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Occupational Wage Survey

LOS ANGELES-LONG BEACH,
CALIFORNIA
MARCH 1962

Bulletin No. 1 3 0 3 - 5 3




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
LOS ANGELES-LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA




MARCH 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-53
June 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D .C

Price 30 cents




Contents

Preface

P age
T he L a b o r M a rk e t O ccu p a tio n a l W age S u rv ey P r o g r a m
T h e B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics annually con d u cts
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in 82 la b o r m a rk e ts.
The
stu d ies p r o v id e data on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d
su p p le m e n ta r y b e n e fit s .
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t fu rn ish in g
tre n d data and a v e r a g e e a rn in g s is r e le a s e d w ithin a m onth
o f the c o m p le t io n o f e a c h study.
T h is bu lletin p r o v id e s
a d d ition a l data not in clu d e d in the p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t.

In trod u ction __________________________________________________________________
W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g ro u p s ___________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

3.
T w o b u lle tin s , b rin g in g tog eth er the r e s u lts o f a ll
o f the a r e a s u r v e y s , a r e is s u e d a fter c o m p le tio n o f the
fin a l a r e a b u lle tin in the c u r re n t round o f s u r v e y s .
The
f i r s t o f th e se b u lle tin s w ill be a v a ila b le late in 1962 and
the oth er e a r ly in 1963. D u rin g the s u rv e y y e a r, su m m a ry
r e le a s e s p r e s e n tin g a re a w id e occu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s data
fo r 25 to 30 la b o r m a r k e t s , a re is s u e d as data b e c o m e
a v a ila b le .
T h is b u lle tin w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e ­
g io n a l o f f ic e in San F r a n c is c o , C a lif., b y R o b e rt L . O r r ,
u nder the d ir e c t io n o f W illia m P . O 'C o n n o r.
The study
w as u n d er the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f John L. Dana, A s s i s t ­
ant R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r f o r W ages and In du stria l R e la tio n s .




1
4

A:

B:

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y _____________
P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and
s tr a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d
o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p s ________________________________________________
In d exes o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e h ou rly
e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s , and p e r c e n ts
o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s ______________

3

5

5

O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s— en and w o m e n ________________________
m
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s — en
m
and w o m e n ____________________________________________________
A -3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l
o c cu p a tio n s — en and w o m e n c o m b in e d ___________________
m
A -4 . M ain ten an ce and p o w e r plant o c cu p a tio n s __________________
A -5 . C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c cu p a tio n s ____________

12
14
15

E sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w ag e p r o v is io n s :*
B - l . Shift d iffe r e n tia ls _____________________________________________
B -2 . M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s __
B - 3. S ch ed u led w e e k ly h ou rs ______________________________________
B -4 . P a id h o lid a y s _________________________________________________
B -5 . P a id v a ca tio n s ________________________________________________
B -6 . H ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n p la n s _____________________

18
19
20
21
22
25

6
11

A pp en d ixe s :
A.
B.

C hanges in o ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s ______________________________
O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip tio n s ___________________________________________

* N O TE : S im ila r tabu la tion s a re a v a ila b le in p r e v io u s a r e a r e p o r t s fo r L o s
A n g e le s— on g B ea ch and fo r oth er m a jo r a r e a s . A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g the a r e a s ,
L
dates o f study, and p r ic e s o f th ese r e p o r t s is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e st.
C u rren t r e p o r t s on o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o ­
v is io n s in the L os A n g e le s — on g B e a ch a r e a a re a ls o a v a ila b le fo r the m a c h in e r y
L
in d u strie s (A p r il 1961), c o n tr a c t clea n in g s e r v ic e s (A u gu st 1961), life in su ra n ce
(June 1961), paints and v a r n is h e s (M ay 1961), and m e n 's and b o y s ' sh ir ts (e x ce p t
w o rk s h ir ts ) and n igh tw ear (M ay 1961). U nion s c a le s , in d ica tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g
pay le v e ls , are a v a ila b le fo r the fo llo w in g tr a d e s o r in d u s tr ie s : B u ild in g c o n ­
stru ctio n , prin tin g, lo c a l-t r a n s it o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s
and h e lp e r s .

m

27
29




Occupational Wage Survey—Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif.
Introduction

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U.S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics has conducted sur­
veys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of
Bureau field econom ists1 to representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica­
tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry groups
excluded from these studies are government operations and the con­
struction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because they
tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
basis. Longer average service of men vould result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data
are presented (in the A -series tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

Information is presented (in the B-series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to
office and plant workers. The concept "office workers, " as used
in
1
Data were obtained by mail from some of the smaller es­ this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes admin­
tablishments for which visits by Bureau field economists in the last
istrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant workers" in­
previous survey indicated employment in relatively few of the occu­
clude working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadpations studied. Unusual changes reported by mail were verified
men and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Administrative,
with employers.




1

%
executive, and professional employees, and force-account construction
employees who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufacturing indus­
tries, but are included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing industries.
Shift differential data (table B -l) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 2 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification "other" was used. In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance salaries (table B-2) relate only to the
establishments visited. They are presented in terms of establish­
ments with formal minimum salary policies.
The scheduled hours (table B-3) of a majority of the firstshift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B-4 through
B-6) are treated statistically on the basis that these are applicable
to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers are eli­
gible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums of
individual items in tables B-3 through B-6 may not equal totals be­
cause of rounding.
The first part of the paid holidays table (table B-4) presents
the number of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second
part combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to fo r­
mal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off with
pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate estimates
are provided according to employer practice in computing vacation
payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or
flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay, pay­
ments not on a time basis were so converted; for example, a payment
of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of
1 week’ s pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension plans
(table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ­
ployer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen’ s compen­
sation, social security, and railroad retirement. Such plans include
those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and those p ro­
vided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer out of
current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,3 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans4 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker’ s pay during absence from work
because of illness. Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors’ fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com m er­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker’ s life.

3 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
4 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
either of the following; conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
were excluded.




3

Table

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Los Angeles—Long Beach, C a lif.,1 by m ajor industry division, 2 March 1962

Industry division

A ll divisions

Minimum
employment
in establishments in scope
of study

Within
scope of
study 1
3
2

Studied

Within scope of study
Studied
T o ta l4

Office

Plant

T otal4

2, 675

345

1 ,0 1 5 , 900

2 09,700

5 90,000

4 7 9,210

100
-

1, 075
1, 600

119
226

564, 800
4 5 1 ,1 0 0

85,8 0 0
123,900

348 ,9 0 0
241 ,1 0 0

261, 700
217,510

100
50
100
50
50
50

109
484
215
287
455
50

35
52
28
43
52
16

102, 200
66, 200
101,700
86, 800
72, 200
22, 000

5 8 ,7 0 0
3 8 ,0 0 0

82, 740
16, 160
34, 070
48, 340
21,400
14,800

_________ _________________________________________

Manufacturing _________________________________________ _____
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________ ______ _
Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5 __________________________________
W holesale trade ___________________________________________
Retail trade (excluding department stores) ___________
Finance, insurance, and real estate ___________________
Services (excluding motion pictures)8 __ ______________
Motion pictures 9 _________________________________________

W orkers in establishments

Number of establishments

20 ,8 0 0
17, 700
(6 7
)
5 9 ,1 0 0
15, 000
3, 000

(6)
7 5, 000
38 ,8 0 0
14,700

7

1 The Los Angeles—Long Beach Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea consists of Los Angeles and Orange Counties.
The "w orkers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table
provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison
with other area employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the
payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
Major changes from the earlier edition (used in
the Bureau's labor m arket wage surveys conducted prior to July 1958) are the transfer of m ilk pasteurization plants and ready-m ixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or retail)
to manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting from services to the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the m inim um -size limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair
service, and m otion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
Los Angeles' electric utilities and m ost of its local transit are municipally operated and are excluded by definition
from the scope of the study.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for " a l l indu stries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A and B tables. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made
for one or m ore of the following reasons:
(1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to permit separate
presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosu re of individual establishment data.
7 Estim ate relates to real estate establishments only.
8 H otels; personal serv ice s; business services; automobile repair shops; m otion-picture distribution and m otion-picture theaters; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering an d
architectural serv ice s.
9 M otion-picture production and motion-picture service industries independent of production but allied thereto.




4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series (table 2). This series initiated with the expansion of the labor market
wage survey programs to 82 areas will replace the old series (1953 base) shown
in table 3. Changes in the jobs surveyed and job descriptions since the start of
the old series called for a reexamination of the jobs and job groupings for which
trends were to be computed.
The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series with
the following exceptions: The women clerical group is replaced by an office
clerical group (men and women) and the industrial nurse category includes both
men and women.
Changes were also made in the jobs included within job group­
ings in order that an identical list could be employed in all areas.

5

Table 2. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for
selected occupational groups in Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif., March 1961 to March 1962
and April I960 to March 1961
Percent increases from —
M arch 1961
to
M arch 1962

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and women) _____________
Industrial nurses (men and women) ____ ____
Skilled maintenance (men)
______
__ __ __
Unskilled plant (men) ___ _________________ _ __

April I960
to
M arch 1961

3.3
3.8
3.2
3.2

4.1
3.0
4.0
3.4

3.4
3.3

Industry and occupational group

3.4
2.9
4.1
3.1

__ —
_____
_ __
_____

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and women)
____ ____ ________
Industrial nurses (men and women) __ __ _____ —
Skilled maintenance (men) ___ _____ _____ _______ _
Unskilled plant (men) ___________________ ____ ______

2 .8

1 .9 '

Long Beach, C alif.,
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Los Angeles—
March 1962 and March 1961, and percents of increase for selected periods

Table 3.

Indexes
(February 1953 - 100)

Percent increases from —

March 1962

March 1961

M arch 1961
to
M arch 1962

April I960
to
M arch 1961

M arch 1959
to
April 1960

M arch 1958
to
M arch 1959

M arch 1957
to
M arch 1958

March 1956
to
M arch 1957

M arch 1955
to
M arch 1956

M arch 1954
to
M arch 1955

February 1953
to
March 1954

145.8
145.6
146.8
146.1

141.1
139.6
142.4
141.5

3.3
4.3
3.1
3.2

4.0
3.0
4.1
3.4

4.2
4.1
3.3
3.4

4.6
3.7
5.3
5.1

3.3
5.1
5.3
5.3

6 .2
6 .0

4.0
5.3

4.7
4.3
5.6
3.4

3.6
2.5
3.0
3.6

4.6
5.4
5.5

146.1
146.6
146.7
142.0

141.4
141.9
142.7
139.8

3.3
3.3
2 .8
1 .6

3.5
2.9
4.2
3.5

4.2
4.1
3.3
4.3

4.5
4.3
5.0
4.2

4.4
5.6
5.5
5.4

5.8
5.3
4.0
4.4

4.3
4.3
5.8
3.9

3.6
2.5
2.9
3.5

Industry and occupational group

A ll industries:
Industrial nurses (women)

______

6 .0

Manufacturing:
Industrial nurses (women) _______ _
Unskilled plant (men) _________




__ _

5.2
6 .8

5.8
4.9

A: Occupational Earnings

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C a lif., March 1962)
Atebaok
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers
(Standard)

W eek ly.
earnings1
(Standard)

N U M B ER OF W O RK ER S R E CEIVING ST R AIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY E A R N IN G S OF
S
s
$
$
S
$
s
$
$
S
$
$
$
S
45.00 50.00 55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 *75;00 80.00 *85.00 9 0 .0 0 95.00 10 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00
and
and
under
50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 10 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 over

Men
Clerks, accounting, class A -----------------Manufacturing------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing------------------------------Public utilities 2 __________________
Wholesale trade _ _ ----Finance 2
......
,
Motion pictures 4 ---------------------------

973
527
446
72

_

_

$111.50
113.00

169
48

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .0
39.5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

Clerks, accounting, class B ______ —-----Manufacturing------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing-------------------------------

459
224
235

39.5
4 0 .0
39.5

8 8 .0 0

85.00
90.50

Clerks, file, class A 6 --------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------

67
51

4 0 .0
40 .0

90.00
90.50

__
_______ __ ____
Clerks, order
Manufacturing __________
____ __ Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Wholesale trade ----------------------------

1.817
438
1,379
1, 255

40 .0
4 0 .0
40 .0
40 .0

105.50
106.50
105.00
105.50

-

_
-

Clerks, p a y r o ll_______________ __________
Manufacturing________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Motion pictures 4 _________________

312
170
142
63

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

108.50
106.50
111.50
132.00

_
-

Duplicating-machine operators
(Mimeograph or Ditto) _________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------

93
69

39.0
39.0

77.50
75.00

1.004
380
624
58
50
285

39.5
40. 0
39. 0
38. 5
39. 5
39.0

115
71
751
363
388
49

Office boys _____ _____________ _
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public utilities 2 __________________
Wholesale trade __________________
Finance 2 ____ ___________________
Services (excluding motion
pictures) _____ _____________ _____
Motion pictures 4 __ _ _____ ____
Tabulating-machine operators,
class A _ _ _____ ____ ______________
Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing__ ________________
Public utilities 2 __ ___________ __
Wholesale trade __ ________
___
Finance 2 _____________ ________ _____
Services (excluding motion
pictures) _________________________
Motion pictures 4 --------------------------Tabulating-machine operators,
class B ___________ ______________________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ---------------- -----------Public utilities 2 __________________
Wholesale trade __________________
Finance 3 ____ ___ ____ „
M o tio n p ir t iir p s

4

See footnotes at end of table.




