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Occupational Wage Survey

SEATTLE, WASHINGTON
AU GU ST 196 0

Bulletin N o . 1285-7




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




S E A T T L E , W A S H IN G T O N
AUGUST 1960

Bulletin No. 1285-7
November I960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Cloguo, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The C om m u n ity W age S u rv ey P r o g r a m

I n t r o d u c t io n _______________________________________________________________
W age tren ds fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tio n a l grou p s ________________________

The B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistic s r e g u la r ly con d u cts
area w id e wage su r v e y s in a n u m b er o f im p orta n t in d u stria l
c e n t e r s . The stu d ie s, m ade fr o m late fa ll to e a r ly sp rin g ,
rela te to o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d su p p lem en ta ry
b e n e fits . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in ea ch a r e a , u su a lly in the m onth fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied. T h is b u lletin p ro v id e s additional
data not in clu d ed in the e a r lie r r e p o r t .
A co n s o lid a te d
a n a ly tica l b u lletin su m m a r iz in g the r e su lts o f a ll o f the
y e a r ’ s s u rv e y s is is s u e d a fte r c o m p le tio n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lletin fo r die c u r r e n t round o f s u r v e y s .

T a b le s :

T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u re a u ’ s r e g io n a l
o ffic e in San F r a n c is c o , C a l i f . , by W illia m P . O ’ C on n or,
under the d ir e c tio n o f John L . D ana, A s s is ta n t R eg ion a l
D ir e c t o r fo r W ages and In d u stria l R e la tio n s .

B:




1.
2.

A:

E sta b lish m en ts and w o rk e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y ___________
P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in stan dard w eek ly s a la r ie s and
str a ig h t-tim e h o u rly Warnings fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tion a l
g ro u p s, fo r s e le c t e d p e r i o d s _____________________ —______ _____

3

O ccu p a tion a l e a rn in g s: *
A - 1.
O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s ______________________________________
A -2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s ____________ —___
A -3 .
M ain ten an ce and p ow er plant o c c u p a t io n s ___________
A -4 .
C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m ov em en t o c c u p a t io n s ________

5
7
8
9

E sta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age
p r o v is io n s : *
B - 1.
Shift d iffe r e n tia ls _________________________________________
B -2 . M in im u m en tran ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e
w o rk e r s ___________________________________________________
B -3 .
S ch edu led w eek ly h ou rs __________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a ca tion s ____________________________________________
B -6 .
H ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p en sion p la n s __________________

A ppendix:

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip t i o n s ___________________________________

* N O TE: S im ila r ta b u la tion s, b a se d on K ing C ounty, a re
a v a ila b le in the Seattle a r e a r e p o r ts fo r S e p tem b er 1951
and A u gust o f ea ch y e a r sin ce 1956.
D ata fo r the p r e se n t
study r e la te to K ing and S n oh om ish C ou n ties.
A d ir e c t o r y
in d icatin g date o f study and the p r ic e o f the r e p o r t s , as
w ell as r e p o r ts fo r oth er m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon
r e q u e st.
A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and
su p p lem en ta ry w age p r a c tic e s is a ls o a v a ila b le fo r bank­
ing in the Seattle a r e a (M ay I9 6 0 ).
Union s c a l e s , in d ic ­
ative o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a re a v a ila b le fo r the f o l ­
low in g tra d es o r in d u str ie s : B u ild ing c o n s tr u c tio n , p rin tin g,
lo c a l-t r a n s it op era tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o to r tr u c k d r iv e r s
and h e lp e r s .

iii

1
4

3

11
12
12
13
14
16
17




Occupational Wage

S u rv e y —

Seattle, Wash.

Introduction

T h is a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p orta n t in d u stria l c e n t e r s in
w hich the U .S . D ep artm en t o f L a b o r 's B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s has
con d u cted s u r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d w age b en efits
on an area w id e b a s is . In this a r e a , data w e re obtain ed by p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u rea u fie ld e c o n o m is t s to re p re s e n ta tiv e e sta b lish m en ts
w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s p o r t a tio n ,1
co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r pu blic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il
tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in ­
d u stry g rou p s e x clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e g ov ern m en t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E sta b lish m en ts having
fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m ber o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d a ls o b e c a u s e
they fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t em p lo y m e n t in the occu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r ­
rant in clu s io n . W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , se p a ra te tabu lation s a re p r o v id e d
fo r ea ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h e se s u r v e y s a re con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u se o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . T o obtain
a p p rop ria te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r tio n o f la rg e
than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied .
In com b in in g the data, h o w ­
ev er, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re given th eir a p p rop ria te w eigh t. E s tim a te s
b a se d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a re p re se n te d , th e r e fo r e , as r e ­
latin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry grou pin g and a r e a , e x ­
c e p t fo r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied .
O ccu p ation s and E a rn in g s
The o ccu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u factu rin g and n onm an ufacturin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tion a l c l a s ­
s ific a tio n is b a se d on a u n ifo rm s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esig n ed to
take a ccou n t o f in te r e sta b lish m e n t v a r ia tio n in du ties w ithin the sa m e
jo b . (See appendix f o r lis tin g o f th ese d e s c r ip t io n s .) E a rn in g s data a re
p resen ted fin the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g types o f o c c u p a ­
tion s: (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c ) m a in te ­
nance and p ow er plant; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t.
O ccu p a tion a l em p loy m en t and e a rn in g s data a re show n fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose h ir e d to w ork a r e g u la r w eek ly s c h e d ­
ule in the g iven o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in g s data ex clu d e
p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and

1 R a ilr o a d s , fo r m e r l y e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f th ese stu d ie s,
w e r e in clu d ed in a ll o f the a r e a s studied s in c e Ju ly 1959, e x ce p t
B a ltim o r e , B u ffa lo , C le v e la n d , and S ea ttle.
R a ilr o a d s a r e now in ­
clu d ed in the s c o p e o f a ll la b o r -m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s .




late s h ifts .
N on p rod u ction b on u ses a re e x clu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b on u ses and in cen tiv e ea rn in g s a re in clu d ed .
W here w eek ly
h ou rs are r e p o r te d , as fo r o ffic e c le r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o rk sch e d u le s (rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h alf h ou r) f o r w hich
s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s a re paid; a v e ra g e w eek ly ea rn in g s fo r th ese
occu p a tion s have b e e n roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
A v e ra g e ea rn in g s o f m en and w om en a re p re se n te d se p a r a te ly
fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tio n s in w hich both s e x e s a re c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls o f m en and w om en in th ese occu p a tion s are
la r g e ly due to (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is trib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong
in d u stries and e s ta b lis h m e n ts; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific du ties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the occu p a tio n s a r e a p p ro p r ia te ly c la s s ifi e d w ithin
the sam e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in length o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w when in dividu al s a la r ie s a re ad ju sted on this b a sis.
L o n g e r a v e ra g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ou ld r e s u lt in h igh er a v era g e pay
when both s e x e s a r e
e m p lo y e d w ithin the sa m e rate ra n g e.
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese su r v e y s are u su ­
ally m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in div idu al e sta b lis h m e n ts to
a llow fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific duties
p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p a tion a l em ploym ent e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in all
e sta b lish m en ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and n ot the n u m ber a ctu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in occu p a tio n a l stru ctu re am ong
e s ta b lis h m e n ts, the e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l e m p loy m en t obtain ed
fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stud ied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the
r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied. T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
pation al stru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
ings data.
E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and S u pp lem en tary W age P r o v is io n s
In form a tion is p re se n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c te d esta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry b en efits as they r e ­
late to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s . The te r m " o ffic e w o r k e r s , " as u sed
in this b u lletin , in clu d es w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o rk e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d fu n ctio n s, and e x clu d e s a d m in ­
is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. "P la n t w o r k e r s " iiiclu d e w ork in g fo r e m e n and all n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in cluding le a d m en and tr a in e e s ) en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n ctio n s.
A d m in is tra tiv e ,
e x e cu tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e -a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
e m p lo y e e s who a re u tiliz e d as a sep a ra te w ork f o r c e a re e x clu d e d .
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and rou tem en a re e x c lu d e d in m a n u factu rin g in d u s­
tries, but a re in clu d ed as plant w o r k e r s in n onm anufac ta rin g in d u stries.

