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Occupational Wage Survey
SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA
JANUARY 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-37




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA




JANUARY 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-37
March 1962
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 30 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The L abor M arket O ccupational Wage Survey P rogra m
The B ureau of L abor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage su rveys in 82 labor m arkets.
The
studies p rov id e data on occu pation al earnings and related
supplem entary b en efits.
A p relim in a ry rep ort furnishing
trend data and average earnings is relea sed within a month
o f the
com p letion o f each study.
This bulletin provides
additional data not included in the prelim in ary re p ort.
Two bu lletin s, bringing together the results of all
o f the
a rea su rv ey s, are issu ed after com pletion of the
final a rea bulletin in the cu rren t round of su rveys.
The
fir s t o f these bulletins, w ill be available late in 1962 and
the other ea rly in 1963. During the survey y ea r, sum m ary
re le a s e s p resen tin g areaw ide occupational earnings data
fo r 25 to 30 la b or m a rk ets, are issued as data b ecom e
available.
This bulletin was p rep a red in the Bureau’ s r e gional o ffice in San F r a n c is c o , C a lif ., by W illiam P.
O 'C onnor, under the d ir e c tio n of John L. Dana, A ssistant
R egional D ir e c to r fo r W ages and Industrial R elations.

Introduction _____________________________________________________________
Wage trends fo r se le cte d occupational groups ________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

E stablishm ents and w ork ers within scop e of survey ___________
P ercen ts o f in cre a se in standard w eekly sa la ries and
stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected
occupational groups ____________________________________________
3. Indexes of standard w eekly sa la ries and straigh t-tim e
hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupational groups, and
p ercen ts o f in cre a se fo r se le cted p eriod s ____________________

A: O ccupational e a rn in g s: *
A - 1. O ffice occupations— en and w om en ______________________
m
A - 2. P r o fe ssio n a l and tech n ical occu pation s— en
m
and w om en ______________________________________________
A - 3. O ffice, p ro fe ssio n a l, and tech n ical
occupations— en and w om en com bined ________________
m
A -4 . M aintenance and pow er plant occupations _________________
A - 5. C ustodial and m a teria l m ovem ent occupations __________
B: E stablishm ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary wage p rov ision s :*
B -l.
Shift d ifferen tia ls ________________________________________
B -2 . M inimum entrance sa la ries fo r w om en o ffice w o rk ers __
B -3 . Scheduled w eekly hours _________________________________
B -4 . Paid holidays _____________________________________________
B -5 .
Paid vacations ___________________________________________
B -6 . Health, insurance, and pension plans ___________________
A pp en d ixes:
A. Changes in occupational d e scrip tion s __________________________
B. O ccupational d escrip tion s _______________________________________

* N OTE: S im ila r tabulations are available in p reviou s area rep orts fo r San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland and fo r other m a jor
a re a s.
A d ir e c to r y indicating the areas, dates o f study, and p r ic e s of these rep orts is available upon requ est.
C urren t rep orts on occupational earnings and supplem entary wage p r a ctice s are a lso available fo r the
m ach in ery in du stries (M arch 1961), con tract cleaning s e r v ic e s (August 1961), and paints and varn ish es (May 1961).
Union s c a le s , indicative of prevailing pay le v e ls, are available fo r the follow in g trades or in d u stries: Building
con stru ction , printing, lo c a l-tr a n s it operating em p loyees, and m otortru ck d r iv e r s and h e lp e rs.




1
4

iii

3
5
5
6
10
11
13
14
16
17
18

19

20
22
23
25




Occupational Wage Survey— San Francisco—Oakland, Calif.

Introduction
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. De­
partment of L abors Bureau of Labor Statistics has conducted sur­
veys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of
Bureau field econom ists1 to representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica­
tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry groups
excluded from these studies are government operations and the con­
struction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because they
tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
basis. Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data. •

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data
are presented (in the A -series tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

Information is presented (in the B-series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to
office and plant workers. The concept "office workers, " as used
in
1
Data were obtained by mail from some of the smaller es­ this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes admin­
tablishments for which visits by Bureau field economists in the last
istrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant workers" in­
previous survey indicated employment in relatively few of the occu­
clude working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadpations studied. Unusual changes reported by mail were verified
men and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Administrative,
with employers.




1

2

executive, and professional employees, and force-account construction
employees who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufacturing indus­
tries, but are included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing industries.
Shift differential data (table B -l) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 2 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification "other" was used. In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance salaries (table B-2) relate only to the
establishments visited. They are presented in terms of establish­
ments with formal minimum salary policies.
The scheduled hours (table B-3) of a majority of the firstshift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B-4 through
B-6) are treated statistically on the basis that these are applicable
to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers are eli­
gible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums of
individual items in tables B-3 through B-6 may not equal totals be­
cause of rounding.
The first part of the paid holidays table (table B-4) presents
the number of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second
part combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to fo r­
mal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off with
pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate estimates
are provided according to employer practice in computing vacation
payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or
flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay, pay­
ments not on a time basis were so converted; for example, a payment
of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of
1 week's pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension plans
(table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em­
ployer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen^ compen­
sation, social security, and railroad retirement. Such plans include
those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and those p ro­
vided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer out of
current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,3 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans 4 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker*s pay during absence from work
because of illness. Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors* fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com m er­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker*s life.

3 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
4 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
were excluded.




3

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin sco p e o f s u r v e y and num ber studied in San F r a n c is c o — akland, C a lif.,
O

In d u stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

M inim um
em ploym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

W ithin s c o p e o f study

Studied

Studied
T o ta l4

O ffic e

P lant

T o t a l4

1, 180

259

3 66 ,000

100 ,5 0 0

1 80 ,400

204, 590

-

355
825

84
175

135, 000
2 3 1 ,0 0 0

23, 500
7 7 ,0 0 0

86, 200
94, 200

65, 130
139, 460

100
50
100
50
50

76
276
103
191
179

32
37
43
36
27

7 2 ,8 0 0
3 5 ,2 0 0
43, 300
52, 300
2 7 ,4 0 0

14, 800
10 ,6 0 0
5, 700
40, 600
(8 )

28,
16,
32,
6 1,

___________________________________________________

M an u factu rin g --------------------------------------------------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g ___ _______ _________ __ __ ____ _______ __ ____
T r a n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ic a tio n , and o th er
p u b lic u t ilit ie s 56 _________ ________ ____ _________ __ ______
W h o le s a le tra d e ____________________________________________
R e ta il tra d e _____ _____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____________ ___ _
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ____________________
S e r v ic e s 7
_________________________________________________

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m en ts

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts
W ithin
scope of
study 1
3
2

b y m a jo r in d u stry d iv isio n , 2 Jan uary 1962

100

100
600
500
400
(8)

63,
8,
30,
27,
9,

640
900
700
030
190

1 T he San F r a n c i s c o — akland Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a c o n s is t s o f A la m e d a , C on tra C o sta , M arin , San F r a n c is c o , San M ateo, and Solano C ou nties.
O
The " w o r k e r s w ithin scop e
o f study" e s tim a te s sh ow n in this ta b le p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a ccu ra te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the su rv ey . The es tim a te s are not intended, h ow ever,
to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r a re a e m p loym en t indexes to m e a s u r e em p lo ym e n t tren d s o r le v e ls s in ce (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f esta b lish m en t data c o m p ile d
c o n s id e r a b ly in adva nce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) sm a ll es ta b lis h m e n ts a re e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the su rvey.
2 T he 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard Industrial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in du stry d iv isio n . M a jor changes fr o m the e a r lie r ed ition (used in the
B u re a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s con d u cted p r io r to July 1958) a re the tr a n s fe r o f m ilk p a s te u r iz a tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e s ta b lis h m e n ts fr o m trade (w h olesa le o r r e ta il) to
m a n u fa ctu rin g, and the t r a n s fe r o f r a d io and te le v is io n b ro a d ca s tin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilitie s d iv isio n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total em p loym en t at o r above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s tries as tra d e, fin a n ce, auto r ep a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 establish m en t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and oth er w o r k e r s exclu d ed fr o m the se p a ra te o f fic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n w e re exclu d ed . San F r a n c i s c o 's tra n sit s y s te m is m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a te d and is ex clu d ed by d efin ition fr o m the s c o p e o f the study.
6 E s tim a te r e la te s to r e a l e s ta te e sta b lish m e n ts only.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile r e p a ir sh ops; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n on p rofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and en g in eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .
8 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n on m an u factu rin g" in the S e r ie s A and B ta b le s. S epa ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade
fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p loym en t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it se p a ra te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d esig n ed in itia lly to p e r m it separate
p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it sep a ra te p re se n ta tio n , and (4) there is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual esta b lish m en t data.




4

Wage Trends (or Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; me­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series (table 2). This series initiated with the expansion of the labor market
wage survey programs to 82 areas will replace the old series (1953 base) shown
in table 3. Changes in the jobs surveyed and job descriptions since the start of
the old series called for a reexamination of the jobs and job groupings for which
trends were to be computed.
The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series with
the following exceptions: The women clerical group is replaced by an office
clerical group (men and women) and the industrial nurse category includes both
men and women. Changes were also made in the jobs included within job group­
ings in order that an identical list could be employed in all areas.

5

T a ble 2. P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r
s e le cte d occu p a tio n a l gro u p s in San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a li f ., Jan uary 1961 to Jan uary 1962,
and Jan uary I960 to January 1961
Jan uary I960
to
January 1961

Jan uary 1961
to
Jan uary 1962

In du stry and o ccu p a tio n a l gro u p

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w om en ) ___________________
In d u strial n u r s e s (m en and w om en ) ________________
S k illed m aintenance (m en)
_____ __________________
U n sk illed plant (men) __________

4.
8.
3.
4.

1
3
2
8

M an u factu rin g:
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m e n and w om en )
__
____ __
In d u strial n u r s e s (m en and w om en ) ________________
Skilled m aintenance (m en) __________ _________ ___
U n sk illed plant (m en) _______________ ____________ ___

T a b le 3.

3 .0
2 .4
3 .2
3 .0

2 .6
2 .4
2 .9
2 .7

4.
8.
5.
4.

2
2
1
5

In d e x e s o f standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u rly e a rn in gs fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g ro u p s in San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a l i f . ,
January 1962 and Jan uary 1961, and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
Indexes
(January 1953 = 100)

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p

P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s fr o m —

Jan uary 1961 Jan uary I960 January 1959 Jan uary 1958 Jan uary 1957 January 1956 Jan uary 1955 Jan uary 1954 January 1953
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
January 1962 January 1961
Jan uary 1962 Jan uary 1961 January I960 Jan uary 1959 Jan uary 1958 January 1957 Jan uary 1956 Jan uary 1955 January 1954

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w om en ) ___ _____ _________
In d u stria l n u r s e s (w om en ) __________________
S k ille d m a in ten a n ce (m en ) ______ __ ________
U n sk illed plant (m en ) ________________________

1 42 .6
155. 3
1 45 .6
150. 1

*138. 4
151.0
140. 9
145. 8

3 .0
2 .9
3 .4
3 .0

*4. 2
7. 8
3 .6
4 .8

2. 8
2. 7
2 .9
4. 3

4. 8
5. 6
5. 3
5 .9

4. 2
6 .6
5 .9
5 .4

5 .0
6 .4
7. 5
5. 5

4. 8
2 .6
3 .7
4 .4

3 .0
6. 3
2 .4
3. 0

4 .4
4. 3
4. 0
6. 1

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w om en )
____________ __ __
In d u stria l n u r s e s (w om en ) _____
_________
S k illed m a in ten a n ce (m en ) __________________
U n sk illed plant (m en ) ________________________

140. 5
156 .6
148. 5
148. 1

1 13S.2
152. 2
144 .4
144.6

1. 7
2 .9
2. 8
2 .4

14. 3
7 .7
5. 2
4. 5

2. 5
2 .6
2. 2
3. 7

5. 1
5. 6
5. 1
6 .9

4. 2
6 .5
6 .4
5 .5

4 .7
7 .0
8. 5
6 .0

5. 4
2 .6
4. 1
4. 3

2 .4
6 .2
2. 2
4 .2

4.
5.
4.
4.

