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BALTIMORE, MARYLAND
NOVEMBER 1961

B u l l e t in No. 1 3 0 3 - 2 8




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
B U REA U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
Ew an C la g u e , Com m issioner




Occupational Wage Survey
BALTIMORE, MARYLAND




NOVEMBER 1961

Bulletin No. 1303-28
March 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
Introduction --------- ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups _________________________

The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage surveys in 82 labor markets.
The
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits. A preliminary report furnishing
trend data and average earnings is released within a month
of the completion of each study. This bulletin provides
additional data not included in the preliminary report.

Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey -----------------2. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups ____________________________________________
3. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of increase for selected periods ____________________

Two bulletins, bringing together the results of all
of the area surveys, are issued after completion of the
final area bulletin in the current round of surveys. The
first of these bulletins will be available late in 1962 and
the other early in 1963. During the survey year, summary
releases presenting areawide occupational earnings data
for 25 to 30 labor markets, are issued as data become
available.

2
4
4

A: Occupational earnings: *
A -1. Office occupations—
men and women _______________________
A -2 . Professional and technical occupations—
men
and women ________________________________________________
A -3 . Office, professional, and technical
occupations—
men and womencombined _____
A -4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations _________________
A -5. Custodial and material movement occupations ___________

10
H
12

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions ___________________________
B. Occupational descriptions _______________________________________

This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau's r e ­
gional office in New York, N.Y., by Harold A. Barletta,
under the direction of Frederick W. Mueller, Assistant
Regional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




1
3

15
17

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for these items and also
tabulations on establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions are available in previous area reports for
Baltimore and other major areas. A directory indicating
the areas, dates of study, and prices of these reports is
available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and
supplementary wage practices in the Baltimore area are
also available for the machinery industries (May 1961),
paints and varnishes (May 1961), life insurance (June
1961), contract cleaning services (June 1961), power
laundries and dry cleaners (April I960), fluid milk (April
I960), and banking (May I960). Union scales, indicative
of prevailing pay levels, are available for the following
trades or industries:
Building construction, printing,
local-transit operating employees, and motortruck drivers
and helpers.

iii

5
9




Occupational Wage Survey— Baltim ore, Md.
Introduction

are presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables) fo r the follow in g types of o c c u ­
pations: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p rofession a l and tech n ical; (c) m ainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) cu stodial and m aterial m ovem ent.

This area is 1 o f 82 labor m arkets in which the U .S . D e­
partm ent of L a b o r s Bureau o f Labor Statistics conducts surveys
o f occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an a rea b a sis.
The bu lletin presents cu rren t occupational em ploym ent and
earnings in form ation obtained la rgely by m ail fro m the establishm ents
visited by B ureau fie ld econ om ists in the last previous survey fo r
occupations rep orted in that e a r lie r study. P erson al visits w ere made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
sin ce the p reviou s su rv ey .

Occupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs, i . e . , those h ired to w ork a regu lar weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational cla ss ifica tio n .
E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and
late sh ifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are exclu ded a lso , but c o s t - o fliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are rep orted , as fo r o ffice c le r ic a l occu p ation s, referen ce is
to the w ork schedules (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) fo r which
straight-tim e sa la ries are paid; average w eekly earnings fo r these
occupations have been rounded to the n earest h alf d olla r.

In each a rea , data are obtained fro m representative esta b lish ­
m ents within six broa d industry divisions: Manufacturing; tra n sp or­
tation, com m un ication , and other public utilities; w holesale trade;
retail trade; finan ce, in su ran ce, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s .
M ajor
industry groups exclu ded fr o m these studies are governm ent operations
and the con stru ction and extractive industries. E stablishm ents having
few er than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber of w orkers are om itted also because
they tend to furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied
to w arrant in clu sion .
Separate tabulations are provided fo r each o f
the broad industry division s which m eet publication c r ite r ia .

A verage earnings of men and wom en are presen ted separately
fo r se le cte d occupations in which both sexes are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay lev els o f men and wom en in these occupations are
la rg ely due to (l) d ifferen ces in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishm ents; (2) d ifferen ces in sp e cific duties p er­
fo rm ed , although the occupations are appropriately cla s s ifie d within
the same su rvey job d escrip tion ; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice o r m e rit review when individual sa la ries are adjusted on this
b a s is .
L onger average s e r v ic e of m en would resu lt in higher average
pay when both sexes are em ployed within the sam e rate range.
Job
d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in these su rveys are usu­
ally m ore gen eralized than those used in individual, establishm ents to
allow fo r m inor d ifferen ces among establishm ents in sp ecific duties
p erform ed .

T hese su rveys are conducted on a sample basis because o f the
u n n ecessary co s t in volved in surveying all establishm ents.
To obtain
optim um a ccu ra cy at m inim um c o s t, a greater proportion of large
than of sm all establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data, how­
e v e r, all establishm ents are given their appropriate weight. E stim ates
based on the establishm ents studied are presented, th e re fo re , as r e ­
lating to all establishm ents in the industry grouping and area, except
fo r those below the m inim um size studied.

Occupational em ploym ent estim ates rep resen t the total in all
establishm ents within the scope o f the study and not the number actu­
ally su rveyed. B ecause o f d ifferen ces in occupational structure among
establish m en ts, the estim ates of occupational em ploym ent obtained
fro m the sam ple o f establishm ents studied serve only to indicate the
relative im portance o f the job s studied.
These d ifferen ces in o c c u ­
pational structure do not m a terially affect the a ccu ra cy o f the earn ­
ings data.

O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations selected for study are com m on to a variety
o f manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational c la s ­
sifica tion is based on a uniform set o f job description s designed to
take account o f in terestablishm ent variation in duties within the same
jo b .
(See appendix fo r listing of these d e s c r ip tio n s.) Earnings data




1

2




T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e o f s u rv e y and num ber studied in B a ltim o re ,

Industry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

____________________________________________

M anu facturing ---------------------------------------------------------------N onm an ufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tioh , and
oth er p u blic u t i l i t i e s 4 _____________________________
W h o le sa le tra de _____________________________________
R e ta il trade __________________________________________
F in a n ce , in su ra n ce , and r e a l estate ______________
S e r v ic e s 5’ 6 __________________________________________

M inim um
em p loy m en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in sc o p e
o f study

