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r

Occupational Wage Survey

AKRON, OHIO
JUNE 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-81




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, CowwiiiM
owtr




Occupational Wage Survey




AKRON, OHIO
JUNE 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-81
August 1961

U N ITED S T A T ES D EPA R TM EN T O F LA B O R
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Claguw, Commbiioftwr

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.G.

Price 20 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

This report was prepared in the Bureau’ s regional
office in Chicago, 111. , by Woodrow C. Linn, under the
direction of George E. Votava, A ssistant Regional Director
for Wages and Industrial Relations.




1
3

Tables:

A.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey ----------------Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational
groups for selected periods _____________________________________
Occupational earnings: *
A - 1. Office occupations ----------------------------------------------A - 2. P rofessional and technical occupations ______
A - 3. Maintenance and power plant occupations ------A - 4. Custodial and m aterial movement occupations

Appendix: Occupational descriptions

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for these and other item s,
including data on establishment practices and supplemen­
tary wage provisions, are available in the Akron area
report for June I960. A directory indicating date of study
and the price of this report, as well as the reports for
other major areas, is available upon request.

2

2

^

1.
2.

j

The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A prelim inary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following
the payroll period studied.
This bulletin provides addi­
tional data not included in the earlier report.
A consoli­
dated analytical bulletin summarizing the results of all of
the year’ s surveys is issued after completion of the final
area bulletin for the current round of surveys.

Introduction _________________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups _________________________

vO 00 -

The Community Wage Survey Program

11




Occupational W age Survey—Akron, Ohio
Introduction

T h is a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p o rta n t in d u stria l c e n te r s in
w h ich the U .S . D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r 's B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics
con d u cts su r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d w age b en e fits
on an a r e a b a s is .
The b u lle tin p r e s e n ts c u r r e n t o c cu p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t and
ea rn in g s in fo rm a tio n obtain ed la r g e ly b y m a il fr o m the e sta b lis h m e n ts
v is ite d b y B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is t s in the la st p r e v io u s s u r v e y fo r o c c u ­
pa tion s r e p o r t e d in that e a r lie r study.
P e r s o n a l v is it s w e re m a de
to n on resp on d en ts and to th ose re sp o n d e n ts r e p o r tin g unusual changes
s in c e the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .

In e a ch a r e a , data a r e obtain ed fr o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o r ­
ta tion , 1 co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e; r e ­
ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r
in d u stry g rou p s ex clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving
fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e om itted a ls o b e c a u s e
they fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o ccu p a tio n s stud ied to w a r ­
rant in c lu s io n . W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , se p a r a te tabu lation s a r e p r o v id e d
fo r each of the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h ese s u rv e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v olv ed in su rv e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . T o obtain
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la rg e
than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied. In com b in in g the data, h ow ­
e v e r , a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv en th e ir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t. E stim a tes
b a se d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts stud ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , as r e ­
lating to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a , e x ­
cep t fo r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied.

take a cco u n t o f in te r e sta b lish m e n t v a r ia tio n in duties w ithin the sam e
jo b . (See appendix fo r lis tin g o f th ese d e s c r ip tio n s . ) E a rn in gs data a re
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) fo r the fo llo w in g types o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a) O ffice c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c ) m a in te ­
n an ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t.

O ccu p a tion a l em p loy m en t and ea rn in g s data a r e show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ire d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
u le in the g iven o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E arn in gs data ex clu d e
p re m iu m pay f o r o v e r tim e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and
late sh ifts .
N on p rod u ction bon u ses a r e ex clu d ed a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u se s and in cen tiv e ea rn in g s a r e in clu d ed .
W h ere w eek ly
h ou rs a r e r e p o r t e d , as fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s, r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o r k sch e d u le s (roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) fo r w hich
s tr a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e paid; a v e r a g e w e e k ly earn in g s fo r th ese
o c cu p a tio n s have b e e n rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

A v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f m en and w om en a r e p r e se n te d s e p a r a te ly
fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tion s in w h ich both s e x e s a re co m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D iffe r e n c e s in pa y le v e ls o f m en and w om en in th ese occu p a tion s a re
la r g e ly due to ( l ) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong
in d u str ie s and e sta b lis h m e n ts; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ifi c duties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the occu p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin
the sa m e su r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in len gth o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w when in dividu al s a la r ie s a r e ad ju sted on this b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ould r e s u lt in h igh er a v e r a g e pay
w hen both s e x e s a r e em p lo y e d w ithin the sa m e rate ra n g e.
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese s u rv e y s a r e u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in dividu al e sta b lish m en ts to
a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e sta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific duties
p e r fo r m e d .

O ccu p ation s and E a rn in gs
The occu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e co m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tion a l c l a s ­
s ific a tio n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m se t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esig n ed to

1 R a ilr o a d s , f o r m e r l y e x clu d ed fr o m the s c o p e o f th ese s tu d ie s,
w e r e in clu d ed in a ll o f the a r e a s stud ied s in c e July 1959, e x ce p t B a lti­
m o r e (S ep tem b er 1959 and D e c e m b e r I9 6 0 ), B u ffa lo (O cto b e r 1959),
C lev ela n d (S ep tem b er 1959), and Seattle (A ugust 1959).




