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Occupational Wage Survey
NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT

JANUARY 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-34




U N IT E D S T A T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F LA B O R
Arthur J. G o ld b e r g , S e c re ta ry
B U R EA U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
Ew an C la g u e , Com m issioner




Occupational Wage Survey
NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT




JANUARY 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-34
March 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage surveys in 82 labor markets.
The
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits.
A preliminary report furnishing
trend data and average earnings is released within a month
of the completion of each study.
This bulletin provides
additional data not included in the preliminary report.

In trod u ction ___________________________________________________________________
W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p s ____________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

Two bulletins, bringing together the results of all
of the area surveys, are issued after completion of the
final area bulletin in the current round of surveys.
The
first of these bulletins will be available late in 1962 and
the other early in 1963.
During the survey year, summary
releases presenting areawide occupational earnings data
for 25 to 30 labor markets, are issued as data become
available.

A:

This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau's r e ­
gional office in Boston, Mass. , by Leo Epstein, under the
direction of Paul V. Mulkern, Assistant Regional Director
for Wages and Industrial Relations.

B:




1
4

E sta b lish m en ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f su r v e y ______________
P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and
s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d
o c cu p a tio n a l grou p s _________________________________________________

3

3

O ccu p a tion a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1.
O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s— e n and w om en ________________________
m
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s — e n
m
and w om en __________________________________________________
A - 3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s— en
m
and w om en c o m b in e d ________________________________________
A -4 .
M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c cu p a tio n s ___________________
A - 5.
C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o ccu p a tio n s ____________

8
9
10

E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :*
B -l.
Shift d iffe r e n tia ls _____________________________________________
B -2 .
M inim u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s _
_
B -3 .
S ch edu led w e e k ly h ou rs ______________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h olid a y s __________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a ca tio n s ________________________________________________
B -6 .
H ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n plans ______________________

12
13
14
15
16
18

3
7

A p p en d ixes:
A.
B.

C hanges in o ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s ______________________________
O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip tio n s ___________________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available in previous area
reports for New Haven and for other major areas. A
directory indicating the areas, dates of study, and prices
of these reports is available upon request.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels,
are also available for the following trades or industries:
Building construction, printing, local-transit operating em­
ployees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

iii

19
21




Occupational Wage Survey— New Haven, Conn.
Introduction
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have, been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U.S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics has conducted sur­
veys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an area­
wide basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of
Bureau field economists to representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica­
tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry groups
excluded from these studies are government operations and the con­
struction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because they
tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
basis.
Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range.
Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
pe rformed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re ­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job.
(See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data
are presented (in the A -se rie s tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to
office and plant workers.
The concept "office w o rk ers," as used
in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes admin­
istrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant workers" in­
clude working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Administrative,
executive, and professional employees, and forcb-account construction
employees who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufacturing indus­
tries, but are included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but co st-o fliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is




1

2

Shift differential data (table B - 1) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy,1 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification "other" was used. In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance salaries (table B -2 ) relate only to the
establishments visited.
They are presented in terms of establish­
ments with formal minimum salary policies.
The scheduled hours (table B -3) of a majority of the fir stshift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B -4 through
B -6 ) are treated statistically on the basis that these are applicable
to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers are eli­
gible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums of
individual items in tables B -3 through B -6 may not equal totals be­
cause of rounding.
The first part of the paid holidays table (table B -4) presents
the number of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second
part combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B -5 ) is limited to for­
mal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off with
pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate estimates
are provided according to employer practice in computing vacation
payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or
flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay, pay­
ments not on a time basis were so converted; for example, a payment
of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of
1 week's pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension plans
(table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ­
ployer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's compen­
sation, social' security, and railroad retirement. Such plans include
those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and those pro­
vided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer out of
current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes.
However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulation?
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
were excluded.




3

•Table 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and num ber stu d ie d in N ew H aven, C on n .,

M in im um
em p lo ym e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f study

I n d u s try d iv is io n

A l l d iv is io n s

—-

— —

----- —

-------------------------------

----------— — .
M a n u fa ctu rin g
. — . . .
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g -------_ ------------— — ------T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r
p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5 _____ ___________ __ ___ ________________ _
W h o le s a le tr a d e
__ _ _
- - — ------- _ - —
R e ta il tra d e ______
. _________ __________________________
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te
— __ ---------S e r v ic e s 7 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

b y m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n , 2 Jan uary 1962
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

N u m ber o f e sta b lis h m e n ts

W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin
scope of
study 3

50

244

93

50
50

138
106

50
50
50
50
50

14
21
32
22
17

Studied

Studied
O ffic e

P lan t

T o t a l4

60, 200

11, 400

3 8 ,1 0 0

4 4 ,0 8 0

45
48

3 7 ,7 0 0
22, 500

4 ,0 0 0
7, 400

27, 500
10, 600

2 7 ,4 5 0
16, 630

12
8
10
9
9

1 0 ,1 0 0
1, 700
4, 400
4, 100
2, 200

3, 200
(?)
(?)
(?)
( )

T o ta l4

6

4, 700
(?)
(? )
(? )
(6 )

9 ,9 2 0
750
2, 260
2, 290
1, 410

1 T h e N ew H aven Stan d ard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l
A r e a c o n s is t s o f New H aven C ity; and B r a n fo r d , E a st H aven, G u ilfo rd , H am den, N orth H aven, O ra n g e, W est H aven, and W ood b rid ge
tow n s in N ew H aven C ou nty. T h e " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f study" e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed
in the s u r v e y .
T h e e s t im a t e s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r a r e a e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p loy m en t tren d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f
w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f e sta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in adva nce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu died, and (2) sm all, e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the su rv ey .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u stry d iv is io n .
M a jo r ch an ges fr o m the e a r l ie r ed ition (u sed in
the B u r e a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y s con d u cted p r io r to July 1958) a r e the t r a n s fe r o f m ilk p a s te u r iz a tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e s ta b lis h m e n ts f r o m tra d e (w h o le s a le o r r e ta il)
to m a n u fa ctu rin g , and the t r a n s fe r o f r a d io and t e le v is io n
b r o a d c a s tin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s d iv isio n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at o r above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n ce , auto r e p a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e t h e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 esta b lish m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and o th e r w o r k e r s e x clu d e d fr o m the se p a ra te o f fi c e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a ter tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x clu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A and B ta b le s .
S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data f o r this d iv is io n is not m ade
f o r o n e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it se p a r a te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d es ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it s e p a ­
ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it se p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in divid u al e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




T a b le 2. P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e in stan d ard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r
.se le cte d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in New H aven, C on n ., F e b r u a r y 1961 to Jan u ary 1962,
and F e b r u a r y I960 to F e b r u a r y 1961

