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Occupational Wage Survey

NEW YORK, NEW YORK
APRIL 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-65




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LA B O R S T A T IS T IC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




NEW YORK, NEW YORK
A P R IL 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-65
June 1961

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The C om m u n ity W age S u rv ey P r o g r a m

In trod u ction --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------—
W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p s _____________________ *___ __

The B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics r e g u la r ly con d u cts
a rea w id e w age su r v e y s in a n u m ber o f im p orta n t in d u stria l
cen ters.
The s tu d ie s , m a de fr o m late fa ll to e a r ly s p r in g ,
r e la te to o ccu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and r e la te d su p p lem en ta ry
b e n e fits .
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in ea ch a r e a , u su a lly in the m on th fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied. T h is b u lletin p r o v id e s ad d ition a l
data not in clu d ed in the e a r lie r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly tica l b u lletin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the
y e a r 's s u r v e y s is is s u e d a fte r c o m p le tio n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lletin fo r the c u r re n t roun d o f s u r v e y s .

T a b le s :

T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o ffic e in New Y o r k , N .Y . , by E llio tt A . B r o w a r , u nder
the d ir e c t io n o f F r e d e r ic k W. M u e lle r , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l
D ir e c t o r fo r W a ges and In d u stria l R e la tio n s .




1.
2.

A:

B:

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y ____________
In dexes o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-tim e
h o u r ly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s ,
and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s __________________

1
4

3
3

O ccu p a tion a l ea rn in g s: *
A - 1 . O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s ------------------------------------------------------------------A - l a . O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s — C e n tra l o ffic e s ________________________
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s ___________________
A - 3.
M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c cu p a tio n s __________________
A -4 .
C u sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c cu p a tio n s ____________

5
10
11
12
14

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age
p r o v is io n s : *
B - 1 . Shift d iffe r e n tia ls _____________________________________________
B -2 .
M inim u m e n tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s ____
B -3 .
S ch ed u led w eek ly h o u rs ______________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h olid a y s ______________________
B -5 .
P a id v a ca tio n s ________________________________________________
B - 6 . H ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n plans
___________________

17
18
19
20
21
23

A ppendix:

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip tio n s

_______ _____________________________

* N O TE: S im ila r ta bu la tion s a r e a v a ila b le in the N ew Y o r k
C ity a r e a r e p o r ts fo r A p r il 1951, Janu ary 1952, F e b r u a r y
1953 and 1954, M a rch 1955, and A p r il o f e a ch y e a r sin c e
1956.
A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g date o f study and the p r ic e
o f the r e p o r t s , as w e ll as r e p o r t s fo r oth er m a jo r a r e a s
is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e st.
C u rren t r e p o r t s on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and su p ­
p le m e n ta r y w age p r a c t ic e s in the N ew Y o r k C ity a r e a a re
a ls o a v a ila b le fo r flu id m ilk (A p r il I9 6 0 ), p o w e r la u n d ries
and d r y c le a n e r s (A p r il I9 6 0 ), banking (June I9 6 0 ), n on fe r r o u s fo u n d r ie s (M ay I960), h o s p ita ls (Ju ly I960), w om en 's
and m i s s e s ' d r e s s e s (A u gu st I9 6 0 ), and can dy and oth er
c o n fe c tio n e r y p r o d u c ts (D e c e m b e r I9 60).
Union s c a l e s ,
in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e l s , a r e a v a ila b le fo r the
fo llo w in g tr a d e s o r in d u s tr ie s :
B u ild in g c o n s tr u c tio n ,
p r in tin g , lo c a l-t r a n s it op e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o to r tr u c k
d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

25




Occupational W age Survey—New York, N. Y.
Introduction

This a rea is one o f s e v e r a l im p orta n t in d u stria l c e n te r s in
w h ich the U. S. D epartm en t o f L ab or*s B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics has
con du cted su r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d w age b e n e fits
on an a rea w id e b a s is . In this a r e a , data w e re obtain ed b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B ureau fie ld e c o n o m is t s 1 to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e esta b lis h m e n ts
w ithin six b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s :
M an u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o r t a t io n ,2
c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e; r e ta il
tra d e; fin a n ce , in s u r a n ce , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in ­
d u stry g rou p s ex clu d ed fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lish m en ts having
fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m ber o f w o r k e r s a r e om itted a ls o b e c a u s e
they fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t e m p loy m en t in the occu p a tio n s studied to w a r ­
rant in clu s io n . W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , s e p a r a te ta bu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d
fo r ea ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h ese su r v e y s a r e con du cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v olv ed in su rv e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . T o obtain
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la rg e
than o f sm a ll esta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied. In com b in in g the data, h o w ­
e v e r , a ll esta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iven th eir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t. E stim a tes
b a se d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts studied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , as r e ­
latin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a , e x ­
cep t fo r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied.

O ccu p a tion a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
u le in the g iv en o ccu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in gs data e x clu d e
p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
late sh ifts .
N on p rod u ction b o n u se s a r e ex clu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u se s and in ce n tiv e ea rn in g s a r e in clu d ed .
W h ere w eek ly
h ou rs a r e r e p o r t e d , as fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o r k sc h e d u le s (roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ich
s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e p a id; a v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s fo r th ese
occu p a tio n s have b e e n roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
A v e r a g e e a rn in g s o f m e n and w om en a r e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a te ly
f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s in w h ich b oth s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls o f m en and w o m e n in th ese o c cu p a tio n s a r e
la r g e ly due to ( l ) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong
in d u str ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts ; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ifi c duties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the o c cu p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin
the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in len gth of s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w w hen in div id u al s a la r ie s a r e a d ju sted on this b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ould r e s u lt in h ig h e r a v e r a g e pay
w hen b oth s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ith in the sa m e ra te ra n g e .
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese s u r v e y s a r e u s u ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u se d in in d iv id u al e sta b lis h m e n ts to
a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am on g e sta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c if i c du ties
p e r fo r m e d .

O ccu p ation s and E arn in gs
The occu p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tion a l c l a s ­
s ific a tio n is b a se d on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esig n ed to
take a cco u n t o f in te r e sta b lish m e n t v a r ia tio n in du ties w ith in the sa m e
jo b . (See appendix fo r lis tin g o f th ese d e s c r ip t io n s . ) E a rn in gs data a r e
p r e se n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) fo r the fo llo w in g typ es o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a) O ffice c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c ) m a in te ­
n an ce and p ow erp lan t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t.

O ccu p a tion a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and n ot the n u m b er a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e ca u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tio n a l str u c tu r e am ong
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t obtained
fr o m the sa m p le o f esta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the
r e la t iv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied.
T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tion a l s tru c tu re do n ot m a t e r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in gs data.
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s

1 Data w e re

obtain ed by m a il fr o m so m e o f the s m a lle r e s ­
ta b lish m en ts f o r w h ich v is it s b y B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is t s in the la s t
p r e v io u s s u r v e y in d ica ted em p lo y m e n t in r e la t iv e ly few o f the o c c u ­
pation s stud ied.
Unusual ch a n ges r e p o r te d b y m a il w e r e v e r ifie d
w ith e m p lo y e r s .
2 R a ilr o a d s , f o r m e r l y e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f th ese stu d ie s ,
w e r e in clu ded in a il o f the a r e a s stud ied s in c e July 1959, e x c e p t B a lti­
m o r e (S ep tem b er 1959 and D e c e m b e r I9 6 0 ), B u ffa lo (O cto b e r 1959),
C levela n d (S ep tem b er 1959), and S eattle (A u gu st 1959).




In form a tion is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c te d e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits as th ey r e ­
late to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
The te r m " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u se d
in th is b u lle tin , in clu d e s w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d fu n c tio n s , and e x c lu d e s a d m in ­
is t r a t iv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. "P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
clu d e w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g le a d m en and t r a in e e s ) en gaged in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
A d m in is t r a tiv e ,

2
executive, and professional employees, and force-account construction
employees who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufacturing indus­
tries, but are included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing industries.
Shift differential data (table B -l) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 3 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification "other'* was used* In establishments iri which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B-2) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited. They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment basis. Paid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, insurance, and pension plans are treated statistically on the
basis that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a ma­
jority of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for the
practices listed. Scheduled hours are treated statistically on the basis
that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority
are covered. 4 Because of rounding, sums of individual items in these
tabulations may not equal totals.
The first part of the paid holidays table presents the num­
ber of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's compensation,
social security, and railroad retirement. Such plans include those
underwritten by a commercial insurance company and those provided
through a union fund or paid directly by the employer out of current
operating funds or from a fund set aside for this purpose. Death
benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions, 5 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans 6 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness. Separate tabulations are provided according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the.proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.

The summary of vacation plans is limited to formal arrange­
ments, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the employer. Separate estimates are provided
according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; l o r example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.

Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker's life.

3 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
4 Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section of
table B-3) in surveys made prior to July 1957 were presented in
terms of the proportion of women office workers employed in offices
with the indicated weekly hours for women workers.

5 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
6 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an individual, basis,
were excluded.




3

T ab le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s within scope of su rve y and num ber studied in New Y o rk ,

A ll d iv isio n s

N u m ber o f esta b lish m en ts

M in im u m
em p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in scope
o f study

Industry d iv isio n

by m a jo r in d u stry d iv isio n , 2 A p r il 1961

W ithin
scope of
study 3

_________________________________ __________________

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts
W ithin scop e o f study

Studied

Studied
T o t a l4

O ffice

Plant

Total 4

4 , 354

1, 3 9 4 , 000

4 2 8 , 80 0

6 2 3 ,7 0 0

6 3 3 ,4 2 0

1 ,4 0 6
2, 948

173
392

4 3 8 ,4 0 0
9 5 5 , 600

9 3 ,0 0 0
33 5 , 800

2 5 7 ,6 0 0
3 6 6 ,1 0 0

1 3 9 ,3 9 0
4 9 4 ,0 3 0

100
50

201
857

58
78

22 1, 100
1 1 9 ,5 0 0

4 3 , 800
4 6 , 70 0

103, 500
3 3 ,6 0 0

1 7 9 ,4 7 0
2 2 ,9 8 0

100
50
50

F in an c e, in su r a n ce , and r e a l esta te ____________________
S e r v i c e s 7 — _____
____________
_ __ __ __ ____________

565

100

M an ufacturing ___________________________________________________
N on m anufacturing --------- -------- ------------ — __ --------- — .
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and
other public u t i li t i e s 5 ____________________________________
W h o le sa le tra d e ______________________________________________
R e ta il tra d e (excep t lim ite d -p r ic e

286
709
89 5

78
75
103

161, 600
2 6 3 ,5 0 0
1 8 9 ,9 0 0

24, 40 0
1 7 7 ,9 0 0
4 3 ,0 0 0

1 1 7 ,0 0 0
6 1 7 ,9 0 0
9 4 ,1 0 0

1 0 6 ,0 3 0
130, 490
55, 060

1 The New Y o rk A r e a c o m p r is e s New Y o r k C ity (B r o n x , K in g s, New Y o r k , Q u een s, and R ichm ond C o u n tie s).
The "w o r k e r s within scope of stu d y " e stim a te s shown in this table p rovide
a r e a so n a b ly a c cu ra te d e sc r ip tio n o f the s iz e and co m p o sitio n o f the la b o r fo r c e in clu ded in the su rv e y .
The e stim a te s are not intended, h ow ever, to s e r v e as a b a s is of c o m p a r iso n with other
a r e a em p loym en t in dexes to m e a s u r e em p loym en t tren d s or le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w age su rve ys r e q u ir e s the u se of esta b lish m en t data co m p iled c o n sid e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y ro ll p eriod
studied, and (2) s m a ll e sta b lish m e n ts a re exclu ded fr o m the scope o f the su rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition o f the Standard In d ustrial C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in du stry d iv isio n .
M a jo r chan ges fr o m the e a r lie r edition (u sed in the
B u r e a u s la b o r m a r k e t w age su rv e y s conducted p r io r to July 1958) a r e the tra n sfe r of m ilk p a ste u riz a tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix e d co n c rete e sta b lish m e n ts fr o m tra de (w h o lesa le or retail) to
m an ufacturin g, and the tr a n s fe r o f rad io and te le v is io n b r oad castin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp ortation , c o m m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 In clud es a ll e sta b lish m e n ts with total em p loym en t at or above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the a rea) of com p an ies in such in d u strie s as tra d e , fin a n ce, auto rep air
s e r v ic e , and m o tio n -p ic tu r e th e a te rs a re c o n sid e r e d as 1 esta b lish m e n t.
4 In cludes e x ec u tiv e, p r o fe s s io n a l, and oth6r w o rk ers exclu d ed fr o m the sep arate o ffic e and plant c a te g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n w ere ex clu d ed .
The p u b licly op erated p ortion of New York *s tra n sit s y s te m i s , as a govern m en t o p eration , exclu d ed fr o m the
scop e o f the stu d ies.
6 E stim a te r e la te s to r e a l estate e sta b lish m e n ts on ly.
7 H o te ls; p e r so n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; autom obile r ep a ir sh ops; m otion p ic tu r e s; nonprofit m e m b e r sh ip o rg a n iza tio n s; and en gin eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

T ab le 2.

Indexes o f standard w eekly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-tim e h ourly earn ing s fo r s e le c te d occu p ation al groups in New Y o rk , N . Y . ,
A p r il 1961 and A p r il I9 6 0 , and p ercen ts of in c r e a s e fo r s e le c te d p eriod s
in dexes
(F e b r u a r y 1953 = ±00)

Industry and occu p ation al group
A p r il 1961

A p r il I9 6 0

P er c en t in c r e a s e s fr o m —
A p r i l -1960
to
A p r il 1961

A p r il 1959
to
A p r il I9 6 0

A pril- 1958
to
A p r il 1959

A p ril. 1957
to
A p r il 1958

A p ril. 1956
to
A p r il 1957

M a rc h 1955
to
A p r il 1956

F e b r u a r y 1954
to
M a r c h 1955

F e b r u a r y 1953
to
F e b r u a r y 1954

A ll in d u strie s:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (w om en) ____________
In d ustrial n u r se s (w om en) ________
S killed m ain tenan ce (m en) ________
U n sk illed plant (m en) _______________

13 7. 9
142. 2
1 3 9 .4
14 0. 6

1 3 3 .4
13 5. 9
13 3. 6
13 6. 1

3.
4.
4.
3.

