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Occupational Wage Survey
WILMINGTON, DELAWARE-NEW JERSEY
AUGUST 1961

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
B U REA U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
Ew an C la g u e , Com m issioner




Occupational Wage Survey
WILMINGTON, D E L A W A R E -N E W JERSEY




AUGUST 1961

Bulletin No. 1303-9
December 1961

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page

Two bulletins, bringing together the results of
all of the area surveys, are issued after completion of
the final area bulletin in the current round of surveys.
The first of these bulletins will be available late in 1962
and the other early in 1963. During the survey year,
summary releases presenting areawide occupational earn­
ings data for 25 to 30 labor markets, are issued as data
become available.
This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau’ s regional
office in New York, N .Y ., by Harold A. Barletta, under
the direction of Frederick W. Mueller, Assistant Regional
Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




1
3

Tables:
1. Establishments and workers withinscope of survey ____________
2. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups ____________________________________________
A:

Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women _____________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men
and women _______________________________________________
A -3 . Office, professional, and technical
occupations—
men and women combined ________________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations ________________
A -5 . Custodial and material movement occupations___________

2
3
4
7
vO 00

The Bureau of Labor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage surveys in 82 labor markets.
The
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits. A preliminary report furnishing
trend data and average earnings is released within a
month of the completion of each study. This bulletin
provides additional data not included in the preliminary
report.

Introduction -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups ________________________

1

O

The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions __________________________
B. Occupational descriptions -----------------------------------------------------------

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for most of these items, in­
cluding establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions, are available in the Wilmington area report
for September I960, as well as in similar reports for
other major areas. A directory indicating the date of
study and the price of the reports is available upon
request.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels,
are also available for seven building trades in the
Wilmington area.

iii

13
15




Occupational Wage Survey— Wilmington, Del.—N .J.
Introduction
are presented (in the A -series tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U .S. De­
partment of L ab ors Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an area basis.
The bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

In each area, data are obtained from representative establish­
ments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services.
Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations
and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having
fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of
the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (l) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
basis.
Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, except
for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job,
(See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data




1

2




T ab le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s within scope of su rv e y and n u m b er studied in W ilm in gton , D e l .—N. J .,1 by m a jo r in d u str y d iv is io n , 2 A u g u st 1961
N u m b er o f esta b lish m en ts
In d u stry d iv isio n

W ithin
scope of
study 1
3
2

Studied

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin
scope of
study

Studied

______________________________________________ -________________

183

88

6 5 , 100

5 3 ,9 4 0

M an ufactu ring _____________________________________________________________
N on m an ufactu ring _________________________________________________________
T ra n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and
other public u t i l i t i e s 4 ______________________________________________
W h o le sa le tra d e 5 ______________________________________________________
R e ta il tra d e 5 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e, in su r a n c e , and r e a l estate 5 ------------------------------------------S e r v ic e s 5» 6 ____________________________________________________________

95
88

49
39

4 8 ,8 0 0
1 6 ,3 0 0

4 2 , 79 0
11, 150

16
10
40
11
11

12
4
11
5
7

5, 60 0
1 ,0 0 0
6 , 100
2, 300
1, 300

5, 240
550
2, 670
1, 650
1, 040

A ll d iv isio n s

1 The W ilm in g to n Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistic a l A r e a c o n s is t s of New C a stle County, D e l. , and S alem County, N. J.
The "w o r k e r s within
scope of stu d y " e s tim a te s show n in this table provide a r ea so n a b ly a c cu ra te d esc rip tio n of the siz e and c o m p o sitio n of the la b o r fo r c e in clu d ed in
the su rv e y .
The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h ow ever, to s e r v e as a b a s is of c o m p a r iso n with other a r e a em p loym en t in d e x es to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m en t
trend s o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of wage su rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e sta b lish m e n t data co m p iled c o n sid e r a b ly in advance of the p a y r o ll p erio d
studied, and (2) s m a ll e sta b lish m e n ts a re exclu d ed fr o m the scope o f the su rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d edition of the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as used in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lish m e n ts by in d u str y d iv isio n .
M a jo r
chan ges fr o m the e a r lie r edition (u sed in the B u re a u ’ s la b o r m a r k e t wage su rv e y s conducted p r io r to July 1958) a r e the t r a n s fe r o f m ilk p a ste u r iz a tio n
plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e sta b lish m e n ts fr o m trade (w h o lesa le or reta il) to m an ufacturin g, and the tr a n sfe r o f rad io and t e le v is io n b ro a d c a stin g
fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp o rta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and other public u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 In clu d es a ll e sta b lish m e n ts with total e m p loym en t at o r above the m in im u m -s iz e lim itation (50 e m p lo y e e s ).
A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the area) of
c om p an ie s in such in d u str ie s as tra d e , fin a n ce, auto re p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n -p ic tu r e theaters are c o n sid e r e d as 1 e sta b lis h m e n t.
4 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n w ere exclu d ed .
5 T h is in d u stry d iv isio n is r e p r e se n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n on m an u factu rin g" in the S e r ie s A t a b le s .
S ep arate p r e se n ta tio n
of data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ad e fo r one o r m o r e o f the follow in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p loym ent in the d iv isio n is too s m a ll to p rovid e enough data
to m e r it se p a r a te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d esign ed in itia lly to p e r m it sep a ra te p resen tation , (3) r e sp o n se w as in su ffic ie n t o r in adequate to p e r m it
sep a ra te p r e se n ta tio n , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f in divid u al e sta b lish m en t data.
6 H o te ls ; p e r so n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile r e p a ir sh ops; m o tio n p ictu re s; nonprofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s; and en g in eerin g
and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B.
The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data; Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled-j a n i t o r s , porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations.
The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961.
These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group.
Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

