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Occupational Wage Survey

HOUSTON, TEXA S
MAY 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-78




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




HOUSTON, TEXAS
M A Y 1961

B u lle tin N o . 1 2 8 5 -7 8
July 1961

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 20 cents




Contents

Preface

P age
The C om m u n ity W age S u rvey P r o g r a m
The B u reau of L a b o r S ta tistics r e g u la r ly condu cts
a rea w id e w age su rv e y s in a n um ber o f im p orta n t in d u stria l
c e n t e r s . The stu d ies, m ade fr o m late fa ll to e a r ly sp rin g ,
re la te to occu p a tion a l ea rn in gs and re la te d su p p lem en ta ry
b e n e fits . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in each a r e a , u su a lly in the m on th fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied. This b u lletin p r o v id e s ad ditional
data not in clu ded in the e a r lie r r e p o r t .
A con s o lid a te d
a n a ly tica l bu lletin su m m a rizin g the re su lts o f a ll o f the
yearns su rv e y s is is su e d a fter c o m p le tio n o f the fin al a re a
bu lletin fo r the cu r re n t round of s u r v e y s .
This r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u ’ s r e g io n a l
o ffic e in A tlan ta, Ga. , b y D onald M. C r u s e , under the
d ir e c tio n of L ou is B. W oytych , A s s is ta n t R eg ion a l D ir e c to r
fo r W ages and In dustrial R ela tion s.




In trodu ction ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W age tren d s fo r s e le c te d o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p s ------- ----------------------------------

1
3

T a b le s :
1.
2.

A:

E sta b lish m en ts and w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e o f s u r v e y -----------------P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in standard w eek ly s a la r ie s and
stra ig h t-tim e h o u r ly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tion a l
grou ps ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2
2

O ccu p ation a l e a r n in g s:*
A - 1. O ffice o c c u p a t io n s -----------------------------------------------A -2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l occu p a tion s ----------A - 3. M aintenance and p ow erp la n t occu p a tion s -------A -4 . C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m ov e m e n t occu p a tion s

A pp en dix:

O ccu p ation a l d e s c r ip t i o n s ---------------------------------------------------------

* N O TE: S im ila r tabu lation s fo r th ese and oth er ite m s ,
in clu din g data on esta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ­
ta ry w age p r o v is io n s , a re a v a ila b le in the H ouston a re a
r e p o r ts fo r January 1952 and June I9 60.
A d ir e c t o r y
in d icatin g date o f study and the p r ic e of the r e p o r t s , as
w e ll as r e p o r ts fo r the m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon
r e q u e st.
C u rren t r e p o rts on occu p a tion a l earn in g s and su p­
p le m e n ta ry w age p r a c t ic e s in the H ouston a re a a r e a ls o
a v a ila b le fo r fluid m ilk (June I9 6 0 ), p o w e r lau n d ries and
d ry c le a n e r s (June I9 6 0 ), and banking (June I960).
Union
s c a l e s , in d ica tiv e of p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a re a v a ila b le
fo r the fo llo w in g tra d es o r in d u str ie s :
Building c o n s tr u c ­
tion , p rin tin g ,
lo c a l-t r a n s it op era tin g e m p lo y e e s , and
m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

11




Occupational Wage Survey—Houston, Tex.
Introduction

This area is one of several important industrial centers in
which the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics
conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an area basis.
The bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for occu­
pations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.
In each area, data are obtained from representative establish­
ments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, 1 communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; re­
tail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations
and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having
fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because
they furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to war­
rant inclusion. Wherever possible, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
1 Railroads, formerly excluded from the scope of these studies,
were included in all of the areas studied since July 1959, except Balti­
more (September 1959 and December I960), Buffalo (October 1959),
Cleveland (September 1959), and Seattle (August 1959).




take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions. ) Earnings data are
presented (in the A-series tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (l) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis.
Longer average service of men would result in higher average pay
when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in ail
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

2




Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Houston, T e x ., 1
by m ajor industry division, 2 May 1961
Number of establishments

Industry division

A ll divisions ____________________ _______

'W ithin scope
of study 3
_____________

____

Manufacturing ______________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________ _______________________
Transportation, communication, and
other public u tilities4 ____________________ __________ __
W holesale trade _________________________________________ __
Retail trade ______________ _______________________ _______
_____________ __
Finance, insurance, and real estate 5
S ervices
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

W orkers in establishments
Within scope
of study

Studied

Studied

843

213

176, 200

94, 710

270
573

69
144

73, 500
102, 700

39, 280
55, 430

100
146
167
77
83

32
38
37
18
19

30,
17,
33,
10,
10,

700
900
300
200
600

22,
8,
17,
4,
2,

840
360
380
040
810

1 The Houston Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (H arris County).
The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table
provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and com position of the labor fo rce included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended,
however, to serve as a basis of com parison with other area employment indexes to m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage
surveys requires the use of establishment data com piled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are
excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division. Major
changes from the ea rlier edition (used in the Bureau's labor market wage surveys conducted p rio r to July 1958) are the transfer of m ilk pasteurization
plants and ready-m ixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or retail) to manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting
from services to the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the m inim um -size limitation (50 em ployees). A ll outlets (within the area) of
companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service, and m otion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4

T axicab s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tra n sp ortation w ere excluded.

5 This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to
perm it separate presentation, (4) there is possibility of d isclosu re of individual establishment data.
6 Hotels; personal s e rv ice s ; business se rv ice s; automobile repair shops; m otion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering
and architectural services.

Table 2. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and straighttime hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Houston,
Tex. , June I960 to May 1961
Occupational group
Office cle rica l (wom en)_________________
Industrial nurses (w om en )______ _____
Skilled maintenance (men) _ -------------- _
Unskilled plant (men) _ ---- -----------------

