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SEATTLE, WASHINGTON
AUGUST 1961

Bulletin No. 1303-6




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
B U R E A U O f L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
E w a n C la g u e , C o m m issio n e r




Occupational Wage Survey
SEATTLE, WASHINGTON
AUGUST 1961

Bulletin No. 1303-6
November 1961

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary

iT
U mm S
I
\ s p Jy
u/

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
E w a n C la g u e , C o m m issio n e r

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.




Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
Wage trends for selected occupational groups ______________________
The Bureau of Labor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage surveys in 82 labor markets. The
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits. A preliminary report furnishing
trend data and average earnings is released within a month
of the completion of each study. This bulletin provides
additional data not included in the preliminary report.
Two bulletins, bringing together the results of all
of the area surveys, are issued after completion of the
final area bulletin in the current round of surveys. The
first of these bulletins will be available late in 1962 and
the other early in 1963. During the survey year, sum­
mary releases presenting areawide occupational earnings
data for 25 to 30 labor markets, are issued as data
become available.
This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau's r e ­
gional office in San Francisco, by William P. O'Connor,
under the direction of John L. Dana, Assistant Regional
Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




3

Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey __________
2. Percents of change in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups ____________________ ..__________________
A: Occupational earnings: *
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women ___________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men
and women _________________________________ _________
A-3. Office, professional, and technical
occupations—
men and women combined _______________
A-4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations _______________
A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations _________

2
2
4
7
8
9
10

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions ________________________
B. Occupational descriptions __________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available in the Seattle
area reports for September 1951 and August of each year
since 1956. Most of the reports include data on establish­
ment practices and supplementary wage provisions. A
directory indicating date of study and the price of the
reports, as well as reports for other major areas, is
available upon request.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels,
are available for the following trades or industries: Build­
ing construction, printing, local-transit operating em­
ployees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

iii

13
15




Occupational Wage Survey—Seattle, Wash.
Introduction

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U.S. De­
partment of Labor*s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an area basis.
The bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.
In each area, data are obtained from representative establish­
ments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations
and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having
fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of
the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, except
for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data




are presented (in the A-series tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and power plant; and (d) custodial and material movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (l) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
basis. Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

2




Table 1.

E stablishm ents and w o rk e rs within scop e o f survey and num ber studied in Seattle, W a sh .,

by m a jo r industry d ivisio n , 2 August 1961

Num ber o f establishm ents
Industry d ivision

W ork ers in establishm ents

Within scop e
o f study *

Studied

_____________________________________________________

602

149

184, 600

130, 980

Manufacturing
__________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________ ________
Transportation, com m unication, and other
public utilities 4 _____________________________________________
W holesale trade 5 _____________________________________________
R etail t r a d e ___________ _____ ________________ ______ _____ ___
Finance, insurance, and rea l e s ta te 5 _______________________
S e rv ice s * ‘ -------- ----------------------------------------------------------------------

224
378

55
94

111, 100
73, 500

87,960
43, 020

57
88
118
65
50

25
13
28
15
13

2 2,000
9, 900
24, 500
11, 300
5, 800

17,050
2, 890
15, 150
5, 360
2 ,5 7 0

A ll d ivision s

Within scop e
of study

Studied

1 The Seattle Standard M etropolitan Statistical A rea con sists of King and Snohomish Counties. The "w o rk e rs within s co p e of study" estim ates
shown in this table provid e a reasonably accu rate d e scrip tio n of the size and com position o f the labor fo r c e included in the su rv ey. The estim ates
are not intended, how ever, to se rve as a basis of com p a rison with other a rea em ploym ent indexes to m easure em ploym ent trends o r le v e ls sin ce
(1) planning of wage surveys requires the use o f establishm ent data com p iled considerably in advance of the p a y ro ll p e rio d studied, and (2) sm all
establishm ents are excluded from the scop e of the survey.
2 The 1957 rev ised edition of the Standard Industrial C la ssifica tio n Manual was used in cla ssifyin g establishm ents by industry division . M ajor
changes from the e a rlie r edition (used in the B ureau's la bor m arket wage surveys conducted p rio r to July 1958) a re the tra n sfer o f m ilk p asteurization
plants and rea d y-m ixed con crete establishm ents fro m trade (w holesale o r retail) to manufacturing, and the tra n sfer o f rad io and te le v isio n b road casting
from s e rv ice s to the transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at or above the m in im u m -size lim itation (50 em p loy ees). A ll outlets (within the area) of
com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto rep a ir s e rv ice , and m otion -p ictu re theaters are con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Taxicabs and s e r v ic e s incidental to w ater transportation w ere excluded. Since the City of Seattle's e le c t r ic u tilities and lo c a l transit fa cilitie s
are m unicipally operated, they a re excluded, by definition, fro m the scop e o f the study.
5 This industry d ivision is rep resented in estim ates fo r "a ll in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e rie s A tab les. Separate presentation
of data fo r this d iv ision is not made fo r one or m ore of the follow ing re a so n s: (1) Employment in the division is too sm a ll to p rovid e enough data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed initially to p erm it separate presentation, (3) response was in su fficien t o r inadequate to p erm it
separate presentation, and (4) there is p ossib ility o f d isclo s u re o f individual establishm ent data.
6 H otels; p erson a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile rep a ir shops; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em bership organ iza tion s; and engineering
and a rch itectu ral s e r v ic e s .