Table 2. P erc en ts of in c r e a s e in standard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -t im e h ou rly ea rn in g s fo r
se le c te d occupational grou ps in W ilm in gton , D e l . — . J. , S ep tem b er I 9 6 0 to A u gu st 1961
N

Occupational group

_
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w om en) ___________ __
In d u strial n u r se s (m en and w om en) ___________
S killed m ain tenan ce (men) _________ _____________
U n sk illed plant (m en) ----------------------——---------------

A ll in d u strie s

2.
2.
2.
3.

9
4
5
3

M an ufactu ring

2. 7
1 .9
2. 2
3. 3

A:Occupational Earnings

4

T a b le A -l. O ffic e O ccu p atio ns-M en and W om en
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, W ilm ington, D e l.—N .J ., August 1961)

C lerk s, accounting, class A
Manufacturing _____________
New C astle County ____
Nonmanufacturing ________

173
173
25

C lerk s, accounting, class B
Manufacturing _____________

198

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$ 1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0

59
33

3 8 .5
4 0 .0

8 0 .5 0

C lerk s, order

25

3 8 .5

C lerk s, p ayroll _.
Manufacturing

25
23

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

Office boys _____
Manufacturing
New Castle County _______

35

*50. 00

* 5 5 .0 0

* 6 0 .0 0

* 6 5 .0 0

* 7 0 .0 0

* 7 5 .0 0

* 8 0 .0 0

* 8 5 .0 0 * 9 0 .0 0

$
* 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

o
o

* 4 5 .0 0

N
J
Ln

* 4 0 .0 0
earnings 1
and
(Standard) u n d e r
4 5 .0 0

o
o

Weekly t
(Standard)

o
o
o

Sex, occupation, and industry division

(J1

NUM B ER OF WORKERS RECEIVING ST R AIG H T-TIM E W E E K L Y E A RN IN G S OF -

A verage
Number
of
workers

_
5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

Q 0 .0 0

6
6

2
2

6

2

10
7
7

9 5 .0 0

14
14
14

1 0 0 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 . o a 1 3 5 . OP

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

1

4

2

1

6

7

1

2

_

9 3 .0 0

-

-

1

1

20
2

2

1

6

5

-

1 0 5 .5 0

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

1

6

_

1

1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0

_

.

_

-

-

1
1

-

-

"

-

-

-

1
1

5 8 .0 0
6 1 .5 0
6 1 .5 0

_

7
7
7

5

_

-

-

-

-

3

-

2
2

Tabulating-m achine op erators,
class A _________________________
Manufacturing
New C astle County

52
42
42

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0

.

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

Tabulating-m achine op erators,
class B __________ ________________
Manufacturing
New C astle County

79
60
48

3 9 .0

1 0 0 .0 0

.

_

.

1 0 8 .5 0

-

-

-

1
-

_

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

4
-

6
-

1 0 3 .5 0

-

"

-

-

-

Tabulating-m achine op erators,
class C _________________________

26

3 7 .5

6 7 .0 0

2

1

7

2

7

B ille r s, machine (billing machine)

30

3 9 .0

6 4 .0 0

8

2

9

1

B ille r s, machine (bookkeeping
machine) ____________________________

29

4 0 .5

5 6 .0 0

15

25
24

3 6 .5
3 6 .5

7 1 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

"

7
7

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators,
class B ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________

127
110

3 7 .0
3 6 .5

5 9 .5 0
5 6 .5 0

1
1

12
12

159
122

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

_

_

122

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 7 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

_

_

9
9
9

12

8
2

_

_

_

1
1

14
14
14

14
14
14

10
7

5
5

7

5

over

2 20
20
20

30
30
30

17
15
15

-

-

2

-

-

3

-

-

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

-

2
2

_

-

11
11

-

-

8

_

_

4

_

_

_

_

7
6

2
2

1
1

10
10

2

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators,
class A ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________

24
12
12

1 4 5 , Q.Q

2

5
5

3
3

_

2
2

3
3
3

_

"

13
4
4

2

26
26

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

10
8

1

13
10

-

See footnotes at end of table.




37

7 1 .5 0

-

8 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

-

C lerk s, accounting, class
Manufacturing ________
New C astle County
Nonmanufacturing ____

_

7 5 .0 0

10
3

4

-

7 0 .0 0

-

8

_

6 5 .0 0

-

-

-

6 0 .0 0

* 1 3 5 .0 0 * 1 4 0 .0 0 ^ 4 5 . 0 0
_
and

1

„

-

-

-

3
1

-

-

1

1

-

1

-

3 3

.

