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Occupational Wage Survey
MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN
APRIL 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-57




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey

MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN




APRIL 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-57
June 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage surveys in 82 labor markets.
The
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits. A preliminary report furnishing
trend data and average earnings is released within a month
of the completion of each study. This bulletin provides
additional data not included in the preliminary report.

Introduction ____________________________________________ .________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups ____________________
Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey ________
2. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups -------------------------- .*
___________________
3. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of increase for selected p eriod s_________________

Two bulletins, bringing together the results of all
of the area surveys, are issued after completion of the
final area bulletin in the current round of surveys. The
first of these bulletins will be available late in 1962 and
the other early in 1963. During the survey year, summary
releases presenting areawide occupational earnings data
for 25 to 30 labor markets, are issued as data become
available.
This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau's re ­
gional office in Chicago, 111., by Marvin Glick, under
the direction of Elliott A. Browar. The study was under
the general direction of Woodrow C. Linn, Assistant Re­
gional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




1
3

A: Occupational earnings: *
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women __________________
A-2. Professional and technical occupations—
men
and women ________________________________________
A -3. Office, professional, and technical
occupations—
men and women combined _____________
A-4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations _____________
A-5. Custodial and material movement occupations _______

2
4
4
5
8
9
10
11

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions ______________________
B. Occupational descriptions ____ »
____________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for these items and also
tabulations on establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions are available in previous area reports
for Milwaukee and for other major areas. A directory
indicating the areas, dates of study, and prices of these
reports is available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and
supplementary wage practices are also available for the
machinery industries (April 1961) and contract cleaning
services (July 1961). Union scales, indicative of prevailing
pay levels, are available for the following trades or
industries: Building construction, printing, local-transit
operating employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

iii

13
15




Occupational Wage Survey—Milwaukee, Wis.
Introduction

are presented (in the A-series tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U.S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an area basis.
The bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

In each area, data are obtained from representative establish­
ments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations
and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having
fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of
the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
basis. Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, ail establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, except
for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data




1

Table 1.

E stablishm ents and w o rk e rs within scop e o f survey and num ber studied in'M ilw aukee, W is., 1 by m a jo r industry division, 2 A p ril 1962
Num ber o f establishm ents
Industry div isio n

Within scope
o f study1
3
2

W orkers in establishm ents

Studied

Within scope
o f study

Studied

— ------- —

776

188

247, 600

163,600

M anufacturing ----------------------------------- — — ------------ — —
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------T ransportation, com m unication, and other
public u t ilitie s 4 --------- ------- ---------- --- — -------------------W holesale tr a d e 5 ---- ------- ------- ------Retail trade 5 _______ _________ _______ ______________
Finance, insurance, and rea l e s ta te 5 _________________
S e r v ic e s 5*6 ------------------------ ------- ------- ------------ ---------------

399
377

92
96

169, 200
78, 400

113, 380
50, 220

50
81
127
55
64

20
19
26
14
17

20,700
10, 400
27, 800
10, 500
9,000

17, 720
3, 930
18,290
6, 500
3, 780

A ll d ivision s

------------ --------------

------- — —

1 The Milwaukee Standard M etropolitan Statistical A re a c o n sists o f Milwaukee and Waukesha Counties.
The "w ork ers within scop e o f study"
estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate d e s crip tio n o f the size and com position of the labor fo r c e included in the survey.
The
estim ates are not intended, how ever, to se rv e as a basis o f co m p a riso n with other area em ploym ent indexes to m easure em ploym ent trends o r le v e ls
s in ce (1) planning o f wage surveys requ ires the use o f establishm ent data com p iled con sid erably in advance o f the p a yroll period studied, and (2) sm a ll
establishm ents are excluded fro m the scop e o f the su rvey.
2 The 1957 r e v ise d edition o f the Standard Industrial C la ssifica tio n Manual was used in cla ssifyin g establishm ents by industry d iv ision .
M ajor
changes fro m the e a r lie r edition (used in the b u r e a u 's labor m arket wage surveys conducted p r io r to July 1958) are the tran sfer o f m ilk pasteu rization
plants and rea d y -m ix e d co n cre te establishm ents fro m trade (w holesale o r retail) to m anufacturing, and the tran sfer o f radio and te le v is io n broadcastin g
f ro m s e r v ic e s to the transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities d ivision .
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at o r above the m in im u m -siz e lim itation (50 em ployees).
A ll outlets (within the area) o f
com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto re p a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion -p ictu re theaters are con sidered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Taxicabs and s e r v ic e s incidental to w ater transportation w ere excluded.
5 This industry d ivision is represen ted in estim ates fo r "a ll in d u s trie s " and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A tables.
Separate presentation
o f data fo r this d iv isio n is not made fo r one o r m o re o f the follow ing re a s o n s : (1) Em ploym ent in the d ivision is too sm all to p rovid e enough data
to m e r it separate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed in itially to p e rm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to p erm it
separate presentation, and (4) there is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual establishm ent data.
6 H otels; pe rso n a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile re p a ir sh ops; m otion p ic tu re s ; nonprofit m em bership organ ization s; and engineering
and a rch itectu ral s e r v ic e s .




3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; me­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2).merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels. Changes in the
.labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series (table 2). This series initiated with the expansion of the labor market
wage survey programs to 82 areas will replace the old series (1953 base) shown
in table 3. Changes in the jobs surveyed and job descriptions since the start of
the old series called for a reexamination of the jobs and job groupings for which
trends were to be computed.
The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series with
the following exceptions: The women clerical group is replaced by an office
clerical group (men and women) and the industrial nurse category includes both
men and women. Changes were also made in the jobs included within job group­
ings in order that an identical list could be employed in all areas.

