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Occupational Wage Survey

PATERSON-CLIFTON-PASSAIC, NEW JERSEY
(BERGEN AND PASSAIC COUNTIES)
MAY 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-74




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
PATERSON-CLIFTON-PASSAIC, NEW JERSEY




(BERGEN AND PASSAIC COUNTIES)
M A Y 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-74
July 1961

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 20 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the earlier report. A consolidated
analytical bulletin summarizing the results of all of the
year’s surveys is issued after completion of the final area
bulletin for the current round of surveys.

Introduction ___________________________________________ ___________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups ______________________
Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey __________
2. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational
groups ___________________________________________________
A: Occupational earnings: *
A - 1. Office occupations ____________________________________
A -2. Professional and technical occupations ________________
A -3. Maintenance and powerplant occupations _______________
A-4. Custodial and material movement occupations _________

This report was prepared in the Bureau's regional
office in New York, N. Y. , by Elliot A. Browar, under the
direction of Frederick W. Mueller, Assistant Regional
Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




1
3

Appendix: Occupational descriptions

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available in the Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, area report for May I960, which also
includes data on establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions. A directory indicating date of study and
the price of this report, as well as the reports for other
major areas, is available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and
supplementary wage practices in the Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic area arc also available for synthetic textiles
(August I960) and women's and m isses' dresses (August
1960).

in

2
2
0 -v o ^
0 j

The Community Wage Survey Program

11




Occupational W age Survey—Paterson-Clifton-Passaic (Passaic and Bergen Counties),N. J.
Introduction

This area is one of several important industrial centers in
which the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics
conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an area basis.
The bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for occu­
pations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.
In each area, data are obtained from representative establish­
ments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, 1 communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; re­
tail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations
and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having
fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because
they furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to war­
rant inclusion. Wherever possible, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying ail establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to ail establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions. ) Earnings data are
presented (in the A-series tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (l) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis.
Longer average service of men would result in higher average pay
when both sexes are employed within the same rate range.
Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
1
Railroads, formerly excluded from the scope of these studies,
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
were included in all of the areas studied since July 1959, except Balti­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
more (September 1959 and December I960), Buffalo (October 1959),
ings data.
Cleveland (September 1959), and Seattle (August 1959).




2




T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r s t u d ie d in P a t e r s o n —C lif t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , 1
b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 M a y 1 9 6 1

N u m b e r o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s
I n d u s t r y d iv is io n

A l l d iv is io n s

W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s

W it h in s c o p e
of stu d y 3

726

1 6 0 ,5 0 0

9 0 ,0 7 0

96
64

1 1 8 ,9 0 0
4 1 ,6 0 0

6 3 , 980
26, 090

51
54
63
13
34

M a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic
u t ilit ie s 4 ___________________________________________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e 5 _________________________________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e 5 ______________________________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e 5 _____________________________
S e r v i c e s 5’ 6 _________________________________________________________________

16 0

511
215

____________________________________________________________________

S tu d ie d

19
10
20
6
9

1 4 ,0 0 0
4 ,8 0 0
1 4 ,4 0 0
3 ,0 0 0
5 ,4 0 0

1 0 ,1 4 0
1 ,4 2 0
1 0 ,6 2 0
2, 060
1 ,8 5 0

W it h in s c o p e
o f stu d y

S tu d ie d

1 T h e P a t e r s o n —C lif t o n —P a s s a i c S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ( B e r g e n and P a s s a i c C o u n t ie s ) .
T h e "w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i ­
m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e an d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
The
e s t i m a t e s a r e n ot in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s
s in c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b li s h m e n t d a ta c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b ly in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s t u d ie d , and (2 ) s m a l l
e s t a b li s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 5 7 r e v i s e d e d it io n o f th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b li s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
M a jo r
c h a n g e s f r o m th e e a r l i e r e d it io n (u s e d in th e B u r e a u ’ s l a b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y s c o n d u c te d p r i o r to J u ly 1 9 5 8 ) a r e th e t r a n s f e r o f m i l k p a s t e u r i z a t i o n
p la n t s and r e a d y - m i x e d c o n c r e t e e s t a b li s h m e n t s f r o m t r a d e ( w h o l e s a le o r r e t a i l) t o m a n u f a c t u r in g , and th e t r a n s f e r o f r a d io and t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g
f r o m s e r v i c e s to th e t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i li t i e s d iv i s i o n .
3 In c lu d e s a l l e s t a b li s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e li m i t a t i o n ( 5 0 e m p l o y e e s ) .
A l l o u tle ts (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f
c o m p a n ie s in s u c h i n d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , au to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , and m o t i o n -p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b li s h m e n t .
4 T a x i c a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
5 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and "n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s .
S e p a ra te
p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n ot m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n is to o s m a l l to p r o v id e en o u g h d a ta
to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 )
th e s a m p le w a s n ot d e s ig n e d i n i t i a ll y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n ,
(3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b li s h m e n t d a ta .
6 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f it m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; an d e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

T a b le 2.

