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Occupational Wage Survey
SAN BERNARDINO—RIVERSIDE—
ONTARIO, CALIFORNIA
SEPTEMBER 1961

U N IT E D S T A T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F LA B O R
A rthur J. G o ld b e r g , S e c re ta ry
B U R EA U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
Ew an C la g u e , Com m issioner




Occupational Wage Survey
SAN BERNARDINO—RIVERSIDE—
ONTARIO, CALIFORNIA
SEPTEMBER 1961




Bulletin No. 1303-11
N o v em b er

1961

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU O F LA B O R S T A T IS T IC S
Ewan C la g v e , Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents

\

j




Preface

Contents
Page

Two bulletins, bringing together the results of all
of the area surveys, are issued after completion of the
final area bulletin in the current round of surveys.
The
first of these bulletins will be available late in 1962 and
the other early in 1963. During the survey year, summary
releases presenting areawide occupational earnings data
for 25 to 30 labor markets, are issued as data become
available.
This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau*s re­
gional office in San Francisco, Calif. , by William P.
OfConnor, under the direction of John L. Dana, Assistant
Regional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




1
4

Tables:
1.
2.

A:

B:

Establishments and workers within scope of survey __________
Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups ____________________________________________
Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women _____________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men
and women ______________________________________________
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical
occupations—
men and women combined ________________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations ________________
A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations _________

3
3
5
6

^

The Bureau of Labor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage surveys in 82 labor markets.
The
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits.
A preliminary report furnishing
trend data and average earnings is released within a month
of the completion of each study.
This bulletin provides
additional data not included in the preliminary report.

Introduction ________________________ *-----------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups ________________________

\0 00

The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B - l . Shift differentials ________________________________________
B -2. Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers__
B-3 . Scheduled weekly hours __________________________________
B -4 . Paid holidays _____________________________________________
B -5. Paid vacations ____________________________________________
B -6. Health, insurance, and pension plans ___________________

10
11
11
12
13
15

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions __________________________
B. Occupational descriptions ______________________________________

17
19

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available in the San
Bernardino—
River side—
Ontario reports for November 1959
and September I960.
The November 1959 report also in­
cludes data on establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions.
A directory indicating date of study and
the price of the reports for other major areas is available
upon request.

iii




Occupational Wage Survey— San Bernardino—Riverside—Ontario, Calif.

Introduction

to the w ork schedules (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) fo r which
straight-tim e sa la rie s are paid; average w eekly earnings fo r these
occupations have been rounded to the n earest half d olla r.

This a rea is 1 o f 82 labor markets in which the U .S . D e­
partm ent of L a b o r 's B ureau o f Labor Statistics has conducted s u r ­
veys o f occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an a r e a ­
wide b a s is .
In this a rea , data w ere obtained by personal visits o f
B ureau field econ om ists to representative establishm ents within six
broad industry d iv ision s: M anufacturing; transportation, com m u n ica ­
tion, and other public u tilitie s; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
in su ran ce, and real esta te; and s e r v ic e s .
M ajor industry groups
exclu ded fro m these studies are governm ent operations and the c o n ­
stru ction and ex tra ctiv e in d u stries.
Establishm ents having few er
than a p r e s crib e d num ber o f w ork ers are om itted also because they
tend to furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to
w arrant in clu sion . Separate tabulations are provided fo r each o f the
broad industry division s which m eet publication c r ite r ia .

A verage earnings of m en and wom en are presented separately
fo r se le cte d occupations in which both sexes are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls o f m en and wom en in these occupations are
la rg e ly due to (1) d iffe re n ce s in the distribution o f the sexes among
industries and establish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp e cific duties p er­
form ed , although the occupations are appropriately cla s s ifie d within
the sam e survey jo b d escrip tion ; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice o r m e rit review when individual sa la ries are adjusted on this
b a sis.
L onger average se r v ic e o f m en would resu lt in higher average
pay when both sex es are em ployed within the same rate range.
Job
d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in these su rveys are usu­
ally m o re gen era lized than those used in individual establishm ents to
allow fo r m inor d iffe re n ce s among establishm ents in s p e cific duties
pe rfo rm e d .

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because o f the
u n n ecessary c o s t involved in surveying all establishm ents. To obtain
optim um a ccu ra cy at m inim um co st, a greater proportion of large
than o f sm all establish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
e v e r , all establish m en ts are given their appropriate weight. E stim ates
based on the establish m en ts studied are presented, th e re fo re , as r e ­
lating to all establish m en ts in the industry grouping and a rea , e x ­
cep t fo r those below the m inim um size studied.

O ccupational em ploym ent estim ates rep resen t the total in all
establishm ents within the scop e o f the study and not the number actu­
ally su rveyed . B ecause o f d iffe ren ces in occupational structure among
establish m en ts, the estim ates o f occupational em ploym ent obtained
fr o m the sam ple o f establishm ents studied serve only to indicate the
relative im portance o f the job s studied.
These d ifferen ces in o ccu ­
pational structure do not m a teria lly affect the a ccu ra cy o f the earn ­
ings data.

O ccupations and Earnings
The occu pation s se le c te d fo r study are com m on to a va riety
o f m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in du stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sifica tion is based on a u n iform set of job description s designed to
take account o f in terestablishm ent variation in duties within the sam e
jo b .
(See appendix fo r listin g o f these d e s crip tio n s.) Earnings data
are presen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tables) fo r the follow ing types o f o c c u ­
pations: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p rofession a l and technical; (c) m ainte­
nance and pow er plant; and (d) cu stodial and m aterial m ovem ent.

E stablishm ent P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary Wage P rov ision s
Inform ation is presented (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on selected
establishm ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary benefits as they relate to
o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s.
The con cep t "o ffice w o r k e r s ," as used
in this bulletin, includes working su p erv isors and nonsupervisory
w ork ers p erform in g c le r ic a l o r related functions, and excludes admin­
istra tiv e , ex ecu tiv e, and p ro fe ssion a l p erson n el. "Plant w o rk e rs" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p erv isory w ork ers (including leadmen and tra in ees) engaged in n onoffice fu n ction s.
A dm inistrative,
execu tive, and p ro fe ssio n a l e m p loy ees, and fo r c e -a c c o u n t con stru ction
em p loyees who are u tilized as a separate w ork fo r c e are excluded.
C a feteria w ork ers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing indus­
tr ie s , but are included as plant w ork ers in nonmanufacturing industries.