4
7
3
3

4.
3.
4.
4.

1
8
3
4

3. 0
3. 3
4 .4
4. 2

3. 5
4. 7
4. 3
4 .6

5. 2
4 .9
3. 8
5. 3

5 .9
5. 1
3 .4
5. 0

3.
5.
5.
2.

5
4
0
6

4.
4.
4.
5.

3
2
5
4

M anufacturing:
O ffice c le r ic a l (w omen) ____________
In d u strial n u r se s (w omen) ________
S killed m ain tenan ce (m en) ________
U n sk illed plant (m en) _______________

14 0.
15 3.
14 0.
14 4.

13 6. 3
14 5. 7
13 4. 9
1 3 7 .6

3.
5.
4.
4.

3
0
1
8

4. 2
3. 6
3 .7
2. 1

3. 6
4 .9
4. 7
3. 9

2 .9
5. 1
3. 9
5. 5

5.
4.
5.
7.

5.
5.
3.
3.

4.
7.
4.
3.

7
4
2
8

5.
8.
5.
6.

2
0
2
3




8
0
5
2

9
8
5
5

3
0
2
8

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes of salaries of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups. In areas which were not surveyed during the
fiscal 1953 base year (July 1952 to June 1953) this table is limited
to percents of change between selected periods.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-time salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts. The indexes are based on, data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically important
jobs within each group. The office clerical data are based on women in
the following 18 jobs: Billers, machine (billing machine); bookkeepingmachine operators, class A and B; Comptometer operators; clerks, file,
class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, payroll; keypunch operators;
office girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; switchboard opera­
tors; switchboard operator-receptionists; tabulating-machine opera­
tors; transcribing-machine operators, general; and typists, class A
and B. The industrial nurse data are based on women industrial
nurses. Men in the following 10 skilled maintenance jobs and 3 unskilled
jobs were included in the plant worker data: Skilled:—carpenters;
electricians; machinists; mechanics; mechanics, automotive; m ill­
wrights; painters; pipefitters; sheet-metal workers; and tool and die
makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; laborers, ma­
terial handling; and watchmen.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 employment in the job. These weighted earnings for individual
occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. Finally, the ratio of these group aggregates for a given
year to the aggregate for the base period (survey month, winter 1952—
53)
was computed and the result multiplied by the base year index (100) to
get the index for the given year.




Similar procedures were followed in compiling "percents of
change" in ar£as not surveyed during 1953.
Adjustments have been made w h ere necessary to maintain
comparability so that the year-to-year comparisons are based on the
same industry and occupational coverage. For example, railroads
have been included in the coverage of the surveys only since July 1959.
In computing the indexes for the first year in which railroads were
included, data relating to railroads were excluded. Indexes for subse­
quent years include data for railroads.
The indexes measure, principally, the effects of (1) general
salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels. Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force esqpansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and re­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime, since they
are based on pay for straight-time hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to I960 for workers in 20 major
labor markets will appear in BLS Bull. 1265-62, Wages and Related
Benefits, 60 Labor Markets, Winter 1959—
60.

A* Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-1. Office Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, New York, N . Y . , A p ril 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly .
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

4 0 . 0 0 4 5 . 0 0 l o . 0 0 I s . 00 l o . 0 0
and
4 5 .0 0 5 0 . 00

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine)

153

3 8 .0

661
S40~

3 6 .5
36. 5

6 8 . 00
68. 6o

6 0 . 00 6 5 . 0 0

$ 8 4 . 50

Bookkeeping-m ach ine operators,
c la s s B __________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________

5 5 . 00

1, 6 4 8
380
1, 2 6 8
1, 1 8 4

37. 5
3 6 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

85.
83.
86.
87.

50
00
50
00

C lerk s, p a y roll ___________________
M anufacturing _________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________
Public u tilities 2 ____________
S erv ices ____________________

587
259
328
105
111

3 6 .5
36. 5
36. 5
3 6 .5
37. 0

88.
86.
89.
93.
87.

00
50
00
50
50

9 0 . 00

-

-

9

20

4

10

40

56

9

-

-

-

-

and

-

over

23
23

3
3

24
24

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

1
1
_
_
1
-

18
18
1
_
16
1

71
-

145
41
104
20
44
15
13
12

438
85
353
37
121
13
92
90

262
58
204
42
35
23
68
36

366
122
244
80
33
32
55
44

314
53
2 61
45
91
10
71
44

283
71
212
41
56
15
75
25

321
82
239
65
44
6
88
36

274
$6
188
30
43
7
95
13

137
51
85
17
22
_

101
20
81
66
9
_

84
45
39
9
7
_

72
45
27
21
_

28
20
8
_

66
1

56
8
48
2
11
3
28
4

42
4

3
3

2
21

1
_

3
2
_

22
9
13
7
5
_
_

66
19
47
29
15
_
_

5

3

1

3

6
-

66
8
58
1
_

210
8
202
5
21
19
136
21

207
37
170
5
19
4
111
31

286
69
217
8
29
6
131
43

313
69
244
48
13
23
116
44

350
42
308
43
101
43
32
89

247
49
198
62
65
5
43
23

1 72
51
121
15
29
1
60
16

124
30
94
36
45
_
5
8

82
28
54
20
33
1

33
19
14
10
4
_

47
19
28
23
5
-

20
10
10
7
3
_

16
15
1
_
_

10
4
6
_

1

6
-

3
3
_
_
_

_
_
_

1
1
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

8
8
_

1
1
1

-

-

6
_
1
5

-

-

_
40
40
40

18
39

_
-

4
-

-

_

_

_

3

40

14

9

21

10

2

4

11

71
71
51

91
83
73

87
87
52

48
47

28
14
1

18
7

6
-

-

1
1

-

13
8
4

10
10

47
20
27
27

105
31
74
54

192
41
151
141

219
77
142
142

330
59
2 71
268

122
28
94
93

211
44
167
160

81
29
52
44

78
3
75
61

72
8
64
64

6
6
1

32
7
25
5
9

43
U
17
6
4

73
27
46
12
25

67
44
23
16
3

102
6o
42
8
23

58
29
29
6
4

44
6
38
10
25

33
2
31
17
2

42
4
38
12
5

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

19
7
12
2

_
-

_
_
-

21
17
4
-

2
2
-

-

“

-

-

_

.

_

71
_

35. 5
3 5 .5

6 9 . 00
8 9 .5 0

-

-

40
40

37
30

9
2

10
7

12
10

33
26

4
1

-

36
36

2
2

Keypunch operators

205

3 9 .5

7 6 . 50

_

_

_

.

20

10

47

18

77

15

9

7

.
_

'

39
8
31
31

38
8
30
30

38
6
32
32

27
3
24
24

6
6
5

23
20
3
1

9
9
5
3

21
10
11
7
4

8
4
4
3

3
3
_
-

.

.

.

.
-

-

_

_

_

.

1
1

-

-

-

2

_

_

_

i________

See footnotes at end of table.




-

3
3

184
1 55

N O TE :

-

2

D uplicating-m achine op erators
(M im eograph or Ditto) __________
Nonmanufacturing _____________
_______________

-

9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0

29
29

_
_
_
_
_

C lerk s, o rd er _____________________
M anufacturing _________________
N onm anufacturing -------------------W holesale trade ____________

8 5 .0 0

9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 f 0 5 . 0 0 f i o . o o f 1 5 .0 0 f 2 0 .0 0 f 2 5 . 0 0 f 3 0 - 0 0 f 3 5 . 0 0 ^ 4 0 . 0 0 1 4 5 . 0 0

62
59

7 5 . 50
8 1 .5 0
7 3 . 50
8 4 . 00
8 0 . 50
6 7 . 50
6 7 . 50
7 2 . 00

6 0 . 00
5 8 . 66
5 4 . 50

-

84
84

3 6 .0
"36. 0
3 6 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .5
35. 5
3 6 .5

36. 0
36. 5
3 6 .0

8 0 . 00

9 0 . 00

96
78

2, 1 9 3
462
1 ,7 3 1
283
373
121
679
275

403
358
2 21

-

126
126

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B _____
M anufacturing _________________
N onm anufacturing _____________
Public u tilities 2 ____________
W holesale trade ____________
Retail tr a d e 3 _______________
F in a n ce4 ___________________
S erv ices ____________________

C lerks, file, c la s s B ____________
N onm anufacturing _____________
F in a n ce4 ___________________

-

160
160

_
_
_
_

7 4 . 50

-

51
51

9 9 . 00
1 0 4 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0
9 6 . 50
9 0 . 50
9 3 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

3 6 .0

7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 00

7 5 . 00 l o . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0

-

3 6 .0
3 6 .0
36. 0
3 6 .5
3 6 .0
3 7 .5
35. 5
3 6 .0

120

-

-

-

3, 0 5 9
815“
2, 2 4 3
511
544
128
714
346

____________

l o . 00

3

C lerks, accounting, c la s s A _____
M anufacturing _________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________
Public u tilities 2 ____________
W holesale trade ____________
Retail trade 3 _______________
F in a n ce 4 ___________________
S erv ices ____________________

C lerk s, file, c la s s A

o
o

Averagb

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

E stim ates for a ll industries, nonmanufacturing, and public utilities include data for railroads (SIC 4Q), omitted fro m the scope
of all labor m arket wage surveys made b efore July 1959.
W here significant, the effect of the inclusion of railroads is greatest
on the data shown separately for the public u tilities division.

"

-

5
5
5

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
-

-

-

.
-

_

_

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, New York, N. Y . , A p ril 1961)
A verage

Num
ber
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

NUM B ER OF W O RK ERS R E CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY E A RN ING S OF—

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
s
t
Weekly
W
eekly } 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 9 0 .0 0 95.00 10 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 L40.00 145.00
(Standard) (Standard) under
and
45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60,00 65. 00 _ £L M 7 5 ,0 0 80,00 85,„qg. .2 0 , .aa. _25,aa. 10 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00 130-00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over
1

Men— Continued

111

262
106
527
311

21 1

1182
438
744
38
278

43
457
230

285
133

52
27
25

18
14

Retail trade 3 _____________________
F in a n ce 4 __________________________
S erv ices -----------------------------------------

4, 347
41 9
1 079
’ 194
1 , 628
1, 027

S ecreta ries --------- „ ____ ____________
M anufacturing _______________________

190
103

36. 5
36. 0

110.50

_

_

_

_

_

_

1 2 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
-

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
c la s s A ---- ----------------- ----------- -------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public utilities 2 _ _______________
F in a n ce4 __________________________

880
149
731
129
441

36. 5
35. 5
36. 5
38. 5
3 6 .0

10 0 .0 0

-

-

-

1

4
4
4

30
30
30

41
41
41

50
50
50

6

12

44
4
31

48

103.50
99.00
1 1 2 .0 0

4
17
34

867
335
532
L
Q
81
15
158
268

90.50

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s B — ----------------- ----------------------M anufacturing ___ ____ ____________
Nonmanufacturing _____ ____________
Pu blic u tilities 2 --------------------------W holesale trade __________________
F in a n ce4
__ _____________________

1.983
429
1, 554
185
214
988

36.
36.
36.
38.
37.
36.

5
0
5
0
5
0

88.00
90.50
87.00
98.50
91.50
84.50

-

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s C ------------------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Finanr a ^

1, 573
266
1, 307
1, 021

36.
36.
36.
36.

5
5
5
5

69.50
70.50
69.00
67.50

-

T yp ists, c la s s A ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________

262
219

36. 0
36. 0

87.00
89.00

T yp ists, c la s s B ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

320
289

35. 5
35. 5

70.00
69.00

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) ------M anufacturing ---- __ _______________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------W holesale trade ---------------------------S erv ices ___________________________

1, 614
510
1, 104
380
200

36. 5
36. 5
37. 0
38. 0
3 6 .0

74.00
78.50
72.00
75.00
75.00

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) ----------- — ---------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________
R etail trade 3 _____________________

923
227
696
286

36. 5
35. 5
36. 5
3 8 .0

75.50
71.00
76.50
72.00

1676
359
1317

-

1

473
218
255

10

12
10 0

8

131
4

230

199
54
145
54
59

$ 57.50
58.50
56.50
60 50
59 50
54.00
56.50
53.50

6 , 427
2 , 080

105
50
55

1576
472
1104
163

36. 0
35. 5
36. 0
36 6
36 0
37! 0
35. 5
36. 5

O ffice boys — -------- ---------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------

68

162
23
47
4
55
33

9
9

-

.
_

_
-

.
-

_

.

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

15

14
10

14
5

16

10

22
21

26
16

6
6

5
5

1
1

9
9

41

40
5
35
7
13

80

43

16

10
1

4

15

1

1

9
_

3
_

14
_
8

13
n

20

25

18

2
2

2

21
4
4

9

_

2

_

_

25

8

n

13

-

1

-

2

12

60

88
16

2

12 2
12
110
7

35

83

135
58
77
13
46

50
7
43
7
29

6
10

50

72
12
53

8

33
23
-

5

8

12

2

72
48
10

31
4
7

14
2
-

-

-

19
15
4
3
_
1

6
4
2
1
_
1

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

-

5
5
5

22
22
20

29
29
27

52
2
50
47

111
26
85
3
3
69

289
53
236
6
7
188

374
74
300
19
52
190

320
84
236
5
15
185

199
39
160
28
39
78

198
44
154
45
61
42

150
39
111
12
26
61

111
36
75
43
7
17

39
8
31
17
4
10

59
5
54
3
_
47

19
12
7

81
11
70
67

201
25
176
167

249
29
220
187

315
82
233
193

180
27
153
131

197
19
178
136

187
26
161
69

90
9
81
55

27
27
16

11
11
-

15
14
1

-

-

1
1
-

-

_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_
_
_

-

-

1
1

8
4

17
9

6
6

34
34

54
25

34
33

21
21

24
24

63
62

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

~

"

-

83
83

20
20

49
49

48
27

31
30

22
22

59
54

6
2

2
2

-

8
8
-

7
7
-

163
163
24

175
48
127
27
4

256
84
172
93
15

165
40
125
59
30

254
80
174
43
68

268
91
177
81
39

160
70
90
51
3

75
35
40
24
16

49
48
1
"

15
11
4
2

3
2
1
1

2
1
1
-

"

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

-

-

32
6
26
16

40
14
26
16

96
36
60
50

127
63
64
38

135
50
85
55

121
7
114
51

256
20
236
24

41
16
25
11

23
1
22
14

27
3
24
4

10
2
8
3

8
6
2
2

6
3
3
1

_

_
_
_
_
_

-

Women

See footnotes at end of table,




14
14
-

1

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision, New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p ril 1961)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F-

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
i
$
W
eeklyj W
eekly j 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 % 00 \s. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
0.
earnings
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60.00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 1.40.00 145.00 over

W om en— Continued
B ookkeeping-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A ________________________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------N onm anufacturing ____________ _____
W holesale trade __________________
F in a n ce4 __________________________

1,429
418
1,011
200
604

36.
36.
36.
37.
36.

