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Occupational Wage Survey

ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO
MAY 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-61




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional O ffices

Occupational Wage Survey
ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO




M A Y 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-61
June 1961

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 20 cents




Contents

Preface

P age
The C om m u n ity W age S u rvey P r o g r a m

T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o ffic e in San F r a n c is c o , C a lif. , by W illia m P . O 'C on n or,
under the d ir e c tio n o f John L. D ana, A s sis ta n t R e g io n a l
D ir e c t o r fo r W ages and In d u stria l R e la tio n s .




1
3

T able s :
1.
2.

A:

E sta b lish m en ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y ____________
P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and
str a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tio n a l
grou ps _______________________________________________________________
O ccu p a tion a l e a rn in g s: *
A - 1. O ffice o ccu p a tio n s ____________________________________________
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l occu p a tio n s ____________________
A - 3. M aintenance and p ow erp la n t occu p a tio n s __________________
A -4 . C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m ov e m e n t o ccu p a tio n s ____________

A ppendix:

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip tio n s

* N O TE: S im ila r tabu lation s fo r th ese and oth er it e m s ,
in clu d in g data on e sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ­
ta ry w age p r o v is io n s , a re a v a ila b le in the A lbu qu erqu e a r e a
r e p o r t fo r M ay I960.
A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g date o f study
and the p r ic e o f this r e p o r t , as w e ll as r e p o r t s fo r oth er
m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e st.
Union s c a l e s , in d ica tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay l e v e ls ,
a re a ls o a v a ila b le fo r sev en s e le c t e d b u ildin g tr a d e s in the
A lbu qu erque a r e a .

iii

2

2
t<in in "O
}

The B u reau o f L a b or S ta tistics r e g u la r ly con d u cts
area w id e w age s u rv e y s in a n um ber o f im p orta n t in d u stria l
cen ters.
The s tu d ie s , m ade fr o m late fa ll to e a r ly s p rin g ,
re la te to o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d su p p lem en ta ry
b e n e fits .
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in ea ch a r e a , u su a lly in the m onth fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied. T h is b u lletin p r o v id e s a d dition a l
data not in clu d ed in the e a r lie r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly tica l b u lletin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the
y e a r 's su rv e y s is is s u e d a fter c o m p le tio n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lletin fo r the c u r re n t round o f s u r v e y s .

I n t r o d u c t io n ______ ____________________________________________________________
W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l grou p s ___________________________

7




Occupational W age Survey—Albuquerque, N. Mex.
Introduction

This a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p orta n t in d u stria l c e n te r s in
w h ich the U. S. D ep artm en t o f L a b o r 's B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics
con d u cts su r v e y s o f o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and re la te d w age b e n e fits
on an a r e a b a s is .
The b u lle tin p r e s e n ts c u r re n t occu p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t and
earn in g s in fo rm a tio n obtained la r g e ly b y m a il fr o m the e sta b lish m en ts
v is ite d by B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is t s in the la st p r e v io u s s u r v e y fo r o c c u ­
pation s r e p o r t e d in that e a r lie r study.
P e r s o n a l v is it s w e re m ade
to n on resp on d en ts and to th ose resp on d en ts r e p o rtin g unusual changes
s in c e the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .

In e a ch a r e a , data a r e obtain ed fr o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o r ^tion, 1 c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e; r e l tra d e; fin a n ce , in s u r a n ce , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r
li^ u s t r y g rou p s ex clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t op era tion s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E sta b lish m en ts having
fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m ber o f w o r k e r s a r e om itted a ls o b e c a u s e
they fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t em p lo y m e n t in the occu p a tio n s studied to w a r ­
rant in clu s io n . W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , s e p a r a te tabu lation s a r e p r o v id e d
fo r ea ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h ese su r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v olv ed in su rv e y in g a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts . T o obtain
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r tio n o f la rg e
than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is stud ied. In com b in in g the data, h ow ­
e v e r , a ll esta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv en th eir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t. E stim a tes
b a se d on the esta b lis h m e n ts studied a re p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , as r e ­
lating to a ll esta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry grou p in g and a r e a , e x ­
cep t f o r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stud ied.

take a ccou n t o f in te re sta b lish m e n t v a r ia tio n in duties w ithin the sa m e
jo b . (See appendix fo r lis tin g o f th ese d e s c r ip tio n s . ) E arn in gs data a re
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) fo r the fo llo w in g types o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a) O ffice c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c ) m a in te ­
n an ce and p ow erp lan t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m ov em en t.

