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Occupational Wage Survey
CLEVELAND, OHIO
SEPTEMBER 1961

Bulletin No. 1303-13




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
CLEVELAND, OHIO
SEPTEMBER 1961




Bulletin No. 1303-13
December 1961

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington 2 5, D.C.

Price 2 5 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage surveys in 82 labor markets.
The
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits.
A preliminary report furnishing
trend data and average earnings is released within a month
of the completion of each study.
This bulletin provides
additional data not included in the preliminary report.

Introduction _____________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups _________________________
Tables:
1.
2.
3.

Two bulletins, bringing together the results of all
of the area surveys, are issued after completion of the
final area bulletin in the current round of surveys.
The
first of these bulletins will be available late in 1962 and
the other early in 1963. During the survey year, summary
releases presenting areawide occupational earnings data
for 25 to 30 labor markets, are issued as data become
available.
This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau*s re­
gional office in Chicago, 111. , by Kenneth Thorsten, under
the direction of Elliott A. Browar. The study was under
the general direction of Woodrow C. Linn, Assistant Re­
gional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




1
3

A

Establishments and workers within scope of survey ___________
Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups ____________________________________________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups and
percents of increase for selected periods _____________________
Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women ______________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men
and women _______________________________________________
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical
occupations—
men and women combined _________________
A -4 . Maintenance and power plant occupations _________________
A -5 . Custodial and material movement occupations __________

2

4
4

5

9
10
11
12

Appendixes:
A.
B.

Changes in occupational descriptions __________________________
Occupational descriptions _______________________________________
* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available in the Cleveland
area reports for October of 1951, 1952, 1954,
1956,
June 1958, and September of 1959, I960. Most of the
reports include data on establishment practices and sup­
plementary wage provisions. Similar reports are availa­
ble for other major areas.
A directory indicating the
areas, dates of study, and prices of these reports is availa­
ble upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and
supplementary wage practices in the Cleveland area are
also available for the following industries:
Machinery
(May 1961), paints and varnishes (May 1961), and women*s
and misses* dresses (August I960). Union scales, indica­
tive of prevailing pay levels, are available for the follow­
ing trades or industries: Building construction, printing,
local-transit operating employees, and motortruck drivers
and helpers.

iii

15
17




Occupational Wage Survey— Cleveland, Ohio
Introduction

are presented (in the A-series tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U.S. De­
partment of L abors Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an area basis.
The bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

In each area, data are obtained from representative establish­
ments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations
and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having
fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of
the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
basis. Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
pe rformed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, except
for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data




1

2

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu died in C le v e la n d , O h io ,1 b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , 2 S e p te m b e r 1961

In d u stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f study

W ithin
scop e o f
s tu d y 1
3
2

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

Studied

W ith in
scope o f
study

Studied

903

280

340, 100

2 3 1 ,2 2 0

100

424
479

136
144

219, 000
121, 100

152, 100
7 9 ,1 2 0

100
50
100
50
50

55
156
64
99
105

26
37
27
27
27

33, 800
1 7 ,0 0 0
3 7 ,8 0 0
1 6 ,4 0 0
16, 100

2 7 ,1 3 0
7, 310
2 9 ,3 2 0
8, 260
7, 100

____________________________________ _____________________ ___

M an u factu rin g ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r
p u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 ___________________________ _ ________________ - _____
W h o le s a le tra d e ------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------R e ta il tra d e *
_
_ _______ __ „
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e state ______- ____________________ ___
S e r v ic e s 5>6 __ ______________________________________________________

N um ber o f esta b lis h m e n ts

1 The C le v e la n d Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tica l A r e a c o n s is t s o f C u yahoga and L a ke C o u n tie s .
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y" e s t im a t e s show n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly
a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y .
The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r a r e a e m p lo y m e n t
in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and
(2) s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g es ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u s try d iv is io n .
M a jo r c h a n g e s f r o m the e a r l ie r e d itio n (u s e d in the
B u re a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s c o n d u cte d p r io r to July 1958) a r e the t r a n s fe r o f m ilk p a s te u r iz a tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e t e e s ta b lis h m e n ts f r o m tr a d e (w h o le s a le o r r e ta il) to
m a n u fa ctu rin g , and the tr a n s fe r o f r a d io and t e le v is io n b r o a d c a s tin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r ab o v e the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u ch in d u s t r ie s as tr a d e , fin a n ce , auto r e p a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e re e x c lu d e d .
C le v e la n d ’ s tr a n s it s y s te m is m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a te d and, t h e r e fo r e , i s e x c lu d e d b y d e fin itio n f r o m the s c o p e o f
the s tu d ies.
5 T h is in d u s try d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s .
S eparate p r e s e n ta tio n o f data f o r th is d iv is io n i s not m a d e f o r one
o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo ym e n t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it se p a ra te study, (2) the s a m p le w a s not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it se p a r a te
p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequ ate to p e r m it se p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in divid u al e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
6 H otels; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; me­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. Tlie average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels. Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series (table 2). This series initiated with the expansion of the labor market
wage survey programs to 82 areas will replace the old series (1953 base) shown
in table 3. Changes in the jobs surveyed and job descriptions since the start of
the old series called for a reexamination of the jobs and job groupings for which
trends were to be computed.
The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series with
the following exceptions: The women clerical group is replaced by an office
clerical group (men and women) and the industrial nurse category includes both
men and women. Changes were also made in the jobs included within job group­
ings in order that an identical list could be employed in all areas.

4

T a b le 2. P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e in stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r
s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in C le v e la n d , O h io, S eptem ber I960 to S ep tem b er 1961,
and S e p te m b e r 1959 to S e p te m b e r I960
S e p te m b e r I960
to
S e p te m b e r 1961

S e p tem b er 1959
to
S e p tem b er 1960

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) __________
In d u stria l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n ) _______
S k ille d m a in ten a n ce (m en ) __________________
U n sk ille d plant (m en ) -----------------------------------

2.6
3.0
2.5
2.3

4.0
3.1
3.2
2.9

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w om en ) __________
In d u stria l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n ) _______
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m en ) __________________
U n sk ille d plant (m en ) _______________________

2.4
3.0
2.8
2.2

3.0
3.1
3.1
4 .2

O cc u p a tio n a l g ro u p

T a b le 3. In d exes o f sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s in
C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p te m b e r 1961 and S e p te m b e r I960, and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
,
In dexes
(O c t o b e r 1952 * 100)
In du stry and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p
S e p te m b e r 1961

S e p te m b e r I960

P e r c e n t o f in c r e a s e f r o m —
S e p te m b e r I960
to
S e p te m b e r 1961

S e p te m b e r 1959
to
S e p te m b e r I960

June 1958
to
S e p tem b er 1959

O c t o b e r 1956
to
June 1958

O c t o b e r 1954
to
O c t o b e r 1956

O c t o b e r 1952
to
O c t o b e r 1954

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en ) ___________________________________
In d u stria l n u r s e s (w om en ) -------------------------------------------------S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m en ) _________________________________
U n sk illed plant (m en ) ______________________________________

143.5
155.0
147.7
149.5

140.6
150.4
144.0
146.4

2.1
3.0
2.5
2.1

2.9
3.1
3.2
3.0

3.6
5.4
7.0
5.6

8.1
10.8
7.1
7.9

10.6
11.4
10.7
11.7

10.3
12.0
10.1
11.6

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en ) ___________________________________
In d u stria l n u r s e s (w om en ) _________________________________
S k illed m ain ten an ce (m en ) _________________________________
U n s k illed plant (m en ) ______________________________________