O ccu p a tion a l e m p loy m en t e stim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in a ll
e sta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m ber a c tu ­
a lly su r v e y e d . B e ca u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in occu p a tio n a l stru c tu re am ong
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e stim a te s o f o ccu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t obtained
fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lish m en ts studied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the
r e la t iv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s studied.
T h ese d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tion a l stru c tu re do n ot m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
ings data.

2




Table 1.

Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in Akron, O h io ,1 by m ajor industry division, 2 June 1961
Number of establishm ents
Industry division

Within
scope of
study 3

Studied

W orkers in establishm ents
Within
scope of
study

Studied

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

271

96

95, 200

78, 100

Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _________________________________________________
Transportation, com m unication, and other
public utilities 4 _ ___________________________________________
W holesale trade 5 ______________________________________________
Retail trade 5 _ _______________________________________________ Finance, insurance, and real estate 9 ________________________
S ervices 5» 6 __________________________________________ ________ -

111
160

41
55

69,500
25, 700

61,710
16, 390

38
27
61
14
20

20
8
15
4
8

9, 700
2, 100
10,200
1, 800
1,900

8, 200
680
5, 560
950
1, 000

A ll divisions

1 The A kron Standard M etropolitan Statistical A rea (Summit County).
The "w ork ers within scope o f study" estim ates shown in this table provide
a reasonably accurate descrip tion of the size and com p osition o f the labor fo r c e included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to
^erve as a basis of com p a rison with other area em ploym ent Indexes to m easure em ploym ent trends o r le ve ls since (1) planning of wage surveys req u ires
the use of establishm ent data com piled con sid era b ly in advance of the payroll p eriod studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded fro m the scope
of the survey.
2 The 1957 rev ised edition o f the Standard Industrial C la ssifica tion Manual was used in cla ssifyin g establishm ents by industry division .
M ajor
changes from the ea rlie r edition (used in the B ureau's labor m arket wage surveys conducted p rio r to July 1958) are the tran sfer o f m ilk pasteurization
plants and rea d y-m ixed con crete establishm ents fro m trade (w holesale or retail) to manufacturing, and the transfer o f radio and telev ision broadcasting
from s e rv ice s to the transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at o r above the m in im u m -size lim itation (50 em p loyees).
A ll outlets (within the area) of
com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair s e rv ice , and m otion -p ictu re theaters are con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Taxicabs and s e rv ice s incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
5 This industry d ivision is represented in estim ates fo r "a ll in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the Series A tables.
Separate presentation
of data fo r this d ivision is not made fo r one o r m ore of the follow ing reasons: (1) Employment in the d ivision is too sm all to provide enough data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it
separate presentation, (4) there is possib ility o f d isclo su re o f individual establishm ent data.
6 Hotels; p ersonal s e rv ice s ; business s e rv ice s ; automobile repair shops; m otion p ictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering
and a rch itectural s e rv ice s .

Table 2. P ercents o f in crease in standard weekly salaries and straigh t-tim e hourly
earnings fo r selected occupational groups in Akron, Ohio, June I960 to June 1961
Occupational group

O ffice c le r ic a l (women) ------------------------------------Industrial nurses (women) -------------------------------Skilled maintenance (men) -------------------------------U nskilled plant (men) ----------------------------------------

A ll industries

5.9
7. 1
5.9
5. 2

Manufacturing

7. 5
7. 7
6. 0
5. 3

3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in ta ble 2 a r e p e r c e n ts o f change in s a la r ie s o f
w om en o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , and in a v e ra g e
earn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g ro u p s.
F o r o ffic e c le r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
cen ts o f change re la te to a v e r a g e w eek ly s a la r ie s f o r n o rm a l h ou rs
o f w ork , that is , the stan dard w ork sch e d u le f o r w hich s tr a ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a r e pa id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g ro u p s, th ey m e a s u r e changes
in s t r a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s, ex clu d in g p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r ­
tim e and f o r w ork on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts. The p e r ­
cen ta g es a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e le c t e d k ey o c cu p a tio n s and in clu d e
m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ithin ea ch g rou p .
The o f ­
f ic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a se d on w om en in the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i lle r s ,
m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ); b o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A
and B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , file , c la s s A and B ; c le r k s ,
o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; k eypun ch o p e r a t o r s ; o ffic e g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ;
s te n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e r a l; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ; tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p ­
e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B.
The in d u stria l n u rse
data a r e b a s e d on w om en in d u stria l n u r s e s .
M en in the fo llo w in g
10 s k ille d m a in ten an ce jo b s and 3 u n sk illed jo b s w ere in clu d ed in the
plant w o r k e r data: S killed— c a r p e n te r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u tom otiv e; m illw r ig h ts ; p a in te r s ; p ip e fitte r s ;
s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ; and to o l and d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n ito r s ,
p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a te r ia l h andling; and w atch m en .