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
4
4

_

2
_

3
3

2
2

7
6

3
3

5
5

3
3

4 8
8

"

3

2

6

3
2
2

5
5

"

5

3

5

3

8

2
2
2

9
9

8
2
2

8

5

3

2

7
7

5
5

3
3

1
1

2

1

2

1

2

1

3
3

-

3

4

4
4

6
6

2
1

3
3

"

26
25

22
22

15
15

-

"

-

-

-

2

_

4
_

_

6
_
_

29
12
12

4
4
4

10
7
7

5
5

3

5

3

4

2

6

17

10
6
6
4

6

3

7

4

13

1

1

7
7

4

1
1

1
1

_

3

13
2

_

5

5
5

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

3

1

36
35

8

9

-

"

1
-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
15
15

15
15
15

15
15
15

15
14

12
12
12

8
8
8

1
1
1

2

14
1

2
2

3
3

5

Table A-1. Office Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(Average straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, W ilm ington, D el.—N .J ., August 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME: WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Avebage
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

W
eekly
W
eekly *40.00 *45.00
h
ours 1 earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45.00 50.00

I

$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
50.00 *55.00 *60.00 65.00 70.00 *75.00 80.00 85.00 *90.00
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 *115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 *145.00
and
55.00

60.00

65.00

70.00

75.00

80.00

85.00

90.00

95.00

100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00

over

Wom en— Continued

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B _____________
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------New C astle County --------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------

267
216
191
51

39.5
39.5
39.5
4 0 .0

$85.00
90.50
87.50
62.50

_
-

C le r k s, file , class A 5 -------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------New Castle County ---------------------------

32
26
26

39.5
39.5
39.5

103.00
108.50
108.50

_
-

C lerk s, file , class B 5 _____________________
Manufacturing ___________________________
New C astle County __________________

110
92
91

39.5
40 .0
40 .0

83.00
86.50
86.50

_
-

-

C lerk s, file , class C 5 _____________________
Manufacturing __ ____
______________
New Castle County __________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________

126
67
67
59

39.5
40 .0
40 .0
39.0

61.50
73.00
73.00
48.00

13
13

23
23

28

39.5

71.50

_

C le r k s, p ayroll _____________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________
New C astle County --------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------

81
55
46
26

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5

83.50
88.50
84.00
73.50

C om ptom eter op erators ---------------------------M anufacturing ___________________________
New C astle County ---------------------------

33
33
33

40 .0
40.0
40.0

D u plicatin g-m achin e op erators
(M im eograph or Ditto) ___________________
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------New C astle County ---------------------------

26
26
26

Keypunch op era to rs, c la ss A 5------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------New Castle County ---------------------------

2
2

13
5
5
8

24
13
13
11

21
15
14
6

43
22
22
21

14
13
13
1

4
4
4

.
-

_
-

_
-

1
-

_
-

_
-

-

~

-

-

"

.
-

_
-

10
4
4

11
5
5

12
11
11

21
4
4
17

17
12
12
5

7
7
7

_

4

7

_
-

3
3

1
1
1

5
5
5

86.50
86.50
86.50

_
-

.
-

_
-

"

-

40 .0
40.0
40.0

75.50
75.50
75.50

-

1
1
1

61
57
40

39.5
39.5
39.5

99.50
101.00
95.50

_

_

-

Keypunch op erators, c la ss B 5____________
M anufacturing __________________________
New C astle County __________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------

130
94
93
36

39.0
39.5
39.5
37.0

75.50
77.00
77.00
71.50

O ffice g ir ls __________________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________
New C astle County __________________

98
92
92

39.5
39.5
39.5

53.50
54.00
54.00

S ec reta ries __________________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________
New C astle County __________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------

1, 301
1, 217
1, 146
84

39.5
39.5
39.5
38.0

113.50
115.00
114.50
91.00

C le r k s, ord er

______________________________

See footnotes at end of table.




11
10
10
1

9
9
9
“

16
16
16

3
2
2

2
-

.
-

"

4
2
2

9
6
6

8
8
8

8
8
8

6
6
6

7
7
7

5
5
5

7
7
7

4
4
4

"

11
10
10
1

"

-

1

3

6

_

1

1

12
12

9
7
6
2

8
7
6
1

8
5
5
3

6
6
6
-

3
3
2

2
2
2

-

6
4
4
2

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

11
11
11

1
1
1

2
2
2

1
1
1

2
2
2

1
1
1

8
8
8

2
2
2

1
1
1

4
4
4

4
4
4

5
5
5

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

4
4
4

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

2
2
2

3

-

1
1
1

1
1
1

3
2
2

5
5
5

_

3
1
1
2

4
1
1
3

20
10
10
10

22
16
16
6

28
21
20
7

12
12
12

11
11
11

-

-

"

20
15
15

50
49
49

19
19
19

7
7
7

_
-

2
2
2

_
-

_
-

.
-

-

"

"

-

-

-

"

3

1
1
1

7
7
7

20
20
20

29
25
25
4

69
52
51
17

71
59
58
12

87
71
70
16

98
85
85
13

108
103
103
5

94
91
88
3

96.
92
90
4

-

-

_
-

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

3

3 2
2
1

-

6
4
4
2

-

“

3
3l
3

21
20
20
1

22
22
22

16
16
16

40
40
16
"

