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Occupational Wage Survey
KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI-KANSAS
NOVEMBER 1961

Bulletin No. 1303-24




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI-KANSAS




NOVEMBER 1961

Bulletin No. 1303-24
February 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents/ U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 30 cents




P reface

Contents
Page

The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
The Bureau o f L a b o r Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage su rv ey s in 82 labor m arkets.
The
studies p rov id e data on occupational earnings and related
supplem entary b en efits.
A p relim in a ry rep ort furnishing
trend data and average earnings is relea sed within a month
o f the com p letion o f each study.
This bulletin provid es
additional data not included in the prelim in ary re p ort.

Introduction _____________________________________________________________
Wage trends fo r se le cte d occupational groups _________________________
T ables:
1.
2.
3.

Tw o bu lletin s, bringing together the results o f all
o f the a rea su rv e y s, a re issu ed after com pletion o f the
final area bulletin in the cu rren t round of su rveys.
The
fir s t of th ese bulletins w ill be available late in 1962 and
the other e a rly in 1963. During the survey y e a r, sum m ary
re le a se s p resen tin g areaw ide occupational earnings data
fo r 25 to 30 la b or m a rk e ts, are issued as data b ecom e
a v a ila b le.
T his bulletin was prep ared in the Bureau*s r e ­
gional o ffice in C h ica go, 111. , by M ary Stokes, under the
d irection of E lliott A . B ro w a r.
The study was under the
gen eral d ire ctio n of W oodrow C. Linn, A ssistant R egional
D ire cto r fo r W ages and Industrial R elations.




1
4

A:

B:

E stablishm ents and w ork ers within scop e o f survey ___________
P ercen ts o f in cre a se in standard w eekly sa la ries and
stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected
occupational groups ____________________________________________
Indexes o f standard w eekly sa la ries and straigh t-tim e hourly
earnings fo r selected occupational groups, and percen ts
o f in cre a se fo r selected p e riod s ______________________________

3
5
5

O ccupational earnings: *
A - 1. O ffice occupations— en and wom en _____________________
m
A - 2. P r o fe ssio n a l and tech n ical occupations— en
m
and w om en _______________________________________________
A - 3. O ffice , p ro fe ssio n a l, and tech n ical occupations— en
m
and w om en com bined ____________________________________
A -4 .
Maintenance and powerplant occupations ________________
A - 5. Custodial and m aterial m ovem ent occupations _________

10
H
12

Establishm ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary wage p rov ision s: *
B -l.
Shift differen tials ________________________________________
B -2 .
Minimum entrance sa la ries fo r w om en o ffice w o r k e r s _
B -3 .
Scheduled w eekly hours __________________________________
B -4 .
Paid holidays _____________________________________________
B - 5. Paid vacations ____________________________________________
B -6 .
Health, in su ran ce, and pension plans ___________________

14
15
16
17
18
20

6
9

Appendixes:
A.
B.

Changes in occupational d escrip tion s __________________________
O ccupational d escrip tion s ______________________________________

* NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations for m ost o f these item s are available in the Kansas City area rep orts for
p rev iou s p eriod s beginning with O ctober 1951 and in rep orts fo r other m a jor a rea s.
A d ire cto ry
indicating the a re a s, dates o f study, and p r ic e s o f these rep orts is available upon requ est.
Current rep orts on occupational earnings and supplem entary wage p ra ctice s in the Kansas City
a re a a re available fo r paints and varnishes (M ay 1961).
Union s c a le s , indicative o f p revailin g pay
le v e ls are available for the follow ing trades or industries: Building con stru ction, printing, lo ca l-tra n sit
operating em p loyees, and m otortru ck d riv e rs and h elp ers.

iii

21
23




Occupational Wage Survey— Kansas City, M o.—Kans.

Introduction

to the w ork sch edules (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) fo r which
stra ig h t-tim e sa la rie s are paid; average w eekly earnings fo r these
occu pation s have been rounded to the n ea rest half d o lla r.

T his area is 1 o f 82 labor m arkets in which the U .S . D e­
partm ent o f L a b o r 's B ureau o f L abor Statistics has conducted s u r ­
veys o f occu p ation al earnings and related wage benefits on an a r e a ­
wide b a s is .
In this a re a , data were obtained by personal v isits of
Bureau fie ld econ o m ists to representative establishm ents within six
broad industry d iv ision s: M anufacturing; transportation, com m u n ica ­
tion, and other public u tilitie s; w holesale trade; retail trade; finance,
in su ran ce, and rea l esta te; and s e r v ic e s .
M ajor industry groups
exclu ded fr o m these studies are governm ent operations and the c o n ­
stru ction and ex tra ctiv e in d u stries.
E stablishm ents having few er
than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w ork ers are om itted a lso b ecau se they
tend to furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to
warrant in clu sion .
Separate tabulations are provided fo r each o f the
broad industry d iv ision s which m eet publication c r it e r ia .

A verage earnings o f m en and wom en are p resen ted separately
fo r se le cte d occu pation s in which both sex es are com m on ly em ployed.
D iffe re n ce s in pay le v e ls o f m en and w om en in these occupations are
la rg e ly due to (1) d iffe re n ce s in the distribu tion of the sexes among
in du stries and esta b lish m en ts; (2) d iffe re n ce s in s p e c ific duties p e r ­
fo rm e d , although the occu p ation s are approp riately c la s s ifie d within
the sam e su rvey jo b d e scrip tion ; and (3) d iffe re n ce s in length o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it re v ie w when individual s a la rie s are adjusted on this
b a s is .
L on ger average s e r v ic e o f m en would resu lt in higher average
pay when both sex es are em p loyed within the sam e rate range.
Job
d escrip tion s used in c la ss ify in g em p loyees in these su rveys are usu­
ally m ore g en era lized than those used in individual establishm ents to
allow fo r m in or d iffe re n ce s among establish m en ts in sp e cific duties
pe r fo rm e d .

T hese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b asis because o f the
u n n ecessary c o s t in volved in surveying all establishm ents. To obtain
optim um a ccu ra cy at m inim um c o s t, a greater p roportion o f large
than o f sm a ll establish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
e v e r , all establish m en ts are given their appropriate weight. E stim ates
based on the establish m en ts studied are presented, th e re fo re , as r e ­
lating to all establish m en ts in the industry grouping and a rea , e x ­
cep t fo r those b elow the m inim um size studied.

O ccupational em ploym ent estim ates rep resen t the total in all
establish m en ts within the scop e o f the study and not the num ber actu­
ally su rveyed . B ecau se o f d iffe re n ce s in occu pation al stru ctu re among
esta b lish m en ts, the estim a tes o f occu pation al em ploym ent obtained
fr o m the sam ple o f establish m en ts studied serve only to indicate the
rela tiv e im portan ce o f the jo b s studied.
These d iffe re n ce s in o c c u ­
pational stru ctu re do not m a teria lly a ffect the a ccu ra cy o f the ea rn ­
ings data.

O ccupations and E arnings
The occu pation s s e le cte d fo r study are com m on to a v a riety
o f m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing industries. Occupational c la s ­
sifica tion is based on a u n iform set o f job d escrip tion s designed to
take account o f in terestablish m en t variation in duties within the same
jo b .
(See appendix fo r listin g o f these d e s c r ip tio n s .) Earnings data
are presen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tables) fo r the follow ing types o f o c c u ­
pations: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p rofession a l and technical; (c) m ainte­
nance and pow er plant; and (d) cu stodial and m aterial m ovem ent.

E stablishm ent P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is p resen ted (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on selected
establish m en t p r a ctice s and supplem entary benefits as they relate to
o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
The con cep t "o ffice w o r k e r s ," as used
in this bulletin, includes working su p e rv iso rs and n on su p ervisory
w ork ers p erform in g c le r ic a l o r related fu n ction s, and exclu d es adm in­
istra tiv e , e x e cu tiv e , and p ro fe ssio n a l p erson n el. "P lan t w o rk e rs " in ­
clude working fo re m e n and all n on su p ervisory w ork ers (including lea d m en and tra in e e s) engaged in n onoffice fu n ction s.
A dm in istrative,
ex ecu tiv e , and p ro fe ssio n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e -a c c o u n t con stru ction
em p loyees who are u tilized as a separate w ork fo r c e are excluded.
C a fe te ria w o rk e rs and routem en are exclu ded in m anufacturing indus­
tr ie s , but are included as plant w ork ers in nonm anufacturing in d u stries.

O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs, i . e . , those h ired to work a regu lar w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occu pation al c la s s ifica tio n .
Earnings data exclude
prem ium pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, h olida ys, and
late sh ifts.
N onproduction bonuses are excluded a ls o , but c o s t - o f living bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
W here w eekly
hours are rep orted , as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occu p ation s, r e fe re n ce is




1

2

Shift d ifferen tia l data (table B - l ) are lim ited to manufacturing
in d u stries. This in form ation is p resen ted both in term s o f (a) esta b ­
lish m en t p o li c y ,1 presen ted in term s o f total plant w o rk e r e m p lo y ­
m ent, and (b) e ffe ctiv e p r a c tic e , presen ted in term s o f w ork ers
actu ally em p loyed on the s p e cifie d shift at the tim e o f the su rvey.
In establish m en ts having v a rie d d iffe re n tia ls, the amount applying to
a m a jo rity was used o r , if no amount applied to a m a jo rity , die c la s ­
sifica tio n "o th e r " was u sed.
In establish m en ts in which som e la te shift hours are paid at n orm al ra te s , a d ifferen tia l was r e co rd e d only
if it applied to a m a jo rity o f the shift h o u rs.
M inim um entrance sa la rie s (table B -2 ) relate only to the
establish m en ts v is ite d .
They are p resen ted in term s o f e sta b lish ­
m ents with fo rm a l m inim um sa la ry p o lic ie s .
The scheduled hours (table B -3 ) o f a m a jo rity o f the f i r s t sh ift w ork ers in an establish m en t are tabulated as applying to a ll o f
the plant o r o ffic e w ork ers o f that establish m en t.
P aid h olidays; paid
v acation s; and health, in su ra n ce, and pension plans (tables B -4 through
B -6 ) are treated sta tistica lly on the b a sis that these are applicable
to a ll plant o r o ffic e w ork ers i f a m a jo rity o f such w ork ers are e l i ­
gible o r m ay eventually qualify fo r the p r a c tic e s liste d .
Sums o f
individual item s in tables B -3 through B -6 m ay not equal totals b e ­
cau se o f rounding.
The fir s t part o f the paid holidays table (table B -4 ) p resen ts
the num ber o f whole and half holidays actually p rovid ed . The secon d
part com bin es whole and h a lf holidays to show total holiday tim e .
The sum m ary o f vacation plans (table B -5 ) is lim ited to f o r ­
m al p o lic ie s , excluding in form a l arrangem ents w h ereby tim e o ff with
pay is granted at the d is cre tio n o f the e m p lo y e r . Separate estim ates
are p rovided a cco rd in g to e m p lo y e r p ra ctice in com puting vacation
paym ents, such as tim e paym ents, p ercen t o f annual earn in gs, o r
fla t-s u m am ounts. H ow ever, in the tabulations o f vacation pay, pay­
m ents not on a tim e b a sis w ere so con v erted ; fo r exam p le, a payment
o f 2 percen t o f annual earnings was c o n sid e re d as the equivalent o f
1 w eek 's pay.