10 0

1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0

106.50
106.00
136.00

-

_
-

_

_
-

_

-

_
-

48
48
-

6
6

3
17

-

-

44
17
27

75
51
24

• 114
62
52

48
27

2
2

2

6

-

-

7
7
7

4
4
4

5
5
-

-

1

9
-

22

36
65
23
12

28
-

132
58
74

72
31
41

12

1
12

61
6
12

-

40

24
30

119
58

47
14
33
5
2

14

40
29
11
1
1

36
16

48
31
17

1

11

20

4
4

_
.
15
_
-

1

-

1

8
2
1
1

_
-

21

7
14

4
4

18
18

10
6

6
2

4
4

5
5

3
3

2
2

1

_

1

-

64
40
24
24

75
28
47
47

146
84
62
48

279
59

372
28
344
330

383
43
340
319

92
23
69
69

106
5

106
34
72
67

88

20
1

25
24

28
27

12
8

33

15

6

6

11
6

42
30

19
-

1

1

4

27

9

-

2

1

2

5
3

12

-

25
18
7
-

5

12
12

10
10

17
7

24

1

2
2

2
2

-

233
72

132
30

146

8

16

73

17
38

22

7
-

5
-

3
4
-

8
2

-

5

8

4
-

13
80

80
3
_

10
2
8

6
2

10 2
1

79
56
23

23
7

16 1
2

90
60
30

_

-

-

23
5

19
25

42
13

5
9

8

-

4

1

3

6

-

5

-

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

2

_
_

2

3

16
8
8
2

69
18
51

10 0

10 2

45
55

36

127
67
60

1
16

11

58
25
33
3

16

1
6

66
1

130
92
38
7

24
19

2

14

23

27
33

16
6

13
31

10
1

30
-

13

5
-

5
4

5
-

12
6

154

237

216

10 0

16 0

77

77
139
55
36

95
49
46
37
3

82
45
37
9

25
13

54
-

22
1

2

4
_

91
82
9
1

7
-

3
3
_

19
8
11

_

2

-

15
-

_

_

_

-

7
7

1

11

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

33
33
33

4
4

19
19

1
1

72.00
74.00
70.50
76.50
73.00
65.00

.
-

60
16
44
9
_
34

178
69
109
13
8

38.0
4 0 .0

73.00
83.50

-

-

1

138

3 9.5
40. 0
39.5
3 9.5
4 0 .0
38.5

114.50
115.00
113.50
118.50
111.50
113.00

_
_

_
_
_

70
27

3 9.5
4 0 .0

106.00
131.00

1.271
591
680
90
186
266
36

3 9.5
40 .0
39.5
40 .0
39.5
39.0
40 .0

100.50
101.50
99.00
104.00

-

_

1

-

11
11
1

1

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
_
-

_
_

5
5
_
5

12

-

2
2

_

66

11

-

2
2

_
_

11

‘

2
1

-

1

1
1

4

-

-

-

-

-

22

23
6

17
4
_
13

76
26
50

51

-

22

35

2
1

2
6

264
97
167
5
54
75

3
12

5

44

16

23

2

10 1

2

-

-

92.00
127.50

62
40

11
6

“

28
16

.
_

70
35
35

2

_
-

28
24
4

1 0 2 .0 0

10

27
26
-

4
4

10 0

37

-

2
1

41
4
37

_
-

-

2

22
1
20

38
5
33

-

_
-

_

46
24

21

220
16 0

-

1

-

2

8

10
8

40

47

10
2

5

2

10 1

91

18

48
40
40

2

1

-

5 11

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

12
2
10
10

30

20
20

28
28

-

22
22

_
-

31

15

6

12
6
6
6

.

2

_
-

-

-

6

8

4

6

9
9
-

25
25

7
7

2
2

4
4
4

6

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

6
1

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

52
36

34

29
9

5
_
5
_

11

11
8

4

11

7

12

-

9

4

10

2

20

_

2

11

_

16

_

-

. 3

-

-

2

2

3
_
3
_
_
3

4
_
4
_
_
.

1

5

9

2

3
_
3

9
_
9

4

7
4
_
_
_

3
.
_
_

_
4

_
3

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_

7
Table A-L

O ffice Occupations—Men and W om en-----Continued

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C a lif., March 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F-

Avebaok
Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
$
S
S
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
S
$
$
$
$
W
eekly. W
eekly , 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 *65. 00 7 0 .0 0 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00
hours
earnings
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 7 5 .0 0 80.00 85.00 90.0 0 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 over

M en— Continued
Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s C _________ ____ ___ _____ ______ __
M anufacturing ___ _____ __ ____ __
N onm anufacturing _______
__ __ __
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

282
143
139
69

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0

$ 88.50
92.00
85.00
77.00

"

-

-

3
3
3

28
28
20

21
21
15

11
2
9
9

26
1$
7
5

43

54
36
18
6

78
*4
24
-

10

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

li
9

10
2

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

T yp ists, c la s s B ________________________

65

39.0

78. 50

_

_

1

3

10

13

6

23

4

_

5

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

638
203
435
135

4 0.0
40.0
4 0.0
39.5

80.00
77.60
80.50
86. 50

_
-

_
-

_
-

45
20
25
-

145
3fc
113
21

104
43
61
“

29
1
28
19

77
60
17
8

64
24
40
23

81
1*
66
46

59
1
58
4

21
5
16
7

11
11
7

2
2
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

-

64

39.5

81.50

-

-

1

-

8

11

8

12

4

8

4

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

864

39.5
* 9 .5
39.5
4 0.0

94. 50
l O T
93. 50
95.50

_
-

_
-

-

3
3
-

21
21
-

17
1
16
-

145
44
101
20

68
35
33
22

206
96
108
62

151
72
79
31

114
94
20
1

20
11
9
-

36
36
30

71
61
10
7

12
12
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

2, 222
200
1, 804

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39. 5

71.00
88.00
68. 50
85.50
65.00

-

152
152
149

419
419
419

501
501
498

368
25
343
20
318

239
22
217
26
186

222
26
196
25
131

187
13
174
49
58

205
105
100
19
43

65
33
32
14
1

45
35
10
1

21
7
14
-

70
7
63
47

23
23
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C le rk s , accounting, c la s s A ___________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________ _____
W holesale trade ___________________
Finan ce 3 ____ ____________„ ____
S e r v ic e s (exclu d in g m otion
p ictu res) ____
__ ______
M otion p ictu re s 4 ___________________

2, 571
1, 388
1, 183
168
273
259

39.5
40. 0
39.5
40.0
40 .0
39.0

99.00
100. 50
97. 50
101.00
94. 50
91. 50

_
.
-

_
-

_
-

3
3
1

10
10
4

20
2
18
14

176
74
102
1
27
33

181
48
133
8
63
27

170
62
108
9
36
15

425
252
173
30
36
63

481
335
146
27
19
31

421
281
140
48
10
40

210
58
152
37
19
27

148
60
88
2
37
4

108
90
18
6
-

62
29
33
20
-

92
63"
9
-

27
27
-

10
7
3
3
-

12
7
5
3
-

2
2
-

13
13
-

247
82

38.5
4 0.0

93.00
128.50

-

-

-

2
-

6
-

4
-

32

29
-

15
3

40
-

50
-

23
4

8
7

35
4

1
5

13

1
3

1
26

"

2

2

7 13

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ___________
M anufacturing
__ __ __ __ __ __ —
N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u blic u tilitie s 2___________________
W holesale trade ___________________
F in a n ce 3 __ __ _ __ __ __ __ __
S e r v ic e s (exclu d in g m otion
p ictu res) --------------------------------------

4, 225
1, 774
2,451
657
486
831

39. 5
4 0 .0
39.0
40 .0
40 .0
38.5

79. 50
8*. 00
77.00
77.00
80. 50
71.00

_
.
-

12
12
_
_
12

18
18
_
2
11

338
44
294
25
4
235

487
127
360
127
33
175

657
239
418
149
129
83

809
271
538
137
104
191

622
314
308
94
72
66

560
375
185
93
59
23

332
221
111
12
64
16

101
58
43
7
-

99
62
37
9
5
-

156
51
105
4
2
19

23
11
12
8
-

2
1
1
-

2
2
-

7
7
4
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

302

38.5

78. 00

-

-

5

30

25

42

78

73

6

16

-

12

15

-

"

“

-

-

-

-

-

C lerk s, file , c la s s A 6 __________________
M anufacturing -------------------- __ __ __
N onm anufacturing ___________________
F in a n ce 3 ___ ____ __ __ __ __ __

571
246
325
217

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0

79. 50
88.00
73. 50
69. 00

_

1

21

111

37

40
*6
2

17
6
11

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

95
85
10

2

-

-

-

-

-

21
21

25
12
13
9

1

1
1

104
75
29
10

2

-

56
22
34
29

5

-

54
8
46
36

5

2

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

W om en
B ille r s , m achine (b illin g m a c h i n e ) ____
M anufacturing ______
__ __ __ __
N onm anufacturing __ __ ____ __ __
W holesale trade ___________________
B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) ____________ _______ _____ _
B ook keepin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A ________ ___ ______
____ __
M anufacturing ___ __ __ __ __ _____
Nonm anufacturing _____ __ __ __ __
W holesale trade ___________________
B ook keepin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B _______ __ ___ _____ ___ ____
M anufacturing ___ __ __ __
Nonm anufacturing _________ __ __ —
W holesale trade _____ __ __ __ __
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

See footnotes at end of table,




427
173
2, 518

2%

-

-

I ll
86

37
23

2

1

8
Table A -l.

O ffice Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif. , March 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Avebaox
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

$
S
1
S
S
S
s
$
1
W
eekly
W
eekly 4 5 .0 0 50.00 55.00 l o . 00 I s . 00 70. 00 75. 00 8 0 .0 0 85 .0 0 90. 00 95.00 *100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 *135.00 140.00 *145.00 *150.00
hours 1 earnings1 and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
50.00 55. 00 60. 00 65.00 7 0 .0 0 75.0 0 80.00 8 5 .0 0 9 0.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 ov er

W om en— Continued
C lerk s, file , c la s s B 6 _ _

2,674

. ..