3
3
3

2
2
2

_
-

-

7
7
7

1
1
1

3
3
3

12
11
11

10
9
9

8
8
8

9
9
9

7
7
6

_
-

5
5
5

4
4
4

1
1
1

1
1
1

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

2

-

"

3
3
3

3
3
3

2
2
2

"

-

4
4
4

3
3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

"

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

_

_

"

-

_
-

-

-

-

2
2
2

_
-

.
-

_

_

-

-

'

_
-

-

_ ■
"

-

-

-

_

1

_

1

_

_

_

_

2
2
2

3
3
3
-

4
3
3
1

6
6
_

1
1
1
-

_

_

_

-

2
2

3
3
3

3
3
3

1
1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
-

-

_
_

-

"

-

-

-

2
2
2

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

5
5
5

7
7
7

11
11
11

2
2
2

19
19
2

1
1
1

6
6
6

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

“

15
8
8
7

-

-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

.
-

-

_

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

_

_
_

_
_

_

.

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
-

-

-

-

84
84
57

52
52
51

50
50
50

113
113
113

1
1
1

-

-

-

103
101
101
2

101
98
98
3

109
109
74

_
-

-

_

_

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division, Wilm ington, D el.— .J ., August 1961)
N
NUMBER O WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OFF

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
o
f
w
orkers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
W
eekly
40.00 45 .00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
earnings1
and
(Standard) (Standard)
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over
W
eekly.

Women— Continued

17
17

35
11
11
24

80
69
69
11

130
114
114
16

130
122
122
8

75
68
68
7

77
62
60
15

38
37
36
1

10
7
7
3

8
8
8

"

6
6

93.00
94.00
94.00

_
-

-

1
-

1
-

3
-

3
-

-

~

-

_

23
17
17

48
39
39

61
60
60

61
61
61

46
46
46

38.5
39.0
39 .0
38.5

81.50
89.50
87.00
73.00

2
2

-

1
1

6
6

8
8

8
3
3
5

18
10
10
8

18
9
9
9

5
4
3
1

8
3
3
5

69
50
48

40 .0
39.5
39.5

71.00
72.00
72.00

_
-

_
-

4
3
3

5
2
1

9
5
5

11
10
10

23
23
23

10
-

-

1
1
"

Tran scrib in g-m achin e op erators,
general ------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing __________________________
New Castle County ------- -----------------

106
88
88

39.0
39.5
39.5

71.50
74.00
74.00

-

4
-

3
"

6
3
3

26
22
22

15
12
12

14
14
14

13
13
13

T yp ists, c la ss A ----------------------------------------Manufacturing __________________________
New Castle County -------------------------Nonmanufacturing ______________________

224
172
163
52

39.0
40.0
40 .0
36.0

85.50
92.50
91.00
64.00

10
10

7
2
2
5

16
6
6
10

19
7
7
12

10
7
7
3

9
9
9
"

Stenographers, general 5 -------------------------Manufacturing ___ ___________ — ----------New C astle County ________ _____ Nonmanufacturing ________________ _____

705
595
527
110

39.0
39.5
39.5
36.5

$ 77.00
79.00
75.00
66.00

Stenographers, senior 5
------------------ —_
-----------------Manufacturing -------------New Castle County --------------------------

417
392
392

39.0
39.5
39.5

Switchboard op erators ------ --------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------New C astle County ------- ----------- ----Nonmanufacturing
--------------------------------

111
58
52
53

Switchboard o p erator-recep tion ists
Manufacturing ______ ________ ____ ___
New Castle County ------- ---------------

T yp ists, c la ss B ___________________________
Manufacturing __________________________
New Castle County _________________
Nonmanufacturing __ ___________________

1
2
3
4
9

255
164
149
91

39.0
39.5
39.5
38.0

65.00
71.50
69.00
54.00

-

"

~

1
1

6
6

39
39

11
1
1
10

37
28
28
9

66
39
39
27

28
27
27
1

17
17
15

18
16
15
2

1
1
1
"

-

“

62
6l
1
1

40
40
40

36
36
36

23
22
22

12
12
12

12
6
6
6

9
9
9

2
2
2

~

“

6
6
1
-

_

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

2
2
2

.
-

.

_

-

-

-

-

3
3
3

4
4
4

2
2
2

4
3
3

1
1
1

1
1
1

-

16
16
16

21
19
19
2

70
66
66
4

7
7
7

6
6
6

“
9
9
2

27
26
26
1

9
9
4

39
39
39

8
6
6
2

1
1
1

10
10
10

9
9
9
"
9
7
7
2

6
6
6

8
8
8

6
6
1

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

'

11
11
11

6
6
6

1
1
1

_

"

1
1
1

1
1
1

_

_

.

"

-

"

"

-

_

'

_ ! _

.

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

"

15
15
6

-

2
2
2

i
i
i

-

"

-

"

“

■

"

_

.