P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s
f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s in P a t e r s o n —C lif t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . ,
M a y I 9 6 0 to M a y 1 9 6 1
A ll
in d u s t r ie s

O c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p

O f f ic e r l p r i o a l (w o m e n )
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n )
S k ille d m a in t e n s n r e (m e n )
U n s k ille d pi a r t (m e n )
>

,
_

__________ ____
______
________
_____________

2. 8
5 .4
4. 0
6 .4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

2. 3
5. 9
3. 9
5 .4

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e p e r c e n ts o f change in s a la r ie s o f
w om en o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e
ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g ro u p s .

F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
cen ts o f change r e la te to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h ou rs
o f w o rk , that is , the stan dard w ork s ch e d u le f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g ro u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n ges
in s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly e a r n in g s, ex clu d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r ­
tim e and f o r w o rk o n w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts . The p e r ­
ce n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e le c t e d k e y o c cu p a tio n s and in clu d e
m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ithin e a ch g rou p .
The o f ­
f i c e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a se d on w om en in the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i lle r s ,
m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ); b o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A
and B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , file , c la s s A and B ; c le r k s ,
o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; keyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s ; o f f ic e g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ;
s te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ; tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p ­
e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B .
The in d u s tr ia l n u r se
data a r e b a s e d on w om en in d u stria l n u r s e s .
M en in the fo llo w in g
10 s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s and 3 u n s k ille d jo b s w e re in clu d ed in the
plant w o r k e r data:
S k illed — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u tom otiv e; m illw r ig h ts ; p a in t e r s ; p ip e fit t e r s ;
s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ; and to o l and d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s ,
p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a te r ia l h an dlin g; and w atch m en .

A v e r a g e w eek ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly ea rn in g s w e re
com p u ted f o r e a ch o f the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s .
The a v e r a g e s a l ­
a r ie s o r h o u r ly ea rn in g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d by the a v e r a g e e m p lo y ­
m en t in the jo b du ring the m on th s in d ica te d in the title o f ta ble 2 .




T h e s e w eigh ted ea rn in g s f o r in d iv id u a l o c cu p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d
to ob ta in an a g g re g a te f o r e a c h o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p . F in a lly , the ra tio
o f th ese g rou p a g g re g a te s f o r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te f o r the
o th e r y e a r w as com p u ted and the d iffe r e n c e b etw een the r e s u lt and
1 0 0 is the p e r c e n t o f ch a n ge fr o m the one p e r io d to the o th e r.

The p e r c e n t o f change m e a s u r e s , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f
( 1 ) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w age ch a n g e s; ( 2 ) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s
in p a y r e c e iv e d b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and
(3) ch a n g es in the la b o r f o r c e su ch as la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n ­
s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d b y e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pa y le v e ls . C hanges in the
la b o r f o r c e can c a u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c cu p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s w ithout a ctu a l w age ch a n g e s. F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e ex p a n sion
m igh t in c r e a s e the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c ifi c
o c cu p a tio n and r e s u lt in a d r o p in the a v e r a g e , w h e re a s a r e d u ctio n
in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ou ld have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t .
The m o v e m e n t o f a h ig h -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a cou ld
ca u se the a v e r a g e e a rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though no change in ra tes
o c c u r r e d in o th e r a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
The u se o f con stan t e m p lo y m e n t w eigh ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t s
o f ch a n ges in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
N o r a r e the p e r c e n ts o f change in flu e n ce d b y
ch a n ges in stan d ard w o rk sc h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e ,
s in c e they a r e b a s e d on p a y f o r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .
In d exes fo r the p e r io d 1953 to I960 f o r w o r k e r s in 20 m a jo r
la b o r m a rk e ts a r e p r e s e n te d in BBS B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -6 2 , W a ges and R e ­
la te d B e n e fit s , 60 L a b o r M a r k e ts , W in ter 1 9 5 9 -6 0 .