A v e ra g e w eek ly s a la r ie s o r a v e ra g e h o u rly ea rn in g s w e re
com pu ted fo r e a ch o f the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s.
The a v e ra g e s a l ­
a r ie s o r h o u r ly earn in gs w e re then m u ltip lie d by the a v e ra g e e m p lo y ­
m en t in the jo b during the m onths in d ica ted in the title o f table 2 .




T h e se w eigh ted ea rn in g s f o r in d iv id u al o c cu p a tio n s w e re then tota led
to obtain an a g g reg a te f o r e a c h o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p . F in a lly , the ra tio
o f th ese grou p a g g re g a te s f o r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te f o r the
o th e r y e a r w as com pu ted and the d iffe r e n c e betw een the r e s u lt and
1 0 0 is the p e r c e n t o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the oth er.
The p e r c e n t o f change m e a s u r e s , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f
( 1 ) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w age ch a n g es; ( 2 ) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s
in p a y r e c e iv e d b y in div idu al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; a,nd
(3) changes in the la b o r f o r c e su ch as la b o r tu r n o v e r, f o r c e ex p a n ­
s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and ch a n ges in the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o rk e r s
e m p lo y e d b y e sta b lish m en ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls . Changes in the
la b o r f o r c e can ca u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o ccu p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s without actu al w age ch a n g es. F o r e x a m p le , a fo r c e exp an sion
m igh t in c r e a s e the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r pa id w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific
o ccu p a tio n and r e s u lt in a d rop in the a v e r a g e , w h erea s a red u ction
in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r pa id w o r k e r s w ould have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t .
The m o v em en t o f a h ig h -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a cou ld
ca u se the a v e ra g e earn in g s to d rop , ev en though no change in rates
o c c u r r e d in o th e r a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n ts.
The u se o f con stan t em p loy m en t w eigh ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c ts
o f changes in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
N or a r e the p e r c e n ts o f change in flu en ced by
changes in stan dard w ork sch e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e ,
s in c e they a re b a se d on pay f o r s t r a ig h t-tim e h ou rs.
In dexes fo r the p e r io d 1953 to I960 f o r w o rk e r s in 20 m a jo r
la b o r m a rk e ts a r e p r e s e n te d in BLS B u ll. 12 6 5 -6 2 , W ages and R ela ted
B e n e fits, 60 L a b o r M a rk ets, W in ter 19 5 9 -6 0 .

4

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A-1. Office Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , A k r o n , O h io , J u n e 1961)
Average

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF$

Weekly . U n d er 4 0 . 00 $ 5 . 00 $50. 00 55. 00
4
earnings1
and
(Standard) $
u n d er

4 0 . 00

4 5 ,0 0 ...50j_Q,P 55. 00 6 0 .0 0

$

$

$ 0 .0 0 6 5. 00 70. 00 7 5. 00 $8 0.
6
6 5 .0 0 7 0. 00 7 5. 00 8 0.

M en

166

117
49
32

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

$1 2 1 .0 0
1 2 9 .5 0
100. 50

-

-

1 0 1 .0 0

-

"

_

_

5
-

$8 5 . 00 $ 0 .
9

00

$95. 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105. 00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.

00 f 2 0

1 0 0 . 00

00

105. 00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115. 00 1 2 0 .

.

00 f

25. 00 ?3 0 . 00 ?3 5 . 00 ^ 4 0 .

—

125. 00 130. 00 135. 00 140. 00

3

6

6

2

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

1

_

_

_

5
5

11
8

8
8

2

4

_

2

3

2

. 50

1
1

2

1

-

6
6

8

_

-

4
4

9

2

8

1

4

_

6

1

1

_

-

1

2

-

"

_

-

-

1 0 3 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0

15
7
7

3

-

40. 0
40. 0

-

3
3

5
3

"

103
67

22

10

11

4
4
4

-

C l e r k s , o r d e r --------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________

13

-

8

2
2

-

8 1. 50

4
4

8

-

7

-

4 0. 0

14
5
9
4

2

-

5
5

-

33

7

-

-

---------------------

C le rk s , p a y ro ll

00

8 5. 00 9 0. 00 9 5. 00

8

2

...

11
10
1

9
9

z3 9

-

-

-

-

12

9
9

5
5

13
13

_

6

13
13

39

_

6

12

.

3

1

2

3

3

6

1

3

1

1

_

_

3

1

_

_

.

18
15

14
14

8

4

1

8

3

-

3
3

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

.

.

-

-

4

3

22

-

-

1

1

9

12

17

2
2

1

-

2
2

i

-

7
7

13

-

7
5

10

-

-

1

1

-

-

3

7

.9

5

11

2

16

19

15

20

11

2

2

8

4

6

2

5

2

-

3

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

6

18
10

5
3

16

2

1
1

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

13
4
9

-

8

8
8

3
3

4

-

8

2

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

15

1

11

5
4

2

-

1
1

_
-

6
6

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
.