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salarie s and the earningscorrespond to these w eekly hours.
W ork ers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 5 at $ 1 4 5 to $ 1 5 0 ; 5 at $ 1 5 0 to $ 1 5 5 ; 3 at $ 1 5 5 to $ 160; 2 at$ 1 6 0 to $ 1 65; 5 at$ 1 6 5 to $ 1 7 0 .
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s:
1 at $ 145 to $ 150; 2 at $ 150 to $ 155.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s:
1 at $ 145 to $ 1 50; 4 at $ 150 to $ 1 55; 3 at $ 1 55 to $ 160.
D escription for this job has been revised since the last survey in this a rea . See appendix A.




-

"

-

-

-

7
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations-Men and Women
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Wilm ington, D el. — J. , August 1961)1
N.
2

1 Standard hours refle ct the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Includes 1 w ork er at $ 6 5 to $ 7 0.




8

Table A-3. Off ice, Professional, and Technical Occupations-Men and Women Combined
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, W ilm ington, D e l.— J. , August 1961)
N.

Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of

A
verage
earnings1
(Standard)

Average

31

----------------

29

'L.j

^ p ^ ^ ^ TQ P13 ^ Q A
*

$ 8 6 . 50
86. 50
86. 50

Tabulating-m achine op era to rs, c la ss A -------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------New C astle County _______________________________

56
43
43

$ 1 2 0 . 50
1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0

35
35
35

76. 00
76. 00
76. 00

Tabulating-m achine o p erators,
cla ss B __________________________________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________________
New C astle County _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________________

96
62
50
34

97. 50
1 0 8 .5 0
104. 00
77. 50

62
58
41

99. 00
1 0 1 .0 0
95. 50

Tabulating-m achine op era to rs,
class C __________________________________________________

27

67. 50

130
94
93
36

75. 50
7 7 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
71. 50

Tran scrib in g-m achin e op era to rs, general ---------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------New Castl*3 County , ,„ r
.
. .. _ ___ ______

106
88
88

71. 50
74. 00
74. 00

133
118
118

55. 00
55. 50
55. 50

T yp ists, c la ss A _________________________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________________
New C astle County -----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------------

224
172
163
52

85.
92.
91.
64.

50
50
00
00

S ecretaries ______ _____________________________________
Manufartu ri ng
f'.astlf* Cmmty
Nonmanu a u
g

1. 306
1, 222
1, 150
84

1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

Typists, c la ss B _________________________________________
Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------New C astle County _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------------

263
172
149
91

66.
72.
69.
54.

00
50
00
00

Stenographers, g e n e r a l2 ------------ ----------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------New C astle County ------------ ----------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

707
597
527
110

7 7 .0 0
79. 00
75. 00
66. 00

_
___ ___

418
393
393

93. 00
94. 00
94. 00

D raftsm en, senior ----------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------New C astle County _______________________________ '

226
216
175

1 4 4 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0

Switchboard nppfatnrR
IV V
lclT llf
T'lng
*
J J ix C* 3 ? t l° t"*minty
Vg r
.
f.
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

111
58
52
53

8 1 .5 0
89. 50
87. 50
73. 00

Draftsm en, junior -----------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------N^W C astle County
_
_

69
61
56

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0

Switchboard o p erator-recep tion ists ...---------------------M a r m fs ^ ^ ^ g
. _
New Castle County --------------------------------------------

69
50
48

7 1 .0 0
72. 00
72. 00

N u rses, industrial (registere d ) ----------------------------------Manufacturing ________________________________________
New C astle County ------------------------------------------------

40
39
37

1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0
106. 50

56. 00

25
24

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss B --------------

7 1 .5 0
71. 50

128
110

59. 50
56. 50
Manufacturing
1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0
85. 50

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A _________________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------ctlp P.nnnty
Nonmanufacturing

357
295
295
62

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B _________________________
Manufacturing _—— —----------- —---------------———— —
New C astle County _________________________ -—
Nonmanufacturing -------------- —-----------------------— - - —

326
249
212
77

Clerk®
rla s R A ^
_
Manufacturing ---------- ----------------------------------------------New C astle County

32
26
26

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0

no

83. 00
86. 50
86. 50

----------------------------------------------------------

Keypunch op erators, c la ss B 2 ______________________
___
M3 myf.a c til ri rig
Nonmanufacturing

C lerk s, file , c la ss B 2 „ __________________ ________- __
Ivlanufactu
g
New C astle County --------------------------------------------

92
91

84.
90.
87.
63.

61.
73.
73.
48.

00
50
00
00

50
00
00
00

C le r k s, file , c la ss C 2 ________________________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------New C astle County
Nonmanufacturing — ------------------------------------- -—- —

126
67
67
59

C lerk s, order __________________________________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------New C astle County ---------- - --------------------------------

53
43
42

87. 50
93. 50
93. 50

C le r k s, p ayroll ------------------------------------------------ -----------

106
78
60
28

9 1 .0 0
96. 50
90. 50
75. 00

New C astle County ----------------- —— -------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------—---------- ------- ----------- ------ -

------------------

Office b<~>ys and gi rl s

..

N°\v P-a F*1

----------------------------..........

r.nunty

spni nr ^
^M
cl^Vlfs f'tn Ti ng
*

...

P ro fessio n a l and technical occupations

1 Earnings are for a regular workweek for which em ployees receive their stra igh t-tim e weekly sa la r ie s, exclusive of any prem ium pay.
2 Description for this job has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A .