O ccu p ation a l em p loy m en t and earn in g s data a re show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ire d to w o rk a r e g u la r w eek ly s c h e d ­
u le in the g iven occu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a tio n .
E arn in gs data ex clu d e
p re m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o r k on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
late s h ifts.
N on produ ction b on u ses a r e e x clu d ed a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g bon u ses and in cen tiv e earn in g s a r e in clu d ed .
W h ere w eek ly
h ou rs a r e r e p o r te d , as fo r o ffic e c le r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s, r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o r k sch e d u le s (rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) fo r w h ich
s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s a r e paid; a v e ra g e w e e k ly ea rn in gs fo r th ese
occu p a tio n s have b e e n rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

A v e ra g e ea rn in g s o f m en and w om en a r e p re se n te d s e p a r a te ly
fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tion s in w h ich both s e x e s a re co m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D iffe r e n c e s in pa y le v e ls o f m en and w om en in th ese occu p a tion s a re
la r g e ly due to ( l ) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is trib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong
in d u strie s and esta b lis h m e n ts; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the occu p a tion s a r e a p p ro p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin
the sa m e su r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in length o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w when in dividu al s a la r ie s a r e ad ju sted on this b a s is .
L on g er a v e ra g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ould r e s u lt in h ig h er a v e r a g e pay
w hen both s e x e s a r e em p lo y e d w ithin the sa m e ra te ra n g e.
J ob
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese su r v e y s a r e u s u ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in dividu al e sta b lish m en ts to
a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am on g e sta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific duties
p e r fo r m e d .

O ccu p ation s and E arn in gs
The occu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tion a l c l a s ­
s ific a tio n is b a s e d on a u n ifo rm se t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esig n ed to

1 R a ilr o a d s , fo r m e r l y ex clu d ed fr o m the s c o p e o f th ese stu d ie s,
w e r e in clu d ed in a ll o f the a r e a s studied s in c e July 1959, e x ce p t B a lti­
m o r e (S ep tem b er 1959 and D e c e m b e r I9 6 0 ), B u ffa lo (O cto b e r 1959),
C lev ela n d (S ep tem b er 1959), and Seattle (A ugust 1959).




O ccu p ation a l em p loy m en t e stim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in a il
e sta b lish m en ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and n ot the n u m ber a c tu ­
a lly su r v e y e d . B e ca u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re am ong
e s ta b lis h m e n ts, the e stim a te s o f o ccu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t obtained
fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lish m en ts studied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the
r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied.
T h ese d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
pation al s tru c tu re do n ot m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
ings data.




Table 1.

Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in Albuquerque, N. M ex. , 1 by m ajor industry division, 2 May 1961
Number of establishm ents
Industry division

Within
scope of
study 3

W orkers in establishm ents
Within
scope of
study

Studied

Studied

____________________________________________________________

116

73

24, 500

2 1 ,1 3 0

Manufacturing _______________________________________ _________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________________________
Transportation, communication, and
other public u tilit ie s 4 _______ __________________________________
W holesale trade 5 ___________________________________________________
R etail trade 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real estate 5 ---------------------------------------Services 5 6 _________________________________________________________

26
90

22
51

4 , 800
1 9 ,7 0 0

4, 500
1 6 ,6 3 0

17
13
34
14
12

12
6
15
9
9

4, 800
700
3, 800
1 ,4 0 0
9, 000

4, 510
340
1 ,8 9 0
1, 180
8, 710

A ll divisions

1 The Albuquerque Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea (B ern alillo County).
The "w ork ers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this
table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and com position of the labor force included in the survey.
The estim ates are not
intended, how ever, to serve as a b asis of com parison with other area em ployment indexes to m easure em ployment trends or le v els since (1) planning
of wage surveys requires the use of establishm ent data com piled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents
are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial C lassific ation Manual was used in classifyin g establishm ents by industry division.
M ajor
changes from the e a rlier edition (used in the Bureau’ s labor m arket wage surveys conducted p rior to July 1958) are the transfer of m ilk pasteurization
plants and read y-m ixed concrete establishm ents from trade (w holesale or retail) to manufacturing, and the tra nsfer of radio and television broadcasting
from se r v ic e s to the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ployment at or above the m in im u m -siz e lim itation (50 em ployees).
A ll outlets (within the area) of
companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair se r v ic e , and m otion -picture theatres are considered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Taxicabs and ser v ic es incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
5 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a l l in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A tables.
Separate presentation
of data for this division is not m ade for one or m ore of the following reasons:
(1) Em ploym ent in the division is too sm all to provide enough data
to m e rit separate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it
separate presentation, (4) there is possib ility of d isclosu re of individual establishm ent data.
6 H otels; personal se r v ic e s; business se r v ic e s; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bersh ip organizations; and engineering
and architectural se r v ic e s.