_

by m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 N o v e m b e r 1961

Num ber o f e sta b lish m en ts
W ithin
sco p e of
study 2
3
1

Studied

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts
W ithin
scope of
study

Studied

6Z3

186

Z6Z,ZOO

1 7 4 ,8 6 0

100

Z76
347

75
111

1 6 6,80 0
9 5 ,4 0 0

1 1 0 ,9 5 0
63, 910

100
50
100
50
50

Z5
91
69
8Z
80

13
Z7
Z5
Z6
ZO

Z 0 ,400
1 0 ,6 0 0
3 6 ,3 0 0
1 7 ,8 0 0
10, 300

1 8 ,4 0 0
4, 940
Z 5 , 750
10 ,6 8 0
4, 140

1 The B a ltim o r e Standard M etrop olita n S ta tistica l A r e a c o n s is t s o f B a ltim ore C ity; and Anne A ru n d el, B a lt im o r e , C a r r o ll, and H ow ard C oun ties.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f study" estim a te s show n in this table p ro v id e a r ea son a b ly a ccu ra te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b or
f o r c e in clu d ed in the su rv ey .
The estim a te s are not intended, h ow e v e r, to se r v e as a b a sis of c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er a r e a e m p loy m en t in d ex es to
m e a su r e em p loy m en t tren ds o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w age su rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f esta b lish m en t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f
the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (Z) sm a ll e sta b lish m en ts are e x clu d ed fr o m the scop e o f the su rv ey .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition o f the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a tio n Manual was u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in d u s try d iv is io n . M a jor
chan ges fr o m the e a r lie r e d ition (u sed in the B u re a u 's la b o r m a rk et w age su rv ey s cond ucted p r io r to Ju ly 1958) a re the t r a n s fe r o f m ilk p a s t e u r i­
zation plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e sta b lish m en ts fr o m trade (w h olesale o r re ta il) to m an u factu rin g , and the tr a n s fe r o f ra d io and t e le v is io n
b ro a d ca stin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp orta tion , com m u n ica tion , and other p u blic u tilities d iv ision .
3 In clu d es all esta b lish m en ts with total em p loy m en t at o r above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tion .
A ll o u tlets (w ithin the a r e a ) o f co m p a n ie s in
su ch in d u strie s as tra d e, fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n -p ic t u r e th eaters are c o n s id e r e d as 1 esta b lish m e n t.
4 R a ilr o a d s , ta x ica b s, and s e r v ic e s in cid en ta l to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n w e re exclu ded.
5 H otels; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile r e p a ir sh ops; m otion p ic tu r e s ; n on p rofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in eerin g
and a r c h ite ctu r a l s e r v ic e s .
6 T his in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e stim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s trie s" and "n on m an u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s. S ep arate p re s e n ta tio n
o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p loym en t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data
to m e r it sep a ra te study, (Z) the sam p le w as not d esig n ed in itia lly to p e rm it sep arate p resen ta tion , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to
p e r m it sep arate p re se n ta tion , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual esta b lish m en t data.

3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P resen ted in table 2 a re p ercen ts o f change in sa la rie s o f
o ffice c le r ic a l w o rk e r s and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
o f selected plant w ork er groups.
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w ork ers and industrial n urses, the p e r ­
cents o f change rela te to average w eekly sa la ries fo r n orm al hours
of w ork, that is , the standard w ork schedule for which straigh t-tim e
sa la rie s a re paid.
F or plant w ork er groups, they m ea su re changes
in stra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings, excluding prem ium pay fo r o v e r ­
tim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
The p e r ­
cen tages a re b ased on data fo r selected key occupations and include
m ost of the n u m erica lly im portant jo b s within each group.
The o f­
fic e c le r ic a l data a re b a sed on m en and wom en in the follow in g 19 jo b s :
B ookk eeping-m achin e o p e ra to rs, c la ss B; cle rk s, accounting, c la s s A
and B; c le rk s , file , c la s s A , B, and C; cle rk s, ord e r; cle r k s, p ay­
r o ll; C om ptom eter o p e ra to rs; keypunch op era tors, c la s s A and B;
o ffice b oy s and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; stenographers, gen eral; sten ogra­
p h ers, sen ior; sw itch board op era tors; tabulating-m achine op era tors,
c la s s B; and typ ists, c la s s A and B.
The industrial nurse data a re
based on m en and wom en industrial n urses.
Men in the follow in g
8 sk illed m aintenance jo b s and 2 unskilled jo b s w ere included in the
plant w ork er data: Skilled— carp en ters; ele ctricia n s; m a ch in ists; m e ­
ch an ics; m ech a n ics, autom otive; painters; pip efitters; and tool and
die m a k ers; unskilled— ja n ito rs, p o rte rs, and clea n ers; and la b o re rs,
m a te ria l handling.
A verag e w eekly s a la rie s or average hourly earnings w ere
com puted fo r each o f the selected occupations.
The average sa l­




a r ie s or hourly earnings w ere then m ultiplied by the average em ploy­
ment in the jo b during the p eriod surveyed in 1961.
These weighted
earnings fo r individual occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an a g­
gregate fo r each occupational group.
Finally, the ratio o f these group
aggregates fo r the one year to the aggregate fo r the other year was
com puted and the d iffe re n ce between the resu lt and 100 is the percen t
of change fr o m the one p eriod to the other.
The p ercen t o f change m ea su res, p rin cip ally, the effects of
(1) gen era l sa la ry and wage changes; (2) m e rit or other in crea ses
in pay re c e iv e d by individual w ork ers while in the sam e job; and
(3) changes in the la b or fo r c e such as labor turnover, fo r c e expan­
sions, fo r c e red u ction s, and changes in the p rop ortion s of w ork ers
em ployed by establishm ents with d ifferen t pay le v e ls.
Changes in the
labor fo r c e can cause in cre a se s or d e cre a se s in the occupational
a vera ges without actual wage changes. F or exam ple, a fo r c e expansion
m ight in cre a se the p rop ortion of low er paid w ork ers in a sp ecific
occupation and re su lt in a drop in the average, w hereas a reduction
in the p rop ortion o f low er paid w ork ers would have the opposite effect.
The m ovem en t of a high-paying establishm ent out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
o c c u rre d in other a rea establishm ents.
The use of constant em ploym ent weights elim inates the effects
o f changes in the p rop ortion of w ork ers rep resen ted in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor a re the p ercen ts o f change influenced by
changes in standard w ork schedules or in prem ium pay fo r overtim e,
sin ce they a re based on pay fo r straigh t-tim e hours.

The above text rep resen ts the m ethod used in com puting a new trend
s e r ie s (table 2).
This s e r ie s initiated with the expansion of the la b or m arket
wage survey p rogra m s to 82 a rea s w ill re p la ce the old s e r ie s (1953 base) shown
in table 3.
Changes in the jo b s surveyed and jo b d escrip tion s sin ce the start o f
the old s e rie s called fo r a reexam ination o f the jo b s and jo b groupings fo r which
trends w ere to be com puted.
The new se r ie s c o v e r s the sam e jo b groupings as the e a r lie r se r ie s with
the follow ing exceptions: The wom en c le r ic a l group is rep la ced by an o ffice
c le r ic a l group (men and wom en) and the industrial nurse ca teg ory includes both
m en and women.
Changes w ere a lso m ade in the jo b s included within jo b grou p­
ings in ord er that an identical lis t could be em ployed in a ll a rea s.

4

■Table 2. P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e in s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r
s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s in B a lt i m o r e , M d ., D e c e m b e r I9 6 0 to N o v e m b e r 1961,
and S e p t e m b e r 1959 to D e c e m b e r I9 6 0
D e c e m b e r I96 0
to
N o v e m b e r 1 961

S e p t e m b e r 1959
to
D e c e m b e r I9 6 0

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n an d w o m e n ) _____________________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n ) __________________
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) _____________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ) ___________________________________

3.0
6 .7
3.8
4 .2

3.5
3.2
3.4
4 .2

M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) _____________________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n an d w o m e n ) __________________
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) _____________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ) ___________________________________

1.6
6 .0
3.8
3.6

4.1
5 .3
3.2
5 .9

I n d u s t r y and o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p

T a b le 3.