All industries

Manufacturing

2 .9
4. 9
3. 1
1.0

2. 7
6. 6
1.8
1.9

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in table 2 a r e p e r c e n ts o f change in s a la r ie s o f
w om en o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o rk e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , and in a v era g e
ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o rk e r g ro u p s.
F o r o ffic e c le r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
cents o f change rela te to a v e ra g e w eek ly s a la r ie s f o r n o rm a l h ou rs
o f w ork , that is , the standard w ork sch ed u le f o r w hich str a ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a r e pa id . F o r plant w o r k e r g ro u p s, they m e a su re changes
in s tr a ig h t-tim e hourly* e a rn in g s, ex clu d in g p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r ­
tim e and f o r w ork pn w eek en ds, h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts. The p e r ­
cen ta g es a r e b a se d on data f o r s e le c t e d k ey occu p a tio n s and in clu de
m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ithin ea ch grou p .
The o f ­
f ic e c le r i c a l data a re b a sed on w om en in the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B ille r s ,
m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e); b oo k k e e p in g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A
and B ; C om p tom eter o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , file , c la s s A and B ; c le r k s ,
o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; keypunch o p e r a t o r s ; o ffic e g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ;
ste n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e r a l; sw itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r s ; sw itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g-m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ; tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p ­
e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B.
The in d u stria l n u rse
data a r e b a se d on w om en in d u stria l n u r s e s .
M en in the follow in g
10 sk ille d m ain ten an ce jo b s and 3 u n sk illed jo b s w e re in clu d ed in the
plant w o rk e r data: S killed— c a r p e n te r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a ch in is ts ; m e ­
ch a n ics ; m e c h a n ics , au tom otiv e; m illw rig h ts ; p a in te rs ; p ip e fitte r s ;
s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ; and to o l and d ie m a k e rs ; u n sk illed — ja n ito r s ,
p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a te r ia l handling; and w atchm en.
A v e ra g e w eek ly s a la r ie s o r a v e ra g e h o u rly earn in g s w ere
com pu ted fo r e a ch o f the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s.
The a v e ra g e s a l ­
a r ie s o r h o u rly earn in gs w e re then m u ltip lie d by the a v e ra g e e m p lo y ­
m ent in the jo b during the m onths in d ica ted in the title o f table 2.




T h ese w eigh ted ea rn in gs f o r in dividu al occu p a tio n s w e re then tota led
to obtain an a g g reg a te f o r e a c h occu p a tio n a l g rou p. F in a lly , the ra tio
o f th ese grou p a g g re g a te s fo r the one y e a r to the ag g reg a te fo r the
oth er y e a r was com pu ted and the d iffe r e n c e betw een the resu lt and
1 0 0 is the p e r c e n t o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the oth er.

The p e r c e n t o f change m e a s u r e s , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c ts o f
(1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w age ch a n g es; (2) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s
in pay r e c e iv e d by in dividu al w o rk e r s w hile in the sa m e jo b ; and
(3) changes in the la b o r f o r c e su ch as la b o r tu rn o v e r, f o r c e ex p an ­
s io n s , f o r c e red u ction s, and changes in the p r o p o rtio n s o f w o rk e r s
em p lo y e d by esta b lish m en ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls . Changes in the
la b o r fo r c e can ca u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o ccu p a tion a l
a v e ra g e s w ithout actu al w age ch a n g es. F o r ex a m p le, a f o r c e ex pan sion
m igh t in c r e a s e the p r o p o r tio n o f lo w e r paid w o rk e r s in a s p e c ific
occu p a tio n and re su lt in a d rop in the a v e r a g e , w h ereas a red u ction
in the p r o p o r tio n o f lo w e r paid w o rk e r s w ould have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t.
The m ov em en t o f a h igh -p a yin g esta b lish m en t out o f an a r e a cou ld
ca u se the a v e ra g e earn ings to d rop , even though no change in rates
o c c u r r e d in oth er a r e a esta b lish m en ts.
The u se o f constan t em p loym en t w eights elim in a tes the e ffe c ts
o f changes in the p r o p o r tio n o f w o rk e r s r e p re s e n te d in each jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
N or a re the p e r ce n ts o f change in flu en ced by
changes in stan dard w ork sch ed u les o r in p re m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e ,
s in c e they a re b a se d on pay f o r stra ig h t-tim e h ou rs.
In dexes fo r the p e r io d 1953 to I960 fo r w o rk e r s in 20 m a jo r
la b o r m a rk ets are p re se n te d in BLS B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -6 2 , W ages and R e ­
la ted B e n e fits , 60 L a b o r M a r k e ts, W in ter 1 9 5 9 -6 0 .

4

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations
(Average straight-tim e weekly haul's and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Houston, Tex. , May 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Avebagb

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

C lerks, accounting, cla ss A
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2
W holesale trade .

591
130
461

C lerks, accounting, cla ss B
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2 _____

218

C lerks, order
Manufacturing ------Nonmanufacturing _
W holesale trade

233
92
141

C lerks, payroll
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilitie s 2

279
139

68
150
84

$

Weekly
Weekly
4 0 . 0 0 *4 5 . 0 0 5 0 . 0 0 * 5 5 . 0 0 *6 0 . 0 0 *6 5 . 0 0 $ 0 . 0 0
7
hours 1 earnings * a n d
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r
5 0 . 0 C 5 5 . 00 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 . 00
4 5 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 5

21

$1 0 5 .5 0
-

106.00
105.00
104.50
106.50

4
4
4
4

0 .0
0 .0
0. 0
0. 0

84 .5 0
8 2.50
85.0 0

_
_
-

_
-

8 9 .0 0

-

-

0
9
0
0

91 .5 0
95 .5 0

111

4
3
4
4

.0
.5
. 5
. 5

105
65
54

40. 5
40. 5
40. 0

102.50
104.50
1 0 3.50

89.00

-

8
1

9

15
4

15

14

1

11

11

14
4

3

7
4

_
-

-

-

116.00
110.00

-

177
143
27

40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0

91.0 0
89.00

.
-

1 0 3.00

87
87
34

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 1 .50
8 1 .50
8 4 .00

4
4
4
4

6 7 .50
8 2 .5 0
57.50
5 5.50

29
25

66

-

2
1
1

1
8
8

4

2
-

15
4

9
9

2
2

11
1

2
2
2

_
-

1
1
1

9

59

44
44

106
36

8

20

9

-

18
15
15

5
5
4

112.50

Tabulating-m achine operators,

113
94

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 1.00

Bookkeeping-machine operators,
cla ss A -------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___
W holesale trade _
_

141
105
51

40. 5
40. 5
4 0 .0

8 0 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

57.50

"

.
-

_
-

-

'

_

_

_

“

“




8 0 . 00

8 5 .0 0

18

5

9

22

-

-

49
34
4

29
14
15
5

34

14

29

16

9
5
5

27

12

7

5

8
8

9

1
1
1

4

7
7

“

“

10
10

15
15

6

11
11
6

17

14

-

8
6

“

-

8
9
3

21
2

1
1

-

-

-

16
13

48
48

23
15

9
9

_
-

.

-

-

8
8
2

21

'

29
29

6
6
2

1
37
28

1
5
5

1

4

-

8
8

“

-

19

.