Table 2. P ercen ts of in crease in standard weekly salarie s and stra igh t-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Albuquerque, N. M ex. ,
May I9 60 to M ay 1961

Occupational group

Office c le r ic a l (women) ________________________________
Skilled maintenance (men) ____________________________
U nskilled plant (men) ----------------------------------------------------

A ll industries

1. 5
3. 9
.7

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in table 2 a re p e r c e n ts o f change in s a la r ie s o f
w om en o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o rk e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , and in a v era g e
ea rn in gs o f s e le c t e d plant w o rk e r g rou p s.
F o r o ffic e c le r i c a l w o rk e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
cents o f change re la te to a v e r a g e w eek ly s a la r ie s f o r n o rm a l h ou rs
o f w ork , that is , the standard w ork sch ed u le f o r w hich s tr a ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id.
F o r plant w o rk e r g ro u p s, th ey m e a s u re changes
in s tr a ig h t-tim e h ou rly e a rn in g s, ex clu d in g p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r ­
tim e and f o r w ork on w eek en ds, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts. The p e r ­
cen tag es a r e b a s e d on data fo r s e le c t e d k ey occu p a tio n s and in clu de
m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im portan t jo b s w ithin ea ch grou p .
The o f ­
fic e c le r i c a l data a re b a sed on w om en in the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B ille r s ,
m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e); b o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A
and B ; C om p tom eter o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , file , c la s s A and B; c le r k s ,
o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; keypun ch o p e r a t o r s ; o ffic e g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ;
ste n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e r a l; sw itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r s ; sw itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ; tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p ­
e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B.
The in d u stria l n u rse
data a re b a se d on w om en in d u stria l n u r s e s .
M en in the follow in g
1 0 sk ille d m a in ten an ce jo b s and 3 u n sk illed jo b s w e re in clu d ed in the
plant w o r k e r data: S killed— c a r p e n te r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a ch in is ts ; m e ­
ch a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u tom otiv e; m illw rig h ts ; p a in te rs ; p ip e fitte r s ;
s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ; and to o l and d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n ito r s ,
p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a te r ia l handling; and w atch m en .
A v e ra g e w eek ly s a la r ie s o r a v e ra g e h o u rly earn in g s w ere
com pu ted fo r ea ch o f the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s.
The a v e ra g e s a l ­
a r ie s o r h o u rly earn in g s w e re then m u ltip lie d by the a v e ra g e e m p lo y ­
m en t in the jo b during the m onths in d ica ted in the title o f table 2 .




T h ese w eigh ted earn in g s f o r in dividu al occu p a tion s w e re then tota led
to obtain an a g g reg a te f o r e a ch o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p. F in a lly , the ra tio
o f th ese grou p a g g re g a te s f o r the one y e a r to the a g g reg a te fo r the
oth e r y e a r w as com pu ted and the d iffe r e n c e b etw een the r e s u lt and
1 00 is the p e r c e n t o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the oth er.

The p e r c e n t o f change m e a s u r e s , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f
( 1 ) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w age ch a n g es; ( 2 ) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s
in pay r e c e iv e d b y in dividu al w o rk e r s w hile in the sa m e jo b ; and
( 3 ) changes in the la b o r f o r c e su ch as la b o r tu r n o v e r, fo r c e ex p a n ­
s io n s , f o r c e re d u ctio n s , and changes in the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o rk e r s
em p lo y e d b y e sta b lish m en ts with d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls . Changes in the
la b o r f o r c e can ca u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o ccu p a tio n a l
a v e ra g e s w ithout a ctu al w age ch a n g es. F o r e x a m p le, a f o r c e exp an sion
m ight in c r e a s e the p r o p o r tio n o f lo w e r paid w o rk e r s in a s p e c ific
occu p a tion and re s u lt in a d rop in the a v e r a g e , w h erea s a red u ction
in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r paid w o rk e r s w ould have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t.
The m ov em en t o f a h igh -p a yin g esta b lish m en t out o f an a r e a cou ld
cau se the a v e ra g e earn in gs to d rop , even though no change in ra tes
o c c u r r e d in o th e r a r e a e sta b lis h m e n ts.
The use o f constan t em p loym en t w eigh ts e lim in a tes the e ffe c t s
o f changes in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p re s e n te d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
N or a re the p e r c e n ts o f change in flu en ced by
changes in stan dard w ork sch e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e ,
sin c e they a re b a se d on pay f o r str a ig h t-tim e h ou rs.
In dexes fo r the p e r io d 1953 to I960 f o r w o rk e r s in 20 m a jo r
la b o r m a rk e ts w ill ap p ea r in B LS B u ll. 1 2 65 -62, W ages and R ela ted
B e n e fits, 60 L a b o r M a rk ets, W inter 1 9 59 -60.

