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Occupational Wage Survey

INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA
DECEMBER 1961

Bulletin No. 1303-27




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices

Occupational Wage Survey

INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA




DECEMBER 1961

Bulletin No. 1303-27
February 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Claguo, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
P age

The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage surveys in 82 labor markets. The
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits. A preliminary report furnishing
trend data and average earnings is released within a month
of the completion of each study. This bulletin provides
additional data not included in the preliminary report.

In trod u ction ___________________________________________________________________
W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p s -------------------------------------------

1
4

T a b le s :
1. E s ta b lish m en ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y ______________
2. P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and
str a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d

3

Two bulletins, bringing together the results of all
of the area surveys, are issued after completion of the
final area bulletin in the current round of surveys. The
first of these bulletins will be available late in 1962 and
the other early in 1963. During the survey year, summary
releases presenting areawide occupational earnings data
for 25 to 30 labor markets, are issued as data become
available.

A : O ccu p a tion a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s— en and w o m e n _________________________
m
A -2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s— en
m
and w om en ____________________________________________________
A - 3. O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l
o c cu p a tio n s — e n and w o m e n co m b in e d ____________*_______
m
A -4 .
M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c cu p a tio n s ___________________
A -5 .
C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c cu p a tio n s ____________

10
11
12

This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau's re ­
gional office in Chicago, 111., by Marvin Glick, under the
direction of Elliott A. Browar. The study was under the
general direction of Woodrow C. Linn, Assistant Regional
Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.

B : E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :*
B -l.
Shift, d iffe r e n tia ls _____________________________________________
B -2 .
M inim u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ____
B -3 .
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h ou rs ______________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h olid a y s __________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a tio n s _________________________________________________
B -6 .
H ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n plans _______________________

14
15
16
17
18
20

A p p en d ix es:
A. Changes in o c cu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s ______________________________
B. O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip tio n s ____________________________________________

21
23




* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available in previous
Indianapolis area reports (December I960 and January
I960) and for other major areas. A directory indicating
the areas, dates of study, and prices of these reports is
available upon request.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels,
are also available for the following trades or industries:
Building construction, printing, local-transit operating em­
ployees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

iii

5
9




Occupational Wage Survey— Indianapolis, Ind.

Introduction

to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U.S. De­
partment of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics has conducted sur­
veys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an area­
wide basis. In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of
Bureau field economists to representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica­
tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry groups
excluded from these studies are government operations and the con­
struction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because they
tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and, establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
basis. Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data
are presented (in the A-series tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B-series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to
office and plant workers. The concept "office w orkers," as used
in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes admin­
istrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant workers" in­
clude working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Administrative,
executive, and professional employees, and force-account construction
employees who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufacturing indus­
tries, but are included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is




1

2

Shift differential data (table B - l ) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy,1 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, die clas­
sification "other" was used. In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance salaries (table B-2) relate only to the
establishments visited. They are presented in terms of establish­
ments with formal minimum salary policies.
The scheduled hours (table B-3) of a majority of the firstshift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B-4 through
B-6) are treated statistically on the basis that these are applicable
to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers are eli­
gible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums of
individual items in tables B-3 through B-6 may not equal totals be­
cause of rounding.
The first part of the paid holidays table (table B-4) presents
the number of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second
part combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to for­
mal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off with
pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate estimates
are provided according to employer practice in computing vacation
payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or
flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay, pay­
ments not on a time basis were so converted; for example, a payment
of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of
1 week's pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension plans
(table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em­
ployer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's compen­
sation, social security, and railroad retirement. Such plans include
those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and those pro­
vided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer out of
current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions,2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans 3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness. Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
were excluded.




3

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m ber stu d ied in In d ia n a p o lis, Ind. ,

M in im um
em p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s c o p e
o f study

In d u s try d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

_

—

— — _____

___

—

—

b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , 2 D e c e m b e r 1961
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

N u m ber o f e sta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin
scop e of
study 3

W ithin s c o p e o f study

Studied

Studied
T o ta l4

O ffic e

P lan t

T o t a l4

50

-

M a n u f a c t u r in g ________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5 ----------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le tr a d e _____________________
__________________
R e ta il tr a d e
__ _
_
—
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e __
— — —
S e r v ic e s 7
__ —
__ __ __ _____ - — — -

596

181

1 6 3 ,0 0 0

3 0 ,1 0 0

105, 200

1 1 4 ,8 4 0

50
50

215
381

74
107

8 9 ,2 0 0
7 3 ,8 0 0

1 1 ,9 0 0
1 8 ,2 0 0

6 2 ,7 0 0
42, 500

70, 970
4 3 .8 7 0

50
50
50
50
50

56
97
104
64
60

24
19
30
16
18

1 9 ,6 0 0
1 0 ,4 0 0
25, 100
1 1 ,5 0 0
7 ,2 0 0

3 ,7 0 0
( 6)
3, 100

10, 600
( 6)
1 9 ,8 0 0

(!)
( 6)

(!)

15, 300
3, 320
1 6 ,4 6 0
5, 650
3, 140

( 6)

1 T he In d ia n a p olis S tand ard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tica l A r e a c o n s is t s o f M a r io n C ou nty.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f stu d y " e s tim a te s show n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te
d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y .
The e s tim a te s a r e not in ten ded, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r a r e a em p loym en t
in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f e sta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and
(2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v i s e d e d itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
M a jo r ch a n g es fr o m the e a r l ie r ed ition (u sed in the
B u r e a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s co n d u cte d p r i o r to July 1958) a r e the t r a n s fe r o f m ilk p a s te u r iz a tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e t e e s ta b lis h m e n ts f r o m tra d e (w h o le s a le o r r e ta il) to
m a n u fa c tu r in g , and the t r a n s fe r o f r a d io and t e le v is io n b r o a d c a s tin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) o f co m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n ce , auto r e p a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o t io n - p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and o th e r w o r k e r s e x clu d e d f r o m the s e p a r a te o f f i c e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a ter tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e re e x c lu d e d . In d ia n a p o lis ' gas u tility is m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a t e d and e x c lu d e d b y d e fin itio n f r o m the s c o p e o f the study.
6 T h is in d u s t r y d iv is io n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A and B ta b le s .
S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m ade
f o r on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p loym en t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a ra te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it
s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it s e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u al e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




T a ble 2. P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e in sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s
f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in In d ia n a p o lis, I n d . , D e c e m b e r I960 to D e c e m b e r 1961,
and Jan u ary I960 to D e c e m b e r I960

Industry and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p

D e c e m b e r I960
to
D e c e m b e r 1961

Jan uary I960
to
D e c e m b e r I960

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) ___________________
In d u stria l n u rse s (m e n and w om en ) ----------------------S k ille d m aintenance (m en ) . . . . ------ ------------------- ------U n sk ille d plant (m en) -------------------------------------------------

1 .8
3. 0
2 .6
.9

2. 5
4 .2
2 .9
2. 3

M anufacturing:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w om en ) ______________ —
In d u stria l n u rse s (m e n and w om en ) ----------------------S k ille d m aintenance (m en ) --------------------------------------U n sk ille d plant ( m e n ) -------------------------------------------------

1. 5
3 .4
2 .6
2. 0

2 .3
4. 0
2. 7
3. 3

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.

For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; me­
chanics; mechanics, atuomotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations.
The average sa l­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average em ploy­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961.
These weighted
earnings for individual occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an ag ­
gregate for each occupational group.
Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.

The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a High-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights elim inates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtim e,
since they are based on pay for straight-tim e hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series.
The expansion of the labor market wage survey program in 1961 made
data available in 82 areas for the computation of wage trends for selected job
groupings.
Sixty-one areas were surveyed in I960; prior to 1960, coverage was
limited to 20 areas.
Therefore, it was decided to compute a new trend series in
which 1961 will be the base year since this is the fir st year in which data were
collected in a ll 82 areas.
The percents of change shown in table 2 are not comparable with sim ilar
data shown for this area in last y e a r's Bulletin 1285-28.
The new series intro­
duces changes in the job groupings for which trends are shown and changes in
jobs included in the computations.