14
14
4

1 0 5.00

110.00

1 1 5.00

120.00

1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 1 4 0 00 1 4 5 0 0

4
4

-

59

10

2
6

65
15
50
25

22
4

2
2
2

43
23

S

s

*

S

2

-

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

23
5
18
18

3
3

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

19

6

2

4

17

_

_

-

-

5
4
4

_

8

4
4

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

7
5

4

16

2

2
2

14

_

2

2

10
1
39

_

_

8

13

15
13

8
6

12

9
5
4
4

8

3

21

7

19

1
1

2
1
1

40
28

15
15

5

2
2
2

23
17
17

6
6
6

2
1
1

_

_

17
4
13

10

29
27
4

4
4
3

12

12

2

7

7
7

-

2

_

18
18
18

_
■

-

-

9

_

13

7
3
4
4

9

-

16
1

-

13
13

2

4

15

"

9

-

12
75

15

1
1
1

14

5

19
9

23

4

16

4
4

9
7

5

11
10

12
10
10

16
12

30
14

9
97

8

8

19
3

16

45
17
28

48

2

39

2
2

106

39
39

20

6
1

7
5

24
24

15

100.00

2

12

7
7

15
7

12 5 .0 0 130 .0 0 135.00 140.00 1 4 5 .0 0

2

1
4

-

17

*

120.00

_

-

-

~

S

115.00

_

-

4
4

t

110.00

-

-

2

$

1 0 5.00

3
3
3

8
8
8

"

17
13

5

3
3

_
_

-

-

11

21
11
10
10

6
1

-

5

10
23
15

-

-

18

17
5

1

9 5 .0 0

40
15
25

_

16
4

9 0 .0 0

12

1
4
4

10
8

1

S

100.00

and

“

'

See footnotes at end o f table.

8 0 . 0 0 *8 5 . 0 0 *9 0 . 0 0

4

-

B illers, machine (bookkeeping
Nonmanufacturing __________

1

S
9 5 .0 0

$

*

7 5 . 00

9

_
-

40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0

.0

-

_

131
50
81

. 0
. 5
. 0

20

-

-

Tabulating-m achine op erators,
cla ss A
Manufacturing _____________
Nonmanufacturing _________

0
0
0
0

29

_

54.50
5 3.00
59.50

125
50
75
27

-

21
21

-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

B illers, machine (billing machine)
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _
_
Public utilities 2 —

-

_

286
193
64

Tabulating-m achine op erators,
cla ss C ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ______
Public utilities 2

-

-

91 .5 0

29

-

-

O ffice boys
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2

Nonmanufacturing _
_
Public utilities 2

-

$

i

2
2

11

6

_

11

3
3

8
2
1

5
5
5

14
13

-

_

-

"

-

17
17

_

_

-

“

8
8

-

13

2
11

"

*

-

-

-

_

_

_

.

.

33

6

21

4

4

3

18

10
10

8

20
6

-

-

-

10

'

'

-

1
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

"

"

"

_

■

-

2
2

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

5

'

2

6
2

2

-

-

'

_

-2

-

3
7

_

3

43
13
30

-

-

-

-

.

.

1

1

.
-

-

4
3
3

'

'

3

-

-

_

_

_

“
'

“

~

■

5
Table A-1. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Houston, Tex. , May 1961)
Averaqk

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number

of

Weekly.
(Standard)

NUM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGH T-TIM E WEEKLY EARN]INGS OF—

$
s
*
S
$
$
$
s
S
S
S
$
$
$
$
$
S
S
$
S
$
Weekly , 4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 60. 00 6 5 .0 0 70. 00 75. 00 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0
95. 00 10 0 .0 0 10 5 .0 0 11 0 .0 0 115. 00 12 0 .0 0 125. 00 1 3 0.00 135. 00 140.00 4 5 .0 0
A in a
iim g
and
(Standard)
4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0 55. 00 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0.00 10 5.00 n o . oo 115. 00 12 0 .0 0 125. 00 13 0.00 1 3 5.00 14 0 .0 0 145. 00 over

Women— C ontinued
Bookkeeping-m achine op erators,
clas s B ________________________
Manufactur ing
N onmanufactur ing
W holesale trade _____
Retail t r a d e __________

479
68
411
59
83

40 . 5
40. 0
40 . 5
4 0 .0
40. 5

C lerk s, accounting, cla ss A
Manufactur ing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2 .
W holesale trade .
Retail trade ____

477
I?9
328
75
73
62

4 0 .0
40 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 5
41. 5

8 9 .0 0
93. 50
8 7 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
89. 50
7 8 .0 0

-

-

C lerk s, accounting, cla ss B
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _
Public utilities 2
W holesale trade
Retail trade ____

899
253
646
196
143
127

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40 . 0

7 0 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
69. 50
7 5 .0 0
73. 50
6 7 .0 0

14
6
8
2

29
8
21
3

C lerks, file , cla ss A _________
Manufacturing ______________
Nonmanufacturing __________
Public utilities 2 ________
W holesale trade ________

222
53
169
30
48

4 0 .0
39. 5
40 . 0
4 0 .0
40 . 0

6 6 .0 0
76. 50
62. 50
71. 50
6 6 .5 0

_
-

C lerks, file , cla ss B __________
Public utilities 2 ________
W holesale trade ________

395
358
33
66

4 0 .0
40 . 0
40. 0
40. 0

56.
56.
78.
64.

50
00
50
50

C lerk s, order _________________
Nonmanufacturing __________
W holesale t r a d e _________

133
92
63

40. 0
40. 0
40 . 0

C lerk s, payroll
Manufactur ing ____
Nonmanufacturing _
Public utilities 2
Retail trade ____

330
115
215
93
65

Com ptom eter operators
Manufacturing ______
N on m an u factu rin g__
Public utilities 2 _
W holesale t r a d e _
Retail trade __

N on m a n u factu rin g

___________

D uplicating-m achine operators
(M im eograph or D it t o )_______
Nonmanufacturing __________

See footnotes at end of table.




15
5
10
2

31
9
22
2
3

89
89
9
25

93
24
69
26
9

158
5
153
10
20

26
2
24
5
4

40
7
33
2
15

21

-

5
5

1
-

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

9
9
2

30
8
22
2
13
6

30
13
17
1
5

55
10
45
5
16
13

67
9
58
5
8
16

70
29
41
11
5
10

51
16
35
8
3

37
16
21
10
5
1

27
10
17
12
-

34
11
23
2
21
“

7
3
4
4
-

8
4
4
2
-

_
-

3
3
3
-

-

3
3
-

-

29
17
12
5
5
2

5
5
5
-

-

12
12
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

54
10
44
11
11
6

116
30
86
8
10
8

147
21
126
31
39
22

131
30
101
42
6
44

99
37
62
12
18
29

81
41
40
17
2
5

85
30
55
34
8
-

35
7
28
14
2
8

80
22
58
12
45
-

12
5
7
5
2
*

8
3
5
5

2
1
1
1

_
-

4
4
4

2
2
_

_

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

38
38
4
7

41
8
33
1
14

20
20
8
2

21
8
13
5
6

33
23
10
3
"

