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Occupational Wage Survey

BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS
OCTOBER 1961

Bulletin No. 13 03-16




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STA TISTIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey

BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS
OCTOBER 1961




Bulletin No. 1303-16
January 1962

U N IT E D S T A T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F LA B O R
A rth u r J. Goldberg, Secretary
B U R E A U O F LA B O R S T A T IS T IC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U .S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 30 cents

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Contents

Preface

Page
The L abor M arket O ccupational Wage Survey P rog ra m
The B ureau o f L a b or Statistics annually conducts
occu p ation al wage su rveys in 82 la b or m ark ets.
The
studies provid e data on occu p ation al earnings and related
supplem entary b en efits.
A p re lim in a ry rep ort furnishing
trend data and av era g e earn in gs is re le a se d within a month
o f the com p letion o f each study.
This bulletin provid es
additional data not in cluded in the p relim in a ry rep ort.
Two bu lletin s, brin gin g together the results o f a ll
o f the area su rv e y s, a re is s u e d after com p letion o f the
fin al a rea bu lletin in the cu rre n t round o f su rveys.
The
fir s t o f these bulletins w ill be available late in 1962 and
the oth er e a rly in 1963. D uring the survey y ea r, sum m ary
r e le a s e s p resen tin g areaw ide occupational earnings data
fo r 25 to 30 la b o r m a rk e ts, a re issu ed as data becom e
a v ailable.

Introduction _____________________________________________________________
Wage trends fo r se le cte d occupational groups ________________________

1
4

T ables:
1.
2.

E stablishm ents and w ork ers within scop e o f su rvey ___________
P ercen ts o f in cre a se in standard w eekly sa la ries and
stra ig h t-tim e h ourly earnings fo r selected
occupational groups ------------------------------------------------------------------3. Indexes o f standard w eekly sa la ries and straig h t-tim e
h ourly earnings fo r se le cte d occu pation al groups,
and p ercen ts o f in cre a se fo r se le cte d p eriod s ____________

5
5

A:

A - 3.

This bu lletin was p rep a red in the Bureau*s r e gion al o ffic e in B oston , M a ss. , by L eo Epstein, under
the d ire ctio n o f Paul V . M ulkern, A ssistan t Regional
D ir e c to r fo r W ages and Industrial R elations.

O ccupational earn in gs:*
A - 1. O ffice occu pation s— en and w om en ________________
m
A - 2. P r o fe ssio n a l and tech n ical occu pation s— en
m
and wom en ______________________________________________
O ffice , p ro fe ssio n a l, and tech n ica l
occu pation s— en and wom en com bined ________________
m
A -4 . M aintenance and powerplant occu pation s _________________
A - 5. C ustodial and m a teria l m ovem ent occu pation s __________

3

B:

6
11
12
14
16

E stablishm ent p r a c tic e s and supplem entary wage p ro v isio n s:*
B - l . Shift d ifferen tia ls ____________
B -2 . M inimum entrance sa la ries fo r wom en o ffic e w ork ers —
B -3 . Scheduled w eekly hours __________________________________
B -4 . Paid holidays ______________________________________________
B -5 . Paid vacations _________________ ..__________________________
B -6 . Health, in su ran ce, and pension plans ___________________

19
20
21
22
23
25

Appendixes:
A . Changes in occu pation al d e scrip tion s __________________________
B. O ccupational d escrip tion s ______________________________________

27
29

* NOTE: S im ilar tabulations are available in the B oston a rea rep orts fo r e a r lie r p eriod s beginning with
M arch 1951.
Sim ilar rep orts are a lso available fo r other m a jo r a re a s.
A d ir e c to r y indicating the
a re a s , dates o f study and p r ic e s of these re p o rts is available upon requ est.
C urrent rep orts on Occupational earnings and supplem entary wage p r a c tic e s in the B oston area
a re a lso available fo r m ach in ery in d u stries (M arch 1961), con tra ct cleaning s e r v ic e s (June 1961), life
in su ran ce (June 1961), paints and varn ish es (M ay 1961), candy and other co n fe ction ery products
(N ovem ber I960), and women*s and m isses* d r e s s e s (August I960). Union s c a le s , in dicative o f p r e ­
vailin g pay le v e ls , are available fo r the follow in g trades o r in du stries: Building con stru ction , printing,
lo c a l-tr a n s it operating em p loyees, and m otortru ck d r iv e r s and h e lp e rs.




iii




Occupational Wage Survey— Boston, Mass.
Introduction

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics has conducted sur­
veys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an area­
wide basis. In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of
Bureau field econom ists1 to representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica­
tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry groups
excluded from these studies are government operations and the con­
struction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because they
tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
basis. Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of inter establishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data
are presented (in the A -series tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

Information is presented (in the B-series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to
office and plant workers. The concept "office workers, " as used
in
1
Data were obtained by mail from some of the smaller es­ this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes admin­
tablishments for which visits by Bureau field economists in the last
istrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant workers" in­
previous survey indicated employment in relatively few of the occu­
clude working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadpations studied. Unusual changes reported by mail were verified
men and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Administrative,
with employers.




1

2
executive, and professional employees, and force-account construction
employees who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufacturing indus­
tries, but are included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing industries.
Shift differential data (table B -l) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy,2 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification "other" was used. In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance salaries (table B-2) relate only to the
establishments visited. They are presented in terms of establish­
ments with formal minimum salary policies.
The scheduled hours (table B-3) of a majority of the firstshift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B-4 through
B-6) are treated statistically on the basis that these are applicable
to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers are eli­
gible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums of
individual items in tables B-3 through B-6 may not equal totals be­
cause of rounding.
The first part of the paid holidays table (table B-4) presents
the number of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second
part combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to for­
mal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off with
pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate estimates
are provided according to employer practice in computing vacation
payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or
flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay, pay­
ments not on a time basis were so converted; for example, a payment
of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of
1 week*s pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension plans
(table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em­
ployer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen^ compen­
sation, social security, and railroad retirement. Such plans include
those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and those p ro­
vided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer out of
current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,3 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans 4 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker*s pay during absence from work
because of illness. Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors1 fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com m er­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker*s life.

3 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
4 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
were excluded.




3

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m ber stu died in B o s to n , M a s s ., 1 b y m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n , 2 O cto b e r 1961

In d u stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

M in im um
e m p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ith in
scop e of
stu d y1
3
2
1, 310

100
100
50
100
50
50

Studied

Studied

__________________________________________________

M an u factu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g ------------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r
p u b lic u tilit ie s 56 _________________________________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e ___________________________________________
R e ta il trade _______________________________________________
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te -----------------------------S e r v ic e s 7 _________________ _________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

N um ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

T o ta l4

O ffic e

P lan t

T o t a l4

267

453, 500

96, 000

2 6 6 ,9 0 0

2 4 5 ,9 9 0

438
872

87
180

2 2 6 ,3 0 0
2 2 7 ,2 0 0

3 0 ,4 0 0
6 5 ,6 0 0

1 5 5 ,5 0 0
1 1 1 ,4 0 0

114, 450
131, 540

63
226
140
196
247

25
42
35
36
42

40, 000
24, 700
6 8 ,5 0 0
53, 200
4 0 ,8 0 0

22, 700
10, 000
5 5 ,1 0 0
6 1, 900
21, 700

3 0 ,6 5 0
7, 750
4 5 ,7 8 0
31, 330
1 6,030

8,
7,
6,
35,
7,

200
700
900
800
000

1 T he B o s to n S tand ard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tica l A r e a c o n s is ts o f S u ffolk County, 15 co m m u n itie s in E s s e x County, 29 in M id d le s e x C ounty, 19 in N o rfo lk C ounty, and 9 in P lym ou th County.
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f stu dy" e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u rv e y . The e s tim a te s
a r e not in ten ded, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r a r e a e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se
o f es ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u rv ey .
2 The 1957 r e v i s e d ed itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e sta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
M a jo r ch an ges f r o m the e a r l ie r ed ition (used in
the B u r e a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y s con du cted p r io r to July 1958) a r e the tr a n s fe r o f m ilk p a s te u r iz a tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e s ta b lis h m e n ts fr o m trade (w h o le s a le o r r e ta il)
to m a n u fa ctu rin g , and the tr a n s fe r o f r a d io and t e le v is io n b r o a d ca s tin g f r o m s e r v ic e s to the tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilitie s d iv isio n .
3 In clu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total em p loym en t at o r above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s tr ie s as tra d e, fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e stablish m en t.
4 In clu d e s e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and o th er w o r k e r s exclu d ed f r o m the se p a ra te o f fi c e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w ater tra n s p o rta tio n w e re e x clu d e d . B o s t o n 's tr a n s it s y s te m is m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a te d and is e x clu d e d by d efin ition fr o m the s c o p e o f the study.
6 E s tim a te r e la t e s to r e a l e s ta te e sta b lish m e n ts only.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in eerin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




4
Wage Trends for Selected O ccupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; me­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels. Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series (table 2). This series initiated with the expansion of the labor market
wage survey programs to 82 areas will replace the old series (1953 base) shown
in table 3. Changes in the jobs surveyed and job descriptions since the start of
the old series called for a reexamination of the jobs and job groupings for which
trends were to be computed.
The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series with
the following exceptions: The women clerical group is replaced by an office
clerical group (men and women) and the industrial nurse category includes both
men and women. Changes were also made in the jobs included within job group­
ings in order that an identical list could be employed in all areas.

5
T a b le 2. P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e in stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-t im e
h o u rly e a rn in gs fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in B o s to n , M a s s .,
O cto b e r I960 to O cto b e r 1961, and O cto b e r 1959 to O cto b e r I960
O cto b e r I960
to
O c t o b e r 1961

Industry and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p

O c t o b e r 1959
to
O c t o b e r I960

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) _________________
In d u stria l n u r s e s (m e n and w om en ) __
S k ille d m aintenance (m en )
^
U n sk ille d plant (m en ) __
__ _
......

4 .9
4.1
4 .7
4.6

M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) _________________
In d u strial n u r s e s (m en and w om en ) __
S k ille d m aintenance (m en ) _________________________
U n sk ille d plant (m en ) _____ _ __ _

T a b le 3.

3.9
4.5
2.2
2.8

3.3
4 .0
1.1
.7

4.0
4.1
4 .8
4.6

In d exes o f standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s in B oston , M a s s .,
O cto b e r 1961 and O cto b e r I960, and p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
Indexe s
(M a rc h 1953 - 100)

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s f r o m —
A p r il 1955
S e p te m b e r 1957 S e p te m b e r 1956
to
to
to
S e p te m b e r 1957 S ep tem b er 1956
O c t o b e r 1958

M a rch 1954
to
A p r il 1955

M arch 1953
to
M arch 1954

O c t o b e r 1961

O cto b e r I960

A l l in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w om en ) ____________
In d u s tria l n u r s e s (w om en ) ________
S k illed m a in ten a n ce (m en ) ________
U n sk illed plant (m en ) ______________

145.1
148.4
143.9
143.4

139.8
141.1
140.8
139.4

3.8
5.1
2.2
2.8

3.8
3.6
4.7
4.6

3.4
4.3
4.2
4.0

5.3
5.9
5.4
7.1

5.7
4.8
5.2
4.7

8.0
9.0
8.5
6.3

2.9
1.5
1.9
2 .4

5.2
6.5
5.3
5.1

M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w om en ) ____________
In d u s tria l n u r s e s (w om en ) ________
S k ille d m a in ten a n ce (m en ) ________
U n sk illed plant (m en ) ______________

141.7
146.4
143.6
141.2

137.4
140.0
142.1
139.6

3.1
4.6
1.1
1.2

3.8
3.6
4.8
4.6

3.9
3.7
4.2
3.6

4.6
6.5
5.3
7.9

6.1
4.1
5 .4
4.6

7.3
8.9
8.9
5.0

2.3
.7
1.9
3.1

4.4
7.2
5.6
5.5




O c t o b e r 1959
to
O c t o b e r I960

O c t o b e r 1958
to
O c t o b e r 1959

O c t o b e r I960
to
O c t o b e r 1961

In du stry and o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p

A : Occupational Earnings

6

Table A -l. O ffic e Occupation$-Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Boston, M ass., O ctober 1961)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

S
s
t
$
$
$
$
$
$
(
t
$
t
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
S
$
W
eekly.
W
eekly 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
hours 1 earnings1
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45. OIL 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70J)0 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 o v e r

Men
.
_
-

C le rk s , accounting, c la s s A ___________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ---------------------------------Finance 2 _______________ __________
S e rv ice s -----------------------------------------