4

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Albuquerque, N. M ex. , M ay 1961)
Avebagb
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weeklyt
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
40. 00
Weekly
earnings
and
(Standard) under
45. 00

$
45. 00

1

50. 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 $80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100. 00 105. 00 110. 00 1 1 5 .0 0 120. 00 125. 00
55. 00

60. 00 _6 5. 00.

70. 00 _75,_00

80. O . 85, .00 _ 9
jO

0

. 00 _ 95. 00 100..00 105. 00 n o . oo 115. 00 1 2 0 .0 0 125. 00

and
over

Men
C le r k s, accounting, c la ss A _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

31
21

40. 5
40. 0

$9 5. 00
93. 00

-

-

-

_

_

-

1
-

-

1
1

1

_

_

______________________________________________

19

40 . 0

84. 00

_

__________________________________________________

23

40. 0

55. 00

ro

1

3

B ille r s , machine (billing machine) ______________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

25
19

40. 0
40 . 0

64. 50
64. 50

2
2

8
8

3
1

6
6

1
-

2
-

Bookkeeping-machine op erators, c la ss A ______________
Nonmanufacturing __ __________________________________

27
24

40. 5
40. 5

69. 50
69. 50

_

6
5

5
4

_
-

5
5

8
8

Bookkeeping-machine op erators, c la ss B ______________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

120
116

40 . 0
40. 0

59. 00
58. 50

32
32

33
32

11
11

2
2

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

25
16

40. 0
40. 0

86. 00
84. 00

-

-

-

3
3

1
1

2
1

4
4

1
1
_
-

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B _____________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

99
32
67

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

63. 50
64. 00
63. 50

3
3
"

15
1
14

11
4
7

23
7
16

13
5
8

8
1
7

1
1
-

5
3
2

C le r k s, file , c la ss A ______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

25
25

40. 0
40. 0

71. 00
71. 00

4
4

_
-

1
1

7
7

1
1

_
-

1
1

_

C le r k s, file , c la ss B ______________________ ______________
Nonmanufacturing ____________ ________________________

36
33

40. 0
40 . 0

54. 50
53. 00

9
9

3
3

11
11

2
2

3
3

2
1

C le r k s, order ______________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________ ________________

50
33

40 . 0
40 . 0

56. 50
62. 00

11
2

9
8

25
21

40 . 5
40 . 5

82. 50
84. 00

_

1
_

18
16

C le r k s, p ayroll ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

4
_

3
2
_

-

-

-

1
1

5
3

C om ptom eter op erators

___________________________________

15

40. 0

66. 00

_

_

2

1

4

Keypunch operators ________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

59
52

40. 0
40. 0

72. 50
70. 50

4
4

7
7

5
5

S ecretaries __________________________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________ ________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Public u tilities 2 ____________________________________

197
32
165
33

40.
40 .
40.
40.

93.
96.
93.
88.

3
1
2
-

Stenographers, general ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Public u tilities 2 ____________________________________

