View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Wage Survey
LITTLE ROCK-NORTH LITTLE ROCK
ARKANSAS
AU GU ST 1 96 0

Bulletin No. 1285-6




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua, Commbsiovtar




Occupational Wage Survey
L IT T L E R O C K -N O R T H L IT T L E R O C K




ARKAN SAS
AUGUST 1960

Bulletin No. 1285-6
October I960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Claguo, Commissionar

For salo by tho Superintendent of Document*, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 25

cents




Contents

Preface

P ag e
T h e C om m u n ity W age S u rvey P r o g r a m

I n t r o d u c t i o n ____________________________________________________________________

1

T a b le s:
T h e B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s r e g u la r ly c o n d u cts
a r e a w id e w age s u r v e y s in a n u m ber o f im p orta n t in d u s tr ia l
c e n t e r s . The stu d ie s, m ade fr o m la te fa ll to e a r ly sp rin g ,
r e la te to o c cu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la te d su p p lem en ta ry
b e n e fit s . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in e a c h a r e a , u su a lly in the m on th fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied . T h is b u lletin p r o v id e s a d d ition a l
data not in clu d e d in the e a r lie r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly tica l b u lle tin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the
y e a r * s s u r v e y s is is s u e d a fte r c o m p le tio n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lle tin fo r the c u r r e n t round o f s u r v e y s .

1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e

o f s u r v e y _____________

2

A:

O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s: *
A - 1. O ffice o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________________________________
A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s ------------------------------A - 3.
M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a tio n s __________________
A -4 .
C u sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________

4
6
6
7

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age
p r o v is io n s : *
B -l.
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s _____________________________________________
B -2 .
M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s __
B -3 .
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s ______________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s __________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a tio n s _________________________________________________
B -6 .
H ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p en sion p la n s ______________________

9
10
10
11
12
14

B:
T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u s r e g io n a l
o ffic e in A tlan ta , G a. , by D onald M . C r u s e , under the
d ir e c t io n o f L o u is B . W oy ty ch , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r
f o r W ages and In d u s tria l R e la tio n s .




A pp en d ix:

O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _______________________________________

* N O T E : S im ila r ta bu la tion s fo r th ese and oth er ite m s a r e
a v a ila b le in the r e p o r t s fo r s u r v e y s in o th e r m a jo r a r e a s .
A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g date o f study and the p r ic e o f the
r e p o r t s is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.
U nion s c a le s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls ,
a r e a ls o a v a ila b le fo r the fo llo w in g tr a d e s o r in d u s tr ie s :
B u ild in g c o n s tr u c tio n ,
p rin tin g , lo c a l- t r a n s it op era tin g
e m p lo y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii

15




Occupational Wage Survey — Little Rock-North Little Rock, Ark.
Introduction

T h is a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p o rta n t in d u str ia l c e n t e r s in
w hich the U .S . D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r 's B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s has
con d u c te d s u r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and r e la te d w age b en e fits
on an a re a w id e b a s i s . In this a r e a , data w e re ob ta in ed b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u rea u fie ld e c o n o m is t s to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s p o r t a t io n ,1
c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu blic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le tr a d e ; r e ta il
tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in ­
d u stry g rou p s e x clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving
fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m ber o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d a ls o b e c a u s e
they fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r ­
rant in c lu s io n . W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , se p a ra te ta bu la tion s a re p r o v id e d
fo r e a ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h e se s u r v e y s a re c o n d u cte d on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su r v e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . T o obtain
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied .
In co m b in in g the data, h o w ­
e v er, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e given th eir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t. E s tim a te s
b a s e d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a re p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , as r e ­
la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry grou p in g and a r e a , e x ­
c e p t fo r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied .
O ccu p a tion s and E a rn in g s
The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to
take a ccou n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u ties w ithin the sa m e
jo b . (See a p pen dix f o r lis tin g o f th ese d e s c r ip t io n s .) E a rn in g s data a re
p r e se n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p es o f o c c u p a ­
tion s: (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c ) m a in te ­
nance and p ow erp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t.
O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and ea rn in g s data a r e show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ir e d to w ork a r e g u la r w eek ly s c h e d ­
ule in the given o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in g s data e x clu d e
p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w ee k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and

R a ilr o a d s , f o r m e r l y e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f th e se stu d ie s,
w e re in clu d ed in a ll o f the a r e a s stud ied s in c e J u ly 1959, e x ce p t
B a ltim o r e , B u ffa lo, C lev ela n d , and S ea ttle.
R a ilr o a d s a r e now in ­
clu d ed in the s c o p e o f a ll la b o r -m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s .




late s h ifts .
N on p rod u ction b o n u se s a re e x clu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u se s and in ce n tiv e e a rn in g s a re in clu d e d .
W h ere w eek ly
h ou rs a re r e p o r t e d , as fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o rk sc h e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) f o r w h ich
s tr a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a re paid; a v e ra g e w eek ly e a rn in g s fo r th ese
o c cu p a tio n s have b e e n rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
A v e r a g e e a rn in g s o f m en and w om en a r e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a te ly
fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s in w hich both s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls o f m en and w om en in th ese o c cu p a tio n s a re
la r g e ly due to ( l ) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong
in d u s tr ie s and e sta b lis h m e n ts ; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific d u ties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the o c cu p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s if i e d w ithin
the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in len gth o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w w hen in d iv id u al s a la r ie s a re a d ju sted on this b a sis.
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ou ld r e s u lt in h igh er a v e r a g e pay
w hen both s e x e s a r e
e m p lo y e d w ithin the sa m e ra te ra n g e .
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese s u r v e y s are u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u se d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts to
a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ifi c du ties
p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p a tio n a l em p loym en t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the toted in a ll
e sta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and n ot the n u m b er a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re am ong
e sta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t obtain ed
fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the
r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tion al str u c tu r e do n ot m a t e r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in gs data.