4

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, P aterson -C lifton — a ssa ic , N. J. , M ay 1961)
P
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Average
S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly ^
(Standard)

$
$
-$
$
$
Weekly ^ 3 5 . 0 0 4 0 . 0 0 4 5 . 0 0 5 0 . 0 0 5 5 . 0 0
(Standard) u n d e r
4 0 . 00

4 5 . 00

50. 00

5 5 . 00

6 0 . 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
s
6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 00 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0
_
_
_
_
and
6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 o v e r

M en

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A _____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------

1 82
148

38. 5
38. 5

$ 1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B _____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------

1 13
59

39. 5
3 9 .5

C l e r k s , o r d e r ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------

100
58

O f f i c e b o y s _____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------

.
-

-

9 5 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

_

_

_

-

-

-

38. 5
38. 0

8 7 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

_

_

_

-

-

1 28
75
53

3 8 .0
39. 0
37. 0

6 1 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
6 4 .0 0

4
4

12
12

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A -------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________

91
88

39. 5
39. 5

1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B _______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------

1 46
105

39. 5
39. 5

9 0 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C --------------------------------------------------------------

42

37. 5

7 5 .5 0

.

_

B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e ( b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) --------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________

114
91

39. 0
39. o

6 9 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

_

_

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A -------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------

111
98

38. 5
38. 5

8 5 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

-

-

-

-

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B -------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------

340
106
234

38. 5
3 9 .0
38. 0

6 2 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
5 9 .5 0

-

1

-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A _____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________

244
174
70

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

9 4 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

_
-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B --------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------

577
236
341

37. 5
3 9 .5
36. 5

6 9 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

81
68

38. 0
38. 0

6 8 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

_

_

_

-

439
241
198

3 7 .5
37. 5
3 8 .0

5 5 .0 0
5 7 .5 0
5 2 .0 0

.

3
2

7
5

1
1

43
34

6
6

6
2

21
19

14
8

39
37

16
12

4
3

20
19

11
5

7
6

9
5

12
10

11
8

2
2

_

32

9
6

7
5

26
26

_

9
4

6

4
1

1

-

9
7

9
1

6
2
4

15
8
7

2
2

1
1

_
-

-

"

5
1
4

_

-

-

5
1

_

_

-

_

-

2
2

-

6
6

-

9
5
4

8
3
5

22
14
8

18
14
4

26
15
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

4
4

3

7

_

_

_

-

-

1

6
5

_

3
2

-

-

1

4
4

-

-

-

-

"

13
10

-

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

7
6

4
4

9
9

-

1
1

_

'

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

1
1

5
5

12
12

3
3

7
7

31
31

-

-

1
1

2
2

1
1

9
9

6
6

29
4

25
23

18
15

22
16

21
20

5
2

3
2

3
3

-

-

1

4

3

7

14

9

3

1

_

-

_

_

_

_

9
3

35
34

17
11

28
19

11
10

2
2

3
3

5
5

3
3

_

_

i

_

_

_

_

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

2

6
-

8
5

14
12

.

-

15
15

_

-

12
12

_

-

15
15

-

-

36
36

52
1
51

53
8
45

51
20
31

. 92
9
83

22
15
7

34
34

8
8

.
-

_
-

.

-

3
2
1

2
1

1

22
8
14

1

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

-

6
4
2

1
-

-

3
3

1

25
17
8

23
15
8

10
5
5

46
31
15

35
31
4

7
6
1

27
26
1

2
2

_

_

3

32

78
11
67

101
24
77

89
49
40

38
25
13

57
45
12

31
30
1

29
28

7
3
4

12
12

_

_

-

-

-

32

100
9
91

-

-

-

-

8
7

6
6

11
2

26
26

12
12

7
6

6
4

1

2
2

91
43
48

64
32
32

26
21

30
15
15

36
36

17
11
6

2
2

-

-

-

_

W om en

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A _______________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_____________________

-

_
'

See footnotes at end of table,




-

78
42
36

89
34

55

-

5

'

_

'

1
4
3
1

1

_
-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

_
.