R e v is e d e s tim a te .




5
1
0
2

A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women

6

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o —
^Oakland, C a lif., J a n u a ry 1962)
NU M B ER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E W E E K L Y E A RN IN G S OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

S
$
$
$
4 5 .0 0 $5 0 .0 0 * 5 5 .0 0 $6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 * 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 $8 0 .0 0 §8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 $ 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0
Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings*
and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r
5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 1 9 0 .0 0 1 9 5 .0 0 1 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0
!
J
!
!

Men
C lerk s, accounting, cla s s A ___________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
P u blic u tilities 2 _________________
W holesale trade __________________
C lerk s, accounting, cla s s B ___________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 _________________

1
674
326
348
90
86
121

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

$ 1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0 —
1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

352
223
129
75

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0

_
_
_

_
_

_

-

-

-

_

_
-

.

-

-

_

_

1, 0 3 2
223
809
779

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 2 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0

C lerks, p a yroll _________________________
Noumanufacturing ___________________
Pu blic u tilities 2 _________________

134
85
55

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 2 .0 0
1 1 0 9 .0 0
| 1 1 4 .0 0

_
-

!

-

M anufacturing _______________________
Monmanufacturing ___________________
Pu blic utilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade __________________
Finance 3 __________________________

742
209
533
83
73
268

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

6 6 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
6 6 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
6 4 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

46
_

:
i

38
31

46
_

’;

7

6
26

i
!

3
4

|

1 1 6 .0 0
! 1 1 9 .0 0
! 1 1 4 .5 0
! 1 0 9 .0 0
|

-

1
!

-

7 39
214
525
1 04
73
270

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 9 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
; 1 0 5 .0 0
j 1 0 7 .0 0
i
9 2 .0 0

_
_

i
j
i
:
!

-

i
!
1

.
_

_
_

M anufacturing ___________ -___ -_______
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
Pu blic u tilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade __________________
Finance 3 __________________________
Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
Noumanufacturing ___________________
Finance 3 __________________________

227
207
1 42

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

8 8 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

1

_
_

1
1
_

-

-

10
10
6

1
_
1
. i
1
l

!
141
26
1 115
2
25
61

_

_
-

134
52
82
7
16
44

_
_

!

-

j
!
!
1
i
i

-

-

I
;

-

-

5
2
3
-

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 9 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0

18 ;

3
37 !
2
7
24 j

7 1
2 !
1
5
26 i
18 !
8 i
2 j

52
50
2
2

I

1
i

51
23
28
4
_

'
!
!
;

23

30

1

38
28 :
10
1
4 !

11

'
!

_
_

2
2

1
1
1 i

26
14

_

-

-

63
13
50
1
2
26

' 145
| 20
! 125
1
!
7
|
6
91

39
5
34
34

-

-

66
33
33
7
9
15

63
12
51
42
1

j
j
:
1

~

-

-

25
3
22
1
_
21

6

!

10

11
5

1

159
9
150
140

j
!
j
;

!
121 !
68
53
15 j
14 1
17 !
35
li
24
21

79
34
45
30
6
4

i
1

47
43

i
1

4
4

96 i 115
24
3 i
93
i
91
93
90

-

1

!

31
16
15
10
4
-

6
6
4
74

12

i
|
!

11

!

4

1

4

!

1

9 1
8 '
1
8

5 i
1 ;
4
2
2

-

6
1 1
5
5
-

-

-

_

6
2
4
4
128
58
70
i
9 j
8
49

39
7
7

1
!

_

_

-

-

14
8

|
!

11
_

'

21
17

-

1

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le.




209
150
108

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1
;

7 5 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

_
-

i

-

I
-

i

"

22
22
10

16
4
4

60
36
12

8
8
- j
!
- I

127
52 '
75
75 i

123 1
38 !
85
80 i

11
12

!

10 i

!
j
i

89
T ol
!
79 J

i
;

I

12
1
7 i
4 1

-

!
13 i
6
7
3

26
3
23
16
6
24
24
_

i

18
18

!
|

10
10
-

1
1

18
7 ]
11
5

76
18
8
49

95
26
69
22
15
29

77
15
62
4
13
24

54
11
43
9
14
5

;

17
17
17

32
30
19

28
26
8

20
19
2

16
9
1

14

7
5

51
51

-

-

14
14
14

44
44
14

6
1
1

22
22
22

28
19
19

5
3
3

1
1
1

3
-

1
1

4
4
4

!

31
30
1
-

7
5
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

34 I
26 !
20 !

53
5
48
48

26
10
16
12

-

34
20
14
14

12 j
_

5
4

-

“

1
1
1

60

“

1

9 ;
6 1
4

*4 _ !
19 !
19 !
|

i

i

_
-

'

_

5
-

-

- 1
- |
_ 1

_
- i
- S

_
-

■ j

"

■

■

26
5
21
11

19
14
5

13
8
5

2
2

-

-

-

6
1
5
4

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

“

1
30 :
6
24
3 !

22

'

9 i
13
6

'
1

-

-

:
|
i
-

3
2
1

4
1
3
2
-

1

-

~

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

”

'

■

'

5
-

-

-

-

■

-

“

•

_
-

-

"

!

-

!

2
2
*

~

~

5
-

.
-

~

38
12
26
4
1

I

!
•

i

69
19
50
35
2
1

!

over

-

j

_
1___ ! A J !
16 j
;
1
_
1

14
6
8
6

•!

i
!

14
5
9
3

121
45

4 !
l

■ !
:

43
16
27
19

6
3
3
3

i

5

-

40
38
34

10

!

-

64
1
3
60

68
59
53

30
6;
24 j
22 !

-

_ !

i

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) ----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Retail trade ______________________

31
23
8 i
1
1
5 '

i

31
13 !
18 i
4
. .
14

11
-

!
!
i

59
29 ,
30 :
6
20 ;
2

.
-

!

i

1
1
i

76
51
25
5 '
10
10
23

:
I

!

51
47
46

16
16
10

and
1 2 0 .0 0 * 1 2 5 .0 0 H 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0
i

79

j
1

2
2

6
_
6
_
_

35
8
27
27

-

_
_

5
3
3

n

17
55
6
9

|
:
i
!
!

1
214
173
51

!
l

40

47
4
43
43

11
11
1
_

2
2
2

i
j
|

32
5
27
4

"

-

_

1

_

-

_
_
_
_

i

W omen
B ille r s , m achine (billing m a c h in e ) ------Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Pu blic utilities 2 _________________

1
_
1
1

_
_
_

-

_
.

_

j
i

i
:
i

1
1

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,

13
3

j

3

3
--------- — 1

_

-

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1
|

3

3

-

212
77
135
58

-

-

-

-

z J

13

3

3
-

-

-

C lerk s, ord er __________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla s s A ________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

3
3
_

-

.
_
_

!
!
;

!

_

_
:—

$
is
1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 . 0 0 f 5 0 .0 0

-

_
“

-

-

.

.

X

.

_

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

_

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , San F r a n cis c o —
Oakland, C a lif., January 1962)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

W om en— Continued
Bookkeeping-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A ------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________

j
39.0
38.5
39.0
39.0

309
126
183
120

$93.00
91.50
94.00
96.00

-

-

_

-

B ook keeping-m a ch ine op e r a to r s ,
c la s s B ------------------------------------------------M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ______________________
F in a n ce 3 _________________________

1, 211
152
1,059
219
54
720

39.5
39.0
40.0
40.0
38.5
40.0

73.00
83.50
71.50
82.50
78.00
67.50

1
1

C le rk s , accounting, c la s s A __________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
Public u t ilit ie s 2 _________________
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ______________________
F in a n ce 3 _________________________

1, 062
267
795
96
173
93
325

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
38.0

93.50
101.00
i 91.00
j
|102.50
| 93.50
i
: 94.00
I
| 86.00

_
-

_
-

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s B __________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
Public u tilities 2 _________________
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ______________________
F in a n ce 3 _________________________

2, 074
428
1, 646
355
234
260
668

39.0
39^
39.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
38.0

78.50
91.50
75.50
81.00
82.50
75.50
69.50

_
-

C lerk s , file , c la s s A 4 _________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ----------------------------Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 _________________
F in a n ce 3 ---------------------------------------

334
57
277
38
184

39.0
38.5
39.0
39.0
38.5

83.00
81.50
83.50
105.00
76.00

C le r k s , file , c la s s B 4 _________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 _________________
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ______________________
F in a n ce 3 _________________________

1,933
96
1, 837
98
165
115
1, 358

C lerk s , file , c la s s C 4 _________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
Finan ce 3 _________________________
C lerk s , o r d e r __________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________
R eta il trade ______________________

-

4
4

102

4

1

i
I
j

-




i
!
!
i
|

i
29 1 17
16 . 11
13 ;
6
l
11

!
j
i
|
1

81 !
42 ,
39 j
19

166
19
19
19

27
27
1
26

114
114
6
16
20
58

192
233
20
192 j 213
25
52
42
4
17
100
j 153

501
16
485
94
26
161
154

281
57
224
50
56
16
85

214
66
148
19
20
36
60

173
72
101
53
7
11
8

165 j 99
I
39 i 49
126 ! 50
S 11
8
45 1 12
!
i
I7
8
40
12
141
79
26
6i
53
80
14
1
24
53
1
11
14
5
2
3 '
2

_
"

102
_
-

-

215
13
202
28

106 i 128
38 | 43
85
68
71
36
14
3
10
9 !
1 4 3 ; 166
i
30
14
136
! 129 I
5
7 !
! 32
28
7
8
72
48

1
i
i
!

41 !
io !
31
22
2

44
29
15
6

184
29
155
33
18
92

4

10 1 53
6
4
47
&
_
35
190
6
184
12
17
134

102

:
1
|
|

_
-

206
206
_
198

26
5
21
17
2
2

4
4

! 92
i
1 92
i
2
90

_
-

_
-

_
-

'2 4
6
18
18

22
22
20

41
4
37
34

80
22
58
1
49

71
8
63
8
43

30
3
27
10
16

38.5
38.5
38.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
38.0

180
63.50
75.00
180
63.00
81.50
_
70.50
66.50
60.00 5 180

244
244
2
232

354
12
342
16
1 6
2
308

419
15
404
5
48
8
305

325
16
309
5
51
99
154

142
3
139
12
24
1
73

97
14
83
16
1
1
55

53 !
11
42
7
4
31

62
8
54
1
29
2
20

30
15
15
11
2
-

39.0
39.0
38.0

65.00
65.00
55.50

_
-

192
192
152

79
76
70

32
27
27

35
22
3

25
21

1
-

83
82
-

19
18
-

11

39.5
89.00
90.00
39.0
40.0 . 8 8 . 0 0
40.0 i 95.00
39.5 : 73.00

12

19
-

10

7

4
6
1 39
3

2

47
19
28
6

28
18

133
38
95
95

22

1

i
18 .
18 |

j

! 108
46
! 62
16
■
6
i 17
22
!
: 47
j 26
21
!
14
6
|

_
-

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!