759
151
608
107
55
125
83

38.5
38.5
38.5
38.5
37.0
36.5
39.5

C le rk s , accounting, cla s s B ________ ___
N o nmanufac tur ing ___________________
W holesale trade ----------------------------

381
341
182

38.0
38.0
38.5

80.00
79.50
85.50

C lerk s , ord er __________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________

549
192
357
347

39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5

92.00
90.00
93.50
93.50

C le rk s , p ayroll —------------------------------------

68

38.5

95.50

O ffice boys _ ___________________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____ ______________
Pu blic u tilities 3 _________________
W holesale trade __________________
Finance 2 _______________ ________
S e rv ice s __________________________

823
210
613
44
75
272
193

38.0
38.5
38.0
39.0
38.5
36.5
39.0

55.00
56.00
54.50
56.50
59.50
53.50
53.50

4
4
-

206
170
14
12
75
59

248
47
201
5
14
117
55

151
61
90
8
21
26
30

Tabulating -m achine ope r ator s ,
c la s s A _________________ _____ ________
Manufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________
F in a n ce 2 ---------------------------------------

316
142
174
91

38.0
39.5
37.0
37.0

94.50
96.00
93.50
84.50

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s B ___________________ _____ _____ _
Manufacturing -----------------------------------N onm anufacturing _______ __________
W holesale trade ---------------------------Finance 2 ---------------------------------------

485
159
326
60
204

38.0
39.0
37.5
39.5
37.0

79.00
82.00
77.50
90.00
72.50

-

-

2
1
1

10

"

10
8

32
2
30
1
26

Tabulating - m achine ope r ato r s ,
c la s s C ______ ___________ ____ _____
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
R etail trade ______________________
Finance 2 ________________ __________

257
82
175
52
93

38.0
39.5
37.5
38.5
36.5

68.00
71.00
66.50
64.50
63.00

1
1
1

19
1
18
3
15

36
5
31
13
15

50
22
28
7
19

See footnotes at end of table,




$99 .00
99.00
99.00
103.00
_
88.00
84.50 ' 93.00
-

-

-

_
-

-

“

5
5
1
4

-

1
1
1
-

8
8
7
1

56
9
47
13
7
24
"

46
3
43
6
8
15
13

42
3
39
7
_
29
2

73
18
55
11
6
10
25

79
30
49
11
22
1
12

62
7
55
6
2
23
10

5?
25
34
10
2
2
“

108
14
84
3
1
9

77
6
71
5
1
4
l

59
5
54
1
3
1
4

50
11
29
12
6

6
6
5
1
-

16
16
6
1
3
'

4
4
3
1
~

5
5
5
~

3
3
3
~

26
26
18

24
22
"

22
17
"

51
50
14

67
67
54

35
27
18

30
27
17

14
10
~

50
40
6

3
3
3

7
-

3
3
3

20
20
20

7
7
7

6
6
6

13
13
13

!
1

2
2
2

.
-

_
-

-

5
5
5

28
16
12
12

25
16
9
9

29
15
14
14

78
20
58
58

35
14
21
21

73
19
54
53

68
10
58
54

62
34
28
23

29
4
25
25

26
15
11
11

15
1
14
14

10
3
7
7

17
7
10
10

21
16
5
5

1
1

5
5
5

2
2
~

20
20
20

5

3

6

23

15

3

4

1

6

.

_

.

2

.

_

18
11
7
6
1

10
6
4
1
1

3
1
2
1
1

•

1
1
“

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

5
“

-

•

“

'

~

-

•

-

4
4
4

10
3
7
7

31
3
28
28

37
12
25
18

39
19
20
10

36
22
14
6

49
33
16
7

56
32
24
3

21
4
17
8

9
6
3
"

6
3
3
-

8
3
5
-

1
1
-

4
1
3
-

2
2
-

1
1
-

2
2
•

74
7
67
52

97
23
74
15
56

75
40
35
5
24

44
22
22
4
11

49
23
26
6
16

41
24
17
11
-

15
10
5
3

35
6
29
9
8

6
6
5
-

2
1
1
1
-

-

-

1
1
1
*

-

2
2
2

-

-

-

52

47
17
30
8
18

13
2
11
5
2

10
6
4
-

16
15
1
-

7
7
-

4
4
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

i

_

_

40
137
38 — r ~
34
99
6
9
5
11
17
37
40
6

!
!
:
•

12

40
15
24

i
1

1

1

7
Table A-l. O ffice Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a re a basis
by industry division , Boston, M a s s ., O ctober 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$

Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

Weekly.
Weekly .
hours4
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

60.00

223
185

38.5
38.5
38.5

57.00
56.00

79
181
123

38.0
37.0
36.5

81.00
68.00
65.00

1, 323
232
1, 091
284
67
707

38.0
38.5
38.0
39.0
37.5
37.5

64.00
62.50
70.00
61.50
59.50

150

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A
M anufacturing ___________
N onmanuf acturin g _______
P u blic u tilities 2 _____
W h olesale trade _____
R etail trade __________
F inance 2 --------------------S e r v i c e s _______ ____ _

1, 404
492
912
72
85
153
418
184

38.0
39.0
37.0
38.5
38.5
38.0
37.0
36.5

82.50

14

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B
M anufacturing ________ ___
Nonm anufacturing _______
P u blic u tilities 3 _____
W holesale t r a d e ______
R etail trade __________
F in a n ce 2 --------------------S e r v i c e s ___________ ___

2, 097

1, 683
157
315
421
610
180

38.0
"3 5 T
38.0
39.0
39.0
37.5
37.0
37.5

66.50
T o3o
65.50
78.50

100
321
231
59

38.5
39.5
38.0
38.0
39.0

68.50
71.00
68.00
64.00
73.50

w

71.00
75.00

85.00

82
“W
33
32

74
” 4034
15

"3 0 T
39.0
39.5

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine)
N onm anufacturing
R etail t r a d e ___

70.00 75.00

85.00 90.00

$
95.00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 110.00 115.00 120 .0 0 125,10 0 ^ 30 . 0 0 1 3 5 . 00140.00145i.OO
i. 0
1
30.'
35.01

and

$70 .50

413
1 Vf
246
164

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine)
M anufacturing
N onmanuf acturin g
W holesale trade ______

65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00

65.00

40.00 45.00 50.00
and
under
45.00 50.00 55.00

90.00 95.00 100.00

28

F
22
17

22

"TF

33
33

16

B ook keepin g-m a ch in e o p era tors ,
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
F in a n ce 2 ______

T
60
48

B ook keepin g-m a ch in e o p era tors,
M anufacturing ________________
N onm anufacturing ___________
W h olesale trade ___________
R etail trade _______________
F inance 2 __________________

C lerk s, file , c la s s A 4
M anufacturing _____
N onm anufacturing
F inance 2 ________
S e r v ic e s ________

See footnotes at end of table.




!T 4

237

308

216
14
14
188

263
23
24
201

ZT T F

71.56

1

69.00
64
22

237
3(5”

258
404
~ 15 “ 3F
321
233
12
4
37
39
62
58
118
170
2
52

19

103
52

241
~TT
170
2

IT

3
15
21
86

166

"I T

112

66

82.00
95.00
86.50
79.50
78.00
86.00

62.00
61.50
69.00

260
“ IF
241
122
4

362
“ 35
307
21
53
46
135
52

6
23
137
2
271
~W
176
27
35
23
53
38

204
226
97 “ 32"
144
107
1
7
29
38
18
22
61
48
27
185

4?

143
15
71
20
18
19

146
~W
108
20
10
70
3
5
20
—F
14

6
6

TT
149
10
22
14
75
28

38
76
22
3
2

30
19

128
5T
77
9
1
2
26
39

F
51
45
2
3

19

110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00

8
Table A-1. O ffice Occupations-Men and Women-—
Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , B oston, M a s s ., O ctober 1961)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

S
$
S
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
%
1
K
$
$
$
$
»
$
Weekly,
Weekly
4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 50. 00 55. 00 6 0 .0 0 65.0 0 70.00 75. 00 80. 00 85. bO 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
hours 1 earnings 1
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
4 5 .0 0 50.00 55.00 6 0.00 6 5.00 7 0.00 75.0 0 8 0.00 85.00 90.00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 ov er

W om en— C ontinued
C lerk s, file , cla s s B 4 .
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing _
W holesale trade
R etail trade .
F in a n ce 2 .

1,095
927
129
137
520

3 8 .0
39 .0
37. 5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
37 .0

$ 57. 50
63.0 0
56. 50
6 1.00
50. 50
55.00

C lerk s, file , cla s s C 4
M anufacturing _____
Nonm anufacturing
W holesale trade .
R etail t r a d e ____
F in a n ce 2 ________

1,057
151
906
85
79
658

3 8.0
3 8 .5
37. 5
3 9 .0
37. 5
37. 5

53.00
58.00
52. 00
56.00
52.00
51. 50

C lerk s, o rd er
M anufacturing __
Nonm anufacturing _
W holesale trade
R etail t r a d e ____

522
233
289
152
83

38. 5
3 9 .0
38. 5
3 9 .5
3 8.0

70.0 0
71. 50
68. 50
7 3 .0 0
58.00

38. 5
3 9.0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 9.0
37. 5
36. 5
3 9 .0

72. 50
71. 50
73. 50
90. 00
80. 50
67. 50
70. 50
7 7 .0 0

C lerk s, pa y roll ______
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____
Nonm anufacturing _
P ublic u tilities 3 ,
W holesale trade
R etail trade ____
Finance 2 .
S erv ices
C om ptom eter op erators
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing .
•W holesale trade
R etail trade
F in a n ce2 .

1,110
522T
488
33
57
175
101
122
1,093
402
691
170
327
61

3 8 .0
38. 5
37. 5
3 8 .5
36. 5
3 7 .0

6 9.00
6 8.00
7 0.00
70. 50
63. 50
56. 50

D uplicating-m achine op erators
(M im eograph o r D it t o ) ____ ___
M a n u fa c tu r in g ______________

91
53

38. 5
8 8 .0

6 1 .0 0
59. 50

Keypunch op erators cla s s A 4 ,
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing _
W holesale trade
R etail trade ____
Finance 2

825
329
496
65
105
257

7 3 .0 0
38. 5
3 9 .0
7 8 .5 0
72. 50
38 .0
3 8 .0 i 8 0.00
66. 50
3 8 .0
3 7 .0 ! 68.5 0
1
i

See footnotes at end of table,




13
-

13
-

10
3
20
-

20
12
8
"

.
-

202
-

202
12
63
124
336
7
329
-

16
300
15
-

15
-

15
_

8

-

-

12

8
_

8
-

101

239
50
189
43
4
99

128
29
99
12
8
42

42
18
24
13
4
6

38
2b
18
13
3
2

356
37
319
15
29
236

222
68
154
22
17
99

71
10
61
19
9
21

34
11
23
17

10
10

8
8

35
2
33
3
30

41
24
17
6
10

91
42
49
19
11

74
30
44
23
2

123
54
69
64
”

21
5
16

98
71
27

194
111
83

197
12b
77

-

-

-

-

13
3
"

23
3

162
97
65
4
3
27
24
7

11
43
9
20

7
17
19
34

245
24
221
17
45
143

186
27
159
18
-

1

1

1

-

1
1

1

46
26
20
5
12

48
28
20
17
3

16
16

7
7

-

-

140
91
49
4
4
19
11

111
38
73
2
12
31
13
15

80
48
32

2

11

192
101
91
30
52
9

210
103
107
39
60
6

98
46
52
19
28
1

158
63
95
19
58

34
9
25
11
9

24
5
19
14
5

5

-

-

12
”

25
10

“

11
“

26
23

15
5

9
7

10
9

8
7

2
“

“

4

42
6
36

98
23
75

180
73
107
8
34
63

190
65
125
22
29
73

156
110
46
7
2
35

66
3b
36
3
5
6

_

_
.
-

-

4

-

6

22
2
20
7
-

7
6

12

_
-

-

3
3

12
5

5
5

-

„

3

6
3
3
2

5
1
4

-

4

-

4
7
6
-

1

-

3
-

3

5

-

1

-

_

-

1
3

7
29

27
48

36
l6
20
12

107
3
104
2
-

43
3
40
6

8
3
5
5
-

4
1
3
3

9
4
5
2
1

2
1
1
1

4
3
1
1

-

-

2
l

3
3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

■

“

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

.

_
_
_

_

5
2

12

62
22
40
3
24
13

.
-

10
1
4
17

129
30
99
24
53
22

44
9
35

-

-

52
31
21
8
6
1

6
1
5
5

-

-

!
-

1
1

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

.
.

