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Occupational Wage Survey

WICHITA, KANSAS
SEPTEM BER 1960

Bui etin No. 1285-9




U N ITED STATES D EPA RTM EN T O F

LA BO R

Ja m e s P. M itchell, Secretary
B U R EA U O F LA BO R STATISTICS
E w a n C lag u a, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




WICHITA, KANSAS
SEPTEMBER 1960

B u lle t in N o . 1 2 8 5 - 9
November I960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington 25, D.C. - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

P age
The C om m u n ity W age S u rvey P r o g r a m

T a b le s :




E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e of s u r v e y ---------------------

2

A:

O ccu p a tion a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffice o c c u p a t i o n s ------ —-----------------------------------------------------------A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s ---------- ---------------------A - 3. M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a t io n s -----------------------------A - 4. C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s -------------------

B:
This r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o ffic e in C h ic a g o , 111. , b y W o o d ro w C . L in n , u n der the
d ir e c tio n o f G e o rg e E. V ota v a , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r
fo r W ages and In d u stria l R e la tio n s .

1.

m vo r-

The B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics r e g u la r ly con du cts
a r e a w id e w age s u r v e y s in a n u m b er of im p orta n t in d u stria l
c e n t e r s . The s tu d ie s, m a de fr o m la te fa ll to e a r ly sp rin g ,
r e la te to o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d su p p lem en ta ry
b e n e fit s . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in e a ch a r e a , u su a lly in the m on th fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied . T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s ad d ition a l
data not in clu d ed in the e a r lie r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly tica l b u lle tin su m m a r iz in g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the
y e a r 's su r v e y s is is s u e d a fte r c o m p le tio n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lle tin fo r the c u r r e n t round o f s u r v e y s .

1

In trod u ction

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age
p r o v is io n s :*
B -l.
Shift
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ---------B -2 . M inim u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o ffic e

8

workers ------------------------------— ------------ — --------- --------------B - 3.
B - 4.
B - 5.
B -6 .

A p p en d ix:

9

S ch edu led w e e k ly h ou rs — ------------------- ----------------------------- -----P aid
h o lid a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------P aid
v a c a t i o n s ------------------------------------------------------------------H ealth, in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n plans ----------------------------------

9
10

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip t i o n s ----------------------

* N O T E : S im ila r tabu lation s fo r th ese and oth er ite m s a r e
a v a ila b le in the r e p o r t s f o r su r v e y s in oth er m a jo r a r e a s .
A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g date o f study and the p r ic e o f the r e ­
p o r ts , is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.
U nion s c a l e s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls ,
a r e a ls o a v a ila b le fo r s e v e n s e le c t e d b u ild in g tra d es in the
W ich ita a r e a .

n
13

15




Occupational W age Survey—Wichita, Kans.
Introduction
T h is a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p orta n t in d u stria l c e n te rs in
w hich the U. S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r s B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistic s has
con d u cted s u r v e y s o f occu p a tio n a l earn in g s and r e la te d w age ben efits
on an a re a w id e b a s is . In this a r e a , data w e re obtain ed by p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p re s e n ta tiv e esta b lish m en ts
w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s :
M an u factu rin g; tr a n s p o r t a t io n ,1
co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le tr a d e ; r e ta il
tra d e ; fin a n ce , in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in ­
d u stry g rou p s e x clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a re g ov ern m en t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u str ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts having
fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m ber o f w o r k e r s a r e om itted a ls o b e c a u s e
th ey fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t em p loy m en t in the occu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r ­
ran t in clu s io n . W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , se p a ra te tabu lation s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r ea ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h e se s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv e y in g a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts. To obtain
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied. In com b in in g the data, h ow ­
e v e r , a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a re g iven th e ir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t. E s tim a te s
b a se d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts stud ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , as r e ­
latin g to a ll e sta b lish m en ts in the in d u stry grou p in g and a r e a , e x ­
ce p t f o r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stud ied.
O ccu p a tion s and E arn in gs
The occu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a re co m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u factu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tion a l c l a s ­
s ific a tio n is b a se d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to
take a ccou n t o f in te r e sta b lish m e n t v a r ia tio n in du ties w ithin the sa m e
jo b . (See appendix f o r lis tin g o f th e se d e s c r i p t i o n s .) E a rn in gs data a r e
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b les) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p es o f o c c u p a ­
tion s: (a) O ffic e c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c) m a in te ­
n ance and p o w e rp la n t; and (d) cu s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m ov em en t.

la te s h ifts.
N on p rod u ction b on u ses a r e ex clu d ed a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b on u ses and in ce n tiv e earn in g s a r e in clu d ed .
W h ere w eek ly
h ou rs a r e r e p o r te d , as fo r o ffic e c le r i c a l o ccu p a tio n s, r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o rk sch e d u le s (rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) f o r w hich
s t r a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s a r e pa id ; a v e ra g e w eek ly ea rn in gs f o r th ese
occu p a tio n s have been rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
A v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f m en and w om en a r e p r e s e n te d se p a r a te ly
f o r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s in w hich both s e x e s a r e co m m o n ly em p loyed .
D iffe r e n c e s in p a y le v e ls o f m en and w om en in th ese occu p a tio n s a re
la r g e ly due to (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong
in d u str ie s and e sta b lis h m e n ts; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the occu p a tio n s a r e a p p ro p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d within
the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in len gth o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w when in dividu al s a la r ie s a r e ad ju sted on this b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ould r e s u lt in h igh er a v e r a g e pay
when both s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ithin the sa m e rate ran ge.
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese su r v e y s a re u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in dividu al e sta b lish m en ts to
a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong esta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific duties
p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p a tion a l em p loy m en t estim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in a ll
e sta b lish m en ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b er a c tu ­
a lly su r v e y e d . B e c a u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re am ong
e s ta b lis h m e n ts, the e stim a te s o f o ccu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t obtain ed
fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lish m en ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the
r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied.
T h ese d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tion a l s tru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in gs data.
E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en tary W age P r o v is io n s