Weekly'
earnings1
(Standard)

33
33
33

----------------------------------------------------------

D uplicating-m achine operators
ii ^ _ *j Q

N ber
um
of

Office occupations---- Continued

$ 6 6 .0 0
Manufacturing

|
-j

Occupation and industry division

earnings1
(Standard)

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations

B ille r s, machine (bookkeeping machine)

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Occupation and industry division

9

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, W ilm ington, D e l.— J. , August 1961)
N.
'

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
. of
^w rk
o ers

Average
$
/hourly , Under 1.8 0
earnin
gs
and?
$
under
1. 80
1.9 0

$
1. 90

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

$
2. 70

$
2. 80

$
2. 90

$
3. 00

$
3. 10

$
3. 20

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

2. 90

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

3. 30

$
3. 30

$
3. 40

$
3. 50

$
3. 60

$
3. 70

$
3. 80
and

3. 40

3. 50

3. 60

3. 70

3. 80

over

.
.
-

.
.
-

6
6
5

10
10
10

5
.5
5

1
1
1

10
10
5

13
7
6

1
1
1

.
-

1
1
1

9
9
9

1
1
1

21
21
20

25
25
21

28
28
9

22
22
2

15
15
-

1
1
-

3. 20
3. 18
3. 10

.
_
-

2
2
2

_
-

10
10
10

2
2
2

15
15
10

22
22
5

8
8
8

8
6
6

5
5
5

6
6
6

24
23
23

55
50
45

66

67
67
55

54
54
9

55
55
2

5
5
2

197
190
125

2. 92
2. 94
2. 71

-

23
21
21

2
2
2

5
5
5

17
17
13

6
6
6

1
1
1

2
1
1

1
1
-

-

4
3
3

13
11
11

7
7
7

18
17
16

15
15
15

15
15
6

25
25
11

73
69
53

2. 33
2. 31
2. 38

27
7
7

-

2
2
2

30
30
16

2
2
-

-

4
4
4

-

4
4
4

12
8
8

-

-

6
6
6

1
1
1

5
5
5

.
-

_
-

35
35
_
-

7
7
7

F ire m en , stationary b oiler _____________________
Manufacturing __________________^______________
New C astle County ________________________

1
1
_
-

H elp ers, maintenance trades ___________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
New C astle County ________________________

190
153
124

2. 27
2. 32
2. 33

16
12
12

4
3
3

14
14
5

25
13
5

16
5
4

7
-

13
13
13

58
56
55

21
21
20

8
8
5

8
8
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

M a ch in e-tool op erators, toolroom ____________
Manufacturing _________________________________
New C astle County ________________________

40
38
38

2. 85
2. 86
2. 86

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

9
7
7

-

2
2
2

5
5
5

4
4
4

15
15
15

3
3
3

-

-

M achin ists, maintenance ________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
New C astle County ________________________

233
226
173

3. 02
3. 01
2 .9 3

-

-

-

2
2
2

10
10
10

17
17
17

-

14
14
14

8
6
4

-

-

4
4
2

23
23
12

26
26
26

41
39
37

30
30
26

M ech anics, automotive (maintenance) _________
Manufacturing _________________________________
New C astle County ________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Public u tilities 3 ____ ____________________

142
61
30
81
67

2.
3.
2.
2.
2.

87
10
95
70
67

-

-

-

-

3
2
1
1

5
5
3

15
4
11
11

24
10
10
14
14

6
6
6

20
20
13

17
5
5
12
12

-

12
3
3
9
5

7
7
4
-

M ech anics, m aintenance ________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
New C astle County ________________________

242
218
174

2. 95
2. 95
2. 92

1
1
1

-

2
2
2

5
5
5

8
8
8

18
16
16

3
3
2

10
10
9

17
17
10

6
5
5

12
9
5

4
4
4

18
18
18

19
19
19

M illw righ ts ________________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
New C astle County -------------------------------------

423
407
150

3. 27
3. 25
2. 96

-

-

4
4
4

-

8
8
8

12
12
10

-

6
6
4

10
10
3

4
4
4

-

5
5
5

14
14
14

O ilers _______________________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
New C astle County ________________________

55
53
41

2. 24
2. 22
2. 28

48
8
8

5
5
3

9
9
1

1
1
-

3
3
3

-

1
1
-

4
4
4

12
12
12

7
7
7

-

2
-

P ain ters, m aintenance ___________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
New C astle County ________________________

140
137
62

3. 17
3. 18
2. 85

-

-

5
5
4

5
5
5

1
1
1

2
-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

-

-

P ip efitte rs, maintenance ________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
New C astle County ________________________

425
374
168

3. 38
3. 27
3. 06

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
5

-

10
10
9

2
2

1
1
1

_

-

S h e et-m e ta l w orkers (maintenance) ___________
Manufacturing _________________________________

60
60

3. 27
3. 27

_

2
2

_

_

-

2
2

Tool and die m ak ers ______________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
New C astle County ________________________

160
152
150

3. 12
3. 14
3. 14

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

“

■

C arpen ters, m aintenance ----------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------New C astle County -------------------------------------

177
163
96

$ 3. 07
3. 05
2. 87

E le ctr icia n s, maintenance ______________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
New C astle County ________________________

416
398
253

E ngin eers, stationary ____________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
New C astle County ________________________

"

8'
8
8

-

-

-

.

