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Occupational Wage Survey
DALLAS, TEXAS
NOVEMBER 1961

1303-20




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
DALLAS, TEXAS
NOVEMBER 1961




Bulletin No. 1303-20
February 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clogue, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage surveys in 82 labor markets.
The
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits.
A preliminary report furnishing
trend data and average earnings is released within a month
of the completion of each study.
This bulletin provides
additional data not included in the preliminary report.

Introduction --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups ________________________
Tables:
1.
2.
3.

Two bulletins, bringing together the results of all
of the area surveys, are issued after completion of the
final area bulletin in the current round of surveys.
The
first of these bulletins will be available late in 1962 and
the other early in 1963. During the survey year, summary
releases presenting areawide occupational earnings data
for 25 to 30 labor markets, are issued as data become
available.
This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau*s r e ­
gional office in Atlanta, Ga. , by James D. Garland, under
the direction of Donald M. Cruse.
The study was under
the general direction of Louis B. Woytych, Assistant Re­
gional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




1
3

A:

Establishments and workers within scope of survey __________
Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and straighttime hourly earnings for selected occupational groups --------—
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents
of change for selected periods_________________________________

2
4
4

Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women ______________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men
and women ______________________________________________
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical
occupations—
men and women combined ________________
A - 4. Maintenance and powerplantoccupations _________________
A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations _________

10
12
13

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions __________________________
B. Occupational descriptions ______________________________________

15
17

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available in the Dallas
area reports for previous periods. Some of these reports
also present data on establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions.
Similar reports are available
for other areas.
A directory indicating the areas, dates
of study, and prices of these reports is available upon
request.
Current reports on occupational earnings, and e s­
tablishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
in the Dallas area are also available for the machinery
industries (March 1961), contract cleaning services (June
1961), life insurance (May 1961), paints and varnishes
(June 1961), and women* s and misses* dresses (August
I960).
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels,
are available for the following trades or industries: Build­
ing construction, printing, local-transit operating employ­
ees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

iii

5
9




Occupational Wage Survey—Dallas, Tex.
Introduction
are presented (in the A -se rie s tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U .S. De­
partment of Labor*s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an area basis.
The bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

In each area, data are obtained from representative establish­
ments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services.
Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations
and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having
fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of
the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
basis.
Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range.
Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
pe rformed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re ­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, except
for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job.
(See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data




1

2




T a ble 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f su r v e y and n um ber studied in D a lla s , T e x . , 1
by m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 N o v e m b e r 1961
N u m ber o f establish m en ts

Industry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

_______________________________________________________

M anufacturin g ______________________ ______ __ ___________________
N on m anufacturing _______ ___________ __ ________ _____ _____
T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er
p u b lic u t i li t ie s 4 _____ ____ ________ ________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e 5 __________________ __ __ ____________________
R e ta il tra d e ____________________________________________________
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te _ _______________ ______
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g h o t e l s ) 5* 6 ____ ________ _____ __ ______

W ithin s c o p e
o f study 1
3
2

Studied

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin s c o p e
o f study

Studied

916

207

184, 500

100, 270

319
597

70
137

80, 300
104, 200

45, 680
54, 590

80
159
175
118
65

32
21
37
31
16

27,
15.
32,
20,
7,

500
900
600
600
600

20,
3,
19,
9,
2,

120
020
300
890
260

1 The D a lla s Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a c o n s is t s o f C o llin , D a lla s , Denton, and E llis C o u n ties.
The " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f
s tu d y " e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y .
The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r, to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er a r e a em ploym en t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e em p lo y m e n t tren d s o r
le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f e sta b lish m e n t data co m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu died, and
(2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x clu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the su r v e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as used in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m en ts by in d u s try d iv is io n .
M a jo r
ch an ges fr o m the e a r l ie r ed itio n (u se d in the B u re a u 's la b o r m a rk e t w age s u r v e y s con du cted p r io r to July 1958) a r e the t r a n s fe r o f m ilk p a s te u r iz a tio n
plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e sta b lish m e n ts f r o m tra d e (w h o le s a le o r r e ta il) to m anufacturin g, and the tr a n s fe r o f r a d io and t e le v is io n b r o a d c a s tin g
f r o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 In clu des a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at o r above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n (50 e m p lo y e e s ). A ll ou tlets (w ith in the a rea ) o f
c o m p a n ie s in s u ch in d u s tr ie s as tra d e , fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e theaters a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x clu d e d .
5 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n on m an u factu rin g" in the S e r ie s A t a b le s . S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n
o f data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m ade f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m ploym ent in the d iv is io n i s to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the s a m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p resen tation , (3) re s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r in adequ ate to
p e r m it se p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individ ual esta b lish m e n t data.
6 P e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n on p rofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in e e r in g and
a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B.
The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, autqmotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations.
The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961.
These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group.
Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series (table 2).
This series initiated with the expansion of the labor market
wage survey programs to 82 areas will replace the old series (1953 base) shown
in table 3.
Changes in the jobs surveyed and job descriptions since the start of
the old series called for a reexamination of the jobs and job groupings for which
trends were to be computed.
The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series with
the following exceptions: The women clerical group is replaced by an office
clerical group (men and women) and the industrial nurse category includes both
men and women.
Changes were also made in the jobs included within job group­
ings in order that an identical list could be employed in all areas.

4

T a b le 2.

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e in stan d ard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s
f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n a l gro u p s in D a lla s , T e x . , N o v e m b e r I960 to
N o v e m b e r 1961, and O cto b e r 1959 to N ov e m b e r I960
N o ve m b e r I960
to
N o v e m b e r 1961

In du stry and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p

O cto b e r 1959
to
N o v e m b er 1960

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en )
_______ ___________ __
In d u stria l n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n ) _____________________
S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m en) . . . . . .
_
U n sk ille d plant ( m e n ) _____________________________________

3. 3
3 .4
4 .7
2 .7

2 .5
3 .5
3. 0
2 .5

M anufacturin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ).__ ___________ . . . _______
In d u stria l n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n ) ______________ ___
S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m en ) . . . . __ _________________________
U n sk illed plant ( m e n ) _____________________________________

2. 3
4 .6
4 .4
16. 7

1 .5
1. 2
1. 0
2 .9

1
The am ount o f this in c r e a s e r e fle c t s ch an ges in em p lo y m e n t am ong esta b lish m en ts w ith d iffe r e n t
pay le v e ls in add ition to g e n e r a l w age ch a n g e s .

T a b le 3.