.
-

12

1

12

ii
j

.9

!
!

i
I

i

5
5

10

9

11

-

21
10
11
2

1
!
i
!

15

i
j

48 :
48 5
48 ;

7
7

:
j
;
!
i
'

2
2
-

l 106
; 40
i 66
1 20
;

!
|
i
j

7
5
26

15
13
2
2

57
! 25
| 32
j 11
; 16
-

!

2
j
26 | 36
25 !
5
1
31
1
31
-

!
,

9 ,
2
7
2
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1
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1
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,
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18 1 23
7 i
2
21
11
12
9 | 2
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6
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6 ;
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9
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11
11

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2
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i

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1

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8

j

_
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20

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j
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11

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8
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- 1 17
17
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10

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^
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i

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.
j
i
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-

1

-

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!
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—
I
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1
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4
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_

i

-

-

-

20
2

20

-

!
i
j

- :

4
4
4
_
-

18
18
_
-

- j
- j

-

-

8

!

- !

!
i
i
j
1
1

6
- !
6
-

_
-

1

-

4
4
-

48
| 47
1
i
!
1
i
~
1 1
!

3
3
3
_
-

35 | 33
17
18
18
18 i
j 10
1

_

!
i

-

2
2
- ,
-

:
;
i
i

2

2
-

-

18
18
-

381
142
239
166
73

!
!
;
I

-

495
467
253

“

I
S e e fo o t n o t e s a t end o f t a b le .

STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLV EARNINGS OF-

number of workers receiving

$
$
$
$
!$
$
js
$
$
$
S
S
$
$
s
!$
$
$
1
S
$
s
$
W
eeklyj W
eekly j 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.001105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00jl25.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00
earnings
hours
“
*
(Standard) (Standard) under
!
and
I
- 1
50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00! 85.00 90.00 95.00 ilOO.OO 105.001110.00 115.00il20.00 125.001130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00jl 50.00 over
f
1
i
i
i

i

'

_
_
_

4

_
4

!
8 i
!

4

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , San F ran cisco-O ak lan d , C a lif., January 1962)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry div isio n

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

$
S
$
'$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
W
eekly^ W
eekly j 4 5.00 50. 00 55. 00 60.00 6 5.00 70. 00 75.00 80.00 85.00 9 0 . 0 0 95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
50.00 55. 00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80. 0 0 85.00 90.00 95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00
i
|

W om en— Continued
C lerk s, p a y roll _________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u tilities 2 _________________
W holesale trade __________________
Retail trade ______________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

765
300
465

C om ptom eter op era tors ________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u t ilit ie s 2 _________________
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ______________________

1, 2 6 0

102

98
101

79
521
739
169
225
306

39.0
39.0
39. 5
39. 5
39.5
39.5
39.0

$93.50
93.00
93.50
104.50
97.00
87.50
93.00

3 9.5
39.0
39 .5
39.5
39. 5
4 0 .0

87.00
88.50
85.50
95.50

_

1
1

2

-

-

-

86 .0 0

_
_

80.50

-

D uplicating-m ach ine operators
(M im eograph or Ditto) ________ _____
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing _____ ____________

154
79
75

39.0
39. 5
39.0

,
!

72.50
71.50
73.50

-

Keypunch op era tors, c la s s A 4 ________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u tilities 2 _________________
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ______________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

1, 237
279
958
141
118
74
543

39.0
39.0
39. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
38. 5

!
'
!
!
I
!

83.50
84.50
83.00
99.50
92.00
82.00
76.00

_
-

Keypunch op era tors, c la s s B 4 ________
M anufacturing _________ ____ __ __
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
P ublic u tilities 2 _________________
W holesale trade ____ . . ------------F in a n ce 3 __________________________

1, 499
409
1 , 090
380
194
438

39.0
3 9.5
39.0
39.5
4 0.0
38. 5

i
!
i
|
|
j

78.50
78.50
78.50
88.50
78.50
69.50

O ffice g ir ls ______________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

425
179
246
154

39.0
39.0
39.0
38. 5

!

64.00
67.50
61.00
58.50

S ecreta ries ______________________ __ __
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing _____ ____ _____
P ublic u tilities 2 _________________
W holesale trade ________ — „ __
R etail trade ______________________
F in a n ce 3 ----------------------------------------

4, 220
1, 379
2, 841
379
464
258
1, 144

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.0
39. 5
3 9.5
38.5

Stenographers, g e n e r a l 4 _______________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
Pu blic u tilities 2 _________________
W holesale trade __________________
F in a n ce 3 ____________ ____

2, 244
718
1, 526
311
89
768

39.0
39. 5
38. 5
3 9.5
39. 5
39.0

_
-

100.00

105.00
97.50
103.50
103.50
93.50
94.50

-

1
1

75

56
!
56
|
1

12

11

40
36

_
_
-

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

_

_
_

;

-

_
_

9 0 .0 0
1

- |
;

_

l
l
-

!

l

i
!

85.00
77.50

;

8

3
_

;

2
1

47
15
32
6

25

42
9
33

1

j
| 135
1 44
91
4
30
52

99
! 35
| 64
1
j 16
23
: 9

103
45
I 58

266
70

179

i 196
i

1

8

83
92

29

28

27

11

10

12

1

6

!

9
26
13

1

'

86

93
4
15
67

18

15

97
18
79

310
96
214

_
i _
73

80
19
61
3
_
_
58

34
166

16
73

288
72
216
83
31
87

237
76
161
38
60
48

118
48
70

53

1249
54
195
18
15
146

142
75
67
48

65
25
40
17

32
19
13
1

-

“

9
_
9
_
_
9

22

63
_
63
3

151

511

22

120

2

45
104
! 48
i 56
3

6

_
22

3
_
1

249
! 29

2

-

2

2

_
42

5
3

_

1

4

55
ii
44

2

6

220

111

4
8

304
74
230
; 50
I

9

93

i
.
!
!
I
I
!
1

18
9

18

1
6

|
■ 49
I
51

82.00
85.50
80.50

.

47
47
_

!
i
'i 31

63
52

-

29
27

10
2

2

6

_
_ !
I

2

1

-

4
_

1 31

1

i
"
_ | 14
- '
_ 1 14
|
|
14
6

7
3

! 31
-

!
■
!
!

-

-

-

_

3
3
_
-

2

_

6
6

5

-

2

56 {
24 !
32
6
11

;

90 I 109
45 : 38
45 I 71
3
26
20
1 9
8

12

1

12

24
i
i 174
81
93
67
18

7 j

35

8

13

3

i 188
55 l 7 4
37 j 114
10 '
56

92

20

9

1

6

3
1
2

!

5
3

33
, 109
: 53 j 17
1 56 ! 16
14 ! 7
6
i 6
18
! 10 J 3

| 44
i 13
! 31
; is
j
7
!
j
3

!
|
i
!
!
!

!
i
!

103
72
31
4
9
18

!
j
!
i




10

i

8
2

i
J

!

3

;
;

177
36 !
141
27 i
34 1
11 j
31

83
14
69
4

1 107

8

1 27
1
8

35

31

137
44
93
61
19

123

32
25

85
31
54
9
17
15

1

29

4

1

12

21

1

1

6

8

3
-

-

_
-

473
115
358
33
34
47

607
179
428
45
36
48
229

539
147
392
29
65
30
209

505
181
324
60
48
36
126

175
54

155
96
59
39
9

72
52

j

-

-

18

2

6
6

9

i8i
44
137
18
22

8

129
14
18
15
; 60

391
27
52
36
138

j466
145
321
32
9
217

397
118
279
30
31
167

198

283
106

177
38
19
88

2

12 1

51
4
45

2

15
15
4

1

22
101

91
10

!
!
j
I

8

i

i

11

-

20
12

5

2

1
2

10

3
22
20
1

1 36

:
! 36
36

-

_

-

_
-

_
-

362
151

j 234
144
90
42

245
109
136
16
38

6

10

19

28

25
13

28
28
28
-

59
52
18
54
32
20
12

j
!

j

i

-

|

-

20

12

12
12

-

-

i

-

,
i

'
'
i
i
I

_

_
-

!

;
1

-

-

-

i
!

-

-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

i

-

1

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

;

-

|

.
-

211

1

i

10

'
I
:
i
i

-

j
i
i

2
2

!
i
j
!
I

j

_
_
_
_
-

|

i

_
-

-

!

_

I 19
!
1
18
17

-

-

-

-

-

;
;

1

-

1

-

1

-

i
!

-

"

'
i
|
j
i

_
_
_
-

_

_
_

.
_

_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_
-

1

! 25
i

5
5

-

21
10

2
2

1

i 13
i 3

“
52
16
36
29
7
-

10

.
_

_

!
1
j
'

1

36
4
32

7
4
-

!

10

! 63
! 11
j 52
! 52
| -

8

-

44

-

26
81

33
25
4
! 17

i
|
|
|
,

1
S e e fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f ta b le .

$
!$
$
3
$
$
S
$
$
$
JlO5.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00
and
410.00 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 over
i
i

1

i
_
_
-

_

191

100

66

47
53
9

125
30

-

-

60
31
29
5
9

12

21

4
41

1

3

1
12

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

40
-----3---37
25
5
_
5

-

-

-

-

50
33
17
16

21

1

37
16
1

7
_

21

15
6

3
_

-

-

1

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_
_
_

_
_

9

Table A-L Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , San F r a n cis c o —
Oakland, C a lif., January 1962)
Avei A G E

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
w
orkers

W omen— Continued

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF
i
s
!$
$
$
$
:$
$
$
$
$
$
%
s
$
$
S
$
9
$
$
$
$
W
eekly.
W
eekly .
hours
earnings1 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
and
50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 over
|
!
i
|
1
j

Stenographers, s e n io r 45 ________________
M anufacturing ___ ___________________
N onm anufacturing _________________________________ _____
P u blic u t ilit ie s 1 ______________________________________
2
W holesale trade ________________________________________
F in a n ce 3 ____________ __ ------- ---

1,973
564
1,409
228
247
655

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5

Sw itchboard op era tors --------------------------M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 _ ____ _________
W holesale trade ___________________
R etail trade ----------------------------------F in a n ce 3 _________ _______________

1,062
175
887
131
82
110
286

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0

803
302
501
39
294
87

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
38.5

81.50
82.00
81.50
95.00
83.50
74.50

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B ______
____________
_______________
M anufacturing __________________________________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
F in a n ce 3 ----------------------------------------

414
125
289
93

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s C _________________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
F in a n ce 3 ---------------------------------------T ra n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
g en eral _________________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
W holesale trade ___________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________
T y p ists, c la s s A __________ __ _________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing __ __ __ _____ __
P u blic utilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade ____ ________ __
F in a n ce 3 __________________________
T y p ists, cla ss B ________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 __________________
W holesale trade ________________________________________
R etail trade _____ _________________ ___________________
F in a n ce 3
___

1
1
!
|

-

-

89
64
57

39.0
39.0
39.0

83.50
j 83.00
81.50

-

977
242
735
207
448

39.0
39.5
38.5
40.0
38.0

79.00
83.50
77.50
77.50
77.00

1,807
313
1,4 9 4

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.5
38.5

78.00
85.00
76.50
85.00
! 79.50
j
i 73.50

-

3, 518
510
3,0 0 8
206
279
107
2,273

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
40.0
39.5
38.5

-

-

-

17

41

6
6
-

34
34
20

347
9
338
1
3
8
89

96
21
75
3
14
51

152
18
134
17
13
55
49

108
15
93
12
13
30
30

H4
56 '
!
58
j
I
14 !
j
i
7 I
2 !
25 ‘

60
13
47
21

6

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

51
25
26

116
59
57

10

93
11
82
6
71
5 |

64
38
26
_
25

-

153
45
108
3
63
29

190
81
109

-

21
2
19 j
3 I
_

!
j

-

-

j
i
j
1

j

-

4
-

4
-

4

-

3
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

26

"

12
l2

1
1

12

-

1
____

L.

