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TOLEDO, OHIO
MARCH 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-47




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




TOLEDO, OHIO
MARCH 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-47
April 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 2 5 cents




Contents

Preface

Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage surveys in 82 labor markets.
The
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits. A preliminary report furnishing
trend data and average earnings is released within a month
of the completion of each study. This bulletin provides
additional data not included in the preliminary report.
Two bulletins, bringing together the results of
all of the area surveys, are issued after completion of
the final area bulletin in the current round of surveys.
The first of these bulletins will be available late in 1962
and the other early in 1963. During the survey year,
summary releases presenting areawide occupational earn­
ings data for 25 to 30 labor markets, are issued as data
become available.
This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau's
regional office in Chicago, 111., by Marvin Click, under
the direction of Elliott A. Browar. The study was under
the general direction of Woodrow C. Linn, Assistant
Regional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




Introduction _____________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups _________________________

1
3

Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey ____________
2. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups ____________________________________________
A: Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women _______________________
A -2. Professional and technical occupations—
men
and women ________________________________________________
A -3 . Office, professional, and technical
occupations—
men and women combined ____
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations ____
A -5 . Custodial and material movement occupations

2
3
4
6
vO O O - 0

The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions ___________________________
B. Occupational descriptions _______________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for these items and also
tabulations on establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions are available in previous area reports
for Toledo and for other major areas.
A directory
indicating the areas, dates of study, and prices of these
reports is available upon request.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels,
are available for the following trades or industries:
Building construction, printing, local-transit operating
employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

iii

11
13




Occupational Wage Survey—T oledo, Ohio
Introduction

are presented (in the A-series tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U.S. De­
partment of Labor *a Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an area basis.
The bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

In each area, data are obtained from representative establish­
ments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations
and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having
fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of
the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (l) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
basis. Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, except
for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data




1

2




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n um ber studied in T o le d o , O hio,
N um ber o f es ta b lis h m e n ts
In du stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s
M an u factu rin g

___

__________________________ _______________

W ithin s c o p e
o f study *

_

_________________________________________________

T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t ilitie s 1 ___________________________________
4
3
2
W h o le s a le t r a d e 56 _____ __ ________________________________
R e ta il tra d e 5 ________________________________________ ____
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e 5 ______ __ _______
S e r v ic e s • --------------- -----------------------------------------------------------

Studied

by m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , 2 M a r c h 1962
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in s c o p e
o f study

Studied

295

121

77, 200

55, 040

137
158

61
60

47, 300
2 9 ,9 0 0

3 6 ,1 3 0
18, 910

33
30
49
20
26

17
9
21
5
8

9,
3,
11,
2,
2,

800
800
200
600
500

7,
1,
7,
1,
1,

350
510
760
250
040

1 The T o le d o Standard M e tro p o lita n S t a tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f L u ca s C ounty.
The " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s show n in this
table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n of the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y .
T h e e s t im a t e s a r e not in ten ded,
h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th er a r e a e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e em p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r l e v e ls s in c e ( l ) plan n in g o f w age
s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f e sta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d
fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u se d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
M a jo r
ch an ges fr o m the e a r l ie r e d itio n (u s e d in the B u r e a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s co n d u cte d p r i o r t o Ju ly 1958) a r e the t r a n s f e r o f m ilk p a s t e u r iz a t io n
plan ts and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e t e e sta b lis h m e n ts f r o m tra d e (w h o le s a le o r re ta il) to m an u factu rin g, and the t r a n s f e r o f r a d io and t e le v is i o n b r o a d c a s t in g
fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r ab o v e the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n (50 e m p lo y e e s ).
A ll o u tle ts (w ith in the a re a ) o f
c o m p a n ie s in s u ch in d u s tr ie s as tra d e , fin a n ce , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x clu d e d .
5 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s .
S ep a ra te p r e s e n t a t io n
o f data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m ad e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p loym en t in the d iv is io n is t o o s m a ll t o p r o v id e enough d ata
to m e r it se p a r a te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it se p a ra te p re se n ta tion , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate t o p erm it
s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in divid u al e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
6 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; me­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sal­




T a b le 2.

aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels. Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly earn in gs
fo r s e le cte d o ccu p a tio n a l groups in T o le d o , O h io, M a r c h 1961 to M a rch 1962
O ccu p ation a l group

O ffice c le r i c a l (m en and w om en ) ____________________________
Industrial n u rse s (m en and w o m e n ) _______________ ...________
Skilled plant ( m e n ) ____________________________________________
U nskilled plant (men) __ ____________________________________

A ll in d u s trie s
2.
2.
2.
2.