10
1
9
4
-

5
1
4
2
2

2
1
1
1
-

4
2
2
-

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

1
1
1
-

_
-

-

1
1
1
-

_

-

8
8
8

_

-

2
1
1
1

8
8
-

-

28
28
8

52
49
-

84
84
16

80
75
3
8

80
64
8
9

45
34
2
1

8
8
3
5

2
2
1
1

25
24
1
23

2
1
1

3
3
3

1
1
1

2
2
1
1

8
8
8

2
2
2

_
-

_
-

1
1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

.
-

7 5 .0 0
71. 50
76. 50

2
2
-

12
12
4

15
15
15

3
3
2

10
5
5

28
23
11

17
8
8

12
6
-

1
-

1
-

1
-

11
-

_

_

-

2
-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

18
18
18

_

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 5

82. 50
8 6 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
71. 50

_

2
2
2

5
5
4
1

23
9
14
7
7

35
12
23
13
5

26
8
18
3
12

35
7
28
7
8

38
9
29
5
16

36
20
16
12
2

27
5
22
1
11

34
16
18
8
1

10
7
3
3

10
3
7
7

13
13
6

7
5
2
2

11
1
10
10

5
5
-

7
6
l
l

6
2
4
4

_

_

_

~

-

-

-

372
47
325
74
71
162

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40 . 0
4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0

70. 00
71. 50
69. 50
80. 50
6 8 .0 0
65. 50

18
18
5
6
7

32
32
7
10
15

32
5
27
3
6
14

67
3
64
3
16
42

76
22
54
5
6
39

27
5
22
4
14

39
5
34
4
12
18

27
2
25
10
5
7

19
1
18
8
5
5

8
2
6
3
2
1

2
2
1
1

1
1
1
-

5
5
5
-

1
1
-

_

i

-

~

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

64
50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

59. 50
56. 50

2
2

21
17

24
24

6
4

5
2

.

1

_

4

1
1

$65.
65.
65.
67.
65.

50
50
50
50
50

-

.

1

5

16

17
1'
16
14
2

_

-

l
i
-

_
_

_
-

-

_

-

6
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Houston, Tex. , May 1961)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly.
hours1
(Standard)

NUM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGH T-TIM E WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
%
$
%
$
6
40.00 45.00 50. 00 *55. 00 * 0 . 00 *65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85.00 9 0 . 00 95.00 10 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 12 0 .0 0 125.00 *30.00 135.00 *40.00 145.00
and
and
under
45. 00 50.00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 10 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 12 0 .0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over

Women— Continued
Keypunch operators ___ __ __
_______
Manufacturing ___ ___
___
_____
Nonmanufacturing ------ _
-------------Public utilities 2 __
__ __ _____

6 18

155
463
160
110

40.0
40 .0
40. 0
40 .0
40. 0

$76.50
84. 00
74. 00
79. 50
7 f 50
i

_
-

9
9
-

20
1

40. 0
4 0.0

53. 00
52. 00

4

45
38

16
12

Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

79

Secretaries _ ____________________ __
Manufacturing — ___ _____
Nonmanufacturing _____ __
__ __
Public utilities 2 _________________
W holesale t r a d e __ _ __
_____
Retail trade _________ ___________

2 , 162

730
1,432
356
339
115

40.0
40. 0
40. 0
40.0
40. 0
40. 0

8 9 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

Stenographers __________________________
Manufacturing ______ __ ___ ___ __
Nonmanufacturing —
__ ------- --Public utilities 2 _________________
W holesale trade _________,________
Retail trade ---------__ — __ —

1. 584
406
1, 178
483
368
49

40 .0
4 0.0
40. 0
40. 0
40.0
40. 0

78.00
84. 50
76. 00
79.00
79.00
6 8 . 50

Stenographers, technical __ ---- — -----Nonmanufacturing _________________

10 1

90

40 .0
40 .0

Switchboard operators ------ ------- -------Manufacturing
____ __ ____ _____
Nonmanufacturing ------ ---- -------------

341
87
254
49
61

4 1 .0
40. 0
41. 5
40. 0
40. 5

69.
81.
65.
78.
55.

50
50
50
50
00

406
173
233
32
97

40.0
4 0 .0
40. 5
40. 0
40. 0

67.
70.
65.
63.
67.

50
50
00
00
00

235
47
188
59
700

39.5
4 0.0
39.5
4 0 .0

2

9 6 . 00

Detail ti-arle
Switchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ___

W holesale trade

_________________________

Transcribing-m achine op erators,
general _______ __ __ __ —
--------------Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___
___
W holesale trade __ __ _ _
__
Typists, cla ss A _________ __
Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___ — ____ ____ ___
Public utilities 2 ________________________
W holesale trade __________________
Typists, cla ss B ___ ___ ___ — __
Manufacturing
_ __ ____ ___ __ „
M n n m a n n f a r t i i r in | t
P i i b l i r n t ilit ip Q ^

16 1

539
134
137
751
112

639
110

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40.0
4 0.0
40. 0
40.0
40. 0
40 .0

91. 00
94. 00
94. 50
81. 50

96. 50

67. 00
6 8 .0 0

67.00

19
3

2

3

_
4 52

69

6

12

59
9
24

57

32

9
3
3

20

23
3
20

42
42

130
15
115

159
94
65

4

4
3

2
2
2

22

12

29

24
3

115
5

198
37

21

110

16 1

4

23
23

12

5
7
6
1

_
-

11

64
41
5

-

1
1

1
1

9
9

40

29
9

35

37

20

31

13
13

14

13

5

12

10
8
2

28

2
12

6
22

11

29
3
10

51
12

39
g
16

-

-

3

-

-

28

22

6
22

22

-

-

-

-

_

8

43

73. 50
67.00

-

_

6

-

8
-

37
24

9
108
4
104
23
26
263
34
229
41

-

8

00

19

53

00
00

10
9

51

177
28
149
25

50

2
2

9
5

_
"

6

6 9 .0 0

59.
59.
59.
59.

10

253
63
190
52
39
13

6 8 . 50
6 6 .0 0

277
95
182
37
26
13

12

52

69. 50

18

96
31
65
32

42
39
3
3

2
1
1
1

10
10

-

2
1
1
1

-

1
1

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

125
58
67
33
7
5

79
60
19
16
1

127
19
108
5
71
-

25

16

7
9

2
1
1

16

11

68

13

14

63
5
5

8

10

5
5

4
4

28
24

_
-

2

2

4
4
3

11

83
14
69
16
33

1
1

_

65

-

12

-

48
5
43
17
9

g
5

118
41
77
15
28
52

4
2
11
68

25
43
q
22

53

11

22

41
16

31
14

149
16
133
35
42

133
26
107
15
17

10 0
12
88

19
4
15
5

26

12

103
13
90
52
9
8

217
51
166
93
36
4
11
11

26
9
17
g

37
11

26
11

12
12

-

3

273
68

205
37
32
21

140
46
94
38
32
3
_

122
11
111

56
55

225
60
165
40
41
31

20 2

216

16 6

43
159
44
57

68

148
33
42

10

6

89
77
38
13
3

73
28
45
33
9
3

248
38

1

36
32
4
-

12
10

7
7

8

10
1

36

24
3

1

22

-

2

9

14

21

3

1
1

-

6
6

_
_
_

29
28

17
4
13

8
8

2 10

50
157

1

11
1
10
1
1

22
10
12

56
41
15

17
9
g

2

7
5

13

13

8

3

28
5
23
7

12
2

-

6

_
-

_
_
-

_

7
9
8
1

-

1
1

10

_
-

3
-

_

_

-

-

-

‘ -

_
_
_

_
_
_

2

_
-

4
4

-

'

_
-

_
-

8
8

1
1

1
1

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

_

6

17
13

-

2

41

9

48
14
34
28

14

2

2

58
22

12

25
7
3

-

41
9
103
47
56
7
13
30
14
16

g

59
22

37
17
1

84
3
81
2

6

15

12

5

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

1

-

5

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

36
17
19
5
7

20

16
4

21

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

6

12

5
16

1

14

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
3

16

1

1

-

-

-

-

4
4

1
1

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

4
2

1
1

1 Standard hours re fle ct the workweek fo r which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings corresp on d to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
3 W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 6 at $ 145 to $ 150; 2 at $ 150 to $ 155; 1 at $ 175 to $ 180.
4 Includes 10 w orkers at $35 to $40.