Bata are p resen ted fo r a ll health, in su ran ce, and pen sion plans
(table B -6 ) fo r which at least a p art o f the co s t is born e by the e m ­
p lo y e r, excepting only leg al requ irem en ts such as w ork m en 's com p en ­
sation, so cia l secu rity , and ra ilro a d retirem en t. Such plans include
those underwritten by a co m m e r c ia l in su ran ce com pany and those p r o ­
vided through a union fund o r paid d ir e c tly by the em p loyer out o f
cu rren t operating funds o r fro m a fund set asid e fo r this p u rp ose.
Death benefits are included as a fo r m o f life in su ran ce.
Sickness and acciden t in su ran ce is lim ited to that type o f in ­
su ran ce under which p red eterm in ed cash paym ents are m ade d ire ctly
to the insured on a weekly o r m onthly b a sis during illn ess o r accid en t
disability.
Inform ation is p resen ted fo r a ll such plans to which the
em p loyer contributes.
H ow ever, in New Y ork and New J e rse y , which
have enacted tem pora ry d isa b ility in su ran ce law s which requ ire e m ­
p lo y e r con trib u tion s,2 plans a re in cluded on ly i f the em p loyer (1) co n ­
tributes m o re than is lega lly requ ired , o r (2) p rov id es the em ployee
with benefits which ex ceed the requ irem en ts o f the law. Tabulation?
o f paid sick -le a v e plans are lim ited to fo rm a l p la n s 3 which p rovid e
fu ll pay or a p rop ortion o f the w o r k e r 's pay during absen ce fro m w ork
b ecau se o f illn e ss.
Separate tabulations a re p resen ted a ccord in g to
(1) plans which p rov id e full pay and no waiting p e rio d , and (2) plans
which provid e either partial pay o r a waiting p e rio d . In addition to the
presentation o f the p rop ortion s o f w ork ers who a re p rov id ed sick n ess
and acciden t insurance o r paid s ic k lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown o f w ork ers who r e ce iv e eith er o r both types o f b en efits.
Catastrophe insurance, som etim es r e fe r r e d to as extended
m e d ica l insurance, includes those plans which a re designed to p ro te ct
em ployees in ca se o f sick n ess and in ju ry involving expen ses beyond
the n orm al cov era g e o f h ospitalization, m e d ica l, and su rg ica l plans.
M ed ica l insurance r e fe rs to plans p rovid in g fo r com p lete o r p artial
paym ent o f d o c to r s ' fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by c o m m e r ­
c ia l insurance com panies o r n onprofit organ izations o r they m ay be
s e lf-in su re d . Tabulations o f retirem en t p en sion plans are lim ited to
those plans that p rovide m onthly paym ents fo r the rem ain d er o f the
w o r k e r 's life .

2 The tem pora ry d isa b ility law s in C alifornia and Rhode Island
do not require em p loyer con tribu tion s.
3 An establishm ent was con sid ered as having a fo rm a l plan if
it established at lea st the m inim um num ber o f days o f sick leave that
1
An establish m en t was co n sid e re d as having a p o licy if it m et
could be expected by each em p loyee. Such a plan need not be written,
eith er o f the follow in g con ditions: (1) O perated late shifts at the tim e
but in form al s ic k -le a v e allow an ces, determ in ed on an individual b a sis,
o f the su rvey, o r (2) had fo r m a l p rov ision s co v e rin g late sh ifts.
w ere excluded.




3

T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s within s co p e o f su r v e y and n um ber studied in K ansas C ity, M o .-K a n s .

In d u stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

M inim um
em ploym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s c o p e
o f study

by m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 N o v e m b e r 1961
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

N u m ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin
scope of
study 1
3
2

W ithin s c o p e o f study

Studied

Studied
T o ta l4

O ffic e

Plant

T o ta l4

___________________________________________________

50

810

198

197 ,6 0 0

37, 900

122, 600

114, 550

M anufacturin g _________________________________________________
N on m anufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------------T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r
p u b lic u tilitie s 5 __________________________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e ____________________________________________
R e ta il tra d e ________________________________________________
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ____________________
S e r v ic e s 7 v________________________________________________

50
50

306
504

80
118

90, 700
106, 900

11, 800
26, 100

6 5 ,0 0 0
57, 600

5 6,920
57, 630

50
50
50
50
50

89
120
143
78
74

36
22
25
16
19

3 2 ,7 0 0
16, 200
36, 900
11, 500
9, 600

6, 200
(f)

1 7 ,0 0 0
(*)

( 6)

(*)
( 6)

26, 530
6 ,6 7 0
16, 210
4, 060
4, 160

0
0

0

1 The K a n sas C ity Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f C la y and J a ck so n C o u n tie s, M o ., and John son and W yandotte C o u n ties, K ans.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f study"
e s tim a te s show n in th is table p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the su r v e y .
The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e
a s a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r a r e a em p lo ym e n t in d exes to m e a s u r e em p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls sin ce ( l ) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f es ta b lis h m en t data co m p ile d
c o n s id e r a b ly in a d va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and ( 2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e ex clu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
M a jor ch an ges fr o m
the e a r l ie r ed ition (u sed in
the B u re a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y s con d u cted p r io r to July 1958) a r e the tr a n s fe r o f m ilk p a s te u r iz a tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e t e e s ta b lis h m e n ts f r o m tra d e (w h o le s a le o r reta il)
to m a n u fa ctu rin g, and the tr a n s fe r o f r a d io and te le v is io n b ro a d ca stin g f r o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilitie s d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo ym e n t at o r above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n . A ll ou tle ts (w ithin the a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 establish m en t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and oth er w o r k e r s exclu ded f r o m the se p a ra te o ffic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n w ere e x clu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s try d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A and B ta b le s . S ep a ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade
fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
( l ) E m p loym en t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it se p a ra te study, (2) the sa m p le w a s not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e rm it
sep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it se p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e re i s p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u al e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile r e p a ir sh ops; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in eerin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




4
Wag* Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P resen ted in table 2 a r e p e rce n ts o f change in sa la rie s o f
o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in d u strial n u rses, and in av era g e earnings
o f selected plant w ork er grou p s.
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in du strial n u rses, the p e r ­
cents o f change re la te to av era g e w eekly s a la rie s fo r n orm a l hours
of w ork, that is , the standard w ork schedule fo r which stra igh t-tim e
sa la rie s a re paid.
F or plant w o rk e r grou ps, they m ea su re changes
in stra ig h t-tim e h ourly earnings, excluding prem ium pay fo r o v e r ­
tim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olidays, and late shifts.
The p e r ­
centages a re b ased on data fo r se le cte d key occu pation s and include
m ost o f the n u m erica lly im portant jo b s within each group.
The o f­
fic e c le r ic a l data a r e b a sed on m en and wom en in the follow in g 19 jo b s :
B ookkeeping-m achin e o p e ra to rs, c la s s B ; c le r k s , accounting, c la s s A
and B; c le rk s , file , c la s s A , B, and C; c le r k s , o rd e r; c le r k s , p ay­
r o ll; C om ptom eter o p e ra to rs; keypunch o p e ra to rs, c la s s A and B;
o ffice b oy s and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; sten ograph ers, gen eral; sten ogra­
p h ers, sen ior; sw itchboard o p e ra to rs ; tabulating-m achine o p era tors,
c la s s B ; and typ ists, c la s s A and B.
The industrial n urse data a re
based on m en and wom en in du strial n u rse s.
Men in the follow ing
8 skilled m aintenance jo b s and 2 unskilled jo b s w e re included in the
plant w ork er data: Skilled— ca rp e n te rs; e le c tr ic ia n s; m a ch in ists; m e ­
ch an ics; m ech a n ics, autom otive; p a in ters; p ip e fitte rs; and to o l and
die m a k ers; unskilled— ja n ito rs , p o r te r s , and c le a n e rs; and la b o r e r s,
m a teria l handling.
A verag e w eekly s a la r ie s o r a v era g e h ourly earnings w ere
com puted fo r each o f the s e le cte d occu pation s.
The av era g e s a l­




