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Occupational Wage Survey

SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS
MAY 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-71




U N IT E D S T A T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
Arthur J . Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS
M A Y 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-71
July 1961
U N IT E D S T A T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
Arthur J . G o l d b e r g , S e c r e t a r y
BU REA U
Ew an

O F

LA B O R

C la g u e ,

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

S T A T IS T IC S

C o m m is s io n e r

Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

Introduction

The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A prelim inary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the earlier report.
A consolidated
analytical bulletin summarizing the results of all of the
year's surveys is issued after completion of the final area
bulletin for the current round of surveys.

T a b les:

This report was prepared in the Bureau's regional
office in Atlanta, Ga. , by Donald M . Cruse, under the
direction of Louis B. Woytych, A ssistant Regional D ire c­
tor for Wages and Industrial Relations.

1




1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey ____________

A:

Occupational earnings: *
A - 1. Office occupations _______________________________
A - 2. P rofessional and technical occupations_______
A -3 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations_____
A -4 . Custodial and m aterial movement occupations

B:

Establishment practices and supplementary wage
p rovision s: *
B -l.
Shift differentials ____________________________________________
B -2 .
Minimum entrance salaries for women office w o rk ers___
B -3 .
Scheduled weekly hours _____________________________________
B -4 .
Paid holidays _________________________________________________
B -5 .
Paid vacations _______________________________________________
B -6 .
Health, insurance,and pension plans ______________________

Appendix:

Occupational descriptions ______________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for these and other items are availa­
ble in the reports for surveys in other m ajor areas.
A directory
indicating date of study and the price of the reports is available
upon request.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are also
available for seven selected building trades in the San Antonio area.

in

2

vO vo r—

The Community Wage Survey Program

9
10
11
12
13
15
17




Occupational Wage Survey—San Antonio, Tex.

Introduction

This a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p orta n t in d u str ia l c e n te rs in
w h ich the U. S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r ’ s B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics has
con d u cted s u r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and re la te d w age b e n e fits
on an a r e a w id e b a s is . In this a r e a , data w e re obtain ed b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is t s
to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e sta b lish m en ts
w ith in six b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s :
M an u fa ctu rin g; tr a n sp o rta tio n , 1
co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e; r e ta il
tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in ­
d u stry g rou p s ex clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e g o v e r n m e n t op era tion s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E sta b lish m en ts having
fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m ber o f w o r k e r s a r e om itted a ls o b e c a u s e
they fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t em p loy m en t in the o ccu p a tio n s studied to w a r ­
rant in c lu s io n . W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , se p a ra te ta bu la tion s a r e p ro v id e d
fo r ea ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h ese s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v olv ed in s u rv e y in g a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts . To obtain
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n of la rg e
than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied. In com b in in g the data, h ow ­
e v e r , a ll esta b lis h m e n ts a r e given th eir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t. E stim a tes
b a s e d on the esta b lis h m e n ts studied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , as r e ­
lating to a ll esta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a ,
ex­
cep t fo r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.
O ccu p ation s and E a rn in gs
The occu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tion a l c l a s ­
s ific a tio n is b a se d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esig n ed to
take a ccou n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in duties w ithin the sa m e
jo b . (See a p pen dix fo r lis tin g o f th ese d e s c r ip tio n s . ) E a rn in gs data a re
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) fo r the fo llo w in g types o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a) O ffice c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c ) m a in te ­
n an ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) cu s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t.

late sh ifts.
N on p rod u ction b o n u se s a r e ex clu d ed a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b on u ses and in cen tiv e earn in g s a re in clu d ed .
W h ere w eek ly
h ou rs a r e r e p o r t e d , as fo r o ffic e c le r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o rk sch e d u le s (rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) fo r w hich
s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a re paid; a v e r a g e w eek ly earn in g s fo r these
occu p a tion s have b e e n rounded to the n e a r e s t h alf d o lla r .
A v e ra g e earn in g s of m en and w om en a r e p re se n te d se p a r a te ly
fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s in w h ich both s e x e s a r e co m m o n ly em p loy ed .
D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls o f m en and w om en in th ese occu p a tion s a re
la r g e ly due to ( l ) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is trib u tio n of the s e x e s am ong
in d u strie s and e sta b lis h m e n ts; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the occu p a tio n s a r e a p p ro p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin
the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in length of s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w w hen in dividu al s a la r ie s a re ad ju sted on this b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ould r e s u lt in h ig h er a v e ra g e pay
w hen both se x e s a r e em p loy ed w ithin the sa m e rate ra n ge.
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese su rv ey s a r e u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in dividu al e sta b lish m en ts to
a llow f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e sta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific duties
p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p a tion a l em p loy m en t e stim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in a il
esta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m ber a c tu ­
a lly su r v e y e d . B eca u se of d iffe r e n c e s in occu p a tion a l stru c tu re am ong
e sta b lis h m e n ts , the e stim a te s of occu p a tion a l em p loy m en t obtained
fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lish m en ts studied s e r v e on ly to in d icate the
r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s studied.
T h ese d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tion a l stru ctu re do n ot m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
ings data.
E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and Su pplem en tary W age P r o v is io n s

In form a tion is p re se n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c te d esta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry b en efits as they r e ­
late to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
The term " o ffic e w o r k e r s , " as u sed
O ccu p a tion a l e m p loy m en t and earn in g s data a r e show n fo r
in this b u lle tin , in clu d es w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ire d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c le r i c a l or rela ted fu n ction s, and e x clu d e s a d m in ­
u le in the given o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in gs data ex clu d e
is tr a tiv e , e x e cu tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. "P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
clude w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in cluding lea d m en and tr a in e e s ) engaged in n o n o ffic e fu n ction s.
A d m in istra tiv e ,
e
1
R a ilr o a d s , fo r m e r l y ex clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f th ese stu d ie s, x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e -a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
e m p lo y e e s who a re u tiliz e d as a sep a ra te w ork fo r c e a re e x clu d ed .
w e re in clu d ed in a ll o f the a r e a s studied sin c e July 1959, e x ce p t B a lti­
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and rou tem en a r e ex clu d ed in m an u factu rin g in d u s­
m o r e (S ep tem b er 1959 and D e c e m b e r I9 6 0 ), B u ffalo (O cto b e r 1959^,
t r ie s , but a re in clu ded as plant w o r k e r s in n onm an ufacturin g in d u s tr ie s .
C lev ela n d (S ep tem b er 1959), and Seattle (A ugust 1959).