O ccu p a tio n a l grou p

F e b r u a r y 1961
to
Jan u ary 1962

F e b r u a r y I960
to
F e b r u a r y 1961

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en ) ___________________
In d u strial n u r s e s (m en and w om en ) _________________
S k ille d m aintenance (m e n ) ___________________________
U n sk ille d plant (m en) ______ „ __
__
__ __

0.7
3.7
2.5
.8

3.4
3.8
4 .4
.8

M an ufacturin g:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m en and w om en ) __________________
In d u strial n u r s e s (m en and w om en ) _______________
S k ille d m aintenance (m e n ) ------------------ --------------------U n sk ille d plant (m en) ___________________________ ___

2.0
3.7
1.9
2.6

3.4
3.3
4.1
2.2

4
Wag* Trends for Soloctod Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B.
The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, atuomotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations.
The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ?
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961.
These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group.
Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series.
The expansion of the labor market wage survey program in 1961 made
data available in 82 areas for the computation of wage trends for selected job
groupings.
Sixty-one areas were surveyed in I960; prior to I960, coverage was
limited to 20 areas.
Therefore, it was decided to compute a new trend series in
which 1961 will be the base year since this is the first year in which data were
collected in all 82 areas.
The percents of change shown in table 2 are not comparable with similar
data shown for this area in last year's Bulletin 1285-46.
The new series intro­
duces changes in the job groupings for which trends are shown and changes in
jobs included in the computations.

A: Occupational Earnings

5

Ta b le A-1. O ffic e O ccu p atio ns-M en an d W om en
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a sis
by industry division , New Haven, Conn., January 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F-

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

W
eekly,
hours
(Standard)

S
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
S
S
W
eekly x 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 9 0 . 0 0 95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
earnings
and
(Standard) under
and
45.00 50.00 55.00 6 0 . 0 0 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over

Men
_

_

"

-

1 0 0 .0 0

_

_
_

C le rk s , accounting, c la s s A ----------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------

124
25

39.5
40.0

$ 106.50
108.50

C le rk s , accounting, c la s s B -----------------

53

39.5

C lerk s, o rd e r ___________________________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------

107.00

42

40.0
40.0

.

1 1 2 .0 0

"

-

O ffice boys ______________________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------N onm anufacturing ___________________

81
32
49

38.5
40.0
38.0

61.50
52.50
67.50

_
-

11

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
cla s s A _________________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

45
31

38.5
38.0

106.50
110.50

-

Tabulating -m ach ine ope rator s ,
c la s s B _________________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

50
42

38.5
38.0

9 1 .0 0

92.50

-

68

14
3

_

_

4

_

1

_

1

-

-

2

-

1

-

1

.

_

_

4

1

_

2

_

_

.

!

2

-

-

1

-

2
1

1

-

12

___ 1 8 ,
15
3

-

-

_
“

1

12
1
11

7
3
4

1
1

11

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

4
3

5
3

-

1
11

_

8
2

14

55

28

1

1

6

1

1

2
2

1

2

1

1

3
3

-

1
1

6

9

11

12

1

1

4

2

_

_

_

_

3

12

1

6
6

4
-

4

8

7
3

6

1

-

5
5

9
7

5
5

-

1
1

2

3
~ |
3

1

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

4
-

7
5

5
4

5
5

5
5

1
1

5
5

25
25

3

-

-

-

2

-

-

11

2

1

6

-

3

2

6

-

4

4
1

1

-

_

2

“

_
- |

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

3
3

2
2

-

2

2

-

1

2
2

-

-

!
|
----------

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

1

I

W om en
31

39.5

73.00

1

1

2

4

6

2

1

3

_

2

5

4

31
26

38.0
37.5

68.50
70.00

-

-

5
4

1

4
3

4
3

3
3

8

3
3

3
3

-

-

_

_

-

-

7

B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A _________________________________

38

37.0

74.00

-

-

2

4

2

3

8

10

3

1

3

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

B ook keeping-m a ch ine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B _________________________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------N onm anufacturing ------------------------------

127
50
77

38.0
40.0
37.0

59.50
63.50
57.00

-

19

12

13

9

11

10

6

6

8

3

3

5

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

C le rk s , accounting, c la s s A ___________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

218

9 2 .0 0

-

-

4
4
-

-

6
6

15
9

32
5
27

5
3

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

14
9
5

_
_
_
_

6

2

_
_
.
-

_
_
_
_

152

39.5
40.0
39.0

4
4
37
15

1

3
9

4

17

44
14
30

12

-

C le rk s , accounting, c la s s B ___________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ------------------------------

171
58
113

39.0
40.0
38.5

72.00
79.00
68.50

6
6

7

26

14
5
9

1

2
2

5

32
3
29

_

-

16
_
16

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) ____
B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) _______________________________

66

82.50
96.50

C le rk s , file , c la s s B 2 __________________
Nonma nn far tn ring

60

42

38.0
37.0

61.00
61.50

C lerk s, file , c la s s C 2 __________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

126
107

38.0
38.0

55.00
54.00

C lerk s, o r d e r ___________________________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------

57
36

39.5
39.5

75.50
81.00

C lerk s, p a y roll
_
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
P ublic u tilities 3 ___________________

166

39.5
39.5
38.0
38.5

76.50
76.00
76.50
82.00

See footn otes at end o f table.




119
47
29

_
_

2

2

4
3

7
5

12

14
13

5

16

17

1

3
3

6

2

8

12

6

~

5

5

8

4
3

10

1

6
2

30
26
4

19
14
5
3

11

7
7

52
46

11
11

3
-

2

-

_

_

-

-

_

2
1

13

1

17
4
13

25
1

2

24

48

10
6

6
2

1

_

2
2

5
_

4
_

4

1

-

1

4
4

2
1

16

8

22

5

24

11

13

12

6

“
8

12

5
_

1

_

_
1

_

50

.