3
0
3
2

M anufacturing
2 .0
2 .0
1. 9
2. 2

4

A:

Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , T oledo, Ohio, M arch 1962)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
workers

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
PT
l
s
:S
S
$
s
$
$
$
$
3
S
$
$
S
$
$
$
is
$
$
$
$
W
eekly^
W
eekly x 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 1 lO.OOjl 15.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00
hours
and
!
(Standard) (Standard) under
“
■
“
“
■
"
"
■
~
■
~
■
50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00! 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00ll20.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 over
1
i
!
!

Men
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A __________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------

81
76

39.5
39.5

_

$117.00
117.00

_
-

-

'
_

!
1

5 i
j
5
1 1
j
1 1

2
2

C lerks, accounting, c la s s B __________
Manufacturing ______________________

53
40

39.5
39.5

96.00
100.50

_

C lerks, p a yroll ________________________
M anufacturing ______________________

37
31

40.0
40.0

105.00
105.50

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

O ffice boys _____________________________
Manufacturing ______________________

64
40

39.5
39.5

66.50
62.50

18
15

10
7

3
3

3

11
7

6
4

Tabulating-m achine op era to rs,
cla s s A _______________________________
M anufacturing ______________________

30
25

40.0
40.0

116.50
116.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

Tabulating-m achine op era to rs,
cla s s B _______________________________
Manufacturing ______________________

63
54

40.0
40.0

106.00
107.00

-

-

-

-

-

Tabulating-m achine op era to rs,
c la s s C _______________________________

30

39.5

92.50

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

2

i
j

5
1

;

j

1

j
i

2
I

9
2

_ i
1
10
2
|

3

-

1 '
1

-

1
1

2

5

3

i
1
j
i

-

1
1

5
1 12
5 ! 12
_
9
9

4 ! 14
4
! n

!

|
!

7 ;
~ i

io
10

6 !
!
6
9 1
4 j

8
8

j
|

3 i
3

i
i

4
4

i

9
8

i
i

4
4

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

_
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

6
6

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

_ !

-

_

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

9
9
|

16
14

_

!

3
-

_

_|

_

_

-

-

i
1

-

-

2
2

-

1
1

-

1

-

1
1

5
5

7
2

3
3

5
2

4
4

1
1

13 ;
8 i

9
9

22
22

2
2

1
-

1

5

2

6

6 :

i

1

_

1

|
j

I

_ !

l
1

1
1

_

-

_

_

_

I

-

|

l

Women

-

4
4

-

B illers , m achine (billing m achine) ___

37

40.0

73.50

_

_ j

5

7

3

2

11

6

_

.

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_!

B ookkeeping-m achine o p era to rs,
cla s s A _________ __ --------------------------

33

39.5

81.50

-

-

-

-

5

3

5

7

8

-

4

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

B ookkeeping-m achine op era to rs,
c la s s B ___________ __ ______________
Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________

292
64
228

39.5
40.0
39.5

65.00
76.00
62.50

44
44

4
4

55
4
51

48
7
41

33
4
29

49
18
31

22
12
10

17
7
10

11
5
6

2
1
1

4
3
1

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ---------------Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________

92
43
49

38.5
39.5
37.5

91.00
90.00
92.00

_
-

_
-

.
-

2
1
1

2
2
-

17
7
10

6
6
-

10
3
7

12
3
9

6
5
1

17
6
11

i
i
-

13
3
10

_
~

1
1
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

_
-

-

-

C lerks, accounting, c la s s B __________
Manufacturing ______________________
N onm anufacturing __________________

244
102
142

39.5
40.0
39.5

75.00
79.50
71.50

_
-

5
2
3

_
-

38
8
30

43
14
29

47
9
38

37
21
16

25
15
10

17
11
6

11
9
2

12
10
2

8
2
6

i
i
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

C lerk s, file , c la s s B 2 _________________
M anufacturing ___________
_ _____
Nonmanufacturing __________ ______

109
39
70

39.5
39.5
39.5

65.00
71.00
61.50

4
4

9
9

24
4
20

26
9
17

11
4
7

17
13
4

9
4
5

6
2
4

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

C lerk s, o rd e r __________________________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________

93
68
25

40.0
40.0
40.0

74.50
7O 0
70.50

2
2
-

4
4
-

4
4
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

C lerk s, pa y roll ________________________
M anufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________

147
96
51

40.0
40.0
40.0

79.00
82.00
73.50

4
2
2

4
1
3

8
8

8
8

_
-

1
1

_
-

1
1

_
-

-

See footn otes at end o f table.