T able 2. P e rce n ts o f in cre a s e in standard w eekly sa la rie s and straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected
occupational groups in M ilwaukee, W is. , A p ril 196J. to A p ril 1962, and A p ril I960 to A p ril 1961
A p ril I960
to
A p ril 1961

A p ril 1961
tp
A p ril 1962

Industry and occupational group

A ll industries:
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w omen) . __
---- — —
Industrial n urses (m en and w omen)
------------- -----------Skilled m aintenance ( m e n ) -------- --- ------- ------------— —
U nskilled plant (men) ___ __ __ ---—
------------ —

2 .3
4 .3
2 .6
2 .4

3. 1
5 .0
3. 5
3 .6

M anufacturing:
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w omen) _______________________
Industrial n urses (m en and women)
___ ___ . _ ___
Skilled m aintenance (men) ______________________________
U nskilled plant (men) -------------------------------------------------------

2. 5
4. 3
2. 1
2 .3

4 .0
5 .0
3 .6
3 .5

T able 3.

Indexes o f standard w eekly s a la rie s and straigh t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r se le cte d occupational groups in
M ilw aukee, W is. , A p ril 1962 and A p ril 1961, and percen ts o f in cre a s e fo r selected periods

Indexes
(A p ril 1953 - 100)

P e rce n t in cre a s e s from —
A p ril 1960
to
A p ril 1961

A p ril 1959
to
A p ril I960

M ay 1958
to
A p ril 1959

A p ril 1954
N ovem ber 1955
to
to
N ovem ber 1955
May 1958

A p ril 1953
to
A p ril 1954

M arch 1952
to
A p ril 1953

A p r il 1962

A p ril 1961

A p ril 1961
to
A p ril 1962

A ll industries:
O ffice c le r ic a l (women)
__ ____
Industrial nurses (w o m e n )_________
Skilled m aintenance (m e n ) _________
U nskilled plant (men) ____
____

140.8
153.6
148.3
141.7

137.4
147. 3
144.7
138. 9

2 .5
4. 3
2. 5
2 .0

3 .0
5 .0
3 .6
3 .3

3 .6
2 .3
4 .9
2. 5

2 .9
4. 2
3 .9
3 .8

13.6
14.4
13. 5
13.7

5 .3
9 .0
6 .7
6. 2

4. 5
5. 5
5 .9
4 .6

6. 5
5.8
7 .4
9 .9

Manufacturing:
O ffice c le r ic a l (women)
__
___
Industrial n urses (w o m e n )________
Skilled m aintenance (m e n ) ------------Unskilled plant (men) _____________

145.9
154.2
148.7
142.6

142. 1
147.9
145.7
139. 3

2 .6
4. 3
2. 1
2 .4

4 .0
5 .0
3 .6
3 .4

3 .6
2 .9
4 .8
2 .4

3 .8
4. 2
4. 2
3. 2

13.0
14.4
13.4
12.3

6 .7
9 .0
6 .9
7 .4

5. 5
5. 5
6 .3
5 .8

6 .8
6 .7
6 .8
10.4

Industry and occupational group




A:

Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division, M ilwaukee, W is., A p ril 1962)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G S T R A I G H T - T I M E W E E K L Y E A R N I N G S OF -

A verage
$

Sex, occupation, and industry div isio n

of
w orkers

W eek ly .
hou rs
(S ta n da rd)

W e e k ly .
earnings
(S ta n da rd )

$

40.00 45.00
and
under
45.00 50.00

$

50.00

s55.00

60.00 65.00

55.00 60.00 65.00

s

$
$
$
S
$
S
s
$
$
$
$
s
70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 *115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
and
70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over

$

$

$

!

!

i

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A
M anufacturing ____________
N onm anufacturing ________
P u blic u tilitie s 2 ______

326
240
86
34

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.5

$11 6.00
J 19.00
107.50
112.00

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B
M anufacturing

144
95

39.5
39.5

90.00
89.00

C lerk s , o r d e r ___
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing

246
128
118

40.0
40.0
40.0

C lerk s, p a y ro ll
M anufacturing

70
58

O ffice boys
M anufacturing

148
104

2

11
11

16
10

13
8

2
1

10
4

6
3

1

10
5
5

50

18
10
8

16
10
6

48
14
34

36
24
12

12
2
10

10
9
1

11
9
2

11
11

34

1
1

3
3

3
2

5
5

1
1

2
2

15
10

7
7

9
8

7
7

14
9

9
8

3
3

1

2
2

1
1

_

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

“

"

-

.

.

.

"

"

4
"

7
2

14
6

10
5

17
12

14
11

21
19

-

-

‘

1

-

-

-

-

~

4
2

6
3

8
6

45
34

99.00
100.50
97.00

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

5
5

_

.

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
10
5

40.0
40.0

110.00
109.00

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

39.5
40.0

60.50
60.00

2

1
1

47
40

28
28

24
9

29
10

.

_

.

.

.

.

•

“

"

"

_
-

_

.
-

115.50
118.50

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B _______________________
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing

174
119
55

39.5
40.0
39.5

96.00
99.00
90.00

.

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s C
M anufacturing

78
57

39.5
40.0

81.00
82.50

_

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine)
M anufacturing

91
60

40.0
40.0

70.50
7O 0

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m a c h i n e ) ___________
N onm anufacturing

118
73

40.0
40.0

68.50
65.50

_

B ook keepin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing

119
58
61

40.0
39.5
40.0

83.50
88.00
78.50

_
-




20
12

-

_

39.5
40.0

See footn otes at end o f table.

37
33
4
3

-

113
71

339
120
219

33
25
8
3

_

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A
M anufacturing

B ook keeping-m a ch ine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B _________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___
Nonmanuf actur ing

28
18
10
3

33
33

-

31
20
11
5

-

39.5
40.0
39.5

68.50
72.50
66.50

-

-

-

-

_

_

"

-

2

"

1

2
-

2

-

_

_

.

_

2
l

1
1
1

1
1
-

-

-

_

_
-

-

-

_

_

'

-

-

13
7

3
2

6
4

3
- ------ T~

1
1
-

_
-

2
2
-

8
7
1

3
3
-

2
1
1

10
4

6
6

3
3

4
4

1
1

_

_

_

■

“

-

-

-

_

-

-

2
2
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

«

-

.