In dexes o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s in D a lla s , T e x . ,
N o v e m b e r 1961 and N o v e m b e r I96 0 , and p e r c e n ts o f change fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s

Indexes
(A ugust 1952 * 100)
In d u stry and occ u p a tio n a l grou p

P e r c e n t changes 1 f r o m —

N o v e m b e r I960 O c t o b e r 1959 O c t o b e r 1958 O cto b e r 1957 O cto b e r 1956 O c t o b e r 1955 S e p te m b e r 1954 S e p te m b e r 1953 A u gu st 1952
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
N o v e m b e r 1961 N o v e m b e r I960
to
N o v e m b e r 1961 N o v e m b e r I960 O cto b e r 1959 O cto b e r 1958 O cto b e r 1957 O c t o b e r 1956 O c t o b e r 1955 S e p te m b e r 1954 S e p te m b e r 1953

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n )________
In d u stria l n u r s e s (w om en) ___ _
S k illed m ain ten an ce (m en) . . . . . .
U n sk illed plan t (m e n )___________

1 43 .6
137. 1
1 49 .6
142. 0

139. 3
132 .6
1 41 .9
137 .8

3. 1
3 .4
5 .4
3. 1

2. 8
1 .7
3. 1
2. 8

3. 0
2 .4
4 .4
2 .7

3 .4
3 .7
6. 1
5 .7

4. 3
4 .5
4 .4
5 .9

5 .8
6 .9
3 .4
4. 0

4. 0
2. 8
4 .6
4. 7

5. 0
7 .6
3 .8
3. 3

5 .6
2-. 8
5 .9
3 .6

M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w o m e n )________
In d u stria l n u r s e s ( w o m e n )_____
S k illed m ain ten an ce ( m e n ) _____
U n sk illed plan t ( m e n ) _________ _

137 .7
133. 3
1 42 .7
1 4 5 .4

1 34 .7
1 2 5 .9
1 3 5 .9
1 3 6 .4

2. 3
5 .9
5 .0
26. 6

2 .5
2 -1 . 7
.7
2 .8

3. 1
1 .8
4. 3
1 .7

2. 5
3. 0
4. 0
2 .8

4. 6
5. 1
4 .4
4 .4

5. 5
7 .5
4 .2
5 .7

3 .9
1. 4
3 .5
1. 1

5. 0
9 .9
3. 5
4. 0

3. 3
2-3 . 0
7 .0
9 .5

U n less o th e r w is e in d ica te d , a ll a re in c r e a s e s .
T h e se unusual in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s l a r g e ly r e fl e c t chan ges in e m p lo y m e n t am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts with d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .




5

A: Occupational Earnings
Tab le A -l. O ffic e O ccu p atio ns-M en and W om en
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, D allas, T e x ., N ovem ber 1961)
Avkbagb
Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
W
eekly
W
eekly
40.00 45.00
hours1 earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45.00 50.00

$
50.00

$
55.00

$
60.00

$
65.00

$
70.00

$
75.00

$
80.00

$
85.00

$
90.00

$

55.00

60.00

65.00

70.00

75.00

80.00

85.00

90.00

95.00

100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00

$
$
$
$
$
$
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00
and
over

Men
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ----------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing -------- ------------------------------------------P u b lic utilities 2 --------------------------------------------------F in an ce 3 ----------------------------------------------------------------

529
439
199
99

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

$97.50
96.50
96.50
97.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

8
8
2

8
8
8
-

17
16
16
-

55
43
23
20

52
51
8
7

35
32
8
5

46
43
27
14

63
43
18
10

49
41
25
6

74
52
26
10

60
55
17
12

18
17
11
3

8
6
6
-

36
24
6
10

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ----------------------------------------M anufacturing _______________________________________
N onm anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------P u b lic utilities 2 --------------------------------------------------F inan ce 3 ----------------------------------------------------------------

362
164
198
93
29

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5

84.00
84.00
84.00
87.00
66.00

_
-

2
_
2
2

9
4
5
5

6
1
5
2
3

23
16
7
2
5

28
7
21
1
3

40
20
20
15
4

45
31
14
7
3

48
18
30
22
-

28
5
23
7
3

19
1
18
6
1

67
49
18
16
"

20
7
13
5
-

11
_
11
2
-

7
_
7
4
-

4
_
4
4
-

_
_
_
-

5
5
_

C lerk s, o r d e r ----------------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing _______________________________________
No nm anufactur ing ___________________________________
P u b lic utilities 2 ____ — ________________________

359
69
290
26

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

80.00
83.00
79.50
83.00

-

_
_
-

_
-

_
_

65
7
58
2

65
9
56
"

28
7
21
-

49
12
37
4

67
4
63
12

11
7
4
4

14
14
~

10
6
4
2

20
16
4
2

7
7
-

1
1
_

6
6
-

4
4
-

12
12
-

C lerk s, p a y ro ll
N onm anufacturing ___________________________________
P u b lic u tilities 2 _________________________________

44
39
26

39.5
39.5
39.0

84.00
82.00
89.50

_
-

_
-

2
2

8
8

2
2
2

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

7
5
5

2
2
2

1
1
1

11
9
9

3
3
1

1
1
1

3
3
2

_
-

1
-

O ffice boys ______________________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________________________
P u b lic utilities 2 _________________________________
F in a n c e 3 ----------------------------------------------------------------

307
44
263
47
173

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5

55.00
54.00
55.00
57.00
54.50

16
16
1
-

108
12
96
19
72

72
17
55
9
34

24
6
18
6
11

40
6
34
1
32

11
1
10
3
7

17
17
2
12

11
2
9
5

3
3
3

4
4
2
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
1
*

_
-

_
-

-

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A ______________
M anufacturing _______________________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________________________
F inan ce 3 __________________________________________

112
30
82
37

40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5

100.50
100.00
100.50
92.50

6
6
6

5
1
4
2

10
10
10

14
5
9
2

23
17
6
6

20
3
17
2

3
1
2
2

7
7
1

11
2
9
4

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B ______________
M anufacturing _______________________________________
N onm anufacturing -------- -----------------------------------------P u blic u tilities 2 --------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 3 ----------------------------------------------------------------

300
82
218
60
130

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0
39.5

85.50
95.50
81.50
91.50
75.50

25
8
17
7
9

27
18
9
6
2

26
4
22
15
-

18
15
3
-

7
6
1
1
-

6
4
2
2
-

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s C ______________
N onm anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Finan ce 3 ----------------------------------------------------------------

147
136
117

39.5
39.5
39.5

64.00
63.00
62.00

123
59
64

39.5
40.0
39.0

69.50
69.50
69.00

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

_
-

-

"

-

2
2
2

4

11

20

_

_

-

-

-

_
“

-

-

-

11
11

13
1
12
12

26

-

4
4

26
20

20
8
12

29
4
25
4
21

37
11
26
6
14

51
11
40
11
25

9
9
9

35
33
33

17
17
17

29
28
21

10
10
4

11
7
5

21
19
17

7
5
5

6
6
6

6
1
5

2
2

1
1

26
8
18

37
16
21

22
22

8
3
5

6

11
6
5

-

-

-

_
■

2
2
"

_
_
-

_

-

_

-

-

8
8

3
1
2

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

"

_

“

"

■

"

■

W om en
B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) ------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------

_
-

-

6

_
-

2
2

See footnotes at end of table.




NOTE:

Data for all industries and nonmanufacturing do not include information for the hotel industry.
remainder of the services division is appropriately represented.

