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Occupational Wage Survey
ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI—ILLINOIS
OCTOBER 1961

Bulletin No. 1303-18




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
B U REA U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
Ew an C la g u e , Com m issioner




B u reau of Labor Statistics R e gio n a l O ffices

Occupational Wage Survey
ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI—ILLINOIS
OCTOBER 1961




Bulletin No. 1303-18
January 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

- Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage surveys in 82 labor markets.
The
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits. A preliminary report furnishing
trend data and average earnings is released within a month
of the completion of each study.
This bulletin provides
additional data not included in the preliminary report.
Two bulletins, bringing together the results of all
of the area surveys, are issued after completion of the
final area bulletin in the current round of surveys. The
first of these bulletins will be available late in 1962 and
the other early in 1963. During the survey year, summary
releases presenting areawide occupational earnings data
for 25 to 30 labor markets, are issued as data become
available.
This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau’ s regional office in Chicago, 111., by Mary Stokes, under
the direction of Elliott A. Browar. The study was under
the general direction of Woodrow C. Linn, Assistant Re­
gional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




Introduction ------------------------- -------------------------------- -------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups ______________________

1
3

Tables:
1.
2.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey -------------Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups ---------------------------------------------------------------3. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups ---------------

Occupational earnings:*
A - l . Office occupations—
men and women ----------------A -2 . Professional and technical occupations—
men
and women ------------------------------------------------------------------A - 3. Office, professional, and technical
occupations—
men and women combined
______________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations _____________
A -5 . Custodial and material movement occupations ------------

2
4
4

A:

5
9
10
12
13

Appendixes:
A.
B.

Changes in occupational descriptions -----------------------------------Occupational descriptions ____________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available in the St. Louis area reports for each
year since January 1952. The February 1957 report was limited to occupational
earnings of plant workers in manufacturing and public utilities industries. (Data
were collected only for plant workers in manufacturing and public utilities indus­
tries in February 1957.) Most of the reports present data on establishment
practices and supplementary wage provisions.
Similar reports are available for other major areas. A directory indi­
cating the areas, dates of study, and prices of these reports is available upon
request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage prac­
tices in the St. Louis area are also available for contract cleaning services (July
1961), machinery industries (April 1961), paints and varnishes (May 1961), and
women's and m isses' dresses (August 1961). Union scales, indicative of prevail­
ing pay levels, are available for the following trades or industries:
Building
construction, printing, local-transit operating employees, and motortruck drivers
and helpers.

iii

15
17




Occupational Wage Survey— St. Louis, Mo.—111.
Introduction
a re p r e se n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) fo r the fo llo w in g types o f o c c u ­
pation s: (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c) m a in te­
nance and p ow erp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t.

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 la b o r m a rk ets in w hich the U .S . D e ­
p a rtm en t o f L a b o r 's B u rea u o f L a b or S ta tistics con d u cts su r v e y s
o f o ccu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and r e la te d w age b en efits on an a r e a b a s is .
The b u lle tin p r e s e n ts c u r r e n t o ccu p a tion a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a rn in g s in fo r m a tio n ob ta in ed la r g e ly by m a il fr o m the e sta b lis h m e n ts
v is it e d by B u rea u fie ld e c o n o m is t s in the la s t p rev iou s s u r v e y fo r
o c cu p a tio n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r lie r study. P e r s o n a l v is it s w e re m ade
to n on resp on d en ts and t o -t h o s e resp on d en ts re p ortin g unusual ch a n g es
s in c e the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .

O ccu p a tion a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a re shown fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose h ir e d to w ork a r e g u la r w eek ly s c h e d ­
ule in the g iven o ccu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in g s data ex clu d e
p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
late s h ifts .
N on p rod u ction b o n u s e s a re e x c lu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b on u ses and in ce n tiv e e a rn in g s a re in clu d e d .
W here w eekly
h ou rs a r e r e p o r t e d , as fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is
to the w ork sc h e d u le s (rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) fo r w hich
str a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s a re paid; a v e ra g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s fo r th ese
o c cu p a tio n s have b e e n rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

In e a c h a r e a , data a re obtain ed fr o m r e p re s e n ta tiv e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u str y d iv is io n s : M an ufacturin g; t r a n s p o r ­
ta tion , c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er pu blic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le tra d e ;
r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and re a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r
in d u stry g ro u p s e x c lu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies are g overn m en t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having
fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o rk e r s are om itted a ls o b e c a u se
they tend to fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t e m p loy m en t in the occu p a tio n s stud ied
to w a rra n t in c lu s io n .
S ep a ra te tabulations are p ro v id e d f o r ea ch o f
the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w hich m e e t p u blication c r it e r i a .

A v e ra g e e a r n in g s o f m en and w om en a re p r e s e n te d se p a ra te ly
fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s in w h ich both s e x e s a re c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .;
D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls o f m en and w om en in th ese o ccu p a tio n s are
la r g e ly due to (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong
in d u str ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts ; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the o c cu p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s ifi e d within,
the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in length o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w when in d iv id u a l s a la r ie s a re a d ju sted on this
b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ou ld r e s u lt in h igh er a v era g e
pay when both s e x e s a re e m p lo y e d w ithin the sa m e rate ra n ge.
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u se d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese s u r v e y s are u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u se d in in d iv id u al e sta b lish m en ts to
a llow f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s a m on g e sta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific duties
p e r fo r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a re co n d u cte d on a sa m p le b a sis b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv ey in g all e sta b lis h m e n ts.
T o obtain
o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g re a te r p r o p o rtio n o f la rg e
than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is stud ied.
In com bin in g the data, h ow ­
e v e r , a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv en th eir a p p rop ria te w eigh t. E s tim a te s
b a s e d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a re p resen ted , t h e r e fo r e , as r e ­
latin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry grouping and a r e a , e x c e p t
fo r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied.

O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in a ll
e sta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and n ot the n um ber a ctu ­
a lly su r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l s tru ctu re am ong
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t obtain ed
fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in dicate the
r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
pation al s tru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in gs data.

O ccu p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a re co m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tion a l c l a s ­
s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to
take a cco u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a ria tio n in duties w ithin the sam e
jo b .
(See ap pen dix fo r lis tin g o f these d e s c r ip t io n s .) E a rn in g s data




1

2




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and num ber studied in St. L o u is , M o . —
111. , 1
by m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , 2 O cto b e r 1961

In du stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

_____________________________________

M an u factu rin g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t ilitie s 4 --------------------------------W h o le s a le tr a d e ______________________________
R e ta il tr a d e 5>6 ________________________________
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te
S e r v ic e s 6>7 ___________________________________

M in im um
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s c o p e
o f study

_

N u m ber o f esta b lish m e n ts
W ithin s c o p e
o f study3

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

Studied

W ithin s c o p e
o f study

Studied

953

247

3 1 3 ,8 0 0

1 9 1 ,4 7 0

100
"

394
559

104
143

1 9 7 ,6 0 0
1 1 6 ,2 0 0

1 2 6 ,7 2 0
6 4 ,7 5 0

100
50
100
50
50

93
171
65
117
113

39
37
15
26
26

4 8 ,0 0 0
1 9 ,1 0 0
1 6 ,4 0 0
1 8 ,3 0 0
1 4 ,4 0 0

3 7 ,2 9 0
6 ,8 4 0
7, 240
8 ,0 6 0
5, 320

1 T h e St. L o u is Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f St. L o u is C ity, J e ffe r s o n , St. C h a r le s , and St. L o u is C o u n tie s , M o .; and
M a d iso n and St. C la ir C o u n tie s , 111.
T he " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f stu d y " e s tim a te s shown in this table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n
o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y .
T h e e s tim a te s are not in tended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n
w ith o th e r a r e a e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e em p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f e s ta b lis h m e n t
data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in adva n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll e sta b lish m e n ts are e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T he 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as used in c la s s ify in g e sta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
M a jor
ch an ges f r o m the e a r l ie r e d itio n (u se d in the B u re a u 's la b o r m a rk e t w age s u r v e y s co n d u cte d p r io r to Ju ly 1958) a r e the t r a n s f e r o f m ilk p a s t e u r iz a t io n
plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e t e e s ta b lis h m e n ts fr o m tra d e (w h o le s a le o r r e ta il) to m an u factu rin g, and the t r a n s fe r o f r a d io and t e le v is io n b r o a d ­
c a s tin g f r o m s e r v ic e s to the tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s d iv isio n .
3 In clu d es a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a bove the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ith in the a r e a ) o f co m p a n ie s in
su ch in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e th e a te rs are c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
5 E x clu d e s d ep a rtm e n t and l im i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
6 T h is in d u s try d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll i n d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A t a b le s .
S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n
o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ad e fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m ploym en t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the s a m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it se p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r in adequ ate to
p e r m it se p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u a l esta b lish m en t data.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s ; m o tio n p ic tu re s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e p e r c e n ts o f change in s a la r ie s o f
o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e ea rn in g s
o f s e le c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g ro u p s .