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s in
B a l t i m o r e , M d ., N o v e m b e r 1961 and D e c e m b e r I9 6 0 , and p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r io d s
In d e x e s
( O c t o b e r 1952 = 100)

I n d u s t r y an d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p
N o v e m b e r 1961

D e c e m b e r I9 6 0

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fr o m —
D e c e m b e r I9 6 0
to
N o v e m b e r 1961

S e p t e m b e r 1959
to
D e c e m b e r I9 6 0

A u g u st 1958
to
S e p t e m b e r 1959

A u g u st 1957
to
A u g u s t 1958

A p r i l 1955
to
A u g u s t 1957

O c t o b e r 1952
to
A p r i l 1955

June 1951
to
O c t o b e r 1952

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) _____________________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n ) __________________
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) __________________
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ) ________________________

1 4 9 .3
1 55 .5
1 57 .6
1 6 4 .6

1 4 5 .4
1 5 0 .8
1 5 1 .6
1 5 7 .9

2 .7
3.1
3 .9
4 .2

4 .2
3.2
3 .4
4 .2

4 .0
5.1
3.5
5 .5

3.5
4 .7
5 .3
2.5

1 4 .9
13. 3
16. 3
2 1 .6

1 2.9
1 7.2
1 5.7
1 5.2

9.1
7 .6
7.7
6 .5

M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) _____________________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n ) __________________
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) __________________
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ) ________________________

15 3 .3
1 5 7 .0
1 5 9 .0
1 70.1

1 5 0 .6
15 3.9
15 3.1
1 6 3 .6

1.8
2 .0
3.9
4 .0

4 .1
5 .3
3.2
5 .9

3 .9
3.8
3.2
5 .9

5 .4
5 .2
5 .4
3.5

1 5.7
1 4.5
1 6.8
2 0 .3

1 4.2
1 6 .9
1 6.7
17. 1

8 .5
8 .3
6 .9
6 .9




A:Occupational Earnings

5

Tab le A -l. O ffic e O ccu p atio ns-M en and W om en
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B a lt im o r e , M d ., N o v e m b e r 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$ '
4 5.0 0 50.00 5 5.00 6 0 .0 0 65.0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5.0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
and
"
"
“
“
'
“
“
■
“
~
“
4 5 .0 0 5 0.00 55.00 6 0 .0 0 6 5.0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 85.0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 o v e r

$

Weekly j
Weekly j Under 4 0 .0 0
earnings
hours
(Standard) (Standard) $
u n d er

40.00

-

-

13
11
2

16
10
6

M en

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g — -------------- -------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------F i n a n c e 3 ____________________________

331
212
119
63

39.0
39.5
38.0
36.5

$ 1 1 0 .0 0
112.50
106.00
9 7.5 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------

160
66
94

4 0.0
39.5
4 0.0

92.5 0
94.5 0
9 1 .0 0

C l e r k s , o r d e r ______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________

117
91
67

4 1.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

9 8 :5 0
9 9 .5 0
101.00

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ____________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________

151
143

4 0.0
4 0.0

117.00
117.50

O f f i c e b o y s _________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------F i n a n c e 3 _____________________________

268
92
176
116

38.5
39.0
38.0
37.0

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

5
2
3
3

14
11
3
2

37
25
12
9

11
5
6
5

25
10
15
9

22
15
7
3

34
19
15
13

20
12
8
2

35
17
18
10

25
14
11
7

10
8
2
-

-

18
5
13

19
11
8

12
8
4

12
7
5

21
12
9

12
10
2

4
4

5
1
4

7
1
6

2
2

5

10
2
8

7
3
4

2

-

9
9
6

5
5
5

3
2

9
4
3

1
1

20
20
14

20
11
7

13
13
9

7
6
6

1
1
1

-

4
4
1

3
3
3

_

-

16
6
6

-

6
6
6

_

4
4

_

5
5

12
12

12
11

28
24

10
10

5
4

3
3

7
7

7
' 7

3
3

3
3

4 47

_

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

4

5

5

-

-

-

-

-

5

5
2
3

-

-

-

4

_

_

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

_

_

_

_

1

_

-

-

"

-

-

-

3
3

56.00
5 7.50
55.50
54.50

_

4

-

-

-

59
9
50
19

70
41
29
11

28
8
20
14

38
6
32
30

1
1

4
4

60
21
39
38

.

.

.

.

.

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A ____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

161
80
81

38.0
39.0
37.5

105.00
113.50
9 6.00

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
F i n a n c e 3 ___________ ,_________________

310
116
194
98

38.5
39.5
38.0
38.0

87.00
9 9.00
8 0.00
7 4 .5Q

•-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C ------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------F i n a n c e 3 _____________________________

172
78
94
68

39.0
39.5
38.0
37.5

78.0 0
9 0 .0 0
6 8.00
6 1.50

2

12

6

_
_

_
-

"

"

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a ch in e )
M a n u fa ctu r in g ----------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------

119
54
65

39.5
38.5
4 0.0

6 8.00
6 5.5 0
6 9.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e ) ------------------------------------------

80

39.0

6 2.00

2

B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A --------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------

154
99
55

38.5
39.5
37.5

7 8.00
8 2.50
7 0.50

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

_
-

4
2
2

3
3

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

-

"

-

3
1
2

1

8
2
6

10

27
12
15

14
5
9

41
26
15

7
3
4

-

6
3
3

3
3

10

20
4
16

4
4

1

-

55
2 46
9

-

-

-

10
2
8

2

_

_

_

2

48

_
_
_

_
_

1
1

16
516

-

-

"

23
4
19
9

22

20
1
19
17

49
3
46
18

33
2
31
18

21
14
7
1

29
11
18
11

28
16
12
1

50
46
4

12
2
10

7
3
4

3
3

5
5

5
5

22
21

_

_

.

-

-

"

"

-

"

-

19

2
_
_

_
_

_

_
_

-

~

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

_

20
13
7
“

16
14
2

2
2

1
1

_

_

19
16

7
2
5
"

27
27

6
6

7
1
6
6

15
15

12
12

32
3
29
26

4

-

2
2

_

_

_

_

4

2

_
_

"

“

"

“

~

4

14
7
7

45
25
20

15
9
6

7
3
4

3

-

3

14
9
5

15

4

6

21

6

2

13

25

4

1

-

-

1

9
1
8

12
6
6

20
10
10

24
15
9

18
6
12

25
25

1

1
1

-

_

_

_

_

-

1

1

-

~

1

.

-

-

-

-

-

9
7
2

_

W om en

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le ,




-

-

-

-

1
1

-

15

-

-

19
15
4

7
3
4

-

-

-

-

_

-

9
9

-

-

"

~

-

-

-

9
9

-

_

-

_

_

_

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , B a lt im o r e , M d. , N o v e m b e r 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Average
S ex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly , U n der 4 0 .0 0
earnings1
and
(Standard) (Standard) $
4 0 .0 0 u n d er
4 5 .0 0
Weekly

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
4 5 .0 0 $ 0.00 5 5 .0 0 $ 0.0 0 $
5
6
65.0 0 $ 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 80.00 85.0 0 9 0.0 0
7
9 5 .0 0 100 .00 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 125 .00 1 30 .00 135 .00 140 .00
and
5 0.00

5 5.00

6 0 .0 0

65.0 0

7 0.0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

85.00

9 0 .0 0

9 5.0 0

100.00 105 .00 1 1 0 .00 1 15 .00 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .00 130 .00 1 35 .00 1 40 .00

over

W o m e n — C on tin u ed

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
190
190
12
171 .

-

-

-

38.
38.
39.
37.

M a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
R e t a il tra d e ______ _________________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________________

533
159
374
62
118

38. 0
39. 0
3 7. 5
39. 5
3 7 .0

8 5.
9 5.
80.
7 2.
80.

00
00
50
00
50

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B _____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________
R e t a il t ra d e __ _____________________
F in a n c e 3 — --------------------------------------

1. 095
189
906
112
181
225

3 8.
3 9.
37.
39.
3 9.
37.

68.
7 8.
65.
8 3.
57.
61.

00
50
50
50
50
50

C le r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A 6 ____ ______________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________

108
73

3 8. 0
3 8. 5

7 1. 50
7 1 . 00

C le r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B 6 ____________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------W h o le s a le tr a d e _____________________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________________

351
88
263
52
141

3 9.
39.
39.
39.
38.

55.
6 2.
52.
58.
50.

-

C le r k s , f i l e , c l a s s C 6 ____________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------F in a n c e 3 _____________________________

379
319
231

38. 0
37. 5
3 7. 5

52. 00
51. 00
4 9 . 50

_
-

C le r k s , o r d e r ______________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------R e ta il tr a d e _____________________ ____

304
94
210
124

38.
37.
38.
39.

63.
74.
58.
54.

