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PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA
JANUARY 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-35




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
E w a n C la g u e , C o m m issio n e r




Occupational Wage Survey

PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA




JANUARY 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-35
March 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

-

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage surveys in 82 labor markets. The
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits. A preliminary report furnishing
trend data and average earnings is released within a month
of the completion of each study. This bulletin provides
additional data not included in the preliminary report.

Introduction ________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups _______________________

1
3

Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey ____________
2. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups _________________________________________

2
2

Two bulletins, bringing together the results of all
of the area surveys, are issued after completion of the
final area bulletin in the current round of surveys. The
first of these bulletins will be available late in 1962 and
the other early in 1963. During the survey year, summary
releases presenting areawide occupational earnings data
for 25 to 30 labor markets, are issued as data become
available.

A: Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women _____________________
A -2. Professional and technical occupations—
men
and women ___________________________________________
A -3. Office, professional, and technical
occupations—
men and women combined ________________
A-4. Maintenance and power plant occupations ________________
A -5. Custodial and material movement occupations __________

9
H
13

This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau*s re ­
gional office in New York, N. Y. , by Thomas Wakin, under
the direction of Harold A. Barletta. The study was under
the general direction of Frederick W. Mueller, Assistant
Regional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions _________________________
B. Occupational descriptions ___________ —
_______________________

15
17




* NOTE: Similar tabulations for these items and also
tabulations on establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions are available in previous area reports for
Pittsburgh and for other major areas. A directory indi­
cating the areas, dates of study, and prices of these re­
ports is available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and
supplementary wage practices in the Pittsburgh area are
also available for machinery industries (April 1961), paints
and varnishes (May 1961), and contract cleaning services
(June 1961). Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay
levels, are available for the following trades or industries:
Building construction, printing, local-transit operating
employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

iii

4
8




Occupational Wage Survey— Pittsburgh, Pa.
Introduction

are presented (in the A-series tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and power plant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U.S. De­
partment of Labor1 Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
s
of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an area basis.
The bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

In each area, data are obtained from representative establish­
ments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations
and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having
fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of
the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
basis. Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
pe rformed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, except
for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data




1

2




Table 1. E stablishm ents and w ork ers within scop e o f su rv ey and number studied in Pittsburgh, P a ., 1 by m ajor industry division , 2 January 1962
Minimum
em ploym ent
in e sta b lish ­
m ents in scope
o f study

Industry d ivision

A ll division s

-----------------------

Within
scop e of
study 3

Studied

Within
scop e o f
study

Studied

811

211

387,700

242,120

100
■

358
453

84
127

254,600
133, 100

152,270
89, 850

100
50
100
50
50

54
143
57
81
118

25
32
22
23
25

47,8 00
16, 700
32, 000
17,400
19, 200

---------------------------------

Manufacturing
____________ ________ __________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________
Transportation, com m unication, and other
public u tilitie s 4 _________...._____ _____ _
W holesale trade ________________________________
R etail trade __________ _________ ______ _____
Finance, insurance, and rea l estate ---------------S e rv ice s * ‘ ---------------------------------------------------------

W ork ers in establishm ents

Number o f establishm ents

40.
5,
25,
10,
7,

740
460
690
750
210

1 The Pittsburgh Standard M etropolitan S tatistical A re a con sists o f Allegheny, B eaver, Washington, and W estm orelan d C ounties. The "w o rk e r s
within scop e of study" estim ates shown in this table provid e a reasonably accu rate d escrip tion o f the size and com p osition o f the la bor fo r c e included
in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to s e rv e as a basis o f com p a rison with other area em ploym ent indexes to m easu re e m p lo y ­
ment trends o r lev els since (1) planning o f wage surveys re q u ire s the use o f establishm ent data com piled co n sid era b ly in advance o f the p a y ro ll
p eriod studied, and (2) sm a ll establishm ents are excluded fro m the scop e of the survey.
2 The 1957 re v ise d edition o f the Standard Industrial C la ssifica tio n Manual was used in cla ssifyin g establishm ents by industry d ivision . M ajor
changes fro m the e a rlie r edition (used in the B ureau's labor m arket wage surveys conducted p rio r to July 1958) are the tra n sfe r o f m ilk p a ste u ri­
zation plants and rea d y-m ixed con crete establishm ents fro m trade (w h olesale o r retail) to manufacturing, and the tra n sfe r o f radio and te le v isio n
broadcasting from s e rv ice s to the transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at o r above the m in im u m -size lim itation. A ll outlets (within the a rea ) o f com panies in
such industries as trade, finance, auto rep a ir s e rv ice , and m otion -p ictu re theaters are con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Taxicabs and s e rv ice s incidental to w ater transportation w ere excluded.
5 H otels; p erson a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile rep air shops; m otion pictures; nonprofit m em bership org an iza tion s; and engineering
and a rch itectu ral s e rv ice s .
6 This industry d ivision is rep resen ted in estim ates fo r "a ll industries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e rie s A tables. Separate presentation
of data fo r this d ivision is not made fo r one o r m o re o f the follow ing re a so n s: (1) Employment in the d ivision is too sm all to p rov id e enough data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed initially to p erm it separate presentation, (3) resp on se was insu fficien t o r inadequate to
p erm it separate presentation, and (4) there is p o ss ib ility o f d isclo s u re o f individual establishm ent data.

Table 2. P ercen ts o f in cre a se in standard w eekly s a la rie s and straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r
se le cte d occupational groups in P ittsburgh, P a ., January 1961 to January 1962,
and D ecem b er 1959 to January 1961
P ercen t in crea ses fro m —
Industry and occupational group

January 1961
to
January 1962

D ecem b er 1959
to
January 1961

A ll industries:
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and wom en) ___________________
Industrial nu rses (m en and w o m e n ) _____ ______ _
Skilled m aintenance (men) _ __ __ ____ __ __ ____
U nskilled plant (m en) ____
__
__ ___ ____
___

2.9
3.4
2.9
3.3

4.4
2.5
4.2
3.1

Manufacturing:
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w om en) ___________________
Industrial nu rses (m en and w o m e n )------------- -----------Skilled m aintenance (m en) _ __ ____
__ __ ____
Unskilled plant (m en) __ __ _________
____ ____

3.1
3.9
3.0
3.6

5.6
2.0
3.8
4.0

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, atuomotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels. Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series. The expansion of the labor market wage survey program in 1961 made
data available in 82 areas for the computation of wage trends for selected job
groupings. Sixty-one areas were surveyed in I960; prior to I960, coverage was
limited to 20 areas. Therefore, it was decided to compute a new trend series in
which 1961 will be the base year since this is the first year in which data were
collected in all 82 areas.
The percents of change shown in table 2 are not comparable with similar
data shown for this area in last year's Bulletin 1285-44. The new series intro­
duces changes in the job groupings for which trends are shown and changes in
jobs included in the computations.