O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs, i . e . , those h ired to work a regular weekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational cla ss ifica tio n .
Earnings data exclude
prem ium pay fo r ov ertim e and fo r w ork on weekends, h olida ys, and
late sh ifts.
N onproduction bonuses are excluded a lso , but c o s t - o f living bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
W here weekly
hours are rep orted , as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occupations, r e fe re n ce is




1

2

Shift d ifferen tial data (table B - l ) are lim ited to manufacturing
in d u stries. T his in form ation is presented both in term s o f (a) e sta b ­
lishm ent p o li c y ,1 p resen ted in term s o f total plant w ork er e m p lo y ­
m ent, and (b) e ffectiv e p r a ctice , presented in term s o f w ork ers
actually em p loyed on the sp e cifie d shift at the time o f the su rvey.
In establishm ents having v a ried d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m a jority was used o r , if no amount applied to a m a jority , the c la s ­
sifica tion '‘o th e r " was u sed.
In establishm ents in which som e la te shift hours are paid at n orm al ra tes, a differen tial was reco rd e d only
if it applied to a m a jo rity o f the shift h ours.
M inim um entrance sa la rie s (table B -2 ) relate only to the
establishm ents v isite d .
They are presen ted in term s o f esta b lish ­
m ents with fo rm a l m inim um sa la ry p o lic ie s .
The scheduled hours (table B -3 ) o f a m a jority o f the fi r s t shift w ork ers in an establishm ent are tabulated as applying to all o f
the plant o r o ffic e w ork ers o f that establishm ent.
P aid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, in su ran ce, and pension plans (tables B -4 through
B -6 ) are treated sta tistica lly on the b a sis that these are applicable
to all plant o r o ffic e w ork ers if a m a jo rity o f such w ork ers are e li­
gible o r m ay eventually qualify fo r the p ra ctice s listed .
Sums o f
individual item s in tables B -3 through B -6 may not equal totals b e ­
cau se o f rounding.
The fir s t part o f the paid holidays table (table B -4 ) presents
the num ber o f whole and half holidays actually provided. The second
part com bin es whole and h alf holidays to show total holiday tim e .
The sum m ary o f vacation plans (table B -5 ) is lim ited to f o r ­
m al p o lic ie s , excluding in form a l arrangem ents w hereby time o ff with
pay is granted at the d is cre tio n o f the e m p lo y e r. Separate estim ates
are p rovided a ccord in g to em p loyer p ra ctice in com puting vacation
paym ents, such as tim e paym ents, p ercen t o f annual earnings, o r
fla t-su m am ounts. H ow ever, in the tabulations o f vacation pay, pay­
m ents not on a tim e b a sis w ere so con verted ; fo r exam ple, a payment
o f 2 percen t o f annual earnings was co n sid e re d as the equivalent o f
1 w eek 's pay.

Data are presented fo r a ll health, insurance, and pension plans
(table B -6) fo r which at least a part o f the co st is born e by the e m ­
p lo y e r, excepting only legal requ irem en ts such as w orkm en's com p en ­
sation, socia l secu rity, and ra ilroa d retirem en t. Such plans include
those underwritten by a c o m m e rcia l insurance com pany and those p r o ­
vided through a union fund or paid d ire ctly by the em p loyer out o f
cu rren t operating funds or fro m a fund set aside fo r this p u rpose.
Death benefits are included as a fo rm of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ited to that type of in ­
surance under which pred eterm in ed cash payments are m ade d irectly
to the insured on a weekly or m onthly b asis during illn ess o r acciden t
disability.
Inform ation is p resen ted fo r all such plans to which the
em ployer contributes.
H ow ever, in New Y ork and New J e rse y , which
have enacted tem porary disability insurance laws which requ ire e m ­
p lo y e r con tribu tion s,2 plans a re included only if the em p loyer (1) co n ­
tributes m ore than is leg ally requ ired, o r (2) p rovid es the em ployee
with benefits which exceed the requ irem en ts o f the law. Tabulations
o f paid sick leave plans are lim ited to fo rm a l p la n s 3 which provid e
full pay or a prop ortion o f the w o r k e r 's pay during absence fro m w ork
b ecau se o f illn ess.
Separate tabulations a re presen ted accord in g to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting p eriod , and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay o r a waiting p eriod . In addition to the
presentation o f the proportion s o f w ork ers who are provid ed sick n ess
and accident insurance o r paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown o f w orkers who receiv e eith er o r both types o f ben efits.
Catastrophe insurance, som etim es r e fe r r e d to as extended
m e d ica l insurance, includes those plans which are designed to p rotect
em ployees in case o f sick n ess and injury involving expenses beyond
the norm al coverage o f hospitalization, m e d ica l, and su rg ica l plans.
M ed ica l insurance re fe rs to plans p rovidin g fo r com p lete o r partial
payment o f doctors* fe e s. Such plans m ay be underw ritten by c o m m e r ­
cia l insurance com panies o r n onprofit organ izations o r they m ay be
se lf-in su re d . Tabulations o f retirem en t pen sion plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents fo r the rem ainder o f the
w o r k e r 's life .

2 The tem porary d isability laws in C alifornia and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer contributions.
3 An establishm ent was con sid ered as having a form a l plan if
it established at least the m inim um num ber o f days o f sick leave that
1
An establishm ent was co n sid e re d as having a p olicy if it m et
could be expected by each em p loyee. Such a plan need not be written,
eith er o f the follow in g con ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the tim e
but inform al sick leave a llow an ces, determ in ed on an individual b a sis,
o f the su rvey
o r (2) had fo rm a l p rovision s cov erin g late sh ifts.
w ere excluded.




3

T a b le

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ithin s co p e o f su rv e y and num ber studied in San B e rn a rd in o — iv e r s id e — n tario, C a lif. , 1 by m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 S ep tem b er 1961
R
O
M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in sco p e
o f study

In d u stry d iv is io n

N um ber o f esta b lish m e n ts
W ithin
scope o f
study 3

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

Studied

Studied
T o t a l4

O ffic e

Plant

T o t a l4

____________________________________________ ___

50

216

88

5 9 ,1 0 0

7, 800

41, 100

4 6 ,1 0 0

M anufacturin g
N on m anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r
p u b lic u t ilitie s 5 ------------------------------------- ---------------------W h o le s a le tra d e ---------------------------------------------------------------R etail tra d e
_
______
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e --- ---------------------S e r v i c e s 7 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

50
50

81
135

40
48

2 8 ,9 0 0
3 0 ,2 0 0

2, 400
5, 400

2 2 ,6 0 0
18,5 0 0

24,140
2 1,960

50
50
50
50
50

16
23
54
15
27

12
7
16
6
7

1 3 ,1 0 0
2, 600
8 ,9 0 0
3, 200
2 ,4 0 0

1, 300
( 6)
(*)
( 6)
( 6)

A ll d iv is io n s

7, 200
( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
( 6)

12,850
1, 100
4 ,9 6 0
2, 290
760

1 The San B e rn a rd in o — iv e r s id e — n tario Standard M e tro p o lita n S tatistical A r e a c o n s is t s o f R iv e r s id e and San B e rn a rd in o C o u n tie s.
R
O
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f study" estim a tes shown in
th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and co m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u rv e y .
The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f co m p a r is o n
w ith o th e r a r e a e m p loy m en t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e em ploym en t tren ds o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w age s u rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f esta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in adva nce o f the p a y ro ll
p e r io d stu died, and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e ex clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard Industrial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts b y in d u stry d iv isio n .
M a jor ch an ges f r o m the e a r l ie r ed ition (used in the
B u rea u ’ s la b o r m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s c o n d u cte d p r io r to July 1958) are the t r a n s fe r o f m ilk p a s te u riz a tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e sta b lish m en ts f r o m tra d e (w h o le s a le o r retail) to
m a n u fa ctu rin g, and the t r a n s fe r o f r a d io and te le v is io n b r o a d ca stin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total em ploym en t at o r above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the are a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n ce, auto rep a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 establish m en t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and o th er w o rk e rs ex clu d e d fr o m the se p a ra te o f fic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n w e re exclu d ed .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e stim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s tr ie s " and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A and B ta b le s .
Separate p re s e n ta tio n o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade
f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m ploym ent in the d iv isio n is to o sm a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it se p a ra te study, (2) the sam ple w as not d esig n ed in itia lly to p erm it separate
p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e rm it separate p re se n ta tio n , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individ ual e sta b lish m en t data.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile r e p a ir shops; m o tio n p ic tu re s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s ; and en g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