Table 2. P ercents of ch an ge1 in standard weekly sala ries and straigh t-tim e
hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups in Seattle, W a sh .,
August 1959 to August 1961
August i960
to
August 1961

Industry and occupational group

August 1959
to
August i960

A ll ind u stries:
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and women) -------- -------------Industrial nu rses (m en and women) --- -------- --Skilled m aintenance (men) ------------------- -------------Unskilled plant (men) __ __ ------- ------------------------

3.9
3.6
2 .7
3.5

2 .6
* -l. 5
2 .4
4 .4

M anufacturing:
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and women) — ------------Industrial nu rses (m en and women) — -------Skilled m aintenance (men) ____________________
Unskilled plant (men) ____________ ____________

3. 3
3.5
2. 1
3. 2

2 3‘ 9

—
—
-

2- l . 0
2 .9
3 .2

1 Unless otherw ise indicated, all a re in cr e a s e s.
2 This d eclin e la rgely re fle cts shifts in em ploym ent between high- and low -w age establishm ents
rather than wage d e cre a s e s.

3
Wag# Trends for Soloctod Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; me­
chanics; mechanics, atuomotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series. The expansion of the labor market wage survey program in 1961 made
data available in 82 areas for the computation of wage trends for selected job
groupings. Sixty-one areas were surveyed in I960; prior to I960, coverage was
limited to 20 areas. Therefore, it was decided to compute a new trend series in
which 1961 will be the base year since this is the first year in which data were
collected in all 82 areas.
The percents of change shown in table 2 are not comparable with similar
data shown for this area in last year's Bulletin 1285-7 . The new series intro­
duces changes in the job groupings for which trends are shown and changes in
jobs included in the computations.

A:Occupational Earnings

4

T a b le A - l. O f f ic e O ccu p atio n s-M e n an d W o m en
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Seattle, Wash. , August 1961)
NUM
BER OF W
ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O —
F

Avbbaoe
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N m er
u b
of
w rk rs
o e

W
eekly
W
eekly. *45. 00 $5 0 .00 $5 5 .00 $6 0 .00 $65. 00 *70.00 *75. 00 *80.00
and
h rs 1 ea in s1
ou
rn g
(S n a ) (S n a ) under
ta d rd
ta d rd
50.00 55. 00 60. 00 65.00 70. 00 75.00 80. 00 85. 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
85.00 *90.00 *95. 00 100.00 1*05. 00 110.00 115. 00 120. 00 125. 00 130.00
and
90. 00

95. 00 100.00 105. 00 110. 00 115. 00 120.00 125. 00 130.00 .■QYgr_

Men
Clerks, accounting, class A __________________________
Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing __________________________________
Public utilities 3 ________________________________

200
72
128
39

40. 0
40. 0
3 9.5
40. 0

$106.00
112. 50
102. 00
104.50

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
1

_

_

_

_

_

1

2

Clerks, accounting, class B ---------------------------------------

30

40. 0

98. 50

Clerks, order --------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -_____ ______ ________________ _____ ___
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________

153
27
126

40. 0
39. 5
4 0.0

109. 00
113.50
108. 00

Clerks, payroll ________________________________________
Manufacturing
______________ ________ __________

34
28

39. 5
39.5

Office boys
Manufacturing ______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------

133
54
79

Tabulating-machine operators, class A _____________

12
12
-

4
1
3
-

25
2
23
7

16
6
10
-

44
19
25
6

25
5
20
14

39
12
27
9

7
4
3
1

17
13
4
1

l

1
-

9
‘9
-

1

8

8

_

_

10

_

.

_

_

2
2

4
4
-

70
6
64

22
2
20

2
2

25
3
22

3
3
“

15
1
14

4

-

6
4
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

100. 50
99.50

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

4
3

3
3

3
2

6
6

3
2

2
-

_

-

3
2

-

-

2
2

40. 0
40 .0
39. 5

64. 50
67. 50
62. 50

5
5

28
13
15

17
2
15

22
1
21

15
4
11

24
22
2

13
11
2

5
1
4

2
2

_
-

2
_
2

_
-

_
.

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
_

_
.

-

-

-

-

-

-

94

40. 0

107.50

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

.

3

1

50

21

6

2

2

3

6

Tabulating-machine operators, class B _____________
Manufacturing ______ ________________________ ______
Nonmanufacturing ____________ _________________ _

159
85
74

4 0.0
40. 0
40. 0

98. 50
98. 00
99. 00

-

-

-

-

7
7

6
1
5

11

5
3
2

81
70
11

14
8
6

13
1
12

13
1
12

7
1
6

_
1

1
1

.

-

-

11
-

-

-

Tabulating-machine operators, class C ---------------------

55

40. 0

86. 00

.

.

_

_

1

1

2

28

11

7

5

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

Billers, machine (billing machine) ___________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________________
Public utilities 3 ________________________________

84
69
42

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

76. 50
76. 50
81. 50

-

-

-

6
6
4

23
22
2

4
4
-

29
15
14

2
2
2

9
9
9

8
8
8

!
1
1

2
2
2

-

~

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

Billers, machine (bookkeeping machine) _____________
Nonmanufacturing -------- -------------------------------- -----Retail trade ---------------------------------------------------------

72
51
42

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

77.00
72. 50
73. 50

_
-

_
-

4
4
-

1
1
1

23
19
19

12
12
10

4
4
2

9
7
6

8
4
4

4
-

_
-

7
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

-

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A ____________
Manufacturing ______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------

126
31
95

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

81. 50
89. 00
79. 00

_
-

_
-

_
-

10
10

21
1
20

10
10

16
16

23
13
10

12
7
5

17
17

6
6
-

_
"

4
4
-

7
7

_
_

_
_

_
_

.
_

-

-

-

-

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B ______ ____
Manufacturing ______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________ _____________ ___ ___
Retail trade ---------------------------------------------------------

516
70
446
64

40.
40.
39.
40.