a r ie s or hourly earnings w ere then m u ltiplied by the average em p loy ­
m ent in the jo b during the p e rio d su rveyed in 1961.
T hese w eighted
earnings fo r individual occupations w e re then totaled to obtain an a g ­
gregate fo r each occupational group.
F in ally, the ratio o f these group
aggregates fo r the one year to the a ggregate fo r the other y e a r was
com puted and the d iffe re n ce betw een the re su lt and 100 is the p ercen t
o f change fro m the one p eriod to the oth er.
The p ercen t o f change m e a su re s, p rin cip a lly , the e ffe cts o f
(1) gen eral salary and wage ch anges; (2) m e r it or other in cre a s e s
in pay re ce iv e d by individual w o rk e rs w hile in the sam e jo b ; and
(3) changes in the la b or fo r c e such as la b or tu rn over, fo r c e expan­
sion s, fo r c e redu ction s, and changes in the p rop ortion s o f w o rk e rs
em ployed by establishm ents with d ifferen t pay le v e ls .
Chapges in the
la b or fo r c e can cause in cre a se s o r d e c r e a s e s in the occu pation al
av era g es without actual wage changes. F o r exam ple, a fo r c e expansion
m ight in cre a se the p rop ortion o f lo w e r paid w o rk e rs in a sp e c ific
occupation and resu lt in a drop in the average, w h ereas a redu ction
in the p rop ortion of low er paid w o rk e rs would have the op p osite effect.
The m ovem ent of a high-paying establish m en t out o f an a rea could
cau se the average earnings to d rop , even though no change in rates
o c c u r r e d in other a rea establish m en ts.
The use of constant em ploym ent w eights elim in ates the e ffe cts
o f changes in the p rop ortion o f w o rk e rs rep resen ted in each jo b in ­
cluded in the data.
Nor a re the p e rce n ts o f change influenced by
changes in standard w ork sch edules o r in p rem iu m pay fo r ov ertim e,
sin ce they a r e based on pay fo r stra ig h t-tim e h ou rs.

The above text re p re se n ts the m ethod used in computing a new trend
s e r ie s (table 2).
This s e r ie s initiated with the expansion o f the la bor m ark et
w age su rvey p ro g ra m s to 82 a re a s w ill re p la ce the old s e r ie s (1953 base) shown
in table 3.
Changes in the jo b s surveyed and jo b d escrip tion s sin ce the start o f
the old s e r ie s ca lle d fo r a reexam ination o f the jo b s and job groupings fo r w hich
tren ds w e re to b e com puted.
The new s e r ie s c o v e r s the sam e jo b groupings a s the e a r lie r s e r ie s with
the follow in g ex cep tion s: The w om en c le r ic a l group is rep la ced by an o ffic e
c le r ic a l group (m en and wom en) and the industrial nurse ca teg ory includes both
m en and w om en.
Changes w e re a lso m ade in the jo b s included within jo b g rou p ­
ings in o rd e r that an iden tical lis t could be em ployed in a ll a rea s.

5

Table 2. Percents of in crease in, standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for
selected occupational groups in Kansas City, M o,-K a n s. , Novem ber i960 to Novem ber 1961,
and January I960 to Novem ber i960

Industry and o ccu p a tio n a l gro u p

N o v e m b e r I960
to
N o v e m b e r 1961

Jan uary I960
to
N o v e m b e r i9 6 0

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffice c le r i c a l (m en and w om en )
________ __ __
In du strial n u r s e s (m e n and w om en ) _ _________ _
Skilled m aintenance (m en )
________ ______________
U n skilled plant (m en) _______________ ____________

3. 3
4 .4
2 .5
6. 3

M an u factu rin g:
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m en and w om en )
____________ _
In du strial n u r s e s (m en and w om en ) ______________
S k illed m aintenance (m en ) __________________________
U nskilled plant (m en) ____________ ________ _____

T a b le 3.

4 .0
2. 1
4 .6
4 .5

3 .7
1 .6
5 .1
3. 3

2 .9
4. 3
2. 4
4. 0

In dexes o f standard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-t im e h o u rly ea rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in K ansas C ity, M o .— a n s .,
K
N o v e m b e r i9 6 0 and N o v e m b e r 1961, and p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
In d exes
(O c to b e r 1952 » 100)

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p
N ov e m b e r 1961

N o v e m b e r I960

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fr o m
N o v e m b e r i9 6 0
to
N o v e m b e r 1961

Jan uary i9 6 0
to
N o v e m b e r I960

D e c e m b e r 1956
to
Jan uary I960

O cto b e r 1952
to
D e c e m b e r 1956

O ctob er 1951
to
O ctob er L952

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w om en )
____ __________________________ —
In d u stria l n u r s e s (w om en ) ----------------------------------------------------S k illed m a in ten a n ce (m en ) ----------------------------------------------------U n sk illed plant (m en ) --------- ------------------------ — __ — -------

148. 0
1 5 2 .4
152. 1
149. 5

1 4 2 .0
1 1 4 8 .5
1 4 5 .7
143. 3

4. 2
2 .6
4 .4
4 .4

2 .9
3 .8
2 .5
6 .2

1 1 .7
1 3 .0
1 3 .9
8 .5

2 3 .6
2 6 .6
2 4 .8
24. 3

5 .7
10. 3
5 .4
3 .8

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w om en )
_______________ ________ _____ —
I n d u s tria l n u r s e s (w om en ) __________________ — __ -----------S k illed m a in ten a n ce (m en ) ----------------------------------------------------U n sk illed plant (m en ) ---------- ---------------------------------------------- —

149. 1
1 5 0 .0
151. 9
152. 8

1 4 4 .4
147 .7
145. 1
147. 4

3. 2
1 .6
4. 7
3 .7

2 .5
3 .8
2 .4
4 .4

1 4 .5
1 6 .4
1 3 .4
1 1 .8

23. 1
22. 3
2 4 .8
2 6 .3

7 .6
11. 1
5 .2
3. 3

R e v is e d e s tim a te .




A: Occupational Earnings

6

T a b le A - l. O ffic e O ccupation$-M en and W om en
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Kansas City, M o .-K a n s., N ovem ber 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
$
$
$
*
$
$
1
$
S
$
$
$
$
W
eekly , 40.00 45.00 *50.00 *55.00 *6 0 . 0 0 *65.00 70.00 *75.00 *80.00 85.00 9 0 . 0 0 95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00 130.00 *35.00 140.00 145.00
W
eekly,
earnings
hours
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70^00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 ov er

Men
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

9
9
-

1
6

-

6

99.50
98.50
100.50

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
-

9
9

91.50
87.50
97.50

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1

85

60
13
47

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ___________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Pu blic u tilities 2 _________________

519
227
292
89

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s B ___________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------N onm anufacturing ___________________
Public utilitie s 2 _________________

194
67
127
28

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

C lerk s, o rd e r __________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

238
128

40.0
40.0
40.0

C lerk s, pa y roll _________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u tilities 2 _________________

94
59
35
31

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

100.00

O ffice boys ______________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Public u tilities 2 _________________

243
78
165
32

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

56.50
61.50
54.50
63.00

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s A ------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u tilities 2 _________________

119
78
38

40.0
40.0
40.0

110.50
107.00
108.00

-

-

296

82
214
39

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

94.50
99.00
92.50
93.00

-

139
97

40.0
40.0

77.50
75.00

■

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) ____
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

69
36

40.0
40.0

70.50
75.00

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) ____ __________ _____ ___ _____
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

66

40.0
40.0

62.00
60.50

6
6

40.0
39.5
40.0

84.00
81.50
85.00

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s B ________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u tilities 2 _________________
Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
c la s s C _____________ ___________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

110

$ 105.50
112.00

100.50
104.50
81.50
89 .0 0

78.00
81.00

2

8

-

-

2

8

-

-

7

32
9
23

2
2

5
5
-

-

8

19

3
5
-

8
11

2

21

18

4
17
9

-

2

10

94
34

50

60

21

28

12

12
2

10

10

60

17
3
14

22

5

3

14
7
7
4

31

14

30
18

10

7
3

9

8

1
8

8

_
-

8

8

4
4
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

12
2

10

12

5

10

12

10

12

1

-

-

1

13
4
9
9

1

2

9
T
3

9

3

1

1

5
3
-

7
4
3
“

23
l6
7

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

-

10

-

-

8
8

13
13

1

-

-

2

12

19

10
10

1

3
5
12

-

1

-

1

2

-

2
2

8
8

1

1
1

-

2
1

4
2

14
7

8

2

8

18
16
3

18
17
7

12
10

2

7
5

1

9

16
2

3
9

1
1

1

8

10

32
16

1

25
15

-

67
33
34

2

2

16

50
15
35
19

4
4
-

14
14

13
9
4
1

34

"

31
14
17
5

12

11

23
5

24
15
9

7
6"

2

3

73
5

41
17
24
-

14
7
'

-

-

“

21

-

1

-

-

4

2

16

44

25

51

-

6
10

6

8

20

2
2

38

17

31

45
13
32

50
5
45

27

10
2

1

6

2

1

11

12

2

18
16

29
16

24
17

19
13

9
4

1

6

~

1

■

7

1

_

6

-

-

2

4
4
“

9

1

6
21

2

15
14

28
25
3
-

1

-

_
-

2
2

-

12
10
2
2

_
-

18
7

17
5

2

5

11

12

3

2
2

6
6

-

-

_
"

_
-

2
2

2
2

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

7
7

6

_

5

_
-

|

11

_
-

2
2

1
1

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

3
-

'

1

-

6

16

6

6

4

1

3
-

13

"

-

1

11

1

-

7

-

3
3
-

2
1

1

1

-

-

-

-

■

•

-

-

“

11

40
27
13

6
1

1

“
■

-

~

■

_

.

_

.

-

-

-

"

■

2
2

W omen

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s A ------------------------------------------------M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

See footnotes at end of table.




