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Occupational Wage Survey
NEWARK and JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY
FEBRUARY 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-45




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
NEWARK and JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY




FEBRUARY 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-45
May 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

-

Price 30 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The L abor M arket O ccupational Wage Survey P rog ra m
The Bureau o f L abor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage su rveys in 82 labor m arkets. The
studies provid e data on occupational earnings and related
supplem entary ben efits. A prelim in ary rep ort furnishing
trend data and average earnings is relea sed within a month
of the com p letion o f each study. This bulletin p rovides
additional data not included in the p relim in ary rep ort.

Introduction ________________________ ______ _________________ . ______________
Wage trends fo r selected occupational groups __________________________
T ables:
1.
2.
3.

Two bu lletin s, bringing together the results of all
of the area su rv ey s, are issued after com pletion of the
final area bulletin in the current round of surveys. The
fir s t of these bulletins w ill be available late in 1962 and
the other e a rly in 1963. During the survey year, sum m ary
re le a se s presen tin g areaw ide occupational earnings data
for 25 to 30 labor m a rk ets, are issued as data becom e
available.
This bulletin was prepared in the B ureau's r e ­
gional o ffice in New Y ork, N .Y ., by Martin W einles,
under the gen eral d irection of F re d erick W. M ueller,
A ssistan t R egion al D ire cto r fo r Wages and Industrial
R elations.




1
4

Establishm ents and w o rk ers within scope of survey ____________
P ercen ts o f in crea se in standard w eekly sa la ries and
straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups ______________________________________________
Indexes o f standard w eekly sa la ries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups, and
percen ts o f in crea se fo r selected p eriod s ______________________

A : Occupational earn in gs:*
A - 1. O ffice occupations— en and wom en _______________________
m
A -2 . P ro fe ssio n a l and tech n ical occupations—
men
and wom en _________________________________________________
A - 3. O ffice , p ro fe ssion a l, and technical
occupations— en and wom en com bined ___________________
m
A -4 . Maintenance and pow er plant occupations _
A - 5. C ustodial and m aterial m ovem ent occupations ____________

3
5
5
6
10
11
12
14

B: Establishm ent p r a ctice s and supplem entary wage p rov ision s:*
B - l . Shift d ifferen tials ________
16
B -2 . Minimum entrance sa la ries fo r wom en o ffice w ork ers ______ 17
B -3 . Scheduled w eekly hours ____________________________________ 18
B -5 .
B -6 .

P aid vacations ______________________________________________
Health, insurance, and pension plans _____________________

21
23

A. Changes in occupational d escrip tion s _____________________________
B. Occupational d escrip tion s _________________________________________

25
27

Appendixes:

* NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations are available in previou s area rep orts fo r Newark
and J e rse y City and fo r other m a jor a rea s. A d ir e c to r y indicating the a reas,
dates o f study, and p r ic e s of these rep orts is available upon request.
Current rep orts on occupational earnings and supplem entary wage p r o ­
vision s in the Newark and J e rse y City area are also available fo r the m ach in ery
industries (A pril 1961), contract cleaning se r v ic e s (July 1961), paints and v a r ­
nishes (May 1961), and banking (May I960). Union sc a le s , indicative of p re v a il­
ing pay le v e ls, are available fo r the follow ing trades or in du stries: Building
construction, printing, lo ca l-tra n sit operating em p loyees, and m otortru ck d riv ers
and h elpers.
iii




Occupational Wage Survey—Newark and Jersey City, N.J.
Introduction

to the work schedules (rounded to the n earest half hour) fo r which
straight-tim e sa la ries are paid; average weekly earnings fo r these
occupations have been rounded to the n earest half d olla r.

This a rea is 1 o f 82 labor m arkets in which the U .S. D e­
partment o f L a b o r 's Bureau o f Labor Statistics has conducted su r­
veys o f occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an a re a ­
wide b a s is .
In this a rea , data were obtained by personal visits o f
B ureau field econ om ists to representative establishm ents within six
broad industry division s: Manufacturing; transportation, com m un ica­
tion, and other public u tilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
in su ran ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor industry groups
excluded fr o m these studies are government operations and the co n ­
stru ction and extra ctive industries.
Establishm ents having few er
than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w ork ers are om itted also because they
tend to furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to
w arrant in clu sion . Separate tabulations are provided fo r each o f the
b roa d industry d ivision s which m eet publication c r ite r ia .

A verage earnings o f men and wom en are presented separately
fo r se le cte d occupations in which both sexes are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay lev els o f m en and wom en in these occupations are
la rg ely due to (l) d ifferen ces in the distribution o f the sexes among
industries and establishm ents; (2) *d ifferen ces in sp e cific duties p er­
form ed , although the occupations are appropriately cla ss ifie d within
the same survey jo b d escrip tion ; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice o r m e rit review when individual sa la ries are adjusted on this
b a sis.
L onger average se rv ice o f men would resu lt in higher average
pay when both sexes are em ployed within the same rate range. Job
descrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in these surveys are usu­
ally m ore gen eralized than those used in individual establishm ents to
allow fo r m inor d iffe ren ces among establishm ents in sp ecific duties
p erform ed .

T hese su rveys are conducted on a sample basis because o f the
u n n ecessary c o s t involved in surveying all establishm ents. To obtain
optim um a ccu ra cy at m inim um co s t, a greater proportion of large
than o f sm a ll establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data, how­
e v e r, all establishm ents are given their appropriate weight. E stim ates
based on the establishm ents studied are presented, th e re fo re , as r e ­
lating to all establishm ents in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cep t fo r those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational em ploym ent estim ates rep resen t the total in ail
establishm ents within the scope o f the study and not the number actu­
ally su rveyed. B ecause o f d ifferen ces in occupational structure among
establishm ents, the estim ates o f occupational em ploym ent obtained
fro m the sam ple o f establishm ents studied serve only to indicate the
relative im portance o f the jobs studied.
These d ifferen ces in o ccu ­
pational structure do not m aterially affect the a ccu ra cy o f the earn ­
ings data.

O ccupations and Earnings
The occupations selected fo r study are com m on to a variety
o f manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational c la s ­
sifica tion is based on a uniform set of job description s designed to
take account o f in terestablishm ent variation in duties within the same
jo b .
(See appendix fo r listing o f these d e scrip tio n s.) Earnings data
are presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables) fo r the follow ing types o f o c c u ­
pations: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p rofessional and technical; (c) m ainte­
nance and pow er plant; and (d) custodial and m aterial m ovem ent.

E stablishm ent P r a c tic e s and Supplementary Wage P rovision s
Inform ation is presented (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on selected
establishm ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary benefits as they relate to
office and plant w o rk e rs.
The con cep t "o ffice w o r k e r s ," as used
in this bulletin, includes working su p ervisors and nonsupervisory
w ork ers perform in g c le r ic a l o r related functions, and excludes admin­
istra tiv e, execu tive, and p rofession a l p erson nel. "Plant w ork ers" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w ork ers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
A dm inistrative,
execu tive, and p rofession a l em p loyees, and fo rce -a cco u n t construction
em ployees who are u tilized as a separate w ork fo r c e are excluded.
C a feteria w ork ers and routem en are excluded in manufacturing indus­
tr ie s , but are included as plant w ork ers in nonmanufacturing industries.

O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs, i . e . , those h ired to work a regular weekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational cla ss ifica tio n . Earnings data exclude
prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, h olidays, and
late sh ifts.
N onproduction bonuses are excluded a lso , but c o s t - o f living bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are re p orted , as fo r office c le r ic a l occupations, re fe re n ce is




I

2

Shift differen tial data (table B - l ) are lim ited to manufacturing
in du stries. This inform ation is presented both in term s o f (a) esta b ­
lishm ent p o lic y ,1 presen ted in term s o f total plant w orker em p loy ­
ment, and (b) e ffectiv e p ra ctice , presented in term s o f w ork ers
actually em ployed on the sp e cifie d shift at the time o f the su rvey.
In establishm ents having va ried d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used o r , if no amount applied to a m a jority , the c la s ­
sification ''o th e r" was u sed. In establishm ents in which som e la te shift hours are paid at norm al ra tes, a differential was reco rd e d only
if it applied to a m a jo rity o f the shift h ours.
Minimum entrance sa la ries (table B -2 ) relate only to the
establishm ents v isited .
They are presen ted in term s o f esta b lish ­
ments with form a l m inim um sa la ry p o lic ie s .
The scheduled hours (table B -3 ) o f a m a jority o f the f i r s t shift w ork ers in an establishm ent are tabulated as applying to a ll o f
the plant o r o ffic e w ork ers o f that establishm ent. P aid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, in su ran ce, and pension plans (tables B -4 through
B -6 ) are treated sta tistica lly on the b a sis that these are applicable
to all plant o r o ffice w ork ers i f a m a jority o f such w ork ers are e li­
gible o r m ay eventually qualify fo r the p ra ctice s listed . Sums o f
individual item s in tables B -3 through B -6 m ay not equal totals b e ­
cause o f rounding.
The fir s t part o f the paid holidays table (table B -4 ) presents
the num ber o f whole and half holidays actually provided. The second
part com bines whole and h alf holidays to show total holiday tim e .
The sum m ary o f vacation plans (table B -5 ) is lim ited to f o r ­
m al p o lic ie s , excluding in form al arrangem ents w hereby time o ff with
pay is granted at the d iscre tio n o f the e m p loyer. Separate estim ates
are provided accord in g to em p loyer p ra ctice in computing vacation
paym ents, such as tim e paym ents, p ercen t o f annual earnings, o r
fla t-su m amounts. H ow ever, in the tabulations o f vacation pay, pay­
ments not on a tim e b a sis w ere so con verted; fo r exam ple, a payment
o f 2 p ercen t o f annual earnings was con sid e re d as the equivalent o f
1 w eek 's pay.

Data are presented fo r all health, in su ran ce, and pension plans
(table B -6 ) fo r which at least a p art o f the co st is borne by the e m ­
p lo y e r, excepting only legal requirem ents such as w orkm en's com pen ­
sation, so cia l secu rity, and railroad retirem en t. Such plans include
those underwritten by a co m m ercia l insurance com pany and those p r o ­
vided through a union fund or paid d ire ctly by the em p loyer out o f
cu rren t operating funds o r from a fund set aside fo r this pu rpose.
Death benefits are included as a fo rm o f life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ited to that type o f in ­
surance under which predeterm ined cash payments are made d irectly
to the insured on a weekly o r monthly b asis during illn ess o r accident
d isability.
Information is presen ted fo r a ll such plans to which the
em p loyer contributes.
H owever, in New Y ork and New J ersey , which
have enacted tem porary d isability insurance laws which requ ire e m ­
p lo y e r con tribu tion s,2 plans are included only if the em p loyer (1) co n ­
tributes m o re than is lega lly required, o r (2) p rovid es the em ployee
with benefits which exceed the requirem ents o f the law. Tabulation?
o f paid sick -le a v e plans are lim ited to fo rm a l p la n s3 which p rovide
full pay o r a proportion o f the w o rk e r's pay during absence from w ork
becau se o f illn ess.
Separate tabulations are p resen ted accord in g to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting p eriod , and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay o r a waiting p eriod . In addition to the
presentation of the proportions o f w ork ers who are provid ed sick n ess
and acciden t insurance o r paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown o f w orkers who receiv e either o r both types o f ben efits.
Catastrophe insurance, som etim es re fe r r e d to as extended
m ed ica l insurance, includes those plans which a re designed to p rotect
em ployees in case o f sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the norm al coverage o f hospitalization, m ed ica l, and su rg ica l plans.
M ed ical insurance re fe rs to plans providin g fo r com plete o r partial
payment o f doctors* fe e s. Such plans m ay be underw ritten by c o m m e r­
cia l insurance com panies o r nonprofit organizations o r they m ay be
s e lf-in su re d . Tabulations o f retirem en t pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide monthly payments fo r the rem ainder o f the
w o r k e r 's life .

2 The tem porary d isability laws in C alifornia and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer contributions.
3 An establishm ent was con sid ered as having a form a l plan if
it established at least the minimum num ber o f days o f sick leave that
1
An establishm ent was con sid e re d as having a p olicy if it m et
could be expected by each em ployee. Such a plan need not be written,
either o f the follow in g conditions: ( l ) Operated late shifts at the tim e
but in form al sick -le a v e allow ances, determ ined on an individual b a sis,
o f the su rvey, o r (2) had fo rm a l p rovisions cov erin g late sh ifts.
w ere excluded.




3

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin sco p e o f s u r v e y and n um ber studied in N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity, N .J .,

In d u stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

___________________________________________________

M an u factu rin g
. . . .
—
.
-----— _. —
N on m an u factu rin g
. __
T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r
p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 56
. . ___
. . . ___
W h o le s a le tra d e
_____
- __
. . . .
— _
R e ta il tra d e (e x c e p t l im i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s ) _____
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te
----. — —
_____
_
. . .
S e r v ic e s 7
. . .
. . .