0
0
5
0

67.
80.
65.
68.

50
50
50
00

10
10
-

11
11
-

79
79
12

143
4
139

103
3
100
34

61
11
50
6

58
12
46
9

14
11
3
2

15
15
-

15
14
1
-

_
-

7
7
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
_
-

_
_
_
-

Clerks, accounting, class A _ __________________ ___
Manufacturing ____________________________ ________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________________
Public utilities 3 ________________________________

411
54
357
152
89

40.
40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0
0

85. 50
98. 50
83.50
85.00
80. 00

_
-

_
-

1

8

-

-

1

73
2
71
31
8

43
2
41
19
6

62
5
57
40
4

95
7
88
47
13

34
29
5
4

3
1
2
2

6
6

-

19
19
6
3

5
1
4

-

41
41
1
36

16
5
11

-

8
2
5

_
_
_

5
2
3
.
3

.
_
_
_

44
-

-

Women

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




1

-

8

-

2

-

5
Table A-1. Office Occupation»-Men and Women—Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division« Seattle, Wash., August 1961)
A
vsbaqi
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of

NUM
BER O W
F ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM W
E EEKLY EARNINGS O —
F

W
eekly, W
eekly . *45.0^0 *50.00 *55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 *75.00 *80.00 *85.00 *90.00 *95.00 1*00.00 1*05.00 1*10.00 1*15.00 1*20.00 1*25.00 1*30.00
eerningi
“
"
■
■
"
■
"
‘
"
“
(8U
nderd) (S derd) under
tan
and
50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 over

Women— Continued

Retail trade ___________________________________

784
211
573
82
155

...j_9.5_ 1 5 76. 50
40.0
85.00
73.00
39.0
40.0
73.50
73.50
40.0

-

Clerks, file, class A 5 _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________

170
58

... 32-5_
39.0

85.00
76.50

.
“

Clerks, accounting, class B _________________________
Manufacturing __________ __________ ___________ ___
Nonmanufacturing ______ _________ _______________ __

_
Clerks, file, class B 5 ______________________ __ _
Manufacturing ____________ _______ ____________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________ ______

376
113
263

39.0
40.0
38.5

63.00
78.00
56.50

-

99
99

7
7
6

39
1
38
4
3

118
7
111
23
38

127
7
120
8
29

112
16
96
8
21

110
31
79
4
23

43
17
26
2
17

103
58
45
8
23

86
59
27
18
1

14
11
3
1

“

_
“

3
3

16
16

12
12

2
2

42
9

45
9

39
7

11
3

75
2
73

37
3
34

26
11
15

2

19

2

19

f9
49
10

45
37
8

8
8

3
3

57
.
57

41
4
37

39
29
10

17
6
11

2
.
2

7
_
7

_
_
-

-

29
2
27
27

14
14
8

58
27
31
5

45
3
42
4

16
4
12
-

43
19
24
24

7
4
3
1

84.00
85.00
83.00
78.50
84.00

1
.
1
_
-

8
2
6
5
-

42
21
21
2
3

17
7
10
1
1

33
16
17
8
2

51
8
43
4
30

24
7
17
2
9

19
— F—
13
2
3

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

81.00
86.50
78.50
76.50

1
1
-

15
1
14
1

61
.
61
39

37
7
30
5

77
25
52
18

50
7
43
6

93
48
45
26

37
27

39.5
39.0

61.00
58.00

9
9

-

6
6

2
2

18
8

2
2

.
-

.
-

Keypunch operators, class A 5 __________ ______
Manufacturing ______ ________.. ... .___
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________
Public utilities 3 _______________________________

271
153
118
29

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

81.00
84.50
76.50
84.50

-

16

7
7
-

3
2
1
-

17
13
4
-

19
5
14
5

40
10
30
6

63
54
9

-

16
-

Keypunch operators, class B 5 ______________ __ __
Manufacturing ______ __________ ____________ __
Nonmanufacturing ______________ _______________
Public utilities 3 ___________________ __ __ _ _
Retail trade ___________________________________

268
75
193
64
27

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

72.50
72.00
72.50
70.50
77.00

“

7
7
5
-

14
1
13
7
-

37
7
30
10
-

43
5
38
16
7

86
55
31
4
7

35
4
31
8
4

Office girls ____________ _______ ______________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________

130
114

40.0
40.0

57.00 - 1 1 ....
56.50 47

11
8

19
15

26
25

13
9

4
3

6
5

Clerks, file, class C 5 _______________________________
Manufacturing ___________________ ________ ____ ____
Nonmanufac tur ing _________ __________ ____________

232
43
189

-iiA
40.0
39.5

63.50
71.50
62.00

Clerks, order ___________________ _ _ __ __ __ _ _
Manufacturing ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________
Retail trade ___________________________________

227
72
155
69

40.0
40.0
40.0
. 40.0

78.50
84.50
75.50
74.00

Clerks, payroll _______ ________________ __________
Manufacturing ___ ______ ____________ ____________
Nonmanufacturing ______ ___________ ______________
Public utilities 3 ____________________ __________
Retail trade ____________________________ _______

253
101
152
27
53

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

Comptometer operators ______________________________
Manufacturing ____________ ___________________.....
Nonmanufacturing . . . . _____________________________
Retail trade ___________________________________

410
120
290
99

Duplicating-machine operators
(Mimeograph or Ditto) ______________________ _______
Nonmanufacturing ___ ____________________________

See footnotes at end of table,




41
_
41

.
-

3
3

25
4
21

14

_
_

_
_

_

_
_

_

14

-

3

11
4
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

;

.

■

.
_
-

_
_
-

1
1

.