2

T ab le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s within scope of su rv e y and n um ber studied in San A nton io, T e x . , 1 by m a jo r in d u stry d iv isio n , 2 M ay 1961

Industry d iv isio n

M in im u m
em p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in scope
of study

N u m b er of e sta b lish m e n ts
W ithin
scop e of
study 3

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts
W ithin scope of study

Studied

Studied
T o t a l4

O ffic e

Plant

T o t a l4

_______________________________________________________

50

339

105

50, 70 0

7, ZOO

3 6 ,5 0 0

Z 7 , 340

M an ufactu ring --------------------------------------------------------------------------------N on m an ufactu ring ------------------------------------------------------------------------T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and
other public u tilitie s 5 ____ ____ ________ ____ _______________
W h o le sa le trade _______________________________________________
R e ta il tra de ____________________________________________________
F in a n c e , in su r a n ce , and r e a l esta te _____________________
S e r v ic e s (exclu din g h otels with m o r e than
100 e m p lo y e e s ) 7 ____________________________________________

50
50

96
Z43

38
67

1 6 ,8 0 0
3 3 ,9 0 0

1, 300
5, 900

1 3 ,1 0 0
Z 3 , 40 0

9, 510
1 7 ,8 3 0

50
50
50
50

Z6
47
92
33

14
11
ZO
10

6, 000
3, 90 0
1 6 ,5 0 0
3, 700

700

3, 600

50

45

1Z

3, 800

A ll d iv isio n s

( 6)
(‘ )
( 6)

( 6)
( 6)
( 6)

4, 9Z0
1, 360
8, 730
1 ,4 3 0

( 6)

( 6)

1, 390

1 The San Antonio Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistic a l A r e a (B e x a r C ounty).
The "w o r k e r s within scope of stu d y " e s tim a te s shown in this table p rovid e a r e a so n a b ly a c cu ra te d e sc r ip tio n of
the s iz e and c o m p o sitio n of the la b o r fo r c e in clu d ed in the su r v e y .
The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w ev er, to se r v e as a b a s is of c o m p a r iso n with other a r e a em p loym en t in d exes to m e a su r e
em p lo y m en t tren d s or le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of wage su rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n sid e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p erio d studied, and (Z) s m a ll esta b lish m e n ts
a re exclu d ed fr o m the scope of the su rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition of the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as u se d in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
M a jo r chan ges fr o m the e a r lie r edition (u se d in the
B u re a u ’ s la b o r m a r k e t wage su rv e y s conducted p r io r to July 1958) are the tr a n s fe r of m ilk p a ste u r iz a tio n p lants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c rete e sta b lish m e n ts fr o m tra de (w h o le sa le or reta il) to
m an u factu rin g, and the tr a n s fe r of rad io and t e le v is io n b r o a d ca stin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 In clud es a ll esta b lish m e n ts with total em p lo y m en t at or above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the area) of com p a n ie s in such in d u str ie s as tra d e , fin a n ce, auto r ep a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o tio n -p ic tu r e th e a te rs a r e c o n sid e r e d as 1 e s ta b lish m e n t.
4 In clud es ex e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o r k e r s ex clu d ed fr o m the sep a ra te o ffic e and plant c a te g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n w ere ex clu d ed .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv isio n is r e p r e se n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A and B t a b le s .
S ep arate p resen ta tio n of data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ade
for one or m o r e of the follow in g r e a so n s:
(1) E m p lo y m en t in the d iv isio n is too s m a ll to p rovid e enough data to m e r it sep a ra te study, (Z) the sa m p le w as not d esign ed in itia lly to p e r m it sep arate
p r e se n ta tio n , (3) r e sp o n se was in su fficie n t or inadequate to p e r m it se p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n , (4) th ere is p o s s ib ility of d is c lo s u r e of in dividu al e sta b lish m e n t data.
7 H o te ls; p e r so n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile r e p a ir sh ops; m otion p ic tu r e s; nonprofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iza tio n s; and en g in eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




3

Shift differential data (table B -l) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy,2 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification "other" was used. In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B-2) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited. They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment basis. Paid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, insurance, and pension plans are treated statistically on the
basis that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a ma­
jority of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for the
practices listed. Scheduled hours are treated statistically on the basis
that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority
are covered. 3 Because of rounding, sums of individual items in these
tabulations may not equal totals.
The first part of the paid holidays table presents the num­
ber of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen*s compensation,
social security, and railroad retirement. Such plans include those
underwritten by a commercial insurance company and those provided
through a union fund or paid directly by the employer out of current
operating funds or from a fund set aside for this purpose. Death
benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions,4 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans 5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker*s pay during absence from work
because of illness. Separate tabulations are provided according to
(1) .plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.

The summary of vacation plans is limited to formal arrange­
ments, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the employer. Separate estimates are provided
according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week*s pay.

Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors1 fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
workerfs life.

2 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
3 Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section of
table B-3) in surveys made prior to July 1957 were presented in
terms of the proportion of women office workers employed in offices
with the indicated weekly hours for women workers.

4 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
5 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
were excluded.




4

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations
(A v e r a g e

s tr a ig h t-tim e

w e e k ly h o u rs
b y in d u s tr y

and

e a r n in g s

d iv is io n ,

fo r

s e le c te d

S a n A n to n io ,

$

Sex,

o c cu p a tio n ,

a n d in d u s t r y

d iv is io n

workers

W eekly
hours 1
(Standard)

M ay

s tu d ie d

on an a rea

b a s is

1961)

N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F -

A verage
Number

of

o c cu p a tio n s

T ex. ,

W eekly
earnings1
(Standard)

$

$
4 5 . 00

40. 00

$

50. 00

$

3 5 . 00
and
under
4 0 . 00

55 . 00

65 . 00 | 70 . 00

4 5 . 00

50. 00

6 0 . 00_. .6 5 . 00

5 5 .0 0

S

$

60 . 00

$

$

$

$

7 5 . 00

80 . 00

85 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

1$0 0 . 0 0

105. 00

n o . oo

80. 00

_85 . 00

9 0 . 00

95 . 00

100. 00

10 5. 00

n o , oo

over

4

7

4

l

2

3

-

-

l

2

and

|

7 0 . 00 ! 75 . 00

M en
1
C le r k s ,

40. 0

$ 8 4 .5 0

40

40. 0

8 2 . 50

A

________________________________________

28

40. 0

45

4 1 .0

40. 0

4 7 . 50

26

39. 5

4 8 . 50

!

i

7 4 . 50

40

!

-

7 4 . 00

_______________________________________________________________

C le r k s ,

a c c o u n tin g ,

C le r k s ,

ord er

boys

62

c la s s

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

O ffic e

________________________________________

____________________________________________________

a c c o u n tin g ,

c la s s

B

___________________________________________________________________

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

l

-

i
!

i
1
l

|

1
!

12
9

10
10

1

5

4

5

3

20

4

1

18

3

1

12

8

3

;

17

!
|

1

1

15

1

!
!

2

1
2

-

i
4
1

-

5

1

1

1

i

2

4

2

“

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

6

1

2

-

-

-

-

2

1

;

!

-

|
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e

----------------------------------

37

40. 0

5 1 . 50

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

37

40. 0

5 1 . 50

______________________________

37

4 1 .0

55. 00

1

7

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

27

4 1 .5

54. 00

1
------ 1--------!
"
I

53

40. 5

9

15

____________________________________________________

39

40. 5

4 9 . 00
4 3 . 00

9

15

o p e ra to rs,

47
32

39. 5
40. 0

65 . 50

_

_

66 . 00

"

-

op e ra to rs,

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

c la s s C

i

14
-

13

7

2

14

13

7

2

!