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c te d e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry b e n e fits as they r e ­
late to o f f ic e and plant w o r k e r s . The t e r m " o ffic e w o r k e r s , " as u sed
in th is b u lle tin , in clu d e s w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d fu n c tio n s , and e x c lu d e s a d m in ­
is t r a t iv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. "P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
clu d e w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu din g le a d m en and t r a in e e s ) en g a g ed in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
A d m in is tra tiv e ,
e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
e m p lo y e e s who a r e u tiliz e d as a s e p a r a te w o rk f o r c e a r e e x clu d e d .
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and r ou tem en a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s­
tr ie s , but a r e in clu d e d as plant w o r k e r s in n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u stries.

2

T a b le 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in L it t l e R o c k — o r t h L it t l e R o c k , A r k . ,
N

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

Number of establishments
Within
scope of
study3

b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 A u g u s t I9 6 0

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
T otal4

Office

Plant

Total4

_____ _____ ___ __

50

145

73

27,800

3 ,8 0 0

18,500

20,610

Manufacturing __________ __ __ _______________ ________ _______
Nonmanufacturing _____ __ ______________________________________
Transportation, communication, and other
public utilities 5 ___ __________________________________________
Wholesale trade _ __ __________________________________________
Retail trade __ ________ ______________________________________
Finance, insurance, and real estate ____________________ __
Services (excluding hotels with more than 100
employees) 7 __________________________________________________

50
50

61
84

32
41

12, 300
15,500

800
3,0 0 0

9 ,9 0 0
8 ,6 0 0

9, 340
11,270

50
50
50
50

17
20
18
20

11
7
10
7

6 ,8 0 0
1,600
3 ,800
2, 300

700
(‘ )

3 ,800

(6)

6, 160
620
2,890
960

50

9

6

1,000

(6)

(6)

640

A ll divisions

_______________________________

0
(6)

<)
!>
<‘

1 T h e L it t l e R o c k — o r t h L it t l e R o c k S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ( P u l a s k i C o u n t y ).
N
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b ly
a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y ­
m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d ,
a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S ta n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
M a jo r c h a n g e s ' f r o m th e e a r l i e r e d i t io n ( u s e d in th e
B u r e a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y s c o n d u c t e d p r i o r t o J u ly 1 9 5 8 ) a r e th e t r a n s f e r o f m i l k p a s t e u r i z a t i o n p la n t s a n d r e a d y - m i x e d c o n c r e t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s f r o m t r a d e (w h p le s a le o r r e t a i l ) to
m a n u fa c t u r in g , a n d th e t r a n s f e r o f r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g f r o m s e r v i c e s to th e t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s d i v is i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e li m it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r
s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e an d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in the s e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e
f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l lo w i n g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 ) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s ig n e d in i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e
p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f ic i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le
r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




3
Shift d ifferen tial data (table B - l ) are lim ited to manufacturing
in du stries. This in form ation is presented both in term s o f (a) esta b ­
lishm ent p olicy , 2 presented in term s o f total plant w orker em p loy ­
ment, and (b) e ffectiv e p ra ctice , presented on the b a sis o f w ork ers
actually em ployed on the sp e cifie d shift at the time o f the su rvey.
In establishm ents having va ried d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used o r , if no amount applied to a m a jo rity , the c la s ­
sifica tion "o th e r ” was used.
In establishm ents in which som e la te shift hours are paid at n orm al ra tes, a d ifferen tial was re co rd e d only
if it applied to a m a jority o f the shift h ours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the esta b ­
lishm ents v isited .
They are presented on an establishm ent, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a s is .
Paid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, insurance, and pension plans are treated sta tistica lly on the
basis that these are applicable to all plant or o ffice w ork ers if a m a ­
jo rity of such w ork ers are elig ib le o r m ay eventually qualify fo r the
p ra ctices lis te d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistica lly on the b asis
that these are applicable to all plant o r o ffic e w ork ers if a m a jo rity
are c o v e r e d .3 B ecause o f rounding, sums o f individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal totals.
The fir s t part o f the paid holidays table presen ts the num­
b er o f whole and half holidays actually provided.
The secon d part
com bines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .

Data are presen ted fo r all health, in su ran ce, and pension
plans fo r which at lea st a part o f the co st is borne by the em p loyer,
excepting only leg a l requirem ents such as w ork m en's com pensation,
s o c ia l se cu rity , and ra ilroa d retirem en t.
Such plans include those
underw ritten by a c o m m e rcia l insurance com pany and those p rovid ed
through a union fund o r paid d ire ctly by the em p loyer out o f cu rren t
operating funds o r fr o m a fund set aside fo r this p u rp ose.
Death
benefits are included as a fo rm o f life insurance.
S ickn ess and acciden t insurance is limited* to that type o f in ­
surance under which predeterm ined cash payments are made d ire ctly
to the insured on a weekly o r m onthly b a sis during illn ess o r acciden t
disability.
Inform ation is presen ted fo r all such plans to which the
em p loyer con trib u tes.
H ow ever, in New Y ork and New J e rse y , which
have enacted tem porary disability insurance laws which requ ire e m ­
p loyer co n trib u tio n s,4 plans are included only if the em p loyer (1) c o n ­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly requ ired , o r (2) provides the em ployee
with benefits which e x ceed the requ irem en ts o f the law. Tabulations
o f paid s ick -le a v e plans are lim ited to fo rm a l p la n s5 which provide
full pay o r a prop ortion o f the w o rk e r's pay during absence fro m work
becau se o f illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided accord in g to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting p eriod , and (2) plans
providing either partial pay o r a waiting p eriod .
In addition to the
presentation o f the proportion s o f w ork ers who are provided sickn ess
and a cciden t insurance o r paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown of w ork ers who re ce iv e either o r both types o f b en efits.