5
5
5
5
0

$81.
83.
80.
85.
77.

50
50
50
50
00

-

-

2
2
-

1
1
1

24
24
19

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s ,
cla ss B
___ _ _
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade ___________ _____
R etail tr a d e 3 _____________________
F in a n ce4 __________________________
S erv ices __________________________

5,500
519
4,981
830
181
3,556
342

36.
36.
36.
37.
37.
36.
35.

5
5
5
0
5
5
5

71.
76.
71.
78.
73.
68.
76.

50
50
00
50
00
00
00

-

6
6
6
-

89
10
79
2
73
4

499
9
490
5
5
478
2

1039
46
993
22
22
945
4

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A ___________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ----------------------------Pu blic u tilitie s2 __________________
W holesale trade __*_______________
R etail trade 3 _____________________
F in a n ce4 __________________________
S erv ices __________________________

2,841
717
2,124
226
572
302
555
469

36.
36.
36.
36.
36.
37.
35.
36.

0
5
0
5
5
0
5
0

91.
94.
91.
98.
95.
85.
87.
90.

50
60
00
50
00
50
50
00

_
-

_
-

.
"

4
3
1
1
-

21
21
1
14
3
3

101
7
94
14
34
35
11

C le r k s , accounting, cla ss B ___________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ----------------------------Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 _________________
W holesale trade _________________
R etail trade 3 _____________________
F in an ce4 __________________________
S ervices __________________________

5,374
1,156
4 ,2 1 8
444
833
853
1,188
900

36.
36.
36.
36.
37.
37.
35.
36.

5
0
5
5
0
5
5
0

72.
75.
71.
85.
77.
67.
65.
70.

00
00
00
00
00
00
50
00

-

19
19
16
3
"

172
5
167
80
56
31

510
54
456
9
149
188
110

936
203
733
13
66
180
291
183

C le r k s , file , cla s s A __________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ----------------------------P ublic utilities 2 _________________
W holesale trade _________________
F in a n ce4 __________________________
S ervices __________________________

3,556
40T“
3, 153
171
380
2,012
527

36.
35.
36.
36.
36.
36.
37.

0
5
5
5
0
0
0

71.
85.
69.
84.
72.
69.
63.

00
00
00
00
00
00
50

_
-

25
25
6
19

264
264
20
118
114

516
6
510
37
367
95

C lerk s, file , c la s s B __________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing „__________________
P ublic utilities 2 _________________
W holesale trade _________________
R etail trade 3 _____________________
F in an ce4 __________________________
S ervices __________________________

8,021
1,314
6,707
446
645
632
4 ,4 2 0
564

36.
36.
36.
37.
36.
37.
36.
36.

0
0
5
5
5
0
0
0

59.
63.
58.
66.
63.
55.
57.
60.

50
00
50
50
50
00
50
00

64
16
48
48

646 1679
78
194
568 1485
14
8
49
244
121
382 1056
57
122

C le r k s , ord er __________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade _________________
R etail trade 3 _____________________

1,655
828
827
546
253

36.
36.
37.
36.
38.

5
0
0
5
5

! 72.00
71.50
' 72.00
1 75.00
67. 00

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le .




"

j

_
1
- 1
- j

4 I
1
2
2

j

1

"

;

76
31
45
11

34

269
52
217
26
188

273
80
193
17
127

210
106
104
51
50

219
90
129
51
44

143
29
114
18
46

75
13
62
9
1

50
12
38
23
11

46
30
16
1
15

-

2
1
1
1
~

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

1033 1018
110
75
958
908
102
187
47
19
587
769
68
76

571
56
515
124
48
281
42

561
74
487
163
24
204
86

367
69
298
106
4
136
41

155
127
54
8
33
13

83
17
66
24
36
6

61
9
52
43
8
-

12
12
-

5
3
2
2
-

1
1
"

-

-

-

-

-

-

199
24
175
6
39
19
82
29

220
33
187
21
39
29
48
50

300
75
225
17
31
23
68
86

473
128
345
26
90
61
71
97

351
134
217
24
77
43
60
13

354
112
242
16
86
20
68
52

345
74
271
39
77
42
56
57

134
31
103
21
20
4
56
2

123
37
86
21
12
12
4
37

72
24
48
8
4
4
32

59
9
50
18
32
-

48
13
35
9
26
-

31
7
24
24
-

4
4
-

1
i
-

1
1
-

780
156
624
25
100
95
316
88

836
206
630
62
144
108
200
116

797
171
626
79
154
109
80
204

532
125
407
98
166
42
20
81

314
88
226
29
132
21
13
31

211
53
158
36
12
44
21
45

121
36
85
35
36
3
11

46
14
32
20
9
3
-

64
19
45
39
5
1
-

13
3
10
8
2
"

9
9
“

7
7
-

7
7
-

"

-

-

-

383
22
361
10
18
250
79

563
27
536
14
42
412
60

598
83
515
30
126
277
76

407
25
382
24
85
238
23

269
30
239
23
15
174
24

172
65
107
11
3
66
27

129
” 40
89
15
9
58
2

90
27
63
10
15
32
6

45
23
22
8
4
9
-

67
37
30
24
3
2

14
9
5
2
3
-

3
1
2
2

8
8
-

_
-

_
-

3
3
3
-

_
-

_
"

2084
295
1789
92
103
121
1400
73

1644
210
1434
114
166
60
896
198

919
176
743
64
187
57
398
37

504
121
383
46
102
25
181
29

276
108
168
50
32
2
44
40

93
30
63
43
3
1
8
8

62
47
15
7
3
1
4
-

20
11
9
8
1
-

21
2Q
1
1
-

7
6
1
l
-

2
2
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

145
102
43
35

198
139
59
25
28

302
135
167
106
59

245
69
176
131
35

314
158
156
115
41

155
34
121
105
16

121
94
27
24
3

53
39
14
12
2

24
12
12
12
-

10
5
5
5

1
1

3
3
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

114
4
no
3
102

26

"

-

-

-

!
J
_______

_
-

____

L

-

-

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r i l 1 961)
Avebage
S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
t
Weekly
Weekly
4 0 . 0 0 4 5 . 0 0 5 0 . 0 0 5 5 . 0 0 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 00 7 0 . 00 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0
hours 1 earnings1 a n d
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r
and
4 5 . 0 0 5 0 . 0 0 5 5 . 0 0 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0
over

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d
_

24
12
12

129
46
83
26
42
7
8

224
115
109
4
20
61
10
14

295
120
175
4
32
54
18
67

329
106
223
6
30
48
68
71

288
130
158
9
9
33
53
54

225
81
144
2
22
8
62
50

_ 293
70
223
11
75
21
60
56

266
97
169
47
49
14
8
51

1 63
68
95
12
39
2
36
6

53
18
35
19
12
_
4

24
1
23
2
12
_

-

-

253
17
236
7
42
141
44
2

299
27
272
15
14
185
38
20

498
80
418
23
94
191
103
7

511
92
419
43
47
162
103
64

565
1 37
428
51
1 33
130
89
25

544
130
414
48
147
87
72
60

333
150
1 83
16
69
47
38
13

280
117
163
36
23
36
57
11

133
52
81
47
9
8
-

58
23
35
11
6
18
-

34
7
27
_

23
13
10
1
_

-

20
7
-

9
-

17

73
22
51
8
15
24
4
-

-

26

5

_

1

_

-

-

922
206
716
102
153
95
343
23

5 47
134
413
96
66
52
187
12

384
104
280
77
56
22
110
15

202
61
141
75
34
20
12

106
32
74
41
9
-

65
15
50
16
26
_

24

8

45
12
33
33
-

-

-

_

_

-

3790
r2 6 5
2525
263
724
159
848
531

51
28
23
10
11
2

55
7
48
-

75
1
74
2
53
19
-

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l -----------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _ --------------------- —
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 3 ____________________ _
_
F i n a n c e 4 ------------------------------------------------S e r v i c e s --------------------------------------------------

2. 469
912
1, 557
136
338
321
371
3 91

36. 5
36. 5
36. 0
36. 5
3 6 .0
3 7 .0
3 6 .0
36. 5

$82.
81.
83.
97.
88.
73.
85.
81.

50
50
50
50
50
00
00
50

C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ___________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 __________ ________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e — — _____ ______
R e t a i l t r a d e 3 ________ _____ __ _
_
F i n a n c e 4 ________________ _______________
S e r v i c e s ---------------------------------------------------

3. 702
874
2, 828
306
601
1, 1 2 8
574
219

36. 5
36. 5
36. 5
3 6 .0
3 7 .0
36. 5
3 5 .0
36. 5

77.
82.
75.
82.
77.
72.
74.
78.

00
50
00
50
00
00
00
00

-

_

10

31

32

19

15

23

523
64
459
83
14
58
288
16

1040
129
911
276
8
80
525
22

1108
212
896
171
95
99
451
80

969
181
788
134
113
61
462
18

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( M i m e o g r a p h o r D it t o ) ______________

-

1
1
1
-

-

-

_

13
6
7
_
7
-

162

_
_

35. 5

6 8 . 50

_

7 1 .0 0
7 3 . 50
' 7 0 . 50
7 3 . 50
7 4 . 50
6 8 . 00
6 9 .0 0
7 0 . 50

3
3
1
2

54
35
19
15
4
-

230
36
194
71
44
75
4

-

_

_

3
3
-

_
-

_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_
-

3587
1167
2420
355
594
99
786
586

2220
947
1273
222
262
67
360
362

1813
664
1149
93
439
92
286
239

1304
422
882
167
167
36
309
203

1077
461
616
129
128
41
159
159

842
348
494
117
84
18
126
149

402
265
137
46
9
4
48
30

366
229
137
15
21
16
75
10

53
27
26
3
7
2
-

49
32
17
2
1
1
-

3
-

1
_

3
2
1
-

4
4
_
-

1
_

_
_
_
_
_

14

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

27
-

7
2
2

8
-

6
-

_

3
-

_

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

"

"

-

-

87
22
■65
53

26
1
25
4
21

2
2
-

6
6
-

2
2
-

S e c r e t a r i e s _____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _
_ — ____ ___ _
_
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 3 _________________________
F i n a n c e 4 _______________________________
S e r v i c e s ----------------------------------------------------

3 6 ,7 2 2
11, 215
2 5 , 5 07
2, 83 4
5, 181
1, 2 1 5
8, 633
7, 644

36. 0
35. 5
3 6 .0
36. 5
36. 0
3 7 .0
3 6 .0
3 6 .0

95.
99.
93.
99.
95.
93.
92.
90.

00
50
00
50
50
50
00
50

_
-

-

1
1
1
-

23
3
20
_

-

-

-

231
231
7
25
9
86
104

785
148
637
67
14
36
237
283

1531
464
1067
77
63
40
422
465

3498
966
2532
201
247
101
1041
942

4461
1048
3413
359
552
1 43
1155
1204

5045
1235
3810
320
836
1 73
1381
1100

4912
1118
3794
282
987
169
1172
1184

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

90
_

-

1776
653
1123
181
256
31
527
128

156 1
571
990
1 43
498
11
287
51

1300
574
726
357
152
7
92
118

461
250
211
60
73
17
48
13

320
165
155
57
74
2
20
2

182
119
63
11
47
3
1
1

63
27
15
10

62
33
10
23

122
64
30
9

__ 7 9
33
9
4

61
20
7
12

57
29
23
3

S te n o g r a p h e r s , te c h n ic a l
___
__ _
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _ __ _____
____
F i n a n c e 4 ___ ____________ __________

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b le ,




639
325“
135
120

36.
36.
37.
36.

91.
86.
89.
81.

50
50
00
50

0
0
0
0

12
481
12

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
8

20
16
10
6

62
54
16
25

52
40
13
20

1
_
_

_

-

121
24
97
80

2
88
-

2
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

-

_

352
25
327
34
273

-

1
_

_

805
51
754
170
537

2539
787
1752
155
361
133
964
139

1
_

_

779
63
716
72
522

2308
387
1921
149
259
126
1177
210

2
_

_

93
6
87
18
3

1719
302
1417
1 03
90
152
1034
38

_

_

40
40
-

90
_

-

6
_

1
_

00
00
50
00
50

50
50
50
00
00
50
50
00

-

-

57.
60.
56.
56.
57.

76.
81.
74.
82.
80.
71.
70.
77.

