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Occupational Wage Survey

MIAMI, FLORIDA
DECEMBER 1961

B ul l e t i n No. 1 3 0 3 - 3 1




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
MIAMI, FLORIDA




DECEM BER 1961

Bulletin No. 1303-31
February 1962
U N IT E D ST A T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
Arthur J. G o ld b e r g , Secre tary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

-

Price 25 cents




Contents
Page
The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage surveys in 82 labor markets. The
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits. A preliminary report furnishing
trend data and average earnings is released within a month
of the completion of each study. This bulletin provides
additional data not included in the preliminary report.

Introduction ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups _____________________

1
4

Tables:
1.
2.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey _________
Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups _______________________________________

3
3

Two bulletins, bringing together the results of
all of the area surveys, are issued after completion of
the final area bulletin in the current round of surveys.
The first of these bulletins will be available late in 1962
and the other early in 1963. During the survey year,
summary releases presenting areawide occupational earn­
ings data for 25 to 30 labor markets, are issued as data
become available.

A: Occupational earnings:*
A -1. Office occupations—
men and w om en___________________
A -2. Professional and technical occupations—
men

This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau*s r e ­
gional office in Atlanta, Ga. , by Cappa C. Kent, under
the direction of Donald M. Cruse. The study was under
the general direction of Louis B. Woytych, Assistant Re­
gional D irector for Wages and Industrial Relations.

B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B - l . Shift differentials -------------13
B -2. Minimum entrance salaries for women office
wo r ke r s ______________-________________ _____________14
B -3. Scheduled weekly hours ___________________________ ___15
B -4. Paid holidays ________________________________________
16
B - 5. Paid vacations _______________________________________ 17
B -6. Health, insurance, and pension plans _________________ 20




A -3.
A -4.
A -5.

Office, professional, and technical
occupations—
men and women combined ______________
Maintenance and power plant occupations______________
Custodial and m aterial movement occupations ________

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupationaldescriptions ________________________
B. Occupational descriptions __________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for these items are available in previous area
reports for Miami and for other major areas. A directory indicating the areas,
dates of study, and prices of these reports is available upon request.
A current report on occupational earnings and supplementary wage p rac­
tices in the Miami area is also available for contract cleaning services (June
1961). Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are also available for
seven selected building trades in the Miami area.

iii

5

9
10
11

21
23




Occupational Wage Survey— Miami, Fla.
Introduction

to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U.S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics has conducted sur­
veys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an area­
wide basis. In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of
Bureau field economists to representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica­
tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry groups
excluded from these studies are government operations and the con­
struction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because they
tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and, establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or m erit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
basis. Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
pe rformed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as r e ­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data
are presented (in the A -series tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to
office and plant workers. The concept "office w orkers," as used
in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes admin­
istrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant workers" in­
clude working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Administrative,
executive, and professional employees, and force-account construction
employees who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufacturing indus­
tries, but are included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is




1

2

Shift differential data (table B - 1) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy,1 presented in term s of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used o r, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification “other" was used. In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance salaries (table B -2 ) relate only to the
establishments visited. They are presented in terms of establish­
ments with formal minimum salary policies.
The scheduled hours (table B -3) of a majority of the firstshift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B -4 through
B -6) are treated statistically on the basis that these are applicable
to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers are eli­
gible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums of
individual items in tables B -3 through B -6 may not equal totals be­
cause of rounding.
The first part of the paid holidays table (table B-4) presents
the number of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second
part combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B -5) is limited to for­
mal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off with
pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate estimates
are provided according to employer practice in computing vacation
payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or
flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay, pay­
ments not on a time basis were so converted; for example, a payment
of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of
1 week's pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension plans
(table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em­
ployer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's compen­
sation, social security, and railroad retirement. Such plans include
those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and those pro­
vided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer out of
current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions,2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulation?
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness. Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
either of the following conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time
but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
were excluded.




3

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e of s u r v e y and n u m ber stu died in M ia m i, F l a . , 1 by m a jo r in d u s try d iv isio n , 2 D e c e m b e r 1961
M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s ta b lis h ­
m en ts in sco p e
of study

In d u s try d iv isio n

A ll d iv isio n s

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

M an u factu rin g ---------------------------- ------------------- ------- - ------------- ------- — ---------------- N on m an u factu rin g - ----T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and
o th e r p ub lic u tilitie s 5 ___________________________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _______ ___________________________________ _
tr a d e
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta t e ------ . . ------_
_____
— _____ — ------------- ------------- S e rv ice s7

N um ber of e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin
sco p e of
s tu d y 3

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin sco p e of study

Studied

Studied
T o ta l 4

O ffice

P la n t

T o ta l 4

50

675

176

1 1 6 ,6 0 0

19, 4 00

8 0 , 100

66, 6 80

50
50

199
476

56
12 0

2 7 ,9 0 0
88, 7 0 0

2, 700
16, 700

2 1 , 000
5 9 , 100

13, 650
53, 030

50
50
50
50
50

52
56
155
69
144

25
13
37
13
32

27, 600
4, 500
3 0 ,0 0 0
8, 8 0 0
17, 8 0 0

16, 300
(6 )
2 4 , 300
(6 )
(6 )

23,
1,
18,
2,
6,

5, 00 0
(6 )
3, 100
(* )
(6 )

950
200
520
760
600

1 The M iam i S ta n d a rd M e tro p o lita n S ta ti s t ic a l A r e a c o n s is ts of D ade C ounty. The "w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e of stu d y " e s ti m a t e s show n in th is tab le p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c rip tio n
of the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n of th e la b o r f o r c e includ ed in the s u rv e y . The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r, to s e r v e a s a b a s is of c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r a r e a em p lo y m en t in d exes to m e a s u r e
e m p lo y m en t tre n d s o r l e v e ls s in c e ( 1 ) planning of w age s u rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e of e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta co m p ile d c o n s id e ra b ly in a d v a n ce of the p a y r o ll p e rio d stu died , and ( 2 ) s m a ll es ta b lis h m e n ts
a r e ex clu d e d f r o m the s c o p e of th e s u rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed itio n of the S tan d ard I n d u s tria l C la s s if ic a tio n M anual w a s u se d in c la s s if y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n . M a jo r c h a n g e s fr o m the e a r l i e r edition (u sed in the
B u r e a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y s condu cted p r i o r to Ju ly 1 9 5 8 ) a r e the t r a n s f e r of m ilk p a s te u r iz a tio n p la n ts and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e s ta b lis h m e n ts f r o m tra d e (w h o lesale o r r e ta il) to
m a n u fa c tu rin g , and the t r a n s f e r of ra d io and te le v is io n b ro a d c a s tin g f r o m s e r v i c e s to th e tra n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r pub lic u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 In clu d es a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p loym en t a t or above th e m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) of c o m p a n ie s in s u c h in d u s trie s a s t r a d e , fin an ce, auto r e p a ir
s e r v i c e , and m o tio n -p ic tu r e t h e a te r s a r e co n s id e re d a s 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and o th e r w o rk e rs exclu d ed fr o m the s e p a r a te o ffice and plan t c a te g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tra n s p o rta tio n w e r e e x clu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s try d iv isio n i s re p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l i n d u s trie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r i e s A and B t a b le s .
S e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n of d a ta fo r th is d iv isio n is not m ade
f o r one o r m o r e of th e follow ing r e a s o n s : (1) E m p loym en t in the d iv isio n i s to o s m a ll to p ro v id e enough d a ta to m e r i t s e p a r a te stu dy, (2) the s am p le w as not d esign ed in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te
p re s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e rm it s e p a r a te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4) t h e r e is p o s s ib ility of d i s c l o s u r e of individ ual e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v i c e s ; autom obile r e p a i r sh o p s; m o tio n p i c tu r e s ; n on p rofit m e m b e rsh ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in eerin g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




Tab le 2 . P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e in s ta n d a rd w eek ly s a l a r i e s and s tr a i g h t - ti m e h o u rly e a rn in g s
fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l grou p s in M ia m i, F l a . , D e ce m b e r I 9 6 0 to D e ce m b e r 1 9 6 1 ,
and D e ce m b e r 1959 to D e ce m b e r I 9 6 0

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l group

D e ce m b e r I 9 6 0
to
D e ce m b e r 1961

D e ce m b e r 1959
to
D e c e m b e r 196 0

A ll in d u s trie s :
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m e n and w om en) _
__ __ ______
In d u s tria l n u rs e s (m en and w o m e n )_________ ___ ________
Skilled m a in te n a n ce ( m e n ) ______ _ _
U n skilled plant ( m e n ) ___ __ __ . _ __ _ _ _ _ _

2 .8
3. 0
2 .8
3. 0

2 .9
5 .0
1 .8
3 .5

M an u factu rin g :
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n )________________________
In d u stria l n u rs e s (m en and w om en) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Skilled m ain te n a n ce (m en )
__ __ _
U nskilled plant ( m e n ) --------------------------------------------------------

1 .4
(l )
2. 0
.4

4. 1
(M
3 .6
5 .6

In su fficien t d a ta to m e e t p u b lica tio n c r i t e r i a .