The sum m ary o f vacation plans is lim ited to form a l a rra n g e­
m ents, excluding in form al plans w hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscre tio n o f the em p lo y e r.
Separate estim ates are provided
accord in g to em p loyer p ra ctice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as time paym ents, percent o f annual earnings, o r fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations o f vacation allow a n ces, payments not on
a time b asis w ere con verted ; fo r exam ple, a payment o f 2 percen t o f
annual earnings was con sid e re d as the equivalent o f 1 w eek' 8 pay.

Catastrophe in su ran ce, som etim es r e fe r r e d to as .extended
m ed ica l in su ran ce, includes those plans which are designed to p rotect
em p loyees in ca se o f sick n ess and in ju ry involving expen ses beyond
the n orm al co v e ra g e o f h ospitalization, m ed ica l, and su rg ica l plans.
M edical insurance r e fe r s to plans providing fo r com p lete or partial
payment o f d o c to r s 1 fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by c o m m e r ­
c ia l insurance com panies o r nonprofit organizations o r they m ay be
s e lf-in s u r e d .
Tabulations o f retirem en t pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide monthly payments fo r the rem ainder o f the
w o r k e r 's life .

2 An establishm ent was co n sid e re d as having a p olicy if it m et
either o f the follow in g con ditions: ( l ) Operated late shifts at the time
of the su rvey, o r (2) had fo rm a l p rov ision s cov erin g late sh ifts.
3 Scheduled w eekly hours fo r o ffic e w ork ers (fir s t section of
table B -3) in surveys made p r io r to July 1957 w ere p resen ted in
term s of the p rop ortion o f wom en o ffic e w ork ers em ployed in o ffic e s
with the indicated weekly hours fo r wom en w o rk e rs.

4 The tem pora ry d isability laws in C a liforn ia and Rhode Island
do not req u ire em p loyer con tribu tion s.
5 An establishm ent was con sid ered as having a form a l plan if
it establish ed at lea st the m inim um num ber of days o f sick leave that
cou ld be expected by each em p loy ee. Such a plan need not be w ritten,
but in form al sic k -le a v e allow an ces, determ ined on an individual b a s is ,
w ere excluded.




A? Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-l. O ffice Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division. Little Rock—
North Little Rock. Ark. > August I960)
At u a s i

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

t
3 0 .0 0
W aakly j
aarninfi1 and

of

w orktrs
(Standard)

S
35. 00

1
4 0 . 00

3 5 .0 0

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

4 0 .0 0

4 5 . 00

S
$
4 5 . 00 50. 00
50. 00

5 5 .0 0

S
S
S
t
s
9 5. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0
and

•
5 5 .0 0

S
6 0. 00

6 5 .0 0

$
7 0. 00

%

7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

S
8 5 .0 0

1
90. 00

6 0. 00

6 5 .0 0

7 0. 00

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0

10
6
4

13
4
9

2
2

2

_

_

4

4

1

_
4

%

(Standard)

over

M en

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ____ „ ___
_____ __ __
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___ „ __ ____ — ------------------------ —
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -------------- ------------------ -------__

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B

_____________________________

C l e r k s , o r d e r __________ _____ __ ------------- — _ ------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------- ----------------------------C le r k s , p a y ro ll

_______________

— -------------

-------------

46
19
27

$ 8 6 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

40

40. 0

38
-----J l-----

4 1 .0
4 1 .0

19

4 0 .0

[

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

“

-

“

”

-

-

-

1

6 1. 00

40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

_

_

_

62

6 7. 00
. 00

-

-

“

8 5. 50

.

-

'

’

2
2
'

14

6

8

4

4

-

3
3

14
14

5
5

3
3

4
3

-

-

_

-

8

1

-

.

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

1

12

_

_

_

_

-

“

1

7
1
6

2
2

------------------------

19

39. 5

82. 50

.

B i l l e r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) -------------------------------- ------------------ N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ________________

33
29

4 0 .0
40. 0

4 6 .0 0
4 5 . 00

4
4

2
2

10
10

5
4

6
4

5
5

1
“

B i l l e r s , m a ch in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e ) _______________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______ __ __ -----------------------------------

21
19

40. 0
40. 0

51. 50
51. 00

1
1

1
1

1
1

4
4

7
7

6
4

“

1
1

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ______________

21

40. 0

63. 50

_

_

_

4

!

4

2

3

2

5

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ______________
M a n u fa ctu rin g
-------------- -------- --------------------- ---------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______ ________ — _ -------- --------

46
29
17

40. 5
40. 5
40. 0

59. 50
00
54. 50

■

-

1

"

13
2
11

8
5
3

15
13
2

4
4
"

4
4
"

1
“

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A _____________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______ _ __ __ — ------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g __ _____ _
__ -----------------------------

55
19
36

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5

7 3. 50
6 7. 50
7 7. 00

■

2
1
1

13
-------8
5

5
3
2

’ 6
4
2

7
2
5

1
“

1
1

.
-

-

_

_

_

1
-

-

-

-

1

7

1

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

j

62.

_

j

'

'

-

7
2
5

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B

1

W om en

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ------------ ------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------- ---------------------------------------- - ----N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------- ----------------------------------------

184
53
131

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

57. 50
57. 00
57. 50

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g — — ------- __ -----------------------------

95

88

39. 5
3 9 .5

4 5 . 50
4 5 . 50

_
_
“
25
5

-

-

4
4

-

'

'

4

_

_

29
1
28

18
2
16

41
9
32

17
13

4

26
15
11

2
2

36
32

34
34

12
10

3
2

2
2

-

4

_
'

20
7
13

.

10
5
5

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

■

-

“

_

~

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

"

-

”

“

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

“

*

■

-

-

■

"

4
-

2
1
1

5
5

5
5

2
2

_

_

4

■

"

_

_

-

_
_
-

“

14
14

_

-

4
5
1

See footnotes at end of table.




NOTE: Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for hotels which employ more than 100 workers; the smaller hotels and the
remainder of the services division are appropriately represented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

-

_
“

-

_
-

"

"

_

_

_

_

"

“

■

-

.