_
_

_
.

9
Table A-1. O ffice Occupations~Men and Women—Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a re a basis
by industry d ivision , B oston, M a s s ., O ctober 1961)
Averagb
Sex, occupation, and in du stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

*
S
*40.00 *45.00 *50.00 *55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 *75.00 *80.00 *85.00 *90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 525.00 130.00 535.00 540.00 {45.00
and
and
under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over

W om ens—
Continued
38 .5
39 .0
38 .0
3 8 .5
39 .0
3 8 .0

$64 .00
66. 00
63.00
7 1 .0 0
65.50
55.50

37 0

60 00

496
77
419
55

37. 5
3 9 .0
3 7.0
3 8.5

54.50
57.50
54.00
51.50

32^

M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing _
— ----------R etail trade _______________________

1. 166
373
793
183
119
111
333

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B 4
—
M anufacturing
_
—
Nonm anufacturing
- P u blic u tilities 3 __________________
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
R etail t r a d e _______________________

36

5

54 00

S e c r e ta r ie s „
— _ __
M anufacturing
____
...
N onm anufacturing
- — - _
P u blic u tilities 3 __________________
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
R etail trade _______________________
F in a n c e 2
_
_
_
.
S e r v ic e s
. . .
. ..

6. 244
2, 341
3,903
377
522
250
1, 518
1, 236

3 8.0
3 8 .5
3 7.5
3 8.5
3 9 .0
37 .5
3 6.5
3 7.5

86.00
87.50
84.50
9 9.00
84. 50
85.00
82.50
83.00

S tenograp hers, g e n e r a l4 _ — . — -----------M anufacturing _
_ _____ _
N onm anufacturing ____________ _.______
P u blic u t ilit ie s 3 ------- - ------W holesale trade
— . —
— .
R etail trade
. . .
_
Fina nre ^

2. 597
1, 038
1, 559
162
335
111
774
177

3 8.0
3 8.5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
37. 5
36. 5
39 .5

71. 50
73.5 0
70. 50
86. 50
74.00
6 7.00
66. 50
68.50

S tenograp hers, s e n io r 4
M anufacturing
..
. . . __ ___
N onm anufac tur i n g ___________________
F in a n c e 2 ___
_. _.
____ __
S er v ic e s
. . . . . . .

925
316
609
302
197

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 8.5

76 .5 0
80.00
7 5.00
70.50
7 8.00

Sw itchboard op era tors _
. . . .
M a n u fa c t u r in g ________________________
N onm anufacturing
._ _ _ _ _ _ _
PiiKlir iitiliH ea ^
W holesale trade .
. ____
R etail t r a d e _______________________
F in a n ra *
S n rvif ah
......

844
193
651
113
65
128
226
119

3 8 .0
3 9.0
3 8 .0
39. 5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
36. 5
3 8 .5

70. 50
7 7.00
68.00
82. 50
73. 50
61.50
67. 00
6 l! 50

See footnotes at end of table,




-

_

9
1
8
8

2
2
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
-

_
_

3
3
_
-

_
_

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
_

_

_

_

_

699
176
523
28
86
17
259
133

945
334
611
23
72
39
240
237

760
270
490
36
31
33
234
156

959
505
454
13
100
24
163
154

795
439
356
23
25
29
135
144

559
226
333
88
18
20
120
87

304
154
150
27
25
8
61
29

168
40
128
28
27
5
43
25

112
25
87
20
4
4
18
41

134
48
86
12
17
20
25
12

76
9
67
55
3
3
3
3

447
156
291
13
38
32
141
67

535
211
324
10
88
18
163
45

282
123
159
25
43
20
54
17

396
309
87
28
27
3
23
6

91
49
42
13
13
_
14
2

75
8
67
33
10
_
24

34
1
33
25
5
_
2
1

22
1
21
10
10
1

19
2
17
2
15

8
8
2
6
_

1
_
1
_
1
_

_
_

_

115
13
102
78
14

147
27
120
79
13

134
52
82
38
34

163
61
102
30
68

131
55
76
38
33

112
79
33
11
14

35
20
15
8
5

7
1
6
1
2

25
3
22
2
2

13
1
12
_
4

12
12
_
5

2
2
_
_
"

128
14
114

142
19
123
12
12
21
61
17

104
49
55
14
7
2
26
6

131
44
87
16
11
19
26
15

53
20
33
16

49
30
19
6
6
5
2

57
10
47
39
7
_

16
4
12
8

6
2
4

1
_
1

_
_

4

1

_

1

2

164
53
111
3
40
2
63

108
53
55
10
12
3
15

80
42
38
26
6

163
24
139
18

132
12
120
11
92

78
17
61
14
43

58
3
55
2
50

5
3
2
2

48
14
34
2
18

4
2
2
_
1
1

63
63
_
4
7
15
37

179
5
174
3
14
13
76
68

394
87
307
4
70
22
123
88

74
7
67
6
1
58
2

231
45
186
36
16
130
4

380
126
254
_
37
20
164
33

5
5
-

21
_
21
17
2

64
64

63
1
62
1

-

-

_
_

1
1
1

-

-

_

11
11

19
19

2

1
1
_
_
-

254
97
157
11
41
17
68

-

_
9

56
5
51
49
2

278
iz
216
27
7
46
1 27

_
-

_

15
12
3
2
1

178
37
141
48
3
43
47

118

_
_
-

20
9
11
7
4

10
_
10
3
7

_
19

12
10
4
38

19
22
20

5
17
73
18

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_

_

_
_

_
_

17
4
13
7
2

17
12
5
4
1

2
2

-

7
_
7
_
2
2
_
3

10
_
10
1
_
1
1
7

_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

2
1
1
1

1
1
-

_
_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

.

6

5
12

2

_

-

42
5
37

5
21
2
9
!
1
1

!

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

.
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

10
Table A-l. O ffice Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Boston, M a s s ., O ctober 1961)
Averagk
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly.
earnings1
TSS
(Standard) (Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

40.00 *45.00 *50.00 *55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 *75.00 *80.00 *85.00 *90.00 *95.00 *100.00 105.00 *110.00 115.00 120.00 125. O *130.00 ^35.00 ^40.00 \45.00
O
and
and
under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.0q 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 o v e r

W omen— Continued

2

15

10

4

4

19
10
9
8

29
lo
9
9

38
20
18

14
5
9

16
15

9

2
1

-•
-

26
15
11
2

18

5

18
10

-

-

5
4
1

30

2

1

1

7

21
1
20
7

79
1
78
36

41

75
8
67
25

-

24

92. 50

"

2

-

3 8 .0

"

"

-

52

"

6
2
4
3

-

T a bulating-m achine o p e ra to rs ,
c la s s A — --------- —
------------------ —

-

3
3

-

2
2
-

14
2
12
10

-

8
8
8

-

46
41
5
5

"

$68 .0 0
6 9.50
6 7 .0 0
69. 00
59.00
65 .5 0
69 .0 0

_

98
42
56
24
2
7
20

81
52
29
12
6
11
'

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 6 .0
3 7 .5

.

192
105
87
44
17
2
18

34
34
12
8
14

818
342
476
193
61
94
116

-

214
44
170
63
4
42
59

115
51
64
19
12
32
1

4
4
4
"

M anufacturing . — —------- ------------ -------Nonmanufacturing ____ — —— ~ ------. . .
W holesale trade __________ _
R etail trade ------- — — . ------Finance 2 - — , __ ______ — —
_
S e rv ice s __________ . —

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs ,
c la s s B - ____ . . _______
____
____
M anufacturing — — —
—
N onm anufacturing . . . . . --------------- . . . . . —
F in a n ce 2 -------------------------------------------------

3 8 .0
76. 50
350
71 - 3 9 7 0 “ T S T S T
3 7 .5
74. 00
279
7 3 .0 0
3 6 .5
110

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
2

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs ,
clsiss c ___________ ^____ J, rlJ|-1_llJ, tlliJ. , . r,
I
Nonmanufacturing . . . . . — ---------— —
.
Finance 2 _________
.....
-------. . . .

293
248
99

3 7 .0
3 7 .0
35 .5

61.00
60.00
60. 50

_
-

16
16
16

81
81
6

68
49
13

56
53
41

12
8
6

19.
16
16

14
9

T ran scribin g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs,
general _____________ . . . . . . . _____ _____——
M anufacturing —
---- ---------- ------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------—
Pu blic u tilities 3 ____________ _________
W holesale trade ----------------------------------F in a n ce 2
— -------

935
299
636
30
58
383

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

67.50
69. 50
66. 50
83.50
83.50
62.00

11

105
15
90

121
22
99

195
52
143
5

145
48
97

100
73
27
3
19

63
13
50
3
6
3

T ypists, c la s s A _______ ___________ ______
M anufacturing ------------------------ ------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------- . . . -----W holesale t r a d e ---- ----------------------Finance 2 __ — —— .
. ---------S e r v i c e s -----------------------------------------

1. 352
363
989
70
516
330

3 7 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .0
3 9 .0
36 .5
3 7 .0

70 .0 0
68. 50
70. 50
72. 00
6 9 .0 0
7 0.00

T yp ists, c la s s B _________ ___ ____ —
M anufacturing ----------- . . . --------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------- -----------------------—
Public u tilities 3 ______________________
W holesale trade _____________ _________
Retail trade ------------------------------------------Finan c c ^
iiimm_,
rm
S e rv ice s ______ _ ---------- . . ----------

4. 173
1, 084
3,089
71
355
2 42
2, 147
274

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7.5
4 0 .0
3 9.5
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 9 .5

60. 00
6 4.50
5 8.50
69. 50
6 3.00
59. 50
56. 50
61. 50

1
2
3
4

_
.

-

11
-

-

_
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

"

”

"

"

1

1

6

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

8

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

7

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

7

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

7

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
1
7
6

1

1

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

-

-

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

8

213
70
143
3
81
55

154
45
109
5
45
49

84
24
60
4
14
34

42
4
38
8
12
18

56
4
52
2
15
7

30
2
24
-

-

-

1

•

-

846 1013
217
111
735
796
3
5
22
57
65
72
586
609
15
97

955
278
677
4
123
34
425
91

463
157
306
15
101
29
121
40

214
93
121
23
21
31
37
9

227
160
67
19
20
2
15

47
39
8
2

43
19
24

5

_

.

-

-

.

_

5

-

-

-

-

5

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

11

5

16
3

6
6
-

13
12
-

-

-

-

'

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

*

-

9

-

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees re c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly h ours.
F inan ce, insurance, and re a l estate.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
D escrip tion fo r this jo b has been re v ise d sin ce the last su rvey in this a rea. See appendix A.




*
“

-

-

1

271
82
189
13
132
37

-

-

-

319
87
232
6
123
93

-

-

-

-

-

154
45
109
21
52
36

13

-

-

-

1
62

-

1
9
337
3

-

98

5
75

-

-

_

-

72

-

11

360
10
350

6

35
23

_

-

127
61
66
3
26
34

6

-

-

-

_

1
1
1

-

-

11
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations-Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division , B oston, M a ss., O ctober 1961)1
3
2
AveiIA E
Q
Sex, occu pation , and
industry division

Number

of

workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$ .
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Weekly
Weekly Under 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 $90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00
hours l earnings1 $
(Standard) (Standard)
70.00 under
75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00 175.00

$
175.00
and
over

Men
-

_

-

~

_
~
7
7
-

26
24
2

“

_
“

52
45
7
4

68
63
5
5

47
30
17
16

-

-

9
9

5

D raftsm en, lea d er ------------------------—
M anufacturing ___ ____
Nonm anufacturing --------------------S er v ic e s _____________________

747
281
466
453

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

$ 154.00
146.50
158.50
158.50

D raftsm en, sen ior _______________
M anufacturing __________________
N onm anufacturing - _____________
S er v ic e s _____________________

2, 127
1 ,1 6 3
964
857

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

128.00
130.50
124.50
124.50

D raftsm en, ju n ior _________________
M anufacturing __________________
N onm anufacturing ______________
S er v ic e s ___________________

897
535
362
320

39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0

94.00
90.50
99.00
99.00

T r a c e r s ______ ________ ________
N onm anufacturing _____________
S e r v ic e s .
_ ..