13

9

4

3

5

i

12

9

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

I

3

_

12

3

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

9

n
i

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

9

7

5

1

_

1

_

_

_

_

-

8

7

11
4

9

"

-

9

2

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

13

4

7

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

13

-

.

!

i

-

-

W om en
i
B ille r s ,

m a c h in e

(b illin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
B ille r s ,

m a c h in e

m a c h in e )

(b o o k k e e p in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
M a n u fa c t u r in g

m a c h in e )

c la s s

_____________________

A

____________________

__________________________________________________________

I
,

j

1

'

i

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

____________________

254

40. 5

4 9 . 50

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e

233

40. 5

4 9 . 00

o p e ra to rs,

c la s s

B

54

91

47

44

53

90

1 43

40

1

1

3

12

7

4

8

14

2

8

|

3

12

5

3

8

8

4

9

2

6

-

-

"

-

-

2

2

4

9

2

6

"

-

_

_

_

-

1
-

.

-

-

-

-

■

1

-

-

|
C le r k s ,

a c c o u n tin g ,

P u b lic
C le r k s ,

u tilitie s 2

a c c o u n tin g ,

M a n u fa c t u r in g

--------------------------------------------------------------

76

40. 5

7 4 . 50

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

60

40. 5

7 3 . 00

-

-

__________________________________________________

25

40. 0

8 6 . 50

-

55

c la s s

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

c la s s

A

B

201

40. 0

5 6 . 50

_

40

________________________________________

__________________________________________________________

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

40. 0

5 8 . 50

-

4 0 .0

56 . 00

161

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

”

"

!
j

14

7

8

7

9
8

22

-

5

5

4

29
3

8
-

55

23

18

1

17

9

3

26

8

31

25

'

“

1
C le r k s ,

file ,

c la s s

B

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

See

fo o tn o te s




____________________________________________________

60

40. 0

4 7 . 00

4

____________________________________________________

55

40. 0

4 7 . 00

4

13

24

6

10

1 13
13

23

5

a t en d o f ta b le .

N O TE :

D a ta

fo r

n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

r e m a in d e r

of

th e

s e r v ic e s

do

not

in c lu d e

d iv is io n

are

in fo r m a tio n
a p p r o p r ia te ly

fo r

h o te ls

w h ic h

re p re se n te d

in

e m p lo y
d ata

fo r

m ore
a ll

th a n

100

in d u s tr ie s

w ork ers;
c o m b in e d

th e
and

s m a lle r
fo r

h o te ls

and

th e

n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g .

5

Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(A v e ra g e

s tr a ig h t-tim e

w e e k ly
by

h ou rs

in d u s tr y

and

e a r n in g s

d iv is io n ,

fo r

s e le c te d

S a n A n to n io ,

o c cu p a tio n s

T e x .,

M ay

A verage
S ex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
(Standard)

s tu d ie d

on an a re a

b a s is

1961)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
3 5 . 00

$
4 5 . 00

under
4 0 . on

Weekly,
earnings
(Standard)

$
4 0 . 00

4 5 . 00

5 0 . 00 . .5 5.J0.0

$
5 0. 00

$
5 5 . 00

$
I$
1$
i$
7 5 . 00
6 0 . 00
6 5 .0 0 j 7 0 . 00

$
8 0 . 00

$
8 5 . 00

8 0 . 00 .8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

$
9 0 . 00

$
$
$
9 5 . 00 1 0 0 . 00 1 0 5 .0 0

$
n o . oo
and

i
. 6 0 . 0 0 . ...6.5. 0-0 j 7 0 . 0 0 j .7 5 . . 0.0

9 5 . 00. 1 0 0 . 0 0

1 0 5 . 00. n o . 00.

over

j
1
W o m e n — C o n t in u e d

C le r k s ,

p a y r o ll

_______________________________________________

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

72
£8
44

C om p tom eter o p e ra to rs
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g .................. ...................... .......... ..................
K eyp u n ch o p e ra to rs
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

__________ ____________________________
_______________________________________

40. 5
40. 0

6 4 . 00
6 4 . 50

76
64

S e c r e ta r ie s
............................. ......................................... ....................
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_______________________________ _____ ______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
.. ._
_ .
_ .
S ten og ra p h ers, g e n e ra l
___
...
......
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_
. _
.... _ .
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2
___
____

40. 0
40. 0

286
88
198
32
233
77

156
37

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
___________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________ ______ ________ ______ _____

op era tors,

gen eral

!
!
j

5 5 . 00
5 3 . 50

1
!

4
l

.
1

11
3
8

!
!
!

19
6
13

10

|
!

3
-

7
7

______ L j i
2

24
24

7
7
t

-

0
0
0
0

73.
73.
73.
84.

00
00
50
00

_

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

66.
66.
66.
80.

00
00
00
50

!
1
i
1

l 7 , ______ L j
13
!
13
n
12
2

1
!
!
j

21
4
17
2

44
16
28
_

!
j

17
17

19
12

11
6

20

1

40
7

i

12
2

!
'

6

!

7

7

5 3 . 00 '
5 2 . 50

9
9

!

10

4 1 .0
40. 5
4 1 .5

5 4 . 00
5 5 . 00
5 4 . 00

_
-

i
1

10
2
8

40. 0

5 1 .0 0

j______I_
_
1

39. 5
39. 5

5 6 . 00
5 5 . 50

i
1

10

-

;

1
|

!
69
1------ 2 5
-

!

36

■ 44

j

27

5
i

9

j

37

!
i

11
26
1

28
8
20
3

26
11
15
4

2
2

7

I

!--------- 6

1

19
3
16

14
1
13
3

11
11

18
18

22
16

23
-------2 1

40. 0
40. 5

4 8 . 00
4 7 .5 0

7

j

r

44
44

23

50
36

10

-

;

7

1
;
!

J
------------------

T r a n s p o r ta tio n ,




r e fle c t th e w o r k w e e k
c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

and

fo r w h ic h

e m p lo y e e s

o th e r p u b lic

i

5
5

i
i
!

9
8
1

!

.

2

1
1

1

-

2

1

-

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

-

11
3
8
4

19
8
11
3

6
1
4
4

11
1
10
3

I

17
4
13

1

io

4
4
_

4
3
1
1

5

|

38
16
22
4

i

32

i

9

!

!

23

|
j

24

1

6
18
6

9
4
5
4

13
12
1
1

2
2

"

-

"

5
5

3
2

1
1

9
2

3
2

_

_

-

-

-

7

1

-

-

2
2

-

-

2

-

-

,

2
2

_

_

.

-

"

-

-

_

33
20

I

j

!

j

h ou rs

!

4

2

7

13
!

1

6

S ta n d a rd

12

!

-

,
5

1
137
115

12

5

_

_

_

!