“

11

"

7
4
3

_

-

1

2
2

5
5

2

-

-

4

1

14

-

-

5
5

_
-

_

_

-

_

“

-

-

37
13
24

26

21

4

42
29
13
3

------------------------------------------------

28

40. 0

88

O ffic e b o y s -------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________

65
57

40. 0
4 0. 0

61. 50
6 2 . 00

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A ___ ___
_________________ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------

72
58

4 0 .0
40. 0

1 1 0 .5 0

-

-

-

-

1 1 2 . 00

-

-

-

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ________________________________________

120

40. 0

9 9.

00

-

-

-

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C ________________________________________

32

4 0. 0

7 4 . 00

-

-

-

-

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) --------M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------------

71
31
40

4 0 .0
4 0. 0
4 0. 0

7 2. 00
7 5 . 00
6 9. 50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

4

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e ) -----------------------------------------------------------

34

3 9. 5

60

.

00

_

2

_

10

7

5

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A -------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

75
25
50

40. 0
40. 5
40. 0

7 8 .0 0
9 9. 0 0
6 7. 50

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
18

_

W om en

5

-

4

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B -----------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

179
33
146

4 0. 0
40. 0
40. 0

6 0. 50
7 3 .0 0
58. 00

_
-

9

12

33

27
7

9

12

39
4
35

27

-

27

33

20

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ------------------------------

337
208
129
42

40.
40.
40.
4 0.

9 1.
9 8.
79.
8 3.

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14
4

28

-

3
3

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b le .




0
0
0
0

50
50
50
50

10

3
7

17
14
3
10

1

17
7

27

10

1

2

4
3

6

10
16

1

-

"

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

“

-

“

-

-

-

64
52

36
31

5
5
_

i
i

_

_

5
2

15
15
-

2

12

34
34
-

.
_

_
_

1

1
1
1

_

00

and
over

1

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ___________________
C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B

00

-

3
3
_

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , A k r o n , O h io, June 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Average
Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly.
hours
(Standard)

4
Weekly . U n d e r 4 0 . 0 0 $ 5 . 00
earnings
and
(Standard) $
under
4 0 . 00
4 5 . 00 5 0 . 0 0

$
$
5 0 . 00 5 5 . 0 0 *60. 00

6 5 . 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 . 3 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 . 00 .4 0 . 00
and

5 5 . 00

6 0 .0 0

6 5 . 00 7 0 . 00 7 5 . 0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 00 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 1 4 0 . 0 0

over

W o m e n — C o n t in u e d

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B ----------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ______________________

404
222
182
36

39. 5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
40. 0

$ 6 8 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
6 1 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A ________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------------

44
29

40. 0
4 0 .0

7 1 .0 0
7 3 .5 0

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ______________________

204
65
139
37

39. 5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
40. 0

C l e r k s , o r d e r ---------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________

73
28
45

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l _______________________ ________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________ _________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ______________________

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

■

■

"

_

■

“

_

■

_

_

_

.

-

"

-

-

8
4

6
6

3
2

6
3

6
6

3
2

1
1

3
3

4
2

22
8
14
9

20
12
8
2

37
7
30
14

18
14
4
4

14
7
7
7

3
2
1
1

6
5
1

6
6

1

3

1

-

-

“

“

_

7

_
-

58

16
2
14

“

‘

"

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

6 7 .5 0
6 8 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

1
_

4

_
"

1

203
156
47
25

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

8 6 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

"

C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------

132
78
54

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

7 4 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
6 3 .0 0

_

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(M im e o g r a p h o r D itto) __________________

31

3 9. 5

7 0 .0 0

4 0.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

8 1 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

■

-

4 0 .0
40. 0

57.5 0
6 0 .5 0

-

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9. 0
40. 0

9 7 .0 0
100 .50
8 8.5 0

.

.
-




-

"

5 6 .5 0
6 7 .0 0
5 2 .0 0
6 2 .5 0

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta ble,

-

'

3

9 5 .5 0

-

_

1

9
-

5
2

1
6

_

1

2
2

6
_

"

10
4
6

7

7

9

17
3
14

7

3
1

■

-

-

6

3

-

7
3
4

4
4
-

14
12
2

■

“

“

"

■

20
• 12
8
3

20
12
8
6

19
15
4
2

7
5
2
2

9
6
3
1

12
7
5
3

39
33
6
6

21
20
1

3

1

-

3

3

3

3

16
1
15

18
6
12

19
13
6

9
8
1

9
5
4

16
9
7

7
7

2

4

2

1

1

8

2

7

3

7
7

1

26
11

2

"

2

14
14

15
15

31
13
18
18

28

12

1

14
9
5

26

-

23
23
“

11
6

28
23

9
7

8
8

5
4

-

-

.

_

6

16

-

-

5

3
13

18
4
14

40
14
26

61
37
24

74
44
30

4

7

5

10

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

"

17
16
1
1

5
5
-

16
16

7
7

-

-

"

■

“

4
3
1
1

7
7

1
1

1
1

~

■

27
27
"

9
9
-

4
4
-

-

-

86
21

107
73
34

108
89
19

8

22

6

-

-

-

-

"

■

3

4

2
2
-

-

2

1

•

3
“

6

-

•

-

-

921
642
279
107

-

"

-

S e c r e t a r ie s -----------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 _____ _____________ —

“

-

-

.