F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n ts o f ch a n g e r e la t e to a v e r a g e w eek ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h ou rs
o f w o rk , that is , the stan d ard w o rk sch ed u le fo r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r pla n t w o r k e r g ro u p s, they m e a s u r e ch a n g es
in s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly e a r n in g s, exclu d in g p re m iu m pa y fo r o v e r ­
tim e and f o r w o r k on w ee k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts.
The p e r ­
c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e le c t e d k ey occu p a tio n s and in clu d e
m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ithin each g rou p .
The o f ­
f i c e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on m e n and w om en in the fo llo w in g 19 jo b s :
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B ; c le r k s , a ccou n tin g , c la s s A
and B ; c le r k s , file , c l a s s A , B, and C; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y ­
r o ll; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A and B;
o f f ic e b o y s and g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; ste n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e r a l; s t e n o g r a ­
p h e r s , s e n io r ; sw itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B ; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B.
The in d u stria l n u r se data a r e
b a s e d on m e n and w o m e n in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s .
Men in the fo llo w in g
8 s k ille d m a in te n a n ce jo b s and 2 u n sk illed jo b s w e r e in clu d ed in the
pla n t w o r k e r data: S k illed — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; p a in te rs ; p ip e fitte r s ; and to o l and
d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a t e r ia l h an dlin g.

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h ou rly e a r n in g s w e r e
c o m p u te d f o r e a ch o f the s e le c t e d occu p a tio n s.
The a v e r a g e s a l­




a r ie s o r h o u rly ea rn in g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d b y the a v e ra g e e m p lo y ­
m en t in the jo b du rin g the p e r io d su r v e y e d in 1961.
T h ese w eigh ted
ea rn in g s fo r in d iv id u al o c cu p a tio n s w e r e then tota led to obtain an a g ­
g re g a te fo r ea ch o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p .
F in a lly , the ra tio o f th ese group
a g g r e g a te s f o r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r the oth er y e a r w as
com p u ted and the d iffe r e n c e b etw een the r e s u lt and 100 is the p e r ce n t
o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the oth er.

The p e r c e n t o f change m e a s u r e s , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c ts o f
(1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w age ch a n g es; (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s
in pay r e c e iv e d b y in div idu al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and
(3) ch a n g es in the la b o r f o r c e su ch a s la b o r tu r n o v e r, fo r c e expan ­
sio n s , fo r c e r e d u c tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o rk e r s
e m p lo y e d by e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the
la b o r f o r c e can c a u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the occu p a tion a l
a v e r a g e s w ithout a ctu a l w ag e ch a n g es. F o r ex a m p le, a f o r c e expan sion
m ig h t in c r e a s e the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r pa id w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific
o ccu p a tio n and r e s u lt in a d r o p in the a v e r a g e , w h e re a s a red u ction
in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ould h av e the op p osite e ffe ct.
The m o v e m e n t o f a h ig h -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n t out o f an a re a cou ld
c a u se the a v e r a g e e a rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though no change in r a te s
o c c u r r e d in oth er a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n ts.

The u se o f con sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w eig h ts elim in a te s the e ffe c ts
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in each jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
N or a r e the p e r c e n ts o f change in flu en ced b y
ch a n g es in stan dard w o rk sc h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e ,
s in c e they a r e b a s e d on pay fo r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .

The ab ov e tex t r e p r e s e n t s the m eth od u sed in com p u tin g a new tren d
s e r ie s (ta b le 2).
This s e r ie s in itia ted w ith the ex p a n sion o f the la b o r m a rk e t
w ag e su rv e y p r o g r a m s to 82 a r e a s w ill r e p la c e the old s e r ie s (1953 b a s e ) show n
in ta ble 3.
Changes in the jo b s su r v e y e d and jo b d e s c r ip tio n s s in c e the sta r t o f
the old s e r ie s c a lle d fo r a re e x a m in a tio n o f the jo b s and jo b g rou p in g s fo r w h ich
tre n d s w e r e to b e com p u ted .
The new s e r ie s c o v e r s the sa m e jo b g rou p in g s a s the e a r lie r s e r ie s w ith
the fo llo w in g e x ce p tio n s : The w om en c l e r i c a l grou p is r e p la c e d b y an o ffic e
c l e r i c a l g rou p (m en and w om en ) and the in d u stria l n u r se c a te g o r y in clu d e s both
m e n and w om en .
Changes w e r e a ls o m a d e in the jo b s in clu d ed w ith in jo b g ro u p ­
in g s in o r d e r that an id e n tic a l lis t c o u ld b e e m p lo y e d in a ll a r e a s .

4

T a b le 2.
P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e in stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e
h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in St. L o u is , M o .—
111.,
O cto b e r I960 to O cto b e r 1961 and O cto b e r 1959 to O cto b e r I960
O cto b e r I960
to
O cto b e r 1961

O cto b e r 1959
to
O cto b e r 1960

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) ------------------------------------In d u stria l n u r s e s (m e n and w om en ) --------------------------------S k ille d m a in ten an ce (m en ) ------------------------------------------------U n s k ille d plant (m en ) ---------------------------------------------------------

3.0
4.3
3.7
3.6

2.9
5.6
2.8
4.7

M anuf actu r in g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w om en ) ------------------------------------In d u stria l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n ) --------------------------------S k ille d m a in ten an ce (m en ) ...................... ......... ............ ............
U n s k ille d plant (m en ) ---------------------------------------------------------

3.5
4.3
3.6
3.7

3.4
5.6
2.4
3.7

In du stry and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p

T a b le 3.

In dexes o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s for s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g rou p s in St. L o u is , M o .—
111.,
O c t o b e r 1961 and O c t o b e r I960, and p e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
In dexes
(D e c e m b e r 1952 = 100)

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p

P ercen t in cre a se s fro m —
O c t o b e r 1959
to
O c t o b e r I960

O cto b e r 1958
to
O cto b e r 1959

N o v e m b e r 1957 F e b r u a r y 1956 F e b r u a r y 1955 Jan u ary 1954 D e c e m b e r 1952
to
to
to
to
to
O cto b e r 1958 N o v e m b e r 1957 F e b r u a r y 1956 F e b r u a r y 1955 Jan u ary 1954

O cto b e r 1961

O cto b e r I960

O c t o b e r I960
to
O cto b e r 1961

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en ) _____________________
In d u stria l n u r s e s (w o m e n ) ....... ..........................
S k illed m ain ten a n ce (m en ) ___________________
U n sk illed plant (m en ) ________ __________ _____

142.7
155.2
149.4
148.7

138.4
149.6
144.1
143.0

3.1
3.7
3.7
4.0

2.8
5.1
2.8
4.4

4.4
4.7
4.3
4.1

4.0
5.6
4.2
3.2

8.1
10.3
10.0
9.4

4.2
6.6
6.1
4.4

4 .2
3.0
3.2
3.0

5.7
6.4
7.1
8.5

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om e n )
.........
In d u stria l n u r s e s (w om en ) ___________________
S k illed m ain ten an ce (m en ) .................................
U n sk illed plant (m en )
........

144.2
156.0
148.5
148.2

139.5
149.6
143.4
143.3

3.4
4.3
3.5
3.4

3.4
5.1
2.6
3.6

4.0
4.7
4.5
4.8

4.3
5.6
4.1
4.2

9.1
10. 3
10.0
10.0

4.8
6.6
6.2
4.6

3. 1
3.8
2.9
2.6

5.5
5.6
7.0
7.4




A: Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , St. L ouis, M o .—
111. , O ctober 1961)
AE
G
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 $8 0 .0 0 $8 5 .0 0 90.0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 1 0 5 .0 0 110.00 1 1 5 .0 0 120.00 1 2 5 .0 0 ? 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0
and
6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 90.00 9 5 .0 0 100.00 1 0 5 .0 0 110.00 1 15 .00 120.00 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .00 135.00 140 .00 o v e r

$
$
$
Weekly
Weekly U n der 40.00 4 5 .0 0 $5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0
hours1
earnings 1
and
(Standard) (Standard) $
4 0 .0 0 u n d er
4 5.0 0 5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 60.0 0

60.00

M en
C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A -------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________ _______
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 _____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ______________________

497
262
235
69
80

4 0. 0
40. 0
3 9 .5
4 0. 0
3 9. 5

$ 110.00
114 .00
1 05.50
1 08.50
1 06.00

.
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B _____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 _____________________

448
142
306
107

3 9 .5
3 9. 5
39. 5
4 0. 0

8 5 .0 0
9 3.5 0
8 1 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

_
-

_
-

8
8

36
36

-

-

-

35
11
24
4

25
12
13
2

14
5
9
2

20
11
9
-

27
13
14

-

36
36
1

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A 3 _____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g :
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 _____________________

50

4 0. 0

9 3 .0 0

.