In form a tion is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c te d e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry b en e fits as they r e ­
la te to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
The te r m " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u sed
O ccu p a tion a l em p loy m en t and e a rn in g s data a r e show n f o r
in this b u lletin , in clu d es w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th o se h ir e d to w ork a r e g u la r w eek ly s c h e d ­
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d fu n ction s, and e x clu d e s a d m in ­
u le in the g iv en o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in gs data ex clu d e
is tr a tiv e , e x e cu tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. "P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w ork on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
clu d e w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o rk e r s (in clu din g le a d m en and tr a in e e s ) en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n ction s.
A d m in istra tiv e ,
e
1
R a ilr o a d s , fo r m e r l y ex clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f th ese stu d ie s,x e cu tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e -a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
e m p lo y e e s who a r e u tiliz e d as a s e p a r a te w ork fo r c e a r e ex clu d ed .
w e r e in clu d ed in a ll o f the a r e a s stu d ied s in c e Ju ly 1959, e x ce p t
C a fe te r ia w o rk e r s and rou tem en a re e x clu d e d in m a n u factu rin g in d u s­
B a ltim o r e , B u ffa lo, C levela n d , and S ea ttle.
R a ilr o a d s a r e now in ­
t r ie s , but a r e in clu d ed as plant w o r k e r s in n onm an ufacturin g in d u str ie s .
clu d ed in the s c o p e o f a ll la b o r -m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s .




2

Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in W ichita, Kans. ,
M in im u m
em p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in scope
o f study

In d ustry d iv isio n

N u m b er of e sta b lish m e n ts
W ithin
scope o f
study3

__

50

179

__ __ ____
_
_ _
_ ________ _
M an ufactu ring _____________ _____
N on m an ufactu ring ____________ __________________ ______ _ _ _____
_
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other
public u tilitie s 3 ___ ___________________ ___________________________
W h o le sa le tra d e ____________________________________________ ________
R e ta il tra d e
___ _____________ __
_
_
____ __ ____________
F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l estate ______________________ ___
S e r v ic e s 7 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

50
50

59

A l l d iv isio n s

_____________

__

___

__ —_ ____

_ ____

_____

50
50
50
50
50

by m ajor industry division, 2 September I960

120
24
14
59

1
1
1
2

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts
W ithin scop e o f study

Studied

Studied
T o t a l4

68

5 5 ,1 0 0

24
44

3 9 ,4 0 0
1 5 ,7 0 0

13
5
15
5

6 ,7 0 0
1 ,4 0 0

6

5 , 300

1,100

1,200

O ffic e

P lant

T o t a l4
4 5 ,6 7 0

1 3 ,1 0 0

3 1 ,7 0 0

10,000

21,900

3 , 100

9 ,8 0 0

900

0

(J)
(?)
( 6)

3 ,0 0 0
(?)
(?)
(?)
( 6)

3 5 ,9 5 0
9 ,7 2 0
4 ,4 9 0
46 0
3 ,2 1 0

900

660

1 The Wichita Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (Sedgwick County).
The "w orkers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of
the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other area employment indexes to measure
employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments
are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
Major changes from the earlier edition (used in the
Bureau's labor market wage surveys conducted prior to July 1958) are the transfer of m ilk pasteurization plants and ready-m ixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or retail) to
manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting from services to the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the m inim um -size limitation.
A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair
service, and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the series A and B tables.
Separate presentation of data for this division is not made
for one or more of the following reasons:
(1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to permit separate
presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and architectural services.




3
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (table B - l ) a r e lim ite d to m a n u factu rin g
in d u str ie s .
This in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in te r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lish m en t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f tota l plant w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m en t, and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s is o f w o rk e r s
a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the su rv e y .
In e sta b lish m en ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount applying to
a m a jo r ity w as u sed o r , if no am ount a p p lied to a m a jo r ity , the c l a s ­
s ific a tio n " o t h e r " w as u sed .
In esta b lish m en ts in w hich s o m e la t e sh ift h ou rs a r e p a id at n o rm a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n tia l was r e c o r d e d on ly
if it a p p lied to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift h o u rs.
M inim u m en tra n ce ra tes (table B -2 ) r e la te on ly to the e s t a b ­
lish m en ts v is ite d .
T h ey a r e p r e s e n te d on an esta b lis h m e n t, ra th er
than on an em p loy m en t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and
health, in su r a n ce , and p e n sio n plans a r e tre a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the
b a s is that th ese a r e a p p lica b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a ­
jo r it y o f .such w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y even tu a lly q u a lify f o r the
p r a c t ic e s lis te d . Sch edu led h ou rs a r e tre a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is
that th ese a r e a p p lica b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r ity
a re c o v e r e d . 3 B e c a u se o f rounding, su m s o f in dividu al item s in th ese
tabu lation s m a y not equ al to ta ls .
The f ir s t p a rt o f the pa id h olid a ys ta ble p r e s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r o f w hole and h a lf h olid a ys a ctu a lly p r o v id e d .
The s e c o n d p a rt
c o m b in e s w hole and h a lf h olid a ys to show total h olid a y t im e .

D ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n
plans fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b orn e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
e x cep tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ire m e n ts su ch as w o r k m e n 's co m p e n sa tio n ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such plans in clu d e th ose
u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in su ra n ce com p a n y and th ose p r o v id e d
th rough a union fund o r p a id d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r re n t
op e ra tin g funds o r fr o m a fund se t a s id e f o r this p u rp o s e .
D eath
b en efits a r e in clu d ed as a fo r m o f life in su ra n ce .
S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce is lim ite d to that type o f in ­
su ra n ce u n der w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a sh p a ym en ts a r e m ade d ir e c t ly
to the in su r e d on a w eek ly o r m on th ly b a s is du rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch plans to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s.
H o w e v e r, in N ew Y o rk and N ew J e r s e y , w hich
have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in su r a n ce law s w hich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 plans a r e in clu d ed on ly if the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
trib u tes m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ire d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the re q u ire m e n ts o f the law . T abu lations
o f p a id s ic k -le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l plan s 5 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll pa y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's pay du rin g a b s e n ce fr o m w ork
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S ep arate tabu lation s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
(1) .plans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y and no w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) plans
p r o v id in g e ith e r p a r tia l pay o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In a d dition to the
p r e se n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n du plicated tota l is
show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both types o f b e n e fits .

The su m m a ry o f v a ca tion plans is lim ite d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m en ts, ex clu d in g in fo rm a l plans w h ereb y tim e o ff w ith pa y is gra n ted
at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep arate e stim a te s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com pu tin g v a ca tio n p a y m en ts, su ch
as tim e p a y m en ts, p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s, o r fla t -s u m am ou n ts.
H ow ev er, in the tabu lation s o f v a ca tio n a llo w a n ce s , p a ym en ts not on
a tim e b a s is w e re c o n v e rte d ; f o r ex a m p le, a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual earn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as the eq u ivalen t o f 1 w e e k 's pay.

C a ta strop h e in s u r a n ce , s o m e tim e s r e fe r r e d to as exten ded
m e d ic a l in s u r a n ce , in clu d es th o se p la n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v olv in g e x p e n s e s beyon d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s.
M e d ic a l in su ra n ce r e fe r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le te o r p a r tia l
p a ym en t o f d o c to r s* fe e s . Such plans m a y b e u n d erw ritten b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in su ra n ce co m p a n ie s o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y be
s e lf-in s u r e d . T abu lation s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n sio n plans a r e lim ite d to
th ose plans that p r o v id e m on th ly p a ym en ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life .

2 * An esta b lish m en t w as c o n s id e r e d as having a p o lic y if it m et
e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g con d itio n s: (1) O p era ted late sh ifts at the tim e
o f the su r v e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g late sh ifts.
3 S ch edu led w eek ly h ou rs f o r o ffic e w o r k e r s (fir s t s e c tio n o f
ta ble B -3 ) in su r v e y s m ade p r io r to July 1957 w e re p r e s e n te d in
te r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o ffic e s
w ith the in d ica ted w eek ly h ou rs f o r w om en w o r k e r s .

4 The te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y law s in C a lifo r n ia and R hode Islan d
do not r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s.
5 A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as having a fo r m a l pla n i f
it e s ta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er o f da ys o f s ic k le a v e that
cou ld be e x p e cte d by e a c h e m p lo y e e . Such a plan n eed n ot b e w ritten ,
but in fo r m a l s i c k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u al b a s is ,
w e re e x clu d e d .




4

A* Occupational Earnings
Tab le A -l. O ffic e O ccup ations
(A v e r a g e str a ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and ea rn ings fo r se le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by in du stry d ivision , W ich ita, K a n s. , S ep tem b er I960)

Avkbaqx
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w rk
o ers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

$
$
35. 00 40. 00
W
eekly,
W
eekly
h rs 1 earnings
ou
and
(S d
tan ard) (S d ) under
tan ard
,4Q Q 45. 00
,..Q

1

$
45. 00

$
50. 00

*
$
55. 00 60. 00

65. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

*85. 00

50 .0 0

55. 00

60. 00 65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

$
$
$
S
90. 00 95. 00 1*00. 00 105.00 n o . oo
95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00

and
over

Men
00
50
00
00

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

40. 0

74. 50

_

_

_

5

_

_

7

_

45
33

40. 0
40. 0

65. 50
66. 50

-

3
3

4
1

3
2

3
2

10
6

4
4

Tabulating-machine operators, class B --------- ,--------------

81

40. 0

89. 00

_

_

_

_

_

_

Tabulating-machine operators, class C ------------------------

70

40. 0

75. 50

1

4

B illers, machine (billing machine) -------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________- _________________________

35
25

40. 0
40. 0

60. 50
61. 50

_

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B _____________
Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing — T
— --------------------------------- ---------

168
29
139

40. 0
40. 5
40. 0

55. 50
66. 00
53. 00

Clerks, accounting, class A -------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________

97
43
54

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

Clerks, accounting, class B ____________________________
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------- ---------------Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________
Public utilities 2 ------------------------------------------------------

109
51
58
26

40.
40.
40.
40.

Clerks, file, class B ____________________________________
Manufacturing ---------- — ------- ---- --------------------- — —
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------

62
27
35

C lerks, payroll __________________________ _________________

C lerks, accounting, class A -------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------- -— ----------,------------ ------------------Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________
Public utilities 2 --------------------------- __ ------------ —

60
26
34
27

40.
40.
40.
40.

C lerks, accounting, class B ____________________________

32

Office boys ---------- ------------ --------------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------------- ,-------

0
0
0
0

$94.
93.
94.
97.

17
3
14
11

4
4
-

-

5
2
3
-

9

4

1

6
6

6
5

3
2

2
2

1
-

-

_

5

6

4

27

24

11

4

5

5

27

17

7

6
6

_

_

_

_

-

4
4

.

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

15
13
2
2

11
3
8
8

5

1

_

4
_
4
4

2
_
2
2

-

-

-

4

.

Women
12
12

1
1

5
1

5
1

1
-

_

1
-

_

-

_
-

9

43
8
35

39
39

13
5
8

4
2
2

7
6
1

11
7
4

_

9

41
41

-

1
1
-

84. 00
91 .5 0
78. 00

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

10
10

7
1
6

7
3
4

13
1
12

14
10
4

11
11
-

18
12
6

10
5
5

_
-

-

5
5

-

-

71.
78.
64.
78.