2
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (table B - l ) are lim ite d to m a n u factu rin g
in d u s tr ie s . T h is in fo rm a tio n is p r e se n te d both in term s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lish m en t p o lic y , 2 p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f total plant w o rk e r e m p lo y ­
m en t, and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p re se n te d on the b a s is o f w o r k e r s
a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d 01 the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
In e sta b lis h m e n ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount applying to
a m a jo r ity w as u se d o r , if no am ount ap p lied to a m a jo r ity , the c l a s ­
s ific a tio n " o t h e r " w as u se d .
In e sta b lis h m e n ts in w hich som e la t e sh ift h ou rs a re paid at n o rm a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n tia l w as r e c o r d e d on ly
i f it a p p lied to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift h o u r s.
M in im u m e n tra n ce ra tes (table B -2 ) re la te on ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts v is it e d .
T h ey a re p r e se n te d on an esta b lis h m e n t, ra th er
than on an em p lo y m e n t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and
h ealth , in s u r a n ce , and p en sion plans are tre a te d s ta t is t ic a lly on the
b a s is that th ese are a p p lica b le to all plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a ­
jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s are e lig ib le o r m a y ev en tu a lly q u a lify fo r the
p r a c t ic e s lis t e d . S ch ed u led h ou rs are tr e a te d s ta t is t ic a lly on the b a s is
that th ese a re a p p lica b le to all plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r ity
a re c o v e r e d . 3 B e c a u se o f roun din g, sum s o f in dividu al ite m s in these
tabu lation s m a y not equ al to ta ls .
The f i r s t part o f the paid h o lid a y s table p r e s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r o f w hole and h a lf h olid a y s a ctu a lly p r o v id e d .
The s e c o n d p a rt
c o m b in e s w hole and h a lf h o lid a y s to sh ow total h olid a y t im e .

D ata a re p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h ealth, in su r a n ce , and p e n sio n
plans f o r w hich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r ,
ex cep tin g on ly le g a l re q u ire m e n ts su ch as w o rk m e n 's c om p en sa tion ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such plans in clu d e th ose
u n d erw ritten b y a c o m m e r c ia l in su ra n ce com pa n y and th ose p r o v id e d
th rough a union fund o r p a id d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r out o f cu r re n t
op era tin g funds o r fr o m a fund s e t a sid e f o r this p u rp o s e .
D eath
b e n e fits a r e in clu d ed as a fo r m o f life in su ra n ce .
S ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce is lim ited- to that type o f in ­
su ra n ce u nder w hich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h paym en ts a r e m ade d ir e c t ly
to the in su re d on a w eek ly o r m on th ly b a s is during illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ility .
In form a tion is p r e s e n te d fo r all such plans to w hich the
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s .
H o w e v e r, in New Y o rk and New J e r s e y , w hich
have en a cted te m p o ra ry d is a b ility in su ra n ce la w s w hich re q u ire e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 plans are in clu d ed on ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
trib u tes m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the re q u ire m e n ts o f the la w . T ab u lation s
o f paid s ic k -le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 5 w h ich p ro v id e
fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r 's pay during a b se n ce fr o m w o rk
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S ep a ra te tabu lation s a re p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
( l ) plans w hich p r o v id e fu ll pay and no w aiting p e r io d , and (2) plans
p rov id in g e ith e r p a rtia l pay o r a w aiting p e r io d .
In ad dition to the
p re se n ta tio n o f the p r o p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s who a re p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce o r paid s ic k le a v e , an u n du plicated to ta l is
show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both types o f b e n e fits .

The su m m a ry o f v a ca tio n plans is lim ite d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n ts , ex clu d in g in fo r m a l plans w h ereb y tim e o ff w ith pay is gra n ted
at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep arate e s tim a te s a re p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c tic e in com p u tin g v a ca tio n p a ym en ts, such
as tim e p a ym en ts, p e r ce n t o f annual e a r n in g s, o r fla t -s u m am ou n ts.
H o w e v e r , in the tabu lation s o f v a ca tio n a llo w a n c e s , paym en ts not on
a tim e b a s is w e re c o n v e r te d ; f o r e x a m p le , a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as the eq u iv a len t o f 1 w e e k 1s pay.

C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e tim e s r e fe r r e d to as t ex ten ded
m e d ic a l in s u r a n ce , in clu d e s th ose plans w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v olv in g e x p e n s e s b eyon d
the n o rm a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s.
M e d ic a l in su ra n ce r e fe r s to plans p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le te o r p a rtia l
paym en t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . Such plans m a y be u n d erw ritten b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in su ra n ce c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r they m a y be
s e lf-in s u r e d .
T ab u lation s o f r e tir e m e n t p en sion plans are lim ite d to
th ose plans that p r o v id e m on th ly pa ym en ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's lif e .

An e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as h aving a p o lic y if it m e t
e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g co n d itio n s : (1) O p era ted la te sh ifts at the tim e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g late s h ifts .
* S ch edu led w e e k ly h ou rs f o r o ffic e w o r k e r s (f ir s t s e c tio n o f
ta ble B -3 ) in su r v e y s m a d e p r io r to July 1957 w e r e p r e s e n te d in
te r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o ffic e s
w ith the in d ica ted w e e k ly h ou rs f o r w om en w o r k e r s .

4 The te m p o r a r y d is a b ility la w s in C a lifo r n ia and R hode Islan d
do n ot r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s .
5 An e sta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as having a fo r m a l plan if
it e s ta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m ber o f days o f s ic k le a v e that
c o u ld be e x p e cte d b y e a ch e m p lo y e e . Such a plan n eed n ot b e w ritte n ,
but in fo r m a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te rm in e d on an in dividu al b a s i s ,
w e re e x clu d e d .




3

Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Seattle. Wash. .

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

by m ajor industry division. 2 August I960

Number of establishments
W ithin
scope of
study 3

W orkers in establishments
Studied

Within scope of study
Studied
T o ta l4

Office

Plant

T otal4

All divisions

50

601

145

1 7 0 ,9 0 0

3 6 ,5 0 0

9 7 ,6 0 0

1 1 8 ,0 5 0

Manufacturing ___ _______________ ______________ __ _____
— __ __
N onm anufacturing______ _____ __________
Transportation, communication, and other
public utilities 5 ___ __ ________ _________ __ ________
Wholesale trade _ _______________ ___ _____ ____ ____
Retail trade _______________________ ___________ _________
Finance, insurance, and real estate _____ ____ ____ _
Services 7 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

50
50

223
378

51
94

9 8 ,0 0 0
7 2 ,9 0 0

1 8 ,9 0 0
1 7 ,6 0 0

5 8 ,1 0 0
3 9 ,5 0 0

7 6 ,2 8 0
4 1 ,7 7 0

50
50
50
50

57
88
118

9 .3 0 0

50

2 0 ,9 0 0
9 , 900
2 4 ,6 0 0
1 1 ,5 0 0
6 ,0 0 0

3 ,7 0 0

so

25
13
28
15
13

1 6 ,4 1 0
2 ,6 3 0
1 4 ,7 2 0
5 ,4 1 0
2 ,6 0 0

65

(6)

2 ,8 0 0

(?)
(6)

(6)
1 9 ,0 0 0

(?)
(6)

1 The Seattle Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (King and Snohomish Counties).
Earlier surveys of the Seattle area were based on King County only.
The "w orkers within scope of
study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, however,
to serve as a basis of comparison with other area employment indexes to m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled
considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
Major changes from the earlier edition (used in the
Bureau's labor market wage surveys conducted prior to July 1958) are the transfer of m ilk pasteurization plants and ready-m ixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or retail) to
manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting from services to the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the m inim um -size limitation.
A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries
as trade, finance, auto repair
service, and m otion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Railroads were included; taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
Since the City of Seattle's electric utilities and local transit facilities are municipally
operated, they are excluded, by definition, from the scope of the studies.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the series A and B tables.
Separate presentation of data for this division is not made
for one or m ore of the following reasons:
(1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially topermit separate
presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and architectural service s.




Table 2.

Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups in Seattle, Wash. , for selected periods
Percent increases from—

Industry and occupational group

August 1959
to
August I960

August 1958
to
August 1959

August 1957
to
August 1958

August 1956
to
August 1957

September 1951
to
August 1956

A ll industries:
Office clerical (women) ______________
Skilled maintenance (men) ___________
Unskilled plant (men) ___ __ _______

2 .9
2. 6
4. 3

5. 1
4. 5
5.7

4 .9
5. 3
5. 7

5 .0
4. 5
4. 9

23. 6
20. 6
23. 0

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (women) _____________
Skilled maintenance (men) ___________
Unskilled plant (men) --------------------------