A: Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-1. Office Occupations-Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a sis
by industry division , Indianapolis, Ind., D e cem ber 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F-

Avkbaqx
Sex, occu pation , and industry d iv isio n

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
S
$
$
s
S
$
%
$
S
$
<
$
$
$
S
t
W
eekly,
W
eekly , 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 *65.00 *70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 *95.00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
hours1 earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00

M en
.
-

.
-

4

-

85
45
40
30

39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0

97.00

_
“

222

47
175

40.0
40.0
40.0

88.50
100.50
85.50

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

C le r k s , p a y r o ll .
M anufacturing ------------- -----------------------

31
25

40.0
40.0

113.00
114.00

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

"

-

-

D u plicatin g-m a ch in e op e r a to r s
(M im eograph o r D itto) ________________
Nnnm ami f orfiirin g

69
58

38.0
37.5

62.50
61.50

-

-

16

7
5

25

10
9

8

O ffic e boys
_
---M a n u fa c t u r in g ________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

165
67
98

39.5
40.0
39.5

59.50
62.00
57.50

_
-

41
l4
27

42
13
29

23
13

16
6
10

14
3

10

11

3
3
-

4
4
-

T abulating - m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A
. ..
M anufacturing
_
__
N onm anufacturing
__ -

159
94
65

39.5
40.0
38.5

1 1 1 .0 0

111.50

_
“

_
-

_
_

"

"

1
1

“

-

_

1 1 1 .0 0

-

"

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B _________________________________
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing
___
_ _

24&
60
188

39.'5
40.0
39.5

88.50
97750
85.50

-

-

-

-

19
2
17

23
23

35
6
29

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s C .
__
M anufacturing ___,____________________
N onm anufacturing

111
28
83

39.0
40.0
39.0

71.00
89.00
65.00

-

-

9

12

8

14

-

-

3
5

12

4
1
3

142
34
108
42

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

73.50
80750
71.50
88.00

C le rk s , accounting, c la s s B
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing __
__
P u blic u tilities 2 C le rk s , o r d e r _____________ __ ___________
M anufacturing - ______________________
N onm anufacturing
_

237
133
104
36

.
-

40.0 $ 107.00
40.0
1 1 1 .0 0
40.0
1 0 2 .0 0
107.00
40.0

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A
—
_
M a n u fa c t u r in g ________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 ___________________

9 0 .0 0

89.50
9 1 .0 0

1

1

_
-

16

-

1

1

-

-

2
1
1

11

6
1

1

5

3
-

1

2

-

-

"

21

27
8

21

19

13
13

26

-

22

1

1

-

-

12

37
4
33

14
3
11

10
1
9
3

26
1
25
5

_

11
22
1

1

25

_

4

27
27

9

2

33

7
3
4
4

11

9

9

-

1
1

-

2
2

_

1

3
-

2

-

3

t

10

6

23
9
14

3

3

8

9
4
5
5

9

12
1
11
11

8

10
1

17

9

11

18
18

26
9
17
2
2

-

-

6
2

2
2

-

5

17
7

29
23

2

7
7

6

16
5

15

11
10

5

10
10

5
3
3

30
16
14
3

24
23

17
10

15
9

1
1

6
6

1
1

7
3

6
2

-

-

"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
"

-

14

1
1

14
2

2

11

1
1

1
1

12

-

-

10
1

-

3

“

5
3

9
9

2

_

-

3
3

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

_

2
-

2

2

_
-

3

_

_

■

4
3

l

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

_

_

.

19
16
3

12
9
3

28
9
19

6

5
1'

3
3
“

5
5
-

4
4
-

1
8

8
6

5
4
1

3
3

2
1

-

_
_
-

-

_
_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_
"

_
“

_
_

-

_

_

_
_

_
_

.
_

_
_

1

10

3
7

7
5
2

25

35
9
26
8

6

—

r 1

1
7

!

3
— r~

_

4

8

3
2

17

1

13
r
4

24
9
15

16
6
10

50
5
45

21
4
17

3
2
1

3
3
"

1
1

2
1
1

3
2

7
7
-

4
4
"

2
2
-

2
2
-

2
2

-

1
_

1

—

2
-

18
“ T iH
6

1

9

-

W om en
B ille r s , m achine (billin g m a c h i n e ) _____
M anufacturing
___ _
N onm anufacturing
----- __ _
P u blic u tilities 2 ________ _______ __

See footnotes at end of table.




7

5

-

-

7

5

9
-

9
4

7
4
3
2

11
6
5

8

2
6
3

14
11
3

-

26
1
25
25

.i

-

6
Table A-l. O ffice Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Indianapolis, Ind., D e ce m b e r 1961)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

N u m b er
of
w orkers

W e e k ly i
h ou rs
(S ta n da rd )

W e e k ly t
earnings
(S ta n da rd )

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F

$
$
40.00 45.00
under
45.00

50.00

$
50.00 55.00

$

55.00

60.00

$
60.00 65.00

$

65.00

70.00

S

70.00
75.00

$
$
S
S
$
$
$
S
$
1
$
$
1
S
S
75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
80.00 85.00

90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00

i
W om en— Continued
B ille rs , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) _____________________
Nonmanufacturing __________

62
34

40.0
39.5

$

7
3

64.50
64.50

.. 10
9

20
6

7
5

11
7

2
2

'

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs ,
cla s s A _________________________
M anufacturing ___
Nonmanufacturing

103
30
73

40.0
40.0
40.0

79.00
86.00
75.50

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs ,
c la s s B _________________________
M anufacturing ________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________
R etail trade ________________

383
88
295
51

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

63.50
73.00
60.50
60.50

3

.

2
2

3
2
1

7
2
5

5

7
7
-

4
4
_

4

10
1
9

7
3
4

23
7

4

16

28
7
21

54
2
52
11

58
4
54
6

100
18
82
18

77
20
57
3

28
14
14
3

20
8
12
7

4
3
1
-

5
5
_

2
2
_
1

_
_
-

8
8
2
4

23
4
19
4
-

50
50
7
22

32
5
27
5
16

47
15
32
3
8

109
23
86
2
25

67
18
49
11
27

53
21
32
25
4

45
45
_
22

78
7
71
2
27

91
7
84
16
8

120
21
99
13
13

165
40
125
17
35

125
26
99
13
41

65
13
52
6
26

45
24
21
2
6

17
17
_
_

1
-

26
1
25

19
4
15

11
11

26
11
15

13
1
12

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

21
15
6
_

21
8
13
_

-

-

21
6
15
_
-

1
1
_
_

-

27
13
14
6
8

9
2
7

7
6
1

7
3
4

4
4

2
2
-

■

-

-

“

“
'

!
1
_
-

_
_

_
_

-

3
3
-

4
3

4
4

1

_

_

_

_

~

~

•

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

2
1

69.00
77.00
66.50
67.50
65.50

-

C lerk s, file , c la s s A 3
Manufactur ing _____
Nonmanufacturing

125
30
95

38.5
40.0
38.0

71.50
78.00
69.50

.
-

-

C lerk s, file , c la s s B 3
N onm anufacturing
R etail trade ____

344
324
25

38.5
38.5
40.0

56.50
56.00
44.50

13
13
12

52
52
10

89
87
2

65
62
1

81
75

29
28

4
1

7
5

2
-

C lerk s, file , c la s s C 3 _______
M anufacturing ___________ _
N onm anufacturing ________
Pu blic u tilities 2 _______

423
37
386
56

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

54.00
64.50
53.00
55.00

_
_

118
1
117
15

141
7
134
13

111
12
99
17

30
3
27
4

11
3
8
6

3
2
1
1

2
2
-

3
3
-

C lerk s, o r d e r
M anufacturing ___________
N onm anufacturing _______

340
105
235

40.0
40.0
40.0

62.00
68.50
59.50

57
8
49

31
6
25

48
8
40

67
19
48

35
17
18

65
22
43

21
11
10

4
3
1




6
6
■

5

12
7
5
_
-

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0
40.5

See footnotes at end of table.

1
4

11
9
2
2
-

842
198
644
75
186

.

_

"

44
6
38
25
11

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B
M anufacturing ___________
N onm anufacturing _______
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 ______
R etail trade ___________

_

1
1

“

'

16
7
9
1
6

85.50
94.50
82.00
89.00
80.50

1

5

■

'

2
2
_

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.0

!

'

5
1
4
-

501
137
364
87
124

-

'

_

____ 2_

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ___
M anufacturing ________________
N onm anufacturing ____________
Public u tilities 2 __________
R etail trade _______________

I

~

'

19
19
3

-

_
_

2
2

'

2

-

~

-

1

-

.
.
_
_

_
-

-

.

2
2

_
_

-

-

_
_
_

6
6
_
_

"

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_
_
_

_
_

_

_
_
_

-

-

_

_
"

-

-

_

_

_
_

-

-

_

_

"

.
-

.
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

l

_
-

1

_

2
2
_
_

-

_
_

L

ii
7
4
_
-

8
7
1
_

"
_
-

_
_
-

-

-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_

"

.