13
10

14
14

18
15

10
4

15
13

42
32

14
6

2
2

33
16

3
2

9
2
7

16
6
10

21
2
19

38
4
34

1

-

-

8
7
1

9
2

18
1
17

_

10
8
2

5

_
_

-

_

24
23
1

2

2
2

-

_

27
19
8

14
13

.
-

25
22
3

43
24
19

24
18

_
-

3
2
1

13
9
4

8
4

11

16
8
8
7

15
8
7

5
3

H

1

1

1

_

19
17
2
2

12
7
5

3
1

5
5

"

-

25
19
6
1

5
5

_

.

16

_

j
1

_

"

25

t

10

-

.

•

12

34
28
6
4

_

_

_
_

13
6

-

-

_

3
1
2

_
_

_

-

.

1
93
35
58

60
22
38

39
14
25

17
10
7

,

_
-

3

1

1

10
“

1
1

”

“

“

"

"

15
15
"

27
7
20

9
7
2

7
7
“

5
5
-

2
2
-

-

35
13
22

30
14
16

4
4

1
1

.
-

-

1
1

2
2

.

-

_

_
-

_

_

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
-Men and Women----Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , M ilwaukee, W is., A p ril 1962)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

N um ber
of

workers

W eek ly.
h ou rs1
(S ta n da rd )

W e e k ly ,
ea rn in g s1
(S ta n da rd )

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F

s

t

9
$
$
*
9
S
$
9
9
$
$
$
$
9
$
S
$
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
and
and
under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over

W om en— Continued
C lerks, accounting, c la s s A ----------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ______________ ____ -— Nonmanufacturing

331
179
152

39.5
40.0
39.5

$92.50
96.00
88.00

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

4
1
3

13
1
12

10
1
9

28
21
7

36
15
21

49
19
30

81
40
41

27
17
10

25
18
7

21
15
6

12
11
1

12
12
-

3
3
-

1
1
-

6
1
5

2
2
-

1
1
-

_
-

C lerks, accounting, c la s s B
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____________ _________ —

1, 112
347
765

39.5
40.0
39.5

71.50
78.00
68.50

8
8

20
1
19

48
48

112
19
93

236
46
190

131
39
92

120
59
61

117
49
68

116
12
104

91
50
41

51
31
20

29
12
17

28
£6
2

1
1
-

3
1
2

_
-

_

_
_

_

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

_
_
-

_
_
-

C lerk s, file , c la s s A 3 __________________
M anufacturing ________________ .__— __

104

74.00
79.50

_

_

24
2

13
9

16
16

10
6

10
9

11
9

10
9

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

-

1
1

_

-

6
-

1

-

1
-

1

62

39.5
39.5

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

C lerks, file , c la s s B 3

620
177
443
60

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

59.50
69.00
55.50
66.00

8
8

58
2
56
-

170
6
164
-

126
45
81
6

116
14
102
23

47
29
18
17

19
9
10
10

54
50
4
4

15
15
-

4
4
-

3
3
-

.
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
.
-

_
~

_
_
-

_
.
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
~

C lerk s, file , c la s s C 3 -------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________

117
89

39.5
39.5

53.00
52.50

58
47

15
12

14
4

2
2

2
2

_

_

_

-

26
.... 22

C lerks, o rd e r . . .
M anufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------

424
122
302

40.0
40.0
40.0

66.00
72.50
63.00

_
-

17
17

70
3
67

58
3
55

53
12
41

64
35
29

C lerks, pa y roll
__
__
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u tilities 2 __________________

546
412
134
51

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

76.00
75.50
78.00
83.50

_
-

8
8
-

9
7
2

52
41
11
-

70
49
21
6

87
64
23
3

Com ptom eter op era tors ___________ __ . . .
M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing

630
183
447

39.5
40.0
39.0

70.00
76.00
67.50

10
10

4
4

21
21

60
6
54

98
15
83

D uplicating-m achine o p era to rs
(M im eograph o r Ditto) ________________
M anufacturing ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing
—

141
84
57

39.0
40.0
38.0

66.00
69.00
61.50

-

-

20
7
13

26
9
17

Keypunch o p era tors , cla s s A 3 -____— —
M anufacturing _______________ ______ —
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________

218
138
80

39.5
40.0
39.0

80.00
83.50
74.50

_
-

-

_
-

Keypunch o p era tors, c la s s B 3 _________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Pu blic u tilit ie s 2
___

665
333
332
55

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

67.50
72.50
62.50
70.50

-

4
4
-

O ffice g ir ls .... . „ , ___ u
, .M
,
M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________

199
139

39.0
40.0
38.5

58.50
67.00
55.00

2
2

S e c r e t a r ie s ___________________________ _
M anufacturing __________ _____ _______
Nonmanufactur ing ___________________
Pu blic u tilities 2

1, 501
890
611
61

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

94.00
96.50
90.00
107.50

-

Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2

See footnotes at end o f table.




