------1 w eek ------------------- ----------------------- ------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ----------------------------------2 w eeks ___________________________________________
O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w eek s -----------------------------------

_
11
4
85

1

1

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek _____________________________________
1 w eek __________________ _____________ ________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s _______________________
2 w eeks _____ _____________________________ _____
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s __________ — ----------A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek ___________ _________ ____ _________
1 w eek
..._______-_______________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ________ ____________
2 w eeks ___________________________________________
O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w eek s -----------------------------------

_
,,_

...,„...

_

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ___________________________________ _______
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s _______________________
2 w eeks ___________________________________________
O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w eek s _______________________
3 w eeks __________________________________
— __

See fo o tn o te s at end o f table,




'

15
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations— Continued

(P e r c e n t distrib u tion o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , Canton, O h io, M ay 1962)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o l ic y
All industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 4--------C o n tin u e d
A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____________ _____ ____________ _____ —
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ____ ___ __ __ ------ ----2 w eek s ___________________ ____ _______ _______, __
_
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w eek s _ __ _____ __ _______________ _______
4 w eek s _ _____ ______ _____ __ ________ __ —

(5)
41
22
37
-

_
35
30
36
-

75
25
-

2
1
31
52
13
(5)

1
1
29
64
5
-

_
77
18
4

(5 )

_
33
11
56
-

_
58
42
“

2
1
22
55
19
(5)

1
1
21
67
9
-

_
59
37
4

_
5
95
“

_
3
97
-

2
1
6
2
86
1
1

1
1
6
2
88
1
-

_
1
91

_
5

_
3

1
1
6
2
83
1
5

_
1
91

1
1
6
2
26
51
12

_
1
40
59

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek __ _ __ ___ __ _____ __ _____ __ __ —
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _ __ _____ __ --------2 w e e k s _ __ _____ __ ________ __ _____ _____
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ------------ ------------------3 w eek s _ ____ ___ _ _ ___ __ __ __ -------- --------4 w eek s _ __ _____ __ _ ________ ______ __ _—

37
8
55
-

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________ _____ ___ ___ __ _____ _____
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _________ _ _____ —
2 w e e k s _ __ __ _ __ __ __ __ __ __ — __ —
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s _ ________ __ _____ _____ _____ — —
O v er 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _______ __ __ _____
4 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------------

(5 )
11
(5 )
88
-

1

-

8

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek __ ________ _____ ________ _____ _____
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s ___ ______ __ ___ ______________________ __
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w eek s _ _____ — ------- — ------------- -------------O v er 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w e e k s _ __ — __ _ __ _____ __ __________

97

7

94
1

-

2
1
6
2
76
1
11

(5 )
11
(5 )
29
23
37

_
5
29
30
35

_
3
38
58

2
1
6
2
27
42
19

(5 )
11
(5)
82
-

-

-

-

8

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek __ _____ __ ------- __ __ -------- -------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s ______________ — ----------------------------- —
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ____ __ ------------------3 w e e k s _______ __ _____ — ____________ _____
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _ ________ _________
4 w eek s ___________ ________
__ ________________

1
2
3
4
s e r v ic e
5

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er public u tilitie s.
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s in a d d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in divid u al p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r ex a m p le, the ch an ges
in clu d e ch a n g e s in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.

in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica ted at 10 y e a r s '

N O T E: In the tabu lation s o f v a ca tio n a llo w a n ce s by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , paym ents o th e r than "le n g th o f tim e , " such a s p e rce n ta g e o f annual ea rn in g s o r f la t -s u m
to an equ iva len t tim e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a paym ent o f 2 p e rce n t o f annual ea rn in gs w as c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's pay.




paym en ts, w e re con v erted

16
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e r c e n t o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s em p lo ye d in e sta b lish m en ts p r o v id in g
health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fits , C anton, O hio, M ay 1962)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

T yp e o f b e n e fit
Public utilities1
2

All industries1

Manufacturing

100

100

100

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :
L ife in su ra n ce ___ _ ------------— __
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u ra n ce ^ _ _________________________ ^ ___
_
S ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce o r
s ic k lea v e o r b o t h 4 -------------- — —

99

99

99

99

100

43

43

21

44

43

35

94

99

58

91

95

64

S ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce
_ __
S ick lea v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d ) _____ __ __ ____
S ick lea v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d ) _ -----_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

71

85

23

85

95

24

48

46

38

3

-

11

10

8

17

6

2

41

90
87
37

99
99
34
14
86

83
83
80
91
59

92
91
46
7
74

98
97
46
3
78

78
78
70
87
59

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u ra n ce ---------------------------S u r g ic a l in s u ra n ce __________________________
M e d ica l in s u ra n ce ___________________________
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e ______________________
R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n ___________ __ ------ ------No health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n plan _____

21

80
(5)

1 Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s .
3 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s shown se p a ra te ly .
4 U nduplicated total o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e show n s e p a r a te ly below . S ic k -le a v e plans a re lim it e d to th ose w h ich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m n u m ber o f days' pay that can be e x p e c te d b y e a ch e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n ce s d e te rm in e d on an individual b a s is a re e x clu d ed .
5 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.




Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau’ s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’ s bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.
The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

17




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in*
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)—
Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)—
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

19

20

CLERK , ACCOUNTING—Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.



CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers *orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

21

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



SECRETARY — Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

22

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B—
Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

23

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina•
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicant^
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




24

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establish ments employing more than one engineer are excluded .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working

25

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in die trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.



OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

26

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE -C ontinued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves mos't of the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.




27

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge o f various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;

ORDER FILLER

checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers9 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows;

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




28

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over^the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under iy2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( l l2 to and including 4 tons)
/
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

#

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1 9 6 2

O — 645160


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102