_
_
_

_
-

-

7
Table A-1. O ffice Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
• (A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by industry d iv isio n , Indianapolis, I n d ., D e ce m b e r 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F-

Avbbaos
Sex, occu p ation , and industry d iv isio n

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
S
$
s
S
$
$
s
S
$
$
$
$
$
t
$
S
$
*
1
S
s
W
eekly, Weekly. 40. 00 45. 00 50.00 55.00 6 0.00 65. 00 7 0 .0 0 75. 00 8 0.00 85 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 95.00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
rniftM
1
hours 1 M
(Standard) (Standard)
.
45. 00 50.00 55.00 6 0 .0 0 6 *> 00 7 0 .0 0 75. 00 8 0.00 85. 00 90.0 0 95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00

W om en— Continued
C le r k s , p a y r o ll __________________________
M anufacturing
__
__ __ _
N onm anufacturing
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 _
—
__
R etail t r a d e ------------------------------------

324
180
144
37
41

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$ 7 9 . 50
82. 50
75. 50
83.00
64.00

_
“

C om ptom eter o p e r a t o r s -------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ____ ________ __________

394
137
2*57
79
85

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40 0
40 0
3 9 .5

77.00
7 8.50
76 60

1

2
2

6 9 I 0O

1

D u plicatin g-m a ch in e o p e ra to rs
(M im eograph o r D itto)
_ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____ _________ _____

44
34

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

62.00
60. 50

-

3

K eypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A 3
M anufacturing
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________
P u blic u tilities 2
_

240
90
150
44

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9.0
4 0 .0

78.00
80.00
76.50
93.50

K eypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B 3 ___________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________ _
P u blic u tilities 2 ___________________

472
141
331
66

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

69.00
82. 00
63.50
6 6 . 50

82
63

3 9.0
3 9 .0

59.50
56.50

1,681
814
867

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

94.50
104.00
85. 50
95.50
79. 50

R etail trade

O ffice g ir ls __

_

S e c r e ta r ie s . . .
. . . . .
M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------P u blic u tilities 2
R etail trade

221

94

Sten ograp h ers, g e n e r a l 3 ________________
M anufacturing . . .
N nnm anufacturing
P u b lic u tilities 2
pAtail

657
308
349

Sten ograp h ers, s e n io r 3 __________________
M anufacturing
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________

See footnotes at end of table,




30

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
40. 0

79. 50
82. 00
77. 50
87.50
6 1 . 00

542
378
164

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

8 6 .0 0

111

90. 50
75.50

2

1

-

-

2

1

-

-

1

1

1

2

-

-

14
14

18
18
1
10

16
8
8
1
2

45

2

38
4
34
14
14

2

11
11

_
“

9
9
*

“

-

_
“

28
28
"

36
36
"

76

14

20
1Q
*7

-

4
-

10

1

4

10
8
2
2

32
4
28

5

35

21
12

2
3

20
6

-

12

52
35
17

38
17

1
16

2

14
4

2

7

39
14
25

65
9
56

1

21

25
18
7

35
25

13

10
6

3

33

10

_
-

1

“

-

_
-

_

6

-

5

-

-

1

.
-

1

-

4

-

-

7

2

10
3

22

15

7

6

11
8

3

_
-

6

8
8

1

-

19
5
14
”

34
18
16

72
24
48

16

24
7
17

9
6

3

18
14
4

1

2

11

1

76
18
58
19

73

36
13
23

24

11
11

8
5

14

19
9
4

36
3
33
7

41
9
32

106
43
63

82
43
39

57

-

8

13

6
4

8
1

11
2

3
3

32
5
27

37
17

51
23
28

78
39
39

4
4

4
4

_
-

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2
2

1
1

_
-

.
-

-

_
-

-

6

4

3
-

4
4
-

6

5

5

2

1

-

-

_
-

.
-

.
-

1
1

1

4

10

12

48
30
18

1

4

29

2
2

.
-

-

2

33
" 14
19
4

59
29
30

1

”

2

74
5

16

1

28
18

4
12
1

1

10

25
25

-

2
2

32
26

2

“

26

■

”

■

"

“

“

"

8
8

17
17

9
9

7
7

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

164
84
80

137
61
76

94
63
31
17

66

1

-

-

29
29
-

46
6

1

38
38
-

21
21

10
2

9

85
54
31
23
5

67
57

21
12

127
71
56
31
3

75
57
18

20

147
40
107
48
4

-

-

42
13
29

49
15
34
28

26

26

14
14

1
1

_

_

_

_

11

19
19

2

8

-

-

-

18
9

15

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

53
45

46
38

36
36

19
19

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

8

8

41
15
26
3

39
9
30
5

4

8

12 0

24
96

172
49
123
15
13

207

16
50
-

73
34
39

73
33
40
15

40
37
3
-

20

36
17
19

93
90
3

55
46
9

■

3

66

6

20

53
33

1

20

12
6

21

36

3

3

12

10

21

66

141
23
14

1

8
1

i

65

8
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A vera ge s traigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basiS
by industry d ivision , Indianapolis, I n d ., D e ce m b e r 1961)
Avehaoh
N um ber

Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

W e e k ly

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F

l

(S ta n da rd )

(S ta n da rd )

4 1 .0
4 0 .6
4 1 .0
4 0 .0

$65 .50
84.50
56.50
56.00

$
s
$
*
*
<
*
$
$
S
S
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
s
$
%
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 7 0.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
uniter
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.0 0 65.00 70.00 7 5 .0 0 80.0 0 85. 00 90.00 95.00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140. 00 145.00 150.00

W om en— C ontinued
Sw itchboard op era tors __________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
R etail trade _______ __ ____ __ __
Switchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ____
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
P u blic u tilities 2 __________________
R etail trade _ ________ ____^
___ __

256
62
174
30
326
94
232
40
65

39. 5
39. $
39. 5
3 9.5
40. 5

Tabulating-m achine op erators,
cla ss B _ __
__________________ ____

34

Tabulating-m achine op erators,
cla s s C _ _
__________ ________
..
Nonmanufacturing ______ _______ _____

64
54

67.00
69.36

58
*58
6

18
18
■

5
5
78

8
6
2

28
20
8

3

6

18
4
14
"

61
9
52

27

2

70
34
36
5

20

5

.

-

-

1
1

22
22

63

29

-

_
-

-

■

17
17
-

54

38

65.50
63;6T

T ran scribin g-m ach in e op era tors,
general _ __ __ __ __ ___ ______ __ __
333
M anufacturing ------------------------------------- ----- 5 4 “
Nonmanufacturing _ _____
_ __
. 279

3 8 .5
39. 5
38.0

65.00
69.00
64.50

Typists, c la s s A -------------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing ____________________
P u blic u tilities 2 __________________

551
“ 555
245
40

39 .5
4 0 .0
39.0
4 0 .0

75.00
8 1 .6 0
6 8 .0 0

Typists, c la s s B _________________________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ____________________
P u blic u tilit ie s 2 ______ _____ — __
R etail trade ------------------------------------

1,073

39.0
46. 6
3 9.0
3 9 .5
40. 5

60.00
63.50
59.00
64.00
57.50

11
8

6
6

19
“

3
■

6

_

-

-

t

"

-

l
1

_
-

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

“

“

_

_

-

-

“

~

“

_

_
-

-

1

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

"

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

.

-

-

2

11

17

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

7

6

4

-

5

1

4

1

1

1

1

1

5
3

18
18

11
8

1
1

2

•

2

2
1

"

~

*

“

“

74

51
l2
39

76

19
3
16

6

It

-

6
1

4
4

“

“

-

5

3
3

-

6

- •
“

23
19
4
"

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

“

“

-

~

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

1

11

63

29

29

21

22

6

19

2l
8

1

99
37
62
17

40

33
35
3

38
32

~

84
38
46
5

68

31

38
13
25

8

“

73

31
9

12

1
1

121
10

53
14

26

205
60
145
36
14

26

1
20

262
23
239
42
28

165
44

52

243
56
193

15

16

54

1
22

4
4

3
9
9

-

7
3
7
4
3
3

1
1

1
1

“

“

32
32
”

34
32
2
2

!

2
2

1

-

-

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em p loyees r e c e iv e th eir regu lar straigh t-tim e s a la r ie s and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hou rs.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
D escrip tion fo r this jo b has been re v ise d sin ce the last survey in this a rea. See appendix A.
Includes 1 w ork e r at $ 155 to $ 160.
Includes 12 w ork e rs at $20 to $ 2 5 ; 18 at $30 to $ 3 5 ; 10 at $35 to $40 .




_
-

4

28

8

-

1
1

11

37

8

2
2

10

2

2

3

6
6

10

61

6

8

5
5

_

4 0 .0
4 0 .6

21

14
4

-

_

6
2

14
14
■

10

_

87.00

1

5

17

10

-

11

10

6

30

39 .5

1
2
3
4
5

8

28
4
24

20

-

854
127
131

17

6
1

58
-

76.50
62.00

75.00

1

17
17
-

1

-

6 6 .0 0

18

-

■

“

-

■

“

■

■

_
-

-

-

_

.

9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations-Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eek ly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a re a basis
by industry d iv isio n , Indianapolis, I n d ., D e ce m b e r 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Avbbags

Sex, occu p a tion , and industry d iv isio n

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

%
$
<
S
$
<
S
1
S
$
1
S
$
$
*
$
$
$
%
1
1
W
eeklyj Weekly. 60.00 65. 00 7 0 .0 0 75. 00 80. 0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 . 0 0 95.00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
65.00 70. 00 7 5 . 00 fto. nn 8 5 .0 0 0 0 . 0 0 05 . 00 100.00 105.00 lKLflJQ .lis.flfl 12Q.QQ 125.00 130.00 135*00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 over

D ra ftsm en , lea d er
M anufacturing _

47
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

D ra ftsm en , s en ior
M anufacturing _

330
298

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

130. 00
131.56

D ra ftsm en , ju n ior
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing

150
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

100.50
103.06
90. 50

N u r s e s, in du stria l (re g is te r e d ) .
M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------- 1
3
2

1 16
101

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

103.00
106. 50

4

1
2
3

122

_

2

1

_

6

7

"

"

“

-

3

7

1
1

!