4. 1
3. 0
3. 3

4. 3
3. 5
4 .4

5. 3
5. 9
5. 5

3. 9
4. 0
5. 3

22. 2
20. 8
15. 2

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in ta ble 2 a r e in d ex es o f s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c le r i c a l
w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , and o f a v era g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d
plant w o r k e r g ro u p s.
In a r e a s w h ich w e r e not su r v e y e d during the
f i s c a l 1953 b a s e y e a r (Ju ly 1952 to June 1953) th is ta ble is lim ite d
to p e r c e n ts o f change betw een s e le c t e d p e r io d s .
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the in d ex es
r e la te to a v e r a g e w eek ly s a la r ie s fo r n o rm a l h ou rs o f w o r k , that is ,
the stan dard w o rk sch ed u le fo r w h ich stra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s a re paid.
F o r plant w o r k e r g ro u p s , they m e a s u r e ch a n g es in s t r a ig h t-tim e h ou rly
e a r n in g s , e x clu d in g p r e m iu m pa y fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k ­
e n d s, h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts.
The in d ex es a re b a se d on data fo r
s e le c t e d k ey o c cu p a tio n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t
jo b s w ith in ea ch grou p . The o ffic e c le r i c a l data a re b a s e d on w om en in
the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i lle r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e); b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , file ,
c la s s A and B; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; k eyp un ch o p e r a t o r s ;
o ffic e g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; ste n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e r a l; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a ­
t o r s ; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a ­
t o r s ; tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A
and B.
The in d u stria l n u rse data a r e b a s e d on w om en in d u stria l
n u r s e s . M en in the fo llo w in g 10 s k ille d m a in ten an ce jo b s and 3 u n sk illed
jo b s w e r e in clu d ed in the plant w o r k e r data: S k illed— c a r p e n t e r s ;
e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a ch in is ts ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , au tom otiv e; m i l l ­
w rig h ts ; p a in te r s ; p ip e fitte r s ; s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ; and to o l and die
m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a ­
t e r ia l handling; and w atch m en .
A v e ra g e w eek ly s a la r ie s o r a v e ra g e h o u rly ea rn in g s w e re
com p u ted fo r e a c h o f the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s .
The a v e ra g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly ea rn in g s w e re then m u ltip lie d by the a v e r a g e o f 1953 and
1954 em p loy m en t in the jo b . T h ese w eigh ted ea rn in g s fo r in dividu al
o c cu p a tio n s w e r e then tota led to obtain an a g g re g a te fo r e a ch o c c u p a ­
tion a l g rou p . F in a lly , the ra tio o f th ese grou p a g g re g a te s f o r a g iven
y e a r to the a g g re g a te f o r the b a se p e r io d (s u r v e y m onth, w in te r 1952-53)
w a s com p u ted and the r e s u lt m u ltip lie d by the b a s e y e a r in dex (100) to
g et the in dex fo r the g iven y e a r .




S im ila r p r o c e d u r e s w e r e fo llo w e d in c o m p ilin g "p e r c e n t s o f
ch a n g e " in a r e a s not su r v e y e d during 1953.
A dju stm en ts have b een m ade w h ere n e c e s s a r y to m aintain
c o m p a r a b ility so that the y e a r - t o - y e a r c o m p a r is o n s a r e b a s e d on the
sa m e in d u stry and o ccu p a tio n a l c o v e r a g e .
F o r e x a m p le , r a ilr o a d s
have b een in clu d ed in the c o v e r a g e o f the su r v e y s on ly sin ce July 1959.
In com pu tin g the in d e x e s fo r the fir s t y e a r in w h ich r a ilr o a d s w e re
in clu d ed , data re la tin g to r a ilr o a d s w e r e ex clu d ed . In dexes fo r s u b s e ­
quent y e a r s in clu d e data fo r r a ilr o a d s .

The in d ex es m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f ( l ) g e n e ra l
sa la ry and w age ch a n g e s; (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d
b y in d iv id u al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and (3) ch a n ges in the
la b o r f o r c e su ch as la b o r tu r n o v e r, f o r c e ex p a n sion s, f o r c e r e d u c ­
tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pa y le v e ls .
C hanges in the la b o r f o r c e can
ca u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o ccu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout
actu a l w age ch a n g es. F o r e x a m p le , a fo r c e exp an sion m igh t in c r e a s e
the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific o ccu p a tio n and r e ­
sult in a d rop in the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u ctio n in the p r o p o r t io n
o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ou ld have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . The m o v e m e n t
o f a h ig h -p a y in g esta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u ld ca u se the a v e r a g e
ea rn in g s to d ro p , even though no change in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n ts.
The u se o f con stan t em p loy m en t w eigh ts elim in a te s the e ffe c t s
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d e d in the data.
N or a r e the in d ex es in flu en ced by ch a n g es in
stan dard w o rk sch e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e , sin c e they
a r e b a s e d on pay fo r s t r a ig h t-tim e h o u r s.
In dexes f o r the p e r io d 1953 to I960 fo r w o r k e r s in 20 m a jo r
la b o r m a rk e ts w ill ap pear in BLS B ull. 1265-62, W ages and R ela ted
B e n e fits , 60 L a b o r M a rk e ts, W in ter 1 9 59 -60.

A* Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-1. Office Occupations
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Seattle, Wash. , August I960)
A n u ti
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orken

W
eekly
Weekly x
hour* *
(Standard) (Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
40. 00 45. 00
and
under
4 5 .0 0 50. 00

50. 00

55. 00

^ 0 . 00

?5 . 00

<
70. 00

S
7 5 .0 0

80. 00

*85. 00

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

65. 00

70. 00

7 5 .0 0

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

1

5
5
-

8
3
5
-

36
3
33
16

36
13
23
7

15
4
11
8

34
12
22
8

10
5
5
5

10
6
4
1

18
16
2
2

1

_

1

_

1

2

6

4

_

_

_

10

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

26
22

.

-

21
18

_

-

59
56

2

-

-

-

3
1

1

4
-

5
4

15
14
_

%

I
t
S
»
S
95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . oo 1*15. 00 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0
and
95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 105. 00 n o . oo 115. 00 1 2 0 .0 0 125. 00 over

9 0 . 00

Men
C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A ----------------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ______________________________________

178
67
111
48

40. 0
40. 0
39. 5
4 0 .0

> 103.50
110.50
99.00
101 .00

-

-

-

-

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss B -----------------------------------------------

25

40. 0

95.50

_

_

C lerk s, order ______________________________________ __________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

128
110

40. 0
40. 0

104.50
103.00

_

C lerk s, p a y r o ll---------------------------------------------------------------------M an ufacturing____________________________________________

40
2b

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

95.00
94.00

Office boys ___________________________________________________
M anufacturing___ _________________________________________
N onm anufacturing________________________________________

105
44
61

40. 0
4 0 .0
39. 5

62.00
63.50
61.50

Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss 6 _________________
Nonm anufacturing-------------------------------------------------------------

117
47

40. 0
40. 0

95.50
95.50

Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss C -------------------------N onm anufacturing_______________________________________

58
29

40. 0
40. 0

81.50
60. bb

B ille r s, machine (billing machine) ---------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ________________________________________
Public utilities 2 ---------------------------------------------------------

85
70
40

40. 0
4b. 0
4 0 .0

B ille rs, machine (bookkeeping machine) ________________
Nonm anufacturing-----------------------------------------------------------Retail trade _________________ -________________________

65
47
38

Bookkeeping-machine op erators, c la ss A ---------------------Nonm anufacturing------------------------------------------------------------

_

5
5
_
-

-

-

-

3
-

4
— 5-----

4
-

15
15

2
1

12
11
1

15
10
5

1
1

1
1

1
1

i
i

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

-

-

2
2

9
9

-

46
2

26
6

20
16

11
10

1

.

-

13
8

2
"

1
1

_

-

26
6

_

-

2
-

_

-

14
14

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

9
8
5

24
24
-

4
3
-

27
14
14 *

13
16
13

-

5
5
5

-

2
2
2

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

3
-

25
25
20

19
13
12

4
3
1

7
6
5

-

7
-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

12
12

25
£4

11
11

9
9

11
1

19
17

2
-

4
-

7
7

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

64.00
76.00
62.50
65.00

-

19
19
-

50
50
8

81
81
-

180
4
176
36

48
6
42
6

53
11
42
4

35
7
28
9

13
12
1
1

4
3
1
-

2
2
-

7
7
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

• 4 0 .0
40. 0
39. 5
40. 0
40. 0

85.00
9 4 .00
83.50
87.00
79.00

_
-

_
-

_

_

5

55

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
14
7
3
1

3
1
2
1
1

6
6
2

_
_

-

55
2
40

60
23
37
3
19

_
-

-

5
5

42
103
-----2-----5
40
98
26
68
3
8

_

-

8
8
2
3

-

-

7
2
5
2
3

39.
39.
39.
40.
40.

73.00
81.50
70.00
71.00
71.50

_
-

_
-

26
26
12

116
6
110
3
30

97
15
82
10
30

45
23
22
16
"

6
1
5
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

■

124
b
115
22
44

7
5
2
-

"

45
3
42
6
4

~

“

'

*

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

-

9
5
4

18
13
5

26
3
23

16
2
14

5
5

-

-

-

“

"

1
1

1
1

-

-

_

_

-

"

“

75.00
74.00
79.00

-

-

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

7 3 .00
71.00
71.00

-

100
81

4 0 .0
4b. 0

78.00
76.00

Bookkeeping-machine op erators, c la ss B ---------------------Manufacturing __ ________________________________________
Nonm anufacturing_______________________________________
Retail trade -----------------------------------------------------------------

492
45
447
64

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A ---------------------------------------------M an ufacturing--- --------------------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing____________________________ 1---------------Public utilities 2 --------------------------------------------------------Retail trade -----------------------------------------------------------------

345
49
296
116
86

2
--------r ~

-

-

2
2

-

_
_
-

_
_
_

-

-

_

_

-

_
-

Women

656
C lerk s, accounting, c la ss B _______________________________
Manufacturing ____________________________________________ “ 7 5 2
494
Nonm anufacturing__________________ ______________________
86
Public utilities 2 ______________________________________
156
Retail trade ___________________________________________

5
5
5
0
0

1

35
— 2—
33
9
1
60
25
35
2
20

70
36
35
12
17

60
45
20
3
10

-

See footnotes at end of table.