■

_
-

_
-

7
5
2
-

5
5

.

10
34
4 — IT
6
13
1
2
2
3

5
4
1
-

_
-

49
16
33
4

16
5
11

10
10

.
_

1
1

-

-

.
-

_
-

.
-

-

44
36
8
7

38
26
12
6

19
5
14
5

1

15
3
12
4
3

12

15

4

12
6
3

15

4
4

_
"

-

_

_

.

2

_

_

l

-

3

_
-

.

1

-

-

5
1
4

_
_

-

-

-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

4
2
2

_
-

_
-

-

-

1

_
_
-

1
1

-

-

_
_
-

_
-

-

_

_

-

-

.

_
-

"

-

_

_

_
3
3

1
1

-

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry div isio n , Seattle, W ash., August 1961)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N u m b er

of

w orkers

W e e k ly ,
h o u rs 12
(S ta n da rd)

W e e k ly
earn in gs ‘
(S ta n da rd )

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

$
45.00 *50.00
and
under
50.00 55.00

^ 5.00

$
60.00

*65.00

*70.00

*75.00

*80.00

*85.00

*90.00

$
$
*95.00 foo.oo ?05.00 *10.00 115.00 ?20.00 125.00 130.00
and

60.00

65.00

70.00

75.00

80.00

85.00

90.00

95.00

100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00

over

Women— Continued
Secretaries —.............. ......................................... ......................
Manufacturing .......................................................................
Nonmanufacturing ................................................................
Public utilities 3 —------------------ -----------------------------4
Retail trade ------------------ ----------------------------------------

1, 463
854
609
162
66

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

$97.00
101.50
91.50
101.00
86.00

-

-

-

4
4
2

20
2
18
6
-

39
4
35
9
-

98
27
71
2
20

95
12
83
12
12

155
42
113
12
11

196
106
90
16
11

222
171
51
22
2

257
209
48
15
5

130
104
26
14
1

118
101
17
16
-

65
56
9
3
2

35
9
26
26
-

12
7
5
2
-

17
4
13
7
-

Stenographers, general5 _______________________________
Manufacturing _______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________
Public utilities 3 _________________________________

1,993
1,457
536
118

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

82.50
85.00
75.50
82.50

_
-

1
1
-

13
13
-

130
15
115
7

131
40
91
19

82
18
64
8

398
312
86
16

474
427
47
23

363
328
35
13

266
238
28
5

110
78
32
17

17
1
16
10

8
8
-

_
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

Stenographers, senior 5 -----------------------------------------------Manufacturing ................................... ................................—
Nonmanufacturing ...............................................................
Public utilities 3 --------------------------------------------------

214
30
184
43

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

83.00
90.50
82.00
93.00

_
-

_
-

7
7
-

_
-

_
“

25
3
22
-

68
8
60
9

40
40
3

27
1
26
10

16
5
11
3

2
2
-

11
6
5
5

15
3
12
12

3
2
1
1

_
-

_
-

_
'

_
-

Switchboard operators .............................................................
Manufacturing -------- -------------------------- -------------- ---------Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________
Public utilities 3 _________________________________
Retail trade ______________________________________

269
52
217
49
62

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

77.00
83.50
75.50
87.50
70.50

1
1
-

2
2
-

5
5
1

11
1
10
3

54
1
53
43

59
14
45
1
2

47
8
39
9
6

17
4
13
5
6

24
6
18
17
1

31
8
23
15
-

18
10
8
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

Switchboard operator-receptionists __________________
Manufacturing _______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ........................................... — ................
Public utilities 3 ................................ ............................
Retail trade .............................................. .......................

253
101
152
48
29

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

74.50
77.50
72.50
76.00
73.50

_
-

9
9
-

3
3
-

22
3
19
4
1

54
27
27
10
2

51
13
38
2
12

47
21
26
13
13

38
15
23
13
~

14
7
7
6
1

4
2
2
-

3
2
1
-

7
7
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

Tabulating-machine operators, class B ---------------------Manufacturing ................................... ................................ .
Nonmanufacturing ................................................... -....... —

87
41
46

39.5
40.0
39.5

89.50
94.50
85.00

_
~

_
-

_
“

_
-

_
-

5
5
-

21
3
18

3
3

9
1
8

13
1
12

22
21

2
2
-

3
2
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

1

9
6
3

-

_
-

Tabulating-machine operators, class C ..........................
Nonmanufacturing ________________________ ____ _____

61
57

39.0
39.0

69.00
67.50

.

.

6
6

7
6

5
4

3
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

6
6

_

-

7
7

_

“

27
27

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Transcribing-machine operators, general ......................
Nonmanufacturing ____________________ _____ ________

144
128

39.0
39.0

72.50
73.00

_

1
1

21
15

37
35

13
13

40
32

1
1

4
4

17
17

1
1

-

_

_

.

_

.

_

~

9
9

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

Typists, class A _______________________________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------- ----------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________
Public utilities 3 _________________________________

627
339
288
40

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

76.50
81.50
70.50
72.00

1
1
-

4
4
-

7
7
-

71
1
70
12

91
2
89
6

27
1
26
7

180
141
39
6

170
142
28
6

60
36
24
3

9
9
-

6
6
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

Typists, class B __________________________ ____ _______
Manufacturing _______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________
Public utilities 3 ............................................................
Retail trade .....................................................................