6o

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

-

-

-

’

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

48
22
26

32
10
22

8
5
3

4
1
3

2
1
1

1
1
-

2
2
-

„
-

_
_
“

_
_
-

_ j
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

52
41
11
4

62
52
10
4

74
61
13
13

26
18
8
4

28
13
15
11

19
13
6
2

17
13
4
-

25
24
1
-

9
6
3
2

6
2
4
2

2
_
2
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

162
42
120

76
32
44

77
27
50

54
26
28

41
12
29

10
9
1

13
11
2

3
2
1

1
1
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

31
23
8

19
8
11

20
18
2

10
6
4

1
1

-

14
13
1

-

-

-

-

>
-

-

-

-

_

_
_
-

_
_
-

3
3

19
3
16

18
7
11

26
12
14

45
33
12

43
33
10

16
13
3

23
15
8

15
14
1

8
6
2

1
1
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

116
13
103
-

83
29
54
7

119
69
50
11

113
45
68
20

61
29
6

47
41
6
1

27
22
5
1

50
44
6
-

21
18
3
3

22
14
8
6

2
2
-

_
-

-

_
•-

_
.
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

25
2
23

65
9
56

41

35

6

31
20
11

13
4
9

5
5
-

4
4
-

2
2
-

3
3
-

3
3

_
-

5
5
-

„
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

8
.
8

_
_

21
1
20

41
17
24

115
39
76

133
59
74
1

134
77
57
4

163
90
73
1

174
123
51
6

158
100
58

173
130
43
8

139
98
41
5

87
61
26
8

84
56
28
2

34
22
12

16
7
9
2

65
----- 27^
38

1
1

_

_

7

-

_
_
_
-

_

_

.
-

.
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

.
_
-

.
_
-

_
-

10
7
3

7
3
4

_

_

_

_
-

_

4

'

3

_

3
1

1
_

1

1

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women----Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division , M ilwaukee, W i s ., A p ril 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry div isio n

Number
of
workers

Weekly.
Weekly.
earnings1
hours1
(Standard) (Standard)

$
40. 00 *45. 00 *50. 00 *55. 00 *60. 00 *65. 00 *70. 00 *75. 00 *80. 00 *85. 00 *9 0 .0 0 *95.00 *00.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 f 30.00 135.00 f40.00 f45.00
and
and
under
15,00 ...50,00 -55J30 60.0 0 J>5,-Q0. .20,-00 75. 00 80.00 85. 00 9 0.00 ^ L _ o o 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over

Women— C ontinued
Stenographers, g e n e r a l3
M anufacturing _______
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2

1,826
625
903
137

39.5
40 .0
39. 5
4 0.0

$73 .
76.
71.
79.

50
00
50
00

11
4

15

-

7
“

40
-

145
46
99
7

_

_
-

_
“
23
.
23
“

-

632
40T~
225

39.5
4 0.0
39.0

84. 50
88. 00
78. 50

-

244
Sw itchboard op e r a to r s ___________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________ _________ ___ ------- T T
167
N onm anufacturing ______________*_____
31
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 ___________________

4 0.0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40.0

71. 50
$ 6.6o
65. 00
82. 00

9
9
-

S tenograp hers, s e n i o r 3 —
M anufacturing _________ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____

*
4
-

4
-

53

114

119
12

109
20

285
80
205
12

324
202
122
24

262

' 117

6
6

49
25
24

56
29
27

52
14
38

71
25
46

63
42
21

26
26
-

42
3
39
-

16
1
15
4

10
3
7
-

34
13
21
7

25
13
12
11

236

223

156

112
26

131
107
24
7

75

44

45

24

30
9

20
15

30
20
10
3

5
1
4
2

105
87 '
18

60
48
12

100
74
26

42
35
7

16
16
-

22
20
2
2

10
6
4
2

17
12
5
5

3
2

3
5

-

-

-

-

!

2
-

-

2
“ i
|

_

12
12
-

-

-

_
_
“

.
-

.

_
_

_
_

-

_
_
"

-

.
_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

’

-

_

_
-

_
_

_
.

_
_

-

.
_

-

-

“

“

-

_

I

_

j

206

4 0 .0

70. 50
7 4 .6o
66.50

2
2

N onm anufacturing _________

82
5$

4 0 .0
39. 5

80.50
78. 6o

“

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s C _______________________
N onm anufacturing _________

115
99

39.5
39.6

6 9 .6 6

T r a n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
gen era l __________________________
M anufacturing ________________
N onm anufacturing __ ____ _____

367
169
198

4 0.0
4 0.0
39.5

70. 50
75. 50
66.50

T yp ists, c la s s A ______
M anufacturing _____
N onm anufacturing
Pu blic u tilitie s 2

788
521
267
40

4 0.0
4 0.0
39.5
4 0 .0

78. 50
64. 00
67.50
74. 00

1, 333
660
673
38

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.5
4 0.0

62.50
67. 00
57.50
61. 50

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts
M anufacturing ____ ___ _____ __ __
N onm anufacturing ______________

446

40 .0

IW ” 3 0 "

115
64
51

42
34
8

29
18
11

89
66
23

18
12
6

6
5

5
2

15
13

20
18

21
17

10
6

1

35
33

24
24

19
14

14
10

7
5

4

l

4
4

29
7
22

74
11
63

77
36
41

53

11

51
24
27

30
20
10

8
8

25
25

36
5
31
-

127
33
94
1

82
5l
31
9

90
41
49
16

85

41
$0
11
3

123
115
8
-

300
128
172

230
117
113
20

96
$6
38
2

92
$4
38
2

49
41
8

35
35

_

12
12

55
8
47

“

“

1

*

“

7
7

_
-

_
-

16
7
9

_

_

11

_

-

-

-

"

•

14

61

-

'll

14

36

1

6
3
3

7
3
4

1
“

6
1

2

i
|

1
1

_

1

-

-

-

“

!
j

_
■

"

“

-

"

"

_

_

_

_

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,

T yp ists, c la s s B ------M anufacturing ____
N onm anufacturing
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2

1

70.00

.
_
_

50
12
38

11
332
75
257
2

26

62

23
9
137
1*8
9
1

1

1

~

“

3
3

-

94

57

n

38
56

2

50
7

1

“

-

.

.

1
1

-

_

_

3
3

1
1

_

_

_

.

.

-

-

-

_

_

1

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e their regu lar s tra igh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public u tilities.
D esc r ip tio n f o r this jo b has been re vise d since the last survey in this are a . See appendix A.