147.7
154.1
148.0
148.1

143.9
149.6
144.0
145.0

2.6
3.0
2.8
2.2

3.0
3.1
3.2
4.5

3.7
4 .9
7.1
6.9

9.0
11.5
6.9
7.1

11.1
10.7
10.7
11.3

11.3
12.0
10.2
8.9




A: Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Men and Women
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Cleveland, Ohio, Septem ber 1961)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

Number
of

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O F

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
§
$
$
$
$
s
$
W
eekly.
W
eekly , 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard)
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over
j
1

Men
C le rk s , accounting, c la s s A -----------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing ------------------------------P ublic u t ilit ie s 2 _ — --------------------

652
472
180
91

4 0.0
4 0 .0
39 .5
4 0 .0

$111.00
112.00
108.50
113.50

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
“

_
“

3
3
-

20
10
10
6

76
43
33
5

43
33
10
5

39
22
17
11

46
38
8
2

62
48
14
4

74
59
15
12

87
72
15
9

80
68
12
7

46
28
18
8

28
16
12
9

23
11
12
12

8
6
2
1

17
15
2
-

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s B ------ ---------M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ------------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2 _________________
W holesale trade ____ _____________

298
154
144
42
57

39.5
4 0 .0
3 9.0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

87.00
89.50
84.50
97.00
83.50

_
-

_
-

9
9
3

5
5
3

16
11
5
-

17
9
8
-

31
14
17
1
12

15
9
6
1

40
30
10
6
“

36
13
23
6
17

35
14
21
6
9

22
5
17
8
9

25
17
8
3
-

16
7
9
6
3

18
13
5
5
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

3
2
1
1
“

1
1
-

1
1
-

4
4
"

_
-

C lerk s , o r d e r ____________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ____________________
W holesale trade ___________________

677
255
422
419

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0.0

103.00
111.50
98.00
97.50

-

_
-

.
-

.
-

_
-

9
9
9

10
10
10

21
4
17
17

38
7
31
31

37
3
34
34

107
21
86
86

111
39
72
71

53
11
42
42

78
43
35
35

40
30
10
10

87
26
61
61

30
21
9
9

27
25
2
2

7
7
-

11
11
-

2
1
1
1

9
6
3
1

C le r k s , p a y roll __________________________
M anufacturing ________________________

179
145

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

101.50
102.50

_

.

.

_

_

-

-

1

18
11

31
30

14
13

12
6

31
25

15
13

6
6

18
13

11
11

1 !

4
4

7
7

1
1

1

-

3
-

2

-

3
2

2

-

O ffice boys ______ __ ___ __________________
Manufa c tu ri ng _____________ _________
Nonm anufacturing ____________________
P ublic u tilities 2 ___________________
F in a n ce 3 -----------------------------------------

379
179
200
31
110

3 9.0
4 0 .0
3 8.5
4 0 .0
3 7.5

66.00

14
14
3

79
47
32
24

76
42
34
5
16

44
14
30
2
20

36
18
18
3
9

26
13
13
1
6

27
13
14
8
6

16
9
7
7
-

18
9
9
3
6

2
1
1
1
“

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

65.00
80.00
63.00

23
5
18
12

-

■

“

-

"

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A -------------------- ------ -------------------M anufacturing ----- ------------ --------------N onm anufacturing -------------------------------

222
150
72

39.5
4 0 .0
3 9.0

116.00
117.00
114.00

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
“

4
4

18
6
12

19
15
4

30
15
15

34
27
7

33
28
5

29
23
6

23
13
10

16
16
■

10
5
5

1
1
-

4
4

T a bulating-m achine o p e ra to rs ,
c la s s B __
_____ — _ ___________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ------------------------------P ublic u t ilit ie s 2 ----------- ------- -----

293
172
121
69

39.5
39.5
39.5
4 0 .0

99.50
101.50
96.50
103.50

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

6
6
-

2
2
-

10
9
1
-

23
12
11
5

23
13
10
2

34
17
17
3

29
16
13
2

53
30
23
23

60
24
36
33

22
22
-

24
23
1

2
2
“

-

"

-

-

-

-

1

4
4
"

■

-

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s C ------------- ------- ---------------------M anufacturing ------------------ ----------------

96
54

3 9.5
4 0 .0

87.50
88.50

-

-

“

"

2
•

9
4

5
2

10
7

21
11

12
7

10
10

2
2

6
2

19
9

-

■

■

-

■

"

-

'

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) _____
M anufacturing ------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing —
..
----- . .
W holesale trade ------------------------------

289
136
153
74

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

69.00
75.50
63.50
65.50

14
14
4

17
17
-

12
12
4

17
17
12

62
34
28
21

29
20
9
9

40

36
11
19
1

15
7
8
6

13
7
6
4

23
16
7
•

10
Id

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

.
-

-

■

"

"

*

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) ____ — __ __________
M anufacturing —
------------- ---------Nonm anufacturing
—
-------- _ -----

121
55
66

40. 5
39.5
4 1 .0

72.00
81.50
64.00

7

4

20
7
13

27
4
23

8
4
4

9
1
8

8
8

21
19
2

-

1
1

2

5
4

FTJo]

15
— T~
9
8

1
- 1
1
1
-

;
1

1

W om en

See footn otes at end o f table,




_
-

-

-

7

4

U

16
13

-

-

2

■
1
1

7
7

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, Septem ber 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
\V
eeklyj
W
eekly t 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00

j

W omen— Continued
B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s A _________________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------

196
123
73

39.5
39.0
40.0

$88 .50
91.50
84.00

-

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs,
cla s s B _________________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Pu blic utilities 2 ---------------------------W holesale trade ___________________
F in a n ce3 ___________________________

879
205“
673
35
128
450

38.5
39.5
38.5
40.0
40.0
37.5

67.00
74.00
65.00
71.00
65.50
65.00

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A -----------------M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
P ublic utilities 2 .. ................. .............
F in a n ce 3 ___________ ___________ ____

725
404
321
137
50

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0
38.0

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B -----------------M anufacturing ............................................
Nonmanufacturing .....................................
P ublic utilities 2 ..................................
W holesale trade ...................................
Finance 3 .............. ..................................

1, 347
581
766
151
153
178

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
37.5

!
1
;
i

C lerk s, file , c la s s A 4 __________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------

165
92
73

C lerk s, file , cla s s B 4 ................................ .
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------W holesale trade ___________________
Finance 3 -------------- --------------------------

1
n
2
9

48
24
24

30 '
12 i
18 !