128
101
37

4 0 .0
40 . 0
40. 0

_
_
-

8
8
4

C le r k s, ord er
Office boys

2

5

4

8
6

-

4

_

4

1

-

5
3

2

1

1
1

1

10
9

i

1

_

i

1
-

2
-

-

1
-

1

Women

0
0
0
0

50
00
00
50

7 6 .5 0
76. 00
68. 50

i

_

_

_

_

6
6

_

_

_
3
3
-

33

31
_

_

5
5

_
_

-

2
1

-

_

_

_

_

1
1
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
-

6
5
_
_

4
2
_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

-

_
-

_
_
_

_
_

_

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

1
1

_

3
-

2
-

-

-

1
1
_
_

7
3
4

11
3
8

1
1

1
1
_

3
3
_

_

_

7
7
_
_

_

-

1
_

_

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

3
3

1
-

10
10

2

_

6

_

_

_

5
5

2
2

-

8
7

15
12

12
10

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

4
1
3
-

4
1
3
1

12
3
9
1

7
7
5

12
1
11
3

12
4
8
3

7
7
1

18
18
6

15
3
12
7

67
2
65
3

13
11
2
1

3
2
1
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

11
11
8

12
12
8

8
8
5

11
1
1

16
9
5

12
5
-

8
6
-

34
33
2

3
3
2

2
2
2

_

_

_

20
3
17
2
_
_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

40 . 5
40. 5

59. 50
59. 00

3

2

8
8

14
14

8
6

3
3

2
2

3
3

22

40 . 0

65. 00

_

3

2

2

2

7

2

T yp ists, c la ss A ______________________ ___________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

171
142

40. 0
40. 0

71. 00
71. 00

-

6
6

17
15

19
19

9
9

19
5

15
4

T yp ists, c la ss B ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

69
68

40 . 0
40 . 0

51. 00
51. 00

10
10

17
17

27
26

11
11

3
3

_

1
1

-

1
1
_

2
1

51
45

-

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

3
2

2
-

1

2

5
5
_

43

18
18

24
23

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

■

"

_

_

“

"

-

-

-

44

1

Standard hours refle ct the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.




_
_

2
2

-

Switchboard o p erator-recep tion ists _____________________

1
*

3
2
_

_
-

1
1

Switchboard operators ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

.

-

_
_

-

5
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis^
by industry division, Albuquerque, N. M e x ., May 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A vebaqb

Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00- *85.00 90. 00 95. 00 100. 00 1 0 5 .0 0
Weekly,
Weekly
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100. 00 10_5_._00 n t h op.

1

1

Men

Draftsm en, junior

_________________________________________

70

40. 0

$ 9 3 .5 0

3

3

3

1

6

1

33

11

8

l

1
Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salarie s and the earnings correspond to these
weekly hours.

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for m en'in selected occupations studied on an area b asi^
by industry division, Albuquerque, N. M e x ., May 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Average
$
hourly , Under 2. 00
earnings1
and
$
under
2. 00
2. 10

C arpenters, m ain tenan ce2

_____________________

22

_____________________

57

$
2. 30

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 12

36

M echanics, automotive (maintenance) _______
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Public utilities 5 __________________________

106
27
79
69

2.
2.
2.
2.

77
56
84
86

7
*4

.
8

2

-

-

7
7
-

19
5
14
14

-

-

-

________________________

43

3. 11

1

_

_

_

2

1

3

_____________________________________________

20

2. 27

2

6

2

6

1

3

67

3. 46

M echanics, maintenance
O ilers

6

-

Tool and die m akers

____________________________

3

1 . 90

2. 80

2. 90

3. 00

$

3. 00

$
3. 10

$
3. 20

$
3. 30

$
3. 40

$
3 .5 0

3. 10

3. 20

3. 30

3. 40

3. 50

3. 60

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

1

40

14

2

8
21

20

1

39
39
39

6
6
~

5
5
-

4

25

-

2
3

5
5
-

-

1

-

17
1
16
16

1
1

1

_

_

_

_

.

.

6

.

.

1

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Employm ent d ecrease is due mainly to a r e classificatio n of w ork ers in 1 large establishm ent; earnings w ere also affected by the rec la ssific a tio n .
3 A ll w ork ers w ere at $ 1. 60 to $ 1 .7 0 .
4 A ll w orkers w ere at $ 1 .9 0 to $ 2 .
5 Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.




and
over

26

6

3. 60

9

7

%

8

2. 96

22

.
1

45

E ngineers, stationary

$
2 .8 0

3

1

H elpers, trades, m ain tenan ce2 ________________

2. 70

$

1

3. 14

__________________________

$
2. 20

1

$ 3 . 09

E lectrician s, maintenance

$
2. 10

-

-

_
10

6
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry d ivision , Albuquerque, N . M ex. , May 1961).
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Occupation 1 and industry division

$
$
Average
hourly 2 Under 1 .0 0
1. 10
earnings
and
$
under
1. 00
1. 10
1. 20

$
1. 20

$
1. 30

$
1 .4 0

$
1. 50

$
1 .6 0

$
1. 70

$
1. 80

$
1. 90

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1. 50

1. 60

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2 .4 0

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

$
2. 70

$
2. 80

2. 50

2 .6 0

2. 70

2. 80

2. 90

%

62
67
60
72

4
4
'