.

_

_

1

_

5

2

5

29

4 0. 0

105 .50

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B 3 _____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 _____________________

58
52
41

40. 0
4 0. 0
40. 0

7 9.5 0
8 0 .5 0
88.00

_
-

_
-

4
4

4
4

_
-

-

-

4
2
-

3
-

-

1
1
-

-

-

C l e r k s , o r d e r _______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________ ______________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ______________________

327
153
174
150

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

9 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
98.00

.
-

_
-

_
_

13
13

_
-

_
_

10
10
-

-

-

-

-

17
9
8
5

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l _____________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 _____________________

129
70
59
57

39. 5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
40. 0

100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
-

1
1
-

2
2
2

O ffi c e b o y s __________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________
'Pnhlir' litiliti f»s 2
F in a n c e 4 ----------------------------------------------

458
187
271
109
109

3 9.
39.
39.
4 0.
3 9.

27
22
5
2

S e c r e t a r i e s __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 _____________________

_
_

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

2
2
-

2
2
2

-

21
15
6
5

37
14
23
6
5

63
13
50
6
31

65
33
32
5
14

42
11
31
22
5

39
26
13
9
-

59
41
18
9
6

53
30
23
1
2

-

31
4
27
4

19
4
15
4

64
13
51
42

37
22
15
12

49
14
35
22

28
21
7
7

12
8
4
4

4
2
2
2

8

4

1

8

.

8

2

2

4

*

-

4

1

8

-

8

2

2

1
-

26
26
26

2
2
2

6

1
1
1

_
-

_
-

6

5
5
5

-

-

1
1
1

37
20
17
15

40
23
17
17

18
5
13
13

110
46
64
64

13
5
8
2

8
8
_

-

40
19
21
21

-

7
2
5
5

3
3
2

11
8
3
3

17
16
1
1

14
4
10
10

8
6
2
2

23
14
9
8

18
1
17
17

12
5
7
7

15
10
5

90
6
84
84

14
7
7
7

1
1
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

8
3
5
-

18
7
11
2

—

r ~

41
24
17
8
9

13
11
2
1
1

11
11
-

25
21
4
2

2
2
-

.
-

-

1
1
1

-

-

_

_

.

_

4

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

-

-

-

3
1
2
2

2
1
1
1

3
3
3

2
2
_
-

4
2
2
2

2
1
1
1

4
3
1
1

1
T
-

2
2
-

3
3
-

-

4
3
1
1

-

-

.
-

.
-

-

-

-

_
.

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
5
0
0

6 2 .5 0
62.00
6 2 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
4 9 .0 0

_
-

100
26
74
2
56

51
28
23
2
14

74
34
40
7
21

31
22
9
3

-

19
1
18
2
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

78
73
73

4 0. 0
4 0. 0
4 0. 0

121.50
122.00
122.00

.
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
3

9
9
9

11
10
10

9
9
9

19
17
17

11
10
10

5
5
5

4
4
4

6
6
6

T a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s A
_
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 _____________________

147
75
72
44

39. 5
39. 5
3 9 .5
4 0. 0

1 13.00
1 08.50
1 18.00
1 17.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
2
2
-

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

12
9
3
1

25
12
13
11

26
13
13
12

15
13
2
1

12
5
7
5

12
1
11
3

10
4
6
3

5
4
1
1

8
1
7
-

9
2
7
57

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s R
_
__
......
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________
No n m a n u f a c tu r i ng
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 _____________________

271
119
152
54

39.
39.
39.
4 0.

5
5
5
0

9 3 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
100.00

1
1
1

6
1
5
1

22
3
19
3

14
8
6

39
14
25
2

32
26
6
2

36
11
25
4

56
22
34
22

9
2
7
4

12
5
7
6

6
5
1
1

6
5
1
1

4
_
4
4

_
.
_

_
.
.

_
_
_

-

26
17
9
2

-

-

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s C
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________

88
52

4 0 .0
4 0. 0

88.00
89.5 0

3

4
1

4
3

5
5

11
11

13
13

17
1

6
4

13
12

3
2

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

"

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
1

_

-

-

1

4

-

36
30
6
2

|

-

-

-

■
'

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




6
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division, St. L ou is, M o.—
111., O ctober 1961)

T
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NU M B ER OF WORKERS R E CEIVING ST R AIG H T-TIM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

A verage

$
W
eekly Under 40.00
W
eekly
and
hours 1 earnings 1
(Standard) (Standard) $
under
40.00
45.00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
135.00 140.00
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 $
and
50.00

55.00 60.00

65.00 . m o o .75.00 180. 00.. 3 5 .0 0

W om en

90.00 J25JUL 100.00 105.00 110.00 I15.Q.Q 12Q.QQ 12.5....Q 13Q.QQ 135. O I4Q.-QH QV.£.Xf?
Q
j
i

j

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) ........
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ____________________
P u blic u tilities 2 ---------------------------W holesale trade ----------------------------

231
73
158
45
90

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

$71 .00
76.50
68.50
84.50
62.50

_
-

_
-

9
9
9

37
1
36
6
14

16
6
10
10

44
19
25
2
22

26
3
23
2
16

17
4
13
3
10

4
3
1
-

27
12
15
6
9

12
10
2
2

1
1
-

24
12
12
12

10
2
8
8

4
4
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) -------------------------------- ----------------

54

39.5

78.50

-

-

-

5

-

6

13

6

-

2

3

3

-

16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

B ook keeping-m ach ine op e r a to r s ,
cla ss A __________ ______ ______ ____ ____
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------F in a n ce 4 ___________________________

240
68
172
101

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

73.50
83.50
69.50
66.00

"

-

4
4
4

2
2
2

36
36
36

32
32
20

33
1
32
14

31
20
11

29
2
27
16

19
5
14
4

22
17
5
5

19
17
2
-

3
3
-

3
3
-

-

6
6
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

Bookkeeping-m ach ine op e r a to r s ,
cla ss B _________________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
P u blic u tilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade __________________
F in a n ce 4 -----------------------------------------

1, 005
305
700
26
123
493

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5

63.50
73.50
59.00
81.50
71.00
53.50

_

133
5
128
_
125

159
17
142
5
132

164
40
124
20
100

167
30
137
25
88

47
20
27
_
5
21

78
57
21
6
11
-

56
41
15
2
2
1

84
8
76
14
53
2

55
53
2
2
_

7
5
2
_
2
-

25
25
_

2
2
2
_

4
4
_

_
_

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

24
24
_
24

-

-

-

I

C lerks, accounting, cla ss A ____________
M anufacturing ________ ___
___
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
P u blic u tilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade __________________
F in a n ce 4 ___________________________

554
244
310
67
70
97

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.5
38.0

88.50
89.50
87.50
95.50
91.00
79.00

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

4
2
2
2
_

43
22
21
5
_
9

41
2
39
6
10
18

74
19
55
5
7
36

66
30
36
2
10
7

107
61
46
4
10
18

81
44
37
6
15
9

35
24
11
2
1
-

35
14
21
13
6
-

26
12
14
7
2
-

10
6
4
2
1
-

23
5
18
13
4
-

1
1
_
_
_

1
1
_
_
_

-

-

C lerks, accounting, c la s s B ____________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------P u blic u tilities 2 ---- ----------------------W holesale trade __________________
F in a n ce 4 -----------------------------------------

1,376
587
789
144
156
253

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0
40.0
38.0

66.50
68.50
65.00
79.50
67.00
56.00

_
_
-

31
31
28

90
19
71
3
49

206
130
76
10
46

146
57
89
12
18
34

265
81
184
13
56
58

124
46
78
10
16
18

116
57
59
9
20
9

135
69
66
7
19
10

100
42
58
29
6
-

67
29
38
30
5
-

40
18
22
15
5
1

26
16
10
9
1
-

17
10
7
7
-

4
4
-

5
5
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

C lerks, file , c la s s A 3 ---- ----------------------M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

257
158
99

39.5
40.0
39.0

75.50
74.00
78.50

_

_

.