3 9 .0

$ 64. 50

790

578

167
l62
5
5
-

91
76
15
10
-

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

55
5
50
35
-

17
5
7

12
g
6
1
5

2
2

3 9 .5

58. 50

-

61

95

66

6

17

-

-

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
38. 5

6 6.00
7 5.00
64. 50
70. 50
6 0.00

34
34
33

45
45
39

126
16
110
106

112
2
110
34
70

86
10
76
60
14

33
8
25
20
-

56
16
40
19

61
35
26
7
19

31
31
20
-

5
3
2

C lerk s, ord er
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade

797
351
446
281

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

91. 00
87. 00
94. 50
99.00

_
-

_
"

_
-

37
37
-

61
47
14
6

19
19
13

66
47
19
7

104
52
52
37

98
86
12
12

92
ZT
68
40

1,537
802
735
87
106
138

39. 5
40. 0
39. 0
39. 5
3 9 .5
38. 5

93. 00
93.00
93. 00
99.00
94.00
85. 50

_
-

3
3
-

_
-

1
1

141
91
50
1
19

66
33
33
1
13

152
78
74
3
18
19

269
135
134
17
28
21

249
140
109
1
23
7

17

1

593
90
503
141
300

__

42
— Z0"
22
1
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

-

-

-

59
45
14
14

116
24
92
41

10
10
10

87
26
61
61

20
20
20

20
20
20

_
"

8
8
"

_
-

_
-

_
"

_
-

158
111
90 """50
81
68
32
17
2
4
17
18

107
37
70
1
14
-

112
58
54
5
16
1

62
47
15
8
6

42
28
14
1
-

14
11
3
-

2
2
-

1
-

_
-

1
-

4
----- T ~
-

1
-

1
-

39. 5

89. 50

-

-

20

19

34

11

49

21

15

19

-

1

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

Com ptom eter op era tors ________________
M anufacturing
_ __________ ....
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
P ublic u t ilit ie s 2 _ _ _
__ _
W holesale trade __________________

1,672
65T"
1,036
55
462

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 5
4 0 .0
39. 5

90. 50
92. 50
8 9.00
99. 00
88. 50

_
-

_
-

_
-

7
6
l
-

19
19
1
2

56
12
44
1
4

302
45
257
2
94

235
78
157
3
98

182
70
112
1
84

203
i2S
80
2
59

309
221
88
22
40

115
29
86
7
69

216
40
176
16
"

22
8
14
12

2
2
-

4
2
2
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

>
-

_
-

D uplicating-m achine op erators
(M im eograph or D itto) ________________
M anufacturing
_
_ _
Nonm anufacturing ___
F in a n ce3 __________________________

322
173
149
76

39. 5
40. 0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 8 .0 0
82. 00
74. 00
70.00

-

-

10
10
10

27
1
26
13

20
4
16
14

44
12
32
14

48
24
24
17

84
69
15
2

78
61
17
6

1
1

5
2
3

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Keypunch op e r a to r s , c la s s A 6 _________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u tilities 2 _______ __________
W holesale trade __________________
F in a n ce3 _______
__ __
M otion p ic tu r e s 4

1,869
784
1,085
77
178
503
38

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 5
39. 5
3 9 .5
39. 0
4 0 .0

89. 50
93. 00
87. 50
94.00
93. 50
79. 50
109.50

_
-

-

_
-

14
14
14
-

57
57
2
54
"

77
10
67
1
4
60
“

258
63
195
7
4
173
-

230
81
149
8
25
78
-

178
89
89
10
22
52
-

329
164
165
4
30
49
2

515
258
257
12
68
23
11

127
79
48
28
18
2

31

i
21 !
io !
5 !
2
3

25
4
21
5
7

15
15
-

13
13
13

-

-

_
-

-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , cla s s B 6 _________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing __ __ __
Public u t ilit ie s 2
__
__ _
W holesale trade __________________
Finance 2
Motion pictures 4 _________________

2,297

39. 5
4 0 .0
39. 5
40. 0
39. 5
39. 0
4 0 .0

-

-

18
8
10

320
53
267
103
96
62

425
200
225
72
67
74

444
239
205
32
60
58

338
211
127
35
14
51
1

201
124
77
2
13
g

168
31
137
9
91

48
11
37
10
14

91
6
85
46
4

23
6
17
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

135
13
122
44
4
63

-

-

85
85
5
78

-

_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

23

17

-

-

_

See footnotes at end of table,




192

1

224
2
36
159

169
115
54
5
6
43

246

__________________

710
1
51
586

145
34
111
8
44
41

C lerk s, file , c la s s C 6 __________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________
F in a n ce3 _

268
205

574
4
26
447

273

2, 137
77
179
1,579

C lerks, pa y roll
___ ...
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing __
Public utilities 2
W holesale trade __ _ _
F in a n ce3 _________ __ __ __ _
S erv ices (exclud ing m otion
p i c t u r e s ) ___________

102
4
98

274

N onm anufacturing
P ublic u tilities 2 ______
W holesale trade
__
F in a n ce3 _________________________
S erv ices (exclud ing m otion
p ictu res)

3 9.0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
38. 5

62.00
85.00
68.00
60.00

102

902

1,395
358
363
401
48

82.
84.
81.
81.
83.
74.

50
00
50
50
50
00

1 0 9 .0 0

3

-

-

-

5
_

i

2
2

4

i

1

-

'

-

|

|

-

i

-

9
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations—Men and W om en-----Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los AngelesHLong Beach, Calif., March 1962)
N U M B ER OF W O RK ER S R E CE IVIN G S T R A IG H T-TIM E W E E KLY E A RN IN G S OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

$

Weekly j 4 5 .0 0
Weekly
earnings
hours
and
(Standard) (Standard)
5 0 .0 0

$

5 0 .0 0

$

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

$

$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0

$

$

$

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

$

8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

74
66
8
2

19
15
4
4

14
2
12
8

6
-

1
-

6
3

1

$

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

and
5 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0

over

Women— Continue d
Office g i r l s _______________________
Manufacturing ________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________
Public utilities 2 __________
Wholesale t r a d e ___________
Finance 3 __________________
Services (excluding motion
pictures) _________________

827
3^2
505
32
55
310

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

$ 6 5 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
6 4 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
6 0 .0 0

65

3 8 .5

7 1 .0 0

Secretaries _______________________
Manufacturing ________________
Nonmanufacturing____________
Public utilities 2 __________
Wholesale t r a d e ___________
Finance 3 __________________
Services (excluding motion
pictures) _________________
Motion pictures 4 _________

1 3 ,9 4 1
7 , 050
6 ,8 9 1
797
1, 0 3 7
2 , 537

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1, 556
538

Stenographers, general 6 ________
Manufacturing ________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________
Public utilities 2 __________
Wholesale t r a d e ___________
Finance 3 __________________
Services (excluding motion
pictures) _________________
Motion pictures 4 _________
Stenographers, senior 6 ___________
Manufacturing __________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________
Public utilities 2 ____________
Wholesale t r a d e _____________
Finance 3 _____________________
Services (excluding motion

6
73

164
66
98
7
8
69

206
47
159
6
40
83

18
10
8
2
1

-

2

1

-

6

12

4

5

35

3

_
_
-

27
27
-

13
13
1
_

"

"

27

12

68
24
44
1
8
19

71
3
68
5
45

387
91
296
10
11
191

814
295
519
71
88
213

939
310
629
65
69
269

2064
854
1210
25
164
601

2505
1610
895
50
98
422

_

_

_

_

16

18

67

-

-

-

-

-

128
14

201
20

268
16

_
_
-

1
1
1

20
20
7
11

96
24
72
_
54

201
20
181
26
4
134

275
42
233
31
20
151

698
1 58
540
45
42
366

633
178
455
23
90
239

1126
619
507
42
73
275

8 2 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0

_

_

2

16

15

30

61

60

-

-

-

-

-

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 1 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

_

_
_

6
6
1
_

-

-

-

3

90
6
84
2
20
34

131
29
1 02
4
16
43

353
97
256
7
17
1 17

735
65

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

8 8 .5 0
1 15 .0.0

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
-

28
-

39
-

Switchboard operators __________
M anufacturing________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________
Public utilities 2 __________
Wholesale t r a d e ___________
Finance 3 __________________
Services (excluding motion
pictures) _________________
Motion pictures 4 _________

2 , 2 13
659
1, 5 5 4
267
159
454

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

8 1 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

30
30
_
_

1 72
1 72
_
.

85
-

81
-

119
-

85
_
_

81
_

-

1

13

509
96

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

6 5 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0

29
-

1 68
-

Switchboard operator-recep tion ists____
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public utilities 2 __________________
Wholesale t r a d e ___________________

1 ,9 9 1
1, 002
989
56
382
235

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

8 1 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

_
_
-

_
-

-

2 03

3 9 .0

7 7 .0 0

-

Motion pictures 4 ____________

Services (excluding motion
pictures) _________________________
See footnotes at end of table.




55
27
28
_
_

76
18
58
_
_

28

54

-

1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

_
_
_

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

9 7 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0

5 , 169
2 , 3 77
2, 792
380
334
1 ,4 2 9

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

8 7 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

3 11
1 90

3 8 .5
4 0 .0

4 ,4 9 3
2 , 297
2 , 196
229
336
670

6
6

-

_

_

_

•_

_

_

_

_

2304
1378
926
144
181
285

1661
1046
615
145
93
214

911
482
429
37
79
55

814
453
361
83
65
70

620
186
434
81
92
69

374
1 91
183
44
57
12

173
78
95
18
11
8

109
29
80
14
6
25

35
9
26
3
8

16
1
15
3
2

36
10
26
2
_

-

-

246
27

238
27

111
45

148
72

49
49

21
145

10
20

2
52

24
11

9
6

.

_

10

24

1375
1103
272
21
42
1 56

305
78
227
85
34
38

223
85
138
87
14
4

83
6
77
3
_

48
4
44
14
8

35
22
13
3
_

14
2
12
_
_

36
36
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

85
11

22
9

4
51

16
14

61

22

10

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

630
258
372
9
46
122

695
395
300
6
67
112

893
493
400
8
66
1 38

897
696
201
21
21
71

322
1 47
175
65
27
20

222
90
132
91
12
7

160
61
99
13
42
3

31
18
13
2
2

27
3
24
_
_

4
2
2
_
_

26
2
24
>
_

3
3
_
_

1
_
1
_
_

1
_
1
_
_

1
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

96
-

132
-

1 04
4

166
-

57
7

49
2

9
11

29
12

6
3

_

_

_

.

12

2

18
6

3

1

1

1

246
81
165
35
19
45

287
1 34
153
42
26
56

296
1 46
150
46
25
29

312
220
92
68
6

93
19
74
24
31

53
17
36

17
5
12

4
_
4

5

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

1
76

223
15
208
20
42
108

5
_

119
15
4
74

1 90
22
1 68
17
5
52

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

71
-

2
-

15
-

75
1

32
3

63
1

26
2

25
12

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

4

2
16

36

12

4

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

106
-

296
171
125
_

362
161
2 01
1

461
242
219
1

154
85
69
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

8

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

122
6

23
33

115
47
68
9
36

7
7
_

79
69

150
70
80
39
19

14
6
8

44
23

1 23
97
26
5
21

56
54
2

20
60

119
62
57
1
11
24

8
-

106
_

_

-

-

7

_

_

_

_

_

-

20
20
_
20

-

-

22

39

21

35

63

8

-

-

15

"

-

_
-

129
44
85
_

59
21
38
_

-

1
_
_

10
Table A-L

O ffice Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los Angeles-Long Beach, C a lif., March 1962)
NU M B ER OF W O RK ER S R E CEIVING ST R AIG H T-TIM E W E E KLY E A R N IN G S OF

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
Weekly.
hours
(Standard)

W eek ly .
earnings
(Standard)

45.00
and
under
50.00

$

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
t
s
$
$
S
$
$
55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00
and
55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 o v e r

50.00

Women— Continued
Tabulating-machine operators,
class A .
Manufacturing

111
65

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$114.00
115.00

Tabulating-machine operators,
class B _______________________
Manufacturing-----Nonmanufacturing

670
116
554

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

91.50
103.00
89.00

Tabulating-machine operators,
class C
Nonmanufacturing ___
Public utilities 1
2

139
124
31

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

78.00
76.50
72.00

780
220
560
47
58
338

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

77.00
77.50
77.00
85.00
79.00
74.50

3. 126
1,454
1, 672
147
134
1, 112

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39. 0

83.50
87.50
79.50
93.50
86.00
74.50

179
64

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

82.00
106.00

“

10
2

8
2

12
11

40
24

16
9

76
7
69

151
20
131

44
11
33

44
36
8

32
12
20

42
26
16

9
2
7

27
21
"

2
1
"

4
3
"

4
1
■

4
1

-

-

_

94
18
76
12
1
55

94
44
50
22
8

55
24
31
5
.
26

16
16
6
10

6
_
6
6
_

9

_

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

589
304
285
14
81
152

414
254
160
7
6
119

389
294
95
8
47

324
259
65
17
7

119
21
98
78
17
-

32
10
22
1
-

20
-

25
1

30
1

13
21

2

-

-

-

~

"

“

"

“

~

■

■

12
12

19
19

234
234

-

"

10
10
10

41
41
18

46
46
2

63
24
39
_
.
39

138
34
104
1
10
77

149
25
124
8
84

155
51
104
17
17
38

■

■

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

2
2
_
2

15
15
_
_
15

151
4
147
_
147

299
22
277
_
247

249
57
192
14
2
172

470
183
287
9
21
204

_

_

_

_

30
-

4
-

53
-

13
13

5
3

4

7
2
5

_

_

_

•

■

"

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

■

•

-

•

-

-

_

_
_

.
_

_
_

.
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

.

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

52
34
18
_
4
-

15
12
3
_
2

6
6
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

2
19

_
14

_

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

!
1

1

■

1

1
_

_

_

_

-

-

Transcribing-machine operators,
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _
Public utilities 2
Wholesale trade
Finance 3 ---------Typists, class A
Manufacturing _____
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2
Wholesale trade
Finance 3
Services (excluding motion
pictures)
Motion pictures 45 ____
7
6
Typists, class B ---Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing —
Public utilities 2
Wholesale trade
Finance 3
Services (excluding motion
pictures)

8.982
3,457
5, 525
272
678
3, 577

39. 5
40. 0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
38. 5

72.00
78.50
68.00
78.50
75.00
65.50

829

38. 5

1

41
41

222
222

-

-

41

69.50

-

200

641
42
599
_
6
553

1591
216
1375
14
63
1106

1819
412
1407
88
180
869

1238
598
640
23
195
311

1204
607
597
44
53
292

684
393
291
18
45
145

1227
1132
95
11
22
21

22
'

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

1
1
_
-

30

171

258

99

156

62

1

9

31

221
46
175
40
91
39

1

_
6

83
6
77
34
21

10
4
6
2

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_
-

_

.
_

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

.
_

■

-

'

'

'

'

“

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
See footnote 9, table 1.
Workers were distributed as follows: 3 at $ 150 to $ 160; 6 at $ 160 to $ 170; 2 at $200 and over.
Description for this job has been revised sipce the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
Workers were distributed as follows: 8 at $ 150 to $ 160; 5 at $ 160 to $ 170.




