View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Wage Survey

LOS ANGELES-LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA
MARCH 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-52




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretory
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




New England Region
18 Oliver Street
Boston 10, Mass.
liberty 2-2115_______

Occupational Wage Survey
LOS ANGELES-LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA




M A R C H 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-52
May 1961

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Community Wage Survey Program

Introduction ______________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups _________________________

The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following
the payroll period studied.
This bulletin provides addi­
tional data not included in the earlier report.
A consoli­
dated analytical bulletin summarizing the results of all of
the year's surveys is issued after completion of the final
area bulletin for the current round of surveys.

Tables:
1.
2.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey ___________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods ________________

3

A: Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations ________________________________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations _________________
A - 3. Maintenance and powerplant occupations _______________
A -4 .
Custodial and material movement occupations _________

5
10
11
13

B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions:
B -l.
Shift differentials _________________________________________
B -2.
Minimum entrance salaries for women officew o rk ers__
B -3. Scheduled weekly hours ___________________________________
B -4.
Paid holidays ______
B -5. Paid vacations ____________________________________________
B -6. Health, insurance, and pension plans __________________

This report was prepared in the Bureau's regional
office in San Francisco, C alif., by William P. O'Connor,
under the direction of John L. Dana, Assistant Regional
Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




1
4

15
16
17
18
19
21

Appendix: Occupational descriptions

__________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available in the Los
Angeles—
Long Beach area reports for January 1952, Febru­
ary 1953, March of each subsequent year through 1959, and
April I960.
Most of the reports also include data on
these or related establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions.
A directory indicating date of study and
price of the reports, as well as reports for other major
areas, is available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and
supplementary wage practices in the Los Angeles—
Long
Beach area are also available for the machinery industries
(May I960), fluid milk (June I960), hotels (June I960),
power laundries and dry cleaners (June I960), banking
(June I960), nonferrous foundries (June I960), hospitals
(August I960), women's and m isses' dresses (August I960),
and candy and other confectionery products (November
I960).
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels,
are available for the following trade or industries: Build­
ing construction, printing, local-transit operating employ­
ees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

iii

3

23




Occupation W age Survey—Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif.
Introduction

This a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p orta n t in d u str ia l c e n te rs in
w h ich the U. S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r 's B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics has
con d u cted s u r v e y s o f o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d w age b en e fits
on an a r e a w id e b a s i s . In this a r e a , data w e r e obtain ed b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is t s
to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e esta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in six b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s :
M an u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o rta tio n , 1
c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e; r e ta il
tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in ­
d u s try g rou p s e x clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e ra tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts having
fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e om itted a ls o b e c a u s e
they fu rn is h in s u ffic ie n t em p lo y m e n t in the occu p a tio n s studied to w a r ­
rant in c lu s io n . W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , se p a ra te ta bu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r e a ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h e se s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v olv ed in su r v e y in g a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts . To obtain
a p p r o p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n of la rg e
than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied . In com b in in g the data, h o w ­
e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv en th eir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t.. E stim a tes
b a s e d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts studied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , as r e ­
latin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a ,
ex­
ce p t fo r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stud ied.
O ccu p a tion s and E arn in gs
The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tion a l c l a s ­
s ific a t io n is b a se d on a u n ifo r m set of jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esig n ed to
take a cco u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in duties w ithin the sa m e
jo b . (See a p pen dix fo r lis tin g o f th ese d e s c r ip t io n s . ) E a rn in gs data a re
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) fo r the fo llo w in g ty p es o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a) O ffice c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c ) m a in te ­
n an ce and p o w erp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t.

late s h ifts.
N on p rod u ction b o n u se s a r e ex clu d ed a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b on u ses and in cen tiv e ea rn in g s a r e in clu d ed .
W h ere w eek ly
h ou rs a r e r e p o r t e d , as fo r o ffic e c le r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o r k sch e d u le s (roun ded to the n e a r e s t h alf h ou r) f o r w h ich
s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e paid; a v e r a g e w eek ly ea rn in g s fo r th ese
occu p a tio n s have b e e n roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
A v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f m en and w om en a r e p r e se n te d s e p a r a te ly
fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tio n s in w h ich both s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls o f m en and w om en in th ese o ccu p a tio n s a r e
la r g e ly due to ( l ) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is trib u tio n of the s e x e s am ong
in d u str ie s and e sta b lis h m e n ts; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the o ccu p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin
the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in length of s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it re v ie w when in dividu al s a la r ie s a r e ad ju sted on this b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ould r e s u lt in h ig h er a v e ra g e pay
w hen both s e x e s a re em p loy ed w ithin the sa m e rate ran ge.
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese su rv e y s a r e u s u ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in dividu al e sta b lish m en ts to
a llow fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific duties
p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p a tion a l em p lo y m e n t estim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in a ll
esta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m ber a c tu ­
a lly su r v e y e d . B e ca u se of d iffe r e n c e s in occu p a tion a l stru c tu re am ong
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e stim a te s o f o ccu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t obtained
fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts studied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the
r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s studied.
T h ese d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
pa tion a l stru c tu re do n ot m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
ings data.
E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and S u pplem en tary W age P r o v is io n s

In form a tion is p r e se n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c te d e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry b en e fits as they r e ­
late to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
The term ’ 'o ffic e w o r k e r s , ” as u sed
O ccu p a tion a l e m p lo y m e n t and ea rn in g s data a r e show n fo r
in this b u lle tin , in clu d es w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ire d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c le r i c a l o r re la te d fu n c tio n s, and e x clu d e s a d m in ­
u le in the g iven o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in gs data e x clu d e
is t r a t iv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. "P la n t w o r k e r s ” in ­
p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
clud e w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in cluding le a d m en and tr a in e e s ) engaged in n o n o ffic e fu n ction s.
A d m in is tra tiv e ,
1
R a ilr o a d s , f o r m e r l y ex clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f th e se s tu d iee x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e -a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
s,
e m p lo y e e s who a r e u tiliz e d as a se p a ra te w o rk fo r c e a re ex clu d ed .
w e r e in clu d ed in a ll of the a r e a s studied s in c e July 1959, e x ce p t B a lti­
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e ex clu d ed in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s­
m o r e (S e p te m b e r 1959 and D e c e m b e r I9 6 0 ), B u ffalo (O cto b e r 1959\
t r ie s , but a r e in clu d ed as plant w o r k e r s in n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u str ie s .
C lev ela n d (S ep tem b er 1959), and Seattle (A ugust 1959).




2
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (table B - l ) a r e lim ite d to m a n u factu rin g
in d u s tr ie s .
This in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in te r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lish m en t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f total plant w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m en t, and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s is o f w o rk e r s
a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the su rv e y .
In e sta b lish m en ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount ap plyin g to
a m a jo r ity w as u sed o r , if no am ount a p p lied to a, m a jo r ity , the c l a s ­
s ific a tio n " o t h e r " w as u sed .
In e sta b lish m en ts in w h ich so m e la t e sh ift h ou rs a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n tia l w as r e c o r d e d on ly
if it a p p lied to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u rs.

M in im u m en tra n ce ra tes (table B -2 ) r e la te on ly to the e s t a b ­
lish m en ts v is ite d .
T h ey a r e p r e s e n te d on an esta b lis h m e n t, ra th er
than on an e m p loy m en t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and
health, in su r a n ce , and p e n sio n plans a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the
b a s is that th ese a r e a p p lica b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a ­
jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y even tu a lly q u a lify f o r the
p r a c t ic e s lis te d . S ch ed u led h ou rs a re tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a sis
that th ese a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r ity
a r e c o v e r e d . 3 B e c a u s e o f roun din g, su m s o f in d iv id u al ite m s in th ese
tabu lation s m a y not equ al to ta ls .
The f ir s t p a rt o f the pa id h olid a ys ta ble p r e s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r o f w hole and h a lf h olid a y s a ctu a lly p r o v id e d .
The s e c o n d p a rt
c o m b in e s w hole and h a lf h olid a y s to sh ow total h olid a y t im e .

D ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n
p la n s f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
ex ce p tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ire m e n ts su ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n sa tio n ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such pla n s in clu d e th ose
u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in su r a n ce c om p a n y and th o se p r o v id e d
th rou gh a union fund o r p a id d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r re n t
o p e ra tin g funds o r fr o m a fund se t a s id e f o r this p u r p o s e .
D eath
b e n e fits a r e in clu d ed as a fo r m o f life in s u r a n ce .
S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce is lim ite d to that type o f in ­
s u r a n ce u n der w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a sh p a ym en ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in su r e d on a w eek ly o r m on th ly b a s is du rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch plan s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s.
H o w e v e r, in N ew Y o rk and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich
have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in su r a n ce la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 plans a r e in clu d ed on ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
trib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ire m e n ts o f the la w . T abu lation s
o f p a id s i c k -le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l plans 5 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll pa y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's pa y du rin g a b s e n ce fr o m w o rk
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S ep a ra te ta bu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
(1) .plans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y and no w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) plan s
p r o v id in g e ith e r p a r tia l pay o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In a d dition to the
p r e s e n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n du plica ted total is
show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p es o f b e n e fits .

The s u m m a r y o f v a ca tio n plan s is lim ite d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m en ts, ex clu d in g in fo r m a l plans w h e r e b y tim e o ff w ith p a y is g ra n ted
at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep a ra te e stim a te s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com pu tin g v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts, su ch
as tim e p a y m e n ts, p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s, o r fla t -s u m am ou n ts.
H ow ev er, in the tabu lation s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , pa ym en ts not on
a tim e b a s is w e re c o n v e r te d ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a ym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as the equ iv alen t o f 1 w e e k 's pay*

C a ta strop h e in s u r a n ce , s o m e tim e s r e fe r r e d to as exten ded
m e d ic a l in s u r a n ce , in clu d es th o se plan s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v olv in g e x p e n s e s bey on d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in su r a n ce r e fe r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le te o r p a r t ia l
pa ym en t o f d o c to r s* f e e s . Such plans m a y be u n d erw ritten b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in su ra n ce co m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y be
s e lf-in s u r e d . T ab u lation s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n sio n plans a r e lim ite d to
th o se p la n s that p r o v id e m on th ly p a ym en ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life .

2 An esta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as having a p o li c y if it m et
e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g co n d itio n s: (1) O p era ted la te sh ifts at the tim e
o f the su r v e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts.
3 S ch edu led w eek ly h ou rs f o r o ffic e w o r k e r s (fir s t s e c tio n o f
ta ble B -3 ) in s u r v e y s m a de p r io r to Ju ly 1957 w e r e p r e s e n te d in
te r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o ffic e s
w ith the in d ica ted w eek ly h ou rs f o r w om en w o r k e r s .

4
The te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lifo r n ia and R h ode Islan d
do not r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s.
5 A n e sta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as h aving a fo r m a l pla n i f
it e s ta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er o f days o f s ic k le a v e that
c o u ld be e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . S uch a p la n n e e d n ot b e w ritten ,
but in fo r m a l s i c k - le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u al b a s is ,
w e r e e x clu d e d .




3

T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f su r v e y and n u m b e r studied in L o s A n g e le s —
Lon g B each , C a l i f . ,

M in im um
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s c o p e
o f study

In du stry d iv is io n

by m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 M a r c h 1961

N um ber o f esta b lis h m e n ts

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ith in
scop e of
study 3

Studied

Studied
T o ta l4

O ffic e

Plant

T o ta l4

___________________________________________________

_

2, 580

329

1, 020, 100

206, 500

582, 500

458, 520

M an u factu rin g _________________________________________________
N on m an u factu rin g ____________________________________________
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r
p u b lic u tilitie s 5 _________________________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e ___________________________________________
R e ta il tra d e (e x c lu d in g d ep a rtm en t s to r e s )
_
_
F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ___________________
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o tio n p ic tu re s ) 8
__ _
M otion p ic tu re s 9 __________________________________________

100

1, 155
1, 425

119
210

580, 200
439, 900

87, 900
118, 600

357, 300
2 2 5 ,2 0 0

253, 040
205, 480

100
50
100
50
50
50

101
432
210
255
376
51

30
49
25
42
48
16

A ll d iv is io n s

106,
61,
95,
84,
72,
20,

21, 100
16, 600
( 6)
56, 100
14, 300
2, 500

700
200
000
300
200
500

82,
15,
26,
46,
19,
16,

61, 100
29 ,10 0

( 6)
7 6, 400
35, 100
13, 400

240
170
000
620
440
010

1 The L os A n g e le s — on g B e a ch Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tica l A r e a (L o s A n g e le s and O range C o u n tie s).
L
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f stu dy" e s tim a te s show n in this ta b le p r o v id e a
re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the su r v e y .
T h e e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w ev er, to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er
a r e a em p loy m en t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in adva n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d
studied, and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the su r v e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u se d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
M a jo r ch an ges f r o m the e a r l ie r ed ition (u sed in the
B u re a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s co n d u cte d p r i o r to July 1958) a r e the t r a n s fe r o f m ilk p a s te u r iz a tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e s ta b lis h m e n ts f r o m tra d e (w h o le s a le o r reta il) to
m a n u fa ctu rin g, and the t r a n s fe r o f ra d io and te le v is io n b ro a d c a s tin g f r o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo ym e n t at o r above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ith in the area) o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s tr ie s as tra d e, fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and o th e r w o r k e r s ex clu d e d f r o m the s e p a ra te o f fic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a te r tra n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x clu d e d .
L o s A n g e le s ' e l e c t r i c u tilitie s and m o s t o f its lo c a l tr a n s it a r e m u n icip a lly op e r a te d and is e x clu d e d by d e fin itio n
f r o m the s c o p e o f the s tu d ie s .
6 Th is in d u stry d iv is io n is re p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A and B ta b le s .
Sepa ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data f o r this d iv is io n is not m ade
f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s ; (1) E m p loym en t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it se p a ra te study, (2) the s a m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it sep a ra te
p re s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequ ate to p e r m it se p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u al es ta b lis h m en t data.
7 E stim a te r e la te s to r e a l esta te esta b lis h m e n ts only.
8 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o t io n -p ic t u r e d is trib u tio n and m o t io n -p ic t u r e t h e a te r s ; n on p rofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in e e rin g and
a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .
9 M o tio n -p ic t u r e p r o d u c tio n and s e r v ic e s independent o f m o t io n -p ic t u r e p r o d u c tio n but a llie d th e r e to .

T a b le 2.

In d exes o f standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in gs fo r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in L o s A n g e le s — on g B ea ch , C a lif. ,
L
M a r c h 1961 and A p r il I960, and p e r c e n ts o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
Indexe s
(F e b r u a r y 1953 = 100)

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fr o m —

Industry and o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p
M a r c h 1961

A ll in d u s t r ie s ;
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en)
In d u stria l n u r s e s (w om en) _______
S k illed m ain ten an ce (m en) _______
U n sk illed plant (m en) ____________

141.
139.
142.
141.

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en) __________
In d u stria l n u r s e s (w om en ) _______
S k illed m ain ten an ce (m en) _______
U n sk illed plant (m en ) ____________

1 4 1 .4
141. 9
142. 7
139. 8




1
6
4
5

A p r il I960

A p r il I960
to
M a r c h 1961

M a r c h 1959
to
A p r il I960

M a r c h 1958
to
M a r c h 1959

M a r c h 1957
to
M a rch 1958

M a rch 1956
to
M a r c h 1957

M a r c h 1955
to
M a r c h 1956

M a r c h 1954
to
M a r c h 1955

F e b ru a r y 1953
to
M a r c h 1954

1 35 .7
135. 6
136. 8
136. 8

4.
3.
4.
3.