4

A: Occupational Earnings
T a b le A-1. O f f ic e O c c u p a tio n s -M e n a n d W o m e n
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Average
Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

$
Weekly.
Weekly , 4 0 .0 0
hours1
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r
4 5 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
$
$
8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

15
4
11
8
3

30
14
16
4
4

33
11
22
3
4
15
22
10
12

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

*6 0 .0 0

$
* 6 5.0 0 7 0 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

$

$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 * 3 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 . 0 0 1 4 5 . 0 0
and

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0

over

M en

256
56
85
72

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .0

$ 1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

_
-

-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B ________ ____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 _____________________

570
325
245
1 35

3 9 .5
4 o .o
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0

_
-

3
3
-

-

-

C l e r k s , o r d e r _________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ _________ ____
_
___
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________

280
209
71
70

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

_
-

_

-

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ______________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 _____________________

374
511
62
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 b 1
1 0 5 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0

_
-

_
-

-

O f f i c e b o y s ___ — __ __ __ — ---------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ __ _____ __ __ _
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 _____________________
F i n a n c e 4 -------------------------------------------------

342
148
1 94
42
65

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

6 2 .5 0
55700
6 0 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
5 4 .5 0

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s A _
_ __ __ ______ _ __ __ __
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________ _________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ____ ________ ______

221
163
58
29

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A _____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________ ____
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 _____________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _________________ ____
F i n a n c e 4 -------------------------------------------------

779
111

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

"

5
3
2
.
2

2
2

21
21

10
6
4
2

14
9
5

14
12
2

27
3
24

"

~

"

22
11
11
4

_
-

_
-

19
13
6
6

-

6
6
4

25
6
17
3
11

46
16
30
12
17

49
8
41
22
7

39
7
32
15
11
6

36
3b
6
4
2

56
33
23
18
4
1

72
68
4
4

"

47
38
9
2

32
6
26
8

43
16
27
23

65
47
18
17

71
43
28
26

48
34
14
13

6
6
6

24
14
10
10

8
1
7
7

8
4
4
4

15
3
12
12

51
51
-

50
41
9
3

83
71
12
11

'

-

3
3
3

-

-

7
2
5
5

2
2
-

1
1

1
1

8
6
2

_
-

-

20
14
6

10
10
-

10
6
4

6
5
1

-

-

"

-

"

-

-

-

“

-

34
22
12
3

31
31
15

29
14
15
-

51
27
24
13
3

54
27
27
8
8

33
4
29
16

15
13
2
1

28
21
7
3

11
3
8
8

10
2
8
7

9
8
1
-

6
1
5
1

6
5
1
1

-

59
23
36
1
22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

5
5

9
5
4

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
4
10
4

9
3
6
3

77
68
9
5

29
20
9
4
4

73
61
12
11

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B _______________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_____ __ __ __ ______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __
__ __ __ __ _
_
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 _ __
_
______
F i n a n c e 4 -------------------------------------------------

298
168
1 30
42
65

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C _______________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________

1 07
74

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

7 8 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

-

150
51
99
60

3 9 .5
4 0 .b
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 4 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

23
"18 ""
5
4

1

-

19
15
4
3

22
12
10
9

23
18
5
3

9
7
2
1

12
7
5
4

14
12
2
-

19
19
-

1

-

20

■

■

-

18
18
11

34
11
23
18

1
1

24
5
19
5

17
" i r
4
4

8
8
-

27
13
14
7

_

1
1

_

1

-

-

1
-

19
-

90
2 82
8
5
1

-

38
31
7
3
2

9
9
-

1
1
-

3
3
-

9
9
-

7
7
-

10
10
-

-

-

14
14
-

_
-

14
12
1
2
|
2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

2

_

!

-

4
4

-

48
25
23
7
13

1
!_
_
-

16
11

_

'
'1 21
, 19

-

-

11
10

-

37
34

-

11
11

_

56
1 50
6
2

-

5
1

4
4

7
6
1
1

-

29
29

3
3

15
15
-

-

9

1
1

38
38
-

_

15
6
9
3
6

-

30
20
10
10

_

20
3
17
6
8

9
-

7
4
3
3

_

25
3
22
7
8

9
-

26
22
4
4

_

5
1
4
4

4
4
4

16
13
3
2

3
3

84
80
4
1
3

"

-

74
39
35
34

i
I

10
10
4

4
4
4

j
i

78
61
17
7
3

-

77
67
10
1
1
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

2
2
-

13
13
-

-

-

-

-

6
6
-

4
4
-

-

-

-

1
1
_

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

"

-

13
p ii—

-

-

-

“

"

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
_

-

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e ( b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) _____
M a n u fa c t u r in g _
_
__ _____ __ ---------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________
__ ___ _
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________

See footn otes at end o f table.




19
14

5
Table A -l. O ffic e Occupations-M en and W om en—Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, P a ., January 1962)
NUM B ER OF W O RK ER S R E CE IVIN G ST R A IG H T-TIM E W E E K L Y EA RN IN G S OF -

A veitAOE

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly.
hours
(Standard)

Weekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
4 0 .0 0
4 5 .0 0
5 0 .0 0
5 5 .0 0
6 0 .0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .00 1 0 5 . 0 0 110 .00 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 20 .00 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 1 4 0 . 0 0 1 4 5 . 0 0

under

“

4 5 .00 - 5 0 x 0 0

"

“

“

”

“

■

“

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6,5,xP0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

■
9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

_

■

1 1 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0

“

-

1 20 .00

-

-

-

-

1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0

and
over

Women — Continued
B illers, machine (bookkeeping
machine) ______ __ __ _______ __ _
_
Manufacturing _________ _______ _____
Nonmanufacturing ______-______ _____
Retail trade ______
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class A ____
______
_ _ __ Manufacturing .
___
____ _

__

Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B _
_ _____ _
Manufacturing _________________ -____
Nonmanufacturing _____________ -____
____ —
Wholesale trade —
Finance 4

209
56
153

3 9 .5

88

38. 5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

131
80

39. 5
3 9 .5

$ 6 8 .5 0
7 3 . 00
6 7 .0 0
6 3 . 50

6

6

19
3

35

6
6

6
6

16

10

4

4

-

-

--

25

9
4
5
5

61

26

-

-

-

4
4

61

26

13

-

53

8

1

13

-

7 6 .5 0

-

7

27

3

4

18

5
4

12

3

13
5

10

7

4
4

22

-

15
15

3

7 0 .5 0

5

3

9

2

3

8

52

113

169

170

59

37

10

8
161

54

10

36

50

12

4
33

2
2

8
6
2

3

4

66
16

48

5

7 1 . 50

-

48
3

103
14

17

116
22

49
5

25

_

385

37. 5

6 3 .5 0

-

-

30

87

131

63

38

23

11

21
2

Clerks, accounting, class A _ ___________
Manufacturing _ _____
_ _____
Nonmanufacturing __ __ __ __ ____
Wholesale trade __ _
_ __
Retail trade ______________________

357
154
203

3
4
3
3

9 6 .0 0

_
-

_
-

4

7

5

9

10
2
8

24

48

36

9
39
23

3
33

Clerks, accounting, class B ___________
Manufacturing _
_ ________
_____
________
Nonmanufacturing _______
Public utilities 3 _________________
Wholesale trade __
__
__ ___
Retail trade --------------------------------Finance4 --------------------------------------

1. 157
474
683
51
136
277
125

Clerks, file, class A 5 ______ __ __ ___
Manufacturing _______________ ____
Nonmanufacturing __ ______
______

162

1 0 8 .5 0
86. 50
9 0 . 00

3 9 .0

8 3 . 50

-

-

4

-

39
39
39
40
39

7 6 . 00
8 5 .0 0

11

69

64

101

20

6 9 . 50
9 8 .0 0

11

69

44
2

4
7

13
20

24
16

28
8

-

"

-

10

4

69
69
18
25

7 8 .0 0

3 9 .0
37. 5

6 7 . 50
6 0 .5 0

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

8 4 . 50
8 7 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

3 9 .0

6 5 .0 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

8 3 .0 0

94
201

4 0 .0
3 7 .5

C lerks, file, class C 5 _________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________ __
Finance4 --------------------------------------

255
226
163

Clerks, order
____ ____ __ _______
Manufacturing ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _________________
Retail trade ---------------------------------

280
112




3

.0
.0
.5
.5

435

See footn otes at end o f table,

_
_
_
_

6

-

_
-

168
103

_
_
_

3

-

6 7 .0 0

580
145

_
_
_
_

5

7 2 .5 0
6 5 . 50

Clerks, file, class B 5 ___ ________ __
Manufacturing
— ______
__ __
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Wholesale t r a d e __ _____ ________
Finance4 --------------------------------------

_
-

2

38. 5

88
74

2
2

11

_

3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

.0
.5
.0
.0
.5

4

5

5

158
577
107

68
68

1
1

_
_
_
-

5

-

735

9
0
8
8

1

-

-

8
8

59. 00
6 2 .5 0

-

-

4

_

-

-

-

-

4

7

5

-

_

_

9

_

_

-

1
23

-

-

-

-

12

34

14

29
16

7
5

29
5

7
7

30

6

8

146

75

79

35

56
113
6

29
117

25

66

50

-

24
55
3

10
44
40

11
85
15

7
24
6

26
18
6

71
1
47
13
4

24

15
4

16
13

21
18

11
4

3

3

7

20
14

16
10

12
9
3

30
27

6
3

-

-

8

6

13

-

11

8

3
3

100

73

102

5

100

17
85

58
13
45

59
17
42

20

68
10

12

38

45

47

6
27

6
2

16

2

_

11

_
_
_

45

5

15

_
_

45
15

69

I

8

_

3

-

8
10

10

-

_
_

_

_

_

_

-

20
8
12
8
1

_
_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
-

_
.
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

15
15

14

_
_

_
_

-

!