56
50
47

40.0
40.0
40.0

65.50
43
65750
38
62.50 338

282
192
90

39.0
39.5
38.0

91.50
92.50

-

_

_

.
“

"

_
"

4
4
“

23
23
"

11
9
2
2

28
25
3
3

31
29
2

28
24
4
4

44
39
5
5

26
18
8
7

55
15
40
40

20
10
10
10

106
4
102
100

44
4
40
37

137
2
135
128

26
19
7
7

57
35
22
22

50
32
18
15

104
70
34
30

125
71
54
44

221
168
53
50

142
53
89
60

235
61
174
167

209
52
157
155

140
13
127
124

211
121
90
67

166
93
73
66

102
79
23
21

51
24
27
20

54
45
9
8

34
33
1

106
76
30
22

47
30
17
15

125
56
69
67

123
86
37
25

118
53
65
62

67
36
31
30

28
17
11
8

32
17
15
9

34
_
34
33

24
24

9
9
9

_

.
-

_

_

_

_

_

51
32
19

43
34
9

53
39
14

57
44
13

5
3
2

3
3

3

_

_

_

_

_

"

_

.

_

_

19
15
4

16
5
11

3
------ 3“

50
26

32

33

32
32

33
33

78
77
1
1

36
33
3

_

_

125
*75
50
50
53
53
-

_
_

_
_

_

.
_ _

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_ _

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

W om en
N u rses, industria l (re g is te r e d ) __
M anufacturing __________________
N onm anufacturing ______________

9 2 .0 0

8
3
5

-

5

10
5
5

3

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la r ie s and the earnings c o rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
2 W ork ers w e re d istributed as fo llo w s : 2 at $175 to $180; 6 at $180 to $19 0; 32 at $ 190 to $20 0; 31 at $20 0 to $21 0; 4 at $21 5 to $220.
3 W ork ers w e re distribu ted as fo llo w s : 2 at $ 50 to $ 55; 15 at $ 55 to $ 60; 21 at $ 60 to $ 65.




.
_

_

_

_

12
Table A-3, O ffice, Professional, and Technical Occupations-Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , B oston, M ass., O ctober 1961)

Num
ber
of
w
orker*

O ccupation and industry divisio n

Average
w
eekly j
earning*
(Standard)

413
167
246
164

$70.50
69.50
71.00
75.00

273
..... 223
185

60.00
57.00
56.00

Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
Finanre ^ _____ ,_______________________________

263
79
184
126

72.00
81.00
68.00
65.00

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs, cla s s B ------------M anufacturing ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing --- ----------------------------------------W^in|pealp rraHp
Retail trade
. _ _ _____ __ ____
Finance 2
_ __
_
_____ _ _ _________

1, 364
232
1. 132
313
67
719

64.00
71.50
62.50
69.50
61.50
59.50

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s A ---------------------------------M anufacturing ____________________ ___ ________ —
N onm anufacturing ______________________________
W)\a 1» a91a tra^A
Retail trade
Finance 2 _____________________________________
S e r v ic e s
_
_
....... _
_________

2, 163
643
1, 520
192
208
543
267

88.50
87.00
89.00
95.50
81.50
79.50
88.00

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B _______________ _______
M anufacturing __ ______________________________
Nr»nrpa.mifscouring
- Public u tilities 3 _____________________________
W holesale trade
_ _
_
__
R etail trade __________________________________
.F inance 2 ______________ __________ _____________
S e r v ic e s *____ _______ _______ _________ ___ ____ ______

2, 478
454
2, 024
211
497
438
657
221

68.50
71.50
68.00
81.00
75.00
62.00
62.00
69.00

432
101
331
234
64

68.50
71.50
68.00
64.00
73.00

1, 119
168
951
129
137
534

57.50
63.00
56.50
61.00
50.50
55.50

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) ______________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________ ___

Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la s s A ________

C le r k s , file , c la s s A 4 ________ _______ __________ __ _
M anufacturing __.------------------------------------------------F in a n c e ^

_

___

---------------------- ----------------

C le r ic s , f il e , c l a s s B 4
M a n u fa c tu r in g
. .
NrtnrYifl m i f a r h i r i n g

.

.

_

___________
___________

W holesale trade ______________________________
R e ta il tra d e
F in a n c e 2

_

_

_

See footnotes at end of table,




Number
of
worker*

Average
weekly .
earnings
(Standard)

O ffice boys and g ir ls _________________________________
Manufacturing
_
___
N onm anufacturing --------------------------------------------------Public u tilities 3 ________________________________
W holesale trade ------------------------------------------------R etail trade
-----------------------------------------------------Finance 2_________________________________________
S erv ices r _
_ ____

1, 319
287
1, 032
51
82
84
595
220

$55 .00
56.50
54.50
56.50
58.50
52.00
54.00
54.50

S e cre ta ries _ ___ _
_
_
_ ___
Manufacturing ______________________________________
N onm anufacturing _________________________________
Public u tilities 3 ________________________________
W holesale trade ------------------------------------------------R etail trade ____________ __ ________________ __ __ _
Finance 2 ________________________________________
S e rv ice s
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
__

6, 245
2, 341
3, 904
377
522
251
1,518
1,236

86.00
87.50
84.50
99.00
84.50
85.00
82.50
83.00

Stenographers, g e n e r a l4 _____________________________
Manufacturing _
................
_
_ __
Nonm am ifarturing
......... ........... ..
_ _
Public u tilities 3 ________________________________
W holesale trade ________________________________
R etail trade ___________________________ _______ —_
Finance 2
S e rv ice s
.

2, 620
1, 048
1, 572
166
335
111
774
186

72.00
73.50
70.50
87.00
74.00
67.00
66.50
70.00

Stenographers, s e n i o r 4 ______________________________
Manufacturing ______________________________________
N onm anufacturing _________________________________
Finance 2 .
-

928
318
610
302
197

76.50
80.00
75.00
70.50
78.00

Switchboard op e r a to r s ------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ______________________________________
N onm anufacturing _________________________________
Public u tilities 3 ________________________________
W holesale trade ________________________________
R etail trade _____________________________________

847
193
654
116
65
128
226
119

70.50
77.00
68.50
83.00
73.50
61.50
67.00
61.50

818
342
476
193
61
94
116

68.00
69.50
67.00
69.00
59.00
65.50
69.00

Average
w
eekly .
earning*
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry d iv ision

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

S e r v ic e s --------------

N ber
um
of
w
orker*

O ccupation and industry d ivision

__________ ___
_ __________

O ffic e occu pation s— Continued

C le rk s, file , c la s s C 4 ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________
R etail trade ___________________________________
F in a n ce 2 ____________________________ ________
C le rk s, o rd e r _______________________________________
M anufacturing ___________________________________

1,076 ‘ $53.00
151
58.00
925
52.00
85
56.00
52.00
79
677
51.50
1, 071
425
646
499
88

81.50
80.00
82.00
87.50
60.00

C le rk s, p a y ro ll --------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing _______________________________________
Public u tilities 3
__
___
_____
Whole sale trade ____________ _______________ -__
R etail trade
_
_ __ _
Finance 2
_ _ _ _ _

1, 178
656~
522
48
69
175
104
126

73.50
72.50
75.00
94.00
83.50
67.50
71.00
77.00

Com ptom eter o p e ra to rs ------------------------------------------Manufacturing
_ _
_
_
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade ______________________________
Retail trade
.... . .. . __
. _ _ _ ..
..

1, 093
402
691
170
327
61

69.00
68.00
70.00
70.50
63.50
56.50

101
53

61.00
59.50

841
329
512
65
113
265

72.50
73.50
72.00
80.00
66.00
68.00

1, 167
374
793
183
119
111
333

64.00
66.00
63.00
71.00
65.50
55.50
60.00

W holesale trade ----------------------------------------------R etail trade ___________________________ __ ____

Duplicating -m achine o p erators
(M im eograph o r Ditto) ____________________________
Manufacturing
_ _
_______ ___. ...
.... .
Keypunch o p e ra to rs, c la s s A 4 _____________________
N onm anufacturing _______________________________
W holesale trade ----------------------------------------------R e t a il tr a d e

_______ _

Keypunch o p e ra to rs, cla s s B 4 _____________________
Manufacturing .
_
_ _
Nonmanufacturing ________ _____________________
P u h lic u t il it ie s 3

_

_ _

_ _

_

____

W holesale trade ----------------------------------------------Retail t r a d e ..........................
_
F in a n c e 2

_

_

____________________________________________

F in a n c e 2 „

,

_

_

____ ___

1
(Switchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts -------------------------j
M anufacturing ______________________________________
I
N onm anufacturing _________________________________
|

W h o le sa le tra d e

I
I

R etail trade -------------------------------------------------------Financ 6 ^ _nrr-_j _■»wt
S e r v ic e s ________________________________________

_______ ___________

_

_

13
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations-Men and Women Combined— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a re a basis
by industry divisio n , B oston , M ass. , O cto b e r 1961)

O ccupation and industry d iv isio n

Number

of

worker*

Average
weekly
earnings
(Standard)

,

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , cla s s A
M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------F inan ce 1 _____________________ _____
2

368
148
220
131

T a bulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B -----------M anufacturing ________________________________
N onm anufacturing ------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ___——_____________________
Finan ce 2 ____________________________________

835
230
605
98
314

78. 00
8 3.00
76.0 0
83.50
72. 50

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s C
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
R etail trade ______________________

550
127
423
63

64. 50
70.00
62.50
66. 50
61. 50

192

1
2
3
4

of

Average
weekly
earning*
(Standard)

,

935
299
636
30
58
383

$ 94.
96.
92.
85.

00
50
50
50

67.50
69.50
66. 50
83. 50
83. 50
62. 00

T yp ists, cla s s A
M anufacturing

1,354
363
991
70
517
331

_
_

—_
—
_____ ,____
..
t r a d e _____ — _______
_—

N n n m a n i if a r t n r in g

W holesale
f? p r v ir p s

T yp ists, c la s s B

___________________
_____________ __
________________
________________
— ——
_
_
_ _ __
_

Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic utilities 3
W holesale t r a d e
R etail trade __________________________________
F in a n ce 2
S e rv ice s

4 , 190
1,087
3, 103
80
355
246
2, 147
275

$ 7 0 .0 0
68. 50
70. 50
7 2 .0 0
69.0 0
7 0.00

N r m m a n u fa c tu r in g

S e rv ice s

_ _ _ _ _
_ __
_
_
______ _________
_ _ _ _ _ __
_ _ _
__
_ __

M j_[_,rut J
m T nM _
_—■mi*
■^ jr
m
__________________
_____... —
____, _____ —
_
.

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations
D r a fts m e n , le a d e r
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N n n n n a n u fa c t u r in g
S e r v ic e s
... _

_
__

_
_

_
_

_

—

749
zk r
468
455

____ _
___,_____
.
_ _
_ ________
______
_

______ ____________ ___
D ra ftsm en, se n io r
M anufacturing _________ _________

6 0.00 D raftsm en, ju n ior
50"
M anufacturing
58.50
Nonm anufacturing
70.0 0
S e rv ice s
63.0 0
59. 50
56. 50
61. 50 Tr3C6fS
Nonm anufacturing
S e rv ice s
154.00
146. 50
158.50
158.50

Earnings a re fo r a reg u la r w ork w eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their straigh t-tim e w eekly s a la r ie s , e xclu sive o f any prem iu m pay.
F in an ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l estate.
T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilities.
D e scrip tio n fo r this jo b has been re v is e d since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




O ccupation and industry d ivision

.

worker*

Average
weekly
earning*1
(Standard)

2,149
1, 173
976
869

$127.50
130. 50
124.50
124.00

922

557
365
322

93.50
90. 50
98. 50
99.00

57
50
47

66.00
65. 50
62. 50

282
192
90

92.00
91. 50
92. 50

Number

of

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations—
Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occu pation s— Continued

T r a n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , general
M a n u fa c t u r in g -------- ------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------- ---------------P u blic u tilities 3 _____________________
4
W holesale t r a d e _____________________

Number

O ccupation and industry d ivision

,

N u r s e s in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d )
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N n n m a n u fa c tu r in g

14
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , B oston, M a ss., O ctober 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of
worker*

$
Average
hourly , Unde* 1.40
earnings $
and

1.40

605
334
271
31
170

$2.79
2.67
2.92
2.65
3.19

E le c tr ic ia n s , m aintenance ------------------M anufacturing ______________________
N onm anufacturing ----------------------------

976
756
190
94

2.87
2.88
2.80
2 9?