22
11
11
'

24
5
19
“

24
1
23
6

25
5
20
6

20
9
11
6

8
1
7
2

2
2
-

15
15
14

44
1
43
6

35
35
-

3
1
2
1

45
32
13
13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

33
31

1 .4 7
1 .4 8

"

3
3

11
11

1
"

2
1

-

5
5

-

-

4
4

4
4

3
3

-

-

'

-

-

-

-

-

L ab orers , m aterial handling4 __________________
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Public utilities 3 _________________ ________

231
68
163
121

2. 06
1. 74
2. 20
2 .4 2

_
'

_
-

_
-

22
1
21
-

4
1
3
'

13
11
2
'

11
9
2
"

6
6
3

21
21
-

7
7
-

4
2
2
1

12
8
4
4

16
1
15
15

18
7
11
11

7
7
-

2
2
-

88
88
87

_
-

_
-

_
-

Order fille r s _______________________________________
Manufacturing ______________ _________________
Nonmanufacturing ______ __ ____________ __

154
41
113

1. 80
1. 99
1. 72

_
-

_
-

8
2
6

10
2
8

8
£
6

57
3
54

11
2
9

2
2
“

_
-

1
1
-

15
1
14

31
22
9

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

7
4
3

_
-

-

4
4

-

-

_
■

_
-

_____________________

26

1 .4 9

.

_

.

6

_

2

16

_

.

2

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

Receiving clerk s ___ _____ _____________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________

44
27

2. 29
2. 31

_

_

_

_

_

1
-

1
-

_

1

_

_

1

-

-

2
2

15
-

1
1

2
2

11
11

2
2

.

-

8
8

-

Shipping and receivin g clerk s
________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________

30
22

2. 10
2. 03

.

_

_

2
2

2
-

1
-

6
6

1

-

-

4
2

_

-

2
2

-

-

1
1

-

-

6
6

-

-

2
2

3
1

T ru ck d rivers 5 _________________________ __________
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______ __ _________________
Public u tilitie s 3 __________________ _______

369
189
180
69

2.
2.
2.
2.

02
00
05
53

5
5
-

_
-

1
1
-

3
3

45
45
-

2
2
-

10
5
5
-

2
2

3
3
3

18
7
11
-

78
1
77
61

8
1
7
5

6
1
5
"

_
-

T ru ck d riv ers, light (under lV 2 tons) _______
Nonmanufacturing ________________ _______

82
70

2. 10
2. 14

5
5

_

3
3

1

_

2
2

11
11

33
33

_

"

11
11

_

1

1
1

_

-

1
1

-

T r u ck d riv ers, m edium ( I V 2 to and
including 4 tons) _________ __________________
Manufacturing
________ ______________ __
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

87
50
37

2. 09
1. 96
2. 27

-

-

-

-

2

-

4

_

2

-

26
26

T r u ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type) _______ — ________ _____ ___
Manufacturing _______ __ ________________

43
28

2. 30
2. 11

-

2
2

T ru ck d rivers , heavy (over 4 t o n s ,
other than tra iler type) ______________________
Manufacturing ___ _________________________

95
94

1. 98
1. 98

-

-

-

-

93

2. 24

_

_

.

_

20

1 .6 3

J anitors, p o r te r s, and clean ers (men) ________
Manufacturing ___ __ -------- --------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------ ----Public utilities 3 ...... ............................................

271
68
203
54

Jan itors, p o r te r s, and clean ers
(women) __________________________________ _________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________

P a c k e r s, shipping

________

T r u c k e r s, power (forklift) ___
Watchm en

1
2
3
4
5




__________________

__________________

_______________

____

$1.
1.
1.
1.

-

"

.

-

4

_

-

-

28
26
2

64
64
-

37
36
1
"

38
38
-

2
2

8
-

2
-

2
-

_

-

2

‘

20
18
2

2
2
"

29
28

2

1

6
r~

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

60
60

-

-

12

4

11
10
- ------ 5 ~
4
11
“
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

2
2

-

"

"

-

3

_

_

_

1

3

1

7

2

3

_

-

-

'

—

-

_

'
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

2
2

-

27
27

-

1
"

7

3

3

Data lim ited to m en w orkers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, h olid ays, and late sh ifts.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Employm ent d ecrease is due m ainly to a rec la ssific a tio n of w ork ers in 1 large establishm ent; earnings w ere also affected by the r e classificatio n .
Includes all d rivers regard le ss of size and type of truck operated.