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; me­
chanics; mechanics, atuomotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961.
These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change m easures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series. The expansion of the labor market wage survey program in 1961 made
data available in 82 areas for the computation of wage trends for selected job
groupings. Sixty-one areas were surveyed in I960; prior to I960, coverage was
limited to 20 areas. Therefore, it was decided to compute a new trend series in
which 1961 will be the base year since this is the first year in which data were
collected in all 82 areas.
The percents of change shown in table 2 are not comparable with similar
data shown for this area in last year's Bulletin 1285-33. The new series intro­
duces changes in the job groupings for which trends are shown and changes in
jobs included in the computations.

5

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A-1. Office Occupations-Men and Women
(A verage stra ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for se le cte d occupations studied on an a r e a basis
by indiustry division, M iam i, F l a ., D ecem ber 1961)
Avsbaob

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Number

o
t

Weekly ! * 4 0 .0 0 *45.00 *50.00 *55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 *75.00
Weekly
worker*
(Standard) (Standard) under
"
"
"
4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0
—
—
—

S ex, occupation, and in d ustry division

-

—

*80.00 *85.00 *90.00 * 9 5 .0 0 1
*00.00 1*05.00 1*10 .00 1*15.00 1
*20.00 1*25.00
•
and
“
*
“
“
“
“
90,00 95a00 10 0.00 105.00 110 .0 0 115.00 120.00 125.00 over

Men
Bookkeeping-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B

.

4
4

2
£

4
4

7
7

.

1
1

12
ll

31
27

19
19

40
28

50
47

22
19
2

12
7
1

43
43
3

8
5
5

9
4

2
2
2

-

_

_
“

12
5

8

"

17
11

11
11

3
3

“

£

2

3
3

12
n r

7
7

7

_ •

-

_

_

_

2
1
1

2
2
2

3
3
3

2
£

2
2

4
4

14
12

3
3

6
5

5
5

5
5

5

28
28

39.5
39.$

$ 6 3 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

203
179

38.0
38.0

9 4 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

P u b lic u tilities 2 __________________________________

12 2
10 1
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
38.0

7 7 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
9 1 .5 0

-

C le rk s , o r d e r __________________________________________
M anufacturing

51
31

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 0 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

_

_

_

_

"

“

"

"

.

j

4

2

3

C le rk s , accounting, c la s s A
Nonmanuf ac tu r ing

_

C le rk s , accounting, c la s s B

C le rk s , p ayroll
N nnm anuf^rturing

2
-

-

-

9
9

10
7
2

“

O ffice b o y s __
_

_ ___

Tab ulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A

T a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s r c l a s s R

_ __

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 4 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

4 0 .0

5 6 .0 0

1

38.5
38.5
37.5

5 4 .5 0
5 4 .0 0
5 7 .5 0

46
43

D uplicatin g-m achine o p e ra to rs
(M im eograph o r Ditto)

40
lb

85
81
35

..... .

.

27

r

P i iM ir u t i l i t i e s 2

9
9

38.5
38.0

9 9 .5 0
100.00

2
2

56
53

37.5
37.0

86.00
8 6 .5 0

2
2

4
2

5
5

21
20

7
7

96
29
67

4 0 .5
39.5
4 1 .0

6 6 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
68.00

_
-

6
3
3

.
-

10 2
91
30

41 .0
4 1 .5
4 0 .0

66.00
6 6 .5 0
6 0 .5 0

!

184
49
135

39.5
39.5
39.5

7 1 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

9

5

3

2

23
23
7

30
29
16

21
20
4

-

4
3
2

3
3

—

16
” 13

7
7

9
8

11
— n r

2

7

5

2

7

5

-

-

:

“

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

----- £-----

7

5

.

3

_

_

3
3

_

5
5

35
5

2

2

5

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e )

M anufacturing

-------------------------------

----------------

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e )

N onm anufacturing
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A
M a n u fa c tu r in g
----

N onm anufacturing

S e e footn otes a t end of ta b le .




■

4
3

9
9

-

9
4
5

17
14
3

34
5
29

5
5

3
3

1
1

9
9
5

14
10
6

23
18
5

22
22
12

8
7
1

15
14

23
”

“

23

22
4
18

52
21
31

24
10
14

33
8
25

_
■

.
j

-

10
10

*

9
4
5

14
1
13

1

8
g

-

1

1
1

-

-

-

1

4

-

-

-

-

-

4

1

-

6
Table A-l. O ffice Occupations-Men and Women— Continued
(A verage s tra ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a r e a b asis
by industry division, M iam i, F l a ., D ecem ber 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A
vbbaos
S ex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

W
eekly,
W
eekly *4 0 .0 0 *4 5 .0 0 *5 0.00 *5 5 .0 0 *6 0 .0 0 *6 5 .0 0 * 7 0 .0 0 *7 5 .0 0 *80.00 *8 5 .0 0 *90.00 * 9 5 .0 0 foo.oo ? 0 5 .0 0 f io .o o ?15.00 ? 20.00 ?2 5 .0 0
earnings1
and
hours1
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
4 5 .0 0 5 0 .00 55 .0 0 60 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 70 .0 0 75 .0 0 8 0 .00 85.00 90 .0 0 95.00 10 0.00 105.00 110 .0 0 115.00 120 .0 0 125.00 o ver

Women— Continued
98
98
"

74
74
10

10 1
9
92
10

46
10
36
10

32
9
23
9

27
5
22

-

2
2
2

2
2
2

16
7
9
2
7

9
9
9

11
6
5
5

84
16
68
36
8

78
78
51
11

103
29
74
14
45

8
8

3
3

53
53

44
34

~

58
53

66.00
66.00

-

4 0 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .5
39.0
4 0 .5

7 4 .50
7 3 .00
7 5 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

-

216
58
158
12 2

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 0 .5 0
6 1 .5 0
6 0 .5 0
5 7 .5 0

44
29

39.5
39.0

5 7 .0 0
5 8 .5 0

34
34

"

“

1
“

-

-

1

8
8
8

17
4
13
11

57
29
28
4
2

33
5
28
5
2

53
2
51
18
3

40
3
37
14
7

33
33
30
3

19
19
15
4

8
4
4
4

2
2
1
1

-

136
52
84
21
18

117
34
83
11
44

96
15
81
54
14

80
12
68
36
10

37
2
35
8
3

2
2
“

-

11
1
10
1
9

3
_
3
3
-

9
9
9
-

_
-

19
12

7
7

6
6

-

8
8

4
4

-

“

-

42
30

15
14

-

-

1

"

•

24
24

21
21

4
4

-

-

-

-

“

1
1

6
6

14
10

32
32

6
1

3
-

1
-

7
7

7
7

"

-

7
1
6
4
2

13
1
12
6
4

38
12
26
3
14

57
17
40
5
25

15
4
11
2
4

18
2
16
4
-

30
15
15
2
1

17
1
16
3
9

"

2
2
2

33
3
30
30

61
20
41
39

67
23
44
37

29
7
22
9

11
5
6
3

8
8
2

1
1
"

3
3

9
9

13
7

10
1

1

1
1

-

-

1

43 0
42
388
48

39.5
39.5
39.5
4 1 .0

$ 6 0 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A _ . .
_
M anufactur ing ______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------1---------- ,
_
Public u tilitie s 2 _ .
. — _
_. . .
R etail trad e
..
----

299
54
245
97
57

39.5
4 0 .0
39.5
36.5
4 1 .5

8 5 .5 0
77 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

-

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ---- ------- ------- --------------------M anufacturing
.
____ ---- Nonmanufacturing _
.
. . .
. . .
______ . . .
Public u tilitie s 2 ___ _
. . _____ __ . .
. . .
R etail trad e ----------------------------------------------------------

767
169
598
244
167

39.5
39.5
39.5
38.0
4 0 .5

6 9 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
6 9 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
68.00

-

C lerk s, file, c la s s A 4
. . . . . . .
N o n m an u factu rin g -----------------------------------------------------

55
48

39.5
4 0 .0

67 .5 0
68 .5 0

-

C lerk s, file, c la s s B 4 . .
. _ ____
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

155
132

39.5
39.5

52 .0 0
52 .0 0

-

C lerk s, file, c la s s C 4
.
. .
_ ____ ._ . . .
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

107
10 2

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

50 .5 0
5 0 .50

C lerk s, o rd e r
. . . . . .
....
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

77
64

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

C lerk s, payroll .
.
.
. . .
. .
M anufacturing ___ r____________ ____ __________
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilitie s 2
_
. . .
R etail trad e
. . .
. . . . . .