962
275
687
92
131

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

64.50
70.50
62.00
70.00
72.00

63
5
58
-

103
7
96
-

165
32
133
2
4

223
25
198
43
20

115
17
98
19
36

135
114
21
6
14

106
58
48
1
47

26
8
18
9
9

10
5
5
1
1

12

1
2
3
4
5

4

4

-

8
7

4
4

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s:
1 at $130 to ? 135; 6 at $135 to $140; 1 at $145 to $150; 1 at $150 to $155.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 2 at $ 145 to $ 150; 2 at $ 160 to $ 165.
D escrip tion fo r this job has been re v ise d since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




-

_

_

7
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations-Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Seattle, W ash., August 1961)
Aviragx
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N m er
u b
of
w rk rs
o e
—

—

NUMBER O W
F ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O —
F

$
$
W
eekly
Weekly, 75.00 80. 00
h
ours1
(S n a ) (S n a ) under
ta d rd
ta d rd
80.00 85. 00
—
—

$
85. 00
90.00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
90. 00 95. 00 100. 00 105. 00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140. 00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00
and
“
“
95. 00 100.00 105.00 n o . oo 115.00 120. 00 125.00 130. 00 135.00 140. 00 145.00 150. 00 155.00 160.00 over

Men
Draftsmen, leader _____________________________________
Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------

329
32 i

Draftsmen, senior _____________________________________
M anufacturing_____ ___ __ _____________ __ ________
Nonmanufacturing
. ___________ __________ _______
Public utilities 2 _________________________________

874
“ 795
84
26

Draftsmen, junior ______________________________________
Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------

40.0 $ 135.50
4 6.6
134.50
40.0
" 4 6 .6 40.0
4 0.0

112.00
110.50
126.50
116.00

507
442

40.0
46.6

88.00
64.66

72
60

40.0
40.0

100.50
102.50

.

.

-

*

-

-

3
3

3
3

-

-

-

-

■

“

■

“

116
116

.

_

_

.

.

.

-

_

“

~

■

~

"

120
126
— "TT6—
2
2
■

~ m

168
"■156
-

■

126
" TO "
14
14

224
224

67
66

31
£6

17
l

17
1

2
1

2
1

9
1

2
2

3
2

3
2

46
46

3
3

2
2

86
86

48
48

54
54

43
43

43
43

19
17

10
4
6

■

■

_

_

.

.

■

■

.

_

81
35
147
18
33
T39"' — 65“ ----- 23“ ------- g” — rr~
8
16
7
10
21
2
5
2
■
1
_
'

3
3

_
"

28
■

13
13

3
3

1

_

_

-

-

-

x ■

Nurses, industrial (registered) _________ ______________

.

2

1
1

_

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




1
1

_

3
3 •
“

.
-

Women

20
14

-

8
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations-Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Seattle, W ash., August 1961)

Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orker*

A
verage
w
eekly .
earn g* 1
in
(Standard)

B illers, machine (bookkeeping machine) .
Nonmanufacturing -------------- ....----------Retail trade .. ._ —
_ ______ _— -------Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A
Manufacturing ----------------------------- -----Nonmanufacturing ----------- ---------------- -

877. 50 Comptometer operators ----------— — ------------- — —
f 77766"
Nonmanufacturing — ________— ----- ----- — — —
82. 50
R Ata.il trad a _______________________________
77. 00
72
T T 7 W Duplicating-machine operators
... "5i ..
73. 50
42
Nonmanufacturing _____.. ... .__ _— ----- ----- .. ..—
81.50
127
31
89. 00
79.00
96
87

12

45

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B
Manufacturing ------------ -—— --------------Nonmanufacturing ____ ______________
Retail trade _____
—

516
70
446
64

C lerks, accounting, class A -----------------Manufacturing — ----—
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------- —
Public utilities 2 -------------------- ------Retail trade
— ------ -— .— . — ....

611
126
485
191
90

Clerks, accounting, class B ..— ----------...
Manufacturing --------------------- ------ -----Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------- Public utilities 2 ___
Retail trade ______________ —

814
2*4
580
89
155

C lerks, file, class A 3
Nonmanufacturing ..

170
88

Clerks, file, class B 3
Manufacturing ------Nonmanufacturing ..

379

Clerks, file, class C 3 ______
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Clerks, order --------------Manufacturing ----------Nonmanufacturing ----Retail trade --------C lerks, payroll ----------—
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ..
Public utilities 2
Retail trade -----

N ber
um
of
w er*
ork

A
verage
w ly ,
eek
earning*1
(S dard)
tan

Occupation and industry division

115

266
235

--------f f —

192
380
99
281
85
287
“ t! H

158
30
53

67. 50
Public utilities 2 _____ ____ ________— .. ...—
"W T H T
65. 50
68. 00 Keypunch operators, class B 3 _________— ----- -—
Manufacturing _____ _____________ ___— ----- -—
Nonmanufacturing .. ... .____ ____ — ___— ---------92. 50 |
106.5b
Public utilities 2 ___________________________
Retail trade
__ .....___,_____
88. 50
89.00
n
_
__ ____
80. 50 Offiea hoya arid girls
N^PTr^rtuf^turing
„
__ _
Public utilities2 ----- -------------- --------------------

77. 00
” 6F.'5<r
73. 50
75. 00
73. 50 Secretaries _______________ __..... ... ... ...__...... ..
M anufacturing_ —
_ ___________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____. . . ------------------- ------ -—
85.00 |
Public utilities 2 ___ _______________________
76. 56 I
I
Retail trade
63.00 1
78.66
56. 50 Stenographers, general3 -------------------------------------I
Manufacturing ..._ ,__»_ ,______ ,____________
_
_
Nonmanufacturing _ ____ ___
_
___ ._ ...._.
64. 00 I
PiiKKr ,iH1itiA«*
— 7 l. 66" I
62 ! 00
Stenographers, senior3 _________________________
90.50
Nfinmannfartiiring
..
9 2.00
Public utilities 2 __________________________
90.00
83.00
86.00
" 88". 50
84.00
81.00
84. 00

Switchboard operators — ----- -— ----- ---- ----------------Manufacturing _ _________ __________________ _
_
Nonmanufacturing .. ... ..----- .. ... .----------- ----------Public utilities 2 ___________________________
I
Ratai! trad a
_
_____

A
verage
w
eekly .
earning*1
(Standard)

410
ii o
290
99

$81.00 Switchboard operator-receptionists _______ _______
Manufacturing ____________ ____„________ ,-------- "■86756"
Nonmanufacturing _____________________— ----------78.50
Public utilities 2 ________ -___________________
76.50
Retail trade _____ __. . . ___ _____________ —

253
101
152
48
29

$74.
77.
72.
76.
73.

