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Occupational Wage S u rve y

DENVER, COLORADO
DECEMBER 1961

Bulletin No. 1303-33




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




ew England Region
18 Oliver Street
Boston 10, Mass.
Liberty 2-211;

Occupational Wage Survey

DENVER, COLORADO




DECEMBER 1961

B ulletinN o. 1303-33
February 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clogua, Commitsionar

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents/ U.S. Government Printing Office/ Washington 25/ D .C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage surveys in 82 labor markets. The
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits. A preliminary report furnishing
trend data and average earnings is released within a month
of the completion of each study.
This bulletin provides
additional data not included in the preliminary report.
Two bulletins, bringing together the results of all
of the area surveys, are issued after completion of the
final area bulletin in the current round of surveys. The
first of these bulletins will be available late in 1962 and
the other early in 1963. During the survey year, summary
releases presenting areawide occupational earnings data
for 25 to 30 labor markets, are issued as data become
available.
This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau*s re ­
gional office in San Francisco, Calif. , by William P.
0*Connor, under the direction of John L. Dana, Assistant
Regional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




Introduction ________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups _______________________

1
4

Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey __________
2. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups ________________________________________
3. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents
of increase for selected periods ____________________________
A:

Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women ____________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men
A-3.
A-4.
A-5.

Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men
and women combined _________________________________
Maintenance and power plant occupations _______________
Custodial and material movement occupations __________

B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B -l. Shift differentials ______________________________________
B-2. Minimum entrance salaries for women office w ork ers__
B-3. Scheduled weekly hours ________________________________
B-4. Paid holidays ________________________
B-5. Paid vacations ________________________________
B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans __________________
Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions _________________________
B. Occupational descriptions ____________________________________
* NOTE: Similar tabulations for these items are available
in previous area reports for Denver and for other major
areas. A directory indicating the areas, dates of study,
and prices of these reports is available upon request.
A current report on occupational earnings and
supplementary wage practices in the Denver area is also
available for the machinery industries (April 1961). Union
scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are available
for the following trades or industries: Building construction,
printing, local-transit operating employees, and motortruck
drivers and helpers.
iii

3
5
5
6

10
11
12
14
15
16
17
18
20
21
23




Occupational Wage Survey— Denver, Colo.

Introduction

to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U.S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics has conducted sur­
veys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an area­
wide basis. In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of
Bureau field economists to representative establishments within six
broad industry* divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica­
tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry groups
excluded from these studies are government operations and the con­
struction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because they
tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (l) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) *differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
basis. Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
pe rformed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re ­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data
are presented (in the A -series tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and power plant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to
office and plant workers. The concept "office w orkers," as used
in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes admin­
istrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant workers" in­
clude working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Administrative,
executive, and professional employees, and force-account construction
employees who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufacturing indus­
tries, but are included as plantworkers in nonmanufacturing industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in. the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is




1

2

Shift differential data (table B -l) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy,1 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, die clas­
sification "other" was used. In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance salaries (table B-2) relate only to the
establishments visited. They are presented in terms of establish­
ments with formal minimum salary policies.
The scheduled hours (table B-3) of a majority of the firstshift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B-4 through
B-6) are treated statistically on the basis that these are applicable
to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers are eli­
gible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums of
individual items in tables B-3 through B-6 may not equal totals be­
cause of rounding.
The first part of the paid holidays table (table B-4) presents
the number of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second
part combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to fo r­
mal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off with
pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate estimates
are provided according to employer practice in computing vacation
payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or
flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay, pay­
ments not on a time basis were so converted; for example, a payment
of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of
1 week's pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension plans
(table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em­
ployer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's compen­
sation, social security, and railroad retirement. Such plans include
those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and those pro­
vided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer out of
current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions,2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulation?
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness. Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
8elf-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
either of the following conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time
but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
were excluded.




3

T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n um ber studied in D e n v e r, C o lo ., 1 b y m a jo r in d u stry d iv isio n , 2 D e ce m b e r 1961

In d u stry d iv is io n

M inim um
em ploym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in
s co p e o f
study

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m en ts

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts
W ithin
scope o f
study 1
3
2

W ithin s c o p e o f study

Studied

Studied
T o t a l45

O ffic e

P lan t

T o t a l4

A ll d iv is io n s

50

613

160

144 ,5 0 0

3 1 ,0 0 0

83, 900

8 8 ,4 8 0

M an u factu rin g
—
. . .
N onm an u factu rin g
—
_ _
------T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r
p u b lic u t ilit ie s 3
. ___. u
____
...
W h o le s a le tr a d e
__
__ ___
_ _ ------------_ __
R e ta il tra d e ________ __ .
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te
_ ___ __
S e r v ic e s 7
__ __ ___
__
_____ ___ _______

50
50

190
423

49
111

57, 600
8 6 ,9 0 0

9 ,0 0 0
22, 000

34, 300
49, 600

37,000
51 ,4 8 0

50
50
50
50
50

50
85
139
61
88

25
15
37
15
19

2 6 ,5 0 0
8, 500
28, 800
9, 700
1 3 ,4 0 0

12, 600
(6 )
23, 000
(?)
(6 )

2 2 ,1 6 0
2 ,6 8 0
18,020
4, 170
4 ,4 5 0

5, 900
(6 )
2, 900
(?)
(6 )

1 T he D e n v e r Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a c o n s ists o f A d a m s, A ra p a h o e , B o u ld e r , D e n v e r, and J e ffe r s o n C ou n ties.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f study" es tim a te s shown in this
ta b le p r o v id e a .r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and co m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the su rv e y .
T he e s tim a te s a re not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m ­
p a r is o n w ith o th e r a r e a e m p lo y m e n t in d exes to m e a s u r e em ploym en t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in ce (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f esta b lish m en t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance
o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu died, and (2) s m a ll e sta b lish m e n ts a re ex clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the su rv e y .
2 T he 1957 r e v i s e d e d itio n o f the Standard In du strial •C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g esta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
M a jo r chan ges f r o m the e a r lie r ed ition (u sed in
the B u re a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y s con du cted p r io r to July 1958) a r e the tr a n s fe r o f m ilk p a s te u r iz a tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e sta b lish m en ts fr o m trad e (w h olesa le o r re ta il)
to m a n u fa ctu rin g, and the t r a n s fe r o f r a d io and te le v is io n b ro a d ca s tin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p loym en t at o r above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ies in su ch in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n ce, auto r ep a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 establish m en t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and oth er w o r k e r s ex clu d e d f r o m the se p a ra te o f fi c e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n w e re e x clu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A and B ta b le s. S eparate p r e s e n ta tio n o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade
f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m ploym en t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it se p a ra te study, (2) the sam ple w as not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a ­
rate p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it se p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individ ual es ta b lis h m en t data.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and en g in eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




4
Wags Tren ds for Selected O ccupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels. Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series (table 2). This series initiated with the expansion of the labor market
wage survey programs to 82 areas will replace the old series (1953 base) shown
in table 3. Changes in the jobs surveyed and job descriptions since the start of
the old series called for a reexamination of the jobs and job groupings for which
trends were to be computed.
The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series with
the following exceptions: The women clerical group is replaced by an office
clerical group (men and women) and the industrial nurse category includes both
men and women. Changes were also made in the jobs included within job group­
ings in order that an identical list could be employed in all areas.

5

T able 2. P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly e a rn in gs fo r
s e le cte d o c c u p a tio n a l g rou p s in D e n v e r, C o lo ., D e c e m b e r I960 to D e c e m b e r 1961,
and D e ce m b e r 1959 to D e c e m b e r I960
D e c e m b e r I960
to
D e c e m b e r 1961

D e c e m b e r 1959
to
D e c e m b e r I960

A ll in d u s trie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en ) ______ - ____________
In du strial n u rse s (m en and w om en ) __ ____ ____ _
S k illed m aintenance (m en ) ____________________________
_____ ______________
U n sk illed plant (m en) ______

3.5
6.1
4.2
4.8

4.2
5.9
5.3
2.8

M anufacturing:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en ) _ __ __
__ __ _
In du strial n u rs e s (m en and w om en ) ------------- __ -----S k illed m aintenance (m en ) ___________ —_________ _____
U n sk ille d plant (m en) _________________________________

3.8
4 .9
3.9
7.0

3.2
4.0
4.7
2.4

Industry and o c cu p a tio n a l group

T a b le 3. Indexes o f standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in gs f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p s in D en v er, C o lo .,
D e ce m b e r 1961 and D e c e m b e r i9 6 0 , and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
Indexes
(N ovem ber 1952 - 100)
In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en )
__ _
In d u stria l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) ________
S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m en ) ________
U n s k ille d plant (m en )
__ ___
M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en ) ___________
In d u stria l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) ________
S k illed m ain ten an ce (m en )
U n s k illed plant (m en )
_ __ .