61
203
—
137

— u

12

9
5

3
3

-

2

6
6

18
18

12
12

5
5

-

-

2

-

-

1

-

20

4
1

3
3

2
2

6
6

2

7

1

6
6

-

-

4
-

-

8
8

-

"

-

25
25

30

31
14
17

11
2

40
3
37

1

7

15

20

-

1
6

8

-

-

-

-

33
17

1

2

16

10

9

1

1

7

"
7
1
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Kansas City, M o.— ans., N ovem ber 1961)
K
Average
Sex, occupation, and in du stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARN INGS OF-

$
$
*
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
•
$
$
$
$
s
s
Weekly
Weekly
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
hours1
earnings1
and
(Standard) (Standard) uncle r
~
“
“
“
“
“
■
■
"
~
■
■
■
"
"
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over

W om en— Continued
B ook keeping-m a ch ine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B ------------------------ ---------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------N onm anufacturing — ____ ________

465
129
336

40.0
39.5
40.0

$66.00
71.00
64.00

12
12

21
4
17

22
9
13

76
4
72

96
21
75

129
36
93

24
5
19

19
18
1

21
11
10

25
11
14

11
3
8

5
4
1

2
1
1

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A -----------------M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing _____ _____________

558
124
434

39.5
39.5
39.5

87.50
94.50
86.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

17
7
10

47
47

52
6
46

118
21
97

30
5
25

44
4
40

49
11
38

75
15
60

38
18
20

32
14
18

43
17
26

8
2
6

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ____________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing -------- -------------------P u b lic u tilit ie s 2 __________ ______

1,427
223
1,204
238

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

66.50
66.50
66.50
73.50

1
1

38
38
"

154
9
145
23

238
37
201
26

284
71
213
41

245
55
190
34

169
18
151
17

128
9
119
19

57
10
47
26

40
7
33
12

29
29
7

22
3
19
18

17
2
15
15

5
2
3
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_

C lerk s, file , c la s s A 3 ___________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

241
194

39.5
39.5

71.00
72.00

_

_

48
32

24
22

22
17

16
16

33
29

35
25

21
19

3
3

8
8

5
5

_

_

_

C lerk s , file , c la s s B 3 ___________________
M anufacturing _________ _____________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
P u b lic u tilities 2 __________________

497
70
427
36

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

58.50
61.50
58.00
65.00

_
-

2
2

_
_
-

_
_
-

»
_
-

C lerk s, file , c la s s C 3 __________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
P u b lic u tilit ie s 2 __________________

424
401
45

40.0
40.0
40.0

50.00
49.50
58.50

C lerk s, o r d e r ___ ______________ ______
M anufacturing ________________ ______
N onm anufacturing ____________________

306
38
268

40.0
39.0
40.0

C lerk s, p a y r o ll ___________ _____________
M anufacturing ______ ________________
N onm anufacturing ------------------------------P u b lic u tilities 2 __________ ______

379
174
205
46

C om ptom eter o p e r a to r s _______________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
P u b lic u tilities 2 ___________________

_
_

_
_

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

"

-

1
_
1

3
3
-

1
1
-

_
_

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

1
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_
-

_
_
_
-

_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_

-

-

-

_
_
_
-

"

-

25
18

4
-

47
1
46
5

131
19
112
-

155
20
135
12

08
9
59
4

25
2
23
4

22
8
14
5

35
9
26
2

3
1
2
-

2
1
1
"

3
3
2

_
"

284
281

61
48
"

44
43
35

20
19
4

15
10
6

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

.
_
-

-

-

70.00
79.50
68.50

2
2

52
52

24
2
22

15
1
14

49
4
45

43
6
37

22
2
20

9
2
7

21
5
16

6
6

8
7
1

19
1
18

29
_
29

3
_
3

_
_
-

3
1
2

1
1
-

.
_
-

.
_
-

.
_
-

_
-

_
-

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

79.50
78.00
81.00
86.00

_
-

_
“

11
8
3
-

17
6
11
3

70
40
30
2

34
14
20
-

65
28
37
7

26
17
9
2

34
13
21
9

27
12
15
6

12
4
8
3

10
1
9
3

40
“T5
24
8

5
3
2
1

4
2
2
1

16
2
14
1

5
5

2
2
_

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

1
1
_
-

_
_
-

705
230
475
39

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

75.00
76.00
74.00
87.00

_
"

11
2
9
-

19
2
17
-

52
11
41
-

94
32
62
2

147
46
101
3

65
21
44
3

64
42
22
-

79
23
56
7

74
17
57
3

39
7
32
11

15
5
10
10

9
6
3
-

34
13
21
-

2
2
_
-

1
1

.
_
_
-

_
-

D uplicating-m ach ine op e r a to r s
(M im eograph o r Ditto) _________________

53

40.0

63.00

13

_

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A 3 _________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing — ________________

115
59
56

39.5
39.5
39.5

82.00
84.50
79.50

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B 3 _________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 _______
____

897
242
655
172

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

71.50
66.50
73.50
78.00

-

28

-

-

O ffice g ir ls ----------------------------------- ---------N onm anufacturing -------------------------------

218
185

40.0
40.0

55.00
56.00

_

u




2

!

.

-

-

-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

-

_
_
_
-

_

_

_

_

_
-

-

_
_

_

-

-

10

13

5

6

3

2

-

-

1

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

9
4
5

32
19
13

19
19

12
8
4

6
2
4

18
8
10

9
8
1

7
7
-

1
1
-

!
1
-

.
_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

28
33
25
11

58
15
42
18

57
34
93
18

127
34
141
21

175
33
101
17

134
26
77
15

103
17
43
4

60
9
36
-

45
7
43
30

50
3
51
35

54
2
3
3

5
1

1

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

46
38

39
35

14
14

7
7

1

9
9

13
13

_

_

.

_

89
69

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

'

'

_

_

_
"

'

See footnotes at end of table.

1

-

■

_

_

~

_
.

_
.

.

"

“

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Kansas City, M o .—
Kans. , N ovem ber 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING! STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Weekly.
Weekly .
earnings
hours
(Standard) (Standard)

$
$
$
S
S
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
40. 00 45. 00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80. 00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
and
“
"
"
“
“
"
“
“
“
"
“
“
■
“
”
"
under
4 5 .0 0 50. 00 55.00 6 0.00 65. 00 70.00 75. 00 80.00 8 5.00 90. 00 95,00, 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over
1
|

W om en — Continued

j

i
1

_
"

_
"

_
“

9
2
7
“

10
10
"

65
15
50
2

62
12
50
2

180
57
123
9

228
72
156
24

185
79
106
23

237
88
149
26

156
44
112
38

124
27
97
27

147
19
128
28

45
19
26
7

54
17
37
16

00
50
50
50

_
-

8
1
7
-

41
9
32
7

118
20
98
5

247
96
151
29

246
111
135
32

171
67
104
11

277
140
137
14

125
57
68
10

88
41
47
12

60
41
19
5

106
56
50
39

33
25
8
8

2
2
-

3
1
2
2

1
1
-

50
50
50
50

_
-

_
-

_
"

24
12
12
"

28
2
26
6

37
4
33
2

46
12
34
14

181
71
110
19

120
13
107
26

79
43
36
3

50
21
29
13

49
24
25
13

39
24
15
3

49
29
20
14

55
50
5
5

3
3
-

2
-

-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

66.00
79. 50
63.00
8 5.00

564
64
“

36
36
-

22
22

32
8
24
-

36
4
32
3

57
10
47
3

25
14
11
4

26
3
23
3

12
9
3
2

36
5
31
19

25
5
20
18

12
7
5
3

1
1

6
6

1
1

-

_
-

_
-

423
168
255
52

39. 5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

67. 50
67. 50
6 7.00
7 2.00

6 *
6
-

_
-

15
15

70
12
58
15

111
79
32
3

98
29
69
9

47
16
31
5

36
17
19
7

6
3
3
3

10
6
4
2

9
5
4
-

8
8
8

_
-

1
1
-

6
6

_
-

_ !
-

-

T abulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
cla ss B _____________________ __ ____ _
— _______
Nonm anufacturing _____

83
56

3 9.5
3 9 .5

90.00
89. 00

-

-

1
“

2
2

-

-

3
3

3
3

19
11

11
10

25
19

6
-

7
6

2

4
2

-

-

T abulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla ss C _________________________________
Nonm anufacturing _____________ __ _

88
66

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

66.00
64. 00

-

8
8

8
8

3
3

21
16

23
15

11
8

6
4

3
1

1
1

1

3
2

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e ra to rs,
gene r al ____ _________________ __________
M anufacturing ------ ----------------- ------Nonm anufacturing ___________________

296
100
196

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9.5

68.00
68.00
68. 50

-

3
3

14
10
4

21
14
7

58
17
41

72
10
62

80
23
57

37
20
17

5
3
2

5
2
3

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

T yp ists, cla s s A ________________________
M anufacturing ____
___
____ _
N onm anufacturing ----------------------------Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 ___
____

487
199
288
94

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39.0
4 0 .0

75. 50
80. 50
7 2.00
7 6.00

-

_
-

13
7
6
-

14
8
6
2

79
20
59
13

101
18
83
24

62
27
35

30
2
28
11

40
12
28
14

69
45
24
10

51
42
9
1

14
6
8
6

6
6
-

6
6
-

2
2
2

T yp ists, c la s s B __________ ______________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Pu blic utilities 2 __________________

1,611
516
1,095
185

39. 5
40. 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

61.00
66.00
58. 50
62.00

6
6

184
12
172

337
78
259
63

308
87
221
28

277
81
196
33

162
56
106
30

149
79
70

86
48
38
9

77
64
13
2

13
10
3
1

12
1
11
8

-

-

-

-

$93.00
93.50
93.00
100.50

S ecreta ries ______________________________
M anufacturing ---- „ ___ —
______ ____
Nonm anufacturing ___
Pu blic utilities 2 ____

1,616
495"
1,120
230

39. 5
40. 0
3 9.5
4 0 .0

Stenographers, g e n e r a l3 ______ __
M anufacturing ____________ _________
N onm anufacturing ___ __ ____ „
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 __
__ __ __ _

1,526
668"
858
174

39. 5
4 0 .0
39. 5
40. 0

74.
76.
71.
78.

Stenographers, s e n io r 3 ______
____ _
M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing __________ __ __ _
__ __
_
P ublic u t ilit ie s 2 ___

762
310
452
118

3 9.5
4 0 .0
39. 5
4 0 .0

85.
91.
81.
86.