_

_
_

_

_

1

_

_

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

_
_
-

_

_

3
3

3
3

_
_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

.
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
_
-

_

_

_

_

12

2
2

3

4
4
■

24

3
23

-

1

20
20

-

4

2

9
l

6

4
26

24
2

"

33
16
17
17

1

13
10

15

1
1

3

1

-

2

-

-

1

3

1

1

1

_

1

_

2
2

1

1

-

_

-

1

1

_

-

6

Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hou rs and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
b y industry d ivision , New Haven, Conn., January 1962)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

$
$
$
Weekly, 40.00 45.00 50.00 *55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 *75.00 *80.00 *85.00 9 0 . 0 0 $95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 *105.00 * 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 *25.00 130.00 135.00 ^40.00 ^45.00
1
earnings1 and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 o v e r

Wom en— Continued
Com ptom eter op era to rs — _ — — _
M anufacturing ---------------------------------No nmanufac tur ing __________________

39.5 $79 .50
99
74.00
------ J 2 ~ " 4 0 ~
82.00
67
39.5

3
3

_
-

4

12

8

11

1

4

-

11

3

8

8

-

Keypunch op era tors, cla s s A 2 -----------M anufacturing ______________________
Nonm anufacturing __________________

103
39.5
— ?U“ ' 4 0 “
63
39.5

80.50
74.00
84.50

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

4
4

11
6

2

8

26

34

44

2

7

8

-

6
20

6

1

28

36

11

32

6

22

4

19

1

3
-

4
3
-

1

10

-

3
7
-

22

-

35
18
17
4

44

46

66

34
32
16

Keypunch op era tors, c la s s B 2 __ — _
M anufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __ ____ __ __ __

192
39
153

38.0
40.0
37.5

67.50
64.00
68.50

_
-

O ffice g ir ls _____________________________
Nonm anufacturing __________________
P u blic utilities 3 _________________

72
49
29

40.0
40.0
40.0

59.00
61.50
62.50

1

i
-

5
-

S ecreta ries _____________________________
M anufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __ __ __ ____ __
P u blic utilities 3 ________ ________

569
332
237
77

39.0
40.0
37.5
39.0

89.50
90.50
88.50
100.50

_
-

_
-

_
-

74.00
75.50
73.50
80.50

_
-

2

14

94

38.5
3^.5
38.0
39.0

Stenographers, s e n io r 2 __ __
M anufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________

129
82
47

39.0
40.0
37.5

79.50
77.50
83.50

Sw itchboard op era tors _________________
Nonm anufacturing __________________

82

38.5
38.0

37
41

Stenographers, g e n e r a l 2 __ __ ________
M anufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________
P u blic utilities 3 _________________

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ---M anufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________
Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s B ____ ______ _____ ____ ________
T ran scribin g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs ,
general ____________ __ _____— — ~
M anufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________
T yp ists, c la s s A ------ ------------ __
_
M anufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________
T yp ists, c la s s B _ ------- __ — — — _
M anufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing — __ __ __ __ __
P u blic utilities 3 _________________

326
— u r~
202

66

89
$2

135
68

67
266
— t t t
129
418
177
241
60

1

-

-

2

2

12

24
9
15

1

6

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

71.00
70.00

_

9
9

4
4

2

39.0
39.5
38.5

73.50
73.50
74.00

_
-

_
-

4
3

39.5

91.50

-

-

39.0
4 0 .0 "
38.5

68.50
6 9 .0 0

68.50

•
-

4
4

38.5
39.5
37.0

70.50
71.00
69.50

_
-

_
-

3

21

2
1

4
17

38.0
39.5 H
37.0 i
38.5 |

61.00
63.50
59.00
60.00

_
-

42
— 3—

'

72
40
32
5

85
26
59
32

i
_______l

________ i

-

25
3

11

12

33
9

34
14

7

11

4
2
2

3

24
4

17

1
2

20

15

4

-

21

18

IS
3

11

9
3

7

6

38
7
31

33
33

1

-

1

5
5
~

7
7
7

_
-

50
29

113
73
40
7

-

21
2

38
26
18
6

1

1

-

-

-

-

~

“

-

-

-

-

-

42
24
18

26

7
4
3
3

15

8

7

1

1

1

_
-

4

2

13

3
3

-

_
-

_
-

1

11

4

2

2

13
13

2
2

5
5

6

1

-

-

6

1

_
-

2

.

_

_

10

9

20
6

1
1

9
7
7

21

13

10

12

10

4

9

3

6

4

14
14

4
4

6

2

9

21

19

13
8

8
11

1

1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

1

1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

7

2

22

~

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

1

1

4

4

6

10

4

3
7

24
' 'l l
13

20
10
10

37
19
18

15
15
*

16
------5

66

45
t8
17

37
32
5

59
27
32

29

12

1

22

11
1
1

-

8
6
2

1

1

8

8

3
5

8

3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

•

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
2 D escrip tion fo r this jo b has been re v ise d sin ce the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
3 T ransportation, com m u nication, and other public u tilities.




11

1
1

1

24
17
7

7
4

6

1

1

4
4
-

11

16
10

-

7

10

1

-

2

2

-

-

15

7

1

-

_
-

6

6

12

-

-

16
3
13
13

2

_______ 1

-

_
-

6

-

I

~

_
-

16

4
3

7

-

_
-

1

10

10

! 39
: 20
j 19
| 7

_

_
-

1

1

30

10

79
Tf
52

_

3

26
19
7
3

9

37
29

_

_
-

4

52
38
14

14
13

56
18
38

_
-

69
41
28

3

"1

1

85
53
32
14

-

2

1

5

1

30
27
3

8

1

5

2

1
1
1

24
19
5

1
6

_

36

_
-

,

36

2
2

_

_

-

4
4
-

2

1

39

5

3
3

-

_
-

_

-

_
-

-

'

'

'

Table A -2. Professional and Technical O ccupations-M en and W om en
(Average straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, New Haven, Conn., January 1962)
NUM BER OF W ORKERS R E CEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E W EEKLY EARN INGS OF-

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers
(Standard)

Weekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

70
70

40.0
40.0

$ 151.50
151.50

D raftsm en, senior
Manufacturing _

135
126

40.0
40.0

D raftsm en, junior .
Manufacturing

129
110

52
39

D raftsm en, leader
Manufacturing

N u rses, industrial (re g iste re d )
Manufacturing _______________1

$
$
S
S
$
*
1
t
$
%
$
$
$
$
*
$
$
»
$
$
$
65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 9 0 . 0 0 95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00
and
and
m i 75.00 80.00 85.00 9 0 . 0 0 95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 over

-

■

“

118.00

_

.

.

1 1 8 .0 0

-

■

40.0
40.0

90.50
88.50

l
i

3
3

39.5
40.0

98.50
95.50

"

■

“

1
1

3
3

34
34

6
6

1

7
7

1

“

"

•

7
7

1

6

1

5

18
18

14
14

20

16
14

17

3

10

8

8
8

5

15

7
6

4
4

■

1
1

18
17

30
25

24
23

14
11

2
2

“

■

1

27
27

“

6

4
4

4
4

4
4

2
2

2

26
26

1
1

“

2
2

7

3

1

5

2

2

1

1

1
1

!
i

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the workweek fo r which em ployees re ce ive their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hours.




8
8

6
6

.