-

-

3 6 .0
35. 5
36. 0
36. 0
3 6 .0

36. 0
35. 5
36. 0
37. 0
36. 0
36. 5
3 6 .0
35. 5

1

-

2
-

2. 313
202
2 , 111
298
1 ,4 8 9

15. 4 8 4
4, 605
10, 879
1 ,4 7 6
2, 206
6 51
5 ,4 7 8
1, 0 6 8

1

-

3
_

1
1
_
_
_
_

-

O f f i c e g i r l s ___ ______ _______________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ ______________
_____
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _ __ ___ _________
F i n a n c e 4 ________________________________

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ ____ ___________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________ _
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e __ _______ ________
R e t a i l t r a d e 3 ______ ___________________
F i n a n c e 4 _______________________________
S e r v i c e s ------------ —
____ ________

2

3
2
1
_
_
_

6
-

36. 5
36. 0
36. 5
37. 5
37. 0
37. 0
3 6 .0
36. 0

2575
726
1849
224
388
149
759
329

1

_
_
_
_
_
_

8
4
4
_

-

201
224
977
104
645
527
2, 4 9 7
204

542
8
534
29
_

6
_

10
6
4
2
_
_

1
_
_
1
_

6.
1,
4,
1,

4
12
4

15
8
7
_

_
_
_
_
_
-

K e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s _________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ________ _____ ___
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 3 _________________________
F i n a n c e 4 ------ ---------------------------------------S e r v i c e s ---------------------------------------------------

1

9

36
4
32
18
3
3
8

6
_
_

-

1
_

_
_
2 71
” I7>2'
109
46
3
_
49
11
1
_
1
_
1
_

_
_
563
'30"3'
260
68
26
7
81
78
_
_
_
-

9

Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r i l 1961)
Average
Number

Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of

workers

NU M B ER OF W O RK ERS RE CE IVIN G ST R A IG H T-TIM E W EEKLY E A RN ING S OF

$

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly
4 0 . 00
earnings1
and
(Standard) u n d e r

4 5 . 00

5 0 . 00

$
5 5 . 00

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

S
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
%
$
7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 f 3 5 .0 0 f 4 0 .0 0 f 4 5 . 0 0
and

5 0 . 00 5 5 . 00

60. 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00 8 0 . 00

87
4
83
17
3
39
24

1087
110
977
41
1 10
77
319
430

886
161
725
98
111
46
272
1 98

1039
ZoT
833
1 65
163
63
287
155

807
109
698
106
149
25
307
111

531
TOT
423
72
1 36
8
171
36

366
109
257
101
31
8
79
38

203
54
1 49
70
2
2
49
26

82
2b
56
22
3
2
27
2

26
13
13
1
5
4
3

15
13
2
2
_
_
_

-

824
53
771
12
19
93
241
406

-

-

217
59
158
41
49
62

300
114
186
60
22
84

499
265
234
85
52
70

417
124
293
143
42
65

348
123
225
1 45
12
47

153
64
89
61
8

115
50
65
42
14

74
22
52
10
-

41
23
18
3
15

_
-

15
1
14
-

31

-

"

-

4 5 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 .0 0

9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0

over

W o m e n — C o n t in u e d
$ 7 5 .5 0
" 6 0 . 5o
7 4 . 5 O'
8 1 .5 0
7 8 . 00
6 8 . 00
7 4 . 00
7 0 . 50

_
_
_
_

4
4
_

192
1 92
10
_

4
_

"

-

24
132
26

0
5
0
0
5
5

7 5 . 00
7 5 . 50
7 5 . 00
7 7 . 00
7 1 .5 0
7 3 . 00

_
_
_

_
-

15
15
5
-

-

-

10

88
27
61
21
31

114

36. 0

1 0 0 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

8

6

16

21

11

20

976

36. 0
36. 0

8 2 . 50
8 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

599

-

-

26
26

83
83

1 66
163

166
166

273
273

108
79

43
19

20
20 .
!

18
14

34
32

388
340

36. 5
36. 5

7 2 . 50
7 2 . 50

-

-

17
14

30
22

112
106

80
59

87
86

16
14

28
23

2
2

13
13

3
1

-

-

-

~

-

37
37
_
37

164
16
148
2
122

286
32
254
75
1 37

336
73
263
72
1 76

505
53
452
193
1 97

433
69
364
170
n o

274
67
207
112
80

151
63
88
22
49

75
38
37
12
22

40
20
20
5
14

16
6
10
_
5

16
4
12
7
4

3
3
_
3

6
4
2
_
2

1
1
_

114
2
112
1
102
9

691
18
673
99
_
4
537
33

1257
118
1139
92
50
40
838
119

1806
200
1606
106
158
45
1093
204

1475
2 l6
1259
75
89
41
8 61
193

1343
2 91
1052
83
150
34
490
295

785
277
508
39
76
10
210
173

503
103
400
28
1 28
3
108
133

218
79
1 39
11
35
1
29
63

118
32
86
39
9
6
12
20

60
28
32
8
7
1
2
14

156
27
129
87
15
_

29
15
14
-

3
24

9
_
1
4

17
9
8
6
_
2

891
1 45
746
1
29
53
573
90

3042
264
2778
68
43
187
2236
244

3382
433
2949
189
279
166
1894
421

2397
428
1974
96
285
56
1208
329

1637
278
1359
65
263
81
737
213

542
166
376
55
91
6
170

237
r w
1 29
28
42

90
43
47
8
_
3
26
10

40
24
16
12
_
3
1

10
9
1
1
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s _____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ______ _______________
W h o le sa le tra d e
_____________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 3 _________________________
F i n a n c e 4 ______________________________
S e r v ic e s

6, 1 6 0
974
5, 1 86
717
732
395
1, 9 1 4
1, 4 2 8

37. 0
36. 0
37. 0
37. 5
36. 5
37. 5
3 6 .0
38. 0

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n is t s
___
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
W h o le sa le tra d e
_
_ _
F i n a n c e 4 _______________________________
_______________________________
S e r v ic e s

2, 292
~ lF fc
1, 4 2 0
595
213
432

37.
U .
37.
37.
36.
36.

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e
c la s s A _
__ __

op era tors,
...... _

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B _______________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s C
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
_____
_
__
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________

-

-

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
g e n e r a l _______ _____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
W h o le sa le tra d e
_____________________
F i n a n c e 4 ______________________________

2, 3 4 9
445"
1, 9 0 3
670
964

36.
i5 .
36.
36.
36.

0
5
0
0
0

7 3 .5 0
7 8 . 50
7 2 . 00
7 3 . 50
7 1 .0 0

_
_

_

-

-

T y p is t s , c la s s A
____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________
W h o le sa le tra d e
__________________ _
R e t a i l t r a d e 3 _________________________
F in a n c e 4
______________________________
S e r v ic e s
_______________________________

8, 5 9 0
1, 4 2 7
7, 1 6 3
667
738
186
4, 288
1, 2 8 4

36. 0
3 5 .5
36. 0
36. 5
36. 0
36. 5
36. 0
36. 0

7 2 . 50
7 8 . 50
7 1 .5 0
7 6 . 50
7 8 . 00
7 0 . 00
6 8 . 00
7 6 . 00

_
_
_
-

-

36.
36.
36.
37.
36.
36.
36.
37.

6 4 . 50
6 8 . 00
6 4 . 00
6 9 .5 0
6 9 . 00
6 1 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

24
24
_
_
_

177
9
168
2
31
135

T y p is t s , c la s s B
____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________
W h o le sa le tra d e
_ _
R e t a i l t r a d e 3 _________________________
F in a n c e 4
______________________________
S e r v ic e s
_______________________________

13 , 4 5 9
2, 171
11, 2 8 8
6 11
1, 1 77
608
7, 3 5 0
1, 5 4 2

0
0
0
0
0
5
0
0

24

_
_
_
_

989
ZUT
720
88
143
19
314
156

54

2
32
25

"

i

-------------

1
2
3
4

—

S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
E x clu d e s lim it e d -p r ic e v a r ie ty s t o r e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .




_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

2
2
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_
-

_
_

_
_
_

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

10

2

-

_

-

_

24
ll

1

.
_
_
_
_
_

8

,

3

_
_
_
_

2

12
12

-

-

-

“

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

9
6
3
_
_
_

-

8
2
6
_
6
_
_
-

1
1
_
1
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

2
2
2

2
2
2

2
2
_
_

2
2
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_
-

2
_
2
_
2

2
2-----_
_
_
_
_

4
4
_
_
_
_
_

-

_
_
_
_
_
_

'

-

-

_

_

_

-

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

10
Table A -la. O ffice O ccup atio n s—C en tral O ffice s
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area .basis
in central offices, New York, N. Y. , April 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage
Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

$
5 0. 00

50. 00

Sex and occupation

$
4 5 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

and
under

$
5 5 . 0 0 $6 0 . 0 0 $6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0
i

$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0

and
6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 . 00

7 5 .0 0

80. 00

8 5. 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0

i s o .n o

over

Men
Clerks, accounting, class A ----------------Clerks, accounting, class B ----------------Office boys ---- ----------------- -----------------Tabulating-machine operators,
class A ------------------ ---------------------------------------------Tabulating-machine operators,
class B — — -------------------- ----------------------------------Tabulating-machine operators,
class C ---------------------------------------------------------------------

508
197
870
99

_

.

_

-

-

4

35. 0

$ 1 0 2 .0 0

35. 5
35. 5

8 0 .0 0
5 9 .0 0

94

219

1 0 4 .0 0

-

-

3 6 .0

1
23

2
15

257

141

60

-

-

-

253

35. 5

8 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

2

137

35. 5

7 1 .0 0

12

3

16

12

40

37

37

1

11

18

9

9

21

29

26
26

-

-

9

12

9

19

27

39

33

55

20

35

5

14

14

6

97
13
4

52

61
5

2
67

7
4

50
2

20
5

27
13

19
1

37
3

7

7

16

8

12

5

10

1

2

1
5

14
"

‘

9
-

13
1

7

4

12

-

-

-

4

2

1

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

"

'

'

-

-

-

1
'

"

3
23
13

'

12
2

Women
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B __ — ----------------- — ------------Clerks, accounting, class A — - -------Clerks, accounting, class B ----------------Clerks, file, class A ----------------------------------------Clerks, file, class B ----------------------------Clerks, payroll — -------------------------------Comptometer operators -----------------------Keypunch operators -------------------------------Office girls
Secretaries ------------------------------------------------------ —
Stenographers, general -----------------------------------Switchboard operators ________________________
Transcribing-machine operators,
general ------------- --------------------------------Typists, class A ------------------------------------Typists, class B --- ---------------------------------

138

3 5 .0

8 2 .0 0

349
448
323
693
151
804
838

35. 5
3 5 .0

9 3 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
6 6 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

179
5, 721
3, 114
393

35. 5
36. 0
3 6 .0
35. 5
36. 0
35. 0
35. 5
35. 5
35. 5

5 6 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

294
743
955

35. 0
35. 5
35. 5

8 0 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
6 7 .0 0

-

-

3

3

-

-

11

91

-

1?
1

10
11
41

11
13
74

28
12

40
12
6
56
55

28
20

27
6

9
27
18

19
24
15

-

-

66

517
316
23

643
207
30

531
146
14

31
40
24

30
47
17

18
25
12

157

89

-

-

-

155
395
63

278
526

77

446
334
43

48
3
495
356

40
182
84

60
134
32

338

-

-

8

19

11
305
45

-

3

29

173

19
38
312

50

8

94
186

119
98

-

5
25
15

47
32
14
102

11

-

10
53
31

32
14
15
112

-

9
-

28
51
18
76
118
8

41
45
48

42
72
-

-

10
52
54

6
27
4
-

-

39
16
172
4
87
83

32
69
25
78
17
121
143

3
23
4
114
1
64
41
83
-

43
90
18
92

39

4

-

16
9
1

6
5

-

7

9
7

-

-

-

-

2
8

1
12

8
-

6
-

377
31

386

-

516
120

342
25

2

3

-

-

19
2
7
17
2

7

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

165

-

77
-

200

-

190
-

116

-

276
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

6

7

-

-

1

23

22

10

9

-

9

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.




4

Central (or district administrative) offices are establishments primarily engaged in general administrative, supervisory, purchasing,
accounting, and other management functions performed centrally for the other establishments of the same company.
They are classified on the
basis of the most appropriate major industry group representing the primary activity of the establishments served.
The majority of central offices were classified in manufacturing; the remainder were in retail trade, public utilities, and wholesale trade.
' They are appropriately represented in the estimates for these major groups and for all industries and nonmanufacturing in the Series A tables.

-

11
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r il 19 6 1 )
Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weeklyj
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Weekly j U n d e r
earnings
(Standard) $
6 5 . 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 00 9 0 . 0 0
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 1 6 5 .0 0
and
and
under
7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 1 6 5 .0 0 o v e r

M en

$ 1 6 8 .5 0
1 7 0 .5 0
1 6 7 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

-

"

-

"

5
5
5
5
0
0

1 2 9 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0

_
-

-

*
-

4
4
-

-

26
20
6
4
2

62
32
30
7
-

-

6
4
2
1
1

38.
37.
38.
35.
39.

5
5
5
5
5

8 8 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

12
4
8
6

43
10
33
1
20

37.
37.
36.
37.
38.
36.

0
5
5
0
0
0

1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
9 7 .0 0

3 9 .0
39. 0
39. 0

D r a f t s m e n , l e a d e r __________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________ ____________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________

473
205
268

D r a f t s m e n , s e n i o r __________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 4 _____________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 5 __________________________
S e r v i c e s ________________________________

3 ,0 4 8
1 ,0 0 1
2 ,0 4 7
79
88
1 ,7 7 2

38.
37.
39.
36.
37.
40.

D r a f t s m e n , j u n i o r ___________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________ ,__________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________ ____
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 4 _____________________
S e r v i c e s ________________________________

1 ,6 3 5
520
1 ,1 1 5
154
850

565
215
350
87
64
1 28

_

_

-

-

"

15
15

-

126
53
73
9
2
62

291
110
181
6
9
166

_
-

-

3
3

-

28
28

30
29
1

2
2

23
7
16

33
20
13

38
31
7

55
23
32

246
*95
3 1 51

273
83
190
3
6
166

259
60
199
4
1
169

283
135
148
4
10
1 27

300
96
204
13
14
176

198
67
131
8
4
112

181
49
132
10
7
115

198
84
1 14
7
1 00

214
36
178
3
168

152
6
146
3
137

134
14
120
3
7
98

104
60
44
1
6 13
24

_
-

3
1
2
1

.
-

1
1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

"

"

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

2
2

4
4
-

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

"

1
1
1

9

236
88
148
6
2
139

116
37
79
3
58

216
n o
106
39
61

192
24
1 68
42
116

238
83
155
15
126

384
132
252
20
199

198
57
141
13
123

132
23
109
8
98

24
5
19
2
16

25
14
11
2
9.

19
6
13
3
6

20
13
7
2
4

10
10
1
8

2
1
1
1

2

17

60
15
45
18
13

66
23
43
6
15

69
14
55

2

3

2

5

1

2
-

10

20

50
17
33
3
7
17

15
8
7

15

79
29
50
27
3
10

14
9

9

1 06
44
62
8
6
20

34
28
6

1

39
13
26
6
5

-

I

W om en

N u r s e s , i n d u s t r i a l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) ---------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 4 _____________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 5 __________________________
F i n a n c e 7 _______________________________

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

_

_

-

-

-

2

2
2

15

-

5

S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e t h e ir
W ork ers
w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o ll o w s : 4 8 at $ 165 to $ 185;
25 a t $ 185 t o
W ork ers
w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o ll o w s : 93 at $ 165 to $ 185;
29 a t $ 1 85 t o
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
E x c lu d e s lim it e d -p r ic e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 2 a t $ 1 6 5 t o $ 1 7 5 ; 7 a t $ 1 7 5 t o $ 1 8 5 ; 3 at $
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .

NOTE:

S ee n ote on p.




5, r e la t iv e to th e in c lu s io n o f r a il r o a d s .

5

12
21

1

5

2
-

5

1
1

r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
$ 2 0 5 ; 6 a t $ 2 0 5 t o $ 2 2 5 ; 1 a t $ 2 2 5 t o $ 2 4 5 ; 15 a t $ 2 4 5 t o $ 2 6 5 .
$ 2 0 5 ; 6 a t $ 2 0 5 t o $ 2 2 5 ; 22 a t $ 2 2 5 t o $ 2 4 5 ; 1 a t $ 2 4 5 t o $ 2 6 5 .

1 85 t o $ 1 9 5 ; 1 at $ 195 t o $ 2 0 5 .

-

12
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , N ew Y o r k , N. Y . , A p r i l 1961)
NUM BER OF W ORKERS RECEIVING ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY EARN INGS OF—

O c c u p a t io n an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number

of

under
2. 0 0

1. 9 0

C a r p e n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ----------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______ ___________ —
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 3 ---------------------------------------------F i n a n c e 4 ____________________________________
S e r v i c e s ________________________________

970
316
654
123
1 98
148
175

$ 2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

77
86
73
85
98
79
30

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e
_________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 3 __________________________
F i n a n c e 4 ____________________________________
S e r v i c e s ________________________________

1 ,4 8 0
823
657
165
107
218
167

2 .9 2
3. 03
2. 7 8
2 .8 2
3 . 01
2. 8 9
2 .4 4

E n g in e e r s , s ta t io n a r y
_____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 3 ______________________________
F i n a n c e 4 ____ __________________________
S e r v i c e s _______________ _______________

1 ,6 3 1
687
944
1 76
111
402
218

3.
3.
2.
2.
3.
2.
2.

F ir e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o il e r
______________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _________ __________

779
375
404
62

H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e
__________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------ ----------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________ __________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________
S e r v ic e s
______________________ ______

1 ,1 3 2
430
702
448
94

M a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r s ,
to o lr o o m
____________________ ______________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------ __ ___

152
152

2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

$
2. 6 0

2. 10

2. 20

2. 3 0

2 .4 0

2 . 50

2. 60

82
26
56
-

62
17
45
3

62
20
42
9
4
6
23

-

-

-

-

-

19

31
2
29

-

-

1

-

-

18

1
1
27

6

8

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

6

8
2

-

-

“

1
5

.

-

-

3
3

-

4
52

7
35

114
15
99
3
4
6
86

62
37
25
5
2
2
16

47
41
6
1

64

41

-

2
3

s
2. 7 0

$
2. 8 0

$
2. 90

$
3 . 00

2. 7 0

2. 8 0

2. 9 0

3. 00

72
31
41
15
1
15
10

38
12
26
12
6
5
3

56
20
36
3
9
24

1 02
17
85

"

193
63
130
54
41
34
1

117
55
62
19
5
27
11

56
34
22
9
1
5
7

115
67
48
37
1
4
6

293
187
106
54
20
31
1

1 54
56
98

122
85
37
5
5
10
17

41
3
38
4
4
6
24

172
63
109
76
8
8
17

101
22
79

-

41
44
~

-

13
67
18

s

S

$
$
3 . 30 3 . 4 0

3 . 10

3. 20

3. 10

3. 20

3. 30

3 .4 0

96
35
61
9
35
4
3

63
9
54
8
45
1

44
26
18
2
10
3
3

3

1 14
44
70
8
23
30
9

114
57
57

273
51
222
2
8
185
23

-

“

-

-

3
“

18
14
4

1 11
17
94
9
26
13
25

107
34
73
32
31
5

89
38
51
23
13
11
4

.

42
42

.
-

-

"

-

4

.

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

6

-

-

-

41
2

2

~

~

“

4
2

64
2
7
13
42

7
32

67
4
63
27
1
24
11

2. 59
2 .8 6
2 . 34
2 .4 9

66
12
5 54

15
6
9

8

30
27
3

45
17
28
8

72
45
27
22

58
58
-

13
10
3

~

137
15
1 22
5

23
10
13

"

63
22
41
20

46
26
20

“

97
21
76
4

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

1 36
6 89
47
1
7 35

28
5
23
16
5

41
14
27
21

192
106
86
41
41

129
57
72
62
3

433
30
403
292
5

42
15
27
14
1

27
21
6
1
1

40
34
6

2
1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

34
34

-

28
24
4
3

-

-

7
7

7
7

36
36

8
8

21
21

28
28

4
4

20
20

27
27

23
18

135
1 27
8

112
109
3

99
96
3

115
115

5

76
75
1

53
48

"

119
100
19

5

“

2

39
36

69
4
65
55

693
24
669
667

465
14
451
354

588
62
526
1 99

262
2 21
41
26

67
4
63
43

87
32
55
46

70
17
53
52

49

S
3. 8 0

S

3. 90

$
4 . 00

$
%
$
4 . 10 4 . 20 4 . 30

4 . 20

52
52
-

3. 6 0

3. 70

3 . 80

3. 90

4 . 00

4 . 10

18
18

3
3

8

2
2

-

-

8
8

-

-

12
11
1

4
4

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

“

-

-

37
35
2
2

9
9

15
8
7

3
3

.

_
-

80
80

_

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

82
81
1

_

1
-

4
4

_

-

-

47
47

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

64
64

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

4 . 30

4 .4 0

-

21
21

25
24
1

s
$
$
3. 50 3 . 60 3 . 7 0

“

-

64
27
37
25
7
3
2

20
37

3 . 50

3

-

32
29
33
37
08

2. 67
2. 6 7 .

1 ,2 5 9
1 ,2 0 2
57

3. 08
3. 09
2. 9 3

M e c h a n ic s , a u t o m o t iv e
( m a i n t e n a n c e ) _______________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________ _
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________

2 ,7 1 0
535
2 , 175
1 ,5 7 2

2.
2.
2.
2.




$
2. 10

S

-

12
37
94
98
10
97
74

M a c h i n i s t s , m a in t e n a n c e
_________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le,

2. 00

19

$
Average
hourly , U n d e r 1. 90
and
earnings1 $

75
94
70
71

-

8
3

_

6

-

-

"

“

_

_

-

-

10
10

30
30

"

"

"

"

56
54
2

25

58
17
41
8

2
2

_

-

21

-

-

-

21

25

-

3

3

-

-

1
69
9

-

52
28
24
18
2
2

67
64
3

.

.

_

-

-

-

.

.

.

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

96
96

25
25

49
49

20
20

159
159

_
-

"

“

"

~

20
10
10

“

“

“

"

“

89

4
4

67
58
9
9

5
5
-

2
2

33
33
-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

1 31
111
20
-

13
7

-

-

-

49

13
13

89
89

6

-

-

1
2

51
35
16
8
1
2

-

-

1

-

-

.
-

_
-

-

_

_

2

-

~

-

13
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N ew Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r i l 1961)
N UM BER OF WORKERS RE CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY E A RN ING S OF—

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e _______________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________

M illw r ig h t s

O ile r s

__________________________________

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly ,
earnings

1, 6 0 8
i , 175
433

177
--------T F T —

_________________________________________

366

X /s n n fa r t ii r i n g

274

N n n m a n n fa .r t ii r i n g

92

1

$ 2 .8 9
2. 90

10
lo

2. 89

“

2 . 42
2 . "4 4 "
2 . 33

R e t a i l t r a d e 3 ________________________
F in a n c e 4
_____________________________
S e r v ic e s
______________________________

78
280
501

P i p e f i t t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e
________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________ ___________

230
196

2 . 76
2. 74

P l u m b e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e __________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________ ___
F in a n c e 4
_____________ _________
S e r v ic e s
______________________________

373
56
317
146
106

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

N n n m a n u fa r h i r in g

, 188
185

1, 0 0 3
144

P n h lir u t il it ie s ^

S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e -----M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
______________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________

$

24
-

24

2 . 10

%
2 . 20

2. 20

47
47

$

24
10
14

15
15

27
2
25

26
4

_
_

_
-

_

25

2
2

_

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

2 . 50

2 . 60

2. 70

2. 80

2. 90

3. 00

3 . 10

3. 20

3 . 30

3. 40

3. 50

3. 60

3 . 70

3. 80

3. 90

4 . 00

4.10

4 . 20

4 . 30

2 . 30

2. 40

2. 50

2 . 60

2. 70

2 . 80

2 . 90

3. 00

3 . 10

3 . 20

3. 30

3. 40

3. 50

3 . 60

3. 70

3. 80

3. 90

4 . 00

4.10

4 . 20

4 . 30

4 . 40

69
54
15

45
32
13

112
56
56

73
43
30

2 11
195
16

88
74
14

262
252
10

78
33
45

116
88
28

54
32
22

63
21
42

10

76
56
20

93
19
74

7
7

-

146
146

-

-

_

-

_

6
r

3

3
3

15
15

22
22

18
14

50
48

11
1

11
7

.

_

.

.

75
4
71

17
5

57
57

-

-

-

58

-

4

~

4

-

11 12 11
10 12
9

43
31

28
23

16
16

77
12
65
22

36
1
35
34

59
7
52
48

8
8
2

3

$

$

-

10

$

$

$

23
15
23 — I T

38
1$
20

29
26
3

95
51
44

10
1

16
13
3

47
36
11

11
11

15
15

49
4
45

257
8
249

196
7
189

140

53

50
14
36

3

3

69
168

3
184

95
24

5

16
7

79
2l
58
44
7
4
3

28
18

27
27

13
13
1
9

56
13
43
33
10

21
17
4
-

14
2
12
3
6

9
9

5
4

9
3

7
2

10
9

17
7

12
12

"

4
4

10
10

34
34

25
24

122
122

108
l 08

114
114

306
274

148
148

5
-

2 10
2

"

$

14

2

52
81
47
80
84
55
27

70
78
68
88
30

14

$

2 .4 0

—

51
^49

$

2 . 30

-

2. 84
o r

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n c e
___________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________

$

[J n d er 1 . 9 0 2 . 00
and
$
under
L. 9 0
2 . 00 2 . 10

27
27

_

_

1

_

_

1
_

-

-

-

_
3
42

_

5
5
5

11
1
1
0
1
0

69
69
2
67

9

11
129
1 1
1 9
1
“

11
1
10
1
9

74
51

2 . 83
2 . 85

.

.

.

.

.

_

'

"

~

“

"

■

1, 1 1 2
1, 079

3 . 12
3 . 12

.

.

.

.

.

6
6

.

32

2
1
11
2

10

10
1
36

65
30
4
23
8

12
1 6 2
2
12 2 31

_

40
40

15
14

1

.
-

1

1
1

-

„

11

-

11

-

-

.

.

.

"

13
13

.

■

7
7
7

12
12

“

-

-

2
2

.

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

1

2

.

.

~

'

"

1

_

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

E x c l u d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o li d a y s , a n d la te s h ift s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
E x clu d e s lim it e d -p r ic e v a r ie ty s t o r e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
W ork ers
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 1 a t $ 1 .3 .0 t o $ 1 . 4 0 ; 1 a t $ 1 . 6 0 t o $ 1 . 7 0 ; 3 0 a t $ 1 . 7 0 t o $ 1 . 8 0 ; 2 2 a t $ 1 . 8 0
W ork ers
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 8 a t $ 1. 30 t o $ 1 . 4 0 ; 19 a t $ 1 . 4 0 t o $ 1 . 5 0 ; 15 a t $ 1 . 5 0 t o $ 1 . 6 0 ; 1 a t $ 1 . 6 0
W ork ers
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 13 a t $ 1 . 7 0 t o $ 1 . 8 0 ; 2 2 a t $ 1. 8 0 t o $ 1. 9 0 .
W ork ers
w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 17 a t $ 1 . 4 0 t o $ 1 . 5 0 ; 2 2 a t $ 1 . 7 0 t o $ 1 . 8 0 ; 10 a t $ 1 . 8 0 t o $ 1 . 9 0 .

NOTE;

S ee n o te on p . 5 ,




r e la t iv e t o th e in c l u s i o n o f r a il r o a d s .

.

.

-

-

1
1

103
103

94
94

9
9

12
12

15
15

_

6

6

—

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

“

to $ 1 .9 0 .
t o $ 1 . 7 0 ; 2 0 a t $ 1 . 7 0 t o $ 1. 8 0 ; 2 6 a t $ 1 . 8 0 t o $ 1 . 9 0 .

_

1----------

.

.