E n gin eers, stationary _________________
M anufacturing ____________________ —
N onm anufacturing ----------------------------

355
209“
146

2.77
2.78
2.76

53

2.33
2.30
2.39
2.71

709
516
193
119

2.24
2.21
2.32
2.43

299
299

2.75
2.75

1.50

1.60

under
1.50 1.60

1.70

$

1.70
1.80

$

$

$

2.00

$

2.10

$

2.20

C arp enters, m aintenance — -------------—
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________ *----------R etail trade ______________________

F irem en , station ary b o ile r ____________
M anufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________
■PuHlir

^

H elpers, m aintenance trades __________
M anufacturing ______________________
N onm anufacturing __________________
P i i h l i r n t il if ip R ^

M ach in e-tool o p era tors , to o lro o m ____
M anufacturing ______________________
M achinists, m aintenance ______________
M anufacturing ______________________
N onm anufacturing ---------------------------P ii h l i p n H li H p s ^

M echanics, autom otive
(m aintenance) _________________________
M anufacturing ---------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------P u blic u tilities 2 _____________________
W holesale trade _____________________
M echanics, maintenance __________________
M anufacturing ________________________ . . .
N onm anufacturing ______________________
W holesale trade _____________________
R etail trade _____________________

See footnotes at end of table.




1, 028
974
54
40

761
262
499
408
75
1, 518
1, 245
273
50
122

2.84
2.84
2.84
2.90

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.40

44
24
20
7
2

53
35
18

_
-

2
2

23
15
8

7
7

13
13

20
15
5

23
6
17

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

8

5

9

37
26
11
5
6

!
1

-

-

4
4

_
-

2
2

-

-

7
3
4

20
16
4

29
27
2

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

11
11
-

11
11
-

22
22

7
5
2

10
10

16
16

8
8

3
3
-

20
11
9

10
6
4

52
48
4

65
65
-

26
20
6

12
12
-

■
_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

4

_

_

_

_

14

.

-

-

-

-

-

14

_

-

-

_

131
130
1
_

3.60

3.70

8
2
6

7
7

-

-

26
26

73
4
69

3
1
2

5

7

-

-

26

69

2

13
8
5

.
-

8
8
-

23
18
5

67
32
35
14

39
37
2

27
13
14

21
16
5

11
11
-

49
29
20
12

12
8
4

25
25
25

5
4
1

-

1
-

-

5
5
-

16
2
14
6

40
17
23

47
45
2

36
22
14
10

28
25
3

60
18
42
36

38
8
30
30

4

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

8

67
34
33
25

55
46
9
5

42
6
36
35

26
12
14
14

155
113
42
26

5
4
1

34
34

56
56

11
11

88
88

62
62

16
16

6
6

10
10

“

■

"

-

-

-

24 114
23 102
1 12
10

61
56
5
4

80
80
-

100
86
14
13

46
45
1

126
123
3

276
264
12
11

51
51

_
-

6
6

-

-

-

2
_
2
2

_

_
_

_
_

168
93
75
60
12

183 140
73
29
110 111
109 104
-

18
1
17
4
13

14
3
11
6
5

48
10
38
25
13

17
17
6
11

22
9
13
4
9

1
1
1
-

_

28 144
22 130
14
6
_
5
4
2

83 207
67 147
16 60

116
75
41

146
124
22
2
19

204
175
29
25
2

59
14
45
5

7

10
4
6

~

11
11

3.50

7
5
2

81
44
37
32
4

-

3.40

11
3
8
2

10
10
8

-

3.80 o v e r

3.30

-

49
49
48

-

3.80
and

7
7
-

53
53
-

-

$

12
9
3

64
60
4

-

3.70

18
13
5

20
20
-

-

$

50
14
36
34

5
5
-

-

5
2
3

3.50 *3.60

249
240
9

5
5

-

30
19
11
3

$

182
172
10
7

”

-

79
79
-

3.40

100
62
38
27

~

5
5

-

-

3.20

$

84
72
12
5

•

2
2

-

-

3.10

3.30

63
47
16
1

■

2
2

-

-

3.00

$

81
50
31
18

•

_
-

2.90

3.20

46
38
8
2

48
38
10

_
-

2.80

%

5

109
73
36
32

_
-

2.70

$
$
$
2.70 *2.80 *2.90 3.00 3.10

13

116
115
1

_
-

2.60

33
23
10
2
2

68
54
14

_
-

2.60

$

26
16
10

46
27
19

9
5
4

2.50

2.50

86
67
19
12
1

'

•

2.63

2.62
2.57
2.84
3.00
2.81

12
11
1

$

2.00

7
7

-

2.40

1.90

2.30

-

-

$

1.90

-

2 .6 1

2.64
2.62
2.78

$

1.80

3 -0 6

546
324
222
115

$

$

77
77

183
183

_

_

87
81
6
5

-

-

1

*

4

6
6
6
11
11

_

_

_

10

56

17

_

7
4
3

_

6

_
_

2
_
_
_

_

2
_

2

>
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

1
_
1
1

-

-

7
5
2
2

_
_
_

2
_

2
2

15
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations—Continued
.(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an a re a ba sis
by industry division, Boston, M a ss., O ctober 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry division

M illw rights ____________________________—
M anufacturing ________________________

Number
of
workers

271
—

Average Under *1.40 *1.50 *1.60 *!.70 *1.80 *1.90 *2.00 *2.10 *2.20 *2.30 *2.40 *2.50 *2.60 *2.70 *2.80 *2.90 *3.00 *3.10 *3.20 *3.30 *3.40 *3.50 *3.60 *3.70 *3.80
hourly ,
and
earnings $
and
1.40 under
1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 over

5
5

$2.66
2.66

O ile r s ____________________________________
M anufacturing -------------------------------------

221
186

P a in ters, m aintenance --------------------------M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ------------------------------T^nKliutility Ae ^ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
f^Uullt UllllllCo
Fi nanr« ^
S e r v ic e s ___________________________

370
192
178
40
56
51

2.47
2 .6 6 '
2.26
2.79
2.05
1.90

P ip e fitte r s , m aintenance _______________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ------------------------------PnKlir ntilitiAc ^

499
450
49
41

2.83
2.84
2.73
2.68

P lu m b ers, m aintenance _________________
M anufacturing ________________________

79
59
177
150

2.79
2.81

T ool and die m aker s ____________________
M anufacturing ________________________

1, 000
943

3.04
3.05

18
16

5
5

67
66

26
K

-

“

15
15

24
20

7
7

13
13

31
31

38
35

18
17

35
10

10
10

9
7

-

-

16
16

7
7

14
14

8
5
3

29
29

14
14

7
7

19
13
6

30
18
12
1

-

14

7

3

10
3

5

20
3
17
13

-

19
8
11
1
5
4

47
36
11

14
15

26
22
4
2
2

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23
23
-

14
14

26
25
1

74
46
28
28

2
2

2
“

3
2

2
2

2
2

5
5

11
11

"

12
12

_

"

4
4

*

_

.

-

"

■

■

■

“

-

.
-

1
1
-

.
-

-

-

15
15
-

4
4
•-

-

-

-

-

1
i
-

1
1

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

213

.

.

1

_

84
83

21
21

2.24
" 2 .2 1

.

14

-

2
2

22
17
5
5

3

-

- #
•

-

.

.

_

-

_

.

"

"

■

"

_

.

.

.

8

1 E xclu des prem iu m pay fo r ov e rtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public utilities.
3 F inan ce, insurance, and r e a l estate.




38
38

“

2.74
2.76

Sh eet-m etal w o rk e rs , m aintenance ____
M anufacturing ________________________

12
12

6

-

37
23
14
12

55
49
6
4

13
6
7
7

8
8
-

42
42
-

21
16
5
2

92
92
-

152
152
-

11
1
10
5

8
6

43
41

8
2

6
3

4
3

23
23

37
15

26
26

10
7

46
46

30
28

-

-

41
41

88
88

69
69

111
104

87
ft7

167

30

154
1KA

.

. 16

.

16
Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boston, M a s s ., October 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OFNumber
of
workers

O c c u p a t i o n 1 a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r (m e n ) _
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______ _________ ______
F in a n c e 3
_ ________ _____ ____

J a n ito rs , p o r t e r s , and cle a n e r s
(m e n )
..
M a n u f a c t u r in g
....
___
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g . . . . __
P iiK lir iifiliH a a ^

$ 1 .4 4
1 .4 5
1 .4 5
1. 30

410
4ol
257
82

E le v a to r o p e r a to r s , p a s s e n g e r
( w o m e n ) __
_
__ ____
_
________

G u a r d s ___
_ ______ ___________________
_
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ ______ . . . . . ____________
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 4 _____________________
______ _____ __________
F in a n c e 3

Average
hourly ,
earnings*

330
1 .2 9
5 1 9 " " ....i ; z s "1
1 13
19?

'

1 ,0 3 8
STS
420
141
206

T

2 . 18
T T
2 .1 9
2. 43
1 .9 9

%

$
1 .0 0 1. 10
and
under
1 .1 0 1. 2 0

$
1 .2 0

$
1. 30

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

1. 30

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

49
4*
7
16

46
46
35

24
24
14
10

1 90
1*6
184

48
47
29
18

6
4
4

20
19
19

-

98

112
112

72

26
15
1

-

.

53

-

.
—

~T t

10
4
n r -------4“

$
$
2 . 00 2 . 1 0

s
2 . 20

$
2 . 30

$
2 .4 0

s
2. 50

$
2. 60

$
$
$
2 . 70 2 . 80 2 . 90

$
3. 00

$
3 . 10

S
$
3 . 2 0 3 . 30

2 . 00

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2 . 30

2 .4 0

2 . 50

2 .6 0

2 . 70

2. 80

2 . 90

3 .0 0

3 . 10

3 . 20

3 . 30 3 . 4 0

14
l4
-

1
-

6
6
-

2
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

30
30
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

$
$
1 .8 0 1 .9 0

4
-------5 -

132
54
48
7
6

67
67
40
7

124
64
60
55
5

44
25
19
19
-

5
5
-

300
256
64
41
2
6
14
1

294
1 15
181
140
16
4
6
15

132
55
49
27
2
20

1 43
1 14
29
17
12
-

225
1 76
49
18
2
29

1 20
93
27

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

-

-

1
26

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

12
-

_
-

64
4o
24

10
9
1

2

5
5

2
6

2

283
1 94
89
2
6
80

223
86
135
1
29
105

3 70
2 63
107
6
62
32

766
305
461
273
145
43

401
146
255
162
74
19

422
129
293
100
104
89

647
225
422
337
85

104
16
88
10
1
77

14
14
2
12

12
12
-

21
9
12
12

61
61
61

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_

-

"

-

-

160
146
20
14
6

311
163
2 08
187
21

372
307
65
60
5

1 08
12
96
63
33

1 18
18
100
100

16
14
2
2

299

28
26

1

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

3
3
.
_

-

-

73
43
30
17
1

147
107
40
39
1

214
l5 l
63
62

99
94
5

70
65
5

5

5

168
23
1 45
145

33
4
29
-

-

505
80
425
13
5
156
1 52
99

800
525
465
29
19
51
133
2 33

364
226
1 38
16
5
20
44
53

276
154
1 42
14
10
7
78
33

519
424
95
40
5
10
37
3

205
51
124
102
5
6
8
3

663
15
648
1

84
26
58

37
26
11

13
7
6

36
21
15
5

-

.
-

1
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

216
216

3 12
29
283

331
27
3 04

_

_

7
-

71
1
144

2
66
8
207

17
83
63
141

19

4 , 761
27T 5I
2 ,6 1 0
457
1 15
562
544
932

1 .7 3
1. § 9
1 .6 0
2 . 01
L95
1. 5 4
1 .5 7
1 .4 0

1 ,7 9 9
1 75
1, 6 2 4
86
895

1 .4 1
1 .6 *
1. 38
1 . 23
1. 38

9
-

-

9
9

1 39
31
3

1 74
24
1 50
32
65

561
7
422

3 36

56

11

5, 0 44
2, 5 3 l
2, 5 1 3
8 91
683
846

2 . 08
l.* t
2 . 18
2 .4 1
2 . 18
2 .0 2

1
.
1

76
76

91
46
51

231
1 56
81

96
50
46

260
214
46

294
187
107

330
262
48

341
233
1 08

_
1

.
64

.
48

37
28

22
11

8
22

71
35

14
10

26
82

O rd er fille r s
____
_____ ________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g _____
. . . . . .. . . . .
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
...
___ . . .
W h o le s a le tr a d e
._ _____ _____
R e t a i l t r a d e . ----------------------- —

2, 182
— m ~
1 ,4 0 1
8 91
485

_
.
.
.

25
24
68
- ------- 5“ ----- TT —
54
24
17
.
17
34
8
24
-

47
1 53
------- r< r
37
1 46
1 00
17
8
45

113

P a c k e r s , s h ip p in g ( m e n ) __________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g _ _____ . .
_
______

1 ,4 7 0
6 11
659
462
148

92
29
63
46

85
33
52
44
8

66
319
46 T S T 1
35
20
35
20

"

-

2

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g _____________
M a n u f a c t u r in g _______ ____________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
.
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 4 _____________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________ _______
R e t a il tr a d e
..
____ . . . _

2
2
r -------2"1

37
18
19
17

61
1'6
51
51

.
-

—

72
30
42
6
35

47
22
25
14
11

-

.