The

2

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

6

Table A-1. Office Occupation$-Men and Women—Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a sis
by industry division , D allas, T e x ., N ovem ber 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
w
orkers
—

$
Weekly,
Weekly, 40 .0 0
hours 1 earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45. 00
—
—

$
$
45. 00 50.00

$
55.00
_

$
60.0 0

$
$
$
$
65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00

$
$
85. 00 9 0.00

50. 00

55.00

60.00

6 5.00

70.00

9 0.00

11
11
11

28
1
27
23

11
3
8
8

16
10
6
2

11
5
6
4

1
1
-

5
1
4
4

1
1
_

-

-

“

3
3
1

6
6
1
5

13
1
12
2
10

55
55
8
8

52
25
27
11
3

63
10
53
5
5

9
7
2
2

20
4
16
1
-

98
3
95
1
72

95
12
83
5
50

46
5
41
8
14

13
2
11

34
1
33
5
"

15
7
8
_
“

11
11
_
-

4

6
1
5
1
"

75.00

80.00

85.00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
95. 00 100.00 105.00 110 .00 115. 00 120.00 125. 00
_
_
_
and

95. 00 100.00 105. 00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00

over

W om en— Continued
1
_
-

_

-

1
-

1
1
“

"

_
.
-

4
2
2
-

_
-

_
~

_
-

_
-

_
"

2
2
_
-

3
3
-

3
3
-

_
"

_
-

-

_
-

_
"

65
21
44
6
13
5

88
39
49
32
10
7

59
13
46
25
7
-

27
7
20
13
2
-

23
7
16
12
4

12
12
8
-

4
4
"

_
-

-

190
40
150
113
4
15

64
18
46
22
1
6

25
8
17
7
“

21
21
13
-

32
12
20
13
-

4
4
4
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

22
6
16
16

17
17
13

1
1
-

4
4
~

3
3
“

-

2
2
-

1
1
_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

3

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$ 6 1 .0 0
74. 00
55.00
54. 50

242
65
177
28
35

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0

74. 50
80.00
7 2 .0 0
70.5 0
67.0 0

_
-

_
-

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B __
M anufacturing ____ _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ________________________
R etail trade ___________________________
Finance 3 ____ ___ -______________________

397
57
340
26
196

3 9 .5
39 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

64. 50
7 6.00
62. 50
66.00
57. 50

_
_
"

35
35
35

36
9
27
6
21

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A __—___________
M anufacturing ___________ ________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________
Pu blic utilities 2 ______________________
R etail trade __________________________

621
154
467
113
103
170

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39. 5
4 0 .0
40. 5
3 9 .0

8 3 .0 0
89.0 0
8 1 .0 0
95. 50
76. 50
72. 50

_
-

_
-

5
5
4
1

29
29
6
23

54
54
16
29

51
4
47
2
6
36

28
6
22
6
9
7

79
21
58
2
20
19

95
30
65
7
10
39

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0
4 1 .0
3 9 .5

66. 50
7 1.00
65.00
80. 50
62. 50
56.00

5
5
_
5
"

200
200
3
14
180

133
8
125
2
16
98

209
26
183
9
25
115

178
81
97
8
15
60

196
84
112
14
37
22

98
40
58
23
8
20

102
43
59
17
20
12

_

9

-

-

34
1
33
24

71
6
65
59

80
8
72
68

26
26
26

21
3
18
10

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , cla ss A ______
N onm anufacturing -------------------------------------------R etail tr^ade ___________ _____________________

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B _____________ __
M anufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___ ____________________
Pu blic utilities 2 _______________________
R etail trade _________________________ __
Finance 3 _______________________________

1,457
360“
1,097
248
145
528

C le r k s , file , c la s s A 4 ___________
M anufacturing ___________ ______
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______ _______
F in a n ce 3 ____________________

291
25
266
225

39. 5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

64. 50
68 .0 0
64.00
62. 50

C le r k s , f ile , c la s s B 4 ___________
M anufacturing __________ ______
N onm anufacturing _______ ______
P u blic u tilities 2 ____ ___ ____
F in a n ce 3 ____________________

567
26
541
42
391

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39. 5
39. 5
3 9 .5

56.00
61. 50
56.00
64 .0 0
54.00

C lerk s, file , c la s s C 4 ______
N onm anufacturing _______
P u blic u tilities 2 ______ _
F in a n ce 3 -----------------------

607
585"
28
473

39. 5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

C le r k s , o rd e r ________
M anufacturing ------Nonm anufacturing .
R etail trade ___

299
123
176
60

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

See footnotes at end of table,




.

-

-

"

9
9

2

178

-

3
3
17
16

1
_
1

-

4

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

9
2
•

4

"

1
1
“

3
3
“

_
-

3
3
3
-

4
4
4
-

1
1

2

_

_

-

-

2

-

-

-

2
"

178
3
136

129
7
122
14
104

110
4
106
6
73

67
9
58
8
49

32
2
30
19

17
2
15
8

14
2
12
4
2

9

-

51.00
51.00
67. 50
4 8 .0 0

9
9
-

408
"4 0 8
9
383

85
77
4
56

21
17
3
14

19
16
1
15

13
13
5

3
3
-

41
35
3
-

!
1
1
■

6 6.00
70.0 0
63. 50
58.50

9
9
9

n
11
11

16
7
9
9

45
14
31
5

54
28
26
2

81
30
51
12

19
10
9
9

30
3
27
2

21
21

2
2

-

-

-

j
1
.
-

91
29
62
52

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m a c h in e )___
M anufacturing ____________________________
Nonm anufacturing -----------------------------------R etail trade ___________________________

-

"
_
-

-

8
7
1
1

”

2

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

_

-

1
1
1
"

_

_

-

-

7

Table A-1. Office Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , D allas, Tex. , N ovem ber 1961)
A verage

Number
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly,
Weekly. $40.00 *45.00 *50.00 *55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 *75.00 *80.00 *85.00 *90.00 *95.00 1*00.00 1*05.00 1*10.00 1*15.00 1*20.00 1*25.00
and
hours 1
earnings1
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 over

W om en— Continued
C le r k s , p a y roll _______________ ________ ______________
M anufacturing ________________________ ______________
Nonm anufacturing ____ _ __ ____ _______ _________
P u blic u tilities 2 _________________________________
R etail trade ____________ ____________________ __ __
F in a n ce 3 ----------------------------------------------------------------

478
158
320
70
46
80

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39.5

$75. 00
74. 00
76.00
88. 00
66. 50
74. 50

C om ptom eter op era tors ______________________ _____ __
M anufacturing ______________ ________ __
_ __
___- __ _ ___ __ ___________ __
Nonm anufacturing
P u blic u tilities 2 _________________________________
R etail trade -----------------------------------------------------------

573
107
466
61
220

40. 0
40. 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39.5

68.50
75. 50
67.00
80. 00
67. 50

D uplicating-m ach ine op era tors
(M im eograph or Ditto) ____ ______________________

_
_
_
-

2
_
2
2
-

14
4
10
_
7
3

47
19
28
2
5
6

42
20
22
4
10

73
8
65
3
9
5

88
55
33
13
2
14

71
12
59
4
13
21

33
9
24
10
1
4

30
11
19
6
3
3

30
8
22
6
_
10

19
8
11
7
_
2

10

5

10
8
_
2

4
4
_
-

9
7
_
-

22
22
_
7

36
_
36
1
11

77
14
63
4
24

131
11
120
9
48

79
12
67
1
37

67
30
37
3
34

38
4
34
6
28

64
13
51
23
25

14
5
9
_
4

13
6
7
3
2

17
6
11
9

7
3
4
_

6
1
5
2
-

2
2
_

-

9

2

3
3
.
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

2
_
_

-

-

_
.
_

_
_
.