0
0
1
4

4.
4.
3.
3.

2
1
3
4

4.
3.
5.
5.

6
7
3
1

3.
5.
5.
5.

3
1
3
3

6.
6.
4.
5.

2
0
0
3

4.
4.
5.
3.

7
3
6
4

3.
2.
3.
3.

6
5
0
6

4.
5.
5.
6.

6
4
5
0

136.
137.
137.
135.

3.
2.
4.
3.

5
9
2
5

4.
4.
3.
4.

2
1
3
3

4.
4.
5.
4.

5
3
0
2

4.
5.
5.
5.

4
65
4

5. 8
5. 3
4 .0
4. 4

4.
4.
5.
3.

3
3
8
9

3.
2.
2.
3.

6
5
9
5

5.
6.
5.
4.

2
8
8
9

6
8
0
1

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , and o f a v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d
pla n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
In a r e a s w h ich w e r e not s u r v e y e d d u rin g the
f i s c a l 1953 b a s e y e a r (J u ly 1952 to June 1953) th is ta b le is lim ite d
to p e r c e n t s o f change b e tw e e n s e le c t e d p e r io d s .

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , the in d e x e s
r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s o f w o rk , that is ,
the stan d ard w o r k s ch e d u le f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e p a id.
F o r pla n t w o r k e r g ro u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g es in s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s, e x clu d in g p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k ­
en ds, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts.
The in d e x e s a r e b a s e d on. data fo r
s e le c t e d k ey o c cu p a tio n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t
jo b s w ith in ea ch g rou p . The o ffic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on w om en in
the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i lle r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ); b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , file ,
c la s s A and B ; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; keyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s ;
o ffic e g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; ste n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a ­
t o r s ; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a ­
t o r s ; t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; aixd ty p is ts , c la s s A
and B .
The in d u s tr ia l n u r s e data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in d u stria l
n u r s e s . M en in the fo llo w in g 10 s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s and 3 u n s k ille d
jo b s w e r e in clu d ed in the pla n t w o r k e r data: Skilled-— c a r p e n t e r s ;
e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; m i l l ­
w rig h ts ; p a in t e r s ; p ip e fit t e r s ; s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s ; and t o o l and d ie
m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a ­
t e r ia l han dlin g; and w a tch m en .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
c o m p u te d f o r e a ch o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s .
The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a rn in g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d b y the a v e r a g e o f 1953 and
1954 e m p lo y m e n t in the jo b . T h e s e w eig h ted e a rn in g s f o r in d iv id u al
o c cu p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to ob ta in an a g g re g a te f o r e a c h o c c u p a ­
tio n a l g rou p , F in a lly , the r a t io o f th e s e g ro u p a g g r e g a te s f o r a giv^n
y e a r to the a g g re g a te f o r the b a s e p e r io d (s u r v e y m on th , w in te r 1952—
63)
w a s com p u ted a n d the r e s u lt m u ltip lie d b y the b a s e y e a r in d ex (10 0) to
g e t the in d e x f o r the g iv e n y e a r .




S im ila r p r o c e d u r e s w e r e fo llo w e d in c o m p ilin g ‘ 'p e r c e n ts o f
c h a n g e " in a r £ a s n ot su r v e y e d du ring 1953.

A d ju s tm e n ts h av e b e e n m a d e w h ere n e c e s s a r y to m a in tain
c o m p a r a b ility s o that the y e a r - t o - y e a r c o m p a r is o n s a r e b a s e d on the
sa m e in d u stry and o ccu p a tio n a l c o v e r a g e .
F o r ex a m p le, r a ilr o a d s
h ave b e e n in clu d ed in the c o v e r a g e o f the s u r v e y s on ly s in c e Ju ly 1959.
In com p u tin g the in d e x e s fo r the f i r s t y e a r in w h ich r a ilr o a d s w e r e
in clu d ed , data r e la tin g to r a ilr o a d s w e r e e x clu d ed . In d exes fo r s u b s e ­
quent y e a r s in clu d e data f o r r a ilr o a d s .

The in d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l
s a la r y and w a g e ch a n g e s; (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d
b y in d iv id u al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and (3) ch a n g es in the
la b o r f o r c e su ch a s la b o r tu r n o v e r, f o r c e ex p a n sion s, f o r c e r e d u c ­
tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
C h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e can
c a u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout
a ctu a l w a g e ch a n g e s. F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e ex p a n sion m ig h t in c r e a s e
the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific o c cu p a tio n and r e ­
su lt in a d r o p in the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a re d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n
o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ou ld h ave the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . The m o v e m e n t
o f a h ig h -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a co u ld c a u se the a v e r a g e
e a rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though n o change in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n ts.
The u se o f con sta n t em p lo y m e n t w eig h ts elim in a te s the e ffe c t s
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
N or a r e the in d e x e s in flu en ced b y ch a n g es in
stan dard w o r k sc h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e , s in c e they
a r e b a s e d on p a y f o r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .

In d exes fo r the p e r io d 1953 to I9 60 fo r w o r k e r s in 20 m a jo r
la b o r m a rk e t* w ill a p p ea r in B L S B u ll. 12 6 5 -6 2 , W a ges and R ela ted
B e n e fits , 60 l a b o r M a rk e ts, W in ter 1959—
60.

A* Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , L os A n geles—
Long B each , Calif. , M arch 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Average
Number
of
workers

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Weeklyj
(Standard)

S
S
$
$
$
%
%
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
Weekly , 4 5 . 00 5 0 . 00 5 5 . 00 6 0 . 00 6 5 . 00 7 0 . 00 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 00 9 0 . 0 0
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0
earnings
and
and
(Standard)
5 0 . 00 5 5 . 0 0 6 0 . 00 6 5 . 00 7 0 . 00 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00 9 5 . 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 o v e r

M en
C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A _____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 --------------------------------_____________________
W h o le sa le tra d e
F i n a n c e 3 _______________________________
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) ______________________________
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s ______________________

1 ,0 8 3
524
559
102
117
186

.
■

"

“

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8 5 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
8 9 .5 0

_

-

-

-

-

*

4
4

2
2

0
0
0
0

1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0

_
-

.
-

_
-

12
12
-

-

0
5
5
0
0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

39. 5

7 7 .5 0

-

-

1

39.
40.
39.
38.
39.
39.

5
0
0
0
5
0

6 9 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
6 6 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
6 6 .5 0
6 1 .5 0

27
27
27

31
4
27
26

0
0
5
0
0
5

$ 1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0

66
48

40. 0
40. 0

9 8 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B _____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________

418
2 44
174

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

C l e r k s , o r d e r ________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
W h o le s a le tra d e
_____________________

1 ,7 1 3
544
1 ,1 6 9
1 ,0 6 3

40.
40.
40.
40.

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ______________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________
M o tio n p ic t u r e s
_____________________

341
182
159
42
53

40.
40.
39.
40.
40.

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( M i m e o g r a p h o r D it t o ) ____________________

72

,

-

_

_
-

40.
40.
39.
40.
39.
39.