4

____
.

W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ___
_______
R e t a i l t r a d e _____ _ _______ _____
_
F i n a n c e 3 __________ ________ _____ ___ _
.Q r v i rA a
a

J a n ito rs , p o r t e r s , and cle a n e r s
(w o m e n )
_ _ ________________ , _
_
M a n u f a c t u r in g
____ ________ ________ _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ________ ______________
P A t a il fv a ^ A

W h o le s a le tr a d e

.

_ ________
_

Retail t r a d e _____ ____ _____ ___ __

See footnotes at end of table.




2 .0 9
— 2715“
2 .0 6
1 .9 7
2 .2 5
1 .9 7
2. 04
1. 8 8
2 ! 06
1 . 37

7
7

7

139

43

6
37
31

119
25
91
36
52

561
-

30
27
3

3

71
53
18
2
16

5

73
— TT1
106
59
92
49
14
10
63
19
44
31
13

94
144
Z T — 5T"
121
43
98
35
8
23
53
22
31
15

1 06
51
25
15

4

7

-

9
3

22
14
8
8

-

292
12
280

-

3
1
2
2

-

“

-

6
6

12
12

3
3

.

3
3

_

-

3
3

-

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

-

-

17
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boston, M a s s ., O ctober 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average $
1 .0 0 *1. 10 1 .2 0 $1 .3 0 1 .4 0 $1 .5 0 *1. 60 * 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 * 1 .9 0 *2. 0 0 $2 . 10 $2 . 2 0 $2 . 3 0 2 .4 0 *2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0 * 2 .7 0 * 2 . 8 0 $2 . 9 0 3 . 0 0 * 3 . 10 3 . 2 0 3 . 3 0
- hourly
earnings2 an d
under
1 .1 0 1 .2 0 1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 . 10 2 . 20 2 . 3 0 2 . 4 0 2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0 2 . 7 0 2 . 8 0 2 . 9 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 10 3 . 2 0 3 . 3 0 3 . 4 0

34
23
11
9

83
55
28
18

97
80
17
11

24
5
19
17

30
16
14
4

32
25
7
7

11
11
11

20
20
-

-

3
2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

12
12
10

75
21
54
29
10

79
44
35
20
15

52
25
27
14
11

36
6
30
22
8

81
24
57
19
26

63
16
47
24
22

66
35
31
22
9

84
64
20
16
3

87
31
56
16
13

25
17
8
4
4

29
7
22
15

-

10
10
10

2
2

37
37

41
23
18
4

5?
43
16
16

22
10
12
7

2

-

-

1

25

1

72
35
37
32
5

81
35
46
34

-

20
5
14

44
25
19
7
12

53

-

13
n
2

42

-

-

-

8
8

18
15
3
2

55
16
39
24

14
2
12
3

42
11
31
12

141
51
90

109
80
29
3
2

138
53
85

314
42
2 72

-

-

2
21

62

55
16
39

75
71
4

66

5

*

P a c k e r s , s h i p p in g ( w o m e n ) __________ ____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ ____ ___ ______ — ____
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________

3 47
2 39
108
78

S i . 58
1 .5 6
1 .6 0
1 T61

-

5
5
-

8
8
-

R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s _______________ ______ —— —
M a n u f a c t u r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ___________________________

761
330
431
2 03
161

2 . 06
2 .1 3
2 . 00
1 .9 9
1 .9 8

-

-

-

“

-

S h ip p in g c l e r k s _ ______ _ ______ _ ___ — _
_
_
_
M a n u f a c t u r in g
—
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _
_

576
300
276
131
96

2 . 16
2 . ti
2 .0 9
2 . 15
2 .0 7

-

-

-

-

461
2 24
237
72

2.
2.
2.
2.

R e t a il t r a d e

S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s
M a n u f a c t u r in g
_
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
W h o le s a le t r a d e

------------------_____

T r u c k d r iv e r s 5
____________ _____ ____
3 .8 6 2
M a n u f a c t u r in g
934
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______ — ______—___ —
2 ,9 2 8
1 ,4 1 6
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 4 _____________________
882
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________
520
R e t a il t r a d e
_____
fip rvi ab
r

T r u c k d r i v e r s , l i g h t (u n d e r
l x/z t o n s ) . . .
_
___
M a n u f a c t u r in g
_
-----N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______ -----—
!_______
W h o le s a le t r a d e
_

102

2 .4 6
2 .4 6
2. 45
2 . 54
2 .4 5
2 .3 5
1. 98

5 20
2 44
2 76
136

2 .0 5
2 .3 6
1 .7 8
1 .6 4

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d i u m ( l 1/* t o
a n d i n c l u d i n g 4 t o n s ) --------------------------------9 3
1 .0
M a n u f a c t u r in g ....................
__
__
345
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _________ _ . . . . . . .
_
748
W
hn1»aa1» trarfo
2 85
R e t a il tr a d e
3 23
T r u c k d r iv e r s , h ea vy (o v e r
4 t o n s , t r a i l e r t y p e ) ------------1-------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------- 1'------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _

Piihlir iitiliti a« *
W h o le s a le t r a d e _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
__________

See footnotes at end of table,




20
26
15
29

1 .3 9 8
1 34
1, 2 6 4
808
365

2.
2.
2.
2.

33
48
26
25

2. 19

.

-

-

-

"

"

-

8
8

18
18
6
12

-

-

2. 68

2 . 56
2 .9 1

-

8

-

■

7
6
1
1

13

42
42

13

44
11
33

47
22
25

25
8
17

1 04
45
59

-

-

-

-

-

-

36
5

12

12

14

17

-

21

10

-

17
7
33

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

3

18

13

28

•

-

12

37
36

15
14

5
5

-

8

-

5

8

-

11
5

22
12
10

17
5

5

-

8

-

5

-

5

10

2. 66
2 . 53

-

1
-

-

-

2
2
-

22

-

-

18

37

-

13

12

28

12

16

25

12
12

37
29

8

7

31

6

25

2
2

22

13
53

54

22
32
32

1
1

22
31
24
4

51
3
48
40

17
17
_
_

4
2
2
2

2
_
2
_
2

3
.
3
_

12
12
_

_
_
_

~

3
1
2
2

3

’

-

34
11
23

11
11
_

14
12
2

6
5
1

-

7
— 5~1
2

-

_

-

-

-

2

-

-

2

-

-

6
4
2

2
2
1

21
20
1

1
-

.
-

_
-

1

-

-

-

14

260

56
53
3

.
-

_
.

-

-

-

-

207
87

89

153
47

28

13

120

83
59
16

106
2

27

13

3

20

1

74
29
45

902
72
830

1

45

2

1?

5
4

_
_

2

7

21
8
13
13

-

1

9

_
-

41
5
36
7
7

390
1 88
202
80
37
83

3
107
79
27

-

1517
172
1345
12 9 7
18
30

1 34
11
123
11
83
27

no

-

2 06
50
156

-

2 05
18
187
95
92

-

26
22
4

39
39
-

7

-

54
32
22
12

8
3
5

12
-

8
2

5

“

165
92
14

w

-

23

-

-

-

1
*

36
83

16
15

-

119
29

8

2
2

6

-

1

58
36
22

l
-

_

_

14
12
2

260

325
W
1 69

_

_

_

157
103

_
_

16
_
16
16

_

55
55

166

_
_

.
.
_

3

_

.

_
.
.

62
62

_

.

_

.
.

_
.

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_
_

43
43

_
.
.

55
55

>

.

_
.
.

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

21

_

15

.
.
.

.

_

22

1

_

6
16

-

2

216

1 50

7

6

2

216

150

7

6

2

153

150

_

_
_

_

_
_

Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—Continued
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boston, M ass., O ctober 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation 1 and industry division

Number

ot

workers

Average * 1.00 * 1.10 * 1.20 * 1 .3 0 * 1 .4 0
hourly ,
and
earnings

*1 .5 0 *1 .6 0

* 1 .7 0 * 1 .8 0 * 1 .9 0 * 2.00 * 2.10 * 2.20 * 2 .3 0 * 2 .4 0 * 2 .5 0 * 2 .6 0 * 2 .7 0 * 2 .8 0 * 2 . 9 0 * 3 .0 0 * M 0 * 3 .2 0 * 3 .3 0

under

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

2.00

2.10

2.20

-

11
11

12
12

1.20

1 .9 0

12

1.10

-

-

43
13
30
30

8
6
2

29
29

74
74

-

-

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

162
82
80

28

2 .60

3. 30

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

21

12

20

16
16
16

-

-

-

.

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

"

~

-

_
_

.
_
_

_

_

3 .2 0

.3^4.0-

T ruckdriver s :5— Continued
T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra iler type) --------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------

586
1*9
457
92

$ 2 .4 8
2 .3 8
2 .5 1
2 .3 7

T ruckers, pow er (forklift) ____________
Manufacturing _________________ ____
Nonmanufacturing __________________
WlinlAttal* fra/1*
)
Retail trade --------------------------------

775
604
271
108
97

2 .3 3
2 .2 9
2 .3 9
2 .3 3
2 .5 7

T ru ckers, pow er (other than
f o r k l i f t ) _________________. . . ____ ____
Manufacturing . . . _____ ______________

187
1 82

2 .2 7
2 .2 7

P u h lir u t il it ie s 4

763
399
364
43

Retail trade -------------------------------F in an ce1 ________________________
3
2

167

1 .8 0
1 .9 2
1 .6 7
2 .1 7
1 .5 5
1 .6 2

Watchmen ______________________________
Manufacturing --------------- -----------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

100

3

_
-

-

-

"

-

"

_
-

-

-

-

24

29

2

22

2

-

-

"

29
27

29

-

_
3

-

“

114
5
1 09

63
40
23

71
35
36

17

2

10

5

17
80

17

23

4

11

-

7
7

35
35

5
5

55
52

48

61
39

40

31
30

22

14
6

76
48
28
25

48
36

22

75
47
28

12

1

1
21

12

_

28

1

3

50
45
5
5

159
80
79

10
10

2
2

-

-

10
2
8
8

-

-

20

2

22

■

7

20

8

5
5

_

-

12

30

25
25

7

-

-

8
22
20

-

_

tl

-

106

-

26

1
1

179

1

26

255
15

76
62
14

129
67
62
45
17

2

28
15

79

1

-

_
-

Data lim ited to men w ork ers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and for w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Transportation, com munication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless o f size and type o f truck operated.




16
13
3

5
4
4

73

22

it
44
37
7
7

255

4
4

to

4

2

4

1

2

4

3
3

_

-

"

_

7
7

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_ _

-




19

B* Establishment Practices and Supplem entary W age Provisions
Table B-l. S h ift D ifferentials
(S hift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa ctu rin g p lant w o r k e r s b y ty p e and am ou n t o f d iff e r e n t ia l, B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c t o b e r 1961)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t w o r k e r s —

In e s t a b lis h m e n ts h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

S e c o n d s h ift
w ork

T ota l

_______________ __

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

8 2 .3

7 3 .7

12.4

2 .6

----- ------------- ---------

7 7 .7

7 3 .7

1 1 .8

2 .6

3 6 .0

31. 5

6. 2

1 .6

8 .2
2 .6
1 .6
2 .6
1. 3
13. 2
.8
.7
.5
2. 5
.8
.8
.4

_
5 .8
1 .8
.6
11. 1
.7
3 .7
1. 1
3 .6
.8
1. 2
1. 2

1. 5
.6
.5
.4
. 2
1. 5
. 1
.4
. 2
.4
. 2
. 1
(2)

-

30. 5

32. 3

4 .6

.9

2 .7
5. 1
2 .0
1 9 .2
1. 5
“

1 .3
4 .3
2 2 .0

.5
.8
.4
2 .6
.3

j 2)
;
(2)
“
.6
(2)
. 1

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r )

__

___

---------------- -

5 o r 5 l/z c e n ts __
_ ------- -------- — _
6 c e n ts ____
_ — --------- —
---------7 o r 7 llz c e n ts ----__ —
-----8 c e n ts
___
__
— __
9 c e n ts
_____
10 c e n ts
,.....
. i
,,,,,,,_______
I I 1/ ; rpnt:s ___ ____
.
___
12 o r 1 2 V2 c e n ts ---------------------------------------13 c e n ts __________________ —
______ __
14 rp n ts
....
15 c e n ts
__
— _
___
___ —
16 c e n ts ____ ___
17 c e n ts _
__ __
_____
19 o r 20 ce n ts -------------------------------------------O v e r 20 ce n ts
_ __ ______ _
__ __
U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e _ —

__

5 p e r c e n t ___________________________________
7 p e r c e n t ___________________________________
7 1/z p e r c e n t ___________ ____________________
10 p e r c e n t
_ _
________ __ __ ----- —
12llz p e r c e n t
__
__ __ __ _
15 p e r c e n t
" _ ---------- __ ---------------F u ll d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u rs

__________

1. 3

O th e r f o r m a l p a y d iffe r e n t ia l _______________

3 9. 9

N o s h ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l

S e c o n d sh ift

___

__________

W ith s h ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o r k

A c t u a lly w o r k in g on —

_ __

_ _

_

4 .6

.8
3 .9

. 1
. 1
( 13
2)
.8
( 2)
. 1
. 1
0
( 2)
.2
(2)

-

( 2)

-

3 9. 9

1 .0

. 1

.6

1 In c lu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s , and e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la t e s h ifts
e v e n th o u gh th e y w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .
3 In c lu d e s c e n t s -p e r - h o u r d iffe r e n t ia ls w h ic h v a r y b y la b o r g r a d e , and a c o m b in a t io n o f p e r c e n t a g e p lu s c e n t s - p e r - h o u r
d i ff e r e n t i a l.