P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fr o m —

D e c e m b e r I960 D e c e m b e r 1959 D e c e m b e r 1958 D e c e m b e r 1957 D e c e m b e r 1955 D e c e m b e r 1954 D e c e m b e r 1953 N ovem ber 1952
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
D e ce m b e r 1961 D e ce m b e r I960
to
D e c e m b e r 1961 D e c e m b e r I960 D e c e m b e r 1959 D e c e m b e r 1958 D e c e m b e r 1957 D e c e m b e r 1955 D e c e m b e r 1954 D e ce m b e r 1953

145.8
152.0
160.8
165.6

149.9
_

159.6
172.1

140.8
143.2
154:4
157.5
144.5
-

153.7
159.9

3.6
6.1
4 .2
5.1
3.7

3.9
5.3
5.3
2.9

3.9
3.0
4 .3
5.4

3.1

2.8

3.6
1.9
4 .0
5.7
5.1

-

-

-

-

3.8
7.6

4.6
2.2

2.9
4.8

4.0
5.5

11.0
12.5
11.8
10.9

4.2
6.7
7.0
8.4

2.9
0
4.5
5.7

5.7
8.0
8.1
8.0

11.3

6.1
6.6
4 .3

3.8

5.8

-

14.5
14.0

-

3.1
5.8

_

9.2
12.4

A : Occupational Earnings

6

T a b le A-1. O f f ic e O ccu p a tio n s-M e n an d W o m en
(A verage s traigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , D enver, C o lo ., D ecem ber 1961)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly.
hours
(Standard)

Weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
$
$
S
$
$
S
$
50.00 *55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 *75.00 *80.00 *85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00
40.00 45.00 $
and
and
under
45.00 50.0-0- 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 -95.00_ 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 o v e r

Men

_

_
-

_

_
-

_

_

-

"

-

-

_
-

85.00
84.50
85.50
90.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

14
6
8
-

40.0
40.0
40.0

83.00
93.00
79.00

-

_
-

_
-

1
1

45
45

_

_

_

_

_

1

51
24
27
1

30
6
24
7

18
3
15
5

5
5

2
2
2

1
1
-

B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine) ------Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u t ilit ie s 2 _________________

32
32
32

40.0
40.0
40.0

$90 .00
90.00
90.00

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ----------------M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Pu blic u tilities 2 _________________

240
75
165
51

40.0
40.5
40.0
40.0

100.00
97.00
101.00
105.00

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s B ___________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u tilities 2 _________________

114
32
82
31

40.0
40.0
40.5
40.0

C lerk s, o r d e r __________________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________

266
71
195

-

_

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

4
4
4

6
6
6

12
12
12

3
3
3

2
2
2

-

_
-

_
-

_
*
■

-

-

_
-

15
6
9
-

10
10
'

6
3
3
-

24
9
15
1

29
14
15
4

36
16
20
6

29
14
15
8

40
1
39
21

14
14
7

20
6
14
3

10
4
6
1

1
1
-

4
1
3
-

2
2
-

14
3
11

5
5
2

3
1
2
-

24
11 !
13
12

9
l
8
-

12
3
9
8

6
6
3

10
10
3

5
5
3

9
7
2
~

2
2

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

4
4

19
7
12

28
9
19

61
12
49

28
11
17

8
1
7

6
6

17
12
5

12
12
-

1
1
-

_
-

1

1

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

C lerk s, p a y roll --------------------------------------

41

40.0

95.00

132
36
96
28

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

59.00
56.00
60.00
72.50

-

10
10
-

T abulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
c la s s A ________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

93
36
57

39.5
40.0
39.5

105.00
106.00
104.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T abulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
c la s s B ------------------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________

149
52
97

40.0
40.0
39.5

90.00
92.00
89.00

-

-

-

“

3
3

8
8

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
c la s s C ________________________________
No nm anuf a c tu r ing ___________________

56
41

39.5
39.0

76.50
74.50

-

-

-

4
4

3
3

B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine) ------N onm anufacturing ___________________
Public u tilities 2 _________________

129
112
43

40.5
40.5
40.0

68.00
67.50
69.50

8
8
-

.

-

-

30
30
4

33
24
17

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) _______________________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
R etail trade ______________________

46
36
27

40.5
40.5
40.0

63.50
60.00
57.00

-

-

4
4
4

24
24
19

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs,
cla s s A ________________________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
R etail trade ----------------------------------

96
76
38

40.0
40.0
40.0

76.00
| 73.50
;
! 74.00

_

- !
------1---1

-

4
4

_

-

1




36
6
30

_

_

_
-

_
-

_

_

;

_ j
|
- !
-

-

|

8
3
5

6
2
4

7
7

2
1
1

-

-

_

:
;
;
i
i

6

19

9

13
2
11
11

j
1
1

j
1
1

-

-

"

1
1

3
3

3
2
1

12
4
8

12
1
11

21
12
9

14
5
9

8
6
2

2
2

11
11

17
7
10

29
15
i4

35
16
19

11
6
5

20
6
14

3
3

10
7

13
10

7
4

-

5
1

2
1

-

2
2

14
14
13

I
See footn otes at end o f table.

j

_

10
9

3 i
3 !
3
1
i
-

_

5
5
5

O ffice boys ______________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u tilities 2 _________________

W omen

_

_
-

11
11
-

3
-

_
-

22
17
1

7
7
7

1
1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

7
2
1

-

-

7
2
-

-

“

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

_
-

19
16

22
22

16
16
12

19
12
6

10
5
5

-

5
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

-

1

4

-

_
-

“

3
1
2

_
-

2
2

1
1
-

-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

7
Table A-1. Office Occupations-Men and Womens—
Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division , D enver, C o lo ., D ecem ber 1961)
Average
Sex, occu p ation , and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly,
Weekly ,
earnings
hours
(Standard) (Standard)

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00
and
under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 over

W om en— Continued
B ook keepin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ _
M anufacturing ______________- _________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

85
21
64
17

52
21
31
9

18
11
7
3

14
6
8
1

10
10
6

1
1

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

10
10
3

' 38
38
29

29
11
18
12

37
5
32
6
21

53
30
23
4
7

40
5
35
2
11

45
19
26
13
8

58
27
31
8
-

21
15
6
5
-

11
11
9
-

79

81

101

58
7
22

59
l
21

122
43
79
9
12

53
17
6

86
37
49
17
-

28
17
11
4
2

29
6
23
14

17
3
14
11

6
1
5
5

2
2
2

_
_
_

_
-

92
4
88
2
32

15
15
10
_
_

2
2
-

_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

9
9

2
2

16
16

2
2

6
5

4
4

4
4

3
3

1
1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_
•

_

~Tb

-

-

-

-

"

57
57
5

71
71
6
8

132
131
49
36

38
31
10
6

6
5
4

8
6
6

6
g
6

8
7
7

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

17

35
34
19

37

10
4

8

7

“ 37—

8

8

2
1

23
£3
23

41
39
29

65
6l
57

23
19
4

-

-

15
To

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

_

“

76
75
6

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

5
1
4
4

13
4
9
2

44
17
27
_
9

27
11
16
_
5

34
14
20
_
13

34
27
7
-

45
20
25
6
1

19
7
12
11
-

21
13
8
1
6

10
. 10
8
-

1
1
_
_
-

4
_
4
2
-

_
_
_
_
-

1
1
1
-

1
_
1

_

_

-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
-

17
17
7

40
40
34

47
14
33
_
16

30
16
14
7

56
10
46
_
15

42
6
36
2
3

32
7
25
2
10

11
4
7
1

12
1
11
11

20
7
13
13

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_
_

383
68
315
49

39.5
40.0
39.5
41.5

$65.50
70.50
64.00
68.50

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A __ _ _______
Manuf a c tu r in g ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __________________
R etail tra d e _______________________