41
------ 31

62. 50 Tabulating-machine operators, class A ----------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------"“ 6 0 7

103
85

107.50
105. 50

50
50
50
00
50

Tabulating-machine operators, class B ----------------Manufacturing .. ... ... ... ... . .. . .. ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Nonmanufacturing
___
Public utilities 2 ______ ____________________

246
126
120
43

95.00
96. 50
93. 50
95. 50

272
154
118
29

81.00
— 84750
76. 50
84. 50

270

72.50

Tabulating-machine operators, class C ----------------Nonmanufacturing ______________________________

116
73

77.00
72. 00

194
64
28

72! 50 Transcribing-machine operators, general ------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________ — -----------70. 50
77. 50

144
128

72. 50
73.00

263
76
193
49

61.00 Typists, class A _________ _______________________
"6 0 7
Nonmanufacturing __ __________________________
59.00
Public utilities 2 --------------------------------------------68.00

627
339
288
40

76. 50
81. 50
70. 50
72.00

Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
Public utilities 2 ____________________________
Retail t r a d e ____„ __„ ____________ ___-_______

964
275
689
94
131

64. 50
70. 50
62.00
70. 50
72. 00

2,008
1,457
551
133

Professional and technical occupations
82. 50
85. 00
76.00 Draftsmen, leader ____________ . . ... ------ .. ..---- .. ...
Manufacturing
_ ___________________________
83. 00

349
341

135. 50
134756"

217
30
187
46

83. 50 Draftsmen, senior ----------- -------------------------------------Manufacturing __________________________________
90.50
Nonmanufacturing
_
_ ____ ______________
82. 00
Public utilities 2 _____________________________
94.00

946
862
84
26

112. 00
110.50
126. 50
116.00

284
52
232
49
62

Draftsmen, junior
.. ... .______. . .. .. .__.. ... ... .
76. 50
"" 6T. 67
75.00
87. 50 Nurses, industrial (registered) ----------- -----------------Manufacturing . . ... ..______. . ...__________________
70. 50

543
478

Typists, class B
1,466
854
612
165
66

97.00
101.56
91. 50
101. 50
86.00

Earnings are for a regular workweek for which employees receive their straight-time weekly salaries, exclusive of any premium pay.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Description for this job has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




N ber
um
of
w
orker*

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations
B illers, machine (billing machine) --------Nonmanufacturing -----------— ------------ Public utilities 2 — ---------------------—

Occupation and industry division

__________________ ______________

72
60

88.00
84.56"
100.50
102. 50

9
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Seattle, Wash., August 1961)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E B S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

Occupation and industry division

N u m b er
of
w orkers

A venge
h o u rly j
earn in gs

$

2.00
and
under
2.10

$

2.10

$

2.20

$

2.30
2.40

$

2.40
2.50

$

2.50

*2.60

2.60

2.70

*

2.70

$

2.80

*2.90

2.90

3.00

2.20

2.30

-

-

-

3
3
3

28
26
2
2

-

5
5
-

-

67
63
4
3

2.80

$

3.00

S

3.10

$

3.20

$

3.30

3.10

3.20

14
14
-

25
4
21
15

24
12
12
4

3
3
2

2
_
2
45
45
-

3.30

Carpenters, maintenance ___________________
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________
Public utilities 1 ______________________
2
3

173
124
49
29

$2.86
2.80
3.01
2.91

Engineers, stationary _______________________
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________

278
230
48

2.96
2.97
2.91

-•
-

_
-

_
-

3
3

21
20
1

3
3
-

16
16
-

27
16
11

70
60
10

29
17
12

21
21
-

_
-

41
30
11

Firem en, stationary boiler __________________
Manufacturing ____________________________

101
86

2.54
2.54

_
"

_
"

29
29

3
3

2
•

28
15

20
20

8
8

_
■

4
4

4
4

3
3

_

2.38
2.36

8
8

_

19
17

139
133

3.01
3.01

_

_

_

_

“

'

2.94
2.82
2.98
2.97

_
-

_
■

_
“

_
"

3
1
2
1

2.96
2.96

_

_

_

_

.

■

“

~

-

2.96
2.96

_

_

_

.

"

~

"

8
8

32
32

7
7

3.40

$

3.50

t

3.60

$

3.70
and
over

3.50

3.60

3.70

_
_
-

2
_
2
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

2
2
_

“

-

-

_

"

3.40

$

Helpers, maintenance trades _______________
Manufacturing _________ _________________
Machinists, maintenance ____________________
Manufacturing ____________________________
Mechanics, automotive (maintenance) _______
Manufacturing ___________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________
Public utilities2 ______________________
Mechanics, maintenance ____________________
Manufacturing ____________________________
Millwrights __________________________________
Manufacturing -------------------------------------------

228
213
210
201
506
128
378
290
448
442
94
94

-

41
41

6
4

7
7

5
3

.
-

3
-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

.
■

.