241
59
182
55
69

Com ptom eter o p e r a t o r s _______________________________
M anufacturing
. .
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------- -------R etail t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------------D uplicating-m achine o p e ra to rs
(M im eograph o r Ditto) ________ _____ ___. . . . . . . . . . . . ____

S ee footnotes at end of tab le.




.
"

9
9
■

Bookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , c la s s B ________ ____
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing
. .
__ _
. . . . .
R etail trad e
_.
___
. . .
. . .

-

_

_

.
"

.
“

7
7
7

1
1
1
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
~

“

.

.

-

-

“

-

“

-

-

25
1
24
11
9

19
3
16
15
1

!
1
-

.
-

-

-

_
_
-

1
_
-

4
4
"

_
"

_
“

_
■

_
-

_
-

~

-

_
-

4
4

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

7
Table A-1. O ffice Occupations-Men and W om en— Continued
{A verage stra ig h t-tim e w eekly h ours and ea rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occupation s studied on an a r e a b a s is
lay in d u stry division , M iam i, F l a ., D e c em b e r 1961)
Avhuob

S ex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orker*

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly.
earning*
(Stsodsrd) (Standard)

$
$
S
$
4 0 .0 0 *4 5 .0 0 *5 0 .0 0 *5 5 .0 0 *60.00 *6 5 .0 0 70 .0 0 *7 5.00 *8 0 .0 0 *8 5.00 *90.00 *95 .0 0 f o o .o o ?0 5 .0 0 110 .0 0 115.00 120 .0 0 * 25.0C
and
and
under
4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 70 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0.00 9 5 .0 0 10 0.00 105.00 110 .0 0 115.00 120 .0 0 125.00 over

W om en— Continued
Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A 4
N onm anufacturing

62
57

39.5
39.5

$ 7 4 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B 4 -------------------------------------N onm anufacturing

256
248

37.5
37.5

6 7 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

"

“

O ffice g i r l s _____________________________________________
N onm anufacturing —
__

31
27

4 0 .0
39.5

5 1 .5 0
5 2 .0 0

3
3

909
142
767
165
147

4 0 .0
40 .0
40 .0
39.0
40 .0

8 1 .5 0
79 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

S ten ograp h ers, g e n e r a l4
Manuf a c tu r ing
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________________
Public u tilities 2
Pub lic u t il i ti e s 2 —
-

555
63
492
161
55

39.0
39.5
39.0
37.5
40 .5

S ten ograp h ers, s e n io r 4
N onm anufacturing
_
Public u tilities 2 —— ———------- -----------------------------

220
202
134

Sw itchboard o p e ra to rs _ __
M anufacturing
_ _
____
N onm anufacturing
Pub lic u tilities 2 —
R etail trad e
____
—

10
9

9
8

12
11

7
5

3
3

2
2

15
15

3
3

36
36

22
22

47
41

52
52

25
25

33
33

33
31

-

7
7

10
10

9
5

2
2

7
7

_

_

_

_

.

.

“

-

“

-

_
-

_
-

3
3
_
-

10
2
8
_
6

56
6
50
2
8

12 2
15
107
21
23

118
25
93
14
18

149
31
118
21
33

128
15
113
15
20

74
13
61
12
9

77
16
61
16
16

49
7
42
19

6 7 .0 0
6 5 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

3
3
_
"

13
13
-

41
7
34
6
4

90
3
87
6
4

107
6
10 1
17
13

129
27
10 2
32
17

38
17
21
10
10

58
_
58
26
6

24
3
21
16
1

5
_
5
1
-

14
_
14
14
-

29
_
29
29

4
_
4
4
-

38.0
38.0
37.0

8 1 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
86.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

7
4
-

38
36
8

37
27
15

30
30
18

24
23
21

48
46
42

3
3
3

3
3
1

22
22
18

527
29
498
67
43

43.5
40 .0
4 4 .0
39.0
40 .5

59 .0 0
6 3 .5 0
5 8 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
5 5 .5 0

12
12
_
5

24
24
_
5

228
2
226
3
8

10 1
6
95
11
14

63
15
48
6
3

36
.
36
4
6

13
2
11
2
2

4
1
3
2
-

18
_
18
18
-

10
1
9
5
-

6
2
4
4
-

11
_
11
11
-

_
_
_
-

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts
M anufacturing
- _
__
_ __
N onm anufacturing
.....
R etail t r a d e ______________________________________

2 11
87
124
53

40.5
39.5
4 1 .0
4 2 .5

6 2 .0 0
6 3 .0 0
6 1 .5 0
5 8 .5 0

-

-

19

81
29
52
28

55
33
22
6

4
1
3
-

8
3
5
-

2
2

4

_

_

19
11

38
19
19
8

-

-

4
-

T y p ists, c la s s A
_____
N onm anufacturing
Pub lic u tilities 2 __________________________________

283
267
170

39.5
39.0
39.0

7 2 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

13
13
10

44
42
19

54
51
18

35
29
12

22
20
8

30
27
27

24
24
20

31
31
26

T y p ists, c la s s B
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
Pub lic u tilities 2
R etail trad e

591
48
543
46
166

40 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39.5
40 .0

5 6 .5 0
5 5 .0 0
5 6 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
53 .5 0

169
14
155
10
48

130
24
106

65
7
58
2
14

77
1
76
10
19

14

8

6

5

1

14
8

8
3

6
6

5
5

1

S e c r e ta r ie s ___ _
M anufacturing
N onm annfartnring
Pub lic u tilities 2 _ __
R etail trad e . __

_

_

_

_

_

.

__

_
__

___

_ _

-

:
-

-

_

_

’
’

116
2
114
37

48

1
1
1

1

-

-

77
4
73
17
11

9
8
3

10
2
8
6

"

"

-

-

-

"

-

4
1
3
3

18

5
1
4

18
15

3

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

2
2
2

1
1
1

3
3
3

_
-

!
_
1
1
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

-

"

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27
27
27

2
2
2

1
1
1

:

’

-

-

-

-

-

Standard hou rs r e f le c t the workweek for which em ployees r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r stra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hou rs.
T ran sp o rtatio n , com m unication, and other public utilities.
3 W o rk ers w ere d istributed as follow s: 1 at $ 1 3 0 to $ 1 3 5 ; 4 at $ 1 4 0 to $ 1 4 5 .
4 D escrip tio n for this job has been re v ise d since the la s t survey in this a r e a . See appendix A.




-

-

_
_
_
2
------ 2 ~
2

:

_

“

’

8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations-Men and Women
(A verage stra ig h t-tim e w eekly hou rs and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a r e a b asis
by industry d iv isio n Miami* F la .* D ecem ber 1961)
A
vsbaos
S ex, occupation, and industry division

Number

<
rf

(8Undard)

W eekly .
earnings
(Standard)

153
84
69
42

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39 .0
38 .0

8 1 1 5 .5 0
109.00
123.00
120 .0 0

___

90
68

N u rse s , in d u strial (re g is te re d )
Nonm anufacturing
.
---- - ------. . .

29
28

W eekly j

N U M B E E O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

$
S
S
$
$
s
$
$
S
$
S
S
%
%
S
$
t
$
$
6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 *8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110 .0 0 115.00 120 .0 0 125.00 1 30.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00
and
and
under
6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 10 0.00 105.00 110 .0 0 115.00 120 .0 0 1 2 5.00 130.00 1 35.00 140 .0 0 1 45.00 150.00 155.00 o v er

Men
D raftsm en , sen ior __________ . . .
M anufacturing . __ __ _ .
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________
Public u tilities 1 3 _________________
2
D raftsm en , junior
Msmifarfii ring

____ .

__

-

-

.
~

_
“

9
6
3
2

7
5
2
2

12
6
6
6

8
5
3
3

14
11
3
1

17
12
5
2

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 9 .0 0 3 3
8 7 .0 0

6
6

5
3

10
10

13
13

9
5

3
3

13
12

19
15

!

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

8 5 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

2
2

2
2

6
6

3
2

2
2

5
5

4
4

1
1

18
7
11
6

1
1
"
7

n
11
-

16
16
“

8
4
4
1

Women
2
2

2
2

1 Standard hours r e f le c t the workweek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and the earnings corresp ond to these w eekly h ou rs.
2 T ran sp o rtation , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
3 Includes 2 w ork ers a t $ 50 to $ 55.