-

-

-

_
_
_
-

__

31

4 0 .0

71. 00

_

2

5

1

2

3

2

7

4

5

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

Keypunch op e r a to r s , c la s s A 4 ________________________
M anufacturing
____
______________
N onm anufacturing __________
__ __ __
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 ---------- ------ -----------------------------F in a n ce 3 ___________ _ ___________ ______________

509
121
388
83
246

3 9.5
40. 0
39.5
40. 0
39.5

72. 50
78. 50
70. 50
81.00
66. 00

_
-

6
6
_
6

13
13
13

48
48
3
34

75
1
74
9
59

104
24
80
3
68

54
21
33
5
26

95
44
51
15
24

45
6
39
18
16

20
20
14
-

26
13
13
7
-

17
8
9
7
-

2
2
_
_

2
2
_
_
-

2
_
2
2
-

.
_
_

_
_
_

-

_
_
.
-

-

Keypunch o p era tors , c la s s B 4 ________________________
M anufacturing ____________________________________
Nonm anufacturing --- ------------ -------------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2 ___________ -_____________________
F in a n ce 3 ----------------------------------------------------------------

551
105
446
74
305

39 .5
40. 0
39.5
39.5
39 .5

63.
69.
62.
79.
55.

50
00
00
00
50

_
-

153
9
144
6
126

41
7
34
5
29

57
20
37
6
30

66
29
37
5
26

22
14
8
_
7

40
6
34
5
8

43
3
40
17
8

18
16
2
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
.
_

-

5
_
5
5
-

_
_
_
_

-

27
_
27
23
-

3
1
2
_

-

76
76
2
71

-

-

-

-

-

O ffice g ir ls ______________________________
M anufacturing ______________ _____________________ _
N onm anufacturing _____ ____ __ ________ __ ____
Pu blic u tilities 2 _________________________________
F in a n ce 3 _____ ____ __ __ __ __

230
31
199
30
147

39.5
40 . 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39 .5

53.
59.
52.
62.
49.

50
50
50
00
50

1
_
1
1
-

117
_
117
10
106

43
12
31
1
23

17
3
14
3
10

15
7
8
1
2

23
7
16
5
6

_
1
_
-

7
2
5
3
-

6
_
6
6
-

.
_
_
_
-

_
.
_
-

.
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

S e c r e ta r ie s ____________________________________ ____ _____
M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------- --- --N onm anufacturing ____ _________________________ _____
Pu blic u tilities 2 __________________________________
R etail trade
__________ __________________ ____
F in a n ce 3 __________________________ ___ _________

2. 309
748
1, 561
338
215
637

39.5
40. 0
39 .5
40. 0
4 0 .0
39.5

87.
90.
86.
95.
77.
82.

50
50
50
50
00
50

_
-

5
5
5
-

12
12
_
12

43
1
42
_
42

94
9
85
4
32
27

165
30
135
9
32
63

194
58
136
26
23
53

217
27
190
19
44
85

246
90
156
24
15
82

289
119
170
22
17
104

396
203
193
45
23
65

200
81
119
73
8
30

119
41
78
46
11
6

115
32
83
23
1
10

54
20
34
18
-

68
4
64
7
2
43

39
18
21
6
_
5

53
15
38
16
2
10

Stenographers, g e n e r a l4 _______________________________
M anufacturing _____ ______________________ ____
Nonm anufacturing _______________ ____________________
Pu blic u tilities 2 _ __ _ ________________ _______
R etail trade ____________________________ ______ _
F in a n ce 3 _______
__ ___ ____ _________
____

1,630
584
1, 046
302
77
261

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
3 9.5
41. 5
3 9 .5

70. 50
76. 00
67. 00
71. 00
69.50
61. 00

_
_

82
5
77
21
_
35

180
14
166
17
14
73

281
49
232
69
10
49

225
66
159
50
9
37

293
148
145
30
23
37

205
115
90
33
6

69
31
38
7
4
-

31
25
6
2
4
-

7
7
_

4
4
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_

_

11

212
113
99
59
6
-

21
7
14
14
_

-

20
20
_
1
19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Sten ograp h ers, sen ior 4 _____________________________ _
M anufacturing __________________________ _____________
Nonm anufacturing _____ __
_____________ __ __
Pu blic u tilities 2 _________________________________
F in a n ce 3 __ ________ __ ____ __ ___

607
260
347
143
89

40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

85. 50
87.00
85. 00
87. 50
76. 50

.
-

_
_

_
_

_
-

15
8
7
_
7

30
7
23
_
11

45
14
31
9
14

87
28
59
17
32

131
67
64
35
15

78
23
55
34
9

133
83
50
16
1

34
4
30
24

21
4
17
3

13
4
9
5

5
5
_

11
11

4
2
2

-

-

-

_

_

_
_

_
_

'

See footnotes at end of table,




8

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , D allas, T ex., N ovem ber 1961)1
4
3
2
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
Weekly . 40.00 45.00
Weekly
earnings
hours
(Standard) (Standard) under
”
45.00 50.00

$
50.00

$
55.00

*
60.00

$
65.00

■
55.00

~
60.00

“
65.00

“
70.00

$
70.00
~
75.00

$
$
$
$
$
$
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00
and
'
“
”
“
100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 ov er

$
75.00
“
80.00

$
80.00
“
85.00

$
85.00
”
90.00

$
90.00

40
13
27
13
1
13

26
9
17
1
1
3

15
7
8
8
_
-

13
3
10
5
_
3

_

2
2
_

-

95.00

$

W om en— Continued

_

j
1
_

"

3
3
_
-

-

“

3
2
1
1
-

2
2
2
_

2
2
2
_

5
5
5
_

_

-

"

14
7

3
-

5
5

Switchboard op era tors _________________________________
M anufacturing
__
_ ______ _
N onm anufacturing ___________________________________
Public u tilities 2 _________________________________
R etail trade ___________ __ _____________ _________
F inance 3 ---------------------------------------------------------------

315
62
253
49
94
63

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.5
39.5

$66.00
77.00
63.00
72.50
53.00
66.50

10
10
10
-

23
23
5
18
"

41
41
20
8

53
7
46
5
37
4

43
3
40
4
4
23

28
5
23
5
1
8

17
11
6
3
2

Switchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ------------------------------Manufacturing _______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________
Public u tilities 2 _________________________________
R etail trade ______________________________________
Finance 3 _________________________________________

437
158
279
50
34
75

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
41.0
38.5

69.00
68.00
69.00
83.00
63.00
70.00

-

5
5
5
-

43
7
36
1
7
5

68
27
41
2
13

56
13
43
4
5
1

92
42
50
4
5
26

61
39
22
9
1
12

47
18
29
7
11
8

15
15
2
_
2

12
10
2
_
-

24
24
9
_
8

_

.

.

■

"

~

"

6
6

3
3

23
21

5
5

.

.

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la s s B ______________
N onm anufacturing ___________________________________

62
50

40.0
40.0

85.50
84.50

.

2
2

.