-

.

_

5
Table A-l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division. Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., August I960)
A uuoi
Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
worker*

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNING8 OF—

$
Weekly,
Weekly. 3 0 .0 0
and
hour*
earning*
(Standard) (Standard) u n d er
35. 00

$
35. 00

$
4 0 . 00

S
4 5 . 00

S
50. 00

9

55. 00

S
6 0. 00

4 0. 00

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

55. 00

6 0. 00

65. 00

1

9
4
5

8

6

1

10
6

8

1

7

1

5
3

4

11
8

6

2
1

5
3

1

s
S
%
95. 00 100.00 1 0 5 .0 0

s

65. 00

S
70. 00

$
75. 00

S
80. 00

8 5. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00

100.00

1 0 5 .0 0

3

1
1

-

-

“

5
5

-

'

3
3

-

"

-

'

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

1
1

4
4
4

9

90

. 00

%

110.00 1 15.

110.00 1 1 5 .0 0

W o m e n — C on tin u ed

1

C le r k s , p a y r o ll ----------------------------- ---------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------------------------

67
40
27

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

$ 6 5 .0 0
62. 50
69. 00

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________________________

66

4 0 .0
40. 0

6 0. 00
60. 50

2
2

3
3

4

2

4
4

14

53

12

5
5

K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s --------------------- ---------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------------------------

60
54

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

53. 00
5 2. 50

1
1

2
2

2
2

27
24

14
14

2
2

S e c r e t a r ie s _____________ — ------------------------ -----------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------- ----------- ---------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g — ----------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ------------------------------------------------------'

313
85
228
46

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
40. 0

-

-

S te n o g ra p h e r s , g e n e r a l -------------- ----------------------------------M anuf a c t u r i ng —________ ________________ ___ ______ ___
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ----------------- --------------------- ----------

186
17
169
46

40. 0
4 0. 0
4 0 .0
4 0. 0

58.
6 0.
58.
77.

50
00
50
00

-

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g --------- -------- —
------— __

44
38

4 1 .0
4 1 .0

54. 00
54. 00

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n is t s ------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------

53
18
35

39. 5
39. 5
39. 0

55. 00
58. 00
53. 50

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l

------------------

22

39. 5

4 6 . 00

T y p is t s , c l a s s A ---------------- ------- __ ----- ------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ___________ ______________ _________________
N on m a n u factu rin g ---------------------------------------------------------

76
27
49

39. 5
4 0. 0
3 9 .5

6 0. 00
59. 50
60. 50

-

T y p is ts , c l a s s B - ______ __ -------- -------- ----__ __ —
M a n u fa ctu rin g
-------- ------------- — —
----_
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g --------- ------------— —
— —

155

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
39. 0

4 5 . 50
5 0. 00
4 4 . 50

4
4

22

133

-

-

72. 00
88. 00

4

1
1

5

22
8

41

-

4
-

14

35
-

50
3
47
3

32

“

13
13
■

31
3

20
2

9
9

2
2

4
4

3
3

10

3

7

1

1
"

1
1
2

20
6

8

~

9

14

71. 00

68. 50

-

1
-

1

-

1

1

~

1

9

9

2

-

-

“

~

7
7

8
6
2

14
14

49

64
4
60

2

8

41

9

7

6

23
3

3
5

2

12
1
1
1

2
1

7
7

.
-

8
8

"

-

2
2

1
1

4
4

-

-

-

-

27

19
4
15

15
3

8

35

26

23

2

15
3

3

11
1
10
10

2
2

6
6

4
3

-

-

1
1

7
4
3

2
1

3

1
1

61
15
46

2

19
5
14
3

41
18
23

8

15
4

11

12

"

1
1

2

6
21
4

.

-

6

8
2

1

6

12
8

10

7
7

6

10
10

3
_
3
3

-

-

-

~

1
1

‘

-

-

2
2

6
6

-

-

-

"

~

-

2

"

-

-

-

“

"

-

-

~

“

7
7

-

-

-

-

"

-

_

,
-

-

-

2
-

“

2
32
13
19

9
7

2

7
7
~

1

13

3

1

1

1

-

-

-

14

1

1
2

1

-

1

1

1

-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
8 Includes 3 workers at $ 25 to $ 30.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




-

-

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

00

and
over

-

6
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , August I960)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

Av u a g b
N u m ber
of
w orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W e e k ly .
h ou rs
(S ta n da rd)

W e e k ly
e a rn in g s1
(Sta n da rd)

$
60. 00

$
65. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

Loo

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

4

55. Q
0
and
under
6 0 . 00

8

2

2

Men

1

3

$67. 00

41. 0

19

Draftsmen, ju n ior--------

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these

weekly hours.

NOTE:

Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for hotels which employ more than 100 workers; the smaller hotels and
the remainder of the services division are appropriately represented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , August I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$ #
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

1. 30

1 .4 0

1. 50

1. 60

1 .7 0

.

.

.

-

-

$

1 .8 0

$ . 90
1

1. 00 1

1. 80

1 .9 0

2. 00

2. 10

34
25

2. 04
1 .9 5

-

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e ___________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________

67

1.62

60

1. 54

2
2

M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e _________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ----------------------------------------------------

97
43

2. 55
2 .4 3

15
15
-

47

27
27

-

10
10

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

2
2

“

3
3

2
2

2
2

2
2

17
17

14
14

4
4

4
4

2
2
8
2
6
6
2
2

1
1
10
2
8
8

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in te n a n ce ) ---------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________________

177
49
128

121

2 .3 9
1 .9 5
2. 56
2. 59

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n ce -------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________

106
103

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s -----------------------------------------------

42

_

-

.

_

_

-

-

4
4
-

-

2. 22
2. 22

-

-

-

3
-

-

-

-

-

"

-

“

-

6
6

2. 78

-

_

-

_

_

-

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

-

holidays,

4

1

L
___“ _____

2. 80

9
9

-

_

2. 70

_

1
1

-

2. 60

_

-

-

2. 50

-

-

.