-

'

■

11
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., March 1962)1
3
2
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F-

Avbbaqb

Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

S

$

t

W
eekly,
Weekly, 75.00 80.00 85.00
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
80.00 85.00 90.00

S

90.00

$

$

*

$

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

S

1

s

S

*

S

S

95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 170.00 180.00 190.00 200.00
and
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 170.00 180.00 150.00 200.00 over

Men
D raftsm en, lea d er ________ — — -------------M anufacturing ________________ _________
N onm anufacturing -------------------------------

289
222
67

40.0
40.0
40.0

$160.50
155.50
177.50

_
-

-

■

_
•

D raftsm en, sen ior ----------------------------------M anufacturing __________ ______________
N onm anufacturing
______ _______ _____
Pu blic u tilitie s 3
_ __ ________ _
S e r v ic e s (exclud ing m otion
p ictu res) ---------------------------------------

3, 059
2, 456
603
74

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

124.50
121.00
139.00
138.50

.
-

13
12
1
-

8
8
-

474

40.0

139.50

-

D raftsm en, junior _____________________ _
M anufacturing ________________________

652
50 T

40.0
40.0

97.50
ru m

51
51

D raftsm en, sen ior _______________________
M anufacturing ________________________

102
86

40.0
40.0

119.50
115.00

_
"

■

N u rses, in du stria l (re g is te r e d )
_____
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ____________________

535
39.5
453 ” 4 0
82
39.5

108.50
108.50
108.50

_
-

5
5

_
■

27

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

178
172
6
1

162
156
6
_

-

86
86

1
1
“

“

2

73
73

93
77

71
71

"

"

26
25
1

26
19
7

£ 6

236
233
3
1

232

.
-

.
-

15
15

7
7

39
39

28
28

-

-

“

-

-

31
28
3

29
13
16

2 2

27
5

431
422
9
4

209
131
78
7

212
163
49
11

141
48
93
6

92
54
38
6

163
50
113
6

85
26
59
18

65
31
34
_

4

69

30

79

30

104

39

72
72

.

12
12

-

-

-

3
3

31
31

5
5

2

.

8

2

55
48
7

33
24
9

10
9

10
8

.
-

3
3

_

10
5

263
227
36
2

535
471
64
6

-

4

33

56

80
66

81
73

26
22

7

3
3

11
11

18
18

15
15

44
36
8

74
68
6

103
88
15

146
128
18

2 2 2

20
20

'

-

.

17
15

29
28
1

3

18

27
18
29

_

20

4

2

2

2

2

1
_

2
_

.
_

24

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

.

.

.

.
_

.
_

_
-

_

_

-

_

.

W om en

1
2
3

_

2

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
A ll workers were at $200 to $210.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




12
Table A-3. O ffice, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en Combined
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif. , March 1962)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly ,
earnings1
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

C le rk s , file , c la s s C 5
M anufacturing ------Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade
F in a n ce 3 ______

721
203
518
314
135

$ 8 2 . 00
77. 50
83. 50
80.0 0
86. 50

64

81.5 0

884
438
446
173

95. 50
96. 00
9 4.50
95. 50

B ookkeeping-m achine o p era to rs , c la s s B
M anufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
W holesale trade ____________________

2. 558
296
2, 262
200
1, 839

71 .0 0
88. 00
68. 50
85. 50
65. 00

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ______________
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------Public u tilities 2 _____________________
W holesale trade _____________________
F in a n ce 3 ____________________________
S erv ices (excluding m otion pictu res)
M otion pictu res 4 ____________________

3. 544
1,915
1,629
240
373
428
272
130

102.50
103.50
101.00
104.00
9 8 .0 0
97. 50
94. 00
131.50

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B _____________________
M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 ____________________________
W holesale trade ____________________________
F in a n ce 3 ___________________________________
S ervices (excluding m otion p ictu res) ---------

4. 684
1,998
2, 686
679
491
939
349

80. 50
83. 00
78. 50
77. 50
80. 50
7 3 .0 0
78. 00

638
262
376
40
227

8 1.00
88. 00
75. 50
96. 50
69. 00

Keypunch operators, class A 5
Manufacturing _____________
Nonmanufacturing -------------Public utilities 2 _______
Wholesale trade -----------Finance 3 _______________
Motion pictures 4 _______

2 .710
551
2, 159

65.0 0
7 6 .0 0
62. 00
86. 50
68. 00
60.0 0
58. 50

Keypunch o p e ra to rs , cla s s B 5
M anufacturing -------------N onm anufacturing -------Pu blic u tilities 2 ____
W holesale trade ___
F in a n ce 3 ___________
M otion p ictu res 4 ___

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) _______
B ookkeeping-m achine o p era to rs, c la s s A __
M anufacturing _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade

C lerk s, file , c la s s A 5 _____
M anufacturing -----------------Nonmanufacturing ----------Public u tilities 2 ______
F in a n ce3 _____________
C lerk s, file , c la s s B 5 ____________________
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ______________________
Public u tilities 2 _____________________
W holesale trade _____________________
S ervices (excluding m otion pictu res)

See footnotes at end of table.




Average
w
eekly .
earnings
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations
B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine)
Manufa c tu r i ng --------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------- -—
Public u tilities 2 ____________
W holesale trade ____________

N ber
um
of
workeri

86

179
1, 591
246

Number
of

O ccupation and industry d iv ision

Average
w
eekly
earnings1
(Standard)

1.831
702
1, 129
90
105
595
180
81

$69 .
71.
67.
77.
69.
62.
72.
83.

O ffice occu pation s— Continued
614
96
518
141
313

$ 6 6 .0 0
74. 50
64. 50
70. 50
59. 50

O ffice boys and g ir ls

___ ______ __

__ __

____ __

Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 ------------------------------------------------W holesale trade -------------------------------------------------F in a n ce3
S ervices (exclud ing m otion p ictu res) _________
Motion p ic tu r e s 4 __
___ _
____

1
101.00 1
9 8 .0 0 I
102.50
104.50 S e cretaries ___ ________
_____________ ____ ______ 14,061
M a n u fa c tu r in g _- ________ __ ________ _________ ___
7, 091
Nonmanufacturing __ _______
____ ________
95. 50
6, 970
Public u tilities 2
95. 50
821
96. 00
1,037
W holesale trade ---------------- ------------ -----------9 9.50
Finance 3 ____ _____ _____ ____ ___________ ______
2, 537
9 5 .0 0
S ervices (exclud ing m otion p ictu res) _________
1, 604
85.50
545
Motion p ic tu r e s 4 __________ ____
___________
89. 50
128.50 Stenographers, g e n e r a l5 ------------ -------- _ _____ „
5. 216
Manufacturing ----------- --------------------- — --------------- 2, 385
91.50
Nonmanufacturing __ ___ ________________________
2, 831
95. 00
Public u tilities c
_
____________
418
334
W holesale trade ----------------- __ — ----------------89. 00
Fi nanc e 3
..
99.0 0 1
1,429
88.50
S ervices (exclud ing m otion p ictu res) _________
311
Motion p ictu res 4 -----------------------------------------------191

C le rk s, o r d e r ______________________________
M anufacturing ----------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ______________________
W holesale trade _____________________

2, 614
789
1, 825
1, 536

C le rk s, p a y ro ll ------------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing ---------------------------------P u blic u tilities 2 _____________________
W holesale trade _____________________
F in a n ce 3 ____________________________
S e rv ice s (excluding m otion pictu res)
M otion pictu res 4 -------------------------------

1,849
972
877
111
128
138
198
85

C om ptom eter op e ra to rs ___________________
M anufacturing ----------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ---------------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2 _____________________
W holesale trade _____________________

1,707
666
1, 041
56
462

D uplicating-m ach ine o p e ra to rs
(M im eograph o r Ditto) ___________________
M anufacturing ----------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ---------------------------------F in a n ce 3 ------------------------------------------S e rvice s (excluding m otion pictu res)

Stenographers, s e n i o r 5 ______________________________
7 8 .0 0 |
Manufacturing -___—_____ ______________ _________
82.0 0
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------74.5 0
Public u t ilit ie s 2 __ ______ __
__ _____
72. 50
W holesale trade __ -------------------------- — __
72. 50
Finance 3 -______ ___ ____ _____ ________ ____ _____
S ervices (exclud ing m otion p ictu res) _________
Motion p ic tu r e s 4 ---------- ----------------------------89. 50 Switchboard op era tors
1,869
____
93. 00
784
87. 50
1, 085
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------94. 00
77
Public u tilities 2 _
_____
______
93. 50
178
W holesale trade
_
__
503
79. 50
F in a n ce3
_
___
38 109.50
S ervices (exclud ing m otion p ictu res) _________
Motion p ictu res 4 --------------------- ----------------------82.5 0 |Switchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t i o n i s t s --------------------------2, 306
Manufacturing
....... .. ...............
84.00
9081
81.50
1, 398
Nonmanufacturing ------------------- __ — — ------- —
8 1.50
P u b lic u t il it ie s 2
361
83. 50
W h o le s a le t r a d e ___
___ ________ _________
363
74. 00
F in a n c e 3 _____________
_____________________ ____ _
401
48 109.00
S ervices (exclud ing m otion p ictu res) --------------415
197
218
111
74

00
50
50
50
00
50
00
50

101. 00
102.00
100. 00
107.00
103. 00
94. 50
97. 00
117.50
87. 00
90. 00
84. 50
92. 00
86. 00
80. 00
82. 00
104.50

4, 523
2, 297
2, 226
239
356
670
735
65

91. 50
93. 00
90. 00
102.00
91. 00
85. 50
88. 50
115. 00

2. 216
660
1, 556
267
159
456
509
96

81 50
91. 50
77. 50
89. 00
87. 00
74. 50
65. 50
104.00

1.991
1, 002
989
56
382
235
203

81.
83.
80.
97.
82.
72.
77.

50
00
00
00
50
00
00

13
Table A-3. O ffice, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en Combined— Continued
Average s tra igh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , L os An geles—
Long B each , C a lif. , M arch 1962)

O ccupation and industry division

O ffic e o ccu p a tio n s— Continued
T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A _
M anufacturing __________________________
N onm anufacturing ---------------- -----------------P u blic u t ilit ie s 1 _____________________
2
W holesale trade _____________________
F in a n ce 3 ___________________ _________
S e r v ic e s (exclud ing m otion pictu res)
M otion p ictu re s 45 ____________________
T a bulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B
M anufacturing _______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________
P u blic u tilities 2 _________________
W holesale trade _________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________
M otion p ic tu r e s 4 ________________
T a bulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s C
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u blic u tilities 2 _________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

1
2
3
4
5

Num
ber
of
workers

Average
w
eekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of

Average
w
eekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

$77 .00 D raftsm en, leader _ _____ __ — __ __________ ___
M anufacturing ____ ________ _____________________
77. 50
7 7.00
Nonm anufacturing ____________ ____ _ ____ __
8 5.00
79.00.
75.00 D raftsm en, sen ior ____ __ __________________ _ _
83. 50
87. 50
79. 50
94. 00
85. 50
74. 50
82.00
106.00

Nonmanufacturing ______ ___ ____ __ _________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 _ __ _________________ ____
S erv ices (excluding m otion p ictu res) ____ ___

289
222
67

$160. 50
155. 50
177.50

3, 161
2, 542
619
76
488

124.50
121. 00
139. 50
138.50
140. 00

D raftsm en, junior
.
_ __ _ __ _ _
____
678
M anufacturing
____ _
_ ___________ _____
_ ------ 624"
Nonm anufacturing __ __ __ ___ _________________
54

72. 00
78. 50
6 8 . 50
79-00 N u r s e s , industrial (re g is te re d ) -------------------------------____
M anufacturing
__ __ __ __ ___________
75 .0 0
Nonmanufacturing __
______________________ ___
65. 50
Pu blic u tilit ie s 2 _ ___________ _ _____________
69. 50

