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CINCINNATI, OHIO-KENTUCKY
MARCH 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
CINCINNATI, OHIO-KENTUCKY




MARCH 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-55
June 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice , W ashington 25, D .C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

P age

The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p s
The Bureau of Labor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage surveys in 82 labor markets.
The
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits.
A preliminary report furnishing
trend data and average earnings is released within a month
of the completion of each study.
This bulletin provides
additional data not included in the preliminary report.

4

E sta b lish m en ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y ______________
P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and
s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d
o ccu p a tio n a l grou p s ________________________________________________

3

T a b le s :
1.
2.

Two bulletins, bringing together the results of all
of the area surveys, are issued after completion of the
final area bulletin in the current round of surveys.
The
first of these bulletins will be available late in 1962 and
the other early in 1963. During the survey year, summary
releases presenting areawide occupational earnings data
for 25 to 30 labor m arkets, are issued as data become
available.

A:

This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau's r e ­
gional office in Chicago, 111., by Kenneth Thorsten, under
the direction of Elliott A. Browar.
The study was under
the general direction of Woodrow C. Linn, Assistant R etional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.

B:




___________________________

3

O ccu p a tion a l e a r n in g s:*
A - 1. O ffic e occu p a tio n s— en and w om en ________________________
m
A -2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s— en
m
and w om en _____________________________________
A -3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l
occu p a tio n s— en and w om en co m b in e d ___________________
m
A -4 . M aintenance and p ow erp la n t o ccu p a tio n s __________________
A -5 . C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m ov em en t o ccu p a tio n s ____________

8
9
10

E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :*
B - l . Shift d iffe r e n tia ls _____________________________________________
B -2 . M inim u m en tran ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ___
B -3 . S ch edu led w e e k ly h ou rs ______________________________________
B -4 . P a id h olid a y s _________________________________________________
B -5 . P a id v a ca tion s ________________________________________________
B -6 . H ealth, in su ra n ce , and p e n sio n plans ______________________

12
13
14
15
16
18

5
7

A p p en d ixes:
A.
B.

Changes in o ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s ______________________________
O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip tio n s ___________________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available in previous
area reports for Cincinnati and for other major areas.
A directory indicating the areas, dates of study, and prices
of these reports is available upon request.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels,
are available for the following trades or industries: Build­
ing construction, printing, local-transit operating em ­
ployees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

iii

19
21




Occupational Wage Survey—
Cincinnati, O hio—Ky.
Introduction
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-tim e salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U .S . De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics has conducted su r­
veys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an area­
wide b a sis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of
Bureau field economists to representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica­
tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; and services.
Major industry groups
excluded from these studies are government operations and the con­
struction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because they
tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion.
Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
form ed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of se rv ­
ice or m erit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
b a sis.
Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range.
Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of sm all establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estim ates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as r e ­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex ­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishm ents, the estim ates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occu­
pational structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational c la s ­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job.
(See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data
are presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerica l; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to
office and plant w orkers.
The concept "office w o r k e r s ," as used
in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes admin­
istrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant w orkers" in­
clude working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative,
executive, and professional em ployees, and force-account construction
employees who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and route men are excluded in manufacturing indus­
tries, but are included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w orkers, i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but c o s t-o fliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is




1

2

Shift differential data (table B - 1) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in term s of (a) estab­
lishment p o lic y ,1 presented in term s of total plant worker em ploy­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in term s of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used o r, if no amount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sification "o th e r " was used.
In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance salaries (table B -2 ) relate only to the
establishments visited.
They are presented in term s of establish­
ments with form al minimum salary policies.
The scheduled hours (table B -3 ) of a m ajority of the fir s t shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment.
Paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B -4 through
B -6 ) are treated statistically on the basis that these are applicable
to all plant or office workers if a m ajority of such workers are e li­
gible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed.
Sums of
individual item s in tables B -3 through B -6 may not equal totals be­
cause of rounding.
The first part of the paid holidays table (table B -4 ) presents
the number of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second
part combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The summary of vacation plans (table B -5 ) is limited to fo r ­
mal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off with
pay is granted at the discretion of the em ployer. Separate estimates
are provided according to employer practice in computing vacation
payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or
fla t-su m amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay, pay­
ments not on a time basis were so converted; for example, a payment
of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of
1 week's pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension plans
(table B -6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the e m ­
ployer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's compen­
sation, social security, and railroad retirem ent. Such plans include
those underwritten by a com m ercial insurance company and those p ro ­
vided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer out of
current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes.
However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes m ore than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulation?
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to form al plans 3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, som etim es referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, m edical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors* fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com m er­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-in sured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a form al plan if
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
of the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering late shifts.
were excluded.




3

T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m en ts and w o r k e r s within s c o p e of s u r v e y and n u m ber studied in C incinnati, O hio— y ., 1 b y m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 M a rch 1962
K
M in im um
em ploym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in s co p e
of study

In d u stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

__________________________________________________

M an u factu rin g
___________________________
N on m an u factu rin g ______________
T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other
p u b lic u t ilitie s 5 ________________ ______________ ____ ____
W h o le s a le tra d e _______ ____________________________
___
R e ta il trad e __ _______________
_________________
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te ____________________
_________________ _
S e r v ic e s 7 ____________________

N um ber o f esta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin
scop e of
study 3

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

Studied

Studied
T o ta l4

O ffic e

Plant

T o t a l4

50

812

189

204, 400

34, 900

1 30 ,300

119, 820

50
50

409
403

93
96

1 28 ,700
75, 700

1 8 ,5 0 0
1 6 ,4 0 0

86, 600
43, 700

7 5 ,0 2 0
44, 800

50
50
50
50
50

70
102
123
47
61

25
14
25
17
15

25, 500
8, 500
22, 500
10 ,4 0 0
8, 800

0

(*)
(*)
(6 )
(6)

0

( !)
( !)
(6 )
(6)

19, 850
1 ,600
12, 580
6, 800
3, 970

1 T h e C in cin n ati Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a c o n s is ts o f H am ilton County, O hio, and C a m p b e ll and K enton C ou n ties, Ky. T he " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f study" estim a tes shown
in this table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s ize and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u rv e y .
The e s tim a te s a re not intended, h o w ev er, to s e r v e as a b a s is o f
c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r a r e a e m p lo y m e n t in d exes to m e a s u re e m p loym en t tren d s o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w age su r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f esta b lish m en t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in
adva nce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) sm a ll e stablish m en ts a re e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u rv e y .
2 T he 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
M a jo r changes fr o m the e a r lie r edition (used in
the B u re a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s con du cted p r io r to July 1958) a re the tr a n s fe r o f m ilk p a s te u r iz a tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te esta b lish m en ts fr o m trade (w h olesa le o r reta il)
to m a n u fa ctu rin g , and the tr a n s fe r o f ra d io and te le v is io n b ro a d ca s tin g f r o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 In clu d es all e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p loym en t at o r above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (within the a re a ) o f c om p a n ies in such in d u s trie s as tra d e, fin a n ce, auto rep a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e th e a te r s a re c o n s id e r e d as 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and oth er w o r k e r s ex clu d e d fr o m the sep a ra te o ffic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n w e r e exclu d ed .
6 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A and B ta b le s . S eparate p r e s e n ta tio n o f data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ade
fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m ploym en t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it se p a ra te study, (2) the sam p le w as not d esig n ed in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a ­
rate p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u fficie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it se p a ra te p re se n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individ ual esta b lish m en t data.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; autom obile r e p a ir s h o p s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




T a ble 2. P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r
s e le cte d o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p s in C in cin n ati, O hio— y ., M a r c h 1961 to M a r c h 1962,
K
and F e b r u a r y I960 to M a r c h 1961
P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fr o m —
Industry and o ccu p a tio n a l grou p

A ll in d u strie s:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w om en ) ____________________
Industrial n u rses (m e n and w om en ) _________________
S k illed plant (men) ____________________________________
U n sk illed plant (m en) _________ ________ __
---------M anufacturin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en ) ____________________
In du strial n u rse s (m e n and w om en ) _________________
S k illed plant (m en) _____ _____ ______________________
U n sk illed plant (m en) _________________________________

M a r c h 1961
to
M a r c h 1962

3.6

1.0

1.6
4.8
3.3

1.0

1.3
4.8

F e b r u a r y I960
to
M a r c h 1961

2.7
5.3
5.2
6.0

2.9
5.4
5.1
6.6

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the p er­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-tim e
salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they m easure changes
in straight-tim e hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
The p er­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A , B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and g irls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B.
The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e ­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die m akers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.

Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations.
The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961.
These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group.
Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change m easures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m e rit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay lev els.
Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.

The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series.
The expansion of the labor market wage survey program in 1961 made
data available in 82 areas for the computation of wage trends for selected job
groupings. Sixty-one areas were surveyed in I960; prior to I960, coverage was
limited to 20 areas.
Therefore, it was decided to compute a new trend series in
which 1961 will be the base year since this is the first year in which data were
collected in all 82 areas.
The percents of change shown in table 2 are not comparable with similar
data shown for this area in last yea r's Bulletin 1285-59. The new series intro­
duces changes in the job groupings for which trends are shown and changes in
jobs included in the computations.

A:

5

Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Cincinnati, O hio-K y. , M arch 1962)
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
W
eekly,
W
eekly 4 0 .0 0 45.0 0 50. 00 55. 00 $ 00 65. 00 70.00 75. 00 80. 00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.0ojl45.00
60.
hours 1 earnings 1 and
- j and
(Standard) under
(Standard)
45. 00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65. 00 7 0.00 75.00 80.00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.001145.001 over
i

Men
_

C le rk s , accounting, cla s s A ___________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ________________________
N onm anufacturing __ ___
__

236
168
68

3 9.5
4 0 .0
39.0

$ 98.50
97. 50
101.00

-

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s B
M anufacturing
__

143
95

39. 5
4 0 .0

76.00
73. 50

"

C le r k s , o r d e r __________________________________________
M anufacturing _____________________________________
N onm anufacturing _______________________________

241
122
119

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

97. 50
92.00
103.00

O ffice boys
__________
M anufacturing _____
N onm anufacturing

_________

200
113
87

39. 0
39.0
39 .0

61. 50
62. 50
60. 50

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A _______ ______________ _____________ _
M anufacturing ___________________ __

80
64

39. 5
39. 5

107.50
108.50

-

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B __________________ ______ _____ _
M anufacturing ______
___ __ _____
Nonm anufacturing ___________________

172
99
73

39. 5
39.5
39. 0

92. 50
96.00
87.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s C __________________
_______
__________________

74

39. 0

77. 50

-

-

164
90
74

39. 0
39. 5
39. 0

67. 00
63. 50
71. 50

_
-

-

12
12
-

B ook keeping-m a ch ine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A
....
_
M anufacturing _______________ ____ _ _ ___
N onm anufacturing _ ___________________ ___

119
61
58

39.0
39. 0
39.0

79.00
81. 50
77. 00

-

-

B ook keepin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B _________ __ __ _______________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------N onm anufacturing ________ _____ __

478
133
345

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A ___________
M anufacturing ___ __ ____
_____
N onm anufacturing ___________________
C lerk s , accounting, c la s s B
M anufacturing ______ __
N onm anufacturing _

__

—

__

_

______________

_

______

__
__

__
__

___________________

—

__

___

-

3

-

-

-

5
2
3

-

3
3

12
3
9

-

-

-

-

49
33
16

-

3
2
1

7
7
-

43
21
22

33
19
14

30
12
18

17
14
3

"

17
6
11

20
3
17

10
5
5

11
11

3

23
6
17

5
5
"

7
7
-

-

53
27
26

12
10
2

24

-

17
15
2

22
7
15

32
26

“

7
7
-

11
3

2
2

-

_

11

_

"

2
1

32
28

_

-

9
-

3
3

_
-

_

11
9

18
16
2

_

-

_

6
5

20
20
-

.

-

_

24
10
14

16
16
-

_

-

_

8
6
2

!
32 ;
15 '

_

-

16

-

2
2i
-

47

-

1

Z~]

.

I

|

37
18
19

-

-

-

-

-

“

1
1
•

16
12

9
5

10
7

20
13
7

22
22
-

18
11
7
|

-

2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

“

-

*

-

2
2
-

12
4
8

6

2

-

-

-

-

6

2

-

2
2
“

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

■

"

■

6
3

5
5

6
6

1
1

2
2

2
2

-

4
4

5
5 1

3
3

2

-

-

"

-

-

10
4
6
i

-

-

-

i

15
13

5
5

i

3
3
-

4
4

-

-

3
2
1

3
2
1

12
5
7

12
6
6

32
20
12

25
11
14

25
13
12

9
4
5

13
6
7

11
5
6

1

1

7

8

31

5

5

1

1

2

8

4

5
5
-

27
25
2

25
4
21

34
7
27

29
29

_

14

-

_

-

1
1

4

-

-

-

-

-

14

13
7
6

_

-

2

3
1
2

13

7
7
"

17
12
5

30
17
13

18
5
13

10
10
"

2
2
-

4
3
1

-

-

-

-

13

8
4
4

-

2

5

-

-

-

61
15
46

103
5
98

109
25
84

76
24
52

32
19
13

26 ! 32
11
6
21
20

15
6
9

16
16

2
2

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

29
14
15

37
6
31

47
20
27

73
27
46

52
32
20

30
13
17

14
10
4

9
3
6

31
30
1

15
12
3

29
28
1

39
27
12

35
13
22

19
17
2

7
6
1

5
5

3
3

1
1

4
3

2

1

1

_

_

-

1
1
"

■

“

i ■

"

-

-

-

2

2

-

"

-

-

-

2
1
1

i 4

-

-

-

-

1

-

~

4

'

-

-

_

W om en
B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine)
M anufacturing ______
__
N onm anufacturing ____
__ __

_______
__

__

_

C le r k s , file , c la s s A 2 __________ __ __
M anufacturing ________________________
C le r k s , file , c la s s B 2 __________________
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
See footn otes at end o f table,




j
1

-

-

-

-

38. 5 j 65.00
39. 0 : 71.50
38. 5 j 62.50

-

-

2
2

383
208
175

39.0
39. 5
38. 5

88. 50
95. 00
81.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

860
457
403

39. 5
39. 5
39.0

68. 50
68. 50
68. 50

39. 5
40. 0

73. 00
76. 50

_

-

-

38. 5
39. 5
37. 5

57. 50
59. 50
56.00

_

24
6
18

108
------ 54“
284
122
162

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

21
20
1

65
37
28

113
42
71

162
82
80

155
93
62

103
70
33

90
38
52

43
4
39

2
2

9
-

14
2

16
4

13
9

34
32

11
11

57
l6
41

39
16

20
5

13
11
2

12
12

3
3
~

-

-

"

_

!
j
•

| 115
52
63

!

i

1

L

f L

i

15

.

-

_

_

-

~

5

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

4

_

-

!