170
50
120
19
100

136
39
97
17
25
48

74
31
43
1
14
28

I
50
35
15 | 20
15
35
3
10
9
2
24

14
1 9
5
3
-

_
-

18
2
16
11

38
18
20
4
-

85
50
35
20
5

80
20
60
40
7

102
51
51
42
2

121
42
79
23
12
4

207
58
149
20
37
52

201
98
103
17
17
48

158
67
91
13
17
24

130
45
85
25
28
13

144
56
88
23
20
15

2
2

12
12

33
16
17

13
8
5

23
14
9

29
23
6

-

94
15
79
37
41

! 148
! 36
i
112
57
34

no
33
77
40
25

43
14
29
11
8

35
11
24
14
9

51
19
32
1

1
-

58.00
68.00
53.50
63.50
54.50

55
55
12

4 1
51
88
- i 10
51 ! 78
- ;
5
26 | 29

92
35
57
7
38

72
24
48
6
22

33
22
11
9
2

12
3
9
5
4

8
1
7
3
4

39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0

73.00
78.50
66.00
74.50

24
_
24
-

37
1 17
11 I 20
6

23
21
2
-

53
26
27
15

36
15
21

71
37
34
34

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

1 83.50
86.00
80.00
87.00
81.00

6

8 ! 13
2
6 ; 13
- 1 -

18
14
4
-

65
38
27
12

47
37
10
6

68
24
44
3
16

1
1

3
1
2

55
55
26
24

113
9
104
5
9
73

200
25
175
6
3
150

-

_
-

-

-

-

9
9
4
-

13
13
8
-

95.00
98.50
91.50
88.50
i 92.00

_
-

-

75.00
79.50
71.50
77.00
73.00
70.50

5
5
-

39.0
40.0
38.5

1 79.50
I 81.50
|
i 77.00

_
-

521
143
378
164
122

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
37.5

61.00
64.00
60.00
: 58.50
59.00

8
8

C lerks, file , c la s s C 4 ---------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing .....................................
P u blic utilities 2 .................... .............
Finance 3 ........... .....................................

453
136
317
35
138

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.0

C lerk s, o r d e r ___________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
W holesale trade -----------------------------

449
259
190
111

C lerk s, p a yroll ------------------ --------------------M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ..... ...............................
Pu blic utilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade ___________________

749
447
302
105
55




!

-

-

See footnotes at end o f table.

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
and
85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 o v e r
|
I

$

!
!

!

i

: 37
7
21 , 30
- !
- | 3
!
1
- | 1

1
i

22
6
16
5

•

-

-

6
-

2 1

|
!
|
1

1
1

|

9

!

25
22
3

18
16
2

18
18
16 ! 14
i
2
4

6
2
4

4
2
2

2
1
1
1

4
4
-

_
-

56
32
24
;
5

87
55
66
36
21
19
3 | 6
2

41
21
20
6
10

62
43
19
2
-

109
66
43
6
4
11

1 74
45
29
_
2
8

66
46
20
2
16
-

20
13
7
6
_

18
9
9
9

7
7
_

-

-

19
13
6
6
_
-

11
5
6

22
19
3

8
2
6

3
2
1

5
2
3

3
1
2

_
-

8
8
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
-

19
18
1
-

23
23
-

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

_

32
24
8
8

75
41
34
30

19
17
2
2

23
20
3
3

13
13
-

12
12
“

141
96
45
20
13

56
14
42
8
11

45

76
57
19
11

72
52
20
7
8

23
11
12
3
1

|
1

l

1

2 6

19
10
5

13
12

!

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9
-

22
22
1 -

1
1
-

1
1
-

_
-

1
1

4
4
-

_
-

1
4
3
1
1
-

-

-

I
1
!
:
j

-

13
55
23 ! 10
32 | 3
!
7 | 2
1
13
-

3

,
!

-

3
-

-

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

-

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

4
4
"

6
6
-

5
1
4
4

2
2
-

i
l
-

38
18
20
18
1

34
28
6
5

22
14
8
1

5
5
-

10
9
1
1

-

-

2
1
1
1
-

-

_

-

1
1
-

_

1

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

1
1
_

_

_
-

_

_

7

Table A-1. Office Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , C leveland, Ohio, Septem ber 1961)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Weekly,
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

NUM BER OF W O RK ERS RE CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY E A RN ING S OF

$
$95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 *140.00 *145.00
50.00 *55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 *75.00 |
10.00 ^5.00 $
*80.00 85.00 *90.00 |
and
and
under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 7Q.00_ _75.00 80.00 i 85.00 _9.rL.ao_ 9 5 .0 0 I100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over
|
!
!
!

W om en— Continued

ii

i

i

i

1

i

C om ptom eter o p e ra to rs ________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------N onm anufacturing ___________________
P ublic utilitie s 2 __________________
W holesale trade __________________

813
374
439
100
95

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.5

$76.50
81.00
73.00
91.00
74.00

23
23
-

22
22
-

26
26
-

D uplicating-m ach ine o p e ra to rs
(M im eograph or Ditto) ________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

101
61

39.0
38.5

67.50
65.00

1
1

1

34
1
33
7

78
36
42
6
11

93
53
40
19

113
57
56
5
16

105
57
48
6
12

2
-

4
3

14
8

25
22

19
9

19
15

4
1

I
!

I

i

62
30
32
5
9

57
26
| 31
4
i
! 16

37
24
17
4

4
-

8
2

-

6.

29
20
9
9
-

«

43
52
48
-

!

14
13 i
1
- j

1
"
21
18
3
2
74
13
61
59
2

7
4
3
3
_

3 ;
3 |
I

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A 4 ________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u blic u tilities 2 __________________

420
304
116
44

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0

85.00
86.50
81.00
85.00

_
-

_
-

1
1
"

7
7

3
1
2
-

21
17
4
"

35
18
17
"

83
69
14
3

58
27
31
23

71
52
19
11

62
53
9
2

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B 4 _________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
Pu blic utilitie s 2 __________________
W holesale trade __________________
F in a n c e 3 _________________________

733
293
440
183
131
93

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
37.5

78.00
79.50
77.50
89.00
70.50
69.00

_
_
_

3
3
-

-

-

13
2
11
4
_
5

40
10
30
4
13
9

104
53
51
8
16
18

104
26
78
8
52
14

103
31
72
18
18
28

69
21
48
19
19
9

47
33
14
4
5
3

34
23
11
1
3
7

60
54
6
4
2
-

75
23
52
51
1
-

O ffice g ir ls --------------------------------------------M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

216
65
151

39.5
39.5
39.5

60.00
63.50
58.50

14
14

18
1
17

39
5
34

54
36
18

43
6
37

11
3
8

7
7

10
7
3

11
1
10

6
5
1

1
1

1
_
1

_
-

1
1
-

_
_
-

_
-

S e c r e ta r ie s --------------------------------------------M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u blic utilitie s 2 __________________
Whole sale trade __________________
F in a n c e 3 _________________________

2, 712
1, 429
1, 283
197
223
508

39.0
39.5
38.5
40.0
39.5
37.5

97.00
102.00
92.00
108.00
87.50
88.50

_
_

.
-

-

-

11
11
_
8

14
1
13
_
_
5

24
9
15
_
7
3

61
2
59
_
17
24

72
15
57
5
13
23

157
48
109
1
17
43

305
127
178
2
38
99

237
115
122
3
18
74

369
166
203
23
44
92

302
166
136
22
41
48

307
162
145
29
14
34

287
216
71
17
7
14

181
132
49
25
2
16

Stenographers, g e n e r a l4 ______________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
Pu blic u tilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade __________________
F in a n c e 3 _________________________

1, 932
1, 039
893
254
225
206

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
40.0
38.0

79.00
82.50
75.00
88.50
72.50
68.00

15
_
15
_

34
34
-

54
5
49
10
9
21

165
70
95
14
22
34

251
123
128
11
46
39

265
130
135
21
37
37

192
104
88
18
10
35

229
156
73
15
32
12

182
142
40
12
16
-

164
100
64
31
21
7

202
130
72
67
2
-

96
40
56
47
8
-

25
19
6
6
_

-

42
6
36
6
21

-

16
14
2
2
"

-

Stenographers, s e n io r 4 ________________
M anufacturing ___________________ ____
N onmanuf ac tur ing ___________________
Pu blic u tilities 2 __________________
F inance 3 .............. ................ ................