30
30

2
2

5
4

32
32

57
52

63
63

1
-

12
12

-

8
----- 1----

-

-

36
32
4
4

5
1
4
3

!
1

58
45
13
13

277
20
257
194

80
23
57
56

31
5
26
14

14
14
4

1
1
-

_
-

.
_

_
_
-

_
_
-

39
39

29
29

34
30

13
13

63
61

133
133

99
99

32
32

6
6

-

-

~

3
3

.

_
-

60
60

-

12
12

-

12
12

2
2

3
3

2

“

2

-

66
66

11
11

5
5

3
3

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

42
42

-

-

39
9

“

1

Oile r s _______________________________________
Manufacturing ____________________________

132
132

2.42
2.42

_

-

-

-

-

-

Painters, maintenance ----------------------------------Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________

90
62
28

2.97
2.93
3.07

_
-

_
"

_
-

.
-

2
2

1
1
-

_
-

_
_
-

44
42
2

4
3
1

2
_
2

34
15
19

3
1
2

_
_
-

Patternmakers, wood _______________________
Manufacturing ____________________________

53
53

3.57
3.57

"

_
■

_
”

_
"

_
“

_
■

_
■

_
“

_
~

.
“

_
-

_
-

11
11

_
-

_

_

-

-

Sheet-metal workers, maintenance _________
Manufacturing ____________________________

51
51

3.06
3.06

_
“

_

_

_

_

.

.

"

~

■

■

-

■

_
-

41
41

_
-

■

1
1

-

-

Tool and die makers _________________________
Manufacturing ____________________________

282
282

3.18
3.18

_

_

_

_

.

.

.

.

.

138
138

74
74

4
4

56
56

-

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 All workers were at $ 3.90 to $4.




7
7

3
3

.

10
Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Seattle, W ash., August 1961)
T-TIM HOURLY EARNINGS O
E
F—
NUMBER OF W
ORKEBS RECEIVING STttAIGH
Occupation1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
w rk
o ers

$
$
$
A
verage $
$
h u , 1.40
o rly
1.70 1. 80 1.90
1. 50 S1.60
ea in s
rn g
and
under
1.60 1.70 1.80 1-90 2.00
1.50

105
105
54

$1.68
1.68
1.62

2
2
2

"

67
67
49

35
35
3

358
318
40

2.40
2.43
2. 17

■

2
2

5
5

2
2

1.386
597
789
111
166

1.99
2. 12
1.89
2.10
1.88

2
2
2
-

_
-

10
10
4
6

567
483
51

1.82
1.78
1.70

2
1

9
9
7

Laborers, material handling _______________
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______ _____ — Public utilities 3 --------------------------------Retail trade --------------------- — — —

1.740
862
878
336
181

2.45
2. 35
2. 55
2. 54
2.42

-

Order fillers _ _ -------------- ----- -----Manufacturing -------- ------------ ----- ---------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------Retail trade ----------------------------------------

1.034
190
844
99

2.49
2. 58
2.47
2. 55

_
-

_
Packers, shipping (men) _ ____
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------

161
104
57

2.32
2. 21
2. 52

_
~

Packers, shipping (women) _________________

102

2. 14

Receiving clerks -______ ________________-____
Manufacturing __________________ _
Nonmanufacturihrg _ ----------- — ----- __
Retail trade __________________________

465
323
142
63

2. 37
2.29
2. 54
2. 52

Shipping clerks --------------------------- ----------------Manufacturing ___________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________

143
70
73

2.61
2. 54
2.68

snipping and receiving c l e r k s ----------------------Manufac turing ______ _______________ ____
Nonmanufacturing_ _________ .= -— -----_
----

127
77
50

2. 62

Elevator operators, passenger (w om en)------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------Retail trade -------------------------------------------

Nonmanufacturing ----------- ------------ — . .
Janitors, porters, and cleaners (m e n )--------Manufacturing ________________________ _____
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------Public utilities3 _ ---- ------------------------Retail trade ____ - -----------------------------Janitors, porters, and cleaners
(women) __ __ __ ___________ ___________ Nonmanufacturing _ --------- ------- ------------

Retail trade _ ----

— ------ — — —

See footnotes at end of table,




2. 54
2.42

_

-

-

_
_
-

$
$
$
$
2. 10 $2. 20 $2. 30 2.40 2.50
2. 00
2. 10

2. 20

_
-

_
-

_
-

2.50

2.60

•

1
■

"

"

~

■

-

3
3

5
5

11
11
■

"

24
18
6

7
7
"

265
257
8

_219
16
203
4
66

238
8
230
3
46

364
182
182
1
10

236
166
70
28
21

79
27
52
48
-

80
65
15
12

81
73
8
2
6

26
26
24

376
376
15

24
24

99
42
3

1
1
1

30
4

-

3

69
68
1
1

23
12
11
1
10

8
3
5
1
4

321
320
1
1

149
88
61

-

29

_
_

_
-

17
17

5

-

5

6
6

14
14

■

“

5

-

-

3
3

-

-

_
_
■

_
22
22

-

1
!
1
1

_
_
■

15

_
-

2 .70

2. 80

2 .90

3. 00

26
23
3

8
2
6

■

72
58
14
5
9

3
3
2
1

_
-

_
-

-

-

_

_

_

_

"

—
"

_

■

-

~

■

94
39
55
21
34

237
184
53
16
37

360
29
331
182
45

281
15
266
109

368
29
339
3

52
30
22
13

449
30
419
71

64
9
55
12

5
5

35
29
6

23
12
11

48
10
38

37

_

20

14

49
47
2
2

219
219

29
1
28

_
~

6
6

19
19

■

"

-

1

"

-

_
-

2
2

_
-

!
-

2
-

2
-

2
-

2
-

1

2

2

2

2

-

$
2.9 0

-

-

4
4

$
2. 80

"

4

_
-

$
2.70

“

7

2
2

2.40

•

3

_
_

2. 30

$2. 60

-

-

-

_

-

-

$
$
$
3. 10 3. 20 3 .30
and
lxlJL 3. 20 .. 3-^.liL ...over..