1
1

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

"

_

-

_
-

-

-

"
-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

i

-

■
i___________

■
1
______ L _

6
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W omen-----Continued

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Cincinnati, Ohio— y., M arch 1962)
K
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING! STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF1
is
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
\l
$
$
$
$
55.00 60.00 6 5.00 70. 00 75.00 !8 0 .0 0 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
W
eekly j 40.00 45. 00 50. 00
W
eekly,
earnings
hours
J
and
(Standard) (Standard)
“
“
“
“
“
_
“
“
■
“
■
"
“
~
“
“
45.0 0 50. 00 55. 00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75. 00 80t 00 L85.00 90.00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.001120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 o v e r
i
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry divisio n

of
workers

W omen— Continued

|
_

_
-

_

72
37
35

68
42
26

49
34
15

22
17
5

27
22
5

30
15
15

12
2
10

91
76
15

10

12

29
20

13
13

_

-

62
bl

71. 50
71. 00
72.00

_
-

9
9
-

6
6
-

29
29
-

39 .5
39. 5
39.0

79.00
79. 00
78. 50

1
1

_
“

28
24

340
195
145

39. 5
3 9 .5
39. 5

71. 00
70.00
72. 50

_
-

7
4
3

D uplicating-m ach ine o p era tors
(M im eograph o r Ditto) ________________

54

39.0

65. 50

-

4

Keypunch op era tors, c la s s A 2 _________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing _____ ____ __ __

157
72
85

39.0
39. 5
38. 5

79. 00
86. 00
73. 00

.
-

j

Keypunch op era tors, c la s s B 2 _________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

453
257
196

38. 5
39. 5
37. 5

68. 50
75. 00
60. 00

_
-

1

O ffice g ir ls ______________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________ _____

112
79

38.0
37.0

54. 00
53. 50

-

S ecreta ries ____________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing __ ____ „ — __

1, 765
1, 018
747

39.0
3 9.5
38.0

96. 00
99. 50
91. 00

Stenographers, g e n e r a l2 _______________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

1, 347
797
550

38. 5
39. 0
37. 5

Stenographers, s e n io r 2 ___ ____
____
M anufacturing ___ __ „ ____ __ __
N onm anufacturing ___________________

950
815
135

Sw itchboard op era tors __________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing _____ ____ _____

_ !
"

_
-

-

_
-

51
14
37

36
28
8

21
19
2

9
7
2

45
28
17

30
18
12

34
26
8

29
20
9

52
24
28

62
30
32

41
25

10
3
7

3

9

1

2

-

5
5

14
14

18
6
12

18
5
13

37
37

45
14
31

44
10
34

57
32
25

71
1 28
43

49
35
14

33
33

42
19

16
11

12
11

4
4

4

_
-

_
-

2
2

9
9

14
14

59
10
49

70. 00
72. 00
66. 50

_
-

54
10
44

87
21
66

101
24
77

206
134
72

39.0
39.0
37. 5

87. 00
88.00
79. 00

_
-

_
-

1
1

12
12

249
$2
157

39. 5
3 9 .5
39. 5

74. 00
81. 00
69. 50

12
12

18
18

27
27

Sw itchboard op e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists ____
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

370
185
185

39.0
39.0
3 9 .5

71. 50
72. 00
70. 50

_
-

_
-

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla s s B _______ __________ __________ __
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing _____ — __ — __

158
73
85

38. 5
39. 5
37. 5

79. 50
84. 00
75. 50

-

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
c la s s C _-___ __ __ _______ ___________ _
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

121
90

38.0
37 .0

63.00
60. 50

-

C lerks, file, cla s s C 2 __________________
Nonmanufacturing _____ ____ __ __

104
94

36. 5
36. 5

$49. 50
49. 50

C lerk s, o r d e r ___________________ _____
M anufacturing ________________ __ __
Nonm anufacturing ___________________

375
242
133

39. 5
39. 5
4 0 .0

C lerk s, pa y roll _________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

362
251
111

C om ptom eter op era to rs ________________
M anufacturing ________________ _____
N onm anufacturing ------------------------------

See footnotes at end o f table,




_

"

-

_
-

17
11
6

4
4
-

-

56
35
21

24
17
7

18
12
6

6
6

5
5

n
5
6

24
12
12

9
4
5

4
4
-

5
5
"

2
2
-

6

5

1

1

-

-

38
9
29

14
8
6

21
1$
2

8
8
-

14
10
4

4
4

3

.
-

44
38
6

49
45
4

33
33
-

11
9
2

12
12
-

1
1

_

1
1

_

_
-

_
"

_

-

_
"

_

-

-

-

-

-

78
21
57

123
48
75

163
89
74

160
107
53

227
105
122

218
135
83

241
175
66

151
116
35

74
31
43

97
81
16

62
49
13

31
13
18

233
155
78

197
155
42

181
122
59

154
101
53

82
42
40

18
10
8

16
7
9

13
11
2

5
5
-

_
'

_
"

_
-

28
16
12

50
34
16

31
18
13

107
84
23

75
69
6

245
235
10

193
182
11

106
90
16

69
56
13

16
15
1

10
9
1

7
7
-

7
1
6

7
4
3

16
8
8

35
17
18

18
12
6

35
17
18

42
20
22

6
1
5

5
4
1

8
6
2

13
2
11

_
-

9
9

32
19
13

64
39
25

66
24
42

51
22
29

54
23
31

74
44
30

8
6
2

-

6
6
-

6
2
4

_
-

-

4
4

4
4

25
13
12

10

20
11
9

14
4
10

26
2
24

11
4
7

11
7
4

22

8

3
2
1

14
14

18
17

30
16

11
8

25
25

7
5

4
4

4
■

3
1

-

-

4
10
•8
2

2

-

16

j

!
i

_

-

"

i

22

2
"

!

"

“

_
-

i
‘

!

!

_
-

_

_
-

_
“

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

3
3

2
2

2
1
1

_
"

-

-

_
"

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
"

-

_
-

-

I
1
i

_
-

_
-

4
2
2

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

-

|
1
1

j
"

I
1
1

"
_
"

_
1
i

_

,

"

|
i

'

"

-

|
!
1
1
1

_

_

_

-

~

-

23
17
6

8
8
-

11
11

14
2
12

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
~

_
-

_
"

_
"

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

"

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
~

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

_
_
-

8
6
2

-

-

-

"

-

_
-

-

_
_
-

3
~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

■

“

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

'

Table A-L

Office Occupations—Men and W om en-----Continued

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on am area b a sis
by industry division , Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., M arch 1962)
K
NU M B ER OF W O RK ER S R E CE IVIN G ST R A IG H T-TIM E W EEKLY EA RN IN G S OF l
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Weeklyhours 1
(Standard)

Weekly .
earnings1
(Standard)

40.00 45.00 *50.00 *55.00 *60.00 65.00 *70.00
and
under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00

$
$
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00

75.00 *80.00 *85.00

90.00

80.001' 85.00 90.00

and
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over

j

1

W om en — Continued
!

364
219
145

38.5
39.0
38.0

$68.50
69.50
67.00

T yp ists, c la s s A ____________________________
M anufacturing __________________ ______
N onm anufacturing ______________________

496
273
223

39.0
39.5
38.0

75.00
80.50
68.50

T yp ists, cla s s B _ __ __ _________ ______
M anufacturing ________________ _____
N onm anufacturing _________ _________

!

1

T r a n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
gene r a l ____________________ ___ _
M anufacturing ---------- ------- ------------N onm anufacturing ______________________

1, 317
642
675

61.00
64.50
58.00

38.5
39.5
38.0

15
1
14

-

-

17
_

_

-

-

-

34
22
12

63
41
22

51
28
23

91
83
8

54
25
29

24
9
15

6
2
4

17

-

18
7
11

70
15
55

110
30
| 80

81
38
43

36
25
11

52
40
12

| 301
1
97
204

316
217
99

159
90
69

91
55
36

56
31
25

36
36
“

3
3

5
5

7
2

!