20
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries fo r Women Office W o rk e rs
(Distribution of establishm ents studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected ca tegories
o f inexperienced women o ffice w ork ers, Boston, M ass., O ctober 1961)
I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
N onm anufacturing

M anuf a c tur ing
M in im u m w e e k ly s a la r y 1

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

A ll
sch e d u le s

37 V i

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

N on m an u factu rin g

M an u factu rin g

B a se d o n standard w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

36V 4

37Vz

B a s e d on stan dard w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—
A ll
s ch e d u le s

40

37Vz

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

36l/4

37 ll2

40

E s ta b lis h m e n ts studied

267

86

XXX

XXX

181

XX X

XXX

XX X

267

86

XXX

XXX

181

XXX

XXX

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m

140

52

14

31

88

9

18

35

149

54

16

31

95

9

21

40

3
14
22
39
9
15

_

l
2
3
9

6

4
5
14
6
7

3
1
11

-

-

_

1

6

_

-

_

-

1
2

14

2
-

5
3

1

-

6

7
3

1
2
3

2
1

_

3
4
5
2
1

2
6
5
14
6
6
1
6
3

2

$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 .0 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

u nd er $ 4 2 .5 0 _________________
u nd er $ 4 5 .0 0 _________________
und er $ 4 7 .5 0 _________________
u nd er $ 5 0 .0 0 _________________
un d er $ 5 2 .5 0 _________________
und er $ 5 5 .0 0 _________________
und er $ 5 7 .5 0 _________________
un d er $ 6 0 .0 0 _________________
un d er $ 6 2 .5 0 _________________
u nd er $ 6 5 .0 0 __________________
under $ 6 7 .5 0 _________________
und er $ 7 0 .0 0 _________________
und er $ 7 2 .5 0 _________________
u nd er $ 7 5 .0 0 _________________
under $ 7 7 .5 0 _________________
u nd er $ 8 0 .0 0 _________________
o v e r ____________________________

E sta b lis h m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d
m in im u m _____________________________________
E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not e m p lo y
w o r k e r s in th is c a t e g o r y -----------------------------

l

1
3
3
2
3

-

1
1
3

1
1

74

26

-

XXX

1
_

2
10
3
2

[
1
1

1
2
10
17
25
3
8
6
7
3
1

1

"

-

«.

2

3

XXX

2
4

48

_

■

"

24
39
9
11
7

12

2

-

21

3

_

2
-

2

2
_

3
8
3
2
1
4
3

1
4
15
19
25
3
5
6
6
5

-

"
1
3
4
11
1
1

3
4
-

1
-

-

-

_

2

1

-

_

2

_

_

-

-

2

XXX

[

-

2
-

2
~

~

"

"

-

-

4

-

-

4

26

XXX

XXX

56

XX X

XXX

XX X

36

6

XXX

XXX

30

XXX

XXX

XXX

"

[

“
53

8

XX X

XXX

45

XXX

XX X

XXX

L o w e s t s a la r y r a te f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d f o r h irin g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s f o r typing and o th e r c l e r i c a l jo b s .
R a te s a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o f fi c e g i r ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e not c o n s id e r e d .
H ou rs r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s .
D ata a r e p re s e n te d fo r a ll w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n w o rk w e e k s




6
1
10
1
1
6
5
4

82

-

XXX

3
2
4
2
3

rep orted .

21
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(P ercent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
o f firs t-s h ift w ork ers, Boston, M a s s ., October 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

W e e k ly h ou rs

PLANT WORKERS

1
2
3
4

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance1
2

Services

100

U nder 35 h ou rs
35 h o u rs ----- __ _____ ________ ________
_ __
O v e r 35 and u n d er 361/* h o u rs _________________
3 6 V 4 h ou rs ____ ____ ____
__ _
_____ —
O v e r 361/* and u n d er 3 7 l /2 h o u r s --------------------3 7 ^ /2 h ou rs ....... ......
. -- ....
O v e r 'il1U and u n d er 38 h o u r s -------------------------38 h o u r s ______ ___
__
______ ____ __
O v er 38 and u n d er 3 8 2/3 h ou rs -------------------------382/3 h o u r s _
__ ____ ______ _
___ __
383/* h ou rs
,_________________ ,______
O v e r 383/4 and u n d er 40 h ou rs -------------------------40 h o u r s —
____ ______ - — ___
___
O v e r 40 and u n d er 44 h o u r s _
_ __ __
44 and un d er 48 h o u r s —-------------------------------------____ _____ _____ __ 48 h o u r s

All
industries

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1
11
2

„

2

-

„

11

12

-

48
50

1

4

4
25
13
51




Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

_
-

1
_
_
-

-

2

2
2

1

1

1

-

4
90

-

-

96

-

_

3
1
1

-

78
4
15
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

6

(4)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilitie s .
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
In clu d es data f o r r e a l e s ta te in a d d itio n to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .

W
holesale
trade

9
5
12
9
2
43

-

15
1
9
12
7
4
24

Public 1
utilities1

20

( 4)
22
1
_
4
62

12

Manufacturing

3
13
5
15
5
34
11
1
8
5

7
3
27
1
4
1
1
6
(4)
35

1

All .
industries*

1
1

4
(4)
3
2
( 4)
(4)
80
1
2
4
1

4

3

7
1
_
13
12
2
43
5
_

12

_
_
1
.
_
_

1
(4)
83
_

5
4

22
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P ercen t distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Boston, M a s s ., O ctober 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s

All
industries

_____________________

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts
paid h o lid a y s -----------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
no p aid h o lid a y s _ — —

PLANT WORKERS

_____ _______

p r o v id in g
— — ------------- — p ro v id in g
__ ------------ — — _

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance13
2

Services

A
U ,
industries

Manufacturing

Public,
utilities1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

94

100

99

97

100

100

100

87

91

(4)

-

-

6

-

( 4)

3

-

-

13

9

(4)
1
( 4)
n
2
(4)
1
5
5
(4 )
(4)
( 4)
7
2
1
17
7
1
37
10
1
1

i!>
( 4)
i
4
1
7
14
1
10
2
1
21
5
2
29
2
1
1

13
5
18
12
17
2
(4)
21
(4 )
5
"

_
1
3
11
4
51
26
1
2

_
1
2
( 4)
14
2
(4)
17
15
2
40
(4)
7

3
6
2
1
11
2
4
16
6
1
10
2
1
18
6
8
( 4)
(4)

1
5
2
2
14
2
20
11
2
13
3
1
14
6
5
( 4)
“

1
5
12
6
9
2
4
33
28
~

3
9
8
16
8
3
4
36
-

19
13
6
3
4
15
9
8
2
13
( 4)

1
2
13
51
58
75
77
85
90
96
96
98
98

1
1
3
34
39
61
62
73
87
94
95
99
99

_
39
81
87
87
91
91
96
96
99

7
7
7
47
49
64
66
85
85
99
99
99

(*>
( 4)
( 4)
8
14
34
36
47
54
73
74
86

-

28
61
66
66
75
75
82
82
94
94

99
99
99
99
99

99
99

100
100
100
100
100
100

36
40
43
43
68
68
76
76
84
84
84
84
84
87

( 4)
( 4)
( 4)
13
15
23
23
32
32
47
51
54
60
73
73
73
73
91
91

N um ber o f d a y s
L e s s than 6 h o lid a y s __ _____
--------------------------------------- — __ ________ _______
6 h o lid a y s
6 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day ---------------------------------6 h olid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d ays _____ ________ __ _
6 h olid a y s plus 6 h a lf d ays _____________________
7 h o l i d a y s --- ------- -------------- — ------------------ 7 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf day ______________________
7 h o lid a y s plu s 2 h a lf d ays __ „ __ _____ ____
8 h olid a y s
________ ______ __ ________ __ __ _
8 h olid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day ______________________
8 h olid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a ys ------- ------- __ — _
8 h olid a y s plu s 3 h a lf d a ys _____ . . ___________
8 h olid a y s plus 4 h a lf d ays ------- ---------------------___ „ __ _______________________ 9 h olid a y s
9 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day ______________________
9 h olid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a ys _____________________
--------------------------10 h o lid a y s _____ __ — __
10 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day __
------------------ _
10 h o lid a y s plu s 2 h a lf d ays ___________________
11 h o lid a y s _____ __ __ __ ------- ---------------------11 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf day _____________________
11 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d ays ___________________
12 h o lid a y s and o v e r __ __ __ __ __ -----------------

_

3
5
4
( 4)
6
42
39
-

_
3
5
8
2
45
4
29
1
2
-

3
4
( 4)
4
4
5
9
5
38
28
■

T o t a l h o l i d a y t im e 5
121/ 2 o r m o r e days
___
__ __ ------------- — 12 o r m o r e days --------- ------- ------- ----------------111/ 2 o r m o r e days
________ _____ ___________
11 o r m o r e days ________________________________
10*/2 o r m o r e d a ys ______________________________
10 o r m o r e d ays __________________________ — —
9l/z o r m o r e days _______________________________
9 o r m o r e d ays _ __ __ __ __ _____ __ ________
S1/ 2 o r m o r e d ays _______ __ — ---------------------8 o r m o r e d ays _ __ __ __ ------- ------- __ — 71/z o r m o r e days _______________________________
7 o r m o r e d a ys _ _____ „ __ ____ - _________ ___
61/z or m o r e d a ys _________________________ ____
6 o r m o r e days __________________________________
5 o r m o r e days _ ___________________ __ __ -----4 o r m o r e days ______________ __ ______________
3 o r m o r e days _________________________ _____ _—
2 o r m o r e d a y s __ ________________________________
1 o r m o r e d ays _ _________________________ — __

1
2
3
4
5
no h a lf

99

100
100
100
100

99

_
2
3
36
36
83
83
91
97
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
5
5
5
5
27
29
46
46
76
76
81
81
94
94
94
94
94
94

2
3
29
80
84
95
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

99
99
99
99
99
99
99

88
94
94
94
94
96
97

( 4)
( 4)
5
11
26
29
44
55
75
77
93
95

99
99
100
100
100
100

99
99
99
99
100
100

28
28
71
71
80
85
94
94
97
97
97
97
100
100
100
100

T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s .
F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
In clu d es data f o r r e a l e sta te in ad d ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
A ll c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf d ays that add to the sa m e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a t o ta l o f 7 d a y s in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 7 fu ll d a ys and
d a y s , 6 fu ll d ays and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll d ays and 4 h a lf d a y s, and s o on.
P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cum ulated.