$
3. 00

"

"

“

-

■

-

-

■

■

“

_
-

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

_

-

-

5
5

66
66

30
30

-

-

-

'
_

-

-

-

23
1
22

70
2
68

-

-

-

22

-

7
5
2

72
70
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

8
6
2

_
”

_
-

_
■

_
“

_
“

_
■

_
■

_
■

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

18
3
15
12

66
28
38
28

29
8
21
13

29
4
25
3

13
7
6

-

5
4
1
1

2
2

3
1

25
8
17

19
7
12

43
24
19

15
1
14

_
-

28
12
16

9

33
29
4

25
20
5

7
6
1

7
3
4

4
4

“

2

-

9

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

4
3
1

5
1
4

_
■

_

2

_

-

-

-

2

_
~
3
3

11
Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Seattle, W ash., August 1961)
NUMBER 07 WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS O —
F
hu ,
o rly

Occupation1 and industry division
2

T

kd

4

Manufacturing — — ------- . . . ------ . .
Nonmanufacturing . ------- ------------ _. —
Public utilities3 _
4
------- - . ---------------Retail trade . ._ ------------ . . - . -

2, 209
530
1,679
1,006
255

$2. 81
2.92
2.78
2.67
2.98

Truckdrivers, light (under IV 2 t o n s ) -------Nonmanufacturing ____ __________________

73
58

Truckdrivers, medium (IV 2 to and
including 4 t o n s ) --- -------------- -----------------—
Manufacturing ------------- --------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____ ___ ______ ____— . . .
Public utilities 3 _____________________

* 1. _
50
“
under
1.50 1.60
1.40

"

-

2. 50
2.44

_

_

656
152
504
460

2.70
2.88
2.65
2.62

"

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
trailer type)
___
. ---------------Manufacturing _
----------------- -----------Nonmanufacturing ------ — ---Public utilities3 _____ _______________

681
76
605
188

2.91
3.01
2.89
2.65

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than trailer type) _____________ _____
Manufacturing _____________________ —— . .
Nonmanufacturing __________ . . . . ------- ------

215
52
163

-

.
-

■

•

2.94
2.96
2.93

$
$ ,
2. 50 2.60
“
■
2.60 2. 70

$
2.70
"
2.80

$
2.80
“
2 .9 0

330
1
329
327
2

22
21
1
1
-

551
5
546
546
-

415
244
171
49
44

619
185
434
2
126

67
23
44
4
40

13
4
9

12
12

!

8
1

-

12
8

3
-

7
5
2
2

71
5
66
66

180
_
180
178

13
13
-

215
5
210
210

88
54
34
-

137
1
136
136

_
-

_
_
_

-

2. 30
■
2. 40

2.40
2.50

1
-

43
5
38
10
-

84
6
78
66
12

1
-

36
36

-

.

.

.

_

.

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

"

- •

-

5
5
-

-

•

"

-

•

■

“

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

■

~

-

■

-

■

-

~

”

1
1
■

.
•

.
-

.
-

.
•

.
-

.
-

1
1
“

44
44
-

215
206
9

139
139
-

34
34

-

-

-

-

-

21
21

-

71
67

18
18

52
52

.

4
3

1

- 9
9

21
21

37
37

6

5

1
1

"

2. 54
2.46
2.75

___

163
158

2.42
2.41

.

86
71

2. 17
2. 16

.

-

.

2

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




5
5
-

2. 20
■
2 .30

-

744
521
223

1
2
3
4

2. ~
2. 00 K 10
■
2. 10 2.20

-

Truckers, power (forklift) . . . __ . . . ._
Manufacturing ________________________ _____
Nonmanufacturing _______ _________ __ _______

W atchm en______________________________________
Manufacturing _____ . . ._ ._ ______ ____

$
$
„
* „
1.70 1. 80 1.90
~
■
“
1.80 1.90 2.00

-

.
-

Truckers, power (other than forklift) __
Manufacturing
______ _ __

1. 60
"
1.70

1

“

$
2 .90
■
3 .00

$
3.00
~

$
3. 10

$
3.20
"

$
3.30
and
over

9

35
30
5
1
4

24
_
24
_
18

-

-

-

-

37
33
4
2

13
11
2
2

_
_
_

21
21
_

-

-

6
_
6
-

433
56
377
-

7
5
2
2

8
_
8

-

64
5
59
49

14
9
5
1

18
_
18
-

1
1
■

■

70
70

103
50
53

40
40

-

_
-

_
_

-

-

82
40
42

153
47
106

59
_
59

6
_
6

6
6
-

_
-

4
4
-

1
_
1

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-




13

Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau's last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year's bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.
The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.




15

Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety o f payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, 'and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Billert machine (billing machine)—
Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— ses a bookkeeping
U
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.



Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

16

CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.



CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

17

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class 4 —
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRE T ARY—
Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from genera)
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

18

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabula ting-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some-wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B—
Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

19

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina•
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicant^
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in goodrepair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter required rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




20

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance elctricians requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working

21
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties o f the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the -plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces o f mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, die work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

22

PIPE FITTE R , MAINTENANCE—
Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

ana fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.




23

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing; Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work involves: A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers9 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




24

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse., manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver,* medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
* U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1961 0 — 618772


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102