"

4
4

■

8

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations-Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, New Haven, Conn., January 1962)

Average
weekly
Mrnlnirt *

O ccupation and industry d ivision

$77 .00
73.50

B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine)
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------26

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , c la s s A ------------

39

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , c la s s B -----------M a n u fa ctu rin g -----Nonmanufacturing ---------------------

132
50

91
251

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B
M anufacturing
N on m an u factu rin g___

80
144

74.50

C lerks, p a y roll __
M anufacturing
N on m an u factu rin g_
_
P u blic u tilities 3

1
2
3

32
67

Keypunch o p e ra to rs , c la s s A 2
M anufacturing ____________
Nonmanufacturing ________

40
63

74.00
84.50

53
37

39
155

64.00
68.50

O ffice boys and g irls
M anufacturing ___
Nonmanufacturing
P u blic utilities 3

55
98
50

53.00
64.50
70.00

332
246

86

90.50
89.50
103.00

127
202
94

76.00
73.50
80.50

$ 74.00
74.00
74.00

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
Nonmanufacturing __________
91.50

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
Nonmanufacturing __________
Keypunch o p e ra to rs, <
M anufacturing ___
Nonmanufacturing

100.00
79.00
87.50
74.00

60
42

T ran scribin g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s , gen eral ----M anufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________

68
67

69.00
68.50

T ypists, cla ss A -----M anufacturing ____
Nonmanufacturing .

138
134

71.50
71.00

T ypists, cla ss B ____
M anufacturing ____
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u tilities 3

177
241
60

63.50
59.00
60.00

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations

78
47

97.50
84.50

133
49
31

76.50
77.50
83.00

Stenographers, s e n io r 2
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ______
Sw itchboard o p e ra to rs
Nonmanufacturing

Earnings are fo r a regular w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their straigh t-tim e w eekly sa la r ie s ,
D escrip tion fo r this jo b has been r e v ise d sin ce the last su rvey in this area. See appendix A.
T ran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.




$ 79.50 Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts
74.00
M anufacturing
— — ..........
82.00 I
Nonmanufacturing _____________ -—

89.50

C lerks, file , c la s s C 2
Nonmanufacturing .
C lerks, ord er
M anufacturing ,
Nonm anufacturing .

C om ptom eter op e ra to rs
M anufacturing ______
Nonmanufacturing _
_

S e cre ta rie s
M anufacturing ___
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic utilities 3

63.50
57.00

2

C lerks, file , c la s s B 2
Nonmanufacturing .

O ffice occu p a tion s— Continued

Stenographers, g e n e r a l 2
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ----------------Pu blic utilities 3 ---------------

C lerks, accounting, c la s s A -------M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing ,

C lerks, file , c la s s A

69.00
70.00

weekly
earnings *
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

O ffice o ccu pation s— Continued

O ffice occupations

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) .
Nonm anufacturing —

Average
weekly
earnings1
(Standard) |

O ccupation and industry d ivision

D raftsm en, l e a d e r _
_
M anufacturing ------D raftsm en, senior
M anufacturing «_

83
47

78.00
83.50

84

71.50
70.50

68

151.50
135
126

118.00
118.00

D raftsm en, junior
Manufacturing

90.50
88.50

N urses, industrial (re g is te r e d )
M anufacturing _______________

99.00

e xclu sive o f any prem ium pay.

9

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, New Haven, Conn., January 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

A
verage
hourly Under $.1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1 . 9 0
earnings 1 $
and
under
1.60
1.70
1.80
1.90 2 . 0 0

__ __
Carpenters, maintenance _______ ___
Manufacturing __ _ ______
___ . . _ __

72
55

$2.54
2.55

E lectrician s, maintenance ___________________
Manufacturing ____ _ __ _ _ „ __ ___

127
123

2.75
2.76

$2 . 0 0

$2 . 1 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

$2 . 2 0

*2.30

$
2.40

$
2.50

2. 30

2.40

2.50

2.60

-

-

6
6

-

1
1

-

7

3
3

19
7

2
2

7
7

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

~

■

"

_

3
3

15
15

15
14

15
15

5
4

_
-

3
3

3
3

_
-

8

3
3

10
10

1
1

3
3
-

6

14
14

1
1

■

9
9

.
-

“

1

8

_
-

_
-

65
59

2.23

1

_

7
7

H elpers, maintenance trades ------------------------Manufacturing
___ . ___
________ _ __
Nonmanufacturing _ ______
___ _ __ __

125
97
28

2.23

1

2 .2 1

-

2.31

1

M achine-tool operators, toolroom ----------------Manufacturing __________ ____ — — -------

41
41

2.51
2.51

_

-

M achinists, maintenance
_ ___ ______
Manufacturing ___„___________ ____ ____ ____

217
165
52
52

2.64
2.60
2.76
2.76

.
-

.
-

M echanics, automotive
(mainte nanc e ) ____________ _________ ___ _____
Nonmanufacturing _________________________
Public u tilitie s 2 „ . ____ _______ ____

159
145
128

2.76
2.77
2.76

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

2

2
2

M echanics, maintenance _____________________
_
Manufacturing ____ __ ____

218
184

2.73
2.72

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

•

-

"

1

5
5

M illwrights
______
___ ______ ______
Manufacturing _____________________________

77
77

2.60
2.60

2
2

66

2.14
2.15

6

F irem en, stationary boiler
___ ___
Manufacturing

Public utilities

2

__ __
_

___ ____
---- ----

________________________

O ilers ____
_ __
____ ___ _________
Manufacturing _____________________________

80
31

----- 55“

2 .2 0
1

Painters, maintenance ___
„ _______ __ __
Manufacturing _____________________________

40
27

2.47
2.43

P ipefitters, maintenance _____________________
Manufacturing __ ___

72
72

2.76
2.76

_ ___
Tool and die m akers ____ _____
Manufacturing _________________ ___________

213
213

2.83
2.83

1
2




7

4
3
1

'

7

3
3
-

2
2

"

■

.
-

-

-

-

.

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1
1

7
7

1
1

7
7

11
11

-

-

-

-

4
3

4

.

_

_

_

.

.

■

"

■

.

.

.

Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

2.80
11
10

4
3

$
2.80

$
2.90

$
3.00

2.90

3.00

3.10

6

5

2
1

6
6

25
24

27
27

4
4

*3.10 *3.20 *3.30 *3.40
3.20

7
7
-

6
6

-

29
29
-

5
5

15

2

_

12

“

36
36
-

32
23
9

18
7

-

-

4
4

13
13

11
11

31

2

9
9
-

.
-

3.30

3.40

3.50

j
1

_
-

111

2.70

-

2.58
2.61
2.51

Engineers, sta tio n a r y ________________________
Manufacturing ___ __ ___ ____
______
Nonmanufacturing ____ _____

*2.60 *2.70

.
-

-

_

_

j

13
13
4
4
_

5
5
_

_

8

-

23

2

2
2

5
5

_

~

-

6
6

3
3

.
-

.
-

.
"

-

-

-

-

11

3
3
-

11
11

12
12

13
13

■

_

_
"

■

_
"

_

3
3

1
1

34
34

8
8

19
19

55
23
32
32

19
10
9

29
28

-

-

15

9

1

3
3
3

-

-

7

-

-

-

33
27
25

35
34
31

28
28
26

5
5
5

18
18
18

31
31

4
-

21

_
-

-

_
_
-

38
38

22
22

6
6

17

67
60

10
10

22
12

2

14
14

_

.

2

14
14

-

-

2
2

12
12

27
27

9
9

8
8

3
3

1
1

6

-

6

7
7

-

-

-

----- 6

22
22

2
2

-

5
3

1

-

-

4
-

4
3

-

-

1
1

1
1

5
5

20
20

16
16

-

12
12

1

23
23

40
40

49
49

31
31

5
5

-

6

_
5
3

8
8

3
3

13
13

1
1

18
18

-

-

-

22

_

_

2
2

8
8

3
3

1

1

.
17
17

-

-

-

-

17
17

10
10

2
2

10

Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, New Haven, Con n., January 1962)
N UM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E HOURLY E A RN IN G S OF-

O ccupation 1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly 2
earnings

$

1 . 10

and
under
1 .2 0

92

$ 2 . 14
2. 15

Manufacturing __ ___ ______________
____
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Public utilities 3 ---- ----------------------------

822
299
523
89

1.62
1.87
1.48
1.93

Janitors, p orters, and cleaners (women) ------M an u factu rin g__________________ -_-____ ___
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

57
25
32
758
547

112

Manufacturing ------------------- -----------------------Nonmanufacturing ______________ ____ ___
Public utilities 3 ------------------------------------Order fille r s __________ ___________ _____________
Manufacturing _______________ __________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________________
P ack ers, shipping _______________ __________ ______
Manufacturing ------------------ ------------------------Receiving clerk s _______________ ____ ______
M an u factu rin g----------------------------------------------

$
1. 30

$
1.40

$
1.50

*1.60

$
1.70

$
1.80

$

1 .2 0

1.30

1.40

1. 50

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2

$

4

87

16

7
"

184
"

1
86

1.67
1.74
1 . 61

9
9

5
4

2 .0 2

2

8

-

-

211

1 .9 8
2 . 10

2

8

34
34

118

2.43

■

"

■

119
40
79

2 . 19
2.39
2 . 09

168

165
45
32

2.03
2.04
2 . 16
2 .2 1

-

1

-

62
17
45

60
35
25

67
39
28

57
49

66

8

16

10

8

11

"

9
9

4
4

5
5

4
4
■

14

27

10

4

26
1

'

'

1
-

4

56

3

.

1
2

-

"

-

1

4
2

“

“

1

“

1

-

56

200

8

-

Shipping clerk s _
___________________________
Manufacturing ______
____ ____
- —

54
48

2 . 12
2. 05

-

-

90
77

. 28
2. 27

-

-

T ru ck d riv e rs 4 ________________________________
Manufacturing ______ ___________ —
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Public u t ilit ie s 3 --- -------------- ---- ----

902
329
573
283

2.42
2.26
2. 52
2. 55

.
_
-

_
_
-

T ru ck d rivers, light (under l l /2 tons) _____
Manufacturing ------- --------- ------------ ----

125

_

_

12

102

1.90
1.93

-

4

78
25
53

2.44
2 . 11
2 . 60

_
-

_
-

_
-

4

-

'

6
6

20
20

3
'

5
5

T ru ck d rivers, medium (IV 2 to
and including 4 tons) ----------------------------- Manufacturing ___________________________
Nonmanufacturing — ---- ----------------- -

See footnotep at end o f table.




12
8

4
4

6
6

.

10

.

10

$2 . 2 0

$
2.30

$
2 .40

$
2. 50

2

. 20

2.30

2.40

2. 50

2 .6 0

2. 70

7
7

-

9
-

8
8

3
3
-

-

-

"

‘

14
14
"

“

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

41
26
15
15

77
27
50
44

1
1

1
1

-

-

16

2
2

2

1

16

-

-

16

30

18

8
22
22

10
8

”

60
26
34
28

5

27
23
4
4

!

8

_
-

2
2

50

1

1

6
2

7

"

‘

43
41

99
87

59
53

2

12

6

48
33
15

■

_

2

6
1

15

3

11

-

5

4

"

10
10

4
4
5
2

14
8
6

11
11

5
4

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
-

5
5

32
.
32
-

6

20

24

3
3
-

7
13
-

2
22

2
2

32
32

3
■

15

10
8

3

_
-

3
3

4
3

62

1
1

12

1

-

14
14

11
11

2

3
17
17
8
8

74
55
19
18
6
6

9
9
5
5

50
11

39
39

2 .8 0

“

-

"

“

-

-

.
-

_
-

*

"

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

9
9
-

.
~

.
-

.
-

"

"

16
16

4
4

-

16

-

-

1
1

"

-

10

1

1

9

"

■

“
.

8

8
8

1
1

-

11
10

8
8

10
10

35
34

7
7

4
4

2

.

-

-

14
14
-

10
10

38

40
32

258

10

275

33

20

-

18
-

8
8

57
55

_

_

2
2

5
•

38
37

_

2
2

1
1

16
6
10

3
3

"

_

9
9

1
1

201

5
5
3

_

-

.

“

“

19
19

_

3

.

_

■

“

1
1

.

2

.

.

■

*

■

■

‘

6

.

■ ----- 2

9

2
2

20
20

-

1
1

_

.

.

“

-

"

13
13

~

$
2. 90 $3. 00 $3. 10
and
2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 over

$ 2 . 60 $2 .7 0 $2 . 80

4

'

10
10

3

2

2

47
47

.

2

2 .0 0

167
167
-

2

-

-

-

Shipping and receivin g clerk s -------- ---- ------Manufacturing _______________ _________ —

-

4
4

-

-

5
5

2

"

15

. 00

5
3

“

-

$

$

1 .9 0

-

3

_

.

2

1

-

-

-

3
3

2

102

10

1

1
1

20

1
1

10

6

-

-

_

_

269
188

13
13

-

10

2

102

5
5

_

1

-

12

-

12

-

_

_

_

■

■

-

10
10

“

-

-

10

-

-

~

-

10

11

Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—Continued
(A verage stra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r s e le cte d o ccu p a tio n s studied on an a re a b a sis
by in du stry d iv isio n , New Haven, C onn., January 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OFO ccu p ation

1

and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly 2 $ 1 . 1 0 $ 1 . 2 0 $1.30
earnings
and
under
1 .2 0
1.3-Q- 1.40

$

1.40
1,50..