Table 2. P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in standard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e arn in gs
f o r s e le cte d o ccu p a tio n a l g ro u p s in San B e rn a rd in o — iv e r s id e — n tario, C a lif. ,
R
O
N o v e m b e r 1959 to S e p te m b e r 1961

Industry and o ccu p a tio n a l grou p

S eptem ber I960
to
S eptem ber 1961

N ov e m b e r 1959
to
S ep tem ber I960

A ll in d u stries:
O ffice c le r i c a l (m en and w om en) ________________ _
Industrial n u rse s (m en and w om en) _______________
S killed m aintenance (m en) ----------------------------------- U nskilled plant (m en) _______________________________

2. 5
1 .0
1 .9
1 .9

3 .3
4. 6
2. 8
2. 8

M anufacturing:
O ffice c le r i c a l (m e n and w om en) __________________
Industrial n u rse s (m en and w om en) ____________ _
Skilled m aintenance (men) ----------------------------- .--------U nskilled plant (m en) _______________________________

4 .6
1. 0
1. 6
. 1

2.
5.
3.
3.

1
1
0
5

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P resen ted in table 2 a re p ercen ts o f change in sa la rie s of
o ffice c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and industrial n urses, and in average earnings
of selected plant w ork er groups.
F or o ffice c le r ic a l w ork ers and industrial n urses, the p e r ­
cents of change relate to average w eekly sa la ries fo r n orm al hours
of work, that is, the standard w ork schedule fo r which straight-tim e
salaries are paid.
F or plant w orker groups, they m easu re changes
in straight-tim e hourly earnings, excluding prem ium pay fo r o v e r ­
tim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
The p e r ­
centages are based on data fo r selected key occupations and include
m ost of the n u m erically im portant jo b s within each group.
The o f­
fic e c le r ic a l data a re based on men and wom en in the follow ing 19 jo b s:
B ookkeeping-m achine op era tors, c la s s B; cle r k s, accounting, c la s s A
and B: clerk s, file , cla s s A, B, and C; cle rk s, o rd e r; cle rk s, pay­
ro ll; Com ptom eter op era tors; keypunch op era tors, c la s s A and B;
o ffice boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; stenographers, general; sten ogra­
ph ers, sen ior; sw itchboard o p era tors; tabulating-m achine op era tors,
cla ss B; and typists, cla s s A and B.
The industrial nurse data a re
based on m en and wom en industrial n urses.
Men in the follow ing
8 skilled m aintenance job s and 2 unskilled jo b s w ere included in the
plant w ork er data: Skilled— ca rpen ters; e le ctricia n s; m a ch in ists; m e ­
chanics; m ech an ics, atuom otive; painters; p ip efitters; and tool and
die m ak ers; unskilled— ja n itors, p o rte rs , and clea n ers; and la b o re rs,
m aterial handling.
A verage weekly sa la ries or average hourly earnings w ere
com puted fo r each of the selected occupations.
The average sa l­




a r ie s or hourly earnings w ere then m u ltiplied by the average em p loy ­
m ent in the jo b during the p e rio d su rveyed in 1961.
T hese weighted
earnings fo r individual occupations w e re then totaled to obtain an a g ­
gregate for each occupational group.
F inally, the ratio o f these group
aggregates fo r the one year to the aggregate fo r the other y e a r was
computed and the d ifferen ce betw een the resu lt and 100 is the p ercen t
of change fro m the one p eriod to the other.
The percen t of change m e a su re s, p rin cip a lly , the e ffe cts of
(1) general salary and wage changes, (2) m e r it or other in cre a s e s
in pay receiv ed by individual w o rk e rs w hile in the sam e jo b , and
(3) changes in the labor fo r c e such as la b or turnover, fo r c e expan­
sions, fo r c e reductions, and changes in the p rop ortion s o f w o rk e rs
em ployed by establishm ents with d ifferen t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the
labor fo r c e can cause in cre a se s o r d e c r e a s e s in the occu pation al
averages without actual wage changes. F or exam ple, a fo r c e expansion
m ight in crea se the p rop ortion of low er paid w o rk e rs in a sp e c ific
occupation and resu lt in a d rop in the average, w h ereas a redu ction
in the prop ortion of low er paid w o rk e rs would have the op p osite effe ct.
The m ovem ent of a high-paying establish m en t out of an a rea could
cause the average earnings to drop , even though no change in rates
o ccu rre d in other area establishm ents.
The use of constant em ploym ent w eights elim in ates the e ffe cts
of changes in the p rop ortion o f w o rk e rs rep resen ted in each jo b in ­
cluded in the data.
Nor a re the p ercen ts o f change influenced by
changes in standard work sch edules o r in p rem iu m pay fo r ov ertim e,
sin ce they a re based on pay fo r stra igh t-tim e h ou rs.

The above text rep resen ts the m ethod used in computing a new trend
s e r ie s .
The expansion o f the labor m arket wage survey p rogram in 1961 m ade
data available in 82 a rea s fo r the com putation of wage trends fo r selected jo b
groupings.
Sixty-one a rea s w ere surveyed in I960; p r io r to I960, cov era g e w as
lim ited to 20 a rea s.
T h erefore, it was decided to compute a new trend s e r ie s in
which 1961 w ill be the b a se year since this is the fir s t year in which data w ere
co lle cte d in a ll 82 a rea s.
The p ercen ts of change shown in table 2 are not com parable with sim ila r
data shown fo r this area in la st y e a r 's Bulletin 1285- 4 .
The new s e r ie s in tro ­
duces changes in the jo b groupings fo r which trends a re shown and changes in
jo b s included in the com putations.