-

3
3

12
12

_
_

6

3

-

1

5

7

-

-

-

77

33

51

52

64

18

16

30

41

36

55

9

3
2

10
5
1

16
10

9
5

10
5

9
7
6
1

4

6

4

9
3
5
1

7
4
3
1

5

59
18
2

22
12

-

-

16
14
2

14
12

11
6

8
1

2

2

5

7

2

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_

_
-

_
-

_
_
1

_

_

21

4

8

17
4

4

3

3

4

-

-

-

_
_
-

8

3

5 9 .0 0

-

3 9 .5

5 6 .0 0

47

17

16

12

48

43

10

8

3 9 .0

5 3 . 50

39

27

36

21

20

8

8

4
4

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 6 . 50
8 6 . 00

4

11
4

14
14

80
2

35

27
2

24
13

26

----- I F

25

11
3

6
4
2

15
14

-

3
2
1

4

7

-

_

_

4
1

_
_
1
-

-

-

-

-

.
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_

-

-

1

l

_
_

_

2

-

-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

_

.
_

_
_

4
4

_
_
■

1

2

47

33
31

45

5 4 .0 0

35
35

48

3 9 .0

5

_
-

-

-

97
26

8
5
2

-

-

10
12

11

_
_
_

_
_
_

14

_
_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

3 9 .5

6 9 . 50
6 7 . 00

_
-

4
4

13

78

19
16

78

6

5

1

9
17
1

1

_

4

2

1
1

17
1
1

.
_
_

_
10

1

_

9
1
1

2
2

_

_

_

6
Table A-1. O ffic e Occupations-M en and Womert—Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1962)
NU M B ER OF W ORKERS R E CE IVIN G STR AIGH T-TIM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF -

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly.
hours
(Standard)

Weekly x
earnings
(Standard)

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 *60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
and
and
under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over

Women— Continued
Manufacturing _____________________
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------Public utilities 3 ------------------------Wholesale trade _________________
Retail trade ____________________

595
350
245
41
50
73

39.5
39.5
39.0
38.5
39.5
39.5

$85.00
89.00
79.50
94.00
91.50
80.00

4
4
4

35
11
24
-

7
4
3
2

17
10
7
6

42
29
13
1

67
21
46
4
7
19

48
29
19
2
7
6

32
15
17
1
3

35
23
12
6
2

56
42
14
10
2
2

46
24
22
2
10
7

37
23
14
7
4

55
32
23
3
8
12

36
29
7
3
4

36
23
13
8
2
3

2
2
-

14
12
2
1
1

20
18
2
2

4
3
1
1

1
1
1

_
-

1
1
1

Comptometer operators ______________
Manufacturing _____________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
Public utilities 3 ________________
Wholesale trade _________________
Retail trade --------------------------------

401
132
269
27
72
120

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5

78.00
85.50
74.00
93.00
72.50
75.00

4
4
4

4
4
3

10
10
6

25
25
11

27
27
4
6

67
1
66
1
14
51

39
18
21
2
6
8

63
26
37
25
7

41
25
16
4
7

45
32
13
2
6
5

11
5
6
2
4

38
11
27
18
2
7

7
5
2
2

6
5
1
-

2
2
-

1
1
-

2
2
-

6
4
2
-

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

■

1

2

2

3

"

~

*

Duplicating-machine operators
(Mimeograph or Ditto) ______________
Manufacturing _____________________

68
53

40.0
40.0

69.50
72.00

•
-

1
-

4
"

14
10

15
11

10
10

4
4

7
6

6
5

“

-

4
4

3
3

■

■

-

~

■

■

"

■

-

Keypunch operators, class A 5 -----------Manufacturing ________ ___________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
Public utilities 3 -------------------------

432
194
238
106

39.0
40.0
38.5
38.5

81.00
88.00
75.00
77.50

12
"

11
11
2

39
39
23

22
4
18
8

34
6
28
10

39
15
24
9

24
14
10
2

53
38
15
8

55
29
26
10

26
17
9
4

80
52
28
28

30
12
18
2

7
7
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
■

_
-

-

_
■

Keypunch operators, class B 5 -----------Manufacturing _____________________
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------Public utilities 3_________________
Wholesale trade -------------------------Finance4 ------------------------------------

669
342
327
66
92
136

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.0

75.50
84.00
66.00
74.00
64.50
63.00

_
-

13

42
22
20
1
2
14

113
28
85
9
30
44

71
6
65
7
23
22

73
23
50
19
6
14

70
37
33
12
6
12

40
20
20
18
2

59
57
2
2

22
22
-

116
113
3
3
*

4
4

4
4

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

13
13

42
6
36
20
15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

-

-

■

■

■

"

“

Office girls _______ ____________________
Manufacturing _____________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

258
117
141

39.5
40.0
39.0

60.00
65.00
56.00

1
-

36
4
32

33
2
31

71
29
42

80
51
29

6
4
2

8
8

3
2
1

3
3

6
6
-

5
2
3

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

5
5
-

-

-

■

"

•

■

■

"

"

*

Secretaries __________ _ --------------- -------------------Manufacturing ___ ______ _________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
Public utilities 3 ------------------------Wholesale trade _________________
Retail trade ____________________
Finance4 ------------------------------------

3, 284
1,801
1, 483
237
329
96
507

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5
39.0
40.5
38.0

96.50
102.50
89.00
105.50
88.50
79.50
86.50

_

8
_
8
_
4
4

10
10
4
4
-

26
10
16
1
7

50
12
38
5
13

186
58
128
15
11
66

154
35
119
6
35
8
31

259
76
183
5
51
23
65

250
118
132
6
51
19
49

276
95
181
21
28
9
65

338
185
153
27
51
7
50

284
140
144
26
31
2
60

300
193
107
24
16
48

331
251
80
26
16
2
20

208
144
64
18
5
3
16

231
193
38
23
8
2
2

162
138
24
19
4
1

90
68
22
8
10
4

91
75
16
9
3
1
1

11
4
7
7
-

10
4
6
3
3

9
2
7
4
1
2

Stenographers, general5 ______________
Manufacturing ____________ _______
Nonmanufactur ing --------------------------Public utilities 3 ________________
Wholesale trade _________________
Retail trade
_ ------------------------

2,780
1,618
1, 162
328
270
56
322

39.5
40.0
38.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
37.0

81.00
88.00
71.50
83.00
69.00
70.50
68.00

55
_
55
16
2

67
67
4
2
31

154
54
100
26
9
41

217
68
149
20
33
3

454
210
244
57
72
18
53

258
100
158
41
47
4
60

257
136
121
35
47
11
24

234
143
91
44
7
1
35

222
184
38
18
8
1

161
131
30
22
1
7

154
114
40
34
2

275
224
51
44
7
-

115
103
12
12
-

10
9
1
1
-

77
72
5
3
2

44
44
-

14
14
-

8
8
-

_
-

4
4
-

_
-

See footn otes at end o f table.




1
.
_
.
-

-

-

12
-

5

1

55

-

-

2

1

.