NOTE:

Estimates for all industries, nonmanufacturing, and public utilities include data for railroads (SIC 40), omitted from the scope
of all labor market wage surveys made before July 1959, and also omitted from the Seattle survey of August 1959.
Where
significant, the effect of the inclusion of railroads is greatest on the data shown separately for the public utilities division. The
trend of earnings in selected occupational groups in all industries, excluding railroads, appears in table 2.

-

.

-

_

6

Table A-1. Office Occupatbns-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Seattle, W ash., August I960)
Aymuob

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
at
w an
eek

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING! STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
W
eekly,
W
eekly j 40. 00
hours 1
(Standard) (Standard) tinder
45. 00

S
45. 00

S
50. 00

S
55. 00

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

$
S
60. 00 65. 00
65. 00

70. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

S
80. 00

S
85. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

S
90. 00

S
S
S
$
$
S
s
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . oo 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0
and
95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . oo 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 over

Women— Continued
Clerks, file, class A ------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------

157
63

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

Clerks, file, class B _______________ _
Manufacturing _____________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------Public utilities 2 -----------------------Retail trade -------------------------------

574
150
424
30
70

3 9 .5
40 . 0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0

61.
74.
56.
67.
61.

00
50
00
50
50

Clerks, order ------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------Retail trade -------------------------------

248
67
181
69

40 . 0
4 0 .0
40. 0
40 . 0

76.
74.
76.
72.

00
50
50
50

Clerks, payroll ----------------------------------Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing —
Public utilities2
Retail trade ---------

258
102
156
28
58

4 0 .0
40. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0
40 . 0

80.
85.
77.
77.
78.

00
00
00
00
00

Comptometer operators
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Retail trade ----

429
101
328
153

40.
40 .
40.
40.

76.
84.
74.
71.

50
00
00
50

Duplicating-machine operators
(Mimeograph or Ditto) ----------Nonmanufacturing ----------------

0
0
0
0

$ 8 1 .5 0
74. 00

3
3

13
13

10
10

8
8

10
10

44
4

46
13

22
1

1
1

93
15
78
5
21

106'
5
101
12
45

35
35
5
4

32
23
9
2
-

75
71
4
-

32
30
2
2
-

9
4
5
4
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

55
29
26
26

32
13
19
7

32
3
29
5

45
45
3

36

9
5
4
-

4

-

-

36
24

26
15
11
1

4

-

3
3
3

4
-

_

_

3

13

-

-

-

-

33
8
25

_

-

-

-

-

43
18
25
3
5

12

53
17
36
9
17

32
10
22
5
13

22
6
16
1
7

17
10
7
3
1

25
22
3
2
1

69

62
10
52
11

69
21
48
24

73
5
68
26

65
49
16
3

23
10
13
-

3
2
1
-

-

-

-

-

38
38
_
-

93

61
2
59
-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

“

9
9

-

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

6 1 .5 0
60. 50

_

Keypunch operators —
Manufacturing ------Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities2

514
251
263
79

40. 0
40. 0
3 9 .5
40 . 0

74.
79.
70.
72.

_
-

Office girls ---------------Manufacturing -------Nonmanufacturing

143
24
119

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

56. 50
64. 50
55. 00

Secretaries
Manufacturing ------Nonmanufacturing ..
Public utilities2
Retail trade ------

1,405
760
645
151
81

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 5
40. 0
40 . 0

92.
97.
87.
93.
83.

Stenographers, general
Manufacturing ______
Nonmanufacturing —
Public utilities 2 Retail trade --------

1,919
1,245
674
161
25

3 9 .5
40 . 0
39. 5
40. 0
40 . 0

50
50
00
50
50

80. 00
82. 50
75. 00
8 1 .5 0
75. 50

-

-

_

47
37

50
00
00
00

93
_
_
_

_
_
_

_

31
-

-

-

31
11

23

23
4
19

21
1
20

-

23
_
-

_
-

.

_

_

_
_
_

1
1
_

_
-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

5
2
3

8
5
3

3
3

-

_

_

_

_

1
_
_

1
1

1

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

9
2

69
69

3
3

8
8

25
15

_

2
2

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

25
3
22
5

42
10
32
11

79
13
66
11

41
17
24
8

117
88
29
2

100
77
23
9

62
34
28
19

13
7
6
3

4
2
2
-

21
2
19

29
4
25

7
1
6

12
8
4

3
3
-

1
1
-

3
3

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
3
5
2

35
1
34
11
3

51
7
44
5
3

102
20
82
9
19

171
21
150
12
21

211
91
120
26
17

216
146
70
20
8

206
158
48
16
5

206
158
48
26
2

93
74
19
10
1

68
63
5
5
-

9
7
2
2
-

14
5
9
2
-

14
5
9
7
-

127
23
104
19
3

199
35
164
26
7

105
19
86
12
3

421
305
116
15
3

519
453
66
36
3

316
268
48
16
4

158
135
23
8
2

15
1
14
6

33
4
29
15

9
1
8
8

_
_
_
-

1
1

-

-

-

-

28
3
25
6
8

14
5
9
7
2

36
10
26
26

26
11
15
6

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
-

_

-

-

_
_

_

_

_

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

39
21
18
11
7

8
5

20
1
19
4
1

8
6
2

5
5

1
1

.
-

_

_

-

-

-

-•

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

'

‘

'

‘

'

'

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

16

_
_
-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

6
-

31
1
30
4
2

112
1
111
46

34
13
21
2
3

73
14
59
18
15

42
15
27
9
3

-

16
-

303
50
253
55
65

40.
40 .
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0
0

73. 00
79. 00
71. 50
8 1 .5 0
68. 50

-

_
_

6

-

-

1

16
6
10
4
3

Switchboard operator - receptionists
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities2
Retail trade ------

255
88
167
49
26

3 9 .5
40. 0
39- 0
40 . 0
40. 0

72. 00
75. 00
70. 50
72. 00
7 1 .0 0

.

_
-

9

4

-

-

-

-

9

4
4

46
20
26
1

'

'

'

'




_
_

53
1
52
18

Switchboard operators
Manufacturing ------Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities2
Retail trade ------

See footnotes at end of table,

_
_

9

-

-

_
_
_
.
-

13
2
2

-

-

4

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

3
3
-

1
1
-

-

-

_
_
_

-

3

2

.

X
-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
-

.

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
_

_

_

_
_
_

_
-

_
_
-

7

Table A-l. O ffice Occupatbns-Continued
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division> Seattle. W ash. » August I960)

ABAB
VBQ
S

Number

of

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W e e k ly ,

W eek ly ,

(Standard)

(Standard)

workers

4 0 .0 0
and
under
4 5 .0 0

$

4 5 .0 0
50. 00

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV I N G S T R A I G H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

%

$

$

55. 00

60. 00

6 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

%

S

6 5 .0 0

$

S

7 5 .0 0

80. 00

8 5 .0 0

70. 00

70. 00

75. 00

8 0 .0 0

$

8 5 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

S

S
9 0 .0 0

t

•

S

s

W ome n— C ontinue d
30

40. 0

$ 8 6 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

4

3

86
57

39. 5
39. 5

85. 50
82. 56

_

2

_

_

2

-

-

61
68

39. 5
39. 0

70. 00
6 9 .0 0

_
-

6
6

Tabulating-m achine op erators, class C
Nonmanufacturing
..
_
-----

_
-

9
9

15
~ IS

9
9

Transcribing-m achinft operators . general
Nonmanufacturing __ _
__ _

117
101

39. 0
69. 0

70. 50
70. 50

"

-

-

2
2

34

29

53

r§

T y p ists, class A
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _
_ _ _ _ _ _
Public utilities 2
____

591
296
295
50

40. 0
40. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0

7 4 .0 0
’ "79. 50
69. 00
75. 00

_
-

_
-

85

T y p ists, c la ss B
Manufacturing _
__ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing
_ __ __
__ __
__ __
Public u tilitie s2
_ __ _
Rp.tail trad** . . . . . . .

904
273
631
62
128

39. 5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
40. 0
4 0 .0

6 2 .0 0
6 9 . bo
59. 50
63. 50
68. 50

2
2

Tabulating-m achine op era to rs, c la ss A
Tabulating-m achine o p erators, c la ss B
Nonmanufacturing

_ „
__

. . .

_________

-

3

-

1

26
2

84

70
4
66

5

194
25
169

157

-

7
123
-

~

"

5

22

_

_

7

3

1

14
1

6
1

2

1

8

7
6

2

1

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
5

7

6

------3

6

237

106

17

10

7

184

55

----- 5

26
4

" “ IT
_
-

1

53
8

9
9

1
1

23

7
3
4

J
—

28

------

27
8

223
181
42
1
41

93
18
45

_

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

2

8

_

3

30
29

28
28

R

8

3

31
126
34

2
4

id

107

60
-

26

7
19
14

10

11

130

60

-

3
2

f

$

9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0
and
95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 105. 00 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 over

3

12
11
11

-

------j—

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

6

— r~

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
-

!
1
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

1
------j—
_
-

.

!