44

!
i

2

43

2

25

19

116
-

-

j

2
2
2

_
-

I
i
I

19

j
19

212
212
_

1 520
!
i
519

6

I
12
i
6
! 493

206

116
2

_
114

-

8

757
36
721
4
43
17
653

426
89
337
26
61
132

!
:
j
i
j
!
|
:
|
I

-

-

54
25

35
12

63
8
55
25

53
23
30

-

13
9

26

8

12

95

212

74
9
54

283
19
264
72
149

271
5
266
36

16

1

199
57
162
17
17
121

137
19
118
32
82

1

1

6

-

17

-

!
!

-

68 .0 0

75.00
66.50
77.00
71.00
71.50
64.50

_

-

-

-

119
973

-

-

-

i 90.00
! 93.50
: 88.00
85.50

42
1
41

17

68
3
65
1
3
59

-

-

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0

210

.

_

-

79.00
87.50
77.50
96.00
89.00
77.00
74.50

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts ____
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u b lic u tilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade ___________________
F in a n ce 3 ____________ __________ _ _ ___________________

-

$91.00
94.00
89.50
102.00
93.50
83.50

326
27
299
54
14
180

431
73
358
19
52
225

302
70
232

480
108
372
35
37
19
248

349
81
268
19
!
93
I
14
| 134

212

10
220

!

795
150
645
61
65

!
29
I 406

26
10

21

5
4
4

12

j
1

6
i
1
1
|

i 166
' 55
i 111
; 35

25
| 17
52 : 29
13
19
33
16
3
15
3
17
_
1
8
34
16
18
14

48
18
30
24
6

1 96
48
48
14
24
4
i 34
I 6
28
| 22
! 6
|
! 1 25
1 6
! 19
1 3
1 16

60
17 r
43 !
1 1
22 |
I
1 j
|
2
“
2 !
1 ;
_
_
1

Zt
w

n
4
5
1
22
22
22

-

i
! 18
1
---- 8

1

i

21

10

1

7

6

1

-

15

6

5
4

5
5

2

12
10

48
26
22

35
14

5

-

-

1

-

i

-

i
|

~

2

2

1
-

35
25

6
1

-

-

10

5

1

2

8

3
-

2

_

_

2

1

2

127
63
64

61
30
31

35

1
2

2
2

39
73

20

8

-

19
_
19
15
4
-

2

11
6

85
24
61
34
i

_
-

13
_
13
13
_
-

88

21

3

12

15

1
2
_

1
1

2
2

1
1

_

2

_
_
_

_
_

_

-

-

"

-

17

_

23
65
45
4
5

88

40

1

79
133
14

61

12

2

17

6

3
3

21

14
12
2

_

_

_

8
3
5
5

“

_
_
-

_
_

_
_
_

4
5
6

Standard hours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.
Finan ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate.
D escrip tion fo r this jo b has been r e v ise d since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
Includes 16 w o rk e rs at $ 3 5 to $ 4 0 ; 4 at $ 40 to $45.
A ll w o rk e rs w e re at $ 4 0 to $45 .




5
5

.

_

_
-

_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
.
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_

_
_
_

_

_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

-

5
_
_
_
-

-

-

!
4
|
------3 - i
j
1
-

1
1

_

_
_

-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

-

;
!

!
!

1

2

1

1

-

_

_

1

1

_

_

_

2

1

1

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

-

_
_
_
-

_

_

_
1

2

_
_
_

|

-

-

_
_

u
1
2
3

i
62
!
7 -| '
j
55 1
55
1
_
1
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

5

-

i
!

19
19
3

1
1
j
I
j

’

-

1
i
!
j
!
:
j
!
j
!

8
1
7
_
7
-

-

’i

- !

-

136
83
53
15
38

73
139
50
85

11

215
| 79
136
23
35
j
46

20
_

39 ! 126
26
16 !
23
100
13
19

12

28
148

296
289
103
104
185
193
19 ' 28
23 ! 32
116 1 100

_

_
_

"

_
_

_
_

-

_
_
_

1

_
1

_
1

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_

_

_
_
_

-

-

10

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division , San F r a n cis c o —
Oakland, C a lif., January 1962)
NU M B ER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E W E E K L Y E A RN IN G S OF -

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
*
$
$
Under 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00|ll0.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00 175.00
and
and
$
under
75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 1 lo .o o il 15.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00 175.00 over
I
1
!
1
i
i
1
i
i
i
i
i
I
i
i
!
i
.
40 ! 23
3
11
22 1 7
1
1
!
3
8 | 15
17 !
5 | 10
10
12 !
1
2
11
6
16 1
3
"
!
I
“
'
1
5 |
i
'
l
|
|
1
.
123 ! 40 !
30
5
| 23
27 i
31 ! 61 i i n
65
1
3
1
1
28
34
3 1
41
3 !
- ! 22
27 | 30 j 55 '
88
27 !
i
27 i
5
2
26
43 ! 70 ! 29 '
6
1
1
3 !
1
1
2
1 !
22
j
| 53 | i i
7 ; 35 I
1
3 !
3
6
"
"
- !
"
- ;
| 23 |
i
j
j
!
|
i
.
.
j
2
17
34
20
23
46
11 !
u 14
ii !
1 !
_
- |
li
2 j
;
30
12
2
4
16
33
19
1 i
14
7
4
1
1
16
8
9
- j
~ •
■
■
“
'
"
■
■
$

Weekly,
hours
(Standard)

W eek ly,
earnings
(Standard)

Men
D raftsm en, lead er ______________________
M anufacturing _______________________

151
81

3 9.5 !$142.50
39.0 i 143.50

D raftsm en, sen ior ______________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

631
462
169

4 0 .0 ! 1 2 2 . 0 0
4 0 .0 j 1 2 0 . 0 0
4 0 .0 ! 127.00

D raftsm en, junior ______________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

190
130
60

i
4 0 .0 : 99.50
r a
4 0 .0
4 0 .0 ' 105.00
i

_

!

W om en
N urses, industrial (re g iste re d ) _ _____
M anufacturing _______________________

j
127
94

I
3 9.5 ! 107.00
4 0 .0 j 108.00
1

!

I

2

!
!

2

.

6

5
!
!

2

_
l ______ i..........

12
6

27
23

18
12

11
8

8
6

1

15
6

;
|

j
_______i

5
4

17 :
17 1

4
3 '
;

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees re c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly h ou rs.




_

.

.
-

.

.

!

.

.
i
|

.

11
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , San F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d , C a li f ., J a n u a ry 1962)

weekly j

O ccupation and industry d iv isio n

earnings
(Standard) I

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of

earnings 3
(Standard)

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) -------Nonm anufacturing ____________________
P u blic u tilities 2 ___________________

243
79

1 0 3 .0 0

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine)
N onm anufacturing ____________________
R etail trade ________________________

212

7 8 .0 0

B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A .

3 31
12b
205
136

9 3 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
9 6 .5 0

1 ,2 2 8
152
1 ,0 7 6
219
55
734

7 3 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A _____________
M anufacturing _________________________
Nonm anufacturing _____________________
P u blic u tilities 2 ____________________
W holesale trade ____________________
R etail trade _________________________
F in a n ce 3 ____________________________

1 ,7 3 6
------- 593“
1 , 143
186
259
113
446

9 9 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B -------------------M anufacturing _________________________
N onm anufacturing _____________________
P u blic utilities 2 ____________________
W holesale trade ____________________
R etail trade _________________________
F in a n ce 3 ____________________________

2 ,4 2 6
6 51
1 ,7 7 5
430
2 53
262
677

8 2 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
7 7 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

C le r k s , file , c la s s A 4 ___________________
M anufacturing _________________________
N onm anufacturing _____________________
P u blic u tilities 2 ___________________
F in a n ce 3 -------------------------------------------

346
59
287
41
191

C le rk s , file , c la s s B 4 ___________________
M anufacturing --------------------------------------N onm anufacturing --------------------------------P u blic u tilities 2 -----------------------------W holesale trade ____________________
R etail trade -------------------------------------F in a n ce 3 ____________________________

1 ,9 9 7
98
1 ,8 9 9
109
167
1 15
1 ,3 6 7

N onm anufacturing _____________________
W holesale trade _____________________
R etail trade _________________________
F in a n ce 3 ____________________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




O ffice boys and g ir ls ____
M anufacturing ________
Nonmanufacturing ____
Pu blic u tilit ie s 2 _
_
W holesale trade ___
F in a n ce 3 ___________

1, 167
388
779
118
87
422

$ 6 5 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
6 4 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
6 4 .0 0
6 1 .0 0

S e cre ta rie s _______________
M anufacturing ________
Nonm anufacturing ____
P u blic u tilities 2 —
W holesale trade ___
R etail trade _______
F in a n ce 3 ___________

4 ,2 6 2
1, 3 8 2 “
2, 880
399
476
258
1, 151

Stenographers, g e n e r a l 4
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u tilities 2
W holesale trade ,
F in a n ce 3 _______

2 ,2 6 8
719
1, 5 4 9
334
89
768

8 2 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
8 0 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

Stenographers, s e n io r 4
M anufacturing _____
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2
W holesale trade .
F in a n ce 3 _______

1 ,9 9 0
564
1 ,4 2 6
245
247
655

9 1 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

1 ,0 6 2
175
887
131
82
1 10
286

7 9 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

Sw itchboard ope rat or - re ceptioni st s
M anufacturing ___________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 --------------------W holesale trade ---------------------F in a n ce 3 ______________________

803
302
501
39
294
87

8 1 .5 0
8 2 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

T a bulating-m achine op era tors,
M anufacturing _____________
N onm anufacturing _________
Pu blic u tilities 2 ________
F in a n ce 3 ________________