360
112
248
57
94

40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
40.5

85.50
89.00
84.50
97.00
75.50

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B .
M anufacturing __ ____ __ __ __ — _
N onm anufacturing _ __ _____ _ — _
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __ _ — _____ _
R etail t r a d e _______________________

702
214
488
89
103

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

71.00
74.50
70.00
83.50
63.00

C lerk s, file , c la s s A 3 __ __ __ _____ _
N onm anufacturing ___________________

65
64

39.0
39.0

69.00
69..00

C lerk s, file , c la s s B 3 ___ _______________
Nnnm anufa n ring
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

326
88
55

39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0

56.50
56.50
62.00
56.50

116
101
30

39.5
39.5
39.5

56.00
55.50
52.50

C lerk s, o r d e r __ __ __ __ __ ______ ____
Nonm anufacturing ____ __ „
_ _ _
__ _____ _
R etail trade ______

260
40.0
1
2 i 9 " - 40.0
131
40.0

68.50
68.00
59.00

-

12
T 2 ----12

C lerk s, p a y r o ll _________________________
M anufacturing __________________ ______
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __ __ __ ______
R etail trad e _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ____ _

261
115
146
29
40

40.0
40.0
40.5
40.0
40.0

81.00
81.00
80.50
96.50
75.00

_
-

C om ptom eter o p e r a to r s _
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing _ _ _
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __

307
65
242
29
92

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

71.50
74.00
71.00
93.50
64.00

_
-

D u plicatin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s
(M im eograph o r D itto) ________________

31

40.0

65.50

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A 3 _________
M anufacturing __ __ __ __ __ _____ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __ — _ _ --------

215
54 .
161
72

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

79.50
56.50
79.50
87.50

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B 3 _________
M anufacturing
__
Nonm anufacturing _ __
______
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __ __ __ _____ -

337
75
262
106

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

70.00
75.00
68.50
74.00

C lerk s, file , c la s s C 3 __ __

„

_ _

N nnm at\nf a rtn
P Atail traH p

_ ____ __ _
__ _ _ __ _
___
__ _ _
_____ „ _ _

R e fa .il t r a d e

See footn otes at end o f table.




514

-

-

15
4
11
3

_
_
-

4
4
-

1
1
53
12
41
8

1
1

_
-

'

” 13—

91
91
9

96

2
2
2

4

92

21'

16

46

1

'

_

10
5

1

1

-

_

12

11

3

3

_

!

13

-

13
-

42
20
22
12

18
8
10
4

23
3
20
18

9
2
7
6

-

1

34
3
31
15

-

-

38
12
26
5

3

-

-

19
5
14
1

9

-

6
1
5
-

9
8

3
3

-

-

26

45

51
1
50
19

56
16
40
3

56
12
44
12

40
^2
8
3

20
13
7
3

6

34
1
33
33

3

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

_

-

-

"

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

26
-

45
28

-

-

_

6
2

-

3
3

_

-

_

-

-

-

_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_

"

-

8
Table A-1. Office Occupation&-Men and Women—Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, D enver, C olo., D ecem ber 1961)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
S
S
S
$
$
$
S
$
S
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Weekly
Weekly,
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00
earnings1 and
hours 1
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 o v e r

W om en— Continue d
129
117
34

39.5
39.5
40.0

$55 .00
54.50
53.00

4
4
-

23
23
12

43
37
10

37
35
9

13
12
1

4
4
1

1
1

-

4
1
-

-

-

-

"

"

-

"

-

-

-

-

1, 284
436
848
267
78

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.5

91.50
91.50
91.00
100.00
84.00

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

6
_
6
2
-

22
_
22
1
3

26
1
25
_
8

62
5
57
8
9

85
17
68
11
8

187
78
109
31
19

214
75
139
22
4

228
120
108
19
9

189
100
89
32
2

91
15
76
32
13

67
13
54
36
2

34
3
31
25
1

14
1
13
11
“

35
2
33
27
"

9
1
8
7

9
2
7
2

6
3
3
1
-

S tenographers, g e n e r a l3
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________
N on m an u factu rin g____
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2
R etail trade

887
377
510
149
62

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
39.5

76.50
78.00
75.00
80.50
67.00

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

8
_
8
_
-

50
50
10
13

48
7
41
10
15

86
17
69
15
7

173
97
76
7
22

214
98
116
41
5

166
115
51
10

78
40
38
7

37
3
34
27

23
23
21

1
_
1
1

_
_

1
1
_

2
2
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

Stenographers, sen ior 3
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2
R etail t r a d e ____

530
189
341
123
52

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.5

81.00
82.00
80.50
90.00
70.00

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
.
_
_
-

19
19
_
10

25
3
22
1
4

51
17
34
6
8

82
43
39
9
12

77
15
62
9
13

109
52
57
13
4

50
22
28
20
*

43
18
25
21
1

12
_
12
8
-

23
4
19
14
-

32
10
22
20
-

6
4
2
2
-

1
1
_
_
-

_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

Sw itchboard o p era to rs
M a n u fa ctu rin g __ ___
Nonmanufacturing _
P u blic u tilitie s 2
R etail trade ____

322
63
259
32
63

41.5
40.0
42.0
40.0
41.5

66.00
81.60
62.50
90.50
59.50

24
4 24
_
"

23
23
-

25
25
_
15

56
1
55
_
27

39
39
_
4

25
8
17
_
9

36
6
30
1
6

31
17
14
3
2

18
14
4
1
-

12
2
10
9
-

21
10
11
11
-

4

6
5
1
1
-

2
_
2
2
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists
M anufacturing ,
Nonmanufacturing —
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2
R etail trade

334
121
213
36
57

40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
41.5

70.50
70.50
70.50
80.00
66.50

_
_
-

_
-

69
30
39
18

54
21
33
15

35
17
18
7
4

20
9
11
9
2

13
1
12
2
6

17
2
15
4
-

3
_
3
3
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_

-

55
13
42
3
8

64
28
36
8

-

4
4
3

-

-

34
27

40.0
40.0

86.00
81.50

-

"

"

-

-

8
8

6
6

3
3

6
4

5
4

1
■

1
1

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e ra to rs,
general .
M anufacturing ___
N onm anufacturing

231
46
185

39.5
40.0
39.5

67.50
74.00
66.00

.
_
-

4
4

42
42

51
9
42

65
5
60

28
8
20

18
15
3

6
4

7
3
4

8

2

_

_

_

_

_

2

-

-

-

6

2

-

-

T yp ists, cla s s A
M a n u fa ctu rin g ____
N onm anufacturing
P u blic u tilitie s 2

493
140
353
64

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

70.00
76.00
67.50
78.00

_

"

-

2

_

.
-

113
9
104
7

113
15
98
5

63
30
33
6

74
51
23
7

38
25
13
6

14
10
4
4

21
21
18

1
1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

2
2

_
-

-

38
38
8

_

_
-

16
16
-

2

_

..
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

T yp ists, c la s s B
M a n u fa ctu rin g _____
Nonmanufacturing
P u blic u tilitie s 2
R etail trade ____

772
189
583
29
79

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.5

62.00
66.50
61.00
70.00
59.50

26
_
26
_

103
4

155

15
7
8
6

2

2

.
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1-

_

_

-

-

9

144
2
24

97
34
63
12

1

99

138
219
43
87
176 !
51
6 !
3
39
1
7

17

_
_
_

O ffice g irls
Nonm anufacturing ,
R etail trade ___
S e cre ta rie s
M anufacturing ,
Nonm anufacturing ^
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2
R etail t r a d e ____

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s B ________________________
Nonmanufacturing

.

_

-

l ______
_
L
2
3
4

11

1

_
4
4
-

-

“

.

_

"

16

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings corresp on d to these w eek ly hours.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
D escrip tio n fo r this jo b has been re v ise d since the last su rvey in this area. See appendix A.
Includes 8 w o rk e rs at $35 to $40.