“

8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hou rs and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , M ilw aukee, W is., A p ril 1962)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N u m b er
of
w orkers

W eek ly ,
h ou rs1
(S ta n da rd )

W e e k ly .
e a r n in g s 1
(S ta n da rd )

40.'0
40 .p

$160.00
160.00

N U M B E R O P W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F

i
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
1
S
$
$
Under 65.0,0 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 140.00 150.00 160.00 170.00 180.00 190.00 200.00
and
under
55.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 140.00 150.00 160.00 170.00 180.00 190.00 200.00 210.00

M en
Draftsm en, lea d er ______________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___ . . . . . . . .
D raftsm en, sen ior __ ____ ____ . . . .
M anufacturing _______________________
Draftsm en, ju n ior __
. . . ------- ------- M anufacturing ______ — ------- — —
N onm anufacturing _______________ i.—
Public u t ilit ie s 2 . ------------------ T r a c e r s _________________________________
M anufacturing ------ ----------- — --------

107

Tor-

.

_

.

_

_

“

"

.

_

■

4
4

_

9
9

“

6
6

6
6

5
4

18
18

20
20

11
11

23
23

4
4

11

!

11

1
.
"

144
141

87
85

141
134

103
90

135
126

124
117

74
65

29
25

70
68
2
1

98
96
2
2

104
103
1
1

83
80

82
71
11

40
39
1
1

25

it

16
13

5
5

42
40
2
2

3
3

3
3

14
14
~

11
10
1
“

_
“

-

_
~

14
14

12
12

4
4

5
5

6
6

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

~

~

“

“

“

■

_

_

5
5
“

7
6
1
1

6
3

29
24

38
28

_
“

3
3

88
79

40.0
40.0

81.00
83.00

7

9
4

5
5

24
24

-

3
3

3

_

_
“

i

!

.

115
112

103.50
103.50
104.00
100.50

3

.

“
69
66

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

sW ~

_

24
23

“

632

_
~

10
10

125.50
125.00

1,008

_
-

2
2

40.0
40.0

1, 0 6 9

_
“

1

"
.
“

.
“

_

_

_

"

“

"

.

.

j

Women
N urses, industrial (re g is te r e d ) ________
M anufacturing _______________________

203
184

39.5
40.0

98.00
98.00

.

.

_

8
4

16
14

23
22

42
41

25
22

37
35

28
26

9

9

6

8

9

_

3

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hours.
2 Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public u tilities.




_

_

_

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage s traigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , M ilw aukee, W is. , A p ril 1962)

Num
ber
of

Average
w
eekly ,
earnings 1
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry division

O ffice occupations
114
--------66“

$74 .50
72.00

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m a c h in e )----------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________________ _____

118
73
119
58
61
348
128
220

N onm anufacturing ________ __________—------------ __—
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 - __ __ __ __ __ —

657
419
238
63

104.00
109.00
95.00
103.00

C le r k s , accou n tin g, c la s s B
. . -------------- M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing -------------------------------------------------

1,256
442
814

73.50
80.0 0
70.0 0

107
--------6 2

75.00
79. 50

M anufacturing ___
Nonmanufacturing

69. 50
74.00
66. 50

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A ____

<

83. 50
55. o6‘
78. 50

B ook keepin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , c la s s B
________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing -------------------------------------------------

O ffice occupations— Continued
632
183
449

C le r k s , f ile , c la s s A 3
__
M anufacturing -------------

_

___ — —

________ __ _ — —
__ — -

N onm anufacturing ------------------------------------------ -—
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 _ — _ _____________ _____

629
185
444
61

60.00
70.00
56.00
66. 00

C le r k s , f i l e , c la s s C 3 ---------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing — __
------- - ---------- —

125
97

53.00
52.00

________________
__
________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing --------- — — --- --------

670
250
420

78.00
87.00
72.50

616
470
146
59

80.00
79. 50
81.00
87.00

C le r k s , f i l e , c la s s B 3 _ ______ ________ ____

C le r k s, ord er

C le r k s , p a y r o ll _________

______

N onm anufacturing
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 _

_ _

___ ______ ___
_
__

---- —

(M im eograph or Ditto) .
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing ________
c la s s A 3
M a n u fa c tu r in g ----N onm anufacturing
cla s s B 3
M anufacturing ___
Nonm anufacturing _
Pu blic utilities 2
O ffice boys and girls
M anufacturing ___
N onmanufactur ing
S e cre ta rie s _____________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ______
N onm anufacturing __
Pu blic utilities 2 _
Stenographers, g e n e r a l3
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ----Stenographers, s e n io r 3
M anufacturing
Nonmanufae tur ing

66. 50
70.00

145
59

141
81

80. 50
83. 50
75.00

666

67. 50

"333"
333
56
347

~TW

■“

7275062. 50
71.0 0

1,833
~92T
910
633
408

Sw itchboard op erator -re ce p tio n is ts
Manufac tur ing
N onmanufactur ing

T

167
31

~240"
206

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , cla s s B
M a n u fa c tu r in g ---- ------------------------------Nonm anufacturing -------- —------------------

256
142“
114

91.00
97.00

193
73
120

74. 50
81. 50

T ra n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , gen eral
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

170
198

1,365
“ 684“
681
46

62. 50
67. 50
58.00
64.50

76 .0 0 |D ra ftsm en , leader
72 .0 0 |
|
M anufacturing

107
106

160.00
160.00

D raftsm en, senior
M anufacturing

,011

125. 50
"125766"

D raftsm en, junior
M anufacturing ___
N onm anufacturing
P u blic utilities 2

653
“ 614
39
29

103.50
103.50
104.00
100.50

103
94

80. 50
82.00

203
184“

98.00
9 8 . 00

59. 50
62. 50

94.00
96. 50
90. 50
108.50

84. 50
8 8.00

86:00'
65.00
8 2.00

T y p ists, c la s s A ____
M anufacturing ----Nonmanuf ac tur ing
P ublic utilities 2
T y p is ts , cla s s B _____
M a n u fa c tu r in g ------Nonm anufacturing «
Pu blic utilities 2
P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations

T racers
M anufacturing

74.0 0 N u rs es, industrial (re g is te r e d ) .
66. 50 |
M anufacturing

Earnings a re fo r a re gu la r w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their straigh t-tim e w eekly s a la r ie s , e x clu siv e o f any prem iu m pay.
T ra n sp orta tio n , com m u n ication , and other public utilities.
D esc r ip tio n fo r this jo b has been re v ise d sin ce the last survey in this are a . See appendix A.