Sw itchboard op era tors _____ __ __ __ _
M anufacturing ____ __ __ __ __ __ _
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
P ublic u t ilit ie s 2 ___ __ __ __ __ -

391
73
318
56

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ____
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing _______ __ __ ____
Pu blic utilities 2 ___
_
_ __ _

1

1
1

20
9
11
5

_
-

16
13
3
3

13
1
12
2

11
3
8
2

10
5
5
2

_
-

_
-

1

_
-

_
-

“

.
r

_
-

_
“

-

-

-

-

o 1
j
j
_ |
- !

-

-

- !
i

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees re c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly h ou rs.
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public u tilities.
D escrip tion fo r this jo b has been re v ise d since the last su rvey in this area. See appendix A.
Includes 1 w ork er at $ 35 to $ 4 0 .
Includes 1 w ork er at $ 30 to $ 35; 2 w ork ers at $ 35 to $ 4 0 .




44
14
30
14 !

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations-Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a re a basis
by industry division, Kansas City, M o.— ans., N ovem ber 1961)
K
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF
l

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

$
$
*65.00 *70.00 *75.00 *80.00 *85.00 *90.00 *95.00 *100.00 *105.00 *110.00 *115.00 *120.00 *125.00 *130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 *150.00 *155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00
Weekly
Weekly,
hours * earnings 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00 175.00
|
i

M en
D raftsm en, lea d er ----------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------D raftsm en, sen ior _______________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
P u blic u tilities 1 -----------------------------2
D raftsm en, ju n ior _______________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
P u blic u tilities 2 ___________________

59
51
428
350
78
57
202
155
47
27

40.0 |$148.50
40.0 j 149.50
40.0
117.50
40.0 . 118.50
40.0 ! 114.00
40.0 i 112.50
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

i
j
;
1
|

1

|

j

1
■

4
4

7
6

77
65
12 ;
8 !

39
35
4
3

51
39
12
10

1 '
-

-

1
1
1

-

"

-

-

“

■

3 1 21
- ----- 15~
6
3
2
3

j
1
i

-

-

j

i

12
8
4
4

29 !
16
13
13

|
;
60
52 !
8
5

48
44 :
4 ;
4

- |
53
50 1
3
-

I

95.50
98.00
86.50
91.00

5
2
3
1

39
2
7
3

19
16
3
1

3
3

18
13
5
3

14
10

14
13

!
1

26
26
-

-

36
17
19
11

13
8

6
5
1

-

19
17
2
1

28
26
2
2

11
!
11 !
- |

16
9

9
7

14
12

9
7

“

-

8

8

i

10
10
-

6
1
5
5

5
5

2
2
17 1
i
11 !
6
4

13
11
14
12
2
■

1
-

.
“

5
3

3
3

5
5

"

.

■

1
1
-

11
11

1 i
1

.

"

"

1
1
-

.

.
-

.
-

-

-

-

“

';
|

“

1
1

i
1
!
J
|

"

ji

.
-

”

8
6

~

■

*

*

-

-

i
W om en

1

|

i

!

N u rses, industrial (re g is te r e d ) ................
M anufacturing ________________________

102
79

40.0
40.0

i
j

97.50
97.50

i
j

t

1
2
3

i

j

i
i

2

!

:

1

2

!

|
j_

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

J
_______

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings c o rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public utilities.
Includes 3 w o rk e rs at $ 6 0 to $65 .




i

*

i

i
1_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

10

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations-Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Kansas City, M o.-K a n s., November 1961)

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) ----------------Nonmanufacturing __________________________

86
47

$ 7 3 .5 0
So. 00

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) _____
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

66
61

6 2.00
6 0.50

Bookkeeping-m ach ine op e ra to rs, c la s s A ----M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------

228
84
144

85.50
8 6.50
8 5.00

Occupation and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s _______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _
___ __ ________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 _____ ________________________ _—

706
230
476
40

$ 7 5 .0 0
76. 00
74. 00
87.00

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(M im e o g r a p h o r D itto) _______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------- ---------------------------------

65
56

63.50
63.00

K ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A 3 ----------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
_
_ ________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________

115
59
56

82. 00
84. 50
79. 50

K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B 3 ----------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------- --------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 _________________________________

901
242
659
176

72. 00
6 6 . 50
74. 00
78.50

O ffic e b o y s and g ir ls ---------------- --------------------------------M flm ifflctiirin g ... ..... .
...
_ _ _ _
Nnnm am if a ct u r in g
_ _____ ____________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ------------- ---------------------------------

461
350
47

56.00 1Typists, cla s s A _______________________________
M anufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------55! 00
Public u tilities 2 --------------------------------------67.00

S e c f^ t H fi e s ................... _
- M anufacturing ___ __ ______________________________
N cin m a m ifactiirin g
. ....
_ __
______

1,629
496
1,133
242

93.50 |Typists, c la s s B -----------------------------------------------93.50
M anufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
93. 00
101.00
Public u tilities 2 _________________________

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

O ccupation and industry d iv ision

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p erators, cla s s B ---------M anufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________

505
i 31
374

6 5.50
7 1.50
63. 50

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A --------------------------------M anufacturing _________________________________
N onm anufacturing --------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 -------------------------------------------

1,077
351
726
170

9 6.00
105.50
9 1.50
99.00

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B _______________________
M anufacturing ___________________________________
Nonm anufacturing -----------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ----------------------------------------------

1,621
290
1,331
266

68.5 0
72.00
67. 50
7 4.00

C lerk s, file , c la s s A 3 -------------------------------------------M anufacturing ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------

252
48
204

72. 50
67.5 0
73. 50

C lerks, file, cla s s B 3 _____________________________
M anufacturing ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------P ublic utilities 2 ----------------------------------------------

519
79
440
49

59.0 0
62.0 0
5 8.50
6 9 .5 0

C lerk s, file , cla s s C 3 _____________________________
N onm anufacturing -----------------------------------------------P ublic utilities 2 ----------------------------------------------

438
408
52

50. 00
5 0.00
5 8.50

C lerk s, ord er ---------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _______________________________

544
148
396

83. 00
93.5 0
79. 00

C lerk s, p a y roll --------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ----------------------------------------------

473
233
240
77

82.0 0
SO. 50
83.5 0
92.00

P ublic utilities 2 ______________________________
Stenographers, g e n e r a l3 _____ —_________ - ________
M a n u fa ctu r in g

_

_

____

__________________

__

N onm anufacturing __________________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

_

______________________

Stenographers, s e n io r 3 _______________________________
M anufacturing ----------------------- ----------------------------- N onm anufacturing __________ ______________________
P u h lic u t ilit ie s 2

________________________

Sw itchboard op erators ------------M anufacturing __ __ ____ ____
Nnnm anufact.il r in g

--------------------------------__ __________ _______ _
_ _______________ __

Public utilities 2 ______________________________
Sw itchboard o p e ra to r -r e c e p tio n ists --------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u h lic u t ilit ie s 2

_ _ __________ ______________
_
_____ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _____ ___ ___ _ __ _

1,549
666
881
197

85.50
91.50
81.50
86.50

391
73
318
56

66. 00
79. 50
63.00
85.00

130
8$
40

$ 109.00
105.00
108.00

Tabulating-m achine o p era tors , c la s s B ______
M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ___________________________
Public u tilities 2 ________________________ -

379
109
270
59

93.
97.
91.
90.

50
50
50
50

Tabulating-m achine o p era tors, c la s s C --------M anufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
Public u tilities 2 ---------------------------------------

227
64
163
30

73.
80.
70.
70.

00
00
50
00

T ran scribin g-m ach in e o p era tors, gen eral -----M anufacturing _______________________________
N onmanufac turing ___________________________

296
TOO196

68. 00
68. 50

492
tu u ~
292
98

76.
80.
72.
77.

74. 00
76. 50
72.50
80.50

766
310
456
122

Tabulating-m achine o p era tors , c la s s A --------Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
Public u tilities 2 _________________________

423
168
255
52

6 8. 00

00
50
50
00

1,629
53l
1,098
188

61. 00
66. 00
5 9.00
62. 00

60
52

148. 50
149.50

442
359
83
62

117.50
118.50
114. 50
113. 00

209
157
52
32

95. 00
98. 50
85. 00
88.50

103
80

97. 50
98. 00

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations
Draftsm en, lead er
M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------D raftsm en, s en ior ____________________________
M anufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Public u tilities 2 ________________________

D raftsm en, ju n ior _____________________________
M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing --------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 ------------------------------------67.50 1
67.50
67.00 N urses, industrial (re g is te r e d ) ----------------------72.00
M anufacturing

1 Earnings are fo r a regular w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their straigh t-tim e w eekly s a la rie s , e xclu sive of any prem ium pay.
2 T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
3 D escrip tion fo r this jo b has been r e v ise d sin ce the la st survey in this area. See appendix A.




Average
weekly j
earnings1
(Standard)

O ffice occu pation s— Continued

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

O ffice occupations

Number
of
workers

11

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., November 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
$
Average
$
2.20
hourly Under 1.90 $2.00 $2.10
2.30
earnings 1 $
and
under
1.90
-2 .0 0
2.10
2.20- 2.30 -2 .4 0

C a rp en ters, m aintenance ---------------------------------M anufacturing _______________________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________________

205
142
63

$2.95
2.98
2.88

"

10
10
-

-

E le c tr ic ia n s , m aintenance _____________________
M anufacturing _______________________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________________

601
521
80

3.16
3.16
3.13

_
"

2
2

E n gin eers, station ary __________________________
M anufacturing _______________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________________

387
240
147

2.94
3.09
2.70

3
3

F irem en , station ary b o ile r ____________________
M anufacturing _______________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________________

191
138
53

2.41
2.44
2.32

2 30
30
"

15
-

15

4

H elp ers, m aintenance trades ______________ ___
M anufacturing ________ ______________________
N onm anufacturing _______________ ________ ___

293
239
54

2.50
2.56
2.24

3 30
30

9
1
8

1
1
"

M a ch in e-tool o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m ____________
M anufacturing _______________________________

265
265

3.04
3.04

-

-

M achinists, m aintenance _______________________
M anufacturing _______________________________

490
482

3.22
3.22

-

_

-

-

M ech an ics, autom otive (m aintenance) _________
M anufacturing _______________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 1 _____________________ ___
4
3
2

664
230
434
371

2.76
2.83
2.72
2.76

20

2

20
20

2
-

M echanics, m aintenance _______________________
M anufacturing _______________________________

614
548

2.99
2.95

11
10

2
-

M illw rights ---------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing _______________________________

282
282

3.15
3.15

.