M inim um
em ploym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

_

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m en ts

N u m ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts
W ithin
scop e of
s tu d y 1
3
2

b y m a jo r in d u stry d iv isio n , 2 F e b r u a r y 1962

W ithin s c o p e o f study

Studied

Studied
T o ta l4

O ffic e

Plant

T o t a l4

1, 300

267

4 3 5 ,8 0 0

84, 900

2 6 6 ,4 0 0

2 2 7 ,0 3 0

100
-

651
649

124
143

260, 100
1 7 5 ,7 0 0

36, 100
4 8 ,8 0 0

1 8 0 ,2 0 0
8 6 ,2 0 0

121 ,650
105 ,380

100
50
100
50
50

91
199
66
116
177

25
34
22
28
34

52, 700
22, 600
29, 500
34, 000
3 6 ,9 0 0

9 ,8 0 0
5, 300
4, 000
24, 200
5, 500

32, 900
11, 600
21 900
4 500
19, 300

39, 560
6 ,2 3 0
2 0 ,2 6 0
18, 530
2 0 ,8 0 0

1 T he N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a s c o n s is t s o f E s s e x , H udson, M o r r i s , and U nion C ou n ties.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f study" e s tim a te s shown in
th is table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u rv e y .
The es tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f
c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r a r e a e m p lo y m e n t in dexes to m e a s u r e e m p loym en t tre n d s o r l e v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f esta b lish m en t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in
ad va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll esta b lish m en ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g esta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
M a jo r chan ges fr o m the e a r lie r ed ition (u sed in
the B u re a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s con du cted p r io r to July 1958) a re the tr a n s fe r o f m ilk p a s te u r iz a tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e s ta b lis h m e n ts fr o m tra d e (w h olesa le o r reta il) to
m a n u fa ctu rin g , and the tr a n s fe r o f r a d io and t e le v is io n b ro a d ca s tin g f r o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilitie s d iv isio n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p loym en t at o r above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c om p a n ies in su ch in d u s trie s as tr a d e , fin a n ce, auto r ep a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e stablish m en t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and oth er w o r k e r s exclu d ed f r o m the se p a ra te o f fi c e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w ater tra n s p o rta tio n w e re e x clu d e d .
6 E s tim a te r e la t e s to r e a l e s ta te esta b lish m en ts only.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u tom obile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




4

Wag* Trends for Salactsd Occupational Groups

P resen ted in table 2 a re p ercen ts o f change in sa la rie s o f
o ffice c le r ic a l w ork ers and industrial n urses, and in average earnings
of selected plant w ork er groups.
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w ork ers and industrial n urses, the p e r ­
cents o f change relate to average w eekly sa la ries fo r n orm al hours
of work, that is, the standard w ork schedule fo r which straight-tim e
salaries a re paid.
F o r plant w ork er groups, they m ea su re changes
in straigh t-tim e hourly earnings, excluding prem ium pay fo r o v e r ­
time and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
The p e r ­
centages a re based on data fo r selected key occupations and include
m ost o f the n um erically im portant jo b s within each group.
The o f­
fic e c le r ic a l data a re based on m en and wom en in the follow ing 19 jo b s :
Bookkeeping-m achine o p era tors, c la s s B ; cle rk s, accounting, c la s s A
and B; cle rk s, file , c la s s A , B, and C; cle rk s, o rd e r; c le r k s, p ay­
ro ll; Com ptom eter op era tors; keypunch op era tors, c la s s A and B;
office b oy s and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; stenographers, general; sten ogra­
ph ers, sen ior; sw itchboard op era tors; tabulating-m achine op era tors,
cla ss B; and typists, c la s s A and B.
The industrial nurse data a re
based on m en and wom en industrial n u rses.
Men in the follow ing
8 skilled maintenance jo b s and 2 unskilled jo b s w ere included in the
plant w ork er data: Skilled— ca rp en ters; e le ctricia n s; m a ch in ists; m e ­
chanics; m ech an ics, autom otive; pain ters; p ip efitters; and to o l and
die m ak ers; unskilled— ja n ito rs, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs; and la b o re rs,
m aterial handling.
A verage weekly sa la rie s o r average hourly earnings w ere
computed fo r each o f the selected occupations.
The average sa l­




a r ie s o r hourly earnings w ere then m ultiplied b y the average em ploy­
m ent in the job during the p eriod su rveyed in 1961.
T hese weighted
earnings fo r individual occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an a g ­
gregate fo r each occupational group.
Finally, the ratio o f these group
aggregates fo r the one year to the aggregate fo r the other year was
computed and the d ifferen ce betw een the resu lt and 100 is the p ercen t
o f change from the one p eriod to the other.
The percen t o f change m ea su res, p rin cip ally, the effects Of
(1) gen eral salary and wage changes; (2) m e r it o r other in crea ses
in pay receiv ed by individual w ork ers while in the sam e job ; and
(3) changes in the labor fo r c e such as labor turnover, fo r c e expan­
sions, fo r c e reductions, and changes in the p rop ortion s o f w ork ers
em ployed by establishm ents with d ifferen t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the
labor fo r c e can cause in crea ses o r d e cre a s e s in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. F or exam ple, a fo r c e expansion
m ight in crea se the proportion o f low er paid w ork ers in a s p e cific
occupation and resu lt in a drop in the average, w hereas a reduction
in the proportion o f low er paid w ork ers would have the opposite effect.
The m ovem ent of a high-paying establishm ent out o f an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
o ccu rre d in other area establishm ents.
The use o f constant em ploym ent w eights elim inates the effects
o f changes in the proportion o f w o rk ers rep resen ted in each jo b in­
cluded in the data.
Nor a re the p ercen ts o f change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules o r in prem ium pay fo r overtim e,
sin ce they are based on pay fo r straigh t-tim e h ours.

The above text rep resen ts the method used in computing a new trend
s e r ie s (table 2).
This se r ie s initiated with the esq>ansion o f the labor m arket
wage su rvey p rog ra m s to 82 a rea s w ill re p la ce the old s e r ie s (1953 base) shown
in table 3.
Changes in the jo b s surveyed and jo b d escription s since the start o f
the old s e r ie s called fo r a reexam ination o f the jo b s and job groupings fo r which
trends w ere to be com puted.
The new s e r ie a c o v e r s the sam e jo b groupings a s the e a rlie r se r ie s with
the follow in g exceptions: The wom en c le r ic a l group is replaced by an o ffice
c le r ic a l group (m en and women) and the industrial nurse category includes both
m en and wom en.
Changes w ere a lso m ade in the jo b s included within jo b grou p­
ings in ord e r that an identical lis t could be em ployed in a ll area s.

5

T a b le 2. P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r
s e le cte d o c cu p a tio n a l gro u p s in N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity, N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1961 to
F e b r u a r y 1962 and F e b r u a r y I960 to F e b r u a r y 1961
F e b r u a r y 1961
to
F e b r u a r y 1962

A ll in d u s trie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en )
In d u strial n u rse s (m en and w om en )

_

F e b r u a r y I960
to
F e b r u a r y 1961

4.2
4.2
2.6
1.9

2.8
3.8
3.4
4.2

3.5
3.6
2.3
1.6

Industry and o ccu p a tio n a l grou p

2.8
4.3
3.5
4.4

_ __

M anufacturin g:

T a b le 3.

In d exes o f standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g rou p s in N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity, N .J .,
F e b ru a r y 1962 and F e b r u a r y 1961, and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
Indexes
N o v e m b e r 1952 s 100

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p
F e b r u a r y 1962 F e b ru a r y 1961

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s f r o m —
F e b r u a r y 1961
to
F e b r u a r y 1962

F e b r u a r y I960 D e c e m b e r 1958 D e c e m b e r 1957 D e ce m b e r 1955 D e c e m b e r 1954 D e c e m b e r 1953 N ovem ber 1952
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
F e b r u a r y 1961 F e b r u a r y I960 D e c e m b e r 1958 D e c e m b e r 1957 D e c e m b e r 1955 D e c e m b e r 1954 D e ce m b e r 1953

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n ) ______ __ ___
In d u stria l n u r s e s (w om en) __ _______
S k illed m a in ten a n ce ( m e n ) ___ __ ___
U n s k illed p lant (m en )
_
____ __

145.3
148.6
145.9
147.1

139.1
142.6
1 142.2
144.3

4.5
4.2
2.6
1.9

2.6
4.4
1 3.5
3.9

4.9
3.4
3.8
3.0

3.5
4.7
3.9
5.0

9.6
13.4
10.4
8.6

3.8
1.4
5.4
6.0

3.9
4.3
3.7
4.2

5.7
5.2
5.6
7.1

M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w om en )
_ __ __
In d u stria l n u r s e s (w om en) _________
S k illed m a in ten a n ce ( m e n ) ___.______
U n s k illed plant ( m e n ) -----------------------

144.6
148.6
145.6
153.1

139.9
142.6
1 142.4
150.7

3.4
4.2
2.2
1.6

2.8
4.4
3.6
4.3

3.1
3.4
3.9
3.5

4.6
4.7
3.6
5.6

10.8
13.4
10.3
10.1

3.8
1.4
5.8
6.9

3.7
4.3
3.7
4.1

5.9
5.2
5.5
7.8

1 R e v is e d e s tim a te .




A: Occupational Earnings

6

Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Newark and J e r s e y City, N. J . , February 1962)
AveR O
AK
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OP WORKER8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OP

$
S
$
S
$
$
$
S
$
$
s
S
S
S
9
t
S
9
9
s
$
l
W
eekly.
W
eekly i 4 0.00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60.00 6 5 .0 0 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
(Standard) (Standard) and
_
_
_
and
4 5 .0 0 50.00 55. 00 60. 00 6 5 .0 0 70.0 0 75.00 80. 00 85.0 0 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 1 ov er
j
j

Men
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ___________
M anufacturing ____ ____ ____ ___
N onm anufacturing _____________ ____
__
Pu blic u tilities 2 ____ ___
W holesale trade __________________
F in a n ce 4 ______ __ ________ ____

465
170
295
63
138
53

38. 5 $109.00
39.0 ! 165. 56
111.00
38.0
37.0
104. 00
38. 5
124.00
3 6.5
97.00

_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
-

-

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ___________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ______ ________ __
F in a n ce 4
______________ __ ____

361
T3?T
223
51

39.0
39 .5
39.0
38.5

93.00
$ 3 .0 0
93.0 0
76. 50

_
-

_
-

"
3
3
2

C lerks, file , c la s s B 5 ____
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
F in a n ce 4 __________________________

121
90
66

38.0
38.0
38.0

59.00
56. bb
50. 00

24
24
24

12
12
12

C lerks, o r d e r _________________ __ __ __
M anufacturing __________ ____ __ __
Nonmanufacturing _________ __ __ __
W holesale trade _________________

309
131
178
138

38.0
37.0
38. 5
38.0

95.00
93.00
9 6.00
9 9.00

_
"

C lerks, pa y roll -------------------------------------M anufacturing _______________________

» 114
79

38. 5
36. 3

99. 50
97. 00

O ffice boys
_ __
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___ __ ____ __ __
Public u t ilitie s 2 ______
__ __
F in a n ce 4 __________________________
S e rv ice s ___ __ __ __ __
__ __

. 547
' 193
354
48
204
51

38.0
38. 5
37.5
37.0
37.0
39 .5

__
__
__
__

279
135
144
86

38. 5
39.0
. 38.0
37. 5

Tabulating-m achine op era tors,
cla s s B ________________ __ __ __ — __
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ______ __ __ ____
Pu blic u tilities 2 __________________
F in a n ce 4 _________ __ ____ __ __

381
184
197
33
114

Tabulating-m achine op era to rs,
cla s s C ________________ — ____ . . __
M anufacturing ------ „ __ ------Nonmanufacturing ___ __ __ __ . .
F in a n ce 4 ---------------------------------------

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
c la s s A
________ „
„ __ ____
____ ______
M anufacturing __
Nonm anufacturing ______ __ ____
F in a n ce 4 ______ __ ________ __

_
_
_
-

1
1
1
.
-

10
6
4
_
,
3

15
15
13

7
7
5

5
1
4
2

32
3 ‘
29
8

19
19
14

18
18
14

17
1
-

11
2
2

_
- i
-

5
5
5

5
5
-

1
1
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

61. 50
6 3.00
60. 50
72. 50
58. 50
55. 50

1
1
_
-

52
18
34
22
-

95
lS
80
3
37
32

103. 50
102.50
104.50
99.5 0

-

-

38.0 ,
3 9.0 ;
j
3 7 .5 :
1
37. 5
37.0

92.50
94.00
91.0 0
9 9.50
86. 50

-

164
57
107
53

38.0
39 .5
37. 5
36 .5

79.00
77. 50
80.00
77. 50

356
204
152
48
65

3 7.5
37.0
38.0
38. 5
3 7.5

72.00
69. 50
75. 50
74. 50
79. 50

14

24
2
22
12
_

1 18
1 4
| 14
!
4
j
4
6
1

17
16
7
2
_
5

i ?!
1 16
i 18
i
.
9

45
28
17
2
14
1

35
9
26
3
21
-

37
15
22
_
9
8

64
36
34
15
11
7

53
32
21
15
6
"

18
7
11
3
2
-

28
7
21
3
18
-

8
_
8
2
6
-

16
6
10
1
8
-

17
17
.
12
4

56
2$
27
6

10
5
5
-

25
17
8
3

33
21
12
1

38
20
18
1

33
25
8
2

12
4
8
2

20
10
10
4

69
_
69
2

3
3
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

-

1
-

7
7

4
3
"

6
2
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
-

13
5
8
-

41
15
26
18

16
6
10
10

3
1
2
-

28
8
20
10

71
59
12

33
10
23
23

29
19
10
10

39
39
39

20
20
20

_
_
_
"

_
_
_
-

3
_
3
3

_
_
_
-

_
_

_
_
_
-

2
1

1

.