00
00
00
00

C le r k s , p a y r o ll ____________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 7 ____________________
R e ta il tra d e _______ ______ ______ ___
F in a n e e 3 ___________________________

496
273
223
31
95
63

38. 5
3 8. 5
38. 5
39. 0
3 9 .5
36. 5

7 4 . 00
7 5. 50
7 1 . 50
7 8. 50
6 6. 50
7 1 .5 0

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s __________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________
R e ta il tra d e _________________________

299
115
184
51
126

38.
38.
38.
40.
37.

7 5.
79.
7 3.
8 3.
69.




0
0
5
5
5
5

0
0
0
5
0

0
5
5
5

0
5
0
0
0

$ 5 6 .5 0
55. 00
55. 00
52. 50

-

541
503
76
355

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .

0
0
5
5

-

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
R e ta il t ra d e --------------------------------------F in a n c e 3 --------------------------------------------

00
50
50
00
00

50
50
00
50
00

105
103
27
72

85
82
15
59

66
62
14
34

28
25
7
10

26
22
8

18
13
1
1

15
4
-

2
-

1
-

2
1
-

2
1
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
11
11
4

59
2
57
8
20

55
4
51
13
13

41
15
26
4
7

103
21
82
1
16

52
32
20
1

27
20
7
1
-

35
9
26
3
18

20
15
5
5

18
11
7
1
6

11
11
-

4
1
3
-

5
5
-

9
2
7
7
-

8
8
8
-

-

7
1
6
6
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

2
2
-

-

"

-

2
2
-

_
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

;

-

-

-

-

22
22
7
15

-

55
55
20
17

_
-

4
4
4
-

93
2
91
5
29
27

195
4
191
21
46
39

150
28
122
1
13
26

152
15
137
3
34
34

114
26
88
12
12
25

47
25
22
9
1
1

72
20
52
14
6
7

109
33
76
12
20

25
12
13
9
-

16
13
3
3
-

2
2
-

3
1
2
2
-

-

87
3
84
36
46

16
8

30
21

7
6

7
6

16
15

12

2
2

13
3

3
3

_

1

2
1
1
-

13
6
7
7

4
3
1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

“

*

-

-

-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

.
-

_
-

-

~

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

10
9
1
"

_
-

_
“

_
-

.
-

_
-

.
-

-

3
1
2
2

2
2
-

4
4
-

3
3
-

3
3
-

-

-

"

■

•

-

"

-

-

-

"

1
1

19
-

19
-

59
18
41
6
29

50
9
41
9
26

40
14
26
10
1

29
26
3
1

11
3
8
2

-

124
8
116
17
84
86
82
71

122
108
70

70
44
29

35
25
15

6
3

4
1
-

_
-

3
3

-

53
53
46

-

-

-

_
-

2
2
2

10
10
10

44
44
42

47
47
20

40
4
36
19

52
16
36
23

26
19
7

18
12
6
6

11
7
4
1

9
4
5

5
2
3

8
2
6

-

22
19
3
1

-

-

-

_
-

-

47
15
32
7
15
3

72
43
29
3
12
13

70
30
40
3
10
19

47
35
12
5
5

28
18
10
2
7
1

52
26
26
4
19
3

28
21
7
4
3

29
14
15
5
1
4

36
27
9
2
7

15
4
11
5
-

-

30
10
20
16
4

6
6
-

"

21
14
7
4
1

•

11

19
5
14
1
12

44
19
25
8
17

49
17
32
8
22

29
12
17
3
13

30
10
20
5
15

24
14
10

11
5
6

-

-

9
1
8
8

6

20
10
10
9
1

9
5
4
4

7

25
13
12
5
7

_

"

-

-

-

-

3

3

11

8
1
7

-

-

-

3

11

7

~

-

8

-

-

-

5
3
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

2

3

3

-

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , B a lt i m o r e , M d . , N o v e m b e r 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME1 WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
Weeklyx Weekly j U nder 4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 65. 00 7 0 . 00 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 . 00 9 0. 00 9 5 .0 0 100 .00 105 .00 1 10.00 115 .00 120 .00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) $
■
and
“
■
“
“
“
4 0 . 00 4 5 . 00
50. 00 5 5 .0 0 , 6 0. 00 6 5 ,0 0 . 70. 00 7 5 . 00 8 0. 00 8 5 .0 0 9 0 . 00 9 5. 00 100 .00 105 .00 110 .00 115.00 120 .00 125 .00 130.00 135.00 140.00 o v e r

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d

D u p lic a t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(M im e o g r a p h o r D it t o ) ___________________

61

K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A 6 __________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____
__ __ __ __ .
__ __ __ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______
F i n a n c e 3 ______________________________

4 49
164
285
87

38.
39.
38.
39.

5
5
0
0

73.
7 8.
7 0.
6 7.

00
50
00
00

K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B 6
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________
__________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e
F in a n c e 3 ___________ ________________

509
135
374
52
214

38. 5
39. 5
38. 5
4 0 .0
37. 5

6 6.
7 8.
61.
8 4.
57.

00
50
50
50
50

O ffi c e g ir ls _________ __ ___ ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________

89
67

3 9 .5

39. 0
3 9 .0

$ 6 8 . 50

-

-

4

10

8

4

2

7

-

24

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9
8

9
9
4

27
3
24
6

63
17
46
6

101
28
73
27

75
26
49
20

48
25
23
10

35
11
24
4

32
17
15
2

22
22
-

12
10
2
"

8
4
4
"

7
7
“

-

1
1
-

-

“

32
32
32

75
2
73
46

74
5
69
44

105
17
88
50

40
5
35
3
20

37
15
22
3
13

15
3
12
7
5

83
65
18
18
-

22
8
14
14
-

12
8
4
4
-

6
3
3
3

2
2
-

2
2
-

.
-

.
-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

_

.

.

_

_

_

“

_

“

"

"

-

■
_

-

4
4
4

55. 50
54. 50

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

_

_

"

_

_

_
_

-

_
_

28
25

27
15

10
6

2
"

5
5

■

_

1
“

4
4
-

69
16
53
7
44

116
29
87
6
15
12
50

162
25
137
5
20
12
88

169
32
137
14
16
6
96

209
67
142
7
33
24
71

291
108
183
5
8
48
87

218
86
132
18
13
5
50

235
123
112
8
27
9
45

140
75
65
3
20
2
32

134
95
39
11
5
_
16

274
213
61
34
12
_
8

75
63
12
2
1
8

78
54
24
1
10
1
12

60
40
20
15
3
1
-

25
25
_
_

13
4
9
3
6
_

-

-

9
5
4
4
-

9
8
1
-

5
4
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

24
14
10
10

6
--------T
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

7
5
2
_

4
4
_

_
_
_
_
_

2
_
2
_
_

_

_

_

_
_
_
_

_

_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
-

38. 5
3 9 .5
38. 0
3 9 .5
39. 0
39. 5
37. 5

8 8.
95.
82.
96.
8 8.
7 7.
7 7.

50
50
00
00
00
50
50

-

-

-

28
14
14
14

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l 6 ___ __ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g ________________ ________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
W h o le s a le t r a d e
F in a n c e 3 _ _

1 ,3 1 0
589
721
53
4 89

38. 5
3 9 .5
37. 5
3 9 .5
3 7 .0

70.
7 7.
64.
7 6.
6 0.

50
50
50
00
00

-

_
-

140
8
132
129

124
16
108
6
92

179
47
132
6
100

158
65
93
1
59

166
116
50
9
21

183
112
71
14
40

134
80
54
7
12

71
54
17
3
-

88
66
22
3
-

8
8
-

-

36
36
36

S ten og ra p h ers, s e n i o r 6
M a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------- ----------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________ __ __ ____
F i n a n c e 3 _______
__ _____ __ __ _

386
186
200
105

3 8 .0
39. 0
37. 0
36. 5

83.
92.
7 4.
7 3.