-

!

I
1

58 1 41
37
57
4
1
26
26
“

1

i

5

'
!

;

-

17 1
15 i
2

j

|

!
!

-

2 !
2 |
- I

4
4
"

I

_

97
23
74

-

226
60
166

5
3
2

3

!

!

!

1

_!

1
1

-

3;

I
j

'

-

!

|

-

-

-

_

_
-

.

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

;

_

-

_

-

_

*

j

1

j

-

1
'

-

•

i
i

.

'

!

!

i

-

1

1
~

1

!

-

-

-

-

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

i

I ______ !
_

_______
1

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r which em ployees r e ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings c o rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
2 D escrip tion fo r this jo b has been re v ise d since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry d ivision , Cincinnati, Ohicr-Ky., M arch 1962)1
2
NUM B ER OF W O RK ERS RE CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY E A RN ING S OF

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Weekly.
hours
(Standard)

W eekly. Under
earnings
(Standard) P

75.00

Men

$
3
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00 175.00
and
and
“
“
~
~
1
“
“
under
80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.001175.00 over
1
|
i
i
!
j
i
S

$

-

I

D raftsm en, lead er __ __ _______________

122

40.0

|
$148.00

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

D raftsm en, sen ior ________ _____ _____
M anufacturing ------------------------------------

801
559

40.0
40.0

127.50
122.00

.

2
2

3
3

2
2

12
n

19
18

32
30

D raftsm en, ju n ior _______________________
M anufacturing --------------- -------------------

316
271

40.0
40.0

102.00
100.50

12
9

6
6

21
18

13
13

43
43

53
47

42
41

1
31
T I ----22
20

93
88

142
| 80

23
5

16
4

!
1

3
3

_

j

_

j

! n
; 11

!

8

i 16
|
! 51
| 26

i

2
2

i

!

W om en
N u rses, industrial (re g is te r e d ) ________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------

j 3
:

3

76
66
46
46

_

73
93
— | 71

2

114
101

39.5
39.5

100.50
99.00

1
1

2
2

10
9

5
3

I 24
2!

10
8

33
33

9
9

7
7

1 4
! 4
!

30

18

10

1

6

85

!
i

15
3

44
2

| 12
; -

18
-

3
1 3

_

4
9
1

2

-

1 !

1
,

_

7
13

2 14

4

-----1 -1 ------4
_

_

-

-

|

i:

i
1
1 ______
_

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings c o rre s p o n d to these w eekly hours.
2 W ork ers w e re distribu ted as fo llo w s : 8 at $ 175 to $ 180; 6 at $ 180 to $ 185.




2

i
! 2
r
! 1
1

1
~

!
i

4
"

i
|

i
| "

1
i
!

_
'

_

8
Table A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Cincinnati, Ohio— y., M arch 1962)
K

Average
weekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry division

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs, cla s s A .
M anufacturing __________________________
Nonm anufacturing ______________________

93
107
61
76

$ 72.00
63.50
79.50
81.50
77.50

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
C lerks, file , c la s s A 2
M anufacturing ____
C lerk s, file , c la s s B 2
M anufacturing ____
N onm anufacturing .

of

O ccupation and industry division

earnings *
(Standard)

92.50
376
243
552
451

O ffice occu p a tion s— Continued
$ 105.00

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A
M anufacturing __________________________

C om ptom eter o p e ra to rs ___________
M anufacturing ---------------------------Nonmanufacturing ______________

348
203
145

$71.50
71.00
72.50

D uplicating-m achine operators
(M im eograph or Ditto) ___________

62

67.00

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B __
M anufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________

62
133

68.50
78.50
63.50

172
158

91.00
81.00

96.00

157
72
85

79.00
86.00
73.00

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s C __
M anufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing --------------- -----------------

Keypunch op e ra to rs, cla ss B 2 -----M anufacturing __________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________

460
264
196

68.50
74.50
60.00

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , general
M anufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------

219
145

69.50
67.00

O ffice boys and g irls ______________
M anufacturing ---------------------------Nonmanufacturing __________ .___

312
146
166

59.00
61.00
57.00

Typists, cla s s A __________________________
Manufacturing __________________________
N onm anufacturing ______________________

277
229

80.50
68.50

1,773
1,018
755

96.00
99.50
91.00

T yp ists, cla ss B ___________________________
M anufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------

SET

64.50
59.00

86.50
69.50
69.50
69.50

64

76.50

S e cre ta rie s _________________________
M anufacturing ---------------------------Nonmanufacturing ______________

287

57.50
59.50
56.00

Stenographers, g e n e r a l2 __________
M anufacturing ______________ ____
Nonmanufacturing ______________

1,348
797
551

70.00
72.00
66.50

49.50

Stenographers, s e n io r 2 ___________
M anufacturing __________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________

950
815
135

87.00
88.00
79.00

122
165

C lerks, file , c la s s C 2
Nonmanufacturing .
C lerks, o rd e r
M anufacturing ___
N onmanuf ac tur ing

364
252

78.00
86.50

Switchboard o p e ra to rs _____________
M anufacturing ---------------------- ------Nonm anufacturing ______________

249
92
157

74.00
81.00
69.50

C lerks, pa y roll -------M anufacturing ___
Nonmanufacturing

288

81.50
79.00

Sw itchboard o p e ra to r-re ce p tio n ists
M anufacturing ---------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------

370
185
185

71.50
72.00
70.50

112

693

P ro fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations
D raftsm en, lead er

____________

D raftsm en, sen ior ____________
Manufacturing ---------------------Draftsm en, ju n ior _____________
M anufacturing ______________
Nonmanufacturing --------------N urses, industrial (r e g is te r e d )
M anufacturing ______________

Earnings are fo r a regular w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their straigh t-tim e w eekly sa la r ie s , e x clu sive of any prem ium pay.
D escription fo r this jo b has been re v ise d since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




earnings 1
(Standard)

Keypunch op e ra to rs, cla s s A 2 -----M anufacturing ---------------------------Nonmanuiactur ing ______________

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , cla s s B
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _______
C lerks, accounting, c la s s A
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing

Number

O ffice occu pation s— Continued

O ffice occupations
B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine)
M anufacturing __________________
N onm anufacturing ______________

O ccupation and industry d ivision

122.00
101.00
275
54

100.50
106.00

9
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a sis
by industry d ivision , Cincinnati, O h io-K y., M arch 1962)
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and in du stry divisio n

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
*
$
$
Average Under $
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00
hourly j
earnings $
and
1.60 under
1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10

$
2.10

S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 *2.60 *2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00
and

2.20

2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.10

C a rp en ters, m aintenance _ ------- -------M anufacturing ________________ _____
N onm anufacturing __ __ ________ __

230
166
64

$2.84
2.80
2.95

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

10
10
-

2
2

64
27
37

19
17
2

25
23
2

11
11
-

10
10
-

1
1
-

26
25

E le c tr ic ia n s , m aintenance --------------------M anufacturing ___ ____ __ — -------N onm anufacturing _________ _________

767
563
204

3.00
3.01
2.98

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

_
-

_
-

9
9
-

12
12

26
26
“

28
18
10

99
36
63

54
49
5

67
59
8

17
10
7

E n gin eers, station ary ___________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

230
171
59

3.11
3.25
2.71

"

_
-

_
-

2
2

_
-

4
4

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

2
1
1

13
1
12

10
8
2

3
3
-

54
20
34

F irem en , station ary b o ile r _____________
M anufacturing _____________ __ --------

372
330

2.60
2.65

_

5
2

20
16

3
3

11
9

12
10

_

"