23
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(Percent distribution of o ffice and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry division s by vacation pay
p rovisions, Boston, M a s s ., October 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o l ic y

______________________________________

All
industries

PLANT WORKERS
Services

All ,
industries

Manufacturing

Public i
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
91
8
-

100
89
11
-

100
86
14
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

98
90
8
-

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 2

100

100

.100

100

100

100
98
2
-

100
98
2
-

100
88
12
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

M e t h o d off p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
pa id v a c a tio n s _____ ___________________________
L e n g t h -o f-t im e p aym en t -------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a ym en t -------------------------------------F la t - s u m p aym en t ------ --------— ----------- —--------O th er
____________ __ _ _______________ ___
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s ______________________________

2

(4)

A ft e r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ____ __ __________
_____________
1 w eek __ ______________ _______________ _______
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w eek s ______________________
2 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------------

4
47
7
29

3
63
3
16

_
35
(4)
43

2
46
14
15

69
2
-

6
29
10
48

(4)
61
12
17

23
26
2
4

38
17
1
1

.
31
2
34

9
34
14
6

_
49
_
-

9
22
6
3

_
6
88
(4)
5
-

_
3
95
3
-

_
17
83
-

_
4
96
-

_
21
79
-

4
86
11
-

.
8
84
2
7
-

(4)
60
3
35
(4)
1
( 4)

_
75
6
19
1
-

_
23
76
1
-

_
28
69
3

_
44
56
_

5
57
_
34
2
(4)

1
1
89
2
6
-

1
95
1
3
-

3
14
83
-

2
98
_
-

_
100
-

_
_
84
3
13
-

1
_
78
14
7
-

31
18
50
1
1
(4)

44
29
25
1
1
-

16
7
76
_
1
-

17
( 4)
80
_
.
3

1
_
99
_

( 4)

(4)

90
2
7
-

96
1
3
-

2
98
1
-

2
98
-

100
-

_
84
3
13
-

1
67
14
18
-

11
16
71
1
1
(4)

13
26
59
1
1
-

16
78
7
-

8
4
86
_
3

1
_
99
_
-

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek _______ _________ _ _______ ____
1 w e e k ___ ____ _________
____ ___ _____ ___ ____ _
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w eek s ___________________ ___
2 w eek s ____________ ____ ____ _________ _____________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s ---------------------------------3 w eek s _____ _ __ ------ ------------------ -------------O v e r 4 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------

-

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ------- --------------------------------------------- --------O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ___ __________________
2 w eek s _ ---------------------- — --------- — ------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s ---------------------------------3 w eek s ----------------- ------ — _
-------------O v e r 4 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------

33
5
58
2
(4)

-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e ek ________ ___ ____ ___ ____ ________ __________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w eek s _____ ______
__ ___ _
2 w eek s .......... ^__ _-............................................ ,
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s ______________________
3 w e e k s ____ __________ ___ _____________________
O v e r 4 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------

20
5
70
2
(4)

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _________ _____ __ _____ __ ___ _______ _____
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w eek s ______________ _______ ___ _ ______
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s ___ __________ __ ___ __
3 w eek s -________ ___ ,___ _____________
O v e r 4 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------

(4)

(4)

90
2
7
( 4)

95
1
4
-

2
98
1
-

2
_
98
-

_
100
-

_
84
3
13
-

1
67
14
13
6

10
13
73
1
2
(4)

13
23
61
1
2
-

7
87
7
-

8
4
86
_
3

1
_
99

(4)
64
7
28
( 4)

_
84
4
12
-

96
4
"

2
93
6

42
58
■

39
13
49
*

_
62
14
19
6

1
80
3
15
(4)

2
87
5
6
~

93
7
■

4
89
4
3

1
51
_
48
-

_

.
-

20
_

70
7
(4)

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____ „ _______
_______________
_____
2 w eek s
__________ _______________ ___ ______
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s _____________ _________
3 w eek s ______ _
____ ____ _____ ___ __ __
O v e r 4 w eek s ____ ____ ___ _____ ___ ____ _______

See fo o tn o te s at end o f table,




_

89
2
7
-

24
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P ercent distribution of o ffice and plant w ork ers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
p rov ision s, Boston, M ass., O ctober 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o l ic y

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities1

Wholesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance 2

Services

All ,
industries3

Manufacturing

Wholesale
trade

Public ,
utilities1

Retail trade

Servioea

1

A m o u n t off v a c a t i o n p a y 5 — C o n t in u e d
A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____________ ____ __ ___ _________ __ ______ _
2 w eek s __________________________________________
O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s -------------- ------------3 w e e k s __ ____________________________________
O ver 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s --------------------------------4 w e e k s __ __________________________ ________
O v er 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------

( 4)
39
6
50
( 4)
4
( 4)

_
60
5
34
1
-

_
65
( 4)
34
-

2
62
36
-

_
18
11
71
-

-

_
7
47
45
-

-

( 4)
27
13
56
( 4)
4
( 4)

_
26
30
43
1
-

( 4)
8
1
85
1
4
( 4)

-

_
37
54
2
2
6

1
48
7
35
( 4)
8
( 4)

2
58
11
28
1
-

_
65
2
32
1
-

4
54
4
35
3

1
9
54
36
-

_
58
38
2
-

_
63
37
"

2
49
5
44
-

_
7
47
45
-

_
16
9
75
-

_
37
54
2
2
6

1
29
19
42
( 4)
8
( 4)

2
28
32
37
1
-

_
53
46
1
-

4
37
5
52
3

1
9
54
36
-

_
58
38
2
-

_
10
88
1

_
2
98

2
24
74

_
2
52

_
5
3
90
3
-

_
15

2
12
2
83
1
1
-

_
99

4
15
78

1
9
54

_
36
60
2
-

-

76
2
2
6

1
12
1
76
1
8
( 4)

-

-

-

-

"

45
"

( 4)
8
69
2
21
( 4)

_
9
79

_
2
75

2
24
49

_
2
36

_
5
70
4
22
-

_
15
70
2
8
6

1
12
1
62
1
22
( 4)

2
11
2
76
1
8
-

-

-

-

-

12
-

23
-

26
-

62
-

( 4)
6
38
1
53
1

_
7
56
4
33

_
2
26
72

2
23
40
35

2
20
78

_
1
22
74
3

_
14
68
2
11
6

1
12
1
42
2
42
( 4)

2
11
2
50
4
32

A fte r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -------------------------- ------------------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________ ___ ________ _______
O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w eek s ------------------- ---------------------------------- —
O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s --------------------------------4 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
__________________ ___________________
2 w eek s ____ ________ ________ ____________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s -----------------------------3 w e e k s __ ______________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s --------------------------------4 w eek s ____________ ________ ____________________
O v er 4 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------

:
I
!

-

-

1
-

3

36
-

-

_
73

4
15

1
9
_
21
68
-

_
36
_
52
2
8
~

1
7
20
_
71

_
36
_
44
2
16

-

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -------------------------- ---------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------- — ------------------------------------O v er 2 and tinder 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w eek s _________ _____ — ------------------------------O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s -----------------------------4 lypplrp
.. .................
O v er 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------

-

-

63
-

27
-

15
3

_

4
15
55
24
3

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek --------------- --------------------------------------------2 w eek s ------------------------------ ------------------------------O v er 2 and tinder 3 w e e k s ------- :-----------------------3 w eek s ------------------------------ ------------------------------O v er 3 and tinder 4 w e e k s --------------------------------4 w e e k s __ _________ __________ _________ ___ _______
O v er 4 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
s e r v ic e

T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s .
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
In clu d es data fo r r e a l e sta te in a dd ition to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r il y r e fl e c t the in d ivid u al p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
in clu d e ch a n g e s in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g be tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .

For

e x a m p le,

-

31
69

the

ch a n g es

in p r o p o r t io n s

in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s '

N O T E : In the tabu lation s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , pa ym e n ts o th e r than "le n g th o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual e a r n in g s o r f la t - s u m p a y m en ts, w e r e c o n v e r te d
to an equ ivalen t tim e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.




25
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
health* in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fits , B o s to n , M a s s . , O c t o b e r 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

T y p e o f b e n e fit

A ll w o rk e rs

_ __ __

__

All
industries

__

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 1

__ _

100

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e
___
_
____
_______
A c c id e n t a l d eath and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e
_ ____ _
__ __ __ __ __ __ _
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 4 __ __

95

96

56

63

83

96

Wholesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance 13
2

All
,
industries

Services

100

100

100

100

9

98

93

97

73

45

54

51

99

72

98

67

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

79

93

96

97

42

58

60

68

91

94

96

75
19

|

Retail trade

Services

100

100

92

92

83

59

45

67

89

78

93

85

90

32

40

66

64

8

31

48

33

31

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e _______
S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y and no
w a itin g p e r io d )
___ _____
__
__ __
S ick le a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r io d ) __________________________
__
__ __
H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e _____
S u r g ic a l i n s u r a n c e ___________________________
__ _
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e
__
__ __ _
C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e ______________________
R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n _______
___ __ __ _
N o h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n --------

39

63

19

32

64

21

33

73

84

91

62

51

67

72

3

1

1

5

28

“

-

10

5

37

12

14

3

86
84
72
63
82
( 5)

90
90
81
53
84
( 5)

55
55
38
68
76

93
89
81
48
61

79
6^
54
27
78

95
95
80
84
91
( 5)

55
52
43
45
68
1

85
81
67
32
72
2

95
94
80
38
80
1

65
65
49
63
81

87
85
76
42
56
8

75
59
42
9
72
2

73
69
57
17
27
9

1 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u tilit ie s .
2 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
3 In clu d es data fo r r e a l e s ta te in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
4 U n du p lica ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e show n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w .
S ic k - le a v e p lan s a r e lim it e d to th o s e w h ich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s ' p a y that c a n b e e x p e c te d b y ea ch e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k -l e a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in d ivid u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .







Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

stead of two (class A and B).

Since the Bureau’ s last survey in this area, occupational

The revised description for keypunch

descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary

operator groups these

information for more specific

instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately

categories.

Therefore, data presented

workers into two defined cla sse s

(A and B)

for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last'

for general stenographers and technical stenographers.

year’ s bulletin.

combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and

The revision

technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.
Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers.

The revised description for file

The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­

clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




cluded in appendix B.

27




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C la s s A —
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B ille r , m ach in e (h illin g m ach in e)—U s e s a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C la ss B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B ille r , m ach in e (b o o k k e e p in g m achine)—Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C la ss A —
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

29

30

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C la s s B —Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C la s s A —
In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.

C la s s B —Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­

ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings.
Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y com b in a tion o f th e fo llo w i n g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
C la s s C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already

been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

31

SECRETARY— Continued

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C l a s s A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards* Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,

making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators*

C l a s s B—Under close supervision or following specific proce­

dures or instructions,

transcribes data from source documents to

punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch

tabulating cards.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

May

verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL

STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs various routine duties such as ruaning errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by die following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

32

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C la s s C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker9s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C la s s A —
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D o e s n ot in clu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C la s s B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine,




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

C la s s A —
Performs o n e or m ore o f the fo llo w in g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C la ss B—
Performs o n e or m ore o f th e fo llo w in g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

33

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications.
May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a com bin a tion o f the fo llo w in g : Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a com bin a tion o f the fo llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees9 injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicant^
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies
plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter required rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




34

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance elctricians requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A s s i s t s one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a ls o supervise these operations. H ea d or c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b li s h m en ts em p loyin g more than on e e n g in e e r are e x c lu d e d .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

35

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
die millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s­
tablishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are
workers whose prim ary d u tie s involve setting up or adjusting machines.



OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

36

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. W orkers prim arily e n g a g e d in in sta llin g and
repairing building sa n ita tion or h eatin g s y s t e m s are e x c lu d e d .

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. I n c lu d e s g a te -




men w ho are sta tio n e d at g a te and c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s and
oth er p e r so n s en terin g .

37

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g :

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size , and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m ay in v o lv e o n e or more o f
the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o make
w o o d en b o x e s or cra tes are e x c lu d e d .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve on e or more o f the fo llo w ­
in g :

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow.

L o n g sh o r e m e n , who lo a d and unload sh ip s are e x c lu d e d .

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
ping work i n v o l v e s :

routes,

Ship­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation and rates;

and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or a ssist in preparing die merchandise for shipment.
work i n v o l v e s :

May

R e c e iv in g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER

dise

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary

records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers' orders, or other instructions.
and indicating items filled or omitted,

May, in addition to filling orders
keep records of outgoing orders

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R e c e iv in g clerk

requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and

Shipping c lerk

perform 6ther related duties.

Shipping and r e c e iv in g clerk




38

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials , merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers9 houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D riv er»sa lesm en and o v e r -th e -r o a d d rivers
are e x c lu d e d .

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

Trucker, p o w er (fork lift)
Trucker, p ow er (oth er than fo rk lift)

Tru ckdriver (com bin ation o f s i z e s l i s t e d se p a r a te ly )
Truckdriver, ligh t (under l l2 to n s)
/

WATCHMAN

Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 to n s)
Truckdriver, h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s, trailer ty p e )
Truckdriver, h e a v y (o v er 4 to n s, other than trailer ty p e )




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆ U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1962

0 — 627116


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102