Q0
00
50
50

-

_
-

_
-

10
10
1

29
1
28
19

35
3
32
32

46
6
40
22

33
8
25
11

64
29
35
8

43
28
15
2

35
32
3
-

34
34
-

-

1
1
-

"

26
25
1
“

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------------ -------- _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 7
R e t a il t r a d e ----------------- __ __ __ _
F in a n c e 3

395
130
265
40
80
68

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39. 5
39. 5
4 0 .0
37. 5

6 7. 50
8 3. 00
6 0. 00
7 2 .0 0
54. 00
6 3. 50

16
16
3
-

19
19
5
1

36
36
17
6

25
25
19
5

39
2
37
3
16
10

41
7
34
4
10
12

45
14
31
5
10
16

38
12
26
7
14

42
25
17
13
_

11
9
2
_

10
10
_

17
15
2
_

7
5
2
_

"

36
22
14
8
4

-

-

-

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________ _____ __ _
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________

344
189
155
61

38. 5
38. 5
38. 5
3 9 .5

6 6 .0 0
6 6 .0 0
6 6 .0 0
6 7. 50

.

_
-

10
7
3

35
21
14
5

43
29
14
5

100
50
50
27

39
13
26
8

34
22
12

33
15
18
5

24
11
13
7

17
16
1

1
1
-

5
4
1
1




“

-

16
16

2, 318
1 ,0 8 2
1 ,2 3 6
135
194
128
621

S e e > fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le ,

_

_

S e c r e t a r i e s ____________________
__ __ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g __
_________ ________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 7 ____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____
____ __ _
R e t a il t r a d e ______
__ _
F i n a n c e 3 ________________ __
__ _

-

-

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
5
1
1
_
_

12
4
8
4
4
_
_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

3

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

_

_

-

-

-

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , B a lt im o r e , M d ., N o v e m b e r 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average
Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
Weeklyj
Weekly , U n der 4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 50.00 5 5.0 0 6 0 .0 0
warnings1
(Standard) (Standard) $
u S ir
4 0 .0 0
4 5 .0 0 5 0.00 5 5.00 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0

$

6 5 .0 0
70.0 0

$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0.00 85.0 0 9 0.0 0
9 5 .0 0 100 .00 1 0 5 .00 1 10 .00 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .00 1 25 .00 1 30 .00 1 35 .00 140 .00
_
and
7 5.0 0 8 0 .0 0 85.00 9 0.0 0 95.0 0 100.00 105 .00 1 1 0 .0 0 1 15 .00 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 130 .00 1 3 5 .0 0 1 40 .00 o v e r

W om en — C on tin u ed

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B _____________ __ ------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________
F in a n c e 3 _________ _____ _________

164
142
54

3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0

$ 7 9 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

-

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l _______ ______ ____________ ______
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___ __ __ _____________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________
F in a n c e 3 -------------------------------------------

265
68
197
135

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8.5

7 1.5 0
8 2 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
6 0 .5 0

-

T y p is t s , c l a s s A ----------------------- --------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
_____ _____ _________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __ _____ _________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 7 ___________________
F in a n c e 3 ____________________________

813
517
296
54
155

3 9.5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8.5
3 8.5

7 4.0 0
7 9.0 0
6 6 .0 0
6 1 .5 0
6 3 .0 0

-

T y p is t s , c l a s s B ----------------- -------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _______ __ __ ---------- _
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g __ __ _____________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 7 _______ _________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________
R e t a il tra d e _________________________
F in a n c e 3 _____________ _____________

1, 295
301
994
25
61
107
788

3 8 .5
3 9.0
3 8.5
3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.5
3 8.0

56.0 0
6 4 .0 0
54.0 0
6 1 .5 0
6 4 .0 0
54.5 0
52.50

-

-

-

-

7
7
4

9
9
"

24
24
12

38
38
22

20
19
15

31
31
1

"

5
5

15
8
7
2

8
8

69
58
11
-

13
8
5
-

7
7
-

20
14
6
-

"

"

-

-

1
1
_

1
1
-

_

1
1
_
1

1
.1
1

8
8
8

30
30
27

45
45
40

18
4
14
14

32
19
13
11

39
4
35
22

22
12
10
9

18
3
15

2
2
-

4
4
"

51
17
34
12
16

90
20
70
3
60

134
84
50
10
30

119
85
34
4
25

49
37
12
6
-

164
150
14
1
1

38
35
3
-

-

51
51
18
23

8
8
_
3
5

254
254
28
226

395
45
350
5
8
34
303

275
63
212
2
18
17
164

195
84
111
9
9
19
74

60
45
15
1
3
2
7

67
31
36
8
18
1
9

7
5
2
_
2

20
15
5
5
-

11
11
_

1

_
"

"

-

“

11
9
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

■

-

-

-

_

-

"

-

-

"

"

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

2
1

4
3

“

4
4

-

3
3

11
9
2

"
2
2
-

“

"

_
-

_

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 36 at $ 140 to $ 145; 7 at $ 145 to $ 150; 2at $ 150 to $ 155; 1 at $ 155 to $ 160.
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 46 at $ 140 to $ 145; 1 at $ 145 to $ 150.
5 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l lo w s : 15 at $ 140 to $ 145; 1 at $ 150 to $ 155.
6 D e s c r ip t io n f o r th is j o b h a s b e e n r e v i s e d s in c e the la s t s u r v e y in th is a r e a . S ee a p p e n d ix A .
7 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




8
-

7
■

8
5

"

_
_

1
-

_
_

_

-

_
_

9

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations-Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B a lt i m o r e , M d . , N o v e m b e r 1961)
Average

N U M BER OF W O RK ERS RECE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY EARN:INGS OF
$

$

$

$

6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0

60. 00 u n d e r
6 5 . 00

_0
7 0 .0 0 7 5. Q 8 0. 00 8 5 .0 0

8 0 . 00 8 5 .0 0 9 0. 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
9 5 .0 0 1 00.00 1 05.00 110 .00 1 15.00 120 .00 125 .00 130 .00 135 .00 1 40.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00
and

9 0 .0 0 9 5. 00 1 00.00

o
o
d

Under l o . o o

o
o

Weekly ,
(Standard)

o

Weekly,
(Standard)

1 15.00 120.00. 1 25.00 130.00 135 .00 140.00 1 45.00 1 50.00 155.00

F
o
p

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

over

M en

D r a ft s m e n , le a d e r _______ __ __ __ __ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____ __
__ _

114
114

4 0 .0
40. 0

$ 1 4 5 .0 0
145.00

_

.

_

_

“

"

~

"

D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r _____________ __ -------M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________ ____ __ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______ ____________

1 ,1 1 3
878
235

40. 0
40. 0
3 9. 5

120.00
122.50
111.50

_

_
-

_

~

"

.
”

392
272

4 0 .0
40. 0

85.5 0
87.5 0

19
12

26
10

33
31

146
116

3 9 .5
40. 0

9 9.5 0
102.00

_

_

1

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r
M a n u fa ctu r in g

________________________
________________ _
__

-

.

.

_
“

■

“

"

6
■ -------- T

32
32

.
"

12
12

6
6

"

3
3

"

5
5

9
9

41
241

22
22

25
25

7
7
-

27
20
7

56
34
22

35
15
20

132
91
41

69
52
17

111
80
31

121
101
20

177
153
24

53
44
9

92
82
10

63
33
30

39
36
3

26

1

"

57
57
"

27
25

13
5

48
21

58
29

66
41

20
20

40
38

15
13

18
18

6
6

3
3

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

“

■

“

“

_

"

“

8
2

3
3

12
5

18
18

14
9

14
10

22
20

21
19

17
15

!