_

2
~

_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_

_

_
_
_
_

_

1
1

1
~

_

_

_
_
_
_

>
-

_
"

“

.
-

_

-

_

9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations-Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry d ivision , D enver, C o lo ., D e cem ber 196l)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Number
of

workers

$

Weekly]
Weekly ]
earnings
hours
(Standard) (Standard)

Under 7 0 .0 0

D raftsm en, sen ior ‘ _____________
M anufacturing _______________
N onm anufacturing ___________
Public u t ilit ie s 4 _________
D raftsm en, junior ________
M anufacturing
Nonmanuf actur ing

N u rses, industria l (re g is te r e d )
M anufacturing _______________ 1
4
3
2

1
2
3
4

89

4 0 .0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 3 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0
1 4 3 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0

8 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
S
$
S
S
S
$
$
$
t
1
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 1 6 5 .0 0 1 7 0 .0 0
"
and
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 1 6 5 .0 0 1 7 0 .0 0 over

$

8 5 .0 0

-

“

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

$

9 0 .0 0

3

$ 1 7 0 .0 0

498
200
298
35

$

$

7 5 .0 0
“

7 0 .0 0

D raftsm en, lead er

$

-

-

-

4
4

-

8
8

9
4
5

-

-

"

-

-

-

_

-

_

30
25
5

1

52
31
21
2

50
40
10
6

21
12
9
1

24
16
8
7

24
1
23
5

22
5
17

8
5
3

9
1
8

5
5

_

-

-

-

9 4 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
9 9 .5 0

4
2

19
14

29
24

2

5

5

40
30
10

39
29
10

29
19
10

25
8
17

45
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0
9 5 .5 0

2

4

5
2

15
14

12
9

1
1

1

2

1

2
2

Standard h ou rs r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r which em ployees re ce ive their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings c o rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
W ork ers w e re d istributed as fo llo w s : 16 at $ 170 to $ 175; 14 at $ 175 to $ 180; 26 at $ 180 to $ 185; 4 at $ 190 to $ 195.
W ork ers w e re d istributed as fo llo w s : 25 at $ 170 to $ 175; 5 at $ 175 to $ 180; 3 at $ 180 to $ 185.
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public utilities.




5

35
21
14
6

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

-

4

37
29
8
4

224
1 54
70

17
17

2

1

20
15
5

1
_

27
27
-

_

9

46
1
45
1

_

_

4

_

2 60

_

35

21

33

35

21

3 33

-

-

"

_

_

.

10
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations-Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , D enver, C o l o . , D ecem ber 1961)

Num
ber
of
worker*

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Average
w
eekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

Average
w
eekly j
earnings
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry d iv ision

310
68
242
29
92

$ 7 1 .5 0
7 4.00
71.00
93. 50
6 4.00

Switchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts _
_ _
M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing
_
—
Public u tilities 2
Retail trade
_ _
_ __ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

N on m an u factu rin g-----------------------------------------------

161
144
75

334
121
213
36
57

$70. 50
7 0 .5 0
70. 50
80. 00
6 6 .5 0

58
39

69. 50
7 1.00

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A _
M anufacturing _ _
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------Public u t ilit ie s 2 _
____
_ _ _ _ _

101
37
64
27

96. 50
105. 50
103.50
101.50

218
54
164
75

80.00
80. 50
7 9 .5 0
88.00

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B _______ _____
Nonmanufacturing __
Public u tilities 2 _______________________________

183
59
124
25

89 .5 0
93. 50
8 7.50
87. 50

Keypunch o p e ra to rs, c la s s B 3
. ___ . . . . . .
M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing
__ ____ ___________ - —
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 . .. t . .. ..
_
____

340
75
265
109

70. 50
75.0 0
69.00
74. 50

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s C -----------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------------------------

108
93

68. 50
66. 50

O ffice boys and g i r l s _______ ___________________ —___

261
48
213
46
37

57.00
57.00
57.00
66. 50
52. 50

T ra n scribin g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s , g en eral —
Manufacturing
_ _
Nonmanufacturing . . . .
. . .
.

—
- -

231
46
185

67. 50
7 4 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------Public u t ilit ie s 2 _ . . .
_ .
_
____

517
142
375
85

71. 00
7 6 .0 0
6 9 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

S e cre ta rie s
...
M anufacturing
____
Nonmanufacturing ___ . . . . . . . . ____
P ublic u tilities 2 ______________________________
R etail trade ___________________________________

1.295
442
853
272
78

91. 50
91. 50
9 1.50
100.50
84.00

T yp ists, c la s s B _ _____ __
____ — _. - __
Ma niifartii rin g
____
Nonmanufacturing . . . .
--------_ ._
Public u t ilit ie s 2 _
_ __ _ —
_ —
Retail trade ______________________ _____________

777
190
587
33
79

62. 50
66. 50
6 1 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
59. 50

___ . . . . . .
Stenographers, g e n e r a l3 . . . . . . . . .
M anufacturing . . . . .
. . . . ____ . . . ____—
Nonm anufacturing . . . . ._
__
_ . . . . ___
Pu blic u tilities 2 ------- -------------------------------------R etail trade . —
—— ____ _________ . _

891
377
514
153
62

76.50
7 8.00
75 .0 0
81.00
67.00

$72. 50
72. 50
78. 50

52
42

65. 50
6 3.00
61. 50

Pu blic u tilities 2 ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------ -----—
---------------

33

N on m an u factu rin g_______________________________

N on m an u factu rin g----------------------------------------------Retail traHe
..........
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ___________ —_________
XXannfa rtii t»i «gr

R etail trade

..

-

C le rk s, a c r ftunt'u g, cl?®* R
Ma niifa rtii ri ng
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 . .

. . . . .

—

.

—

r
. . ----

— —

Cl^rkS} file , c Islss
, L
-■■■■■„...
,,
N on m an u factu rin g____________________ _— — ------C lerk s, file ,
B3
Nonmfl"ii^9p^ ug
1,,,’
OG2
DAtail

—
.........-

^ ] a |1
*tq ^|]a rlapo P 3
N on m an u factu rin g----------------------- —--------------------PAfail tra^A
a aIra
*

nr/^Ai*

PAfavl fra/^A
^lArlra

payrnll

N onm anufacturing --- ----------------- -----—
-----------------p^
......
PAtail tra^A

115
37
78
38

78.
86.
74.
74.

50
00
50
00

384
68
316
50

65. 50
70. 50
64.0 0
' 68. 50

600
187
413
108
106

91.
92.
91.
100.
78.

50
00
00
50
50

816
246
570
120
122

73 .0 0
75. 50
72. 00
85. 50
65. 00

66
65

69. 50
6 9.00

337
325
89
55

56.50
56. 50
62. 00
56. 50

116
101
30

56. 00
55. 50
52. 50

526
92
434
141

75.
88.
73.
61.

50
50
00
50

302
137
165
40
46

82.
83.
82.
97.
77.

50
00
50
00
50

Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 . .
Retail trade
T

.... .

- . — ---____________-

M anufacturing . . . .
....
. . . . .
Nonmanufact-nri ng
__________
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 _____________ . . .
. . . .
Sw itchboard op e ra to rs ______________ __ _____________
M a n u fa ctu rin g___
_
._ _ __ _____. . . ___
N on m an u factu rin g-----------------------------------------------Pu blic utilitie s 2 ______ ....________________________
Retail trad<»

536
189
347
129
52

81. 50
82.00
80.50
9 0.50
7 0.00

325
63
262
35
63

66.50
8 1.00
62. 50
91.0 0
59.50

T ypists, c la s s A ___ ___

_____ __

_ - —

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occu pation s
89

D raftsm en, lea d er
D raftsm en, s en ior .
Manufacturing ___ ___
.
Nonmanufacturing ._
.
Public u t ilit ie s 2 ____

.

. —_
_____

.
_ __
____ __ _____ __

D raftsm en, ju n ior — _
. . . .
__ _
M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ------- ------------------------------------------N urses, industrial (re g is te r e d ) . . .
Manufacturing __ —
. . .