O ile r s ___________________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________________

113
113

2.51
2.51

_
-

P a in ters, m aintenance _________________________
M anufacturing _____________ __________________

131
103

2.95
2.97

_
-

P ip e fitte r s , m aintenance _______________________
M anufacturing _______________________________

319
312

3.12
3.13

_

Sheet-m etal w o rk e rs , m aintenance ___________
M anufacturing _______________________________

62
59

3.12
3.12

T o o l and die m ak ers ____________________________
M anufacturing _______________________________

343
343

3.14
3.14

_

1
2
3
4

-

$
2.50

$
2.60

$
2.70

$
2.80

*2.90

*3.00

*3.10

$
3.20

*3.30

$
3.40

$
3.50

2.50

2.60.

2.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.10

3.20

3.30

3.40

3.50

3.60

3.60
3.70

$

3.70
3.80

-

11
_
11

9
.
9

2
2
"

6
6
-

3
2
1

44
23
21

10
4
6

23
22
1

50
49
1

19
19
-

2
_
2

5
5
-

2
_
2

-

_
-

_
-

4
4

1
_
1

1
_
1

9
9
-

33
13
20

15
15
'

69
67
2

31
30
1

37
36
1

79
79
-

194
194
-

30
30
-

26
2
24

22
_
22

1

1

1

_

_
-

-

_
_

-

-

4
_
4

_

-

35
_
35

27
1
26

25
13
12

29
20
9

39
8
31

29
27
2

78
60
18

34
33
1

33
33
-

22
22
-

15
15
-

8
8
-

4

_

-

-

_
_

-

-

3. 00

_

_

-

-

1

46
46
-

-

3
_
3

_

_

-

-

3
_
3

_
_

_
_

_

.
_

_

-

6
5
1

18
8
10

28
28
-

12
4
8

3
3
-

_
"

9
9
-

8
8
-

8
8
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

35
3
32

8
7
1

13
13
-

6
6
-

28
17
11

19
19

12
10
2

132
132
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

4
4

_

2
2

2
2

_

2
2

24
24

12
12

78
78

1
1

10
10

130
130

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

"

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

2
2

_

5
2

24
24

19
19

11
11

28
28

15
15

14
14

80
80

77
77

95
95

24
23

5
1

91
91

_
-

-

-

8
8
-

13
9
4
4

14
8
6
-

30
30
-

50
50
50

26
4
22
22

52
37
15
10

103
55
48
48

75
24
51
49

176
22
154
136

28
18
10
10

13
12
1
1

15
15
_
-

21
_
21
21

_
_
_
-

18
18
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

.
_
_
-

.
_
_

_

2
2

5
5

14
14

20
20

17
16

24
24

221
211

76
74

77
76

33
33

_

_

_

-

-

-

48
-

2
2

-

57
57

-

.

_

_

_

1
1

18
18

41
41

124
124

90
90

6
6

.

.

.

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

14
14

5
5

15
15

18
18

_

_

3
3

_

_

_

.

.

-

13
13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

16
3

3
2

1
"

18
18

22
22

15
9

11

1
-

4
-

_
-

2
-

.

11

26
26

-

-

-

-

7
"

8
8

27
27

35
35

23
23

132
132

50
50

25
25

12
12

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

4
4

_

2
2

3
3

10
7

18
18

12
12

_

.

-

3
3

.

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

11
11

.

13
13

44
44

7
7

49
49

56
56

24
24

93
93

46
46

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

6
6

2
2

32
32

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

• -

-

-

-

.

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

$
3.90
and

15
14
1

_

"

9
_
9

3.80

25
13
12

_
.

_

$

8
6
2

4
4

-

$

_
-

Excludes prem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
A ll w ork ers w ere at $ 1 .3 0 to $1 .4 0 .
W ork ers w ere distribu ted as fo llo w s : 10 at $ 1 .2 0 to $1.30; 20 at $ 1 .5 0 to $1.60.
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.




$
2.40

“

-

_

-

12

Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Kansas City, M o .—
Kans. , N ovem ber 1961)

Number
of
workers

O ccup ation 1 and industry divisio n

$
Average Under $0 .
1.
hourly 2
and
earnings $
under
0 .90
1.
1. 00

00

10

s
$
1.
90 1 0 1 .
1 . 20

20

1.30

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
1.30 1.40 *1. 50 Sl . 6 0 $1.70 1.80 $1.90 S2 . 0 0 S2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 & 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2 .6 0 *2.70 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3. 00 *3. 10 *3.
2.
1.40

1.50

1.

60 1.70

1.80

1.90

2.00

2

.

10

2

.

20

2.30

2.40

2. 50

2.

60

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

53
46

20

$3 .3 0
and

2. 90 3. 00 JLx_i0 J L 2 0

E levator o p era tors , passenger
118
117

$ 1 .2 6
1.26

_______ _________

561
336

2. 59

Janitors, p orters, and cle a n e rs
|rnAtij
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u tilities 3 ——____-_____ - ___

3. 281
1, 573
1,708
242

1.82
. 11
1.55
1.89

76
-

Janitors, p o rte rs , and clea n ers
(women) ____ __ ____________ . . . __ . .
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________ _
Public u tilities 3 _________________

381
59
322
52

1.47
1.70
1.43
1.85

"

r.uai'ria
M anufacturing ___

36
36

4
4

-

-

-

76

67

38

2.12

2

L a b o re rs , m a teria l handling ----------------M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u t ilit ie s 3 . _______________

5. 008
1, 712
3, 296
1,733
1.397
414
983

2.25
2.37

P a ck ers, shipping (men) _____________ .
M anufacturing _ .
___
__ _____
Nonmanufacturing . . . ~ . . . . . ______

871

50
50
*

2.20

O rder f i l l e r s ------------------------------------------M anufacturing __ __ _______________
Nonmanufacturing ________ _________

67

2 .25
2 . 18
2.41

2.20

2.03
. 12

202

2

669

2.00

38
-

12

12

9

2

_
-

-

-

_

_

-

-

*

-

■

2

-

231
91
140

6

20

299
48
251
3

375
114
261
70

6

-

140
25
115

104
15
89

275
36
239

1

1

7
3
4
■

83
7
76

16

32
17
15

56
56
-

59
47

2

11
2

9
■
215
14

-

144
61
83
-

48
_
48

34
4
30

33
9
24

20

136
16

7
7
'

26

15
15

120

74
30
44

12

2

. 20
2.4 0
2.03

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

Shipping c l e r k s __ ____ . . ____________
M anufacturing _______ _____ . . .
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

267
151
116

2 .2 5
2 . 22
2 .3 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

Shipping and receivin g c le r k s __________
M anufacturing _____ ____ . . . . . . ________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

262
115
147

2 .6 0
2.61
2 .59

_

_

_

_

_




163
69
94

13
-

380
172
208

See footnotes at end of table,

IQ
9

14
-

R eceiving cle r k s ___
. . . ------------M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________ ____ —

-

12

141
-

-

-

12

6
6

1.62
1.65
1. 57

-

7
4

37
36

334
203
131

P a ck ers, shipping (women) . . . .
M anufacturing
_____ . -------------

4
4

2
2

_

■

4
4

9

6

-

6
20

201

5

14
6

16
16

20

12

-

-

100

20

1
11

18

7

100

•

2

161

72
89
16

6
6

"

57
59
5

158
87
71
3

143
6l
82
-

118
24
94
"

63
5
58

14
5
9

44
16
28

52
44

2

8

2

32
32

116

-

8

7

24

5
3

6

11

60
58

49
33

14
5

2

16

9

_
-

16

16

4
12

16

6

10

6

10
-

18
12
6

_

_

_

6

5

_
-

3
l

4
-

21

ill
74
37
7

59
15
44
7

199
99
89
63

4
4
4

20

4

40
40

96
96

461
437
24

243
231

95
89

18
17

1
1

12

6

1

21

6

-

_
.
-

-

■

3

169
133
36
4

14

12

2
12
12

4

1
1

8
8

■

16

•

1
1

105

567
141
426

1

6

221

613
591

20

28

25

4
16

8
20

17

19
19

106
i50
56

261

24
136

■

"

30
30
■

6
6

13

273

813
200

330
69

409
303

10

106
2

345
137
208
152

528
28
500
488

9
9
•

307
118
189

44
26
18

42

35
7
28

71
4
67

14
14

“

-

2
2

23
14
9

_
-

2
2

2

38
31
7

■
160

54

27

110

1

10

21

44

6

41
69

2

-

-

2

.
-

3
3

2

2

■

404
394

272

37
7
30

1

-

1

1
1

2

_

_
-

_
-

3
3
_
-

-

2

'

"
1

3

8
8

-

_

-

-

-

-

"

21
21

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

.

"

_
“

-

16
16
-

2

8
8

8
8

2
2

1
1

.

41
33

4
3

_
-

8

1

-

9
3
6

22
20

7
5

47

8
-

37
17

42

11

23

16

10

20

35

8

20

42

31
17
14

49

12

2

33

1

3

1

11

12

22

3
3

47
26
21

2

12
-

50
19
31

21

11
-

4
4
-

22

1

19
2

2

17
10
7

15
14

6

.