8

-

5

1

3

19
16
3

27

-

3

2
1

2
1

7

7

3

6

3

5

5

21
6

1

3
3

6

1

$140.50
142. 56

17
17

35
31

49
45

6

4
4

13
13

2
2

~

”

“

“

1
1

10
1 16

28

27

22

22

16
15

4
3

11
10

6
6

18
17

3
3

49
M9

2
2

2
2

5

4
4

_

_

-

-

_
-

6
6

11
10

10
10

24

23
18

13
9
4

19
15
4

4

!

_

6

1

-

8
8

7

2
2

7

"5 "'

12
12

15
13

15
15

23
23

8
8

4
4

5

1

5

' 1

5

tl

Standard h ou rs r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees re c e iv e th eir regu lar straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre s p o n d to these w eekly h ou rs.
W ork ers w e re distribu ted as follow s: 5 at $ 170 to $ 180; 3 at $ 180 to $ 190; 2 at $ 190 and o v e r .
W ork ers w e re distribu ted as fo llo w s: 16 at $ 165 to $ 175; 31 at $ 175 to $ 185; 2 at $ 185 to $ 195.




4
4

3

5

10
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations-Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Indianapolis, Ind., D e ce m b e r 1961)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts ________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________
Pu blic u tilities 2 _______________________________
R etail trade ____________________________________

326
94
232
40
65

$6 7 .0 0
69.50

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A ________ __
M anufacturing
_ _______ ___________
N onm anufacturing _____ __ _________________ __

191

109.50

100

1 1 0 .0 0

91

108.50

T abulating - m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B ____________
M anufacturing
________ ________ ______________
Nonmanufacturing __________ _____________________
Pu blic u tilities 2 _______________________________

282
74
208
28

88.50
9530
85.50
94.00

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s C ____________
M anufacturing
N o n m an u factu rin g_________________________________

175
38
137

69.00
86.50
64.50

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , g en eral _________
M anufacturing _____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________ ____________________

333
54
279

65.00

T yp ists, cla s s A ...
M anufacturing
’
N onm anufacturing
P u blic u tilities 2

568
309
259
50

75.00
81.00
68.50
75.50

1, 085

6 0 .0 0

220

865
138
131

63.50
59.50
65.50
57.50

47
40

140.50
142.50

331
2)99

130.00
131.50

176

96.50
103.00
82.00

O ccupation and industry division

355
205
150
41
41

$82 .50
86.50
77.00
86.50
64.00

396
139
257
79
85

77.00
78.50
76.50
79.50
69.00

D uplicating-m ach ine o p e ra to rs
(M im eograph o r Ditto) ___________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________ ___________

113
92

62.00
5T700"

Keypunch o p e ra to rs , cla s s A 3 ________ — —
M anufacturing
_ ________ ____ — -—
N onm anufacturing __________________ —--------------P u blic u tilit ie s 2 ______________________________

240
90
150
44

78.00
80.00
76.50
93.50

Keypunch o p e ra to rs , c la s s B 3 ____________ _

472
141
331

69.00
82.00
63.50
66.50

O ffice occu pation s— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued.
158
34
124
58

$74 .50
80.50
73.00
87.00

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine)
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------

68

67.50
68.50
66.50

31
37

r ip r t fl

p a y ro l1

M anufacturing __________________________ _______
-------N onm anufacturing ______________ -----P u blic u tilities 2 ______________________________
R etail trade ____ ________
________________
Com ptom eter o p e ra to rs

___________ - ______

Nonmanufacturing _ ___________________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 _____________ ______
B ookkeeping-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A ---------M anufacturing —--------------------------- —------------------N onm anufacturing ---------------------------------------------

104
31
73

79.00
87.00
75.50

B ookkeeping-m achine op e r a to r s , cla ss B ---------M a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________ _____________
N on m an u factu rin g------------------------------------------ —

402
104
298
51

65.00
77.00
60.50
60.50

C lerk s , accounting, c la s s A ____
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________
N on m an u factu rin g___________ _
P u blic u tilities 2 ___________
R etail trade ________________

738
270
468
123
137

92.50
102.50
86.50
94.50
82.50

C lerks, accounting, c la s s B
M a n u fa ctu rin g _____ _____
N on m an u factu rin g__ ____
P u blic u tilities 2 _____
R etail trade __________

927
243
684
105
187

76.00
65.50

C lerk s, file , cla s s A 3
M a n u fa ctu rin g ------Nonmanufacturing _

128
30
98

72.00
78.00
70.00

C lerk s, file , cla s s B 3
N onm anufacturing R etail t r a d e ------

355
335
25

C lerk s, file , c la s s C 3 ..
M anufacturing ---- -----Nonmanufacturing —
P u blic u tilities 2

423
37
386
56
562
152
410

71.00
79.50
6 8 .0 0

56.50
56.00
44.50
54.00
64.50
53.00
55.00
72.50
78.50
70.50

____

_

_______
— ------

_
— -----N onm anufacturing ________ __
P u blic u tilities 2 _______________________ ---- ----O ffice boys and g irls _____ _______
M anufacturing _
------------------ ----------------------N onm anufacturing _____________ ______ ____
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 _ _ _____ ____ _
. -----

66

247
86

161
34

59.50
63.50
57.50
69.00

S e cre ta rie s
___________ _____
M anufacturing
.
_
____
N onm anufacturing __ ____ ___ ____ ____ ___—
P u blic u tilities 2 _____________ •
-----------------------R etail trade . __
— — - - -

1, 687
814
873
223
95

94.50
104.00
85.50
95.50
79.50

Stenographers, g e n e r a l 3 _____-______________ ______
M anufacturing _____________________________ __ ___
Nonmanufacturing __ _____ ______ _______________
P u blic u tilities 2 __________ __ -________________
R etail trade
_________ __ ___ ______

657
308
349

79.50
82.00
77.50
87.50
61.00

Stenographers, s e n io r 3
M anufacturing
____
Nonmanufacturing

542
378
164

- --- --- ----__________ ~ _________
__ ___

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r s ___ __ __ ___ ___ _____ __ __
M anufacturing
________________ _____— —
----N onm anufacturing __ ____ ________
R e ta il tr a d e

...

Earnings are fo r a regu lar w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their straigh t-tim e w eek ly sa la r ie s ,
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
D escrip tion for this jo b has been re v is e d since the last su rvey in this area. See appendix A.




Average
w
eekly
earning* 1
(Standard)

Average
w
eekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

O ffice occupations
B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) -------M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________ ________
Nonmanufacturing ____^________________
P u blic u tilities 2 _____ -____________

C lerk s, o r d e r --------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ------- —
N on m an u factu rin g_
_

Number
°k

Num
ber
of

Average
w
eekly
kearnings1
(^tandstrd)

111

30

256
82
174
30

.

. . .
....
..
. . . . .

_ _

T yp ists, cla s s B ..
M anufacturing _________________ _______________
N o n m an u factu rin g_____________ ___________ ________
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 _
_
. . .
____
Retail trade

76.50
62.00

6 9 .0 0

64.50

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occu pation s

D raftsm en, lead er . . . __ . . . . ____. . . . . . . . ___ . . . _____
M anufacturing
. . .
. . . .

8 6 .0 0

D raftsm en, senior
M anufacturing , ............. , .

90.50
75.50

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r

65.50
84.50
56.50
56.00

..

6 6 .0 0

M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

-

, .....

„
.

.

N u r s e s , in d u s tr ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d )
M a n u fa c tu rin g

e xclu sive of any prem iu m pay.

,

.

.

.
.

.
.

122

54
116
1 01

103.00
106.50

11
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an a re a basis
by industry d ivision , Indianapolis, I n d ., D e ce m b e r 1961)

Num
ber
of
workers

O ccupation and industry d iv isio n

185

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average $ . 10 *1 .2 0 $
1.70 $
1
*1.40 $1.50 V 60 $
1.80 1.9 0 $ . 0 0 2 . 10 2 . 2 0 2 .3 0 $ .4 0 $ 50 $2 . 60 $2 .7 0 *2.80 $2 . 9 0 $3 .0 0 3. 10 3 .2 0 $ 30 $3 .4 0 3. 50 *3.60
2
2
1.30
2.
3.
hourly .
earnings1 and
and
under
1 . 2 0 1. 30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1,70 1.80 1 . 0 0 2 . 0 0 2 . 10 2 . 2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2. 50 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 . 80 2 .9 0 3.0 0 3 .1 0 3 .20 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3.5 0 3 .60 over
:--------r
$ 2 .8 5
8
6
5
5
2
6
16
8
)2
5
12
45
23
5
6
11
1
9
3 .0 6
2
2
8
3
5
4
4
8
7
14
44
3
9
1
6
2 .4 4
2
8
6
5
14
1
8
2
1
5
2
1 '
9
1
-

C a rp en ters, m aintenance
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________ _____________
N onm anufacturing -

120

E le c tr ic ia n s , m aintenance
M a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________
Nonm anufacturing .
P u blic u tilitie s 2 __________________

563
472
91
67

3.11

E n gin eers, station ary
M anufacturing N onm anufacturing

194
162
32

2 .93
3 .0 0
2. 56

_

65

3 .09
3. 14
2 .8 6

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

6

6

-

-

6

_

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2

6

_
-

_

_

1

1

1

_

4

_

-

_
-

_
-

1

1

1

-

4

-

15
14

_
-

8
8

6

15
15

2
1

4

1

_
-

4
4
-

3
3

3
3

29
25
4

7
7

10

21
20
1
1

13
9
4
3

6
6

1
1

-

-

1
1

11
11

3
3

2
2
1

27
25

22

2
1

8
8

-

1

-

21
21

7
4
3

34
26

7
7
-

19
18

8

10
8
2

1

7
5

9

8
8

2
2

3
3

4
4

10
10

18
13
5
5

15
15
15

2
2

4

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

2
2

16

38
*6

38
38

63
63

86
86

367
567

124
124

20

13

27
27

3
3

-

25
16

9
9

21
21

37
37

90

12
12

24
19

9
9

22
22

27
27

8
8

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
-

-

-

.