23
21

24
15

41
24

51
48

21
21

60
60

18
18

H elp ers, m aintenance tra d e s __________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________

299
201
98

2.19
2.23
2.11

7
7
-

7
7

36
24
12

.
-

15
15

8
3
5

70
53
17

79
36
43

22
13
9

.
-

9
4
5

11
11

9
9

538
538

2.94
2.94

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

15
15

26
26

18
18

16
16

57
57

33
33

39
39

_

-

M achinists, m aintenance _______________
M anufacturing ________________________

387
348

2.97
3.01

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

"

■

~

■

■

11
11

24
19

5

"

7
7

85
56

24
24

M ech an ics, autom otive
(m a in te n a n c e )_____ ________________ ___
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing __ ___________ __

553
109
444

2.73
2.81
2.71

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
17
-

5
5

37
1
36

104
8
96

58
8
50

25
8
17

M ech an ics, m aintenance _______________
M anufacturing ________________________

695
652

2.77
2.78

_

_

7
7

_

-

-

18
18

31
31

21
21

33
33

49
34

24
23

264
M illw rights ______________________________
M anufacturing ______ ____ _________ ----- 254—

3.09
3.09

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

17
17

O ile r s ____________________________________
M anufacturing ________________________

119
116

2.64
2.66

_

3
~

_

_

_

1

“

"

“

1

6
6

2
2

21
21

P a in ters, m aintenance __________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing _____ ____ _____

207
146
61

2.88
2.95
2.70

_

1

_

_

3

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

8
8
-

_
-

P ip e fitte rs , m aintenance __ __ ____ __
M anufacturing _____________ _________

316
308

3.13
3.13

S h eet-m etal w o rk e rs , m aintenance ____
M anufacturing ________________ ____

82
70

3.08
3.16

3.30

3.40

3.50

3.60

3.70

3.80
j

over

3.90

4.00

2
2
-

4
4

13
2 13

26
26

M a ch in e-tool o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m ____
M anufacturing ________________________

3.20

T ool and die m akers ____________________
M anufacturing ________________________

625
625

3.11
3.11

-

"

~

1

_

-

-

3

.

1 Excludes p rem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
2 W ork ers w e re d istributed as fo llo w s : 5 at $ 4 to $4 .1 0 ; 1 at $4.10 to $ 4 .2 0 ; 7 at $ 4.20 to $4 .3 0 .




26
26

10
10
-

-

-

39
29
10

134
134

175
86
89

30
28
2

63
63
-

_
_

9
9
-

13
13
-

18
18
-

12
12
-

5
5
-

18
14
4

14
14

7
7

12
12

18
18

32
32

7
7

5
5

167
167

82
82

8
8

4
4

12
12

61
61

22
4
18

117
8
109

63
12
51

65
5
60

80
78

92
67

18
18

189
189

7
7

12
12

20
20

13
13

6
6

3
3

19
19

15
15

20
8
12

23
14
9

40
26
14

7
7
-

8
8

9
5

18
18

4
4
.

23
23
-

5
5

-

5
5
“

16
4

3
3

3
3

4
4

121
121

_

1

2
2

1

_
-

_
-

5
_
5

_
_

-

-

7
4
3

34
34

28
28
-

2
2
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

~

“

-

-

~

-

8
8

59
59

6
6

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

62
62

46
46

38
38

_

_

_

.

_

_

■

~

12
10
2

21
21

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

-

_

27
27

22
22

4
4

6
6

74
74

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

6
6

2
2

20
20

105
105

62
62

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
17

1
1

23
23

_

2
2

_
-

4
4
-

33
29
4

25
11
14

24
24

.
-

.
-

3
3

.
-

_
-

-

5
5

22
22

90
90

81
81

68
68

_

_

_

_

-

-

4
-

.

-

-

-

-

_

1

7
7

28
28

_

_

_

_

_

1

20
20

_

■

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

41
41

18
18

77
77

23
23

76
76

50
50

108
108

78
78

6
— r~

“

-

-

-

_
_

-

15 |
15
-

_

10
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., M arch 1962)
K
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Janitors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers
(men) ____________________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

12
12

2.51
2.49
2.72

-

"

-

2,422
1, 683
739

1.87
2.06
1.42

10
10

103
103

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers
(women) ________________________________
M anuf acturing
_______ ___ ___ _______ _
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

529
115
414

1.43
1.78
1.33

15
15

L a b orers , m aterial handling ____________
M anuf a c tu ring _____________ ________ _
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

2, 573
2, 000
573

2.28
2.26
2.34

-

O rder fille r s _____________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

707
336
371

2.03
1.98
2.07

P a ck ers, shipping (men) ________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------

638
479
159

1.77
1.80
1.67

P a ck ers, shipping (women) _____________
M anufacturing ________________________

300
300

1.93
1.93

-

R eceiving cle rk s _________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

296
214
82

2.12
2.17
1.98

“

Shipping clerk s ___________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ____________________

148
98
50

2.19
2.30
1.97

Shipping and r eceiv in g cle r k s ___________
M anufacturing _ ___ _
_

172
141

2.26
2.26

See footn otes at end o f table,




24
24

12
12

1
1

10
10
“

4
4
"

130
35
95

181
29
152

91
55
36

2
2

146
7
139

95
6
89

_
•

40
30
10

-

-

-

_

42
42

344
344
“

82
82

-

1
1

24
24

268
195
73

296
272
24

172
172

32
31

1

1

'

1

114
37
77

214
172
42

142
132
10

167
155
12

61
6l
“

19
15
4

46
42
4

48
22
26

48
5
43

54
28
26

14
10
4

63
55
8

29
20
9

-

-

27
27

_

-

•

■

"

13
13

13

166
166

12
12

44
31
13

-

63
56
7

24
23

80
80
"

-

14
9
5

57
56
1

j

35
30
5

-

31
27
4

7
r

-

19
15
4

-

"

- —
"

3
r
i

20
18
2

13

“

■

4
2 —
2

19
3
16

-

“

1
1

54
11
43

-

-

~

48
8
40

.

-

"

33
6
27

-

2.80

■

5
5

32
2
30

-

2.70

■

■

109
66
43

.

2.60

84
56
28

i

233
198
35

237
211
26

'

22
19
17 — r
2
16

12
12
“

31
24
7

12
8
4

6
6

121
111
10

211
164
47

181
152
29

201
186
15

393
242
151

100
99

21
12
9

16
11
5

31
5
26

36
22
14

62
10
52

40
30
10

48
30
18

72
58
14

45
5
40

107
14
93

18
11
7

133
126
7

54
1
53

22
11
11

25
11
14

99
99
”

20
16
4

30
26
4

20
12
8

6
2
4

29
29

11
11

3
3

24
24

53
53

.

_

■

"

36
36

5
5

7
7
“

51
38
13

12
4
8

30
30

13
8
5

32
30
2

13
8
5

10
7
3

10
10
~

.

-

10
10
-

•

12
12
-

26
5
21

9
2
7

9
9
■

5
5

2

19
19

4

7
7

16
10

3.20

3.30

■

"

-

-

“
-

32
32

-

-

-

-

"

“

-

“

'

'

-

“

-

3.40 over

'

117
117

7
7

3.10

2
2

129
101
28

2.90

3.00

-

2.50

■

■

95
26
69

-

and
2.40

o

Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------

502
446
56

.
-

$1.23
1.23

*2.20 *2.30 *2.40 *2.50 *2.60 *2.70 *2.80 *2.90 *3.00 *3.10 *3.20 *3.30 *3.40
2.J0

rsl

55
55

o

E levator o p era tors, passen ger
(women) -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________

Average Under $ 1.00 *1.10 $1.20 $ 1.30 *1.40 *1.50 *1.60 *1.70 *1.80 *1.90 *2.00
hourly ,
and
earnings $
1.00 under
1.10 1.2Q 1.30 1.4-0 JL5Q 1.60 1.70 1,90 1,90 2 ,Op 2f 10

rsj

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

.
"

15
15
15 — r r

16
7

_

.