_

_

_

4

34
17
17

37
11
26

33
28
5

28
23
5

89
28
61

4

-

1

-

6

_
-

-

2
1

2
2

-

1

-

1

239
33
206

88

■

88
86

16

477
16
461
259

8

193

21
21

6

1

2
2

1

_
-

2
2

-

-

_
.
-

_
4
4
-

_
.

1

6

1

-

1

6
-

1
-

n
u

18

1
-

_
-

8

-

_
-

4
4

18

1

4
4

13

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Kansas City, M o.— ans., November 1961)
K
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Num
ber
of
workers

S
$
$
*
$
$
»
$
s
$
$
$
$
*
1
S
$
$
S
$
S
$
$
$
Average
hourly , Under 0 .90 1.00 1. 10 1. 20 1.30 1.40 1. 50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2 .30 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 * 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2.8 0 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30
earnings $
and
and
0. 90 under
1.00 1. 10 1. 20 1.30 1.40 1. 50 1. 60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .00 2. 10 2 .2 0 2. 30 2 .40 2. 50 2. 60 2 .70 2 .8 0 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3.20 3.30 over

Nonm anufacturing ___________________
Public u tilities 1 --------------------------3
2

2. 961
879
2, 082
1, 356

$ 2 .5 6
2.62
2.53
2.67

T ru c k d riv e r s , light (under
1*/* tons) ____________________________
M anufacturing ________________ ____
N onm anufacturing ________________

157
67
90

1.89
2 .00
1.82

T ru c k d riv e r s , m edium ( P /2 to and
including 4 t o n s ) ____________________
M anufacturing ____________________
N onm anufacturing ------- ----------------Piihlir iitilitipa ^

1.478
259
1, 219
797

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) _____ _
...________ . ____
M anufacturing ------------------------------N onm anufarturing
T r u c k e r s , pow er (fork lift) ______________
Manufactu ri ng
N onm anufacturing ------------------------------

O ccu p ation 1 and industry d iv isio n

6

~

3
■

3
3
■

18

■

18
■

6
■

134
20
114
1

28
25
3
"

2
_
2
2

34
14
20
'

_
■

33
31
2
2

15
_
15
•

138
6

292
39
253
84

362
109
253
240

244
83
161
125

97
68
29
7

740
105
635
621

775
348
427
268

9
9
-

2
2
-

_
-

3
3
-

-

-

23
23
.
-

-

-

■

3
3

3
3

18
18

6
6

19
10
9

28
25
3

2
2

16
2
14

"

13
11
2

12
12

3
3

6
2
4

_
-

3
3

8

12
12
-

4
4
-

1

_

_
-

_
.

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

2.49
2.66
2.46
2. 5Q

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

70
10
60

_
-

_
-

6
6

-

_
-

286
37
249
83

254
1
253
240

224
66
158
125

62
57
5

378
32
346
336

33
23
10
10

8
8

2
2
-

_
-

-

3
3

129

-

-

_
-

23
23
-

625
112
513

2.68
2.50
2.7 2

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

45
45

-

-

12
12

-

_
-

_
-

6

_
-

48
48

7
7

_
-

100
45
55

407
407

_
-

1, 080
724
356

2.43
2.56
2. 16

4
4

100
94

29

6

217
208
9

229

86

17

3

2.52

17
17

34
34

7
7

N onm anufacturing ------------ ----------------P ublic u tilities 3 __________________

241
183
58
52

~

-

-

-

W a tc h m e n ____
___________
M anufacturing __________ —----------------N onm anufacturing ___________________
Pu blic u tilities 3 ---------------------------

318
136
182
27

8
1

12
12

11

22

11

16

7
7

-

-

6

3
3
-

T r u c k d r iv e r s 4 ______________

________

T ru c k e r s , pow er (oth er than
fork lift) ____________ ____________________
X jfa n n fa r tn r in g

1
2
3
4

3
-

.

.

_

.

■

“

■

■

.

.

15

■

.

~

15

129
3

.

.

•

■

~

175

34

175

26

101
25
76

115

■

4

2.23

-

2. 26

-

1 .6 8

5
5

2.08
1.39
1.92

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
16

2

18

_

44
10
34
34

-

8

81
-

14
14
-

23
23
3

-

1

8
8

80

65

1

20

-

45

1
1

10

-

8

6

8

2. 62

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except where otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilities.
Includes a ll d r iv e r s re g a r d le s s o f size and type o f truck operated.




138

10

-

4

-

18
18

31
29

1

9

1

7

2

-

2

2

2

"

_

9 9
9 9

212

6

—

-

_
-

.
-

_

_

.

_

-

51

23
20' ~

5T "
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

9
9
_

.
_

.
.

.
.

_
.

2
2

-

15
15

14




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p lant w o r k e r s b y type and am ou n t o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
K a n sa s C ity , M o .—K a n s . , N o v e m b e r 1961)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h avin g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

S e c o n d sh ift
w ork

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o rk

8 5 .0

A c t u a lly w o r k in g o n —

S e co n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

13. 5

5. 1

8 2 .4

1 3 .4

4. 6

4 5 .7

10. 2

3. 8

—

87. 6

W ith s h ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l - -------------------- ---------

8 5 .8
58. 2
7 .9
5. 0
2 .4
8 .7
1 3 .7
1 4 .9
2 .0
.9

1. 2
1 .4
.2
1 .9
1 .7
2 .7

( 13
2)
.6
.5
1. 1

.4

.7

. 1

-

2 .8

1. 1
.2
1 2 .0
3 .8
1 4 .4
2 .0
8 .1
4. 1

2 3 .3

T o ta l ------------------------------------------------------ ---------

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r) — _ ---

-------------

________ —
5 c e n ts ____________________
6 c e n ts __________________________ „___________
7 c e n t s ____ ___________ ___ ______ ____ ___ _____
8 cen ts
,
________ ^_,-r__ r_________
9 r.fints
10 c e n t s ______ _______________ ___ ____ ____ __
11 c e n ts ------------ ------ ------ -----------------------mr
12 c e n ts __________ _________________ rm T~r-m
lZ l /2 c e n ts __________________________________
14 c e n ts _______________ ___ _______________
15 c e n t s ------------------------ ----------------------O v e r 15 c e n t s ------------ __ __ -------- ----------

-

.4

.6

.5

2 3 .3

2. 3

.3

1 5 .7
3 .6
3 .9

_
2 3 .3

1. 7
.3
.3

_
.3

_______________

4 .3

3 1 3 .5

.9

. 5

_________________________

1 .8

2 .6

. 1

.5

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e ___________________________
5 p e r c e n t _______________________

__________
7 l /z p e r c e n t _____________________ _____ —
10 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------------------O th er f o r m a l p a y d iffe r e n t ia l
N o s h ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l

_
-

-

1 I n c lu d e s e s t a b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la t e s h ifts
e v e n th ou gh th e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .
3 P r i m a r il y c o m b in a t io n plan s p r o v id in g f o r fu ll d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u rs plus c e n t s - p e r - h o u r d iff e r e n t ia l.

15

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women O ffice W orkers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary fo r selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, Kansas City, M o.— a n s., Novem ber 1961)
K
I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p ists
M anufacturin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s a l a r y 1

B a sed on standard w e e k ly h o u rs

A ll

A ll
sch e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m en ts stu d ied ____________________________________________

E sta b lis h m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 42. 50
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 57. 50
$ 60. 00
$ 62. 50
$ 65. 00
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 . 00
$ 7 2. 50
$ 75. 00
$ 7 7 . 50
$ 8 0 . 00
$ 82. 50
$ 8 5 . 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

u nd er
u n d er
u n d er
u nd er
u n d er
un d er
u nd er
u nd er
u n d er
und er
und er
un d er
un d er
u nd er
u nd er
un d er
un d er
un d er
un d er

$ 4 2 . 50
$ 45. 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 57. 50
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 62. 50
$ 65. 00
$ 67. 50
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 5. 00
$ 77. 50
$ 8 0 . 00
$ 8 2 . 50
$ 85. 00
$ 8 7 . 50

________ _________ _

--------------------------------------------------------_____________________________________
_____________________________________
--------------------------- —_________________
____________________________________
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -----------------------__________ ___ __ ___________________ —
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ------------------------------------------------ ---------------- -----_____________________________________
_ ____ __________ _ _______ _________ _
_ -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------:-------------- .....................................................................
.....................................................................
______________ _____________________
_____________________________________

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s
N onm anufacturing

40

3
2
1

M anufacturin g
A ll
in d u s tr ie s

o f—

A ll
sch e d u le s

40

B a s ed on stan dard w eek ly h ou rs
A ll
sch ed u les

3

of—

40

A ll
s ch ed u les

40

198

80

XXX

118

XXX

198

80

XXX

118

XXX

82

32

31

50

43

89

34

33

55

47

2

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

1

1

3
3
3
3

1
1

1
12

1
22

-

-

1

1

6

6

16
4
14

5

3
3
3
3

6
10

1

1

5

4

4

6

4
5

4

2

1

2

2

2

-

-

2

2

2

4

1
1

1

3
-

3
-

3

1

1

1

4
-

3
-

3

1
-

1
-

2

1

1

1

4

4

4

-

-

2

1

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

1

2

2

49

24

XXX

25

XXX

55

67

E s ta b lis h m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m -________________

2

N onm anufacturing

24

XXX

43

XXX

54

16
8
11

1
-

13
5

3

6

2

2

8
2

6
2

18
3
7

4

4

13
3

1

1

2

12
2

3
4

2

8

4

6

2

2

4
4
4

3
4
3

-

-

2

2

2

1

2
1

1

-

-

-

1
-

1
-

1
-

-

2

1

1

1

1

3

3

3

1

1

1

-

2

-

26

XXX

29

XXX

20

XXX

34

XXX

1

-

E sta b lish m en ts w hich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s

1 L o w e s t s a la r y ra te f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d fo r h irin g in e x p e rie n ce d w o r k e r s fo r typing o r o th e r c l e r i c a l jo b s .
2 R a tes a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o f fic e g ir ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e not c o n s id e r e d .
3 I-Iour8 r e fl e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e their r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s .
Data a r e p re s e n te d f o r a ll w ork w eek s c o m b in e d , and fo r the m o s t co m m o n w ork w eek rep orted .