_

14

Table A -4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , N e w v 0 r k , N . Y . , A p r i l 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly ,
earnings

*1 . 0 0 *1 . 1 0
and
under
1 . 10

E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(m e n )
-- --------- — _
------ —
—
-----------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---- --------------------------------

5 .0 9 6
285
4 ,8 1 1
1 *57
336
3, 387
864

$ 1 .9 1
2 . 12
1 .8 9
2 27
1. 66
1 .9 7
1 .6 1

10
10
-

772
767
68
439

1 .7 5
1 .7 5
1. 52
1 .7 2

R e t a i l t r a d e 4 _________________________
F in a n c e 5
___________ _____________
S e r v ic e s _ _
_
- — __ ___ ________

4 . 556
595
3, 961
231
118
1, 820
1, 7 9 0

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
(m e n ) _
_
_
__
___ __ __ ____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________ _____ _ ______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
■P u b lic u t i l i t i e s ®
W h o le sa le tra d e
R e t a i l t r a d e 4 _________________________
_
F i n a n c e 5 ________ _________ __ „
S e r v i c e s --------------------- ---- ------------

S e r v i c e s ---------------------------------------------------E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(w o m e n ) - ~ _ —
„
-----------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------- ------ ----------

G u ard s
— ___ _____
M a n u fa c tu r in g —
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
PitVili/* n t ilit iA C ^

____________ ______
—
- —
-----------„
__ ___

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
( w o m e n ) ------------------------------------ ------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________ __ ___
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------R e ta il tr a r tp *
. .
F i n a n c e 5 ----------------------------------------- —
S e r v i c e s ________________________________

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g
M a n u fa c tu r in g —
—
—
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g —
P u b lic u tilit ie s 5
W h o le sa le tra d e
—
R e t a i l t -r a r ie *

_

-

_________
-----------_________
---------------

O rd er fille r s
— __
— ---------- — —
M a n u fa c tu r in g _
_ _
_ _______________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------W h o le s a le tr a d e
— -------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 4 __________ _________ _

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t e n d o f ta b le ,




1.20

12
12

$
$
$
1 . 2 0 1. 30 1 . 4 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1. 50 * 1 .6 0 * 1 .7 0 *1 . 8 0 1 . 9 0 $2 . 0 0 $2 . 1 0 *2 . 2 0 2 . 3 0 2 . 4 0 2 . 50 2 . 60 2 . 7 0 2 . 8 0 2 . 9 0

$
$
$
$
3 . 0 0 3 . 10 *3. 2 0 3 . 3 0 3 . 4 0 $3 . 50
and

1 .3 0

59
2
57

1 . 80

1.90

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1. 60

74
74

154
9
145

57
2
55

1512
4
1508

50
8
42

95
23
72
1

56
873
569

14
5
13

34
21
6

1 .7 0

2.00

2 . 10

124
11
1 13
8
12
61
32

1496
5
1491
5
37
1402
47

2 . 20

2. 3 0

2 .4 0

1223
105
1118
69
28
975
18

91
42
49
12

32
14
18
5

36
1

8
8

1
1

2 .6 0

2. 70

2 . 80

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 . 10

3. 20

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

over

17
17

3
3

7
7

_
_

_
_

2
2

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

8
_
8

5
4
1

3
2
1

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

13

79
79

2 . 50

78
21
57
57

12

5

24

70

44

"

52

50

75

1

8
8
8

6
6
6

5
5
5

8
8
8

5
5
5

16
16
9

398
398
4
328

11
11
7
4

92
90
5

75
72
4
43

52
52
7
18

43

2

-

1

1 .8 4
2 . 11
1 .8 0
2. 34
l ! 67
2 . 10
1 .4 4

41
21
20

516
516

350
350

175
175

358
358

65
8
-57

141
51
90

129
4
125

254
55
199
3

318
33
285
2

36
1
35
26

80
80
AQ
77

77
50
27

19
7
12
l

9
_

10
_

22
-

13
108
4

6
186
4

1
2 61
21

233
32

31

27

11

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

153

12
67
11

9

340

4
13
40

61

507

4 1
2
352

422
104
318
25
11
280

81
19
62
l

_

417
122
295
61
5
225
4

326
49
277
12

4
16

735
65
670
41
21
302
306

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 9 .7 9 9
4, 037
1 5 ,7 6 2
1, 4 8 9
457
1, 9 0 6
4, 694
7, 216

1 .8 1
1 .8 4
1 .8 0
2 . 00
1. 71
1 .4 8
1 .9 2
1. 77

755
79
676

366
111
255

53?
240
299

1396
372
1024
7

956
230
726
97
42
83
251
253

2853
“ 560
2293
136
48
80
1581
448

2973
363
2610
236
34
34
794
1512

892
3^1
531
185
5

436
283
1 53
75
12
7
7
52

27
27

1
1

2
2

30
30

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

271
8
738

3291
213
3078
564
72
148
231
2063

72
49
23
22

20
226
53

968
108
860
42
49
182
326
261

1 33
1 23
10
8

50
200
5

2134
221
1913
35
73
146
1158
501

77
44
33
9

20
240
16
400

1186
330
856
57
30
116
132
521

3
5
16

1
_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 1 .2 9 8
350
1 0 ,9 4 8
258
5, 0 5 0
5, 026

1 . 62
1 .7 4
1 . 62
1 .4 9
1 . 62
1 . 61

12
12
12

50
1
49
29

72
9
63
21
3
39

872
35
837
23
351
462

234
15
219
65
16
123

3284
39
3245
22
1358
1687

5956
88
5868
19
3082
2532

304
49
255
38
2 11
1

256
31
225
14
23
143

71
34
37
12

2
2

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

25

5

1 4 .9 7 3
6 , 020
8 ,9 5 3
3, 928
2, 771
2, 163

2 . 23
2 . 22
2 .2 3
2. 49
2 . 10
1. 94

62
60
2
2

106
104
2
2

305
118
187
-

673
55
618
-

407
236
171
_
52
1 13

306
154
152
1
50
91

749
372
377
1
140
232

966
643
323
2
190
124

425
279
146
6
55
82

_
_
_
_

2
2
_
_
_

_
_
_

187

420
181

34?
201
144
-

5 .5 6 8
1, 5 1 0
4, 058
3, 246
585

2 . 16
1 .9 9
2. 22
2 . 23
2 . 14

51
51

67
66
1
-

93
57
36
-

64
55
9
-

88
52
36

9

32

461
1 33
328
289
39

460
101
359
276
81

234
93
141
109
30

_
_

28

227
79
148
105
41

_
_

1

313
39
274
241
31

_

-

-

712
290
422
16
2
139
16
249

138

-

-

30
168
143

8
8

-

31
4
27

16
14
2

17
17

2
2

_
_

6
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

5

952
293
559
94
412
50

657
437
220
106
70
30

7??
171
562
148
103
302

?2Q ?
622
1583
608
631
340

1 2 6 8 . 1562
520
541
7 4 8 1021
665
524
66
389
12
105

2493
516
1977
1761
101
115

236
1 57
79
22
57

26
26
_
_

114
42
72
12
60

415
141
274
263
11

418
65
353
324
10

139
72
67
65
2

743
301
442
222
38

113

2 81
140
141
27
114

33
33
2
27

20
11
9
9

92
9
83

27
1
26
3

_

55
28
27
26

1086
-

-

1086
1081
4

113
54
59

10
10
_
10

181
181
179
2

-

_

26
26
_

_

_
_

_

471
471
_
_

.

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

13
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , N ew Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r i l 1961)
NUM BER OF W O RK ERS RE CE IVIN G STR AIG H T-TIM E HOURLY EARN INGS OF—

O c c u p a t io n 1 a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly ,
earnings

$1 . 0 0
and
under
1 . 10

*L. 50 $1 . 6 0 * 1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$1 . 9 0 $2 . 0 0 *2 . 10 $2 . 2 0 *2. 3 0 * 2 . 4 0

$
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
2 . 5 0 S2 . 6 0 2 . 7 0 2 . 8 0 2 . 9 0 3 . 00 3 . 10 3 . 2 0 3 . 3 0 3 . 4 0 $3 . 5 0
and
3 .3 0

3 .4 0

-

-

1 .20

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1. 50

1 .60

1 .7 0

1. 80

1 .9 0

2 . 00

2 . 10

2 . 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2 . 50

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 . 80

2. 90

84
84
-

111
73
38
36

127
76
51
9
42

222
168
54
18
36

258
83
175
141
34

561
270
291
207
84

351
182
1 69
132
33

548
279
269
195
59

526
294
232
99
133

751
421
330
241
64

407
94
313
269
43

147
85
62
21
37

249
209
40
18
21

159
50
109
104
4

1 13
74
39
9
18

15
6
9
9

1
1
-

1

-

-

■

1

-

14
14
14

32
32
32

20
20
20

40
16
16

103
1 03
53

32
28
18

78
78
18

30
10
5

26
4
4

22
22
12

34
1
1

3

3

5

-

34
4
30
30

43
4
39
-

44
2
42
-

190
77
113
59
45

126
57
69
35
33

98
24
74
18
49

138
100
38
20
18

117
45
72
50
13

98
49
49
24
16

104
62
42
31
10

31
3
28
4
18

48
48
45
2

86
86
79
4

7
7
6

28
8
20
5
14

56
28
28
26
2

12
7
5
-

6
6
-

-

42
42
-

39

119
21
98
20
46

10
10
-

39

74
74
73

-

-

-

-

-

15
15
15

36
10
26
9
17

50
20
30
20
10

58
17
41
38
3

80
9
71
49
22

1 09
78
31
20
11

130
43
87
84
3

89
52
37
26
7

70
21
49
34
14

101
81
20
20

11
11
5
6

216
44
172
155
17

68
42
26
5
21

24
2
22
21
1

6
6
-

1
1
-

-

19
19
-

-

4
2
2
2

"

73
46
27
26
1

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
-

65
48
17

67
5
62
50

270
41
229
217

121
47
74
58

76
23
53
34

141
1
140
20

75
27
48
33

72
9
63
9

31
9
22
20

11
5
6
5

17
17
-

-

2
2
-

11
11
-

-

-

-

44
30
14
10

16
1
15

-

33
33
20

"

-

-

-

-

-

"

181
148
33

395
88
307
79

580
2 01
379
60
2 61
49

807
243
564
256
220
77

3639
426
3213
1662
1100
1 73
278

2487
270
2217
1773
414
2
28

1401
990
411
182
72
1 53
4

2356
535
1821
1685
120
16

620
51
569

900
542
358

99
99
-

595
18
577

41
39
2

31
31
-

16 7 6
w
r
8

339
230

356
2

_
-

5 71
6

2
-

_
-

8
-

3 . 00

3 . 10

3 . 20

3 . 50

over

1

631
449
182
472
645

$ 1 .8 9
1. 87
1 .9 1
1. 9 4
1. 8 4

-

P a c k e r s , s h ip p i n g ( w o m e n ) ______________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------- -----------------R e t a i l t r a d e 4 --------------------------------------

442
328
1 93

1. 77
1 . 68
1 . 61

-

R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _____________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 4 --------------------------------------

1. 5 3 2
549
983
416
478

2.
2.
2.
2.
1.

17
32
08
35
85

-

-

-

-

21
21
21

S h ip p i n g c l e r k s ----------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e --------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 4 --------------------------------------

1. 1 6 4
493
671
514
152

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

34
37
32
36
17

-

-

-

-

"

"

“

"

4
4
4

S h ip p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s -----------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _____________________

1. 082
284
798
496

2.
2.
2.
2.

27
29
27
20

-

-

-

-

2
2

"

"

"

-

-

20
20
20

383
574
809
732
512
779
708

2.
3.
2.
2.
2!
2.
2.

81
10
66
67
75
63
31

-

-

-

1
1

22
10
12

1
1

40
20
20

27
4
23

60
24
36
10

86
55
31
1

-

-

-

1

12

1

3
17

19

17

3
12

9
1
11

338
112
226
24
40
17
140

940
248
692

2. 30
2 . 19
2. 34

_

-

_

-

_

17

4

58
43
15

83
51
32

55
28
27

224
55
169

32
3
29

1 29
5
124

229
22
207

13
11
2

21
13
8

20
20

_
-

.
-

~

-

2
_
2

_
-

“

1
1
■

-

4

52
16
36

-

17

“

"

2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

-

23
20
3

11
4
7

8
8
-

18
3
15

98
97
1

182
56
126
1

1 02
33
69
28

136
126
10

_
-

443
113
330

_
-

14
14
-

35
35
-

28
28
-

728
®728
-

_

_

5

14

6
4

330

1

36
10

_

3

2760
226
2534
1328
94 1
11

804
758
46

7

253
94
159
1 22
20
11

1867
6
1861
1445
408

3

481
191
290
5
235
49

P a c k e r s , s h i p p i n g ( m e n ) --------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ---------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 4 ________________________

T r u c k d r i v e r s 6 ______________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________
P iiK lir n t il n t io e ^
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _____________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 4 ________________________

T r u c k d r i v e r s , l i g h t (u n d e r
\ l h t o n s ) ________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d i u m ( l 1^ t o a n d
i n c l u d i n g 4 t o n s ) ______________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ - ___________________
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 4 ____________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le,




4.
2,
2,
1,

$
1 . 10 $1 . 2 0 $1 . 3 0 * 1 .4 0

16.
5,
10,
5,
2,

8 . 015
2, 550
5 ,4 6 5
2, 929
1, 9 7 6
1 32

76
14
59
60
63
23

"

“

“

_
-

“

_
-

-

1
1

22
10
12

1
1 !

1

12

1

14
201

-

-

-

"

"

_ |
1

-

_

_

16
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N ew Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r il 1961)
NUM BER OF W ORKERS RECEIVING ST R AIG H T-TIM E HOURLY EARN INGS OF—
Number

O c c u p a t io n 1 a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of

workers

Average
hourly ,
earnings

S

1 .0 0
and
under
1. 10

$
S
1. 10 1 . 2 0

S

S

1. 30

1 .4 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

$
$
1. 50 1. 60

1. 70

S
1 .8 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

S

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1. 9 0 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 2 0 2 . 30 2 . 4 0 2 . 5 0 2 . 60 2 . 7 0 2 . 8 0 2 . 9 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 10 3 . 2 0 3 . 30 3 . 4 0 3 . 5 0
and

1 .2 0

2 . 00

2 . 10

1. 60

1. 70

2 . 20

2 . 30

2 ..4 0

2. 50

2. 60

2 . 70

2 . 80

2 . 90

3. 00

3 . 10

3. 20

3. 30

3. 40

3. 50

over

28
28

1. 30

24
24

7
7

9
8
1

63
63

20
20

243
142
101

697
66
611

170
29
141

55
37
18

98
98

36
36

-

-

-

"

-

8
8

60
60

562
160
402

202
33
169

310
77
233

407
323
84

448
22
426

33
23
10

-

479
4
475

4
4

140
53
87
8

317
74
243
153

81
60
21

451
3l
420
220

45
30
15

464
256
208
8

64
44
20

32
32
32

.
-

3
3
3

21
21
-

60
60
-

10
10

199
78

-

4
4

31
29

51

“

17
6

-

-

"

T r u c k d r i v e r s ; 6 — C o n t in u e d
T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 ton s,
t r a il e r ty p e)
_____________________ ___
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________ ___________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________

1, 4 5 0
435
1, 0 1 5

$ 2 . 83
2. $3
2. 83

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
o t h e r t h a n t r a i l e r t y p e ) _____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________

3, 4 7 3
1, 5 9 8
1, 8 7 5

3 . 11
3. 40
2 . 86

-

______________
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (fo r k lift)
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________
P n h li r n t ilit iP R ^

2, 3 2 4
1, 2 7 5
1, 0 4 9
424

2 .6 1
2 .6 9
2 .5 3
2. 48

_

.

.