.
-

1 49
86
63
4
10
16

160
96
64
34
8
4

66
34
32
4
23

"

61
11
50
9
2
35

-

1

4

-

-

'

-

31
2

17
1

43
28
15

3
3

92
69
23

80
47
33

78
63
15

16
16

18
18
-

11
11
11

41
34
7
7

81
28
53
53

133
46
87
87

-

2
2
-

26
5
21
1

8
7
1
1

-

"

15
7
8
6
1

-

-

6

1

28

98
9
89
8
8
63

244
79
165
12
25
104

204
93
111
9
11
67

“

-

-

24
24
-

90
46
44
1
17
4

92
18
74
7
13
34

40
18
22
1
2
8

73
46
27
12
8
4

33
9
24
5
7

69
66
3
-

1
1
-

7
4
3
-

"

"

"

"

1

-

2

13
2

11

3

12

3

1

3

24
10
14

43
10
33

6
6

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

24
1
23

184
93
91
91

243
38
205
145

358
49
309
299

256
40
216
1 90

27
6
21
21

97
31
66
56

87
57
30
30

101
48
53
53

_
-

56
41
15
-

26
14
12
12

26
12
14
12

24
15
9
5

11
5
6
3

26
17
9
1

-

-

-

-

19
6
13
7
2

"

-

'

17
10
7
5

34
29
5
1

12

11

2

-

10

1

-

-

-

-

123
73
50
2
17

123
88
35
4
2

93
62
31
11
7

24
17
7
6
-

11
6
5
4
-

9
2
7
4
1

6
6
2
-

-

5
5
1
-

-

“

'

"

_

-

-

"

'

-

18
13

14
15

10
3

1

1

2

-

4

-

-

-

-

4

-

"

1
-

3
-

22
20

10
10
10

2
2
2

2
2
2

1
1
1

_
-

_

-

102
62
40
7
15

1 46
100
46
4
9

11 3
84
29
15
3

70
35
35
1
10

32
11
21
8
1

39
9
30
10
9

22
11
11
-

998
433
565
63
52
306
72
52

37. 5
40. 0

7 0 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

-

1

10

4

-

-

-

-

15
9

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ___________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 -----------------------------------

85
78
53

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

9 6 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0

_

_

_

_

.

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s A
______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________
F i n a n c e 3 _______________________________

674
------3^>6
308
52
87

39.
4o.
39.
39.
38.

1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0

5

0
5
5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

"

“

-

41
40
38

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

1
1
1

3
1
2
1
1

44
12
32
1
11

75
23
52
3
28

"

_

-




-

-

-

-

22
22
-

-

-

-

-

-

“

31
6
25
25

21
9
12
12

_
-

5
2
3
3

9
4
5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

'

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

Estim ates fo r all in du stries, nonm anufacturing, and public utilities include data fo r ra ilroad s (SIC 40 ), om itted fro m the scope
o f all labor m arket wage surveys made b e fo re July 1959.
W here significant, the e ffe ct of the inclusion of railroad s is greatest
on the data shown separately fo r the public utilities division.

-

47

42
22
20
20

See footnotes at end o f table.

NOTE:

11
4
7
-

156
23
133
19
23
80

O f f i c e b o y s ____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________
_____________________
W h o le s a le tra d e
F i n a n c e 3 _______________________________
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) ______________________________
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s ______________________

36
32
4
4

18
15
3
-

4
1
3
-

-

“

3
2
1
-

1
1
-

6
Table A-1. Office Occupatbns-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, L os A ngeles—Long Beach, C alif. , M arch 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

$
$
$
$
$
$
s
s
S
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Weekly
4 5 . 0 0 5 0 . 0 0 5 5 . 0 0 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0
earnings 1
and
and
(Standard) u n d e r
over
5 0 . 0 0 5 5 . 0 0 6 0 . 00 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0

Men-— Continued
Tabulating-m achine op erators,
c la ss B _________________________
Manufacturing ----------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------Public u tilities 2 _________
W holesale trade __________
Finance 3 __________________
Motion pictures --------------Tabulating-m achine op erators,
c la ss C -------------------------------------Manufacturing _______________
Nonmanufacturing __________
Finance 3 __________________
Typ ists, c la ss B ------------------------

1
1 ,3 1 2
638
674
100
175
288
29.

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5
40. 0
39. 5
39. 5
40. 0

$

9 7 .0 0

8
-

16
16
2
-

38

96

135

258

245

10
28
-

36
. 60
2

75
60

139
119
3

127
118

9 7 . 50
97. 00

_

_

-

-

9 8 . 50

-

-

-

-

1 0 1 .5 0

-

-

-

-

8
4
-

-

8

8
4

8 9 . 50
1 2 4 .5 0

-

-

-

-

4

11

26

46

44

75

"

-

■

■

■

•

"

■

■

"

5
-

11
-

44
16
28

76
71
5

49
30

9

7

1

19
5

76
28
48

13

5

17
2
15

19

2

3

3

19
28
52

52

44

19

111

84

129
58

66

18
34

9
10

3

1

29
15
-

240

1

150

6
_
|

32
7

27

~

1

3

11
2

5
4
1

1
-

2
-

1

2

-

_

17

-

-

-

-

-

■ {

_

6
-

2
_

|
|

3
_

2

_

_
-

_
_

-

-

-

3
_

-

-

-

-

2

3

“

-

_
_

1

38

28

,

23

j

-

10
-

_

4

10

j

-

-

,

_

1

-

i
299
162

39. 5
40. 0

137
51

39. 0
39. 0

70

37. 5

8 4 . 50
8 5 . 50
8 2 . 50

_
_

7 0 .0 0

_

-

-

-

7 9 . 50

_

“

1

11
11

_

1

7

34

_
_

-

_

_
-

_
_

-

-

-

.......

i

Women
B ille r s , machine (billing machine) --------Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________
W holesale trade --------------------------------

735

40. 0

219
516

40. 0
40. 0

139

39. 5

7 5 . 50
7 6 . 50
8 2 . 50

B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping
machine) -----------------------------------------------------

78

38. 5

8 1 . 50

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators,
c la ss A ------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------W holesale trade _____________________

760
428
332
133

39. 5
39. 5
40. 0
40. 0

92.
93.
90.
90.

2 ,8 5 5
341
2 ,5 1 4

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

6 9 . 00
8 5 . 50
6 6 . 50

64
22
42

Bookkeeping-machine op erators,
c la ss B ------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ______________________
W holesale trade -------------------------------F in an ce3 _____________________________
Services (excluding motion
pictures) ___________________________
C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A -------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ______________________
Public u tilit ie s 2 ____________________
W holesale trade _____________________
Finance 3 _____________________________
S ervices (excluding m otion
pictures) -----------------------------------------Motion pictures --------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




00
00
50
00

_
-

_
_

-

"

"

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

230

130

55

58

113

22

44

5

2

57
173
21

37
93

40
15

2
-

"

1
43
18

1
4

-

46
67
46

6
16

19

7
51
35

11

7 6 . 00

26

2

4

22

13

137
102
35
17

200
134
66
50

35
24

82
72
10

-

171
26
145
50

76
42
34
15

210
82
128
36
43

156
81
75

45
32
13
-

66
31
35
-

9
28
28

1

-

“

469
307
162

529
393
136
34

228
138
90

_
-

2
2

30
28
2

-

171
2 ,0 9 4

39. 5
40. 0

7 9 . 50
6 4 . 00

6

166

449

619

586
26
560
46
467

78

38. 5

8 0 . 50

-

-

-

4

1

-

31

9

2 ,6 3 0
1 ,5 5 1

40. 0
40. 0

_

_

204
98
106
2

8 6

3
-

8
-

171
150

193
243

-

-

34
14
20
-

321

-

8
-

216

_

3
-

39. 5
40. 0
40. 0
3 9 .5

9 6 . 50
9 7 .0 0
9 5 . 50
9 6 . 50
9 5 . 00
8 5 . 50

_

1 ,0 7 9
175

-

-

3

6

13

49
47

19
63

9
32

31
20
34

231
73

39. 0
40. 0

9 1 . 50
1 2 7 .5 0

_

_

_

2

4

5

38

46

72

166
-

449
-

650
22

166
_

449
-

628
-

-

_

19
182

245
25
220
35
154

"

1

130
1

7
7

46

37

19

28
14
15

38

17

26

32
32
_
_

12

-

-

13
_

1
_

13
_

13

1

13

-

-

_

_
_

_
_

_

-

“

.

-

-

_

----------— J
_

_

_

_
.