-

-

"

13
8
5

15
13
2

33
22
11

22
5
17

15
13
2

54
37
17

49
45
4

20
12
8

18
2
16

13
1
12

3
3

1
1

_
"

1
1

_
-

C lerks, file , cla ss B 3 __________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
W holesale trade __________________
F in a n ce 4 ___________________________

597
208
389
85
210

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.0

60.50
64.00
58.50
59.00
56.00

6
6
-

10
10
10

93
18
75
20
45

135
48
87
23
50

75
20
55
8
36

84
31
53
5
37

73
29
44
12
17

50
32
18
12
5

13
2
11
1
10

20
11
9
2
-

15
1
14
-

19
15
4
2
~

1
1
-

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

C lerks, file , c la s s C 3 __________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
P u blic u tilities 2 __________________
F in a n ce 4 ___________________________

353
116
237
63
110

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.0

5 3.00
51.00
54.00
66.50
49.00

_

5
5
-

172
60
112
_
79

66
26
40
_
27

44
13
31
17
2

28
7
21
17
2

21
3
18
17

4

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

4
2

1
-

1
1
-

6

-

5
1
4
4

6
6

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




-

-

"

-

1
!

-

-

5
1
4
_
4
-

_
_
_
_
_

2
_
2
_
_

-

-

1
1
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

“

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_

_

.

-

_

_

-

_
_
_

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry d ivision , St. L ou is, M o.—
111., O ctober 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly!
Weekly j U n der
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) $
4 0 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
40.00 4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 *75.00 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 1 0 5 .00 110.00 115 .00 120.00 1 2 5 .0 0 130.00 135.00 140.00
and
and
under
45.00 5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 1 05.00 110.00 1 1 5 .00 120.00 125 .00 1 3 0 .0 0 135.00 140.00 o v e r

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d

C l e r k s , o r d e r _____ ____ ____________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______ ____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________

4 39
167
272
196

4 0.0
3 9.5
4 0.0
4 0.0

$ 6 7 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
64.5 0
66.00

3
3
"

8
5
3

65
20
45
30

58
12
46
39

70
22
48
44

31
14
17
11

39
18
21
15

55
18
37
30

13
3
10
10

6
3
3

-

31
9
22
5

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ____________________________
____ ____________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 ____________________

675
4 44
231
86

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.0

76.0 0
74.5 0
7 9 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

_
-

_
-

26
26
-

-

-

38
25
13
7

60
42
18
5

103
61
42
7

72
42
30
4

60
32
28
4

94

-

39
32
7
7

C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s __________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 ____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________

942
549
393
113
146

3 9.5
4 0.0
3 9.5
4 0.0
39.5

7 5 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
7 5.5 0
8 9 .5 0
7 0.5 0

_
-

_
-

15
15
-

-

-

-

52
40
12
2

88
40
48
1
27

106
69
37
1
20

108
53
55
2
33

114
50
64
5
25

D u p lic a t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(M im e o g r a p h o r D itto ) __________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

90
50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

73.0 0
75.5 0

-

-

2

2

~

-

“

5
"

12
9

27
21

K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A 3 _________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 __________ _________
F in a n c e 4 ________________ _____ _______

478
243
235
115
56

39.5
4 0 .0
3 9.0
39.5
3 8.5

80.0 0
7 6.0 0
84.0 0
91.5 0
73.0 0

_
-

_
-

12
12
-

20
14
6
6

-

-

-

2
2
1
1

-

36
28
8
1
7

K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B 3 _________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 ____________________
F in a n c e 4 _____________________________

674
321
353
141
139

39.5
4 0 .0
3 9.0
4 0 .0
37.5

7 0 .0 0
70.5 0
7 0.0 0
8 0.5 0
5 8.00

_
_

_
-

31
11
20
_
20

77
20
57
13
44

80
45
35
26

O f f i c e g i r l s _________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 ____________________
F in a n c e 4 _____________________ ____ _

291
137
154
28
78

3 9.0
4 0 .0
3 8.0
3 9.0
37.5

5 8.00
56.0 0
5 9 .5 0
68.5 0
53.0 0

7
1
6
6

10
1
9
7

59
30
29
22

63
38
25
6
11

S e c r e t a r i e s ................ ............. ...............................
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 ____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e --------- --------------------F in a n c e 4 _______________ _____ ________

2, 997
1 ,6 4 0
1, 357
440
225
363

3 9.5
39.5
3 9.0
3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.0

9 1.0 0
9 2.5 0
8 9 .0 0
101.50
88.5 0
78.0 0

_
_
_
_

_
_
-

10
10
-

33
-

-

-

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l 3 _________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g .............................. ................
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 ____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ------------------------------F in a n c e 4 --------------------------------------------

2, 530
1, 301
1,2 2 9
315
313
4 16

39.5
3 9.5
3 9.0
4 0 .0
3 9.5
3 8.5

7 1.0 0
7 4.0 0
68.00
8 0.0 0
68.00
60.00

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
_

_

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




73
7
66
_
21
40

7
1
6
5

11
8
3
-

3
1
2
2

10
9
1
-

-

-

29
24
5
5

-

-

18
4

28
17
11
10

78
59
19
5

12
4
8
3

29
12
17
15

13
6
7
5

11
4
7
7

4
3
1
-

_
-

91
65
26
3
18

91
51
40
23
3

42
20
22
1
8

144
92
52
50

56
26
30
24
6

24
20
4
3
1

8
8
-

1
1
1

2
2
2

9
-

4
-

9
1

15
14

-

5

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

62
28
34
14

49
40
9
1
8

38
17
21
6
12

59
28
31
2
14

67
39
28
5

35
17
18
16

89
14
75
74

5
2
3
3

1
1
-

3
3
-

_
-

-

~

-

-

-

84
44
40
8
21

66
29
37
7
13

85
60
25
12
5

74
42
32
18
10

91
41
50
28

9
5
4
4

28
7
21
21

6
4
2
2

5
5
-

_
-

-

-

38
8
30
28
-

-

49
32
17
4
12

43
17
26
4
16

15
11
4
2

2
1
1
-

37
4
33
12

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

-

-

6
2
4
4

'

-

-

5
28

26
7
19
9

84
28
56
4
5
36

166
78
88
4
5
61

143
60
83
19
12
26

318
152
166
32
41
38

447
323
124
8
46
44

278
138
140
28
26
58

314
188
126
61
12
14

250
144
106
44
9
15

205
43
162
6
24
108

216
71
145
24
37
66

375
197
178
22
41
81

425
230
195
28
62
52

344
198
146
34
35
63

316
218
98
46
39
2

193
105
88
31
37
4

114
78
36
25
4

98
45
53
41
11

94
56
38
34
2

33

76

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

2
2

1
1
-

-

5
2
3
3

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

"

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

"

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

"

-

-

-

319
151
168
71
33
16

170
113
57

145
78
67
55
5
6

118
78
40
31
5
2

68
34
34
23
2
1

53
31
22
21
1

27
17
10
10
-

11
10
1
1
-

17
10
7
5

-

-

-

-

50
27
23
23

15
14
1
1
-

12
12

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

23
16
9

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

2

_

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry div isio n , St. L o u is, M o .—
111. , O ctober 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS

Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

OF -

$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Weekly . U n d er 4 0 . 00 4 5 . 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 6 5. 00 7 0. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 9 0 . 00
Weekly,
9 5 .0 0 100.00 105 .00 110.00 1 1 5 .0 0 120.00 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0
earnings1
hours
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) $
u n d er
4 0 . 00 4 5 . 00 50. 00 55. 00 6 0. 00 6 5 .0 0 7 0. 00 7 5. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00
1 05 .00 110.00 1 1 5 .0 0 120.00 125 .00 1 30 .00 135 .00 140 .00 o v e r

W o m e n — C on tin u ed
_
-

_
-

_
-

00
00
00
50
50

_
-

_
-

38
38
-

-

"

-

50
00
50
00
50
50

-

-

-

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n i o r 3 ----------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _________________ F in a n c e 45 _____________________________

942
599
343
154
56
95

40.
40.
40.
40.
39.
40.

0
0
0
0
5
0

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ___________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
F i n a n c e 4 ---------------------------------------------

474
137
337
71
74

39.
39.
3 9.
40.
39.

5
5
5
0
0

69.
82.
6 4.
86.
6 4.

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ____
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ______________ ____
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________
F i n a n c e 4 ---------------------------------------------

572
259
313
60
125
58

39.
39.
39.
39.
39.
38.

5
5
0
5
5
0

69.
7 0.
6 9.
74.
6 9.
65.