00
00
50
00

_
-

_
-

19
3
16
-

8
3
5
1

6
6
1

7
7
3

9
4
5
2

7
5
2
2

6
5
1
1

22
11
11
11

15
15
-

6
5
1
1

4
4
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

57. 50
66. 50
50. 50

9
9

3
3

12
3
9

12
4
8

1
1

5
4
1

_
"

11
10
1

2
2

3
3
~

1
1
-

3
3

_
-

_
-

_
_

-

_
-

-

-

78

40. 0

83. 50

_

_

1

_

3

1

6

4

14

16

13

4

9

3

1

3

Comptometer operators __ __________________
__ __
Nonmanufacturing --------- --------------------------------- ---------

92
42

40. 0
40. 0

72. 00
68. 00

-

-

9
9

3
3

6
3

1
1

16
8

22
2

13
6

9
3

1
-

9
7

2
-

1
-

-

-

Keypunch operators ---------- — ------------ ------------ --------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------

208
34

40. 0
40. 0

79. 50
69. 50

_

_

15
7

35
3

15
-

54
2

32
8

_

_

_

_

-

10
6

39

-

4
4

_

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

________________________________________________

49

40. 0

54. 00

_

5

22

5

3

1

_

10

2

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

Secretaries ------------ -----------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------ ------------ ------------ --------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------- --------------------------Public utilities 2 ------------------------------------------------------

596
441
155
45

40.
40.
40.
40.

89.
94.
76.
85.

-

-

1
1
-

7
7
-

12
12
-

14
14
-

21
3
18
5

22
13
9
-

47
16
31
5

41
19
22
18

104
87
17
2

81
76
5
2

129
115
14
8

73
71
2
2

26
26
-

18
15
3
3

Stenographers, general

560

40. 0

81. 50

_

_

_

1

21

12

23

30

84

193

86

105

3

2

_

.

99
29
70

4 1 .0
40. 0
4 1 .0

57. 50
74. 50
50. 50

3 24

7
3
4

2

21
1
20

3
1
2

1

-

17
5
12

6
5
1

4
3
1

8
5
3

6
6

-

-

-

-

Office girls

-------------------------------- -------------------

Switchboard operators ---------------- ----------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------- ---------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table,




0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

50
00
50
00

-

-

24

-

2

-

1

"

-

5

T a b le A-1. O ffic e O ccup atio n s-C o ntin u ed
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Wichita. Kans. , September I960)
Avbbaqx

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G S T R A I G H T -T I M E W E E K L Y E A R N I N G S O F -

$

N um ber

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

!

W eek ly j

(Standard)

workers

(Standard)

W eek ly

hours

35. 00

and
tinder
4 0 . 00

4 0 . 00

$
55. 00
-

$

-

50. 00

55. 00

60 . 00

6 5 .0 0

_

$

4

7

4

$

-

4 5 . 00
-

4 5 . 00

s
50. 00

$

$

$

$

6 5 . 00
*

$
7 0 . 00
-

S
75 . 00

-

8 0 . 00
-

7 0 . 00

60 . 00
-

7 5 . 00

8 0 .0 0

8 5 . 00

13

_

2

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

1
2

2
1

8

_

_

6

7

27

8 5 . 00
90 . 00

$

90. 00

9 5 .0 0

t
95. 00
-

s

100.00 105. 00
-

100.00 1 0 5 .0 0

-

s

n o . oo
and

n o . oo over

W omen— Continued
45

Switchboard operator-receptionists
Transcribing-machine operators, g e n e r a l____________
Typists, class A

________________________________________

Typists* class B __ ________ ____ ___ _ _
____*____
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________ ,__

3 9 .5

$ 6 9 . 00

_

2

27

40. 0

55. 50

_

4

5

4

_

_

9
7

45

87

40. 0

7 2 . 50

_

175
107

40. 0
40. 0

61. 00

.

t o

t

~ 4 2 ----

7

3

1

2
0

38
33 —

14

1
1
8

6
1
8
6

n—

4

3

----?----

1

6
4

15

4

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes 12 workers at $ 30 to $ 35.




T a b le A -2. Professional and Techn ical O ccup ations
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Wichita, Kans. , September I960)
A vm uaa

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber
of
workers

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G S T R A I G H T -T I M E W E E K L Y E A R N I N G S O F —
S

W eek ly j
hours
(Standard)

W eek ly j
(Standard)

75. 00
and
under
80. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00

100.00

105. 00

n o . oo

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00

100.00

105. 00

n o . oo

1 1 5 .0 0

20
20

7
7

-

_

9
8

7
5

2
1

8
8

3
2

_

5
5

5
5

8
8

14
14

1
1

Men
Draftsmen, junior
_____ _______________________________
Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------

55
51

40. 0
40. 0

$ 9 2 . 50
92 .0 6

2
2

36
35

4 0 .0
40. 0

100. 50
101. 00

_

Women
N u rses, industrial (registered)
Manufacturing

__ ___ __

_ ____ „

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.

_

_
_

_
_

6
Table A-3. Maintenance apd Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Wichita, Kans. , September, I960)
NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccupation and in du stry d ivision

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Avenge
hourly ,
earnings

Under

$
1 .9 0

C a r p e n te r s , m ain tenan ce --------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------------

55
51

$ 2 . 53
2. 58

E le c t r ic ia n s , m aintenance ------------------------------------M anufacturing -------------------------------------------------------

90
84

2. 79
2779

68

$

2. 00

2. 10

$
2. 20

2. 10

2. 20

2 .3 0

-

“

~

"

_

2. 55

E n g in e e r s, s t a t io n a r y __________ __________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------------

M e ch a n ic s, autom otive (m a in te n a n c e )---------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------------------P ublic u tilitie s 2 ---------------------------------------------

--------5F " ...27 5 0 "'
178

65
113
108

2.
2.
2.
2.