_
_

-

-

-

-

_
■

-

7
Tab le A -2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d occ u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , H ouston, T e x . , M ay 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Average

Sex, occ u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
S
Weekly:
Weekly , 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 00 1 0 5 . . 0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 1 4 0 . 0 0 1 4 5 . 0 0 1 5 0 . 0 0 1 5 5 . 0 0 1 6 0 . 0 0 1 6 5 . 0 0
earnings
hours
and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r
6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 1 4 0 . 0 0 1 4 5 . 0 0 1 5 0 . 0 0 1 5 5 . 0 0 1 6 0 . 0 0 1 6 5 . 0 0
over

D ra fts m e n , le a d e r
M a n u fa ctu rin g

llo

40. 0
46.

D ra ftsm e n , s e n io r _____
M a n u fa ctu rin g _______
N on m a n u factu rin g ___
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

755
467
288
196

4
4
4
4

D ra fts m e n , ju n io r
M anufactu rin g
N on m a n u factu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

N u rses, industrial (registered)
Manufacturing ________________

142

353
249
104

86

68
51

$139.50

0T

4
4
4
4

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

.
.
.
.

0
0
0
0

.0
.0
.0

35.50

1 1 2 .0 0
i l l .50
113.00
113.00

.0

8 3.50
83.60
8 4.50
8 1.50

40. 0
4 0 .0

107.00
113.00

“

"

7
_

_
_

7

-

"

12
11
1
1

28
15
13
13

_

_

-

37
30
7
7

"

“

-

■

15
14

16

8
8

75
61
14

60
21

4

6

17

1
1

19

95
78
17
16

9

4

59
35
24

2

52
39
13
13

3
3

21
6
15
14

3
2

81

8
8

2
2

3
3

20
20

10
10

103
67
36
31

87
41
46
38

68

63
34

48

44
24

20

29
28

19
29
17

"

57
24
33
7

22

2
1

2

10

17

-

-

49
3 l
18

3

15
14

2

2
1
1

2
2
_

1

6

59
42
17
17

“

-

2
2

.

_

16
16
_

2
2

5

17

1

5

6

_

3

1

-

-

_

_

_

6
11

2
2

!

1
1

_

2
2

3
3

11
10

9
7

5
4

3
3

3
3

5
5

3

1
1

5
5

1
1

Standard h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th ese w e e k ly h o u r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ib u te d as f o l l o w s : 1 at $ 165 to $ 170; 1 at $ 170 to $ 175; 13 at $ 175 t o $ 180; 1 at $ 185 to $ 190.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




28
26

2

18
7

_

2
2
_

_

17
216

3

2
1
1

8
Table A -3. M aintenance and Powerplant O ccupations
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , H ouston, T e x . , M ay 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Number
of
workers

O ccu p a tion and in d u str y d iv is io n

Average U nder $1 .3 0 $1 .4 0
$1. 50
hourly
and
earnings1 $
1. 30 under
1 .4 0 1. 50 1 . 60

361
283
78

$ 3 .0 3
3. 16
2. 54

E l e c t r ic ia n s , m a in ten a n ce ______________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________

510
472

3. 12
3. 18

"
_
-

___ __ __
— _ __
_
_ __
_
___ __

266
84
182
51

2 .4 6
2 .7 2
2. 34
2. 58

F ir e m e n , sta tio n a ry b o ile r

--------- ------

61
61

664
574
90

2 .4 2
2. 51
1. 88

M a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s ,
t o o lr o o m ____ _____ __ _____ __ „
M a n u fa ctu rin g
_ ______
__
_

215
211

2 .4 6
2 . 68
2. 36
2 . 29
2. 64

1, 176

_

_

-

-

_

_

1 .9 0

2 . 00

3
3

20

6
8

_
"

_

M a ch in is ts , m a in t e n a n c e ________________

M e c h a n ics , a u tom otiv e
(m a i nte nanc e) _________ ______
__ __
M a n u fa ctu rin g _ __
— _____
N on m a n u factu rin g ____________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 _ -----W h o le s a le tra d e _____
— __
M e c h a n ic s , m a in ten a n ce ________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _ _ _____ __
_ _____
N on m a n u factu rin g ____________________

920

256

3
3
-

_
-

*2 .

23
23

2 . 10

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
S
$
$
$
$
$
2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3 .4 0 3. 50 3. 60 3. 70

10

*2 . 2 0

2 . 20

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

-

4
4

1
1

11

14

-

-

6

11

"

3
“

_

7
4

13

2

6

"

1

32

-

20
12

9
9
3

30
9

7
7
4

3. 14
3. 10

594
188
406
308
74

-

"

1 .8 0

2 .7 7
2. 77

443
408

-

1 .7 0

00

2. 50

2.

60

1

“

21

-

2 ,7 0

2, 8

18
18

5
5

17
7

10
6

10

43
43

4

4
4

4
4

14

-

10

-

-

12
6

4
-

2

3
-

8

10
2

11

4

j

-

4
4

-

_

-

-

6
6

6
6

17
17

2
2

4
4

22
22

26
12

44
35
9
7

9

36

8
1

22

7
7
5

10
1

2

-

2

9

43

193
50
143

41
24
17

73
72
1

6
8

_

_

_

1

114
114

46
25

-

4
4

9
9

6

_

*

*

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

-

84
84

28
28

4
4

4
4

16
16

“

16

1

_

3

9

3

10

_

15

_

12
12

5

_

2

3 16

1

-

3

9

3

10

-

15

-

:

2

11
11

_
-

80
67
13

_

_

_

_

_

_

3. 07
3. 08

29
14

-

M illw rig h ts

_____ __ __

N on m a n u factu rin g

________

_____

S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ,
m a in ten a n ce ____ ________
X/a nnfa rtn ri ng
T o o l and die m a k e r s

_

_

_

______ _

E x clu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
2 Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
3 W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s :
8 at $ 1 to $ 1. 10; 8 at $ 1. 10 to $ 1 .2 0 .
1