4
2

3
2

24
5
■ 22 " ' 5

23
11

17
10

13
12

6
6

3
3

4
3

4
1

2
-

_

-

-

3
-

-

137
46
91
10
65
9

94
48
46
4
42
-

46
£4
22
3
18
1

42
22
20
1
6
7

22
1
21
10
_
2

36
$
27
10
14
-

20
$
11
7

1
l
-

1
1

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

„

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

1
1
1

11
8
3
3

41
26
15
7

33
7
26
15

44
25
19
11

52
17
35
35

26

12
10
2
1

4
2
2
-

12
6
4
4

7
4
3
-

23
4
19
2

8
_
8
2

_
.
-

3
------ 2
1
-

-

-

2
2
2

6
1
5
5

6
6
1
5

20
6
14
12

26
l3
13
3
5

66
34
32
5
19

56
34
22
1
17

42
16
26
1
20

50
23
27
8
11

30
11

12
8
4
3

16
13
3
-

28
9
19
13
2

5
2
3
1
-

16
14
2
-

-

_
_
-

_
_

.

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

3
1
2
1

3
3
1

11
2
9
3

19
5
14
14

37
20
17
8

13
5
8
2

24
10
14
10

19
7
12
2

18
3
15
12

15
3
12
-

1

1
1
-

_
“

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

2 '
- :
2 j
_ 1

4
2
2
_

29
25
4
2

24
12
12
9
~

62
34
28
1
20

52
17
35
2
24

5
5
1
4

5
5
5
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
“

_
_
-

“

90
56
34
22
~

30
14
16
6

~ 1

48
41
7
_
5

-

1

12
_
7

19

---- ZT~
4
3

i

13

-

1
-

-

32
2
30
3 27
2
_
_

_

W om en
B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) ------M anufacturing _________________ __ __
Nonmanufacturing ______ __ __ __ __
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 __ __ ____ „
W holesale trade __________________

I
See footnotes at end o f table,




"

j
i

J

_______ 1

1
0

i

5
3
2
2

j

”
_______1

_______i

_
“

_
_

_
_
_

_
~

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and W om en---- Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry division , N ewark and J e r s e y C ity, N. J. , F e b ru a ry 1962)
Atkbaob
Sex, occu pation , and industry div isio n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER 07 WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

$
S
$
W
eekly,
W
eekly . 4 0 .0 0 45. 00 l o . 00 *55. 00 1 0 .0 0 I s . 00 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 80. 00 85. 00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 f 35.00 140.00 145.00
hours 1 earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
and
15 a 0,0 5 0.00 55.00 60 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 70.00 75. 00 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0.00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over

W om en— Continued
B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine)
M anufacturing ___________

161
53
108

3 9 .0
3 8.0
3 9 .5

$65. 50
65. 50
65. 00

2

10

-

4

2

6

B ook keepin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A ____ ___ ____—- .....- — __________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing

294
135
159

3 8 .0
37. 5
3 8 .0

79. 50
85. 50
74. 50

"

B ook keepin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B _______ __ ____ ______ _________ _
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing ______ _

965
247
718

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

66.00
73. 50
63. 50

F in a n ce 4

__

32
14
18

8

32
5
27

5

27

5

1
4

8

“

-

3
3

19
3
16

4
4

27
27

118

6
112

160
15
145

189
41
148

3

19

28
13
15

39
3
36

42

61

11

30
31

168
42
126
28
90

82
45
37
c

68

31

545

38! 0

60! 50

4

26

101

143

122

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A M anufacturing _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2
__
__ __ __
F in a n ce 4 __ ________________________
S e r v ic e s

839
405
434
58
246
54

38 .0
38. 5
38 .0
37. 5
37 .5
3 9 .0

89.00
93. 50
85.00
98. 50
76.00
99. 50

_
-

_
“

_
"

10
10

70
7
63
63
-

51
9
42
41

28
40
29

1

2

C le r k s , accou n tin g, c la s s B ________ __
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
__
__
__ ___
W h olesale trade ___________________
R etail trade 6 _
F in a n ce 4 ___________________________
S e r v ic e s

1,448
615
833
57
178
291
81

3 8.0
38. 5
37. 5
37. 5
38 .0
3 7.0
3 9.0

72.50
77. 50

12
12

164
79
85

-

7

167
15
152
16
43
27

199
87

69.00

99
4
95
15
73
7

158
64
94

70. 50
68.50
69. 50
64.00

24
24
5

282

3 8 .0
3 9.0
37. 5
36. 5

73.00
70. 50
75.00
74.00

-

_
-

_
-

36
17
19

61

37
37

58

258

111

1

12

57

246

255
67
188

36
-

56
-

231

44

2

129
45

16

42

59

120

16
16

42
32

23

57
63
31

3

19

-

C le r k s , file , c la s s A 5
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
F in a n ce 4 ___

__

_

C le r k s , file , c la s s B 5 ___________________
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
PuKlir nfiliti as ^
S e r v i c e s ------------------------------------------C le r k s , file , c la s s C 5 ______
M anufacturing
N nnm anufartiirinj
Finan ce 4
S er v ic e s

111
171
115

__

C le r k s . o r d e r -----M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
W holesale trade
R etail trade 6

101

3 8 .0 i 59.50
1
3 9 .0 ! 63. 50
59.00
37. 5
38. 0
70. 50
56! 50
37! 0
65. 50
39. 5

382
156
226
109
57

3 8 .0
38. 5
38. 0
38. 5
38. 5

59. 50
60. 50
58. 50
53. 00
69. 00

597
317
280
186
56

38 .5
3 8 .0
38. 5
3 9.0
38-. 0

75. 50
77.00
74. 50
81. 50
54.00

997
205"
791
26
582

-

12
-

6
6

—

-

10
-




28

8
5
26
35
34

42
25
17

12
17
30
17
33

8
25
9

145
46
99

42
23
19

31
19

7
5

23

42
33

18

127
47
80
45
5

39
72

5

16

12

3
3

13
27
40
3

12

21
6
9

28

52

-

27
5

11

22

19
19

22
10
12

17
9

30
25
5

16

112

39
18

11

8
1

See footn otes at end o f table.

12

29

1

9

5
4
11

4

9
4
2

5
5

16

14

15

5

10

8

11

4

7

66

7
7
-

2
2

11
-

1
63
43

20
48
27

45
14
31
23
-

102

162

21
10

49
17
13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

16
16

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

7
4
3

3

1

1

2
1

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

93
56
37

55
52
3

32
14
18

2
1
1

2
2

1
12
22

2

-

6

1
11

_

_

_

1

-

-

_
"
_
_
-

_
-

1
16

49
17
32
25
5
-

17

9
3
9

81
53
28
-

1

2

3
3
_
_
3

157
124
33
-

108
79
29

50
7
43

32
29
3

3

1

2

1
2
1
1

_

15
7
-

1
2

14
7
7
3

6

98
34
64
7
55
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
.
_

-

-

_
_
_
-

21

7
3
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

"

-

-

_
_

_

38
64
19
27
"

21

1

9

19

6

20
8
12
6

9
4
5
5

47

10

9

37

21

12
12

20
6

54
9
45

2
2

8

-

22
1
21

-

-

9

1
10
2

-

80
48
32

79
58

8

14

-

11

82
7
75
33
29

85
77
7
18

-

1
-

5
-

-

1

1
_
"

-

-

-

1
1

2

-

2

3
3

2
1
1

1
-

3

1

1

2

3
3
3

8

_
-

-

-

2
2

-

6

10
7
_
4

_
_
_

|

1

_
“
_
-

"

1

_
-

-

1

_
-

-

-

_
-

1

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

1

-

_
_
_
-

38

1

-

5

9

6

4

2
7

4
(,

10

7

6

37
36

101

40

1

2

-

-

51
37
14
5

1

2

99

1

19
19

21
1
20
20

’

“

21

44
36

8
8
“

45
-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

45
45

-

-

“

"

“

ii

~

-

-

-

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and W omen— Continued
(A verage s tra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area ba sis
by industry division , Newark and J e r s e y City, N .J., F ebru ary 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
w
orkers

$
$
S
$
$
1
$
f
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
*
W
eekly , 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
W
eekly.
earnings1 and
hours
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 o v e r

Women— -Continued
C lerk s, p a y ro ll _________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________
F in a n ce4 __________________________
S erv ices
_____ __ __ _ __ _

856
607
249
64
60

38.0
38.5
38.0
38.0
38.5

$83 .00
82.50
84.50
89.00
86.00

_
-

_
-

10
5
5
4

48
24
24
2

53
44
9
-

40
36
10
_
2

90
63
27
10
1

96
79
17
8
-

135
T08
27
4
22

139
84
55
16
17

77
57
20
9
4

57
47
10
2
1

29
14
15
7
~

27
20
7
3
-

19
12
7
5
1

16
15
1
_
-

C om ptom eter op era tors ____
M anufacturing
_
. . . .
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g __ . . . . . . . . . . .
P u blic u tilit ie s 2 . . .
W holesale trade
. _
R etail trade 6 __________ __________
F in a n ce 4 ----------------------------------------

727
435
48
136
160
66

37.5
37.5
37.5
36.0
39.0
37.0
36.5

78.50
79.50
78.00
79.00
80.50
75.50
77.50

1
1
1
-

2
2
.
.
-

9
2
7
_
5
-

27
7
20
7
4
5
4

80
22
58
8
20
16
14

57
13
44
1
16
19
8

94
59
35
2
1
23
8

114
41
73
3
36
25
9

139
82
57
7
3
36
3

77
33
44
3
25
12
4

45
9
36
10
2
11
1

36
7
29
5
5
6
13

16
2
14
1
11
1
1

17
3
14
1
13
_

12
12
_
_
_

_
«
«.

_
_
_

-

-

1
1
_
_
1

-

D uplicating-m achine op e ra to rs
(M im eograph o r Ditto) _
. ..
M anufacturing ________ ____ __ __ _____
N onm anufacturing ___________________

121
50
71

38.5
40.0
37.0

66.50
74.50
61.00

4
4

-

21
7
14

19
2
17

12
4
8

15
3
12

27
16
11

5
5

“

8
8
"

"

2

8
8
-

-

-

-

-

Keypunch op era tors, c la s s A 5
___. . .
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____________. . . . . _____
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________
P u blic utilities 2 __________________
F in a n ce4 ----------------------------------------

677
358
319
67
206

38.0
38.5
37.5
38.5
37.5

81.50
84.00
79.00
84.50
76.00

_
-

_
"

4
4
4

16
16
16

25
4
21
17

49
30
19
2
17

152
110
42
10
25

115
44
71
2
49

89
26
63
28
33

76
41
34
12
22

32
8
23

12
48
46 -----7
8
5
2
2
~
-

5
1
4
1
-

2
2
-

30
30
"

_
_
-

-

Keypunch op era tors, c la s s B* _________
M anufacturing
____ ____
. ..
Nonmanufacturing ____________ ______
W holesale t r a d e __________________
Retail tr a d e 6 _____________________
F in a n ce4 ----------------------------------------

871
354
517
62
61
222

37.5
38.5
37.0
39.5
38.5
37.5

70.00
73.00
68.00
83.00
74.00
63.00

_
-

1
1
1

44
23
21
_
19

122
29
93
6
42

161
42
119
7
62

129
36
99
15
9
56

158
88
70
3
18
33

55
26
30
3
5

87
66
21
5
5
4

60
26
34
22
3
-

34
9
25
14
10
-

____ — _____
.
O ffice g ir ls
M anufacturing
________ __ ____ _
Nonmanufacturing . . . _____ _______

344
101
243

38.0
39.0
38.0

62.00
65.50
60.00

_
-

6
3
3

81
13
68

87
7
80

64
33
31

36
14
22

41
21
20

16
16

9
6
3

2
2
-

S ecreta ries
. . . . ______
— ____ M anufacturing
. . .
. ____
Nonmanufacturing __
_ ____ _
P u blic utilities 2 ______ ___________
W holesale t r a d e __________ ________
R etail trade 6 _____________________
F inance 4 . . . . . . . ______ __________
S erv ices -----------------------------------------

4.7 8 9
2, 689
2, 100
397
214
108
684
697

38.0
38.5
37.5
37.0
38.5
39.0
36.5
38.0

96.00
96.00
95.50
97.50
98.50
90.00
89.50
99.50

_
_
_
-

_
-

5
5
4
1
-

30
30
5
25
-

59
25
34
2
2
30
-

114
73
41
3
10
2
21
5

206
118
88
4
22
10
40
12

389
240
149
41
14
5
49
40

398
213
185
20
19
14
83
49

509
269
240
43
14
7
99
77

Stenographers, g e n e r a l5 ____ __________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________ ________
Nonmanufacturing __ _ ________ __
P u blic utilities 2
W holesale trade ________ __________
F in a n ce 4
_ _ _ _ _ __
S erv ices
~
._ ____ __ __ . .