-

62

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
1

8
1

6
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

-

-

-

2

.

.

_

_

7

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability o f occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes in applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

O

F F I C

E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work inciden­
tal to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine,
are cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E lliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

B ille r , m achine (b illin g m ach in e) — U ses a specia l billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry o f necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon cop ies
of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B ille r , m achine (b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e)— Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger
record. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a num­
ber of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.




C la s s A — Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to
be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated re­
ports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
C la s s B — Keeps a record of one or more phases or section s
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic
bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, pay­
roll, custom ers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing
described under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense d is­
tribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a ss is t in prep­
aration of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the a c­
counting department.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C la s s A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or a c­
countant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a
complete set of books or records relating to one phase of an e s ­
tablishment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and

8
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
balancing subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receiv­
able or accounts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouch­
ers with proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and ex­
perience in making proper assignations and allocations. May
assist in preparing, adjusting, and closin g journal entries; may
direct cla ss B accounting clerks.
C la s s B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers. This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in o ffice s in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distrib­
uting pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)

CLERK, FILE
C la s s A — Responsible for maintaining an established filing

system. C lassifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files. May perform incidental clerical duties.
C la s s B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been cla ssified , or locates or a ssists in locating ma­
terial in the files. May perform incidental clerica l duties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally. Duties involve an y com b in a tio n o f the
fo llo w in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled. May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled , keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sib ilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjust­
ments such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is
not required to prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file o f used
stencils or Ditto masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed
material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine. May keep files of punch
cards. May verify own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

9
SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and
making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidental
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or therecorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May pre­
pare special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may
type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing
machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

posi­
also
This
time

OPERATOR

Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype Or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and ke£p
files in order, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing
machine work.

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type
from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing
dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such
as legal briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A
worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar
machine is classified as a stenographer, general.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
TYPIST
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
ca lls. May record toll calls and take m essages. May give information to
persons who ca ll in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.




Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping
simple records, filing records and reports or sorting and distributing
incoming mail.

10
T Y P IS T — Continued

T Y P IS T — Continued

C la s s A — Performs on e or more o f the fo llo w in g : Typing ma­
terial in final form from very rough and involved draft; copying
from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent and varied
use of technical and unusual words or from foreign-language copy;
combining material from several sources, or planning layout of
complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance

P R O

F E S S I O

N

A L

DRAFTSM AN, JUNIOR
(A ssistant draftsman)
Draws to sca le units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.
DRAFTSM AN, L E A D E R
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SEN IO R
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Duties involve a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g : Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cro s s-s e ctio n s , e tc ., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those
involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;




in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in final form. May type
routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
C la s s B — Performs o n e or more o f th e fo llo w in g : Typing from
relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance
p o licie s, e tc., setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

A N D

T E C H

N

I C A

L

DRAFTSM AN, SEN IO R — Continued
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specifications* May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a com bina­
tion o f the fo llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

11
M A IN T E N A N C E

PO W ERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer are excluded .




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp e cific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
MACHINIST, MAINTEN ANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch inist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

12
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose prim ary d u tie s involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or con sisten cy. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. W orkers p rim a rily en g ag ed in in s ta llin g and re p a irin g b u ild in g
sa n ita tio n or h e a tin g s y s te m s are e x c lu d e d .

13
T O O L AND D IE MAKER

P LU M B ER , M AINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER, M AINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

C U S T O D IA L A ND M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
E L E V A T O R O P E R A T O R , PA SS EN G ER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD

J A N IT O R , PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued
or other establishment. Duties involve a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g :
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Performs routine police-duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In c lu d e s g a te men who are sta tio n e d at gate and c h eck on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and

L A B O R E R , M A T ER IA L HANDLING

oth er person s en terin g .

JAN ITO R, P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve on e or more o f the fo llo w ­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

14

L A B O R E R , M A T ER IA L HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.
L o n g sh o rem en , w ho load and unload s h ip s are e x c lu d e d .
O R D ER F I L L E R
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

SH IPPING AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
R e c e iv i n g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and r e c e iv in g clerk

T R IJC K D R IV E R
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such a s: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

P A C K E R , SH IPPIN G
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may in v o lv e on e or more o f
the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. P a c k e r s who a ls o m ake w ood en
b o x e s or cra tes are e x c lu d e d .
SHIPPING AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work i n v o l v e s : A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. R e c e iv in g work i n v o l v e s : Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in voices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s.