2 .4 0

2

"

_

2. 30

2

-

-

70

4
3

"

1
1

-

$ 60
2.

12
12
1
1

-

2
2

-

E n g in e e r s , s t a t i o n a r y -------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________________

$
2. 50

2
2

“

-

-

$
2. 40

12
10

"
-

-

2. 22
2. 18

30

2
2

.

-

33
28

2. 20

-

.

"

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e _______________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________

2. 20

$

4
3

.

-

$ 2. 16
2. 00

10

12
12

.

.

32
18




$
1 .3 0

$

2
2

.

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ----------------------------------------------------

NOTE:

1. 20

-

$
Average $
hourly . 1.00 1. 10
earnings 1 and
u n d er
1. 10 1.20

"

13

12

-

-

.

12

-

-

1
1

-

3
3

_

-

5
5

7

.

_

1

1

-

"

-

2

2

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

3
3

4
4

_
-

7
7

4

2
2
1

-

4

21
2
1

5
4

7
7

2
2
1
8
8

1

1
1
2

-

1

2

6

20

3

-

1
1

45
45

2

$

2. 80
2. 90

$

2. 90

$
3. 00

3. 00

3. 10

10

%.

3. 20

1
-

-

"

-

2

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

-

_

_
-

1
2

-

_

_

_

“
54

"

_
-

-

-

-

2
2

13
13

_

_

1

-

-

-

61
-

-

-

61
61

-

3
3

_

.

_

-

-

7

2

-

2

-

-

_

-

*

-

-

5

1

-

-

_

*

2
2

-

_

-

2

12
1
1
1
1
1

2

*

1

-

and late shifts.

Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for hotels which employ more than 100 workers; the smaller hotels and
the remainder of the services division are appropriately represented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

-

4

3

12

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , August I960)
NUM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation1 and industry division

N m er
u b
o
f
w rk rs
o e

8
$
s
$
S
8
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
8
S
$
$
$
$
A era e s
v g
0
h u 2 0.40 0. 50 S . 60 0. 70 0 . 80 0. 90 1 .0 0 1 . 10 1 .2 0 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1. 70 1 . 80 1. 90 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 20 2. 30 2.40 2.50 2.60
o rly
and
e rn g
a in s
under
. 70
. 80 .90 1 . 00 1 . 10 1 .2 0 1. 30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1. 70 1.80 1. 90 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 20 2. 30 2.40 2. 50 2.60 2. 70
. 50
. 60

Elevator operators, passenger
(women) -----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

44
44

$ 0 .6 7
.67

Janitors, porters, and cleaners
^ f= ) _______________________________ __
m m
Manufacturing -— ------- -----------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Public utilities 3 ------------------------- -

371
157
214
43

1.24
1.35
1.15
1.62

Janitors, porters, and cleaners
(women) --------------------------- -----------------Manufacturing -------------------- -----------Nonmanufacturing ------------------ --------

Laborers, material handling ---------------Manufacturing ------------------- ------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

Order fillers ----------------------------------------Manufacturing
—
--------- —
—
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

153
20

133

526
224
302

122

.93
1.15
•90

1.39
1.37
1.40

12
12

2
2

-

28
28

-

-

-

1

_
“

2

12

-

-

2

12

24
24

23
23

85
29
56
4

'

'

1

~

_
-

"

3
3

"

"

2
2

34
14
20

45
5
40

54
54
-

7
4
3

11

'

“

64
64

'

_
~

59

6

12

8

5

4

2

51

1

4
4

3
3

7
7

7
7

38

177
19
158

45
36
9

-

2
2

-

18

1.39
1.47
1.37

"

Packers, shipping (men) ----------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------

50
25

1.30
1.37

-

Packers, shipping (women)

------------------

37

1.07

Receiving clerks -------------- -----------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

50
43

1.43
1.37

Shipping clerks

--------------------------------------

22

Shipping and receiving clerks -------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------

23
17

1 .6 8

“

“

“

4

"

“

12

“

-

8

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

“

63
40
23

46
46
“

’

'

-

-

1

-

-

21

32

21

26

1
12

19
16
3

15

2

6

18
7

2
2

31
28
3

13

'

3
3

"

9
9

6
6

1

3

j

'

24

1

3

24

35
'

‘

3
3

1
1

-

1
1

1

'

1

2
2

3
3

12

2

4
3

6
6

6
6

7
4

3
2

4

2

5

2

3
3

3

-

-

3
3

1
1

3

|
i_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

See footnotes at end of table.




'

35

12

6

3
3

3

1.71

-

'

6
6

14
14

6

18

1
1

-

8
8

6

5

"

“

-

_

-

1

'
22
21
1

5

-

-

1

19

"

2

“

-

'

1.59

"

1
1

'

19

26
96

17
17
13

3
“

20

53
50
3
3

'

8

2

S
2. 70
and
over

NOTE: Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for hotels which employ more than 100 workers; the smaller hotels and the
remainder of the services division are appropriately represented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

2
2

“

-

-

-

1
1

8
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A rk. , August I960)

Truckdrivers 4 __________________________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------

Truckdrivers, light (under l */2
tons) -------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------Truckdrivers, medium ( l */2 to
and including 4 tons) ________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------

Truckers, power (forklift) ______________
Manufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Watchmen________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________




1
2
3
4
5

550
336
214
78

61 ’
24
37

332
218
114
42

$ 1.65
1. 50
1.90
2.64

2

-

-

-

-

1.37
1. 50
1 . 29

-

-

-

-

"

"

'2

1 .46
1.30
1.77
2 64

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

86

1.67
1. 50

27

3

-

35
~ ir ~

1 . 20

l.
1 . 20 S 30

$
1. 40 *1.50

1.40

1. 50 1.60

1.30

*1.70
1 . 80

o

$

1 O
'

1 . 10

o

S
’