_

15
15

204
171
33

2 .1 4
2 .2 4
1.60

12
12

H elp ers, m aintenance t r a d e s ---------------M anufacturing _________ — —___ ___ -__
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --- ------- -------------- --P u blic u tilities 2 ----------------------------

135
78
57
38

2 .2 6
2 .2 9
2 .23
2 .5 4

.
-

M a ch in e-tool o p e r a to r s , t o o l r o o m ____
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________ ____ _____ ___

796
793

3.11
3.11

-

M ach in ists, m a in t e n a n c e -----------------------M anufacturing ____ ________________ ___
Mnnmann^a/»tiii*in^r
DnKlir iitilifiAQ ^

306
274
32
32

3 .0 6
3 .1 0

1

21

2 .6 8
2 .6 8

1
1

4
17
17

M ech an ics, autom otive
(m aintenance)
M anufacturing _ N onm anufacturing .
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2
R etail trade . . .

496
139
357
294
40

2.7 6
2.4 7
2.87
2.89
2 .7 4

F irem en , station ary b o ile r
M anufacturing . _

—

__
_

. .

__
. . .

M ech an ics, m aintenance
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------

676
655

3. 10
3. 13

M illw r ig h t s _____

277
267

3. 11
3. 12

146
128

2 .4 8
2 .5 0

P a in ters, m aintenance —____________ ____
M anufacturing
.
. . .
N onm anufacturing

136
74
62

2.5 0
2.87
2 .06

M a n u fa c t u r in g ________— ______ ___ ___

204
284

2 .5 4

86
86

3 .2 0
3 .20

1

_
-

1

-

_

_
_

5
1

_
-

10

-

-

18
18

-

_
-

-

-

9

1

6

-

3
3

1

-

5
5
-

-

-

“

10

_
-

_
-

2
2

-

-

-

_

_

_

18
12
6

6

_

1

28

-

21

1

-

7
7

-

-

2
2

IQ

7

10

-

-

-

-

6
1
1

.

O ilers M anufacturing .

- - _
.

.

P lu m b ers, m aintenance _

.

_

Sh eet-m etal w o rk e rs , m a in t e n a n c e ____
^|a
j [ mi fa rhi r i r»g

T o o l and* die m a k ers
M anufacturing .

__

.

—

. . .

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

10

2

12

1

1

_

4

12
1

_
-

22
21
1
1

-

13
13
-

5
5

6
6

6
6

_

_

_

28
15
13

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

12

1

1

-

_

-

_

“

_

-

6

5
5

_

-

E x clu des p rem iu m pay fo r ov e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holid ays, and late shifts,
T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s.
A ll w o rk e rs w e re at $ 4 to $ 4 .1 0 .




_

78
75
3

22
1

59
47
12
10

90

31
26
5
5

129
129

76
36
40
39

83
83
_
-

5
5
_
-

12

40
49
-

2
2

11

-

5
5
-

1

6
6

_
-

-

5
5

32

3

44

45

6

2
1
1

6

6

26
19

38
26

39
38

1

-

6

1

9
9

14
14

8
8

16

_

_

12
10

28
28

16

23

30

T o~

.

5
5
_
.
_
.

119
7

115
3

112

77
24

112
111
1

-

— 5”
_
-

1U
111

26
28

67
67

17
17

46
48

250
250

70
70

6

3
3

24
24

34
26

123
123

43
43

_

(>

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

25

2

_

2

1

-

2

1

-

1
1

6
6
35

22
8
8

6

-

-

_

-

_

2
2

4
4

11
11

7

24

2
6
6

4
4
3

7
7

10

_

_

9
9

1

6

8

42
42

28
28

12
12

5
5

_
-

7
7

_
-

_
-

5
5

4

1

-

16
14

11

2
2

6
6

9

2
2

9

20

6
6

2

2

-

2

5

-

2

2
1

4
4

5

11
11

11
11

21
21

45
45

22

18

118
118

30
30

3

_

5

1

1

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

-

_

18

8
1

4
3

18
18
_

_

3

14

3 .18
3. 18

765
765

5
5

3.0 0
3 .10

32

_
_

17
17

14

.

6

2
2

2
2

12
12

5
5

34
34

18
18

3
3

2
2

J

7
7

4
4

30
30

85
85

69
69

52
52

93
93

249
249

70
70

65
65

2
2

_

1

"

_

-

9

-

_

31
31

1

8
8

-

_

_

1

12
Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage stra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry d iv isio n , Indianapolis, I n d ., D e ce m b e r 1961)

O ccupation 1 and industry d ivision

E levator o p e r a to r s , p assen ger
(men)
___
_ _
_ __
N onm anufacturing
__
E levator o p e r a to r s , passen ger
(women)
Nonm anufacturing

—

Number
of
workers

47
46

$
$
$
Average $
hourly , 0 .5 0 0 .6 0 0 .7 0 0 .8 0
earnings
and
under
.6 0 .7 0
.8 0
.9 0

$ 1. 22
1. 19

*

$

$

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
<
$
$
%
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1.30 1.40 1. 50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1 . 9 0 2 . 0 0 2 . 10 2 . 2 0 2. 30 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 . 60 2.7 0 2 . 80 2. 90 3 .0 0
and

0 .9 0

1 .0 0

1 .1 0

1 .2 0

1 .0 0

l f 10

1, 20

1» 30

1 ,40

1.50

1,60

1.70

-

-

1
1

15
15

8
8

2
2

-

-

5
5

-

9
9

2
2

-

-

7
1
6

6
6

6
6

-

1

26

24
24

8
8

-

s

26

8

32
32

13
i5

1
1

2
2

1

,_____

125
125

.8 8
.8 8

Guards __
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____ ______ __ ________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______ ________ ___
P u blic u tilities 3 _________________

556
432
124
28

2 .3 2
2. 52
1.64
2. 50

_

_

_

_

_

_

49

3

7

5

6
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

49

3

7

5

4

1.71

39
39
35

20

29
29
7

56
56
-

166
65

164

1 01
2

42

138
3
82

66
2

8

71
71
“

10

26
26
19
4

Ja n itors, p o r t e r s , and cle a n e rs
(men)
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing _
P u blic u tilities 3 _________________
R etail trade
__

2,385
1,364
1,081
157
446

2 .0 2

1.33
1.95
1.29

20

-

J an itors, p o r t e r s , and clea n ers
(women)
M anufacturing
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __________________
P u blic u tilit ie s 3
R etail t r a d e ______________________

375
119
256
41
44

L a b o r e rs , m a teria l h a n d lin g ---------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __________________
P u blic u tilities 3 __
R etail t r a d e ______________________

2,999
1,677
1,322
593
363
1,207
—

2 .0 2

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

O rder fille r s
M anufacturing
.
N onm anufacturing
R etail trade .

-

4
4

10

-

14
14

103

32
32

13
4
9

1.69
1. 19

-

-

-

-

-

4

25

9

-

2. 15
2. 13
2 . 19
2 .64

_
-

6

8

51
28
23

76

-

_
-

8

-

41
24
17
5

1 .6 6

-

-

6

-

8

23

32

12

_

_

_

_

43

31

-

-

-

-

43
37

31
15

51
14
37

_

„

_

_

5

15

3

-

-

-

-

“

5

15

3

_

_

_

_

■

■

3
"

7
"

62
32

12

22
8

31

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1.97
2. 13
1.49

P a ck e rs , shipping (wom en)
M a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________

199
103

1.52
1.64

R eceivin g cle r k s _
M anufacturing
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __________________
R etail t r a d e ______________________

185
90
95
33

2. 24
2 . 39
2.0 9
2 . 28

Shipping cle r k s .
M a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __________________

167
106

See footnotes at end of table.




61

2. 37
2. 54
08

2.