-

4
3
1

-

71
49

-

2
2
-

-

O ffic e g ir ls --------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ----------------------------------------

-

5
5
-

"

68

-

23
23
_

11
8
3

140
80

-

34
28
6
6

38

220

-

60
42
18
3

38

31

K ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s ________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ____________________

-

76
47
29
16

31

2

■

-

62
42
20
3

2
-

6

58
-

-

-

2
' 2
2

48
22
26
6

6

4

“

1

1

11

17
17

“

114
58
56
14

65

“

6
6

"

-

_

-

-

"

_

■

~

12
12

2
2

-

-

-

-

■

-

“

_

97
19
15

_

-

■

"

-

-

■

"

"

-

-

4
4
-

8
8

-

-

116

-

79
70

29
23

9
9

6

23

21

21

16

2
2

5
5

11
11

-

-

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , A k r o n , O h io, June 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARN INGS OF

Average
Number

Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

of

workers

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

$
$
$
S
$
5
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
6
U n d e r 4 0 . 00 4 5 . 00 $5 0 . 0 0 5 5 . 0 0 $ 0 . 00 6 5 . 00 7 0 . 00 7 5 . 0 0 $8 0 . 00 $8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0
Weekly
and
earnings1
(Standard)
under
and
S o .o o
4 5 . 0 0 5 0 . 00 5 5 . 0 0 6 0 . 00 6 5 . 00 7 0 . 00 . 7 5 ,0 0 . 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 00. 9 0 . 00 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 o v e r

j

1
W o m e n — C o n tin u e d

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l _____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ______________________

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ______________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________

1. 0 8 2
902
180
65

1 28
49
79

40.
40.
39.
40.

0
0
0
0

$ 8 1 .0 0
8 4 . 00
6 7 . 50
7 5 . 00

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .0

7 2 . 00
8 4 . 50
! 6 4 .0 0

2
2

13
4
9

■
_

-

152
115
37
16

128
115
13
12

! 108
1
89
19
7

105
90
15
14

6
1
5

12
3
9

4
3
1

10
5
5

13
8
5

11
8
3

8
7
1

16
ii
5

10
5
5

28
16
12

12
4
8

22
14
8

8
6

z

2
1
1

2
2

2
2

14
14

5
5

6
6

-

"

-

25
12
13
1

37
9
28
6

59
28
31
2

.

20
20

21
3
18

-

-

"

"

7
7

_

_

1
1

j
!

113
109
4
■

111
109
2
2

1 48
144
4
4

25
25
-

6
6
-

3
3
_

2
2
-

4
4
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

"

_

_

|

-

-

-

_

_

■

-

-

"

"

-

-

-

_

_

_

“

6
4

6
6

4
4

2
2

1
1

1
1

2

2

2

,

-

4
4

11
9
2

6
6

2
2

"

■

"

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s _____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
N o n m a m ifa r tn r in g

1 05
54
51

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

6 8 . 50
7 0 . 00
6 7 .0 0

2
2

_
-

-

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________

51
46

40. 0
40. 0

8 8 . 50
9 0 . 00

-

-

-

-

2

-

*

"

"

_

■

"

2
1

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C _________________________________________

65

40. 0

7 2 . 50

_

-

.

4

1

5

14

20

9

6

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
g e n e r a l _________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________

1 39
41
98

38. 5
40. 0
38. 0

6 8 . 50
8 5 . 50
6 1 . 50

-

12
12

8
8

13
3
10

11
11

26
26

-

18
6
12

9
1
8

8
8

T y p i s t s , c l a s s A -----------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 --------------------------------

160
87
73
35

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

73.
78.
68.
70.

50
00
00
50

3
3
-

26
5
21
15

14
11
3
1

26
16
10

22
8
14
6

21
20
1
1

8
7
1
1

12
11
1
1

7
4
3
3

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B __________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 _________________________

549
327
222
51

40. 0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
40. 0

65.
72.
56.
63.

50
00
00
50

100
62
38
11

79
64
15
12

82
63
19
10

32
26
6

39
39

26
26

17
17

4
4

-

-

-

-

____ l ! _
8
11

41
38
3
1

!

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

*

*

1

1
2
3

“

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

■

■

21
2
19
3

29

41
5
36

54
9
45
3

46
12
34
15

_
-

-

29

.

"

4

i

3
2
1

-

-

-

.
-

_

_

*
_

_

■

-

-

"

"

-

"

_

.

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_
_

_
_

■
.