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

280
91
189

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C __________________________

$ 8 3 .5 0
8 4. 00
8 2. 00
91. 00
8 3. 50
7 0 . 50

-

29
7
22
8
13

100
47
53
12
9
23

117
80
37
10
2
19

108
108
11

27
1
26
7

46
14
32
19

25
9
16
4
8

35
9
26
6
12
-

56
31
25
15
10

148
63
85
2
36
19

4
4

6
6

138
84
54
33
6
10

107
82
25
7
14
3

116
102
14
12
2

55
40
15
8
7
-

61
22
39
35
4

49
15
34
7
25

13
47
22 —
25
7
3
11
3
1

50
30
20
18
-

42
24
18
15
"

12
10
2
2
-

85
48
37
2
13
16

99
49
50
9
28
8

33
14
19

42
8
34

-

-

12
5

20
-

40
18
22
15
-

22
15
7
3
4
-

21
2
19

12
2
10

10
3
7

20
16
4

83
25
58

44
5
39

147
107
40
5
13
11

-

-

6
6
6
-

3
1
2
2
-

2
2
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

"

-

-

-

31
23
8

9
7
2

15
4
11

2
2

1
1
-

1
1

2
1
1

19
19

3

5

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

2
2

_

_

-

-

2

-

_
-

-

-

~

-

8 6 . 00
8 6 . 50
8 6 . 00

-

-

-

39. 5

8 0. 50

-

-

-

-

4

14

4

6

5

28

1

2

2

4

13
1
12

37
25
12

45
17
28

176
131
45

85
33
52

79
54
25

47
29
18

65
30
35

59
51
8
2
5

19
8
11
11

13
4
9
9

6
1
5
5

50
50
50
00
50
50

-

-

-

-

T y p is t s , c l a s s A ________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
F i n a n c e 4 ---------------------------------------------

680
4 24
256
70
141

39.
40.
39.
39.
38.

5
0
0
5
5

7 3.
7 6.
7 0.
7 8.
6 4.

50
00
00
50
00

_
-

~

T y p is t s , c l a s s B ________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g -----------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______ __ ----------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _______ ____ ____
F in a n c e 4 -----------------------------------------

2, 105
833
1 ,2 7 2
126
3 28
560

39.
40.
39.
40.
40.
38.

5
0
0
0
0
5

61.00
6 5. 00
58. 50
7 4 . 00

-

20

61. 00
52. 50

20

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
8

4
8

10
17

14
29

6
40

19

4
5

10
24

14

20
1
19

41
18
23
3
15

92
49
43
8
25

91
50
41
13
24

95
66
29
7
20

101
74
27
11
15

109
79
30
8

65
59
6

8

1

389
140
249
26
74
96

372
169
203
31
109
29

249
163
86

184
119
65

74
45
29

63

33

30
24

3

5

8

4

29
21

27

1

21

5

4

14

-

-

14

19

261
10
251

4 04
111
293

1

4

17
176

48
209

-

30

-

-

6
4
2

~

-

21
17
4
4

25
8
17
15

4
3
1

40
15
25
25

17

1
1

-

14
14

-

-

-

1
-

-

3

-

1
-

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek for which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular s tra igh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eek ly h ou rs.
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.
D e scrip tion for this jo b has been r e v ise d since the last survey in this a rea. See appendix A.
F in an ce, in su ran ce, and rea l estate.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 1 at $ 140 to $ 145; 6 at $ 145 to $ 150.




_
-

-

!

"

7 0.
7 0.
7 0.
96.
6 9.
66.

_
-

1
1
-

-

0
0
0
0
5
0

_
-

2
2
-

-

-

39.
39.
39.
40.
39.
39.

_
-

14
3
11
11
-

-

646
384
262
27
56
150

1
1
1
-

18
3
15
15
-

-

78

5
5
-

17
13
4
3
1

-

-

1
2
3
4
5

12
1
11
6

-

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l ____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ___________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e __________________
F in a n c e 4 ________ — __ — -----------

_____

7
7
7

_
1
1

7
2
5
4
1

5
4
1
1
_

-

-

-

2

_
-

_

-

_
_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

s

-

_
-

_
-

_
_
_

_

9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations-Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , St. L o u is , M o . —
111. , O c t o b e r 1961)
NU M B ER OF W O RK ER S R E CE IVIN G S T R A IG H T-TIM E W EEKLY EARN ING S OF

A verage

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(Standard)

Weekly
U n der
earnings1
3
(Standard)

$

70.0 0

$

7 5 .0 0

$

8 0 .0 0

~

75.0 0

-

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

$

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
8 5 .0 0 90.0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 1 0 5 .00 110.00 1 1 5 .0 0 120.00 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 35 .00 1 40 .00 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 160.00 1 65.00 1 70 .00
and
■
■
■
■
■
■
9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 1 05 .00 110.00 1 15 .00 120.00 1 25 .00 130 .00 1 3 5 .0 0 1 40 .00 145 .00 150 .00 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 165 .00 170 .00 o v e r

M en

D r a ft s m e n , le a d e r ________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________

153
140

3 9 .5
4 0. 0

$ 1 6 6 .0 0
1 65.50

D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r ------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 _ --------------------------

847
748
99
64

4 0.
4 0.
39.
4 0.

0
0
5
0

125 .00
123 .50
134 .50
150 .50

_
_

-

D r a ft s m e n , j u n io r -------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------

415
320
95

39. 5
3 9 .5
39. 5

98.00
9 5.0 0
1 08.00

29
22
7

184
163

40. 0
40. 0

9 7 .0 0
9 7 .5 0

3
3

-

3
3

4
4

“

5
5

1
1

5
-

5
4

53
44
9
4

59
53
6
6

43
35
8
7

44
42
2
1

34
29
5
5

95
94
1
1

58
57
1

23
18
5

33
22
11

6
4
2

2
2

1
1

21
21

4
4

7
5

2
1

1
1

"

"

41
41
'

93
93
"

60
51
9
4

73
70
3

38
29
9

36
30
6

58
49
9

14
12
2

21
17

35
32

7
6

24
24

-

-

"

-

3
3

10
6
4

19
18
1

_

"

38
34
4
2

57
48
9
_

17
10
7

28
28
"

24
18
6

57
50
7

28
26
2

2
2

18
15

19
14

17
17

23
21

“

"

-

“

W om en

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) _________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 30 at $ 170 to $ 175; 2 at $ 175 to $ 180; 4 at $ 180 to $ 185; 10 at $ 185 and o v e r .
3 A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 1 7 0 to $ 1 7 5 .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




2
2

~

-

26
20
6
6

26
26

50
50

5
5
-

-

“

-

-

■

"

-

-

53
2 46

36
8
3 28
28

-

"

10
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations-Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , St. L o u is , M o .—
111., O c t o b e r 1961)

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

earnings 3
(Standard)

_____________________________ _________

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e )

Number
of

weekly j
earnings 1
(Standard)

----------------

279
73
206
93
90

$ 7 5 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
6 2 .5 0

55

7 9.0 0

382
116
266
90
110

$ 55.0 0
5 1.00
56.5 0
7 0.0 0
4 9 .0 0

766
320
446
25
346

79.0 0
8 3 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
8 0 .0 0

M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________
P u W ir u t ilit ie s ^
..........
W h o le s a le tra d e --------------------------------------------------

804
514
290
143
50

8 0 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

O om p tn m eter o p e r a to r s
. _
M a n u fa ctu r in g
------- ---------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________
P u b l ic u t ilit ie s 2 ________________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e ------------- ------------------------------------

946
549
397
117
146

7 6 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
90.00
7 0 .5 0

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s (M im e o g r a p h
o r D itto) _______________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________

126
65
61

7 2 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
7 8.5 0

K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A 4 ______________________
____ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________
P n b l ir u t ilit ie s ^
F in a n c e 3 --------------------------------------------------------------

501
244
257
137
56

8 0 .5 0
7 6.0 0
8 5 .0 0
92.00
7 3.0 0

M a n u fa ctu r in g

C le rk s , o r d e r

______________________________________

----------------------------------------------------------------

N on m a n u fa c tu rin g

__________________________________

Number
of
workers

earnings 1
(Standard)

S e c r e t a r ie s ___ - ___________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________________
N om m aiiu ifa c tu rine ____________________________________
iiv n iiu n u
r g ­
____________________ _____________
p u b l i c u t il it i e s
W h o le s a le t r a d e ___________________________________
F in a n c e 3 ___________________________________________

3, 075
1, 645
1, 430
513
225
363

$ 9 1 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
1 0 4 .00
8 8 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l 4 _______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________________
P u b l ic u t il it i e s 2 _______________________ __________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ___________________________________
F in a n c e 3 ____ _______________________________________

2, 556
1, 301
1, 255
341
313
416

7 1 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
6 8.0 0
6 0 .0 0

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n i o r 4 ------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ___________________________________
F in a n c e 3 ___________________________________________

955
600
355
166
56
95

8 4 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s __________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g - ____________________________________
o
P u b l ic u t il it i e s
__________________________________
F in a n c e 3 ____________________________________________

476
138
338
72
74

69.0 0
8 2 .0 0
6 4 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
6 4 .5 0

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ---------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________________
P u b l ic u t il it i e s 2 __________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 3 ___________________________________________

572
259
313
60
125
58

6 9 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
6 9 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
6 9 .5 0
6 5 .5 0

