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Occupational Wage Survey

SAVANNAH, GEORGIA
MAY 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-76




UNITED S T A T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
Arthur J. G old b erg , Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewart Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




SAVANNAH, GEORGIA
M A Y 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-76
July 1961

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

for sale by the Superintendent off Documents, U.S. Government Printing Offffice, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 20 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The C om m u n ity W age S u rvey P r o g r a m

T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u reau *s r e g io n a l
o ffic e in A tlan ta , G a., by D onald M . C r u s e , under the d i­
r e c t io n o f L o u is B . W oytych , A s s is ta n t R eg ion a l D ir e c t o r
o f W ages and In d u stria l R e la tio n s .




1

3

T a b le s :
1.
2.

A:

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f su rv ey ——------------P e r c e n t c h a n g e s in standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and stra ig h ttim e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s ----------

2

O ccu p a tion a l e a rn in g s: *
A - 1. O ffice o c cu p a tio n s ________________________ ___ ___ __ ___
A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s -_______ ——.
A - 3. M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a t i o n s _________ _
A - 4 . C u sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s ------ .

^ if) iDvO

T h e B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics r e g u la r ly co n d u c ts
a r e a w id e w age s u r v e y s in a n u m ber o f im p o rta n t in d u s tr ia l
cen ters.
The stu d ie s, m ade fr o m la te fa ll to e a r ly sp rin g ,
r e la te to o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and r e la te d su p p lem en ta ry
b e n e fit s . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in ea ch a r e a , u su a lly in the m onth fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied. T h is bu lletin p r o v id e s a d d ition a l
data n ot in clu d e d in the e a r lie r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly tica l b u lletin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the
y e a r * s s u r v e y s is is s u e d a fte r c o m p le t io n o f the fin al a r e a
b u lletin fo r the c u r r e n t round o f s u r v e y s .

I n t r o d u c t io n __________________________ ___________
W age tr e n d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s

A p p en d ix:

O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s

* N O T E : S im ila r ta bu la tion s fo r th ese and oth er it e m s a r e
a v a ila b le in the Savannah a r e a r e p o r t s fo r June I960 and
M ay 1961.
A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g date o f study and the
p r ic e o f the r e p o r t s , a s w e ll a s r e p o r t s fo r oth er m a jo r
a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.
Union s c a le s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls ,
a r e a ls o a v a ila b le fo r sev en s e le c t e d bu ild in g tr a d e s in the
Savannah a r e a .

2

7




Occupational W age Survey—Savannah, Ga,
Introduction

This area is one of several important industrial centers in
which the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics
conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an area basis.
The bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for occu­
pations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.
In each area, data are obtained from representative establish­
ments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, 1 communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; re­
tail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations
and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having
fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because
they furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to war­
rant inclusion. Wherever possible, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions. ) Earnings data are
presented (in the A -series tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (l) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis.
Longer average service of men would result in higher average pay
when both sexes are employed within the same rate range.
Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
1 Railroads, formerly excluded from the scope of these studies,
were included in all of the areas studied since July 1959, except Balti­
more (September 1959 and December I960), Buffalo (October 1959),
Cleveland (September 1959), and Seattle (August 1959).




Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

2




T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e of su rv e y and n u m b er studied in Savannah,

by m a jo r in d u stry d iv isio n , 2 M ay 1961

N u m b er of e s ta b lish m e n ts
In d u stry d iv isio n

W ithin sc o p e
of stu d y 3

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts
W ithin scop e
of study

Studied

Studied

_______________________________________________________________

101

58

1 9

, 800

15, 98 0

M an u factu rin g ____ ____ ___________________________________________________
N on m an ufactu ring ________________________________________________________
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other
public u tilitie s 4 ____________________________________________________
W h o le s a le trade 5 ____________________________________________________
R e ta il tra d e 5 __________________________________________________________
F in an c e, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e s t a t e 5 __________________________
S e r v ic e s 5’ 6 ___________________________________________________________

38
63

22
36

12, 000
7, 800

10, 24 0
5, 740

11
7
28
6
11

11
4
11
4
6

3, 40 0
300
2, 200
€00
1, 100

3, 390
21 0
1, 060
47 0
61 0

A l l d iv isio n s

1 The Savannah Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a (C hatham C ounty).
The "w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e of stu d y " e s t im a t e s show n in this table
p rovid e a r e a so n a b ly a c c u r a te d e sc r ip tio n of the s iz e and c o m p o sitio n of the la b o r fo r c e in clu d ed in the su r v e y .
The e s t im a t e s a r e not intended,
h o w ev er, to s e r v e as a b a s is of c o m p a r iso n w ith other a r e a em p lo y m e n t in d e xes to m e a s u r e em p lo y m en t tre n d s or le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of w age
su rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se of e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p iled c o n sid e r a b ly in ad vance of the p a y r o ll p erio d stud ied , and (2) s m a ll e sta b lish m e n ts are
ex clu d ed fr o m the sc o p e of the su r v e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition of the Standard In d u stria l C la s s if ic a tio n M an ual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
M a jo r
chan ges fr o m the e a r l ie r ed ition (u sed in the B u r e a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w age su r v e y s conducted p r io r to July 1958) a re the t r a n s fe r of m ilk p a ste u r iz a tio n
p lan ts and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e sta b lish m e n ts fr o m tra d e (w h o le sa le or retail) to m an u factu rin g, and the t r a n s fe r of rad io and t e le v is io n b r o a d ca stin g
fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp o r ta tio n , com m u n ic a tio n , and other p ub lic u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m en t at or above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n (5 0 e m p lo y e e s ).
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the area ) of
c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u str ie s as tra d e , fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e th e a te rs a r e c o n sid e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en ta l to w a ter tra n sp o r ta tio n w e r e ex clu d ed .
S avan n ah 's tr a n s it s y s t e m is m u n ic ip a lly op erated and is ex clu d ed
by d efin ition fr o m the sc o p e of the study.
5 T h is in d u stry d iv isio n is r e p r e se n te d in e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s .
S ep arate p r e se n ta tio n
of data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ad e fo r one or m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv isio n is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data
to m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d esig n ed in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n , (3) r e sp o n se w as in su ffic ie n t or inadequate
to
p e r m it se p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n , (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility of d is c lo s u r e of in divid u al e sta b lish m e n t d ata.
6 H o t e ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; au tom ob ile r e p a ir sh o p s; m otion p ic t u r e s ; n onp rofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and en g in eerin g
and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v i c e s .