-

-

105
2

2
- ------ T

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

13

2
12

10

10
10

35
17
18
18

59
51

2
2

149
147

10
10

8
8

"

2
2

63
63
"

2
2

2

5
5
-

20
20

-

45
40
5

52
50

3

-

"

228
207

136
70
45

58
4l
17
17

8
8

-

6

91
51
40
38

102

21
2

236
218
18

47
7
— 4 7 -------7
-

7
7
-

3
5
-

-

-

7

22

4

2

13
5

21

11

7
14

34
19
15
-

4
4
-

16
16
-

12
6
6
6

-

12
6
6
6

4
4
-

48
48
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

6

70
53
17
-

251
126
125
-

128
97
31
17

157
27
130

440
5 i4

167
151

8
6

8
6

16

11

10

122
8

126
1

2

567
455
114
78
36

15

16

“

-

109
109
105
-

260
260
260
-

_
-

212
202
10

58

26

11

159
4

47
39

32
4
28
28

87
15
72
72

27
27
-

3
3
-

_
“

-

66
66

42
45

32
55

10
10

2
2

1
1

1
1

8
8

_
~

15
15

-

-

_

_

_

_

“

“

“

”

“

“

12
2
10
2

6

9
9
“

14
14
“

4
4
-

11

3

5
4

8
8

1
1

13
13

3
3

2
2

7
7

* 22

66

2 , 10

1
1

-

-

12

64

8

18

295
181
114
5
99

101

88

36
65
29

62
26
-

87
56
31
-

21

12

81
41
40
23

49
49
26

75

77
16

67
3

61

36
7
29
-

45
7
38
3

26
17
9
-

135
17
118
6

~

34
16
18
4

55
24
31

53

41
27
14

17

19
15
4

40
40

18
18

24
24

13
13

27
27

_
"

1

_

10
8
2
2

10

16
2

4

7

3

5

4

7

3

5

8

21

32

8

1

-

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
2

_

_

-

94

2. 50 2 . 60 2 .7 0

268

1

2

6

6

“

-

-

114
96
— 23" ---- 70"
54
44
72
7
16
11
10
37
39

6

249

816

26

2 .4 0

W

6

465
352
113

.

—

W

2 .3 0

l t 90 2,9 0

2.

80 2. 90 3. 00 o v e r

2 . 20

80

82

140
“

1. 54

P a ck e rs , shipping ( m e n ) ______________
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing

.

W

2. 09
1 . 28

2. 15
1.95
2.0 5

.

2

114
ill
- — sr
114
103
62
61

1,

4

13
“
14
14

8

9
_
“
16

-

1

“

185

-

26
24

25
13

11

10

11

2

6

3

"

”

12
2

_

9
9

29
i9

15
9

33

10

6

13

11

5
5

20

4
4

-

4
2
2

9
2

7

1
1

22

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by industry d ivision , Indianapolis, Ind., D e ce m b e r 1961)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N 6 S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

O cc u p a tio n 1 and industry d iv isio n

Shipping and re c e iv in g c le r k s --------------M anufacturing _____________ ;_________

Num
ber

of

w
orker*

140
86

<U
T r u c k d r iv e r s 56 ____________________________
M anufacturing ______ _________ ________
N onm anufacturing _____________________
P u blic u tilities 14 ___________ _____
3
2
R eta il trade ____________ ______ —
T r u c k d riv e r s , light (under
1 1/ 2 tons) —
_______
M anufacturing _____________________
N onm anufacturing ______ ___________
R eta il trade _____________________

Average
hourly ,
earning*

$
*
t
*
$
0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0 .9 0
and
under
.60
.70
.80
r? 0 1 .0 0

$

$

$
$
S
S
$
$
$
<
*
$
$
$
S
S
$
$
$
$
1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2 .6 0 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00
1 .2 0
and
1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2 .6 0 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 ov er

$

1 .0 0

1 .1 0

1 .1 0

1 .2 0

$2.46
2.47
2 45

2,541
558
1,983
540

2.41
2.29
2.44

692

4
4

- •

8
6
2

-

-

-

26
5

28

-

4
3

48

-

. 9
-

12

-

10

177
155

6

9

12

9

28

1

21

48

18

22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

6

-

6

9

12

9

28

1

10

24

18

“

59

9
5
4
“

38

6

-

-

46
9
37
9

-

6
6

37
23
14
“

-

38
18

3
3

28
"

10

6
6

2 .8 6

-

-

2.27

-

1.97

6

9

28

121

34
87

30
7
23

4
-

4

11
8

27
-

-

-

61

“

28

7
7

?

14

2

10

-

7
"

4
4

10
1

170
3
167
46
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

23

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

"

"

■

~

23
23

2.30
2.25
2.32
2.75
1.98

•-

6

-

6

9

9

5

4
3

10

98
90
8

19
5
14

2

10

67
17
50

6

-

10

22
10
12

128

-

1

126

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

6

9

10

6

12

-

50

61

-

9
4
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

42

-

44
44

6

4

1

4

-

-

2 21

2.69
2.75
2.92

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fork lift) ---------------------M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ----- ---------------------

813
584“
129

2.43
2.42
2.49

.
-

42
38
4

74
74
-

41
35,

15

T r u c k e r s , pow er (oth er than
fo rklift) ____ ____ ___ _________________
M anufacturing ----------------------------------N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u blic u tilities 3 --------------------------

234
140
94
72

-

T r u c k d riv e r s , m edium (1 l /z to and
including 4 tons) _____________________
M anufacturing _____________________
N onm anufacturing ____________ ___
P u blic u tilities 3 ______________
R eta il trade ---- ------ __ ______
T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 tons.
t r a ile r type) __________________________
Nonm anufacturing _________________
P u blic u tilities 3 _________________

W atchm en ___________________
_ _____
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

1, 330
308
1 ,0 2 2

178
321

623
561

6

-

.

12

-

-

-

-

-

6

9

12
12

9
9

5
5

-

-

-

.
“

.

-

3

.

-

-

-

-

-

3

“

-




1

-

7
7
-

.

5
5
“

17
17

44
35
9

1

6
6

9
5
4

8
8

-

-

- '

2.47
2.67

1

-

-

15

-

6

2
2

2 .1 6

1

-

-

15

-

6

-

-

"

.

■

2.27

205
89

1.44
1.74

1 16

1 .2 1

6

-

-

6

-

10

25
5

10

65

20

10

-

-

75

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except where, otherw ise indicated.
E x clu d es p rem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public utilities.
W ork ers w e re distribu ted as fo llo w s: 8 at $ 3 to $ 3 .1 0 ; 7 at $3.10 to $ 3 .2 0 ; 7 at $ 3 .2 0 and o v e r .
* Includes a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f truck operated.
6 W ork ers w e re distribu ted as fo llo w s: 8 at $3 to $3 .1 0 ; 13 at $ 3.10 to $3 .2 0 .

1
2
3
4

"

3

23
18
5

3
3

9
9

-

18
17

4
3

!
1

4
4

15
15

129
17

_

_

_

_

71

86

-

56

49
4
45
45

9

12
12

-

1

-

259

167
82
85

125
92
33

56

259
-

-

-

_

26

85

-

26
26

5
4

2

152
137
15

21

-

-

2 .1 2

198

345
9
336

1.91
1.94

296
81
215
109

196
91
105

194
l6
178
53

10

7

6

-

12

6
6

6

3

-

53

34
3
31
31

10
10

41
41

-

-

12

7

24
-

34
17
17
5
5

19

50
44

22
2

27

200
2
1 98

12

1
1

3

“

8
1

144
54

-

112

_

4

207
1
206
2
200

-

478
5
473
473
-

1
1

5

-

"

5
-

4

125

-

-

37
30
7
7
~

~

3

-

_

_

_

56

4
_

125
125

-

-

3
3
-

56
56

202
202
2

215
215
215

14
4
4

329
254
75

13
7

44
44
-

4
_
4

"

39
39
-

32
32
■

3
3
-

3
3
■

15
15
-

* 21
-

_

_

-

_

_

-

6

4
4

4

1
6

8
8

_

21

■

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

14




Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d iff e r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa c tu r in g plant w o r k e r s b y ty p e and a m ou n t o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
In d ia n a p o lis , I n d . , D e c e m b e r 1961)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a vin g f o r m a l
p r o v i s io n s 1 f o r —

S hift d iff e r e n t ia l

S e c o n d s h ift
w ork

9 2 .4

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o rk

A c t u a lly w o r k in g o n —

S e c o n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

8 7 .9

1 6 .7

4 .9

9 0 .5

8 6 .9

1 6 .4

4 .8

___

3 7 .6

34. 1

7. 1

2. 3

5 c e n t s ___________________________ __________
— ------------c e n t s ------ ------ --------7 <•««***
7 l 12 c e n t s
_______________ ____________ ______
___ _____„____ _______ ,____ r____
8 cen ts
1 0 c e n t s - ----- — _ ---------------------------1 0 3/* c e n t s _________________________________
1 2 c e n t s - ----- ------ ------------- -----------\ Z l l 2 c e n t s _________________________________
131/3 c e n t s .
_______ _ _______________
_
14 c e n t s — ------------- - — — -------- -----15 c e n t s __
— _ ______ _ --------16 c e n t s _ ______________ ___________________
2 1 c e n ts and o v e r __ _
_
___________

5 .1
3. 1
1 .5
.4
3 .6
9 .0

1. 1

.8

1. 5

.7

(1
2)

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _____________________ —
U n ifo r m c e n ts ( p e r h ou r)

. . . .