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)
Tru ckdriver (com bin ation o f s i z e s li s t e d s e p a r a te ly )
Truckdriver, ligh t ( under 1% t o n s )
Tru ckdriver, medium (IV 2 to and inclu din g 4 to n s)
T ru ckdriver, h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s, trailer t y p e )
Truckdriver, h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s, oth er than trailer ty p e )

T R U C K E R , POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or elec trie-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of
truck, as follow s:
Trucker, p o w er (fo rk lift)
Trucker, p o w e r (o th er than fo rk lift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
* U .S . GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1961 0 — 5 9 9 0 2 9







Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.
Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285❖ Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N .Y .— Bull. 1285-51
Albuquerque, N. Mex.— Bull. 1285-61
❖ Allentown—Bethlehem—
Easton,
P a .-N .J .— Bull. 1285-47
Atlanta, Ga.— Bull. 1285❖ Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285-34
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T ex .— Bull. 1285❖ Birmingham, A la.— Bull. 1285*53
Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285-62
❖ ❖ Boston, Mass.— Bull. 1285-15
❖ ❖ Buffalo, N.Y.— Bull. 1285-31
❖ Burlington, Vt.— Bull. 1285-57
❖ Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285-29
Charleston, W. Va.— Bull. 1285-60
Charlotte, N .C.— Bull. 1285-58
❖ ❖ Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga.— Bull. 1285-14
Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285-66
❖
❖
❖
❖

❖
❖
❖
❖

❖
❖
❖
❖ ❖
❖ ❖

Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.— Bull. 1285-59
Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285-11
Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285-38
Dallas, T ex.— Bull. 1285-21
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.—
Bull. 1285-16
Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285-41
Denver, C olo.— Bull. 1285-27
Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285-43
Detroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285-37
Fort Worth, T ex.— Bull. 1285-23

❖ Green Bay, Wis.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S.C.— Bull. 1285-63
Houston, Tex.— Bull. 1285❖ Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285-28
❖ Jackson, Miss.— Bull. 1285-42
❖ ❖ Jacksonville, Fla.— Bull. 1285-30
❖ Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans.— Bull. 1285-18
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H.— Bull. 1285❖ ❖ Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark.— Bull. 1285-6
❖ ❖ Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif.— Bull. 1285-52
❖ ❖ Louisville, Ky.—
Ind.— Bull. 1285-49
Lubbock, Tex.— Bull. 1285-67
❖ Manchester, N.H.— Bull. 1285-1
❖ Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285-35
❖ Miami, Fla.— Bull. 1285-33
Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285-64
❖ ❖ Minneapolis— Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285-39
St.
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285-

❖

❖
❖
❖

❖ Newark and Jersey City, N.J.— Bull. 1285-40
❖ New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285-46
❖ New Orleans, La.— Bull. 1285-48
New York, N.Y.— Bull. 1285-65
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va.— Bull. 1285❖ Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285-3
❖ Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa— Bull. 1285-13
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J.— Bull. 1285❖ Philadelphia, Pa.— Bull. 1285-24
❖ Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-55

❖ ❖ Pittsburgh, Pa.— Bull. 1285-44
❖ Portland, M aine-Bull. 1285-19
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence—
Pawtucket, R.I.—
Mass.— Bull. 1285❖ ❖ Raleigh, N.C.— Bull. 1285-5
❖ Richmond, Va.— Bull. 1285-26
Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285❖ ❖ St. Louis, M o.-Ill.— Bull. 1285-10
❖ ❖ Salt Lake City, Utah— Bull. 1285-32
San Antonio, Tex.— Bull. 1285❖ San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario,
Calif.— Bull. 1285-4
❖ ❖ San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif.— Bull. 1285-36
Savannah, Ga.— Bull. 1285❖ ❖ Scranton, Pa.— Bull. 1285-8
❖ ❖ 'Seattle, Wash.— Bull. 1285-7
❖ ❖ ❖ Sioux Falls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285-17
❖ South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285-54
Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285❖ ❖ Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285-50
❖ ❖ Trenton, N.J.— Bull. 1285-25
❖ ❖ Washington, D.C.-M d.-Va.— Bull. 1285-22
Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285-56
❖ Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285-20
❖ ❖ Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285-9
❖ ❖ Wilmington, D el.-N .J.— Bull. 1285-12
Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285❖ York, Pa.— Bull. 1285-45

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