3
2

1
1

8
8

3
3

_

_

_

_

-

1
-

26

_
_

W om en

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) ______ M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________ „

1

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d t o th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 9 at $ 160 to $ 170; 19 at $ 170 to $ 180; 12 at $ 180 t o $ 190; 1 at $ 190 to $ 200.




_

10

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations-Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , B a lt im o r e , M d. , N o v e m b e r 1961)

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of
workers

weekly6!
earnings
(Standard)

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of

Average

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s
B i l l e r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ) --------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------------------------

121
56
65

$ 6 8 .0 0
6 6. 00
69. 50

B i l l e r s , m a ch in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e ) -----------------

80

6 2. 00

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A -------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________________________

154
99
55

7 8. 00
8 2. 50
7 0. 50

299
115
184
51
126

$ 7 5 .5 0
79. 50
73. 00
83. 50
69. 00

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(M im e o g r a p h o r D itto) _______________________________

66

68. 00

546
508
81
355

56.
55.
56.
52.

50
00
00
50

K ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A 3 _____
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________
F i n a n c e 2 _______________________

449
164
285
87

73.
78.
70.
67.

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________
R e t a il tr a d e ___________
F in a n c e 2 ______________

864
371
493
68
181

94.
105.
8 6.
7 5.
86.

50
00
50
00
50

K ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B 3 _____
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _______________
F i n a n c e 2 _______________________

509
135
374
52
214

6 6 . 00
7 8. 50
6 1 .5 0
84. 50
57. 50

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _______
W h o le s a le tra d e ______
R e t a il t r a d e ___________
F i n a n c e 2 ______________

1. 255
255
1 ,0 0 0
155
192
249

7 1 .0 0
8 2. 50
6 8. 00
9 0. 50
58. 50
6 2. 50

O ffic e b o y s and g ir ls _________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _________________
F i n a n c e 2 _______________________

357
114
243
144

56.
58.
55.
54.

114
79

7 2. 00
7 1 .0 0

C le r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B 3 —
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------W h o le s a le tra d e ___
F i n a n c e 2 -----------------

377
111
266
55
141

55.
6 2.
52.
58.
50.

S e c r e t a r ie s ____________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 _______________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _______________
R e t a il t ra d e _____________________

2. 335

C le r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A 3 ------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s C 3 -------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------F i n a n c e 2 ---------------------

415
354
266

50
50
50
00
00

52. 00
* 5 1 .0 0
50. 00

S te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l 3 ____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e ----------------------F i n a n c e 2 _______________________

1 , 092
1, 243
136
195
128
621

592
721
53
489

00
50
00
00

00
00
00
00

88. 50
9 5. 00
82. 50

9 6 . 00
8 8. 50
7 7. 50
7 7 . 50
7 0.
7 8.
64.
7 6.
6 0.

50
00
50
00
00

C le r k s , o r d e r _____________
M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------W h o le s a le tra d e ---R e t a il t r a d e ________

421
120
301
103
144

7 3. 00
7 8 . 50
70. 50
9 1 .0 0
59. 50

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n i o r 3 ______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------F in a n c e 2 _______________________

386
186
200
105

8 3.
9 2.
7 4.
73.

C l e r k s , p a y r o ll --------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -----------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _______
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 --------R e t a il tra d e ___________
F i n a n c e 2 ---------------------

647
416
231
34
95
63

8 4. 00
9 0. 00
7 2. 50
8 1 .0 0
6 6. 50
7 1 .5 0

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s _______________
M a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 _______________
R e t a il tr a d e _____________________
F in a n c e 2 ________ _______________

396
131
265
40
80

6 7. 50
8 3 .0 0
6 0 . 00
7 2. 00
5 4 .0 0
63. 50

Average
weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

68

00
00
50
50

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s __________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e __________________________________

349
189
160
61

$ 6 6 .5 0

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A _____________
M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________________

175
91
84

104. 50
112. 00

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B _____________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------------------------------F in a n ce 2 -----------------------------------------------------------------

474
138
336
152

84. 50
1 0 1 .0 0
78. 00
73. 50

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C _____________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 2 __________________________________________

218
92
126
94

76. 50
9 0. 50
66. 50
6 1 .0 0

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l _________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------------------------------F in a n ce 2 ___________________________________________

265
68
197
135

71.
8 2.
67.
60.

50
50
50
50

T y p is t s , c l a s s A _________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t il it i e s 4 __________________________________
F in a n ce 2 ------------------------------------------------------------------

821
525
296
54
155

7 4.
7 9.
66.
61.
63.

50
00
00
50
00

T y p is t s , c l a s s B ________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t il it i e s 4 __________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ______________________ ___________
R e ta il t r a d e ________________________________________
F in a n c e 2 __________________________________________

1, 304
305
999
25
61
107
788

56.
64.
54.
6 1.
64.
54.
52.

50
00
00
50
00
50
50

6 6 . 00
67. 00
67. 50

9 6 . 00

P r o f e s s io n a l an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s
D r a ft s m e n , le a d e r ______________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________

114
114

145. 00
145. 00

D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r --------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________

1, 164
924
240

120. 50
1 2 3 .0 0
111. 50

D r a ft s m e n , j u n io r ______________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________

397
277

85. 50
87. 50

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l (r e g i s t e r e d )
M a n u fa ctu r in g ________________

168
138

103. 00
1 0 6 .0 0

E a r n in g s a r e f o r a r e g u la r w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly s a la r i e s , e x c l u s iv e o f any p r e m iu m p a y .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
D e s c r ip t io n f o r t h is j o b h a s b e e n r e v i s e d s in c e the la s t s u r v e y in th is a r e a . See a p p e n d ix A .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




Number
of
workers

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C o n tin u e d

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __ ________________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e _________________________________
R e t a il tr a d e ______________________________________

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B -------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e ______________________________________
F i n a n c e 2 --------------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

O c c u p a t io n an d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

earnings^
(Standard)

11

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , B a lt im o r e , M d ., N o v e m b e r 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
s
$
$
$
S
$
$
S
$
$
$
Average
hourly U nder 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .20 2.30 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2.80 2 .9 0 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3,80 3.90 4 .00
earnings1 $
2
and
and
1.60 under
1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .00 2 .1 0 2 .20 2 .30 2 .40 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .70 2 .80 2 .90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4 .0 0 o v e r
4
1
3

3
2
1

2
2

20
8
12

4
1
3

21
9
12

54
49
5

55
48
7

-

8
8

-

-

39
39
-

37
37

-

31
24
7

51
51

-

34
30
4

22
22

-

1
1

_
-

_
-

-

6
6

-

3
3

13
13

"

-

-

-

10
8
2

75
68
7

46
38
8

49
43
6

20
17
3

26
21
5

30
29
1

78
76
2

134
132
2

94
81
13

2 .68
2.7 3
2 .42

13
2 13

-

2
2

11
11

20
19
1

7
2
5

33
20
13

25
21
4

39
27
12

14
9
5

57
54
3

49
49
-

41
40
1

8
8
-

31
31

44
44

-

-

50
.3 7
13

196
149

2 .54
2.61

4

_

6
6

10
10

14
7

11
11

1

15
2

9
9

13
9

_

“

14
8

-

13
13

43
31

15
15

4
4

24
24

700
637
63
46

2 .3 3
2 .34
2 .28
2.41

32
29
3

28
25
3

21
20
1

26
26
-

68
66
2

49
47
2
2

27
24
3

13
12
1

58
54
4
4

65
31
34
30

123
113
10
10

55
55

91
91

8
8

12
12

18
18

M a c h i n e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s ,
t o o lr o o m __________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________

129
129

2 .8 3
2 .8 3

10
10

14
14

23
23

18
18

10
10

14
14

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n c e _________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________

953
928

3.20
3.21

66
66

17
11

24
23

24
24

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e
(m a in te n a n c e ) _____________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 34 ____________________