_

_
_

_

_
_

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9
"

26
26

i
i

_
-

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

23
3
20

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

l

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

"

1
1

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

2
2

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_
_

"

■

-

■

"

‘

'

'

~

'

_

5
Table A-l. Office Occupatbns-Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s £ or s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y (d iv i s i o n , P a t e r s o n - C l i f t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 1 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME1 WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Avebaob
S ex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

1

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

$
$
Weekly. 3 5 . 0 0 4 0 . 0 0 4 5 . 00
earnings1
and
(Standard) u n d e r
4 0 . 00 4 5 . 00 5 0 . 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0
6 5 . 00 7 0 . 00 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00

5 0 . 00

$
55. 00

6 0 . 00

5 5 .0 0

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 00

and
7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00 8 5 . 0 0

9 6 . 00

9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0

over

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d
_

_

-

-

C l e r k s , o r d e r --------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________

203
1 26
77

38. 5
3 9 .0
38. 0

$ 6 7 .0 0
7 0 . 00
6 2 . 00

M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ----------------------------------

231
164
67
27

38. 0
38. 5
37. 5
3 7 .0

7 7 . 50
7 9 . 50
7 3 .0 0
7 3 . 50

36. 5
35. 5

7 3 . 50
7 2 . 00

_

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

189
1 43
429
284
145

38. 0
38. 5
37. 0

36

3 8 .0

_______________________

K e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s _________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------O ffic e g ir ls

____________________________________

-

1
1

22
22

28
14
14

38
23
15

33
20
13

31
29
2

29
26
3

4
3
1

3
2
1

6
1
5

8
8

_

_

.

_

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
4
12
3

34
23
11
3

29
20
9
2

50
44
6
2

24
17
7
4

18
11
7
4

15
9
6
4

2
2
-

2
1
1

4
3
1

8
8
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

5
5
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

1

_

_
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

2
1
1

5
5
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
1
1

-

"

-

-

20
14
6
5

4
4

5
5

16
14

48
38

29
26

42
28

14
5

12
9

9
7

-

7
5

1
1

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

7 2 . 50
7 3 . 00
7 1 . 00

_

_

29
16
13

59
48
11

85
38
47

76
55
21

56
51
5

29
27
2

26
21
5

24
6
18

12
5
7

9
8
1

1
1

1
1

_

"

1
1

6 1 . 50

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

264
149
r
220 n
44
36
5
4

1 48
97
51
11

148
132
16
4

45
43
2
1

66
56
10
4

-

-

6
6
-

15
1
14

_

9

2

4

6

6

3

4

1

2
2

6
6

18
4
14

75
53
22

137
105
32
1

185
151
34

S e c r e t a r i e s ____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________

1 .4 4 4
1 , 121
323
36

38.
39.
37.
37.

5
0
0
5

8 9 . 50
9 1 .0 0
8 5 . 00
9 8 . 00

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l -------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------- -------------------------O u K lir n t i l i t i pc ^

702
560
1 42
60

38.
39.
37.
36.

5
0
0
5

74.
76.
68.
69.

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s _____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------

189
112
77

39. 0
39. 5
38. 5

7 6 . 50
8 2 . 50
6 7 . 50

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________

340
239
101

38. 0
37. 5
38. 0

6 9 . 50
7 0 . 00
6 8 . 50

-

_

50
00
00
00

-

_

_

_

33
26
7
1

20
14
6
3

23
23
-

8
8
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

.

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

1
1

"

-

-

-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

"

"

-

_

-

-

2
1
1

11
11
4

25
10
15
8

37
18
19
5

130
93
37
18

148
132
16
9

160
130
30
9

90
85
5
1

51
47
4
2

17
13
4
4

17
17

11
11

2
2

1
1

-

6
6

5
5

6
6

8
3
5

21
10
11

49
30
19

21
7
14

18
17
1

20
19
1

14
13
1

2
1
1

11
9
2

-

-

-

4
4

_

_

_

-

-

-

30
16
14

44
21
23

122
107
15

42
28
14

60
46
14

2
2

13
5
8

1
1

-

1
1

*

16
7
9

5
5

-

4
4

_

-

4

6

5

4

1

4

6

5

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

37. 0

7 6 . 50

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C _______________________ _______________

262

36. 0

6 4 . 50

-

-

-

41

47

41

71

48

1

-

11

1

1

-

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
g e n e r a l ________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------

105
72

37. 5
38. 0

6 8 . 00
6 8 . 50

-

-

-

22
14

17
13

12
12

19
7

3
3

10
10

-

-

18
12

-

-

4
1

-

-

-

-

T y p is ts , c la s s A
M a n u fa c tu r in g

_____________________________
____________________________

260
234

38. 5
38. 5

7 4 . 00
7 5 . 50

_

_

-

-

1
1

9 .
9

11
6

18
6

75
66

28
28

35
35

8
8

62
62

12
12

T y p is ts , c la s s B
—
----------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------- --------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------- —
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ----------------------------------

704
405
299
46

38.
39.
37.
36.

64.
66.
62.
65.