2 ,455
1,047
1,408
355
174
532
325

38.0
39.0
37.5
37.0
38.5
37.5
37.0

76.50
78.00
75.50
78.00
78.00
69.00
j
1 82.00
1

_

_
_

36
36
3
_
33

166
33
133
39
14
79

243
114
129
37
9
76
5

268
89
179
34
21
86
37

413

379
185
194
19
28
80
64

324
174
150
41
29
50
28

300
153
147
78
31
6
32

292

j

See footn otes at end o f table.




-

_
_

162
251
41
19
112
65

54
IT

-

3
1
2
_
2

1
1
_

3
3
_
3

_
_
-

3
3
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

"

-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

10
3
7
_
1
_

-

5
2
3
2
_
-

7
6
1
1
_

8
8
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

2
2
-

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

_
-

-

_
_

_
_

-

-

_
_
-

557
T 66
297
66
15
11
115
90

643
412
231
47
9
20
38
117

577
261
316
86
11
6
100
113

406
285
121
13
43
2
13
50

202
132
70
20
12
7
5
26

314
205
109
16
10
3
41
39

162
96
66
11
18
5
10
22

82
60
22
6
1
_
5
10

120
52
68
25
13
2
28

75
46
29
25
4
_

89
24
65
9
2
_
54

18
6
12
3
4
_
5

13
7
6
1
_
_
5

4
2
2
_
_
2

5
5
_
_
4
1

_
_

_
-

-

_
_

-

60
23
17
“ TT"
43
7
5
3
_
7
_
5
4 ’’
1
22
3
_
_
_

_

_
_
_
_

_
_

-

_
-

21
3
18
4
6
_
3
5

32
----- 4
28
7
3
_
1
17

2
_
2

_
_

_
_

2

_
_
_
_

9

Tabic A-l. Office Occupations—Men and W om en---- Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a sis
by industry d ivision , N ewark and J e r s e y City, N .J., F e b ru a ry 1962)1
6
5
4
3
2
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F-

A verage

Sex, occu pation , and in du stry d iv isio n

Number
of
w
orkers

s
$
$
S
$
$
S
S
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
S
S
W
eekls
Weekly! 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
hours
earnings
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over

W om en — Continued
S tenograp hers, s e n io r 5
— — — M a n u fa c t u r in g ________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________ _____
P u b lic u tilities 2 __________________
F in a n ce 4
_ _

820
506
314
33
151

38.5
39.0
38.5
37.5
38.0

$87.00
87.50
86.00
79.00
83.50

_
-

-

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r s . . . .
. . .
M a n u fa c t u r in g __ _____ _______ __ _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --- -------------------------P u blic u tilitie s 2 . . . . . _.
W h olesale t r a d e ___________________
R etail t r a d e 6 _ _ .
F in a n ce 4 __________ _______________
S e r v ic e s
_ . ....
. .

745
271
47 4
103
72
77
159
63

38.5
38.0
38.5
40.0
38.0
39.0
37.5
39.5

76.00
78.00
74.50
87.50
81.50
65.00
69.50
70.50

1
1
1
-

10
10
.
2
8

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ____
M anufacturing
. . . . . . . .
N onm anufacturing
P u blic u tilitie s 2 __________________
W h olesale t r a d e __________ ________

846
489
357
50
140
72
73

38.0
38.0
38.0
38.5
38.0
37.5
38!5

75.00
76.00
74.50
79.00
76.50
68.50
72.00

_
-

6
6
6

109

38.5

93.00

-

80
50

38.5
39.0

88.00
87.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

652
348
304
187

38.0
38.5
38.0
37.5

69.00
69.50
68.00
65.00

-

9

28
6
22
22

96
36
60
41

123
73
50
31

1,377
19 l
586
26
70
283
188

39.0
39.0
38.0
36.5
39.0
37.5
39.0

76.00
77. SO
73.50
80.00
77.00
71.50
75.50

51

-

10
9
1

29

150
58
92

-

-

-

.

-

5
24

-

-

-

-

3,419
1, 183
2, 236
288
165
82
1,508
193

38.0
38.5
37.5
38.5
38.5
39.0
37.0
35.5

63.50
66.50
62.00
73.50
66.50
59.00
58.50
68.00

T a bulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A
_
.. ..

.

.

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B __
.
_. . . — . . _ __
M a n u fa c t u r in g ________________________
T r a n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
gen era l .
.
. . .
. . . . .
M a n u fa c t u r in g __ __ ______ ____________
Nonm anufacturing
. . . . . .
F in a n ce 4 ____________________________________
T yp ists, c la s s A .
. . . . .
M anufacturing
. . .
N onm anufacturing ___ . .
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
- —
W holesale trade . . __,__.
F in a n ce 4 ............
S e r v ic e s
.
. . . . . .

.

.
. . . .

..

.

— —
. . .
.

_

T y p ists, c la s s B _ __ _
.
.
_____ ___
M a n u fa c t u r in g __ _____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________
P u blic u tilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade __ _. . __ __
R etail t r a d e 6 _____________________
F in a n ce 4
. . .
S e r v ic e s
.
_______
__

1
2
3
4
5

6

10

-

-

-

9
4

-

-

21
-

21
-

3
18
"

25
6
19
1
2

13
5
8
_
-

1
1
_
_
-

.
_
_
.
-

13
3
10
_
3
2
1.
4

6
_
6
5
1
-

5
2
3
_
3
.
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

30
24
6
6

17
4
13
3
5

9
9
-

8
8
-

_
-

-

-

5

-

-

45

14

9

11

4

10
4

10
7

10
4

4
4

10
4

5
4

50
29
21
6

77
45
32
15

58
38
4

8
3
5
2

127
91
36

197
135
62

148
66
82

-

-

-

-

186
7
179
-

20
5
154
"

-

13
6
7
1
5

29
18
11
2
5

83
56
27
3
15

110
53
57
9
28

67
19
48
3
39

199
163
36
7
19

101
72
29
1
21

98
61
37
2
11

61
44
17
1
4

40
5
35
.
19
10
6

42
42
10
7
17
8

67
23
44
_
19
25
-

93
38
55
1
2
5
41
6

94
38
56
1
10
9
26
10

66
35
31
13
5
3
9
1

119
66
53
3
18
4
10
18

87
28
59
39
3
8
8
1

81
16
65
42
13
_
9
1

21
17
4
4
.
-

_
-

16
16
11
5

17
17

226
159
67

-

-

5
2
9

37
q
20

146
92
54
4
19
27

203
91
112
26
40
5
34

121
79
42
17
10
12

33
18
15
10

14
5
9
8

-

-

-

10
2
8
2

10
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18

-

-

-

10
9

4

-

1

13
10

127

75
41..
34
29

-

558
96
462
-

35
13
412
2

-

~ w ~

33
33

20
66
4

166
66
100
5
9
41
41

381
237
144
12
5
48
69

635
561
160 "ZZ7
334
475
44
33
14
5
28
10
232
359
54
30

583
280
303
30
37
19
187
30

312
187
125
13
14

11

-

83
15

20

2
44
16

7
32
43

202
~T J T ~ 46
156
118
121
32
3
5
2
52
9
21
29

52
29
23
4
16

24
10
249

-

2

1

41
33
8
4
4

_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
•
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
-

•_
-

_
.

.
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

*

-

-

-

-

-

1
—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

r~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
4
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

34
Ll

12
2
10

67
48
19
3
8
4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

32
8
24
9
3
2

18
6
12
1
10

9
6
3

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

1

~

“

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

Standard hours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their regu lar stra igh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre s p o n d to these w eek ly h ours.
T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilities.
W ork ers w e re d istribu ted as fo llo w s : 9 at $ 145 to $ 150; 9 at $ 155 to $ 160; 6 at $ 160 to $ 165; 3 at $ 165 to $ 170.
F in an ce, in su ra n ce , and real estate.
D e scrip tio n fo r this jo b has been r e v ise d sin ce the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
E xcludes lim it e d -p r ic e v a r ie ty s to re s.




_
_
_
-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

“

■

“

“

-

-

-

10

Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

(A verage stra ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry d ivision , Newark and J e r s e y City, N .J., F eb ru ary 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

of
workers

$
$
S
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
1
W
eekly,
W
eekly j 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00
earnings
hours
and
and
(Standard) (Standard)
65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 ov er

Men
i
D raftsm en, lea d er ______________________
M anufacturing
_ __ ____ _ -------N onm anufacturing __
_ __

280
198
82

39.5
39.0
40.0

$153.50
151.06
159.50

D raftsm en, sen ior
..
....
~ _
M a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _______ ____________
S e rv ice s -----------------------------------------

1,095
835
260
153

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5

124.00
122.00
130.50
124.50

_________
. _
. . _. .
- .

956
583
373
284

39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5

N urses, industrial ( r e g i s t e r e d ) _____ . . .
M anufacturing _________ __________ __
Nonmanufacturing
_
_

332
277
55

D raftsm en, j u n i o r _____________
M anufacturing
. . . . . .
Nonmanufacturing __
..
S erv ices
_______ . . . . . .
Women

i
i
|
!

91.00
90750
92.50
89.00

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

_

.

"

-

~

"

“

1
-

41
41

13
1
12
12

41
8
33
33

60
23
37
37

73
44
29
29

H
15

5
5

23
11
6

28
26
2

-

!
39.5
59.6
38.0

-

,

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

29
26
3

33
31
2

19
15
4

17
11
6

48
16
32

67
*41
3 26

75
53
22
10

42
33
9
“

39
31
8
"

9
4
5

8
5
3
“

18
8
10
“

16

16

69
69
-

121
104
17
10

129
102
27
26

169
108
61
41

79
31
48
27

82
53
29
18

38
22
16
13

37
25
12
8

20
3
17
8

7
3
4
~

3
3
"

_
-

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

■

40
35
5

47
39
8

14
11
3

16
14
2

17
16
1

2
1
1

2

1
1

_

2
2
“

29
19
10
10

53
43
10
10

170
169
1

223
202
21
20

67
42
25
24

169
93
76
48

164
76
88
52

18
15
3

31
23
8

39

1

.

_

_

-

-

"

.
~

“

*

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

|
99.50
99.56
100.00

_
-

j

Si
7

36
" f t ""
9

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich e m ployees r e c e iv e their regu lar straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rresp on d to these w eekly hou rs.
W ork ers w ere distributed as fo llo w s : 23 at $ 165 to $ 170; 12 at $ 175 to $ 180; 2 at $ 180 to $ 185; 4 at $ 185 to $ 190.
W ork ers w ere distributed as fo llo w s : 8 at $ 165 to $ 170; 3 at $ 170 to $ 175; 15 at $ 175 to $ 180.




40
39
1

11
5
8

t

-

11

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a re a basis
by industry division* N ewark and J e r s e y C ity, N. J . , F eb ru ary 1962)

Number
of

O ccup ation and industry d iv isio n

Average
weeldy .
earnings
(Standard)

'

382
266
176
72
65
161
"5 3
108
296
137
159

995
------265
730
111
545

Tatars f c la s s R

388
156
232
115
57

65. 50
61'. '50"
6 5 .0 0

906
448
458
324
62

79. 50
85. 50
74. 50
66.00
“ 3 .5 0 "
6 3.00
71. 50
60. 50

FinanrA^
...............
S e r v i c e s ______________________________________

a
m

iitiliti aq ^
tra/lo

_

a1oealn

Clcrl^S

p ]^ cc

p

TITl. A1 n fi a1 a f l* a /1 o

D a^s i I

PI avIto

filo .