254
103
151
25
64

1 1 6 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0 .
1 0 8 .0 0

O ffice occupations-— Continued

C lerk s, file , cla s s C 4
Nonmanufacturing
F in a n ce 3 _______

588
559
260

$ 6 8 .0 0 1
6 7 .5 0
5 5 .5 0

7 5 .5 0

108

B ook keepin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , c la s s B

Average
weekly .
earnings 1
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

N onm anufacturing ______________________
W holesale trade _____________________

Number
of

O ccupation and industry d ivision

II

Z U T ~

$ 9 1 .0 0

9 2 .6 0

1 ,4 1 3
365
1 ,0 4 8
945
97

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

C lerks, p a yroll
Manuf actur ing
Nonmanufacturing _
Pu blic utilities 2
W holesale trade
Retail trade ____
F in a n ce 3 _______

899
349
550
157
105
103
83

9 6 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
9 3 .5 0

C om ptom eter operators
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _
P u blic utilities 2
W holesale trade
Retail trade ___

1 ,2 6 2
521
741
171
225
306

8 7 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

163
80
83

7 2 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

C lerk s, ord e r
M anufacturing -------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------W holesale t r a d e -----------------------Retail trade ------------------------------

D uplicating-m achine op erators
(M im eograph or Ditto) ---------M anufacturing ______________
Nonmanufacturing ---------------

8 3 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

Keypunch op e ra to rs, cla ss A 4
M anufacturing -------------------Nonm anufacturing -------------P u blic u tilit ie s 2 ----------W holesale trade ________
Retail trade ____________
F in a n ce 3 _______________

1, 2 3 8
279
959
141
118
74
544

6 4 .0 0
75 .,5 0
63.,0 0
82.,0 0
71.,0 0
6 6 .,5 0
60 .,0 0

Keypunch op e ra to rs, cla ss B 4
M anufacturing -------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------Pu blic u tilit ie s 2 ----------W holesale trade -----------F inance 3 ________________

1, 5 0 7
409
1, 0 9 8
381
194
445

Sw itchboard op era tors ----------------------------M anufacturing _________________________
Nonmanuf actur ing _____________________
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 ___________________
W holesale trade ____________________
Retail trade ________________________
8 3 .5 0 1
8 4 .5 0
F in a n ce 3 ___________________________
8 3 .0 0 |
9 9 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

7 8 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

12

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , San F r a n cis c o —
Oakland, C alif., January 1962)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of

Average
w
eekly j
earnings
(Standard)

Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of
workers

earnings *
(Standard)

$78.00 1D raftsm en, lea d er ------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ______________________________________
85.00
76.50
85.00 D raftsm en, sen ior ____________________________________
M anufacturing
_
_ _
___
___
79.50
Nonmanufacturing _____ ________ ________________
73.50

1, 153
339
814
278
74
363

$96.00 | T yp ists, cla ss A ____ _______________________________
97.50
95.50
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________
94.50
Pu blic u tilitie s 2 ______________________________
I
W holesale trade
107.50 I
F in a n ce 3
4
_
_
____
___
90.50

1,812
313
1,499
215
119
973

T abulating-m achine o p e ra to rs, cla s s C __________
Nonmanufacturing _______________ _______________
F in a n ce3
_______ __ ________ ________ _

316
271
199

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e ra to rs , general -----------M anufacturing
_
_____ ________
Nonmanufacturing ________ __________________ _
W holesale trade
_
_
__
_____
Finance ^

978
242
736
207
448

87.00
86.50
| T yp ists, cla ss B _ __ „ __ — _____________________
83.00 I
I
M anufacturing ______ _________ ________ _ ____
79.00
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________
P u blic u tilitie s 2
_
_
83.50
77.50
W holesale trade _______________________________
Retail trade .
77.50
F in a n ce 3 ___ __ __________ ____ _
77.00

3,583
512
3, 071
256
282
107
2, 273

N onm anufacturing __ ____
Pu blic uti1itie.fi1
2
Whoj.6s3.16 trad©
Finance^

1
2
3
4

____________________

Average
w
eekly j
earnings
(Standard)

157
83

$142.50
143.50

68.00
75.00
67.00
77.50
71.00
71.50
64.50

644
471
173

122.00
120.00

D raftsm en, j u n i o r __ _________________________________
M anufacturing ______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________

198
138
60

99.00
96.50
105.00

N urses, industrial (re g is te r e d ) ______________________
M anufacturing ______________________________________

128
95

107.00
108.00

Earnings are fo r a regular w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re c e iv e their straigh t-tim e w eekly s a la rie s , e x clu siv e of any prem ium pay.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
F inance, insurance, and real estate.
D escrip tion fo r this job has been r e v ise d since the last su rvey in this area. See appendix A.




Num
ber
of
workers

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued
T abulating-m achine o p e ra to rs, cla s s B __________

O ccupation and industry division

126.50

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n am a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , Sa n F r a m c is c o —O a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y 1 9 6 2 )
N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

O ccu p a tion and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
$
S
S
$
S
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average S
hourly , 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20
earnings
and
under
2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30

C a rp e n te rs , m a in ten a n ce _______________
M anufacturin g _________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

313
182
131
28

$ 3 .3 8
3.23
3.59
3,10

E le c t r ic ia n s , m a in ten an ce ______________
M anufacturin g __________________ _____
N onm anufacturing -------------------------------

609
432
177

E n g in e e rs , s ta tio n a ry ___________________
M anufacturin g _________________________
N on m anufacturing ____________________

$
4.30

$
4.40

$
4.50

4.40

4.50

4.60

-

-

4
4
4

4
4
-

-

5
5
-

22
2
20

32
30
2

37
25
12
12

105
87
18
12

7
6
1

-

1
1

5
4
1

9
9
-

-

75
10
65

_
_

-

7
_
7

_

_
_

_
_

3.35
3.38
3.29

-

-

-

"

4
4

5
5
-

10
10

52
52
"

88
64
24

186
158
28

118
10
108

24
24
"

1
1

63
63
'

4
3
1

6
6
-

1
1

20
20
-

-

21
21
-

5
5
-

_

1
-

536
285
251

3.27
3.43
3.09

_
-

_
-

10
10

_
-

27
11
26

11
5
6

88
9
79

58
3
55

26
22
4

83
75
8

68
53
15

8
8

83
54
29

1
1

7
3
4

42
42
-

4
4

18
18
-

1
1

_
_

_
_

-

F ir e m e n , s ta tio n a ry b o ile r _____________
M anufacturin g _________________________

75
60

2.70
2.74

3 10
-

1
1

15
15

10
9

4
4

19
19

12
12

4

H e lp e r s , m ain ten an ce tr a d e s ___ ________
M anufacturin g --------------------------------------

622
486

2.67
2.71

9
-

54
12

46
23

407
351

38
32

2
2

54
54

6
6

6
6

M a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s ,
t o o lr o o m ________________________________
M anufacturin g _________________________

186
186

3.17
3.17

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

25
25

61
61

72
72

2
2

25
25

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

M a c h in is ts , m ain ten an ce ________________
M anufacturin g _________________________

1, 321
1, 184

3.37
3.38

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

42
41

161
158

525
398

33
27

170
170

133
133

162
162

40
40

12
12

6
6

12
12

M e c h a n ic s , au tom otiv e
(m a in ten a n ce) -----------------------------------------Manuka rtu rin g
N onm anufacturing ____________________
PnKli r nHlitiPS ^
R e ta il tra d e ------------------------------------

995
166
829
677
65

3.38
3.40
3.37
3.36
3.60

-

-

-

35

-

-

-

35
35

-

-

20
10
10
10

31
8
23
10

102
24
78
45
1

256
34
222
208
8

444
40
404
366
2

29
29
-

53
11
42

7
7
-

-

-

6
3
3
3

12

-

12

-

-

42

-

12

M e c h a n ic s , m ain ten an ce ________________
M anufacturin g _________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

895
838
57

3.26
3.27
3.12

204
191
13

20
20
-

173
166
7

103
103

12
12

30
30

O il e r s ______________________________________
M anufacturin g _________________________

199
161

2.66
2.64

_

_

_

_

_

P a in te r s , m ain ten an ce __________________
M anufacturin g _________________________
N onm anufacturing --------------- ------------P u b lic u t i li t ie s 2 ----------------------------

328
140
188
31

3.36
3.22
3.47
3.02

1
1
1

-

P ip e fit t e r s , m ain ten an ce ________________
M anufacturin g --------------------------------------

402
365

3.25
3.25

_

_

_

-

"

-

S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s , m ain ten an ce ____
M anufacturin g _________________________

71
64

3.15
3.14

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s _____________________
M anufacturin g _________________________

617
615

3.65
3.65

363
363

55
55

_
-

1
1
-

"

_

-

78
78
"

110
86
24

136
129
7

42
24

32
12

28
28

4
4

1
1

6
6

!
1
1

-

5
5
-

59
2
57
"

33
20
13
13

48
39
9
8

61
57
4
3

-

7
6

25
24

66
64

242
210

44
43

3
3

33
33

2
2

28
21

3
2

1

-

53
53

33
33

-

5
5
5

-

_

_

_

>

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

.

_

_

_

-

-

"

_

6
6
-

6
6

_

-

-

-

_

"

_

_

_

"

-

E x clu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w eeken ds, h olid a ys, and late shifts,
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s .
In clu d es 1 w o r k e r at $ 2 .1 0 to $ 2 .2 0 .




_

_
-

25
25

12
12
-

-

_

_
_

-

1
_
1

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

8
8

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

_

_

-

-

-

-

103
5
98

-

-

18
18

51
51

19
19

27
27

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

5
5

11
11

-

_

-

j

55
55

7
7

_

_
~

14

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o — ak la n d , C a li f., J an u a ry 1962)
O
NUM BER OF W ORKERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E H OURLY E A RN IN G S OF—

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly earnings

s
1 .4 0

1 .5 0

and
under
_ -L .5 J L - 1 .A C L

S
1 .6 0

s

S
1 .9 0

* 1 .8 0

1 .7 0

..1JL Q L J L M _

s

$

2.00

. 1 .9 Q -

$

2.10

2.20

$
2 .3 0

s
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

Elevator op era tors, passen ger
41

$ 1 .9 5

89

41

89

-

56

198

2.11
2 .0 8

5
5

8
8

8
8

15
15

1 ,4 7 6
268

2 .0 9
2 .5 3

1

1

W holesale trade

-

10

9

208
50
132

1

1 .9 9
2 .3 8

1

1

-

-

-

-

2.02

1

1

5

10

9

131
-

224
-

131
30

224

2.21
2 .4 2

-

120

1, 4 8 0
3, 7 0 4

2 .1 3
2 OQ

-

120

193

2! 17

_

250

2 .0 7

598

2.20

612

2 .1 6
2 .1 5

5, 184

R p ta i 1 tr
F in a n rp ^

-

_

_
8

20

565
43

2
-

11
11

4
4

1 .9 7

133
133

1
$

2.90

V3 . 0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3. 30

3 .4 0

S
3 .5 0

3 .0 0

3. 10

3 .2 0

3. 3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3. AO

$

$

$

$

$
\ 6 0

3 .7 0

3 .7 0

* 3 .8 0

3 .9 0

3 .8 0

3 QO

and
ov er

137

622

47

11

17
605

28

22
8

19

14

6

30

263

674
82

6

49

257
45
5

31
3 1

38

|

5
5

_

-

-

2 .6 1
2 .7 6

-

" j

1, 19 9
477

_

-

-

-

-

O rder fille r s _______________________________________
M anufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade _________________________
R etail trade _______________________________

2,

2 .7 6
2 .8 3
2 .7 4

-

_

_

8

-

_

-

8

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

- i
_:

-

16

-

-

16

P a ck ers, shipping (m en) _______________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________
Retail trade _______________________

962
474

2 .5 7
2 .5 4

488
334

2 .5 9
2 .6 2

-

118

2 .3 7

-

-

P a ck ers, shipping (wom en) _____________
Nonmanufacturing
___
________
R etail trade ______________________

232

1 .9 1
2 .0 9

5
5

4

1 .8 0

5

4

R eceiving c lerk s ________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________________
R etail trade ______________________

447

2 .7 6

218

2 .7 8
2 .7 3

86
50

229
140
65

-

4

12
12

25
16
16

-

2 .8 3
2 .7 3

'

'

103
90
13
_

68

-

2 .7 6
2 .6 2

1

-

-

17

64
4

29
- | 27

34
-

18
-

2

8 ;

2

34

18

_

16

28

20

•

7

!
i
- j
- •

16

69

10

3

44

358
141

36

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

16

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

34

198
133
65

7
12
2

70
33

2

37

36

257
257
-

_

_

_

50
14

io !
3
7

16

7
16

22

*!
2

-

_;jLi

!