641
188
453
346

2.67
2.66
2.67
2 .6 9

50

140
1
139
135

171
5
166
164

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n ce
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

1, 341
1, 192
149

3.00
3.01
2 .9 0

M illw r ig h t s _________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __

171
171

2.99
2.99

_
-

O il e r s -----------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________

401
391

2 .6 9
2 .70

3
3

P a i n t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ___________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

237
169
68

2.57
2 .72
2.21

P ip e f it t e r s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u fa ctu r in g __

544
502

2 .8 9
2.89

S h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a in t e n a n c e _____
M a n u fa ctu r in g __

134
126

2.90
2.90

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s ______________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _

351
342

3.23
3 .24

-

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------

404
341
63

$ 2.71
2.77
2.40

2
2

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n c e _______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

714
661
53

2 .88
2.90
2.62

E n g in e e r s , s t a t io n a r y ____________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

511
412
99

F ir e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o il e r ______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
H e lp e r s , m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s ___________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

_

-

_

_

1
1

_

-

_

"

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

-

-

15
15
-

-

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

-

1
1

4
4

8
8

_

14

_

-

-

4 14

-

4
2
2

3
3

_

_

_

"

-

-

_

-

"

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

8

-

“

1
1

_

4
4

-

-

53
53

1
1

55
55

15
15

_
_

5
5

22
20
2

40
25
15

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

4
4

1
1

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

24
24

2
2

10
10

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

76
75

113
111

99
89

278
278

23
23

99
99

10
10

18
18

4
3

60
20
40
31

42
25
17
8

45
33
12

14
10
4

14
14

-

_
_

_

_

_
_

188
188

39
39
-

31
31

11
11

-

-

15
12

11
10
1

35
25
10
2

13
10
3
3

18
15
3
-

50
3

27
22
5

10
8
2

24
17
7

148
146
2

43
30
13

5
4
1

28
20
8

57
44
13

49
47
2

176
168
8

229
217
12

72
49
23

72
35
37

109
97
12

2
2

3
3

.

_

1
1

_

6
6

13
13

15
15

54
54

13
13

36
36

27
27

1
1

7
7

7
7

25
25

22
12

18
18

45
45

58
58

39
39

53
53

40
40

36
36

13
13

22
22

4
4

13
9
4

8
5
3

7
1
6

11
8
3

28
21
7

5
2
3

45
32
13

8
8

40
40
-

19
19
-

2
2

-

8
7
1

_

1
1

_

4
4

2
-

15
15

10
5

90
90

12
9

54
50

22
20

129
127

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

2
2

9
9

18
17

6
6

1
1

19
12

-

-

-

-

-

“

'

“

'

6
6

-

"

4
4

6
6

2
1

6
4

-

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
2 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as fo l lo w s : 4 at $ 1 .3 0 to $ 1 .4 0 ; 9 at $ 1 .4 0 to $ 1 .5 0 .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 1 at $ 1 .2 0 to $ 1 .3 0 ; 9 at $ 1 .3 0 to $ 1 .4 0 ; 4 at $ 1 .5 0 to $ 1 .6 0 .




4
4

4
4

-

6
6

_
-

4
4

-

3
2

_
-

-

-

'

-

_

_
-

1
_
1

.

.

.

_

.
_

1
_
1

2
2

2
2

-

-

_

.

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

74
74

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

19
19
-

-

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

1
1

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

1
_
1

_

-

16
12
4

-

-

-

-

-

86
86

58
34

19
19

37
37

5
5

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
21

17
17

12
12

17
17

7
7

2
2

_

_

_

_

.

.

-

-

-

22
20

36
32

75
75

49
49

38
38

45
45

55
55

4
4

3
3

_

.

-

-

-

_

.

_

“

-

12
Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , B a lt im o r e , M d ., N o v e m b e r 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(m e n ) _____________________________________

Number
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average
1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2 .10 2.20 2 .30 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .90 3.00 3.10 3.20
U n der 0 .8 0 0 .90
hourly
earnings 2 $
and
and
0 .80 u n d er
1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .00 2 .10 2.20 2.30 2 .40 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0
3.00 3 .10 3.20 o v e r
,9 0

21

-

6

9

1

2

-

-

1

-

1

7

10
3 10

-

-

13
13
2

8
8
5

-

-

-

5
5

-

28
28
19

.3
3

“

64
64
64

4
4

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

36
11
25

10
3
7

19
9
10

8
5
3

18
12
6

24
4
20

9
9
-

53
53

-

169
169

-

-

665
41
624

267
89
178

200
97
103
8

115
79
36
7

271
24

8
76
131

4
76
52

30
58

15
11

173
149
24
4
4
3
8

131
50
81
61
11
_
2

66
46
20
11
1
3
4

-

57
57
47
10

120
41
79
4
67

22
6
16
1
11

51
7
44
6
33

118
4
114

23
18
5

25
25

5

5

_
-

14
2
12

85
14
71

132
36
96

116
51
65

104
76
28

118
76
42

8
58

10
76

3
62

3
25

88
54
34
20
14

56
2
54
20
31

85
36
49
11
35

99
83
16
15

17
17
3
9

61
25
_
-

52

$ 1.12

4

________________________

135
135
90

1.11
1.11
1.07

G u a rd s _______________________ ________ __
_ _ _ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g ________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________

878
541
337

2.01
2 .35
1.48

-

3, 167
1, 588
1, 579
164
50
533
290

1.61
1.95
1.27

44
44

1.79
1.24
1.22

_

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
(w o m e n ) __________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
TSlnnm arm fa rh iT in g
R p fa il traHp
F in a n rp ®

507
170
337
58
131

1.40
1.71
1.25
1.08
1.21

18
18

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g ___________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________
■PnHlir n H l it i p s 4
W h o le s a le tra d e ___________________
R e t a il tra d e ________________________

3, 627
2, 636
991
229
222
521

2 .16
2 .25
1.94
2. 35
2 .10
1.71

_
-

-

O r d e r f i l l e r s ______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________
W h o le s a le tra d e ___________________
R e t a il tra d e ________________________

1, 297
235
1, 062
350
699

1.98
1.71
2 .0 4
2 .0 3
2 .0 5

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (m e n ) ____________ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________ ._____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________
W h o le s a le t ra d e ___________________
R e t a il tr a d e ________________________

378
226
152
79
60

1.70
1.59
1.85
2 .17
1.50

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (w o m e n ) _____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________

104
68

1.39
1.51

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s ______________ ;__________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
R e t a il tra d e

285
126
159
119

2 .1 3
2 .3 3
1.97
1.88

S hipping c l e r k s ___________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
R e t a il tra d e ________________________

244
138
106
79

2 .35
2.51
2 .15
2 .1 3

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(w o m e n ) __________________________________
R e t a il t ra d e

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
(m e n ) _____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------W h o le s a le tra d e ___________________
R e t a il tr a d e ________________________

_

_

_
_

3
3

_

_
_

315
315

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

8

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

"

-

-

5
5
5

_

_

.

_

_

.
-

“

-

-

.
-

-

27
27
27




_

_

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

'
S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le.

_

-

'

"

'

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

61
57
4

184
184

87
87

73
73

10
10

4
4

.