2
2
2
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

"

*

"

-

4
4

"

“

5
5

8
8

2
2

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

87
87
77

97
2
95
84

77
15
62
57

100
5
95
68

50
5
45
43

57
2
55
48

14
14
9

2
2
•

3
1
2

-

2
2
~

-

~

-

-

-

8
8
3

46
46
46

119
119
10
97

149
6
143
39
98

119
24
95
8
43

129
23
106
36
42

80
13
67
48
17

51
10
41
25
15

14
14
-

i
1
-

4
2
2
"

2
2
"

1
-

-

-

_
_

384
2
382
34
2
298

442
38
404
37
4
316

240
32
208
15
4
152

268
57
211
17
1
113

154
40
114
25
16
52

47
25
22
6
5
6

45
8
37
12

2
2
2
-

-

_
1
1
_

_
-

_
_

>
_
_

_
_
>

_
_
_

38
38

40.0
40.0

69.50
69.50

-

5
5

T ran scribin g-m ach in e op e ra to rs, g en eral ____________
M anufacturing _______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________
Finance 3 _________________________________________

546
30
516
443

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0

62.50
66.50
62.50
61.50

-

57
57
57

T ypists, c la s s A ________________________________________
M anufacturing _______________ __ __________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________
Public u tilities 2 _________________________________
Finance 3 ---------------------------------------------------------------

725
82
643
166
361

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5

67.50
74.50
66.50
71.50
63.00

_
■

T yp ists, cla s s B ________________________________________
M anufacturing ______ ______________________________ _
N onm anufacturing ___________________________________
P ublic u tilities 2 _________________________________
R etail trade ______________________________________
Finance 3 _________________________________________

1. 602
204
1, 398
140
37
949

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5

56.50
62.00
55.50
58.50
61.00
54.00

5
5
5

1
1

n
2
9
-

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings corresp on d to these w eek ly hou rs.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
F inan ce, insurance, and re a l estate.
D escrip tion fo r this jo b has been re v ise d since the last su rvey in this area. See appendix A.




~

9
9

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs, cla s s C ---------------------Nonmanufacturing ________________ ___ _______________

1
2
3
4

!
1

1

_

2
2
-

3
3
3
-

_

_

9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations-Men and Women
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry division, D allas, T e x., N ovem ber 1961)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Weekly,
Weekly ,
hours1
earnings1
(Standard) (Standard)

*60.00 *65.00 *70.00 *75.00 *80.00 *85.00 *90.00 *95.00 to o . 00 i0 5 .0 0 ! 10.00 f 15.00 f 20.00 ^25.00 130.00 \ 35.00 ^40.00 ^45.00 *150.00 155.00 160.00
and
and
under
65.00 ...70,&0 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00, JLQfLflQJL1ILJQ0iiL L sn liQ xM 125. Q 130^00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 16.0.00 over
O

Men

n

D raftsm en, leader --------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------

109
94

39.5 $ 121.00
39.5
119.00

D raftsm en, sen ior ______________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing -----------------------------P u b lic u tilities 2 ----------------------------

366
278
88
36

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

105.50
103.00
113.50
111.00

-

D raftsm en, ju n ior _______________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------N onm anufacturing -----------------------------r'UOiic u u iitic s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

270
195
75
35

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

81.00
81.00
80.50
70.00

65
45

40.0
40.0

91.00
90.00

-

"

-

“

11

17
13
4
4

27
21
6
6

42
36
6
5

15
15

8
8

7
6

20
14

21
20

17
17

1
-

2
1

82
74
8
2

40
24
16
4

24
16
8
2

50
31
19
1

12
11
1
1

19
16
3
~

5
5
3

10
2
8
4

6
3
3
3

2
1
1

2

1

6
6
“

8
8

16
16

-

-

-

"

■

■

32
12
20
17

19
14
5
5

31
29
2
2

26
22
4
4

70
54
16
1

29
25
4

43
28
15
5

3
3
-

6
6
-

11
2
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

8
8

2

7
5

18
15

8
6

8
2

5
3

2
1

3
1

!
1

2
2

1
1

.

.

_

2
1

“

2

.
-

.
■

"

-

-

-

-

.

_

.

.

1

-

W om en
N u rses, industrial (re g is te r e d ) ________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings c o rre s p o n d to these w eekly hours.
2 T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public utilities.




N OTE:

Data fo r all industries and nonm anufacturing do not include inform ation fo r the hotel industry.
rem ainder o f the se r v ic e s d ivision is app ropriately represen ted.

The

10

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations-Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , D allas, T e x ., N ovem ber 1961)

Num
ber
of
workers

O ccupation and industry division

Average
w
eekly ,
earnings 1
(Standard)

128
59
69

$ 7 0 . 50
69. 50
71. 50

105
------- 30
75
52

61.00
73. 50
56. 00
54. 50

Nonm anufacturing _______________________________

S e cre ta ries ------------------------------ ---------------------------------M anufacturing _____________________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________ _____ ____
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 3
... _
____ ___
R etail trade ___________ ____________ ____________
F inance 2 ________________________________________

2, 313
748
1, 565
342
215
637

$87.
90.
86.
95.
77.
82.

Nonm anufacturing _______________________________
P ublic u tilit ie s 3 ______________________________

M anufacturing _____

__ ______

____

263
78
185
28
41

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs , cla ss B ________
annfartnriiijr
Wnmn armfa rhirinjr
Rptail tradp.
...........
Finance 2 ----------------------------------------------------------

00
50
00
50
00

421
64
357
31
208

.

74.
78.
72.
70.
67.

Stenographers, g e n e r a l4
___________________________
M anufacturing --------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ___________________ ___________
Pu blic u tilities 3 ____________ __________________
R etail trade
_
__ ________________

1,630
584
1,046
302
77
261

64.
74.
62.
65.
57.

00
00
00
50
50

613
260
353
149
89

86.
87.
85.
88.
76.

00
00
00
00
50

316
62
254
50
94
63

66.
77.
63.
73.
53.
66.

00
00
00
00
00
50

511
121
390
83
248

Stenographers, s e n io r 4 _____________________________
rtnririjt
N onm anufacturing
___ ________
I
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 3
______________ __
Finance 2 -------------------------------------------------------------69.00 1
75. 50
67. 50
80. 50 Sw itchboard o p era tors _______________________________
M anufacturing __________________ ______________ _____
67. 50 I
N onm anufacturing -------------------------------------------------P ublic u tilities 3 ________________________________
R etail trade ____________________________________
I
F inance 2 ________________________________________
70. 50 |
71.00
Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts _________________
M anufacturing ____ _____________________ ____ 72. 50
N onm anufacturing
_
_
__ ______
___
78. 50
_______ __ ____ _______
P u blic u t ilit ie s 3 _
70. 50
R etail trade __
_______________________ __
81. 00
______________
F in a n ce 2 _
66. 00

____

___

Nnnmanufacturing
__
Pu blic u tilities 3 ______________________________
_______________________
R etail trade
_
__
_
_
___
Finanr.fi ^ ....
Com ptom eter o p e ra to rs

438
158
280
51
34
75

69. 00
68. 00
69. 50
83. 00
6 3.00
70. 00

_________

Nonm anufacturing ------- ------- ------------ -----------P ublic u t ilit ie s 3 ______________________________
R etail trade ___________ ___
___ ~ ----------

554
108
446
74
305

63. 50
69.00
62. 00
79. 00
55. 50

117
30
87
41

9 9 .5 0
100.00
99. 50
91.0 0

IT
362
54.00 ] abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B _________________
M anufacturing ----------------- -------- -------------------------------------__
94
56.50 I
N onm anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------------268
54. 00
P u blic u t ilit ie s 3 _______________________________________
__
90
59. 00
F inance 2 — __________ ______________________________________ 135
52.00

85. 50
95 .0 0
82 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

636
615
29
501

$ 51.50
51.00
67. 50
48. 50

658
192
466
36
75

74. 00
75. 00
73. 50
80.00
67.00

522
163
359
96
56
83

76.
74.
76.
88.
64.
76.