_
-

7
Table A -l. O ffic e Occupations^Men and W om en—Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa. , January 1962)
A erage
v
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number

of

Weekly j

Weekly ,

(Standard)

(Standard)

N U M B ER OF W O RK ER S R E C E IV IN G ST R A IG H T-TIM E W E E K L Y E A RN IN G S OF

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
%
%
$
$
t
40.00 45. 00 50.00 *55. 00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75. 00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
and
under
45.00 50. 00 .55,00 _60t00 65.00 JPtOO .75,00 80,00 85.00 90.00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over

Women— Continued
Stenographers, senior 5
Manufacturing __
__ _
N onm anufacturing ____ _______________
Public utilities3 __
__
_ _
Wholesale trade
_
___ __
___
Finance4 _

737
397
340
114
109
67

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
38.0

$90.00
94.00
85. 50
88.00
91.00
72.00

_
-

Switchboard operators ________________
Manufacturing
___ __ ______ __ __
Nonmanufacturing _ __ ___ __ __ _
Public utilities 3 ___
Retail trade _____________________
Finance4 --------------------------------------

530
198
332
74
58
73

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
40. 5
37.5

Switchboard op era tor-recep tio n ists___
Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________
Wholesale t.rarle

369
172
197
101

Tabulating-machine operators,
class A __ __ • ___
_
__

__

_

1
1

-

-

-

1

1

7

-

_

-

“

1

1

76. 50
85.00
72.00
85.00
61.00
72. 50

2
2
2
-

10
10
10
-

_
-

39. 5
39.5
39.0
39.0

76.00
78.50
73. 50
74. 50

-

1
1

7

11
5
6

52
12
40

_

-

4
3

6

26
13

63
11
52
24
1
26

47
10
37
17
9
5

122
83
39
7
9
2

80
39
41
17
_

_

10

35
10
25
12
13

66
4
62
7
11

81
11
70
19
4

68
21
47
3
8
19

53
29
24
17

47
26
10

71
41
30
21

5

8

4

9

10
10
8

24
14
10

59
15
44
19

46
31
15
8

57
23
34
19

22
13
9
8

68
23
45
26

12
3
9
8

33
27
6
3

21
9
12
8

5
5
_

ll

61
39
22
18
-

78
58
20
15
2
-

65
56
9
7
2
-

43
13
30
21

11
9
2
1

36
5
32 — i r l
_
4
_
1

91
38
53
2
51

33
" “ 25“
7
3
4
-

24
19
5
4
1

1
1

_
_

_

_

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

2
2
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

9
9

1
1

_
_

_
_

_
_

1
1

_
_
_

_
_
_

.
_
_

53

39.5

105.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

6

2

-

7

26

3

1

4

_

_

1

_

_

Tabulating-machine operators,
class B ---------------------------------------------Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing _ _
_
__ __

148
86
62

39.5
40.0
39.0

88. 50
92. 00
84.00

“

-

-

3
3

-

12
8
4

14
14

17
17
-

19
3
16

26
19
7

9
7
2

6
2
4

16
9
7

18
15
3

4
4
-

2
_
2

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
_
-

T abulating -machine ope r ato r s ,
class C ----------------------------------------------

120

38. 5

70. 50

-

-

-

21

17

27

22

9

10

-

13

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

Transcribing-m achine operators,
general ---------------------------------------------Manufacturing ____ ____
___
Nonmanufacturing __________
___
Wholesale t r a d e _________________

341
76
265
120

40.0
40.0
39. 5
40.0

69.50
76.50
67. 50
72.00

-

10
6
4

15
2
13

55
2
53
5

63
14
49
26

58
4
54
37

26
1
25
12

38
7
31
16

35
12
23
11

8
5
3
3

22
21
1

11
2
Q
7
9

Typists, class A _____ ____ __ __ __ _
Manufacturing __ __
Nonmanufacturing __________________
Public utilities 3 _________________
Finance4 ___
__ __ _______ __

587
307
280
51
145

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
38. 5

79.00
81. 50
76.00
86.50
62. 50

2
2
2

24
24
24

23
23
19

24
4
20
5
13

41
4
37
33

83
79
55 — v r
24
31
8
21
16

48
37
11
3
8

82
71
11
4
6

26
10
16
7
3

25
21
4
4
-

15
9
6
6
-

92
29
63
13
-

19
13
6
1
-

1
1
_
-

3
2
1
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
-

.
_
_

_
_
_
-

T ypists, class B __________
___ _
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ___ __ __
Public utilities 3 _________________
Wholesale t r a d e _________________
Retail trade _ ___
__ __ __ __
Finance*

1,512
578
934
34
252
99
373

39.0
39.5
39.0
38.5
40.0
39.5
38.0

66.50
75. 50
60.50
69.00
64. 50
64.00
57.50

40
7
33
16
10
5

98
2
96
8
1
42

150
3
147
38
12
66

283
59
224
54
9
142

315
111
204
17
41
26
83

78
43
35
3
6
6
3

42
67
58 ...40
2
9
_
1
_
1
1
2

106
70
36
2
33
1

8
7
1
_
1
_

8
8
_
_

1
1
_
_

_
_
_
_

2
_
2
_

.
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

'

'

-

150
49
101
7
44
14
19

138
96
42
4
9
14
13

26
— zrn
2
_
1
1

_
_

_

_
_

_
2

_
_
_

_

-

_
_
_
'

2
3
4
5

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Workers were distributed as follows: 28 at $ 145 to $ 150; 27 at $ 150 to $ 155; 27 at $ 155 and over.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Description for this job has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




_
_
«
_

_
_

_

8

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations-M en and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, P a ., January 1962)
NU M B ER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF -

Average
Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

Number

a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of
workers

S
$
$
$
6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 0 0
-

S
Weekly , 6 0 . 0 0
earnings *
and

Weekly.
hours 1
(Standard)

(Standard)

7 5 . 00

7 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

8 0 . 00

$
$
$
$
5
$
s
s
$
$
S
$
$
9 0 . 00 $ 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 1 7 0 .0 0 1 8 0 .0 0 1 9 0 .0 0 2 0 0 . 0 0 2 1 0 .0 0
and
|
-

$

8 5 .0 0
-

8 5 .0 0

9 5 . 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 1 7 0 .0 0 1 8 0 .0 0 1 9 0 .0 0 2 0 0 .0 0 2 1 0 . 0 0
1

9 0 .0 0

i
D r a fts m e n ,

le a d e r

477
440

a

c

e

r

$ 1 6 6 .0 0
1 '6 7 .0 0

_

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 8 .0 0
1 4 1 .6 6
1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

*

“

■

■

s

_

_

79

1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

764
585
1 79
52

D r a f t s m e n , j u n i o r ____________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
________ „
-------- --------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _______________________________

r

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 ,5 5 6
1 ,3 1 5
2 41
44

___________________________

D r a f t s m e n , s e n i o r _________________ ______
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _______________________

T

1

i

M en

_

_ 4 0 .0
_

_!

_ 7 3 .5 0 _
_

-

3 12
12

7

2
2

28

-

-

7

-

_

"

~

13
1

_ 14 _

_ 4 _

_
18

_

_

_
27

_

_
14

9
9
■

50
28
22
6

_

_ . _

-

i
1
I

■

50
23
27
3

IS

j

10
10
-

16
4

1 30
95
35
10

_ 2 _

_

_

70
4
4

_

38
34
4
4

_

_ _

1 06
t4
32
6

17

5
5

5
5

17
17

68
68
-

17
17
-

3
3
-

-

2
2
-

"

*

■

~

“

3
3

_

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

67
60

60
57

205
174
31
10

i
|
_

6o

282
r"255

i 179
173

197
192
5
5

2

17

1

6

2

5

7

!
1
!

7

40
40

37
35
2

76
70
6
4

10
6

io

!

<>87
210
77
3

100

7

49
34
15
15

66

_

121
121

48
41

i

_

84
56
28
1

54
46

100
88

-

!

64
4i
23
5

53
23
30

36
t o

I

-

“

_

“

~

1
1

j

_

_

_

__

_

__

_

_ _

_

_

-

i

_

_

_

_

-

s
1
i
i

W om en

over

1
1

-

!

|
j

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d )
M a n u fa c t u r in g _
_
_
_
_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_ 3 2_ 4 _
_
_
_

4 0 .0
_ 4 0 _. 0

_

1 0 4 .5 0
1_ 0 5 .5 0 _
_

3 5
_4

2
_

_

_

_

_

_

8
_4

_

6
_6

_

37
_ 35

16
12

39
it

32
27

Si
|

47
45

48
45

25
£3

51
50

8
t

_

_

.