^

r la e e

A ®

Vinanrp ^
file , r is e s R 5
X/am ^artnritig

C U rte,

PiiVilir iitilitiAfi ^
Pinanre®
Qa 1*tfirA B

See footn otes at end o f table.




.

... _

1,304
575
729
121
184
299
91

96. 00
97. 00
95. 50
101.50
118.00
79. 50
98.50

1,809
753
1,056
69
198
342
93

A

76. 50
80. 00
74. 50
75. 00
69. 00
70. 50
64.50

327
111
216
127

74. 50
70. 50
76. 50
73.0 0

1,118
----- I T T
881
35
648
111

59. 50
64. 00
58. 50
71 .5 0
56.00
66. 50

970
------6 5 T “
284
67
63
731
293
438
49
136
160
68

.. ..............-

M am ifarhiring

F in a n ce 3

------_

,

D uplicating-m ach ine o p erators
149
—

~ zr~

86

F in a n ce 3

____ ________

F in a n ce 3

.

_

O ffice boys and g ir ls

-----

_

.

Average
weekly .
earning* 1
(Standard)

$59. 50
" W
59.00
53.50
69 .0 0

S e cre ta rie s
_
_
--------------M anufacturing
. _ _
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______ — --------------------------------------------—
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2
_ _
_
W holesale trade
R etail tr a d e 4
_
_
F inan ce 3
S e r v i c e s _______________________________________

4 ,8 0 6
2,695
2,111
408
214
108
684
697

$96. 00
96. 50”
95. 50
98.00
98. 50
90.00
89. 50
99. 50

8 2 .0 0
81.50"
83 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
5 8.00

S tenograp hers, g e n e r a l5

2,472
1,646
1,424
366
179
532
325

76.50
78.66“
75. 50
79.00
77. 50
69.00
82.00

85.0 0
8 4 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
88. 00
8 8 .0 0
78. 50
7 9 .5 0
7 8.00
79. 50
80. 50
7 5.50
7 7.00

-----------------------------------------------------------

Nonm anufacturing
Pu blic u tilities 2
W holesale trade

820 .
Stenographers, sen ior 5
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________________ ------566“
314
33
P u blic u tilities 2
151

SwitrbKnarH op era tors
M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing __________________ ___ __ _____ —
P u blic u tilities 2
__
I
W holesale t r a d e _______________________________
R etail tr a d e 4
68. 00
7 4 .6 6
F in a n ce 3 _
S erv ices
64.0 0

753
271
482
103
72
77
167
63

_

—

_ _

_

-------------------

681
359
322
70
206

8 1 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
79.0 0
85. 00
76.0 0

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________________
Pu blic u tilities 2 _______________________________
W holesale trade ------------- --------------------------------------------------F in a n ce 3 _______________________________________
S e rv ice s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

846
489
357
50
140
72
73

889
365
524
62
61
229

P u blic u tilit ie s 3
Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B s

Number
of
worker*

O ccupation and industry d ivision

O ffice occupations— Continued

50
56'"
50
50
50

$72.
"69.
76.
77.
79.

W holesale trade
rlaefi

Average
weekly ,
earning* 1
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffic e occu pation s

B ook keepin g-m a ch in e
X/amifortiirinA

Number
of
worker*

O ccupation and industry division

7 0 .0 0
72. 50
68 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
74.0 0
6 3 .5 0

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A
M a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------------------------------— ------------- —
N on m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------------------------------Finance 3 _____________________________________ —

388

891
294
597
68
276
177

61. 50
~ 6 X '5 0 “
6 0 .5 0
6 8 .5 0
57. 50
6 0 .0 0

87.00
67.56”
86.00
79.00
83.50
76.00
78.00
74. 50
87. 50
81.50
65.00
69.00
70. 50
75. 00
“ 75756”
74. 50
79. 00
76. 50
68. 50
72. 00
100.50

m ~ “ 98756

173
112

103.50
99.00

92.00

461
Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B
M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------------- ------234“
227
N onm anufacturing
. . .
—
33
Pu blic u tilities 2
138
F in a n ce 3
_ __ _

92. 50
91.00
99. 50
87.00

460
Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s C
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________________ ------ I T T

70.50
76. 50

12

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Newark and J e r s e y City, N .J., F eb ru ary 1962)

Number
of
worker*

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Average
weekly j
earning*
(Standard)

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , gen eral — _ _ _ _ _ _

'
A

.
. . .

N o n m a rm fa r.tu rin g
p u b lic
^
WTinl ft s a l e t r a d e

________________________

- -

__

__

..................

___________

S e r v i c e , -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

weekly ,
earning*
(Standard)

654
350
304
187

$69 .00
69.50
68.00
65.00
76.00
77.50
74.00
81.50
77.50
71.50
75.50

1, 389
800
589
28
71
283
188

T y p is t s ,

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occu pation s—
Continued

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
W h o l e s a l e tr a d e
R e ta il t r a d e 4

F in a n ce 3

___

S e rv ic e s

__
_

____

______

__

__

_____

_

__

__

__

$124.50
122.00
131.00
125.00

__

M anufacturing
___ _
________ _
_ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
Nonm anufacturing __________________________________

973
585
388
287

91.50
90.50
93.00
89.00

N u rses, industrial (re g is te r e d ) . _ . __ ____ __ ____
M anufacturing
__
___________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________ ____________ ____

338
282
56

99.50
99.50
100.00

$63.50
66.50
62.00
73.50
67.00
59.00
58.50
68.00

D raftsm en, sen ior ____

283
201
82

_

___
__
—

1.116
845
271
161

3,457
1, 188
2, 269
305
169
82
1, 520
193

c la s s B

M anufacturing
____ __ _ _____ ____
N onm anufacturing ___ ____ ____ _____

Average
weekly x
earnings
(Standard)

Number
of

O ccupation and industry d iv ision

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

T ypifftF ,

Number
of
worker*

O ccupation and industry d ivision

153.00
150.00
159.50

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r

________ ___

_____

_

_

_____ —

___

___

P r o fe s s io n a l and technica l occupations
D raftsm en, leader __________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

Earnings are fo r a regular w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their straigh t-tim e w eekly s a la r ie s , e x clu siv e o f any prem iu m pay.
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public u tilities.
F inan ce, in su ran ce, and real estate.
E xcludes lim ite d -p r ic e va rie ty sto re s.
D escrip tion fo r this jo b has been re v ise d sin ce the last survey in this area. See appendix A.

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r m en in s e le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division , Newark and J e r s e y City, N .J., Febru ary 1962)

$
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly x Under 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10
earnings $
and
1.70 under
11.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Carpenters, m aintenance _ __ __ __ ___
M anufacturing
__ ________ _______ _
N onm anufacturing ____________ _____
Pu blic utilities 2 __________________

627
466
161
87

$2.9 6
2.94
3.01
2.74

E lectricia n s, m aintenance ---- _ _ _ _ _ —
M a n u fa c tu r in g ---- --- --------------------- --Nonmanufacturing _____---------------------Pu blic utilities 2 _________________

1,309
1, 125
184
98

En gin eers, s t a t io n a r y ____ _____________
M anufacturing ____________ ___________
Nonmanufacturing _______________ _
P u blic utilities 2 __________________
S erv ices ___ __ __ __ __ __ __ __

769
567
202
79
64

See footn otes at end o f table,




NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
s
$
S
*
$
S
$
$
t
S
$
$
$
$
$
S
s
$
$
$
2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60
and
2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

3,10

3.20

3.30

-

.
-

3
1
2

7
1
6

8
8
-

69
46
23
23

57
41
16
16

47
29
18
18

55
53
2
2

39
27
12
-

38
31
7
-

84
84
-

78
48
30
25

25
25
-

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.40

_
-

77
71
6
“

3
3
3

!
1
-

7
7
-

_
_
-

12
_
12
-

5
_
5
-

5
_
5
-

10 ,
10
_
-

_
_
_
-

57
37
20
-

1
1
_
-

81
57
24
_

56
56
_
_

_
_
_

3,50

-

-

7
7

3.10
3.07
3.27
3.24

-

-

_
-

_
-

4
4
-

10
2
8

2
2
-

10
5
5

56
56
-

71
71
-

83
70
13
13

49
45
4
4

102
99
3
3

108
75
33
16

153
132
21
5

201
200
1
1

139
127
12
1

126
126
-

68
57
11
2

58
5
53
53

1
1
"

_
-

3.32
3.35
3.24
3.19
2.72

_
-

3
3

_
-

15
15

_
-

_
-

11
5
6

12
12
-

1
1
1
"

76
68
8
8
-

4
4

26
22
4
1
3

37
28
9
6
3

33
19
14
1
13

65
51
14
10
4

66
42
24
21
2

86
72
14
4
9

56
53
3
3
“

22
20
2

19
19
-

24
24
24
•

76
58
18
_
6

-

"

3

■

15

-

■

"

6

-

~

-

"

_
_
_
_
-

-

4.60 ov er

13

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Newark and J e r s e y City, N .J., F e b ru a ry 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry d iv isio n

Num
ber
of
workers

$
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
*
S
s
$
t
$
*
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly Under 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60
earnings1
and
$
and
under
1.70
1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 over

548
442
106
40

$2.80
2.81
2.75
2.56

2
2

1
1

-

11
6

-

- -

2

5

H elp ers, m aintenance t r a d e s ---------------M anufacturing ------------------ ----------------N on m a n u fa c tu r in g ------- ----------------------

771
480
291

2.25

7
7

106
90
16

22

2.33

M a ch in e-tool o p e r a to r s , t o o l r o o m _____
M a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------- —

590
590

3.10
3.10

_
"

_
-

M ach in ists, m aintenance __ ____
M anufacturing
_
__

1,786
1, 734

3.09
3.08

_
“

M ech a n ics, autom otive
(m aintenance) _____ ______ _______ _____
Mannfa rfn ri n jy
N onm anufacturing __ _
_
PiiKlir nfilitiAe ^
W holesale trade
_ _ „
__

1,057
273
784
698
59

2.85
3.17
2.73
2.73
2.81

1,668
198

3.07
3.06
3.13

243
235
325
309

F irem en , station ary b o i l e r _____________
M anufacturing
_
Nonm anufacturing _
_
_ __ _

M ech an ics, m a in t e n a n c e ___
_ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________ ___________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
M illw rights
__ __ __
M anufacturing
__
O ile r s __
—
M anufacturing
.

_ __

„ __
. . .

__

____
_

_

1,470

2.20

62
56

6

52
52
-

41
36
5
5

34
15
19
19

54
46

50
50
-

_
-

_
-

.

.

-

_

-

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

13
1 —TT”

60

14
14

7
7

_

_

"

-

2

2

25
25

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1
1

234
234

104
104

82
82

3
3

3
3

6
6

307
342
“307 “ 342

150
156

122

33

116

10

64
62

24
24

35
34

12
7

.

1

-

9

42
30

60
48

2

6
98

12

12

2

_

_

2
2

10
10

5
5

2
2

32
32

52
52

16

-

2
2

_

-

16

6
6

31
31

_

_

_

_

-

-

132
182

113

-

4
4

7

-

5
-

98
92

78
71

121
121

25
25

155
152

-

13
4
9

240

234
15
219
214
4

79
4
75
49
16

97
27
70
64

65
42

9

78
29
49
48

211
210
1

56
54

12

2

9
3

24
24

5
5

26

6

-

112

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

9

_
-

_
-

6
6

6

-

_
-

-

4

18
18
-

26
13
13

33
33
“

3.01
3.00

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

“

“

■

-

1

6
6

22

14
14

2.57
2.55

12
12

7
4

5
3

6
6

49
49

3
3

19
19

65
60

40
40

52
52

_

6

7

_

j

_

_

6

7

_

_

_

■

-

t

7
7

9

7
7

240
240
18

11
7
32

72
40
32
30

45

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
-

5

2

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

_
~

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

311
279
32

131
128
3

223
158
65

_
-

24

1

102

10

-

10

267
23 i
36

14

1

95
7

37
36

9
7

18
18

45
40

47
47

5
5

_

_

_

-

-

-

•

18
16

"

-

-

~

-

-

28
15
13

14
g

_

7

7

2

14

_

_

7

14

_

7

2

_

7

7

_

_

14

9

6

_
-

_
-

223
213

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

21
T T ”

-

3.07
3.06

2.61
5
5

_

_

.

.

1 E xcludes p rem iu m pay f o r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
2 T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public utilities.