10
7
3

45
11
34

75
30
45
13

157
78
79
12

130
91
39
14

89
83
6

118
63
55
1

21
16
5
5

7
6
1
1

_
-

50
20
30

_

_

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

“

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1......... S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a la r ie s a n d th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




-

*

-

38

.

-

-

_

-

_

50
50
50
50

-

_
-

110
70
40
2

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B --------------------------------------------------------------

0
0
5
5

_

-

6

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage stra ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry d ivision, P aterson — lifton— a ssa ic , N. J. , May 1961)
C
P
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number

of

workers

$
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Weekly j
Weekly , 6 0 .0 0 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 9 5 .00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 1 2 5.00 13 0.00 135.00 140.00
145.00 150.00 155.00
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 13 5.00 140.00 14 5.00 150.00 155.00 160.00

Men

344
335

39. 5
3 9 .5

$1 1 5 .5 0
115.50

_

.

.

-

-

"

2
2

7
7

7
7

39
39

27
26

20
20

30
30

38
36

22
22

__
......

173
166

39. 5
39. 5

94.00
94.00

1
1

9
9

15
15

7
6

29
29

19
18

11
10

14
14

21
20

12
12

15
12

3
3

N u r se s, in du strial (r eg ister e d ) _________
Manufacturing __________________________

70
66

39. 5
39. 5

98 .50
99 .00

2

2

2
2

7
7

16
16

10
9

8
8

6
6

12
12

5
4

D raftsm en , sen ior
M anufacturing

________________________

D raftsm en , junior
_
Manufacturing _

34
28

43
43

26
26

2
15
2 -----T5

-

W om en




.

2

Standard hours r e fle ct the w orkw eek for which em ployees rec eiv e their regu lar stra ig h t-tim e sa la r ie s and the earnings corresp ond to these w eekly h ours.

21
21

4
4

2
2

20
20

2
2

-

-

-

-

7

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant. Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, P aterson —
Clifton— a ssa ic , N. J. , May 1961)
P
NUMBER OF WORKEKS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Average
hourly . Under
earnings1
$
1 .8 0

__________________________________

256
207

$2. 81
2 .7 9

-

E le ctricia n s, maintenance ----------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

458
427

2. 97
2. 96

_
-

Manufacturing

$

$
1 .8 0

under
1 .9 0

1 .9 0
-

2. 00

$
2. 00
2. 10

$

2. 10
2. 20

2. 20
-

2. 30

$

2. 30
2. 40

$

2. 40
-

2. 50

$

2. 50
2. 60

$

,
2 .6 0

$

2. 70

$

$
2. 80

2. 70

2. 80

2. 90

-

$
3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

3. 30

$
3. 40

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

3. 30

3. 40

and
over

2 .9 0
-

$

$

-

25
17

5
1

26
24

38
26

46
39

17
17

40
35

25
25

3
3

-

~

5
5

11
11

20
20

9
9

11
11

43
41

73
63

42
40

53
53

112
112

23
23

39
39

8
8

8
3

5
5

19
19

3
3

17
15

22
12

4
3

25
23

28
22

13
9

11
9

16.
16

21
21

5

4
4

_

4
4

_

-

-

-

“

-

-

46
40

65
65

19
19

66
65

_
-

10
5

2
2
1

6
1
5
5

6
2

-

_

_

_

2

-

-

Manufacturing

---------------------------------------------------

185
147

2. 86
2. 83

-

-

__________________________________

412
386

2. 33
2. 32

6
6

_

Manufacturing

-

31
31

55
48

47
47

33
33

125
125

24
24

21
15

20
12

16
16

H elp ers, trades, maintenance ---------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

197
149

2. 21
2. 19

6
-

39
36

12
9

30
26

12
9

13
12

10
7

28
19

41
25

-

6
6

M achin ists, maintenance ________________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

521
503

2 .8 0
2 .7 9

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

-

-

16
16

16
16

83
83

36
36

37
37

97
91

30
30

M echanics, automotive (maintenance) -------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Public u tilities 2 ___________________________

484
69
415
392

2.
2.
2.
2.