-

-

-

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( o t h e r th a n
fo r k lift)
_____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________

396
213

2 .4 7
2 .4 8

-

W a tch m en
____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________ ___________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ____________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 4 ________________________
F i n a n c e 5 _____________________________
S e r v ic e s
_______________ _______________

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

2, 6 4 4
671
1, 9 7 3
608
182
416
645

1 .8 1
1 .7 6
1 .8 3
2 . 11
1. 71
2. 03
1 .4 8

-

-

“

—

188
5T
136
136

-

-

-

18
18

-

109
68
41
11
21

8
8

-

-

4
4

-

-

. "

42
3
39
18
21

-

58
15
43
7
27

223
80
143
19
1 15

167
64
103
6
5
11
81

-

8
$

2
2

220
41
179
35
60
1
74

-

4
4

-

308
101
207
49
30
3
107

-

11
11

-

122
5
117
16
62
9

9
9

104
104

38
36

140
48
92
5
5
52
27

-

172
172

-

422
29
393
263
16
112

-

24
24

8
8

238
16
222
34
3
166
13

80
30
50
21
5
8
14

65
14
51
23
4
1

-

101
35
66
65
1

132
41
91
89

D a ta lim it e d t o m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
E x c lu d e s li m i t e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
I n c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s i z e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 438 at $ 3 . 5 0 t o $ 3 . 6 0 ; 318 at $ 3 . 6 0 to $ 4 ; 4 64 at $ 4 to $ 4. 4 0 ; 265 at $ 4. 40 to $ 4. 8 0 ; 183 at $ 4. 80 and o v e r .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d as f o l lo w s ; 35 at $ 3. 50 t o $ 3. 6 0 ; 140 at $ 3. 60 to $ 4; 182 at $ 4 t o $ 4. 4 0; 189 at $ 4. 40 t o $ 4. 8 0; 182 at $ 4. 80 and o v e r .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l lo w s ; 403 at $ 3. 50 t o $ 3. 6 0; 178 at $ 3. 60 t o $ 4; 282 at $ 4 to $ 4. 4 0 ; 76 at $ 4. 40 t o $ 4. 8 0; 1 at $ 4. 80 t o $ 4. 90.
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 3. 50 to $ 3. 60.

NOTE;

S ee n ote on p . 5 ,




r e la t iv e t o the in c lu s io n o f r a il r o a d s .

22
22

4
4

1
i

2
2

-

-

"

-

3
3

-

948
9 940
8

293
1 0^ 9 3
-

-

16
16

-

-

-

-

.

.

-

-

-

20
20

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-1. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,

N ew Y o r k ,

N . Y . , A p r i l 1 961)

P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t w o r k e r s —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —
S e c o n d s h ift
w ork

T o ta l

________________________________________________________

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o r k

63. 2

50. 4

6 1 .2
39. 6
1 .4
4. 1
.6
3. 4
1 .2
1 .3
1 1 .3
. 7
8. 0
. 1
4. 6
1 .4
1 .5

10. 7
3. 4
. 2
. 8
2. 6
1 .4
2. 5
1 .8

_______________________________

20. 4

14. 3

1 percen t
_________________________________________
1 V 2 p e r c e n t ______________________________________
5 percen t
_________________________________________
7 percen t
_________________________________________
7 1/ 2 p e r c e n t ______________________________________
1 0 p e r c e n t ________________________________________
15 p e r c e n t ________________________________________
O v e r 15 p e r c e n t
________________________________
O t h e r f o r m a l s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________

. 7
1 .6
. 8
1. 1
12. 6
3. 1
. 6
1.2

W ith s h ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l
U n ifo r m

cen ts (p e r h ou r)

___________________________
_______________________

1 o r Zl fz c e n t s
____________________________________________
5 ce n ts
6 ce n ts
_
_
6 9/x o o r 7 c e n t s
_________________________________
7 1/ 2 c e n t s _________________________________________
8 cen ts
____________________________________________
10 c e n t s
1 2 o r 1 2 1/ 2 c e n t s
_______________________________
1 3 2/ s o r 1 3 4/ 5 c e n t s
1 4 o r 1 4 3/ i o c e n t s
15 c e n t s ___________________________________________
1 5 3/x o o r 1 5 2/ 5 c e n t s ___________________________
16 o r
cen ts
27 ce n ts an d o v e r
_
U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e

N o s h ift p a y d if f e r e n t ia l

______________________________

1 .9

1 I n c l u d e s e s t a b l is h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s ,
e v e n th o u g h t h e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 . 05 p e r c e n t .

A c tu a lly w o r k in g on —

S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

10. 3

3. 1

49. 5

10. 1

3. 1

26. 3

- 8. 3

1. 8

. 7
2. 1
-

. 1
. 4
-

. 2
_
-

_

.
.
.
1.
-

7
3
3
7

3. 7

. 5
. 4
_

(2)
. 5
. 3
. 2

( 2)
. 4
. 1

1. 7

. 2

. 1
. 2

_

. 7
. 8
. 3
6 .2
5. 7
. 6
8. 9

. 2
. 3
. 3

(2)
-

(2)
. 5
. 4
. 1

(2)
1.0

. 9

. 3

(2)

a n d e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s

(2)
. 2

c o v e r i n g la t e

s h ift s

18
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W orkers
(D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r i l 1961)
In e x p e rie n ce d ty p ists
M a n u fa c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s a l a r y 1

|

M a n u f a c tu r in g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f —

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

O th e r in e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u rs 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d

____________________________

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d
m in im u m
...... .
$ 3 7 . 50
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 45 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 50. 00
$ 5 2 . 50
$ 55. 00
$ 5 7 . 50
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 65 . 00
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 7 0 . 00
$ 7 2. 50
$ 7 5 . 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

u nder
u nder
u nder
u nder
under
u nder
u nder
u nder
u nder
under
u nder
u nder
u nder
under
u nder
nvpr

$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 45. 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 50. 00
$ 5 2 . 50
$ 55. 00
$ 5 7 . 50
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 65. 00
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 5. 00
...
.

____________________
____________________
____________________
____________________
____________________
--------------------------------------------------------------____________________
____________________
____________________
____________________
____________ ______
____________________
____________________
____________________
___
__

35

3 7 x/ 2

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

35

36V 4

3 7 x/ 2

40

565

173

XXX

XXX

XXX

392

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

565

173

XXX

XXX

XXX

392

250

77

47

11

10

173

74

23

38

28

283

82

51

12

9

201

10
8
38
14
69
23
41
12
16
4
5
3
7

1
1
16
2
15
9
13
6
5
2
3

1
7
1
9
8
7
4
4
2
3

-

-

4

1

1
5
1
1
3
-

2
3
7
3
27
10
12
3
3
1
1
1
1

1
3
4
8
2
4
1

4
3
7
2
11

-

-

2
1
3
1
6
1
6
1
2
1

1

-

3

9
7
22
12
54
14
28
6
11
2
2
3
3

_

_

2
2

1
1
1
21
20
73
22
48
21
36
6
12
2
8
2
9

1
1
2
1
1
1

-

_
-

_

-

-

A ll
s c h e d u le s

-

-

4
2
4

4
2
25
2
11
12
12
3
4

35

37V 2

2
2
13
1
6
11
7
2
3

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

2
4
1
2

-

2
-

1
-

1
1
1

-

_

3

3

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

1

2

17
18
48
20
37
9
24
3
8
2
5
2
5

4

3
2

1

35

36V 4

3 7 x/ 2

40

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

80

24

50

33

-

2
-

3
6
15
10
22
5
12
1
2
1
2
-

1

11
4
4
1
2
_

_
1
10
8
13
4
3
2
3
1
4

_
_

_

-

_
_

_

1

_
_
2
3
5
2
4
1
4
1
2
1
2
2

4

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d
m in im u m

114

31

XXX

XXX

XXX

83

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

135

38

XXX

XXX

XXX

97

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y
w o r k e r s in t h is c a t e g o r y ________________________

20
1

65

XXX

XXX

XXX

136

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

147

53

XXX

XXX

XXX

94

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1
2
3

L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l is h e d f o r h i r in g in e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t y p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
R a t e s a p p l ic a b l e t o m e s s e n g e r s , o f f i c e g i r l s , o r s i m i l a r s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d .
H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n w o r k w e e k s

NOTE:

S e e n o te o n p .




19, r e l a t i v e to th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .

rep orted .

19
Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of offic e and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by schedu led w eekly h ours
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , New Y o rk , N . Y . , A p r il 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

W e ek ly h ours

A ll w o rk ers

All
industries

________________________________________

Under 35 h ours ____________________________________
35 h ours _____________________________________________
O ver 35 and under 3 6 1/4 h ours _________________
3 6 1/* h ours _________________________________________
O ver 3 6 1/4 and under 3 7 1 / 2 h ours ______________
3 7 1 / 2 h ours ___________________________________________________
O v e r 3 7 1/ and under 40 h ours ______________________
z
40 h ours _____________________________________________
O ver 40 and under 44 h ours ____________________
44 h ours _____________________________________________
45 h ours _____________________________________________
48 h ours _____________________________________________

1
2
3
4
5

P LANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities*

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade2

Finance3

Services

All
industries’

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade2

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

2
71

52

43
1

52
7
4

1
5
1
5

4

2
2

_

_

54
2
9
5
15
1
13
( 5)
-

( 5)
6
(s )
14
1
6

_

3
-

9
-

36

9
3
34
1
10

-

_

_

-

-

_
-

( 5)
23
_

17
6
29
2
24

1
54
3
11
11
8
-

12

( 5)
23
6
7

( 5)

_
-

_
_

-

-

_

( 5)
6
1
76
1
1
1
1

10
3
10
1
6
1
68

1

(■)
_

3

3

_

_

4

10
2
81

( 5)
12
4
68

_

3

_

93

_

_

1
1

_

_

5

3

_

_

T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ication , and other public u tilit ie s .
E x c lu d es data fo r lim ite d -p r ic e v a r ie ty s t o r e s .
F in a n c e, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te .
In cludes data fo r r e a l estate in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.




NOTE:

E s tim a te s fo r a ll in d u strie s and public u tilitie s include data for r a ilr o a d s (SIC 4 0 ), om itted fr o m the scope of a ll la b o r m a rk et
wage su rv e y s m ad e b e fo r e July 1959.
W h ere sig n ifica n t, the e ffe ct o f the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s is g r e a te st on the data shown
se p a r a te ly fo r the public u tilitie s d iv isio n .

1

3
( 5)
_
_

2
( S)
86
3
_

2
5

20
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by n um ber of paid h olid ays
p rovided annually, New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r il 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s

All
industries

PLANT WORKERS

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade2

Finanoe3

Services

100

___

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
paid h olid ays
_____
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providin g
___
no paid h olid ays

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities1

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

99

100

100

-

-

( 5)

All A
industries 4

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade2

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

99

100

98

89

2

( 5)

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities1

-

1

-

2

11

3
7
1
29
1
2
14
1
2
1
6
2
8
1
1
(5)
15
1
(!)
5

4
4
3
20
1
21
2
6
1
9
4
9
1
2
1
9
1
(5)

(!)
( 5)

(!)
( 5)

(*)
(!)
( 5)
( 5)
'3
4
20
21
29
32
40
41
56
58
87
95
97
97
97
97
98

( 5)
(!)
(5 )
( 5)
' 3'
4
15
16
27
30
45
47
68
69
90
96
99
99
100
100
100

N u m b e r off d a y s
L e s s than 6 d ays
6 day s _______________________________________________
6 d ays p lus 1 or 2 h a lf days ____________________
7 d ays _______________________________________________
7 d ays p lu s 1 h alf day _
7 d ays plus 2. 3. 4, 5, or 6 h alf days
8 d ays _
___
8 d ays p lu s 1 h alf day
__________________________
8 d ays p lu s 2 h a lf days __________________________
8 d ays p lus 3 or 4 h alf d ays ____________________
9 d ays ................................ ......................................................
9 d ays p lu s 1, 2, 3, or 4 h a lf d ays ___________
10 days
10 d ays plus 1 h alf day
10 days plus 2 h alf d ays _________________________
10 days plus 3 or 4 h alf days __________________
11 d ays ______________________________________________
11 d ays plus 1 h alf day
11 d ays plus 2 h alf d ays _________________________
11 d ays plus 3 h alf d ays _____________________ __
_
12 day^
____
12 days plus 1, 2, 3, or 5 h alf d ays __________
13 or m o r e days
__
T o ta l h o lid a y

(5)
1
( 5)
11
2
2
7
2
1
1
11
2
6
1
2
2
31
4
2
1
10
2
1

_
( 5)
( 5)
11
2
1
10
4
4
2
16
4
17
2
4
2
14
2
1
1
1
2

_

_

_
24
1
7
1
2
3
2
1
53
1
2
1
1
(5
_)

1
10
4
4
7
3
1
3
15
4
9
4
1
5
10
5
4
2
3
2
2

( 5)
( 5)
58
3
(5)
1
1
5
1
1
2
6
7
8
5
1
( 5)

_

_

(5)

4

1
( 5)
4
( 5)
10
( !)
(*)
( 5)
1
1
46
5
2
2
22
4

(5)
17
5
16
14
4
1
2
10
2
4
(!)
( 5)
16
4
(5)
-

2

.