749
493
256
137
72

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
37.5

92.50
93.00
91.50
100.00
82.00

_
_
_

_
.
-

_
_
_

-

3
2
1
1
“

12
7
5

-

_
-

25
9
16
1
6

79
54
25
3
16

133
77
56
16
26

75
48
27
7
8

117
100
17
7
8

118
89
29
26
-

50
25
25
22
3

64
27
37
37
-

30
17
13
12
1

21
18
3
3
-

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r s _________________ _
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________

493
176
317
70
62

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
38.5

76.00
87.50
69.50
86.50
71.50

3
3

22
22

53
53

14
2
12

29
9
20
3
9

76
21
55
25
15

38
24
14
1
1

55
38
17
10
4

46
20
26

54
39
15
15

8
6
2

7
7

3
2
1

'P n 'h l i f u t i l i t i e s ^

F in a n ce 3

---------------------------------------




-

9

1
See footn otes at end o f table.

16

'

-

4

46 ' 39
5
3
43 1 34
14

5

16
4

-

_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
- i

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

- .
_ 1

i

i
i

!
;

'
!

-

*

_
-

I

”
41
33
8
2

-

|

3
3
- !

10
9
1
1

|
i
,
!
j
|
i
!

_
-

-

-

]
j
i
1

1
1
-

i
i

1
- !

~

I
;

~

'

_
_
_

1
i
I
i

"

i

-

-

-

.
-

_
-

_
_
-

160
103
57
38
3
11

96
79
17
11
1
3

62
52
10
2
1
6

32
12
20
13
.
4

20
13
7
3
_

_
_

_
_
-

_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

10
8
2
2
-

1
1
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

1

11
11
-

-

j

"
_
_
“

_
_

8
6
2
_

-

7
5
2
1
_
1

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
“

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
_

_

.

.

-

-

-

_

_
.

_

-

“

“

“

“

'

'

'

1

_

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Cleveland, O hio, Septem ber 1961)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry divisio n

Num
ber
of

NUMBER OF W
ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
W
eekly,
W
eekly , 4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 50.00 55.00 6 0.00 65.00 70.0 0 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
earnings 1 and
hours
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
4 SsJLSL _5£LQH
P.
AQa-00 65. 00 70.00 -75. O m 0 0 .85,00. .20,_00_ .95,00. 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over

W om en— Continued
.
-

_
-

_
■

_
"

_
-

_
■

5
5
■

1
1
-

_

_

■

"

"

■

■

“

-

_

-

_

"

"

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

16
14
2
1
"

5
5

.
-

2
2

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_
_
-

50
50
00
50
50

4
4
4
■

7
7
■

_
■

38
15
23
12

96
24
72
34
15

103
74
29
~

92
72
20
11
6

145
61
84
39
17

78
48
30
23
-

22
14
8
1
“

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

92.00
97.00
87. 50

-

■

"

2
2

-

5
5

3
3

10
7

19
8
11

21
7
14

8
4
4

7
6
1

11
8
3

160
146

39. 5
3 9 .5

77. 50
77. 00

■

■

-

3
3

15
13

19
19

32
31

47
44

14
14

4
3

4
1

6
4

T ra n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e ra to rs ,
general ___________________________
__
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing _____ __ „ __ __
W holesale trade __________________
F in a n ce 34 ________ __ — „ __ _

525
313
212
54
59

39. 5
39 .5
39. 5
3 9 .5
3 8.0

75. 50
77. 00
73.00
74. 00
67. 50

2
- 1
“

2
2

2
2
-

38
13
25
11

34
21
13
13

116
54
62
17
15

78
48
30
16
9

88
49
39
10
8

51
43
8
1
1

61
50
11
4
2

7
7
-

T y p ists, c la s s A _______________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
P ublic u t ilit ie s 2
__ ____ __ __
W holesale trade __________________
F in a n ce 3 _______ _______ ____ __

939
533
406
71
73
134

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39. 0
39. 5
3 9.5
38. 5

80.00
84.00
7 5.00
81.00
73. 50
72. 50

.
-

_
-

-

-

"

"

2
2
2

10
6
4
1
2

78
27
51
7
9
23

68
19
49
7
9
25

172
66
106
3
21
30

179
96
83
17
25
27

127
87
40
10
4
16

116
79
37
4
5
8

89
68
21
10
-

T yp ists, c la s s B ______ __ ____ ______
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
Pu blic utilities 2 __________________
W holesale t r a d e __________________

2,220
8S7~
1,353
156
299
704

39. 0
4 0 .0
38. 5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8.0

65. 50
69. 50
62. 50
72. 50
63.00
60. 50

16
16

78
7
71
27
25

236
52
184
5
39
112

270
65
205
12
31
141

652
246
406
46
78
228

359
126
233
31
58
119

252
129
123
18
29
53

145
86
59
12
15
9

85
69
16
8
4
4

62
42
20
4
14
1

34
33
1
1

13
7
6
6

10
1
9
9

3
3
-

2
1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists ____
M anufacturing ____
____ _________
Nonm anufacturing ________ ____ __
W holesale trade __________________
F in a n c e * -----------------------------------------

635
346
289
122
50

39. 5
39. 5
3 9.0
4 0 .0
37. 5

T abulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s B ________________________________
M anufacturing ________ _ __________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________

115
52
63

T abulating-m achine o p e ra to rs ,
c la s s C ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____
__ __ __

1
2
3
4

$73.
74.
72.
74.
66.

-

4
12

15
13
2
2
“ |

.
-

.
-

21
8
13

2
2
■

15
14

1
■

45
24
21
4
-

3
2
1
-

52
41
11
11
-

23
23

18
11
7
-

14
4
10
8
i
"

-

-

1

3
3
-

-

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e th eir regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly h ou rs.
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.
F in an ce, in su ran ce, and real estate.
D escrip tion fo r this jo b has been re v ise d sin ce the last su rvey in this are a . See appendix A .




I

.

.

-

-

-

!
-

1

-

.
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

1

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

1

_
-

1
-

1
1

-

-

9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations-Men and Women
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Cleveland, Ohio, Septem ber 1961)1
3
2
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

N U M BER OF W O RK ERS R E CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E W E E KLY EARN ING S OF
$

Weekly.
hours
(Standard)

W eekly.
earnings
(Standard)

$

$

S

$

$

$

Under 80.00 85.00 *90.00 *95.00 *00.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 *120.00 *125.00 130.00 *35.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 *65.00 170.00 175.00 180.00
and
“
"
"
"
"
80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00
100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00 175.00 180.00 over

-

-

-

_

-

-

Men
D raftsm en, lea d er — --------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------

304
287

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$167.00
168.00

D raftsm en, sen ior ____________ __________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------N onm anufacturing ---------------- -----------

1. 142
983
159
63

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

129.50
131.00
120.50
124.50

617
560
57

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0

269
240

40. 0
4 0 .0

P liK lir u t i l i t i e s *

D raftsm en, ju n ior _______________________
M anufacturing _____
____ ________
Nonm anufacturing _________ __________

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

17
9

16
16

11
10

16
16

31
29

22
22

13
10

36
34

17
17

42
42

80
279

52
51
1

33
31
2
2

19
18
1
1

13
12
1

4
4

6
6

-

-

_

.