6
-

17
_

6
6

17
5

3
---------- j—
2
2

3
1
2

_
-

_
_

-

i
40. 5
40. 5

76
68

T y p is ts , c la s s B
_____________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________________

I
|
;
i

3

i
io
1
--------- : — 1-------- ; — —
_
j
10
!
1

_

5
4
i

|
1

40
36

4
4

,

10

!

1

27

T y p is ts , c la s s A
__________________________________ ________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ ______ _____________________________

1
' 1

3

118
25
93

________

1
j
1

"

1
1

40.
40.
40.
40.

!

1

74
65

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n is t s
__ .
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________
T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e

_

$ 6 3 .5 0
6 7 . 00
6 1 .5 0

79
62

_______________________________________

40. 5
40. 0
41. 0

u tilitie s .

r e c e iv e

th e ir

r e g u la r

s tr a ig h t-tim e

s a la r ie s

a n d th e

3
i

f

e a r n in g s

1
i__________
corresp on d

to th e se

w e e k ly

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

.

—

i
i
1

-

h ou rs.

6
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e

s tr a ig h t-tim e

w e e k ly

h ou rs

b y in d u s tr y

and

e a r n in g s

d iv is io n ,

fo r

s e le c te d

S ex,

o c cu p a tio n ,

an d in d u s tr y

d iv is io n

on

an a r e a

$
6 5 . 00
_

$
70 . 00
_

y
>
I'P
I•
">
!
j $
75. 00
80. 00
8 5 . 00
9 0 . 00
j
_
t

6 5 . 00

. 7 0 . 00

7 5. 00

1
l
1
. 8 0 . 0 0 j. 8 5 . 0 0 | 9 0 . 0 0 | 9 5 . 0Q
j

M en
D r a fts m e n ,

s e n io r

M a n u fa c t u r in g

b a s is

$
60 . 00
_

$
W eekly . 5 5 . 0 0
earnings1
and
(Standard) u n d e r
60 . 00

W eekly.
hours 1
(Standard)

s tu d ie d

1961)

N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

A verage
Number
of
workers

o c cu p a tio n s

S a n A n to n io , T e x . , M a y

66

__________________________________

$ 9 0 . 00

_

_

40. 0

8 9 . 50

-

-

_

4

60

______________________________________________________
____________________

40. 0

4

13

j

9

13

-

$

$
1 0 0 .0 0
_

S
10 5. 00
_

$
1 1 0 .0 0
_

$
115. 00

_ i0 5 . o o i n o . o o

1 1 5 . 00

over

9 5 . 00
_
1 0 0 .0 0

and.

|

1

5

6

1

13

5

2

7

7

2

1

13

7

3
I---------- 2
-

.

!
i
I

3
2

6
D r a fts m e n ,

M a n u fa c t u r in g

1

S tan d ard

________________________________________________________

60

40. 0

7 1 . 00

2

14

18

9

7

j ______3
_

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ju n io r

58

40. 0

7 0 . 50

2

13

18

9

7

;

h ou rs

N O TE :

r e fle c t

D a ta
th e

th e

fo r

w orkw eek

w llic h

fo r

n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

r e m a in d e r

o f th e

do

s e r v ic e s

e m p lo y e e s

not

in c lu d e

d iv is io n

are

t h e ir

r e c e iv e

in fo r m a tio n

a p p r o p r ia t e ly

r e g u la r

fo r

s tr a ig h t-tim e

h o te ls

w h ic h

rep re se n te d

in

e m p lo y

d a ta

fo r

and

th a n

in d u s t r ie s

2

;

4

■ 2■

3

s a la r ie s

m ore

a ll

j

100

th e

!

e a r n in g s

w ork ers;

c o m b in e d

th e

and

fo r

1

i
!

"

4

"

j

corresp on d

s m a lle r

to

h o te ls

th e se

w e e k ly

h ou rs.

and

n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g .

Table A-3. M aintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e

s tr a ig h t-tim e

h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , S a n A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 19 61 )

on

an a re a

b a s is

N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R ]O ' E A R N IN G S OF—

j l . 20

1
s
1. 20
and
under
1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1. 5 0

1. 6 0

1. 7 0

1 .4 0

1. 5 0

1. 6 0 _ 1 . 7 0

1. 8 0

---------------------------

30

$ 2. 4 7

71
52

2. 4 7
2. 50

1. 9 0

2. 0 0

2. 0 0

2 . 10

S
2. 20

2. 30

2. 4 0

2 . 10

1. 9 0

2. 20

2. 30

2. 4 0

2. 50

2. 50 2 . 6 0 2. 7 0
l _
! _
I 2. 6 0 ! 2. 7 0

j

.

111
65
46

1. 6 8
1. 9 5
1. 31

.

-

_

2

-

~

2 16
16

28

_

2

12
6

_

"

-

"

-

7
3
4

9
19

_

1
1

9
8 I
1

-

3
2
1

7

1

-

4

5
5

7
3

2
2

7
6

3
3

1 ........J

12
12

-

-

-

2
2

"

86
70
52

2. 52
2. 59
2. 66

M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e ------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________

70
63

2 . 50
2. 55

-

-

■

-

-

_

-

_

2
2
2 1

-

-

"

"

-

6
3
2

4
4

-

20
16
10

~

"

10
10

“

6
2
4

“

!

i

-

“

!
!

|

_

2

1
1

“

4
1 1
-

16
10

4

1
1

3
3

-

4

3
3

‘

E x c lu d e s
W ork ers

p r e m iu m
w ere

3

T r a n s p o r ta tio n ,

4

A ll w o r k e r s




pay

fo r

d is tr ib u te d

o v e r t im e
as

fo llo w s :

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

w ere

at $ 3. 30 to

N O TE :

"

14
14

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

2
-

4
4

5
4

2

9
9

"

4 14
14

2
2
2

1 i ____ ________ 6
_
1 :
- |
6

2
2

i

2 !
2 J
2 1

and fo r

w ork

12 at $ 1 to

and oth e r

p u b lic

on w eek en d s,
$ 1. 1 0 ; 4

h o lid a y s ,

a t $ 1. 10 t o

and

la te

-

fo r

"

o f th e

s e r v ic e s

do

not

s h ifts .

$ 1. 2 0 .

in c lu d e

d iv is io n

are

in fo r m a tio n

a p p r o p r ia te ly

fo r

h o te ls

re p re se n te d

w h ic h
in

d ata

e m p lo y
fo r

a ll

m ore

th a n

in d u s t r ie s

100

w ork ers;

c o m b in e d

i
|
1

1
-------------1

u tilitie s .

n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

r e m a in d e r

“

1
1

1
32
30
30

j

$ 3. 4 0 .

D a ta
th e

14
12

"

2
2
2

-

_

-

11
5

1
2
2

over

5

_

j
1

1

-

3. 30
and

3. 30

3. 20

4
_

1
1 j

------------ 1------------! -----------1

3 . 10

3. 20

l

!

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e
( m a i n t e n a n c e ) _________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________
P n h lir n t il it ip s 2
...
__ ..