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

■

1
1

_

1
-

■

-

-

-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Seattle, W ash. , August I960)
ABAB
VBQ
Number
cf
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV I N G S T R A I G H T -T IM E W E E K L Y R A R N IN G 8 OF—
$

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

W eekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

70. 00
and
under
75. 00

$

7 5 .0 0

S
80. 00

85. 00

9 0 .0 0

*95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

105.

00 n o . oo f l 5 . 00 ? 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0 A s . 00 1*50. 00
and

1 0 5 .0 0 n o . oo 1 1 5 .0 0 120. 00 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 145. 00 1 5 0 .0 0

over

Men
D raftsm en , leader
Manufacturing
D raftsm en , senior
Manufacturing

__
_ _

_
_ __

__

_
_

D raftsm en , junior __ _
Manufacturing

.

_
__
_
__

4 0 . 0 $ 1 2 9 .0 0
"¥07C~~ 1 2 8 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4 0 .0
" O
'

1 1 0 .5 0
m . oo

"

-

-

-

40. 0
fO ~

9 3 .0 0

240

_
_
_

_ _
_

_

—

239

'

854

—

T P T ~

264

_
—

2T3

” 55755

—

4

24
— zr~

-

53
in

84
—

8¥ “

'

68
—

58

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

140
” ■155“

8
36
— 35“ ------- 5 “

105
104
9
------- 7“

153
151

25“

41

43

29

7T“

-------¥ 1

-------¥ 3

------- 2 8

56

40
----- 1 7

1

60

8

“

40

2

71

29
—

—

13
--------1 7 “

10
10

4

-

4

-

12
6

14
-

14
-

14
"

_

_

_

_

-

2
------- 2

-

"

-

-

3
------- 1

-

1
1

1
i

-

-

-

149
140

2
1

_

1
1

62
—

57

'

4 9 "

Women
N u r se s, industrial (registered)
Manufacturing

_

77
------- 5 5 “

4 0 .0
”4'o. <r

9 7 .0 0

_

99V 0 5

“

8
1

i
■

9
------- 8“

3

--------2 _ _

46
4
— ¥5“ ------- 4

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
NOTE:




See note on p. 5 , relative to the inclusion of railroad s.

“

-

-

-

'

'

'

8
Table A-3. M aintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Seattle, Wash. , August I960)
NUMBER OP WORKEBS RECEIVING- STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Avenge
hourly .
earnin
gs

Under
$
2. 00

$

2. 00
and
under
2. 10

$

$

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50
2. 60

$

S

$

$

$

$
3. 10

S
3 .2 0

$
3. 30

$
3 .4 0

3. 20

3. 30

3 .4 0

3. 50

2. 10

2. 20

2. 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

"

~

-

3
3
3

22
20
2
2

9
5
4
4

1
1
1

61
: 58
3
3

21
id
3
-

31
3
28
21

15
li
4
-

-

2 .6 0
2. 70

2 .7 0
2 .8 0

2. 80
2 .9 0

2 .9 0
3. 00

3. 00
3. 10

C arpenters, m ain te n an ce------------------------------------M an ufactu ring---------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing______________________________
Public u tilit ie s 2 -------------------------------------------

166
115
51
34

E ngin eers, stationary _________________________ _—
M an ufactu ring---------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing---------------------------------------------

255
Z05~
50

2. 84
2. 86
2 .7 9

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
3

29
28
1

10
10
-

14
3
11

92
79
13

15
3
12

18
17
1

16
8
8

44
44
-

8
8
"

_

-

F irem en , stationary boiler --------------------------------M an ufactu ring----------------------------------------------------

105
90

2 .4 8
2 .4 8

_

-

6
3

11
11

32
20

16
16

4
4

_

4
4

3
3

_

-

26
26

-

"

3
3

H elpers, trades, maintenance __________________
M an ufactu ring----------------------------------------------------

247

2 .3 0
2. 29

22
22

_

16
16

93
93

97
85

7
4

4
4

5
3

3

_

_

.

i r r ~

“

M achinists, m aintenance_________________________
M an ufactu ring__________________________________
Nonm anufacturing--------------------------------------------Public u tilitie s2 ____________________________

216
188
28
27

2. 91
2 .9 3
2. 74
2 .7 3

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

“

"

_

“

-

25
13
12
12

4
4
“

17
17
-

M echanics, automotive (maintenance) _________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing--------------------------------------------Public u tilitie s2 ____________________________

510
145
365
279

2. 82
2 .7 3
2. 86
2. 87

.
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

4
1
3
3

37
35
2
1

9
3
6
6

125
84
41
9

203
17
186
177

103
62

28
5
23
20

M echanics, m ain tenan ce_________________________
M an ufactu ring----------------------------------------------------

419
408

2 .9 3
2 .9 3

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

21
21

30
24

9
5

75
74

143
143

120
TZ5

21
21

"

M illwrights -----------------------------------------------------------M an ufactu ring----------------------------------------------------

121
121

2. 81
2. 81

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

11
11

_

-

17
17

_

-

18
18

-

-

O ilers ___________________ ___________________________
M an ufactu ring__________________________________

128
128

2. 37
2. 37

_

_

4
4

_

_

_

.

_

-

39
~ 39-----

69

-

8
8

P ainters, m ain ten an ce____________________________
M an ufactu ring__________________________________
Nonm anufacturing______________________________

106
--------^9
37

2. 88
2. 83
2. 98

-

.
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

6
6

3
2

P atternm akers, w o o d _____________________________
M an ufactu ring__________________________________

16

_

_

_

_

_

-

16

3 .3 9
3 .3 9

-

-

'

-

-

Sheet-m etal w ork ers, maintenance _____________

51

2 .9 7

_

-

-

-

Tool and die m akers -------------------------- ----------------M an ufactu ring----------------------------------------------------

258
258

3. 12
3. 12

.

.

.

.

$ 2 .7 9
1 . 77
2. 85
2. 77

-

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
3 A ll w orkers w ere at $ 3. 80 to $ 3. 90.
NOTE:

See note on p. 5 , relative to the inclusion of railroad s.




-

16
------- §---8
8

_

_

20
----- Z 5
Z—
------ —

8
8

5
3
r ~ ------3------

-

45
-----?5----_

.

.

_

"

"

“

52

59
------ — 53—
6
5
~

— J2

103
-

38
38
~

.
■
1
-

1
1

1
1

2
2

$

$
3. 50
3. 60

3 .6 0
and
over

-

-

.
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

*

_

_

'

‘

-

-

2
2
2

3
3
-

-

-

“

"

.
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

2
2

_

_

_

_

-

6
5
1

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

37
35
2

5
5
-

14
2
12

32
19
13

8
8

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

_

-

8
8

_

-

-

-

.

6

35

-

-

-

1

-

-

_

_

39

.

_

.

_

_

_

113
113

_

65
65

4
4

60
60

12
12

4
4

1

-

9
Table A-4. Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Seattle, W ash., August I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Average $
hourly
1 .4 0
earnings2
and
unde r
1 .5 0

$

1. 50

$

1 .6 0

1 .6 0

■
1. 70

$

$

$

1 .9 0

S
2. 00

1. 80

■
1 .9 0

2. 00

2. 10

-

1. 70
-

1 .8 0

Elevator operators, passenger (women) ----------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------------------Retail trade ---------------------------------------------------

188
188
57

$ 1 .6 8
1. 68
1 .6 2

1
1
1

40
40
-

55
55
55

90
90
1

1
1
-

Guards ----------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ______________________________

360
321
39

2. 34
2. 37
2. 07

_
-

1
1

8
8

6
6

_
“

2
2

1
1
11
11

$

2. 10
~
2. 20

-

$

2. 20
“
2. 30

$

2. 30

$
2. 40

~

2 .4 0

2. 50

%

2. 50
2. 60

$

2. 60
2. 70

$

2. 70

S
2. 80

$
2. 90

S
3. 00

2. 80

2. 90

■
3. 00

■
3. 10

$
3. 10
and
over

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
4
6

23
23
“

235

64
56
8

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

"

-

“

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

2
2
-

-

-

_

111

8

-

125
15
110
17

223
9
214
2
57

71
13
58
2
36

415
207
208
27
3

180
~ l7 0
60
32
20

101
72
29
21
6

122
110
12
5
7

56
56
-

12
8
4
4

-

4
4
1
3

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

2
1
1

8
8
8

39
39
20

406
405
3

7
5
5

105
35
-

27
-

2
2
-

~

"

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

“

-

-

-

2. 34
2. 26
2. 42
2 .4 9
2. 25

_
-

100
98
2
2

16
12
4
4

5
5
5

15
15
-

7
7
7

47 5
421
54
1
23

166
30
136
23
83

243
207
36
1
35

341
25
316
15
6

252
5
247
244
3

13
13
13

_
-

57
7
50
-

11
11
-

66
66
-

30
30
-

-

3
3
3

-

-

976
T89
787
57

2.
2.
2.
2.