Earning3 are f o r a regu lar w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their straigh t-tim e w eekly s a la r ie s , e x clu siv e o f any prem ium pay.
Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.
D escrip tion fo r this jo b has been re v ise d since the last su rvey in this a re a . See appendix A.




Number
of

O ffice occu pation s— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

Average
w
eekly |
earnings
(Standard)

N ber
um
of

O ccupation and industry d ivision

. . .
_ _

170.00

498
200
298
35

133.50
118.50
143.50
124.50

233
163
70

94. 00
91. 50
9 9 .5 0

46
31

95. 50
96. 00

11
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in s e le cte d occupations studied bn an a re a basis
by industry division , D enver, C o l o ., D e ce m b e r 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O ccupation and industry division

C a rp en ters, m aintenance
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
.

112
73
39

__

Average

$ 2.94
2. 97
2.89

$
$
$
Under 1.80
1.90 2. 00
and
$
under
1.80
1.90
2 .00 2. 10

S
$
$
2. 10 2. 20 2 .3 0
2. 20

2. 30

2 .40

$
2 .40

$
2. 50

$
2.6 0

$
2.70

$
2 .80

$
2. 90

$
3.0 0

$
3. 10

$
3 .2 0

$
3.3 0

$
3 .4 0

3 .5 0

2 .50

2.6 0

2 .7 0

2. 80

2 .90

3 .0 0

3. 10

3. 20

3 .3 0

3.40

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

-

-

"

"

-

-

-

2
1
1

6
5

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

3

9
9

19
4
15

13
13
“

22
2

1
1

13
13

54
47

10
10

W ~

10

—

-

-

16
— rr
-

52
51

13
13

nr

*3.60
and
over

-

3
3
-

-

86
48

_

_

_

"

“

"

34
34
-

21
21
-

15
15
-

_
-

_
_

E le c tr ic ia n s , m a in t e n a n c e -------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------------------

236
187 (

3 .0 5
3.03

-

E n g in eers, s t a t i o n a r y ____________ ______ ______
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________ _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------------

318
199
119

2.81
3.01
2.48

_
-

15
15

_
-

10
10

_
"

11
6
5

10
10

5
5

30
6
24

26
9
17

43
33
10

27
7
20

51
51
-

_
-

20
17
3

F irem en , station ary b o ile r
M a n u fa c t u r in g ________________ _______________

71
57

2.35
2.59

3 12
“

_

_

_

4
4

7
7

3
1

5
5

25
25

_

4
4

5
5

_

_

_

_

_

■

6
6

_

“

-

-

-

■

-

136
60
76

2. 29
2. 26
2.32

12
11
l

49
19
30

45
1
44

7
£

10
10

M a ch in e-tool o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m ____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------------------

160
T5o

2.91
2.91

29
29

_
"

_

■

20
20

_

"

104
104

_

"

7
7

_

~

"

■

M a ch in ists, m aintenance ______________________
M anufacturing ___
__ _____
___
____

266
237

M ech an ics, autom otive
(m aintenanc e) _______ _______ ____ ___________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________________
PiiKlir litilittefl ^
M ech a n ics, m aintenance _ _ _ _ _
M anufacturing
__ __
__ __

■

7
*7

H elp ers, m aintenance trades
Marmfa rtnrin g
Nnnmarmfa rtnrinjr

O ilers _ __ _ _
M anufacturing

------____

_ ___

_

-----___

P ip e fitte r s , m aintenance __
M anufacturin g,
__
__

____
__ _

-

“

“

2.93
2.92

_

_

_

_

_

_

■

“

24
24

9
9

5
5

81
6l

11
11

42
13

15
15

66
66

.

“

11
11

.

■

1
1

.

■

"

“

■

1
1

697
45
652
532

2.95
2.88
2.95
3. 00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23
20

3
3
-

10
4
6
1

72
2
70
20

35
9
26
18

12
11
1

484
4
480
445

49
2
47
46

9
7
2
2

-

-

-

-

276
271

2.90
2.90

■

■

"

■

-

1
1

3
3

2
2

29
29

-

146
146

10

"

53
48

3
3

29
29

-

-

-

-

85
85

2.37
2.37

_

.

11
11

32
32

6
6

3
3

3
3

"

1
1

_

“

25
25

.

”

3
3

.

"

“

•

•

1
1

-

"

•

99
60

2.85
2.97

_

_

_

_

_

j

■

9
6

2
~

15
15

14
14

9
8

"

15
15

1
1

■

4
~

.

”

28
~

.

-

1
■

_

“

194
___ ___
_ __ “ 194

3.03
3.03

_

_

_

_

_

_

!

_

_

_

-

-

1

-

-

-

50
50

2
2

.

"

81
81

.

-

5
5

.

-

55
55

.

-

-

-

132
131

3. 18
3. 18

.

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

2
2

-

17
17

14
14

12
11

57
57

6
6

17
17

_

__ __

__ __

T o o l and die m a k e r s ___________________________
___
M anufacturing _ __
__
__

1
2
3
4

“

E x clu des prem iu m pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
A ll w ork ers w e re at $ 3. 80 to $ 3. 90.
A ll w ork ers w e re at $ 1. 20 to $ 1. 30.
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public utilities.




_
~

"

________ _ _ _______

P a in ters, m aintenance _ ____
M anufacturing
_ _

13
13

■

4
4

1

1
1

6
6

10

■

_

12
Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage s tra igh t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , D enver, C o lo ., D ecem b er 1961)

O ccupation 1 and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF$
$
$
«
«
$
$
$
$
$
*
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly j Under *0.80 0.90 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00
earnings $
and
and
0.80 under
.90 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 o v e r

E levator o p era tors , passenger
(wom en) ------------ — ---------------- — —
Nonmanufacturing ___ _______ ____
R etail trade ______________________

92
86
44

$1.29
1.29
1.39

"

8
8
-

-

7
7
6

24
24
4

10
10
6

15
11
9

6
4
4

-

19
19
15

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

G uards ______________________________——
M anufacturing _____ -________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________ ____

291
232
59

2.30
2.46
1.67

_

_

2

_

_

2

2

13

13

9

6

-

2

-

2

2

13

13

9

6

1
1

2
2
-

10
6
4

20
19
1

6
3
3

72
70
2

76
76
-

47
47

-

4
3
1

6
6
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs
(men) __________________________________
M anufacturing ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing __________________
Public u tilities 3 _________________
R etail trade ______________________

1,799
587
1,212
183
265

1.71
2.07
1.53
1.99
1.39

40
40
-

40
40
-

-

68
68
29

60
9
51
40

114
11
103
56

65
16
49
17

65
20
45
2
42

126
7
119
17
31

500
28
472
11

30
5
25
8
9

96
31
65
31
11

90
80
10
3
6

109
85
24
15
8

115
31
84
84
-

49
45
4
4
"

172
167
5
5

35
35
-

4
4
4
-

19
15
4
4
-

_
-

2
2
"

-

-

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs
(women) ----------------------- ------------ -----M anufacturing _____ _________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________
R etail trade ______________________

305
26
279
37

1.63
1.78
1.62
1.36

_
-

"

-

3
3
3

5
3
2
2

10
10
10

11
4
7
7

11
11
7

8
3
5
3

229
1
228
5

8
8

1
1
-

5
5
-

1
1
-

8
3
5

1
1

4
4

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

L a b o r e rs , m a teria l handling __________
M anufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------Public u tilities 3 _________________
R etail trade ______________________

2, 212
411
1,801
1,015
467

2.33
2.29
2.34
2.57
2.04

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

18
9
9
9

3
3
3

8
8
8

58
58
42

47
47
46

27
12
15
13

32
2
30
16

64
19
45
11

140
59
81
1
7

90
9
81
3
40

156
30
126
23
27

130
85
45
22
23

331
30
301
17
219

167
77
90
88
2

248
1
247
246
1

641
26
615
615
-

_
_
-

52
52
-

_
_
-

_
-

O rd er fille r s . _________________________
M anufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------R etail trade ______________________

987
310
677
250

2.22
2.28
2.19
2.13

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

1

27

9

1
-

P a ck e rs , shipping (men) .1____________
M anufacturing ______________________
Nonm anufacturing ---------------------------R etail trade ---------------------------------

221
140
81
15

2.07
2.09
2.03
1.59

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
1

_
-

P a ck ers, shipping (wom en) ------------------

33

1.63

_

_

_

1

2

R eceivin g c le r k s -----------------------------------M anufacturing ______________________
N onm anufacturing ---------------------------R etail trade ______________________

271
56
215
105

2.03
“ 0 6
1.97
2.01

3

3

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

■

3
3

3
3

Shipping cle r k s ____ -___________________
M anufacturing ______________________
N onm anufacturing ----------------------------

133
36
97

2.31
2.36
2.30

Shipping and receivin g cle r k s --------------

81
41
40

2.42
2.43
2.41

Nonmanufacturing __________________

See footn otes at end o f table.