58
55
60
60

3

“

-

-

_

-

_
“

P ip e fitte rs, m a in te n a n c e ___________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________________________

26
26

2. 81
2. 81

T ool and die m a k e r s ________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------------

266
266

2 .9 1
2 .9 1




_

2

2

1
1

_

_

_

■

“

4
4
-

_

.

.

_

-

-

_

.

_

■

.

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Transportation, communication, and other; public utilities.

$
2 .9 0

3 .0 0

2 .9 0

3. 00

3. 10

9

~

4
3

15
15

49
45

18

1

_

rs

“

-

31
31
28

2
2

■

78
27
51
51

18
18
18

—

_
.

$

2. 80

9

24
24
-

10
10
-

“
_

■

-

$

1
1

13
11

■

2 .7 0

11
11

3

------- ? — — n —

$

2 .8 0

12

11
11
11

2. 64
2. 6 l

28

13
13

2. 60
2 .7 0

4

_

25

P a in te r s, m aintenance ------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------- ----------------

2. 60

12
12

$

13
13

■

2

2. 50

1
1

2

------ 2—

2. 50

_

'

“

$

■

3

.

2. 40

j

■

2. 71

104
87

2 .4 0

$

1

■

~

2. 30

_

_

•

-

$

•

_
_

” 2772"

M e ch a n ic s, m aintenance ---------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------------------

$

S

1 .9 0
and
under
2 .0 0

■

17
17

“

3
3

23
8

19
19

5
5

2

8

.

1
1

15

— F5—

_

3

■

5

6
6

7
7

6
6

11
11

32
32

.
74
74

3. 20
and

3. 20

ove r

~

~

2
1

2

3

1
1

1
1

5

6
6

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

■

■

-

5

3

----- 2----- ------ 2—

----- §----_
-

22

.

-~T L-----

-

_

3

$
3. 10

4
4

_

8

11
11

3

2

2
1

2

$

11
ll

.

.

------- r ~ ------5—

1

_

1

~

■

■

.

.

.

-

-

-

72

48

6

— TL— — W ~ ------ 5“

7
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Wichita, Kans. , September I960)
NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNING8 OF—
O c c u p a tio n 1 an d.in du stry d ivision

Number
of
w
orkers

$
Average
hourly , Under 1 .0 0
earnings£
and
$
1 .0 0 under
1- 10

Guards ________________________________________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

184
182

$ 2 . 38
2. 38

“

657
471
186
58

1 .7 5
1 .9 0
1 .3 5
1. 53

12
12
-

56
6
50
-

11
11
5

1. 20

1. 30

1 .4 0

1. 50

$
1. 60

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

. 1. 30

l . 40

1. 50

1- 60

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

■

1. 20

"

J an itors, p o r te r s , and c le a n e r s (m en) ------------M anufacturing ___________________________________
Nonm anufacturing ---------------------------------------------P ublic u t ilit ie s 3 _____________________________

$
1. 10

$

"

"

”

1
1

3
3

2
2

”

19
12
7
-

15
5
10
5

34
16
18
13

22
6
16
11

54
34
20
20

48
18
30
-

24
18
6
1

221
T25
1
1

$

J an itors, p o r te r s , and c le a n e r s (w o m e n )--------Nonm anufacturing ----------------------------------------------

64
35

1 .4 9
1. 13

11
4 11

10
10

_

L a b o r e r s , m a te r ia l h a n d lin g -------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing ---------------------------------------------P ublic u t ilit ie s 3 ---------------------------------------------

395
284
161
85

2. 07
2. 13
1 .9 8
2. 26

_
-

8
8

5
5

18
6
12

O rd er f ille r s _________________________________________

141

2. 04

_

_

_

P a c k e r s , s h ip p in g ---------------------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

160
125

2. 09
2. 30

“

-

-

R eceivin g c le r k s ____________________________________

38

2. 17

_

_

T r u c k d r iv e r s 5 _______________________________________
M anufacturing ___________________________________
Nonm anufacturing ______________________________
P ublic u t ilit ie s 3______________________________

430
208
222
109

2.
2.
2.
2.

-

24
24
“

30
33
26
57

$

$

3
3

2
2

5
4

6
3

1
-

2

8
8
1

11
2
9
4

16
14
2
-

7
5
2
1

15
11
4

-

3
3
-

_

4

_

_

8

_

8

16

2

3

3

“

~

-

-

"

_

_

_

4

_

-

4
4
-

-

8
8

7
7
~

1

3

-

1

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s, light (under l l / 2 tons) ----------N onm anufacturing __________________________

63
51

1 .4 3
1. 28

_

-

4
4

_

"

24
24

_

-

8
8

7
7

T r u c k d r iv e r s, m ediu m ( 1 1/z to and
including 4 tons) ______________________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing __________________________

103
33
70

2. 42
2. 21
2. 51

-

-

-

-

"

“

-

“

~

■

T r u c k d r iv e r s, heavy (ove r 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) ____________________________________

90

2 .4 1

-

-

-

-

-

-

T r u c k e r s, pow er (fork lift) -----------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing ______________________________

229
196

2. 28
2 .2 5
2. 44

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

“

W a tc h m e n ____________________________________________
N onm anufacturing ----------------------------------------------

47

_

9
9

_

.