_

3
3
- :

-

2
6
2 ----- g—
-

17
11
6

16
10
6

6
6
-

17
5
12

8
8
-

11
10
1

_
-

2
2

19
9
10

17
8
9

23
15
8

26
19
7

20
13
7

6
4
2

3
3

_
5
5

_

_
-

i
!

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_

_

_

-

*

-

_

.

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

5
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en-----Continued

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a sis
by industry division , T oledo, Ohio, M arch 1962)
NU M B ER OF W O RK ER S RE CE IVIN G S T R A IG H T-TIM E W EEKLY EA RN IN G S O F -

of
workers

---------- 1----------r
5
s
s
s
5
$
|
:
s
S
$
$
s
90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00

is
5
145.00 150.00
and

©
' ©
o

Sex, occupation, and in du stry d iv isio n

$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
W
eekly
Weekly, 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00
earnings
hours
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
i
50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00
i
.

-5.5.00 lQO.PO 105*00 11P-.P0 115.00ll20.00 125.00 130.00 I3iuP,0. 14IL-Q.Q. 115,-QQ 1.50,00
!
i
i

over

W om en— Continued
C om ptom eter o p e ra to rs -------------------------M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing -------------------------------

113
63
50

39. 5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

$76. 50
78. 50
73. 50

_
-

1
1

11

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A 1 --------------2
M anufacturing ---------------------- -—

68
62

3 9.5
39.5

! 83. 00
85.00

_

_

-

-

4
_

3
3

2
“

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B 2 --------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ____________________

111
71
40

39.5
4 0 .0
39. 0

77. 00
79. 50
73. 00

_
-

_

5
1
4

7
3
4

O ffice g i r l * ----------------------------------------------

39

39. 5

62. 50

1

1

17

-

-

!
1
-

6
_
6
_

5
5

6
5

2
2
"

23
23

5
5

io

!

10

!

18
12
6

1
1
-

-

_

1

_

68
50
18
12

56
37
19
14

60
49
11
1

61
51
10
22
15

92
77
15
4

44
34
10
6

3
1

;

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

1
1

-

-

_

_

39
34
5
2

80
54
26
5

62
56
6
1

50
41
9
3

9
8
1
1

32
18
14
11

26
9
17
17

11
8
3
3

1
1

44
34

42
38

51
50

32
32

35
23

12
12

2
2

11
9
2

..25
i 10
i 15

5
5

5
5

16
16

12
5
7

31
17
14

15
12
3

12
10
2

5

13

_

1

-

4
4
2

18
12
6
2

23
6
17
10

27
22
5
_

16
14
2
54
33
21
1

!

1
i

i

_

-

21
19
| 2

9

12
2
10

| 10
| 8
2
i
i
4
i
| 4

11
6
5

9
-

|
j

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

17
17
1
l
1
1

19
18
1
_
_
1
1

12
11
1
.
_
1
1

7
7
_
_

13
13
_
_
_

6
6
_
_
_

4
4
_
_
.

6
6
_
_
_

-

-

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
_

-

.
-

i

561
435
126
52

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.0
3 8 .5

3 9 .5
79.50
39. 5 ! 79. 50
3 9.5 ! 79.50
i
40. 0
96. 00

Stenographers, s e n io r 2 _________________
M anufacturing ________________________

431
309
122
43
250
214

39.5
3 9.5

91. 50
92.00

-

-

-

-

49
37
12
2
2

Sw itchboard o p e ra to rs ----------------------------M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

100
49
51

3 9.5
39. 5
39.0

79.00
86. 50
71.50

49
9

.
-

_
-

10
10

15
3
12

9
8
1

6
4
2

6
6
-

15
8
7

20
14
6

5
2
3

1
1

2
2
-

1
1
-

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts ____
M anufacturing ________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________