E arnings are fo r a regu la r w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their straigh t-tim e w eekly sa la r ie s , e xclu sive o f any p rem iu m pay.
T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public utilities.
F in an ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate.
See footnote 9» table 1.
D e sc r ip tio n fo r this jo b has been r e v ise d since the last survey in this are a . See appendix A .




w
eekly j
earnings
(Standard)

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations

O ffice occupations— Continued
784
862 $114.00 T ra n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e ra to rs, gen eral
220
115. 00
M anufacturing
_____
__
____
___
----- 428“
564
434
113.50
Nonm anufacturing
—
__ ____ ___
______
__ —
47
Pu blic u tilit ie s 2
.
62
117.50
110
W holesale trade
__
— __
_
___
58
1 1 1 .50
342
112.50
150
F in a n ce 3 ____
106.00
71
___
T y p is ts , c la s s A
3, 159
132.00
32
M anufacturing
_ _
__ __ ____
__ __ __ “ l','4S 0'
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________________
1,699
1 Q11
97. 50
P iiH ir ntiliH es ®
155
101.50
707
138
W holesale trade ____ - ___
__ __
94. 50
1,234
F inance 3 __________ _____ _______________ ____
1 , 12 1
ol U
A
ft
y5. U
288
S e rv ice s (excluding m otion p ictu res)
179
102. 50
231
70
M otion p ic tu r e s 4 ___________________ _________
307
92*. 50
_ __ __
__
____
9,047
__ ____
42
125.00 T y p is ts , c la s s B
3,490
M anufacturing
__ __
___ __ _ __ -------5, 557
N onmanufac tur ing _______________________________
85.00
421
Pu blic utilities 2 ______________________________
286
9 2 . 00
158
686
W holesale trade
________ ____ __ _ ___ _
263
81.00
Finance 3 _____ __________ __ ______________ _
3,577
82. 50
61
838
72
S e rv ice s (excluding m otion p ictu res) ________
77. 50

N ber
um
of

558
462
96
26

97. 50
97.00
102. 50

108. 50
108.50
110.00
1 1 1 .50

14
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , L os A n geles—
Long Beach, C a lif., M arch 1962)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
$
9
Average <1.80 $
1.90 2 .0 0 2 . 1 0 2 .2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 *2 .6 0 2.70 2.80 *2.90 3.00 3.10 *3.20 *3.30 *3.40 *3.50 *3.60 *3.70 *3.80 *3.90 4.00 *4.10 *4.20 *4.30
hourly .
and
an<j
earnings
under
1.90 2 .0 0 2 . 1 0 2 .2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 ov er

C arpenters, m aintenance
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing
.
.
.
P u blic u tilities 2 _________________
M otion p ictu res 3

889
643
246
116
32

$ 3 .0 3
3.06
2.95
2.74
3.71

E lectricia n s, m aintenance ------------------Manufactur ing
Nonmanufacturing __________ ________
P u blic u tilities 2 _________________
M otion pictu res 3 ________________

2, 332
444
188
155

3.29
3.30
3.27
3.08
3.71

-

E ngineers, s t a t io n a r y ______ ___ ___— __
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
S e r v ic e s (excluding m otion
p ictu res) _____ ____ __ ____ ....___
M otion p ictu res 3

823
565
258

3.28
3.38
3.06

_
-

153
30

2.95
3.71

-

F irem en, station ary b oile r
M anufacturing
__

112

2.85
3.11

_

_ _

1 ,8 8 8

72
1,332

-

_
-

3
3

6

1

-

-

2

1

16

2

60
4
56

55
47

62
33
29

85
84

6

32
14
18

10 2

-

"

3
-

6

1

-

1

17

-

"

55
-

45
-

3
-

8
8

8
8

16
16

42
41

___ __
_ ____ __

_____
M anufacturing ______________________

O ile r s

See footnotes at end of table.




2

-

-

"

_

1

19
-

18
~

_

2

-

-

-

302
249
53
45

12
10
2
2

60
33
27
17

655
607
48
48

49
46
3

-

-

24
24

1

3
3
-

41
29

-

_
_
-

_
-

395
389

_ _ __
_

4
4

-

-

340
340

M anufacturing

-

-

-

3.01
3.02
2.84

M illw r ig h ts

12

80
79
-

_

-

2, 213
2 ,070
143
106

-

2

-

*

_

_

-

_
-

_
"

-

_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_

_

14
13

36
4
32
32

3
3
3
"

7
7
7

2

1

-

_
-

21
21

_

_
-

-

3.24
3.24

_

_

_

2.54
2.54

17
17

4
4
-

28
28
-

1

-

-

150
147
3

2
2

11

28
16
12

30
30

21
21

13

76
72
4

21

-

13

-

72
72
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1

3
-

"

-

5
-

-

30

13
"

-

“

-

-

-

6
6

2
2

8
8

_

24
24

-

1

35

34

84

15
15

18
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

36
35

16
16
-

147
147
~

213
213
-

288
287

397
397
-

61
54
7

154
153

123
94
29
-

_
"

173
104
69
69

48
48
"

_
-

50
50
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

638 1 1 2 0
149
99
971
539
514
948
1
16

12 0

55

11

21

78
42
42
-

20

-

4
17
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

12

1

-

1

-

1

-

1

-

174

142

290

68

21
12 1

64
26

75
215
150
24

5

20

5

7

-

-

-

-

-

353
338
15
2

370
365
5
3

486
457
29
28

12 0

231
231

22
22

12 0
12 0

_
-

_
-

_

117
3
2

97
95
2
2

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
_

7
7

_

72
72

227
227

10
10

_

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

20
20

_

-

-

-

"

5
5

37
37

.

.

.

.

.

_

.

63
32
31

.

_

9
-

7

1

3

-

-

-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
"

24
24
-

36
36
-

37

317
245
72
69

_

_

_

_

-

-

78
78

66

81
75

73
73
-

-

114
9
105
64
35

9
9

-

20
20

16
5
5
_

16
16

45
45
-

4
-

9
-

1

193
193

21

-

155
155
155

96
95

398
398

12

_

4
4
-

472
469
3

392
392

12

_

22

-

223
223

2

-

26

44
77
76
-

-

-

125
125

2
1

.

12 1

-

2

12
12

8

_

92
9
5
-

-

1

18
4

8
1

_

-

-

"

"

_
_
-

2 .8 6

18

2

_

-

M echanics, m aintenance
. . . .
M anufacturing ________ __ _____ _____
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __________________
W holesale t r a d e __________________

25
25
-

66

-

-

2.98

12

126
51
75
4
-

10 1

-

29
25
4
-

-

55

10
6

92

89
44
45
40

1,925
126

12

2

19

_
_
_
_

545
533

_
-

21

3.13
3.10
3.14
3.17
2.90

2 ,2 2 0

157
147

_
-

13

2,791
571

M echanics, autom otive
(maintenance)
..
.. .
— —
M a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------P u blic u t ilit ie s 2
.
.
W holesale trade . . . .
____
S e rv ice s (excluding m otion
p ictu res) ------------------------------------

239
227

_
-

12
1

3.28
3.26
3.49
3.71

4
4
-

_
*

-

1, 751
1, 627
124
69

20
16

22
8

_
-

2

M achinists, m a in te n a n c e ______________
M anufacturing _
_
. . . . .
Nonmanufacturing . . .
M otion p ictu res 3 __ _____________

131
109

45
27
18
5
"

2

3.08
3.08

"

78
71
7
5
“

37
19
18
9
-

3

1,420
1,420

1

189
174
15
-

5
5
-

1
2

M ach in e-tool op era tors.
toolroom
___ ________ __________
M anufacturing ______________________

12

-

-

2.56
2.58
2.48
2.46

1 , 128

176
164

"

_

204
156

H elpers, m aintenance trades ---- ------M a n u fa c tu r in g ___________ ___________
Nonmanufacturing
_
_
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 .
_ .

16

31

-

74
74
74
-

47

-

-

20

17
_

58
58

10
20

106
81
_

1

28
28

35
35
-

11
1

4
6

.

.

"

-

-

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., March 1962)
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry div isio n

Num
ber

Average *1.80 *1.90 *2 .0 0 *2 . 1 0 *2 .2 0 *2.30 *2.40 *2.50 *2.60 *2.70 *2.80 *2.90 *3.00 *3.10 *3.20 *3.30 *3.40 *3.50 *3.60 *3.70
*3.80 *3.90 *4.00 *4.10 *4.20 *4.30
hourly j
and
under
1.90 2 .0 0 2 . 1 0 2 .2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4. 10 4.20 4 30 n w r

P a in ters, m a in t e n a n c e -------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------N onm anufacturing
P u blic u tilitie s 2
__
S e r v ic e s (excluding m otion
p i c t u r e s ) ------------------------------------

723
557
166
53
53
706

3.24
3.27

66 8

P lu m b ers, m aintenance
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing -----------------------------

253

Sheet-m etal w o r k e r s , m aintenance ___
M anufacturing -----------------------------------

184
143

T o o l and die m a k ers -----------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------

3,059
3, 035

1
2
3

202

51

_
-

-

-

_

_

17
17
15

50
35
15
_

-

2.85

P ip e fitte r s , m a in t e n a n c e ___—____ _____
M a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________

-

$ 2 .9 9
2.99
3.00
3.09

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
28

75
56
19
_

134
83
51

1

-

47

2

-

2
2

2
2

3
3
-

20

17
17

41
37
4
3

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

8

4

-

3.08
37oS~
3.16

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

4

3.02
3.08

34
2

3.26
L IS -

25
25
_

81
60

10 0

21
21

2

18
18

69
69

193
193

5
15

18
18
-

146
146
-

27
25
2

2
1

18
18

56
56

20

16

10
10

18
18

7
7

89
89

35
35

296
296

435
435

1067
1067

641
641

2

107
104
3
-

_

15
15
_

32
32
_

12
1

246
246

46
46

-

36
36

3

2
2

_

-

_

98

13
_

_
-

-

12
12

292
292

10 2
10 2

26

7

_
_

26
5

_
_

-

10

_

_

21

_

21

-

5
-

4
4

_

54
54

_
_

48
48

.

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

1
1

_

_
_

_
_

8
8

-

7
7

_

_

-

-

_
■

_

_

-

-

7
7

_
_

-

-

24
-

_

.

-

-

"

E x clu des p rem iu m pay fo r ov e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
T ra n sp orta tion , com m u nication, and other public u tilities.
See footn ote 9, table 1.

Table A>5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , L os An geles—
Long Beach, C a lif., M arch 1962)
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OP—

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly ,
earning!

«

1 .10

S

1 .2 0

and
under

$

1.30

$

1.40

$

1 .2 0

E levator o p e r a to r s , p a sse n ge r
(men)
__
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------F inance ^
_
S e r v ic e s (excluding m otion
p ictu res)
E levator o p e r a to r s , p a sse n g e r
(wom en)
- --

-

Guards
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing __ ___ ——
iJP 11S lltlllfl AA ^
llK *
Finan ce 3
M otion p ictu re s 5 -------------------------See footnotes at end of table,




*
S
*
S
$
t
1.70 1.80 1 .9 0 * 2 .0 0 * 2 . 1 0 * 2 .2 0 *2.30 2.40 *2.50 *2.60 *2.70 *2.80 *2.90 *3.00 3.10 3.20 *3.30 *3.40 *3.50 *3.60
and
1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 2 . 1 0 2 .2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 over

1.50 *1.60

1.30

1.40

1.50

1.60

195
189
71

$1.60
1.59

18
18
-

-

-

46
46
-

15
15
6

52
52
46

31
31
15

20
20

1 .6 6

97

1.51

18

-

-

41

4

6

12

15

337
----- 313
189

1 .6 8

_

10
10

20
20

12
39
39 — r r
&
9

143
143
138

33
33

56
47
18

2,651
1,953
698
117
148
275

2.47
2.49
2.43
2.53
2 ! 04
2.69

3

3
_
3

18
18

22

1.65
1.70
_
-

_
-

_
_

_
-

_

3

_

_

_

_

3

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

10

10
“

5

-

11
g
g

10

3

26
18

145

8

14

8

133

162
151
11

8

77
“

1
1

11

1
1

4

14
-

1

-

1

12

11
"

148
136
12
1

10
■

193
166
27
2
5
18

1033
919
114
107
_
7
"
“

193
10 2

91

312
305
7

322
70
252

65
60
5

_
252

5

7

“

_

6
6

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

16
Table A-5. Custodial and Material M ovement Occupations— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , L os A n geles—
Long Beach, C a li f ., M arch 1962)

O ccu p ation 1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
S
$
S
S
S
$
S
$
S
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
«
$
$
S
$
Average $
hourly ? 1 . 1 0 1 . 2 0 1. 30 1.40 1. 50 *1.60 1.70 1 . 80 1.90 2 .0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 20 2.3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 *2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2 . 9 0 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3 .4 0 3. 50 3 .6 0
and
earnings
and
under
1 . 2 0 1.30 1.40 1. 50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2. 30 2.4 0 2. 50 2.60 2.70 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3.40 3. 50 3. 60 o v e r