_

_

_

-

"

_
-

_
-

■

-

~

-

.
-

-

.
-

1 Excludes p rem iu m pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 A ll w ork ers w ere at $ 1 . 7 0 to $ 1 . 8 0 .
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
4 W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s : 3 at $ 1. 30 to $ 1 .4 0 ; 3 at $ 1 .4 0 to $ 1. 50; 2 at $ 1. 60 and over.
5 A ll w ork ers w ere at $ 4 . 20 to $ 4 . 30.




-

8
-

_
-

12
2
2

_
-

.
_
-

_
.
-

-

-

_
-

.
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

27
27
20

11
11
1

13
13
2

3
3
-

1
1
-

3
-

6
4
4
2
2

2
2
-

6
6
-

18
18
4
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

25
7
4

20
20
15

48
48
27

10
10
10

9
9
7

2
2
2

3
3
3

2
2
2

14
14
14

10
10
9

90
90
75

31
31

86
86

113
113

_
-

-

-

-

-

.
-

16
-

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

35
35
35

-

8
8

18
17

40
40

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

4
4

-

19
19
14

-

-

_
-

4
4
4

18
18
18

10
10
10

31
31
27

81
81
64

46
46
17

66
66
3

86
86
1

5
5
1

1

-

-

_

_

-

-

"

-

3
3

1
1

8
8

11
11

12
12

7
7

7
7

6
6

4
4
4

7
7
7

20
15
15

34
33
33

2
2
2

6
5
5

12
11
■
9

_
-

1
1
1

68
68
68

6
6
6

_
-

-

66

61

~

-

—
-

5 51
-

i

_

i

-

_

.

-

-

-

“

10

Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, W ilm ington, D e l.— J. , August 1961)
N.

O ccupation1 and industry division

of
w
orkers

1 .9 0

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

2
2
2

13
13
13

20
20
20

3
3
3

20
20
20

"

6
1
1
5

29
29
29
_

37
32
32
5

1. 80

“

2
2

1
1

7
7

7
4
4
3

16
12
12
4

10
6
4

18
18
16

05
13
09
59
00

20
2
2
3 18

4
2
2
2

32
25
21
7

-

-

8
8
5
-

115
105
103
10
9

100
100
99
-

84
68
68
16
16

88
87
87
1
1

72
72
67

“

47
19
19
28
3

29
19
19
10

-

21
2
2
19
-

1. 66
1 .9 2
1 .4 1

5 10
10

14
14

-

10
8
2

8
1
7

3
3

8
7
1

8
3
5

1
1

3
3

3
3

15
4
4
11

2
2

7
5
5
2

5
4
4
1

4
2
2
2

58
58
10
-

7
5
2

30
30
-

-

23
2
2
21

68
13

73
63
63
10
10

2. 90

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

3. 30

3. 40

3. 40

8
3. 50

3. 50

3. 60

7
7

1 96
165
152
31

$2.
2.
2.
1.

32
40
41
89

Manufacturing --------------------------------------New C astle County _________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------Public u tilit ie s 4 ___________________

736
625
554
111
29

2.
2.
2.
1.
2.

Janitors, p o rte rs, and clean ers
(women) ___________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------

75
36
39

L a b o re rs, m aterial handling -----------------Manufacturing __________________________
New Castle County ------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------Public u tilit ie s 4_____________________

792
578
493
214
122

Order fille r s _______________________________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------New C astle County _________________

87
57
50

P ack e rs, shipping -------------------------------------Manufacturing _________________________
New C astle County _________________

97
59
59

Manufacturing --------------------------------------New C astle County ------------------------Nonmanufacturing _____________________

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS O
F
S
$
s
S
$
$
$
1 .9 0 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 ’2. 70 "2 . 80 2. 90 3. 00 *3. 10 3. 20 *3. 30

S
$
$
$
S
Average
hourly 2 Under 1. 30 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0
and
earnings £ $
under
1 .3 0
1. 40 1. 50 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0

"

-

5
5
-

'

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

"

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

'

'

-

"

Janitors, p orte rs, and clean ers

31
31
39
30
35

2. 13
2. 30
2. 27

2. 16
1 .9 1
1. 91

Receiving clerk s __________________________
Manufacturing __________________________
New C astle County _________________

92
81
44

2. 84
2. 95
2. 49

Shipping and receiving clerk s ___________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------New Castle County _________________

79
70
70

565
274
200
291

Tru ck d rivers, light (under
l V 2 tons) ----------------------------------------------

70

-

-

-

2
-

“

5
1
1

5
5
5

See footnotes at end of table.




2.
2.
2.
2.

59
62
47
56

2. 25

-

-

-

'

8
8
8

3
1
1

-

24
4

_

_

"

3
3
3

14
14
14

8
8
8

18
18
18

_

.

-

"

2
2
2

1
-

"

2
-

2. 49
2. 57
2. 57

T ru ckdrivers 6 ____________________________
Manufacturing _________________________
New C astle County _________________
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------

!
2
-

-

-

-

73
1
1
72

“

-

6

11

-

-

3
3 I
3

2
-

22
22

-

'

-

.