_

-

-

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 15 at $ 1 4 0 to $ 1 4 5 ; 18 at $ 1 4 5 to $ 1 5 0 ; 5 at $ 1 5 0 to $ 1 5 5 ; 1 at $ 1 6 5 and o v e r .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




-

_
_

_
-

_
_

7
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , A k r o n , O h io, June 1961)
Avebagb
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Number

of

workers

Weekly,
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly .
earnings1
(Standard)

U nder
$
8 0 . 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$2
8 0 . 00
8 5 . 00 $9 0 . 0 0
9 5 . 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 1 4 0 . 00 1 4 5 . 00 1 5 0 . 0 0 1 5 5 . 00 1 6 0 . 0 0
and
and
under
8 5 . 00 J 2 0 J 3 0 . _ .3 5 a M 10.0,. Q0. 1 0 5 . 0 0 1115 .HQ. L i s b o n 1.2IL.Q.Q. 1 * 5 ..0 0 1 30 a .00. 1 3 5 . j i a 1 4 Qj 0 0 1 4 5 ..0 0 . 1 5 0 ,. £50. 1 5 5 . .015 1.60,-011 -_QY_fiJC_
.

M en

D r a f t s m e n , l e a d e r .............................................................................. .
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________ ______________________________

46
45

40. 0
40. 0

$ 1 5 8 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0 “ '

D r a f t s m e n , s e n i o r _________________ __________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ................... .......... .....................................................

374
358

40. 0
40. 0

D r a fts m e n , ju n io r
...............................................................................
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ...... .............................................................................

247
~~ZTL

57
53

1

1
1

59
59

52
52

44
36

20
20

13
13

25
25

11
11

12

8
8

3
3

6
6

-

6
6

"

"

"

2
-

"

‘

"

"

"

"

_

_

"

■

8
8

7
7

6
6

18
17

41
3$

58
54

25
22

50
44

1«J
16

18
13

24
17

9
9

34
34

12
12

4
4

14

10
10

10
10

9
9

3
3

1

1
1

~

-

-

1 3 0 .5 0
~T30.50

_

_
"

40. 0
40. 0

1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0

14
14

40. 0
40. 0

• 9 8 .0 0
9 8 .5 0

3
2

19
IS '

W om en

N u r s e s , i n d u s t r i a l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) .................................................
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________ ________________________

1
2

2
1

13

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as f o l lo w s : 7 at $ 1 6 0 to $ 1 . 7 0 ; 2 at $ 1 7 0 t o $ 1 8 0 ; 3 at $ 2 3 0 and o v e r .




5
----------r ~

4
4

—

13
r r

9
9

2 12
------- Y T

8




Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , A k r o n , O h io, June 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

C a r p e n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ________ __________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ........ ...........................................................

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e
________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly ,
earnings

210
200

$ 3 . 06
3. 07

516
~ ~W L

$
U nder
$
2 . 20

$

$

2 . 20
and
under
2 .3 0

$

$

$

$

2 . 30

2. 40

2. 50

2 . 60

2. 70

2 . 80

$
2. 90

$
3. 00

$
3 . 10

$
3. 20

$
3 . 30

$
3. 40

2. 40

__2L-5Q,...

2 . 60

2 .7 0

2 . 80

2 . 90

3. 00

3 . 10

3. 20

3. 30

3. 4 0

3. 30

1
1

9
9

"

36
35

4
3

15
ll

128
128

3
3

1
1

17
16

2
1

36
36

1
1

48
45

364
344

1
1

34
34

95
92

_

and

"

4
4

4

■

3. 10
3. 10

_

.

.

"

"

"

12
18

_

_

_

-

-

2
2

15
7

15
15

21
15

"

12
12

25
16

37
32

3
3

4
1

8
8

8
8

25
21

_

.

~

■

28
28

13
13

1
1

33
33

“

E n g in e e r s , s t a tio n a r y
______________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ....................................................................

227
195

3. 06
3 . 09

“

F ir e m e n , s t a tio n a r y b o il e r
______________ _____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ....................................................................

93
86

2 . 88
2 . 90

.

.

"

-

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e
...................................
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ...................................................................

206
202

2. 56
2 . 56

M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e
__________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ...................................................................

216
216

3 . 06
3 . 06

4
4

-

.

-

-

6
6

86
86

2
2

.

10
10

74
70

-

.

$
3. 50

13
13

6
6

2
2

10
10

3
3

'

6
6

“

"

4
4

"

4 '
4

“

-

172
172

-

-

-

.

.
-

37
9
28
1

24
3
21
21

129
129
129

49
9
40
40

40
39
1
1

8
8
-

-

■

"

"

■

'

1
1
1

3. 12
3712

-

3
3

3
3

"

4
4

31
31

4
4

22
22

45
45

26
26

518
511

17
17

69
69

4
4

3
3

120
1 20

3. 07
3. 07

.

.

.

.

"

5
5

8
8

"

52
52

33
33

2
2

.

"

7
7

_

"

13
13

_

"

O ile r s
................................................................... .........................
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______
.
___ _____

202
T o l-------

2
2 . 87
2 . 8 7 " " --------- T ~

5
5

7
7

7
7

23
------- 2 3

.

“

9
9

1 16
116

32
32

1
1

-

-

-

-

P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n c e
_
_
____________
* M a n u f a c t u r i n g ...................................................................

1 08
T03

2 .9 3
2 .9 5

2

_

_

33
33

10
10

3
3

-

6
6

_

-

37
37

.