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

'

347
347
5

72
64
8
'

367
367
37

51
8
43
“

112
100
12
12

_
■

_
~

„
-

"

21
17
4
"

_
-

"

1
1
■

_
-

"

4
4
3

■

“

P ackers, shipping (men) -------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------

210
149
61

2. 26
2. 19
2. 41

-

22
22

-

-

-

37
37

5
5

15
2
13

9
5
4

118
75
43

3
3
-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

P ackers, shipping (women) _______________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------Retail trade _________________________________

154
97
57
51

2. 07
2. 12
1 .9 9
1 .9 6

5

4

24
24
24

30
30
-

61
61
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
"

_
-

_
-

~

18
6
12
12

-

~

10
10
4

-

-

Receiving clerk s ----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------......... ..
Retail trarlp
.

456
330
126
58

2.
2.
2.
2.

2
2
2

273
272
1
1

34
9
25
7

39
11
28
23

47
17
30
21

25
4
21

13
7
6

13
7
6

.

42

Shipping clerk s -------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ______________________________

126
57
69

“

13
13
-

10
8
2

“

41
14
27

30
4
26

23
11
12

-

Shipping and receiving clerk s -----------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------

107
69
38

-

16
16

18
12
6

-

52
49
3

1
1

Janitors, p orters, and clean ers (men) _________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
Public u tilitie s3 _____________________________
Retail trade — -______________________________

1, 311
612
699
94
149

1 .9 6
2. 08
1. 86
2. 06
1 .8 4

Janitors, p orters, and clean ers (w om en)______
Nonmanufacturing_______________________________
Retail trade —------------------ *----------------------------

596
37

1 .8 0
1 .7 7
1 .6 7

L ab ore rs, m aterial h and lin g_____________________
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
Public u tilitie s3 _____________________________
Retail trade --------------------------------------------------

1 ,8 0 0
927
873
284
184

Order fille r s -----------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing______________________________
Retail tra d e _______________________ *---------------

See footnotes at end of table.




38
51
35
44

27
22
40
35

-

.

-

_
-

“

-

_

-

-

5
5

4
4

_

"
2
-

2
2

-

2
2

2. 50
2. 45
2. 53

-

-

2. 44
2. 53
2 .2 9

_

_

_

2

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

2

-

1
1

.

-

-

2

.

-

1
-

-

1
1

2
2

-

-

"

-

-

3
3

-

-

■

-

"

1
1
4
3
1

1
-

1
1
3
3
.
-

-

1
1
-

1
-

1
7
8
2

-

4
4
-

-

_
-

2

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

10
Table A-4. Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division. Seattle. Wash. , August I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Occupation 1 and industry division

Average
hourly 2 $1 .4 0
earnin
gs
and
under
1. 50

$

1. 90

*2. 00

* 2 .1 0

*2. 20

*2. 30

$
2 .4 0

*2. 50

* 2 . 60

* 2 .7 0

*2.80

*2. 90

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2. 60

2 .7 0

2. 80

2. 90

3. 00

3. 10

-

-

3
14
-

-

-

"

-

-

"

32
3
29
17
12

69
2
67
65
2

548
8
540
530
10

473
56
417
385
18

228
51
177
2
19

7 20
287
433
191

51
38
13
4
9

14
9
5
1
4

56
431
25
19

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

2
-

_

-

20
10

_

“

1
1

_

“

21
21

.

-

15
14

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

8
8
-

11
3
8
8

55
1
54
52

412
6
404
404

67
45
22
-

49
3l
18
2

53
28
-

2
2
2

-

27
421
6

*1. 60

* 1 .7 0

* 1 .8 0

1. 70

1 .8 0

-

* 1 . 50
1. 60

$

3 .0 0

*3. 10
and
over

r ruckdriver s 5 __ __ __
_ _
_ _
_ __ __
Manufacturing ___
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________
Public u tilitie s3 ___
__
_ _
R etail trade
________________________________

2 ,2 1 6
496
1 ,7 2 0
1 ,0 0 4
284

$ 2 .7 1
2 .8 3
2. 68
2. 58
2. 84

-

-

T ru ck d riv ers, light (under lV 2 tons) ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________________

59
46

2. 44
l . 36

_

_

-

-

-

T ru ck d riv ers, medium ( I 1/* to and
including 4 tons) _
__ __
Manufacturing
_
N on m an u factu rin g_________________________
Public utilities 3 _ __

686
144
542
468

2. 60
2 .7 3
2. 57
2. 53

-

-

-

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type) _ _
Manufacturing
__ __
_ _
Nonmanufacturing _
_
Public u tilities 3 _ __

667
77
590
178

2. 80
2. 90
2 .7 9
2. 60

-

"

-

-

-

■

-

-

"

-

-

136
136
126

49
49
49

89
19
70
"

312
12
300
"

43
32
11
2

9
4
5
1

29
416
19
-

244
51
193

2. 81
2755
2. 80

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

1
1
~

-

1
1
~

89
1
88

152
47
105

1
1
"

-

-

744
619
225

2 .4 6
2 .4 6
2. 61

_
-

-

-

2
2
"

254
247
7

39
37
2

108
56
52

199
36
163

-

-

-

6
6

-

44
4
"

171
167

2. 38
2. 35'

30
36

-

-

-

“

-

84

2. 09
2. 08

__

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra iler type) __
Manufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing _
T r u c k e r s, power (forklift)
Manufacturing __ _
Nonmanufacturing __

__

_

T r u ck e r s, power (other than forklift)
Manufacturing _

W atchmen
Manufacturing

1
2
3
4
5

_

- -

_

_

___

_

____ _

69

8
-

-

-

_
-

-

. .
-

-

"
-

-

-

"

“

_

1

-




-

_

~

17
8
-

2
-------- r ~
~

132
“ "1 1 1 ""
1

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

15
15

68
68

4
”

54
54

6
------5------

_

6
----- 5------

3
3

53
53

-

11

1
1

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
All workers were at $ 3. 10 to $ 3. 20.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.

NOTE: See note on p. 5 . relative to the inclusion of railroads.

.

_
-

-

_

-

-

_

_

-----

_
-

"
_

-

■
_

_

-




11

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant workers by type and amount of differential! Seattle. Wash. , August I960)
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
In establishments having formal
provisions 1 for—

Shift differential

Second shift
work

Total

___

_ __

__

With shift pay differential
Uniform cents (per hour)

_ __

...

Third or other
shift work

Actually working on—
|
|

Second shift

Third or other
shift

9 6 .4

2 0 .4

4 .0

9 6 .4

_ .....
_

9 2 .3

92. 3

2 0 .4

4. 0

75. 1

_ _ _ __ __

2 4 .4

18. 8

1 .8
. 1
. 1
.9
. 2
-

Under 5 cents ...
5 cents _ „ ___ _
_
____
___
6 cents ____________________________________ __ ______
_ ____
7 cents ____
7 V2 cents _______ _ _______
_
_ _ _ _ _ __
8 cents
.
9 cents ___ _
___
__
_
_________
10 cents _____ _
__ _______ _
_ _ _ _ _
11 c e n t s __ _____________ ._________________________ __
12 cents
_______ __________ _____
Over 12 cents
_
__

3 .6
5. 1
3 .4
1. 8
4 .4
7. 0
.8
45 . 8
3. 1

2 .4
1. 0
3 .8
1. 9
1. 3
.9
4 .9
1. 8
3. 5
3. 1

.6
. 5
.8
. 5
1. 1
1. 1
.3
13. 0
.9

F u ll day's pay for reduced hours
____
______ _
F u ll day's pay for reduced hours plus
cents d iffe r e n tia l____________________________________
F u ll day's pay for reduced hours
plus percentage differential
__ ____
___ __

1. 3

2 .4

. 2

. 1

10. 0

5 5 .0

1. 2

2. 0

9 .0

9. 0

. 3

■

1 .0

2. 3

-

-

Other form al pay differential

___

_ ------

No shift pay differential _ _ ___ _ _____ ___

------

.3
. 2

___

1
Includes establishments currently operating late shifts,
though they were not currently operating late shifts.

and establishments with formal provisions covering late shifts even

12
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women O ffice Workers
(Distribution of establishm ents studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minim um entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w ork ers. Seattle. W ash. , August I960)
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
A ll
industries

Minimum weekly salary 1

Other inexperienced c le r ic a l w o r k e r s2

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing
A ll
industries

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—
A ll
schedules

A ll
schedules

40

37VZ

N onmanufactu r in g

Based on standard weekly hours 3 o fA ll
schedules

40

A ll
schedules

37 V2

40

_____________________________________

145

51

XXX

94

XXX

XXX

145

51

XXX

94

XXX

XXX

Establishm ents having a specified m inimum __
_________
$ 4 2 . 50 and under $ 4 5 .0 0 _______________ _ _____ ____ _
$ 4 5 . 00 and under $ 4 7 . 50 __________________________________
$ 47 . 50 and under $ 50. 00 _____________________ _______ __
$ 50. 00 and under $ 52. 50 _______ __________
__________
$ 52. 50 and under $ 55. 00 ________________________ __ _ _
$ 55. 00 and under $ 57. 50 ________________________ ___ __
$ 57. 50 and under $ 60. 00 _ ____________ __ ________ ___
$ 60. 00 and under $ 62. 50 __________________________________
$ 62. 50 and under $ 65. 00 _ — ------------------ ------ _ -----$ 65. 00 and under $ 67. 50 ______________________ __________
$ 67. 50 and under $ 7 0 .0 0 __________________________________
$ 70. 00 and under $ 72. 50 ___________________ ____ _______
$ 7 2. 50 and under $ 75. 00 __________________________________
$ 7 5 . 00 and unde r $ 7 7 .5 0 __________________________
____
$ 77. 50 and under $ 80. 00 __________________________________
Over $ 80. 00 ___ __ __
______
_______
__ __ ___
E stablishm ents having no specified m inimum ______________
Establishm ents which did not em ploy w orkers
in this category __________________ __ _ ____ ___ _
—
Data not available ___ _
— — -----—
— - —