145
89
56

39 .5
4 0 .0
3 9.5

71. 50
72. 50
70. 00

_

27
13
14

14
14
-

22
14
8

16
8
8

18
12
6

21
10
11

11
5
6

4
4
-

1
1
-

5
5
-

_
-

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
3
3

-

-

-

“

-

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B ___ __ ____________________________

26

3 9.0

88.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

9

4

1

1

4

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s C ___________________ ____ ______

38

4 0 .0

80. 50

-

-

-

2

1

11

11

4

-

-

7

1

-

-

_

1

-

_

-

-

_

_

T ra n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
gen eral _____________ ___ ________________ _
M anufacturing -------------------------------------

38
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

67. 50
68. 50

4
4

6
2

5
5

1
1

5
3

2
2

9
7

1
1

5
5

T yp ists, c la s s A -------------------------------------M anufacturing -------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ____________________

294
209
85

39. 0
39 .5
37. 5

79. 50
79. 50
79. 00

.
'

_
-

1
1
-

11
8
3

22
17
5

30
20
10

131
103
28

37
13
24

24
16
8

24
18
6

11
10
1

1
1

1
1

_
-

1
1

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

T yp ists, c la s s B ---------------------------------- _
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing ____________________
Pu blic u tilities 3 ___________________

243
99
144
42

38. 5
39 .5
38. 0
40. 0

10
_
10
2

12
1
11
1

46
27
19

47
20
27

40
21
19
4

45
5
40
26

17
11
6

19
7
12
9

6
6

_
_
-

1
1

_
_
-

_

_

_

.

_

.

.

.

-

-

_
_
-

.

-

-

-

-

_

.

-

M anufacturing ------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ------------------------------P u blic u tilities 34 ---------------------------S tenograp hers, g e n e r a l2 _______________
Mannfap tn ring
N onm anufacturing ------------------------------Pu blic u tilities 3 ___________________

99.50
102.00
i 90.00
85. 50

66.
67.
' 65.
5 72.

00
50
50
50

-

_

13
r~ r^
8
_

1
1
2
3
4

.

i

-

i______

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre s p o n d to these w eekly hours.
D e scrip tio n fo r this jo b has been r e v ise d since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public utilities.
Includes 1 w ork er at $ 3 5 to $40; 1 at $40 to $45.




-

2
2

6
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

(A verage s traigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d oc upations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , T oled o, O hio, Mar h 1962)
NU M B ER OF WORKERS RE CE IVIN G STR AIGH T-TIM E W EEKLY E A R N IN G S OF-

A v era g e

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Weekly.
hours
(Standard)

Weekly .
earnings
(Standard)

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00
and
and
under
70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00 over

Men

.

.

.

D raftsm en, sen ior ______________________
M anufacturing ________________________

190
187

40.0
40.0

$ 128.50
128.00

D raftsm en, j u n i o r --- ------- — --------------M anufacturing ________________________

86
84

40.0
40.0

110.50
. 109.50

2
2

-

5
5

7
7

46
42

40.0
40.0

100.00
101.50

2

1

.

j

!

.

2
2

8
8

8
8

4
4

21
21

17
17

31
31

15
15

9
9

17
17

10
10

9
9

7
7

2
2

1
1

8
8

7
7

"

1
1

1
1

29
29

4
4

-

5
5

4
4

14
14

3
3

7
7

4
4

3
2

2
2

.

.

.

1

32
31

4
3

2

1
1

3
3

2
1

3
3

3
3

-

-

-

.

.

.

Women
N urses, industrial (re g is te re d ) ________
M anufacturing ________________________

1

.

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hours.




.

7
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en Combined
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , T oledo, Ohio, M arch 1962)

N ber
um
of

O ccupation and industry div isio n

Average
w
eekly
earning] 1
(Standard)

42

$76.00

B ook keeping-m a ch ine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A ------------npftratot*sr o.lass B
Nonm anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

33
292
64
228

r'l~rk<? accounting c l a ea A
M anufacturing ___________________________________

173
119
54

103.00
107.00
94.00

C . ] e

297
142
155
29

78.50
85.50
72.50
79.00

25

78.00

01#»rlcs, flip, c la s s B 3
_
_
___ __
M anufacturing ___________________________________
M
rvn-fTi^T i^'fa nfriyri r»g
Y
.
..