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

20
18
2

10
6
4
4

54
44
10
3

89
58
31
6

88
80
8
5

149
116
33
8

124
114
10
5

98
65
33
11

75
65
10
8

114
108
6
5

57
55
2

34
32
2
2

101
98
3
3

100.50
99.50
111.50

46
44
2

46
40
6

45
42
3

86
76
10

114
109
5

76
71
5

62
59
3

43
40
3

22
21
1

37
36
1

15
15
-

4
2
2

4
3

1
_
1

16
2
14

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

102.00
102.50

16
10

14
12

12
12

36
35

26
22

49
45

29
24

43
43

26
23

15
11

2
2

!

.

.

.

.

.

1

W om en
N u rses, industrial (re g is te r e d ) -----------M anufacturing ____________ ______ —

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings c o rre s p o n d to these w eekly hours.
2 W ork ers w ere d istributed as fo llo w s : 10 at $ 180 to $ 185; 31 at $ 185 to $ 190; 12 at $ 190 to $ 195; 24 at $ 195 to $ 200; 2 at $ 200 and o v e r .
3 T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public u tilities.




10

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations-Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Cleveland, Ohio, Septem ber 1961)

Average
weekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry division

139
162
74

$ 7 0 .0 0
75.5 0
65. 50
65. 50

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine)
M anufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________

121
55

66

72.00
81. 50
64.00

B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s , cla ss A ,

201
123
78

91. 50
85.00

Nonm anufacturing ______________________
Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s , cla ss B .
Nonm anufacturing ____
Pu blic utilities 2 ----W holesale trade ----Finance 3 ___________

883
20S"
677
35
132
450

67. 00
74.00
65. 00
71.00

66 .0 0
65.0 0

C lerk s, accountingi c la s s A
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing _
Pu blic utilities 2
W holesale trade
Finance 3 ________

1,377
876
501
228
76
70

102. 50
105. 50
97. 50
98. 50
100.50
93. 50

C lerk s, accounting,
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing _
Pu blic u tilities 2
W holesale trade --------- -----F in a n ce 3 ___________________

1,645
735
910
193
210
212

77. 00
81 .5 0
73. 50
8 1.50
7 6 .0 0
7 1.00

C lerk s, file , c la s s A 4
M anufacturing _____
Nonm anufacturing

95
80

81.0 0
82. 00
79. 50

C lerk s, file , c la s s B 4
M anufacturing _____
N onm anufacturing
W holesale trade
F in a n ce 3 ________

145
385
164
122

62. 00
65.00
60. 50
58.50
59.00

C lerk s, file , c la s s C 4
M a n u fa c tu r in g _
_
Nonmanufacturing _
Pu blic utilities 2
W holesale trade
Finance 3

464
138
326
35
53
138

58.00
68. 00
53. 50
63. 50
54. 50
54. 50

C lerk s , ord er
M anufacturing ____
Nonmanufacturing W holesale trade

1,126
514
612
530

91.0 0
94. 50
8 8.00
9 3.00

928
592
336
127
63

87.00
90.00
81. 50
89. 00
82. 50

C le r k s , p a y roll
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing ~
Pu blic utilities 2
W holesale trade
1
2
3
4

Number

of

workers

Num ber

of

A verage
weekly ,
earnings 1
(Standard)

Switchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts ________________
M anufacturing
__ __ ________ ______
— --------------N onm anufacturing
_______
_________ - ________
W holesale trade ______________ ______________
F in a n ce3 ______________________________________

635
346
289
122
50

$ 7 3 . 50
74. 50
7 2 .0 0
74. 50
66. 50

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A --------------------M anufacturing _______________________________________
s

255
176
79

115. 50
116.00
114.00

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B — --------------M anufacturing
--------- --------- ------------------------85. 00 1
1
Mnnm amifa rtnr ing
86.50 I
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 _____ - — ___________________
81.00
85.00 T a bulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s C ________ - —
M anufacturing
__ ________ _______________________
78.50 1
N onm anufacturing
_ _ _
_ __ _ __ _
_ _
__
__ _
80.00
Pu blic u tilities 2 __________________________________
78.00
89.50 T ra n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , g en eral _________
70. 50
M anufacturing
_ __ __ __ ______________ _______
69.00
Nonm anufacturing
_____ ___ __ _____
__
—
W holesale trade _______ ____ _____ _ - ___
F in a n ce 3 _____ ________________ _____ __ _ __
64.00

408
224
184
107

97. 50
100.50
93. 50
97. 00

256
68
188
124

81. 50
87. 50
7 9 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

525
313
212
54
59

75. 50
7 7 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
74. 00
67. 50

66. 50
62.00
70.00
62.00
61.00

942
536
406
71
73
134

8 0 .0 0
84. 6(T
7 5 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
73. 50
72. 50

weekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry division

O ffice occu pation s— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations
B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) -------M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing ---------------------------------W holesale trade --------------------------------

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Com ptom eter o p erators --------------------------M anufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Pu blic utilities 2 ____________________
W holesale trade ____________________

$ 7 6 . 50
820
81.00
378"
73.0 0
442
103
91. 50
74.00
95

D uplicating-m ach ine operators
(M im eograph o r Ditto) ______
M anufacturing _____________
Nonm anufacturing _________

122
52
70

Keypunch o p e ra to rs , cla ss A 4
M anufacturing _____________
Nonmanufacturing _________
Pu blic utilities 2 ________

420

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B 4
M a n u fa c tu r in g _________ ___
Nonm anufacturing ________
P u blic u tilities 2 _______
W holesale trade _______
F in a n ce 3 ________________

752

454
197
131
93

O ffice boys and girls
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u tilities 2
W holesale trade
F in a n ce 3 _______

595
244
351
74
71
145

3o3
116
44

IW~

68. 50
73.00
65.00

T yp ists, c la s s A ___ __ __ __________________________
_
_
_____ _____ — ------__
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing _________ . ------------------------Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 ________ ___________ _____
___ .
— _
_
_
W holesale trade . .
F in a n ce 3
,
., , , , _ _ _ _ , __ .
,m
__m

S e cre ta rie s ____________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _
_
Pu blic utilities 2 __
W holesale t r a d e __
F in a n ce 3 __________

2,760
1,432
1, 328
240
223
508

97. 50
I T yp ists, c la s s R
102. 00
M anufacturing
.
93. 00
N onm anufacturing __
1 1 1 .50
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 __
W holesale trade
aft* 0
88. In
F in a n ce 3 __ ____

Stenographers, g e n e ra l4
M a n u fa c tu r in g ______
Nonm anufacturing _
_
Pu blic utilities 2 __
W holesale t r a d e __
F in a n ce 3 __________

1,942
1,039
903
264
225
206

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations
79. 00 1
82. 50
75.00 D raftsm en, lea d er ____ ___ __
___ _ __
— ___
M anufacturing
89. 00
72. 50
68.00 1 D raftsm en, sen ior
M anufacturing __ __ _ __ __ __ ___
_ _ _
N onm anufacturing __ __ --------- -------------- -------------93.00 ||
P i^ lir lltilltlAQ ^
9 3 .6 0 ]
___ _________
94. 00 D raftsm en, j u n i o r __
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___
_ __
_ —
_
102. 50
N onm anufacturing
_
_
____ —
82. 00

Stenographers, s e n io r 4 ------------M anufacturing _______________
Nonm anufacturing ___________
Pu blic utilities 2 __________
F in a n ce 3 __________________

778
494
284
165
72

Sw itchboard o p e ra to rs -------------M anufacturing _________ —----Nonm anufacturing ___________
P u blic utilities 2 --------------F in a n ce 3 __________________

493
176
317
70
62




_ —
—

_
_
—
-

_ —
— --------—
—
— __
__
—
—

7 6.00 1 N u rses, in du stria l (re g is te r e d )
1
_
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___
__ __
87. 50
69. 50
__ _
___ ____ _
_
86. 50 T r a c e r s
M anufacturing _ __ __ --------------71. 50

Earnings are fo r a regular w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their s tra igh t-tim e w eekly s a la r ie s , exclu sive of any prem iu m pay.
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.
F inan ce, in su ran ce, and rea l estate.
D escrip tion fo r this jo b has been re v ise d since the last su rvey in this are a . See appendix A .