11

-

-

-

*

1
1

27
27

9
9

20
20
16

23

-

17
16

59
59
-

110
32
78
32

185
11
174
7

79
2
77
6

274
56
218
124

147
99
48
11

28
21
7
1

1
-

_
-

_
_
-

18
18
-

_
-

3
3
-

4
4
-

3
3
3

17
10
7
7

2
1
1
-

10
7
3
-

36
30
6
-

19
15
4
-

37
11
26
4

20
10
10

4
4
-

4
4
-

29
9
20

5
5
-

19
19
-

_
-

8
8
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

10

6

_

4

2

2

6

■

30
30
■

12
6
6
5

11
3
8
8

1
1

12
12
12

13
13
13

7
7
1

25
25
11

12
2
10
"

44
8
36
9

35
10
25
15

55
20
35
23

2
1
1

4
4
“

“

2
2
-

-

"

4

22
4
18

15
1
14

54
23
31

30
30

4
4
-

4
4
"

-

-

-

14
9
5

13
10
3

29
14
15

2
2

1

_

6
------ 5"
-

2
2

1
_

_

V~

_

4
5
5

_

_

1

1

-

10
£
4

4

1

4

1

Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by industry d ivision , D enver, C o lo ., D e ce m b e r 1961)

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry d iv isio n

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
*
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly , Jnder 0.80 0 .9 0 1 . 0 0 1 . 1 0 1 . 2 0 1.30 1.40 1. 50 1.60 1.70 1 . 80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2 . 9 0 3.00
earnings
and
and
3. 80 under
.90 1 . 0 0 1 . 1 0 1 . 2 0 1. 30 1.40 1. 50 1.60 1. 70 1 . 80 1 . 9 0 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2. 30 2 .40 2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2 . 90 3. 00 over

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

6
1

15
15

6

i

12

30

10

6

23

109
36
73

2 .3 4

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

"

"

"

10

6

8

2 . 10
2. 15
2 .0 7

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

32

-

7

5
5

16
6
10

9
3

17
l2

6

5

82
17
65

-

3

-

10

6

-

T ru ck d riv ers 4 ------- --------------------------------M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____ ____ _____
P u blic u tilities 3 __________________
R etail trade -----— _____

2, 471
573
1, 898
1, 185
375

$ 2 .4 8
2. 41
2. 50

T ru ck d riv e rs , light (under
l llz tons) _ ____ — _ __________
M anufacturing ______ ____________
N onm anufacturing ________________

319
214

R etail trade ___________________

28

106

16

2

7

9

35

2 .6 6

2
30

6
1

55
41
14

181
65
116

1

32

2

8

4

6
20

18
18
-

41
16
25

1

T ru ck d riv e rs , m edium (IV 2 to and
including 4 tons) ------------- ------- —
MoiiuidCiuring
N onm anufacturing ------------------------P u blic u tilities 3 ______________
R etail trade __:_________________

1, 239
— zgg"
944
713
61

l! 95

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.51

10

-

_

18

! 54
2 .6 3
2 .2 4

10

-

_

18

2, 4 4
2

T ru ck d riv e rs , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
t r a ile r type) ________________________
M anufacturing ------------------------------Nonm anufacturing ________________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 3 ______________

648
62
586
425

2 .65
2 .7 2

T ru ck d riv e rs , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
other them t r a ile r type) __ _________

149

T ru ck ers, pow er (fork lift)
__ _________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 3 ---------------------------

530
322
208
108

2. 37
2. 2$
2 . 49

T ru ck ers, p ow er (oth er than
fork lift)
__________ — __ __ ____

115

W atchm en ____ ____ __ __ __ __ _____
M anufacturing ___ __ __ ____ _____
N onm anufacturing ________________
R etail trade _______________________

1
2
3
4'

172
------- S T 85
31

120

88

112

162

18

11

5
5

17'
17

3
3

-

3

123
32
91

53
49
4

295
92
203

49

120
11

-

36
20
— n r — TT
14
8

2

3

2

1

8

4

20

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17

107

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

106

2 .6 8

2

1

49
49
"

12
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
20

-

79
75
4

41
21
20

1

1.83

2

1 .8 8

-

-

-

1.77
1.67

-

-

-

-

2

9
9
-

1
1
3
8

2

-

2

14

1
0
4

17
17
16

33
20

13

. 1

3
3

8

36
31
5
5

5
5
5

2

2

-

2

-

2

22

5
5

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

3

575
26
33
46 ------g“ — TT
18
529
_
521
18
8
-

_

1

------f
_
.
-

_
-

6
6

2
2

_

15

-

-

-

6

7
7
'

3

17
14
3

1

36
33
3

-

2

156
148

6

37

_

5
5
_

"

64
13
51

_

8

-

-

33
14
19

1

6
6

8

-

1

41
33

392
17
375
372

-

2 .6 8

450
54
396
393
-

54
25
29
16

131

8

679
83
596
572
24

62
$
53
37

1

Data lim ited to m e n w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
E x clu d es prem iu m pay f o r o v ertim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public u tilities.
Includes a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s of s ize and type o f truck operated.




116
9
107

8

2 .3 8

__

473
119
354

5

2. 37

2 .6 5

239
93
146
3

100

8

1
1

-

-

11
11

100
100

6
6

“

"

■

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

73

2

_

28
18

2

-

10

-

2

£ : Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

14




T a b le B-l. Shift D ifferentials
(Shift d iffe r e n tia ls o f m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s by type and am ount o f d iffe r e n tia l, D en ver, C o lo ., D e c e m b e r 1961)
P e r c e n t o f m anufacturin g plant w o r k e r s —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

In e sta b lish m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —
S e co n d shift
w o rk

A ctu a lly w ork in g on —

T h ird o r o th e r
sh ift w o rk

S econ d shift

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

T o ta l _____

92.7

88.0

16.2

4 .8

W ith sh ift p a y d iffe r e n tia l -----------------

91.3

88.0

15.5

4.8

U n ifo rm ce n ts (p e r h o u r ) ________

75.8

69.4

13.5

4.2

5 c e n t s __________________________
6 ce n ts _________________________ _
7 ce n ts __________________________
7V2 ce n ts _________________ ______
8 c e n t s __________________________
10 c e n t s __ ______________________
12 ce n ts --- ------ --------------------------I2V2 c e n t s ______________ - ______
13V3 c e n t s ___ ____ - _____________
13 % cen ts ____________- _________
14 c e n t s ________________________
15 c e n t s ____________ ___________
16 c e n t s ________________________
19 c e n t s ________________________

5.4
16.6
3.5
4.1
4.4
15.6
9.1

U n ifo r m p e r c e n ta g e -----------------------

3.4

5 p e r c e n t __ _____________________
10 p e r c e n t ________ ____ _________

_

5.6
1.1
4.6
5.7

_
13.7
_
_

7.5
19.0
3.1
3.9
_

1.7
14.9
1.2
4.6

.4
4.0
.8
.5
.3
2.9
.5

_
2.5
_
_
_

1.5

.1
.7
.1
.1

_

_

_

.8
1.9

_

-

.5
.2
.2

-

-

-

1.7
1.7

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

-

1.4

-

-

1.7

1.7

(1 3
2)

(2 )

O th er fo r m a l p a y d iff e r e n t ia l3 —

10.3

15.5

2.0

.5

No sh ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _____________

1.4

.6

~

F u ll d a y 's pay f o r r e d u c e d h o u rs
F o r m a l p aid lunch p e r io d

“

1 In clu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n tly o p e ra tin g late s h ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts
e ven though they w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g late sh ifts.
2 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t.
3 C om b in a tion o f fu ll d a y 's p a y fo r r e d u c e d h o u rs w o rk e d plus a cen ts p e r hour d iffe re n tia l.