T a b le 2 . P e r c e n t ch a n g es in standard w ee k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t -t im e
h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r se le c te d occu p ation al grou p s in Savannah, G a .,
June I 9 6 0 to M a y 1961
O ccu p ation al grou p

O ffic e c le r ic a l (w om en) _________ __ _
S k illed m ain ten an ce (m e n ) _________________
U n sk ille d plant ( m e n ) _______________________

A l l in d u str ie s

2 .7
2. 5
*-l. 9

M an u factu rin g

2. 0
*-3.6

1
The d ec lin e in th is group la r g e ly r e f le c t s sh ifts in e m p lo y m e n ts in this
jo b group b etw een h ig h - and lo w -r a t e e s ta b lis h m e n ts ra th er than w age d e c r e a s e s .

3
Wage Trends for Selected O ccupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in ta ble 2 a r e p e r c e n ts o f change in s a la r ie s o f
w om en o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e
ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g ro u p s.
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
cen ts o f change re la te to a v e r a g e w eek ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h ou rs
o f w ork , that is , the stan dard w ork sch e d u le f o r w h ich s tr a ig h t -tim e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g ro u p s, th ey m e a s u r e changes
in s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly e a rn in g s, e x clu d in g p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r ­
tim e and f o r w ork pn w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts . The p e r ­
cen ta g es a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e le c t e d k e y o c cu p a tio n s and in clu d e
m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ithin e a ch g rou p .
The o f ­
f ic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a se d on w om en in the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i lle r s ,
m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ); b o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A
and B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , f ile , c la s s A and B ; c le r k s ,
o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; k eyp un ch o p e r a t o r s ; o ffic e g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ;
s te n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e r a l; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ; t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p ­
e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B.
The in d u str ia l n u rse
data a r e b a s e d on w om en in d u stria l n u r s e s .
M en in the fo llo w in g
1 0 s k ille d m a in ten an ce jo b s and 3 u n sk illed jo b s w e re in clu d ed in the
plant w o r k e r data: S killed — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , au tom otiv e; m illw r ig h ts ; p a in te r s ; p ip e fitte r s ;
s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ; and to o l and d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n ito r s ,
p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a te r ia l han dlin g; and w atch m en .

A v e r a g e w eek ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s w e re
com p u ted fo r e a ch o f the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s .
The a v e r a g e s a l ­
a r ie s o r h o u r ly earn in g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d by the a v e r a g e e m p lo y ­
m en t in the jo b during the m onths in d ica te d in the title o f ta ble 2.




T h e se w eigh ted ea rn in g s f o r in d iv id u al occu p a tio n s w e re then tota led
to obtain an a g g re g a te f o r e a c h o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p . F in a lly , the r a tio
o f th ese grou p a g g re g a te s f o r the on e y e a r to the a g g re g a te f o r the
o th e r y e a r w as com p u ted and the d iffe r e n c e betw een the r e s u lt and
1 0 0 is the p e r c e n t o f change fr o m the on e p e r io d to the o th e r.

The p e r c e n t o f change m e a s u r e s , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f
(1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w age ch a n g es; (2) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s
in p a y r e c e iv e d b y in d iv id u al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and
(3) ch a n ges in the la b o r f o r c e su ch as la b o r tu r n o v e r, f o r c e ex p a n ­
s io n s , fo r c e r e d u c tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d b y e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pa y le v e ls . Changes in the
la b o r f o r c e can ca u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c cu p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s w ithout actu a l w age ch a n g es. F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e ex p a n sion
m igh t in c r e a s e the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific
o c cu p a tio n and r e s u lt in a d ro p in the a v e r a g e , w h erea s a re d u ctio n
in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ould have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t .
The m o v e m e n t o f a h ig h -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a co u ld
ca u se the a v e r a g e ea rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though no change in ra tes
o c c u r r e d in o th e r a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n ts.
The u se o f con stan t e m p loy m en t w eigh ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t s
o f changes in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
N or a r e the p e r c e n ts o f change in flu en ced by
changes in stan dard w o rk sc h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e ,
s in c e they a re b a s e d on pa y f o r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s.
In d exes fo r the p e r io d 1953 to I960 f o r w o r k e r s in 20 m a jo r
la b o r m a rk e ts a re p r e s e n te d in BL.S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -6 2 , W ages and R e ­
la ted B e n e fits , 60 L a b o r M a r k e ts , W in ter 1 9 5 9 -6 0 .

A* Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , Savannah, G a. , M a y 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Average
S ex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

U nder
Weekly
earnings1 $
(Standard)
4 0 . 00

*40. 0 0
and
under
4 5 . 00

$
$
5 5 . 00
6 0 . 00

$
.4 5 . 0 0

$
50. 00

50. 00

5 5 .0 0

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

$
7 5 . 00

$
8 0 . 00

7 5 . 0 0 _ 8 0 ,_ 0 0

8 5. 00

$
TO . 0 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
8 5 . 0 0 $9 0 . 0 0
9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 : 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 00 1 2 0 . 0 0
1
and

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

90. 00

9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 : 0,-QQ- L i 5 , m
LI

1 2 0 . 00

M en

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A _________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________________

32
19

C le r k s ,

a c c o u n t in g ,

C le r k s ,

p a y r o ll

40. 0
40. 0

m o .o o
1 1 0 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

1

---------------------------------------------------

24

39. 5

8 5 . 00

__________________________________________________

13

40. 0

9 8 . 50

________________________________________________________

17

39. 5

6 4 . 50

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________________

55
53

40. 5
40. 5

52. 00
5 1 . 50

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A _________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------------------------

46
18
28

40. 5
40. 0
4 1 .0

8 3 . 50
9 2 . 50
7 7 . 50

-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B _________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________________