2
2

1
1

j
3
r
3

2
2
2

31
31
31

“

'

1
1
1

10
10
10

7
3
3

8
8
8

3
1
1

3
3
2

6
4
4

6
6
6

5
5
5

4
4
4

1
1
1

8
8
8

-

3
3

'

3
3
3

4
4
4

1
-

42
42
42

2
2
2

3
3
3

3
3
3

2
1
1

7
7
7

-

-

24
9
6
15

13
13
13

n

6
6
5

13
13
13

129
17
17
112

209
110
110
99

25
25
5

2
2

45
1

'

6
6
5

-

16

-

1

22

1

12

■

-

33
33

'

1
1
1

~

38

■

■

2
2

-

"

!
j

13
55
55

22
-

3
3
3

17
7
7
10

-

-

21

-

'

10
4
4
6

4
4
4
•

-

-

402
390
389
12
12 !

-

■

7

-

38
38

‘

'
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

78
78
60

6
6
6

-

■

1

-

-

-

.

-

-

44

-

-

-

'
26
26
4

-

-

'
1
1
1

-

-

'

*

6
6
-

3
3
-

-

-

14
14
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

-

-

11

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—Continued
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Wilm ington, D e l .— J. , August 1961)
N.
NUM BER OF W ORKERS R E CEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E H OURLY EARN INGS OF—

O ccupation1 and industry d ivision
5
4
3
2

Tru ck d rivers

:6 —

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly ,
earnings c

$

$

$

Under 1. 30 1. 40
and
$
1. 30 inder
1 .4 0 1. 50

$

$

$

$

$

1. 50

1. 60

1. 70

1 .8 0

1. 90

2. 00

1. 60

1. 70

1. 80

1 .9 0

2. 00

2. 10

$

$

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

s
2. 40

$

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

13
13
13

10
6
6

2
1

-

-

-

$

2. 60

S
2. 70

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

13
13
13

83
2
2

27
2
2

-

2

-

-

-

86
86
86

-

32
22
22

14
14
6

2. 50

$

$

$

2. 80

2. 90

2. 90

$

$

$

$

$

$

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

3. 30

3. 40

3. 50

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

3. 30

3. 40

3. 50

3. 60

2

-

-

18
18

5
5

_

_

-

-

28
1

-

Continued

T ru ck d rivers, m edium ( l 1/* to
and including 4 tons) ________________
Manufacturing
___________________
New C astle County ____________

192
82
54

$ 2 . 53
2. 44
2. 13

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4
tons, tra ile r type) ___________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____
New C astle County ____________

142
115
90

2 . 66

T ru ck ers, pow er (forklift)
Manufacturing _
New C astle County ________________

434
420
253

2. 50
2. 50
2. 46

T ru ck ers, power (other than
forklift) ................
Manufa rt*n ri ng
New C astle County

38
35
32

1. 77
1 .7 3
1. 71

W atchm en .... .
.......... ......
Manufacturing
_
_
____
New C astle County ________________

55
50
43

1.7 1
1. 72
1 .6 9

2. 82
2. 80

-

-

4

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

6
6

-

4
4
4

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

"

“

-

_

-

2
2

-

-

2

3

1
-

1
----------

-

-

3
3

1
— T "
1

1

15
15
15

2

8

3

2
2

8
8

-

2

2

6

-

3
3
3

-

-

2
2

-

41
4l
7

31
31
9

20
20
20

4
4
2

-

4
4
4

12

_

_

12
12
12

16
16
16

9
8

2

1
-----j—

“

19
19
6

5
5
4

178
175
163

-

-

5
5
3

21
21
2

9
9
2

„

.

.

9

1

1
1
1

.

-

8
8

1
1

3
3

-

14
14

4

3

1

2
2
2

1 Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except where otherwise indicated.
2 E xcludes p rem iu m pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
3 W ork ers w ere distributed as fo llo w s : 10 at $ 1 to $ 1. 10; 3 at $ 1. 10 to $ 1. 20; 5 at $ 1. 20 to $ 1. 30.
4 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
5 W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 2 at $ 0. 80 to $ 0. 90; 8 at $ 1 to $ 1 . 10.
6 Includes all d riv ers r e g a rd le ss of size and type of truck operated.




-

-

-

-

-

49
49
2

1
1
1

-

-

-

1
1
1




Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau's last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’ s bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible y duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.
The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

13




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type o f machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller , machine (billing m a c h in e Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc* Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B iller , machine (bookkeeping machine)—
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




Class B —
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

15

16

CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.

Class B —
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.
CLERK, FILE

Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B —
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

17

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Class A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B —
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER,GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by die following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

18

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued

Class C —
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations,

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B —
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B—
Performs one or more of the following; Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

19

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or stryctural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in goodrepair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter required rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




20

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance elctricians requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establish•
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

21

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the -plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

22

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker's work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate-




men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering .

23

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the follow ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded .

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Skip­
ping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform other related duties.

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




24

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded .

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdnver (combination of .____
Truckdriver, light (under iy2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (iy2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

*

U S. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : 1961 0 — 621981


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102