A:Occupational Earnings

5

Tab le A -l. O ffic e O ccupations-M en and W om en
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , San Bernardino— ive rsid e -O n ta rio , C a lif., Septem ber 1961)
R
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Weekly,
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly .
earnings1
(Standard)

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
4 5.00
and
under
50.00

$
50. 00

$
55.00

60. 00

$
$
65. 00 70.00

$
$
75. 00 80.00

55.00

60. 00

65.00

70.00 75.0 0

80.00

85. 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125. 00 1
$30.00
and
90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105. 00 110. 00 115. 00 120.00 125.00 130.00 over

Men
_

_
-

_
'

_
-

_

-

_
-

_

_

_

-

4
4

-

-

_

4
4

6
4

14
10

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

68.50
"66.50

2
2

4
4

5
4

6
6

-

38. 5

87.50

-

-

5

245
225

39.5
39.5

62.50
“ 61750

4
4

44
41

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s A __________________________
M anufacturing ________________
____ __ __
__
---- ------------ -----------Nonmanufacturing -------------

81
25
56

39.5
4 0 .0
39.5

83.00
91.00
79.50

-

C le rk s , accounting, c la s s B _
_ _
M anufacturing ___ __
__ ____ _________ ___ __
Nonm anufacturing _____ ~ ____ ____ ______

173
74
99

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0

69.50
74.00
65.50

C le r k s , file , c la s s B 2 _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________
______
_ _____

48
2"6

40. 0
39.5

C le r k s , pa y roll ___________ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
__ _
M anufacturing _________ _ _ _ _ _
_ ____
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______ ________________________________

82
43
39

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A 2 _____________________ ___
M anufacturing
____ ~
__ __ __ _________ __

4
4

3
2

9
6

10
6

4
3

10
8

4
2

_

4
4

_

17
17

_

_

-

-

4
3

3
1

_

-

2
2

1

-

1
"

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

1

_

2

3

3

5

14

6
1

7
7

7
7

3
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

_

4

-

_

1

82
82

32
30

35
31

21
18

14
12

13
7

_

_

-

-

-

9
9

9
9

_
-

14
5
9

13
2
11

12
6
6

_
-

42
12
30

12

23
12
11

17
8
9

27
14
13

21
8
13

8
7
1

5
2
3

65.50
59.50

8
8

10
7

9
3

2

4
4

1

2

3

-

"

-

-

40. 5
4 0 .0
4 1 .0

79.00
81.00
76.50

1
1

13
5
8

2
2

-

60
44

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

89.00
89.50

-

-

Keypunch o p era tors , c la s s B 2 ________________________

30

4 0 .0

86.00

-

S ecreta ries ____ _________ __ ____
M anufacturing ___________________________________ ___
N onm anufacturing _____ . ________________________
Pu blic u t ilitie s 3 _________________________________

394
187
207
49

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0

91.50
97. 50
86.00
102. 50

.

Stenographers, g e n e r a l2 __ __ ____ __
_ _
M anufacturing __ ___ ____ __ __ ______ _________
N onm anufacturing —
__ __ _____________
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 3
_______
________ ______

278
117
161
76

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

83.00
87. 50
80.00
91.00

_
-

58

4 0 .0

81.00

_

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A __________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________

57
36

40. 5 $105.00
41 .0
101.50

C lerk s, ord er __________________________________________
Nonm anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

35
32

4 1 .5
41. 5

94.00
92.50

-

O ffice boys _____ __________ ______ _______ ___ __ ____ ____
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________

34
26

4 0 .0
39.5

60.00
57.50

6
6

35

4 0 .0

104.00

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) ______________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________

40
31

4 0 .0
39.5

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s , cla s s A

____________

27

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B _________ .
N onm anufacturing ___________________________________

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B

____________

-

3
2

8
1

2
2

1
1

j

!

-

1

1

_

_

_

_

-

-

4

2

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

4

8

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
5
7

6
3
3

1
1

4
3
1

1
1
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

l
1
-

10
3
7

2
2
-

_
-

3
3
-

2
2
-

-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_

4
4

5

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
_

-

W om en

Stenographers, s e n io r 2 ____

_ ___ __

See footnotes at end o f table,




-

-

-

-

12

-

r

4
3
1

5

12
10
2

6

14
5
9

3

4
3
1

4
3
1

11
9
2

_

6

3
2
1

3

5

-

1
"

4
3

1
1

10
4

1
1

8
7

24
24

4
2

7
2

_

_

-

-

-

6

2

.
-

2

5

-

-

2
-

5
-

19
3
16
"

1
1
"

2
2
-

21
3
18
“

40
11
29
“

_

_

_

21

_

_

_

_

_
-

-

_

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_

-

-

3

1

1

_

11

2

3

_

_

_

_

_

52
12
40
"

61
25
36
8

46
13
33
5

33
20
13
3

39
25
14
8

34
24
10
6

20
13
7
2

17
11
6
6

31
29
2
2

10
5
5
5

2
1
1
1

3
3

34
9
25
5

24
8
16
10

34
15
19
14

28
18
10
7

13
7
6
6

18
8
10
9

57
38
19
19

6
_
6
6

_
_

_

-

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

l

8

6

8

4

2

8

_

_

_

_

.

.

1
20
— r~
14
"

-

3

6

Table A-l. O ffice Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Bernardino— iverside— ntario, C a lif., Septem ber 1961)
R
O
Average
Number
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Weekly,
Weekly. 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65.00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 n o . oo 115.00 120.00 125. 00 130. 00
hours
earnings
and
~
"
■
(Standard) (Standard) under
“
~
"
~
~
50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100. 00 105.00 110. 00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130. 00 over

W om en— Continued

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

.
-

2
2

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

Switchboard operators -------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------- ------------------------------

78
25
53

40.5 $73. 50
40. 0
91. 00
65. 00
41 .0

1
1

12
1
11

20
20

7
1
6

5
2
3

1
1

3
3

6
5
1

1
1
-

6
2
4

3
3

2
1
1

11
11
-

Switchboard opera to r-re ce p tio n ists __________________
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing __________________________________

93
44
49

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

70. 50
73. 50
68. 00

.
-

12
2
10

9
9

20
6
14

10
9
1

14
8
6

8
8
"

7
4
3

3
2
1

4
4
-

2
1
1

.
-

_
-

Typists, cla ss A ----------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing __________________________________

86
58
28

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

78. 50
83. 50
67. 50

_
-

5
3
2

12
12

11
5
6

10
6
4

11
9
2

11
i'i "
-

6
6
-

3
2
1

_
-

17
16
1

_

_

-

-

Typists, cla s s B ______________________________________
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Public u t ilitie s 3 ---------------------------------------------- _

257
69
188
29

40. 0
4 0.0
40. 0
40. 0

63.
70.
60.
68.

7
7

47
3
44

85
19
66
7

36
12
24
6

40

3
3
-

19
2
17
12

2
1
1
1

1
1
-

17
17
-

-

_
-

-

_

00
50
00
00

11
29
3

-

_
-

1 Standard hours re fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings corresp ond to these w eekly h ours.
2 D escrip tion fo r this jo b has been re vise d since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.

Table A -2 . Pro fessio n al and Technical Occupations-M en and W om en
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Bernardino— iverside—
R
Ontario, C a lif., Septem ber 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
S
$
$
$
$
$
80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00
and
and
under
80. 00 85.00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00 over

Weekly j Under
Weekly.
earnings
hours
(Standard) (Standard) $

$

1
I
i
|

Men
D raftsm en, sen ior _____________________
Manufacturing _______________________

108
92

40. 0
4 0.0

$138.00

.

.

h ra ro o i

-

-

D raftsm en, junior ______________________

51

4 0 .0

j

2

2

3

4

1
-

6

|

Women
N urses, industrial (reg istered ) _______
Manufacturing -----------------------------------

107.50

4

30
27

40. 0
4 0.0

102.50

2

_

'■ ■ r o 'i 'o o '

i ________
_

2
| 2--------- i
“

1

5
4

1
_________

5
-------—

1

4

5
4

!