-0

•o

Occupation1 and industry division

s
$
s
A era e s
v g
0.60 0. 70 0.80 $ 90
0.
h u , 0.40 0. 50 S
o rly
e rn g c and
a in s
wider
. 60
. 80
.90 1 .0 0
. 50
. 70

o
o

NUM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

N m er
u b
of
w rk rs
o e

----- 8
-

4
4
-

4
4
-

-

2
2

12

10
2
8

■

"

102
101
1

80
24
56

28
28
-

8
8

-

17
17

17
17

-

109 92
T05~ 24
4 68

38
30

8

17
“ 75“

s
$
$
$
$
$
$
1.80 1 .9 0 2 . 00 $2 . 10 $2 . 20 2. 30 2.40 2. 50 2.60 $2. 70
and
1 .9 0

2 . 00

2 . 10

2 . 20

10
10

114
114
-

-

-

-

-

-

3

14

2

1

11

7

12

-

-

4

4

-

1

7

3

-

2

-

2

24
17
7

-

4
4

8

92
74
18

1. 24
1. 23
1. 31

6

-

26
26

5
5

-

8
8
7

69
69
69

-

2

-

-

-

2

_

-

1

-

2
2

-

10
10

“

■

■

2
2

-

17
16

-

22

-

-

4

-

-

8

35

-

-

-

1

-

Zi
-

-

-

4

-

-

8

35
35

-

2
2

4
4

34
34

8
8

9

14

4

9

2 .

"

14

■

54

2 . 20

113

2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2 . 60 2.70 over

-

.

-

_

_

_

-

_

1

28
24
4

Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
Includes all d rivers regard less of size and type of truck operated.
A ll w orkers were at $ 2. 70 to $ 2. 80.

21

18
3

8
6
2

n
8
3

-

8
8

6
4
2

4
4

_

5
2
3

6
2

2
2

7

~

-




B ‘ Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
«
Table B-1. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant workers by type and amount of differential,
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A r k ., August I960)
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
In establishments having formal
provisions 1 for—

Shift differential

Second shift
work

Total ~

Third or other
shift

Third or other
shift work

Second shift

72. 3

55. 1

9 .2

1 .6

62. 0

5 2 .9

8. 3

1 .4

-------------------------------------

53. 3

44. 1

6 .2

.9

---------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------- -----------_____________ _____ ____ ______ ____ __ ___
--------------------------------------------------------------- _________________________________________
------------------------ ------------ ------------- --------------------------------- ------- ---------__________________ _____ ________ ___

1 .5
1 9.6
1. 9
23. 9
.8
3. 5
2. 2

_

_

_

4. 7
1 .5
18. 7
2 .5
3. 5
1 3 .2
-

1 .9
.2
3 .2
1 .0

(2)
.9
-

— --------------------------------------- ----- ------------------

With shift pay differential

-----------------------------------------

Uniform cents (per hour)
4 cents
5 cents
6 cents
7 cents
8 cents
9 cents
10 cents
11 cents

Actually working on—

Uniform percentage

------------ -------------------- —----------

8. 7

8. 7

2 .0

.5

------------

8. 7

8. 7

2. 0

.5

No shift pay differential ---------------------------------------------

10. 3

2 .2

.9

.2

10 percent _________

—

---------------

1 Includes establishments currently operating late shifts,
though they were not currently operating late shifts.
2 L ess than 0. 05 percent.

and establishments with form al provisions covering late shifts even

10
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office workers, Little Rock-North Little Rock, A r k ., August I960)
Other inexperienced clerical w orkers2

Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly salary

1

Manufa cturing

Nonmanufacturing
All
industries

Based on standard weekly ho u rs3 of—

All
industries

All
schedules

40

All
schedules

37 Vz

40

73

32

XXX

41

XXX

XXX

47

20

19

27

4

20

All
schedules
Establishments studied

73

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

40

All
schedules

37Vz

40

32

XXX

41

XXX

XXX

4

13

2
2

-

-------------------------------

28

9

9

19

Under $ 3 0 .0 0
...............................................................................
$ 30. 00 and under $ 32. 50 * --------------------------------------------------------------------$ 32. 50 and under $ 3 5 .0 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------$ 35. 00 and under $ 3 7 .5 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------$ 37. 50 and under $ 40. 00 ---------------------------------------------------------------------$ 4 0 . 00 and under $ 4 2 . 50 --------------------------------------- -----------------$ 42. 50 and under $ 45. 00 ------------------------ --------------------------------------$ 45. 00 and under $ 47. 50 --------------------------------------- ---------------------------$ 4 7 . 50 and under $ 50. 00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------$ 5 0 .0 0 and under $ 5 2 .5 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------$ 52. 50 and under $ 5 5 .0 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------$ 5 5 . 00 and under $ 5 7 .5 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------$ 5 7 . 50 and under $ 60. 00 ------------------------------------------------Over $ 6 0 .0 0 ------------------ -------------------------------------------

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

Establishments having a specified minimum

2

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

1
1
8

-

-

1

-

1

-

1

1

-

4
-

4
-

4

-

4

1
18

2

2

4

2
2

2

2

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

4

2
1

2
1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

2
2
1
1
1

“

2
1
1
1
1

-------------------

8

2

XXX

6

XXX

Establishments which did not employ workers in
this category -------------------------------------------------------------------------

37

21

XXX

16

XXX

Establishments having no specified minimum

4

2
1

-

-

-

2
2

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
1
1
1
6
1
1
-

1
1
1

-

5

XXX

9

XXX

XXX

7

XXX

5

XXX

XXX

XXX

14

XXX

12

1

-

-

-

3
3
9
2
1
1
1

-

-

1
10
3
1
2
3
1
1
1

8
1
2
1
6
1
1
-

-

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—

-

8
2
1
2
2
1
1
1

-

1
-

1

Lowest salary rate form ally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
2 Rates applicable to m essengers, office girls, or sim ilar subclerical jobs are not considered.
3 Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries.
Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the most common workweeks reported.