4
31
-

2
10
2

( 5)
15
1
46

(5)
18
( 5)
( 5)
(5 )
6
3
11

<!>
_
1
-

( 5)
3
22
3
5
1
7
( 5)
8

3
4
_
58
3
8
7
( 5)
( 5)
2
4
2

1
26
( 5)
28
1
2
3
_
( 5)

_
_
_

6
2
12
_
_
7
(5\
V )
_
_

-

-

( 5)
( 5)
( 5)
6

tim e 6

14 or m o r e d ays
____
1 3V 2 or m o r e d ays _______________________________
13 or m o r e days
I 2 V 2 or m o r e days __________ __________________
12 or m o r e d ays __________________________________
I I V 2 or m o r e days
11 or m o r e d ays ______________ __________________
I 0V 2 or m o r e d ays ___
10 or m o r e d ays __________________________________
9 l / z or m o r e days ________________________________
9 or m o r e davs
&l / z or m o r e days
_
8 or m o r e days
7 */2 or m o r e days
7 or m o r e d ays ___________________________________
6 or m o r e d ays ___________________________________
5 or m o r e days
4 or m o r e d ays ___________________________________
3 or m o r e d ays ___________________________________
2 or m o r e days
___________________________________
1 or m o r e days

1
1
1
4
16
21
54
55
62
64
77
78
87
88
99
99
99
99
99
99
99

2
2
3
4
8
10
28
29
47
52
72
76
87
89
99
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
(!)
n
2
4
5
59
59
65
65
69
69
76
76
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

3
3
4
5
12
23
37
41
52
54
71
76
86
89
99
100
100
100
100
100
100

(*)
(!)
( 5)
( 5)
1
1
14
21
28
30
35
36
38
41
99
99
99
99
99
99
99

_

_

-

-

1
6
30
36
84
84
85
85
95
95
99
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100

( 5)
4
21
23
26
29
48
52
74
79
96
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
-

2
2
48
48
50
50
50
50
64
64
95
99
99
99
99
99
99

4
4
8
8
19
25
48
48
59
61
67
67
86
88
98
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
_
-

_
_
6
7
7
11
15
15
30
33

91
95
95
95
95
95
98

_

_
_
( 5)
7
7
20
22
29
29
33

34
63
88 *
88
88
89
89
89

T r an sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s.
2 E x c lu d es lim ite d -p r ic e v a r ie ty s t o r e s .
3 Fin an ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te .
4 In cludes data fo r r e a l estate in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t.
6 A ll com b ination s of fu ll and h alf days that add to the sa m e am ount are com b ined; fo r ex a m p le, the p rop ortion of w o r k e r s r ec eiv in g a total of 7 d ays in clu d es those with 7 fu ll days and
no h alf d ays, 6 fu ll d ays and 2 h alf d a y s, 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf d a y s, and so on.
P ro p o rtio n s w e r e then cum u lated .
NOTE;

See note on p. 19,




re la tiv e to the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s.

21
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of o ffic e and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by v acatio n pay
p r o v isio n s, New Y o rk , N. Y . , A p r il 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS
V acation p o lic y

_________________________________________

All
industries

100

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

PLANT WORKERS
Finance3

Services

AU
industries

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

99
99
-

99
95
1
3
1

100
91
1
6
2

100
100
_

100
100
_

99
99
_

95
92
2
_

1

5

22
45

12
15
2

Retail trade2

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade2

Services

Method of payment
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
paid v a catio n s ------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h -o f-tim e paym ent ______________________
P er c en ta g e paym ent
__ ___
___
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t --------------------------------------------Other .............. .......................................................... ..........
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providin g
no paid v a catio n s --------------------------------------------------

99
99
( 5)
( 5)

100
99
( 5)
-

1

( 5)

Amount of vacation pay6
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek _______________________________________
1 w eek ________________________________________________
O ve r 1 and under 2 w eeks ________________________
2 w eeks -----------------------------------------------------------------------

4
54
17
15

4
65
17
3

1
50
13
18

6
59
12
3

25
49
11

6
(5)
94
( 5)
( 5)

3
96
-

10
90
-

( 5)

-

3
96
1
-

( 5)
1
95
2
1

(5)
(5)
96
3

2
7
91
-

(*)
( 5)
92
2
5

(5 )
( 5)
90
1
9
(5)

9
53
22
5

25
29
8
4

41
16
13
2

2
50
3
16

6
53
14

-

( 5)
49
19
28

38
5
57
-

1
_
99
-

12
_
88
1

29
_
66
_
5

12
_
77
8
4

72
2
20

-

53
2
33
_
12

44
5
50
_

-

48
3
42
1
6

-

-

_

1
_
93
6

17
8
65
2
6

25
14
49

21
1
73

4
_
85
8
4

!
_

10
10
64
1
15

95

-

-

( 5)

( 5)
1

( 5)

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 waalr
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ________________________
2 w eeks __ __ _ ___ ____ _________________ ___
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ________________________
3 w eeks -----------------------------------------------------------------------

( 5)

i

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ________________________________________________
O ve r 1 and under 2 w eeks ________________________
2 w eeks ____
_____ _ ___
_________________ __
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ________________ — __
3 w eeks -----------------------------------------------------------------------

-

_
99
1
-

( 5)
87
12
( 5)

( 5)
97
2
2

-

_

12

_

5

89
9

19
8
67
1
-

A fte r 3 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w eek ___________________________________ ________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks ________
_____ _
_
2 w eeks ____ __ _______________________________ _______
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks ________________________
3 w eeks — ________________ ________________________
4 w eeks -----------------------------------------------------------------------

( 5)

_

_

-

-

95
( 5)
4
-

99
1
_

-

_

83
12
5

93
2
6

91
6
2

5
5
79
3
8

-

-

-

-

( 5)

( 5)

_

_
_
_

5

2
_

85
8
6
-

1
_

85
9
4

5
_

89
1
_

-

A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 wAok
O ve r 1 and under 2 w eeks ________________________
2 w ee k 8 __ ____________________________ _____________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks ___________________ —
3 wpflks
4 w eeks

( 5)
( 5)
67
10
22
( 5)

_

( 5)
76
1
22
1

_

_

-

-

77
2
21

83
5
12

( 5)

_

_

_

55
5
40

_

60
20
21

59
6
34

3

7

.

( 5)
73
4
18
1

( 5)
69
2
19
2

83
1
15
1

_

.
_

64
8
28
'

See footnotes at end o f table,




1
_

66
5
27
'

1
_

91
1
2
'

22
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v acatio n pay
p r o v is io n s , N ew Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r il 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS
V ac ation p o lic y

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n

All
industries

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade2

Finance3

Services

( 5)
16
82
2

_

_

16
14
69
-

38
1
55
6

( 5)
11
86
2

_

_

3
85
4
8

9
1
82
8
“

All 4
industries

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities

3
45
3
45
( 5)
2

7
44
4
42
1
2

_

_

54
2
40
4

36
4
56
4

3
21

7
29
58
6
■

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade2

Servioes

1
28
68
2

1
65
5
23
1

1
19
75
4

1
25
1
66
1

-

-

1
19
62
17
“

25
1
66
_
2
-

p a y 6 -------- C o n t in u e d

A fte r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ________________________________________________
2 w eeks _______ _____________ __ _________________
O ve r 2 and under 3 w eeks _
_________
____
3 w eeks ______________ _____ _____________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks ________________________
4 w eeks ______________ __ _________________________

( 5)
27
7
63
( 5)
3

_

_

_

29
2
61
1
8

50
2
45
3

39
6
55
1

1

A fte r 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1 w eek ________________ _____________________________
2 w eeks _______________________________________________
O ve r 2 and under 3 w eeks _________ _____________
3 w eeks _______ _____________________________________
O ve r 3 and under 4 w eeks ________________________
4 w eeks _______________________________________________
O ver 4 w eeks _______________________________________

( 5)
8
( 5)
82
2
8
-

_

_

_

14
71
15
"

4
-

15
82
2
1
■

91
5
“

"

( 5)
70
( 5)
4
( 5)

_
1
94
4
1

_
12
1
83
( 5)
4

A fte r 20 y e a r s of se r v ic e

1 w eek ________________________________________________
2 w eeks _______________________________________________
O ve r 2 and under 3 w eeks _______________________
3 w eek s _______________________________________________
O ve r 3 and under 4 w eeks _______________________
4 w eeks _______________________________ _____________
O v e r 4 w eeks ____________ _________________________

( 5)
7

_

_

_

4
86
10
"

14
66
20
■

( 5)
68
( 5)
25
-

13
56
( 5)
31
-

( 5)
7
( 5)
29
( 5)
63

.

.

_

13
32
1
54

4
35

14
51
35

_

_
9
1
79
12

-

3
68
29
“

( 5)
11
21
67

3
13
84

( 5)
11
65
23

3
20
( 5)
63
( 5)
13

"

( 5)

.

3
19
( 5)
45
1
30

7
26
55
1
11

_

1
76
22
1

.

11
1
67
22
■

1

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek ________________________________________________
2 w eeks
____
_
O ve r 2 and under 3 w eeks ________________________
3 w eeks _______________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks ________________________
4 w eeks
O ve r 4 w eeks __________________________________ __

1
2
3
4
5
6
include

( 5)
60

_

9
1
66
25

T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s .
E xclu d es lim ite d -p r ic e v a r ie ty s t o r e s .
F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
Includes data for r e a l estate in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.
P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w ere a r b itr a r ily c h ose n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individual p r o v isio n s for p r o g r e s s io n s .
changes in p r o v isio n s o c cu r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .

7
26
46
2
18

.

1
33
65

_
11
1
57
32

1
19
30
49

1
23
1
66
4

( 5)

F o r e x a m p le ,

the changes in p rop ortion s in dicated at

10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e

N O T E : See note on p. 19, re la tiv e to the in clu sion of r a ilr o a d s .
In the tabulations of vacatio n a llo w a n ces by y e a r s of s e r v ic e , p aym ents other than "le n g th o f t i m e " such as p ercen tage of
annual ea rn ings or fla t -s u m p a y m e n ts, w ere con verted to an equ ivalent tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a p aym ent of 2 p erc en t o f annual earn ings w as c o n sid ere d as 1 w e e k 's pay.




23

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t of o ffic e and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u strie s ana in in d u stry d iv isio n s em p loyed in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
h ealth, in su ra n ce , or p en sion b e n e fits, New Y o rk , N . Y . , A p r il 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

Type of b en efit

A ll w o rk ers

All
industries

________________________________________

100

Manufacturing

Public
utilities1

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

P LANT WORKERS

Finance3

Services

All
industries

100

100

100

100

Retail trade2

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade2

Services

100

100

100

100

100

85

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p roviding:
L ife in su ran ce _________________________________
A cc id e n ta l death and d ism e m b e r m e n t
in su ra n ce ---------------------------------------------------- _
S ick n ess and accid en t in su ran ce or
s ic k le a v e or b o th 5 _________________________

95

92

96

92

92

98

93

94

94

97

99

95

42

43

61

43

37

39

30

48

43

60

59

45

54

84

88

88

79

91

82

79

81

80

83

84

87

75

S ick n ess and accid en t in su ran ce _______
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
waiting p eriod) ___________________________
S ick le a v e (p a rtia l pay or
w aiting period) -----------------------------------------

29

29

37

35

50

23

25

63

71

37

54

67

62

73

76

77

70

44

76

67

24

15

32

59

30

24

3

5

5

-

13

-

( 6)

12

8

37

-

7

10

H o sp ita liza tio n in su ran ce ___________________
S u rg ic a l in su ran ce ___________________ ______
M e d ic a l in su ran ce _____________________________
C ata strop h e in su ran ce _______________ ______
R e tire m e n t pen sion ________ ________________
No h ealth, in su r a n ce , or pen sion plan ___

81
79
55
57
82
1

84
85
69
48
82
2

69
70
50
64
85

75
72
55
47
78
1

90
88
69
18
74

88
84
53
75
88

54
52
30
32
63

89
86
65
13
79
2

96
92
70
8
80
2

70
68
57
40
81

94
90
54
20
84

96
93
75
4
80
1

79
77
55
5
66
7

( 6)

( 6)

( 6)

1 T ran sp o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s .
2 E x c lu d es lim it e d -p r ic e v a r ie ty s t o r e s .
3 F in a n c e, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te .
4 Includes data fo r r e a l esta te in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
5 Unduplicated total o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e or sic k n e ss and accid en t in su ra n ce shown s e p a r a te ly b elo w .
S ic k -le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to those which d efin ite ly e sta b lish at le a st
the m in im u m n um ber o f days* pay that can be expected by each e m p lo y e e . In form al s ic k -le a v e allo w a n c es d eterm in ed on an individual b a s is a r e ex clu d ed .
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
NOTE:

See note on p. 19,




r e la tiv e to the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s .




25

Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller , machine (billing machine)— U ses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrahd, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slips.




Class A — Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B— Keeps a record o f one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keepingPhases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

26

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.
C la s s B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE
C la s s A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
C la s s B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or a ssists in locating material in file s . May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the follow in g:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing older sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple cop ies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon si­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

27

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. D o e s n ot in clu de tran scribing-m ach in e
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. D o e s not in clu d e tran scribing-m ach in e work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice calls*
May record toll calls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who ca ll in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerica l work may take the major part o f this worker's time while at
switchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C la s s A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D o e s n ot in clu de working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C la s s B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp e cific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
C la s s C — Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp ecific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

28

TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

Uses a typewriter to make cop ies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of ste n cils , mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing processes. May do clerica l work involving little sp ecia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.
C la s s A —

Performs on e or more o f the fo llo w in g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
C la s s B — Performs on e or more o f the fa llo w in g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licie s,
e tc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

Draws to sca le units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties o f a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a com bina­
tion o f the fo llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
TRACER
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p oses. Duties involve a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g : Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc ., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

29

M AINTENANCE

D PO W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casin gs, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m o st o f th e fo llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or .equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
o f stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May a ls o
supervise these operations. H ea d or c h i e f e n g in e e r s in esta b lish m e n ts
em p lo yin g m ore them o n e en g in eer are e x c lu d e d .




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp e cific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

30

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary d u ties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes ,in the plant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued
are required. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or con sistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers prim arily en ga g ed in in sta llin g and repairing building
sa n ita tion or h eatin g s y s t e m s are e x c lu d e d .

31
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assembling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g :
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte*«
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In clu d es g a te men who are sta tio n e d at g a te and ch e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING

oth er person s en terin g .

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office , apartment house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve on e or more o f the fo llo w ­
in g: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

32

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.
L o n g sh o rem en , w ho load and unload s h ip s are e x c lu d e d .
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
R e c e i v i n g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and r e c e iv in g clerk

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and o v er -th e -r o a d d rivers
are e x c lu d e d .

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and niay in v o lv e on e or more o f
the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. P a c k e r s w ho a ls o make w ood en
b o x e s or c ra tes are e x c lu d e d .
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work i n v o l v e s : A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. R e c e iv in g w ork i n v o l v e s : Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in v oices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s.




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)
T ru ckdriver (com bin a tion o f s i z e s l i s t e d se p a r a te ly )
Truckdriver, ligh t (under 1% to n s )
Tru ckdriver, medium (1% to and in clu din g 4 to n s)
Truckdriver, h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s, trailer ty p e )
Truckdriver, h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s, oth er than trailer t y p e )

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of
truck, as follow s:
Trucker, p o w e r (fo rk lift)
T ru cker, p o w e r (o th er than fo rk lift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
# U.S. G V R M N PR TIN OFFICE: 1961
O E N E T
IN
G

O— 601088


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102