121
34
87

39. 0
40. 0
38. 5

59. 00
57. 00
5 9 . 50

"

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B -----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------------------------

21
20

40. 0
40. 0

52. 00
5 1 .0 0

5
35
_

O ffic e b o y s

c la s s B

1

2

5

-

-

1
1

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

5

3

_

4

_

8

2

3

1

5

2

1
2

1

4

2

1

2

5
5

2
2

2
2

33
33

8
8

3.
1

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

7
7

3
3

3
3

2
1
1

5
5
_

_

_

-

-

-

"

“

2
2

1
1

12
12

2
1

3
3

25
2

1

5

W om en

__________________________________________________

25

39. 5

8 2 . 50

K e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g :
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 4 ---------------------------------------------------------------

41
23

39. 5
40. 0

7 1 . 00
6 5 . 50

18

3 9 .5

7 8 . 50

S e c r e t a r i e s ________________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------- -----P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 4 ---------------------------------------------------------------

101

40.
39.
40.
40.

86.
85.
86.
97.

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 4 _________________________________________

143
79
50

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

7 8 . 00
8 2 . 00
9 4 . 00

_

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s __________ ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------------------------

45
37

41. 5
41. 5

56. 00
5 2 . 50

5 17
17

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n is t s

-------------------------------------

19

39. 0

5 9 . 00

_

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B _________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------------------------

25
16

40. 0
40. 0

5 2 . 00
5 1 . 50

C le r k s ,

p a y r o ll

55

46
25

0
5
0
0

00
50
00
50

-

-

"
_

-

1
1

-

-

2
2

10
5
5

14
10
4

31
31

20
1
19

18
5
13

9
7
2

6
4
2

3
2
1

_

8
8

4
4

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

1
1

-

-

5
1
4

_

“

7
4
3

1
1

_
-

-

9
9

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

1

1

3

1

4

1

_

5

_

3

5

1

_

_

_

-

4
-

3
2

8
6

7
7

3
3

2
1

1
1

1
1

5
-

5
-

-

-

-

-

_

4

1

2

-

-

1

-

-

5

5

-

-

“

-

3
1
2

9

6
2

12
7

9
5
4
4

14
8
6
2

66
-

12

5

5

-

7
7

5
5

2
2
2

2
1
1
1

2
2
-

-

10
8
2
2

3
2

10
-

20
20
20

7
7
7

2
2
2

3
2
2

2
2
2

-

"

10
10
10
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

_

"
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

5
4
2

12
11

'
2
2

"

~
_

6
3

4

9
4
5

-

1

"

1

22
-

-

10
4
2

16
6
2

17
5
1

5

1

6

_

1

_

5

-

4
4

-

5

"

1

-

-

2
1

3

3

2

3

3

2

-

-

1

6
6

8
3

2
2

4
2

2
1

2
1

_

.

.

.

9
9

1

1

1

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 1 at $ 120 to $ 125; 2 at $ 125 to $ 130; 2 at $ 145 to $ 150.
3 A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 3 5 to $ 4 0 .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
5 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 6 at $ 25 to $ 3 0 ; 11 at $ 30 to $ 35.




-

_
2
2

_

-

5
5

-

-

_

_

5
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , Savannah, G a. , M ay 1961)
Average

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF— '

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
90. 00 95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . oo 1 1 5 .0 0 120. 00 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0
and
under
9 5. 00 100. 00 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 130. 00 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0

Number

of

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Weeklyj
(Standard)

Weekly .
earnings1
(Standard)

4 0. 0

$ 1 1 0 . 00

workers

M en
D r a ft s m e n ,

s e n io r

_________________________________________

19

2

4

3

l

3

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e
w e e k ly h o u r s .

1

2

1

2

s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to

th e s e

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , Savannah, G a. , M ay 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
Average
hourly
1. 0 0 1. 10
earnings1
and

Number

O c c u p a t io n an d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

of

workers

under
1. 10 1. 2 0
42
38

$ 2 . 50
2. 53

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e
----------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________

108
100
64
55

2 . 14
2 . 12

_

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e
_________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________

317
3 07

2 . 08
2. 08

________________
M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ ________________________

119
T09

2 . 99
3. 02

36
27

2 . 57
2 . 49

$
1. 30

1. 30

1. 4 0

1. 4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1. 7 0

$
1. 8 0

$
1. 9 0

$
2 . 00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2 . 30

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

$
2. 70

$
2. 8 0

$
2. 90

$
3. 00

$
3 . 10

$
3. 2 0

1. 5 0

1 .6 0

1. 7 0

1. 8 0

1. 9 0

2. 00

2 . 10

2. 2 0

2 . 30

2. 4 0

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

2. 90

3 . 00

3 . 10

3. 2 0

3. 30

S

1

2 . 89
2 . 90

F ir e m e n , s ta t io n a r y b o il e r
--------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________

$
1. 2 0

C a r p e n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________

M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ( m a i n t e n a n c e ) __
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e _________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________

148
146

O ile r s
_________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________

88
69

2 . 26
2. 24

P a in te r s ,

44

2 . 62

m a in t e n a n c e

___________________

'

2 . 50
2 . 49

-

-

"

-

4
4

"

"

2
2

-

3
1

1

4
4

2
2

6
6

3
3

8
7

8
4

_
-

8
8

4
4

4
4
4
4

_

-

10
10

6
6

2
2

16
16

20
20

-

-

-

_

_

-

"

_

_

_
"

-

_

-

_

3
-

6
3

-

-

19
19

-

"

-

-

2
2

1
1

53
53

19
16

4
4

4
4

4
4

4
4

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

1

-

"

"

-

-

-

13
11

5
5

5
5

_

_

_

-

-

-

38
34

21
21

26
24

59
57

29
27

90
90

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

_

2
2

.

1
1

2
2

1
1

12
4

_

_

_

-

-

-

67
67

4
2

28
28

6
6

_

_

1
1

_

5

.