2
1
1
1

19
19
19

-

9
9
"

2
2
"

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations-Men and Women Combined
(A verage s tra ig h t-tim e w eekly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu p ation s studied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv ision , M iam i, F l a . , D e cem b e r 1961)

O ccupation and in d u stry division

Number

of
worker*

A v e rs e

earning*3

O ccupation and industry division

(Standard)

Number
of
worker*

Average
weekly .
earning*
(Standard)

100
31
69

$ 6 7 .0 0
6 2 .5 0
6 8 .5 0

B ille r s , m achin e (bookkeeping m achine)
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------R etail t r a d e -----------------------------------

127
116
32

6 8 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
6 0 . 50

Bookkeeping-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A ..
M a n u f a c tu r in g -----------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------

195
50
145

7 1 . 50
7 1 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

Bookkeeping-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B
M a n u f a c tu r in g -----------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------R etail t r a d e ----------------------------------------

458
42
416
50

6 0. 50
6 9. 50
59. 50
6 7 .5 0

C le rk s , accountin g, c la s s A
M a n u f a c tu r in g ----------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------R etail t r a d e ---------------

5 02
78
424
79

8 9 .0 0
82. 50
9 0 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

C le rk s , accountin g, c la s s B
M a n u f a c tu r in g ----------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------Pub lic u tilitie s 1 ------2
R etail tra d e ------—-------

8 89
190
699
274
189

7 0 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
7 2 . 50
6 8 .5 0

C le rk s , file , c la s s A 3 -------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ----------

59
52

6 6 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

Average
weekly ,
earning*
(Standard)

C le rk s , p a y r o l l ---------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------Public u tilitie s 2 . . . --- ---- ---------------R etail t r a d e ------------------------------------

281
71
2 10
70
71

$ 7 6 .0 0
7 3 . 50
7 6 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

Sw itchboard o p e ra to rs
M a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------------------------------------------- -------N o n m an u factu rin g ------------------------------------------------------ ---- —
Public u tilitie s 2 _
. .
. . .
R etail tra d e _ _____

527
29
498
67
43

$ 59 .0 0
63730“
5 8 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
55. 50

C om ptom eter o p e r a t o r s -------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________
R etail t r a d e ------------------------------------

217
58
159
123

6 0 .5 0
6 1 . 50
6 0 .5 0
5 8 .0 0

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t i o n i s t s ---------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing
.
.
.
.
.
R etail trad e . . . .
.
—

2 11
87
124
53

6 2 .0 0
6 3 .0 0
61. 50
58. 50

D uplicating-m achine o p e ra to rs
(M im eograph o r D i t t o ) -------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------

71
53

56. 50
5 6 .5 0

T abulating-m achine o p e ra to rs , c la s s A
N o n m an u factu rin g _________ ________ _______ _____ ,— ------

51
-------¥5

9 7 .0 0
97750

Keypunch o p e ra to rs , c la s s A 3
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------Public utilities 2 -----------

65
60
26

7 4 .0 0
7 4 . 50
8 7 .0 0

T abulating-m achine o p e ra to rs , c la s s B
_
—
Nonm anufacturing . . . . .
Public u tilitie s 2 ______________________________

78
74
47

84. 50
85. 00
87. 50

T abulating-m achine o p e ra to rs , c la s s C
N onm anufacturing . .
. . .

46
43

7 0 .0 0
70. 50

Keypunch o p e ra to rs , c la s s B 3
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ________

257
249

6 7 .5 0
6 7 . 50

289
267
170

7 2 .5 0
72. 50
76. 50

Office boys and g irls .
Nonmanufacturing ,
Public u tilitie s 2

116
108
40

5 3 .5 0
53. 50
5 7 .0 0

S e c r e t a r i e s -------- --- ------- M a n u fa c tu rin g ---------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ___
Public u tilitie s 2
R etail t r a d e ---------

910
142
768
166
147

8 1 . 50
7 9 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

610
48
562
62
166

5 7 .0 0
55. 00
5 7 .5 0
73. 50
53. 50

555
------ 53
492
16 1
55

155
84
71
44

115. 50
109. 00
1 2 3 .5 0
120. 50

99
------- 77

88. 50
8'6. 00

31
28

8 6 .0 0
85. 00

C le rk s , file , c la s s B 3
N onm anufacturing .

166
142

5 2 .5 0
5 2 .0 0

C le rk s , file, c la s s C 3
N onm anufacturing .

107
102

5 0 .5 0
5 0 .5 0

S tenograph ers, g e n e r a l3
M a n u fa c tu rin g _______
Nonm anufacturing —
Public u tilitie s 2
R etail tra d e ______

C le rk s, o rd e r ----------M a n u f a c tu r in g -----N onm anufacturing .

128
44
84

7 2 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
6 9 .0 0

S tenograph ers, s e n io r 3
Nonmanufacturing __
Public u tilitie s 2

220
IUZ
134

TypistSf cists8 A
,
Nonm anufacturing
__ _
Public u tilitie s 2 .

.

.

.

.
.

— .

,

,

T y p ists, c la s s B __ ___. . . . . . . . . . .
M anufacturing . . . . .
. . __—------- . N onm anufacturing
..
-----Public u tilitie s 2 __ __
. . . .
. R etail trad e . ___ ___
. ..
P ro fessio n al and tech n ical occupations

D raftsm en, senior
Manufactu ring
6 7 .0 0
53700~
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------------------------6 7 .5 0
Public u tilities 2 ______________________________
7 7 . 50
6 5 . 00
D raftsm en, junior
M anufacturing . .
_ ............... _ _
8 1 .0 0
8t. 00
N u rse s, in d u strial ( r e g i s t e r e d ) ------------------------------8 6 .0 0
Nonm anufacturing __________ ____ _______. . . . . . . . —

1 E arn in g s a r e fo r a re g u la r workweek for which em ployees r e c e iv e th e ir stra ig h t-tim e weekly s a la r i e s , e xclu siv e of any prem ium pay.
2 T ran sp o rtatio n , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
3 D escrip tio n fo r th is job h a s been re v ise d since the l a s t survey in th is a r e a . See appendix A.




of

Office occupations-—
-Continued

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations
B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine) .
M a n u f a c tu r in g ----------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------

Number

O ccupation and industry division

10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verag e s tra ig h t-tim e h ourly ea rn in g s fo r m en in s e le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by in du stry d iv ision , M iam i, F l a . , D e c em b e r 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry division

C a rp en ters, m aintenance ______________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
$
$
9
$
$
$
$
t
9
9
$
$
%
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
Average $
hourly . 1. 30 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 . 10 2 . 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2 . 60 2 .7 0 2 . 80 2 . 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3 .4 0 3. 50
earnings
and
and
under
1 .4 0 1. 50 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 . 80 1. 90 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2 .6 0 2 . 70 2 . 80 2 . 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 3. 50 o ver

84
$2. 51
i 7 ' 2 . 50

4
4

"

9
9

4
4

9
9

8
6

-

“

5
5

-

1
1

2
-

3
“

“

"

2
“

-

1

2
3

19
19

7
7

1
1

7
1

1
-

-

2
1
1
1

6
6
6

27
27
27

6
6
6

.
"

4
3
1
“

4
1
3

1
1

“

.
“

_
•

10
6
4

-

-

-

-

E le c tr ic ia n s , m aintenance _____________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
Public u tilities 2 _________________

136
69
67
42

2 . 53
2 . 39
2 .6 7
3. 21

_
-

5
5

5
5

4
4

6
6
l

13
6
8

6
5
1

7
9
-

8
3
-

.
-

9
9
-

6
6
-

7
-

4
2
2
2

10
16
-

E n g in eers, s ta t i o n a r y __________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

171
66
105

2 . 20
3. 3?
2 .0 8

.
"

6
6

5
5

14
14

6
4
2

28
28

7
7

23
19
4

4
4

30
"28
2

5
1
4

13
1
12

12
5
7

.
"

2
1
1

1
1

"

2
2
2

4
4
“

30
30
30

6
6
6

13
13

H elpers, m aintenance tra d e s __________
M anufacturing _______ -_________ ______
N onm anufacturing ___________________
Public u tilitie s 2 _________________

98
48
50
40

1 . 88
1 . 81
1 .9 4
2 .0 6

6
4
2
■

8
4
4
~

10
6
4
■

2
2
.
■

17
16
2
2

M achinists, m aintenance _______________
N onm anufacturing ____ ______________
PiiKlir ntilifiAO ^

238
145
145

2 . 96
3. 25
3. 25

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
-

_
-

65
-

3
-

.
-

-

.
-

6
-

-

15
1
1

46
46
46

51
5l
51

47
47
47

M echanics, autom otive
(m aintenance) _________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing _
__ __ ________
Public u tilitie s 2 _________________
R etail trad e ______________________

491
i63
329
196
50

2 .3 9
3 . 13
2. 52
2 .6 4
2 . 22

-

-

"

-

-

2
2
-

11
6
5
5
-

31
22
9
1
2

22
13
4
2

51
42
9
7
1

38
7
31
3
21

58
47
11
1
1

29
2
27
6
19

123
6
117
86
3

18
18
16

18
7
11
6

8
8
-

29
29
26

6
6
-

9
5
4
1

9
9
9

23
23
23

6
6
6

4
4

.
■

.
-

4

4
4
■

6

_

2

3

21

6

“

2

3

21

1

!