15
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women O ffice W orkers
(D is trib u tio n o f e sta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f fi c e w o r k e r s , D e n v e r, C o lo ., D e c e m b e r 1961)
I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M anufactur ing
M in im u m w e e k ly s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u strie s

I

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
M an ufacturin g

N onm anufacturing

B a s e d o n stan dard w e e k ly h o u r s '‘ of—

N onm anufacturing

B a s ed on standard w e e k ly h ou rs 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
s ch ed u les

A ll
s ch e d u le s

$ 4 0 .0 0 and un d er $ 4 2 .5 0
—
__
$ 4 2 .5 0 and u n d er $ 4 5 .0 0
—
—
$ 4 5 .0 0 and u n d er $ 4 7 .5 0
$ 4 7 .5 0 and u n d er $ 50.00 ________ __ —— ______ — ------------------$ 50.00 and u n d er $ 5 2.50 __ ___ _________________— ___ __ ___ __
$ 52.50 and u n d er $ 55.00 ------------------------------------------- — ___ __
$ 55.00 and u n d er $ 57.50
$ 57.50 and u n d er $ 60.0 0
—
—
$ 60.00 and u n d er $ 6 2 .5 0 .
. . .
_
$ 62.50 and u n d er $ 6 5.00
—
_
----$ 65.00 and u n d er $ 6 7.50
$ 67.50 and u nd er $ 70.00
. . .
—
—
$ 70.00 and u n d er $ 72.50 .
___
O v e r $ 7 2 .5 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m
E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ic h did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y ---------- ---_
______

—
_ —

_____
------

49

XXX

111

XXX

160

49

XXX

111

______XXX

63

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m

A ll
s ch e d u le s

160

E s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied

40

20

19

43

37

79

20

18

59

51

1
1
5
3
11
1
4

1
1
5
2
9
1
3

1
1
11
5
13

_
1
2
2
4
4
3
1
1

1
1
10
5
12
4
5

1
1
10
3
11
2
2

7

7

2
-

_
1
1
2
1
5
4
3
2
-

2
4
2
1
2
3

2
4
2
1
2
3

41

15

56

14

1
1
6
3
13
3
5
12

6
6

1
_
4
2

1
2
2
1
5
4
3
_
-

40

A ll
s ch e d u le s

40

40

2
2

1
3
1
2
2

2
1
3
4

_
1
1
3
2
4
4
3
1
1

XXX

26

X XX

42

15

XXX

27

XXX

X XX

42

X XX

39

14

XXX

25

X XX

7

2.3
1
-

6

7
7

11

6
7

L o w e s t s a la r y ra te f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d fo r h irin g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s fo r typing o r o th er c le r i c a l jo b s .
R a tes a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o f fic e g ir ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a re not c o n s id e r e d .
H ours r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e their re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . D ata a r e p re s e n te d f o r all w o rk w e e k s c o m b in ed , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n w ork w eek re p o r te d .




16
Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s b y sch e d u le d w e e k ly h ou rs
o f f ir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , D e n v e r, C o lo ., D e ce m b e r 1961)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

W eek ly hou rs

A ll w o r k e r s

AU
.
industries 1

__

100

U nder 3 7 l/2 h ou rs ______________________________________
37V2 h ou rs ______________________ _____ __ _____ —
O ver 37V2 and under 40 h ou rs _________________
40 h ou rs _____ __________________ ____ _______ _____
O ver 40 and under 44 h ou rs ______ __ ___________
44 h ou rs _____ __ ---------------- ------ ------------------------ O v er 44 and under 48 h ou rs
-------------_ —
48 h o u r s __ __________ ___________________________
--------------------- ---------------- --------- --------49 hou rs -----O ver 49 h ou rs
__
_____ __ _ ___ _
- _____ _

2
5
5
85

_________ ________

_____

_________

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 1
2

Finance

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

-

1
-

4

2
2

6

99

79
7
9
1

2
98

1

_

_

2

(4 )

(4 )

(4 )

-

-

-

-

0

Retail trade

All
,
industries 3

-

-

-

-

92

1

_
-

1 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose industry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
2 T ra n sp orta tion , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilitie s .
3 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n sep a ra tely.
4 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.




Retail trade

100

100

1

79
4
1
9
1
1

Public,
utilities2

-

1
-

100
_
_
_
-

-

68
2
5
(4 )
17
4
4

17
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y nu m ber o f p aid h olid a y s
p r o v id e d ann ually, D e n v e r, C o l o . , D e ce m b e r 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

Item

A ll w o r k e r s ------------------------------- -------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a id h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no pa id h o l i d a y s ___________ —----------------------------- ------

All
t
industries

Manufacturing

Publie2
utilities

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance

All
,
industries

Manufacturing

PubUc2
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

99

85

95

96

77

1

15

5

4

23

(4)
81
2

-

-

-

-

42

30

12

71

-

-

5
16

11
12

-

-

54

7

1

1

Number of days

h olid a y s _
~
_
_ __ ___
5 h o lid a y s .
_
------ -----------------_____
____
.
.
.
.
6 h o lid a y s
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _________ __________ ______
6 h o lid a y s plu s 2 h a lf d a y s ---------------- ---- ---------------7 h olid a y s
_____----------------------------- , ---------------------------7 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ------------------------ ------ --------8 h o l i d a y s _________
—
_
—
-----10 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------2

(4)
(4)
33
(4)
3
20
2
41
(4)

.

(4)
-

-

19

13

-

-

7
10

53

-

12

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

63

34

4

22

42

29

-

(4)
41
43
66
67

63
63
80
80

4
4
15
17

99
99
99

99
99
99

34
34
87
87
100
100
100

22
22
42
42
85
85
85

42
42
65
65
95
95
95

29
29
83
83
96
96
96

7
7
77
77
77

Total holiday time5
10 d a y s

___________________________________________________

8 o r m o r e d a y s ----------------— ---------------- ----------------------71/2 o r m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------------7 o r m o r e d ays ----------------------------- -------------------------------6 l /z o r m o r e d a y s ----------------------------- — — —--------- —
6 o r m o r e d a y s -------------------------------------------------5 o r m o r e d a y s -------------- ------- --------------------------2 o r m o r e d ays -------------------------- -----------------------

99
99
99

.

-

1 In clu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and re a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t ilitie s .
3 In clu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
5 A ll co m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e co m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a tota l o f 7 days in clu d es th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and
no h a lf d a y s, 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a ys, and s o on. P r o p o r t io n s w e re then cu m u lated.




18
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in industry d iv isio n s b y v a ca tion pay
p r o v is io n s , D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tion p o l ic y

A ll w o r k e r s

—

— —

All .
industries1

Manufacturing

Public,
utilities2

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance

All ,
industries

Manufacturing

Public,
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
(4 )
-

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
91
9
-

100
81
19
-

100
98
2
-

99
97
2
-

1

-

■

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m en ts p r o v id in g
p aid v a c a tio n s
___
_
L e n g th -o f-tim e paym en t _ __ __ __ __ ___
P e r c e n t a g e p aym ent _____ __ __
___ ___
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t ___ _______ ___
O th er _ _ _ _ _
__
_ _ ----- ----- __ __
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m en ts p r o v id in g
no p aid v a c a tio n s ______________________________

"

-

(4 )

A m oun t o f v a c a tio n p a y 5
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek __
__
__
___ ._
1 w eek
_________
____ _______
__
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ______________________
2 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------------

1
29
2
(4 )

2
14
-

_
57
-

_
14
2

5
16
-

8
5
-

2
47
-

2
16
-

37
14
49
(4 )
1

19
47
34
-

62
38
-

76
24
-

72
10
17
-

72
16
12
-

51
22
27
-

80
20
-

10
17
70
3
1

11
44
42
3
-

2
20
78
-

20
80
"

45
10
43
2
"