4
4

3
2

1
2
3
4
5

33

33

1 .6 8
1 .4 6

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Workers were distributed as follows: 5 at $ 0. 70 to $ 0. 80; 6 at $ 0. 80 to $ 0. 90.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




$
1. 90

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

S
2. 70

$
2. 80

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2 30

2 60

"
2 70

2 80

2. Q
O

20
18

8
8

29
29

23
28

32
82

61
61

5
5

63
61
2

53
51
2
2

5
4
1
-

13
13
-

7
7
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

“

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

15
-

7

1

_

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
14
4

113
164
9
5

40
17
23
13

16
12
4

35
32
3

36
4
32
32

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_

_

-

-

46
13
33
29

33

37

5

_

-

2
2

1
1

3
8

2
2

60
60

2
2

46
46

9
9

-

-

4

_

1

5

_

1

_

_

21

_

_

1

4
4
"

6
6
-

7
1
6
2

10
10
-

28
28
-

22
2
20
-

49
12
37

91
91
86

39
39
-

-

33
14
19
19

77
77
-

-

| 21
19
2
2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

5
-

_

"

-

_

54

-

_

_

_

1

-

_

_

-

-

4
4

6

4
4

1

-

-

-

3
1

-

12
It

1
1

-

2

“

19

~

-

-

47
47

-

-

3
2

16

*

6
6
"

29

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

-

-

10

20

40

-

-

-

1

'8 5

1
1

-

2

3

12
12

-

-

85
1)9
16

-

-

29
29
-

88

-

-

7
7
-

3

-

1
1

3

-

-

-

-

12
12

_

3
2

_

4

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

8

"

-

_

8

_

-




B : Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

8

T ab le B-l. Shift D ifferentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant workers by type and amount of differential,
Wichita, K an s., September, I960)
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
Shift differential

In establishments having formal
provisions 1 for—
Second shift
work

Actually working on—

Third or other
shift work

Second shift

Third or other
shift

Total __ ___________________ ________________________________

95. 0

9 1 .5

23. 7

2. 4

With shift pay differential

9 2 .6

9 1 .5

23. 2

2. 4

----------------------------- ----------- -

90. 5

1 5 .4

22. 9

.6

--------- ------------ — — __ — — ------- ~
- ____________________ ___________________ __
------------------- ------- —------------------------- —
------- — __ __
__ ------------ ------- —
------- ------- — — — __ ------- __ ---------— -------- ------- _. ---- ------------- ------------------ ------- — __ ------------ ------------ -----

2. 1
3. 7
3. 1
1 5.0
6 5 .4
1. 2

.5

. 1
.6
.4
2. 4
19. 3
-

(2)

4. 6
8. 3
1 .9
■

-

-

Other form al pay differential 3 --------------------------------

2. 1

76. 1

.3

1 .8

No shift pay differential --------------------------------------------------

2. 5

-

.4

-

----------------------------------------------

Uniform cents (per hour)
5 cents
7 cents
8 cents
10 cents
12 cents
16 cents
23 cents

Uniform percentage

— -------

__ ------------------ — -----

-

-1
-

.3
(2)
.2
-

-

1 Includes establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments with form al provisions covering late shifts even though
they were not currently operating late shifts.
2 Less than 0. 05 percent.
3 Includes such combination plans as full day's pay for reduced hours; full day's pay for reduced hours plus a flat sum; and full
day's pay for reduced hours plus a cents-per-hour differential.

9
T ab le B-2. Minimum Entrance S a la rie s for W o m en O ffic e W o rk e rs
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office workers , Wichita, Kans. , September I960)
Other inexperienced clerical workers 2

Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
AH
industries

Minimum weekly salary 1

Nonmanufacturing

A ll
schedules

40

A ll
schedules

40

68

24

XXX

44

XXX

68

_

22

9

9

13

13

Under $ 4 0 .0 0
........................................................................................
___ _ _
_ _
$ 4 0 .0 0 and under $ 4 2 . 50 _
__ ___
$ 4 2 . 50 and under $ 4 5 . 00 _ __ _
___ _ _
$ 4 5 . 00 and tinder $ 4 7 . 50 _____________________________________
$ 4 7 . 50 and under $ 50. 00 _ __ _
_ _____ _ _
____ .
$ 50. 00 and under $ 52. 50 ___________________________________________________
$ 52. 50 and under $ 55. 00 ___________________________________________________
$ 55. 00 and under $ 57. 50 _ ......................................................................................................
$ 57. 50 and under $ 60. 00 _ __
_ _
_ ___
___
_
_
_ ___ __
$ 60. 00 and under $ 62. 50 ____
$ 62. 50 and under $ 65. 00 ___
_
______ _________ _
_ __
$ 65. 00 and under $ 67. 50 _____________________________________
__ _ __
_ _____
$ 67. 50 and under $ 70. 00 __ ___ _
$ 7 0 .0 0 and over _
__
__ _ __ _____
_ _ _

1
6

_
1

_
1

-

-

-

1
5
3

Establishments studied

__

_

____ _ __

Establishments having a specified minimum

__

Establishments having no specified minimum ______
Establishments which did not employ workers
in this category _
_ ___ ___
____ _ ____ ___

_ __

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing
AH
industries

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—
All
schedules

40

A ll
schedules

40

24

XXX

44

XXX

25

10

10

15

15

1
5
3

_
1

_
1
-

1
4
3

1
4
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
2
4
1

1

1

-

-

2
1

2
1

2
2
1

2
2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

1
1

2
1
1
1
1

-

2

2
1
1
1
1

-

2
-

4
1
2
2
1
2
1

2

-

1
1

2

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

2

2

5
____

3

1
5
3

2

XXX

3

XXX

7

2

XXX

5

XXX

41

13

XXX

28

XXX

12

XXX

24

XXX

-

1

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

1

1

-

-

"

1 Lowest salary rate form ally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
2 Rates applicable to m essen gers, office girls, or sim ilar subclerical jobs are not considered.
3 Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries.
Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the most common workweek reported.