6

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e _________ ________________
5 p e r c e n t __________________________________ —
7 p e r c e n t ------ --------- - -------- 7 l /z p e r c e n t _______________________________ _
10 percen t _
__
----- -------- — _
1 2 1 Iz p e r c e n t _______________________________
-----_
__ ------ — 20 percen t _
O th e r f o r m a l p a y d iff e r e n t ia l
N o s h ift pay d iff e r e n t ia l

_______________

_ __ -------------

-------- -

1 .6

4. 5
1 .3
.6

4 .2
2 .3

-

1 1 .5
7. 5
.6

.2

-

-

. 1

-

1 .0

1 .9
.3

.6

-

.8

.6

.3
.1
.5
.5
-

-

.4

4. 2
4 .4
1. 1
2. 1

( 2)

( 2)
.5
.3
. 1

4 7 .4

46. 5

7 .8

2 .3

2 2 .3
. 1
5 .0
1 8 .2
.9
.9

1 .2

2 .6

4 .6
3 9 .9
.9
-

( 2)
.3
4. 5
.3
-

_
-

5. 5

6 .3

1. 5

.2

1 .9

1 .0

.3

. 1

-

.2
2 .2

“

1 In c lu d e s e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s , and e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la t e s h ifts
e v e n th ou gh th e y w e r e n ot c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .

15
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women O ffice W orkers
(D is trib u tio n o f esta b lis h m e n ts studied in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f fi c e w o r k e r s , In d ia n a p o lis , Ind. , D e c e m b e r 1961)
O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 1
2

In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts

M in im u m w e e k ly s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s trie s

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u rs 3 o f —
A ll
s ch e d u le s

M anuf a ctu r in g

N o n m an u factu rin g

M an u factu rin g

40

A ll
sch e d u le s

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
sch e d u le s

40

N onm anufacturing

B a s e d on stan d ard w e e k ly h ou rs 3 o f—
A ll
s ch e d u le s

40

40

______

181

74

XXX

107

XXX

181

74

XXX

107

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g a s p e c ifie d m i n i m u m ____________________

85

33

31

52

41

90

35

33

55

41

__ ___ _ __
_______________ ___ _____________ ______
__
__
___ ___
__
_____
_ __
__________________ _________________ ___
____
___
___
__
___
_______
__
__ _
__ ___________________________________
___________________________ __________

5

_
-

_
-

5

5

5

5

5

1

1
1

1
1

1
6
2

15

3

1
8

4

10
20

2
6

2
12
8

5

7
7
15

_
3

2
1

1

11
1

2

4

4

3
7

4
7
4

3
3

3
7

1
6
1
1

5
3

14

2
2

2
6
1
2
2

2

6
1
2
2

2
2

1
1

-

-

2
1

2
1

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2
1

1

1

-

-

1

1

E s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ied

$ 4 0 . 00 and u n d er
$ 4 2 . 50 and u n d er
$ 4 5 . 00 and u n d er
$ 4 7 .5 0 and u n d er
$ 50. 00 and u n d er
$ 52. 50 and u n d er
$ 5 5 .0 0 and u n d er
$ 5 7 . 50 and u n d er
$ 60. 00 and u n d er
$ 62. 50 and u n d er
$ 6 5 .0 0 and u n d er
$ 67. 50 and u n d er
$ 7 0 . 00 and u n d er
$ 7 2. 50 and u n d er
$ 75 . 00 and u n d er
$ 77. 50 and u n d er
O v e r $ 80. 00

„

_

$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 60. 0 0
$ 62. 50
$ 65. 00
$ 67. 50
$ 7 0 . 00
$ 72 . 50
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 . 50
$ 80. 00
___

_

_

__

________

_
__
_
__
__ _
______________________________________
_______________ _______________ _______
____
_
___
_ ___
__
____ ____________ ________________ ____

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g n o s p e c ifie d m in im u m

3
8

4
8
2
6

__________________

13
1

5
1
1

2
2

2
2

4

4

3

1

-

3
-

1
1

2
1
1

-

-

3

-

2
2

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ic h d id n ot e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a te g o r y _ _ ___
_
__
____ __

1
2
3

1
8
8
20

2
2
1

2
2
1

17

6

79

35

-

1

1

-

-

2

8
1

4
3
3

4

1

2
2

XXX

1
1
1

XXX

33

15

XXX

18

XXX

XXX

44

XXX

58

24

XXX

34

XXX

L o w e s t s a la r y r a te f o r m a l l y e s ta b lis h e d f o r h ir in g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s f o r typin g o r o th e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
R a tes a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o f fic e g i r ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e not c o n s id e r e d .
H ou rs r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a l a r ie s .
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d ,




2

1

and fo r the m o s t c o m m o n w ork w eek r e p o r te d .

16
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours4
3
2
1
(P ercen t distribution o f o ffice and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
o f firs t-s h ift w orkers, Indianapolis, In d ., D ecem ber 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS
W eek ly h o u rs

All ,
industries

100

__ __ __
35 h o u r s __ ______ __
O v er 35 and un d er ' i l 1 !z h o u r s — ----- - —
37V 2 h ou rs ______________________________________
O ver 3 7 l /z and un d er 40 h o u r s ------------------------40 h ou rs ------------------------------- —----------------------------O v er 40 and u n d er 45 h o u rs ----------------------------45 h o u r s -----------------— -----------------------------------------O ver 45 and un d er 48 h o u rs ----------------------------48 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------O ver 4 8 and u n d er 54 h ou rs ___________________
54 h ou rs and o v e r ____ — — —----- ~
_

1
2
3
4

Manufacturing

100

Public,
utilities

100

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

100

Finance

All ,
industries3

100

100

Public,
utilities *

100

Retail trade

100

4
( 4)

(4)

(4)

(4)

-

-

-

-

-

6

1

7

5

2

3

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

93
-

88

89

99

-

-

-

-

2
1

67
7
-

-

2

7

-

1
1

14
75
2

1

98
(4)

-

( 4)

-

5

83
3

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in ad d itio n to th o se in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




Manufacturing

2
2

1
1
1

1

-

2

17
2

4

17
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percent distribution of o ffice and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Indianapolis, Ind., D ecem ber 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

Ite m

All
.
industries1

Manufacturing

Public,
utilities1
2

PLANT WORKERS

Retail trade

Finance

|

All
industries3

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 2

Retail trade

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o lid a y s
________ _____ ________ _____
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p a id h o lid a y s --------- _ ----- _ _ — —

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

100

91

96

97

84

“

9

4

3

16

(4 )

(4 )
'

Number of days
L e s s than
5 h o lid a y s
6 h o lid a y s
6 h o lid a y s
6 h o lid a y s
6 h o lid a y s
7 h o lid a y s
7 h o lid a y s
7 h o lid a y s
7 h o lid a y s
8 h o lid a y s
9 h o lid a y s

5 h o lid a y s -------------------------------------------_____ —
__
__ ____
___ .
_____________________ r_____________
p lu s 1 h a lf day ______________________
p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _______ .
p lu s 3 h a lf days _____________________
. ____
— ---------------- - —
p lu s 1 h a lf day _______
_
p lu s 2 h a lf d a ys ____ . ____ _______
p lu s 4 h a lf d a ys _____________________
____ ___ __ . . .
__
___ __ —
___ ___ _______ _____ __ . __ __ __

1
1

35
10

18
(4 )
21
1
2

(4 )
11

(4 )

2

(4 )
15
(4 )
35
25
2
1

20

13
25

4
84

2
1

1
1

29

16

18

4
4
64

1

1

2

23

1

1

-

14
(4 )
26

49
-

(4 )

12

-

-

1

(4 *
)

8
-

-

2

-

-

-

1

28

66

9

1
2

1
1

-

-

14

23

9
-

-

1

2

1

”

"

-

Total holiday time9

9 d ays
o r m o r e d ays
--------- ----- --------- _ . —
o r m o r e d ays ------------------------------------------------7 o r m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
6 % o r m o r e d a y s ---------------------- _ _
6 o r m o r e d ays ____ _ ___ ____ _
. . . . .
5 o r m o r e d a y s __________
_______ ________ —
4 o r m o r e d ays _____ ___
_____ __
_
3 o r m o r e d a y s ----------------------------------------------------2 o r m o r e d ays ____ _____ ____ _____ ___ ___________
8