815

1356
735
621

491
324

108
484

198

25

-

29

99

3
3
_

60
28
32

1005
284
721

30
2

608

394
175

-

21

_

21

i

3

-

9

3

_

-

_

1

1

_

201
201

_

_

-

-

10

20
20

219
219

_

_
_

_ ;
-

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

493
4

164

153

155

542

151

540
526

296
97

81

32

114
_

28
_

77

102

37

12
2

395

159

193

2

12

99
-

70
-

20

28

2

158
-

19
134
_

4

489
96

21

6

_

_
_

-

_

_

20
20
_

_

_

-

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

169
159
10
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

.

_

_

_

_

_

.

70

17
5
12
_

_

_

-

-

-

_

374

157
138

181
112

99
81

59

318
56

19

69

-

-

12

10

-

-

-

200

23

6

3

35

2

_

_

_

.

77
123
85
37

19
4

33
1

_

_

_

_

70

_

_

j
1

32

6

3

35

2

_

4

30
2

6

3

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

91
45

129
50

26
2

15
2

42

5

34

_

46

79
57

24
22
2

13
3
10

8

5

_
_
_

_
_
.

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

8

3
2

-

-

-

-

_

_

16
16

16

2

i
|

9

3

20

16
16

161

-

-

-

-

28

170

191
191
_

5

-

20

_

_

”

21

5
_

28

_

9

-

18
_

2!
21

22

185 :
i
1
32

5

-1

7

348
244
104

217

5
-

34
_

124

351

369
359
14

13

-

i
- !

665
314

16
506

2

68

17
_

_

1, 7 4 7
1, 357
318

i

89 1
4

93

1

49
60

144
144

17
-

2 .5 4
2 .7 4

288
541

79
26
25

1491

3

5
5

-

2.66

2, 761
1, 08 3

_

12
2

105

2
2
2

276

9
15

4

6

4, 633
1, 8 7 2

2.88

4

j
20
15

18
17

1767

80

71

10

9
7

17

340
116
224

49
45

11

2

3
26

592
125

L
f>

89
45

1

126
-

L a b o re rs , m aterial handling _______________
M anufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
Pu blic utilities 4 ________________________
W holesale trade _________________________
R etail trade _______________________________




2 . QO

s

18

-

2

41
16

2!

3

-

30

51

j

Janitors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers
(wom en) ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________ _____________
P n h lir u t ili t ie s 4

-

36

-

353
-

_________________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le.

2 .8 0

5
2 .8 0

3

36
-

9

-

353
-

10

-

1,

98

8
8

8
8

-

177

-

7
4

13

1
1

1 .9 3
2 .1 7

E levator op era tors, p assenger
(wom en) __________________________________________ _
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

Janitors, p o rte rs , and clea n ers
(men) ________________________________________________
M anufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________

2 .7 0

|
25 2
232

Nonmanufacturing ___________________

Guards
M anufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Pu blic u tilities 4 ________________________

s

2 .7 0

-2...4X L

JL 2S L .

S
2 .6 0

10

-1
- !
-

i

!

6
6

10

3
7

7
1

_ !
- i
i
_ 1

10

6

|
1

_

9

13
11
2

-

j
1

-

86
69
17
16
1

39
•5

16

-

“

15

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s t r y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o — ak la n d , C a lif., J a n u a ry 1962)
O
N UM BER OP W ORKERS RE CE IVIN G STRAIG IIT -T IM E H OURLY EARN INGS OF—

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry divisio n

Number
of
workers

$
Average S
1.40 1.50
hourly
earnings 2 and
under
1.50 1.60

Shipping cle r k s __________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade ____________ _____

214
75
139
123

$ 2 .9 1
2.84
2.94
2.92

Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k s __________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
W holesale trade ___________________
R etail trade _______________________

507
148
359
219
126

2.86
2.82
2.87
2.97
2.75

T ru ck d riv er s 5 __________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
P u blic u tilities 4 __________________
W holesale trade ___________________
R etail trade _______________________

4, 721
757
3, 964
2, 224
1, 145
459

3.10
3.12
3.10
3.08
3.08
3.26

T ru c k d riv e r s , ligh t (under
1 V tons) ____________________________
2
M anufacturing ____________________
N onm anufacturing ________________
W holesale trade _______________

786
296
490
249

T r u c k d riv e r s , m edium ( 1 V2 to and
including 4 tons) ___________________
M anufacturing
___________________
N onm anufacturing ________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 ______________
W h olesale trade _______________
R etail trade ___________________

1.60
1.70

$
$
$
$
$
1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2 . 1 0
1.80

1.90

.

.

.

5

_
-

_
_
-

.
.
.
-

5
3
_
-

-

2.97
3.08
2.91
3.02

-

-

-

1, 728
163
1, 565
908
346
265

3.10
3.15
3.10
3.04
3.16
3.23

_
_
-

_
-

_
.

1, 009
184
825
620
573
87
486
247
155

3.17
3.04
3.19
3.18
3.15

N onm anufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade ___________________
R etail trade _______________________

1, 739
1, 210
529
120
101

2.76
2.71
2.86
2.85
2.93

T r u c k e r s , pow er (other than
fo rk lift) _________________________________
M anufacturing ________________________

287
213

2.73
2.78

W atchm en ______________ «.______ ____ _____
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
F in a n ce 3 ----------------------------------------

272
139
133
50

2.22
2.35
2.08
2.21

2.10

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tr a ile r type) ____________
M a r m f a r h i r i ngr
P n b l i r n tilitiP C ^

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fork lift) ______________
M a n n f a r tn r i n g

-

2 .2 0

_

2 .2 0

2.30

$
$
3
S
$
s
S
2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90
2.40

2.50

2.60

2

3.00
10
2
8
6

42
6
36
30

-

28
6
22
18

4
4
-

2
2
-

50

108
26
82
72
10

36
6
30
28
2

18
18
18
-

19
3
16
16
-

-

_
-

1117 1457
278
209
908 1179
675
796
185
350
12
33

846
111
735
37 3
113
249

281
37
244
83
79
82

80
2
78
40
_
38

3
3
3

26
26
-

47
5
42
42

13

-

13
13

16
6
10
-

25
16
9
9
-

58
27
31
17
14

51
11
40
30
10

101
27
74
10
64

6
1
5
5
-

47
47
31
-

16
16
16
_
-

49
3
46
45
-

149
6
143
95
35
13

80
23
57
34
19
4

306
218
:
28 , 35
|
190 i 271
22 j
1
261
89
7
-

-

6
1
5

19
19

15
15

11
3
8

3
2
1

44
20
24

72
72

140
140
140

359
175
184
94

39
36
3
3

57
57
-

12
12
12

-

_
_
-

20
_
20
20

38
_
38
38

71
3
68
55

-

10
10
_
-

490
13
477
350
79
12

470
107
363
235
95
33

400
18
382
187
44
151

68
2
66
-

13
1

417
97
320
308

298
35
263
174

44
33
11

9

407
34
373
235
138

91
1
90
12

5

2
2

-

-

4
4

3
3

2
2

_
_
-

_
_
- I
-

_

_
_
_

5

5

.
-

13

14

_

1
1

1
_
1!
1

88
12
76
22
47
7

1

14
14

8
8

_

_

.

.

.

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

-

1

-

-

-

14

-

-

-

1

12

■

-

-

-

-

-

-

69
2
67
67
-

38
_
38
_
_
38

22
8
14
14
-

_
_
_
_
-

4
_
4
_
_
4

_
_
_
_
-

7
_
7
_
_
7

140
35
105
83

40
40
40

4
4
-

_
-

_
-

12
12
_
-

2
2
_
-

6

2

-

-

-

_

6

2

6

6

!

’

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_

_

_

-

38
8
17

-

-

3
3

53
53

16
16

4
4

-

-

86
86

-

16

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

37
28

24
17
7

12
11
1

i

-

62

105
51

4

!
!

25
12
18
10
2 i
7
|

9
9
-

15
2
13
_
13

117
28
6

-

29
24
5

12
12
_
_
-

38

-

9

4
4
4

117

-

53
50

26
8
18
_
14
4

22
8
14
14

-

-

-

32
13
19
19

-

and late shifts.

9

_

-

_

305
300
5
4
-

26
26
-

■

12
-

_

_
_
_
_
_
-

_

-

-

.
-

517
423
94
54
35

116
113
3

12

5

30
13
17

24
16
8

-

560
321
239
26
10

6
6
-

-

5

26

11

.

Data lim ite d to m en w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and for w ork on w eekends, holid ays,
Finan ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate.
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public utilities.
Includes all d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f size and type o f truck operated.