_

11
11

3

_

-

7
7

_

"

3
2

_

-

16
16

30
30

12
12

29
29

1
1

17
17

2

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

-

32

_

_

_

_

_

-

"

"

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

3
3

2
2

3
3

4
4

4
4

5
5

10
10

10
10

"

"

2
2

_

_

5

-

1
------1

7
7

_

-

2
2

_

-

1
1

5

-

"

3
3

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

4

1

1

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .




6
6

.
"

24
12
~ ~ r " 1 Tz
i

_

29
“ i r l
2

'

-

2

_

-

6
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , Savannah, G a. , M a y 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly ,
earnings.

$
$
$
$
0 . 4 0 0 . 50 0 . 6 0 0 . 7 0
and
under

G u a r d s _________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------

31
31

197
76
121
30

1. 17
1 .4 2
1. 02
1 .7 4

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , an d c le a n e r s
( w o m e n ) _____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________

26
17

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g -----------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ___________________

369
276
93
41

.7 0

. 80

0. 9 0

$

1 .0 0

1. 10

$
1 .2 0

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
$
1. 50 1 . 6 0

.9 0

1. 0 0

1. 10

1. 2 0

1. 3 0

1 .4 0

1. 50

9

19

9
4
5

9

-

1 .6 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

~

■

"

1

10
8
2
2

2
2
2

8
2
6
6

3

$

2 . 50

2. 60

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

2. 60

2 . 7 0 •2. 8 0

2 .9 0

over

$

$

$

73
70
3

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

1

-

-

-

-

1

"

~

“

"

91
63
28

2
2

5
1
4

39
39
-

_
-

2
2
2

2
2
-

19
18
1

24
17
7

■

■

*

“

34
4
30
26

1

_

_

_

12

_

1

10
10

4
4

3
3
3

1
1
1

2
2
-

59
49
10
7

5
5
“

-

-

_

_

4

_

-

_
-

1

.

.

-

-

25

1 .7 4

_

19

2 . 10

----------------------------------------------

16

2. 32

T r u c k d r i v e r s 5 _____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ------------------------------

174
68
106
56

1 .9 7
1. 67
2 . 16
2 . 69

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

23
6
17

26
21
5

6
3
3

2
2

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

“

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d e r
l V z t o n s ) -------------------------------------------------

24

1 .3 3

-

-

-

-

3

-

8

4

-

2

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m (IV 2 to an d
i n c l u d i n g 4 t o n s ) _____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ________________

127
44
83
56

2 . 08
1 .7 6
2 . 26
2 . 69

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
15

15
14
1

6
3
3

-

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) ----------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------

142
136

2. 04
2 . 03

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

“

-

-

"

10
10

6
6

W a t c h m e n _____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

58
48

1 .4 9
1 .4 5

1

16
16

_

19
15
4
4

3
3

_

_

$
$
$
S
2 . 10 2 . 2 0 2 . 3 0 2 . 4 0

3
3

5
4

-

_

1
1

■

.

_

11
11

-

-

20
20

-

5
2
3
3

-

_

3

_

1

4

_

5

11
11

1

25
25
-

3
3
-

-

2
2
-

-

-

6
2
4

~

~

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
2
4

2
2
-

6
6

2
2

_

_

_

“

-

9
9

2
2

2
2

5

5
1

1
1

3

3

3

3

3

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

.
-

8
8
-

-

-

-

-

6
6
6

-

-

_

.

_

_

1

5

3

-

1
1
-

-

5

3

3
3
“

-

_

-

1

1

2

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d la te s h ift s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l lo w s : 2 at $ 2. 90 to $ 3; 1 at $ 3. 20 to $ 3. 30.
I n clu d e s a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




2 . 10

1
-

-

1
2
3
4
5

2 .0 0

1
1
-

1 .6 9
1 .6 9
1 .7 0
2 . 14

S h ip p i n g c l e r k s

1 .7 0

16
10
6
5

2
2

___________________________

2. 00

25
21
4
1

11
7

R e c e iv in g c le r k s

1 .9 0

$

1 .9 0

8
2
6
1

“

________________________________

1 .8 0

$

35
8
27
2

19
-

O rd er fille r s

$
1 .8 0

2
2

4
4

. 90...
.7 9

$
1 .7 0

and

$ 2 . 04
2. 04

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
( m e n ) _________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ___________________

. 60

$

$

0
(M

. 50

$
0. 80

4

6
6

-

13
13
6

2

3

-

-

-

21
21
-

-

10
10
6

-

-

-

_

91
85

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

2

9
8

-

3
3

43

-

2
2
-

-

50
50
50

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

50
50
50

_
-

2
2
-

16
16

_

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

7

A ppendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped Workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

O

F F I C E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other cle rica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions.

Biller , machine (billing machine)— Uses a specia l billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slip s.




Class A — Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B— Keeps a record o f one or more phases or section s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

8

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE

Class A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerica l duties.
Class fi— Performs routine filin g, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or a ssists in locating material in file s. May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives custom ers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing onder sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled , keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple copies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

9

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office ca lls .
May record toll calls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who ca ll in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerica l work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo s e supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring tvpe requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B— Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp e cific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C— Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp e cific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

10

T Y P IS T

T Y P I S T — Continued

U s e s a typew riter to make c o p ie s o f variou s m aterial or to make
out b ills after c a lc u la tio n s have been made by another p e rso n . May in ­

tu ation , e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l or un usu al words or foreign language m a­
te r ia l; planning layou t and typing o f co m p lica ted s t a t i s t ic a l ta b le s

clude typing o f s t e n c i l s , m a ts, or sim ila r m aterials for u se in d u p lic a t­

to maintain uniformity and b a lan ce in s p a c in g .

ing p r o c e s s e s . May do c le r ic a l work in v o lv in g little s p e c ia l training,
such a s k eepin g sim p le reco rd s, filin g records and rep o rts, or sortin g

form le tte rs varying d e ta ils to su it c ir c u m s ta n c e s .

and distributing incom ing m a il.