10
8

_

_

_

_

_

“

~

“

1
1

5
5

14
14

1
1

4
4

3
3

M echanics, m aintenance _______________
M anufacturing
__
___________ ____
Nonm anufacturing ___________________

175
l3 6
50

2. 37
3 .3 3
2. 72

.
-

P a in te rs , m a in te n a n c e ___ - _____________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

83
73

2. 27
2 . 3o

4
4

Tool and die m ak ers
_
M a n u f a c tu r in g _____

___ _________
_____

43
------ 5 3

"

3

l

■

4
4
-

20
26
"

45
33
12

1
1
~

14
14
"

6
6
■

21
21

4
4

1
"

5
•5

8
8

8
2

5
5

1
I

2 .6 2
3 . 62"

E x c lu d e s p re m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e an d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d la te s h ifts .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .




_

.

.

-

1

~

18
18
“

22
32

_

_

"

■

1
1

7
T~

4

~

_

4
13
~ 4“ 1 3 “

j
-----1

_
"

"

_

_

“

“

11
Table A -5. C ustodial and M ate rial M ovem ent O ccupations
(A v e ra g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccu p ation

1 and

in d u s try d iv isio n

Num ber
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

E le v a to r o p e ra to rs , p a sse n g e r
(m en )
N o n m a n u f a c tu r i n g

35 $ 0 . 9 0
_ _ _ _ ___
_ _ _
_ __
_
____________ ------ 35- ■ . 9 6

E le v a to r o p e ra to rs , p a sse n g e r
(w om en)

----

-------- ------

,

$
$
$
$
U nder 0 .7 0 0 . 8 0 0 . 9 0 1 . 0 0
and
$
0 .7 0 under
.8 0
.0 0 1 . 0 0 1 . 1 0

-

"

-

-

_

_

_

_

“

“

"

31
31

71
71

$

$
1 . 10 1 . 20

$

1 .3 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 2 0

$

2 .3 0

$

2 .4 0

$

2 . 50

$

2 .6 0

$

2 .7 0

$

2 . 80

1 .3 0

1 . 8 Q 1 .9 0
_

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

-

-

-

-

-

2 .1 0

2 . 20

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2. 90

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

11
11

9
9

9
9

_

_

-

“

“

“

■

15

41
1
40
40

53
3
50
50

43
43
43

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

148
1
147
147

2
2
-

_
-

-

-

“

“

“

~

-

2 . 00

"

-

-

4
4

-

2

12 12

1
1

7
5

1
1

14
“

3
“

25
22

30
28

18
16

7
2

23
22

22
21

12
12

22
22

208
31
177

no
35
75
29
11

125
72
53
14
31

57
11
46
22
8

46
20
26
4
1

4
4
-

-

27
7
20
17

34

158
47
111
9
46

.9 1
.9 0

215
176

1 .6 4
1 .7 2

1 ,6 0 6
282
1 ,3 2 4
238
279

1 .3 3
1 .4 4
1 .3 1
1 .9 8
1 .1 8

10

52

12

18

__ _ _ _
_ _ _ _
3 ____________
----------------------

10

52

12

18

458
458

8

85

169
45
124
1
37

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
(w om en) _____
_____ __
______ ___
N on m an u factu rin g ____________________
P u b lic u tilitie s 3 ___________________
R e ta il t r a d e
___

195
174
37
30

1 . 26
1. 24
1 .8 3
1 . 11

18
18
-

“

16
16
15

89
82
2
6

16
16
12
4

23
16
5

1
-

-

-

6
-

1
1
1

3
3
3

7
7
7

-

-

12
12
12

1,2 0 0
57 2
628
36 6
104

1 .7 0
1 .5 5
1 .8 4
2 . 09
1. 53

_
-

18
18
-

114
86
28
20

136
46
90
13
16

75
37
38
-

116
10 1
15
9
6

83
57
26
5
3

48
35
13
5

174
43
131
130
1

53
11
42
8
34

107
61
46
2
8

117
68
49
49

1
1
1

4
2
2
2

-

28

53
53
46

27
27

11

2

1

20

11

2

1

.

.

__ _
_____

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
(m en ) __
_ _
__
M an u factu rin g
N o n m an u factu rin g
P u b lic u tilitie s
R e ta il t r a d e

____

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l handling ----------------M an u factu rin g —
__
— ------- _
N on m an u factu rin g ____________________
P u b lic u tilitie s 3 ___________________
P o ta il

O rd e r f il l e r s
_______ _____
____
N o n m a n u f a c tu r i n g ___ ______ __________
R e ta il t r a d e ___________________ ____

344
330"
168

1 .6 9
1 .7 0
1 .8 3

P a c k e r s , shipping . . . .
. _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________ __
N o n m a n u f a c tu r i n g

139
73
66

1 .5 3
1 .5 2
1 .5 4

_
_

R e c e iv in g c le r k s
N o n m an u factu rin g
R e ta il t r a d e

____________
_
_.
156
__ _
_ _
__ — n r
_
_ _ __
_
75

Shipping c le r k s
__ —
M an u factu rin g ____ __ _____ __
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k s
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le ,




63

U
80

66

1 .9 6
1 .9 5
1 .7 1

-

-

-

18

3
3
-

■

_
-

-

“
_
-

-

-

-

16

-

_
-

”

_

.

“

.

-

-

-

-

-

16

-

26

10

8

2

39
7
32

7
7

3
3
3

9
7
3

6
6
4

.
-

-

8

“

8
8
-

2

2

2

2

2

2

_
-

55
55

3o

16

“

_

30

22

“

“

10

6

21

10

40

21

6

46

24
24

22

2

2

35

12

3

9

35
32
3

22

1

5

10

1

4
4
3

14

6

8
1

28

It

12

14

--- 6~

_

5

-

17
7
7

1

7
3

8
8

6

_

3

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

6

2

1
1

_

16
12

_

2

-

-

_

-

.

1

.

5

9

9

6

11

5

12

7

24

2 .3 5
2. 34
2. 24
2 .3 6

2 .9 0
and

1.2 0

94
92

G u ard s __
__ ________
N o n m an u factu rin g
__ -

$

-

t

5
5

3
3

_

8
7

11

5
5

4

1

15
15

1

11

10
1
9 —r

1
1

“
5
3
7
7

5
5

8
5
1
1

“
6
5
4
4

4

$
1
1

10
10

18
18

-

10

-

_

1
1

6
6

12
Table A -5. C ustodial and M ate rial M ovem ent O ccupations— Continued
(A verage s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings fo r s ele cte d occupations studied on an a re a ba sis
by industry division, M iam i, F l a . , D ecem ber 1961)

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$ , $
$
$
$
$
$
Average
Under 0 . 7 0 0 . 80 0 .9 0 1 . 0 0 1 . 10 1 . 2 0 1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 $1 .8 0 1 .9 0 $2 .0 0 $2 . 10 $2 . 20 $2 . 3 0 $2 . 4 0 2 . 50 $2 . 6 0 2 . 7 0 2 . 8 0 * 2 . 90
hourly ,
earnings $
and
and
D 7 0 u nd er
.
. 9 0 1 . 0 0 1 . 10 1 . 2 0 1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 . 80 1 .9 0 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 2 0 2 . 3 0 2 . 4 0 2 . 50 2 . 60 2 . 7 0 2 . 80 2 . 9 0 o v e r
.8 0

T ru c k d riv e rs 4 _
—
M a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c tu rin g ------------------------------P u b lic u tilitie s 3 __________________
R e ta il t r a d e ------------------------ ------- —

2 .5 2 2
647
1 ,8 7 5
736
660

$ 2 .0 5
1 .8 0
2 .1 4
2 .6 6
1 .8 9

-

-

-

-

4
4

40
21
19

131
37
94

158
22
136

■

-

-

■

4

19

26

T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (under
l 1/* ton s)
—
M a n u f a c t u r in g _____________________
N onm anufactu ring
-----------R e ta il tra d e