54
14
28
5
-

21
22
57
"

48
2
50
-

1
95
3
1

1
96
3
-

_
100

11
6
80
2
-

7
7
82
5
-

20
78
2
-

13
2
85

-

3
97
-

1
95
3
1

1
96
3
-

_
100
-

3
97
-

11
6
81
2
-

7
7
82
5
-

17
81
2
-

13
2
85
_
-

(4 )

_

_

2

_

-

-

100

89

4
1
88
2
4

_

-

98

12
2
78

“

8

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e ek
______________
_____ __
___
O ver 1 and u nd er 2 w eek s ___________________ _
___ __
_
_______________
2 w eeks __ __ __
O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w eek s ______________________
3 w eeks _____________ _________ _ _
________
A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e ek
____________ __ —
______
O ver 1 and u nd er 2 w eek s _____ ______ ______
2 w eek s _____ _____________ _____ ______
___
O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w eek s ---------------------------------3 w eeks ----------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e ek ___________________________________________
O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w eeks ______________________
2 w eeks __ _____
_______________ ______
O ver 2 and und er 3 w eek s ----------- — __
3 w eek s ________ ___
__ __ _ __ ________ _

-

-

-

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e ek _________ __ __ _____________ ___ _____
O ver 1 and und er 2 w eek s ______________________
______ n
„
___ ______ __________
2 w eek s
O v er 2 and und er 3 w eeks _____ ___ ___ _____
3 w eek s ____________
_________________ ______
A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e ek ________ ___ __
___ __
—
----------O ver 1 and und er 2 w eeks __________________ ___
2 w eek s ________ __________ ___ ____ ____________ ___
O v er 2 and un d er 3 w eeks ______________________
3 w eek s _ _____
__________r
__ __

See foo tn o te s at end o f table,




89
3
8

92
3
5

-

-

”

10

-

90
5
5

-

2

-

19
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y v a ca tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , D e n v e r, C o lo ., D e c e m b e r 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o l ic y

Amount of vocation p a y 5—

All .
industries1

Manufacturing

PubUo,
utilities'2

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance

All 3
industries9

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Retail trade

_
_
67
2
29
2

12
2
66
20
-

_
41

12
2
42

37
22

44
-

Continued

A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______________ _____________________ _______
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eeks
__ __ _
__ __
__
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s 3 w eeks
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _____________________

(4 )
48
3
49
-

_
25
2
73
-

_
_
83
2
16
-

_

2
_
71
_
27
-

4
1
60
2
32
(4 )

_
45
4
51
-

2
_
69
.
30
-

4
1
43
1
47
3

.
_
30
4
66
-

2
_
32
_
66
_
-

4
1
19
(4 )
71
5
(4 )

_
_
6
1
89
5
-

2
_
29
50
_
19
-

4
1
19
_
59
6
11
(4 )

_

_

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2
2 w eek s
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3
3 w eeks _ _
_
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4

w e e k s ______________________
w e e k s ___ ________ __ _______
----w e e k s ______________________

(4 )
41
2
56
-

_
_
20
2
78
-

_
58
_
42
-

_

_

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
— __
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
.
2 w eek s ____ ______ __ ,_______________
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s _______________ ___ __ __ ___________________
O v e r 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s
__
__
4 w eek s

9
1
89
1
(4 )

_
_
3
1
93
3
-

(4 )

_

(4 )

_
_
8
_
92
-

_
_

2
76
19
2

12
2
20

_
_

65
-

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
__
_ ___ _
__ _
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ________
2 w eek s
__ _ ____ __
__
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s __
3 w e e k s _________ ___ ___■___________ ____________
_
O v e r 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s
_
,4 w e e k s __
... __ ___________
O v e r 4 w eek s

9
(4 )
79
1
11
-

_
3
_
89
5
3
-

_
8
80
_
12
-

_

6
_
79
8
8
-

_
2

_

67
19
9
2

12
2
20

_

43
23

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek __
___
O v e r 1 and un d er 2
2 w eeks
_ __
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3
3 w e e k s _____ — .
O v e r 3 and un d er 4
4 w eek s
O v e r 4 w eek s
__

1

2
3
4
5
s e r v ic e

__ __
_______
w eeks
_
_ __
__
_____
___
w e e k s ---------------------------------_ ___________ _
_
__ _
w eeks
„

__

(4 )
8
(4 )
62
_

30
(4 )

_

_

2

_

_

_

3

8

23

_

_

_

73

36

26

_

_

_

24

56

49

4
1
18
_

41
3
31
2

_

_
6
_
55
_

35
3

_

2

12
2
18

_

33
19
43
2

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; fin a n ce , in su ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra tely .
T r a n sp o rta tio n ,- c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in a d d ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily ch o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fl e c t the in divid u al p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the ch an ges in p r o p o r tio n s
in clu d e ch an ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .

34
34

in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s '

N O T E : In the tabu lation s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n ce s by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , paym en ts o th e r than "le n g th o f t im e , " su ch as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual ea rn in g s o r fla t -s u m p a y m en ts, w e r e co n v e rte d
to an equ iva len t tim e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a paym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.




20

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e sta b lish m en ts p rov id in g
health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fits , D e n v e r, C o l o . , D e ce m b e r 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

Type o f b e n e fit

A ll w o r k e r s

----------------

----

All
industries

—

—

—

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS

Public,
utilities13
2

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

Finanoe

AH ,
industries1

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

86

94

99

82

82

88

100

75

53

72

74

46

51

51

76

49

80

89

88

81

76

89

76

75

40

72

27

47

51

75

39

29

50

'29

83

34

16

7

34

21

18

48

2

18

25

31

20

33

75
75
53
46
64
4

92
92
44
58
83

70
70
67
55
69

62
62
25
40
67

74
74
62
24
58
5

86
86

78
78
72
50
79

61
61

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro vid in g:
L ife in s u r a n c e ______________________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
i n su ran c e ___ ____ r____________________ __
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o t h 4 ----------------------------- — -----

„

S ick n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e -------------S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r i o d ) ______ ___________________
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d ) _________________________
H o s p ita liz a tio n i n s u r a n c e --------- --------------- . . . . .
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e — . . . .
M e d ica l in s u r a n c e . —----—
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e
— ------------------R e tir e m e n t p en s ion
— _____
- — —
No h ealth, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n plan — _

2

2

72
17
64
2

47
26
59
3

1 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a d d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s show n se p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
4 U nduplica ted total o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e show n se p a r a te ly below .
S ic k -le a v e plans a r e lim it e d to th os e w h ich d e fin ite ly e s t a b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m nu m ber o f days* pay that ca n be e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an individ ual b a s is a r e ex c lu d e d .
s L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.

Since the Bureau’ s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’ s bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

21




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKE EPING-MACHIN E OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
*

C lass A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B iller, machine (billing machine)—U s e s a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C lass B —
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)—Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C lass A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

23

24

CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C lass B —
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C lass A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
C lass B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­

ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

C lass C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already

been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g.., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.



CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the follow in g:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

25

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la ss A-Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on die document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la ss fi—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

26

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C la ss A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D oes not include working supervisors performing tabula ting-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C lass B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B—
Performs one or more o f the follow in g: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

27

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina tion o f the follow in g: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees9 injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicant^
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter required rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance elctricians requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a lso supervise these operations. Head or c h ie f engineers in esta b lish ­
ments em ploying more than one engineer are excluded .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in die construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the follow in g: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

29

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in die plant layout
are required. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m ost^of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sendingof the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for die production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricatesi with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in volves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

30

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily en gaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating s y s te m s are exclu ded .

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, die work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the follow in g: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine poHce duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In cludes gate-




men who are station ed at gate and ch eck on iden tity o f em p lo y e e s and
other persons entering .

31

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may in volve one or more o f
the follow in g: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P ackers who also make
wooden b o xe s or crates are exclu ded .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are exclu ded .

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
ping work in v o lv e s:

Ship­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work in v o lv e s:

May

R eceiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.



For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R eceivin g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receivin g clerk

32

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and over-the-road drivers
are excluded .

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s i z e s liste d separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

☆

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE :

1962 0 — 631563


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102