2
4

9
9

11

3

5

I
!
i
j
i

10
10

8

7

9
2

7
6

3
2

2

10

-

io

-

2

2

-

-

1
— J-------

5
5

i

1
i

8
8

!

1
1

|
-------------- —

1
-

!
i—

-

_

i

-

!_________

_
-

2
2

i

Standard hours re fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sala rie s and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hours.




13
13

-

-

17
17

8
8
-

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations-Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-tim e w eekly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Bernardino— iversid e—
R
Ontario, C a lif., Septem ber 1961)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Average
weekly
earnings
(Standard)

,

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

j

weekly
earnings
(Standard) 1

Occupation and industry division

Average
weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

Number
of
workers

41
31

$ 69.00
66.50

Keypunch operators, cla ss A 2

-------------------

60
44

$89 .00
89.50

Switchboard o p e ra tor-recep tion ists ________________
Manufacturing ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________

94
45
49

$70.50
74.00
68.00

27

87.50

Keypunch operators, cla ss B 2

------------------

30

86.00

Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la s s B
Manufacturing ____________________________________

----------

46
25

104.00
106.50

249
229

62.50
61.50

Office boys and girls
Nonmanufacturing

--------------------------©_________________

51
33

63.50
59.50

Typists, cla ss A ________________________ ___________
Manufacturing ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing

87
59
28

78.50
83.50
67.50

138
46
92

92.00
100.00
88.00

S ecretaries
Manufacturing ___________________________________
Nmvmannfacturing
Public utilities 3 _____________________________

402
190
212
54

92.00
98.00
86.50
103.00

257
69
188

63.00
70.50
60.00

181
76
105

71.00
74.50
68.00

49
26

66.00
59.50

Stenographers, g e n e ra l2 ___________________________
M anufacturing
______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________
Pu blic utilities ®
__ _

283
m
166
81

83.50
87.50
80.50
91.50

D raftsm en, senior __________________________________
Manufacturing
.. ..

111
93

137.00
140.50

_____________________
-- - _ -

45
42

85.50
83.50

Stenographers, s e n io r 2

_______________

58

81.00

___________________
_________________

54
27

106.00
101.50

____________________
___________________
___
_____ ___

98
55
43

81.50
83.50
78.50

Switchboard operators
Manufacturing ....
Nnnmanufaeturi ng

________________
___ _ _
_

78
25
53

73.50
91.00
65.00

___________
.... .

30
27

102.50
105.00

Bookkp^pi^g-m achine op^Tat"nl*sj cIaas A
B ookkeeping-m achine o p era tors, c la s s B ________

8
arrr)ijTitiT)gj
A
...
_
M anufacturing ___________________________________

g

____________

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B
M anufacturing __________________________________
Nrmm^nnf^rf'nri'ng
....
_
P.l^rkff, file , cla sp R 2
C lerk s, o r d e r
Nrvnmq rmfa f'tu ring
C lerk s, pa y roll
M anufacturing
Nnnmanufa.cturing

______________________
_

_________________
Typists, cla ss B -------------------------------Manufacturing ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
P ro fe ssio n a l and technical occupations

_

D raftsm en, junior
Nonmanufacturing

N urses, industrial (reg istered )

Earnings are fo r a regular w orkw eek fo r which em ployees receive their straigh t-tim e w eekly sala rie s, exclu sive o f any prem iu m pay.
D escription fo r this jo b has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




M a n u f a c t u r in g

.

... .............

8

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for m en in s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Bernardino— iverside— ntario, C alif., Septem ber 1961)
R
O
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry division

Carpenters, maintenance -------------------------------------------M anufacturing _______________________________________
E lectricia n s, m aintenance ______________________
Manufacturing _______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________________
Pu blic utilities 2 ---------------------------------------------------

Number
of
workers

108
65
334
295
39
39

Average
hourly .
earnings1

$ 2.78
2.93
3.12
3.12
3.14
3.14

.Under
$
2.00

$

2.00
and
under
2.10

$

2.10
2.20

$

2.20
2.30

$

2.30

$

2.40

2.40
2.50

40
-

“
.

-

-

-

“

-

4
4

2
2

-

-

■

'

-

_

$

2.50
2.60

6
5
11
4
7
7

$

2.60
2.70

3
3
8
3
5
5

$

2.70
2.80

1
1

$

2.80

27

3.09

Firem en, stationary b o ile r __________________________
Manufacturing _______________________________________

54
42

2.58
2.68

5

H elpers, maintenance trades _______________________

438

2.50

10

3

M achinists, maintenance _____________________________
Manufacturing ......................................................................

305
284

3.12
3.12

-

M echanics, autom otive (maintenance) ------------------Manufacturing _______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------P u blic utilities 2 _________________________________

120
80
40
34

2.98
3.00
2.93
2.93

M echanics, maintenance _____________________________
Manufacturing _______________________________________

458
435

O ilers ____________________________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________

2.90

$

3.00

2.90

3.00

3.10

5
5

32
32

$

3.10

16
16

3.20

$

3.20
3. 30

$

3.30
3.40

27

-

-

"

_

_

■

■

■

27
27

"

~

.

.

.

.

4

.

.

■

14
14

•

_

■

•

4

2

43

44

314

18

.

.

.

.

.

-

-

-

2
2

4
4

12
5

8
8

2
2

31
31

2
2

193
193

44
36

.

.

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

4
3
1

-

-

-

"

~

1

5
1
4
2

1
1

-

12
2
10
10

-

30
23
7
3

27
23
4
4

30
21
9
9

9
4
5
5

3.01
3.03

8
-

-

-

-

16
16

“

27
27

10
10

9
9

26
26

22
22

61
61

247
246

29
15

71
43

2.61
2.49

-

4
4

2
2

3
3

2
2

6
6

6
6

14
14

34
6

-

-

P ainters, maintenance __________________________
M anufacturing -------------------------------------------------

64
50

2.76
2.80

-

-

12
2

7
5

5
5

7
7

20
20

4
4

6
5

2
2

P ipefitters, maintenance ________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________

86
86

2.98
2.98

-

“

5
5

60
60

2
2

T ool and die m akers ____________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________

83
83

3.24
3.24

4
4

1
1

.

10
10

-

.

ex c lu d e s prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 1 at $ 4 to $ 4.10; 3 at $ 4.20 to $4 .3 0 ; 2 at $4.30 to $4.40.




-

30
30

-

14
14

.
.

-

202
202

4

.

.

-

•

.

"

.

4
4

4
4

.

3.60
and
over

2

-

4

5
5

$

'

36
36

8

-

3.60

-

8
4

-

3.50

6
6

8
4

-

3.50

$

-

.

-

3.40

3
3

1
1

1

$

3
3

!

Engineers, stationary _________________________________

$

-

1
1

36

■

•

.

.

.

-

-

-

.

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

-

“

-

-

-

7
1

.

.

■

■

12
12

2
2

•

7
7

30
30

5
5

1
-

.