2, 234
869
1,365
168
299
704

65. 50
69. 50
63. 00
73. 50
6 3 .0 0
60. 50

305
287

166.50
168.00

1, 145
986
159
63

129.50
131.00
120.50
124.50

653
582
71

100.50
99. 50
106.00

_

269
240

102.00
102. 50

_
_

65
60

90 .0 0
89 .0 0

____ ___
. . .
_

—
—
—

- —
—
-------------------- _

------_
_
_
__

__

_
. . .
__

------------

11

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, O hio, Septem ber 1961)
N UM BER OF W O RK ERS RECE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY EARN INGS OF—

O ccupation and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly ,
earnings

2.30

$
$
$
$
$
$
2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90

2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.70

2
2

8
6

10

4

5

40
33

13
13

5
5
~

26

4
4
"

23

16
-

8
1

16

7

24

$
$
$
Under 1.90 2.00 2.10
and
$
1.90 under

2.00

2.10 2.20
6

6

$

2.20

$

3.00

s
$
3.10 3.20

$

s

3.30

3.40

$
3.50

3.50

3.60

5

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.10

3.20

3.30

3.40

7
5

26
19

64
43

71

35
28

26
24

45
45

65

66

61
54
7

41
29

62
57
5

178
172

170
170

151
131

374
288

86

113
113
-

174
173

20

3

41

36
36
"

4
4
-

52
43
9

27

1
2

24
9
15

60
58

2

47
47
“

39
17

21
20

47
41

60
56

67
63

29
29

46
46

20
20

13
13

8
8

-

“

244
228

78
77

148
148

141
141

24
24

10
10

2
2

15
15

1
1

_
-

12
12

16

62
57
5

$3.00
2.99

-

-

E le c tr ic ia n s , m aintenance -------------------M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________

1, 712
1, 542
170

3.12
3.14
2.93

_

.

-

-

"

9
9

E n gin eers, station ary --------------------------M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing _______________ —

417
283
134

3.01
3.20

_

1

_

-

-

-

-

2.61

-

1

"

23

18
18

F irem en , station ary b o ile r -----------------M anufacturing
____ ______________

438
396

2.67
2.69

20

_

2

9
9

33
33

H elp ers, m aintenance tra d es --------------M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

953

37
15

69
59

15
13

45
45

20

888

2.54
2.57

65

2.12

z22

10

2

-

15
5

29
25
4

M a ch in e-to ol op era tors,
t o o lr o o m _____________ ______________
M anufacturing ___________________ —

1. 277
1, 277

3.11
3.11

_

_

-

-

4
4

4
4

10
10

15
15

23
23

26
26

35
35

48
48

85
85

130
130

192
192

148
148

209
209

172
172

108
108

40
40

M achinists, m aintenance ______________
M anufacturing _______________________

993
990

3.09
3.09

_

_

_

134
134

5
5

718
308
410
317

2.92
2.91
2.93
2.91

M ech an ics, m aintenance ______________
1, 759
M anufacturing ------------- ------------------------------- 1, 648

3.00
3.00

1,
M illw rights -------------------------------------------------------------- 249
M anufacturing _______________________________ 1, 238

3.11
3.11

-

-

-

-

O ile r s ________________________________________________ 458
456
M anufacturing —- — — ------------ . . . . . . . . .

2.60

2

5
5

2
2

348
234
114
N onm anufacturing ----------------------------F in a n c e 4 -----------------------------------------------------79

2.83
2.96
2.57
2.52

_

_

-

-

-

"

4

P ip e fitte r s , m aintenance ------------------------------M anufacturing _______________________

714
709

3.02
3.03

_

_

_

-

-

Sheet-m etal w o rk e rs , m aintenance -----M anufacturing _______________________________

150
137

3.03
3.07

_

_

T o o l and die m ak ers ----------------------------------------- 1.975
M anufacturing _______________________________ 1, 975

3.30
3.30

M ech an ics, autom otive
(m aintenance) _________________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ---------------------------------------OnKli/^ iifilift Afl ^
. U 11G Utlllllc8
l D

P a in ters, m aintenance --------------------------

1
2
3
4

19

22

21
6

2
2

3.80

3.90

4.00

3.70

1

212

4.10
4.20

4.20

$
4.30
and

4.30

over

1

S

9

8

9
9
-

1

1

-

-

1

1

-

5
5
"

-

-

_
-

.
-

17
17
-

2
2

_
"

3
3

1
1
-

5
5
-

-

"

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

6
8
8 — r

3
3

6
6

4
4

-

-

-

-

1
1

4
4

i
i

3
3

1
1

2
2

2
2

1
1

2
2

1
1

-

1
1

-

-•

27
27

23

13

10

12
1

3
3

13

_

_
"

5
5

30
30

35
35

48
48

17
17

74
73

154
154

55
55

257
255

117
117

46
46

16
6
10
10

29
3
26

14

152

86
22

60

"

4
4

2
2

14

64
29

2

175

1
1

7
7

23
23

-

-

-

16

2

239
113
126
124

121

87
59
28
15

4
4

10
10

42
42

108

-

4
4

106

27
27

33
31

84
80

230
226

143
131

184
184

80
67

102

86
86

419
418

49
49

55
55

2
2

22
22

_

_

_

6
6

1
1

34
34

28
28

69
58

70
70

105
105

48
48

270
270

67
67

177
177

266
266

23
23

4
4

47
47

_

7
7

9

9

56
56

62
62

60

90
90

139
139

3
3

3
3

15
15

5
5

10

15

4

24

12
12
8

29
9

28
28

67
67

-

-

-

51
48
3

"

20
20

7
4

37
36

-

43
5
38
37

8
8

15
5

2
2
2

5
5

10

-

"

-

2

-

8
8

40
40

3
3

37
37

16
12

32
32

51
51

125
125

32
32

94
93

181
181

_

_

_

13

-

3
3

-

1
1

7
7

7
7

35
35

6
6

2
2

1
1

63
63

28
28

64
64

48
48

131
131

259
259

2.60

4.10

$

14
14
"

30
30
“

-

-

4.00

18
18
-

209
3

-

-

$

65

"

-

3.90

1

-

_

_

"

-

-

-

"

_

_

_

_

2

1

14
14
3
3

_

60

E xcludes prem iu m pay f o r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
W ork ers w e re distribu ted as fo llo w s : 6 at $ 1.60 to $ 1.70; 6 at $ 1.70 to $ 1.80; 10 at $ 1.80 to $ 1.90.
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.
F inan ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate.