70. 50
“ 75750"

78. 50
84.00
67. 50
75. 50

1

Sw itchboard o p erators
M anufacturing _____
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic utilities 2

119
~75

803
“ 516"
277
43

183

891
619
69

$115. 00
116700"

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
M anufacturing _____ -_______

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s C
M anufacturing ----------------------------------N onm anufacturing ---------------——
---------

$ 70 .00
76.00
67.50

68. 50
65. 50

B ook keepin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , c la s s A
_____—
M anufacturing _____ ____________ __________________
N onm anufacturing -------------------—---------------------------

Average
weekly .
earnings 1
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

O ffice o ccu p ation s— Continued

O ccupation and industry division

10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage s traigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , M ilw aukee, W is., A p ril 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry d ivision

O
f
workers

— --------------------------------------------------------------------------- —

$
$
hourly , 1.80
1.90
earnings
and
under
2.00
1.90

$
2.00
-

$
2.10
-

2.10

2.20

$
2.20
2.30

$
2.30
2.40

300
185
115
51

$ 2 .9 4
3.03
2.81
2.57

_
*
-

.

.

_

-

-

-

1
1
“

22
22

E lectricia n s, m a in te n a n c e _____________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

1,081

3.29
3.23

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

E ngineers, station ary
— — ------- — - M a n u fa c tu r in g ____ _________________ ^____
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------

242
178
64

2.95
3.62
2.73

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

F irem en , stationary b o i l e r ____________________
Manuf a ctu r i n g
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________

506
440~
66

2.58
2.62
2.33

50
26

24

11
11
-

27
23
4

3
2
1

H elpers, m aintenance trades __________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

360
200

2.43
2.27

31
27

26
26

13
, 13

M ach in e-tool o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m __________ —
M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

715
2T83

3.21
3.23

_

_

_

-

"

-

~

-

M achinists, m a in te n a n c e _______________________
M anufacturing ______ __ __ __________________ r
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
Pu blic utilities 2 --------------------------------------

672
642
30
30

3.31
3.32
3.18
3.18

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

M echanics, autom otive (m aintenance) _________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ______,r______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
P ublic u tilities 2 _____________ ____ ____ _

546
150
396
368

2.98
3.00
2.97
3.00

5
5
-

_
-

5
5

2.99
2.97

_

_
-

Carpenters, m a in t e n a n c e _____________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 _ __ ____ ________ _

M echanics, m a in t e n a n c e ______________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

1,059
998“

-

22

$
2.40
2.50

$
2.50
2.60

$
2.60
2.70

$
2.70
-

$
2.80
-

$
2.90
-

$
3.00
-

$
3.10
-

$
3.20
-

$
3.30
-

$
3.40
-

$
3.50
-

$
3.60
-

$
3.70
3.80

-

10
2
8
“

_
_
-

_
_
-

172
74

I ll
95

14
12

20
10

40
4

3
3
-

1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

~

-

"

-

"

58
58

8
8

_

-

20
19
1
-

24
7
17
“

15
10
5
5

15
12
3
~

41
37
4
4

11
4
7
1

16
14
2
1

14
9
5
4

50
32
18

24
24
-

-

7
2

23
22

18
15

35
31

66
64

36
36

99
97

165
150

59
56

99
95

117
113

17
2
15

1
1

28
10
18

36

~

5

9
3
6

41
37
4

39
25
14

10
10
~

38
38
-

19
19
-

13
9
4

40
36
4

52
52
-

53
52
1

49
46
3

85
68
17

10
8
2

2
1
1

18
13
5

93
95
-

_
-

_
-

9
8

36
35

15
12

40
39

32
4

78
19

61
-

19
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

2
2

8
8

2
2

69
39

35
35

36
36

27
25

34
34

96
96

63
63

93
93

95
95

89
89

_
-

14
14
-

1
1
-

17
17
-

15
15
-

23
10
13
13

2
2
-

25
25
-

22
22
-

25
24
1
1

72
72
-

101
101
-

53
51
2
2

236
222
14
14

58
58
-

4
4
-

_
-

_
-

4
4
4

6
6
-

11
11
-

7
7
-

88
12
76
73

84
28
56
50

41
29
12
10

36
10
26
24

205
5
200
195

4
1
3
3

19
10
9
9

26
-

5
5
-

.
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

21
21

26
26

184
184

109
109

71
65

222
215

39
36

79
66

34
29

183
181

39
37

34
23

8
6

82
82

54
54

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

JT~
'

$
3.90
and
over

_
-

4
4

33
10
23
14

-

$
3.80
-

26

1

4
4
-

_
-

.

_

-

-

-

-

1
-

5

4
-

_

_

_

“

"

"

_

_

_

1

_

_

M illw r ig h t s ________________________________ ____
M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

437
4M

3.07
3.07

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

“

-

1
1

21
21

33
' iJ3 "

19
19

28
28

17
17

34
34

43
43

77
71

28
28

O i l e r s ______________________________ ____________
M am ifarhiring
_ ... _ .. _ _ .. _
.

328
328

2.71
2.71

_

2
2

7
7

_

13
13

19
19

40
40

41
41

46
4'6

46
46

18
18

13
13

74
74

.

9
9

P ainters, m aintenance
___
M anufacturing

195
l4 ?