Class B—

Perform s one or more o f the following: T y p in g ma­
terial in fin a l form when it in v o lv e s com bining m aterial from s e v e r a l
so u rces or re sp o n sib ility for correct s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n , pu n c-

F E S S I O N

A L

one or more o f the following:

C op y typing

from rough or cle a r d ra fts; routine typing o f form s, insu rance p o li c i e s ,

Class A —

P R O

Perform s

May type routine

e t c .; se ttin g up sim ple standard ta b u la tio n s, or co p y in g more com ­
p lex ta b le s already s e t up and s p a c e d properly.

A N D

T E C H

N

I C A

L

D R A F T S M A N , S E N IO R — Continued

D R A F T S M A N , JU N IO R
(A s s is t a n t draftsm an)
Draws to s c a le units or parts o f drawings prepared by d r a fts­
man or others for en g in eerin g , co n stru c tio n , or m anufacturing p u rp o se s.
U s e s variou s typ es o f drafting to o ls a s required. May prepare draw ings
from sim p le p lan s or s k e t c h e s , or perform other d u ties under direction
of a draftsm an.

in v o lv ed in strength o f

m a teria ls, beam s

and t r u s s e s ; v erifyin g com ­

p leted work, ch eck in g d im e n sio n s, m aterials to be u s e d , and q u a n titie s ;
writing s p e c ific a t io n s ; m aking ad ju stm en ts or ch a n g es in drawings or
s p e c ific a t io n s . May ink in lin e s and letters on p en cil d ra w in g s, prepare
d e ta il units o f com p lete d raw in gs, or trace draw in gs. Work is frequently
in a s p e c ia liz e d fie ld su ch a s a rch itectu ral, e le c t r ic a l, m e c h a n ic a l, or
structural drafting.

DRAFTSM AN, L E A D E R
P la n s and d ire c ts a c t iv itie s of one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration o f working p lan s and d e ta il draw ings from rough or prelim inary
sk e tc h e s for e n g in eerin g , co n stru c tio n , or manufacturing p u r p o se s. D u tie s
in volve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blu ep rin ts, s k e t c h e s ,
and written or v erb al

o rd ers; determ ining work p ro ced u res; a s s ig n in g

d u ties to su bordin ates and in sp e c tin g their work; perform ing more d if­
ficu lt problem s. May a s s i s t su b o rd in ates during em e rg e n cie s or a s a
regular a ssig n m en t, or perform related d u ties o f a su p erviso ry or ad­
m inistrative nature.

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )
A reg istered nurse who g iv e s nursing s e r v ic e to i ll or injured
em p lo y ees or other p erson s who becom e i l l or su ffer an a c c id e n t on the
p rem ises o f a factory or other e s ta b lis h m e n t.

D u ties in v o lv e

a combina-

tion o f the following:

G iv in g fir st aid to the i ll or in ju red ; atten din g to
su b seq u en t d r e ssin g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; keepin g records o f p a tien ts
treated ; preparing a c c id e n t reports for com p ensation or other p u r p o s e s ;
conducting p h y s ic a l exam in ation s and h ealth e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lica n ts
and e m p lo y e e s; and planning and carrying out programs in v o lv in g health
e d u ca tio n , a ccid e n t p reven tion, ev alu a tio n o f plant environm ent, or other
a c tiv itie s a ffe c tin g the h ea lth , w e lfa re, and s a fe ty o f a ll p erso n n el.

D R A F T S M A N , SE N IO R
TRACER
Prepares working p la n s and d e ta il drawings from n o t e s , rough
or d eta iled s k e tc h e s for en g in eerin g , co n stru c tio n , or m anufacturing pur­

C o p ie s p lan s and draw ings prepared by o th e rs, by p la c in g trac­

p o s e s . D u ties in v o lv e a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing p la n s , d eta il d raw in gs, m ap s, c r o s s -s e c t i o n s , e t c ., to s c a le by u se
of drafting in stru m en ts; making en gin eerin g com putations su ch a s th ose

in g clo th or paper over drawing and tracin g with pen or p e n c il. U s e s
T -sq u a r e , c o m p a ss, and other drafting t o o ls . May prepare sim p le draw­
in gs and do sim p le letterin g .




11

M A IN T E N A N C E

D PO W ERPLANT

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

Perform s the carpentry d u ties n e c e s s a r y to con stru ct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent su ch a s b in s, c r ib s,
co u n ters, b e n c h e s , p artition s, d oors, flo o r s , s ta ir s , c a s in g s , and trim
made o f wood in an e sta b lish m e n t. Work in v o lv e s most o f the following:

em ployed with h ea t, pow er, or ste a m . F e e d s fu e ls to fire by hand or
operates a m e ch an ica l stok er, g a s , or o il burner; c h e c k s water and s a fe ty
v a lv e s . May c le a n , o il, or a s s i s t in repairing boilerroom equipm ent.

F ir e s stationary b o ilers to furnish the esta b lish m en t in which

P lanning and lay in g out o f work from b lu ep rin ts, draw in gs, m o d e ls, or
verbal in stru c tio n s; u sin g a variety o f c a rp en ter's h a n d to o ls, portable
power t o o ls , and standard m easuring in stru m en ts; making standard sh op
com putations relatin g to d im en sion s o f work; s e le c t in g m aterials n e c ­

H E L P E R , T R A D E S , M A IN T E N A N C E

e s s a r y for the work.

In g en eral, the work o f the m aintenance carpenter

by performing s p e c ific or gen eral d u ties o f le s s e r s k i ll, su ch a s keeping

requires rounded training and e x p erien ce u su a lly acquired through a for­
mal ap p ren ticesh ip or eq u iva len t training and ex p e rie n c e .

a worker su p p lied with m aterials and t o o ls ; cle a n in g working area, ma­
ch in e , and equipm ent; a s s is t in g worker by h old in g m aterials or t o o ls ;
performing other u n sk illed ta s k s a s d irected by journeym an. The kind of

E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

work the h elper is permitted to perform v a rie s from trade to trade: In
som e trades the helper i s con fined to su p p ly in g , liftin g , and holding ma­
teria ls and to o ls and clea n in g working a r e a s ; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform s p e c ia liz e d m achine o p e ra tio n s, or parts ol a trade
that are a ls o performed by workers on a fu ll-tim e b a s is .