20
21

6

$
3.80

1

431
345

12

3.60 S
3.70

1

C a rp en ters, m aintenance --------------------M anufacturing _______________________

20
6

s

-

1

12
140

_
11

1

58

_

_

_

"

-

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

-

15
15

_

_

_

6
6

4

_

1

_

1

_ _

_

-

4

-

1

-

1

-

-

_

1
1

_

_

_ _

"

-

-

-

-

-

526
526

85
85

_

_

_

_

4

1
-

3

92
92

2
2

26
26

35
35

3
3

148
148

332
332

279
279

-

1
-

1
1

15
15

-

_

-

_ _
"

-

1
1

-

"

1
1

1
1

1
1

_
-

-

_

12

Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average Under S1.00 *1.10 *1.20 s1.30
hourly 2
earnings $
and
1.00 under
1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40

U 1 tf1
o
o

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Cleveland, Ohio, Septem ber 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
5
$
$
S
$
$
s
$
1.50 S
2.00 2.10 2.20 *2.30 2.40 *2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 $
1.60 $
1.70 1.80 1.90 $
3.30 *3.40
2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 $
and
1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.10

3.20

3.30

3.40

ov er

E levator op e r a to r s , passenger
(wom en) ---------------------------------- *
.-----------a
a
g

248
244

$ 1.20
1.18

4
4

44
44

153
153

26
26

4
4

-

-

12
12

-

2

-

-

1

2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Guards ___________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
Finance 3 __________________________

939
813
126
90

2.48
2.52
2.20
2.19

_
-

_

_

6

_

_

1

7

5

-

-

6
-

-

-

1
1

7
2

5
4

20
12
8
8

25
12
13
12

42
32
10
10

54
46
8
8

51
40
11
10

82
80
2
2

84
61
23
23

106
98
8
8

277
255
22
2

96
96
-

82
81
1
"

1
1
-

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

3, 749
2,4 6 9
1, 280
140
118
365

1.98
2.19
1.58
2.02
1.71
1.61

16
16
_

106
_
106
_

86
24
62
_
9

53
53
11

57
57
16

204
204
3
4
162

390
88
302
27
_
30

210
58
152
1
28
86

210
142
68
2
2
60

151
118
33
3
7
11

252
199
53
41
9
1

143
105
38
1
8
1

301
261
40
22
1
10

349
320
29
6
16
3

693
654
39
17
7
1

273
260
13
7

166
154
12
7

31
31
_

54
52
2
2

3
2
1
1

1
1
_

_
_

_
-

-

_

_

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers
(wom en) _______________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________
Finance 3 __________________________

2, 166
390
1, 776
56
710

1.50
1.93
1.40
1.38
1.45

34
34
-

24
24
-

114
114
21
36

387
1
386
_
38

709
709
20
562

363
27
336
_
37

98
61
37
12
8

74
43
31

95
85
10

47
44
3

25
21
4

15
7
8

29
28
1

5
4
1

65
65

-

_
_

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

82
4
78
3
-

22

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

L a b o r e rs , m aterial handling ----------------M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing --------- -------------------Pnhlir nHlitiPfi ^
W holesale trade ----------------------------

5, 937
3, 528
2,409
813
791

2.39
2.40
2.37
2.73
2.06

_
-

13
13

25
5
20

29
4
25

49
49

124
124

53
16
37

174
11
163

178
124
54

156
123
33

233
221
12

203
134
69

20

142

45

19

9

61

4

705
88
617
566
8

88

-

204
199
5
1
4

28
28
_

106

367
68
299
64
36

7
7
-

9

860
744
116
6
4

7
7
-

4

424
336
88
27
41

13
13
_

4

493
273
220
96
59

99
6
93

-

595
413
182
31
64

507
428
79

-

391
280
111
22
64

-

-

-

O rd er f ille r s ____________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ----------------------------W holesale trade ----------------------------

1,411
645
766
526

2.23
2.39
2.10
2.00

_

_
-

3

15
8
7
3

30
30
19

88
88
84

23
23
19

29
3
26
20

28
6
22
20

81
62
19
16

65
39
26
22

150
15
135
135

170
107
63
37

78
24
54
46

265
112
153
32

188
112
76
38

95
83
12
6

51
46
5
2

11
9
2
2

2

3
3

18
18
18

9
9
_

5
3
2
2

5
5
_
-

1
1
_
-

1
1
_

P a ck e rs , shipping (men) _______________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ----------------------------W holesale trade __________________

1,437
1, 172
265
237

2.30
2.39
1.93
1.96

_
"

_
-

1
1
"

10
10
6

25
14
11
6

14
12
2
~

36
4
32
25

51
20
31
30

19
8
11
9

72
33
39
39

58
31
27
26

107
90
17
17

113
111
2
1

144
110
34
34

51
32
19
19

139
123
16
16

266
266
-

249
240
9
9

13
9
4
-

17
17
-

23
23
-

2
2
“

5
5
_
-

3
3
_
-

13
13
_
-

6
6
_
-

P a ck e rs , shipping (wom en) ____________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing -----------------------------

552
473
79

1.84
1.89
1.52

_
"

4
4

30
25
5

14
14

22
16
6

3
3

6
6

47
16
31

35
35
-

243
233
10

48
48

29
29

4
4

13
13

12
12

3
3

14
14

6
6

4
4

_
-

4
4

11
11

_

_
_

_
_

>

R eceivin g clerk s ________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------W holesale trade __________________

547
328
219
111

2.31
2.42
2.13
2.19

_

_

4

18

4

7

-

-

-

-

4
-

4
4
-

3

-

_
_
-

Shipping cle rk s __________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________

459
343
116
97

2.35
2.43
2.12
2.04

~

_
"

1
1
-

Shipping and r eceiv in g c le rk s __________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

240
122
118

2.45
2.50
2.40

-

_
-

_
-

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers
(men) ----------------------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonm anufacturing ----------------------------P u blic u tilit ie s 4 __________________
W holesale trade __________________

See footnotes at end o f table.




-

-

"

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

18
-

4
3

30
4
26
9

37
22
15
8

7
4

7
6
1
1

37
22
15
12

15
2
13
10

67
30
37
33

53
39
14
12

26
21
5
2

81
53
28
9

65
54
11
-

59
53
6
4

15
12
3
-

3
3
_
"

10
3
7
4

2
_
2
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
-

5
5
-

9
9
9

9
9
8

1
1
"

16
7
9
8

15
4
11
11

8
6
2
2

45
25
20
20

41
33
8
8

28
23
5
4

68
55
13
13

35
26
9
8

29
27
2
-

61
58
3
-

60
55
5
4

17
12
5
-

5
3
2
2

4
3
1
-

_
_
_

1
1
_
-

1
_
1
-

_
_
_

5
5

5
5

_

1
1

5
5

_
-

18
13
5

2
2

8
8

8
8

18
18

20
11
9

6
4
2

42
12
30

44
31
13

21
17
4

18
5
13

5
2
3

1
1

2
_
2

7
7

1
_

3
_
3

-

-

-

1

-

13
Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly warnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, Septem ber 1961)
NUM BER OF WORKERS R E CE IVIN G ST R A IG H T-TIM E H OURLY E A RN ING S OF—

Num
ber
of
workers

S
S
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
5
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly , Under 1.0 0 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1.40 1. 50 1. 60 1.70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2 .5 0 2. 60 2. 70 2 .8 0 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3.20 3. 30 3.40
earnings *
and
and
1. 00 under
1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2 .2 0 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2. 60 2.7 0 2. 80 2 .9 0 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3.40 over