Janitors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs
11.845
4 ,7 8 3
7, 062
542
278
972

$ 1 .9 8
2. 17
1.85
2. 19
2 . 11
1.72

78
.
78
-

333
_
333
_
-

625
44
581
13

3,631
265

1 . 80
2 .4 0

78

308

75

2.489
364
2, 125
856

1.75
2. 03
1.70

1 , 108

45

1.75
2 .4 0

L a b orers , m aterial handling ___________
Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------Public u tilities 4 __________________
W holesale trade __________________

9.421
2, 815
6,6 0 6
3, 054
2, 093

O rder fille r s ______________________ ____
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________ ____
W holesale trade __________________

M anufacturing ------------- -----------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public u tilities 4 __________________
W holesale trade ---------------------------F in a n ce 3 ---------------------------------------S erv ices (excluding m otion
pictu res) --------------- — ---------------M otion pictu res 5 ---------------------------

24
98
34

264
108
156
41

5

105

12 2

504 1738 1598
87
268
159
417 1579 1330
1
45
8
39
82
401
305
30

1104

1126

829 1035 1309
316
610
919
425
513
390
5
173
117
7
40
39
1
70
25
431

187

10 1

1547
931
6 16

123
8

58

178
104
74
36

46
13
33

49

94

22

27

88
6

6

937

29

19

12

_
-

10 0
10 0

116
10 2

205
200

14
14

5
5

372
295
77
50

686

-

56
56
-

.
-

40
40
40

78
78
46

110
10
10 0
66

69
38
31
27

274
237
37
4

163
52

263
52

111

2 11
12 0

10

65
46
19
14

50

114
84
30

490
387

-

-

-

-

103

2 .4 6
2. 31
2. 52
2. 51
2.6 3

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

4, 679
641
4, 038
2, 507

2 .4 8
2 .2 4
2. 52
2 . 49

_
-

_
-

.
-

.
_
-

P a ck ers, shipping (men) ________________
M anufacturing __ _____________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
W holesale trade __________________

1. 562
745
817
747

2.
2.
2.
2.

30
33
27
27

_
-

20
20

P a ck ers, shipping (women) -------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------

493
226
267

1.97
2. 15
1.81

_
-

36
36

R eceiving cle r k s ________________________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________
W holesale trade __________________

1. 377
650
727
450

2. 51
2 .4 8
2. 53
2. 52

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Shipping c le r k s __________________________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________
W holesale trade __________________

956
542
414
327

2. 63
2. 56
2. 72
2 .7 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

Shipping and receiv in g cle r k s __________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public u tilities 4 __________________

1. 159
752
407
56

2 .4 4
2 .3 9
2. 54
2. 57

See footnotes at end of table,




1.6 1

30
24
6

.
-

_
-

.
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

11

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

804

353
93

103
30
73
71

138
54
84
84

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
-

9

6
6

.

5

1

41

-

-

5

88

42
43

42

8

2

22

2

-

40
40
40

10

90
90
-

85 1283
33
6
52 1277
44
299

70
70
50

10

19
19
-

11

241

-

167
127
40
4

895
807

Janitors, p o r te r s , and c le a n e rs
Manufacturing _________ ____________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------F in a n ce 3 ______ __ ____ ____ __ ____
S erv ices (excluding m otion
pictu res) ________ _______ _____ _
M otion pictu res 5 ---------------------------

232
178
54
35

520
162
358
42
24

491
1

40

_
-

20

-

_
-

40
40
40

60
60
60

_
-

_
-

18
18

52
52

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

2

-

22

22
21

28
25

64
64

85
69

4
4
-

16
12

8

4
4

68

37

15

-

23
45
19

10

8

27
19

7

_
-

.
-

46
46
-

8
8

-

.
-

12

4
4

8

-

-

12

-

-

22

2

4

62
43
19

552
134
80
47

72

-

-

5

1097 1312
112
216
881 12 0 0
42 1040
56
103

863
232
631
25
411

1561
385
1176
857
317

1560
183
1377
1008
223

614
491

260

141

95
15
80
80

155
32
123

961

821

32

_

_

.

.

.

_

367

250

10 2

203
40
163
131

250

68

893
16
877
457

367

96
865
778

10 2

10 0

32
32

-

-

-

-

-

-

135
135

44
24

4

6

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

20
20

4
4

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

199
98

167
7

8

26
24

_
-

6
6

-

10 1

16 0

89

17

59
31
28
28

1

109
106

14
5
9
-

16
16
16

188
63
125
94

106
106
73

29
7
7

21

199
130
69
46

40
18

32
32

60
60

74
72

144
34

527
406

2

110

12 1

753
430
245
57
188
188

20

-

109

109

70
52
18

114

21

88

2
2

26

-

66

64
63

130
65
65

182
143
39
36

167
93
74
67

38
_
38
38

4
4
-

23
23
-

128
128
-

79
59

28

54
28
26

42

48

16

10

10 2
10 2

140
139

26

38

81
63
18

-

1

2

21

47
9
38
38

111

19 0

8

16

53
13
-

1
1

20

20
20

-

16
12
12

98
56
42

3
3

12

185
147
38
1

117
8

22

22

-

8
2

26
5

16 6

-

1
1

2

-

1

126
40
40

1
1

_
-

26
24

_

2

-

_
-

28
28

14

-

-

_

-

-

-

7
7
-

7
7
-

.
-

_

.
-

-

-

-

2

_

2

17
Tabic A-5.

Custodial and Material M ovement Occupations— Continued

(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , L o s Angele& -Long Beach, C a lif., M arch 1962)

Num
ber
of
workers

Average
hourly 2
earnings

13,333
3,491
9 ,8 4 2
5,400
2 ,665

$2.79
2.77
2.80
2.77
2.82

276
429

T r u c k d riv e r s , light (under
1 V 2 t o n s ) ____________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------N onm anufacturing — -_ __ — —

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry d iv isio n

T r u c k d r iv e r s 6 __________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 1 __________________
4
3
2
W holesale trade __ __ __ __ — __
S e r v ic e s (exclu d in g m otion
p ictu res) __ ___ _____ __
M otion p ic tu re s 5 _________________

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OP—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 2 . 1 0 2 .2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2 .6 0 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60
and
under
1 .2 0
1.30 1.40 1.50 1 .6 0 1.70 1.80 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 over
$

1 .2 0

_

_

_

-

_

30
30
_

3
3
3
_

94
94
3
18

51
48
3
3
_

41
28
13
3
7

104
94

270
58

10
1

2 12

9

2.23
3.04

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

72

-

3

1,270
593
677

2.61
2.48
2.72

-

“

-

-

-

30
30
"

3
3

93
93

2

2

T r u c k d riv e r s , m edium ( l 1^ to and
including 4 t o n s ) ______ _____________
M anufacturing ____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______________ _
P u blic u t ilit ie s 4 ______________
W h olesale t r a d e _______________

4, 904
1,434
3 ,470
2, 115
899

2.73
2.79
2.71
2.75
2.69

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
t r a ile r type) _________________________
M anufacturing ____________________
Nonm anufacturing ________________
P u blic u tilities *
_
W h olesale t r a d e _______________

4, 291
1,005
3, 286
1, 604
1,086

2 .8 8

-

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
other than t r a ile r type) ____________
M anufacturing ____________________
N onm anufacturing ________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 ____________ _
W holesale t r a d e _______________

1, 075
20T"
869
366
372

2.80
2.77
2.81
2.70
2.89

3,817
2, 584
1,233
196
690

2 .6 2

865
576
289

2.64
2.52
2.88

579
379
200
27
73

2.07
2.20
1.84
2.22
1.63

T r u c k e r s , p ow er (fo rk lift) ______________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
P u blic u tilities 4 __________________
Whn1 «>fialA trarle
T r u c k e r s , p ow er (oth er than
f o r k l i f t ) __ __ __ __ _ __ __ __
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing ___________________
W atchm en __ __ __ _ __ __ __ ____ _
M anufacturing ___ __ __ ____ ______
N onm anufacturing ____________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4

1
2
3
4
5
6

- -

-

-

-

-

-

512
293
219
20

304
154
150
33

151

61

-

12 0

1

21

41

_

36
28

52
42

49
48

35
27

178

12 1

10 1

10

1

8

77

46
75

104
42

8

1

1
1
1

33
33
-

214

1
1

206
80

147
53
94
30
40

225
154
71

7

-

8

6
20

51
25
26
_
20

2
2

-

_
-

-

_

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

48
48

-

3
3

17
17
-

18

_

_

_

186
186
-

46
43
3

2

8

325

2

8

325

1932 1 1 0 0
16 T 5 0 19 16
450
1672
. 74
244
271

266

37
16

407

156

21

207
_
168

368
48
320
320
-

no

110

587
651
124 ---- 3 F
463
616
7
365
504
98

527
144
383

558
343
215

42

141

-

169
84
85
_
41

401
32
369

6
6

_
_
_
_

262
379
28 T 5 T
94
351
82
14
40
157

439
33
406
_
264

62

62

-

22

10 0

40

58
23
35

40

20

422
125
297
250
47

3
3
3

10

48
48
-

252
252
252

48
48

-

246
234
12
12

-

29
29

39
39

468
464
4
3

23
23

117
117

27
27

22

2 77

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

16
16

4
4

44
44

58
25
33

130
101
29

12
4
8

3
3

-

2
2

“

“

16

“

12

21

20

“

_

1

1027
69
958
942
16

149
10

139
79
56

38
24
14
14

_

~

~T ~
16
13
3

890

10

56

_
-

22

275

200

_
_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

110

_
_
-

9
9
_
-

220

_

-----—
_
_
-

9
9

_

_
_

8

_

8

14
_
14

134
14
12 0

52
52
_

_
_
_

-

2

40
40

12 0

-

-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

9
9

-

_
-

84

4
_
4
_

_
_
_
_

.
_
_
_

209
194
15
_

_
_
_
_

6

25

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_ _

_

_

_

_

-

“

"

75

63
63

279
279

26
26

246

-

6

25

51
51

28
28

_
_

36
36

_

_

36
28
8

_
_

_

16
1
15

■

~

"

-

-

_

220

1

236
16

20
20

553
478
75
23
52

246

_

48
40
_

_
-

470
316
154
14
108

53

24
9
15

52
52
_
_
_

112

-

519
437
82
28
53

12

56
45
11

10
10

160

_

10 0

2.75

1374 1251
358
391
1016
860
3 645
_
309

561
195

2

2 .9 2

1291
401

1091
83
1008
29
781

10 0

48
48

2 .8 6

2.54
2.78
2.70

3035 3115
243 1032
2792 2083
2383 1631
351
343

5

2.93

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes p rem iu m pay f o r ove rtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
F in an ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate.
T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilities.
See footn ote 9> table 1.
Includes all d r iv e r s re g a r d le s s o f size and type of truck operated.




-

80

286
80
206
41
140

20

_

.

~

68

16
_
16

-

18




B; Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant workers by type and amount of differential,
Los Angeles—Long Beach, C alif., March 1962)
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
In establishm ents having form al
provisions 1 for—

Shift differential

Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

92.4

With shift pay differential __________

___

___

Uniform cents (per hour) _____________________
4 cent*
5 cents ______ _____ ______________ _____ ____
6 cents ___________________ ______ ________
7 l /z cents ___________________________________
8 cents ___________________________________ ___
9 cents _____ ______ ________ __________
10 cents ____ __ ________________________ __
11 cents __ ____ _ ________
________ __
12 cents ___________________ ______ ___'___
121/z cents ______
________ ___ — --------13 cents __ __ __ ___ __ ___ ___ _______ ______
14, 1 4 V 3 . or 14l/2 cents __ _____________
15 cents ___ _________ _______ ____ __ ____ _____
16 cents ______________ __ _________________
18 cents _____________________________ ______
20 cents _____________________________________
22 cents _____________________________________
24 cents __________________ _________________
Over 24 cents _______________________________
Uniform percentage _ _____________________
5 percent ____________________________________
6 p e r c e n t __ ___ ____ _____ -________ ____ ___
10 percent __________________ __ __
i5 percent -----------------------------------------------------

82.9

92.4
64.6

Second shift

Third or other
shift

18.0

4.6

82.9

18.0

4.6

26.7

13.0

2.5

.6
5.8
1.5
1.6
4.2
.9
16.2
.9
27.7
.1
1.3
1.3
1.9
.8
-

_
1.9
1.5
.5
4.8
3.5
.1
.2
7.2
2.3
.8
.7
.9
1.3
1.1

.2
.9
.4
.5
.8
.2
2.2
.3
6.2
(2)
.2
.4
.5
.2
-

_
.6
.3
(1 3
2)
.1
.7
(2 )
.1
.3
(2 )
.1
.1

-

-

-

.2

15.1

7.7

2.6

(2 )

-

.7
.8
1.1
-

-

5.0
3.3
6.8
-

7.0
.7

-

_____ _____

.5

.5

Full day's pay for reduced hours, plus
uniform cents per h o u r ------— —---------------------

7.1

34.6

Paid lunch period not given first-sh ift
w orkers, plus uniform cents per h o u r -------

3.1

Other form al pay differential ________________

2.0

Full day's pay for reduced hours

Actually working on—

-

(\
\

(2 )

-

-

1.6

1.3

3.1

.5

.4

3 10.3

.3

.3

No shift pay differential __________________________

1 Includes establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments with form al provisions covering late shifts
even though they were not currently operating late shifts.
2 L ess than 0.05 percent.
3 Prim arily plans providing for a combination of 2 or m ore of the following: (1) Full day's pay for reduced hours,
(2) uniform cents per hour, (3) uniform percent of base or fir s t-s h ift pay, (4) cents per hour varying by labor grade, and(5)paid
lunch period not given fir s t-s h ift w orkers.