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s — C o n tin u e d

O ffi c e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

251
78
173
102

7 4 .5 0
86.00
6 9 .5 0
66.0 0

1, 029
306
723
27
123
510

6 3 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
5 8 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
5 3 .5 0

C le r k s , a cc o u n tin g , c l a s s A _________________________
M An'lfa ctii rin g
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________ ____________
Pub'll r nH li+jog ^
AA^bo jp c a lp t-pa
p i pa p rp ^

1 ,0 5 1
-------5UF~
545
136
150
153

9 8 .5 0
F0"2 . 00
9 5 .5 0
102.00
9 9 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B _________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________________________
T>Jr*nrr» flmvf a rh i ri ng
. . ....
______

1, 824
729
1, 095
251
187
377

7 1 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
88.00
7 0 .5 0
5 8.0 0

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------------------------p p T 'li1’ M tiliti^s ^
’"

307
173
134
50

7 8 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B 4 --------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
. _
______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
------ ---------------------------- ------------P n h lic u t ilit ie s ^
______
F in a n c e 3 ----------- -------------------- -------------- ---------------

699
322
377
165
139

7 1.0 0
7 0 .5 0
71.0 0
8 2 .0 0
5 8 .0 0

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A -------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------------------------------P u b l ic u t il it i e s 2 __________________________________

164
83
81
48

112.00
107 .50
1 17.00
119 .50

n i e f k p , fi 1*», c l a s s R 4
M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________
Ppblir* nfi 11f-j o c ^
W h o le s a le tra d e ---------- --------- -----------------------------F in n n r p ^

655
214
441
65
87
218

6 2 .5 0
6 4 .5 0
6 1 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
5 9.5 0
5 6.0 0

O f f i c e b o y s an d g i r l s __________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g .......................................- ........... .........
P u b l ic l^ti 1i ti e s ^
.. . .
W h o le s a le tra d e ___________________ ____ _________
P i np n rp ^
___ ....

749
324
425
137
55
187

6 0 .5 0
59.5 0
6 1 .5 0
7 6.5 0
59.0 0
5 0.5 0

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B -------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________________
P u b l ic u t il it i e s 2 __________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ___________________________________
F in a n c e 3 ___________________________________________

551
210
341
157
84
76

8 9 .5 0
91.00
8 8 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

N on m a n u fa c tu rin g

__________________________________

Pr,r>kkp ^ p i n g - m a f 'h i n o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s R
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________
P 1 h 11r*
1*
1i f-j ^ ^
W h o le s a le tr a d e -------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 3
_______

W h o le s a le t ra d e --------------------------------------------------

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A 4 ________________________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .




11
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations-Men and Women Combined—Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , St. L ou is, M o.—
111., O cto b e r 1961)

O ccupation and industry d iv isio n

Number
of

weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

Number

of

T a bulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s C
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ----------------------------P u b lic u tilities 1 --------------------------2

166
82
84
30

84.50
83.00
85.50
97.50

T ra n sc r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s , g en eral
M anufacturing ________________
N onm anufacturing ------------------P u b lic utilities 2 ___________
W holesale trade ___________
F inan ce 3 ___________________
4

384
2 62
27
56
150

70.50
70.50
96.00
69.50
66.50

Typists, c la s s A ------M anufacturing ____
Nonmanufacturing
P u blic utilities 2
F in a n c e 3 ---------Typists, c la s s B
M anufacturing ____
Nonmanufacturing P u blic u tilities 2
W holesale trade
F in a n c e 3 ----------

Average
earnings *
(Standard)

D raftsm en, leader ___________________________________
M anufacturing ____________________________________

153
140

$ 166.00
165.50

D raftsm en, senior ___________________________________
M anufacturing _____________________________________
Nonm anufacturing ________________________________
P u blic utilities 2 _______________________________

847
748
99
64

125.00
123.50
134.50
150.50

D raftsm en, junior ____________________________________
M anufacturing ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________

418
321
97

98.00
95.50
108.00

N u rses, industrial (re g is te r e d ) _____________________
M anufacturing ____________________________________

189
168

98.00
98.00

P ro fe s s io n a l and technica l occupations
723
456
267
81
141

$ 74.50
77.00
71.00
80.00
64.00

2, 138
Q"*q
OJ 7
1, 299
144
337
560

61.50
65.00
59.00
76.00
61.50
52.50

E arn ings are fo r a regu la r w ork w eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their straigh t-tim e w eekly s a la r ie s , e xclu sive of any prem iu m pay.
T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public utilities.
F in an ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate.
D e scrip tio n fo r this jo b has been r e v is e d since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




Number

of

O ccupation and industry d ivision

earnings *
(Standard)

O ffice occu pation s— Continued

O ffice occu p a tion s— Continued

1
2
3
4

O ccupation and industry division

12
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , St. L o u is , M o . —111. , O c t o b e r 1961)
NU M B ER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STR AIG K T -T IM E H OUR LY E A RN IN G S OF—

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
S
S
U n der 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 S2 . 00 2 . 10 S2 . 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 $2 .6 0 ®2. 70 $2. 80 ®2. 90 S3. 00 3. 10 S3. 20 3. 30 S3 .4 0 3. 50 $ 3. 60 3. 70 S3. 80 3. 90 4. 00 4. 10 4. 20
and
earnings1 $
and
1 .8 0 u n d e r
1 .9 0 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 3. 50 3. 60 3. 70 3. 80 3. 90 4. 00 4. 10 4. 20 o v e r
Average

-

-

-

-

-

11
1
10

18
12
6

3
3

_

_

_

_

2

-

-

-

-

17
14

_

-

6
-

12

_

_

_

_

37

_

.

-

-

37

.
-

_
-

18
10
8

2
2

11
11

31
29

4 74
430
27

$ 3 . 05
3. 04
2 . 61

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n ce --------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------

1. 502
1, 318

3. 23
3. 22

E n g in e e r s , s t a t io n a r y ___________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------

373
285
88

3. 03
3. 22
2. 40

3 12

-

F ir e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r _____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________

377
273
104

2 . 86
2. 84
2 . 90

20
4 20

2
2
-

_
-

H e lp e r s , m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s __________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------- -------------------

927
883

2. 72
2. 74

13
5

_

14
14

5
5

M a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s ,
t o o lr o o m _________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________

635
634

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n ce -----------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________

1. 137
1, 023

3. 25
3. 24

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e
(m a in te n a n ce ) ____________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________
'Dn'Klir' u t ilit ie s ^

928
188
740
685

2. 92
2. 96
2 .9 1
2. 94

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n c e
Mannfa r^nTi n j
t
OiiKli r iitiliti

ag

______

________

^

1 .4 5 3
1, 372
81
57

2.
2.
3.
3.

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
17

12
12
-

-

5

4
1

611
606

O ile r s _______________________________________

409
397

2. 67
2. 70

12

358
270

2. 92

.
-

-

-

1

A
c
k

13
12
1

59
56
3

5
5

33
33

-

3
3

21
21

2
2

_
-

4
4

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
24

285
283

154
152

230
230

79
7

68
4

83
83

14
11
3

6
6

46
46

11
11
-

36
35
1

32
32

-

47
40
7

78
78
-

33
22
11

19
19
-

_
-

23
23

-

26
22
4

45
4
41

15
15

170
150

166
160

211
211

29
29

32
32

10
10

-

89
89

53
52

35
35

41
41

47
47

68
68

259
259

12
2
10
15
15

-

43
38
5

-

-

51
47

36
34

118
118

16
14

-

-

-

-

_

14
14

15
15 .

-

-

20
17

3

7
7

3
3

6
6

33
33

52
42

74
71

26
25

151
151

183
181

128
128

103
103

48
12
36
36

-

62
3
59
59

10
3
7
7

53
14
39
39

32
22
10
10

25
15
10
4

471
34
437
410

111
40
71
71

38
19
19
19

-

-

30
30

-

53
48
5

23
23

167
167

6
2
4
4

215

180
172

210

209
6

206

196
193

274
251
23

42
42

47
36

5
"

-

8
8

4

3
1

16
16

20
20

61
61

100
100

170
170

91
91

30

11

20

49
49

8
8

7
7

16
16

3
3

44
44

14
14

13
13

50
50

12
12

37
37

7
7

_

29
29

1

_
-

1

_
-

7
2

30
24

23

7

-

5

6

20
20
-

80
80

4

7
6
1

52
52

-

34
34

5
1

1

19
19

28

-

35
32

18
18

33
32

128
128

129
129

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

_

134
36

12
12

178
178

21
21

_

2
2
-

_
-

12
12
-

-

-

-

28
26
.

.
-

_

_

-

'

26
26

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

.