$

2 .0 0

*2 . 1 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

$1.50

*1 . 6 0

*1.70

*1.80

*1 . 9 0

1.60

1.70

1.80

. L.9Q

$

$

2.70

$
2.80

*2.90

*3.00

*3.10
and

2.80

2.90

3 . on

3.10

over

*2 . 2 0

*2.30

*2.40

*2.50

- 2 ..3 .
.Q

2.40

2.50

2 .6 0

8

225

3

6

2

219
144

1

~

•

186
■

7
5

16
16

18

11

.

10

“

5
5

-

“

19
19

2.60
2.70

T r u c k d riv e r s :4— C ontinued
T r u c k d r iv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 ton s,
t r a ile r type) __ ___________________ _____ _ ,_
_
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___ ______________ __________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________
P u b lic u t i li t ie s 3
_____ __ _ _ _ _ _
_

350
39
311
145

$ 2 .6 5
2.33
2.69
2.56

“

T r u c k d r iv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 ton s,
oth er than t r a ile r type) ------ --------- _ -----____ _
N onm anufacturing
__ ______

296
69

2.38
2.57
2.13

T r u c k e r s , p ow er (fo r k lift) _____________________
M anufacturin g ___
_____
___ __ ____ __

150
131

T r u c k e r s , p ow er (oth er than
fo rk lift) ________________________________________
M anufacturin g
_ __ _ __ _

102

W atchm en
_ _____
M anufacturin g ------

1
2
3
4

___ __ __ __
__ _ __ _ _____ _

91
150
79

■

-

- •
■

"

■

■

"

■

"

-

-

-

-

■

■

-

~

-

“

"

2

1

■

"

-

32
16

_

_

_

l

!

“

“

1

1

■

“

■

“

"

64

.

2 .1 1

2.25
2.24
1.54
1.80

8

4

■

_

10
8

7
1

17
17

7
7

19
19

7
7

25
25

53
36

1

!

1

-

6

4
4

"

19
19

3
3

43
40

8

6

1

8

9

15

1

7

2

12

Data lim ite d to m en w o r k e r s e x ce p t w here oth e rw ise indicated.
E x clu d es p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eekends, h o lid a ys, and late sh ifts.
T ra n sp orta tion , co m m u n ica tio n , and other public u tilitie s.
Inclu des all d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s ize and type o f tru ck operated.




1
1

"

24
24
-

25
25

2
2

17
17

2
2

~
.

■
3
3

-

"

1

_
"

_
_
-

_

2

22

_

2

22

-

1
1

"

10

10

"

-

80
80
-

_
-

-

_

_

-

-

-




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa c tu r in g plant w o r k e r s b y type and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
N ew H aven , C o n n ., J a n u a ry 1962)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s ta b lis h m e n t s h avin g fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

S e c o n d sh ift
w ork

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o rk

A c t u a lly w o r k in g on —

S e co n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

T o ta l ________________________________________________

79. 1

71. 5

1 2 .4

6. 8

-----------------------------------

73. 3

71. 5

12. 1

6. 8

____________________

6 3 .8

48. 3

1 0 .7

3 .4

3 c e n ts _______ __________________
5 c e n ts ___________________ __________________
6 c e n ts _______________ ________ __________
7 c e n ts ------------------------------------ ------------------71!z c e n ts ___________________________________
8 c e n ts ________ ___ ___________ __ _________
10 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------------12 c e n ts ______________ ______________________
I 3 V 3 c e n ts _________________________________
14 c e n ts ______________ _______________________
5 c e n t s ___________________________________
O v e r 15 c e n ts _____________ _______________

2. 8
6 .4
2 .9
7 .6
3. 0
1 .3
1 9 .9
1 5 .8
1 .2
1 .3
1 .6

1 .6
5 .0
1 4 .9
3. 5
1 .2
14. 5
6. 1
1 .6

9 .6
4. 5
5. 1
-

W ith s h ift pay d iffe r e n t ia l

U n ifo r m c e n ts ( p e r h o u r)

1

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e

__

_____

__ ___________

5 p ercen t
__ ____________________
7l /2 p e r c e n t ________________________________
p e r c e n t __________ _________________ ______
15 p e r c e n t ___________ ______ ____________

1
0

O th er f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l 3 ______________
N o s h ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l _____

__________________

5 .8

_

.8
1 .1
.7
.8
.7
.3
1. 1
4 .6
.2
-

_

( 2)
.4

.9
1. 0
.3
.2
.5
. 1
.4

8 .9

1 .4

.7

3. 1
1 .4
2. 1
2. 3

1.0

.
.
.
.

1 4 .4

.4
-

2
2
1
3

2. 7

.3

1 In c lu d e s e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts
e v e n though th e y w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .
3 C o m b in a tio n o f u n ifo r m c e n t s p e r h o u r and fu ll day*s p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s .

13
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W o rk ers
(D istrib u tio n o f establish m en ts studied in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by m in im u m en tran ce s a la r y f o r s e le cte d c a t e g o r ie s
of in e x p e r ie n c e d w om en o f fic e w o r k e r s , New H aven, C on n., January 1962)
In e x p e rie n ce d typ ists

M in im u m w e e k ly s a la r y 1

A ll
in d u stries

M anufacturing
A ll
in d u s trie s

B a sed on stanidard w e e k ly h o u rs 3 of—
A ll
sch ed u les

E sta b lish m en ts studied

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

N onm anufacturing

M anufacturing

40

A ll
sch ed u les

37 Vz

A ll
sch ed u les

40

N onm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w eek ly h o u r s 3 of—
40

A ll
sch ed u les

37Vz

40

______________________________________

93

45

XXX

48

XXX

XXX

93

45

XXX

48

XXX

XXX

---------------------

41

20

17

21

7

6

40

19

16

21

7

7

under $ 4 5 .0 0 _________________________________
under $ 47.50 _________________________________
und er $ 50.00 ________ ______________________
u nd er $ 52.50 _________________________________
u nd er $ 55.00 _________________________________
under $ 5 7 .5 0 --------------------------------------------------------------------u nd er $ 60.00 _________________________________
u nd er $ 62.50 _________________________________
u nd er $ 65.00 _____________________________________________
u nd er $ 67.50 _____________________________________________
u nd er $ 70.00 _____________________________________________
o v e r ___________________________________________________________

4
8
4
7
3
3
1
3
1
2
2
3

1
3
2
3
2
2

1
3
1
2
2
2

3
5
2
4
1
1
1

1

_
-

1
1
1
1
1

3

1
3
3
2
2
4

1
2
2
2
2
4

2
5
3
3
1
2

1

-

3
8
6
5
3
6

_
1
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

2
3

1
-

1
3

E sta b lish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im um --------------------

14

6

E sta b lish m en ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o rk e rs
in this c a t e g o r y _____________________________________________

38

1?