19

Table B>2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution ol establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C a li f ., M arch 1962)
O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

In e x p e rie n c e d ty p ists
N o n m an u factu rin g

M an u factu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s a la r y 1

M a n u factu rin g

B a s e d on stan d ard w e e k ly h o u rs 3 o f----

A ll
in d u str ie s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

3 7 1/*

383/4

A ll
in d u str ie s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

N onm an ufacturin g

B a s e d on stan d ard w e e k ly hours 3 o f—
40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

37 V 2

383/4

40

-----

345

119

XXX

226

XXX

XXX

XXX

345

119

XXX

2 26

XXX

XXX

. XXX

------

184

75

72

109

15

11

75

192

71

67

121

15

10

88

$ 4 5 . 0 0 and u n d er $ 4 7 . 5 0
_____ _______
$ 4 7 . 50 and un der $ 5 0 . 0 0
.
$ 5 0 . 0 0 and un der $ 5 2 . 50
— — —
--------------$ 5 2 . 50 and unde r $ 5 5 . 0 0 ______________________ — ----------,---------- ...
$ 5 5 . 00 and un der $ 5 7 . 50 ________________________________________
____ . . .
$ 5 7 . 50 and un der $ 6 0 . 0 0
__ _ _ _ _____ ___
$ 6 0 . 0 0 and u n d er $ 6 2 . 50
______ . . ___
—
-- ----------$ 6 2 . 50 and un der $ 6 5 . 00 ______ _________ ___ —----------- -----------------$ 6 5 . 0 0 and un der $ 6 7 . 50
_ _ _
——-----------$ 6 7 . 50 and un der $ 7 0 . 0 0 ____ _ ______ ________ _______ ___________
_
$ 7 0 . 00 and un der $ 7 2 . 50 ---------------------- ---------_
$ 7 2 . 50 and un der $ 7 5 . 0 0 ____ _____ _______ ___________ _ _________
$ 7 5 . 00 and u n d er $ 7 7 . 50 ___________________________________ ______
$ 7 7 . 50 and u n d er $ 8 0 . 0 0 ________ _ ___ _______ _____ ___
$ 8 0 . 0 0 and un der $ 8 2 . 50
_
_ ...
--------------$ 8 2 . 50 and u n d er $ 8 5 . 0 0
-----------------------------___ __________
$ 8 5 . 0 0 and un der $ 8 7 . 50
__
_ ___ _______
$ 8 7 . 50 and u n d er $ 9 0 . 0 0 _______________________________ __________
$ 9 0 . 0 0 and u n d er $ 9 2 . 50
_______ _
—
----------$ 9 2 . 50 and u n d er $ 9 5 . 0 0 ------------------------ -------------------------------------$ 9 5 . 0 0 and un der $ 9 7 . 50
_ __
;—
—. .
_
$ 9 7 . 50 and u n d er $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 _
_
_____
____ ___
$ 1 0 0 . 0 0 and u n d er $ 1 0 2 . 50 _
_
_____
_
___ ___
$ 1 0 2 . 50 and u n d er $ 1 0 5 . 0 0 ___ ___ _______ —_____________________

2
6
7
10
22
26
23
13
13
6
4
10
5
5
6
7
6
6
1
1
2
1
2

1
4
14
10
7
9
4
3
7
5
1
4
3
2
-

1
4
14
9
6
9
4
3
7
5
1
4
3
2
-

.

1
1
1
5
2

2
1
4
2
1
-

1

-

-

-

1
5
4
11
8
7
8
2
2
8
3
5
1
3
1
1
1
“

1
5
4
11
7
6
8
2
2
8
3
5
1
3
1
-

-

2
7
9
8
15
20
26
20
11
9
10
3
10
3
10
5
12
4
2
2
1
2
1

-

2
7
8
8
10
16
15
12
4
1
8
1
2
5
4
9
3
1
2
1
1
1

1
2
1
4
3
1
1
2
-

1
2
2
3
1

4
2
4
4
6
1
1
2
1
1

1
4
3
7
9
5
11
4
3
1
1
3
3
2
4
4
4
1
1
2
1
1

“

2
7
6
7
9
9
10
3
1
7
1
1
5
4
7
3
1
2
1
1
1

E s ta b lis h m e n t s h a vin g no s p e c ifie d m i n i m u m __ ___________ ______

59

17

XXX

42

XXX

XXX

XXX

59

17

XXX

42

XXX

XXX

XXX

102

27

XXX

75

XXX

XXX

XXX

94

31

XXX

63

XXX

XXX

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n t s stu d ied

______________

_____

E s ta b lis h m e n t s h avin g a s p e c ifie d m in im u m

— —

-

E s ta b lis h m e n t s w h ich d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y
_________
_

__

_ _

-

2
6
7
9
18
12
13
6
4
2
1
3
-

-

1
1
1
2

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

Lowest salary rate form ally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerica l jobs.
Rates applicable to m e sse n g e rs, office g irls, or sim ilar subclerical jobs are not considered.
Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e sa la rie s. Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the m ost common workweeks reported.




20
T able B-3.

Scheduled W eekly H ours

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of firs t-s h ift workers, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C a lif ., March 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS
Weekly hours

A ll workers

______

— ________

All .
industries

______________

35 hours ________________________________________ 36 hours __ ___ _____________________.__ ___ _______
36 V 4 hours ----------------- -------------------------------------37 V2 hours ....................................... _ ...........................
Over 37 V2 and under 383/4 hours ____________
383/4 hours ______________________________________
— ~ __ __ — — ----------3 9 3/4 hours ____
............... .
<40 h o u r s
__
42 hours _____ ___ __________ ___ ___ ____ ___ __
4 2 V2 hours _______ ________ __________________
44 hours -------------- --------— __ __ --------------------- _
45 hours---------------------------------- ------- ----------------48 hours ----------------------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

10 0

10 0

2
8
2

5
81
( 6)
1
_

10 0

-

3
-

1

1

(6 )
(*>

Public ,
utilities

-

-

1

( 6)
95
_
_

96
1
_

W
holesale
trade

10 0

PLANT WORKERS
Finance 3

10 0

Services
(excluding motion
piotures)

10 0

10 0

5
-

16
6

8

6

14
57
_
_

58
( 6)

6

89
_
_

1
_




Services
[excluding motion
piotures)

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

1

_

_

2

1

1

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

94

10 0

Manufacturing

10 0

10 0

2

( 6)

3
-

(‘ )

(6)

-

-

Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
4 See footn ote 9, ta b le 1.
5 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) and real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
6 L ess than 0. 5 percent.
1
2
3

Wholesale
trade

All industries

5
_
_
■
_
95
_
_

5
3
25

( 6)
_

M
otion .
pictures

1

( 6)
95
1

1

(6)
(6)
(M

_

6

Public ,
utilities

_
_

_
_
_
95
_
1
_
_

_
_
92
_
2
1
4

Motion
pictures *

10 0

_
_

_

21
Table B-4.

Paid H olidays

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Los Angeles—Long Beach, C alif., M arch 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s

___

-------- —

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a id h o lid a y s ___ ____
. . . _ _______ . . .
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no paid h o lid a y s -------------------------------------------------

M
otion
pictures *

All 5
industries

Manufacturing

Public,
utilities2

W
holesale
trade

Services
(excluding m
otion
pictures)

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities1
2

Wholesale
trade

Finance3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

10 0

99

100

100

100

100

99

100

98

99

97

100

82

97

“

-

-

(6 )

3

"

18

3

_
3
20
76
2
-

_
24
1
1
21
5
3
41
2
2
(6)
-

-

-

_
1
15
9
25
27
2
7
3
3
6
1
2
(6 )

(6 )
37
2
4
29
(6)
19
8
-

2
3
27
65
-

_
12
2
1
25
6
4
45
2
3
1
-

22
34
1
1
23
(6)
(6 )
-

All
industries 1

__ - --------- --------- —

PLANT WORKERS
Services
(excluding m
otion
pictures)

(6 )

2

1

M
otion
pictures 45

N um ber o f d a y s
L e s s than 5 h o lid a y s ___________________ _________
5 h o lid a y s ____________ __ __ __________
___ _
6 h o lid a y s _______r
—ri—
,____________ ..r____________ r_
__ .
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day — _ _ _____
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _____________________
7 h o lid a y s , ...... _. _______ _________ ,____^__________
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day __ __ _
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf days _____________________
8 h o lid a y s ....... ............. -.. ______ ___ ______________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day
______ _____
__ _
8 h o lid a y s plu s 2 h a lf d a y s --------------------------------9 h o lid a y s _______
_____
_ __ _ __ ___ __
9 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day ___ ___________________
9 h o lid a y s plu s 2 h a lf days _____________________
10 h o lid a y s ________________
_ __ __ __ _ __
11 h o lid a y s ______ __________ ___________ ____ __ ___
11 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y
_ — ______
11 h o lid a y s plu s 2 h a lf d a y s __ _____ _____ __
13 h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------------------T ota l h o lid a y

_
(6)
10
1
4
55
4
2
22
1
(6)
-

(6 )
1
1
2
4
5
8
16
47
51
87

_
-

_

_
95
5
-

6
1
13
1
4
39
2
2
29
(6 )
1
(6 )
(6)
-

1
1
8
1
7
54
2
3
21
1
1
-

_
97
-

t im e 7

13 d a y s ______
_
__ ._
_ ____
____ _ _
12 o r m o r e d ays ______________________________________
IIV 2 o r m o r e d a ys ___________ ______________ ____
11 o r m o r e d ays
__ __ __ _ __ __
____
10 o r m o r e d ays ____________________________ ___ _
9 V2 o r m o r e d ays
__
__ __ _
_ _
9 o r m o r e d a y s ______________ r________________rT
_r_
8 V2 o r m o r e d ays
_ _ __
_ __ _
8 o r m o r e d a ys ________________ __________________
7 V2 o r m o r e d ays ___________________ ___ _______
7 o r m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
6 V2 o r m o r e days
__ _ __ __ _______ _____
6 o r m o r e d a y s ____________ __ __ _________________
5 V2 o r m o r e d ays ________________________________
5 o r m o r e d ays ___________________________________
2 o r m o r e d ays
------ ---1 o r m o r e d a y s ___________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
days, 6

_
(6 )
12
1
2
34
5
1
30
8
1
3
1
1
1
2
(6 )
1
(6)

88

99
99
99
99
99

_

_
-

(?)
(6)
1

2

1

2

25
29

78
78
97
97

88

89
99
99
10 0
10 0
10 0

10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0

(?)
(6 )
4
4
48
53
75
76
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0

(6 )
2
3
9
15
15
23
50
75
84
99
99
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0

_
8
8
8

27
27
61
62
99
99
99
99
99

_
-

5
5
5
5
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0

_
(?)
(6 )
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

1

1

32
34
77
78
91
91
92
94
98

25
27
88

89
97
97
98
99
99

65
92
92
95
95
95
97
97

1
1
5
5
54
60
86
88
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0

(?)
(?)
(6 )
1
1

24
25
60
60
60

62
82

_
97
97
97
97
97

In c lu d e s data f o r r e t a il tr a d e (e x c e p t depa rtm en t s t o r e s ) in a dd ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
S ee fo o tn o te 9, table 1.
In c lu d e s data f o r r e t a il tr a d e (e x c e p t depa rtm en t s t o r e s ) and r e a l esta te in add ition to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
A l l co m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a re co m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a tota l o f 7 days in c lu d e s th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and no h alf
fu ll d a ys and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s, and so on. P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cu m u lated.