Perform s a variety o f e le c tr ic a l trade fu n ction s su ch as the
in s ta lla tio n , m ainten ance, or repair of equipm ent for the gen eratin g, d is ­
tribution, or u tiliza tio n o f e le c tr ic energy in an e sta b lish m e n t. Work
in v o lv e s most o f the following: In sta llin g or repairing any o f a variety
o f e le c tr ic a l equipm ent su ch a s g en erators, tran sform ers, sw itch b o a rd s,
c o n tro lle rs, circu it b reakers, m otors, heatin g u n its, conduit s y s te m s ,
or other tra n sm issio n equipm ent; working from b lu ep rin ts, d raw in gs, la y ­
out, or other s p e c ific a tio n s ;.lo c a tin g and d ia g n o sin g trouble in the e l e c ­
trical s y s te m or equipm ent; working standard com putations relatin g to
load requirem ents of wiring or e le c tr ic a l equipm ent; u sin g a variety o f
e le c t r ic ia n 's h an d tools and m easuring and te stin g instru m en ts. In gen ­
era l, the work o f the m aintenance ele c tric ia n requires rounded training
and ex p erien c e u su a lly acquired through a formal ap p ren ticesh ip or
eq u iva len t training and e x p erien c e.
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O perates and m aintains and may a ls o su p e rv ise the operation
o f stationary en g in e s and equipment (m ech a n ica l or e le c tr ic a l) to su p ­
p ly the e sta b lish m e n t in which em ployed with pow er, h e a t, refrigera­
tion , or a ir-co n d itio n in g .

Work

in v o lv e s :

Operating and m aintaining

equipm ent su ch a s steam e n g in e s, air c o m p re sso rs, g en erato rs, motors
tu rb in es, v en tilatin g and refrigerating equipm ent, steam b oilers and
b o ile r-fe d water pum ps; making equipm ent rep airs; k eepin g a record o f
May also
Head or ch ief engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer are excluded .

operation o f m achinery, tem perature, and fu e l con su m ption .
s u p e rv ise th e se op eration s.




A s s i s t s one or more workers in the s k ille d m aintenance trad es,

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in the operation o f one or more ty p es o f m achine
to o ls , su ch a s jig borers, c y lin d rica l or su rfa ce grin d ers, en gin e la th e s ,
or m illing m ach in es in the con struction o f m a ch in e-sh o p t o o ls , g a u g e s ,
j i g s , fix tu r e s, or d i e s . Work in v o lv e s most o f the following: Planning
and performing d iffic u lt m achining o p eration s; p r o c e s s in g item s requiring
com p licated se tu p s or a high degree o f a c c u r a c y ; u sin g a variety of pre­
c isio n m easuring instru m en ts; s e le c tin g fe e d s , s p e e d s , too lin g and op­
eration s e q u e n c e ; making n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts during operation to
a ch iev e r e q u isite to le ra n ce s or d im e n sio n s. May be required to reco g ­
n ize when to o ls n eed d r e ssin g , to d ress t o o ls , and to s e le c t proper
co o la n ts and cu ttin g and lubricating o i l s . For cro ss-in d u stry w age study
p u rp oses, m a ch in e-to o l operators, toolroom , in to o l and die jobbing sh o p s
are ex clu d ed from th is c la s s if ic a t io n .

M A C H IN IST , M A IN T E N A N C E
P rodu ces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs o f
m etal parts o f m ech an ica l equipment operated in an e sta b lish m e n t. Work
in v o lv e s most o f the following: Interpreting written in stru ction s and
s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and layin g out o f w ork; u sin g a variety of ma­
c h i n i s t 's h an d tools and p recisio n m easuring in stru m en ts; s e ttin g up and

12

M A C H IN IST , M A IN T E N A N C E — C ontinued

M IL L W R IG H T — C ontinued

operating standard m achine t o o ls ; sh ap in g o f m etal parts to c lo s e to le r -

are required. Work in v o lv e s most o f the following: P lan n in g and laying
out of the work; interpreting blu eprin ts or other s p e c ific a t io n s ; u sin g a

a n c e s ; making standard sh op com putations relatin g to d im en sio n s of work,
to o lin g , fe e d s and sp e e d s o f m achining; know ledge of the working prop­
e rtie s o f the common m e ta ls; s e le c tin g standard m a te r ia ls, p a rts, and
equipm ent required for h is work; fittin g and a sse m b lin g parts into me­
ch a n ic a l equipm ent. In g en eral, the m a ch in ist’ s work norm ally requires
a rounded training in m ach in e-sh op p ractice u su a lly acquired through a

v ariety o f h an d tools and rigg in g ; m aking standard sh op com putations re­
latin g to s t r e s s e s , strength o f m a te ria ls, and cen ters o f gravity; a lin in g
and ba lan cin g o f equipm ent; s e le c t in g standard t o o ls , equipm ent, and parts
to be u se d ; in sta llin g and m aintaining in good order power tran sm ission

formal a p p ren ticesh ip or eq u ivalen t training and experien ce#

equipm ent su ch a s d rives and sp e e d re d u ce rs.
In g en eral, the m ill­
w right’ s work norm ally requires a rounded training and ex p erien ce in the
trade acquired through a formal a p p ren ticesh ip or eq u iv a len t training and

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

e x p e r ie n c e .