15

2
13
13

-

3
3

21
21

64
64

11
11

29
29

4
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

36
36

_
-

7

12
12

69

3
3

8
8

108
108

21

-

21
2

-

-

493
493

165
165

25
25

61

16

33

50
50

16

4
4

95
95

9
9

22
22

212
212

3. 06
2 . 49

P ip e fit t e r s , m a in te n a n c e ________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________ - ___________

1. 183
1, 129

3. 16
3. 15

S h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a in te n a n ce ___
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________ ____________

167
163

3. 22
3. 24

4
2

8
6

2
2

16
16

33

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s _____________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________

1, 248
1, 247

3. 38
3. 38

1

.

-

19
19

Excludes prem iu m pay fo r ove rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holid ays, and late shifts.
Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.
A ll w ork ers w ere at $ 1. 70 to $ 1. 80.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 15 at $ 1. 50 to $ 1.60; 5 at $ 1 .7 0 to $ 1 .8 0 .




9
9

150
150

88

1
2
3
4

48
48

-

38
21

3. 20
3. 21

X nnfa rtiiring

17
3
14

37
37

20
20

16
16

88
87
01
15

M illw r ig h t s ________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________

P a in t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ___________ _____
M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------

90
88

-

-

-

-

5
5

87
85

-

2
-

27
17

.

-

64
64

-

2
-

43
43

2
-

24
14

55
55

28
25
3

3. 19
3. 19

-

! 82
80
1

20
20

-

45
41
4

-

119
116
3

4
4

-

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ----------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 ------------------------ —

2
2

11

_

_

69

-

-

27
27

690

194
194

6
6

690

_

7

_

_

_

-

_
-

-

-

.

_

-

-

-

10
10

_

_

.

_
-

7

-

-

-

-

-

7

_

_

_

_

_

_

13
Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , St. L o u is , M o . —
111. , O c t o b e r 1961)
NUM BER OF WO RK ERS RE CE IVIN G ST R A IG H T-TIM E H OURLY E A RN ING S OF—

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(m e n ) ______________________________________

206
196
127

E le v a to r o p e r a to r s , p a s s e n g e r
(w o m e n ) __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

S
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
§
$
, $
U nder 1 .0 0 1. 10 * 1. 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1.9 0 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 20 2. 30 2. 40 $ 2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2. 80 2 . 90 3. 00 3. 10
earnings 2 $
and
u n d er
1 .0 0
1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1 .9 0 2 . 00 2. 10 2 . 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20
Average

$ 1. 23
1. 21
1. 28

233
223
39
97

G u a r d s ______________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___ !_____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________ ______

1.
1.
1.
1.

35
33
84
32

2.
2.
1.
2
1.

34
45
95
53
63

F i n a n c e 3 ____________________________

863
667
196
71
118

J a n ito rs , p o r t e r s , and cle a n e r s
(m e n ) ______________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4 .......... ..........._
_
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________
F in a n c e 3
.....

4. 431
2, 556
1, 875
377
147
376

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , an d c l e a n e r s
(w o m e n ) ---------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4
F i n a n c e 3 ....
.......... .

_

3. 30

3. 40
and
over

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

1

6
6

81
81

33
33

9
8
4
4

3
1
1

9
9
9

-

7
-

14
14
14

6
6
6

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

33

61
61
4
57

1
1
1

3

3
3

2
2
2

-

15
5
10

12
12

10
10

24
24

18
18

8
8

17
8
9

7
3
4

26
17
9

104
96
8

8
4
4

73
68
5

20
15
5

42
19
23
23

219
189
30
30

152
139
13

30
26
4

69
69
_

9
9
_

_
_

_
.

_
_

.
_

.
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

44
44
_

43
33
10

_
_ •
_

4
4
_

5
5
_

_
_
_

3
3

10

_

_
.
.

_
_
_

_
_
_

l

10

8

8

24

18

8

9

4

9

8

3

5

4

1. 82
2. 07
1. 48
2. 09
1.7 6
1. 29

60
60

53
9
44

397
84
313
6

9

218
22
196
11
10
58

83
25
58
6
5
24

76
76
3
24
34

153
94
59
6
10
3

233
194
39
8
10

351
249
102
64
21
2

248
218
30
8
4

509
454
55
17
24

341
257
84
78
3

361
317
44
40
2

139
79
60
58
2

358
294
64
64

-

593
18
575
8
10
182

1, 055
195
860
120
456

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

37
74
29
70
24

23
23

8
2
6

42
7
35
6
12

655
655

29
19
10

38
37
1

97
19
78
78

23
22
1

35
35
-

25
25
25

3
3
-

18
17
1
1

12
12
-

12

434

30
11
19
4
8

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g ___________
M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 4 ___________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________

6.
4,
2,
1,

815
222
593
686
660

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

26
19
37
43
25

-

8
8
-

34
26
8
8

45
21
24
5

30
5
25
12

97
2
95
2
77

75
69
6
6

233
194
39
24
15

41
26
15
15

473
458
15
15

250
211
39
4
35

919
865
54
5
47

728
648
80
35
25

1056
241
815
749
40

O r d e r f i l l e r s _______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________

2, 225
1 , 000
1, 225
928

2.
2.
2.
2.

40
31
48
47

11
6
5

15
10
5

28
12
16
16

23
8
15
10

35
1
34
34

61
45
16
10

78
54
24
19

30
18
12
5

136
77
59
52

116
36
80
80

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (m e n ) ________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________

1 . 188
805
383
221

2.
2.
2.
2.

22
27
11
23

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (w o m e n )
M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------

547
517

.. .
.........
R e c e iv in g c l e r k s
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
"PnHlir* vitvili ti p r ^
W h o le s a le t r a d e

718
405
313
142
105

73

-

159
153
6
3

r~i

4
4
-

_
-

_
_
_

1
1
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

.
_
.

_
_
_

398
232
166
89
36

527
419
108
55
53

542
416
126
126
-

789
52
737
555
136

224
46
178
40
82

124
106
18
_
18

50
15
35

169
169
_

35

2
_
2
2
-

273
196
77
65

44
15
29
25

185
60
125
72

232
164
68
18

300
100
200
118

546
178
368
368

80
_
80
24

16
4
12
12

29
25
4

180
180
_

12
12
_

102
102
_

79

-

-

-

-

-

168
168

6

6
8

2

_
-

-

-

-

_

.
.

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

.
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

16
16
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

14
5
9
9

19
5
14
9

10
10
10

45
30
15
5

54
45
9
9

31
26
5
5

75
46
29
14

25
20
5
5

135
22
113
15

138
85
53
35

85
63
22
18

150
139
11
8

2. 00
1. 99

_

_

-

-

25
25

20
20

24
24

12
12

18
13

16
16

6
6

6
6

221
221

8
-

9
-

10
6

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

_

.

.

9

_

_

12

_

5

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

5

10

85
84
1

70
52
18

214
129
85
62

15
11
4

109
23
86
76

50
45
5

30
10
20

33
6
27

2
2

12

47
22
25

3
3

-

12
6
6

6
6

9

-

6
6

"

9

'

■

•

5

10

5

5

1

11

3

-

8

-

20

19

-

"

9

79
79

1
1

_
_
_

.

45
44
45
57
33

3. 40

$

123
123
123

51
46

-




3. 20 * 3. 30

z

25
25

-

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b le .

$

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

14
Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , St. L o u is , M o .—
111., O c t o b e r 1961)
NUM B ER OF WORKERS R E CEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E H O U R LY E A RN IN G S OF—

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number

of

workers

Average
hourly
earnings 2

S
$
1.20
U nder 1.00 " l.l O
and
$
u n d er
1.00
1.10
1.20 1.30

1.30

$
1.40

$
1.50

$
1.60

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1.70 1 .80 1.90 2 .0 0 2. 10 2 .2 0 2 .3 0

1.40

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80 -L.51L 2..Q0

24
24

24
13
11
7

8
8

399
271
128
92

$ 2 .35
2 .3 6
2 .35
2 .4 3

Shipping and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s -------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ________________________

385
177
208
94

2 .4 4
2 .4 7
2.41
2 .4 8

416
045
371
287
782

2 .7 6
3.00
2 .6 9
2 .7 2
2 .6 6

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d er
lVz t o n s) ---------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------

264
117
147

2 .4 3
2 .8 4
2 .1 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

63

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

63

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( 1V2 to and
in clu d in g 4 to n s ) ----------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------P u b lic u t il it i e s 4 ------------------------

2, 092
564
1, 528
1, 089

2 .77
3.07
2 .65
2 .6 7

-

-

-

_

-

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a il e r ty p e) -------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4 ---- -------------------------W h o le s a le tr a d e -------------------------------