578
107
471
63
220

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ____________ ____ __ _
M anufacturing ___________________________________
Nonm anufacturing _______________________________
P ublic u tilit ie s 3 ______________________________
R etail trade
__
,
■-■.■m
r L...... . -I
1
Financft ^
- _ __ . .... „__ ____
_

1, 150
244
906
312
125
269

89. 50
94. 50
88. 50
96.00
78. 50
81. 50

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B — ——— — —— — —— —
jr
apnffl rhi wg
iitilitipR ^

1,819
524
1,295
341
164
557

70.
7 5.
68.
82.
64.
56.

311
30
281
236

64.
68.
64.
63.

590
27
563
55
400

537
56.00 O ffice boys and g irls — ____ ________ ___________________
75
n r ir i
M anufacturing ______ ____
— —
------------------------55. 50
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------------- 426
77
Pu blic utilities 3 __________
_ ____ _
__________
_
___________
61. 50
I
F in a n ce 2 .....
__
320
54. 00 I

F in a n ce 2 ------------ ----------------- ----------------------n p r lr s , file , c la s s A 4
Finanee ^

__

^
____
^

______

___

_ _ _ _ „„
__ _ _

C lerk s, file , c la s s B 4 -------------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing _______
_________ ______ _ _____
_
_____
Nonm anufacturing ----------- ---------------------------------------------nHlitiPR ^
....
....
TTinanPP ^

O ccupation and industry d iv ision

O ffice occupations'— Continued

Pu blic u tilit ie s 3 ______________________________

.

Average
w
eekly
earnings1
(Standard)

earnings 3
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

V in s n rp 2

Num
ber
of

Num
ber
of

O ccupation and industry division

D uplicating-m ach ine o p erators
(M im eograph or Ditto) ____________________________
Nonm anufacturing ________ ______ __ _________

00 Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A 4
'Manufacturing
_____
50
00
N onm anufacturing _______________________________
P ublic u t ilit ie s 3
_
_ ______ __
50 1
Finanrfi 2
..
..
00 I
50
I Keypunch o p e ra to rs , c la s s B 4 ____ ____
____
50
M anufacturing ____
— __________ —________
N onm anufacturing
, , „......
...
._. .
50
P ublic u tilit ie s 3
00
F in a n ce 2
_
____
_ _ _ _ _ __________
___ __
00

34
26

00
50
50
50
50
00

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A __________ _
M anufacturing
_
______________
N onm anufacturing
____________

See footnotes at end of table.




NOTE:

Data for all industries and nonmanufacturing do not include information for the hotel industry.
remainder of the services division is appropriately represented.

The

50
50
50
50
00
50

70. 50
76. 00
67.00
71. 00
69. 50
61.00

11

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations-Men and Women Combined—Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division , D allas, Tex. , N ovem ber 1961)

O ccupation and industry d iv isio n

N ber
um
of

earning** I
(Standard) |

I
I
1

O ffice occupations— Continued
Tabula tin g-m achine ftp«rflt.nrs, c la s s O ___ _____
NnT)m?nn\v^3r tiiiring
F in a n ^ ^
-......... -

185
174
130

T ra n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , gen eral ------------nnfa rfn ring
Nonmanufacturing ___ _____ _______________ _______
T i na nr a ^
T

546
30
516
443

T yp ists, c la s s A _____________________________________
M anufacturing _ _________________________________
Nonm anufacturing ---------------- ---------- ----------------P u blic u t ilit ie s 3 __ - ______ _____________ ____ -_
Finanre ^

738
83
655
177
361

1
2
3
4

O ccupation and industry division

Average
w
eekly ,
earnings1
2
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry division

|
P ro fe s s io n a l and technical occupations
H
|
_________________
|D raftsm en, leader _____________
|
| Manufacturing

Average
w
eekly ,
earnings1
(Standard)

$ 5 6 .5 0
62. 00
56. 00
6 1.00
6 1 .0 0
54.00

D raftsm en, sen ior ____________________________________
M anufacturing _____________ ________ ___________
Nonmanufacturing
__ __ ____________________
Public u t ilit ie s 3 _____________________ _ _ ____

376
280
96
44

$105. 50
103.00
113.00
110.50

D raftsm en, ju n ior ___________________ -________________
M anufacturing _
_________________
___ __

1. 617
208
1,409
151
37
949

284
200
84
38

81.00
81. 00
80. 50
70. 50

68
48

92. 50
91. 50

Public utilities 3 ___ __________________________
110
95

120.50
119.00

N urses, industrial (reg istered ) —------------------------------M anufacturing _____ _________________
_____ _

Earnings are fo r a regu lar w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e their straigh t-tim e w eekly s a la rie s , e xclu sive o f any prem iu m pay.
Finan ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate.
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public u tilities.
D escrip tion fo r this jo b has been re v is e d since the last survey in this are a . See appendix A.




N ber
um
of

P r o fe s s io n a l and technical occupations—
Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

______________ $ 65. 00 Typists, c la s s B ________________
64. R I
O I
61.5 0
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________
I
I
Public u tilities 3 ---------------------------------------------4
62. 50 |
Retail trade ____________ - ----------------------- —
6b, 60
Finance *
____
____ __________ ___ ___
62. 50
6 1.50 |
67. 50
7 4.50
6 6.50
72. 00
63, 00

Num
ber
of

12

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, D allas, T ex., N ovem ber 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
$
Average
hourly . Under 1.30
1.40
earnings 1
3
2
and
$
under
1.30
1.40
1.50

$
1.50

$
1.60

$
1.70

$
1.80

$
1.90

$
2.00

$
2.10

$
2.20

$
2.30

$
2.40

$
2.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.40

-2.50

2.60

-

-

-

-

7
7
-

-

7
6
1

4
4
-

2
2
-

6
5
1

20
12
8

27
22
5

_
-

4
4
"

_
-

_
_
-

5
4
1

27
27
-

24
23
1

$
2.80

$
2.90

$
3.00

$
3.10

$
3.20

2.70_ 2.80

2.90

3.00

3.10

3.20

3.30

13
10
3

10
3
7

-

1
1

5
3
2

1
1

11
2 11

11
10
1

18
14
4

21
18
3

17
17
-

35
8
27

13
13
-

15
15

18
17
15
^'14
1
_
1
“

Carpenters, m aintenance _____________________
M anufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------

115
75
40

$2.6 7
2.51
2.97

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

E lectricia n s , maintenance ------------------------------M anufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

217
174
43

2.81
2.80
2.82

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

-

-

5
5

-

4
4
-

E ngineers, stationary _________________________
M anufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 4 _________________________
Retail trade _____________________________
F in a n ce56 ________________________________

266
108
158
78
41
30

2.46
2.73
2.27
2.27
2.31
2.23

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
-

17
17
6
1
2

12
4
8
1
6
1

17
2
15
3
2
10

11
8
3
1
1
1

5
2
3
1
1
1

31
26
5
1
1
2

1

12
8
4
3
1
-

4
4
2
2
-

8
3
5
_
5
-

17
3
14
14
_

-

32
11
21
15
2
4

25
21
4
1
2

-

17
6
11
1
4
6

5
5
3
1

-

9
9
6
2
1

15
15
10
5

-

14
14
10
4
-

F irem en , stationary b o ile r ___________________
M anufacturing ______________________________

27
27

2.08
2.08

64
4

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

3
3

_

-

8
8

_

-

2
2

_

-

2
2

-

H elpers, m aintenance trades _________________
M anufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
P u blic u tilities 4 _________________________