3.04
3.03

_

_

_

_

_

5
4

5
5

12
10

7
5

11
4

9
8

33
29

19
19

20
5

37
33

4
1

31
34

1
*

_
*

"Pi pert tf-one
M anufacturing ____ _________________ ________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------Public utilities 2

315
285
29
29

3.14
3.14
3.11
3.11

-

_

6
6
-

19
l6
3
3

62
62
-

12
9
3
3

49
42
7
7

30
22
8
8

69
69
-

5
5
5

39
39
-

-

•
-

-

-

S heet-m etal w o r k e r s , m aintenance ___ __ _
M a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------------------

134
128

3.19
3.19

4
4

24
24

13
13

6
6

25
23

40
37

1
1

13
13

3
3

~

“

-

T ool and die m a k e r s ____ _____________________ _
M anufacturing

1,308
1,308

3.48
3.48

3
3

14
14

29
29

44
44

61
6l

239
239

155
155

153
153

273
273

253
253

18
18

18
18

- —
_______

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

11
11
-

_
-

12
9
3
3

"

“

-

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

2
1

■

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

-

E xcludes prem iu m pay f o r o v ertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public u tilities.




48
48

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry division , M ilw aukee, W is., A p ril 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry d ivision

Average

$

$

E levator o p e r a to r s , p a s s e n g e r (wom en) _______
N onm anufacturing
G u a r d s _____________ _________________________________

59
52

$ 1 .2 8
1 .1 8

M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------

451
422

2 .3 5
2 .3 9

J an itors, p o r t e r s , and cle a n e r s (men)
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
P u blic u tilities 3 _________- _____ -___ -______

1 ,8 3 0
1, 3 8 3
447
97

2 .0 8
2 .1 7
1 .7 8
2 .1 9

J an itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e r s (wom en) _____
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing ____________________________
P u blic u tilities 3 ______ ___________ —___ ____

990
437
553
146

1 .6 7
2 .0 5
1 .3 6
1 .5 0

L a b o r e rs , m aterial handling.
M anufacturing -------------------------.— nr----------------Nonm anufacturing __________________________ _
P u blic u t ilit ie s 3
..
_

3, 822
2 ,7 7 1
1, 05 1
38 7

2 .3 5
2 .3 3
2 .4 0
2 .7 5

1 .1 0

J L l f l ..

S Z f

1 .0 0

<
1 .2 0

1 .2 0

and
under

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

-L & Q .-

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

and
over

“

•

”

~

-

“

-

-

“

10
3

9
5

8
8

24
24

52
52

15
15

16
16

22
22

97
97

33
10
23

38
7
31

60
21
39

31
21
10

120
49
71

“

-

-

50
22
28
2

87
49
38
6

109
55
54
9

121
83
38
23

196
17 6
20
1

131
111
20
7

222
210
12
5

13 6
12 3
13
11

88
10
78
9

15 5
2
153

73
26
47
39

41
12
29
27

43
35
8

19
19

28
28

47
42
5
4

32
32

39
38
1
1

12 7
12 7

“

187
28
159
66

3

84
18
66
23

32
17
15

211
160
51

243
200
43

-

-

308
294
14
4

471
367
104
51

94
24
70

3

33
31
2

95
89
6

-

“

-

-

1, 3 2 5
409
916

2 .4 5
2 .3 5
2 .4 9

P a c k e r s , shipping (men)
M anufacturing . ---------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing

910
752
158

2 .4 0
2 .4 1
2 .3 3

P a ck e rs , shipping ( w o m e n ) -------------------------------M anufacturing .
_
N onm anufacturing

280
194
86

1 .9 1
2 .0 0
1.7 1

R eceivin g cle r k s
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing

361
19 2
169

2 .4 8
2 .4 8
2 .4 9

Shipping c le r k s
M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ------------------------------------------

287
228
59

2 .5 9
2 .5 9
2 .5 8

.

-

-

-

Shipping and re c e iv in g c le r k s
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing

18 3
99
84

2 .5 5
2 .6 5
2 .4 4

_

.
_

See footn otes at end o f table.




_

r ^
__ .

-

4
4

9
9

-

"

-

11
5
6

6
4
2

-

_

6
6

*

-

-

-

10
10

7
7

19
16
3

21
9
12

7
7

-

-

_

1
_

-

1
1

1

-

-

-

“

-

6

-

5
5

_
-

-

“

-

-

.
-

.
_

4

1

.

-

_

$

2 .4 0

4

O rd er fille r s
__
__
M anufacturing ___________________ ____________
N on m a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------—___ ____

$

2 .3 0

“

*

$

$

2 .2 0

7

-

$

2 .1 0

1

51
4
47

$

t

2 .0 0

"

26

-

$

$

1 .9 0

3
3

-

-

$

$

1 .8 0

“

2

-

$

1 .7 0

“

"

.
"

$

$

1 .6 0

■

_

-

$

1 .5 0

5
4

_

26

LAO-

$

$
1 .4 0

4
4

38
38

-

$

1 .3 0

7
6

~

2

$

----- 5“
-

7
1
6

1

_

1

1

-

10 7
79
28
3

130
113
17
1

17 7
15 6
21
2

28
28

-

13
9
4

11
11

25
11
14

39
27
12

13
9
4

94
37
57

36
36

-

14 7

----- 2 7 "
120

16 5
30
13 5

_
-

11 2
94"
18

-

9
9

15 2
146

17
17

340
317
23
21

134
126
8
3

13

3

1

_

_

_

13
9

3

1

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

~

-

-

19
19

2
2

1
1

12
12

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

_
-

-

-

~

-

449
428
21

363
309
54

160
112
48

-

-

179
41
138
6

112
10
102
49

-

10 3
87
16

92
41
51

212
204
8

98
97

15 2
152

223

------8 2 “
141

245
4
241

5
5

_

1

22

52
47
5

12
8
4

9
1
8

11
4
7

4

2
2

62
47
15

12
10

2
2

20
20

7
7

2

-

-

-

9
-

4
_

1

9

4

13
6
7

22

_

16
9
7

30
20
10

35
16
20

25
U
1

36
29
7

63
44
19

35

1

8
8

_

_

7
7

-

1

-

11
7
4

16
16

-

20
17
3

54

-

9

-

73
37
36

1

_

_

-

14
5
9

10
6
4

7
6

6
5

18
4

!