48 1
36
445
309

1 .7 5
1 .7 4
1 .7 5
1 .7 7

-

“

-

■

2
2
2

11
11
11

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m edium ( IV 2 to and
includ ing 4 t o n s ) _
M an ufacturing
— _
N o n m a n u f a c tu rin g _______________ —
P u b lic u tilitie s 3 -------------------- -R e ta il tra d e .
-

97 7
189
788
3 25
19 6

2 .0 0
1 .5 3
2 . 11
2 .6 4
1 .9 4

-

-

-

-

2
2

■

"

-

"

T r u c k d r i v e r s , h eavy (o v e r 4
to n s , t r a i l e r t y p e ) _________________—
M a n u f a c t u r in g _____________________
N o n m a n u f a c tu rin g _________________
P u b lic u tilitie s 3 _______________
R e ta il t r a d e __________________ —

563
79
484
268
151

2 .3 7
1 .7 2
2 .4 7
2 .7 1
2 .0 8

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h eav y (o th e r than
t r a i l e r type)
M anufacturing
.. —

362
27 9

2 .16
2 .0 4

-

-

183
10 4
79
47

1 .7 1
1 .5 8
1.8 8
1 .9 0

10 0
30
70

1 .3 3
1 .2 9
1 .3 5

O cc u p a tio n 1 and in d u s try d iv isio n

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fo rk lift)
M an u facturing
_
N onm anufactu ring
R e ta il t r a d e __

.

—
—
—
—

W atch m e n _____________________________________________
M am ifarhiring
Mnnma nnfarhiri ngr

1
2
3
4

123
59
64
17

224
72
152
5
85

10 1
18
83
1
31

148
36
112
2
103

105
52
53
6
40

29 2
225
67
4
63

149
15
1 34
7
94

85
13
72
5
64

45
14
31
.
31

31
4
27
23
4

162
_
16 2
1 44
15

300
300
251
4

300
300
287
10

12
12
1

-

20

112
59
53
1
29

42
1
41
13

2?
3
26
9

22
2
20
20

12
3
9
9

93
3
90
65

57
8
49
21

80
7
73
66

35
6
29
22

33
1
32
32

8
8
5

25
1
24
24

11
1
10
10

21
21
-

-

_
-

-

_
_

_

-

-

17
9
8

65
16
49

107
14
93
8

37
6
31
1
9

47
10
37
37

15
6
9
9

22
22
4
18

48
3
45
3
9

18
18
4
11

22
1
21
_
21

6
1
5
1
4

92
78
11

114
1 14
10 1
4

1
1
1

_
_

9

54
24
30
5
18

139

8

90
42
48
1

91
2

2

81
57
24
1
7

-

-

-

-

12
8
4

2
2

2
2

15
9
6

45
29
16

6
3
3

"

■

4

2

2

6

“

1

17
4
13
13

92
12
80
80

29
29
29

2
1
1
1
“

10
10
6
4

144
1 44
108
“

146
146
.145
1

11
11
_

■

16
1
15
6
9

-

-

14
12
2
2
“

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

12
10

1
1

3
3

38
38

214
214

1
-

2
1

12
12

-

60
“

2
“

15
-

19
17
2
2

20
19
1
1

8
7
1
1

_

16
4
12
12

9

11

1

6

3

-

-

3
3

.

-

-

-

9
8

11
11

1
1

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

3

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
18

■

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

■

3
3

26
13
13

_

2

6

5

2

6

5

10
8
2
2

17
10

11

7

11

14
3
11

■

Data lim ited to men w orkers except where o therw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r work on weekends, holidays, and la te sh ifts.
T ran sportation , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s .
Includes a ll d riv e rs re g a rd le ss of size and type of tru ck operated.




13
1
12 ,
4

43
27
16
2

5
5

9
4
5

•

5
5

-

-

139
127
9

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

3

_

_

-

-




B : Establishment Practices and Supplementary W a ge Provisions

13

Table B-1. Shift Differentials
(Sh ift d iffe re n tia ls o f m an u factu rin g plant w o rk e r s by type and am ount of d iffe r e n tia l,
M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1961)
P e r c e n t o f m an u factu rin g plan t w o rk e r s —
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having fo r m a l
p ro v is io n s 1 fo r—

S h ift d iffe re n tia l

A c tu a lly w orking on—

Secon d s h ift
w ork

T h ird o r o th e r
sh ift w ork

Secon d sh ift

5 5 .4

4 1 .6

1 0.9

T h ird o r o th e r
sh ift

4 .6

W ith s h ift pay d iffe re n tia l ______________________

4 0 .8

3 4 .0

6 .5

2 .5

U n ifo rm ce n ts (p e r hour) _______ __________

4 0 .1

3 4 .0

6 .5

2 .5

ft c e n t s _ _
. . , r.
9 c e n ts ------------------------------------------------------10 ce n ts __________________________________
12 ce n ts __________________ ______________
15 ce n ts -----------------------------------------------------

1.5
8 .5
1.7
1.2
5 .0
10.5
11.7
-

3 .3
1.2
2 .2
1.7
14.1
9 .7
1.8

U n ifo rm p e rce n ta g e _________________________

.7

7 p e rc e n t ---------------------------------------------------

.7

A /'Ante

5 ce n ts ___________________ ____ ____ ___
6 c e n ts ____ ______________________ ____ _____
6 l U ce n ts ________________________________
7 r en ts

. . . . . . . .

_

No s h ift pay d iffe re n tia l ___________________

__

14.7

_

_

.2
1.7
1 .4
2.1
1.1
-

.2
.2
.8
1.0
.2

-

-

-

-

-

-

7 .6

4 .5

2.1

1
In clu des e s ta b lis h m e n ts cu rre n tly o p era tin g la te s h ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p ro v is io n s co v erin g la te s h ifts
even though th ey w e re not c u rre n tly o p era tin g la te s h ifts .

14
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en Office W orkers(D istribu tion of estab lish m en ts studied in a ll in d u stries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance sa la ry fo r sele cte d ca te g o rie s
of inexperienced women o ffice w o rk ers, M iam i, F l a . , D ecem ber 1961)
Inexperienced ty pists
Manufacturing
Minimum w eekly s a la ry 1

A ll
in d u stries

Other in exp erien ced c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 2

B ased on standard weekly hours * of—
A ll
schedules

40

Manufac tu r ing

Nonmanufacturing

A ll
schedules

All
in dustries

All
schedules

40

Nonmanufacturing

B a sed on standard weekly hours 3 of—
A ll
sched ules

40

40

— . . -------

176

56

X XX

120

X XX

176

56

X XX

120

X XX

Estab lish m ents having a sp ecified m in im u m _________________

46

11

8

35

23

52

13

10

39

25

$ 4 2 .5 0 and under $ 4 5 .0 0
.
..
___
___
$ 4 5 .0 0 and under $ 47. 50
..
.....................
$ 4 7 .5 0 and under $ 50. 00
................ ............................
$ 5 0 .0 0 anri
$ 5 2 50
_ -------------$ 52. 50 and under $ 5 5 .0 0 . . .
_
..
$ 5 5 .0 0 and under $ 5 7 .5 0
.......
...............................
__
_____
...
$ 5 7 .5 0 and under $ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 0 .0 0 and under $ 62. 50 -------------------------------- ---- -------------....
.
—
$ 6 2 .5 0 and under $ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 5 .0 0 and under $ 67. 50
__
---- --- __
..
Over $ 6 7 .5 0 ______
_________________

1
16
4
13
.
5
2
2
2
1

1
3
5
_
1
.
1
-

_
2
5
1
-

_
13
4
8
4
2
1
2
1

_
9
3
6
_
1
1
2

1
24
3
12
5
1
3
1
1

1
5
5
1
1
-

_
4
5
1
-

_
19
3
7
_
4
1
2
1
1
1

_
14
2
4
2
1
1
1

.. .. .. ..

31

8

X XX

23

X XX

33

8

X XX

25

X XX

--------

99

37

XXX

62

X XX

91

35

XXX

56

X XX

Estab lish m ents studied

_

__

----------

Estab lish m ents having no specified m inim um
Estab lish m ents w hich did not employ w o rk ers
in this categ ory .
—

_

1

1

Low est sa la ry ra te form ally estab lish ed fo r h iring inexperienced w ork ers fo r typing or other c le r ic a l jo b s .
R ates applicable to m e s s e n g e rs , o ffice g ir ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le ric a l jo b s a re not consid ered.
Hours r e fle c t the workweek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e th e ir reg u lar s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . D ata a re p resen ted for a ll workweeks combined, and fo r the m o st com m on workweek reported .