7 l/z

(4 )
13
14
53
63
98
99
99
99
99
99

(4 )
22

24
84
84
99
99
99
99
99
99

12
12

63
87
100
100
100
100
100
100

1
1

r
9
10

94
98
98
98
100
100

1

1

17
18
58
59

25
27
77
79
94
95
95
95
95
96

88

89
90
90
90
91

9
9
77
78
97
97
97
97
97
97

_
1

9
11

75
80
82
82
84
84

In c lu d e s d ata f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a d d ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
In c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
A ll c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a to ta l o f 7 d a ys in c lu d e s th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and
no h a lf d a y s , 6 fu ll d a y s and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 half d a y s , and s o on. P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cu m u lated.
1
2
3
4
5




18
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P ercen t distribution o f o ffice and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provision s, Indianapolis, In d ., D ecem ber 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o l ic y

A ll w o r k e r s

_____________________________________

All .
industries1

100

Manufacturing

100

Publio ,
utilities *

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public,
utilities 6

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100

100
100

98
85

-

12
1

99
82
16

100
100

-

95
82
13
-

M eth od o f p a ym en t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s ___ __ — — ------- -----------------L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t ------------- —
P e r c e n ta g e paym en t ________ — — ------F la t -s u m paym ent ----------------------------------------Othe r ___ ____ ___ _____ __ ______ _________ ___
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a tio n s ---------------------------------------------

99
99
(4)
-

99
99
(4)
-

(4)

(4)

1

-

-

-

2

1

63
4
-

19
7

19
4

18

1

2

1

38
9
_

3

5

-

-

80
9

89
_

10

8

(4 )

-

85
_
9

-

"

3
-

-

53
9
36

61
15
23
-

51
47
3
-

14
47
39
-

2

8

91
4
3

3
84
_
_

-

-

-

5

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 5
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek __ . . __ ------__ __ ------, „ .......
1 w eek _____ _______ ____________
O ver 1 and u n d er 2 w eek s ___
__________ ——
2 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------

8

1

46
4

57
7
13

6

_
32
(4 )

_

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____ _______________
___
__ —-------O ver 1 and u nd er 2 w ee k s --------- -----------------w eeks ---------------------------------------------------------- -----.. . . .
3 w eek s ____ _______ ________
4 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------------------2

33
67
(4)
(4 )

18
82
(4)
“

86

88

81

14
-

12

6
12

8

19
17
64
-

65
-

10

4

87
3
-

1

-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _ ____ —
__
---------- — ------ -----O ver 1 and u nd er 2 w ee k s ------ ---------—----------—
.
......
2 w eek s ................ .
3 w eek s ------------- — — -------—
4 w eek s
—
------- — --------------—

13
2

(4 )

84

91

(4 )
(4 )

(4 )

34
1

(4 )

32
3
59
-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ----- — ------- — ------------------ —
O ver 1 and u n d er 2 w ee k s ---------- __
___ ____
— -----------—
—
2 w e e k s __ ____ _____
O ver 2 and un d er 3 w eek s _____________________
3 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------------------4 w eek s -------------- ------- ------ —
-----

5

4

(4)

(4 )

94
(4)

96
-

0

(4)
-

(4)

“

95
-

13
28
56
(4)
-

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 iirooV
O ver 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s __________ ___________

(4)

(4 )

2 weftks

96

96

O ver 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s ______ __
_______
3 w e e k s __ __________ __ _________ ______ __ ______
4 w eek

(4 )
(4
(4)

(4 )

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f table,




4

4
_

10

3

11

11

2

87
3

1

96

24
62

40
48

-

1

1

-

-

(4)

-

91
4
3

5
3
86

_
_

19
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P ercent distribution o f o ffice and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
p rov ision s, Indianapolis, Ind. , D ecem ber 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a tio n p o l ic y

A m oun t o f v a c a tio n p a y 5 -

All
,
industrial

Manufacturing

Public,
utilities

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finanoe

An 3
industries

Manufacturing

Public,
utilities

Retail trade

-C o n t i n u e d

A f t e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
__
__
__
__ _
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w eek s
2 w e e k s ___ __ ____________ _____ „___________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s —
_ — _
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
4 w eek s

1

0

(4 )
92
4
3
(4 )

(4 )
86
10

4
-

_
96
3
1

-

_
97
3
-

1
1

1
2

87

85
9

6

3
-

2

-

_
89
4
7
-

_
86

9
-

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_
2 w eek s
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s —
3 w eek s
4 w e e k s -------------- ----------------------------------------------------

(4 )
42
2

56
(4 )

_

_

3
76
-

79
3
18
-

59
41
-

(4 )
18
4
78
-

58
42
-

_
58

(4 )
7

_
13

(4 )
21

1

1

46

27
36
35
-

22

29
-

_
83
4
12

-

67
28
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
w eek
w e e k s .... . „, ......... ................................. ....
O v e r 2 and tin der 3 w e e k s ---- --------- -----------------3 w eeks
4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------1

Z

(4 )
37
2

60
(4 )

1

1

40

24
33
41
-

1

20

41
-

36
-

_
15
84

16
74

_
61
_
39
-

_
65

_

_
28

2

28
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
w eek
2 w eeks
__ _
_
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ________ ________ _
3 w eeks
_____
__
_
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s __________ ____________
4 w e e k s __
__
1

(4 )
10

1

1
8
2

1

1

-

92

84

(4 )
(4 )

-

1
2

-

6

1

-

(4 )

(4 )
5
(4 )
82

_
13
74
13

_
15
-

1

1

16

7

1

1

1

-

61
7
13

70
11

79
-

_
28
46
-

9

20

20

_

_
28
32
35

(4 )
88

-

1

-

-

79
9
-

95
4
-

66

_

-

-

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________ ___________________ _
______
2 w eeks _
_
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s ._ _
_
3 w eeks
________
_
_
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _________ __________ _
4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------

10

(4 )
70
(4 )
19

1
11

55

29

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
w eek
__
_____
w eek s
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _________ ______________
3 w eek s .
.
_
__
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s __
____
4 w eek s
_
__
1
2

(4 )
10

(4 )
48
42

(4 )
5

< )
4
57
37

_
13
36
50

_
15
25
59

1

1

16

7

1

1

1

40

43

52
47

1

1

40

46

I n clu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a d d ition to t h o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s .
In c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in a d d ition to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s thstn 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n and d o not n e c e s s a r il y r e fl e c t the in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the ch a n ges in p r o p o r t io n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e
in clu d e ch a n g es in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r i n g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
1
2
3
4
5

N O T E : In the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p aym en ts o th e r than "le n g th o f t i m e , " s u c h as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual ea rn in g s o r f la t -s u m p a y m e n ts , w e r e c o n v e r te d
to an e q u iv a len t t im e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's p a y .




20

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e sta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
h ealth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fits , In d ia n a p o lis, In d., D e ce m b e r 1961)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

T y p e o f b e n e fit

A ll w o r k e r s

______ _ ___

___

— — ___

All
.
industries1

___

M
anufacturing

Public,
utilities

Retail trade

Finanoe

All 3
industries

M
anufacturing

Public,
utilities13
2

Retail trade

-

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e _____________________________
A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e ________
__ _ _____
_ ._ __
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o t h 4 ___ ________________ ____ _

98

98

97

98

92

95

95

92

66

77

61

57

66

75

45

59

90

91

80

94

84

92

55

82

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e _______
S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y and no
w a itin g p e r io d ) ___________________________
S ic k le a v e (p a r tia l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r io d ) _____________ _____________

61

80

46

70

69

81

32

59

55

64

30

28

10

5

26

10

10

6

27

22

16

19

4

19

90
90
75
57
80

92
92
81
56
90

71
71
56

81
81

1

1

79
80
63
32
69
5

86
86

77
77
60
76
53
4

61
69
52
31
60
4

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e
. . . . . . . . ______ . .
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e _ . ___
__
_ ______
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e __________________________
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e __________ ____ _______
R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n ----------- ----- ---------------------No health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p lan ____

86

59
3

68

61
77

71
26
82
3

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a d d ition to th o s e in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in a d d ition to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s show n se p a ra te ly .
U n d u p lica ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e show n s e p a r a t e ly below . S ic k -le a v e plans a r e lim it e d to th ose w h ic h d e fin it e ly e s t a b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m nu m ber o f d a y s' pay that ca n be e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e .
I n fo r m a l s ic k -l e a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in divid u al b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .
1
2
3
4




Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)

Since the Bureau's last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year's bulletin.

instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

21




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (hilling machine)—
Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B —
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller , machine (bookkeeping machine)— ses a bookkeeping
U
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts
23

24

CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.

Class B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE

Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. Ma'y lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

25

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Class A —
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B—Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

26

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued

Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabula ting-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A~Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B—
Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

27

P R O F E S S IO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts*
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f tbe following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees9 injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicant^
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter9 handtools, portable
s

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter required rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance elctricians requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establish ments employing more than one engineer are excluded .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machiningoperations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

29

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
die millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates* with oil or grease, die moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty .or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

30

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded .

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V EM E N T
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate-




men who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.

31

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make

wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow -

ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.

ping work involves:
routes,

Ship-

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.

work involves:

May

Receiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

32

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over^the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s iz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l / tons)
l2
Truckdriver, medium ( l / to and including 4 tons)
l2
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

☆ U .s. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1962

O — 631148


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102