67
72
66
67

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2
2
-

10

-

-

-

-

*

10
10

38
11
27
21

159
18
141
135

97
1
96
90

81
16
65
64

48
7
41
40

M echanics, maintenance _________________________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Public utilities 2 ___________________________

634
552
82
74

2. 68
2. 66
2 .7 9
2. 78

_
-

_
-

2
2
-

.
-

19
19
"

22
22
-

99
97
2
2

76
72
4
4

107
78
29
29

24
23
1
1

28
28
-

31
31
-

137
108
29
29

Millwrights _________________________________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

138
138

2 .9 9
2 .9 9

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

"

-

9
9

1
1

7
7

5
5

12
12

14
14

2
2

O ilers ----------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ____ _____________________________

137
129

2. 34
2. 33

6
6

8
8

21
21

-

-

6
6

25
25

13
13

46
38

10
10

2
2

-

-

-

P ainters, maintenance ___________________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

104
88

2. 69
2. 74

_

_

1
-

1
"

_

1
1

3
3

23
11

17
16

9
9

20
19

4
4

9
9

10
10

_

P ip efitters, maintenance ------------------------------------Manufacturing __________________________________

230
217

2 .9 1
2. 91

_

_

2

2

_

-

-

-

10
10

_

-

-

31
31

1
1

10
10

14
14

4
4

25
25

P lu m b ers, maintenance

_________________________

139

2. 78

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

7

2

99

23

3

S heet-m etal w ork ers, maintenance -----------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

57
57

2. 89
2 .8 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

8
8

4
4

6
6

Tool and die m ak ers ______________________________
Manufacturing __________________________________

294
294

3. 14
3. 14

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

10

3
3

15
15

-

-

-

E xcludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts,
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 77 at $ 3 .4 0 to $ 3. 60; 5 at $ 3. 70 to $ 3. 90.




$

10
10

-

6
6

$

-

_
10

-

21
21

15
6

-

29
9
20
20 _

8
2
6
6

-

2
2
-

"

-

22
18
4
"

41
41
"

6
4
2
-

15
6
9
9

5
5
"

7
7

42
42

39
39

_

_

-

“

-

-

-

_

_

-

6
6

-

-

52
52

43
43

27
27

9

2

_

1

_

7
7

4
4

-

-

70
70

21
21

12
12

3 82
82

27
27
23
23

-

9
2

37
37

_
2

8
Table A -4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, P aterson—
Clifton— a ss a ic , N. J. , M ay 1961)
P
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation1 and industry division

Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________ _____

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

253
202
51

Average
h
ourly
earnings £

$ 2 . 30
2. 42
1 .8 4

1. 00
and
under
1. 10

“

$
1. 10

$
1 .2 0

$
1. 30

$
1 .4 0

$
1. 50

$ 60
1.

1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

$
2. 70

$
2. 80

$
2. 90

$
3. 00

$
3. 10

1. 20

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1. 50

1. 60

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2. 60

2 .7 0

2. 80

2. 90

3. 00

3. 10

and
over

2

$

4

14
14

13
13
“

65
65
"

70
69
1

21
9
12

2
2
“

30
26
4

-

-

-

4

10
10

-

2

47
32
15
13

79
75
4

51
50
1
1

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

8
8

-

6
6
'

4
4
“

‘

‘

163
110
53
44

123
123
-

186
161
25
11

Janitors, p o rte rs, and clean ers (men) -----------Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Public utilities 3 ----------------------------------------

1. 408
1, 107
301
93

1 .8 9
1 .9 4
1 .6 9
1 .9 7

17
17
2

33
14
19
1

53
30
23
6

37
20
17
■

71
37
34
5

155
141
14
4

134
88
46
1

111
102
9
1

76
55
21
4

72
69
3
"

Janitors, p o rte rs, and clean ers (women) ____
Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------

99
56

1 .7 3
2. 00

14
-

4
2

7
6

2
-

7
4

2

8

11

3
3

2
2

6
6

9
9

17
17

Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Public u tilities 3 __________________________

2. 736
1, 280
1 ,4 5 6
721

2. 13
1 .9 6
2. 28
2 .4 5

32
32

1
1

31
25
6

51
47
4

101
95
6

106
80
26

146
129
17

244
229
15

208
112
96

161
111
50

382
72
310
2

53
47
6
3

759
29
730
668

193
155
38

Order fille r s ______________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------

637
348
289

2 .2 4
2. 06
2. 46

-

P ac k e rs, shipping (men) ________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------

749
644
105

1 .9 9
1. 98
2. 02

4
4

P ac k e rs, shipping (women) -------------------------------Manufacturing _________________________________

222
189

1 .6 4
1. 65

-

Receiving clerk s ------ ------- ------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------

285
221
64

2 .4 9
2. 45
2. 64

Shipping clerk s --------------------------------------------------Manufacturing _________________________________

250
159

2 .4 2
2. 27

Shipping and receiving clerk s __________________
-------------------------------------------