2

3. 00

T

i
7 l
7 I

i
"

10
10

2. 90

■
.----------- 1
^
is
2 . 9 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 10

!
1

H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a i n t e n a n c e ____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________

2. 80

1

j

E n g i n e e r s , s t a t i o n a r y _________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________

E l e c t r i c ia n s , m a in te n a n c e

l
1. 3 0

00
o

U nder
^ \
er.rnmgs i ,<
6

o
00
<j
v

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

and

th e
fo r

s m a lle r

h o te ls

and

n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g .

7
Table A-4. Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s

fo r

b y in d u s tr y

d iv is io n ,

S a n A n to n io ,

Average U n d e r "6. 6 0 0 . 7 0 s
0. 80
hourly
| and
earnings L $
0 .6 0 P n d e r
. 70 | .8 0 ,
•90

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n 1 an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

s tr a ig h t-tim e

s e le c te d

0. 90

00

L 10

1 . 10

1 .2 0

T e x .,

s tu d ie d

M ay

on

an a re a

b a s is

1961)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
*
s
!
S
1 . 4 0 ®1. 5 0 S . 6 0
1. 7 0 j1 . 8 0 1 . 9 0 '2 . 0 0 ! 2 . 1 0 1 2 . 2 0 2 . 3 0
l
I
1
1
1
!
I 1
1 . 4 0 .1 . 5 0 j. 1 , 6 0 . J . , .7 0 . .1., 8 0 ... 1.,. 9.Q J_2j 0 0 | .1.0... 2 , 2 0 . . 2 , 3 0 : 2 , 4 0

1 .2 0

1. 0 0

o c cu p a tio n s

1. 30

1. 3 0

1
I1 . 4 0
j
I
j

s
j
2 . 50 2 . 60
I

2. 70

s
2. 80
and

50

2 , 6 0 . . 2 , 7 0 .. 2 , 8_Q_ ...o v e x .
1

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
( w o m e n ) ________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------

95
95

$ 0 . 71
.7 1

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________

75
32
43

1 . 51
1. 39
1 .6 0

3 24
24

32
32

16
16

-

18
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

4
4

16
16

8
7
1

-

1
1

-

j

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

-

-

-

-

!

S

-

-

-

1
-

1
1
-

_

'

,

_

|

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

j

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
( m e n ) -------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 4 ______________________

854

1. 07
1. 29
1 .0 2
1. 58

179
67 5
51

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

■

■

17
-

50
-

29

17

1
9

!
i

3
3

~

72

57
265

33

95

-

-

-

-

!

3

125
125

9
9

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d l i n g --------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 4 ______________________

500
130
370
108

1. 41
1. 38
1 .4 2
2 . 07

-

-

-

39
4

56
6
50
|
2

23
6
17

49
37
12
6

-

14

329
95
234

1 , 19
1. 32
1. 14

136

:

_

48
48

i

"

-

79
79

I

-

|

!
-

-

!

-

"

7
7

3
3

_

_

-

13
11
2

i

38

!

18

,

6
32
32

i
i
!

-

-

57
23

229

16
12
4

23
2
21

19
210
12

1 34
10

“

"

-

-

24
2
22

42
1 18
24

25
| 23
2

108

1. 2 9
1 .0 6

75
31
44

________________________________

1. 5 9
1 .6 8
1 . 52

27

-

10
-

-

■

i

-

~

10

-

-

-

“

_

"

19
1 11
8

'
_

5
5

j
!

18
-

!

1 .7 6
1. 8 7

53
32

-

17
17

!
i

9
6

1
j

3
1

2

1

_
-




at en d

3
3

1
1
-

-

!

"

2
-

3

2

3
3

i
!

!

!
1

4

,

;

!

j

_

_

16

!

-

_

15

i
;
!

-

! .6
1
5
1 11

2

4
-

2
1

4
4

|

-

41
-

;

'

|

41
41

6

D a ta

fo r

n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

r e m a in d e r

of

th e

s e r v ic e s

do

not

in c lu d e

d iv is io n

are

in fo r m a tio n
a p p r o p r ia te ly

1
! 14
'
6
l
8

i
!
i

4
4

4
4

13
1

36
1 28
|
8

4

1

~

h o te ls

w h ic h

rep resen ted

in

_

_

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

"

42
4
38
38

;

-

-

■

"

-

_

-

-

5
2
3

------------ --------------------------

1
j

i
i

4
3

-

j

1

_

1
J

9

!
!
1
I

2

4
4

3
3

1
1

1
1

1
1

8
3
5

i

1

fo r

_

6
-

-

i

14

5

4

i
i

-

-

1
1
!

■

!

1
i
i

5

9

________ 1

o f t a b le .

N O TE :

_

"

1

10
6

-

_

!

J

-

-

16

I

j

_
-

12

22
22

2

9

-

1
1

-

-

i
1

15

9
3

S 26
' 16
! io

1
1

5
3
2

5

|

i

1

!
i

14

8

42
1 40

2

”

.

1
!

1

1

5
1
------ 1—

;

2

:

8

J
________
fo o tn o te s

6

1

!

1

1. 6 9
|
i

S h i p p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________

;

i

|

-

105
48
57

108

1 .2 2

91
45

R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ______________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________

See

10

"

1

i

S h ip p in g c l e r k s

!

!
5
5

P a c k e r s , s h i p p i n g -------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------

14

!

322

61

.8 1
. 81

-------------------------------------

]

95

61
-

50

29

"

284
284

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

io

1

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , an d c le a n e r s
( w o m e n ) _-----------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________

O r d e r f i l l e r s ___________________________________
m vfa r t n r i n a

4
1
3

e m p lo y
d a ta

fo r

m ore
a ll

th a n

100

in d u s tr ie s

w ork ers;

th e

s m a lle r

c o m b in e d

and

fo r

h o te ls

and

th e

n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g .

-

i
'

6
6

i

8
Table A-4. Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations-Continued
(A v e ra g e

s tr a ig h t-tim e

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s

b y in d u s tr y

fo r

d iv is io n ,

s e le c te d

o c cu p a tio n s

S a n A n to n io ,

T ex. ,

M ay

s tu d ie d

on

an a r e a

b a s is

1961)

s
U ndei
$
0. 60

0 . 7 0 "0 . 8 0 ° o . 9 0
_
-

0. 60
and
under
. 70

. 80

1
1. 0 0 " 1 . 1 0
-

1. 0 0

. 90

'

1. 20

1. 3 0

1

l.io j

1. 3 0

S
i
1 . 4 0 f l . 5 0 |°1. 6 0
j

1 .4 0

1. 5 0 ' 1. 6 0

1. 7 0

S
1
1. 8 0 j°1 . 9 0

70

-

2.0 0

!

!

$
2. 80
and
over

*2. 6 0
~

j
1. 9 0 1 2 . 0 0 1 2 . 1 0 ! 2 . 20

1. 8 0

*2. 7 0
1
I

2. 6 0 ' 2. 7 0 I 2. 8 0

*2. 1 0 ; 2 . 2 0 j*2. 3 0 ; 2 . 4 0 .
I

U!
0

O c c u p a t io n 1 an d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Average
hourly ,
earnings

K)' ' j

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF
Number
of
workers

2. 30

2 . 4 0 j 2. 50

s
1
T r u c k d r i v e r s 5 __________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________

T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (u n d e r
I V 2 t o n s ) ___________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________

$ 1.
1.
1.
2.