16

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours1
2
3
4
(P ercent distribution o f office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
o f firs t-s h ift w orkers, Kansas City, M o .—
Kans. , November 1961)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

W eek ly h ours
All industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

TTr^Hpr ^ 7 ^/• h o u r s
>
lin n r e

______ ________ ________
____ ________ _

O ver ^ 7 1/ i anH n n d # »r 4 0 h o u r s

_

________ _

40 h ou rs
O y p T 4 0 fin d u n r lfir 4 4 h o u r s
__________
44 h ou rs
__
______________
45 h ou rs
______ __________________________ _______
4ft h o u r s
______ ______________

O ver 4 8 h ou rs

1
2
3
4

----------------------------------------------

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

100

100

Manufacturing

100

2

100

100

5

_

4
7
85

3
3

_
_

1

73

100

87

88

96

<«>

n

_
_
_
_

3
2

3

2

<‘ )

_
_

1

_

1

2

1

1

2

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e ta il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u s try d iv isio n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




Public utilities 2

(4)

2

17

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Novem ber 1961)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

Item
All industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s

_____________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
pa id h olid a y s __________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p a id h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities1
2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

"

“

“

1

1

20
4
10
55

13

3
42
3
9
31

1
23
6
16
36

Num ber of d a y s
L e s s than 6 h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------6 h o lid a y s _______________________________________
6 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf day --------------------------------h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf days ____________________
7 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s plus 3 h a lf days ------------------------------8 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
9 h o lid a y s _______________________________________
10 h olid a y s ______________________________________

6

(4 )
35
2
4
38

-

58

(4 )

-

-

20
1
1

8
3

23

"

5

-

-

10
1

29
-

56

-

-

15
3

10

4

1

Total h o lid a y tim e5
10 days __________________________________________
9 o r m o r e days _________________________________
8Vz o r m o r e days ----------------------------------------------8 o r m o r e days _________________________________
7 o r m o r e days _________________________________
6 V o r m o r e days ----------------------------------------------2
o r m o r e days --------------------------------------------------5 o r m o r e days --------------------------------------------------3 o r m o r e days --------------------------------------------------1 o r m o r e days ---------------------------------------------------

6

1
2
3
4
5
no h a lf

5

1

2
2
22
64
65
100
100
100
100

3
3

1

5
5

2
2
12
51
54
96
96

11

28

76
80

87
87

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

97
99

_
3
3
17
70
75
99
99
99
99

4
4
4
14

71
71
100
100
100
100

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il trade; fin a n ce, in s u ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
T r a n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il trad e, r e a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
A ll c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h alf days that add to the sam e am ount a re c o m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 days in clu d es th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and
d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf days, and s o on. P r o p o r t io n s w e re then cum ulated.




18

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(Percent distribution of o ffice and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
p rovisions, Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., November 1961)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

---------------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

Ail industries3

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100
99
(4 )
-

100
99
(4 )
-

100
99
(4 )
-

100

100

99
94
6
(4)

100
88
11
1

*
100
99
1
-

(4 )

100

-

M ethod o ! paym ent
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
pa id v a c a tio n s ----------------------------------------------- L e n g th -o f-tim e paym en t ------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e paym en t -------------------------------------F la t -s u m paym en t ----------------------------------------O t h e r _________ __________ _______ ___ __ __ ____
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no pa id v a c a tio n s ______________________________

Amount of vocatio n p a y 5
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek --------------------------------------------------- _
1 w eek -------------------- ------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and under 2 w ee k s ---------------------------------2 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------

2
31
6
1

(4 )
32
5
(4 )

_
50
-

6
12
(4 )
-

10
4
(4 )
-

_
28
-

_
34
1
65
1

_
23

_
47

1
74
7
18
-

_
73

A ft e r 1 y ear o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------1 w eek
______
__________________ _
__
O v e r 1 and under 2 w ee k s ---------------------------------2 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s ----------------------------------

-

-

77
-

53
-

(4 )
76
4
20
-

7
4
87
1

5
1
94
"

11
25
64
-

51
5
44
"

60
9
31
-

57
43
"

2
(4 )
97
1

2
(4 )
98
-

1
99
-

13
14
73
-

14
26
59
-

6
94
-

2
(4 )
96
2

1
(4 )
98
-

1
93

12
14
74
1

13
25
62
-

1
89

1
88
8
3

-

27
-

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and under 2 w ee k s —____________________
2 w eek s ____________ ___ __________ __________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w ee k s ______________________
A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O v er 1 and under 2 w eek s ---------------------------------2 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s ---------------------------------A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _____________ ____________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w ee k s ______________________
2 w eek s ____________ ____________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s ---------------------------------

-

5

6
-

89
4

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 tir o ok
2 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------------------O v er 2 and under 3 w eek s ---------------------------------3 w eek s --------- -----------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f table.




(4 )
92
3
6

_

_

97
1
2

93
5

2

5
5

_

96
4

19

Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
p rovisions, Kansas City, M o .— a n s., Novem ber 1961)
K
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries1

A m oun t o f v o c a t io n p a y

5

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

( 4)
53

_
51

12

20

35

29

_
59
23
18

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

— C o n t in u e d

A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
w e e k ____________ __ ________ ________ _____
____
__
w e e k s ____
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s . __ ------------------ --3 w e e k s _____ ______________ _____________________

1
2

1

1

56
16
27

51
28
21

_
79
5
17

1

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
w eek _
_
______ ________ __ __
2 w e e k s _______
«_ ________ __ ________________
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _ ___________________
3 w e e k s ___________________ _______________________
4 w e e k s __________________________ _ ________ __
1

( 4)
44
11

45
1

_
31
25
43
“

_
53
7
40

_

_
3

1

1

42
18
38
~

32
33
35
“

_
61
5
34
"

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
w e e k __________ - ____ __ _____ __ _____________
_____
2 w e e k s ___________________________________
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w eek s _______________________________________ __
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w e e k , -----------------------------------------------------------------1

( 4)
19
_
80

11

89

-

97

1

-

-

1

-

■

_

_
3
81
15

1
20

3
75
(4)

1

_

15
6

2
-

77
-

98
-

1

“

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
w e e k ____________________________________________
w e e k s _______ ___ _____ . . . ________ _____________
O v er 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s ----------------- ---------------------------------------------O v er 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------4 w eek s __________________________________________ _

1
2

( 4)
17
_
65

11

16

76
4
9

(4)
14

11

2

1

1

_

20

15

2

6

71

3
63
13

70
-

-

8

27

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
woelr
2 Wftelcs
...
__
....
,
O v er 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------3 w e e k s ______ ___ ____ ________ _____________ __ ___ _
O v er 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s ______________________
1

_

-

-

44

63

_

3
48

1
2
3
4
5
s e r v ic e

1

-

-

41

26

48

1

1

_

20

15

2

6

-

47
5
26

43

3
39
3
34

-

56

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other p u b lic u tilitie s .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il trade, r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily ch o s e n and d o not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in d ivid u al p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r exa m p le, the changes in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s '
in clu d e ch a n g es in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .

N O T E : In the tab u la tion s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n ce s by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , paym ents o th er than "le n g th o f t im e " , su ch as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual ea rn in gs o r fla t -s u m paym en ts, w e r e co n v e rte d to
an equ ivalen t tim e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a paym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in gs w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.




20

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s e m p lo y e d in e sta b lish m en ts p rov id in g
health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n b e n e fits , K ansas C ity, M o .— ans., N o v e m b e r 1961)
K
1 " " ....................................................""--------OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

T yp e o f b en efit
All industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

____ ______________________________

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities1
2

100

100

Public utilities2

All industries3

Manufacturing

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g :
L ife in su ra n ce ______________________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in su ra n ce __________________________________
S ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce o r
s ic k lea v e o r b o t h 4 _______________________

94

94

95

90

90

95

60

66

59

60

62

49

80

86

94

79

87

61
36

S ick n es s and a ccid e n t in s u ra n ce ______
S ick lea v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d ) ------------------------------------S ick lea v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d ) ________________________

39

63

31

65

80

49

57

49

12

9

13

13

5

41

11

9

23

H os p ita liz a tion in su ra n ce _________________
S u r g ic a l in s u ra n ce --------------------------------------M e d ica l in su ra n ce __________________________
C a ta stroph e in su ra n ce _____________________
R e tire m e n t p en sio n ________________________
No health, in s u ra n ce , o r p e n sio n plan ------

82
82
69
50
73
2

93
93
83
39
79
2

75
75
73
79
62
2

84
84
64
32
60
4

88
88
70
18
65
4

75
75
70
60
58

1 In clu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilif.e s .
3 In clu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in
4 U nduplica ted total o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t
the m in im u m n um ber o f days' pay that can be e x p e c te d by e a ch e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l




e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n se p a ra tely .
in s u ra n ce show n s e p a r a te ly below .
S ic k -le a v e plans a r e lim it e d to th ose w h ic h d e fin ite ly e s t a b lis h at le a s t
s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n ce s d e te rm in e d on an individual b a s is a r e ex clu d ed .

Appendix A :

Changes in Occupational Descriptions

stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.

Since the Bureau's last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more sp ecific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year's bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

21




Appendix B: Occupalional Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type o f machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)—
Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)—
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts
23

24

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—
Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

25

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A^Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class 5 —
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by die following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

26

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C-Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B—
Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

27

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies’ or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter required rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance elctricians requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties o f lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establish•
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts o f mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety o f ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working

29

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of die work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sendingof the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for die production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.



OILER
Lubricates* with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

30

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.




31

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers9 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform other related duties.

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




32

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers9 houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver^salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l l2 tons)
/
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

☆

U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1962

0 — 628372


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102