80
79

52
52
-

95
95
-

184
181
3

155
155
-

no
89

65

121

8

1

21

57

162
18

18
_
18

.
*

_
-

14
i4
-

30
l6
14

29

15

6

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

_

6

_

_

22
22

1

8
8

1

12
11

5

10
10

75
71

40
40

28
28

3
3

12
12

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

5

8
8

90
90

30
26

177
149

65
41

321
312

331

175

155
66

277
211

83
83

47
47

1
1

56
56
-

2.86
2.81

_

64
84
-

13
13
-

8
8

72
4^

-

51
51

16
15

46
43
3

8

-

104
95
9
3

21

13
13

22
12
10

66

9
9

-

Q

37

-

10

-

21
12
12

2.92

3.16
3.15

1

2

104

-

1,768
1, 5b2

2

-

26
23
3

_

193

35
33

21

-

153
90
63

-

200

77
56

2
-

81
41
40

_

Sheet-m etal w o rk e rs ,
m aintenance ____________________________
M anufacturing

-

8
8
-

82
63
19

2

69
32
32

16
-

6

2

P lu m b e rs , m aintenance ______ ____ ___ _
N onm anufacturing ____________________
P u blic u tilitie s 2 __________________
1

16

49
40
9

47
41

3

3.10
3.05
3.46

-

10

3

1,058

6
6

38
28

19
3

3

P ip e fitte r s , m a in t e n a n c e _______________
M anufacturing
....
_ _ __
N onm anufacturing . . .
_




7

28
19
9

3

2.85
2.81
2.96

T o o l and die m a k e r s ____________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ______ __ _______________

8

-

444
3 16
128
67

132

17
17

-

P a in ters, m a in t e n a n c e _________________
XAaniif a rfn ring
Nonm anufacturing __ __ ____ „
PiiKHr nfiliHAfi ^

926

2

26

1

212 - ? ?

14

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage s tra igh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , N ewark and J e r s e y City, N .J., F ebru ary 1962)

O ccupation 1 and industry d ivision

Elevator o p e r a to r s , p assen ger
(men) _______________ ---------

Number
of
workers

-------

149

122
Elevator o p e r a to r s , p assen ger
(women)

221
219
<4
>

Guards
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing __

2,236
763
1,473

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs
(men)
M anufacturing
.
Nonmamifantnring _______
Retail tr a d e 4
F in a n ce 4

--------...
_

4 ,8 5 4
2 ,855
1,999
449
127
272
311
840

_

_
_

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs
(women)
M annfartnrinp

811
270
541
168

P u blic u tilities 5 __________________
L a b o re rs , m a teria l h a n d lin g ___________
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
P u blic u tilities 5 __________________
W holesale trade
R etail tr a d e 4 _____________________

9,
4,
4,
2,

O rder f ille r s
—
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
—
W holesale t r a d e __________________
R etail trade 4
P a ck e rs , shipping
M a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------W holesale t r a d e __________________

004

886
118
778
699
540

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
S
$
S
*
$
*
$
S
*
S
$
1
S
t
S
S
$
«
$
$
*
t
1
I
<
Average
hourly , Under 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40
and
%
and
1.00 under
1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 l t5p l t6p 1.70 1, 8Q 1.90 2.00 2.10 2, 2Q 2 ,}9 2,49 2,?9 2,99 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3,30 3.49 o v e r

$ 1.90
1.81
1.47
1.46
1.77
2.28
1.51
1.95

2.12
1.70
2.17
1.87
1.46
1.65
1.52
1.63

-

2

11
11

41
41

12
12

2
2

19
19

10
9

14
14

-

8
8

21

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

47
47
13

58
J
>8

14
14

-

-

-

2

-

_

24
24

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

-

-

-

193

44
16
28

49
31
18

19
19

67
43
24

46
37
9

88
68
20

82
79
3

84
75
9

94
75
19

186
87
99

91
81

131
108
23

59
31
28

51
_
51

15
nr
-

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

290
96
194

299
127
172

279
207
72

354
275
79

481
340
141
133

_
_
_

45
45
_

_
_
_

23
23
_

_
_
_

70
70
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

5

467
407
60
51

12

5

641
362
279
205

468
442
26

2

319
123
196
14

328
226

112

2
20

12

6
22

17

4

5

4

11

39

3
45
26

8
1
2

1

4
53
118

30
18
44
80

5

9
29
74

32
44
54
62

7

71
37
83

54

63

97
18
79

161
*7
134
72

94
16
78

69

34
34

60
49
ST" — 45“

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

39
19

40
23
17

108
90
18

1
1

_
_

34
34
_
_

28
28

-

-

2
2

5

38
38
27

6
6
3

2
2

3

_
-

431
431

313
313

193

-

6

11

187

182

52
52

16
_
16

173
38
135

137

252
37
215

148
36

12

12

40

4

22
2
111

-

13

5

2
11

5

1
136

12
12
_
40
17

1.52
1.59

_

17

2.43
2.4 b
2.39
2.48

_
-

10
86

58
•
58

21
-

21

38
38

20

10

151

12

6

139
30

63
63

142
95
47

292
232
60

9

46

54

2.15

-

58

21

38

20

17

5

1

6

2, 103
1 ,03*
1,071
533
461

2.45
2.48
2.43
2.24
2.67

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

21

46
46
.
-

17
9

26
4

12

21
20
1

_
_
-

8

22

.

19

8

2

9
3
3

1, 301
1 ,1 5 7 "
134
84

2.18

_

1

14

1

10

2.21

-

-

26
26

18
18

72
72

35
15

2.20

1

1.91
2.04
2.29
2.33
2.23
2.18

102

2.21

Shipping c le r k s _ _______________ _
M anufacturing
. . . .

332
248

2.48
2.49




-

3 30

1.86

534
321
213
67

See footn otes at end o f table.

30

-

1,29

R eceiving c le r k s _________ _____ __ ______
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade
R etail trade 4

__

-

_
-

-

3
_
3
3

-

-

4

14

1

6

3

_

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

3

22
11
11
.

11

20
20
-

7
5

1
-

-

2

1

.
-

.

-

2

1

30
14
16
7

102
20

9

3

304
*91
13

430
284
146

20
2

9

12
120

91
19
72
70

15
15
14
-

91
71

273
255
18

98
94

4

104
74
30

10

-

12

22

-

-

15
7
5

10

2

32
31

4
4

1

12

18
18

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

722 1517 2088
644
306
510
416
873 1578
187
690 1468
159
148
94
22
74

727
284
443
194

116

86

23
17

129
129

30

6

584
340
244
209

93
76
17
16
“

108
90
18
-

247
77
170
123
-

341
109
232
229

75

68

65

65

75
65

3

20

10
10

62
49
13

56
18
38
35
3
28

19
-

_

2

643
579
64
16
30
3

20

12

_

_

_

3

3

215
189
26

43
40

10

10
4

-

10
10

65
60
5
5

43
42

44
23

4
4

2

42

20
22
16
”
95
91

2

_

_

240

24

5

-

274
76

455
*4o
215

19
19
-

8
29
8 —r r
-

~
~

_
-

192

214

137
$9
38
38

61
61

170
170

2
2

13
13

4
4

4
6
4 — 5"

20

24

31

9

11

11
20

30
28

9
9
-

4
2
2

2

_
-

_
-

7

15
13

198
6

1

-

29
29 ^
_
-

-

7705

_ T o r
_
_
_
-

-

2
*
_
_
-

_
_
.
-

_
_

14
14

4

10

4

21

85
54
31

9

1

21

12

-

"

2

11
10

1

15
-

19

-

13
13

21
21

40
29

36
36

29
18

27
27

56
52

2

-

-

20

2

28
3

1
1

_

5

2
_

_
_
_
-

_
-

_
4
4

15
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A verage s tra igh t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a sis
by industry division , Newark and J e r s e y City, N .J., F e b ru a ry 1962)

O ccu p a tio n 1 and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k s «.
M a n u fa c t u r in g ________________________
N onm anufacturing
—
W h olesale t r a d e -----------------------------

508
295
213

T r u c k d riv e r s 8
0
1
9
M anufacturing _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------

8. 527
2,980
5,547
3 903

88

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNING8 OF—
$
9
Average Under *1.00
*1.10 *1.20 *1.30 *1.40 *1.50 *1.60 *1.70 *1.80 *1.90 *2.00 *2.10 *2.20 *2.30 *2.40 *2.50 *2.60 *2.70 *2.80 *2.90 *3.00 *3.10 *3.20 3.30 3.40
hourly ,
and
$
and
1.00 under
1.10 1.20 1.30 l t40 L 5 0 *t< 0 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2t20 2,3Q 2t4Q 2t5Q 2t99 2i79 2, §9 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40
?

$ 2 .4 7
2.42
2.53
2.59

2.88

3

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

27

3

21
6

6

10
4

20
20

6

-

*210

3,701
1, 392
2, 309
1, 648
*466
187

2.83
3.24
2.58
2.63
2.48
2.42

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 ton s,
t r a ile r type)
___
...... .
. 2,980
M anufacturing
690
MAnmann^a rfiirin^f
2,290
P u b lic u tilitie s 5 7______________
6
_
1,921

2.53
2.49
2.61
2.63
2.49
2.73

“

_
-

_
-

.
_
-

.
"

-

_
-

_
_

T r u c k e r s , pow er (other than
fork lift)
.
...
.........................
M anufacturing

283
230

2.29
2.27

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,000

1.89

_
-

_
-

16

61

93
30
63
18

29
29
-

62
23
39
16

55
50
5
_

36

109
25
84

70
55
15
“

36

104
67
37

321
54
267
on

39
25
14
-

T r u c k d riv e r s , m edium (IV 2 to and
including 4 tons)
M anufacturing ____________________
N onm anufacturing _______ __ ______
PiiKlir iiHIi Haib 8
W h olesale trade __________ __ __
Sp rvi rpfi

W atchm en
. _ _____
M anufacturing
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________
P u b lic u tilitie s 5 __________________
W holesale trade
__

1
2
3
4
5

674
326
71

102

1.98
1.70
2.04
1.58

-

_

_

_

_

-

6

-

-

_

_

_

12
12
_

_

33
33

1
6

61

14

4

11

42

42

8

8

.
33

50

34

34

50

10
4

4

12

12

4
_

49
25

8

_

34
34
_
_

2

-

105
105
-

8
8

-

_
-

17
17

43
43

no

71
56
15
_

83
37
46
5
35

46
28
18
_

106
103
3
3

129
96
33
33

125
91
34

3
3
_

-

12

6
4

2

211
199

12
_

12
-

l

10

16

86

10
6
6

51
35

358
196
162
132
30
-

335
215

466
13
453
448
5

6

211
211

21

-

199
24
175
72
98
5

51
-

27
26

9
9

9
9

24

28
28
_
_

36
23
13

25
25
_

_
_
_

860
395
465
385
70

-

21

150

18
3
"

130
"

_
_
_

_
_
_

20

_
_

_

44 ’ 1054
44
1054
_
_
“

“

_
_
_

1 470
0

20
20

9314

-

-

21
21

115
115
_

_

12

_

I

"

50

10

238
78
1An
xou

18
18

18
1Q
lo

-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_

470
_

Q
7

48 2086
48
135
1Q51
1909

314

182
no
72
_
_
72

3
_
3
_
3
-

9
9

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
10
1

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

120
78
42

10
3

Q
7

2

_ ----- 2 1
"
_

64
57
7

10

197
146
51
30

1

621
451
170

462
224
738 1999
CQ1 1ono
j Oj 17U
7

30
30

3
3

157
42
115

1200 2223

88

201
112

21

12
10

539
cni

191
191
_
.
_
-

109

12

5
7
-

627

88
4

6

12

12
12

46
311
154 1216
7 811
14
112

11

50

15
3

1
1

200 1527

99 1383
5
279
94 1104
2 791

30

18
17

10

-

22

11

30
16
14

3
4

56

Data lim ite d to m en w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
E x clu d es p rem iu m pay fo r ov e rtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
A ll w o rk e rs w e re at $ 0.90 to $ 1.
E x clu d es lim it e d -p r ic e v a r ie ty s to re s.
T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public utilities.
6 F in an ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l estate.
7 W o rk e rs w e re distribu ted as fo llo w s: 4 at $ 3.40 to $ 3.50; 701 at $ 3.60 to $ 3.70.
8 Inclu des all d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f size and type o f truck operated.
9 A ll e x cep t 92 w o rk e rs w e re paid under bonus plans.
10 A ll w o rk e rs w e re paid under bonus plans.