1, 256
1, 207
708
294

2 .7 9
2 .7 8
2 .77
2 .7 7

-

-

1, 930
1, 635
295
88
125

2.51
2 .4 8
2 .7 2
2. 54
2 .85

298
246

2 .5 0
2 .5 4

52

1, 143
551

1.66
2 .0 6

51

1.89

2.1JL 2 .20

27
7
20

2. 32

T r u c k d r i v e r s 5 ____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------- ----------------------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________ _________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 ___________________
W h o le s a le t ra d e ------------------------------

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (f o r k l if t ) ______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e

___________________

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t h e r than
fo r k li ft ) ____________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g :

W a tch m e n __________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g :
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 ------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

4,
1,
3,
2,

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

5
5
-

-

_
-

-

16
11
5

-

_
-

_
1

63

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

63

-

"

_

-

-

-

_
_

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

2

10

-

-

2
2

1
1
-

“

_2^5Q__ 2 .6 0

-2 .70

49
31
18
15

37
19
18
18

37
28
9
2

20
13
7
5

41
31
10
10

37
29
8
8

94
91
3
3

_

400
48
352
286
48

4
4

30

10
10

-

30
15

17
2
15
5

25
4
21
11

4
1
3
2

51
4
47
3

61
40
21

2
1
1
1

4

24
16
8
1

18
13
5
5

215
15
200
15
185

56
14
42
32
10

115
48
67
1
66

263
15
248
242

-

36
34
2

-

.

‘

-

4
1

-

-

11
4
7

-

53
8
45

-

-

-

-

-

4
1

13
12
1
1

18
13
5
5

162
7
155
15

56
14
42
32

10
10

1
1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

65
65

-

1
1

-

-

"

-

-

-

1

4

-

-

_

-

"

-

-

-

"

-

-

65

1
1

13
13

11
11

27
27

35
35

60
60

84
84

448
431
17
17

141
135
6
6

111
90
21
21

"

-

-

5
5

~

24
15
9
9

"

33
15
18
18

21
21

1795
90
1705
1581
96

673
137
536
120
239

18

-

-

2
2

-

-

12

6

134

322

-

-

-

-

2

2

-

39
8

-

13
1

-

20
12

and late shifts.

-

98
96

-

76
71

-

62
58

1
1

26
10

69
67

70
42

16

-

2

3.30

$
3 .40

16
15

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

6
3
3
3

3.40

2
2

-

-

-

10

1

1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
3

1
1

1

-

-

167
28
139
1
138

214
214

24
24
-

36 3
36 3

-

-

52
52

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

“

17
5
12

-

-

"

-

-

-

251
15
236
230

371
19
352
286

535
21
514
4 86

249
45
204
30

33
20
13
1

-

24
24
-

-

-

-

-

12
12
12

3

803
785
689
68

249
249
7
65

96
96

18

-

-

80
36
44
44

132
25
107

25
5
20

"

313
299
14

241
175
66

-

"

-

-

96

363
36 3

-

-

-

9
_
-

-

175
175

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

107

1
1

18
18

-

-

"

-

-

21

-

-

over.

-

-

-

-

15
15

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

26
20

36
36

8
8

22
22

-

4
4

1
1

55
53

5
-

4
4

33
33

13
13

4
4

-

1

5

31
31

28

75
74

-

18

18

-

3. Q.Q_ 3. 1 0 _3^2 j l 3 .30
Q

JL3SL

63
48
15
15

-

-

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except w here oth erw ise indicated.
Excludes prem iu m pay for o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holid ays,
F inance, in surance, and re a l estate.
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.
Includes all d riv e r s r e g a r d le s s of size and type of truck operated.




-

-

-

$
$
$
$
$
3.20
2 .5 0 2 .6 0 $2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 $3.00 " 3.1 0

and

S hipping c l e r k s -----------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e --------------------------------------

-

2 .4 0

37
18

15
8

104
95

16

4

9

15
15

-

Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions
stead of two (cla ss A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined c la sse s (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification .

Since the Bureau’s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more sp ecific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’s bulletin.
R evisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

15




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s sis t its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. This is
essen tial in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field econom ists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follows:
B ille r , m a c h in e (h illin g m a c h in e )—U ses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, E lliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare b ills and in­
voices from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash R egister, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B—Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B ille r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e )—U s e s a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E lliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

17

18

CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a s sis t in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct cla ss B ac­
counting clerks.
C la s s B —Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional b asis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C la s s A—In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter file s, cla ssifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the file s. May lead a small group of lower lev el file
clerks.
C la s s B —Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­

ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids. As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.
C la s s C—Performs routine filing of material that has already

been cla ssified or which is easily classified in a sim ple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.



CLERK, ORDER
R eceives custom ers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listin g the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing order sh eets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow uporders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n e ces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: C alculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total w ages due.
May make out paychecks and a s sis t paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of sta tis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

19
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la s s A—Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding sk ills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
C la s s B —Under clo se supervision or following sp ecific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follow s specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
m issing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and d is­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain file s, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, p o licies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. U ses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

20
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p osi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s time while at
switchboard.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

T A BU LA TIN G-MA CH IN E OPE RA TOR
C la s s A—Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and com plex reports,
D o e s n o t in c lu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations a n d day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C la s s B —Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell established. May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.



C la s s C—Operates sim ple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
cla ssified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
U ses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little sp ecial
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
C la s s A—Performs o n e o r m o re o f th e fo llo w in g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated sta tistica l
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
C la s s B —Performs o n e o r m ore o f th e fo llo w in g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
ic ie s, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already se t up and spaced properly.

21
P R O F E S S IO N A L AN D T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(A ssistan t draftsman)
Draws to sca le units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs a ctiv ities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
D uties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints,
sk etch es, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emer­
gen cies or as a regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. D uties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g : Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of m aterials, beams and trusses; verifying

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued
completed work, checking dim ensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lin es and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a sp ecialized field such as architectural, e lec­
trical, m echanical, or structural drafting.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a c o m b in a ­
tio n o f th e fo llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. U ses
T-square, com pass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

M A IN T E N A N C E AND P O W E R P L A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in goodrepair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m o st o f th e fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dim ensions of work; and selectin g materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter required rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




22

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance elctricians requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves; Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a ls o supervise these operations. H e a d or c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m ore than o n e e n g in e e r are e x c lu d e d .

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. F eeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or more workers in the sk illed maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; a ssistin g worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b a sis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lath es,
or m illing machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selectin g feed s, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to se le c t proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

23
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued
properties of the common m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assem bling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the m achinist’s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs autom obiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or sp ecialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the u se of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose p rim a ry d u tie s involve setting up or adjusting m achines.



MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
in stalls machines or heavy equipment when changes in the -plant layout
are required. Work involves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of die work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transm ission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishm ent.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s ­
tablishment. Work in v o lv e s th e fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various siz es of pipe to
correct lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assem bling pipe with couplings

24
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE—Continued
and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and siz e of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. W orkers p r im a r ily e n g a g e d in in s ta llin g a n d
r e p a irin g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n or h e a tin g s y s te m s a re e x c lu d e d .

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, in sta lls, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE—Continued
types of sheet-metal-working m achines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing
sheet-m etal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m o st o f th e fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision m eas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dim ensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selectin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die
maker's work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

C U S T O D IA L AND M A T E R IA L M OVEM ENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.




GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. I n c lu d e s g a te -

m en w h o are s ta tio n e d a t g a te a n d c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s a n d
o th e r p e r s o n s e n te rin g .

25
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or prem ises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishm ent. Duties involve a co m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g :
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ecia lize in window washing are excluded.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e , and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and m a y in v o lv e o n e or m ore o f
th e fo llo w in g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and siz e of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealin g container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m ak e
w o o d e n b o x e s or c r a te s a re e x c lu d e d .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve o n e or m ore o f th e f o llo w ­
in g: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or w heel­
barrow. L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s are e x c lu d e d .
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sa les slip s, cu s­
tomers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating item s filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform other related duties.



SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. S h ip ­
p in g w o rk in v o lv e s : A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or a s sis t in preparing the merchandise for shipment. R e c e iv in g
w ork in v o lv e s : Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, in voices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follows:
R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv in g c le r k

26
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r iv e r -s a le s m e n a n d o v e r -th e -r o a d d r iv e r s
are e x c lu d e d .
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n
T ru c k d riv e r, lig h t (u n d e r
T ru c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (1%
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r
T ru c k d r iv e r, h e a v y (o v e r




o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a te ly )
iy 2 to n s )
to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
4 to n s , tr a ile r ty p e )
4 to n s , o th e r than tr a ile r ty p e )

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of
truck, as follows:
T ru ck er, p o w e r (fo r k lif t)
T ru ck er, p o w e r (o th e r th a n fo r k lift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1962 0 — 626345


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102