3

_

_

-

-

31
31

-

-

3

1
1

-

3
-

-

_
_
-

_

_

_

_

48
44

99
99

11
11

10
10

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

38
38

11

112
112

83

31

68
68

7

_

24

28
23
5
5

65

29
29
_

6

32
32
_

10

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

73
73

191
150
41

123
123
-

30
30

_
_

_
_

*

-

81

_

_

10

1

1

14

_
-

9
3
4
7
2

5

g

2

63
63
-

_

_

_

4
4

21
21

6
6

-

2

_

15
15

_

6

2

:

-

-

5
_
5
_
5

153
151

16

94

12

2

4

86
8

16
16

11

4
4

6

_

36
36

-

3
7
_
7

1

8

8

-

16
16

43
37
6

19
19

201
201

54
54

131
131

10
10

l

1

18
18

20
20

10
10

35
27

60
60

6
1

8
8

-

86
86

5
5

2

3. 80

_

46

20

3. 70

80
80

53
53
48
4

45
13

16

2
2

3. 35
3 33

153
138

12
12

10

3. 28
3. 28

__ _ ___

11
11

14
14

3. 60

3
3

22

4

(>

-

11
11

-

26

149
149

21

_

64
64

9

6

_

_ __ __

-

19

6

9

105
99

_

641
641

_

12

_

P ip e fit t e r s , m a in ten a n ce __ __
___ __
M a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------------

25
25

8
8

_

_ _ __

16
16

2
2

_

2 .9 5
3. 22
2. 05

-

7
7
3

12
1

_

355
273
82

7

10

_
-

P a in t e r s , m a in ten a n ce — ___

9
9
_

19
4
15

_
-

2. 34
2. 34

11

19
19
_

29
29
14

_
-

174
174

11

5

_
-

O ile r s
_____________
_____ _ ______
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________

97
89

22

2 .8 1
2 . 89
2. 50
3. 36
3. 36

80
80

12
12

6

1

14
14

20
20

8
8

-

-

86

119
118

15
12

2

3
5
3

55
55

1
1

3
83
78
5

8

-

7
9

3
3

20
8
12
12

-

-

6

8
8

58
58
56
-

-

1

6
6

-

6

97
91

13

-

6

3. 50

27
24
3

5

19

20

3 .4 0

34
34
-

5

2
2

15
15

3. 30

73
73
-

-

24
24

2

-

3. 20

7

13

11
11

2

3. 10

14
14
-

11
6

-

144
144

(?

3. 00

6

-

____

Q 2 .9 0

12
6
6

3. 13
3. 13

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in ten a n ce __________
M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------Wnnma nnfa r’tivri ngr

$
$
2
1 .8 0 1 . 9 0 $ .

6

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in ten a n ce ______ ___
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________
N on m a n u factu rin g __ ____
_______

E n g in e e r s , sta tio n a ry _____
M a n u fa ctu rin g ______ __
N on m a n u factu rin g
____
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 _ _

1 .6 0 *1.70

7

17
17

13
13

-

-

-

9-

1

_

6

-

-

-

199
199

19
19

-

-

_

_

101
qc
7-7

16
16

6

g

9
Table A-4. Custodial and M aterial Movement O ccupations
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Houston, T ex. , May 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O cc u p a tio n 1 and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number

of

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
hourly - U nder 0. 70 0. 80 0. 90 1. 00 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10
and
earnings $
and
und er
0 .7 0
.8 0 ■ .9 0 1. 00 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 lL 5 0 _ 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 U 0 . 2. 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 o v e r

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(w om en ) ___________ __ ____________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____ ______ __ __

230
225

$ 1 .0 4
1 .0 4

9
9

21
21

39
39

31
31

89
84

14
14

12
12

-

-

-

-

G u ards _________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g —
__ ________
N on m a n u factu rin g ____________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 3 __ __ ________ __

287
208
79
52

2. 32
2. 67
1 .3 8
1 .3 9

_

_

_

_

_

13

20

28

_

-

-

-

-

-

13
-

20
14

28
28

-

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s (m en ) __
M a n u fa ctu rin g __ _____________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____ _____________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 3 _____ __ __ __ __
W h o le s a le tra d e ________ _____ _
_
R e t a il tra d e _____________
_____ _
_

2 ,8 8 4
738
2, 146
169
183
571

1. 35
1. 81
1. 20
1. 53
1 .6 9
1 . 22

18

57

67

77

-

-

-

-

18

57

67

77

744
37
707

-

-

-

-

18

9

21

40
112

456
36
420
12
6
97

267
42
225
24
12
103

267
43
224
17
22
119

270
153
117
25
13
59

61
21
40
21
7
4

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
(w om en ) ______________ ____________ _______
M a n u fa ctu rin g _______ __ __ __
____
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______ ____ ______
P u b lic u t il it i e s 3 ____ _______
__
R e ta il tra d e __ ________________ __

1 ,3 1 9
62
1 ,2 5 7
77
47

1 .0 9
1. 58
1 .0 6
1 .3 6
1. 03

-

84

4

807
22
785
20
26

216

23
6
17
7
3

12

17

9

-

-

-

216
7
7

12
6

17
17

L a b o r e r s , m a te r ia l h a ndling ___________
__
M a n u fa ctu rin g __
„
__ __ „
N on m a n u factu rin g _______________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 3 ___
__ __ __ _
_
W h o le sa le tra d e — __ __ __ __ __
R e ta il tra d e

3 ,2 0 0
1, 130
2 ,0 7 0
762
848
460

1. 52
1. 55
1. 50
1 .6 8
1 .4 9
1 . 21

502
131
371
112
107
152

348
51
297
16
159
122

310
148
162
8
91
63

351
185
166
4
111
51

O r d e r f i l l e r s _____
__
_____
M a n u fa ctu rin g _____________ __ __ __
N on m a n u factu rin g __ __ _ _
_ __ _
_
W h o le s a le tra d e — _

762
80
682
457

1 .7 6
1 .8 0
1 .7 5
1 .7 4

_
-

1
1
1

49
49
47

14
14
6
22
11

77

-

-

-

84

4

77

-

-

-

4

-

7

.

.

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

.