109
39
70

65.00
71.00
61.50

r.lprVs, nrHftr

116
91
25

76.50
78.00
70.50

rA^nfjngj rla Sfi R

.....

N onm anufacturing ----------------------------------------------P u blic m tiiitics ^
ee A ^

_

_

______ ______

N onm anufacturing ----------------------------------------------Clprlrs, p ayroll
■T
N
- ” ® .
iNonmanutacturing

_

_ _ _ _____ _______

---- --------- -— -— -----—
------- —

184
127
57

84.50
88.00
76.50

M anufacturing ___________________________________

68
62

83.00
85.00

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B 3 ------------------------------M anufacturing
_
_ _______________ __ ____
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________

115
75
40

77.00
79.50
73.00

O ffice boys and g ir ls _______________________________
M anufacturing ----------- ---------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _______________________________

103
61
42

65.00
62.00
69.50

S e c r e ta r ie s
. .. .. .
.
M anufacturing ____ ____________________________
N onm anufacturing _______________________________
Public u tilit ie s 2 _____________________________

562
436
126
52

99.50
102.00
90.00
85.50

Stenographers, g e n e r a l3 __________________________
M anufacturing ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________ ___________ —
Public u t ilit ie s 2 ---- ------- ---------------------------

447
309
138
59

80.00
79.50
82.00
97.00

Stenographers, s e n io r 3 ___________________________
M anufacturing _____ ___________________________

250
214

91.50
92.00

Sw itchboard o p e ra to rs _____________________________
M anufacturing ___________________________________
Norimarmfactnring
._
_
__ ____

100
49
51

79.00
86.50
71.50

145
89
56

$71.50
72.50
70.00

T a bulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A -----------------M anufacturing ____________________________________

39
30

114.50
114.50

89
75

100.50
102.00

T abulating-m achine op e ra to rs , c la s s C -----------------M anufacturing ____________________________________

68
35

86.00
95.00

T ra n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p era tors , gen era l -------------M anufacturing ------------- ------------ ------------------------

38
30

67.50
68.50

T yp ists, c la s s A ___________________________________ M anufacturing ____________________________________
N onm anufacturing _______________________________

294
209
85

79.50
79.50
79.00

T yp ists, c la s s B ___________________________________ M anufacturing ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 _______________________________

251
101
150
48

67.00
68.00
66.50
76.00

D raftsm en, sen ior ____________ ____ ______________
M anufacturing _ ------- ------------------------------------------

191
188

128.50
128.00

D raftsm en, junior ____________________________________
M anufacturing ____________________________________

$76.50
78.50
73.50

_______________

86
84

110.50
109.50

N u rses, industrial (reg is tered ) -------------------------------M anufacturing ___ _______________________________

48
44

100.50
102.00

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts _____________ —
M anufacturing ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations

1 Earnings a re fo r a regu lar w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their s traigh t-tim e w eekly sa la rie s , exclu siv e o f any prem iu m pay.
2 T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public utilities.
3 D e scrip tion fo r this jo b has been r e v ise d since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




Average
w
eekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

T abulating-m achine o p era tors , c la s s B -----------------M anufacturing ____________________________________

113
63
50

___________________________

81.50
65.00
76.00
62.50

N ber
um
of

O ffice occu pation s— Continued

—

C om ptom eter o p e ra to rs

N onm anufacturing _________

f-j 1a

O ccupation and industry d ivision

earnings1 1
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffic e occu pation s

Cl Ai«lro

Num
ber
of
workers

O ccupation and industry d ivision

8
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , T oled o, Ohio, M arch 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O ccupation and industry d iv isio n

63
46

Average
hourly ,
earnings

$
$
$
$
$
t
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
9
$
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 2. 10 2. 20 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2. 50 2. 60 2 .70 2 .8 0 2.90 3 .0 0 3. 10 3. 20 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3. 50 3. 60 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .0 0
and
and
under
1.70 1.80 1.90 2. 00 2. 10 2 .2 0 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2.6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2.9 0 3 .00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3 ,4 0 3. 50 3 .6 0 3 ,7 0 3 .8 0 3. 90 4. 00 o v e r
3