287
206
81

T r u c k d r iv e r s5 -----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Public utilities 3 ----------------------------------------

1. 572
425
1, 147
869

Nonmanufacturing

See footnotes at end o f table,




95
70
25

73
62
11

____ 7__
7

-

"

“

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

25
2
23
"

1
1
"

-

4
4
-

_
-

”

70
11
59
48

22
22

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
_

3
3
■

-

“

-

-

■

■
1
1

23
17
6

38
29
9

21
15
6

19
13
6

55
51
4

88
43
45

103
101
2

3
3
"

29
3
26

141
4
137

9

9

40
34
6

74
54
20

108
100
8

42
42
~

67
63
4

68
59
9

26
22
4

49
47
2

40
38
2

21
18
3

30
30
~

170
130
40

17
10
7

21
21

3
2
1

53
48

-

59
55

16

22
22

20
20

14
6

8
8

13
13

2
2

_

.

"

“

15
15

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

7
7
"

4
1
3

10
10

“

44
42
2

17
7
10

7
7
"

16
15
1

•12
9
3

10
6
4

105
90
15

9
9

16
12
4

2
1
1

8
8
_

18
6
4 12

_

.

2

26
25

7
7

24
20

17
16

51
45

5
3

71
14

11
6

2

3
3

10

"

-

1
-

2
2

42
42

44
44

15
15
'

25
24
1

29
21
8

11
11
“

-

“

65
11
54 '

-

"

6
6

15
13
2

55

58
13
45

18
16
2
2

61

123
48
75

103
87
16
6

469
56
413
334

112
32
80
80

457
9
448
447

-

-

14
13
1

8
8
"

6
5
1

22
22
-

9

-

2
2
"

“

-

-

"

_

-

-

-

"

■

2. 37
2. 38
2. 35

-

-

-

-

-

5
-

~

-

5

2 .5 9
2. 38
2. 67
2 .7 8

_
-

-

1
1

_

-

_
-

_
-

20
20

5
5

■

_

3
3

~

2
2

23
23
“

25
17
8

12
8
4

33
10
23

26
21
5

43
12

52

9

9

_

9
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Paterson—
Clifton— a s s a ic , N . J . , May 1961)
P
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation 1 and industry division

of
w
orkers

hourly y
earnings*

$
$
1. 00
1. 10
and
under
1. 10
1. 20

T ru ck d rivers: 5— Continued
T ru ck d riv ers, light (under 1 V 2 tons) _______
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________
Public u tilities 3 _____ _________________

177
96
81
63

$ 2 .4 0
2. 35
2 .4 6
2. 65

-

T ru ck d riv ers, m edium ( I V 2 to
and including 4 tons) ________________________
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Public utilities 3 ________________________

714
146
568
343

2. 57
2 .4 7
2. 60
2. 76

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type) __________________________________
Manufacturing ______________ ______________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________
Public utilities 3 _______ ______________

366
63
303
303

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra iler type) ______________________
Manufacturing ______________________________

$
1. 20

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1. 50

$
1. 60

$
1. 70

$
1. 80

$
1. 90

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

1. 30

1 .4 0

1. 50

1. 60

1. 70

1. 80

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

-

2
1
1
“

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

“

~

"

-

-

-

-

5
5

"

"

"

“

1
1
"

2 .8 1
2 .4 5
2. 88
2. 88

-

-

-

-

-

~

"

~

- .
"

99
90

2. 24
2. 23

-

-

-

-

-

-

T r u ck e r s, power (forklift) ______________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________

767
456
311

2. 33
2. 28
2 .4 1

T r u ck e r s, power (other than forklift) _________
Manufacturing _____________________ _________

209
206

2. 68
2. 68

Watchmen ____________ ________________ __________
Manufacturing _________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
6

208
160

1. 76
1 .7 8

_

_

_

"

"

_

_

_

“

“

65

9
8

1
1
-

1
1
~

4
4

-

“

-

2
2

_

2

~

“

"

33
24

-

-

9
9

20
20

50
50

19
19
-

154
29
125

154
92
62

18
18

65
65

12
12

“

■

-

"

~

-

10
10

7
7

-

10
10

10
10

-

2
2

6
6

34
14
20

32
32
-

79
79

56
52
4

165
79
86

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

“

"

"

~

“

"

'

“

2
2

over

-

~

15
15

3. 10

23
23
-

"

40
20

3. 00

2
2
-

-

18
10

2. 90

22
22

-

-

26
26

2. 80

8
8
■

14
14
-

8
8

10
10

2 .7 0

"