15
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n of o f fic e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u str y d iv is io n s b y sch e d u led w e e k ly h o u rs
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1961)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

W eek ly h o u rs

A ll w o r k e r s

.

30 h o u rs
_
35 h o u rs
O v er 35 and u n d er 3772 h o u rs .
3 7 V h o u rs
2
O v er 3 7 V2 and un d er 4 0 h o u rs
__________
___________
4 0 hou r s ___ _
O v er 4 0 and un d er 4 4 h o u rs
4 4 h o u rs
—
O v er 4 4 and un d er 4 8 h o u r s ___
__
_
4 8 h o u r s __
_
__
50 h o u rs
__
_
_
54 h o u rs and o v e r ---------------------------------------------------------------

All
.
in d ustries1

100

10
(4 )
8
9
61
1
3
1
5
1

M anufacturing

100

n
7
3
86
(4 )
3

PLA N T W O RK ERS

P u b lic ,
u tilities1
2

R e ta il trad e

100

100

40
2
10
1
48

-

_
-

-

3
12
70
3
10

_

_

_

-

-

2

-

-

-

Fin ance

All
,
industries3

M anufacturing

100

(4 )
1
2

0

(4 )
56
7
4
4
22
1
2

1 In clu d es d a ta f o r w h o le sa le tra d e ; fin a n ce , in su ra n ce * and r e a l e s ta t e ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d ivision s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ica tio n , and o th e r public u tilitie s .
3 In clu d es d a ta f o r w h o le sa le t ra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.




100

1
5
2
1
-

78
2
2
1
7
1

P u b lic ,
utilities2

R e ta il trade

100

100

_

_

_

2

-

_

1
92
_
_
_

7
1

_

35
18
11
7
23
2
3

16
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n of o f fic e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by n u m b er o f paid h o lid a y s
p rovid ed a n n u a lly , M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1961)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Ite m

A ll w o r k e r s

____________________________________

W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts providing
paid h olid ays _______ __________________________
W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts providing
no paid h o lid ay s ______________________________

AU
t
industries

M anufacturing

P u b l ie ,
u tilitie s 13
2

PLA N T W O RKERS

R e ta il trad e

Finance

AD
3
industries

M anufacturing

P u blie ,
u tilities

R etail trad e

100

10 0

10 0

10 0

100

10 0

10 0

10 0

98

99

10 0

97

84

90

93

74

2

1

"

3

16

10

7

26

3
1
1

_
-

-

1

-

_
1
1

-

-

8
1
3
1
9
34
2
(4 )
21
(4 )
3
-

1
2
3
22
38
2
1
8
13
~

Number of days
1

2
3
4
5
6
6
6

7
7
8
8
8

h oliday
h olidays
h olidays
h olidays
holid ays
holid ays
holid ays
holid ays
h olidays
holid ays
holid ays
holid ays
h olidays

________________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
____________________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
plus 1 half day _____________________
plus 2 h alf d ays ____________________
_______________________________________
plus 1 o r 2 h alf d ay s ______________
_______________________________________
plus 1 h alf d ay -------------------------------plus 2 half d ay s -------------------------------

(4 )

9
50
1
1
28
(4 )
3

1
2

20
53
1
3
13
2
8
“

-

10
(4 )

89

(4 )

10
54
3
2
15

-

-

-

12

-

1

-

12
1
80
-

2
4
6
52
3
6
3

Total holiday time 5
9 days ___________________________________________
Sl/z o r m o r e d ay s _____________________________
8 o r m o r e d ay s _________________________________
7l/z o r m o r e d ay s _____________________________
7 o r m o r e days _________________________________
6l/z o r m o r e d ays _____________________________
6 o r m o r e d ay s _________________________________
5 o r m o r e d ay s ________________________ ______
4 o r m o r e d ay s ___________________________ ____
3 o r m o r e days _________________________________
2 o r m o r e d ay s _____________ _________________
1 o r m o r e d ay s --------------- --------------------------------

2
3
6
6

34
35
85
94
94
95
95
98

_
8
9
25
26

79
99
99
99
99
99

_
89
90
10 0
10 0
100
10 0
10 0
10 0

12
12
12
12
28
32
86
96
96

97
97
97

!
1
5
5
26
27

_
13
13

_
-

3

22

80
81
93
93
93
93
93
93

8
11

24

62

63

71
72
75

84
87
89
89
90

76

84

1 In clu d es d a ta fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s in addition to th o se in d u stry d ivisions shown s e p a ra te ly .
2 T ra n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r public u tilitie s .
3 In clu des d ata f o r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e a l e s ta t e , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
4 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.
5 A ll co m b in atio n s of full and h alf d ay s th a t add to the s a m e am ount a r e com b in ed ; fo r e x a m p le , the p ro p o rtio n of w o rk e rs re c e iv in g a to ta l of 7 d a y s in clu d es th o s e w ith 7 fu ll
no h alf d a y s , 6 full d ay s and 2 h alf d a y s , 5 full d ay s and 4 h alf d a y s , and so on. P r o p o rtio n s w e re then cu m u lated .




3
3
3

63
69
69

73
73
74

d ay s

and

17
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p ay
p r o v is io n s , M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o licy

A ll w o r k e r s

_ _ _____

_
_

_

PLANT WORKERS

All
.
industries

_

----- -----

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99

99
99

(4 )

(4 )

100
99
1
-

99
99
1
-

97
92
3
2
-

93
84
9
-

100
100
-

98
90
3

(4 )

1

(4 )

3

7

8
17

17

Retail trade

Finance

A
O 3
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities 2

Retail trade

Method of payment
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p rovid in g
p aid v a c a tio n s -------_ — —
L e n g th -o f -tim e p ay m e n t ---------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p ay m en t ----------------------------------------F l a t - s u m p ay m en t
_____ __ _
_____
_____
O th er _ _
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts provid in g
no paid v a c a tio n s
..
_ ________ . . .

-

-

5
2

Amount of vacation p a y 5
A fte r 6 m onths of s e r v ic e
U n d er 1 w eek ____________________________________
1 w eek
_
_
_ . __
-----------O ver 1 and u n d er 2 w eek s
__
_ _
._
. . ------2 w eeks _ _
_ ___

1

11

54
15
-

26
1
-

_
14

81

52

1
85

3
16

-

-

-

28
-

28
-

11

-

-

1

3

_

-

13
1
74

-

_

8

15

4
96

84

-

-

-

(4 )
29
4
61
1

11

-

(4 )

-

_
100
-

3
48

8
28

6
1

11
-

_
31

36

3
-

9
3
-

1
43

11
14

5
-

3
-

.

1
85
3
9

A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
U n d er 1 w eek _
. . .
._ __
1 w eek
O v er 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s __ __ ____
2 w eeks
.
O ver 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ___________ _________ ___
3 w eeks _
—
. . . . . .
..
..
-. —

1
64
3
2

.
-

_

(4 )
67
1

_

62

31
(4 )
69
-

-

-

-

-

_

36
14

9
4
83
5
-

1
9

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek . . .
—
1 w eek
___
..
—
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w eeks
, „
, ,
O v er 2 and tind er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w eeks _. . _
_
___

1
82
7
2

-

1

40
-

3

86
-

2

A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k _____ __ __ ___ ___
______ ___
1 w eek
_
__
----- _
O v er 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s ___________ ____________
2 w eeks ___ _________ ____ _______
, _
____
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w eeks _
__ _
_

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le ,




.
6

(4 )
84
7
2

7
1

79
-

12

_

< )
4

14

20

-

4

85

70
1
1

-

(4 )

-

25
16
50
-

3

_
-

95
5

1
6
-

89
-

2

18
Table B-5. Paid Vqcartons-Continued
( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f o f fic e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o licy

All !
Industries

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public,
utilities2

Retail trade

.
6
(4 )
84
7
2
(4 )

6
1
80
11
(4 )

10 0
-

_
14
84
1
-

6
_
71
10
13
(4 )

5
_
72
5
17
(4 )

96
4
-

12
64
15
9
-

(4 )
17
(4 )
62
7
10
-

.
6
52
3
33
1
5

5
49
33
12

78
19
4

_
12
32
56
-

(4 )
17
37
40
1
1

20
41
29
3

6
35
3
49
7
-

5
49
33
12
-

_
16
_
80
4
-

12
32
56
-

(4 )
17
34
(4 )
43
1
1

20
41
29
3
-

_
12
32
53
3

(4 )
17
27
(4 )
48
3

_
20
37
1
28
7

Finance

All ,
industries^

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

_
23
16
51
3
-

95
5
-

_
20
1
54
10
8

.
93
5
2

Retail trade

A m o u n t o ! v a c a t i o n p a y 5 ------- C o n tin u e d

A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek
__
~ —
1 w eek __________
. _______ _____________ __
O ver 1 and un d er 2 w eeks
—
- - 2 w eeks
_
—
O ver 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w eeks _________________________________________
4 w eeks
__
_
. . . .