2.90

-

3
3
2
_
-

i
1
2
3
4
5

2.80

-

3
3
3
_
-

-

1
3
$
$
$
$
S
S
$
!*
3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90
and
3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 over

3.00

_

-

2
4
4
4
-

-

2.70

3

52
26
26
24

3.21
3.24
3.21
3.23

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (ov er 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) ______ ________________
M anufacturing ____________________
Nonm anufacturing ________________
P u blic u tilities 4 ______________

-

_

2.00

$

9

-

_

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Shift Differentials

16




(Shift, d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s by type and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
San F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a lif. , Jan uary 1962)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o rk e rs In e s ta b lis h m e n t s h avin g f o r m a l
p r o v i s io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

A c tu a lly w<ork in g on—

S e co n d s h ift
w ork

T h ir d o r o th er
sh ift w o rk

----------------------------------------------------------------------

90. 5

88. 5

15. 4

4. 6

W ith s h ift pay d iffe r e n t ia l ______________________

90. 5

88. 5

15. 4

4. 6

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h ou r) ----------------------------5 c e n ts _____________________________________
8 c e n ts _____________________________________
9 c e n ts _____________________________________
10 c e n ts ___________________________________
H V 2 c e n ts -------------------------------------------------12 c e n ts _________________________________ _
121/ z c e n ts ________________________________
13 c e n ts _________________ _____ ___ ___
I 4 V 4 c e n ts ________________________________
I 4 V 3 c e n ts ________________________________
15 c e n ts ________________________ _____ ___
16 c e n ts ----------------------------------------------------20 c e n ts ___________________________________
O v e r 20 c e n ts _____________________________

5 1 .9
3 .9
1 4 .4
1 .4
14. 0
.2
.2
_
1. 2
5 .9
4. 6
3 .0
3. 1

35. 2
2. 7
.2
1. 5

10. 5
1. 0
2. 7
.4
2 .6
. 1
-

4. 0

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e _________________________
5 p e r c e n t __________________________________
10 p e r c e n t ________________________________
15 p e r c e n t ________________________________

12. 2
2 .9
9 .2
-

10. 0
-

____________

26. 5

43. 2

T o ta l

O th er f o r m a l pay d i f f e r e n t i a l 3
N o s h ift pay d iffe r e n t ia l

-

8. 3
.2
.2
_
9 .6
7. 2
1. 7
3. 8

4. 1

5. 8

S e c o n d sh ift

(2)
(2)
1 .8
1. 1

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

-

(1)
2
_
1 .4
. 1
(2)

.2
.6

.6
.9
. l
1. 0

.9
. 1
.8
-

.2
. 1
. 1

-

4. 0

.

4

_______________________

1 In c lu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts
e v e n though they w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .
3 P r i m a r il y c o m b in a tio n p la n s p r o v id in g f o r fu ll d a y's pay f o r r e d u c e d hou rs plu s c e n t s -p e r - h o u r d iff e r e n t ia l, o r p e r c e n t
d iffe r e n t ia l, a n d /o r a pa id lu n ch p e r io d not g iv e n f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s .
S om e of the p lan s p r o v id e f o r f la t - s u m p a y m e n ts p e r
s h ift o r p e r w e e k , o r f o r a c o m b in a tio n o f e ith e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r o r p e r c e n t d iffe r e n t ia l p lu s a pa id lu n ch p e r i o d n ot g iv e n
fir s t -s h ift w o rk e rs .

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W omen Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f esta b lish m en ts studied in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tran ce s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
of in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s , San F r a n c i s c o — akland, C a lif., Jan uary 1962)
O
O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r ic a l v 'o r k e r s 1
3
2

In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M anufacturin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u strie s

M anufacturin g

N onm anufacturing
A ll
in d u s tr ie s

1
B a s e d on standard w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f ---A ll
sch e d u le s

40

A ll
sch e d u le s

3 7 1/*

38 3/4

40

j

N onm anuf aecuring

B a sed on stzm dard w e e k ly h ours 3 ef~
A ll
sch e d u les

A ll
sch e d u les

40

U

371

|
1

E s ta b lis h m e n ts stu died

________

_____ _________

_____

______

259

84

XXX

175

XXX

XXX

XXX

259

84

XXX

XXX

175

!
!
I x xx

r

y•

\

—

136

47

34

89

19

7

55

144

47

33

97

17

$ 4 7 .5 0 and u n d er $ 5 0 .0 0 -------- -------------------------------------------------$ 5 0 .0 0 and u nd er $ 5 2 .5 0 ________________________________________
$ 5 2 .5 0 and u nd er $ 5 5 .0 0 ------------------------------------------------------ —
$ 5 5 .0 0 and u nd er $ 5 7 .5 0 ...................................................................
$ 5 7 .5 0 and u nd er $ 6 0 .0 0 -------------------------------------------------------$ 6 0 .0 0 and u nd er $ 6 2 .5 0 _____________________________________
$ 6 2 .5 0 and u nd er $ 6 5 . 0 0 __________________________ _____ —
$ 6 5 .0 0 and un d er $ 6 7 .5 0 ________________________________ —
$ 6 7 .5 0 and un d er $ 7 0 .0 0 _____ ________ _____ ________ __
$ 7 0 .0 0 and u nd er $ 7 2 .5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------$ 7 2 .5 0 and under $ 7 5 .0 0 ------------------------------- -------------- --------$ 7 5 .0 0 and un d er $ 7 7 .5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------$ 7 7 .5 0 and u nd er $ 8 0 .0 0 ________________________________________
$ 8 0 .0 0 and un d er $ 8 2 .5 0 __ __ __ -------- __ __ — -------—
$ 8 2 .5 0 and under $ 8 5 .0 0 ________________________ ______________
$ 8 5 .0 0 and und er $ 8 7 .5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------$ 8 7 .5 0 and u n d er $ 9 0 .0 0 ________________________________________
$ 9 0 .0 0 and und er $ 9 2 .5 0 _________ _____ __
_____ __ __ —
$ 9 2 .5 0 and un d er $ 9 5 . 0 0 -------------------- -------- __ -------------- —
$ 9 5 .0 0 and un d er $ 9 7 .5 0 ________________________________________
$ 9 7 .5 0 and und er $ 1 0 0 .0 0 ------- ------------------------- -------- ---------$ 1 0 0 .0 0 and under $ 1 0 2 .5 0 ---------------- __ ------------------ ---------

.

_
-

_
-

_

1
16
17
3
14
14
21
12
13
6
5
5
2
4
5
2
2
-

_
1

.

-

_
1

_

-

_
1
2
3
2
4
4

1
15
17
l
10
11
11
5
7
4

1
3
2
1
1
3
3

2

-

-

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m

---------------------

_______

_____

7
15
5
19
13
23
11
8
7
4
4
3
2
2
2
7
1
1
1
1
51

2
3
3
10
7
4
3
2
2
2
1
2
1
1
1
1

1
1
16

2
1
7
4
4
3
2
1
2
1
2
1
1
1
1
1

“
XXX

7
15
3
16
10
13
4
4
4
2
2
1
1

1
1
-

-

-

2

10
5
5
4
2
3
1
2
1

2

1

-

-

-

1
-

1
6
-

-

-

1
-

-

-

"
35

XXX

5
11

"
XXX

1
5
-

XXX

1
1
51

2
4
3
10
7
6
2
1
2
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
16

2
2
8
3
5
2
1
2
1
2
1
1
2

i
!

1

j

1
1
*
-

4
3

i
2
4
1

XXX

j

l

j
i
i

)

1
i
1
i
!

~
i
-

|
j
S

-

j
j

'

-

35

i
j
i

j
i

i
i

:
i

!
1

-

!
i

-

1
y .< y

XXX

f

X

1

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

72

21

XXX

51

XXX

XXX

XXX

64

1 L o w e s t s a la r y rate fo r m a l l y e s ta b lis h e d f o r h irin g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s fo r typing o r o th er c le r i c a l jo b s .
2 R a tes a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g ir ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a re not c o n s id e r e d .
3 H ours r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s .
D ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r all w o rk w e e k s
r e p o r te d .




21

co m b in e d ,

XXX

and f o r

43

the

XXX

m ost

i
J XXX

!
I V
1
1
i
i
L ™ .-.

c ",m m • » \vork%
:*

18
Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly Hours

(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f o f f i c e and p lant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y s ch e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , San F r a n c is c o -O a k l a n d , C a li f., J a n u a ry 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h o u r s

PLANT WORKERS

AU
,
industries1

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities1
2

Wholesale

Retail trade

Finance 34

All
industries *

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

100

2
2

2
6
12
17
2
60

1
8
7
84

2
5
11
83

17
1
1
81

5
-

6
-

.
10
_
90

I
I

Wholesale
trade

| Retail trade

|

3 0 h o u r s _________________________________________________
35 h o u r s _________________________________________________
O v e r 35 a n d u n d e r 3772 h o u r s ____________________
37 7? h o u r s ___________________________________________
O v e r 3772 a n d u n d e r 3 8 3/4 h o u r s _________________
3 8 3A h o u r s ________________________________ ____________
3974 h o u r s _
___ __
______________
_
_
4 0 h o u r s _ _______________________________ ________ ___
O v e r 4 0 h o u r s ________________ ______ ______ ____ _

1
2
3
4
5

18
4
10
(5 )
63

( 5_)
13
7
80

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t ili t ie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




( 5_)
30
10
8
52

(5 )
8
7
(5 )
84
(5 )

95

i

1

94




19
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f o f f ic e and p lan t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u ally, San F r a n c i s c o — ak lan d, C a l i f . , J a n u a ry 1962)
O
OFFICE WORKEHS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s

___________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a i d h o l i d a y s ________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a i d h o l i d a y s ____________________________________

N um ber o f

|

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities1
2

Wholesale

100

10 0

100

10 0

10 0

100

10 0

10 0

100

10 0

100

PLANT WORKERS

100

All
.
industries1

Retail trade

Finance34

j
i

AU 4
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale

Retail trade

100

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

99

1

99

100

10 0

10 0

1

(5)

“

days

L e s s th a n 5 h o lid a y s
__________ __ __ ____
5 h o l i d a y s ___ „
. . _________
— _____________
6 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s _____________ _____ _
7 h o l i d a y s _______ _____________ — _________
7 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y _________________________
7 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s _____ _____________ 8 h o lid a y s
__________________ _______________________
8 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y _________________________
8 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s _____ _____________ 9 h o l i d a y s ___ . .
_____________ —
________
9 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ______________________ _
9 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ________________________
9 h o l i d a y s p lu s 3 h a l f d a y s _____________ _________
10 h o l i d a y s _____________________________ — _____ 10 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ________________________
11 h o l i d a y s _________________________________ . . — .
11 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y _________ ______ ____
13 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------

(5)
1
1
19
2
5
51
3
(5 )
10
1
1
1
1
3
(5)
1
2

_
1
2
23
17
46
4

.
35
3
58
-

.

(5)
5
2
-

(5 )
3
1
-

"

"

"

_

_

.

_

-

2
5
5
78
78
96
10 0
10 0
10 0
100

3
3
3
3
7
7
30
30
99
10 0
100
100
10 0

4
17
5
68
3
2
-

(5 )
1
69
23
4
3
-

(s )
2
3

3
2
5
1
28
-

53
4
18

7
44
1
5

-

.

_

_

3
31
54
12
1
-

(5)
4
2
85
6
2
-

1
-

4
3
25
15
46
2
4
1
-

"

"

_

_

1
1
7
7
59
59
88
94
95
96
99

1
1
8
8
68
68
96
96
99
99
99

1
1
13
13
66
66
97
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0

19
1
52
28
-

'

_

-

2

(5 )

2
2
1
7
1
4

-

4
5
5
13
16
19
37
41
94
97
100
100
100
100
100

(5)
-

Total h o lid a y tim e 6
13 d a y s __________ . . _____ _________ „
______ _
1 1 V 2 o r m o r e d a y s _______________
___ „
— .
11 o r m o r e d a y s _____________________________________
1 0 V 2 o r m o r e d a y s __________________________________
10 o r m o r e d a y s _____________________________________
9 V 2 o r m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
9 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________
------8 V 2 o r m o r e d a y s ________________________________ .
8 o r m o r e d a y s ____ __ _________________ „
.. .
7 V 2 o r m o r e d a y s ________________________ ________
7 o r m o r e d a y s _______________________________________
6 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________ _
5 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________ ________________
4 o r m o r e d a y s _______________________________________
2 o r m o r e d a y s ____
_________
_____________

w it h

2
2
2
6
7
9
18
21
77
79
99
10 0
10 0
10 0
100

2
2
8
12
75
75
99
10 0
100
10 0
100

1
4
4
65
65
100
100
100
100
100

!