R ep a irs a u to m o b ile s, b u s e s , m otortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tab lish m en t. Work in v o lv e s most o f the following: E xam ining autom otive

O IL E R

equipment to d ia g n o se source o f trou ble; d is a s s e m b lin g equipm ent and
performing repairs that in v o lv e the u se o f su ch h an d tools a s w re n c h e s,

L u b r ic a te s , with o il or g r e a s e , the m oving parts or wearing sur­
fa c e s o f m ech an ica l equipm ent o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.

g a u g e s , d r ills , or s p e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g or fittin g p a rts;
rep lacin g broken or d e fe c tiv e parts from s to c k ; grinding and ad ju stin g

P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in sta llin g the variou s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le
and making n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts; alin in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g brakes and
lig h ts , or tigh ten in g body b o lts . In g en era l, the work o f the autom otive
m echanic requires rounded training and ex p erien c e u su a lly acquired
through a form al a p p ren ticesh ip or eq u iva len t training and e x p e r ie n c e .
M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R epairs machinery or m e ch a n ica l equipment o f an e sta b lish m e n t.
Work in v o lv e s most o f the following: Exam ining m ach in es and m echan­
i c a l equipm ent to d ia g n o se sou rce o f trou ble; dism antling or partly d i s ­
m antling m ach in es and performing repairs that mainly in v o lv e the u se o f
h an d tools in scrap in g and fittin g p a rts; rep lacin g broken or d e fe c tiv e
parts with item s obtain ed from s to c k ; ordering the production o f a r e p la c e ­
ment part by a m achine sh op or sen d in g o f the machine to a m achine sh op
for major rep airs; preparing w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s for major repairs or
for the production o f parts ordered from m achine sh op ; r e a sse m b lin g ma­
c h in e s ; and making a ll n e c e s s a r y a dju stm ents for operation. In g en era l,
the work o f a m ainten ance m ech an ic requires rounded training and e x ­

P a in ts and red ecora tes w a lls , w oodw ork, and fixtu res o f an e s ­
tab lish m en t. Work involves the following: K n ow led ge of su rface p e c u ­
lia r itie s and typ es o f paint required for d ifferen t a p p lic a tio n s ; preparing
su rface for painting by rem oving old fin is h or by p la c in g putty or fille r in
n ail h o le s and in te r s tic e s ; a p p ly in g paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix c o lo r s , o i l s , w hite le a d , and other pain t in gredien ts to obtain proper
co lor or c o n s is t e n c y . In g en eral, the work o f the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and ex p erien c e u s u a lly acquired through a for­
mal ap p ren ticesh ip or eq u iva len t training and ex p e rie n c e .
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
In s ta lls or repairs w ater, ste a m , g a s , or other ty p es of pipe and
p ip efittin g s in an e sta b lish m e n t. Work in v o lv e s most o f the following:
L a y in g out of work and m easuring to lo c a te p o sitio n of pipe from draw ings
or other written s p e c ific a t io n s ; cu ttin g variou s s i z e s of pipe to correct

perien ce u su a lly acquired through a form al apprenticesh ip or eq u iv a len t

len gth s with c h is e l and hammer or o x y a c e ty le n e torch or p ip e-cu ttin g ma­
c h in e ; threading pipe with s to c k s and d i e s ; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m a c h in e s; a s s e m b lin g pipe with c o u p lin g s and fa ste n in g

training and ex p e rie n c e . E x c lu d e d from th is c la s s ific a t io n are workers
w h ose primary duties in v o lv e se ttin g up or a d ju stin g m a ch in es.

flo w , and

M IL L W R IG H T

whether fin ish ed p ip e s m eet s p e c ific a t io n s . In g e n e ra l, the work o f the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and e x p erien c e u su a lly

In s ta lls new m ach in es or h ea v y equipm ent and d ism a n tle s and
i n s t a lls m ach in es or h eavy equipm ent when ch a n ges in the p lan t layout




pipe to h an g ers; making standard sh op com p utation s relatin g to p r e s s u r e s ,
s iz e of

pipe required; making standard

te sts

to determ ine

acquired through a formal ap p ren ticesh ip or e q u iva len t training and e x ­
p erien c e. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded .

13

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

P L U M B E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
K e e p s the plumbing sy ste m o f an e sta b lish m e n t in good order.
Work in v o lv e s : K n ow ledge of san itary c o d e s regarding in sta lla tio n of
v en ts and traps in plumbing s y s te m ; in sta llin g or repairing pipes and
fix tu res; opening c lo g g e d drains with a plunger or plu m ber's sn a k e .

In

g en eral, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and exp erien ce u su a lly acquired through a formal apprenticesh ip or eq u iv ­
a le n t training and ex p erien c e.
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K ER , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r ic a te s , i n s t a lls , and m aintains in good repair the s h e e tm etal equipment and fixtu res (su c h a s m achine guards, g re a se p a n s,
s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s, ta n k s, v e n tila to rs, c h u te s, d u c ts, m etal roofing) o f an
e sta b lish m e n t.

Work in v o lv e s

most o f the following:

Planning and la y ­

ing out a ll typ es o f sh eet-m eta l m aintenance work from b lu eprin ts, m o d e ls,
or other s p e c ific a tio n s ; se ttin g up and operating a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s of
sh eet-m etal-w ork in g m a ch in e s; u sin g a v ariety o f h an dtools in cu ttin g,
ben ding, form ing, sh a p in g , fittin g , and a s se m b lin g ; in sta llin g s h e e t -

(D ie m a k e r ; jig maker; to o lm a k er; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C on stru cts and repairs m a ch in e-sh o p to o ls , g a u g e s , ji g s , fix ­
tures or d ie s for fo rg in g s, punching and other m etal-form ing work. Work
in v o lv e s most o f the following: Planning' and lay in g out of work from
m o d e ls, blu eprin ts, draw ings, or other oral and written s p e c ific a t io n s ;
u sin g a variety of too l and die m ak er's h an dtools and p recisio n m e a s­
uring instru m en ts, understanding of the working properties o f common
m eta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and operating o f machine to o ls and related
equipm ent; making n e c e s s a r y sh op com p utation s relatin g to d im en sion s
o f work, s p e e d s , fe e d s , and too lin g of m a ch in e s; heattreating of m etal
parts during fabrication as w e ll a s o f fin ish e d to o ls and d ie s to a c h iev e
required q u a lit ie s ; working to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; fittin g and a s se m b lin g
o f parts to p rescribed tolera n ces and a llo w a n c e s ; s e le c tin g appropriate
m a te ria ls, t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e ra l, the to o l and die m aker's
work requires a rounded training in m a ch in e-sh o p and toolroom p ractice
u su a lly acquired through a formal ap p ren ticesh ip or eq u iva len t training
and e x p e rie n c e .

m etal a rtic le s a s required. In g en era l, the work of the m aintenance
sh e e t-m e ta l worker requires rounded training and exp erien ce u su ally
acquired through a formal ap p ren ticesh ip or eq u ivalen t training and

For cro ss-in d u stry w age study p u r p o se s, to o l and die makers
in to o l and die job bin g sh op s are ex clu d ed from th is

ex p erien c e.

c la s s if ic a t i o n .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
E L E V A T O R O P E R A T O R , PASSENGER

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R — Continued

th ose of starters and jan itors are e x clu d ed .

or other e sta b lish m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a combination of the following:
Sw eepin g, m opping or scru bbin g, and p o lish in g flo o r s ; rem oving c h ip s ,
trash , and other r e fu s e ; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fix tu re s; p o lis h ­
ing m etal fixtu res or trim m ings; providing s u p p lie s and minor m ainte­

GUARD

nance s e r v ic e s ; clea n in g la v a to r ie s , sh o w ers, and restroo m s.
who s p e c ia liz e in window w ash in g are e x c lu d e d .