1, 125
238
887
230

62
50
65
23

_

-

“
-

-

1. 23
1. 3 6
1. 18

271
--------” 5 4
207

-

"

“

|
j

-

1

1

9
-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( I V 2 to and
in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 4 __________________

535
124
411
170

W a tch m e n
________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________

1

D a ta lim it e d

2

E x c lu d e s

3

A ll w o r k e r s

to m e n w o r k e r s

p r e m iu m
w ere

4

T r a n s p o r ta tio n ,

5

In c lu d e s




p ay fo r

-

-

-

■

~

_

_

9

-

-

w ork

re g a rd le s s

and oth e r
o f s iz e

p u b lic

an d ty p e

112
8
- 1
104
~

2
“

-

-

26
9
17
8

-

-

1

_

-

9

h o lid a y s ,

u tilitie s .

of tru ck

op era ted .

i

17
9
8

12

!
n
!

40
n
7

!

!

!

48
48

'
j

25
3
22

1
1 !

16
16

,
l

2
2

37 ,
- ;
37 :
1

81
- ,
81 !
1 ,

2
2

I
j

66 ,
1
65 |
65 !

1

1 ,
1 1
_ 1
1

-

22
8
14

37
21
16
1

52 1
— 50~
22
1

64
64

3
3

66
50

_

34
2
32

9
-

“

42
33
9

20
8
12

10
9
1

-

.
-

a n d la te

5
4

,
;

1 1
l ;

j

10
2
8

28
18
10

!
!
I
i

15
11
4

|
i
!
j
1

i
:

-

4
4

s h ifts .

-

i

"

:

-

'

“

-

25

j

9

22
3

17
13
4

10
10
-

|

9

i

4

2
2

'

-

-

2
2
’

1
1

27

38
j

■

5
5

1
j

4

■

j
i

-

3

_

2

2

2

1
1 !

3

i
!

1
1
1

i
2 1
2
-

65
65
65

|

1
1

80
80

-

-

~

~

1

3

_

_

3

”

-

i
!
'

,
1

i
!

1 i
1 i
1
1

-

-

1

-

■ !

-

19
18
1
1

-

-

-

"

■

_

_

~

-

_

-

i

i
i

3

i

-

-

-

l
1
l

“

1

-

5
2

2

19
19

31
31
’

38

1
|

38

-

19
18

114 '
------------ 1
!
” |
114 |
104 1

-

16
16

■

|

|

23
3
20

-

in d ic a te d .

on w eek en d s,

36
7
29

1
l 130
i
—
r~
129

-

'

4
4

54
42

!
i

.

38
28 i
10 !
1 j

1

-

■

5
5

-

o th e r w is e

and fo r

2
--------T“ 1

“

.

| 141
;
54
:
87
1 28
j

!

_

“

-

$ 0. 50.

c o m m u n ic a t io n ,

a ll d r iv e r s

-

-

1. 1 2
1. 18
1. 0 0

94
----------5 3
31

excep t w h ere

-

-

1 .4 4
1. 5 0
1 .4 1

121
39
82

o v e r t im e

at $ 0. 4 0 to

-

-

1 .7 1
1 .7 4

312
------- 2 6 5 ~

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) _________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________

-

1. 7 7
1. 5 5
1. 8 3
2 .4 8

;
1

i
|

58
30
28
3

i

i

■

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a i l e r t y p e ) _______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________

138 1 230
~ T T
8
222
121
25

11
11

3
3 -

3

'

102
102
92

-

12
12

16
16

4
4

_

-

■




9

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-1. Shift Differentials

(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant workers by type and am
ount of differential, San Antonio, Tex. , M 1961)
ay
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s

S econ d

s h ift

w ork

T ota l

W ith

__

__________________________________________________________

s h ift p a y

U n ifo r m

(p e r

52. 5

T h ir d

or

o th e r

s h ift w o r k

A c tu a lly

Secon d

s h ift

30. 8

10. 2

20. 1

6. 5

1 .6

6. 5

1 .6

. 9
1 .7

_

3. 0

_
-

6 cen ts

_________________________________________________

7 cen ts

_________________________________________________

1 .6
-

3. 0

. 2
-

________________________________________________

12. 7

4. 2

2. 7

___________________________________________
___________________________________________

1 .9
6. 1
-

_

_ _ _ _ _

15 c e n t s

________________________________________________

28 ce n ts

________________________________________________

N o

pay fo r

redu ced

s h ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l

oth er

3. 4

20. 1

8. 3

F u ll d a y 's

or

s h ift

3 5 .6

_________________________________________________

cen ts
cen ts

T h ir d

33. 7

3 cen ts

IIV 2
1 4 z/ 3

on—

__________________________

h ou r)

5 cen ts

10 c e n t s

w o r k in g

_____________________________

d iffe r e n tia l

cen ts

h a v in g fo r m a l

p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l

h ou rs

______________

_________________________________

-

. 5

-

. 5

.6
-

6. 8

. 5
-

. 5

-

6. 1

-

-

1 .9

-

-

-

3. 7

1 .9

17. 0

10. 9

-

1
Includes establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments w formal provisions covering late shifts
ith
even though they were not currently operating late shifts.

10
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W o rk ers
(D istr ib u tio n o f e sta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s b y m in im u m en tran ce s a la r y fo r s e le c te d c a te g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , San A n ton io, T e x . , M ay 1961)

I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M anufacturin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s a l a r y 1

B a se d on stan dard w e e k ly h ou rs 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
s ch e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied __________________________________________

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
N on m anufacturing

105

38

M an ufacturin g
A ll
in d u s tr ie s

N on m anufacturing

B a s ed on stan dard w e e k ly h ou rs 3 o f—
A ll
sch e d u le s

A ll
s ch e d u le s

40

XXX

67

XXX

105

38

XXX

67

XXX

40

40

A ll
sch ed u les

40

__________________

28

8

7

20

18

39

14

13

25

23

U nder $ 40. 00
$ 40. 00 and u nd er $ 42. 50 ____________________________________
$ 4 2 . 50 and under $ 4 5 . 00 ------------------------------------------------------$ 45. 00 and u nd er $ 47. 50 ____________________________________
$ 47. 50 and u nd er $ 50. 00 ____________________________________
$ 50. 00 and un d er $ 5 2 .5 0 ____________________________________
$ 52. 50 and u nd er $ 5 5 .0 0 ____________________________________
$ 55. 00 and under $ 5 7 .5 0 ____________________________________
$ 57. 50 and under $ 60. 00 ------------------------------------------------------$ 60. 00 and under $ 6 2 .5 0 ------------------------------------------------------$ 62. 50 and under $ 65. 00 ____________________________________
$ 65. 00 and under $ 6 7 .5 0 ____________________________________
$ 6 7 . 50 and under $ 70. 00 ________ ___________________________
$ 70. 00 and under $ 7 2 . 50 ________________________________________
O ver $ 7 2 . 50 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1
10
4
2
-