_

_

_

i

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours,
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes 1 worker at $55 to $60.




9
Table A-31 O ffice , Professional, and T echn ical Occupations-M en and W om en Combined
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1962)

Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

A
verage
w
eekly j
earn gs
in
(S dard)
tan

Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of

275
ZJo—
167

$75.00
83730"
71.00
69.00

213
■ “
56
157
88

68.50
"73.06
67.00
63.50

560
321
239
117
104

131
80

76.50
70.50

662

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B — --------Manufacturing ---- ----------- ----------- ------- — NrfnrririT'i1
^ar^,iri,Tlg
....... .
Wha1
traHa
..

751
158
593
115
393

67.00
72.50
65.00
70.00
63.50

Clerks, accounting, class A -------------------------------Manufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------Public
^
Wholesale trade — — .— --------------------— ___
—

1, 136

Clerks, accounting, o !*■» * R
* **
ls4cinu£c\nt\vp^ng
‘
Nonmamif5
*
g

Wholesale trade ------------------------------------------Retail trade _______________________________
Finsn'"^ ^

1, 727
799
928
186
185
296
154

85.00
94.00
76.50
107.00
80.00
69.00
61.50

r*lao
place A ^
M&nuf 3 rtnri* g
n
..........
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------

183
102
81

85.50
89.00
81.00

Clerks, file, cistss B^
.■_ i _______
__
Manufacturing .— -— ------------------------------------.—
jocslo

See footn otes at end o f table.




969
N'’'T T l1
lT IrH lfaf,^ r,g
lir'
_ _
ntiliti ag ^
Wholesale trade -------------------------------------------Retail trade _______ _________ ____ _________
Comptometer operators _
Ma nnfartnring
__

_________ __ _____
__________ _
__ __

nHlitiAG ^
112.50
Wholesale trade __ — __ — ------ ----------- —
123.00
F1T~
Retail trade ------------------------------------------------97.00
459
73
113.00
96.50 |Duplicating-machine operators
153
84.50
70
(Mimeograph or Ditto) __________________________
_ ____________ ____ ___________
_
Manufacturing
91.00
110

604
----- W T~
443
94
201

66.00
82.50
59.50
62.50
59.00

—
Keypunch operators, class A 4 _____ __________ —
_ _____________ __-_____ -____
Manufacturing _
_ ____ _ _____ __
_
Nonmamif act 11 ring
_
■PllHlic utilities^

307
68
62
73
427
154
273
31
72
120

$57.00
54.00
53.50

A
verage
w ly j
eek
earn gs
in
(S dard)
tan

Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___ ________ _________ ________
Public utilities3 ______ _______ — ________
Wholesale trade _____________________________
Rctsiil trstds
__
Finance ^
___________________ ■ ■ ■ -.r»_
■ ■ .■

3,307
1, 814
1,493
241
329
96
507

$96.50
102.50
89.00
105.50
88.50
79.50
86.50

2, 795
T 7 5 IF "
1, 173
339
270
56
322

81.00
88.03
71.50
83.50
69.00
70.50
68.00

738
398“
340
114
109
67

9 0 .0 0

Switchboard operators ----- ----------------------------------Mamifa rfuring
_______
Nonmanufacturing ______________ __________ —
Public utilities3 -------------------------------------------Retail trade _________________ ____ ________
Finance2 ____________________________________

533
198
335
77
58
73

77.00
85.00
72.00
85.50
61.00
72.50

Switchboard operator-receptionists -----------------------Manufacturing
________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
Wholesale trade _____________________________

373
172
201
105

76.00
78.50
73.50
74.00

Tabulating-machine operators, class A ----------------Manufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
Public utilities 3 ____________________________

274
209
65
31

112.50
115.50
103.00
110.50

61.50
65.50 Tabulating-machine operators, class B ___________
_
58.00 | Manufacturing _ _____________________________
67.00
60.50
Public utilities3 _ ---------------- — ------ -------55.50
Finance2 ---------------------------------------------------- -

446
254
192
54
76

96.00
103.00
87.00
97.00
83.00

109
74
474
229
245
113

81.50
88.50
75.50
78.50

600
265
335
73
55
107

____

93.50
105753“
77.00
87.50
67.50 Stenographers, general4 ---------------------------------------Manufacturing __________________ __________ —
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
96.00
Public utilities3 ----- ----------- ---------------------101.00
Wholesale trade ---------------- -------------------------85.00
Retail trade ------ -------------- -------- ------------------103.50
Finance2 -__________ _______ ________— —
93.00
80.00
Stenographers, senior4 ----------------------------------------79.00
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------87.00
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
74.50
Public utilities 3 __________ _____ _______-_—
Wholesale trade __________ — --------------------93.00
72.50
Finance2 _____________________________ _____
75.00

71.00
75.00

698
Keypunch operators, class B 4 -----------------------------“ TH—
Manufacturing
_
____ _______
327
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------Public utilities^
____
______ _
_
66
92
Wholesale trade ______
136
Finance^ _
- ________ ..
Office boys and g i r l s ________ ____ ________ _
_ ____ ___ ____ __ _______ ___
Manufacturing _
N IIT ^fii^fflrl’nri'ng
^T l
Public utilities ^ __
_______ __________ _
Wholesale t r a d e _________________________ ___
Finance2 ___________________________________

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Office occupations— Continued

153
53“
100
60

.... -

Occupation and industry division

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations

Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------

A
verage
w
eekly x
earn gs
in
(Standard)

76.00
85.00
66.00
74.00
64.50
63.00

94.00
85.50
88.00
91.00
72.00

10
Table A-3. O ffice , Professional, and Techn ical Occupations-M en and Women Combined— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1962)

Occupation and industry division

Office occupations— Continued
Tabulating-machine operators, class C _________
Nonmanufacturing _____ _____
Pinanrp^

____ __ ____ _

Transcribing-machine operators, g e n e ra l----------Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Wholesale t r a d e ___________________________
TypicfcJ rlacc A
Manufacturing
__ __ __ — — — _ — — — _
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Public utilities ^ ■ ■ ■ L
■ ■ --■ l_
, .......
........„
Finfl-nrA ^

1
2
3
4

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

A
verage
w
eekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of

w ly j
eek
earn gs
in
(S dard)
tan

Occupation and industry division

1, 544
600
944
34
252
99
377

$66.50 Draftsmen, senior ________________________________
75.50
Ma-nitfartnriug
- _____
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
60.50
Public utilities3 ____ _____ ___ - __-_______
69.00
64.50
64.00
57.00 Draftsmen, junior _________________________________
Manufacturing ------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _____ __ ------- ------- -----------Public utilities3 ------------------- ----------------------

1, 562 $ 138.00
1,318" 141.00
244
121.50
128.00
47
105.00
108.50
94.50
102.50

Nurses, industrial (registered) -----------------------------Manufacturing ___ __ __ ______ — ----------------477
440

786
595"
190
54
328
299

105.00
105.50

166.00 Tracers _________ ________ ___ — - — - — No nmanufactur ing --- ----------- __ __ -------------- 167.00

159
144

71.50
71.50

Earnings are for a regular workweek for which employees receive their straight-time weekly salaries, exclusive of any premium pay.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Description for this job has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




A
verage
w
eekly ,
earn gs
in
(Standard)

Professional and technical occupations—
Continued

Office occupations— Continued
$74.00 Typists, class B _ _ _ _ _ - -------------------- _ — 227
_ L
_
i
l
_,
-----59----- ~90.0'0~1I Manufacturing
168
68.50
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Public utilities1
3
2
4
, , _____
i
m
:
.
75.00
53
Wholesale trade __ __ __ __ ____ __ _______
Retail trade --- ---------------- ------- — — — —
341
69.50
Finance ^
........ .. ,
76.50
76
67.50
265
120
72.00
Professional and technical occupations
683
78.50
321
82.00
362
75.50
72
90.00 Draftsmen, leader _____ _______________ __________
Ma mifartfn ri ng
62.50
205