3,
1,
2,
1,

795
081
714
385
547

$ 2 . 74
2.75
2. 74
2 .8 4
2. 73

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

‘

-

-

3

-

T r u ck d riv ers, light (under
11/z tons) ____________ ________ __ _
M anufacturing ____ _
_______________
N onm anufacturing ________________
W holesale trade _______________

562
159
403
174

2 .57
2. 70
2. 52
2. 87

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

-

■

-

“

-

-

T r u ck d riv ers , m edium (I V 2 to and
including 4 tons) ___________________
M anufacturing __________________ _
N onm anufacturing ________________
PnHIir nHUHfts ^
W h olesale trade -----------------------

1, 388
337
1, 051
756
107

2. 70
2. 61
2. 73
2. 80
2.75

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

5
5
-

-

-

-

-

-

3

1,

244
978
514

2. 85
2. 75
2. 87
2 .9 0

524
267

2 .6 6

O ccu p ation 1 and industry d iv isio n
3
2

T r u c k d r iv e r s 56 __________________________
M anufacturing ________ ____ _______
N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u blic u tilities 4 __________________
W holesale trade __________________

T r u ck d riv ers , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
t r a ile r type) ________________________
M anufacturing ____________________
Nonm anufacturing ________________
P u blic u tilities 4 ______________
T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
other than t r a ile r type) ____________
N onm anufacturing ________________
T ru ck ers , pow er (fork lift) _____________
M anufacturing ________ _____________

222

2, 091

3
-

74
74
4

7
4
3
3
-

98
8
90
84

116
24
92
-

69
28
41
34
1

187
79
108
3
-

81
76
5
5
-

186
39
147
139
3

197
193
4
4

440
116
324
86
72

920
115
805
462
140

1026
35
991
640
238

354
332
22
7
-

13
11
2
2
-

7
4
3
2

3
3
_
_
-

9
9
_
_
-

-

70

-

"

70
-

-

1
1
"

11
11
-

12
4
8
1

134
27
107
-

2
1
1
“

17
17
-

36
36
-

47
47
5

105
1
104
104

66
66
64

58
58
-

1
1
_
-

_
_
-

2
2
_

_
_
_

"

-

4
4

7
4
3

13
7
6

105
13
92

53
20
33
27

32
31
1

25
22
3

155
14
141
139

no
106

240
22
218
75
63

282
34
248
215
33

320
27
293

33
32
1

_

1
1

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

54
50
4
-

405
78
327
177

616
3
613
336

4
4
_
-

10

6

lo
_

4

1
1

2

_

9
9
_

~

62
53

128
126

19
16

252
14

802
770
32

138
9l
47

8

33
9
24
24

71

2

18

71

2

40
40

1

5

1

IS

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

3
3

16
16

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

5
5
-

26

2 . 82

2. 55
54
2. 64
2.69

.

T ru ck ers , pow er (oth er them
fork lift) -------------------------------------------------M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u blic u tilities 4 __________________

541
399
142
135

2. 36
2. 35

-

528
271
257
146

1. 87
2. 07
1.65
1. 60

.
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

.

.

_

2

.

22

-

-

-

2

-

22

2. 68

1
2
3
4
5
6

-

4
4
-

12
12

-

3

52
51

1
1

5
5
-

4

26
26

-

-

-

-

•

•

■

"

112

37
32

122

215
2 l4

112

12
12

2. 80
-

13
13

-

15
7

-

18

8

18

4

10

-

_

-

23
3

12

-

2

22

20
8

12

43
23

70

5

45

-

92

66

_

30
13
17
17

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes p rem iu m pay fo r ov e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Finance, in su ran ce, and re a l estate.
Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.
Includes all d r iv e r s r e g a rd le s s of s ize and type of truck operated.
W ork ers w e re distributed as fo llo w s : 12 at $ 3. 40 to $ 3. 50; 17 at $ 3. 60 to $ 3. 70; 47 at $ 3. 80 to $ 3. 90.




-

1

58
58

P u blic u tilities 4 __________________

W atchm en __________________________ ____
M anufacturing __________________ __ _
N onm anufacturing ___________________

3

26

1, 930
161
63

N n n m a n n fa r h ir in g

4

2

-

2

-

_

-

5

38
26
12
12

53
42

33
27

26
24

8
1

11

6
6

2

7

7

105
17
15

1

186
156
30

1

256
254
2

4
18

18
-

1

2

7
7
7

117
26
91
91

10
2
8

59
56
3

53
45

7
3
4

8

_

4

1

3

20

57
35

179
177

22

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

2
2

22

9
4
5

31

18
18

289

1

.

1

_

22

9

*76
76

_

_




Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau’ s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more sp ecific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’ s bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.
The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B«

15




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type o f machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C la s s A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B ille r , m ach in e (b illin g m achine)—U s e s a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C la ss B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B ille r , m ach in e (h o o k k eep in g m achine)—U s e s a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry o f figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C la ss A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

17

18

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—
Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C la s s B —
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C la s s A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.

B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.
C la s s

C la s s C —
Performs

routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y com b in a tion o f th e f o llo w i n g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or haddwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

19

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

y4—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
C la s s

coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la s s B —
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



SECRETARY— Continued

making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or die
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See tran scribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

20

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C la ss C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C la s s A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D o e s n ot in clu de working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C la s s B —Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

C la ss A—
Performs o n e or m ore o f th e fo llo w in g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C la ss B—
Performs on e or m ore o f th e fo llo w in g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

21

P R O F E S S IO N A L AN D T E C H N IC A L
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units o f complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a com bin a tion o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g : Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a com bin a tion o f the fo llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees9 injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicant^
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

M A IN T E N A N C E AND P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter required rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




22

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance elctricians requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. H ea d or c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b li s h m en ts em p lo yin g more than on e en g in e e r are e x c lu d e d .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machiningoperations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working

23

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sendingof the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose prim ary d u tie s involve setting up or adjusting machines.



OILER
Lubricates , with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work i n v o lv e s th e fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o st o f th e fo llo w in g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

24

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER. MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. W orkers prim arily e n g a g e d in in sta llin g and
repairing building sa n ita tion or heatin g s y s t e m s are e x c lu d e d .

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D IA L AND M A T E R IA L M OVEM ENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. I n c lu d e s g a te -




men w h o are s ta tio n e d at g a te and c h e c k on id e n tit y o f e m p l o y e e s and
oth er p e r so n s en terin g.

25

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g :
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may in v o lv e o n e or more o f
the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. P a c k e r s w ho a ls o make
w o o d en b o x e s or c ra tes are e x c lu d e d .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve on e or more o f the fo llo w in g:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. L o n g sh o r e m e n , who loa d and unload sh ip s are e x c lu d e d .

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers9 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform other related duties.



SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work i n v o l v e s :
A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. R e c e iv in g
work i n v o l v e s : Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R e c e iv in g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and r e c e iv in g clerk

26

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r iv e r -sa le sm e n and o v e r -th e -r o a d d rivers
are e x c lu d e d .

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type, of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, p o w er (fork lift)
Trucker, p o w er (oth er than fo rk lift)

Tru ckdriver (com bin ation o f s i z e s li s t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T ru ckdriver, ligh t (under l l2 to n s)
/

WATCHMAN

T ru ckdriver, medium (1l2 to and including 4 to n s)
/
Truckdriver, h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s, trailer ty p e )
Truckdriver, h e a v y (o v er 4 to n s, other than trailer ty p e )




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1962 O -623567


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102