$ 3.03
3. 1 5

2
2

17
14

2
2

11
9

3
2

12
12

21
21
-

13
11
2
-

23
17
6
2

103
103
-

67
65
2
2

77
45
32
32

20
20
-

1
1
-

4
4
■

_
■

1
1
“

4
4

21
21
~

10
4
6

10
10

3
3

17
17

23
18

-

14
5

4

5
J

1
1

3
3

4
4

j
1

6
5
1
1

15
15
-

!
1
■

1
1
"

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

3. 15
3 .2 8
2 .83

_

_

_

_

_

6

3

_

"

~

■

6

3

■

6
4
2

163
115

2 .63
2.61

15
15

3

7
7

2
2

4
4

4
-

7
4

6
6

16
4

19
7

3
3

23
23

H elpers, m aintenance trades --------------M anufacturing ________________________

94
73

2 .67
2 .73

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

7
2

19
3

3
3

5
5

20
20

35
35

M ach in e-tool o p era to rs,
to o lr o o m
---------------------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------- ---------------

195
192

3.21
3.2 2

_

.

-

-

.

-

17
14

-

4
4

.

-

3
3

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

8
8

5
5

108
108

13
13

M achinists, m aintenance ----------------------M anufacturing -------------------------------------

191
182

3, 19
3 .2 0

.
-

20
20

33
33

M echanics, autom otive
(m aintenance) ______________ _____ ______
M anufacturing ________________________
Mnnm annfa rhit*ir»|f
Pu blic u tilities 2 __________________

276
99
177
145

M echanics, m aintenance ________________
M anufacturing --------------------------------- ;—
M illw rights __ ________
______ ______
M anufacturing ________________________

E le c tr ic ia n s , m aintenance _____________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ------------------------------Public u tilities 1 __________________
2

384
312
72
62

3. 19
3. 14
3 .4 0
3. 50

E n gin eers, stationary _ ------------------------M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing _ _________________

96
70
26

F irem en , stationary b o ile r _____________
M anufacturing -------------------------------------

1

-

-

-

4
4
-

24
24
24

-

-

12
12

2
2

.
■

8
8
■

4
4
~

_
-

35
35

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

.
*

5
-

63
63

13
13

-

-

“

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

.

.

.

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

3
3

.

-

-

-

-

-

6
2

20
20

25
25

3
3

2.91
2.9 3
2. 90
2 .93

_

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

12

11
2
9
9

30
9
21
21

13
4
9
6

55
52
3

9

74
1
73
60

21
21

9

-

46
9
37
37

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

426
404

3. 11
3. 11

_

_

_

_

_

12
12

82
76

72
72

52
36

49
49

70
70

-

4
4

1
1

1

-

13
13

1

-

25
25

_

-

15
15

_

-

16
16

-

1

1

340
339

3 .0 2
3 .0 2

_

.

.

43
43

j
1

49
49

123
123

25
25

74
74

4
4

_

_

_

-

8
8

_

-

2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

51
50

2. 53
2.5 3

_

.

53
43

2.9 2
3.01

.

.

!
1

10
10

8
6

5
5

15
14

_ _

144
132

3. 16
3. 16

4
4

8
7

36
36

46
35

.

29
29

_

_

_

Sheet-m etal w o rk e rs , m aintenance ___
M anufacturing -------------------------------------

28
27

3. 12
3. 13

8
8

10
10

-

-

T ool and die m akers ------------------------------M anufacturing ________________________

590
590

3 .3 6
3.3 6

3
3

52.
52

O ilers

____________________________________

8
P a in ters, m aintenance __________________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------P i p e f i t t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e

____

_

__

jljaiiiifarfnri ng

3

12
12
7
7

_

_

-

6
6

"

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

6
6

_

-

5
5

_

1

1
1

3
3

7
7

_

1

5
5

27
27

6
4

.

.

2

.

2

.

2

5
5

3
2

_

j
1

.

20
20

_

2
2

1
-

2
2

2
2

-

.

.

.

“

■

*

8
8

14
14

6
6

_

.

_
“

.

.
"

.

.

■

'

“

1 E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r o v ertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holid ays, and late shifts.
2 Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public u tilities.