_

7
“

12
"
_

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g _ __ _
_ __ __ _
_
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___ __ __ _____ __ __

102
57

1 .4 2
1. 53

_

R e c e iv in g c le r k s __________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __
__ ________ ______
N on m a n u factu rin g _________ __ __ __
R e ta il tra d e __
_
__ __ __

328
112
216
138

1 .9 6
2. 20
1 .8 4
1 .8 4

_

Shipping c l e r k s _____________ _____ ______
M a n u fa ctu rin g _____
_____ __ __ __
N on m a n u factu rin g __ _____ __ _ —

173
102
71

2. 11
2. 20
1 .9 9

_
-

Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k s
__ _ __
M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------- ----- _
N on m a n u factu rin g ____________________
W h o le s a le tra d e _____ __ _____ __

221
106
115
92

2. 10
2. 26
1 .9 5
1 .9 5

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

See footnotes at end of table,




-

_
"

"

"

_
-

_
-

3
3
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

3
3

-

-

-

-

“

-

12
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
-

13
2
11
7

2
2
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

4
4
3

27
27
-

8
8
-

2
2
-

3
3
-

36
36
"

10
10
-

78
78
-

1
1
-

16
16
-

53
12
41
14
6
9

101
52
49
46

60
42
18

6
4
2

192
132
60

_
-

76
76

15
15

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

8
10

2

34
23
11
7
2
2

42
38
4

-

21
12
9
3
2
4

3
1

60

-

16
16

7

-

7
7

5
3
2
2

2

9
9

-

-

40
15
25

-

-

-

-

283
37
246
210
23
13

208
90
118
80
35
3

303
179
124
83
9
32

100
28
72
22
49
1

140
58
82

32
26
6
6
-

123
32
91
91
-

44
36
8
8
-

160
5
155
106
49

.
-

18
9
9
9
-

49
49
45

45
25
20
20

51
51
51

103
103
26

34
10
24
21

8

_

11
8

23
14

10
8

“

17
14
3

-

-

3

-

-

-

2
2

68
67
1

62
20

202
40
162
7
153
2

109
33
76
17

48
48
41

13
5
8
8

219
219
165

8
8

1
"

-

-

-

-

8
8

_

_
-

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

1

4

6

-

-

-

8
1

4
2

6
4

-

_
-

-

9
7
2
2

.

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

6
6
-

8
8
-

21
8
13
13

26
7
19
3

40
40
35

33
6
27
24

27
10
17
14

20
17
3
1

36
36
5

23
6
17
7

10
10
8

16
16
16

14
8
6
6

4
4
"

3
3
"

8
7
1
1

13
13
“

9
9
-

-

_
-

7
4
3

3
3

16
11
5

_
-

10
4
6

31
25
6

2

25
25

18
12
6

2
1
1

23
13
10

2
2
"

5
5
-

5
5
"

7
7
"

_

-

9
5
4

_

-

2

7

_

7

3

7

16

7
6

3

7
7

-

25
6
19
13

15
4
11
6

17
11
6
6

25
10
15
13

20
20
20

5
5

-

32
21
11

6
6

7
7

-

-

7
4
3

4
4
-

6
6
-

2
2
2

3

5

-

"

8
8
5

16

-

-

-

-

"

_
-

6
3
3

-

3

8
8
11
10
1
1

10
Table A-4. Custodial and M aterial Movement O ccupatbns-Continued
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Houston, T e x ., May 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation 1 and industry division

$
$
$
A
verage
hou , Jnder 0. 70 0 .8 0 0 .
rly
and
earn gs >
in
under
). 70
. 80
.9 0 1 .

N ber
um
of
w ers
ork

T ru ck d rivers 4 ___________ ______________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public utilities 3 ___________________
W holesale trade _____________ ____
Retail trade ________________________

2, 763
577
2 , 186
794
756
592

$ 1 .9 4
1 .7 5
1. 98
2 . 60
1. 64
1.6 1

Truckdrivers, light (under
1 1U
tons) ________ __________________
Manufacturing ________ ___________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
WV»nlpsalp traHp
Rfttail trad#
»

572
170
402
130
234

1 .5 6
1. 72
1 .4 9
1. 36
1150

Truckdrivers, medium ( lV 2 to
and including 4 tons) _______________
Manufacturing
___
Nonmanufacturing _ __ _____ ____
Public u tilities 3 __ _____ __ _
Wholesale trade
_ _
Retail trade ______________ ____

1,4 4 5
285
1, 159
614
393
142

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type) _________________________
Manufacturing _____________________
Nonmanufacturing _ ________ ____
Wholesale trade _______________

59177
5M
206

2. 15
1 .5 9
2. 23
2 . 0 2

Truckers, power (forklift) _____________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____ ______________
W holesale trade ________________ _

489
331
158
96
258

1 .2 7
1 . 4l
1. 17
1 . 1 0

1
2
3
4

1 1 2

146
43

.

2 . 0 1

1 .7 3
. 08
2 .5 7
1 .4 8
1. 70
2

. 16
2. 36
1 .7 5
1 .7 3

$

0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1 0

1 . 2 0

1 .3 0

1. 40

1. 50

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

117
30
87
45
42

209

215
26
189

137
46
91

98
54
44

174
45
129
-

.

2 2

5
17
5

_
-

_

-

-

*

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

8

-

-

-

8

-

1 2

1 2

95
25
70
40
30

-

2 1

188
116
72

67
2 1

46
23
23

2
6 6
1 1 1

119
26
93
39
54

89
89
-

41
41

8 8

27

1

1 2

1 2

2

2

18
18

.9 0

2

.

0 0

.

2 . 2 0

31

41

1 2

1 0

1 0

1 0

-

-

19

36

74

6

8

41
26
15

5

1 1

31
23

6

1 0

15

37

34

5

70

55
30
25
24

2 1

49
2

43
4

1

1 1

1 2

1 1

1 2

-

8

1

99
35
64

44
24

14
4

2 0

1 0

1

-

26
26
-

8

126
80
46
5
32
9

25
25
-

2 0
2 0

-

-

8 8

19

32

86

46

84

7

67

1 0 2

33
9
24
-

24
78
53
25

2 0

5
15
15
54
14
40

99
35
64
54
9

6

8

99
82
15

8

81
44
37
3
29

1 0

240
43
197
2

96
98

2

.

2 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2. 30 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 . 60 2. 70 2 .8 0 2 .

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

40

124
5
119

135

6

34
26
1
6

6

8

-

6

6

2

8 6

_
33

9
5
4

8

2

. 60

2. 70

15

274
15
259
226
33

1

127
123
4

14
_
13

3
3
-

-

4
3

1

1

1

2

. 80

353
35
318
317
_

2

.

9 0

9 0

3. 00

$
3. 00

%

3. 10
and
3. 10 over

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

4
4
_
_
_

7
7
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

156
156
_

_
_

_
_

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

161
161
-

1

-

-

_
-

-

-

13
1 2
1

8
8

10

9
1

_

_

1

_
1

4

2 0

1 2

-

2 2

14

6

1 1 2

$

1 0

55
14
41

2

131
19

107

2

6

4
3

5

1

35

14
14

18

. 80

.

2

49
38

2

13
13
13

2 0

1

$
0 0

192
115
77
5
55
15

5
5
-

Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all d rivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1. 30 1. 40 1. 50 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 . 80 1. 90 2 .

1 . 2 0

1 2

_

$

.