367
250
117
97

1.73
1.77
1.67
1.65

17
10
7
7

21
9
12
12

53
24
29
25

49
35
14
13

42
38
4
4

45
26
19
9

45
39
6
5

6
3
3
1

27
15
12
10

22
22
_

17
15
2
2

9
_
9
9

_
_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

14
14
_
-

M achinists, m aintenance _____________________
M anufacturing ______________________________

174
150

2.58
2.66

_

_

_

1
-

17
-

7
7

7
7

_

-

1
1

_

-

4
4

-

-

1
1

17
17

29
29

M echanics, autom otive (m aintenance) ________
M anufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
P u blic u tilit ie s 4 _________________________
R etail trade _____________________________

780
141
639
588
45

2.60
2.20
2.69
2.71
2.52

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
-

-

-

-

21
18
3
1
2

12
8
4
2
2

67
67
63
2

34
32
2
_
2

26
1
25
23
2

18
16
2
2
-

7
2
5
4
1

63
22
41
35
2

16
6
10
10
-

M echanics, maintenance ______________________
M anufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________ _____________
P u blic u tilit ie s 4 _________________________

663
560
103
71

2.55
2.51
2.78
2.81

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

4
4
_
-

_
_
-

5
5
5

13
3
10

43
38
5
5

30
28
2
2

25
23
2
2

57
57
_
-

77
75
2
2

O ilers __________________________________________
M anufacturing ______________________________

77
75

2.15
2.15

_

_

1

-

1

j
1

_

"

7
7

7
7

3
3

4
4

18
18

19
17

P ainters, m aintenance ________________________
M anufacturing ______________________________

123
52

2.48
2.64

.

.

_

.

.

T ool and die m akers __________________________
M anufacturing ______________________________

243
243

2.93
2.93

_

1
2
3
4
5
6

-

“

.

.

_

_

_

.
-

-

-

4
4

52

-

-

_

_

_

.

_

3
3

1




1

-

3
3

-

_
>
_
-

-

-

_
_
_
-

-

-

_
_
.
-

16
14

21
21

7
7

2
2

11
7

24
24

4
4

5
5

44
11
33
29
4

29
8
21
20
1

141
_
141
129
12

21
21
10
11

54
17
37
37
-

192
192
188
4

20
20
20
-

15
_
15
15
-

_
_
_
_

96
94
2
-

43
43
_
-

44
44
_

39
36
3
-

30
25
5
-

48
11
37
37

19
3
16
14

40
40
_

-

32
28
4
4

-

18
8
10
-

11
11

_

.

.

"

-

"

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
2

2
2

25
24

13
9

6
-

4
2

3
3

2
2

-

4
4

2
-

16
16

21
21

12
12

14
14

19
19

32
32

45
45

59
59

17
17

5
5

_

Excludes prem iu m pay fo r ove rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s : 7 at $ 3 .5 0 to $ 3 .6 0 ; 4 at $ 3 .8 0 to $3.90.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 7 at $ 3.40 to $ 3.50; 7 at $ 3.50 to $ 3.60.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
F inance, insurance, and re a l estate.
A ll w ork ers w ere at $ 1 .2 0 to $ 1 .3 0 .

NOTE:

$
3.30
and
ov er

$
2.70

$
2.60

Data for all industries and nonmanufacturing do not include information for the hotel industry.
remainder of the services division is appropriately represented.

The

-

13
Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division , D allas, T e x ., N ovem ber 1961)

O ccupation 1 and industry d iv isio n

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OFS
s
$
$
$
$
s
$
S
$
$
s
s
$
$
$
$
Average
2.30 2.40 2.50
hourly , Under 0.80 0.90 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 V
earnings2
and
D.80 under
.90 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60

E levator o p e r a to r s , pa ssen ge r
(m en) ----------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing ___________________

40
28

$ 1.28
1.11

-

-

-

20
20

5
4

2
2

-

-

3

1
-

6
-

E levator o p e r a to r s , p a ssen ge r
(wom en) _______________________________
N onm anufacturing -----------------------------

30
30

1.12
1.12

■

-

"

20
20

5
5

1
1

1
l

1
1

~

~

2
2

280
183
97
83

2.00
2.18
1.67
1.67

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

7
7

_
-

8
8
g

34
10
24
24

8
g
g

44
24
20
g

3,400
1, 103
2, 297
303
598
441

1.35
1.64
1.21
1.58
1.16
1.07

_

83
83
11
72

130
130
34
96

564
28
536
190
100

943
108
835
10
186
82

212
82
130
24
57
15

261
69
192
42
47
34

154
59
95
41
36
9

249
193
56
29
2
25

993
36
957
73
117
68

1.10
1.58
1.08
1.42
1.02
1.07

11
11
11

4
4
-

16
16
-

18
18
16
2

-

16

297
3
294
2
20
33

39
9
30
27
3

4

546
546
76
13

L a b o r e r s , m a te ria l handling ---------------M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ----------------------------P u b lic u tilities 4 -------------------------Pp fsil fra/^o

3, 035
1, 291
1, 744
950
361

1.73
1.71
1.74
1.99
1.68

-

-

-

160
123
37
37

267
39
228
50

289
107
182
55

217
95
122
42
27

O rd er f ille r s ____________________________
M anufacturing ----------------------------------N onm anufacturing ___________________
R etail trade ______________________

1,481
470
1, 011
329

1.78
2.00
1.68
1.87

-

-

-

4
4
"

-

259
9
250
56

P a ck e rs , shipping (men) ---------------------M anufacturing ___________________ —
N onm anufacturing ----------------------------R etail trade ______________________

457
148
309
68

1.62
1.60
1.63
1.34

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
1

38
33
5
5

R eceivin g c le r k s _______________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
R etail trade ______________________

336
ISO176
79

1.96
2.21
1.73
1.74

S
$
s
$
2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00
and
2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 over
2.60

Guards ----------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ___________________ —

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e r s
(m en) __________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u b lic u tilities 4 _________________
R etail trade ______________________
Finanra^
Jan itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs
(wom en) _______________________________
M anufacturing ----------------------------------N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u b lic u tilities 4 _________________
TTinarirA ^

_
-

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
"

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
12
8
g

11
11
11

18
15
3
3

25
10
15
15

_
-

_
-

51
51

6
6

12
12

4
4

18
18

14
14

_
-

_
-

217
157
60
49
_
g

226
123
103
83
7

73
54
19
7
12

29
9
20
8
12

24
15
9
6
3

123
112
11
2
-

29
15
14
1
1

36
33
3
-

22
21
1
1

20
20
-

3
3
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

2
2
2

47
19
28
23
3
2

1
1
-

3
3
3

5
5
2

-

2
2

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

276
42
234
148
13

171
39
132
126
g

141
103
38
36
2

307
216
91
85
g

225
211
14
14

47
47
-

19
18
1
1

143
19
124
121
3

439
109
330
182
148

59
38
21
21

28
26
2
-

6
6
-

118
40
78
78

119
9
110
110

4
4
-

-

-

167
8
159
20

104
1
103
18

103
30
73
18

108
46
62
36

91
67
24
5

81 ,
53
28
14

39
14
25
18

54
24
30
2

4
3
1
1

141
131
10

180
22
158
141

115
39
76
-

20
14
6

11
5
6
"

-

-

-

-

117
2
115
28

69
30
39
19

45
10
35
5

33
22
11
5

15
14
1
1

21
21
3

16
16
-

1
1
1

l

8
8
-

6
6

65
7
58

_

_

-

21
21
-

_

1
-

-

-

-

15
5
10
4

39
10
29
29

33
33
5

31
4
27
5

11
11
3

10
2
8
2

28
16
12
5

10
2
8
1

34
32
2
2

12
11
1
1

9
7
2
2

25
16
9
6

14
3
11
11

22
20
2
1

-

4
4

-

-

14
5
9

_

See footn otes at end o f table.