3
3

1

22

156
69
87

59
31
28
27

2.88

2,135
1,538
597
282
173
142

83
28
55

39
15
24
24

2.97
3.31
2.87

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fork lift)
M anufacturing . . . . . . . __ _____________ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______ . . . . . . . . . . ___ _
P u b lic u tilitie s 5
W h olesale trade
R etail trade 4
3
2
1

14
14

2
3

-

3.21
2.71
2.75
2.40

56
52
4
4

1

_

_

_

_

_

100
100
_

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

16




Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift d ifferen tia ls o f m anufacturing plant w o rk e rs by type and amount o f d ifferential,
N ewark and J e r s e y C ity, N. J. , F e b ru a ry 1962)
P e rce n t o f m anufacturing plant w ork ers—
In establishm ents having fo rm a l
p ro v isio n s 1 fo r —

Shift d ifferen tial

Second shift
w ork

T otal

____

W ith s h if t

Second shift

T h ird or other
shift

87. 3

—

pay d if f e r e n t i a l

T h ird o r other
shift w ork

A ctually w orking on—

------

79. 2

14.2

4 .5

8 5 .8

78. 5

14. 1

4. 5

U niform cents (p er hour) ----------------------------

3 9 .0

3 4 .8

7 .0

3. 1

Under 5 cents
5 cents
_
7 cents
8 cents
_ _
10 cents
103/4 cents
11 cents
12 cents
l Z l /z cents ___^
___________________________
13 cents
.. ,
,____ ____ ____
14 cents
_
__
15 cents
_ 16 cents _
I 7 V2 cents
18 cents
—
20 cents and o ve r

1.3
5. 0
6 .8
5 .9
7 .9
.2
4 .6
.4

1.2
.7

.3
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.2
. 1
1. 1
(2)

. 1
(1
2)

U niform percen tage

-

_

No shift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l _______________________

1. 5

10.4
. 5
3 .6
1.9
1.0
2. 2
3. 2
3. 5
3 .0
1.0
2 .6

4 3 .8

—

__ _
5 percen t
. _
6 p ercen t
7 p ercen t -------------------------------------------------7»/2 percen t
8 p ercen t
9 percen t
—
—
10 p ercen t -----------------------15 percen t
Other fo rm a l pay d ifferen tial .

-

4 1 .3

6 .4

1. 1

4 .7
.1
2. 1
.6
1. 5
3 4 .8
“

1.3
.6
.5
3 5 .3
3 .6

.6
(2)
.6
.4
4 .8
"

(2)
1.0
*1

3 .0

2. 3

.7

.2

1. 5

.7

.1

-

.8
4 .6
-

1 Includes establishm ents cu rre n tly operating late shifts,
even though they w e re not cu rre n tly operating late shifts.
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p ercen t.

.

2
.8

-

•1

.8
-

.2
.4
. 3
.2
. 1
.2
.7
. 1
.1

-

and establishm ents with form al pro visio n s co ve rin g late shifts

17

Tabic B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f e sta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f fic e w o r k e r s , N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity, N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1962)
in e x p e r ie n c e d ty p ists

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

M anufacturin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u strie s

E s ta b lis h m e n ts havin g a s p e c ifie d
m in im u m
___
.......
U nder 4 40.0 0
______
.
$ 40.00 and u nd er $ 4 2 .5 0 __________ - ____ _
$ 4 2.50 and un d er $ 4 5.00 ______ —_______
$ 45.00 and u nd er $ 4 7.50 ______ ______ __
$ 47.50 and u nd er $ 50.00 _________ .....____
$ 5 0.00 and u nd er $ 52.50 __ ____
$ 52.50 and un d er $ 5 5.00 _
$ 55.00 and under $ 57.50 ____ ______ _____
$ 57.50 and u n d er $ 60.0 0 ___ ___ __ _______
$ 6 0.00 and u nd er $ 6 2 .5 0 ________________
$ 62.50 and u n d er $ 65.0 0 ________________
$ 65.00 and u n d er $ 67.50
_ __
$ 67.50 and u n d er $ 70.00 __ ___ __________
$ 7 0.00 and u n d er $ 72.50 __
__
$ 7 2.50 and u n d er $ 75.00 ______ - ________
$ 75.00 and u n d er $ 77.50 _______ ________
$ 77.5 0 and u nd er $ 8 0.00 ______ _________
$ 80.0 0 and und er $ 82.50 ________________
$ 8 2 .5 0 and o v e r _____. . __________ _________
E s ta b lis h m e n ts havin g no s p e c ifie d
m i n i m u m __
__ _
_
_ _ _
_
E sta b lis h m e n ts w h ich d id not e m p lo y
w o r k e r s in this c a t e g o r y ___ _ ____ . _______

35

267

124

165

84
I

2
13
5

22
14
27
13

21
3
9

6
3
5
5

6
2

4

2
11
5
18

6
10
2
6

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

38%

40

A ll
s ch e d u le s

35

37 %

38%

40

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

143

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

267

124

X XX

X XX

11

16

4

49

Ol

CJ
K

6

35

160

78

11

1
5
4

"

~

3

12

5

2

7
25
13
26
13
18
5
7
5
4
4

2
11

1

~
-

1
2
2
1
1
_
-

3
3
4

1

5

2
2
1
6
_
3

1
1

“
-

I

2
2
1
5
4

3

11

2

4

3

3

2
2
1

1
2
2

9
3

_
.
_

5

6
1

11
1

2

3
3

3
3

2

I

6

1

4

1
1

1
1

3

1

1

1

5
3
7

-

1

_

1

3

-

5

-

-

2

1
1
1

_

2

1

1
2

1

-

5

2
1
1

9
9
7

2

2

1

1
2

1

3
47

20

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

55

20

X XX

X XX

X XX

X XX

1
“

-

-

-

-

27

XXX

XXX

XXX

35

XXX

XXX

X XX

1
2
1
1
1

A ll
sch e d u le s

2
4
3

4
18
7
7
3
5
3
3

3
1

35

37%

-

37%

38%

40

X XX

XXX

XXX

XXX

16

3

44

82

14

19

6

37

"

“

“

1
5
4

-

-

3
3
5

1

x

1

1
1

~

2

“

1
1

2
4
3

7

-

5
14
9
g

2
4
i
i

c
D

1

4

-

&
3

“

3

35

143

l

1
1

A ll
s ch ed u les

40

X XX

1
2

38%

XXX

1

2

“

2
2
1
i

-

-

3

-

-

1

1

2

1

o
5

1
1
4

2
1

1
2

7

3

~

5

2
2

1
1
2
6

2

1
-

“

i
i
■

■

-

-

-

1
1
1
1
1
1

.

_

_

1

11
1
2
”

1
1
1
1
1

2
1

1

2

X XX

53

22

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

31

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

X XX

54

24

XXX

XXX

XXX

X XX

30

X XX

X XX

X XX

XXX

L o w e s t s a la r y ra te f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d fo r h irin g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s fo r typing o r o th e r c le r i c a l jo b s .
R a te s a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o f fic e g ir ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a re not c o n s id e r e d .
H ou rs r e fl e c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s .
D ata a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll w ork w eek s
r e p o r te d ,




No nm anuf a c tu r ing

B a s e d on stan dard uweekly h ou rs 3 of-

37Vz

1
5

M an u factu rin g

B ased o n stan dard w e e k ly h ou rs 3 o f
A ll
sch e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ie d __________ ________ _

N onm anufacturing

c o m b in ed ,

and fo r the m o s t

c o m m on w ork w eek s

18
Tabic B-3.

Scheduled W eek ly Hours

( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by sch e d u led w e e k ly h o u r s
o f f ir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s , N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity, N. J . , F e b ru a r y 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS
W eek ly h ou rs

A1.1 w o r k e r s

__

__ __

__ — — — — — —

U nder 35 h ou rs __________________________________
35 hou rs __________ __ ________ ________ ______
36V4 h ou rs ______________________________________
O ver 36 V4 and u nd er 3 7 llz h o u rs _____________
37 V2 h ou rs __________ __ __ — __ — — ----- O ver 37 V2 and u nd er 383/4 h o u rs _____________
__ „ —
383/4 h ou rs _____ __ -------------- —
O ver 383/4 and u nd er 40 h o u r s __ __
—
40 hou rs ___
_____
__ __ __ __ __
—
O ver 40 h ou rs and under 48 h o u rs ____________

All
industries

100

Manufacturing

100

1
16
4
( 5)
27
( 5)
8
1
43

(5)
10
2
(5)
20
(5)
13
(5)
54

_

-

Public ,
utilities 1

100

46
(*)
1

W
holesale
trade

Services

100

100

10
6
30

5
26
1
13

19
9
1
45

5
7
34

-

-

55

5
2
19

4
50

-

-

-

-

52

2
1
50

-

-

T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilit ie s .
E x clu d es lim i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
In clu d es data f o r r e a l e sta te in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t.




Finance 3

100

( 5)

1
2
3
4
5

Retail trade 2

100

2
-

PLANT WORKERS

-

-

(5)

All 4
industries*

100

5
1
(5)
4
88
1
2

M
anufacturing

Public 1
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade 2

100

100

100

100

7
1
4
87
1
1

100
-

1
4
1
93
1

10
82

-

-

8

Servioes

100

6
80
( 5)
14

19
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n of o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y n u m ber o f p a id h olid a y s
p r o v id e d annually, N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , F e b r u a r y 1962)
OFFICE W0RKER8
Item

A ll w o rk e rs

_

_

___

All
industries

-

—

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
pa id h o lid a y s _____________________ r
___. _...,_____
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
n o pa id h o lid a y s
__
___ ___

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

plant workers

Finance3

Services

All .
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

99

100

95

Retail trade 2

Retail trade 2

5

1

( 5)
'

Services

"

"

N um ber o f d a y s

L e s s than 6 h o lid a y s
_
_
__ __
h o lid a y s _______ ______ , _ ^ _______ ^____________
_
h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y ______________________
h o lid a y s plu s 2 o r 3 h a lf days
h o lid a y s plu s 4 h a lf d a y s _____________________
7 h o lid a y s
__
________
_
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ___ ____ ________
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 3, 5 o r 7 h a lf d ays
_
8 h o lid a y s
_ _
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y
8 h o lid a y s plu s 2 h a lf days
_
_
8 h o lid a y s plu s 3, 4 o r 5 h a lf d a ys ____________
9 h o lid a y s
__
_ „
9 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day
__ _
_
9 h o lid a y s plu s 2 h a lf days
_
9 h o lid a y s plu s 3 h a lf days
___
10 h o lid a y s —
_
_
10 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day
10 h o lid a y s plu s 2 h a lf days
10 h o lid a y s plu s 5 h a lf days
__
11 h o lid a y s
_
11 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf day —
_ ....
11 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 o r 3 h a lf days
12 h o lid a y s
12 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y --------------------------------12 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 o r 3 h a lf d a y s __________ ____
13 h o lid a y s _____
____
____
14 o r m o r e h o lid a y s

6
6
6
6

( 5)

( 5)

1

1

( 5)

( 5)

( 5)

( 5)

( 5)
-

1

1
6
-

1
1
1

-

11

12

11

( 5)
4

( 5)
7

-

-

64
3

1

10

1

2

2

( 5)
3

4
15

-

2

2

12
-

1

3

24
4
5
18
7
4
4

1
1

1
1

( 5)

-

-

1

2

10

43
-

15

4
15
5
5
3

-

-

-

-

‘

'

‘

-

-

-

1

1
12
2
3
( 5)
13
4
4

1

2
2
1

-

26

4

2
2

-

-

1

1
2
( 5)

1
38
-

1
4

8
-

3
9

1
-

-

4
9
3
3

( 5)

6
-

20
( 5)

1
8
10
1
<5)
3
4
3
( 5)
26
18

2
2
1
2
-

20
2
3
( 5)
23
3
5
-

12
2
4
5
( 5)

8

-

(*>
3
( 5)
7
-

4

-

-

-

2
61

4

‘

1
1
1
3
16
3

2
( 5)
26
3

2

7
3
32
3
19
9

6
8

-

3

1

-

22

17
-

10

-

-

-

8

-

9
5

-

7
4
-

13
3
4
-

6

2

-

-

2

8

-

26

-

7
-

20

16
-

8

9
-

-

-

6
14
-

1
<5)
50
4

20
-

6
-

1
-

2

2
( 5)

6

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

<?>
( 5)

-

3

-

-

-

( 5)

"

”

( 5)

( 5)

5

'

-

1

T o ta l h o l i d a y t im e 6

l S 1^ o r m o r e days
13 o r m o r e d a ys
12*/2 o r m o r e days
12 o r m o r e days
l l * 2 o r m o r e days
/

1
2

.

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .




3
5
32
34

.

( 5)

2
2
2
6
6

-

43
43

-

-

15
15

7
7

4
4

8
15
76
78

.