-

4
4

-

52
52

2
-

1
250
250

48
48

2

-

87
87

54
54

12
12

_

.
•

‘

9
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
b y industry d ivision , T o le d o , C hio, M arch 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry d iv isio n

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average S
hourly , 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 *1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 *2.10 2.20 2.30 *2.40 2.50 *2.60 *2.70 2.80 2.90 *3.00 3.10 3.20
earnings
and
and
under
1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 over

E levator o p e r a to r s , p a sse n g e r
(wom en) ________________________________
N onm anufacturing ------------------------------

33
28

$1.56
1.50

-

G u a rd s3
— __ _ — __ __ _ __ _
M anufacturing
.. —
__ _ ___ _

436
252

2.34
2.50

_
-

Jan itors, p o r t e r s , and cle a n e r s
(m en) __ __ __ _
____ _ ____
_
M anufacturing
.
. ..
_____
N onm anufacturing __ . . .
. . .
P u blic u t ilit ie s 4 _
. . . .

943
w r
246
63

2.10
2.18
1.86
2.17

3
3
-

30
30

4
4

158
83
75

1.75
1 93
1.55

6

2

3

6

2

3

L a b o r e r s , m a te ria l h a n d lin g ___________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____ ______ ____________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 4 __________________

1, 138
767
371
164

2.38
2.33
2.49
2.79

O rd er f i l l e r s _____________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____ ______ __ _________
N onm anufacturing __ ._ . . . . .

303
171
132

2.42
2.47
2.35

.
■

P a ck e rs , shipping (m en) ____ ._ ._
M anufacturing
__ __ . . . . .
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______ ________ ____

380
332
48

2.38
2.42
2.08

.

.

.

.

-

-

*

-

P a ck e rs , shipping ( w o m e n ) _____________

27

1.76

_

_

2

R eceivin g c le r k s . __ ____
M anufacturing
. . . . _. . .
____
N onm anufacturing __ . ___

85
45
40

2.47
2.54
2.39

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and c le a n e r s
(wom en) _ . . . .
. . .
_ ._ __ _.
N onm anufacturing _______ . . . _________

-

-

6
6

.

_

_

-

-

11
2
9
1

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

"

"

.
“

-

-

3

.

_

5
5

32
-

92
4

11
11

8
7

2
-

4
4

33
17

86
81

41
41

25
16

81
50

16
16

_

_

_

_

-

~

"

-

2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

9
7
2
-

57
48
9
-

51
9
42
“

45
27
18
1

46
40
6
-

40
23
17
12

105
86
19
6

65
34
31
25

95
90
5
4

163
144
19
8

146
126
20
-

62
60
2
-

9
1
8
6

2
-

-

50
15
35

21

2
2

6
6

7
7

6
4
2

5

14
14

17
17

5
5

_

_

_

-

21

12
12

21
15
6

27
12
15

47
29
18

104
70
34
12

36
7
29
23

304
287
17
17

95
75
20
"

121
64
57
■

15
12
3
-

146
121
25
-

17
17
12

-

20
14
6

.

2.47
2.51

-

Shipping and re c e iv in g c l e r k s __________
M anufacturing

85
71

2.45
2.43

-

-

T ru c k d riv e r s 5 _______ __ ________ _____ _
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing —
P u blic u t ilit ie s 4 __________________

1, 164
471
693
265

2.76
2.72
2.79
2.87

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

9
9
-

_

6

5

~

6

5

2

4

3

4

1

2

4

3

4

11

6

1

_

63
51
12

1

"

*

82
69




2

.

15

"

15

5

Shipping c l e r k s __ . . . .
.
__
M anufacturing
..
. . _. _. . .

See footn otes at end o f table.

2
2

-

14
13

_

.

20
20

-

-

.

-

2
2

-

-

-

_
-

-

5
2
2

_
-

1

_
-

2
2

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

100

1
1
-

-

-

-

5
.
-

-

-

100
100

28
28
-

.
-

-

-

.
-

14
10
4

4
4

19
1
18

9
9
"

80
80
-

30
30

16
10
6

57
33
24

20
20

12
12

29
29
-

14
9
5

29
4
25

135
135

14
14
-

62
60
2

43
41
2

28
28
-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

5

_

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

5
5
-

-

1
-

14
2
12

3
1
2

6
5

21
i6
5

8
2
6

13
7
6

5
3
2

_
-

_
-

3
3

_

5
5

9
-

!
1

5
3

15
14

12
11

15
15

7
7

6
6

-

-

-

2
2

.