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

33

6
6
_

206
1
205

11
1

12
-

_
_

-

1
1
_

_
_

-

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

66
63
3
-

26
-

2
-

1
-

4
-

9
-

26

2

3
4

1
-

4
-

9
-

-

1
-

-

-

219
72

180
141

61
30

147
28

39
1
17

31
22

50
38
12
-

3

-

-

13
8

_
15

9

_

4

4

_
12

_
3

_
19

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

1

1

4

_
59

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , M a r c h 1 9 6 1 )

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME1 WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

W om en — C on tin u ed

s
$
S
S
3
$
$
s
$
Weekly . 4 5 . 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 8 0 .0 0 J85. 00 90. 00 95.0 0
T
1
earnings1
(Standard) (Standard)
“
“
"
“
|
"
"
"
"
-6-5. o a 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 SiLQiL.9iL_QQ 95. QQ 100.00
1
1
J
i
10
78
447
680
586
981
775 ; 377 ; 171 j
92
39. 5 $ 7 6 .5 0
40. 0
46
56
258 . 210
4 42
222
537
97 1 64
79. 00
74. 00
10
32
422
333 j 155 !
74 | 28
376 ! 444
39. 0
391
40. 0
75. 00
154
162
46
54
111
10
119 j
6 i
40. 0
78. 00
1
41
4 1 11
4 5 j 57
76
151
37 ,
38. 5
67. 50
31
297
184 1 113
27
4 !
137
9
-!
Weekly.

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ___________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e ___________________
F in a n c e 3 __
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) __________________________

4 ,3 1 2
2 ,0 0 0
2 ,3 1 2
664
433
802
236

38. 5

76. 00

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A ____________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e ___________________
F in a n ce 3 _____________________________

513
201
312
54
172

39.
39.
39.
40.
39.

5
5
5
0
0

77.
83.
74.
76.
68.

50
00
00
00
50

2

7

2
2

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ____________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ___________________
W h o le s a le tra d e ___________________
F in a n c e 3 ____________________________

2 ,9 3 2
657
2 ,2 7 5
118
227
1 ,5 5 4

39.
40.
39.
40.
4 0.
38.

0
0
0
0
0
5

63.
73.
60.
78.
66.
57.

00
50
00
50
00
50

160
160
160

39.
39.
39.
39.

5
5
5
5

86. 50
8 5 .0 0
1 88. 00
93. 00

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ___________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ___________________
W h o le s a le tra d e ___________________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________________
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) __________________________

1 ,5 1 0
853
657
93
63
192

39.
40.
39.
39.
39.
39.

5
0
0
0
5
0

90.
91.
90.
96.
95.
83.

- i
-

Keypunch operators _____________________
Manufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Public u tilities 2 ___________________
W holesale trade ___________________
Finance 3 ____________________________________
S ervices (excluding motion
pictures) __________________________
Motion pictures -----------------------------S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




13 j
79
67
12
5
-

8
4
4
2
-

212
182
30
5
10

224
175
49
41
7

36
17
19
17
_

31

9
9
1
3
-

8
3
5
4

188
113
75
55

64
21
43
34

93

73
40
33
1
13

169
64
105
6
6
67

232
152
80
6
4
21

216
154
62
11
2
19

209
106
103
23
21
25

41
41

39
52
52
20
32

657
12
645
24
555

640
86
554
8
64
394

324
60
264
32
76
121

154
83
71
6
38
14

37

11
11
1

48
22
26
2
82
48
34
12

!
!

37
~

1

-

!
1

-

,

15
4
11
4

-

j

26
20
1
13

-

62
31
31

—

i
1
:
1
j
;
[
j

40
29 !
11 1
2
- |

62
38
24
io
-

- i

j
|
1
i

-

27
13
14
2
9

77
27
50
18
22

4 79
36
4 43
10
300

763
306
457
303

Duplicating-m achine operators
(M imeograph or Ditto) _________________
Manufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Finance 3 ____________________________________

21 i

31

24
24
24

41

7
_
7

C l e r k s , o r d e r _____________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e ___________________

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s _______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
Public utilities 2 ___________________
W holesale trade ___________________

32
136 |
64
72 |
2
22

7

_
- j
-

50
00
00
50
50
50

93
46

$
$
S
S
$
$
100.00 105.00 1 1 0 .O o lll5 .0 0 120 .00 1 25.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 1 45.00 150.00
and
- i
■
'
■
"
■
"
“
115.00
1 0 5 .0 0
j
1
i
i

-

5 |
- 1
5
-

1
1
-

.
-

- ;

-

-

■
-

-

-

_

-

1 i

5
- '

1
- 1
- ,
- |

-

-

3
3
-

-

1
1
_

8
2 I
------------1
- <
" I
8
2 !
4
-

6 !
1

-

;
!
i
:
I
1

_

_

j

-

i

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

"

1
1
-

_

-

1
1
-

!
!

4
4 i
3
-

1
1
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

62
73 !
29 ------- 5
33
68
33
26

73 ;
27 l
46 i
35

6o
2
58
58

44
22
22
22

2
2
2

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

"

-

145
50
95
20
8
11

80
71
9
2
-

33
31
2
2

22
16
6
2
-

1
1
-

10
6
4
-

r

25
8
2
-

102
52
50
15
14

119
58
61
8
21
4

- i

-

.

-

j

_

84. 00

-

-

-

1

12

19

26

23

7

22

17

12

1

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 ,9 1 1
755
1 ,1 5 6
68
4 00

39.
40.
39.
40.
39.

5
0
5
0
5

| 86. 50
' 9 0 .5 0
84. 50
90. 00
83. 50

_
-

1
1
-

_

46
10
36
1
-

97
13
84
7
51

174
20
154
8
46

322
55
267
5
69

234
97
137
3
71

206
101
105
2

339
285
54
4
22

175
84
91
23
51

127
53
74
9
24

178
28
150

3
3
-

6
3
3
-

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

6

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

--

"

-

-

387
231
156
87

39.
39.
39.
39.

5
5
0
5

75.
77.
71.
69.

00
50
50
00

22
6
16
16

51
39
12
2

62
21
41
25

115
75
40
24

73
57
16
5

27
27

4
2
2

7
2
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

"

3 ,6 8 4
1 ,7 2 2
1 ,9 6 2
394
521
723

39.
40.
39.
40.
39.
39.

5
0
5 !
0 |
5
0

82.
84.
80.
78.
84.
74.

00
50
50
50
00
50

298
4 20
73
126
294
225
103
65
21
77
95 | 138

713
318
395
29
95
209

749
431
318
32
107
108

284
186
98
13
41

436

33

141
45
96
44
20
16

68

168
14
118
9

358
213
145
43

50

62
-

3

26

140

159
56

39. 5

39. 0
40. 0

8 2 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

1
4
2

-

12

-

-

1

12

1

-

6

12
9

_

_

!

-

-

1

-

-

29
2
27

"

1

166
26
140
51

-

-

27

88

|

!
"

1
!

4
-

6
-

66

-

2

268 "

1

33
-

2
7

5
11

33

35
-

9
_
-

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
1
15

1

5

_

_

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

5

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

1

5

-

-

-

J_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

-

“

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los A ngeles—
Long Beach, C a lif ., M arch 1961)
Average
S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard!