1
2
2

2
2
2

21

9

47

10

7
7

-

3

.
-

3
3
30
30

-

-

-

-

12
12

-

_

2
3

10

20

Table B-4. Paid Holidays— Continued
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv isio n s b y n um ber o f paid h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d ann ually, N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , F e b ru a r y 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS

Item
All
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

37
38
46
51
66
69
86
86
98
99
99
99
99
99
100

9
10
17
25
48
53
85
85
99
99
99
100
100
100
100

46
46
46
47
88
88
88
89
99
99
100
100
100
100
100

25
27
41
45
52
54
79
79
92
92
99
100
100
100
100

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade 1
2

Finance 3

Services

All
.
industries 45

80
83
92
96
96
96
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

47
48
52
52
56
66
74
74
94
94
99
99
99
99
100

13
13
22
24
41 .
44
71
73
95
96
98
99
99
99
99

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

9
9
20
23
43
47
75
78
97
98
99
100
100
100
100

38
38
39
39
56
56
78
78
98
98
100
100
100
100
100

26
32
46
47
55
55
75
75
90
90
99
99
99
99
99

Retail trade 2

Services

T o t o l h o l i d a y t i m o 6— C o n t in u o d

11 o r m o r e days
_
_ _ _
- —
IOV2 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________
10 o r m o r e days
_ _ ____
_
__ _
9 l /2 o r m o r e days
__
__
9 o r m o r e days _________ _______ ,__________________
8V2 o r m o r e days _ ___
__
__
8 o r m o r e days _________________________________
7*/z o r m o r e days _______________________________
7 o r m o r e days __
___
__
—
6 V 2 o r m o r e days _____________________ _________
6 o r m o r e days _ _
__
5 o r m o r e days _ _ _ _ _ _
__
__ ______
4 o r m o r e d a y s _________________________________
3 o r m o r e days _________________________________
2 V 2 o r m o r e days ____________________________ __

7
12
27
27
27
27
32
35
98
99
99
100
100
100
100

-

7
7
7
7
38
42
93
93
93
93
98
100
100

10
10
14
14
23
32
54
54
86
86
89
89
92
92
95

1 T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
2 E x clu d e s lim i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4 In clu des data f o r r e a l estate in add ition to th o se in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
6 A ll co m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sa m e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a to ta l o f 7 days in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 7 fu ll days and
no h a lf d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o on . P r o p o r tio n s w e r e then cu m u lated .

i




21

Tabic B-5.

Paid Vacations

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity, N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o l ic y

A ll w o r k e r s

M

t M

-

_

All
industries

Manufacturing

100

100
99
(5)
-

PLANT WORKERS

Public ,
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

Services

All 4
industries *

Retail trade2

Finance3

Manufacturing

Public i
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade2

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

100
100
_

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
92
6
1
_

100
89
9
2
_

100
100
-

99
99
_

100
100
_

100
97
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(5 )

-

-

(5)

-

3

11
56
15
2

5
63
16
3

_
53
28
-

1
57
16
-

2
53
14
-

30
44
12
4

8
68
1
(5 )

22
22
8
-

31
14
4
-

2
31
30
-

15
19
7
-

(5 )
57
12
-

(*)
8
(5 )
91
(*)
(5)

(5)
10
1
89
.

2
2
95
1
(5)

2
1
97
.

t f paym ent

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
pa id v a c a t i o n s _________________________________
L e n g th * o f-t im e paym en t __
___
______
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t -------------------------------------F la t -s u m p a y m e n t _______________ — _________
__ _
_ _
_
_
O ther
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no paid v a c a t i o n s ______________________________
A m ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 6
A ft e r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k ___ ______________ __ ___________
_
__ _
_ __ _
1 w eek __ __ __
_ __
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eeks
__ _ ___
_
__ __ __ _ ______

3
42
4
-

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k _ _ _
__ _
___
1 w eek
.
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s _ ____ _
_
___
_ __
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

18
78
4
-

3
97
.
-

10
89
1
-

1
76
5
17
_
1

_

7
92
1
-

(5)
65
3
27
1
3

_

12
88
.
-

37
_
44
5
13

60
_
30
7
4

28
_
68
4
-

53
_
40
1
3

(5)

1
10
88
.
-

_
99
1
(5 )

1
_
96
4
-

3
97
-

4
82
14
-

31
16
48
1
3

36
24
39
_
1

32
_
49
5
13

24
2
64
7
4

1
_
95
4
-

64
1
3

1
( 5)
95
3
1

1
1
96
_
2

1
99
_
-

1
_
96
4
-

3
92
5
-

7
21
66
1
5

9
30
57
_
4

3
_
78
5
13

_

_
97
1
2

8
81
7
5

1
_
95
4
-

8
_
85
1
3

1
( 5)
95
3
1
(5 )

1
1
96
2
(5)

1
99
_
.
-

1

97
1
2
-

96
4
-

3
92
5
_
-

86
14
_
-

7
18
68
1
5
(5 )

*9
26
61
_
4
1

3
_
78
5
13
-

8
81
7
5
-

1
_
95
4
_
-

8
_
85
1
3
-

( 5)
(5 )
79
13
7
1

(5)
(5 )
93
2
2
2

_
89
.
11
-

_
83
10
5
2

_
70
20
10

_
53
33
13

_
81
18
1
“

2
1
80
7
7
2

3
2
82
8
3
3

_
74
5
21
■

_
81
7
11
1

_
_
64
15
21
■

_
_
89
2
6
-

(5)

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek - -- - -- -- - - ......... _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .. ............
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w e e k s ___ _______ __ __________ ____ _____ ________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _
__ __
__ __
3 w eeks _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
__
_____

29

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_____
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eeks
, ______ ____ ___________________________
_
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_
_
86
14
-

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _ _ _ _ _
______
2 w eeks
__ _ __ __ __ __ _ _____ _ _ _ _ _
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______________________
.
3 w eek s
4 w eeks _
___ _ _
_ __ _____ __ __

_

-

_

_

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek __
---------- ---------- _ _ _ _ _
__ __
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s _
__ __
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
_ ...
3 w eek s _______
4 w eek s _ _ _ _ _
___ ^

See fo o tn o te s at en d o f table.




_

22

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations— Continued

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in du stry d iv is io n s by v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity, N. J . , F e b ru a r y 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS

V a ca tion p o lic y

[

PLANT WORKERS

Finance 3

Services

All .
industries4

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade 2

Services

_
26
_
74
-

_
11
11
78
-

2
42
13
40
(5)
2

3
45
18
32
3

_
39
5
56
-

_
41
17
41
1

_
14
85
( 5)

-

_
41
3
56
“

_
53
1
43
-

_
43
11
44
2

_
26
74
-

_
7
14
78
-

2
32
19
45
( 5)
2

3
31
26
37
1
3

_
39
5
56
-

_
35
23
41
1

_
14
85
(5)
-

_
43
1
54
-

-

_
38
3
59
-

5

_
11
_
87
2

_
11
_
82
7

_
4
64
28
4

.
12
1
87
-

2
11
2
78
4
4

3
10
1
76
5
5

_
5
95
-

14
83
2
1

_
13
78
(5 )
8

_
34
1
62
-

(5)
6
70
3
21
-

_
1
54
_
45
-

_
9
75
17
-

_
11
22
_
68
-

_
51
5
42
2

12
1
69
18
-

1
11
1
57
5
24
“

2
10
60
8
20
-

_
5
58
36
-

13
77
2
8
-

_
13
25
( 5)
62
-

_
34
1
52
10
-

( 5)
6

_
1

_
6

_
11

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
12
1
38
46
3

1
11
1
40
4
42
1

2
10
41
5
41

5
40
55

_
13
67
2
18

_
13

-

_
34
1
42
_
12
7

Public ,
utilities 1

W
holesale
trade

49
_
51

_
51
3
44
2

All
industries

Manufacturing

(*)
35
7
56
_
1

( 5)
46
9
43
2

(5)
30
11
59
(5)
1

(5)
36
14
47
(5)
2

(5)
5
1
82
8
4

(5)
6
( 5)
89
_
5

_
1
95

(5)
5
(5)
61
3
31
1

(5)
4
(5)
35
1
51
7

Retail trade 2

A m o u n t off v o c a t i o n p a y 6 — C o n t in u e d
A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _________________________ ________ __ —
2 w eek s
_________ __ __ __
________ __
O ver 2 and un d er 3 w eek s _____________________
3 w eek s ____ __
__ __ __ __ __
__ __ __
O ver 3 and u nd er 4 w eek s _ __ _____ __ __ __
4 w eeks ___
___ ,
.
__
__ _ __

-

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek __ __ __ __ __ _____
__ __ __
2 w eek s __
__ __ __ __ __ _____ __ __ __ __
O ver 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s _
__
__ __ __
__ __ __ __ __
___
3 w eek s ____ __
O ver 3 and un d er 4 w eek s ____ __
__ __ —
4 w eek s _____
_____ __ __ __ „
_________

_
48
_
52
-

-

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____________ ____________ __ __ __ __ __
2 w eek s ______________ __ __ __ __ _____ __ __
O ver 2 and un d er 3 w eek s ___ __ __
__ —
3 w eek s ____ __ __ __ __ __ __ _____ _____
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s ____ __ __
4 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ________ __ __
__ __ __ _____ __ _
2 w eek s ____ __________________________ __ __ _____
__ __
O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s _ __ __ ___
3 w eeks _______
__ ---------------------- O ver 3 and u n d er 4 w eek s ______________________
4 w eek s --------------------- ------------------- — —
O ver 4 w eek s ____ _____ ___ __ ____ ___
______
A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____ ______ _______ __ _____ _____________
2 WeekS ,_, . . _..
O ver 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ____ __ __ __ __ —
^
...
O ver 3 and u nd er 4 w eek s ---------------------------------4 w eek s ...... ^
. . . --.,,
^
.. . . . _ .
O ver 4 w eek s ____ __
__ __ — __ — — —

1

2
3
4
5
6

T ra n s p o r ta tio n ,

c o m m u n i c a t io n ,

39
3
51

16

59

-

-

83

35

15
75

35
40
25

22
(5)
64

and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

E x clu d e s lim i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
In clu d es data f o r r e a l e sta te in a dd ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and d o not n e c e s s a r ily r e fl e c t the in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s
s e r v ic e in clu d e ch an ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .

f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .

F o r e xam p le,

the

ch a n g es in p r o p o r t io n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s '

N O T E : In the tabu lation s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , p aym en ts o th er than "le n g th o f t i m e , " s u ch as p e rce n ta g e o f annual e a rn in g s o r f la t - s u m
an equ ivalen t tim e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a p aym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in gs w a s c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.




-

p a y m e n ts ,

w e r e c o n v e r t e d to

23

Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e r c e n t o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e sta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
h ealth, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fit s , N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity , N .J . , F e b r u a r y 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

T y p e o f b e n e fit
All
industries

___________ ___________________________________________

Services

All
industries

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

89

93

86

93

26

70

60

53

89

97

90

96’

34

57

55

24

80

54

75

66

85

1

35

2

3

88
88
60
49
83
(6)

64
44
38
51
80

92
86
74
43
72
(6)

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

95

99

99

94

61

59

51

86

93

95

92

52

76

77
6
84
81
59
52
83
1

Retail trade 1
2

Finance 34

Public .
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 2

Services

100

100

100

100

95

97

81

83

80

55

43

66

31

67

75

74

70

72

86

74

37

60

66

39

51

48

49

72

22

17

28

27

49

22

11

8

3

27

10

4

18

90
90
64
30
79

84
68
61
42
79

76
69
48
7
59
8

96
92
61
11
65

86
80
59
20
33

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :
L ife in s u r a n c e

A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o th 5

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e ________
S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y and no
w a itin g p e r io d ) __________________ , ---------S ic k le a v e (p a r tia l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r io d )

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e .
_
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e
_
__
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e
_
C a ta s tro p h e in s u r a n c e . . .
_
R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n
N o h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n _____

97
93
75
28
48

86
86
64
58
94
3

66
66
47
66
77
( 6)

89
86
62
28
74
(6)

1 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s .
2 E x clu d e s l im i t e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
4 In clu d es data f o r r e a l e s ta te in add ition to th ose in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 U n du plica ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e show n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w . S ic k -le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to th o s e w h ich d e fin ite ly es ta b lis h at le a s t the
m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y that ca n b e e x p e c te d b y each e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s i c k -le a v e a llo w a n ce s d e te r m in e d on an in d ivid u a l b a s is a r e e x clu d ed ;
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .







Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau’ s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A-l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’ s bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




25

stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.
The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)— ses a special billing ma­
U
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— se s a bookkeeping
U
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves die simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

27

28

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—
Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B —
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­

ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already

been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.



CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculatings workers*
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed countet and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters * May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

29

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B —
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY — Continued

making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C-Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B —
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A—
Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B—
Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

31

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees9 injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicant^
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




32

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electricians requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establish -

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

ments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working

33

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the -plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of die work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
die millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sendingof the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for die production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.



OILER
Lubricates* with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty .or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, die work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience•

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipelinings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

34

PIPEFITTER, MAlNTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, die work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

repairing building sanitation or beating system s are excluded.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate-




men who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.

35

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded .

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.



SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work in volves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work in volves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

36

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded .

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s iz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)*




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

* U .s . GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE :

1962

0 — 641826


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102