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift workers, Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A r k ., August I960)
O F FIC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W O RK ERS

Weekly hours
All industries1

A ll workers

____________________________________

Under 3 7 x/z hours --------------------------------------------3 7 * / z hours _____________________________________
3 8 * / z hours -------------------------------------------------------4 0 hours
----------------------------------- ----------------------Over 4 0 and under 4 4 hours _______________ __
4 4 hours
------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 4 and under 4 8 hours ---------------------------4 8 hours and over ---------------------------------------- __

100

M anufacturing

100

100

2

All industries 3

M anufacturing

14

2

72

90

8

4

2

2

2

(4)

2

2

_

_

_
98

_
_
_
2

100

100

2

(4)

_

Public utilities

Public utilities2

4

_

4
77

6

100

_
92
2

3
1

_

8

3

90

10

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services (except hotels which employed more than 100 workers) in addition to those industry divisions
shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and. other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services (except hotels which employed m ore than 100 workers) in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 L ess than 0. 5 percent.




11
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually. Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , August I960)
PLAN T W ORKERS

O F FIC E W O R K E R S

Item
All industries

A ll workers

___________________

1

M anufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries 3

M anufacturing

Public utilities2

_______________

100

100

100

100

100

100

Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays _________ ______________________
W orkers in establishments providing
no paid holidays __________ _______________ „

99

100

99

96

99

97

1

4

1

3

19

1
13
84

2
8
29
1
17
3
1
36

4
7
23
22
6
2
34

7
9
81

24
32
54
54
91
99
100

84
84
98
98
99
99
99

37
40
57
58
86
94
96

36
42
64
64
87
94
99

81
81
90
90
90
97
97

1

Number of days

2
4
5
5
6
6
6
7

holidays _________________ __ _______________
holidays _____________________ _______________
holidays _______ ________ __________________
holidays plus 1 half day _____________________
holidays ______________________________________
holidays plus 1 half day _____________________
holidays plus 2 half days ____________________
holidays ______________________________________

(4 )
3
58
2
10
2
1
25

1
8
37
22
7
5

Total h o liday tim e 5

7 days ____________________________________________
6 V2 or more days --------------------------------------------6 or more days _________________________________
5V2 or m ore days _____________________________
5 or more days -------------------------------------------------4 or more days _________________________________
2 or more days --------------------------------------------------

26
28
37
39
97
99
99

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services (except hotels which employed more than 100 workers) in addition to those industry divisions
shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services (except hotels which employed more than 100 workers) in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Less than 0. 5 percent.
5 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and
no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions were then cumulated.




12

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Little Rock—
North Little Rook, Ark. , August I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
All industries *

A ll w o rk e r s

_________________________________________

Manufacturing

100

100

99
99
-

99
99
-

( 5)

( 5)

4
60

36

Public utilities2

All industries3

100

100

100

4

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

95
94

100

M e t h o d off p a y m e n t

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ______ ____________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t __ _________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ----------------------------------------F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t ______ _____________________
O t h e r _____________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s ________________________________

A m o u n t off v a c a t i o n

A fte r

6

p a y

100

-

97

97

100

( 5)

1

-

1
-

-

-

3

5

"

6

m on th s o f s e r v i c e

U n der 1 w eek
__________________________ __________
1 w e e k _______________________________________________

6

_
59

18

30

12

8

2

17

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
______________________________________
U n der 1 w eek
1 w eek
_______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________

_

_

37
( 5)
62

41
59

_

_
24
76

_
68
1

79

3
82

1

2

31

13

8

_
85
_
15

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _______________________________________
1 w eek
______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________

11

4

85

_

_

1

3

3

43

18
79

32

59
14
19

31

34
31
30

97

20

15

54

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek
______________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________

8
( 5)
92

.

19
80

1

24
18

99

55

1

_

3

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
w e e k _______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________ _____________________
1

See footnotes at end of table.




3

( 5)
97
( 5)

98

4

3

_

1

2

2

3

99

90

88

97

2

' f>
X tl

Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , L it t l e R o c k —N o r t h L it t l e R o c k , A r k . , A u g u s t I9 6 0 )
PLAN T W ORKERS

O F FIC E W O R K E R S

V a c a t io n p o l i c y

All industries1

M anufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

Amount of vocation p a y 6— Continued

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s _______________________________________________

2

79
( 5)
19

1
62
36

2

2

-

2

2

-

89

59

1

72
-

99
-

9

22

32

-

1

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s _______________________________________________

2

1

45

57
38
3

( 5)
52
1

.
7
1

92
■

2

2

2

13
87
■

2

48
46
■

47
44
~

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________ _______________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________
1

2

42
( 5)
53
2

1

57
-

_
7
1

33

90

9

2

2

_

2

2

2

-

48
42
4

47
40
4

13
79

8

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s _______________________________________________

2

1

42

57
25
17

( 5)
50
6

.
7

2
2

90

48
40

2

6

1

.
13
79

2
2

47
37
7

8

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s ( e x c e p t h o t e ls w h ic h e m p l o y e d m o r e th a n 1 00 w o r k e r s ) in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y
sh ow n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n ; a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s ( e x c e p t h o t e ls w h ic h e m p l o y e d m o r e th a n 100 w o r k e r s ) in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4
I n c lu d e s p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t p r o v i d e p a id v a c a t i o n s u n t il a f t e r 3 y e a r s ’ s e r v i c e .
5
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
6 P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p le , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d at 10 y e a r s ’
s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
1

d iv is io n s
2

N O T E : In th e t a b u la t io n s o f v a c a t i o n a ll o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , "
t o an e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's




su ch a s p e r ce n ta g e o f annual e a rn in g s o r fla t - s u m
pay.