60
1
6
3
13
10
4
4
1
4
2
4
2
2
3
1
20

20
1
5
5
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
7

19
1
4
5
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
-

6
1
3
1
1
-

67
4
7
3
13
8
6
6
6
4
3
3
1
3

20
1
5
3
4
2
1
1
1
2

20
1
5
3
4
2
1
1
1
2

-

-

22

8

XXX

6
1
3
1
1
-

XXX

47
4
6
3
8
5
2
4
5
3
3
2
1
1
14

40
2
3
3
8
4
2
4
4
3
3
2
1
1

XXX

33
1
4
2
5
4
3
3
2
2
3
1
1
1
1

XXX

40
1
6
2
8
5
3
3
1
2
2
3
1
1
1
1
13

XXX

XXX

64
1

24
"

XXX
XXX

40
1

XXX
XXX

XXX
XXX

55
1

23
■

XXX
XXX

32
1

XXX
XXX

XXX
XXX

E stablishm ents studied

40

1 Low est salary rate form ally established for hiring inexperienced w orkers for typing or other c leric a l job s.
2 Rates applicable to m e sse n g e r s, office g ir ls , or sim ilar su bclerical jobs are not considered.
3 Hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e s a la r ie s.
Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the m ost common workweeks reported.
NO TE:

See

note

below,

relative to the inclusion of railroad s.

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(P ercent distribution of office and plant w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by scheduled w eekly hours
of fir s t-s h ift w o r k e r s, Seattle, W a s h ., August I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

W eekly hours

A ll w orkers

Manufacturing

Public,
utilities

100

_ .

35 hours
37 V 2 hours
__ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
383/4 hours
.... _____
_
_ .
40 hours __________________________________________
42 hours ____
_
__
_
___ _
1
2
3
4

PLAN T WORKERS

All • |
industries

100

100

100

100

100

100

-

-

_

-

2

4

_

1
(4 )
99

2

-

_
_

_

100
-

97
1

96
< )
4

9
1
90
•

“

-

98

Retail trade

Finance

All
3
industries

Manufacturing

_

Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and servic es in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and serv ic es in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L e ss than 0. 5 percent.




NOTE:

E stim ates for all industries and public utilities include data for railroads (SIC 4 0 ), omitted from the scope of all labor m arket
wage surveys made before July 1959, and also omitted from the Seattle survey of August 1959.
W here significant, the effect of
the inclusion of railroads is greatest on the data shown separately''for the public utilities division.

Public 2
utilities c

_
_
100
-

Retail trade

100
_

_
_

100

13
Table B4. Paid Holidays
(P ercent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually. Seattle. W ash. . August I960)
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w orkers

_

_

__

All
,
industries

_

_

___

____

W ork ers in establishm ents providing
paid h o lid a y s ___________________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid h o lid a y s ________________________________

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities c

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

All 3
in u
d stries

F
inance

|

M
anufacturing

P
ublic2
utilities

R
etail trade

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

98

'

"

2

(4 )
■

N u m b er o f d a y s
3 holidays
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
_ _
4 holidays __ _
_
_ _ __
_
_ __
6 holidays _________________________________________
6 holidays plus 1 half d a y _______________________
7 holidays __ _
_ __ _
7 holidays plus 1 half day _
_ _
8 holidays
. . .
8 holidays plus 1 half day __ _
_
8 holidays plus 2 half d a y s ______________________
9 holidays __ _
_ _
__
9 holidays plus 2 half days
__ __
10 holidays __ __
_ _ _ _ _ _

_
1
(4 )
45
1
47
(4 )
1
(4 )
3
2

_
1
(4 )
12
86
(4 )
(4 )
-

_
1
93
6
-

_
n
99
(4 )
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

33
34
85
86
94
94
99

-

6
(4 )
8
(4 )
51
1
33
-

_
(4 )
12
1
34
-

53
-

_
2
85
14
-

17
81
-

Total h o lid a y t im e 5
10 days
_____ __ __
__
_ __ __
9 or m ore days ______ _______
_ __
8 x/2 or m ore days ____
____
_ _
8 or m ore days ___________________________________
7 l / z or m ore days ______ ______ __
__ _
7 or m ore days _ — __ ___
_ __
6 V2 or m ore days _______________________________
6 or m ore d a y s __ ___________________
4 or m ore days _ ________ ___________
_____
3 or m ore days _ _ ____
__
___ ___ _ __

4
5
6
53
54
99
99
100
100
100

_
(4 )
(4 )
86
86
98
99
100
100
100

6
6
99
99
100
100
100

0

(4 )
99
99
100
100
100

_
53
53
87
88
99
100
100

_
-

14
14
98
98
100
100
100

_
81
81
81
81
98

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and serv ic es in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and servic es in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
5 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the sam e amount are combined; for exam ple, the proportion of w orkers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and
no half d a y s, 6 full days and 2 half d a y s, 5 full days and 4 half d a y s, and so on. Proportions w ere then cumulated.
NO TE:




See note on p.

12, relative to the inclusion of railroad s.

14
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Seattle, W ash., August I960)
OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy

A ll w orkers

_ ___

__ _____ __ _ _ _ _ _ _

All
!
industries
____

M
anufacturing

Public2
utilities

PLANT WORKERS
R
etail trade

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

~

"

"

"

1
36
( 5)

1
10
-

_
52

12
13
-

_
15
85
-

_
6
94
-

_
29
71
-

All 3
in u
d stries

F
inance

M
anufacturing

Publicutilities2

R
etail trade

100

100

100

100

99
96
4
-

100
94
6
-

100
99
1
-

98
98
-

"

■

2

11
9
26

14
3
44

.
51
2

11
9
-

-

81
19
-

( 5)
57
2
13
26
1

( 5)
47
3
3
43
2

41
59
~

89
9
•

2
98
( 5)

6
17
77
"

100
"

<»>
27
5
39
27
1

( 5)
35
7
10
46
2

25
8
66
"

6
92
-

3
1
94
2

100
■

(*)
10
6
55
27
1

( 5)
15
9
29
46
2

7
3
90
( 5)

98
■

( 5)
68
27

( 5)
50
46

4

4

99
( 5)

97
1

I

M e t h o d off p a y m e n t
W ork ers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations
_
___ __
L e n gth -of-tim e payment _____________________
P ercentage p a y m e n t___ _ __
_ ____ _
F la t-su m payment ___________________________
Other _____ _ _
____ _ _ ___ _ __
W ork ers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations _______________________________

1

A m ou n t o f v o c a tio n p a y 4
A fter 6 months of service
Under 1 week ___
____ _ ___ _ _
__ ____
1 week _
____
_____ __
____
____
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _ __ __ ____

1

1
1

A fter 1 year of service
Under 1 week _
__ __ _ —
1 week ___________ __ _ _ _ _ _
_ ---- -----Over 1 and under 2 weeks __
________
2 weeks __ _______ _________ _ _
_ __
__ _
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _______________________
3 weeks _______
_
____ __ — ----_ _
A fter 2 years of service
Under 1 week ___ ___ _ _____ _
—
--------1 week _
________________ ___
___ _
___ —
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ____ __ _
2 weeks _ _______
_ __ _
_
__
_ _
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 weeks ___ __ _____ __
__ _
_ _

3
2
95
( 5)

A fter 3 years of service
Under 1 week
___ _ __ _
_ _
1 week ........... .......
.... . „ .....
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ___
_
________
2 weeks __
__ ______
__ _
_
— __
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 weeks __ __ _
__ _ ____
__ __
—

_

.