j
1

2
2

1

2
2

173
13
160
60

136
45
91
90

44
5
39
39

1

j

1

-

1

6
6

_

x

-

8
8

-

2
2

7
5

12
12

4
4

26
16

n
10

3
2

19
1
18

8
2
6

8
5
3

28
27
1

30
15
15
6

50
29
21
21

19
16
3
3

121
29
82
46

55
36
19

47
23
24

424
213
211

-

_
_

10
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued

(A verage s traigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , T oledo, Ohio, M arch 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$

$

$

$3. 10 3. 20
3 .2 0 over

and
-

$
1.00 *1. 10 1. 20 *1. 30 $1.40 *1. 50 $ 60 *1.70 $
1.
1.80 *1.90 $ .0 0 $ 10 *2. 20 *2. 30 *2.40 *2. 50 $2 .6 0 $2. 70 2 .8 0 $2. 90
2.
2
and
under
1. 10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1. *50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2.30 2.40 2. 50 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00

o

Average
hourly ,
earnings*

o
o

O ccu p a tio n 1 and industry division
3
2

Number
of
workers

T r u c k d r iv e r s : 5— Continued
T r u c k d riv e r s , light (under
11lz tons) ---------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
T r u c k d riv e r s , m edium (IV2 to and
including 4 tons) ______________________
M anufacturing ___ _______________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
P u blic utilities 4 _______________

139
60
79

$ 2 .3 6
2.31
2.39

2.7 4
238
— n n ~ — 27§T~
137
2 .69
2.7 3
87

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
t r a ile r type) -----__
-------------------M anufacturing
— — -----------------Nonm anufacturing ________________
Pu blic utilities 4 _______________

438
51
387
151
369
287

2.44
2.4 0

T r u c k e r s , pow er (other than
fork lift) __________________ __ ___________

38
284
32

1.63
2. 32

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

18
1
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

20
19
1

2
r

2

-

2

-

-

6

1
-

5
4
1

6

—

-

2. 30

W atch m en 6 ______
_____________ _____
M anufacturing ______ __ __________

-

2 .8 8
2. 57
2.93
3.0 0

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fork lift) _________ __
M anufacturing -------------------------------

-

8
8

_

_

_

"

~

_
■

-

11

2
2
"

7
7

21

-

21
21

12
9
3
3

-

-

10
10

75

25

33

5
5

36

12
12

72

6
6

3
3

5
5

6
1

41

20
13
7

-

41
25

-

'

22
22

10
-

-

j

-

'
42
TT
20

17
13
4

"

'

2
1
1

“

150

-

"

144

70
40
30
30

8

36
5
31
31

-

-

150

144
60

66
5
61
60

11
11

78
78

42
42

34
14

135
88

10

8
8

_

_

■

■

6

3

-

-

4

-

2

-

-

9
9

19
16

-

8
8

1 Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d la te s h ift s .

The re p o rt on the M arch 1961 study (Bulletin 1285-50) should have read as fo llo w s: Num ber o f w o rk e rs , 421; average hourly earnings $ 2. 26.
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.
Includes all d riv e r s r e g a rd le s s o f s ize and type o f tru ck operated.
The rep ort on the M arch 1961 study (B ulletin 1285-50) should have read as follow s: Num ber o f w o rk e rs , 279; average hourly earnings $ 1. 65.

6
4

-

-

. _

"

3
4
5
6

-

10

*

-

-

17
17

2




-

12

'

2
2

-

12

46
25
21

23
5

_

_
“

■

11

"

-

-

Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau’ s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’ s bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.
The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

11




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type o f machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)—
Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)—
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or^credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

13

14

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—
Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with -no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

15

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Class A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class fi—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued

making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters fromgeneral
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

16

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPER A TO R-C ontinued

Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences o f long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabula ting-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision o f the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B—
Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

17

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees9 injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicant^
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter required rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




18

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance elctricians requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

19

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties o f the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates* with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, die work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience*

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

20

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER* MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, die work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.




21

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




22

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under iy2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

☆

U .S . GOVERNMENT PRINTING O F F IC E : 1 9 6 2 - 0 - 6 3 7 3 8 3


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102