p a y m e n ts,

w ere

co n v e rte d

14

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f it s , L it t l e R o c k —N o r t h L it t l e R o c k , A r k . , A u g u s t I9 6 0 )
O F FIC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

T y p e o f b e n e fit
All industries1

A ll w o rk e r s

__________________________________________

M anufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

90

84

86

73

76

51

68

48

73

40

40

31

81

46

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g :
L i f e in s u r a n c e ___________________________________
A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e ---------------------------------------------------- ----S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 4 ___________________________

73

79

58

66

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ______ __
S ic k le a v e (f u ll p a y a n d no
w a it in g p e r io d ) _____________________________
S ic k l e a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r io d ) __________________________ _

25

60

9

43

59

9

60

51

31

14

9

22

11

-

48

4

-

16

H o s p i t a l iz a t io n in s u r a n c e _____________________
S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e _____________________________
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ______________________________
C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e _________________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n ____________________________
N o h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p la n _____

74
72
59
47
67
4

89
80
55
45
63
3

49
49
48
48
70
3

80
73
52
36
37
12

80
72
54
26
33
16

73
73
66
66
38
3

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s ( e x c e p t h o t e ls w h ic h e m p l o y e d m o r e th a n 1 00 w o r k e r s ) in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y
show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s ( e x c e p t h o t e ls w h ic h e m p l o y e d m o r e th a n 100 w o r k e r s ) in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4
U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f in i t e ly e s t a b l i s h at le a s t
th e m in im u n n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n fo r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
1

d iv is io n s
2




15

A ppendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

B ille r , m achine (b illin g m achine )—

Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slips.




Class A — Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B — Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

16

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.
C la s s B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE
C la s s A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s, cla ssifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
C la s s B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or assists in locating inaterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

CLERK, ORDER

R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any com bination o f the fo llo w in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple cop ies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL

Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

17
SECRETARY

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls .
May record toll calls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who ca ll in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.




TABU LATIN G-MAC HINE OPERATOR
Class A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter,,reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C — Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp e cific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

18

TYPIST— Continued

TYPIST

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing processes. May do clerical work involving little specia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.
Class A — Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­

terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B — Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licie s,
e tc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PR O F E SSIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina•
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
TRACER

Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc., to scale by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

19
M A IN T E N A N C E

D POW ER PLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications;.locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician 's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer are excluded .




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

20

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER

Lubricates, with o il or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE

Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
L ayin gou tof work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating system s are excluded .

21
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die maker's
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

22

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d ev ic es; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen , who load and unload ships are excluded .
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sa le s slip s, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are c la ssified as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such a s : Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of bu sin ess. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, s iz e , and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssifie d by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l l2 tons)
/
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER

boxes or crates are excluded .
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, inv o ices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s .




Operates a manually controlled g a so lin e- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of a ll kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d
truck, as follow s:

by type of

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illeg a l entry.
-&U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1960

O — 573520

Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D .C ., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.

Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N .Y .-—Bull. 1285Albuquerque, N. Mex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—Bethlehem—Easton,
P a .-N .J .— Bull. 1285Atlanta, G a .-—Bull. 1285Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285Beaumont—Port Arthur, Te^c.— Bull. 1285Birmingham, A la.— Bull. 1285-

Green Bay, W is.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S .C .— Bull. 1285Houston, T ex .— Bull. 1285Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285Jackson, M iss.— Bull. 1285Jacksonville, F la .— Bull. 1285Kansas City, Mo.—Kans.— Bull. 1285Lawrence—Haverhill, M ass.—N .H .-—Bull. 1285Little Rock—North Little Rock, Ark.— Bull. 1285-6

Pittsburgh, P a.— Bull. 1285Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285Portland, Oreg.—Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence—Pawtucket, R .I.— ass.— Bull. 1285M
Raleigh, N .C .— Bull. 1285-5
Richmond, V a .— Bull. 1285Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285St. Louis, Mo.—111.— Bull. 1285Salt Lake City, Utah— Buli. 1285-

Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285Boston, Mass.— Bull. 1285Buffalo, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Burlington, V t.— Bull. 1285Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Charleston, W. V a .— Bull. 1285Charlotte, N .C .— Bull. 1285Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga.— Bull. 1285Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285-

Los Angeles—Long Beach, C alif.— Bull. 1285Louisville, K y.—Ind.— Bull. 1285Lubbock, T ex .— Bull. 1285Manchester, N .H .— Buil. 1285-1
Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285Miami, F la .-—Bull. 1285Milwaukee, W is.-—Bull. 1285Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285Muskegon—Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285-

San Antonio, T ex .— Bull. 1285San Bernardino—Riverside—Ontario,
C alif.— Bull. 1285-4
San Francisco—Oakland, C alif.— Bull. 1285Savannah, G a.-—Bull. 1285Scranton, P a.— Bull. 1285Seattle, Wash.— Bull. 1285-7
Sioux F alls, S. Dak.-—Bull. 1285South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285-

Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.— Bull. 1285Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285“
Dallas, Tex.— Bull. 1285Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111.—
Bull. 1285Dayton, Ohio—-Bull. 1285Denver, Colo.— Bull. 1285Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285Detroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285Fort Worth, T ex .— Buil. 1285-

Newark and Jersey City, N .J.— Bull. 1285New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285New Orleans, L a .— Bull. 1285New York, N . Y . - B u l l . 1285Norfolk—Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a.— Bull. 1285Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285-3
Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa— Bull. 1285Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N .J.— Bull. 1285Philadelphia, P a.— Bull. 1285Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-

Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285Trenton, N .J.— Bull. 1285Washington, D .C .—Md.—V a .-—Bull. 1285Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285Wichita, Kans.-—Bull. 1285Wilmington, D ei.—N .J .— Bull. 1285Worcester, M ass.— Bull. 1285York, P a.— Bull. 1285-




An asterisk preceding a labor market indicates the availability and
price of the bulletin.
P lease do not order copies in advance.





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102