3

1

40
5
35

123
123

24
24

~

_
“

_
“

_
“

98
98
”

_
-

2
2

-

.
-

.
-

.
-

-

.
-

22
22

40
40

9
9

2
2

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

-

64
60
4

-

4
2
2

25
16
9

6
3
3

2
2

1
1
"

-

-

-

6
4
2

9
9
“

6
3
3

15
15
"

12
8
4

_

_

.

-

-

15
14

2

6
6

23
23

21
15

1

_

3
3

“

~
11
7

.

"

3
3
-

-

3
3

11
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued

(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Cincinnati, Ohio— y., M arch 1962)
K
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry d iv isio n

Num
ber
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly Under 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 *2.00 *2.10 *2.20 *2.30 *2.40 *2.50 *2.60 *2.70 *2.80 *2.90 3.00 3.10 *3.20 3.30 3.40
earnings2 $
and
and
under
1.00
r LuHLJL U L 1.30 1.40 1,50 1,00 1.70 1.80 1,90 2,00 2,10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 over

T ru c k d riv e r s 3
__________________ _____
M anufactur ing _____________________ __ _
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______ ______________

3, 030
471
2,559

$2.73
2.48
2.78

"

-

-

T r u c k d riv e r s , light (under
1V2 tons) _________ __ ________________
M anufacturing ______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________ -----—

382
79
303

2.50
2.06
2.62

"

■

~

T r u c k d riv e r s , m edium (1V2 to and
including 4 tons) . . . ____ _____________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------—
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __ —------ -------------

592
197
395

2.58
2.46
2.63

"

-

-

~

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) _____________ ___ ____ _
M a n u fa c tu r in g -------- ------------- --------Nnnmarmfarhiring ...

1, 118
126
992

2.79
2.74
2.79

-

-

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fork lift) __________
M aniifartnring
N onm anufacturing ______________ ,__

1, 169
1, 055
114

2.55
2.56
2.48

T r u c k e r s , pow er (other than
fork lift) ______________________ _______
M a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------

86
50

W a t c h m e n ________________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

290
204
86

-

23
10
13

7
7

29
7
22

45
24
21

7
7

13
6
7

24
3
21

•

50
36
14

63
30
33

49
33
16

22
5
17

12
7
5

97
25
72

557
111
446

565
74
491

294
16
278

153
65
88

990
19
971

10
_
10

6
_
6

6
_
6

8

23
10
13

~

7
7
"

27
14
13

“

4
4

5
5

■

9
9
“

3
3
“

3
1
2

15
4
11

3
3
-

32
2
30

113
18
95

42
8
34

20
20

30
30

20
20

8
8

6
_
6

6
_
6

6
_
6

-

7
7

21

10
10
“

7

10
3
7

27
27
■

37
11
26

31
17
14

5
1
4

4
4

7

6
6
“

-

■

14
14
“

74
16
58

149
60
89

17
9
8

13
9
4

156
10
146

2
2

_
_
-

_
_
-

2
_
2

-

-

-

7

-

-

7

-

14

11
4
7

12
12

-

-

40
40

322
41
281

28
28

254
4
250

no
56
54

313
9
304

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

104
102
2

125
92
33

131
131

64
64

54
10
44

169
169

165
165

.

27

40
40

-

27

-

-

-

7
7

32
•

26
22

1
1

1
1

2
2

-

_
-

-

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

21
21

_
-

_

.
-

.
-

_

_

_

-

21

7

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2.21
2.16

-

-

■

•

-

1.70
1.78
1.53

_
-

_
-

24
14
10

15
10
5

39
38
1

_

4

~
48
1
47

•
25
23
2

-

14

7
5
5

4

1 Data lim ite d to m en w o rk e rs except where otherw ise indicated.
2 E xcludes p rem iu m pay fo r o vertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
3 Includes all d r iv e r s re g a r d le s s o f size and type of truck operated.




-

1
1.
10
8
2

14
10
4

26
26

9
9

•

12
8
4

11
8
3

3
3

133
133

3
3

4
4

48
46
2

11
11

10
9
1

12
7
5

4
4

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

8

_

105
105

B:

12




Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s b y type and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
C in cin n a ti, O hio— y ., M a r c h 1962)
K
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts havin g fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

S e c o n d sh ift
w o rk

T o ta l

________________

_______________ ____________

W ith sh ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l ______________________
U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h ou r) ____________

T h ir d o r oth er
sh ift w o rk

A c tu a lly w o rk in g on—

S e co n d sh ift

81.1

62.8

16.9

4.3

80.7

6 2.4

16.8

4.2

36.0

9.9

2.7

______

48.0

5 ce n ts _____________________________________
f> re n ts
______
_
7 c e n ts ___ _________________________ ________
7V2 ce n ts ___________________________________
8 c e n ts _____________________________________
10 c e n ts ____________________________________
11 c e n ts _____ ______ ___________________
12 c e n ts ____________________________________
13V3 c e n ts _________________________________
14 ce n ts ____________________________________
15 ce n ts ____________________________________
16 ce n ts ____________________________________
17 c e n t s ______________________ __________ _
182 c e n ts _________________________________
/3
19 c e n ts ____________________________________
22V2 c e n ts ---------------------------------------------------

2.3
5.5
3.6
.3
2.4
19.1
3.3
3.5
1.5
2.1
1.6
-

2.8

_
.4
2.5
13.0
.4
6.5
5.9
.2
1.2
1.5
1.6
2.8

U n ifo r m p e r c e n ta g e __________________________

31.1

15.8

5 p p rrp n t
7V2 p e r c e n t ________________________________
10 p e r c e n t
O v e r 10 p e r c e n t ______________________ __

9.8
1.2
19.5
.7

F u ll day1s pay fo r r e d u c e d h o u r s plu s
ce n ts d iffe r e n t ia l ___________________________

-

_
-

.2
1.7
1.2
(1 )
2
.5
2.5
1.0
1.1
.7
.2
.2
-

_
-

.7

(2 )
.1
.6
.7
.4
(2 )
.1
.1
.3
.3

6.7

1.0

1.2
14.1
.5

2.8
.4
3.4
.1

.1
.9
-

.2

-1

_

.7

2.8

F u ll d a y 's pay f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s plus
p e r c e n t d iffe r e n t ia l ________________________

"

______________

.9
.4

.4

-

.9

________________________

-

6.9

O th er f o r m a l pay d iffe r e n t ia l
No sh ift pay d iffe r e n t ia l

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

_

.5
.1

(2 )

1 In clu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g late s h ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts
e ven though th ey w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te sh ifts ,
2 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .

13

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f e sta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f fi c e w o r k e r s , C in cin n ati, O h io -K y ., M a r c h 1962)
I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p ists
N on m anufacturing

M an u factu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s a l a r y 1

A ll

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
M anufacturin g
A ll
in d u s tr ie s

B a s e d on standard w e e k ly h o u rs 3 of—
‘

A ll
s ch e d u le s

371
/*

40

A ll
s ch e d u le s

37V2

40

189

93

XXX

XXX

96

XXX

XXX

26

104

58

10

45

46

9

29

1
3

3
17
6
23
5
15
8
10
5
2
1
2
1

1
10
1
11
3
10
4
8
1
2
1
2
1

1

1

10
1
7
2
7
3
8

2
7
5
12
2
5
4
2
4

_

1
3
1
8
1
5

_
1
2

1
2

_
_
-

_
-

_

-

1
2

A ll
s ch e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied __________________________________________

37 Vz

40

A ll
sch e d u le s

37Vz

40

189

93

XXX

XXX

96

XXX

XXX

56

9

44

42

8

1
7
3
12
2
5
4
1
1
3

2
3

-

---------------------------

98

-----$4 5 .0 0 _____________ — ------- — —
$ 4 7 .5 0 _________________ _______
____
$5 0 .0 0 ______________________________________
$5 2 .5 0 ______________________________________
$5 5 .0 0 ______________________________________
$ 5 7 .5 0
_______________ _
_
_ _ ___
$6 0 .0 0 ___________________ —-------------------------$62 .5 0 ___ _______ . . _____ - -------------$ 6 5 .0 0 ______________________________________
$6 7 .5 0 _________ ___ _____________
_
$70 .0 0 ______ ___________ ___ __________ __
$72 .5 0 ______________________________________
$7 5 .0 0 ______________________________________
$ 7 7 .5 0 ______________________________________
$ 8 0 .0 0 _________ _________________ ___
. .........
. .
. ..
_......

2
11
4
27
5
15
9
6
3
7
1
2
1

4
1
15
3
10
5
5
2
4
1
2
1

-

-

2
3

1
1

E s ta b lis h m e n ts havin g no s p e c ifie d m i n i m u m --------------------------

36

17

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ic h did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this r flteg n ry

54

19

1

1

E s ta b lis h m e n ts havin g a s p e c ifie d m in im u m
$ 42 .50
$4 5 .0 0
$ 47 .50
$ 50 .00
$ 52 .50
$ 55 .00
$ 57 .50
$60 .00
$ 62 .50
$ 65 .00
$ 67 .50
$ 70 .00
$ 72 .50
$ 75 .00
$ 77 .50
$80 .00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

un d er
u nd er
u n d er
u n d er
u nd er
u nd er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
un d er
u n d er
n v er

D ata not a v a ila b le

_

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

N onm anufacturing

B a s e d on stan dard w e e k ly h o u r s 3 of—
1

_
-

4
1
13
2
7
3
5
1
2
1
2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
2

_

1
2

3
3

2
1

_

2
1

1
2

XXX

XXX

19

XXX

XXX

38

18

XXX

XXX

20

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

35

X XX

XXX

46

16

XXX

XXX

30

XXX

XXX

XXX

X XX

1

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1
1
3
2
1

_

XXX

XXX

-

_
_
1

7
1
5
4

2

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

3
1
3
1
"
1
_
-

-

_
1
2
1

_

2
3
-

_

_

_
-

L o w e s t s a la r y ra te fo r m a l l y e s ta b lis h e d fo r h irin g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s fo r typing o r o th er c le r i c a l jo b s .
R a tes a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o f fi c e g ir ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a re not co n s id e r e d .
H ou rs r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . D ata a re p r e s e n te d fo r a ll w o rk w e e k s co m b in e d , and fo r the m o s t c o m m o n w ork w eek s re p o rte d .




14




Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly Hours

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by sch ed u led w e e k ly h ou rs
o f f ir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , C in cin n ati, O hio— y. , M arch 1962)
K
OFFICE WORKERS

1

PLANT WORKERS

W e e k ly h o u rs
All industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s

____________

___________________

--------------- --------35 h o u rs _____ ___ — —
O v e r 35 and u nd er 3 7 J/2 h o u rs _ ______________
37 V2 h o u rs _________ ____________ __
O v e r 3 7 1/z and u nd er 40 h o u rs _______________
4 0 h our s ___ ____ ________ _____ ___________________
O v e r 40 and u nd er 45 h o u rs _______
______
45 h o u rs and o v e r _________________ ________

100

7
7
16
4
66
1
(3 )

Manufacturing

100

2
16
2
80
(3 )

All industries 1
2

100

1
(*)
3
(3 )
90
3
3

Manufacturing

100

1
-

4
-

92
2
1

1 Inclu des data f o r tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ;
and s e r v ic e s in a d d ition to th o s e in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
2 In clu des data f o r tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a d d ition
to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




laDie u-4. raid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by nu m ber of paid h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d ann ually, C in cin n ati, O hio— y ., M a r c h 1962)
K
PLANT W ORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Item
A ll industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

_________

— — ___________

______

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
p a id h o lid a y s __________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
n o pa id h o lid a y s _______________________________

M anufacturing

All industries1
2

M anufacturing

100

100

100

100

99

99

99

99

(3 )

(3 )

1

(3)

1

_

Number o! days
3
4
5
5
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
8
8
8

h o lid a y s ________________________________________
h o lid a y s ____________ — _____ _________ - —
h o lid a y s __________ __ _______ __ __________ ____
h o lid a y s plu s 1 h alf day _____________________
h o lid a y s ____ ____________________ __________ _
h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h alf day ______________________
h o lid a y s plu s 2 half days __________ _________
h o lid a y s plu s 4 half days -------------------------- —
h o l i d a y s _____________________ __________________
h o lid a y s p lu s 1 half day _______ ____________
h o lid a y s p lu s 2 half days -------------------------------h o lid a y s __ __ _____ __________________ _____
h o lid a y s plu s 1 h alf day ____ __ __
__
h o lid a y s plu s 2 half days _____________________
9 h o lid a y s ________
— ------ - ------- ------- -------9 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h alf day ------ ------------- — —
1 0 h o lid a y s ___ ________ _______________ -

_

_

3

1

1

1

(?)
()
( 3)

(3 )
-

29

18
2

29
2

22

9

8

13

14

19

1

-

37

39

1

3

(3)
37
2

37
2

1

8
(3 )
4
(3 )

1

(3 )

2

1

1

1

16

7
-

10

7
-

1

1

2
-

4

-

1

'

Total holiday time 4
10

d a ys

_______________ _____ __ __ __ __ ---------- ---------------------------- -------m o r e d a y s __________________________________
o r m o r e days _________ ________ __ _____
m o r e d ays _____ _____ _____ __ __ -------o r m o r e days ______________________________
m o r e d a ys ___________________ __ __ _____
o r m o r e days _____ ___________ __ _____
m o r e d ays __________________________________
o r m o r e days ______________________________
m o r e d a y s ________________ __ ____ _____
m o r e d a y s _____ _______________ — -------m o r e d a y s __________________________ _____

9 V 2 o r m o r e days

9 or
8V2
8 or
71/2
7 or
6V2
6 or
5 V2
5 or
4 or
3 or

1
1

5
5
15
16
61
70
99
99
99
99
99

_

_

_

-

-

-

7
7

3
3
11
12
63
64

5
5
16
18
74
76
98
98
98
99
99

23

26
78
81

99
99
99
99
99

93
94

95
98

99

1 In clu d e s data f o r tra n sp orta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il t r a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and
and s e r v ic e s in addition to th o se in du stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
2 In clu d e s data fo r tra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er p u b lic u t ilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; r e a l e s ta te ; and
a d d ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
3 L e s s than 0.5 p e rce n t.
4 A ll co m b in a tio n s of fu ll and half days that add to the sa m e am ount a r e co m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s
to ta l o f 7 d ays in clu d e s th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and no h a lf d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf d a y s, and so on.
w e r e then cu m u lated.

r e a l es ta te ;
s e r v ic e s in

r e c e iv in g a
P r o p o r t io n s

16




Table B-5.