T ab le B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift w orkers, Wichita, K a n s ., September I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

Weekly hours

All workers

________

_ __ _

Under 40 hours __ _
_ __ __ __
40 hours _
__
________ ____ _ ----42 hours __ — --------- ----- — — _ __ — —
Over 42 and under 44 hours ___________________
44 hours „ _____ __ ___ __ __
__ — —
Over 44 and under 48 hours -------„ __
48 hours _____
_ _____ _____ — _
-----— _ ----50 hours ____________ _____
Over 50 hours
___ __ _ __ ___________

1
2
3
4

All industries 3

100
1
96
(4 )
1
1
(4 )
(4 )

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities2

100

100

1
98

4
96

-

(4 )
(4 )

-

-

“

All industries3

Manufacturing

100
3
78
2
3
3
(4 )
6
4
2

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0. 5 percent.




100
3
88
1
2
1
1
1
2
1

Public utilities2

100

88
9
_
3
_
-

10
T a b le EM . Paid H o lid ays
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Wichita, Kans. , September I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Item
All industries1

All workers

--------------------------------------------------------

W orkers in establishments providing
paid holidays --------------------------------------------- —
Workers in establishments providing
no paid holidays ------------------------ .--------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries^

Manufacturing

PuWic utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

98

100

97

2

(4)

3
'

Number of days

L ess than 5 holidays ---------------------------------------5 holidays
_
6 holidays ---------------------------------------------------------6 holidays plus 1 half day - -----------------7 holidays
_
_
_
___
8 holidays _________________ -__ -________________
10 holidays ------------------------- ------------ ------- —

1
23
(4)
30
45
1

(4)
8
(4)
33
59

-

36
-

55
9

4
5
24
1
27
37
1

1
2
11
1
30
54

-

39
-

52
_
6

'

"

Total ho liday time 5
ln#1_
8 or more days ------------------------------------------------7 or more days ------------------------------------------------6 1/ * or m ore days -------------- — --------- ------------6 or m ore days
------- --------------------------------- —
5 or m ore days ------------------------------------------------4 V 2 or more days
___________ ____ _____
2 or m ore days ------------------ — — -------------1 or m ore days -------------------------------------------------

1
45
76
76
99
99
99
99
99

59
92
92
99

100
100
100
100

9
9

1
38

64
64

65

100
100
100
100
100

89
94
95

66

96

98

54
84
85
96
99

100
100
100

6
6
58
58
97
97
97
97
97

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Less than 0. 5 percent.
5 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and
no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.




11
T a b le B-5. Paid V acatio n s
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Wichita, K an s., September I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Vacation policy
All industries*

All workers -------------------------------------------------------

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities?

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
(4)

100
100
-

99
99
1

100
99
1

100
100

Method off payment
Workers in establishments providing
paid vacations ------------------ ---------------------------Length-of-tim e payment __________________
Percentage payment -----------------------------------Flat-sum payment ------- ---------------------------Other ------------------------------------------------------------Workers in establishments providing
no paid vacations --------------------------------------------

99
99
(4)

-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

(4)

“

1
4
5

(4)
(4)
1

„
48
'

3
4
32

46

42
-

42
(4)
57
-

37
(4)
62
-

79
(4)
20
-

62
1
5
32

50
(4)
3
46

86
3
11
-

24
1
76
(4)

26
(4)
74
-

11
83
(4)

38
2
28
32

35
(4)
18
46

34
2
61
3

4
(4)
96
_
(4)

1
(4)
98
-

14
(4)
50
35
(4)

6
(4)
43
50
-

23
_
74
_
3

2
95
1
2

(4)
97
(4)

9
53
35

3
43
51

91
6

3

3

3

-

-

-

1

-

Amount off vacation p a y 5
After 6 months of service
Under 1 week --------------------- ---------------------------1 week ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks ------------------------------

(4)

After 1 year of service
1 week ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks ____________________
2 weeks -------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks ------------------------------After 2 years of service
1 week __________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks -----------------------------2 weeks ------------------------------------ ----------------------Over 2 and tinder 3 weeks ----- ------------------ —

5

After 3 years of service
1 week ----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks ---- ----------------------2 weeks ------------------------------- — ----------------------Over 2 and tinder 3 weeks
__________________
3 weeks --------------------------------------------------------------

-

6
-

93
_
(4)

After 5 years of service
1 week ---------------------------------------------------------------2 weeks ------------------------------- ---------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks
----------------- ------3 weeks ------------------------------- ------- ------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




3

_
91
9
(4)

_

2

12
T a b le B-5. Paid V acatio n s-C o n tin u ed
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Wichita, Kans. , September I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Vacation policy
All in u
d stries1

M
anufactu g
rin

P blic utilities2
u

A in u
ll d stries3

M u
an factu g
rin

P
ublic u
tilities2

Am ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 6 — Continued

After 10 years of service
1 week
— ------------------------ — —
----- __
2 weeks ________ — -------------------- — Over 2 and under 3 weeks _________________ —
3 weeks — - ------------ ------- ------- ---------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks
-------------------- — -

2
22
44
32
(4)

(4)
6
56
38
-

91
9
(4)

2
6
43
48
(4)
1

(4)
4
56
40
(4)

.
11
88
(4)

2
6
43
48
(4)
2

(4)
4
56
39
(4)
1

2
6
43
40
(4)
9

(4)
4
56
38
(4)
2

7
31
33
26
3

1
16
47
33
4

91
6
_
3

7
14
32
43
3
(4)

1
7
46
42
4
-

10
_
87
3
“

11
86
(4)
2

7
14
32
41
3
3

1
7
46
40
4
2

10
_
78
3
9

11
50
(4)
39

7
14
32
31
3
13

1
7
46
35
4
7

10
_
41
3
46

After 15 years of service
1 week --------------- ------------------------ -------------------2 weeks ------- ----------- -------------- — ---------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks ------- ------------ — 3 weeks ------------------ ---------- ---------------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks __ ------------ — -----4 weeks ____ — -------------- ------ ---------------------After 20 years of service
lw e e k _________________________ _________________
2 weeks _-_____-_____________________ ______ ___
Over 2 and under 3 weeks --------------------------- —
3 weeks --------------------------------- — ------------------ Over 3 and under 4 weeks -------------------------------4 weeks _______________ _____ — --------------- —

_

After 25 years of service
1 week ------------------------- ----------- — — ----------2 weeks ------- ------- ------- ------- --------------- —
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ------- --------------- —
3 weeks ------------ — — ------- ------------------ -----Over 3 and under 4 weeks -------------------------------4 weeks _________________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
service

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0. 5 percent.
Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions.
For example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 years'
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.