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF
$

!$
$
S
S
$
$
$
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0

l o . 00

I s . 00 l o . 00 I s . 00

f o . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00 8 5 . 0 0

9 0 . 00

55. 00

Weekly . 4 5 . 0 0
earnings1 a n d
(Standard) u n d e r
5 0 .0 0

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00 19 0 . 0 0

9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0
----------- !
i
i

and
7 0 . 00

1

W o m e n — C o n t in u e d
i
1
O f f i c e g i r l s ____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________
F i n a n c e 3 _______________________________
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) _____________________________

948
388
560
81
58
3 21
,69

235
105
1 30
21
45
48

141
35
106
31
1
61

6 9 . 50

3

-

3

12

7

37

1

-

9 8 . 00
9 8 . 50
9 7 . 00
1 0 2 .0 0
9 8 . 50
9 3 . 00

_

_
-

30

____ 21

30
30

21
10

70
37
33
4
21

107
26
81
4
60

515
190
325
56
67
115

937
332
60S
55
70
298

48
9
39
_

39. 5

1 ,2 4 3
429

38. 5
39. 5

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------- -----------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________
F i n a n c e 3 _______________________________
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) _____________________________
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s ______________________

8 .6 1 2
4 ,4 0 5
4 ,2 0 7
600
625
1 ,8 9 7

39.
40.
39.
39.
40.
39.

39.
40.
39.
38.
39.
39.

5
0
0
5
5
0
|

9 2 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0

5
0
5
5
0
0

8 5 .0 0
8 8 . 00
8 2 . 00
9 0 . 50
8 3 . 50
7 6 . 50

38. 0
40. 0

7 9 . 00
1 0 7 .0 0

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , t e c h n i c a l __________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
F i n a n c e 3 ------------------------------------------------M o t i o n p i c t u r e s ______________________

1 ,0 5 5
234
821
53
51

40.
40.
39.
38.
40.

0
0
5
5
0

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s _____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ----------------------------------F i n a n c e 3 _______________________________
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) _____________________________
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s ______________________

2 ,2 9 2
693
1 ,5 9 9
316
167
471

39.
40.
39.
39.
40.
39.

5
0
5
0
0
0

478
96

39. 5
39. 0

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________
F i n a n c e 3 _______________________________
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) ---------------- --------------------------

1 ,8 8 7
1 ,0 2 7
860
48
348
227

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5
40. 0
4 0 .0
39. 0

152

39. 0

9 3 . 00
9 8 . 00
9 1 . 50
8 5 . 00
1 1 8 ,0 0

-

59
15
44
4 i
2

56
47
9
4
_
-

64
52
12
8
2
- i

-

-

-

11

3

11

83

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

162
11

4

26
26
-

200
4
196
3

458
50
408
36
8
4 1
160
316

676
165
511
67
67
254

1349
420
929
58
179
455

45

99

~

-

_

25
12
13
1

_
_
-

'
!

4
- !
4

5
19

-

2

-

-

-

27
1

_

_

-

-

- !
- 1
-

-

-

-

!

i

3
1
2
- ,
_

9
8
1
1
_
_

-

18
3
15
4
6

1416
589
1 827
i
48
| 1 40
j 316

,

2
2
_
_

1
1
_
-

-

-

-

2644 2515
1543 1597
1 101
918
68
188
2 0 4 | 141
497 i 312

j 1930
1391
| 539
i
88
85
199

1178
716
462
113
57
1 175

'

1

-

_
_

j
_
_

717
351
366
74
116
56

218
22

215
20

693
342
351
50
116
79

126
28

j
i
1

1 1550
792
7 58
25
110
378

1659
1219
440
57
1 08
192

1302
100 1
3 01
84
53
100

645
395
250
128
56
17

343
171
1 72
124
13
1

1 177
63
1 14
4
20
-

1 29

118

-

"

38
7

27
8

2
36

12
22

19
47

- !
33

69
69
21

104
12
92
6

269
23
246
5
3

232
40
192
13

65
26
39
3

-

129
42
87
2
2

‘

75
68
7
6

321 ! 2 0 3
94
131
72
2 27
41
33
28
16
32
8

370
216
154
121
13
5

211
120
91
35
30
-

41
27
14
2
_

37
5
32
_
-

1
j
1

65
30

53
46

19
60

!

67
22
45

S
!

11
i

! 119
88
31
3
1
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_ '
_
_

_

"
242
121
121
24

293
49
244
69
19
20
1

“

249

- 1
_
_

-

.
1

i

l

j

’

!

11
10
!

4
io i
23 i
4
19
_

19
37
13
11
2

i
;
i
I
!
j
!
i

1
I
1

_
_
_
_
_

_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
-

-

29
11
18
4
6
_

11
1
10
_
_
_

11
2
9

“

87
25
62
11
5
4

42
3
39
7
2
18

_
42

5
3

_

_

12

10

7

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
.

_

1

1 ,
-

,

1
_
_

!

2
_

1

_
_

4
23

18

2

-

-

_

-

_

1

-

-

-

-

52
3
49
2
13

11
6
5
5

5
2
3
3

7
7
_

8
_

4
_
4
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

4

-

-

-

13
1
12
-

4
4
_
-

4
4
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

8
_
8

!

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

50
50
50
00
50
50

31
31
_
-

170
170
_

89
-

11

43

60
6
54
3
2
41

186
186
21
11
121

236
24
212
20
19
97

316
69
247
42
46
113

6 6 . 00
1 0 4 .0 0

31

1 59

46

3

3

65

-

-

-

-

~

9
6

-

-

2
1

-

-

1 16
4

-

-

44
1

-

-

22

10

32

12

4

4

-

-

_

6

27

167
84
83
20
40

243
106
137
2
40
66

288
170
118

392
214
178
-

1 32
66
66
41
21
_

87
36
51
4
31
_

80
53
27
_
25
_

20
19
1
_
_

3
1
2
_
_

_

119
14

185
1 40
45
15

7
-

60
24

250
138
1 12
1
10
32

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

19

24

34

40

35
'

'

'

'

■

'

79.
88.
75.
86.
82.
70.

78.
79.
77.
92.
80.
70.

50
00
50
00
00
50

7 3 .5 0

1




220
92
1 28
8
6
1 09

$ 6 4 .0 0
6 7 . 00
6 2 . 00
6 8 . 50
62 . 00
58. 00

1 3 ,4 8 8
7 ,3 2 6
6 ,1 6 2
855
1 ,0 4 9
2 ,2 2 0

522
1 97

36

92
20
72
4
65

5
0
0
0
0
5

39.
40.
39.
40.
40.
38.

S e c r e t a r i e s ____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ----------------------------------F i n a n c e 3 _______________________________
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) _____________________________
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s ______________________

See footnotes at end of table.

over

-

-

_

6
6

89
_

-

27
-

27

j
1
1

-

18

-

-

7
-

7
_

_
_
_
_

.

_

_

_

_

9
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los A ngeles—
Long Beach, Calif. , M arch 1961)
NUM BER OF W ORKERS R E CEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E W EEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

an d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
worker.;

Weekly
hours1
(Standard)

s
!$
S
S
$
$
$
$
$
5
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$'
$
$
(
Weekly
4 5 . 00 5 0 . 00 5 5 . 00 6 0 . 00 6 5 . 00 7 0 . 00 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 0 0 j 8 5 . 0 0 | 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0
earnings1
(Standard) u n d e r
and
5 0 . 00 5 5 . 00 6 0 . 00 6 5 . 00 7 0 . 00 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 0 0 1 9 0 . 0 0 ' 2 5 . 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 o v e r
|
1
!

W o m e n — C o n t in u e d

1
1
1

i
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A _______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________

n o
63

39. 5
40. 0

$ 1 0 9 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0

-

-

"

-

-

-

!

■

_

- !
i

3

|

■ :

7
" '

12
1

9
7

!

25
23

1
j

3 ,
2

37
24

1

!

1
1

6
5

1

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B _______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_ ..

1
616
162
454

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

8 8 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

"

16
16

8 I

25
25

8

i
!

102
15
87

233,
2
2 31

!
1

81
58 j
23

52
41
11

;

;
!

"

j

-

246

40. 0

7 2 .0 0

-

-

-

31

92

69

19

2

20

9

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
g e n e r a l _______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
W h o le sa le tra d e
......................................
F i n a n c e 3 .......................................................

632
208
424
55
267

39.
40.
39.
40.
38.