15
14
1
1

-

16
15

2. 60

12
12
-

47
2
45
~

-

24
23

$
3. 10
and

288
20
268
198

~

-

20
11

$
3. 00

14
14
-

“

-

_

$
2. 90

89
14
75
"

"

-

-

$
2. 80

-

"

_

$
2. 70

_

34
23
11

-

$
2. 60

58
2
56
56

7
7
-

-

$
2. 50

63
57
6
6

6
6
-

16
11
5
~

Data lim ited to m en w orkers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, h olid ays, and late sh ifts.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 1 at $ 3. 10 to $ 3. 20; 10 at $ 3. 20 to $ 3. 30; 1 at $ 3. 30 and over.
Includes all d rivers regard le ss of siz e and type of truck operated.
Includes 2 w orkers at under $ 1.




“

2. 50.

3
2
1
1

8
8
■

“

8
8

"

20
10
10
"

"

~

-

14
7
7
"

$
2 .4 0

■

1

-

-

_

“

~

-

153
9
144
144

-

-

13
13
-

“

“

303
303
303

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

"
_

“

-

-

.

3
3
“

-

-

3
3
-

78
75

27
27

12
12

“

"

.

.

.

8
2
6

9
9

„

-

-

-

-




11

A ppendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, andkprobationary workers.
O F F IC E
B IL L E R , M A C H IN E

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Biller , machine (hilling machine)— Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry ot necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done oh a fanfold machine.
B ille r , m achine (b o o k k e e p in g m achine ) — Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slip s.




B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C la s s A — Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
C la s s B — Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
C la s s A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

12

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — C ontinued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine accountingwork is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COM PTOM ETER O P E R A TO R

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

C L E R K , F IL E

Class A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
Class B— Performs routine filin g, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is ea sily identifiable, or locates
or a ssists in locating material in file s . May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

CLER K , ORDER

R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM E O G R A P H O R D I T T O )

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple cop ies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH O PER ATO R

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
v ice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work o f others.
O F F IC E B O Y O R G IR L

Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

IB

SECRETARY

Performs secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
STE N O G R A P H E R , T E C H N IC A L

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls .
May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who ca ll in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerica l work may take the major part o f this worker's time while at
switchboard.




T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

Class A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The Complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B— Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp e cific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May a lso include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C— Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp e cific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

14

TYPIST—-Continued

T Y P IS T

Uses a typewriter to make cop ies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing p rocesses. May do clerica l work involving little sp ecia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.

Class A ~ Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

P R O

F E S S I O

N

A

L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, L E A D E R

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties o f a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR

Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p oses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc ., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




tuation, e tc ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

Class B— Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licie s,
e tc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

AND T E C H N IC A L
DRAFTSM AN, SENIOR— Continued

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REG ISTE R E D )

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. Uses
T-square, com pass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

15

MAINTENANCE

D P O W E R PL A N T

C A R P E N T E R , MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIO N ARY BO ILE R

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the.establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

E L E C T R IC IA N , MAINTENANCE

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
o f electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training^and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIO N ARY

Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors *
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded .




H E L P E R , T R A D E S, MAINTENANCE

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts ot a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time basis.
M ACHINE-TOOL O P E R A T O R , TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items reauiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety or pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

16

MACHINIST, M AINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to clo s e toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is ­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parrs with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
ch in es; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay our




O ILE R

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
P A IN T E R , MAINTENANCE

Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or con sisten cy. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded .

17

T O O L AND DIE MAKER

PLUM BER, MAINTENANCE

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Diem aker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
E L E V A T O R O P E R A T O R , PASSENGER

JAN ITOR, P O R T E R , OR C LE A N E R — Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, P O R T E R , OR C LE A N E R

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office , apartment house, or commercial




L A B O R E R , M ATERIAL HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

18

LA B O R E R , M ATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d e v ice s; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded .
O RDER F IL L E R

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specification s on sales slips, customers9
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C L E R K — Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRU C K D R IV E R

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such a s: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D riv e r -s a le s m e n and o ve r-th e -ro a d d r iv e rs
a re e x c lu d e d .

PA C K E R , SHIPPING

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing o f items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded .
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C LE R K

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in v oices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s .




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssifie d by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under ly2 tons)
T r u c k d r iv e r , medium (IV 2 to and in c lu d in g 4 to n s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a ile r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , o th e r than tr a ile r ty p e )
TRU C K E R , POWER

Operates a manually controlled ga solin e- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆ U GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1961
.s.

0 — 601 731


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102