Tran sports

p a sse n g e rs betw een flo ors o f an o ffic e bu ildin g,

apartment h o u se , department sto re , h otel or sim ila r e s ta b lish m e n t.
Workers who operate e le v a to rs in conjunction with other du ties su ch a s

Workers

Perform s routine p o lic e d u tie s, either at fix ed p o st or on tour,
m aintaining order, u sin g arms or force where n e c e s s a r y . Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G
(L oa d er and unloader; handler and sta c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; trucker; s to c k -

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
(Sw eeper; charw om an; ja n itr e s s )
C le a n s and k eep s in an orderly con dition factory working areas
and w ash room s, or p rem ises o f an o ffi c e , apartment h o u se , or com m ercial




man or sto c k h elp er; warehousem an or w arehouse h elper)
A worker em ployed in a w areh ou se, m anufacturing plan t, store,
or other esta b lish m e n t w h ose d u ties in v o lv e one or more o f the follow­

ing:

L o a d in g and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

14

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G — C ontinued

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — C ontinued

from freight c a r s , tru ck s, or other transporting d e v ic e s ; u npacking, s h e lv ­
in g, or p la c in g m a teria ls or m erchandise in proper stora g e lo c a tio n ; tran s­

For w age study p u rp o se s, workers are c la s s if ie d a s fo llo w s :

porting

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or w heelbarrow .

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded .
ORDER F IL L E R

T R U C K D R IV E R

(Order p ick e r; sto c k s e le c to r ; w arehouse stock m an )
D riv e s a truck within a c ity or in d u stria l area to transport ma­
F i l ls sh ip p in g or transfer orders for fin ish e d g o o d s from stored
m erchandise in accord an ce with s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s l i p s , custom ers*
ord ers, or other in stru c tio n s. M ay, in addition to fillin g orders and in d i­
catin g item s fille d or om itted, keep records o f outgoin g ord ers, r e q u isi­
tion a d d ition al s to c k , or report short su p p lie s to su p e rv iso r, ana perform
other related d u tie s.

te r ia ls , m erch an d ise, equipm ent, or men b etw een variou s typ es o f e s t a b ­
lish m en ts su ch a s : M anufacturing p la n ts , freight d e p o ts , w a reh o u ses,
w h o le sa le and r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , or betw een re ta il e sta b lish m e n ts
and c u sto m e r s' h o u se s or p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . May a ls o load or unload
truck with or without h e lp e r s, make minor m e c h a n ic a l rep a irs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P rep ares fin ish e d products for shipm ent or storage by p la c in g
them in sh ip p in g co n ta in ers, the s p e c ific op eration s performed

being

dependent upon the ty p e, s i z e , and number o f u nits to be p a ck ed , the
type o f con tain er em p lo y ed , and method o f sh ipm en t. Work requires the
p la c in g o f item s in sh ippin g con tain ers and may involve one or more o f

the following:

K n ow led ge o f v ariou s item s of sto c k in order to verify

co n ten t; s e le c tio n o f appropriate type and s i z e o f co n tain er; in sertin g
e n c lo su re s in c o n tain er; u sin g e x c e ls io r or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or da m a ge; c lo s in g and s e a lin g co n tain er; ap p lyin g la b e ls or
entering id en tify in g data on con tain er. Packers who also make wooden

For w age stu d y p u rp o ses, truckdrivers are c l a s s if ie d by s i z e
and type o f equipm ent, as fo llo w s : (T ra c to r-tra ile r sh ou ld be rated on
the b a s is o f trailer c a p a c ity .)

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under lV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( l l to and including 4 tons)
A
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons , trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TR U C K E R , POWER

boxes or crates are excluded .
O p erates a m anually co n trolled g a s o lin e - or electric-p o w ered
truck or tractor to transport g oo d s and m a teria ls o f a ll kinds about a

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

w areh ou se, m anufacturing plan t, or other e sta b lis h m e n t.
P repares m erchandise for sh ipm en t, or r e c e iv e s and is resp on ­
s ib le for incom ing sh ipm en ts o f m erchandise or other m a te ria ls. Shipping

work involves:

A kn ow ledge o f sh ip p in g p ro ced u res, p r a c tic e s , rou tes,
a v a ila b le m eans o f transportation and r a te s ; and preparing records o f the
g oo d s sh ip p ed , making up b ills o f lad in g, p o stin g w eigh t and sh ippin g
c h a rg e s, and k eep in g a file o f shipping re c o rd s.

May d irect or a s s i s t in

preparing the m erchandise for sh ipm en t. Receiving work involves: V e r i­
fyin g or d irectin g others in verifyin g the co rre c tn e ss o f sh ip m en ts a g a in st

F or w age study p u rp o se s, workers are c l a s s if ie d
truck, a s fo llo w s :

by type of

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
W A TC H M AN

b ills of la d in g , in v o ic e s , or other re co rd s; ch ec k in g for sh orta ges and
r ejectin g dam aged g o o d s ; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper d e­
partm ents; m aintaining n e c e ssa r y records and f i l e s .




M akes rounds o f p rem ises p e r io d ic a lly in p rotectin g property
a g a in st fir e , th e ft, and ille g a l entry.

■fr U.S. GOVERNM
ENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1961

O— 601730


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102