_
_

1

7
6
1

16
16

13
9

1

1
-

32

_
32

"

23
17
6

26
19
7

16
15
1

2
2

1
1

~

-

57

3

22

2

13
13
-

13

-----7

364
307
57
57

10

-

1

191
191

10

-

-

203

— TT

-

111

-

62
34
28

3
3

-

-

112
1

23
17
6

84
------ 5 T
28

-

j
_

20
20

-

-

■

“

-

j

_ .

4

------ 4 _
1

_

1
17
17

1

-

_

„

_

-

-

-

40
8
32

3

2

3

2

_

25
24
1

30
27
3

18
18

4
3

25
20
5

16
1
15

8
8

9
9

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M ilwaukee, W is., A p ril 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
Average $
hourly 2 1.00
1.10
earnings
and
under
1.20
1.10

$

$

$
1.40

1.20

1.30

1.30

1.4Q- -L5-Q-

1.80

8
8
-

$
2.10

$
2.20

$
2.30

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.40

2.50

~

22
13
9
"

7
7
'

6
5
1
"

72
21
51
25

105
97
8
5

168
89
79
77

35
27
8
4

_
“

23
2

66
66

40
40

$

2.40

$

$
2.60

$

$
2.70

$
2.80

2.80

2.90

3.00

206
98
108
4

405
172
233
30

759
199
560
368

104
82
22
16

1160
74
1086
1029

5
5

4
4

76
28

49
*

304
"

_

17
17

.

"

2.50

2.60 -2.2SL

$

2.90

3.10
and

over...

.

.

1
■

4

“

40
40

~

8
8
~

"

21
13
8
"

2
2
~

6
5
1
■

46
19
27
23

26
25
1
”

51
37
14
12

28
20
8
4

66
18
48
4

156
74
82
22

93
21
72
72

100
78
22
16

156
156
156

3
3
“

_
“

■

■

~

"

■

~

-

“

3
3
“

12
12
“

3
3
“

8
8
-

17
10
7
7

214
112
102

■

637
51
586
529

2
2
“

“

“

-

~

*

“

-

1
1

-

1
1

5
2

~

~

23
12

175
95

142
82

4
“

22
16

-

-

”

■

“

10
10
~

!
1
"

5
4
1
■

12
9
3
'

41
40
1
~

32
32
■

118
118
~

140
113
27
26

56
54
2
“

210
210
“

64
19
45
3

62
58
4

51
3
48
39

173
172
1
~

6
6
-

.
•

“

28
28

31
31

2
2

37
26

12
12

186
185

16
4

.

-

12
12

5
5

10
6

38
29

10
10

55
53

5
5

78
71

3
1

2
2

4
3

54
53

T r u ck d riv ers , light (under 1 V tons) — __
2
M a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------

595
166

2.69
2.45

■

•

~

T r u ck d riv ers, m edium ( 1 V2 to and
including 4 tons)
........ ...
,
M anufacturing
__
---------- -----N onm anufacturing _______________________
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 3
_ --- ----- __

834
318
516
309

2.60
2.60
2.60
2.86

-

■

16
16
~

8
8
■

8
8
~

T r u ck d riv ers , heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r type)
__
_ __ __
Manufactur ing __________ _________ _______
Nonmanufacturing ------- _ _
Pu blic u tilities 3
___ ____ _________

896
199
697
536

2.95
2.82
2.99
3.01

_
“

_
“

_
~

"

T r u ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tr a ile r type)
-------- — ----Nonmanufacturing — ---- — -------

373
209

2.78
2.79

"

-

-

T ru ck ers, pow er (forklift) _____________________
M anufacturing ____ _____ __ ____ ___________ _
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Pu blic utilities 3 __________________________

989
848
141
68

2.62
2.62
2.64
2.77

-

-

•

8
”

T ru ck ers, pow er (other than fork lift) ________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ______________
— __ ____

329
305

2.46
2.46

555
247

1.65
2.16

9
9
*

8
_
8

!

8
-

~

.

-

-

251

17

23
14

2

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem iu m pay fo r o vertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes all d riv e rs r e g a rd le s s o f size and type o f truck operated.




1.70

$
2.00

■

16
_
16
■

1
2
3
4

1.60

1.90

$

!

_
-

----- —

$
1.80

~

_
"

—

$
1.70

9
9

$ 2.78
2.66
2.83
2.93

~

$
1.60

1
1
*

3, 145
894
2, 251
1, 558

~

1.50

49
9
40
•

T r u c k d r iv e r s 4 „ __ _______________ _________
M anufacturing _______ -____ — ___________
Nonmanufacturing ------ ------------------ __ ----Pu blic u t ilit ie s 3 __ _____
___ ______

M anufacturing --- ------

$

§O . i
C
H
_____

Number
of
workers

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry d ivision
2

3

_

~

.

-

.

.

“

~

~

Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau’ s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more sp ecific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’ s bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.
The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

13




Appendix B : Occupational D escriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type o f machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)—
Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— ses a bookkeeping
U
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts
15

16

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—
Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.



CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

17

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by die following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

18

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
[Hides involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves pordons of a
work unit, for example, individual sordng or collating runs or re­
petitive operadons.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addidon to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as die tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete repordng and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabula ting-machine
operadons and day-to-day supervision o f the work and production
of a group o f tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical accoundng machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addidon
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.



TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictadon involving a normal roudne vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictadon
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictadon in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and'typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B—
Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

19

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types o f drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use o f drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength o f materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




20

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working

21

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricatesi with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces o f mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

22

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of die maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
tepairing building sanitation or beating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types o f sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those o f starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.




23

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;

ORDER FILLER

checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

24

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver*salesmen and over*the*road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type, o f
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

☆

U .S . GOVERNMENT PRINTING O FFIC E : 1 9 6 2

0 — 645159


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102