1 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t ili t ie s .
3 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s ta te a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e ly .
5 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
6 A ll c o m b in a t io n s o f f u ll and h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n
7 fu ll d a y s and n o h a lf d a y s , 6 fu ll d a y s an d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll d a y s an d 4 h a lf d a y s , an d s o o n .
P r o p o rtio n s

.

_
_
2
9
9
96
96
100
100
100
100
100

o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a to ta l o f 7 d a y s
w e r e th en c u m u la te d .

_
.

(5)
(5 )
28
28
80
81
81
84
100

in c lu d e s

th o s e

20

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations

( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a ry 1962)
O
OFFICE WORKERS
'V a c a t io n p o l i c y

A ll w o r k e r s

--------------------------------M eth od

of

-----------------------------

Public ,
utilities 6

Wholesale

Retail trade

Finance 3

All
.
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

10 0

10 0

100

10 0

100
99

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
10 0
-

100
87
13
-

100
10 0
-

97
97
-

10 0
99
1
-

paym ent

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s ---------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h * o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ______________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ____________________________
F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t _______________________________
O th er
.... . ........... .....
. ...
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a i d v a c a t i o n s __________________________________
A m ount

of

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

All
industries 1

v a c a t io n

( 5)
-

99
93
7
( 5)

3

( 5)

pay6

A ft e r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _________________________________________
1 w eek
............ .
.. _________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________

1
64
1

.

.

_

51
1

39
4

24
-

-

-

“

3
97
-

74
24
2

19
4
77
-

-

-

.
-

1
53
4
8

1
19
78
2
-

1
59
7
19

7
25
4

14
25
5

.

.

55
8

14
-

4
10
-

"

-

-

“

-

_

60
7
26
2
4

54
15
23
8

54
31
15
-

74
-

73
_

23
-

27
-

13
4
74
3
5

21
8
60
1
11

6
2
77
15
-

_

2
1
98
-

4
6
82
1

7
11
70
1
11

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________ _________ ______________________________
O v « -• 1 an il u n d e r 1 w e e k s ________________________
7 w e eke;
Gv< a* L a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ................................................... .....................................

19
l 5)
80
?.
-

58
42
-

97
3
-

-

A lte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
• w e e k ..........................................................................................
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w eeks
. .
.
.....
______ _________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

( 3)
3
94
2

95
4

( S)

1

_
-

.
_

100
-

10 0
-

-

_

-

97
3
-

97
-

-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
; w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 V 'C '.'k: ____________ ____________________________________
O w r V a .id u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
.
A w eeks

_
"
95
1
4

.
1
1

88
4
8

_

_

97
-

-

_
-

98
-

10 0
-

3

2

-

_
?7
3
1

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
? w o ks
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 '- - e e k s -------------- ---------------------------------------------- -------------A ft e r

V?

.
88
4
8

.

_
-

_
-

.
-

97
3

98
2

100
-

97
3

5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
? w eeks.:
_______________ ________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s . . . ____________________
- —

_
95
1
4

------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------ ---------

_
79
5
15

_
82
4

_
85
15

_
.
86
14

-

_
-

.
-

39
-

86
11
3

61




notes at end of table.

4
6
82
1
7

7
11
70
1
11

2

4
-

( 5)
69
1
28

78
1
17

( 5)
_

See

7

J

_

.
-

.
-

85
_

97
-

1
99
_

15

-

-

_
-

.
-

85
-

97
-

1
99
-

15

-

-

_

_

_

_
.

_

80
.

74
_

35
_

20

23

65




21
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations— Continued

(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f o f f ic e and p lan t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v is io n s , San F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a li f., J a n u a ry 1962)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a tio n p o lic y

A m ount o f

v a c a t io n

All
.
industries1

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 2

Wholesale

Retail trade

All
industries4

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 2

Wholesale

Retail trade

(5 )
15
7
72
4

Finance3

4
10
15
70
1

41
41
17

_
13
78
-

97
-

6

-

.
-

_

40
-

.
3
-

19

12
1
78
6

_
-

.
-

81
-

91
6

p a y 6 --------C o n t i n u e d

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________ - ______ „
2 w eek s_
_ „
__________ — — _________________ ____
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________ ______
3 w eek s_
_ — __________ __ __ __ _____
_ _
_
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------- -------- --------------4 w eek s_
_ ____________ ______ _____ __________ ___

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

.
-

_

39
9
51
1
1

11
11
74
4

58
_

29
-

38
3

69
1

16
84
-

57
15
28
-

-

-

(5 )

3
~

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _______ ______ _____________ _________ ______
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _
_ _____________________
_ ______ __________ — „
— — „
— __
2 w eek s_
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _
_ __ — __________ —
3 w p p lr e
_ __
__ _____
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s _
4 w eek s_
_ ______________ ______ _________________ ____

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

38
7
53
1
1

10
1
85
4

58
38
4

24
5
69
1

16
84
-

_
57
15
28
-

-

-

7
74
4

_

.
-

_
1
95
4

.
11
87
1

_

_
8
87
5
-

(5 )
3
1
87
7

(5 )
3
1
72
22

(5 )

2
(5 )
13

4
6
15
74
1

42
-

97
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1
O
2
O
3
O
4

w e e k ___ _____ __________ „
—
______________
v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _
_ __ — ______ — __
w e e k s ________ ____ _________________
_
_
______ _____
v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _
_ — _________________
w eek s_
_ ______ ______ __ _________________________
v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _
_ — — __ --------_
w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

6
(5 )
89
3
1

5
(5 )
89
4
3

6
94
-

2

4
2
1
91
3

19

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_
_ _____ __________ — __ __________________
—
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______ _________
2 w eeks _
__ _____________________________ __ — __
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w eeks
,
,
..........
.........................
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________ ______________
4 w ppks
. . . ......
_
O ver 4 w eeks _
_
„
_____ ______________________

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

5

5

(5 )
82
1
11
1

(5 )
74
1
16
4

1
-

11
74
-

.
6
84
1
9

_
-

_
-

5

5

(5)
54
3
37
1

(5 )
49
9
33
4

15

6
86
8

-

-

-

_
11
_

_
6
_

.
4
-

35
64

59
30

61
32

~

"

■

58
3
34
1

88
10

1
84
15

_

_
-

4
2
1
77
16

62
38

65
32

1
75
24

-

-

_
1
_

2

_

-

-

-

-

_

.
_
1
_

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______
__ __________
2 w eek s_
_ _____ __ ______________ _____ ______
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______
__
— __
3 w eeks
_
_ •
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ___ _________ ______ __
4 w e e k s ___ „
— „
„
_____
„ „
______
O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u tilit ie s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
6 P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s
i n d i c a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c l u d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
NOTE:
m e n ts, w e re

2

_

2
1
53
6
34

_

"

fo r

4

(5 )
3
1
52
3
40

"

p r o g r e s s io n s ,

F or

16
_
84

56
_
41

67
_

32
-

e x a m p le ,

th e

changes

In t h e t a b u l a t i o n s o f v a c a t i o n a l l o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r t h a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s
c o n v e r t e d t o a n e q u i v a l e n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .

or

in p r o p o r t i o n s

fla t-s u m

pay­

22
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(Percent of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif., January 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Type of benefit
Manufacturing

Public
utilities1
2

Wholesale

Retail trade

Finance3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

96

97

96

78

100

96

98

98

96

90

53

66

51

58

35

50

60

69

63

72

36

78

70

77

76

77

81

69

51

90

82

88

All
.
industries

All workers ________________

____________________

All
industries4

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 2

Wholesale

Retail trade

Workers in establishments providing:
Life insurance _____ __________ ____ _
_
Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance ______________ ____ ____
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 5 ______________________
Sickness and accident insurance _______
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) _____________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) ______ ____ ________
Hospitalization insurance _ _____________________
_
Surgical insurance __________________________
Medical insurance ___________________________
Catastrophe insurance ______________________
Retirement pension ___ ____ _______ _____
No health, insurance, or pension plan _______

25

27

15

17

9

35

20

27

25

6

12

61

60

38

67

48

68

26

13

54

31

39

30

16

35

50

43

96
96
77
83
99

93
92
90
41
87
(6)

99
99
95
29
94

68
68
68
82
92

92
85
84
37
92

95
95
95
56
60

7

-

34

7

28

90
89
80
73
86

99
99
92
60
91

66
66
66
91
73

86
85
82
50
72

87
87
87
66
53

1 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
4 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick-leave plans are limited to those which definitely
establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
6 Less than 0. 5 percent.




Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)

Since the Bureau’ s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’ s bulletin.

instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

23




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C la s s A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B ille r , m ach in e (hilling m ach in e)—Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C la ss B —K e e p s a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B ille r , m ach in e (b o o k k eep in g m ach in e)—Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C la ss A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

25

26

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C la s s B —
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C la s s A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.

B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.
C la s s

C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.

CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y co m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w i n g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)

C la s s




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

27

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la s s

A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la s s B —Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



SECRETARY— Continued

making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

28

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C la ss C-Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C la s s A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D o e s n ot in clu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C la s s B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

C la s s A—
Performs o n e or m ore o f th e fo llo w in g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C la s s B—
Performs on e or m ore o f th e fo llo w in g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

29

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a com bin a tion o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g : Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a com bin a­
tion o f the fo llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees9 injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicant^
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter required rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




30

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance elctricians requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a ls o supervise these operations. H ea d or c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b li s h ­
m en ts em p loyin g more than on e en g in e e r are e x c lu d e d .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

31

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of die work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment . Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose prim ary d u tie s involve setting up or adjusting machines.



OILER
Lubricates* with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o st o f th e fo llo w in g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

32

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. W orkers prim arily e n g a g e d in in sta llin g and
repairing building sa n ita tion or h eating s y s t e m s are e x c lu d e d .

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either, at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In c lu d e s g a te -




men w h o are s ta tio n e d at g a te and c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s and
oth er p e r so n s en terin g .

33

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g :

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m ay in v o lv e o n e or more o f
the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o make
w o o d en b o x e s or c ra tes are e x c lu d e d .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve on e or more o f the fo llo w ­
in g:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. L o n g sh o r e m e n , who lo a d and unload sh ip s are e x c lu d e d .

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
ping w ork i n v o l v e s :

routes,

Ship­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work i n v o l v e s :

May

R e c e iv in g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R e c e iv in g clerk

requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and

Shipping clerk

perform dther related duties.

Shipping and r e c e iv in g clerk




34

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r i v e r s a le sm en and o v er-th e^ roa d d riv ers
are e x c lu d e d .

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

Trucker, p o w e r {fork lift)
Trucker, p o w e r {oth er than fo rk lift)

T ru ckdriver (com bin a tion o f s i z e s li s t e d s e p a r a te ly )
Tru ckdriver, ligh t {under V/2 to n s)

WATCHMAN

Tru ckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 to n s)
T ru ckdriver, h e a v y {o v e r 4 to n s, trailer ty p e )
T ru ckdriver, h e a v y {o v e r 4 to n s, oth er than trailer ty p e )




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1 9 6 2

0 — 635069


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102