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im um
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 45.00
$ 47.50
$ 50.00
$ 52.50
$ 55.00
$ 57.50
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 62.50
$ 65.00
$ 67.50
$ 70.00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

-

-

2
-

1
2

-

-

3
1
2

3
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

2
2

1

1
2

1
1
1
2
4

XXX

8

XXX

XXX

17

7

XXX

10

XXX

XXX

XXX

19

XXX

XXX

36

19

XXX

17

XXX

XXX

L o w e s t s a la r y rate f o r m a lly establish ed fo r h irin g in e x p e rie n ce d w o r k e r s fo r typing o r oth er c le r i c a l jo b s .
R a te s a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g ir ls , o r sim ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e not c o n s id e r e d .
H ou rs r e fl e c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . D ata a r e p re s e n te d fo r a ll w o rk w eek s c om b in ed , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n w ork w eek s




-

-

r e p orted .

14
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f f i c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y sch e d u led w e e k ly h o u r s
o f f ir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s , N ew H aven, C on n ., Jan uary 1962)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

W eek ly h o u rs
A ll industries1

100

U nder 35 h o u r s ____________•____________________
_
35 h ou rs ___ — _____ — __ ________ _____ __
O v e r 35 and under 37*/2 h o u rs ________________
__ __ __
3 7 V 2 h o u r s ___ __ __ __ __ __ __
O v e r 3 7 V 2 and under 40 h o u rs ________________
40 h o u r s ________ ________ ____ ____ __________ __ _
O v er 40 and under 45 h o u rs ___________________
45 h o u r s _____ _____ ______________________ ___ ___
O v e r 45 and under 50 h o u rs _______________ __
50 h ou rs ___ __ __ — — __ ___________________

1
2
3
4

4
3
9
30
4
49
(4 )
-

M anufacturing

100

P u blic u tilities23
4

100

(4 )
1

(4 )
3
3
91
1

-

A ll industries 3

M anufacturing

100

100

5

100

-

48
-

6

-

-

(4 )
52

-

-

5
3
72
5
5
3
3

5
76
3
7
3

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .




Pu blic utilities2

-

86
11

-

4

15
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y nu m ber o f p aid h olid a y s
p r o v id e d ann ually, N ew H aven, Conn. , Jan uary 1962)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WO.RKERS
Item
All industries1

A ll w o r k e r s ______________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
pa id h o lid a y s ______ ____ - ______________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p a id h o lid a y s — --------------------- ------ ---------

Manufacturing

Public utilities 23
4

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

98

100

2

2

2
1
83
6
5
2
1
(4)

2
4
3
26
2
2
44
2
8
1
2
1
-

2
2
4
17
2
2
59
3
6
2
-

1
4
8
8
14
97
97
98
98

1
1
1
3
4
15
15

“

*

N um ber o ! d a y s
L e s s than 6 h o lid a y s ___________________________
6 h o lid a y s ------- -------------------------- ------------- ----6 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y ---------------------------------6 h o lid a y s plu s 2 o r 3 h a lf d a y s -----------------------7 h o lid a y s __________________ ____________ — —
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day — -------------- ---------7 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d ays -------------------------------8 h o lid a y s
_______ __
________ __ ______
8 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day -------------------- —
8 h o lid a y s plu s 2 h a lf d ays ____________________
9 h o lid a y s ____ ____ ___ _____ ___ ________________ _
9 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day ----------------------9 h o lid a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d ays ----------------- ----10 h o lid a y s
_____ ______
____ _____ ___
10 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d ays -----------------------------11 h o l i d a y s ___ ___ ________________________ ____ __
12 h o lid a y s _______________________________________
12 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf day --------------------------------

(4)
2
(2)
2
8
1
1
29
(4)
1
33
2
1
2
1
16

_
2
1
5
13
4
2
69
2
3
-

(!)
(4)

46
2
33
8
1
5
5

-

Total holiday time5
12 o r m o r e d ays -------------------------------------------------11 o r m o r e d a y s -------------------------------------------------IOV 2 o r m o r e d a y s _ --------------------------------- —
10 o r m o r e d a y s -------------------------------------------------9 V 2 o r m o r e d a y s __ ------------------ — -------- —
9 o r m o r e d a ys ---------------------------------------------------8 V 2 o r m o r e d a y s ------------------ ----------------------------___ — — ------ — ----8 o r m o r e d a ys ____
1 XU o r m o r e d a ys — ___ _______ __ ------ -------7 o r m o r e d a y s ---------------------------------------------------6 V 2 o r m o r e d ays _
------- — ----- ----- — 6 o r m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------4 o r m o r e d a y s __ ----- ------------- ----- ----------2 o r m o r e days ----------------------------------------------------

(4)
17
18
19
22
55
55

5
5
76
85
98
98

100

99
99

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

86

89
97
98

100

61

63
89
92
96
97
98

_
2
2
11
11

71
73
90
94
96
98
98

5
10
10
10
18
52
52
54
54
100
100
100
100
100

1 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in ad d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
3 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e ta il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te ,, and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th ose in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
* A ll c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a tota l o f 7 days in c lu d e s th os e w ith 7 fu ll days and
no h a lf d a y s , 6 fu ll d a y s and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf d a y s, and s o on. P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cu m u la te d .




16
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y
p r o v is io n s , New H aven, C on n ., J an u ary 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o l ic y
All industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

A ll w o r k e r s

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
1
-

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

100
62
36
3
-

100
48
49
4
-

100
96
4
-

7
47
18
4

2
49
26
6

59
2
"

33
18
4
1

40
13
4
1

_
40
5
-

_
16

_
9
90

_
34
66
-

1
68
4
26
-

2
73
6
20
-

_
55
45
-

_

1
58
7
32
1

2
67
10
22
-

_
46
54

26
8
62
3
1

23
12
61
4

25
7
63
3

23
10
62
4

M eth od o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a tio n s _____ __ — — — ------- ------L e n g t h -o f-t im e p a y m e n t __ ____________ __
P e r c e n t a g e paym en t ________________________
F la t -s u m paym en t ______ — __ ------------- __
O th er ________________ ___ ___ _____ __ ______
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a tio n s --------------------------------------------

A m oun t o f v a c a tio n p a y 4
A ft e r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w e e k _ ________ — -------- -----------------1 w eek _________ __ _______ __ ____ _______________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _ ----------------------------2 w e e k s _ __ __
-- ---------- ------------- -------- —
A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek _ ------- __
1 w eek _____ ________ —
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s
2 ppk s
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s

— ----------------------- —
— -------- ----------------------- ------------------ —
_
____
____
---------------------------------

-

83
( 5)

1

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ___________ — — ------------- -------1 w eek _______________ ________ ____________ —
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s --------------------------------2 wfiplc s
________ ___ ___ ___ ___
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w e e k s __________________________________________

_
2
9
86
1
1

_
5
1
93
1
“

(5)
33
67
“

2
(5)
96
1
1

4
1
94
1
-

99
-

-

"

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ------------- -------- — ---------------------------------O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w eek s ____ ______ ______ _________ _________ ____
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------- . . . .