NOTE: In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length of time, " such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments,
to an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.




were converted

13
T a b le B-6. H ealth, Insu ran ce, and Pension Plans
(Percent of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, Wichita, Kans. , September I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

Type of benefit

All industries1

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

Life insurance------------------------------------------------Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance ___________________________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both4 -------------------------------------

94

100

94

91

100

86

77

89

52

69

82

50

93

98

94

90

97

74

Sickness and accident in su ran ce-----------Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) ---------------------------------------Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) ----------------------------------------

80

18

Hospitalization insurance ----------------------------Surgical insurance----------------------------------------Medical insurance ----------------------------------------Catastrophe insurance ----------------------------------Retirement pension---------------------------------------No health, insurance, or pension _________

All workers ______________________________________
Workers in establishments providing:

98

14

79

97

55

58

44

40

48

20

27

31

36

29

35

37

81
81
78
23
83
3

88
88
87
14
91

47
47
46
46
59

75
75
69
30
75
3

82
82
80
24
84

45
42
39
38
60

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below.
Sick-leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee.
Informal sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.







15

A ppendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller , machine (billing machine)— Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrarid, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slip s.




Class A — Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B — Keeps a record o f one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping • Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

16

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.
C la s s B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE
C la s s A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , cla ssifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may aliso file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
C la s s B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or a ssists in locating material in file s. May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

CLERK, ORDER

R eceives custom ers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any com bination o f the fo llo w in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple cop ies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH

OPERATOR

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work o f others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL

Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

17

SECRETARY

Performs secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep file s in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls .
May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who ca ll in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this worker's time while at
switchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp e cific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C — Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp e cific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerica l work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

18

TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

Uses a typewriter to make cop ies o f various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing p rocesses. May do clerica l work involving little sp ecia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.
Class A ~ Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class B — Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licie s,
e tc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E SSIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR

Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc ., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

involved in strength o f materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records o f patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations o f applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER

Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

19

M A IN T E N A N C E

D PO W ERPLAN T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired througn a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications ;_locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, sceam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE

A ssists one or morp workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp e cific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or more, types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

20

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se toler-»
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop*
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is ­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
fa ces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE

Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various size s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating system s are excluded .

21

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification .

C U STO D IA L AND M A T E R IA L MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office , apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

22

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded .
ORDER FILLER

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slip s, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded .

PACKER, SHIPPING

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size o f container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden
boxes or crates are excluded .
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in voices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s.




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f siz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l l2 tons)
/
Truckdriver, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of
truck, as follow s:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
* U.S. G V R M N PR TIN O FIC : I960 0 —576003
O E N E T IN G F E

Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.
Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285Albany—
Schenectady—Troy, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Albuquerque, N. Mex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—Bethlehem—
Easton,
P a .-N .J .— Bull. 1285Atlanta, Ga.-—Bull. 1285Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T ex.-—Bull. 1285Birmingham, Ala.— Bull. 1285.

* Green Bay, Wis.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S.C.— Bull. 1285Houston, T ex.— Bull. 1285Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285Jackson, M iss.— Bull. 1285Jacksonville, F ia.— Bull. 1285Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans.— Bull. 1285Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H.— Bull. 1285Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark.— Bull. 1285-6

Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285Boston, Mass.— Bull. 1285Buffalo, N.Y.— Bull. 1285Burlington, Vt.— Bull. 1285Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Charleston, W. Va.— Bull. 1285Charlotte, N .C.— Bull. 1285Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga.— Bull. 1285Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285-

Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif.— Bull. 1285Louisville, Ky.—
Ind.— Bull. 1285Lubbock, T ex.— Bull. 1285* Manchester, N.H.— Bull. 1285-1
Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285Miami, Fla.— Bull. 1285Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285-

Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.— Bull. 1285Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285Dallas, T ex.— Bull. 1285Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.—
Bull. 1285Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Denver, C olo.-—Bull. 1285Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285*
Detroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285Fort Worth, T ex.— Bull. 1285-




Newark and Jersey City, N.J.— Bull. 1285New Haven, Conn.-—Bull. 1285New Orleans, L a.— Bull. 1285New York, N .Y.— Bull. 1285Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va.— Bull. 1285Oklahoma City, Okla.-—Bull. 1285- 3
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa— Bull. 1285Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J.— Bull. 1285Philadelphia, Pa.— Bull. 1285Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-

Pittsburgh, Pa.— Bull. 1285Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285Portland, Oreg.—
Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence—
Pawtucket, R .I.—
Mass.— Bull. 1285
**Raleigh, N.C.— Bull. 1285-5
Richmond, Va.— Bull. 1285Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285St. Louis, Mo.—
111.— Bull. 1285Salt Lake City, Utah— Bull. 1285San Antonio, T ex.— Bull. 1285San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario,
C alif.— Bull. 1285-4
San Francisco—
Oakland, C a lif.— Bull. 1285Savannah, Ga.— Bull. 1285Scranton, Pa.— Bull. 1285*8
Seattle, Wash.— Bull. 1285-7
Sioux Falls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285Trenton, N.J.— Bull. 1285Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a .— Bull. 1285Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285-9
Wilmington, D el.—
N.J.— Bull. 1285Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285York, P a.— Bull. 1285-

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