Paid Vacations

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by v a ca tion pay
p r o v is io n s , C in cin n ati, O h io -K y . , M a rch 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o l ic y
All industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s

______________________________________

Manufacturing

All industries 2

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

99
99
1
-

99
98
1
-

99
92
7
-

98
88
11
-

(3)

(3)

3
52
5
1
(3)

5
51
2
2
(3)

17
17
1
(3)
-

23
12
2
-

(3)
23
1
76

_
14
1
85

(3 )
76
6
17
(3 )
(3 )

78
9
12
-

50
14
33
1
1
(3 )

54
20
22
2
“

10
25
59
2
2
(3 )

10
37
46
1
3
■

10
24
60
2
2

10
36
47
2
3
1

M eth od o f p a y m en t
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid v a ca tio n s _________________________________
L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t ______ __ ___ ___
P e r c e n ta g e paym ent _________________________
F la t-sv im paym ent ___________________________
Of:h*»r m
,
W o r k e r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no pa id v a c a tio n s ______________________________

2

A m oun t o f v a c a tio n p a y 4
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k ____________ __
______________
1 w eek
,,________ ....................................... ..................
O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w ee k s _____ _________ __
2 w ee k s ______ _____________ __________ ________
3 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k ____________________________________
1 w eek ____
_____________ ________________ _
O ve r 1 and under 2 w ee k s ______________________
2 w peks
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s ______________________
3 w eeks _____________ ____ _____ ________ ____
4 w eek s _____ _____ _____ ________ ___________

-

-

(3 )

(3)

8
3
88

5
1
92

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____________ _____________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w ee k s ______________________
2 w ee k s _________________________________ __ __
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s ________________ __
T w ppks
_
„
4 w ee k s ______
_______________ _______________

-

-

1
-

2
-

1
(3)
96
(3 )
2
-

1
1
95

1
(3)
96
1
2
~

1
1
94
1
3
-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eek s ______________________
2 w eek s ____________ ______________
__________ _
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w eek s ______________________
3 w eek s ________ _______________ ___ ___ _______ ___
4 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------

-

3
"

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _ ____________________________ — ----------O v e r 1 and under 2 w ee k s ___________ _______
2 w eek s _____ ____________
___________
____
O v e r 2 and und er 3 w ee k s ------------------ __ ----3 w ee k s _____
______
___ — ______
O v e r 3 and under 4 w eek s
____________
____
4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f table,

“

C)
(3)




17
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations— Continued

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , C in cin n ati, O hio— y . , M a r c h 1962)
K
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

All industries 1

Manufacturing

All industries 2

Manufacturing

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 4-------C o n tin u e d
A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----- ------- — _____ ._ __ — ------- — —
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w eeks --------------------------------2 w e e k s __________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w eeks ______________________
3 w ee k s _________ — ------- — — — — — — ------- -----O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w eeks — __
4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------

(3)
95
2
3

(3 )
93
3
4

2
( 3)
84
8
4
(3 )
(3 )

1
1
80
11
5
1
-

-

-

-

-

(3)
53
12
35
-

(3)
43
23
34
-

2
43
20
33
0
(3)

1
36
29
31
1
-

(3)
49
14
38
-

(3 )
41
23
36
-

2
37
20
37
2
1

1
33
29
31
3
1

(3)
13
86
(3)
1
(3)

(3 )
9
90
(3 )
(3 )

2
16
73
6
1
1

1
14
74
7
1
1

(3)
13
66
2
19
( 3)

(3 )
9
73
(3 )
17
(3)

2
16
58
6
16
1

1
14
66
7
9
1

(3)
11
35

(3 )
9
42
(3 )
48
(3)

2
16
44

1
14
53
3
24
3

A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______ — __ __ __ _____ __ ---------------2 w e e k s __________________________ _____________ _
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eeks ______________________
3 w e e k s _______________ __ ____ _________ _____ _
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w eek s ______________________
4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
2 w e e k s _________ _______ ____________________ ___
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w eeks ______________________
3 w ee k s __ __ __________ ___ __ ______ ______ _____ _
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w eeks _____ __ __ _____ _
4 w ee k s _________________________ _______________
A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________ _____ __
---------------2 w e e k s ______________ _ ________ ______ _______
3 w e e k s __ _____ ___ _________ _______________ _____ .
O v e r 3 and un d er 4 we eks ______________________
4 w e e k s __ _________________
__ ______ ___ O v e r 4 w e e k s — __ __ __ ------------ __ ------- _
A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________________________ _______________ 2 w ee k s ________________________ ___ ________ _
3 w e e k s ______________________________ — ------- _
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w eeks --------------------------------4 w ee k s ______
______ ______________________ .
O v e r 4 w e e k s ____________ _____ _____ ____ _
A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________ _
2 w e e k s __________________________________________
3 we eks _____________ ___ ______ ___ _______ ______ _
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w eeks _____________________
4 w ee k s _____ ____ ___ _______ _____ _______________ _
O v e r 4 w e e k s _____ ___________ __ ________ _

2

52
(3)

2
2

32

1 In clu d e s data f o r tra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l
e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
2 In clu d e s data fo r tra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in
ad d ition to th o s e in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
4 P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b itr a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r il y r e fl e c t the in divid u al p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le, the
ch a n g e s in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e ch an ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g be tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
N O T E : In the tabulations o f v a ca tio n a llo w a n c e s by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , p a ym e n ts o th e r than "le n g th o f tim e, " su ch as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual
e a r n in g s o r fla t -s u m paym en ts, w e re co n v e rte d to an e qu ivalen t tim e b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p le , a p aym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n ­
s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.

18




Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e r c e n t o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p loyed in e sta b lish m en ts p rov id in g
health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n b e n e fits , C in cin n ati, O hio— y., M a rch 1962)
K
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W O RK ERS

T yp e o f b e n e fit
A 1 industries 1
1

A ll w o r k e r s

____________________

__________ ___

Manufacturing

All industries 1
2

100

100

100

100

93

97

88

93

58

65

56

58

77

83

84

93
87

M anufacturing

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g :
L ife in s u ra n ce _______________________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u ra n ce ____________ ____________________
S ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce o r
s ic k le a v e o r both 3 _______________________
S ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce _______
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d ) __ ______________________
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d ) _________________________

48

68

71

46

50

3

1

15

6

12

5

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u ra n ce __________________
S u r g ic a l in s u ra n ce __________________________
M e d ica l in s u ra n ce ___________________________
C a ta stro p h e in s u ra n ce ______________________
R e tir e m e n t p e n sio n _________________________
No health, in s u r a n c e , o r p en sion p l a n __

86
79
52
48
82
2

91
88
60
44
82
1

91
81
45
25
67
4

95
87
52
23
71
3

1 In clu des data fo r tra n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th er public u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il trade; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l
e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
2 In clu d es data fo r tra n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le trade; r e ta il trad e; r e a l e sta te; and s e r v ic e s in a d d ition
to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s shown se p a r a te ly .
3 U nduplicated to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce show n se p a r a te ly b elow . S i c k - le a v e plans a r e lim ite d
to th o se w hich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m n um ber o f d a y s ' pay that can b e e xp e cte d by each e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l s i c k -l e a v e a llo w a n c e s
d e te r m in e d on an in divid u al b a s is a r e exclu d ed .

Appendix A:

Changes in Occupational Descriptions

stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.

Since the Bureau’ s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’ s bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

19




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)—
Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)—
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

21

22

CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.



CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker*s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

23

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class /(—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



SECRETARY— Continued
—
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by die following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

24

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this worker's time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B—
Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

25

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina•
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicant^
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




26

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties o f lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation o f one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts o f mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working

27

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.



OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

28

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.




29

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




30

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l l2 tons)
/
Truckdriver, medium (1l2 to and including 4 tons)
/
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
* U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1962 0 — 644275


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102