7 4 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

-

3
3
3

8
8
5

1 29
47
82
61

114
23
91
4
75

55
17
38
2
24

1 46
46
100
29
47

71
26
45
19
11

79
45
34
1
33

10
2
8
8

24

437
173
264
24
6
195

534
232
302
21
47
208

556
258
298
13
35
164

395
281
114
8
8
82

565
476
89
42
5
28

105
29
76
14
14
13

39

26

86

"

■

10
6

3
1

9
14

1

-

1201
499
702
45
104
413

1082
467
615
14
32
348

93
6
87 !
47 1
39

27
2
25
2
2

j

116

1 76

4

|

17
2

|

-

15
-

j

j

5
1
4

4
4

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

30
23
7

14
2
12

-

-

-

6
3

-

_

3
3
-

3

7

12

-

j

“

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

3

-

1

5

-

-

-

!
j

-

-

~

-

'

"

7
7

-

30 !
15 !
15 '

!

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C _______________________________________

0
0
0
0
0

53
30
23

-

*

j

-

-

-

-

-

-

:

-

1

-

5
5

-

-

-

210
6
204
9

-

5

24

190

240
9
231
37
4
190

8 0 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

0
0
0
0
0
5

7 0 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
6 6 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
6 4 .0 0

54

231

2027
408
1619
18
52
1268

1613
350
1263
41
293
685

39. 0

6 8 .0 0

245

227

T y p is t s , c la s s A
...................................................
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________
W h o le s a le tra d e
_____________________
F i n a n c e 3 ______________________________
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o tio n
p i c t u r e s ) _____________________________
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s ______________________

3, 2 0 3
1, 5 5 5
1, 6 4 8
170
127
1, 102

39. 5
40. 0
3 9 .5
39. 5
40. 0
39. 0

8 1 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
7 7 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
7 3 .5 0

176
46

39. 5
40. 0

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B ____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ................. .....................
W h o le s a le tra d e
_____________________

9, 0 0 4
3, 4 2 8
5, 5 7 6
201
539
3, 7 8 0

S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o tio n
p ic t u r e s )
_________________________________

880

39.
40.
39.
39.
40.
38.

!

24

-

-

54

231

-

-

54

208

1005
1 23
882
2
4
798

18

73

i

873
796
797 | 775
76
21
17
15
11
2
6

1

! 2
5

-

i
i

33
21

52
45
7
2
2
-

12

3

1

1
1

1

-

-

j

-

-

-

-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salarie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
4 W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 2 at $ 150 to $ 160; 3 at $ 160 to $ 170; 2 at $ 170 and over.
5 W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 5 at $ 150 to $ 160; 4 at $ 160 to $ 170.




-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
_
.

_
.

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

.

~

-

-

"

-

-

10
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los A ngeles—
Long Beach, C a lif ., M arch 1961)
NUM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E W EEKLY EARN ING S OF-

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly

Weekly ,
earnings1
(Standard)

(Standard)

$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
85. 00 S
90. 00 $95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00 175.00
75. 00 80. 00 $
and
and
under
155.00
80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100. 00 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00

$

Under
$
75. 00

1
|

i

Men

D raftsm en , leader ------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------—

395
337
58

D raftsm en , senior _________________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing __________________ __
Public u tilit ie s 4 ____________________
S ervices (excluding motion
pictures)
---------------------------------------

3.599
3,021
578
81

D raftsm en , junior ------- _-----------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------- ---------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------

40 . 0
40 . 0
40. 0
40 .
40.
40.
40.

$ 1 5 5 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0

_

_

-

"

4
4
-

-

U
12
1

'

1 2 0 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0
135. 00
135. 00

456

40. 0

1 3 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

957
742
215

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

93. 00
93. 50
90. 00

45
5 45

106
81
25

138
119
19

83
78
5

-

!

-

-

-

7
7

'

18

-

"

"

-

i

-

211
209
2
1

240
238
2
-

-

"

"

1

15

171
150
21

17
14
3 ;
3 !

0
0
0
0

8
8 !
- |
- '

|

-

“

131
97
34

99
57
42

129
117
12

50
50

307
291
16

559
538
21
1
19
40
29
11

18 !

481 . 579
449 1 507
72
!
32
1
2
I 10

2
1
2
1

320
280
40
15

249
200
49
7

90
89
1

27
26
1

23
6
17

36
32
4

23
8
15

13
13
-

23
23

193
43
150
8

75
15
60
28

72
13
59
2

54
36
18

8
8
-

1
-

-

-

-

5
4
1
-

4
2
2
-

35

141

32

48

17

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

"

_

_

"

“

_

6
6

1
-

149
| 100
!
49
4

3 3

;

-

i

1

-

81
26 1
3 20

1

30

58

20

40

1
1

_
-

14
14

_

“

"

6
5

4
3

“

|

33
;

i

-

i

I

Women
|

j

i

D raftsm en , senior _________________________
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------

97
92

40. 0
40. 0

! 1 1 8 .0 0
i 1 1 7 .0 0

D raftsm en , junior _________________________
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------

67
67

40. 0
40. 0

85. 00
85. 00

N u rses, industrial (registered) -----------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------

550
462
88

40. 0
40 . 0
39. 5

1 0 4 .0 0
105. 00
1 0 1 .5 0

-

_

-

_
-

23
23
2
2

-

24
24

2
2

15

11
5
6

-

15

12
12

12
12

2
2

3
3

-

3
3

7
7

8
8

85
69
16

62
55
7

59
49
10

194
181
13

_

4
4

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

67
59
8

10
7
3

25
21
4

1

36
36

i

10
9 !

1

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

16
14
2

_

_

_

4

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

J---------------

1 Standard hours refle ct the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salarie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 W ork ers were distributed as follow s: 35 at $ 175 to $ 185; 8 at $ 185 to $ 195; 18 at $ 195 and over.
3 W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 15 at $ 175 to $ 185; 5 at $ 185 and over.
4 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
s W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 1 at $ 6 0 to $ 6 5 ; 25 at $ 6 5 to $ 7 0 ; 19 at $ 7 0 to $ 7 5 .
NO TE :

See note on p.




5,

relative to the inclusion of railroad s.

4

_

11
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los A ngeles—
Long Beach, C a lif ., March 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

C arpenters, maintenance ____________________________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 --------------------------------------------------Motion pictures __________________________________

Number
of
workers

1,047
695
352
127
28

Average
hourly ,
earnings

$ 3 . 01
2 .9 6
3. 10
2. 73
3. 71

$
$
Under 2. 10 2. 20
and
$
under
2. 10
2. 30
2. 20

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

2. 90

3. 00

3. 10

144
128
16
1

219
179
40
13
“

118
98
20
2

74
71
3
3

78
52
26
6

27
27

15
15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
8

68

25
5

-

-

-

"

■

“

■

'

-

211
183
28
5

666
526
140
135

32
30
2

66
66

36
32
4

-

"

-

82
6
76
74

40
22
18

2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

F irem en , stationary boiler -------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------

127
80

2. 78
3. 00

H elpers, tra des, maintenance -------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 _________________________________

1.316
1,049
267
191

2.
2.
2.
2.

M achin e-tool op erators,
toolroom __________________________________________ ________
Manufacturing .................................................................. ........

1.540
1,540

3. 04
3. 04

M achinists, maintenance ______________________________
Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Public u tilit ie s 2 __________________________
Motion pictures -----------------------------------------

1.664
1,561
103
64
31

3.
3.
3.
2.
3.

16
16
10
87
71

-

2.978
659
2,319
2,002
131

2.
3.
2.
2.
2.