N ber
um
of

11
Table A -4. M aintenance and Pow erplant O ccupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, P a ., January 1962)
N U M B ER OF W O RK ER S R E C E IV IN G ST R A IG H T-TIM E H OURLY E A RN ING S OF—

Occupation and industry division

Carpenters, maintenance _______ _____
Manufacturing ______________________
___________
Nonmanufacturing --------—
Public utilities 2 ________________

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly ,
earnings

884
681
203
95

$3. 11
3.09
3. 15
2.66

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$ , $
$
1.80 1.90 2.00 2. 10 $2.20 2.30 2.40 2. 50 * 2 . 6 0 $
2.70 2.80 $
2.90 3. 00 $ 10 3.20 3.30 3.40 S . 50 3.60 3.70 3. 80 3. 90 4. 00 4. 10 4. 20 4. 30
3.
and
and
under
J..20 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2. 50 2t 60 2,70 2,80 2,90 3.00 3 , 1 0 3.20 3 . 3 0 3.40 3^50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3. 90 4. 00 4 in 4 2 0 4 ™
$

-

-

*

■

•

5
5
■

5
5
-

.
-

.
-

-

7
7
-

-

_

5
4
1
_

.
_

Electricians, m aintenance____________
Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing _____ _ _______
Public utilities 2 ________________

2. 197
1, 824
373
306

3.17
3.22
2.93
2.86

Engineers, stationary __ _______
Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________
Public utilities 2 ________________
Retail trade _____
___
_____

753
542
211
46
55
59

2.99
3.03
2.88
2.78
3.35

Firemen, stationary boiler ____________
Manufacturing ____________ _________
____ _ ____
Nonmanufacturing __

479
428
51

2.80
2.83
2.49

6
2
4

~

Helpers, maintenance trades —
________
Manufacturing ____________ _________

2, 218
1,917

2.77
2.83

4 16
12

Machine-tool operators,
toolroom ____ _ _____________ ____
Manufacturing ____________ __ ___

804
803

3.27
3.27

Machinists, maintenance _____ .. . _____
Manufacturing ____________ ______ .
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------

2.004
1,906
98

Mechanics, automotive
(maintenanc e) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Manufacturing ____________ _________
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------Public utilities2 — __________ —

2

4
4
‘

5
5
-

105
46
59
57

39
15
24
22

38
32
6
•

50
49
1

3
3
-

13
11
2

46
46
-

73
68
5

149
44
105
105

153
35
118
113

46
15
31
_

19
18
1
1
-

23
22
1
1

23
14
9
3
1
1

19
14
5
5
_

3

83

64
46
18
4

308
294
14
-

21
19
2

58
49
9
3

151
138
13
5

66
59
6
4

77
35
42
14
6
22

98
76
22
12
1

81
56
25
11
1
13

1

14
10
4
4

60
47
13
6

35
35
-

_

15
15
_

1
_
1

_
_

12
2
10

56
56
_

38
_
38

5
_
5

4
_
4

465
421
44
27

390
387
3
-

128
119
9
7

207
199
8
8

77
43
34
34

22
18
4

17
17
-

55
50
5

_
_

68
68
_

45
42
3

2
_
2

3
_
3

9°
65
25

54
50
4

102
82
20

27
25
2

20
14
6

17
11
6

20
15
5

4
4
-

5
4
1

18
18
_

1
_
1

_
_

4
_
4

_
_

19

-

20

2

6

6

5

_

1

_

1

_

4

_

30
28
2

10
8
2

8
8
“

-

2
2

20
20

-

18
18
-

“

-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.

_
-

236
236

80
80

-

-

-

1

~

14
14

13
13
■

36
36
■

4?
40
9

26
22
4

53
48
5

52
46
6

16
14
2

126
125

12
12

13
9

52
52

270
68

292

245

616
608

119
90

152
152

128
126

22
18

109
109

100
99

!
1

_

*

.
-

_
-

_
-

4
4

-

11
11

34
34

40
40

68
68

106
106

52
51

134
134

38
38

217
217

50
50

8
8

2
2

-

24
24

8
8

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

8
8

3.23
3.25
2.91

.

-

.

-

-

28
28

62
6
56

193
193
■

28
21
7

108
106
2

J56
156
~

148
142
6

774
762
12

105
103
2

154
152
2

48
37
11

6
6

6
6

80
80

98
98

_

_

10
10

_

755
349
406
295

3.08
3.26
2.93
2.93

_
_
-

_
-

_
.
-

_
“

2
2
-

14
7
7
"

_
-

21
9
12
12

67
7
60
53

43
15
28
7

93
20
73
45

54
34
20
12

171
23
148
129

91
62
29
28

46
46
-

61
61
■

2
1
1
“

8
8
-

17
17
9

26
26
"

1
_
1
-

_
_
_
-

_
-

Mechanics, maintenance _____ ________
Manufacturing ___________ ___ ____
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------

2. 679
2, 626
53

3.10
3. 10
3.20

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
-

109
109
-

70
69
1

65
63
2

74
74
■

85
74
11

146
144
2

379
375
4

159
157
2

845
834
11

77
77
■

65
57
8

354
354
-

98
98
“

56
54
2

4
2
2

57
54
3

2

Millwrights ______________ _ ___ __
Manufacturing _______ ______ ____

1. 158
1, 158

3.32
3.32

4
4

55
55

112
112

2
2

38
38

12
12

47
47

32
32

259
259

173
173

72
72

15
15

3
3

82
82

34
34

22
22

See footn otes at end o f table.




.

1

-

2
-

_
_

2
2
-

_

_
_

9
6
3
196
196

-

38
38
_
-

_

-

_
.

_
16
16
-

12
T able A -4. M aintenance and Pow erplant O ccupations—Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1962)
N U M BER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E H OURLY E A RN IN G S OF—

Occupation and industry division

Manufacturing _____________________

Number

of

workers

618
568

Average
hourly j
earnings

$2.73
2.74

$
$
$
S
$
S
$
1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40
and
under
1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50

-

"

22
22

-

20
20

Painters, maintenance _______________
Manufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------Public utilities13 -----------------------24

410
325
85
32

2.94
2.95
2.89
2.99

-

-

~

4
3
1
■

6
6
-

Pipefitters, maintenance -------------------Manufacturing _____________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________

1, 311
1, 255
56

3.04
3.04
3.00

-

-

-

2
2

13
13

Plumbers, maintenance --------------------Manufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
Public utilities 2 ------------------------

104
46
58
36

2.98
3.22
2.79
2.71

Sheet-metal workers, maintenance ---Manufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufac tur ing __________ — -----------O n l^ i i m I t i l i f 1o c
x a i d l { c ulf 111t i e s ^

194
151
43
37

3.13
3.21
2.87
2.84

Tool and die makers — -------------------------------Manufacturing _______________________________

1. 073
1, 013

31
31
5
3
2

-

83
70

1
2
3
4

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

-

-

2.60

2.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.10

156
151

56
56

89
57

52
52

25
25

10
10

s

2.80

$
5
2.90 3.00

S

3.10
3.20

-

$
$
3.20 3.30
3.30

-

3.40

-

$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30
and
3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 over

S

3.40

-

*

28
28

46
46

“

~

~

■

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

12
9
3
2

27
19
8
6

4
4
-

59
46
13
“

30
19
11
2

151
140
11
4

29
24
5
1

13
6
7
7

21
17
4
4

9
3
6
6

4
4

5
4
1

28
28
-

1
1

2
2

75
75

90
90

17
2
15

70
69

41
41

92
81
11

596
581
15

56
53
3

54
54
~

38
33
5

41
39
2

8
4
4

64
64

.
-

54
54

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

11
8
3

32
32
32

7
4
3

4
4
■

1
1

15
13
2

9
2
7

_
-

.
-

2
2

_
-

10
10

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

"

1

3
1
2
1

7
6
1

“

2
2
2

24

5
5

8
5

40
39
1
1

7
7

2
2

1
1

11
11

.