(4 )
20
4
68
1
3
-

.

-

1
6
83
8
-

A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek _ _ _ _ _
-------------- _.
1 w e e k _____________________________ ________ ____
O ver 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s __ ____ ______ ______
2 w eeks
—
_.
..... O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s __ ___ ___ _________ __
3 w eeks
._ .
_______
. . . . ----4 w eeks
. . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . _____

.

-

1
4
56
11
26
-

A fte r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek
.
.
.
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------__
_ _ _ _ _ _
2 w eeks
—
_
O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w eeks . . . .
__
--------------O ver 3 and un d er 4 w eeks
4 w eeks
_ —
._
— — ....
- .

_

.
42
51
5
2

!
4
27
_
66
_
-

A fte r 12 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k __________________________________
1 w eek
._ _. . . .
. . .
------ 2 w eeks
------------ - __ __ ----------------O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w eeks __________________ __
3 w eeks
_ - --------- -----..
-----4 w eeks
_
__
O ver 4 w eeks __ __
__ ____ ____
_ —

.

_

.
28
65
2
5

1
4
27

_

66
-

A fte r 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek _____
_ ------- ---------------1 w e e k ____ ___
___ _____
2 w e e k s _____ ______ ______ ____________ ________ __
O ver 2 and und er 3 w eeks _____________________
3 w eeks
__ ____
____ __ ___________ _____
4 w eeks
___ _____
___ _. ____ ____ —____
O ver 4 w eeks ___ ____ __ __ ____ . __ __

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le ,




_
6
26
3
54
11

_
5
44
36
14

_
2
94
4

_
4
90
2
5

1
4
27
.
64
2

19
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n of o ffic e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o licy

All
j
industries

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS

Public,
utilities 2

Retail trade

Finance

A
ll
industries

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities 2

Retail trade

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 5 ------- C o n tin u e d

A fte r 20 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U n d er 1 w eek ____________________________________
1 w eek _____
_____ __ __ __ __ ____ _________ _
2 w eek s
__ __________________ _______________
O ver 2 and un d er 3 w eek s --------------------------------3 w eek s _________________________
____ _________
4 w eek s _____ ____ __ __
— ____________
O v er 4 w e e k s ___ ______ _____ _______ — __ _

.
6
26
3
49
17
-

.
5
43
36
15
“

.
2
93
5
"

_
12
30
46
12
-

(4 )
17
27
(4 )
37
14
1

6
26
3
39
26

_
5
43
35
16

.
_

2

_
12
30
17
41

(4 )
17
27
(4 )
26
25

_
20
37
1
28
7

_
4
48
44
5

1
4
27
57
9
-

A fte r 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U n d er 1 w eek ______ _______ __ __ _____ . .
1 w eek _ _______ __ __ _____ __ _ ___
____
2 w eek s _____ _______ ________ _________ _________ _
O v er 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s __ __ ________ ____
3 wAftka
4 w eek s ____________ ____________
__ „
__ _

1
2
3
4
5
s e rv ic e

81
17

In clu d es d a ta f o r w h o le sa le t r a d e ; fin an ce, in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta t e ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th o s e in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ica tio n , and o th e r public u tilitie s .
In clu d es d a ta f o r w h o le sa le tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s th an 0 . 5 p e r c e n t.
P e r io d s of s e r v i c e w e re a r b i tr a r i ly c h o se n and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f le c t the individ ual p ro v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
in clu d e c h a n g e s in p ro v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .

_
20
37
1
26
9

.

4

27
_
40
26

23
69
5

the ch an g es in p ro p o rtio n s in d icated a t 10 y e a r s '

N O T E : In the tab u la tio n s of v a c a tio n a llo w an ces by y e a r s of s e r v i c e , p aym en ts o th e r than "le n g th of tim e , " su ch a s p e r c e n ta g e of annual ea rn in g s o r flat^ su m p ay m en ts,
to a n eq u ivalen t tim e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a paym ent of 2 p e rc e n t of annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e re d a s 1 w e e k 's p ay.




1

4

w e re co n v erted

20

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t of o ffice and p lant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s em ployed in e sta b lish m e n ts provid in g
h ealth , in s u ra n c e , o r pen sion b e n e fits, M ia m i, F l a ., D e ce m b e r 1 961)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Type of benefit

A ll w o r k e r s

—

A ll
,
industries 1

M an ufacturing

P u blic
utilities1
2

10 0

10 0

10 0

PLA N T W O RKERS

R e ta il trad e

Finance

All
in d u stries3

M anufacturing

10 0

100

10 0

P u blic
u tilitie s 2

10 0

R e ta il trad e

10 0

W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts provid in g;
L ife in s u ra n c e
A cc id e n ta l d eath and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u ra n c e __________________________________
S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o th 4 _______________________

78

88

59

84

83

82

78

86

55

63

30

49

52

54

48

46

68

61

95

74

56

40

93

70
48

S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e ---------Sick le a v e (full p ay and no
w aiting p e rio d ) ________________________
Sick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aiting p e r i o d ) ________________________

33

40

68

29

39

34

67

48

26

75

42

24

18

54

19

9

9

17

15

10

4

24

10

H o s p italizatio n in s u ra n c e _________________
S u rg ic a l in s u ra n c e _________________________
M ed ical i n s u r a n c e __________________________
C a ta s tro p h e in s u ra n c e ----- -------- _ __
___
.. — _
R e tir e m e n t p en sion
No h ealth , in s u ra n c e , o r pen sion plan ____

80
79
45
61
55
4

89
85
49
53
36
6

50
50
15
84
89

96
95
58
51
55

84
82
46
41
38
6

90
85
48
44
28
9

63
63
26
67
85

92
89
63
39
39
2

1 In clu d es d ata fo r w h olesale tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta t e ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d ivision s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n icatio n , and o th e r public u tilitie s .
3 In clu d es d ata fo r w h o le sa le t ra d e , r e a l e s ta t e , and s e r v i c e s in addition to th ose in d u stry division s shown s e p a ra te ly .
4 U nduplicated to ta l of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e shown s e p a r a te ly below. S ic k -le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to th o se w h ich d efin itely e s ta b lis h a t le a s t
the m in im um num ber of days' p ay th at ca n be e x p e c te d by e a c h em p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n ce s d e te rm in e d on an individual b a s is a r e exclu d ed .




Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined cla sses (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.

Since the Bureau*s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’s bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

21




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field economists are in*
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER , MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHIN E OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)—
Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, e tc. Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B —
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— ses a bookkeeping
U
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

23

24

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—
Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c­
counting distribution; and requires Judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a s s is t in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B a c­
counting clerks.
Class B —
Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FIL E
Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B —
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.



CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing die items
to make up die order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a s s is t paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which ihay involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

25

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, e tc ., are referred to supervisor.

O FFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

26

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as die tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B —
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A—
Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B —
Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

27

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

(A ssistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical* mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a com bin ation o f the follow in g : Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a com bination o f the follow in g: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, e tc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a com bina­
tion o f the follow in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicant^
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow in g:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter required rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the follow in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance elctricians requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a ls o supervise these operations. H ead or c h ie f en gin eers in e s ta b lis h •
ments em ploying more than one en g in eer are ex clu d ed .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost o f th e follow in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining ope rations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the follow in g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety o f ma­
chinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

29

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m ost o f the follow in g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sendingof the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary d u ties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in v olv es the follow in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty .or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of die maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience•

P IPEFIT T ER , MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

30

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of die maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers prim arily en g a g ed in in stallin g and
repairing building san itation or beatin g sy stem s are ex clu d ed .

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints^
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the follow in g: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In clu d es gatemen who are sta tio n ed at gate and c h e c k on iden tity o f em p lo y ees an d
oth er p erson s entering .




31

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a com bination o f the follow in g:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may in v olv e one or more o f
the follow in g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. P a c k e r s who a ls o m ake
w ooden b o x es or cra tes are ex clu d ed .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the fo llo w ­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. L on gshorem en , who lo a d and unload sh ip s are exclu ded.

ORDER F IL L E R
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work in v o lv es: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or a ssist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. R eceiv in g
work in v o lv es: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.

R eceiv in g clerk
Shipping c lerk
Shipping and receiv in g clerk




32

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver*salesmen and over*the*road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

☆ U .S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1962 O - 629484


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102