(5)
-

44
-

56
-

-

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _____________________________ ________ __
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w e e k s __ ___________________ ____ „___________ __
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w eeks
_____
_ __ ______

See fo o tn o te s at end o f table.




2
_
96
1
1

4
-

95
1

(5)
-

99
-

37
62
-

1

17
Table B-5. Paid Vacarions-Continued
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , N ew H aven, C onn. , Jan u ary 1962)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o l ic y
All industries 1

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

p a y 4 ------- C o n t i n u e d

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______ __ __ __ ________ ___ __ ---------O v e r 1 and un d er 2 w eek s ---------------------------------2 w e e k s ______________________________ ___________ _
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w eek s _____ ___ __ _______
3 w eek s — _ __ __ __ __ __ __ _____ — — _

( 5)
95
3
2

1
95
3
2

100
-

1
54
5
39
1
-

1
53
5
41
1

6
1
84
4
4

7
2
84
6
3

99
1

89
11
"

6
1
68
3
19
3
( 5)

7
2
69
4
15
4
-

73
27
1

84
16
-

6
1
63
4
22
3
( 5)

7
2
66
5
16
4

64
36
-

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______
_____ ________ — _
O v e r 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s ______________ _______
2 w e e k s _ ______ __
__ __ ___
__ __ _
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ____________ __ __ __
3 w eek s _____ ________ ________ ___ __________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w eek s _____ ___ ___ _____
4 w eek s _____ __ _________________________________

( 5)
68
4
28
( 5)

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------- ----- ------------- _
----- — —
O v e r 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s __ ________________ _
2 w eek s --------------------------------- -------——
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ______ _ __ ------------3 w e e k s ______ ______
________
_______________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ____________
______
4 w e e k s _____ __________ ______
_____ ______

( 5)
61
8
30
( 5)

1

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
---------__
—
----- ----- —
2 w e e k s ____________ ___ _______ _
__ -------- __
3 w e e k s _________________ ___ ______________________
O v e r 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w eek s ___ _________________ _______ ___ _____

( 5)
6
91
3
-

1
8
89
3
-

1
99
-

6
14
76
4
( 5)

7
12
76
6
-

_
99
1

( 5)
6
80
2
11
-

1
8
61
1
30
-

_
1
99
-

6
14
70
3
6
1

7
12
70
4
6
1

_
93
7
-

( 5)
5
51
2
41
( 5)

1
7
44
2
45
1

1
39
60
“

6
12
41
3
36

7
11
42
4
33
3

40
60
”

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
___________ __ __ __ ___ ______________
2 w e e k s ________ __ __ __ __________ ___ _____
3 w eek s
_ _____ _____________________________
_
O v e r 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s __________
4 w e e k s _________ __ ... _____ __ ______
O v e r 4 w eek s __ __
__ __ __ _____
____
A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_____ __ _____ __ __ __ __ __ —
2 w eek s __
__ _ ____________ __
__ __ __
3 w eek s ____________ ___ ___ _____ ________ __
________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w eek s ________
4 w e e k s __________ _
O v e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------1
2
3
4
in c lu d e
5

1

2

In clu d es da ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilitie s .
In clu d es d a ta f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n and d o not n e c e s s a r ily r e fl e c t the in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the ch a n ges
in p r o p o r t io n s in d ica te d
ch a n g es in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r i n g b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .

N O T E : In the ta b u la tion s o f v a c a t io n a llo w a n ce s by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , p aym en ts o th e r than "le n g th o f tim e , " su ch a s p e r c e n ta g e o f annual e a rn in g s
an eq u iv a len t tim e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.




at 10y e a r s ' s e r v ic e

o r f la t -s u m pa ym en ts w e r e c o n v e r te d

to

18

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m en ts p r o v id in g
h ealth, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fits , N ew H aven, C o n n ., Jan uary 1962)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

T ype o f b e n e fit
A ll Industries1

M anufacturing

Pu blic u tilities23

All industries 3

M anufacturing

100

100

P u b lic utilities2

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g :
L ife in s u r a n c e -------------- -------------------------------A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e __________ _______________________
S ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o t h 4 ________________________

100

100

98

99

99

97

100

97

55

61

53

46

46

40

100

85

95

97

90

97

63

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e _______
S ick le a v e (fu ll p a y and no
w aiting p e r io d ) --------------------------------------S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d ) ------------------------- -----------

43

85

6

77

93

18

75

80

97

14

2

45

-

-

-

5

7

-

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ---------------------- —
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ----------------------------------------M e d ica l in s u r a n c e __________________________
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e ______________________
R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n ____________________ ___
No health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n ------

80
74
55
52
81
1

95
97
65
47
90
( 5)

50
50
44
42
65

88
87
56
26
73
2

97
96
58
23
84

73
73
64
55
54

1 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in ad d itio n to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in ad d itio n to th ose in d u s tr y d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
4 U n du plica ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e show n s e p a r a te ly be lo w .
S ic k -le a v e plans a r e lim it e d to t h o s e w h ich d e fin ite ly e s t a b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m n u m b e r o f days* pay that can be e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s i c k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in divid u al b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




Appendix A :

Changes in Occupational Descriptions

stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.

Since the Bureau’ s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more sp ecific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’ s bulletin*

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




H ie revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

19




Appendix B: Occupalionai Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)—
Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)—
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts
21

22

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—
Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to‘maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

23

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

24

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued"
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B—
Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

25

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suf&r an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion of the following: Giving first aid to die ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicant^
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracingwith pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POW ERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions o f work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter required rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




26

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance elctricians requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties o f lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establish­
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation o f one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May/be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts o f mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety o f ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working

27

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in die plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of die work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence In the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for die production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates* with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

28

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating systems are excluded,

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.




29

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge o f various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor,, and
perform other related duties.

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




30

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers * houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under V tons)
fa
Truckdriver, medium
to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
it

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1 9 6 2

0 — 632353


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102