4
4

.

.

_

-

-

-

3

27
26
1
1

9
9

-

11
10
1

9

24
24

28
24
4

9
8

65

28
28

6

70
69

138
138

43
43

192
192

1
1

322
322

90
90

37
37

3
3

1
1

~

2
2

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes 7 workers at $ 1.60 to $ 1.70.




$ , $
2.60 2.70

.
-

3.30
3.34

-

2.50

-

-

6
6

8
8

-

6

1

3

6

-

66
66

-

3
3

13
T ab le A -5. C ustodial and M a te ria l M ovem ent O ccupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1962)
N UM BER OF WORKERS RE CE IVIN G ST R A IG H T-TIM E H OUR LY EA RN IN G S OF—

Occupation1 and industry division

Number

of

workers

Elevator operators, passenger
( m e n ) ________________________________

186

Average
hourly
earnings

$

1 .9 3

171

Guards _
.
.. . . .
Manufacturing .. . . .
_.
. .
Nonmanufacturing_________________
Public utilities 3 __________ ______
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
(men) . _____ . . . .
.. ____
Manufacturing .. .---- ------------- --------.. .
Nonmanufacturing________ __________
Retail trade

.

.

.

1.88

132

1 .7 1

93

Elevator operators, passenger
(women) —
Nonmanufacturing__________________

1.66

__1, 4 8 7
1, 34 6
141
63

Janitors, porters, and cleaners
(w o m e n )___ ___ __ ___
__________
M am i f ar t,i r i ng
Nftnmannfartiiring
■PiiHlir utilities ^
Retail t r a d e ________ ____________
Finanrp®
Laborers, material handling ________ _
M anufacturing_____________________
Nonmanufacturing__________________
Public utilities 3 ________________
Wholesale trade _________ ___ ___
Retail t r a d e _______ ____________
Order fillers __________ ____
____
__ __ _ __ ..
Manufacturing .. . .
Nonmanufacturing ____
_
___
Wholesale trade _
_ __
__ ._
Retail trade . ___ -__ __ . __
Packers, shipping (men) _. __ _ ___ _
Manufacturing . . . . __
__ . _.
Nonmanufacturing__ ___ ..
Wholesale trade ___ _____ ______
Retail trade _____________________
Packers, shipping (women) ____ ______
Receiving clerks
M anufacturing___ ____ _ .. ___ _
Nonmanufacturing _____ ____________
Wholesale trade ________________
Retail trade
._
_
Shipping clerks ---------------------------- ------Manuf actur i n g ________ _______ ______
_

------

_

See footn otes at end o f table.




-

8
8

-

2 .5 9
2760~

3

13

3

2 .4 7
2 .6 7

-

9
4

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

1 .8 0

1 ,9 0

2 .0 0

2 ,1 0

20
20

-

14
14

-

52
52

76
76

26
26

10
10

34

45

34

6

5
5

_
-

10
8
2

17

6

60

_
-

2 .0 5

274

113

2 .2 3

7

20

5

-

257
48

1 .8 1
2 .1 7
1 .7 6

4267

67

144

209

4

93
4

6

L6

11

16

1 .6 1
1 .9 2

96

27

10
2

1
10
2

155

23

36

1 .6 1
2 .0 4

6405
400

129

1 .4 9
1 .7 0

132

1 .4 0

51

6

72

144

25

170
5

549
60

24

25
7

165

4

14
75

489
75
4

20

9

57

4

20
2
2

1 .6 0

4, 719
2, 877
1, 8 4 2

2 .3 8

73
7

-

43
30

56

2 .3 9
2 .3 6

20

12

66

4

13

36

49

488

2 .5 9
2 .3 0

_

-

_
-

2 .3 6

29

4

4

2 .5 7

4

2 .3 6

-

_
_
_

_
-

897
466
431

2 .6 8

1, 39 3
1, 2 1 8
175

2 .1 4
2 .1 4

108
67

2 .2 5

703

1 .7 3

_

439
247
192
82

2 .5 5

6

95
446
308
138
81

2 .1 5

2 .0 0

2 .5 2
2 .6 2
2 .6 9
2 .6 9

2 .6 8
2 .4 6

4
4

-

-

36

-

.
_
-

6

_
-

61

-

-

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

10
2
8

1

8

-

9

6

157
73
84

8
21
10

58

2

$

$

S

$

$

$

s

$

$

s

$

s

S

$

$

$

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

2 .4 0

2J50

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3. 8 0

and
over

8

162

_

7

157

1

156

-

_

_

1

4
4

_
_
_
-

_
_
_

1

1
1

-

_
-

1

_

_

_

5

1

1
1

_

_

_

5

1

_

_

_

_

5

1

49

80

12
68

2
2

15

49

46
43

158
153

153

127

396

146

5

2

36

121
6
6

159
136

16

109
44

390

3

6
6

23
5

1
1

384
334

189
151

28

4

_

2

38
34
4

19
9

-

8

2
2
2

2
1

1

_

_

1

334

60
36
24

379
241

24

24

522

141

300

1311

102

87
54
4

178

122

1218
93

51

78

50
48

16

2

12

2

11

4

1

2
2

2
2

_

_

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.
_
_
_
_
-

30

8

18

26

8

_
-

_
_

3

420
70
LI

2
339

19

10

-

10

-

-

-

-

1

16
16

23

4

65

91

26

2
21

47
18

89

26

24
24

4

2

10

109
77
32

618
453

518
234

481
345

596
568

107

165

284

28

227
218

164

79
205

136
16

_

23

162
115

585
274

47

311

_
_

_

357
259
98
48

2
2

_

8

41

24

45

9

26
24

15

83

75

195

16

100

_

23
18
5

_
30
30

667

10

_

300

9

-

-

40

39

44
24

6
6

1
1

86

20

82

19

34
32

4

1

2

76
72

71

4

2
2

59
46
13

26

4
4

_

4

.

-

170
43

125

127
92
35

217
45

22

59
57

1

61

2

95
55
40

711

114

63

33

701

60
54

12

10

51

8

4

49

7
26
24

2

50

2

2

_

25

_

7

11
10
1

33
5

37
34

28

3

23
5

_
_
_
_

31
5

10

3

26

10
6

-

_

_

-

26

4

1

9

7

10
4
6
4

30
23

1
8

7
6

7
4

12

12
10

120

12
12
2

262

83

3

_
-

1

_
_
_
-

5
4

3

-

4

1

51
35

8

6

10

10

2

6

-

_
_

10

6

2 .5 8
2 .5 2

2 .4 6
2 .9 2

2 .2 0

$

407

5

493

1, 371
474

2 .1 0

1

661
312
108

959
343

$

4
4

1,

1, 4 5 7
313
1, 144

$

1 .8 0

3 ,9 0 5
2, 244

449

Wholesale trade

8
8

$

5
* 1 .7 0

321

.