_
3
3
1
1
-

_
3
3
1
-

1
7
4
2
2
1
1
1
-

_
7
3
2
2
1
1
1
-

1
15
5
3
1
7
2
1
1
-

_
4
1
1
5
1
1
1
-

_
4
1
1
-

_
11
3
2
1
2
1
-

-

-

-

-

1

1

2

-

-

1
11
4
2
1
2
1
-

-

-

-

"

"

1

-

E s ta b lis h m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ----------------------------

7

2

XXX

5

XXX

9

E s ta b lis h m en ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y ______________________________________________________

70

28

XXX

42

XXX

57

E s ta b lis h m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m

5

2
1
1
1
1

5

1
1
-

2

_
2

-

1

1

3

XXX

6

XXX

21

XXX

36

XXX

L o w e st s a la r y rate f o r m a lly e sta b lish e d fo r h irin g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s for typing o r other c le r ic a l jo b s .
R a te s a p p lica b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g i r ls , or s im ila r su b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e not c o n sid e r e d .
H ou rs r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s .
D ata a r e p r e se n te d fo r a ll w ork w eek s c om b in e d , and fo r the m o s t c o m m o n w ork w eek r ep o rted .




11
Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by schedu led w eekly hours
of f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , San A n ton io, T e x . , M ay 1961)
PLAN T W O RK ERS

O F FIC E W O R K E R S

W e e k ly h ours
All industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

________________________________________

Under 3 7 1/ 2 h ours -------------------------------------------------37 V 2 h ours --------------------------------------------------------------3 9 h ours _____________________________________________
4 0 h ours _____________________________________________
O ver 4 0 and under 4 4 h ours ____________________
4 4 h ours _____________________________________________
4 5 h ours _____________________________________________
4 8 h ours _____________________________________________
O ver 4 8 h ours _____________________________________

100

M anufacturing

100

3

-

100

1

1

Public utilities2

3
81
2
8
2
1

All industries3

100

M anufacturing

100

Public u tilities2

100

78
3

10 0
-

2
2
2
64
3

11

-

10

79
2
3

4
2

-

8
5

3

1

6

5

2

-

-

1

6

-

-

_
92

-

_
5
_

1 In clud es data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e; r e ta il tra d e; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s (excep t h ote ls w hich e m p loyed m o r e than 100 w o r k e r s) in addition to those in du stry
d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and other public u tilit ie s .
3 In clud es data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s (excep t h ote ls w hich em p loyed m o r e than 100 w o rk ers) in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .




12

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of offic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by n u m b er of paid h olid ays
p rovid ed annu ally, San A nton io, T e x . , M ay 1961)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Item

A ll w o r k e r s

_________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
paid h olid ays _____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providin g
no paid h olid ays _________________________________

All industries1

Manufacturing

PLAN T W ORKERS

Public utilities2

All industries

3

M anufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

84

74

100

16

26

1

(4 )

Number of days
L e s s than 3 h olid ays _____________________________
3 h olid ays _______ ______ ____________________________
3 h olid ays plus 1 h alf day _______________________
4 h olid ays __________________________________________
4 h olid ays plus 2 h alf days -------------------------------5 h olid ays __________________ _____________ ____ _____
5 h olid ays p lus 1 h alf day __ ____ ________________
5 h olid ays plus 2 h alf days ___ _________________
6 h olid ays __________________________________________
6 h olid ays plus 1 h a lf day _______________________
6 h olid ays plus 4 h a lf days --------------------------------7 h olid ays ___________________ _______________________
7 h olid ays plus 1 h alf day _______________________
8 h olid ays ----------------------------------- -------- -------------------8 h olid ays plus 2 h alf days _____ ____ ___________
10 h olid ays _________ ____ ___________________________

(4 )
1

.

(4)
35
1
1
10
3
( 4)
1
(4)

3
1
6
2
40
11
1
5
7
16
5
2

(4 )
1
3
6
15
17
52
64
96
98
98
99
99
99

2
8
15
31
31
31
37
48
90
96
96
99
99
99

(4 )
2
(4 )
32
12

_
8
4
7
13
67
-

2
2
6
28
16
1
13
(4 )
10
2
( 4)
1
2

.
5
10
28
5
2
9
6
2
7

1
12
4
9
3
-

71
-

"

Total holiday time5
10 d ays ___ _______ ___________________________________
9 or m o r e d ays --------------- ------------- -----------------------8 or m o r e d ays ____________________________________
7 l Jz or m o r e d ays
________________________ _____ —
7 or m o r e d ays ____________________ _______ _______
6 l / z or m o r e d ays
_________________ ____ __________
6 or m o r e d ays ____________________________________
5 1/ 2 or m o r e d ays _________________________________
5 or m o r e d ays ____________________________________
4 or m o r e d ays
------ ------------ ------------------------------31/ 2 or m o r e days _________________________________
3 or m o r e d ays ____________________________________
2 or m o r e d ays --------------- -------------------------------------1 or m o r e days ____________________________________

_
-

67
80
88
92
100
100
100
100
100
100

2
3
3
5
15
15
29
45
73
79
79
81
81
84

7
8
8
14
14
14
26
31
59
69
69
74
74
74

.
-

71
74
83
87
99
99
99
99
100
100

1 In clud es data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v ic e s (ex c ep t h o te ls w hich e m p loyed m o r e than 100 w o r k e r s) in addition to those in du stry
d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ication , and other public u tilit ie s .
3 In clu d es data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s (ex c ep t h o te ls w hich em p loyed m o r e than 100 w o r k e r s) in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t.
5 A ll com b in ation s of fu ll and h alf d ays that add to the s a m e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; fo r ex a m p le , the p ro p o rtio n of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total of 7 d ays in clu d es those w ith 7 fu ll days and
no h alf d a y s, 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d a y s, 5 fu ll d ays and 4 h alf d a y s, and so on.
P r o p o r tio n s w e r e then cu m u lated .




13

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v acatio n pay
p r o v is io n s , San A n to n io , T e x . , M ay 1961)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

V a c a tio n p o lic y
All industries1

A ll w o r k e r s __________________________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries^

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
-

99
99
-

100
100
-

93
93

4 87
87
-

100
100

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

( 5)

1

■

7

13

"

1
21

5

( 5)
1

( 5)
6

69
-

1
11
1
2

7
2
5

57
6
37

80
19

74
26

74
( 5)
17

64
19

80
5
15

24
8
67

34
2
63

3
16
81

36
10
46

37
5
43

8
33
59

13
7
79

25
2
72

1
99

26
9
56

26
5
54

2
5
93

6
6
76
1
10

-

-

85

100

3
2
73

5
95

-

-

14
2
68
4
5

Method of payment
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
paid vac a tio n s _____________________________________
L e n g t h -o f -tim e paym ent ______________________
P e r c e n ta g e p aym ent ___________________________
F la t -s u m p aym ent ______________________________
Other ______________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
no paid vac a tio n s _________________________________

Amount of vacation pay6
A fte r 6 m onths of se r v ic e

Under 1 w eek ________________ _______________ ____
1 w eek ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u nder 2 w eek s ________________________
2 w eeks ______________________________________________

-

5
49
-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek ________________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ________________________
2 w eeks _______________________________________________
A fte r 2 y e a r s o f se r v ic e

1 w eek ________________________ _____________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks ________________________
2 w eeks
A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1 w eek ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks ________________________
2 w eek s _

-

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek ________________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks _______________________
2 w eeks ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks _______________________
3 w eeks

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le .