(*)
( 5)
98
1

( 5)
98
2

_
96
2

_
96
( 5)

1
0
1
1
1

A fter 5 years of service
1 week _ ____
_ _ __ — _
— —
2 weeks __ ___
__ ____ _ __ _____ — _
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _ — _
3 weeks ___
___ __ __
----- -------------

See footnotes at end of table,




3

4

_
95
5

99
( 5)

15

Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P ercent distribution o£ office and plant w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
p ro v isio n s, Seattle, W ash. , August I960)
PLAN T WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

Vacation policy

All
.
industries

Manufacturing

Public,
utilities2

Retail trade

Finance

All
.
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Retail trade

Amount of vocation p a y 4 — Continued
A fter 10 years of service
1 week __ _
__ __
2 weeks _
_
_ _ _ _ _
_
Over 2 and under 3 weeks __
_
3 weeks __ __ ___ _ __ _ ___
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _____ _

_

_ —
_ —
_____
___

_ __
--------

_____ _
__ _

_

-

77
( 5)
23
-

-

87
-

13
-

-

80
2
18

-

37
-

63
~

( 5)
38
29
31
1

( 5)
28
47
23
2

( 5)
8
26
62
1
2

( 5)
4
43
50
2
( 5)

(5)
8
26
59
( 5)
6

( 5)
4
43
49
( 5)
4

( 5)
8
26
48
1
16

( 5)
4
43
41
2
10

_

_

66
7
27
-

43
_

55

A fter 15 years of service
1 week _
_ _
__
2 weeks __ ___
O ver 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks __
__
_ —
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
4 weeks
_ __
_ __

_
_
_ __
____

-----_

_

_
_
_

—
__

_

__

_ _
- ____________________________
--------

__

_

__

—

-

-

-

48

82

11

11

-

-

-

-

50
2
1

17

80

89

-

-

-

( 5)

8

-

_

_

7

15

-

-

86

83

-

-

7

-

A fter 20 years of service
1 week _ _ _ _ _ _ __ — __ ------ -------- - —
2 weeks _______ ___ _ __ __ __ _____
_____
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _
____
—
__
3 weeks _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ __ — Over 3 and under 4 weeks ____________________________
__
__ ---------------- -------- —
4 weeks _________ __

-

-

-

-

48

82

11

11

-

-

-

-

44

16

77

86

-

-

-

-

9

2

11

3

-

-

7

15

-

-

82

79

-

-

11

4

A fter 25 years of service
1 week ________________________________________________________
2 weeks _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
-------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s ____________________________
3 weeks ____ ________
_____ — —
—
---------Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----- -----__ _ -----4 weeks ___________________________________________
Over 4 weeks ___
__ ---------- ----------

1
2
3
4
service
5

-

-

-

-

48

82

11

11

-

-

-

-

27
1
23
2

13
1

39

4

50

43
47

-

-

-

7

15

-

-

52

61

-

-

41

22

Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and servic es in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
Includes data for w holesale trade, real estate, and serv ic es in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Periods of service w ere arb itrarily chosen and do not n ec essa rily reflect the individual provisions for p rogression s. For exam ple, the changes in proportions
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 y e a rs.
L e ss than 0. 5 percent.

indicated at

NOTE: See note on p. 1 2 , relative to the inclusion of railroad s.
In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of s e r v ic e , payments other than "length of t i m e , " such as
of annual earnings or fla t-su m paym ents, w ere converted to an equivalent time b a sis; for exam ple, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay.




10 y e a r s '

percentage

16

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percent of office and plant w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions em ployed in establishm ents providing
health, insurance, or pension b en efits, Seattle, W a s h ., August I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

Type of benefit

A ll w orkers

_

.

_

.

_

i

PLAN T WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public *
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

95

98

80

97

82

93

71

62

91

95

86

92

24

11

27

59

69

87

28

8

8

1

44

34

51
51
46
27
82
(5)

19
19
19
4
93
( 5)

56
56
47
72
63

99
99
64
40
76
( 5)

All
industries

Finance

An
3
industries

100

Manufacturing

Public,
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

95

95

82

100

84

85

70

87

92

93

88

94

86

93

44

86

29

43

31

-

8

2

38

14

95
95
90
14
68
1

98
98
96
4
73
1

62
62
46
70
82

100
100
91
14
54

W ork ers in establishm ents providing:
Life insurance
„ _ __ __ __ _ __ __
A ccidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance ____________________________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both4 - ________________________
Sickness and accident insurance
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) _ _
__ _
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) _ _____
_

_______
_

Hospitalization insurance __ _
Surgical insurance __ _
__
__
_ _
M edical insurance __ __ _
__
Catastrophe insurance ____ ___________
Retirem ent pension „ __
_____ _
----No health, insurance, or pension p l a n ____

!

i

;
!

1 Includes data for w holesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and servic es in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Unduplicated total of w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below.
S ick -leave plans are lim ited to those which definitely establish at least
the m inim um number of days 1 pay that can be expected by each em ployee.
Inform al sic k -lea v e allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
5 L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
NOTE:




See note on p.

12,

relative to the inclusion of railroad s.

17

A ppendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remingtqn Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller , machine (billing machine) — Uses a special billing ma­

chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) — Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstraiid, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slips.




Class A — Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B — Keeps a record o f one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keepingPhases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

18

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.
Class B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE
Class A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , cla ssifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may aliso file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
Class B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or a ssists in locating material in file s. May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

CLERK, ORDER

R eceives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple cop ies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL

Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

19

SECRETARY

Performs secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office ; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls .
May record toll calls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this worker's time while at
switchboard.




TABIJLATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations andday-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter,,reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp e cific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May a lso include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C— Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp e cific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

20

TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing processes. May do clerical work involving little specia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.
/4— Performs on e or more o f the fo llo w in g : Typing ma­
—
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, puncC la s s

tuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
C la s s B — Performs on e or more o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licie s,
e tc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E SSIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a com bina­
tion o f the fo llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations o f applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
TRACER

Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p oses. Duties involve a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g : Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc ., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

21
M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; a ssistin g worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in whicn employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May a lso
supervise these operations. H ea d or c h i e f en g in eers in e s ta b lish m e n ts
em p loyin g more than on e en g in eer are e x c lu d e d .
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.




MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, ancf
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

22

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

PATTERNMAKER, WOOD

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.

Builds wooden patterns, core boxes, or match plates. Work in­
volves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from blue­
prints, drawings, or models; making standard shop computations relating
to dimensions of work; using a variety of patternmaker's handtools such
as saws, planes, ch ise ls, gauges, and mallets; operating various wood­
working machines such as band saws, circular saws, borers, routers,
lathes, planers, drill presses, sanders, and shapers; checking work with
calipers, rules, protractors, squares, straight-edges, and other measuring
instruments; assembling patterns and sections of patterns by gluing, nail­
ing, screwing, and doweling; working to required tolerances and allowances;
selecting the materials for the construction of a particular pattern. May
also make sweeps (templates) for making molds by the sweep-moiding
method. In general, the work of the patternmaker requires a rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

MILLWRIGHT

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes ,in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
OILER

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.




PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating system s are excluded .

23

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool

m ak er;

fixture maker; gauge maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

C U S T O D IA L AND M A T E R IA L M O V EM EN T

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures;polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

24

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded .
ORDER FILLER

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded .

PACKER, SHIPPING

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden
boxes or crates are excluded .
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in voices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s.




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under lV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( l l to and including 4 tons)
A
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of
truck, as follow s:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
* U.S. G V R M N P IN G O FIC : 1960 0 —575574
O E N E T R TIN F E

Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.

P a .-N .J .— Bull. 1285Atlanta, Ga.— Bull. 1285Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T ex .— Bull. 1285Birmingham, Ala.— Bull. 1285.

*Green Bay, Wis.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S.C.— Bull. 1285Houston, T ex.— Bull. 1285Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285Jackson, M iss.— Bull. 1285Jacksonville, F la .— Bull. 1285Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans.— Bull. 1285Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H.— Bull. 1285Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark.— Bull. 1285-6

Pittsburgh, P a.— Bull. 1285Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285*
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence—
Pawtucket, R .I.—
Mass.— Bull. 1285Raleigh, N.C.— Bull. 1285-5
Richmond, Va.— Bull. 1285Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285St. Louis, Mo.—
111.— Bull. 1285Salt Lake City, Utah— Bull. 1285-

B oise, Idaho— Bull. 1285Boston, M a ss.— Bull. 1285Buffalo, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Burlington, V t .— Bull. 1285Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Charleston, W. V a .— Bull. 1285Charlotte, N .C .— Bull. 1285Chattanooga, Ten n .—G a .— Bull. 1285Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285-

Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif.— Bull. 1285Louisville, Ky.—
Ind.— Bull. 1285Lubbock, T ex.— Bull. 1285* Manchester, N.H.— Bull. 1285-1
Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285Miami, F la.— Bull. 1285Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285-

San Antonio, T ex.— Bull. 1285San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario,
C alif.— Bull. 1285-4
San Francisco—
Oakland, C a lif.— Bull. 1285Savannah, Ga.— Bull. 1285Scranton, Pa.— Bull. 1285-8
Seattle, Wash.— Bull. 1285-7
Sioux Falls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285-

Akron, Ohio— Bu ll. 1285Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Albuquerque, N. M ex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—Bethlehem—Easton,

Cincinnati, Ohio—K y .-— Bull. 1285Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285D a lla s, T e x .— Bull. 1285Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111.—

Bull. 1285Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Denver, C o lo .— Bull. 1285*
Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285Detroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285Fort Worth, T e x .— Bull. 1285-

Newark and Jersey City, N.J.— Bull. 1285New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285New Orleans, L a.— Bull. 1285New York, N .Y.— Bull. 1285Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News —
Hampton, Va.— Bull. 1285Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285-3
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa— Bull. 1285Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J.— Bull. 1285Philadelphia, Pa.— Bull. 1285Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-

Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285“
Trenton, N.J.— Bull. 1285Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a .— Bull. 1285Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285Wilmington, D el.—
N.J.— Bull. 1285“
Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285York, Pa.— Bull. 128V

An asterisk preceding a labor market indicates the availability and
price of the bulletin.
Please do not order copies in advance.

Price, 20 cents.








Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102