22

Tabic B-5. Paid Vacations
(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif., March 1962)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

V a ca tion p o l ic y

A ll w o r k e r s

______ — __ __ _

PL AN T W ORKERS

M
otion
pictures 4

All «
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Services
(excluding m
otion
pictures)

Motion
pictures 4

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
.

100
87
13
-

99
86
12
1

100
82
16
2

100
90
10
_

100
100
.

97
97
_

97
26
71
-

-

-

-

( 6)

-

"

3

3

5
64
3
-

3
36
1
8

_
92
3
-

9
17
1
(6)

12
11
2
-

3
34
.
2

10
28
-

_
97
_

-

5
16
1
1

_
7
_
93
_

_
18
71
1
_
8

_
4
_
96
_
_
-

( 6)
60
7
31
(6)
2
( 6)

_
55
8
34
1
2
-

3
68
16
14
_
2
-

_
62
_
37
.
1
-

_
57
_
34
1
_
1

_
_
_
97
_
_

-

_
33
_
65
2
"

1
3
15
82
_
_
_

_
1
_
97
2
_

_
_
100
.
_
_

_
6
_
93
_
1
_

-

( 6)
16
7
71
2
3
1
( 6)

3
12
24
61
1
2
_

-

_
_
100
_
-

_
21
7
64
4
4
1

-

_
10
( 6)
71
10
8

-

-

-

_
_
98
2
_

_
_
100
_
_
_

4
8
79
4
5
1

_
2
94
1
2
_

_
99
_
1
_

All ,
industries

__ _____ __

__

Services
(excluding motion
pioturee)

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Finance 3

100

100

100

100

100

100
96
4
_

100
93
7
-

100
96
4
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

-

-

-

-

4
42
1
1

5
28
1
-

1
44
_

3
41
-

-

-

( 6)
23
2
73
(6)
2
1

»
14
3
77
1
5
-

1
84
3
13
_

( 6)
2
2
92
1
2
(*>

_
3
( 6)
90
1
6
( 6)

sB io o _ =
asg_

M eth od o f p a ym en t

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s __ __ _ _____ __ __ _______
L e n g th -o f-tim e paym en t _____ __________ ____
P e r c e n t a g e p aym ent
__ _____ __ __ ______
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t __ __ __ __ __ _______
O ther
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s __ ____ ____ ____ _______ ____ __

A m oun t o f v a c a tio n p a y 7

A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ____________________________________
1 w eek __ __________
.
O ver 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ___ __ ____ _____ ______
2 w eek s _ _ _____ _____ ______ ____

-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek _ ________ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
1 w eek _______________ _________________________ __
O ver 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _ __ _ _____ ___ ____
2 w eek s ___ _________ _____________ ,,_ _________..r,
O ver 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s __________ _______ ___ _
3 w eek s _ __ _____
__ _____ _____ __ — w
_
4 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w e e k ____________________________________
1 w eek __ _____ __ _____ __ _____ ______ __ _
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s
O ver 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w eek s
. ..
O v er 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w eek s

_
30
2
65
1
_
_
1

_
_
_
97
_
_
-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek __
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s _________________________________ _________
O v er 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w eek s ____ __ _
^
„ r.
„r
O ver 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ____
4 w eek s _ _____ __
_ _

See footnotes at end of table.




1
( 6)
93
2
4
(6 )
1

1
( 6)
89
1
8
( 6)

_
1
99
_
_
_

6
_
68
18
_
_
8

_
_
100
_

3
5
86
2
3
1
( 6)

6
_
90
1
_
_
1

_
97
_
_

23
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations— Continued

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C a lif., M arch 1962
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a tio n p o l ic y

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 7—

All
.
industries

PLANT WORKERS

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Finance3

Servioes
(excluding motion
pictures)

M
otion ,
pictures *

All 5
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Services
(excluding motion
pictures)

99
1
_
_

98
_
2
_

99
1
_
_

4
5
79
7
5
1
-

_
99
_
1
_

6
_
90
1
_
_

-

3
3
86
4
3
1
(6 )

_
94
3
2
_

-

6
_
68
18
_
_
8

_
100
_
_
_

-

-

-

1

_
95
2
3
_

_
82
3
15
_

_
86
8
6
_

-

-

1
_
77
7
14
1
(6 )

1
_
82
9
7
1
-

91
4
2
_
2

_
73
1
26
_

-

M
anufacturing

3
_
93
1
_
_
1

_
70
3
27
_

_
28
4
68
_

_
60
4
36
_

1
46
14
35
3

-

(6 )

-

1
42
9
44
2
2

62
1
38
_

_
21
4
74
_

_
60
4
36
_

-

(6 )

-

47
3
41
1
8

1
20
10
64
3
2

1
15
16
62
5
2

_

_
12

.
8

25

-

-

-

88
3
1

64
1
9

1
7
2
84
3
3
(6 )

1
5
2
85
5
2

M
otion
pictures *

C o n tin u e d

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w eek _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s __
_ __ __ _____
3 w eeks
...
......., . . .
.......
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

1
( 6)
92
3
4
(6 )
1

1
(4>
87
3
8
( 6)

<!>
(6 )
85
6
9
(6)
1

( 6)
(*)
86
3
10
(6)

( 6)
54
4
41
1
1

(6)
55
4
38
1
1

(6 )
36
4
56
2
1

(6)
15
6
71
5
2

(6 )
8
(6 )
86
3
2

(6)
4

-

_
97
_
_
-

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
, — v
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s __ __ __ __ __ _____
2 w eek s ______ __ __ __ __ __ __
__
_____
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s __
__ __ __ __ __
3 w eeks
__ ________ _____
________ __ ____
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k . -------. . . --------- ------ -----

_
63
22
8
8

_
100
_
_
_
-

"

_
97
_

_

-

A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _________________ —__________________________
2 w eek s
T _
...
.... . ___
.
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ____________________................. . ........ .... .
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s __ ________ __
4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------- -- ---------

_
49
3
39
1
8

_
33
67
_
-

1

_
73
4
20
_
2

_
29
1
70
_
1

3
56
5
32
1
1

32
_
65
_

_
25
1
73
_
1

3
51
8
34
1
1

_
_
97
_

-

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __ _____
2 w e e k s — ------O v e r 2 and u n d er
3 w eek s
____ _
O v e r 3 and u n d er
4 w eek s __ __ __

______ _ __ ____ __
__ __
_
__ . . __
_ _ ___ _____
3 w e e k s _______________________
___ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ ____ _
4 w e e k s _______________________
_______ _
___ __ ____ __ __

_

_
10
_
90
_
-

_
54
3
41
_
2

-

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________ _ _ _ _ _
_
__
___
2 w e e k s _______________________ _____________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s __
_______ __ _____
3 w eek s __ _____ _______
_
_
_______
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s __ __ __ __
___
4 w eek s __ _ _______
__ __ __
__
_____
O v e r 4 w eek s __
__ __
__ __ __
_____

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f table,




-

88
5
3

-

1
99

86

_

-

_

2

_

_
10
-

90
-

_

_

-

9

2
94
1
2
1

_

90
_

1

3
41
5
43
1
5

.

_
_
97
_

24
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations— Continued

(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif., March 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tion p o l ic y

All !
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Finance3

Services
(excluding motion
pictures)

M
otion
pictures *

All 5
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Services
(excluding m
otion
pictures)

M
otion
pictures *

A m o u n t off v a c a t i o n p a y 7------- C o n t i n u e d
A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek ________ — — — — ------------- — — —
2 w eek s
________ ___________________ ____
O ver 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _______ _____________
3 w eek s
_ ., . ,.
_
, .......... , . „
O ver 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s _ __ ________________
4 w e e k s __ __ _____________ __ ____________ __ __
Over 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------

(6 )
8
( 6)
74
2
16
(6 )

(6)
4
73
5
18
-

( 6)

(6)
4
69
5

.
1
91
_
9
-

„
10
66
_
24
-

-

_

.

8
76
16
-

25
63
-

.

_

1
0

8
6
8
2
1

.
24
40

1
0
1

10
90
-

1
7
2
73
3
14
(6)

1
0

7

.

1
5
2
75
5

1
2
-

2
74
1

22
1

8
72
_

20
“

3
41
5
43
5

1

_
97
-

After 25 years of service
! week ____________________________________________
2 weeks _ ___________________ _______________ _
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _ _____ ___________
3 weeks ___________ __ _____ __________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ______________________
4 weeks ____ __ __ _____ — ________ _______
Over 4 weeks _ __ ____ _____________________

8
(6)
60
2
29
1

2
1

1
2
1

51

-

-

78

37

2

3

-

35

1

90
_

1
2

65
4

2
1

1
2
70
6
5

15

(6)

Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
See footnote 9, table 1.
Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) and real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0.5 percent.
Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not n ecessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions. For example,
service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

.
-

2
1
69
1
26

8

60

-

31
(6)

3
41
5
37

.
97

-

_

1
0

the changes in proportions indicated at 10 years'

NOTE: In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length of t i m e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or fla t-su m payments, w ere
to an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay.




converted

25
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(Percent of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif. , M arch 1962)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Type of benefit

A ll w orkers

___

__________

__________

P L A N T W ORKERS

All
industries 1

______

Manufacturing

Public ,
u tilities1
2

Wholesale
trade

F in a n ce3

Services
(exclu din g motion
pictures)

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

Motion
pictures 4 5

A ll
.
industries

M anufacturing

P u b lic 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Services
[excluding motion
piotures)

Motion
pictures 4

10
0

1
00

10
0

100

100

10
0

10
0

9

W orkers in establishm ents providing:
Life insurance _______________________________
Accidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance _______________________ ____________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both6 ________________________
Sickness and accident insurance _______
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)
__ __
_______
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) _ _____ _____ ___
H ospitalization insurance _______ ____ ___
Surgical insurance _____ ________
________
M edical insurance
__ _____ _______ ___________
Catastrophe insurance _______________________________
Retirem ent pension _ ______________________ _____
No health, insurance, or pension plan ____

98

99

99

97

98

97

89

94

96

98

97

88

69

91

65

65

38

68

89

76

85

64

76

46

10
0
10
0

77

83

82

82

70

51

90

62

65

69

80

13

27

1
2
6
6

23

2
0

17

32

27

34

15

29

6

64

65

43

90

35

41

53

41

7

”

-

15

1
1

33

4

-

80
71
47
44
90
5

95
94
84
45
77
(7)

6
10
0
10
0
88

62
62
58
74
80

92
87
74
38
78

94
94
90
13
46

25

31

67

75

5

3

14

6

93
93
81
73
78
(7)

98
98
82
77
77
(7)

52
52
50
89

98
92
78
57
72
(7)

86

1
99
99
93
75

86

2
94
94

86
65
62

2

52
75

6

27

10
0
10
0
10
0
14
10
0

Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
See footnote 9, table 1.
Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) and real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Unduplicated total of w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick-leave plans are lim ited to those which definitely establish at least the
minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick -leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
7 L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
1
2
3
4
5
6







Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.

Since the Bureau’ s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’ s bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

27




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record, of business transactions.
C lass A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B iller, machine (billing machine)—
Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C lass B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B illet, machine (bookkeeping machine)— s e s a bookkeeping
U
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C lass A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

29

30

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—
Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C lass B —
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C lass A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
C lass B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­

ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

C lass C —
Performs routine filing of material that has already

been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.



CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the fo llow in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

31

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Class A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

CZass fi—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



SECRETARY — Continued

making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by die following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc,; composing simple letters fromgeneral
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

32

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C lass C —Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C lass A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D oes not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C lass B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

C lass A—
Performs one or more o f the follow in g: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C lass B—
Performs one or more o f the follow in g: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

33

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the follow in g: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the follow in g: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicant^
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




34

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

H ELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers, and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or c h ief engineers in esta b lish •
ments em ploying more than one engineer are excluded .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow in g: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

35

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in die trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m ost o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for die production of\ parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.



OILER
Lubricates* with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in volves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

36

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating s y ste m s are exclu ded .

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in. good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m ost o f the follow ing: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate -




men who are stationed at gate and ch eck on id en tity o f em p lo y e e s and
other persons entering .

37

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may in volve one or more o f
the follow in g: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P ackers who a lso make
wooden b o xe s or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow ­
ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are excluded.

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
ping work in v o lv e s:

routes,

Ship­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work in v o lv e s:

May

R eceiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.



For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R eceivin g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receivin g clerk

38

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and over-the-road drivers

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,




(combination
light (under
medium (1%
heavy (over
heavy (over

o f s i z e s listed separately)
l / 2 tons)
l
to and including 4 tons)
4 tons, trailer type)
4 tons, other than trailer type)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

☆

U .S . GOVERNMENT PRINTING O F FIC E : 1 9 6 2

O — 643838


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102