-

3
1

_

■

8
8

_

-

6
5

P i p e f i t t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e .................................................
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ................................................................ .

550
550

3. 09
3 . 09

_

_

.

11
11

33
33

2
2

42
42

389
389

38
38

6
6

1
1

_

-

4
4

_

-

24
24

S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ,
M a n u fa c tu r in g

143
1 43

3. 14
3. 14

-

-

-

115
115

14
14

.

-

8
8

.

-

2
2

.

-

4
4

.

-

“

-

-

585
585

3 . 26
3 . 26

_

_

_

_

48
48

11
• 11

19
19

45
45

3
3

_

7
7

90
90

20
20

342
342

_

M e c h a n ic s , a u t o m o t iv e (m a in t e n a n c e )
_________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ..................................... ..............................
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 .......................................................

301
69
232
197

2 .9 3
3 . 08
2 . 89
2 . 91

M e c h a n ic s , m a in t e n a n c e _ _ _
________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ...... ................................................ ............

749
742

M illw r ig h t s
____________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ............................................ .......................

m a i n t e n a n c e _____________
_
_________

T o o l a n d d ie m a k e r s
...........................................................
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ....................................................................

1
2

1
1
1

1

“

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .

3
3
■

9
1 ...
8
3

"

-

-

-

-

“

9

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , A k r o n , O h io, June 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

$
$
Average
hourly - U n d e r 1 . 10 1 . 20 $1 . 30 * 1 .4 0 $1. 50 #1 . 60
and
earnings $
under
1 . 10
1 . 4 0 1. 50 1 , 6 0
1 ,7 0
1 , 2 Q 1 .3 0

* 1 .7 0

27

$ 2 . 08

E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
( w o m e n ) _______________________________________
T\Jrmm a m i *fa r*tn r» ft

44
39

1. 52
1 .3 9

G u a r d s __________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________

268
262

2 . 60
2 . 62

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
( m e n ) __________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
XDnKI i r n 11ti fix c ^

1, 157
948
209
66

2 . 29
2. 43
1 .66
1 Q7

5
5

18
18
1

40
40
5

9
9

21
12
9

26
9
17
3

19
15
4

20
2
18

279
141
138
55

1.77
2.10
1.43
1 .6 4

15
3
12

16
16

43
28
15

30
2
28

"

13
13
1

“

_

“

22
22
22

1
1
1

57
54
59
76

18
_
-

14
-

2
-

14

2

4
4

14
12
2

3
-

18

3

2
2

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
( w o m e n ) ______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 4 _____________________

2.
2.
2.
2.

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g _____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 4 _____________________

1. 2 17
607
610
343

O r d e r f i l l e r s __________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________

212
142
70

2. 47
2 . 73
1 .9 6

P a c k e r s , s h ip p i n g ___________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________

339
-------3 1 5

124
56

2 . 09
2 .7 6

S h ip p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________ - _______

154
132

2 . 54
2. 56

-

-

1

2
2

-

15
15

8
8

1

2. 78
2 . 86

R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s _____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------

39

-

-

-

1 ,9 0

-

2.00

10

2 . 10

-

2 . 20

-

2 , ?Q

-

2 ,4 0

-

2, 5p

2 ,6 0

-

10

4
4

1

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta ble,




973
225
748
? qq
£07

2. 7 7
2. 78
2 .7 6
2. 87

-

-

-

-

-

3 . 20

3 . 30

3. 40

3 . 50

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

36
36

122
122

54
54

19
19

94
73
21
21

42
42
-

67
67
-

511
509
2

86
86
-

25
25
-

5
5
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14
-

62
62
-

12
12
-

6
6
-

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

62
29
33
20

70
27
43
41

64
46
18
9

241
170
71
2

54
42
12

79
79
-

12
12
-

12
12
-

-

-

-

“

282
40
242
242

58
58
-

“

160
30
130
13

■

_

■

26
10
16
16

2
1

3
2

21
21

6
5

21
10
11
2

55
24
31
20

36
26
10
6

55
41
14
8

30
30
30

7
7
-

4
4
-

1
1
1

3
2
1

2
2
-

8
8
-

29
28
1

1

30
30

5
5

1
1

1
1

6
6

34
34

42
42

20
20

22
22

11
11

1
1

-

-

-

-

“

11
11

6
6

-

-

5
2

24
24

3

-

22
12

2
2

17
17

4
4

107
107

2
2

20
20

6
6

-

-

-

-

“

45
45

5 68
68

10
4

3

2
2

3

.

-

1
1

4
2

1

“

-

5
5

1
1

8
8

31
31

2
2

-

“

-

6
6

3
3

6
6

_
-

5

9
6

15
15

3
3

_

9
9

_

.

_

_

'

‘

'

'

5
5
-

-

-

-

-

”

■

“

2

2

4
-

-

2

2

9

16

5

10

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

“

“

_

“

3
3

2

3 . 10

6
2
4

2
2

-

3 . 00

7
7

-

-

2 . 90

2
2

-

-

-

2 .8 0

5

-

8
8

-

1
1

3
3
-

3
3
-

2
2
-

-

7

.