26
26

9

Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry division , San Bernardino— iversid e-O n tario, C a lif., Septem ber 1961)
R
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation1 and industry divisio n

Number
of
workers

Avenge
hourly ,
earnings*

Manufacturing ______________________________

120
105

$2.51
2.50

Janitors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers _____________
Manufacturing ______________________________
N onm anufacturing __________________________
P ublic u tilitie s 1 ------------------------------------3
2

443
222
221
37

L a b orers , m aterial handling _________________
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

$
$
$
1.00
1.20
1.10
and
under
LLQ-. -L2CL 1.3Q

$
1.30

$

$

»
1.40

1.50

1.60

$
1.70

$
1.80

1.40

-1.5IL

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

$
1.90

$
2.00

$
2.10

$
2.20

$
2.'30

2.00_

2.10

2.20

2.30

$
2.40

$
2.50

$
2.60

$
2.70

$
2.80

$
2.90

$
3.00

$
3.10

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.10

3.20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

5
5

8
8

15
15

7
4

21
9

60
60

1.94
2.07
1.81
2.13

28
28

9
9
-

15
2
13
~

5
5
-

22
22
-

14
13
1
~

2
2
-

17
13
4
-

14
11
3
1

33
27
6
6

74
35
39
11

29
25
4
4

158
76
82
14

12
11
1
1

9
9
_
-

2
_
2
-

_
_
_

236
155
81

2.01
2.09
1.85

.
'

2
2

4
4

4
4

13
13

9
9

35
28
7

10
4
6

14
9
5

53
47
6

2
2
-

5
5

8
2
6

16
16
-

33
33
-

O rd er fille r s __________________________________
N onm anufacturing __________________________

89
66

1.92
1.83

.

_

_

8
8

8
8

8
8

16
16

9
9

7
4

5
-

5
"

_

2
-

5
-

3
-

P a ck ers, shipping _
Manufacturing ______________________________

57
53

2.35
2.37

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

10
6

1
1

33
33

4
4

R eceiving c le r k s ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

53
40

2.04
2.05

_

_

_

10
-

6
4

-

2
2

2
2

2
2

2

5

3

_

-

_

_

-

“

-

-

_

_

2*
2

10
10

9
9

-

5

5

4

_

-

_

26

1.93

_

_

_

_

_

________________

29

2.54

.

_

.

.

.

T ru c k d riv e r s 4
_
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilitie s 3 ________________________

621
356
265
35

2.47
2.61
2.29
2.43

-

-

1
1
-

-

15
15
-

29
_
29

9
9
-

42
11
31
5

T ru ck d riv ers, light (under 1 V2 tons) ____
Nonmanufacturing ______________________

65
44

1.88
1.61

_
-

_

1
1

_

15
15

14
14

9
9

_

_

-

-

T r u ck d riv ers, m edium ( l '/z to and
including 4 tons) __________________________
M anufacturing ----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ______________________

130
82
48

2.17
2.13
2.24

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T r u ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) ______________________________
M anufacturing ----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ______________________

210
133
77

2.70
2.73
2.64

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Shipping cle r k s

_______________________________

Shipping and receivin g cle r k s

-

15

2.60

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

26

1.98

W atchmen

1
2
3
4

____________________________________

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

Data lim ited to men w o rk e rs.
E xcludes prem ium pay fo r ove rtim e and for w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
T ransportation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.
Includes all d r iv e r s re g a r d le s s o f size and type of truck operated.




_

-

_
-

20
5
15

4
4
-

4
_
4

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_

_

-

-

3
3

10
10

-

-

-

.

.

.

_

-

-

-

-

4
4

2
2

-

1
1

1
-

4
4

4
4

_

.

.

-

-

-

j

_

1

.

_

.

_

_
_
_
-

_

5

18

5

26
17
9
9

13
11
2
2

35
30
5
5

74
73
1
1

90
75
15
2

62
18
44
9

86
25
61
-

46
46
_
-

4
4
_
-

4
-

1
-

_

.

.

.

"

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

.
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
_

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

12
4

8

-

16
10
6

12
4
8

29
28
1

5

12
4
8

9
9
-

9
8
1

5
3
2

13
8
5

6
6
-

14
2
12

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

3
1
2

_

-

-

21
21
-

11
10
1

71
71
-

-

84
25
59

1
1
-

3
3
-

6

-

-

-

5

_

61

_

45

1

96
94
2

j

44
1
43

2
2
-

1
1
'

2.44
2.42
2.48

«.

-

_
_
_
-

-

-

158

_

-

_
_

5
_
5
-

-

282
206
76

-

-

30
28
2
2

-

T ru ck ers, pow er (fork lift) ___________________
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

_

1

15

-

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra iler type) ___________________

-

-

-

_

.

-

_
_
_
-

22
4
18
-

-

5

17
4
13
-

15
10
5
-

-

25

10

-

-

5

11

-

5
5
~

11

11
6
5

11
11
-

11
11
-

12
12
-

25
15
10

19
14
5

16
16
-

2

7

2

.

_

2

2

10

_

1

_

_

18
18
-

1
_

_

_

-

-

10




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-1. Shift Differentials
(Shift d iffe r e n tia ls o f m anufacturin g plant w o rk e rs b y type and amount o f d iffe r e n tia l,
San B e rn a rd in o — iv e r s id e — n tario, C a lif. , Septem ber 1961)
R
O
P e r c e n t o f m anufacturin g plant w o rk e rs —
In e stablish m en ts having fo rm a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

A ctu ally w ork in g on—

S econd shift
w o rk

T h ird o r other
shift w ork

Second shift

T h ir d o r other
shift

_____________________________________________

9 2 .0

9 0 .0

20. 0

1 1 .8

W ith shift pay d iffe r e n tia l ______________________

9 2 .0

90. 1

20. 0

11. 8

U n iform cen ts (p e r h our) ___________________

76. 3

6 0 .4

16.4

10. 6

5 cen ts ------------------ ----------------------------------7 cents ------------------------------------------------------7 V2 cen ts -------------------------------------------------8 cen ts ------------------------------------------------------9 cen ts ____________________________________
10 cents __________________________________
11 cents __________________________________
12 cents __________________________________
13 cents __________________________________
15 cents __________________________________
16 cen ts ----------------------------------------------------24 cents __________________________________

13. 3
1. 3
1. 8
3 2 .9
2. 8
7. 5
16. 7
-

___________

12.4

________________________________

7. 8
4. 6
1 .8

.

"

15. 5

1 .4

3 .4

T o ta l

U n ifo rm p e r c e n ta g e ___________
5 percen t
10 p e r c e n t

8 h o u r s ' pay fo r 7 V2 h o u r s ’ w o rk

_________

8 h o u r s ’ pay fo r 6 V2 h o u r s ’ w o rk ,
plus 8 cen ts p e r hour ______________________
O ther fo r m a l pay d iffe r e n tia l
No shift pay d iffe r e n tia l

___________________

_

12 .9
1. 3
31. 2
1 .8
9. 2
1. 0
1. 2

2 .4
.4
.4
7 .4
.5
1.4
4. 1
-

.8
.3
7. 7
1. 2
. 1
. 2

10. 3

2. 8

1. 0

-

10. 3

2 .3
.6

1 .0

5

.6

-

-

.