5

9

_

7

14

Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v acatio n pay
p r o v is io n s , San A n to n io , T e x . , M ay 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a c a tio n p o lic y
All industries *

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n

M
anufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

M
anufacturing

Public utilities2

p a y 6 --------C o n t in u e d

A fte r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1 w eek ________________________________________________
O ve r 1 and under 2 w eeks ________________________
2 w eeks _______________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ________________________
3 w eek s _______________________________________________
4 w eeks _______________________________________________

6
6
65
9
13
2

.

14

-

-

79

95

-

-

6
9

5

( 5)
65
4
8
2

5

~

5
-

5
89

69
-

-

6
7

6
-

A fte r 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1 w eek ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks ________________________
2 w eek s _______________________________________________
3 w eeks _______________________________________________
4 w eek s _______________________________________________

6
6
53
26
9

5
53
32
9

6
6
53
25
10

53
32
9

-

_
30
70
“

14
( 5)
53
23
2

5
-

57
18
7

5
12
83
-

5
57
18
7

5
12
77
6

5
57
18
7

5
12
42
41

A fte r 20 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1 w eek ________________________________________________
O ve r 1 and under 2 w eeks
_______________________
2 w eeks
______________________________________________
3 w eek s ______________________________________________
4 w eeks ______________________________________________

5
-

.
30
68
2

14
( 5)
53
20
5

A fte r 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1 w eek ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks ________________________
2 w eeks _______________________________________________
3 w eek s _______________________________________________
4 w eeks _______________________________________________

6
6
48
19
20

5
-

53
32
9

_
30
25
46

14
( 5)
53
14
12

1 Includes data for w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s (excep t h o te ls w hich e m p loyed m o r e than 100 w o r k e r s) in addition to those in du stry
d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s .
3 In cludes data for w h o le sa le tra d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v ic e s (excep t h o te ls w hich e m p loyed m o r e than 100 w o r k e r s) in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
4 In cludes p r op ortion s of w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts w hich did not p rovid e paid vacatio n s until a fter 10 y e a r s 1 s e r v ic e .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.
6 P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w ere a r b itr a r ily c h o se n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in dividu al p r o v isio n s for p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the changes in p ro p o rtio n s in dicated at 10 y e a r s 1 S ervice
include chan ges in p r o v isio n s o c c u r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
N O T E : In the tabu lations of v ac atio n a llo w a n c es by y e a r s of s e r v i c e , p aym en ts other than "le n g th o f t i m e " such as p erc en ta g e of annual ea rn in g s or f la t -s u m
an eq u ivalent tim e b a s is ; for e x a m p le , a p aym ent of 2 p erc en t o f annual ea rn in g s w as c o n sid e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.




p a y m e n ts,

w e r e con ve rte d to

15

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t of office and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s em p loyed in e s ta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
health, in su r a n ce , or p en sion b en efits, San A nton io, T e x ., M ay 1961)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

Type of b en efit

A ll w o r k e r s

_________________________________________

All industries1

100

Manufacturing

100

Public utilities 2

100

All industries 3

100

Manufacturing

100

Public utilities 2

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts p rovid in g:
L ife in su ra n ce ________________ _________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in su ra n ce ______________________________________
S ick n e ss and a ccid en t in su ra n ce or
s ic k le a v e or b o th 4 _________________________

86

81

99

77

71

95

44

54

56

46

49

51

49

42

83

40

33

59

S ic k n e ss and a ccid en t in su ra n ce _______
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting period ) ___________________________
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay or
w aiting p eriod ) ___________________________

14

34

2

24

30

10

37

20

37

19

9

17

5

-

43

6

-

35

H o sp ita liza tio n in su ra n ce ___________________
S u r g ic a l in su ra n ce ____________________________
M e d ic a l in su r a n ce ____________________________
C ata strop h e in su ra n ce _______________________
R e tire m e n t p en sio n ___________________________
N o health, in su r a n c e , or p en sion plan ___

82
82
42
46
48
5

86
86
38
50
37
3

56
56
44
85
76
1

78
78
31
36
44
9

89
89
28
36
29
4

63
63
45
75
65
2

1 In clud es data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; finance, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s (e x c e p t h o te ls w hich em p loyed m o r e than 100 w o r k e r s) in addition to those in du stry
d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ication , and other public u tilit ie s .
3 In clud es data for w h o le sa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s (excep t h ote ls w hich em p loyed m o r e than 100 w o r k e r s) in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
4 Unduplicated total of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g sic k le a v e or sic k n e s s and accid en t in su ran ce shown s e p a r a te ly b elo w .
S ic k -le a v e plans are lim ite d to th ose w hich d efin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m num b er of d a y s' pay that can be expected by ea ch e m p lo y e e .
In fo r m a l s ic k -le a v e allo w a n c es d ete r m in e d on an in dividu al b a s is a r e ex clu d ed .







17

A ppendix:

Occupational Doscriptions

The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing machine)— Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon cop ies of
the bill being prepared and is often done oh a fanfold machine.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slip s.




Class A— Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B— Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish ­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

18
CLERK, ACCOUNTING—-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, tim e /ra te , deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE

Class A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s, cla ss ifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
Class B— Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or a ssists in locating material in file s. May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple cop ies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

19

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls .
May record toll calls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerica l work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B— Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp e cific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C— Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp e cific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

20

TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing p rocesses. May do clerica l work involving little sp ecia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.

Class A — Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

Class B— Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licie s,
e tc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E SSIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
TRACER
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. Uses
T-square, com pass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

21
M A IN T E N A N C E

D PO W ERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded .




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp e cific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool ^operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
sp ecification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chin ist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

22
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se toler­
ances; making standard shop computations re la ting to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of su rface'p ecu ­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or con sistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various size s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specification s- In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded .

23
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

24
LA B O R E R , M ATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C L E R K — Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

,

Longshoremen who load and unload ships are excluded

.

ORDER F IL L E R

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d as follow s:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TR U CK D R IV ER

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specification s on sales slips, customers1
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

PA C K E R , SHIPPING

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden
boxes or crates are excluded

.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLE R K

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in v oices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s.




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f siz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (VA to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TR U C K E R , POWER

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type of
truck, as follow s:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
* U.S. GOVERNM ENT P R IN TIN G OFFICE : 1961 0 — 601555


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102