1

_

'

T r u c k d r i v e r s 6 _______________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
X l DHL. U tlll Li© S
*w

2 .7 0

3
2
1

6
_
6

"

$
$
3 . 4 0 3 . 50
and

1 ,8 0

E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
( m e n ) __________________________________________

5

$1 . 8 0 $1 . 9 0 $2 . 00 $2 . 10 $2 . 20 *2. 30 $2 . 4 0 $2 . 50 $2 . 6 0 *2. 7 0 $2 . 8 0 $2 . 9 0 $3 . 00 $3 . 10 $3 . 2 0 * 3 . 3 0

‘

‘

'

15
15
-

12
12
-

11
1
10
10

33
8
25

90
84

‘

73
2
71
2

58
18
40

284
20
264

353
27
326
277

43
43
-

31
31
-

35
35
-

10
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , A k r o n , O h io, June 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

$ . 50
1

V 60

1 .4 0

1. 50

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

-

-

-

1

3

8

-

-

3

8

$1. 30

1 .3 0

-

-

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s : 6— C on tin u ed
T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (u n d er
l l / 2 to n s) ----------------------------------------------------------

76

$ 2. 63

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( I V 2 to and
in clu d in g 4 ton s) _____________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________

228
64
164

2. 67
2. 76
2. 64

-

-

“

196

V 80
1 ,9 0

2, Op

2 , 10

2 ,2 0

2 ,3 0

2, 4Q

3

-

2

-

6

-

-

1

-

3
3

-

-

3
3

12
12

1

-

1

*1 . 9 0 *2 .

00

*2 .

10

*2 . 2 0

*2. 30 *2 .4 0 *2. 50 *2 . 60 *2. 70 *2 . 80 *2 .

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

22

-

-

41

_22

36

4
4

_

4
25

35

2 ,5 0

2. 87
2 . 81

2,

pp

1

6
6

120
62

689
576
113
74

. 86
. 90
2. 70
2. 85

W a tch m en ___________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________________________

111

1. 89

3.1.9

83
28

2 . 12
1. 18

13

T'Jnnm a rm fa r.tn r i n g

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

2

2

2

,

6
6

.
-

6
6

3
3

.
-

D a ta li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o li d a y s , a n d la t e s h ift s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 6 a t $ 0 . 9 0 t o $ 1; 3 a t $ 1 t o $ 1. 1 0 .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 3. 80 to $ 3. 90.
I n c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f s iz e a n d ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 1 to $ 1 .1 0 .




-

2

6

$3. 00 $3. 10 $3. 20 *3. 30

$

3 .4 0 $3. 50

2
1
1

12
12

-

17
16
1

1
1

32
32

8
8

51
24
27

-

4
4
-

13
13

2 .9 0

3. 20

3. 30

3. 40

3. 50

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

32
32
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

24
24

2

_

2

_

93

-

-

9

96
84
62

30
-

26
-

3

2

-

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
15

5
5

9
9

6
6

_

215
215

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

139
139

15
15

75
63

90

-

-

-

12

74
74

-

3. 10

93

-

31
31

-

3. 00

-

2 . 89

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (f o r k lif t ) _______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 _____________________

90

and

■

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a il e r ty p e) __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 ________________

$

1 .4 0

20

1 .2 0

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

$1 .

-j
0

Average
hourly , U nder *1 . 1 0
and
earnings $
under
1 . 10

00
0

Number
of
workers

24
24

16

2
2

-

-

_

11

Appandix:

Occupational Doscriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (hilling machine)— Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry ot necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform an<j standard types of sales and
credit slip s.




Class A — Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B— Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keepingPhases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A— Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s of a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

12

CLERK, ACCOUNTING-—Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE

Class A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s, cla ss ifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
Class B— Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or a ssists in locating material in file s . May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives custom ers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing onder sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple cop ies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

13

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. D o e s n ot in c lu d e tra n scrib in {'•m a ch in e
w ork (see transcribing-machine operator).
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. D o e s not in c lu d e tra n sc rib in g -m a c h in e w o rk .
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls .
May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who ca ll in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C la s s A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D o e s not in c lu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations arac/day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C la s s B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May a lso include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
C la s s C — Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp ecific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

14

TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing p rocesses. May do clerical work involving little specia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.

Class /4— Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

Class B— Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licie s,
e tc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
TRACER
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p oses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

15

M A IN T E N A N C E

D PO W ERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or, steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
o f electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
o f stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors >
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer are excluded .




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items reauiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety or pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

16

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
ch ines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.

M
ILLW
RIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or con sisten cy. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded .

17

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

18

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G — C ontinued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded .
ORDER F IL L E R

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers9
orders, or other instsuctions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
T R U C K D R IV E R

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded .

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded .
SH IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in voices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s.




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light ( under lV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( l l2 to and including 4 tons)
/
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TR U C K E R , POWER

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or elec trie-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
W ATCH M AN

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆ U .S . G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F I C E : 1961 O - 6 0 4834


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102