-

1 .8
-

_
-

.3
-

-

2

(1
2)

________________________________

1 Inclu des establish m en ts c u r r e n tly op eratin g late s h ifts ,
even though they w e re not c u r r e n tly op eratin g late s h ifts.
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t.

and e stablish m en ts with fo rm a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g

late

sh ifts

11

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f e stablish m en ts studied in a ll in d u s trie s and in in du stry d iv is io n s by m in im u m en tra n ce sa la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , San B e rn a rd in o — iv e r s id e — ntario, C a l i f . , S e p te m b e r 1961)
R
O
O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 1
2

In e x p e rie n ce d typ ists
N onm anufacturing

M anuf a ctu r i ng
M in im u m w e e k ly s a l a r y 1

A ll

B a se d on standard w ee k ly h ou rs 3 of—

A ll
in d u strie s

A ll
sch e d u le s

40

XXX

48

XXX

36

18

17

18

17

-

-

-

-

-

1
3
2
4
2
2
5
5

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m ---------------------------$ 40. 00 and un d er $ 42. 50 ____________________________________
$ 4 2 . 50 and u nd er $ 4 5 . 00 ____________________________________
$ 4 5 . 00 and u nd er $ 47. 50 ----------------- ------------------ __ ------$ 47. 50 and u nd er $ 5 0 . 00 ___________________________________
$ 5 0 . 00 and un d er $ 5 2 .5 0 ___________________________________
$ 52. 50 and u n d er $ 55. 00 ___________________________________________ __
$ 5 5 . 00 and u n d er $ 5 7 . 50 .......................................................................................................................
$ 57. 50 and u nd er $ 60. 00 _ --------------------------------------------------------------------------$ 6 0 . 00 and u nd er $ 6 2. 50 __________________________________________________
$ 62. 50 and u n d er $ 65. 00 __________________________________________________
$ 6 5 .0 0 and u n d er $ 6 7 .5 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------$ 6 7 .5 0 and u nd er $ 7 0 .0 0 __________________________________________________
$ 70. 00 and u n d er $ 7 2 .5 0 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------$ 72. 50 and un d er $ 7 5 .0 0 __________________________________________________
$ 7 5 . 00 and under $ 77. 50 ____________________________________
$ 7 7 . 50 and u n d er $ 8 0 . 00 __________________________________________________
$ 80. 00 and u nd er $ 8 2 .5 0 __________________________________________________
$ 82. 50 and u nd er $ 85. 00 ____________________________________
$ 8 5 . 00 and o v e r _________________________________________________________________
E s ta b lis h m en ts having n o s p e c ifie d m in im u m ----------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y ____________________________________________________________________

40

88

__________________________________________

-

2

1
3
2
2
2

3
2
2
2

-

2

N onm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w eek ly h ou rs 3 of—
A ll
sch ed u les

A ll
sch e d u le s
E sta b lish m en ts stu d ied

M anufacturin g

40

A ll
sch ed u les

88

40

XXX

48

43
1
1
6
2
6

19

40

-

-

2
2
5

1
2
5

-

-

3

3

-

-

1

-

1
2

-

-

1
1

1
1

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

19
1
1
2

-

1
1
2

40

XXX

24
1
1
5
1
4

23
1
5
1
4

-

-

-

-

-

3
5
6
2

2
3
4

2
3
4

1
2
2
2

1
2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

2
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

1
-

1
1

2
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2
4

1
1
1
2

1
1
1

1
1
1

XXX

1
1
1
2

XXX

3
2
3
4

1
1
1
2

XXX

48

20

XXX

28

XXX

41

19

XXX

-

-

-

1
1
1

-

2
1
2
2

2
1
2
XXX

22

XXX

1 L o w e s t s a la r y ra te fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d f o r h irin g in e x p e rie n ce d w o r k e r s fo r typing o r oth er c le r i c a l jo b s .
2 R a tes a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g ir ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a re not c o n s id e r e d .
3 H ours r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . D ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll w o rk w e e k s co m b in ed , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n w ork w eek r e p o rte d .

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in du stry d iv is io n s by sch e d u le d w e ek ly h ou rs
o f fir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , San B e rn a rd in o — iv e r s id e — ntario, C a l i f . , S e p te m b e r 1961)
R
O
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

W eek ly h ou rs
All industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s

_____________________________________

U nder 37*/2 h ou rs _____
_ _
373/ 2 h ou rs ____________
383/ 4 h ou rs ---------------------------------------------------------40 h ou rs _____ _________________________________
44 h o u rs __________ ___ ____ _______ ___ __________
48 h ou rs
_______________________________________

Manufacturing

100

100

(4)
1
1

_

94
2

99
-

1

1

Public utilities 2

All industries3

Manufacturing

100

100

100

_
_

1
1
1

1
1

92
4
2

97
_

100

-

1 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in du stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s .
3 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il trade, r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




Public utilities 2

( 4)

100

100

_
-

12

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by num ber o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d annually, San B e rn a rd in o — iv e r s id e -O n t a r io , C a lif., Septem ber 1961)
R
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

Item
All industries

A ll w o r k e r s

--------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h olid ays __________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h olid a ys ______________________________

1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 13
2

All industries ®

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

95

98

100

5

2

-

1

( 4)

Number of days
L e s s than 5 h olid ays ----------------------------------------5 h olid ays -----------------------------------------------------------5 h olid ays plus 1 h alf day -------------------------------6 h olid ays _______________________________________
6 h olid a ys plus 1 h alf day _____________________
7 h olid a y s -----------------------------------------------------------7 h olid a y s plus 2 h a lf days ____________________
8 h olid a ys -----------------------------------------------------------8 h olid ays plus 1 h a lf day -------------------------------8 h o lid a y s plus 2 h alf days ____________________
9 h olid ays -----------------------------------------------------------11 h olid ays _____________________________________

( 4)
2
1

16
1
32
1
33

4
1
3

6

-

-

1
2

3
12
3

1
-

( 4)

:

23
1

59

30

3

48

15
4
1

"

22

“

46
20
1

1
1
21

2
62
12
-

-

-

_

_

-

57
35
8
-

Total holiday time5
11 days ----------------------- ---------------------------------------9 o r m o r e days _________________________________
8V2 o r m o r e days ______________________________
8 o r m o r e days _________________________________
7 o r m o r e days _________________________________
6V2 o r m o r e days ______________________________
6 o r m o r e days --------------------------------------------------5l/2 o r m o r e days ----------------------------------------------5 o r m o r e days _________________________________
3 o r m o r e days _________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
no h alf

6
10

14
48
80
81
97
97
99
99

_

_

23

22
70

82
85
96
99
99
99

100
100
100
100
100
100

5
5

1
22
68
69
92
92
95
95

12

74
76
97
97
98
98

_
8
43
10 0
100

10 0
100
100
100

In clu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in s u ra n ce , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s .
In clu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l esta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra tely.
L e s s than 0.5 p e rce n t.
A ll com b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e com b in ed ; fo r exa m p le, the p r o p o r tio n o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g a tota l o f 7 days in clu d e s th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and
days, 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d ays, 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf d ays, and so on. P r o p o r tio n s w e re then cum ulated.