NOTE:

Data for all industries and nonmanufacturing do not include information for the hotel industry.
remainder of the services division is appropriately represented.

The

_
6
4
2
2

_
19
19
-

_

14
Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , D allas, Tex. , N ovem ber 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccu p ation 1 and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Oi
M

Average Under *0. 80 s 0.9 0 *1.00 bi . 10 $1.20 *1. 30 Vl . 40 *1. 50 S1.60 ° 1.7 0 " l . 80 s 1.901Is 2.00 3 2. 10 \"'Z. 20 i*2. 30 ' 2. 40 $ 2. 50 S 2. 60 *2. 70 52. 80 s 2. 90 S 3. 00
hourly 2
1
and
i
earnings $
and
- 1
!
0. 80 under
1
,._20 1.00 1. 10 1. 20 1.30 1.40 1. 50 1.60
1. 80 1.90 2. 00! 2. 10 2. 20!„._2._301 2 .4 0 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70! 2. 80 2..90 3. 00 o v e r
i

Shipping cle rk s ---------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------Retail trade ______________________

296
137
159
49

$ 2. 05
2. 25
1.88
2. 04

Shipping and re ce iv in g cle rk s ---------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------

268
143
125

1.97
1.93
2. 02

_
"

T r u c k d r iv e r s 5 ---------------------------------------Manufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
Public u tilities 4 --------------------------Retail trade ______________________

3,432
509
2, 923
1, 834
309

2. 27
1.91
2. 33
2. 69
1.81

-

T ru ck d riv ers, light (under
1^/2 tons)
M anufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________
Retail trade ___________________

571
146
425
134

1. 56
1. 52
1.58
1. 58

14
14

13
6
7

16
7
9

18
13
5

152
131
161
19
191
- r_r r r i r
30~ 41
130
123 i 161
90
19
1
22
27
18
19
29
19

181
47
134
36
20

-

-

-

_
■

_
■

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

- |
j

-

_
"

_
■

135
19
116
14

91
21
70
21

44
29
15
4

7
7

!

39
14
25

30
25
5

103
18
85 !
13
10

I

58 !
:
29 i
29
3
5

|
12 !
1
1
11
2
1

9 I
9
-

41 ! 13
17 1
9
24 j
4
72
28
44
28
8

29
9
20
8
1

I
51 j 26 •
34 1
7 j
i
|
17 1 19
1 12
33
19
14

1 94
it s i 69
j 22
25

7 1
5 !
2

j
i
3
1 „
2 1----- 4 ~ i 27
1 !
16
1 16
1
5
2
3

2
2

104 ' 164 1 105
20
35
49
55
144 ! 70
15
56
11
40
12
17

61
33
28
15
13

9 :
7
2

i
7
5
2
-

J

26
Z4 j

-

2 i
_
j
35
3 ! 17
22
1 j
| 13
2 i 17
1
1
i 62 ! 116 1223
56
3
1 16
60 1220
46
_
60 1202
46
-

I
1
|
1

3
2

9
7
2
-

'

_
“

350
350
342
-

4
4
-

52
52
-

- !
“

27 | 22
7
9 I
I
18 1 15
6
5

5 j

6

I

2
4

28
3
25
16

21
2
19
18

85
12
73
5

7
5
2
2

11
3
8
6

_
-

2
2
-

1
1
-

-

.
-

-

22
6
16
8
1

66
32
34
21
9

64
35
29
14
15

70
7
63
5
10

72
4
68
56
10

18
18
13
5

5
5
-

112
52
60
60
-

1119
1
1118
1118
-

342
342
342
-

-

-

16
14
2
-

46
46
-

-

103
1
102
84

8
8
-

4
4

6 52
52
-

1

_

4

.

-

-

-

_
-

5
1

!
2. 384
246
2, 138
1, 695
108

2.42
1.99
2.47
2.71
1.76

-

-

- i
-

-

101
101
10

17
10
7
5

99
9
90
8

79
12
67
20
14

112
41
71
10
20

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) ________________________
M anufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________
Public u tilities 4 ----------------------

430
84
346
119

2.31
2. 11
2.36
2. 44

“

“

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

8
8
2

62
6
56
26

T ru ck e rs , pow er (forklift) _____________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------Public u tilities 4 _________________

714
375
339
222

1.91
1.93
1.88
1. 81

_
-

!
29 j
29 !
■ i

14
14

-

_
-

•

-

22
5
17
5

73
12
61
55

T ru ck ers, pow er (other than
fo rklift) ____ ______ _____________________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------

72
69

2. 24
2. 23

■

10
10

-

-

W atchmen ________________________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------Retail trade _______________________

289
145
144
90

1.51
1.63
1.39
1. 28

1
1

-

_
-

1

-

“ .
;
- !
i

-

- 1

■

■

- !
1
-

-

23
23
23

4
4

31
11 !
20 !
20
!

52
28
24

i
I _____
_

1

1

4

19
16
:
3 !
1

-

|
|
9 i 26
2 i 16
7 1 10
2

j
______ i _____ I
_

1
0

Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except where otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r o v ertim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F inance, insurance, and re a l estate.
Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.
Includes all d riv e rs r e g a rd le s s o f size and type o f truck operated.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 18 at $ 3 to $ 3. 10; 2 at $ 3. 10 to $ 3. 20; 32 at $ 3. 20 to $ 3. 30.




25
4
21
1

1
60
1 31
19
29
17
19
19

T ru ck d riv ers, m edium (lV z to and
including 4 tons) ___________________
M anufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________
Public u tilities 4 ---------------------Retail trade -----------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
6

51
7
44
14

15
7
8
-

40
; 31
! 18
7
1 13 : 33
!
j
- | 28
i
“ j
1
5
4
1
1

21
21
-

1
1
-

-

18
11
7
-

6
1
5
3

23
23
-

126
53
73
55

38
7
31
24

72
57
15
15

44
38
6
-

49
39
10
-

106
30
76
64

6
6
-

81
51
30
-

1
-

23
11
12
-

26
23
3
-

10
10

"

'

4
4

"

“

"

~

8
6

7
6

"

15
15

28
10
18
18

21
18
3
2

1
1

3
3

9
9
6

4
4
4

2
1
1
1

32
28
4

7
7
-

_
-

11
2
9

-

£6 :
<ri
54
2

-

-

_

“
1
1
6
6
-

-

4
4

-

17
17

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.

Since the Bureau's last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year's bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

15




Appendix B : Occupational D escriptions

The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHIN E OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type o f machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)— ses a special billing ma­
U
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)—
Uses a bookkeeping
*
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry o f figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

17

18

C L E R K , A C C O U N TIN G —
Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.



C L E R K , O RDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

19

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class fi—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



SECRETARY— Continued

making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

20

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety o f tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B—
Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

21

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts*
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
o f a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POW ERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter required rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




22

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance elctricians requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machiningoperations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working

23

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates* with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

24

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.




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JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




26

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (V/2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

☆ U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING O F FIC E : 1962

O — 628161


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102