19 0 1 0

1 . 0 0

2

Watchmen _________________________________
Manufacturing ________ ________ ____
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

$

10

14

14
14
9
13
6

7
"

1

60
2

5

45
43

4

26
26
25

6

1 8

8

9
9

19
3
16

2 1

84

3
3
'

189
189
96
28
28
-

1

2

34
34
28

-

-

-

-

58
50

2 1

-

32
32
32

19
13

2

9
8

2

2

1

6

2

2

2

_

1

-

6

109
109
8 6

23

6

-

-

6

6

"

-

4
3

8

-

6

2

82
82

2

131
4
127
123
4

13

227

1

8

1 2

219

_
1 2

2 1 0

9
-

“

-

~

4

8

-

-

-

8

56
56

16
16

25
25

-

-

-

-

.18
18
-

2

-

-

2

1

2

1

-

_
_

9
9
_

_

1

-

158

2 2
2 2

63
54
9

58
58

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

A ppendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureaus wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E
B IL L E R , M A C H IN E

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:
B ille r , m achine (b illin g m ach in e) —

Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry ot necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B iller, m achine (b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e) — Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slips.




B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C la s s A — Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
C la s s B — Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping*
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
C la s s A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

12

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COM PTOM ETER O PER ATO R

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

C L E R K , F IL E

Class A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
Class B— Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or a ssists in locating material in file s. May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

CLER K , ORDER

R eceives custom ers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing onder sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM E O G R A P H O R D I T T O )

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple cop ies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH O PER ATO R

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.
O F F IC E B O Y O R G IR L

Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

13

SECRETARY

Performs secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STEN O G R APH ER , G E N E R A L

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. D o e s not in clu de tran scribing-m ach in e
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
STE N O G R A P H E R , T E C H N IC A L

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. D o e s not in clu d e tra n scribing-m ach in e work .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls .
May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who ca ll in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerica l work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.




T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

Class A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B— Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp e cific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C— Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp ecific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

14

T Y P I S T — C ontinued

T Y P IS T

Uses a typewriter to make cop ies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing processes. May do clerica l work involving little specia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.
C la s s A — Performs o n e or more o f the fo llo w in g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
C la s s B — Performs on e or more o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licie s,
etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
D R A F T S M A N , JU N IO R

(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to sca le units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.
DRAFTSM AN, LE A D E R

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

D R A F T S M A N , S E N IO R — C ontinued

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a com bina­
tion o f the fo llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

D R A F T S M A N , SE N IO R
TRACER

Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Duties involve a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g : Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

15

M A IN T E N A N C E

D PO W ERPLANT

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y

Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors >
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer are excluded .




H E L P E R , T R A D E S , M A IN T E N A N C E

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts ot a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items reauiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety or pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
M A C H IN IST , M A IN T E N A N C E

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

16

M A C H IN IST , M A IN T E N A N C E —

Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parrs with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
M IL L W R IG H T

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




M ILLW R IG H T— Continued

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
O IL E R

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or con sistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded .

17

T O O L A N D D IE M AK ER

P L U M B E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber*s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K ER , M A IN T E N A N C E

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker's
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
E L E V A T O R O P E R A T O R , PASSENGER

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R — Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g :
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In clu d es g a te men who are sta tio n ed at ga te and c h eck on id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
other persons enterin g.
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve on e or more o f the fo llo w ­
in g: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

18

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

from freight c a r s , tru ck s, or other transporting d e v ic e s ; u npacking, s h e lv ­
in g , or p la c in g m aterials or m erchandise in proper stora g e lo c a tio n ; tran s­

For w age study p u rp o ses, workers are c la s s if ie d a s fo llo w s :

porting

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or w heelbarrow .

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded,
ORDER FILLER

TRUCKDRIVER

(Order p ick er; sto c k se le c to r ; w arehouse stockm an )
D riv es a truck within a city or in d u stria l area to transport ma­
F i l ls

sh ip p in g or transfer orders for fin ish e d g oo d s from stored

m erchandise in accord an ce with s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s l i p s , cu sto m e rs’
orders, or other in stru c tio n s. M ay, in addition to fillin g orders and in d i­
catin g item s fille d or om itted, keep records o f outgoin g orders, re q u isi­
tion ad d ition al s t o c k , or report short su p p lie s to su p erviso r, and perform
other related d u tie s.

te r ia ls , m erch an d ise, equipm ent, or men betw een variou s ty p es o f e s ta b ­
lish m en ts su ch a s : M anufacturing p la n ts , freight d e p o ts , w a reh ou ses,
w h o le sa le and r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , or betw een r eta il e sta b lish m en ts
and cu sto m e rs' h o u se s or p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . May a ls o load or unload
truck with or without h e lp e rs, make minor m e ch a n ica l rep airs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesm en and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares fin ish e d products for shipm ent or storage by p lacin g
them in sh ippin g c o n tain ers, the s p e c ific operation s performed being
dependent upon the typ e, s i z e , and number o f units to be p a ck ed , the
type o f con tain er em p lo y ed , and method o f shipm ent. Work requires the
p la c in g o f item s in sh ippin g con tain ers and may involve one or more o f
the following: K n ow ledge o f various item s o f sto c k in order to verify
con ten t; s e le c tio n o f appropriate type and s i z e o f con tain er; in sertin g
e n c lo su re s in co n tain er; u sin g e x c e ls io r or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or d am age; c lo s in g and se a lin g co n tain er; applying la b e ls or
entering id en tifyin g data on con tain er. Packers who also make wooden

For w age stu dy p u rp o ses, truckdrivers are c la s s if ie d by s iz e
and type o f equipm ent, as fo llo w s : (T rac to r-trailer sh ou ld be rated on
the b a s is o f trailer c a p a c ity .)

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light ( under l l2 tons)
/
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons , trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons , other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER

boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

O perates a manually co n trolled g a s o lin e - or electric-p o w ered
truck or tractor to transport g oo d s and m aterials o f a ll kinds about a
w areh ou se, m anufacturing plan t, or other e s ta b lis h m e n t.

Prepares m erchandise for shipm ent, or r e c e iv e s and is resp o n ­
s ib le for incom ing shipm ents o f m erchandise or other m a teria ls. Shipping

work involves:

A know ledge o f shipping p roced u res, p r a c tic e s, rou tes,
a v a ila b le m eans o f transportation and r a te s ; and preparing records o f the
goo d s sh ip p ed , making up b ills o f lad in g, p o stin g w eight and sh ippin g
ch a rg es, and k eep in g a file o f shipping reco rd s. May direct or a s s i s t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: V eri­
fying or directin g others in verifying the c o rrectn ess o f sh ipm en ts a g a in st

For wage study p u rp oses, workers are c la s s if ie d
truck, a s fo llo w s :

by type of

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN

b ills of lad in g, in v o ic e s , or other reco rd s; ch eck in g for sh orta ges and
rejectin g dam aged g o o d s ; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper d e­
partm ents; m aintaining n e c e ssa r y records and f i l e s .




M akes rounds o f prem ises p e r io d ic a lly in protecting property
a g a in st fir e , th eft, and ille g a l entry.
it U .S .

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1 9 6 1

O — 602552


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102