13

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y v a ca tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , San B e rn a rd in o — iv e r s id e — n ta rio , C a lif. , S e p te m b e r 1961)
R
O
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o l ic y
All industries 1

A ll w ork ers

__

__

__ — -------

---------

Manufacturing

All industries2

Public utilities 2

100

100

10°

100
100
-

100
100

100
100

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

99
97
3
"
-

100
95
5
■
-

100
100

12
8
-

17
3

17
■

84
2
7
6

79
4
7
11

100

4
43
53
"

Method off payment
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a tio n s ________
__ ------- __ __ —
L e n g th -o f-tim e p aym en t ______ _______ ___
P e r c e n t a g e paym en t ___________
________
______ —
Flat-s\am paym en t ________ ___
O t h e r __ ___
__ _ --------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no pa id v a c a tio n s _____
__ __ __ __ ----- _

_

~

1

Amount of vacation p a y 4
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ____________________ __ _____ __
1 w e e k ___
__ __
------- ---------- _
2 w eek s _____
______
_____
_____

4
38
7

6
44
-

_
27

38
( 5)
58
4

16
( 5)
69
14

100

4
4
38
4
( 5)

2
83
14
( 5)

21
79
-

35
12
47
6
-

53
6
30
11
-

-

6
36
47
11

-

-

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and un d er 2 w eek s ---------------------------------2 w eek s ______ __________________ __ ____________
___
___
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s ________

-

-

-

■

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______
— ------------------- ------O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w eek s ---------- ------- ---------2 w eek s
----------------------- ---- --------------------------O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w eek s ---------------------------------3 w eek s --------------------- ----------------------------- ---------A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w ee k ____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eek s ______________________
2 w eek s _________________ ______
______________
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w eek s ______________________
3 w ee k s ______ ______
__ ---------- ----------

2

2

-

-

93
4
( 5)

84
14
( 5)

-

6
20
68
6

”

“

-

5
20
68
6

100

'

-

100
'

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w ooV

O v e r 1 and und er 2 w eek s _____________
_____
2 w eek s _
__
----O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w eek s __________ __________ _
3 w eek s ---------„ __ __ ------------- —

See fo o tn o te s at end o f table,




2

2

-

-

93
4
( 5)

84
14
( 5)

100
-

6
36
47
11

-

100
-

14

Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in industry d iv isio n s by v a ca tion pay
p r o v is io n s , San B e rn a rd in o — iv e r side— n ta r io , C a lif., S eptem ber 1961)
R
O
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries1

Manufacturing

All industries 2

Public utilities 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

Amount of vacation p a y 4---------Continued
A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek ........ .................. ........................... ......... ................
2 w eeks ________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ___________________
3 w eeks ________________________________________

2
91
4
2

1
84
14
1

2
56
11
31

46
32
21

2
46
8
45

( 5)
32
1
67

64

2
10
86
2

( 5)
20
80
-

_
85
15

2
10
73
16

( 5)
20
78
2

_
63
37

2
10
53

( 5)
20
43
18
18

I

100
-

4
81
6
8

3
84
11
1

3
42
24
30

1
36
44
19

3
35
20
41

1
22
37
39

68
32

3

1
13
86
-

_
98
2

1
13
85
1

_
89
11

100
-

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _______________________________________________
2 w eeks ________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ______________________
3 w eeks _____________________________________________

( 5)

_

36
-

64

_

68
-

32

A fte r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek .......................... .................................. ...........................
2 w eeks _____________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ___________________
3 w eeks ________________________________________

_

36
_

_

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ----------- ---------------------------------------------------2 w eeks ________________________________________
3 w eeks ________________________________________
4 w eeks _________ _____________ _________________

_

15
82
( 5)

_

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ------------------------- ------ ------------------------------2 w eeks ________________________________________
3 w eeks
________________________________________
4 w eeks ________ _______________ _____ __________

_

3

15
76
6

_

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _________________________________________
2 w eeks ______ _________________________________
3 w eeks
________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks ___________________
4 w eeks — _________ ____________________________

1
2
3
4
s e r v ic e
5

6

30

_
32

_

68

3

15
47
16
19

_

1
13
44
29
13

Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and re a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il tr a d e ,
r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s
shown sep arately.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individ ual p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s . F o r exa m p le,
the ch an ges in p r o p o r t io n s
in clu d e ch an ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
L e s s than 0.5 p e rce n t.

_
62

_

38

in d ica ted

at 10

NOTE; In the tabulations o f v a ca tio n a llo w a n ce s by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , paym en ts o th e r than "len gth o f t im e , " such as p e rce n ta g e o f annual ea rn in g s o r fla t - s u m p a y m en ts, w e r e
to an equ ivalen t tim e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a paym en t o f
2 p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in gs w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.




years'

co n v e r te d

15
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e sta b lis h m e n ts p rov id in g
health, in s u ra n ce , o r p e n s io n b e n e fits , San B e rn a rd in o — iv e r s id e —O n tario, C a lif., S e p te m b e r 1961)
R
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

T yp e o f b e n e fit

All industries1

Manufacturing

100

100

100

L ife in s u ra n ce ________________________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u ra n ce ___________________________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k lea v e o r both 4 ________________________

95

95

100

59

81

79

83

89

100

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e ----------S ick lea v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d ) --------------------------------------S ick lea v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aitin g p e r io d ) __________________________

34

49

34

40

70

86

67

( 5)

24

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e __________________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e __________________________
M e d ic a l in s u ra n ce ___________________________
C a ta strop h e in su ra n ce ______________________
R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n --------------------------------------No health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n plan ------

95
95
85
79
82
2

99
99
97
82
90
1

85

A ll w o r k e r s

______________________________________

All industries3

Public utilities 1
2

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

i oo

100

100

86

!

93

100

73

84

83

71

78

53

52

21

40

50

29

17

13

14

88
88
86
63
66
7

96
96
94
80
80
3

80
80
80
46
53

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :

6

85
85
47
79

|

1 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown s ep a ra tely .
2 T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other pu b lic u tilitie s .
3 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
4 U nduplicated to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ick leave o r s ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce show n se p a r a te ly be lo w .
S ick le a v e p lan s are lim ite d to th ose w hich d e fin ite ly esta b lish at least
the m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s ' p a y that can be e x p e cte d b y each e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l s ick le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te rm in e d on an individual b a s is a re exclu d ed .
5 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .







Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously, data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.

Since the Bureau’ s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more sp ecific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’ s bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

17




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type o f machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)—
\lses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (hookkeeping machine)—
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry o f figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts
19

20

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—
Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

21

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Class A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued

making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

22

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
o f a group o f tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing o f stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B—
Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

23

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter required rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




24

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance elctricians requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working

25

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties o f the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates* with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces o f mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

26

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

ana fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.




27

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform other related duties.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

28

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l l2 tons)
/
Truckdriver, medium (1l2 to and including 4 tons)
/
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
* U.s. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1961 0 — 620756


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102