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

93
92
1
1

124
106
18

63
59
4

1
1

1
1
-

4
4
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

4
14

1
3

_

_

_

-

104
14
90

9
— 5^
3

123
59
64
62
1
1

79
78
1

140
125
15

92
58
34

_
1

15

11
23

471
455
16
10
5
1

2
2

1
1

13
13

6
6

3
3

21
21

13
13

11
11

125
103
22

178
160
18

390
346
44

46
5
41

186
144
42

170
137
33

3
19

1
17

7
37

36
5

_
42

31
2

385
138
247
171
34
42

298
206
92

5
37

138
13
125
58
56
11

46
12
34
6
27

68
10
58
12
43

90
90
16
73

61
15
46
3
41

58
44
14
14

10
2
8
_
8

105
21
84
5
79

162
3
159
157
2

24
24
20
4

1
1
_
1

39
30
9
3
4

35
24
11
5
5

31
23
8
3
5

1
1
1

5
3
2
1

1
1
1

3
3
-

12
11
1
-

17
17
15

3
3
-

-

-

-

56
27
29
15
14

4
4

3
3

9
9

1
1

3
3

15
15

_

-

_

_

-

"

-

8
8

-

"

“

-

-

2
2
2

12
12
11

4
2
2
2

6
6
6

17
7
10
1

7
1
6
6

?
7
2

14
2
12
12

27
27
-

24
6
18
13

36
30
6

7
2
5

-

10
6
4
4

-

-

11
5
6
5

33
6
27
24

14
3
11
3

24
9
15
15

2
2
2

8
8
5

6
5
1
1

21
3
18
18

28
22
6
6

26
17
9

14
1
13
8

9
5
4
1

6
6
1

30
24
6
5

5
5
5

10
3
7
6

1
1
1

11
11

_
-

_
-

3
3

-

-

-

'

"

"

_

-

-

_
_

_

-

-

-

_

_
_

31
31
_

no
no
_

10
10
_

35
35
_

-

-

-

_

_

1

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

727
726
1

96
96
_

23
11
12

no
no
_

_

_

12

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

240
4
236
59
177

124
4
120
18
102

42
42
_
42

34
28
6
6

_
_

3
3
3
-

37
2
35
35

_
-

9
9
-

5
5
_

-

-

-

-

13
79

-

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_

_

.
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
5
1
1

14
12
2
2

_

3
3
_

-

_

'

_

-

-

_
_

2
2
_

3
3

-

-

-

19
16
3
3

5
4
1
1

16
6 15
1
1

_

_

13
Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , B a lt im o r e , M d ., N o v e m b e r 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O c c u p a t io n 1 an d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly , J n d er 0.80 0 .9 0 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .20 2 .3 0
earnings c $
and
0.80 u n d er
.9 0 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .30 2 .4 0

S h ip p in g and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s ___________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------- -----

202
105
97

$ 2 .1 1
2.07
2.15

T r u c k d r iv e r s 7 __________ ___________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________ —
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

2, 417
764
1, 653

_
-

W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________
R e t a il t ra d e __________________________

590
304

2 .3 9
2 .49
2.35
2 53
2.36
2.05

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d er
lVz t o n s ) ______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________

238
153
85

2.18
2.66
1 .33

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m (1 V2 to
and in clu d in g 4 t o n s ) _________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________
PnKli r n filiH p fl ^
W h o le s a le t r a d e _________________
R e t a il tr a d e _____________________

893
233
660
255
189
173

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a il e r ty p e ) ___________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________
P n K lir n filitip fi ^
W h o le s a le tr a d e _________________

-

-

-

5
5

21
12
9

17
12
5

30
20
10

11
11

7
7
144
95
49
9
3
36

22
13
9
5

-

-

20
12
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

$

%

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .70

2.80

2 .90

3.00

3.10

3.20
and

2 .5 0

2 .60

2 .7 0

2 .80

2 .9 0

3.00

3.10

3.20

over

-

_

3
2
1

9
9
-

6
6

8
8

49
37
12

4
4

8
8

-

3
3

210
4
206
74
89
43

107
21
86
6
54
26

169
16
153
149
4

114
63
51

124
11
113

26
26
-

32
32
-

_
_
-

57
48

51
-

113
-

_

_

_

-

573
42
531
431
59
41

427
322
105

3

70
6
64
26
33
5

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

2
2

-

9
9

4
4

117
117

2
2

6
6

-

-

-

_
-

_
_

18
10
8
5

37
4
33

97
97

63
63

130
2
128
128

97
97
_

_

_

_

4
4
_

_
_
_

I

I

I

_

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1_
-

-

_
-

_
-

5
5

67
21
46

55
55

73
73

49
6
43

28
28

32
26
6

15
11
4

61
39
22

14
10
4

_

_
-

_
5

10
30

26
27

47
26

18
1

23
5

_
2

_
4

1

"

-

2
2

-

-

-

8
8

6
6

10
10

9
9

-

-

3
3

-

45
7
38

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

9
9

2 .22
2 .2 3
2.22
2 .5 4
2 .2 3
1.88

-

-

-

-

15
7
8

29
29

43
43

21
6
15

13
13

30
26
4

8
4
4

58
36
22

8
5
3

69
31
38

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

_
8

_
27

20
23

_

~

-

9
4

_
1

_
4

1
-

2
1

3
34

2

30
3

57
* 40

37
26

-

153
1
152
122
30
-

831
145
686
309
276

2 .58
2 .3 4
2 .63
2.60
2 .68

-

-

-

-

7
7
-

-

-

18
18

6
6

2
2

7
7
-

3
3
-

3
2
1

44
42
2

1
1

6
1
5

14
2
12

24
7
17

6
2
4

395
16
379

115
40
75

62
11
51

118
5
113

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

9

17

4

29

27

51

113

-

-

-

T r u c k d r i v e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
o t h e r than t r a i l e r ty p e ) _____________
\ A arm, ;»r‘tn'ri-ng
f

152
119

2 .78
2.81

4
4

-

-

3

-

-

10
10

59
?Q

50
50

_

26
26

.

_

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (f o r k l if t ) _______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e -________________________

1, 472
1, 340
132
79

2.51
2 .5 3
2 .38
2 .4 4

_
-

.
-

57
40
17

72
67
5

95
86
9
-

4
4
_

_
_

-

360
329
31
21

47
47
_

-

33
12
21
21

147
147
.

-

92
64
28
22

273
273
_

-

16
13
3
3

-

-

“

-

-

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t h e r than
fo r k li f t ) ------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________

623
622

2 .5 9
2.60

-

"

-

"

26
26

6
6

46
46

26
26

24
24

13
13

127
127

119
119

23
23

23
23

425
214
211
30
90

1.48
1.63
1.34
1.86
1.19

.

35
28
7
1

7
7

W a tch m e n ___________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P ublic u tilities 4
__ .
F in an ce 5

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

........

-

-

-

_
-

7
7
-

7
7
-

-

-

_

-

"
4
4

64
18
46

1

25

91
44
47
1
24

-

23
21
2

-

12
7
5
2

-

1

“
43
1
42
4
18

34
16
18
1
17

3
2
1
1

7
6
1

21
21

2
2

-

22
19
3
1
2

25
14
11
1
1

2
2
1
1

D ata li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ica te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 0 .5 0 to $ 0 .6 0 .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 3 at $ 3 .3 0 to $ 3 .4 0 ; 4 at $ 3 .4 0 to $ 3 .5 0 ; 1 at $ 3 .5 0 to $ 3 .6 0 ;
I n c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




20
20
-

2
2

16
6

10

1
1
-

-

■

120
120
-

-

76
67
9
9

-

87
87

68
68

9
9

26
13
13
13

17
17
_

_
_

33
32
1

7

_

1

1 at $ 3 .6 0 to $ 3 .7 0 ; 6 at $ 3 .8 0 to $ 3 .9 0 .

_
_

_
_

6
6

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_




Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.

Since the Bureau’ s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year's bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

15




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)—
Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Billet, machine (bookkeeping machine)—
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

17

18

CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

19

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER,GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

20

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class j Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
B—
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

21

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees7 injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POW ERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning/and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter required rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




22

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment-working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance elctricians requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroem
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

23

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE —
Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the -plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

24

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.




25

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises o f an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform other related duties.

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




26

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l l2 tons)
/
Truckdriver, medium (lfa to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
& U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1962

0 —632857


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102