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

$
$
$
- Under 1 . 4 0 1 . 5 0 1 . 6 0
6$
and
under
1 .4 0
_ULflL - .L . 6,0 1 . 7 0

9
36
128
124
4

_

62

69

_

_

6

138
114

_

_
_
_
_

_

_

26

_
_
-

_

_
_

68

_
_
_
_
-

72

_

72
72

_

_

_
_
_

_

_

10
10

2
2

66
66

1

1

14

1
1

_
_
_
_
_
-

65

16

65

16

_

_

18

65

16

26

8

23

173

39

12

9

12
11

173

39

12

9

11

173

39

12

9

1

2
2

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

_

_

_

2
2

9

_

_
_

_
1

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

13

_

48
34
14

59
40

15

47
15

19

4

10

13

19

3

49
34
15
14

11

47
47

_
_

_
-

_
_

_
_

_

9

_
_
_

1

_
4

8

_

_

1

25

4

8

1

25

_

4

3

51
34

25

46

23

38

12

17
16

2

8
8

8

2

38
26

8

4

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_

_

2
2

_

85
74

11
11

15
15

_

7
7

5
5

_ _

15
15

_

4
3
1

_

_

8

_
1

3
1
2

4
2
2

21
1
20

_
_

_
_
_

25

7

_

7

2
2

_

14
T ab le A -5. C u sto d ial and M aterial M ovem ent O ccupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa. , January 1962)
N UM BER OF WORKERS R E CEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E H OU R LY E A RN IN G S OF—
Number
of
workers

Average
hourly ,
earnings

Shipping and receiving clerks ______________
Manufacturing __________ ____________ _____
Nonmanufacturing _____ — ----------------------------Public utilities 2 _________________
3
1
4
Wholesale trade __ ____ — — Retail trade ____ ______ _ ------

289
83
206
75
62
67

$2. 59
2. 58
2.60
2.46
2. 58
2.76

Truckdrivers 78________________________
Manufacturing _____________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
Public utilities3 __ —
______
Wholesale trade __ Retail trade
__ __ __ __

4,484
1,572
2,912
1,535
716
620

Truckdrivers, light (under
lV 2 tons) ____ __
_ _ „ ___
_
Manufacturing
„ ___ __ ___
Nonmanufacturing ______________

Occupation

1

and industry division

$
$
$
s
s
$
$
s
$
$ , $
$
$
§
$
$
S
S
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
Under 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2.40 2. 50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2. 90 3.00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3.40 3. 50 3.60 3.70 3.80
and
and
$
1.40 under
1. 50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2.40 2. 50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2. 90 3.00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3.40 3. 50 3.60 3.70 3.80 Q Y § r

37
12
25
5
10
10

8
7
1
1
-

14

1

_

_

_

_

_

6

14

2

14
14

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

6

14

2

6

14

2

166 1283
101 366
65 917
65 570
130
" 187

834
364
470
400
67
3

244
103
141
140
“

51
18
33
1
32
-

16
16
14
2

108
12
96
96
-

160
113
47
47

471
291
180
66
114

116
116
72
44

112
112
112

2
2
2

5
5
5

190
120
70

23
22
1

32
32

16
16

12
12
-

20
20
-

288
288
-

-

1
1

-

3
3

67
3

-

32
"

14
2

-

-

-

~

1

"

3

143
137
6
2

442
42
400
400

15
15
"

"

■

"

41
41
“

183
3
180
66

116
116
72

111
Ill
“

2
2
-

2
2
"

4
4

68
66
34
32
2
2
-

19
18

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

408
405
3
"

129
67
218
218
“

18
18
-

4
4
-

8
8
-

28
28
-

10
10

12
12

28
28

26
24
2

4
4

-

•

10

12

28

2

4

19
18

78
78

315
315

8
8

19
19

10

7
4

6
6

20
20

47
44
3
-

17

12

“

14

16
14
2

53
5
48
40
4
4

8
8
-

42
34
8
3
4
"

100
12
88
72
16

222
79
143
12
131
-

511
62
449
273
102
72

1

-

5

"

5

4
3
1

35
17
18

22
5
17

■

187
32
155

189
189

1

6

27
8
19
8
11

15
8
7 — r
8

35
32
3
3

18
18
2

-

16

164
39
125
6
119
-

392
4
388
266
50
72

96
61
35
35
“

775
89
686
514
106
36

54
14
40

2

5
4
1
1
18
18

176
150
26
6
-

16
16
122
121
1
-

75
75

-

-

-

-

2

-

5
5
-

-

-

2

-

6

9
2
7

2

-

-

-

2

-

2
4

2.87
2.91
2.85
2.78
2.80
3. 11

_
-

_
-

_
-

7
7
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

"

450
246
204

2.75
2.82
2.66

"

-

-

7

-

"

-

7

*

-

2,096
702
1,394
826
388
149

2.79
3.02
2. 68
2.69
2.68
2. 57

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

1,114
215
899
541

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than trailer ty p e)____________
Manufacturing __________________
Truckers, power (forklift)
_____ _
Manufacturing ________
__ ____ Nonmanufacturing ___ ___
Public utilities 3 _______ ___
Retail trade ____________________

296
225
1,864
1,698
166
72
58

2.77
2. 75

Truckers, power (other than
forklift) ________
___ _ __ __ __ _
Manufacturing ---- -------- ------ — Watchmen _ ____________ __ — — __ _
Manufacturing ---- __ ------ __ — _
Nonmanufacturing _________________
Wholesale trade _ __ __ __ __ _
_
Finance 5 6_ __ __
_
______ —

13

16

-

-

3.08
2. 77
3. 16
2. 99

Truckdrivers, medium (lVz to and
including 4 tons) __
_ ----M anufacturing____________ ______
Nonmanufacturing ________
__ _
Public utilities 3 __________ _
Wholesale trade ______________
Retail trade ____
__ __
Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
trailer type) ___________ _____
_____ ___
___
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ______________
Public utilities3 ______________

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

2

-

-

7

13
12
1

8
8
-

18
9
9
1

-

8

8

-

-

!

2. 59
2. 55
3.02
2.81
3. 55

_
"

_
-

-

_
"

11
10
1
1

"
-

1, 104
1,023

2.83
2.85

-

"

-

-

-

474
267
207
62
73

1.90
1.99
1.78
1.70
1.68

8 106
36
70
24
32

91
68
23
“

U
-

26
20

_

9

3

-

“

“

“

1
1

6

8

"
-

2
2
72
72
-

-

39
39

12
12

9
9
4
4

7
7

49
12
37
37

6

■

-

120
120
-

2
2
163
159
4
"

18
16
18 ~ r r
5
2

3
~

48
39
9
-

9
9
193
192
1
1
111
44

32
22

10
8

-

23
23

-

14
1
12
1

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Workers were distributed as follows: 32 at $ 1 to $ 1. 10; 14 at $ 1. 10 to $ 1. 20; 68 at $ 1. 20 to $ 1. 30; 153 at $ 1. 30 to $ 1.40.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Workers were distributed as follows: 16 at $ 1 to $ 1. 10; 34 at $ 1. 10 to $ 1. 20; 300 at $ 1. 20 to $ 1. 30; 55 at $ 1. 30 to $ 1.40.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.
Workers were distributed as follows: 8 at $ 1 to $ 1. 10; 40 at $ 1. 10 to $ 1. 20; 22 at $ 1. 20 to $ 1. 30; 36 at $ 1. 30 to $ 1.40.




60
44
16
7
6
1

209
137
72
64

8

-

4
-

“

“

”

”

198
198

12
12

8
8

44

8

44

89
81

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

-

4

8

4
-

10
10
-

-

6

"

1
1

'

"

"

"

Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)

Since the Bureau’ s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’ s bulletin.

instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

15




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C lass A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)—
Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— s e s a bookkeeping
U
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

17

18

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C lass B —
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C lass A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
C lass B —Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­

ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

C lass C —
Performs routine filing of material that has already

been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the follo w in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

19

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la ss A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la ss 6 —
Under close supervision or following specific proce­

dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued

making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

20

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C-Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C lass A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D oes not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C lass B —
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the follow in g: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B—
Performs one or more o f the follow in g: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

21

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts*
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep*
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the follow in g: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees9 injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter9 handtools, portable
s

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter required rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




22

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance elctricians requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or c h ie f engineers in esta b lish •

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

ments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow in g: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

23

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m ost o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow in g: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates* with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in v o lv es the follow in g: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty .or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

24

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating sy ste m s are exclu ded .

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the follow in g: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate-




men who are stationed at gate and ch eck on identity o f e m p lo yees and
other persons entering .

25

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may in volve one or more o f
the follow ing: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P ackers who also make
wooden b oxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
ping work in v o lv e s:

Ship-

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work in v o lv e s:

May

R eceivin g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers9 orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R eceivin g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receivin g clerk

26

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and over-the-road drivers
are excluded .

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s i z e s liste d separately)
Truckdriver, light (under iy2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1l2 to and including 4 tons)
/
Truckdriver, h eavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

U .s.

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1962 0 — 632858


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102