97
00
97
98
81

1
1
1
-

_

-

"

2

“

4

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

4
-

1
-

16
16

6
4

-

2

4

1

-

"

"

"

“

“

19
~

20

"

38
33
5
-

25
21
4
“

300
243
57
40

105
29
76
74

103
19
84
73

_

_

-

-

-

2

16

-

"

1
1
1
-

6

$
3. 30

$
3. 40

$
3. 50

$
3. 60

$
3. 70

$
3. 80

$
3. 90

$
4. 00

$
4. 10
and

3. 30

3. 40

3. 50

3. 60

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4. 00

4. 10

over

"

136
2
134
130
“

181
154
27
3
"

136
86
50
3
“

199
194
5
~

“

524
474
50
20
'

41
40
1
-

77
4
73
4

36
13
23
-

187
160
27
-

83
71
12
-

96
93
3
-

48
21
27
-

37
37
-

1

67

23

4

3
"

3

-

-

-

'

-

~

6
“

36
36

_

8
8

28

-

187
59
128

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

128

“

-

■

32

104
104
-

24
24
-

-

24
24
-

-

-

-

28
28

■

-

-

6
6

-

"

-

“

13

82
67
15
15

-

-

6
-

32
-

13
“

-

6

7
25

-

“

_

'

'

~

"

-

13
-

6

~

“

70
64
6
6

6

■

-

-

4

'

'

3
1
2

27
27

35
35

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

"

74
43
31
31

"

40
40
"

-

-

'

“

-

-

-

-

"

67
67

189
189

387
387

506
506

157
157

143
143

22
22

21
21

48
48

309
307
2
-

163
162
1
1

352
344
8
8
"

73
60
13
13

83
83
-

88
88
”

-

_.95_
75
20
8
12

24
15

22
14
8
8

_
-

4
4
“

22
20
2
-

74
32
42
42
"

35
35
"

66
66
-

9

60
12
48
6
40

45
12

1
-

27
12
15
8
-

112
27
85
70
-

124
44
80
68
-

236
53
183
143
6

2

7

2

20

-

25

28

“

33
9

68

680
676
4
4

"

6

3. 20

3. 20

$

69
51
18
3

-

3

3. 10

59
46
13
12

8
8

“

"

-

$

“

-

“

_

_

134
25




$
3. 00

1

2. 93
3. 71

See footnotes at end of table.

$
2. 90

1

22
29
03
89

2. 94

$
2. 80

-

3.
3.
3.
2.

59

$
2. 70

-

919
658
261
39

M echanics, automotive
(maintenance) ___________________________________
Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 __________________________
W holesale trade ----------------------------------------S ervices (excluding motion
pictures) ---------------------------------------------------

$ ,
2. 60

-

17
18
14
98
73

51
52
44
38

$
2. 50

-

3.
3.
3.
2.
3.

Manufacturing --------------------- ------ --------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Public u tilit ie s 2 ---------------------------------------Services (excluding motion
pictures) --------------------------------------------------Motion pictures ___________________________

$
2. 40

-

2,456
1,874
582
308
132

E le ctrician s, maintenance -----------------------------------------Manufacturing .................................................... ......................
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 --------------------------------------------------Motion pictures __________________________________

$2. 30

“

6

~

281
281
“

161
83
78
2
29

1813
114
1699
1655
13

231
192
39
27
3

31

5

“

9
3

6

-

_

-

17
17
-

-

-

-

-

-

12
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, L os A ngeles—
Long Beach, C alif. , M arch 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

Average
hourly .
earnings

$
Under 2. 10
and
$
under
2. 10
2. 20

M echanics, maintenance ---------------------------------------------Manufacturing _________________________________________

2.3 84
2,0 02

$ 2 .9 1
2. 94

”

395
355

3. 13
3. 18

.

.

"

487
481

2. 44
2. 44

23
23

P ainters, maintenance ---------------------------------------Manufacturing _________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing .................................................... ............
Public u tilities 2 _________________________________

752
563
189
80

2.
2.
2.
2.

91
93
87
88

_

P ip efitters, maintenance — ........................ ..............
Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------

607
571

3. 18
3. 21

"

P lu m b ers, maintenance

260
205
55

3. 01
2. 97
3. 12

S heet-m etal w ork ers,
maintenance _______________________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________________

215
130

2. 90
3. 03

Tool and die m ak ers _____________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________________

2.8 85
2,8 74

$

2. 30

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

$
2. 70

$
2. 80

$
2. 90

$
3. 00

$
3. 10

$
3. 20

$
3. 30

$
3. 40

$
3. 50

$
3. 60

$
3. 70

$
3,. 80

$
3. 90

$
4. 00

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

2. 90

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

3. 30

3. 40

3. 50

3. 60

3. 70

L 80

3,. 90

4. 00

4. 10

6
6

2. 30

6
6

M illw rights __________________________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________

$
2. 20

26
24

39
31

346
78

306
291

313
281

648
636

301
275

194
175

66
66

3. 20
3. 19

O ilers ______________________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________

M a n u fa c tu r in g

--------------------------------------

_________________________________________
___________________________________

Nonmanufacturing

,

See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion of railroad s.




7
7

133
133

-

-

119
119

121
121

“

"

4
4

"

-

28
28

-

-

-

.

_

.

_

“

"

~

“

45
5

2
2

14
14

82
82

145
139

58
58

65
65

16
16

41
41

1
1

-

58
39
19
13

24
18
6
3

91
56
35
13

97
35
62
8

163
137
26
24

37
33
4
2

__19
75
4
4

74
74

"

-

“

”

28
"

"

8
4

35
35

82
82

2

9

4

-

-

-

-

-

“

2

9

4

24
10
14

12
12
"

125
125

"

28
28

.
~

-

-

-

1
1

84
4

11
11

4
4

36
36

_

.

.

2

-

-

-

2

-

-

"

-

“

-

-

_

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
NOTE:

59

____ 5 i _

53
51
2

30
30

15
15

-

-

-

-

-

5

"

-

"

-

5

8
8

57
57

161
161

127
127

-

49
49

56
54
2

1
1
"

~

2
2
“

-

~

43
43

22
22

7
7

5
5

9
9

3
3

48
48

150
150

288
288

678
678

1245
1245

223
223

-

5

8

-

$
4. 10
and
over

-

-

-

24
24

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

_
_

.
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

12
8

48
48

-

-

-

-

16
_

24
-

_

_

_

_

_

~

“

24

-

-

-

1
1
-

21
21

-

-

9
4

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

“

115
115

77
77

-

10
10

11

13

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los A ngeles—Long B each, C alif. , M arch 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

of
workers

hourly ,
earnings

$
1. 10
under
1. 20

E l e v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ( m e n ) ---------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e 3 ________________________________________
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) _____________________________________

274
266
104

$ 1. 52
1. 50
1. 64

56
56

141

1. 37

56

E l e v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ( w o m e n ) ---------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
F i n a n c e 3 ________________________________________

402
378
212

1 .6 2
1. 59
1. 66

15
15

G u a r d s __________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 4 ---------------------------------------------F i n a n c e 3 ________________________________________
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s ______________________________

2 ,7 0 7
2 ,0 5 2
655
123
152
250

2 .4 1
2 .4 2
2 .4 0
2. 51
1. 95
2. 70

_
-

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ( m e n ) ________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 4 _____________________________
W h o le sa le tra d e
_____________________________
F i n a n c e 3 ________________________________________
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o tio n
p i c t u r e s ) _____________________________________
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s ______________________________

1 1 ,6 2 7
5 ,0 7 7
6 ,5 5 0
558
245
1 ,3 6 4

$
1. 20

$
1. 30

$
1 .4 0

$
1. 50

$
1. 60

$
1. 7 0

$
1. 80

$
1. 90

_
1. 30

"
1 .4 0

~
1. 50

_
1. 60

“
1. 70

"
1. 80

~
1. 00

2. 00

$
2. 10

_
2. 00

"
2. 10

1
1

16
8
4

“

53
53
46

38
38
35

31
31
15

19
19
4

“

52

2

3

12

15

2
2
2

66
66
2

19
19
14

19
19
16

169
169
144

50
50
26

38
35
8

6
3

_

_

-

-

4
4
4

6
6
6

4
4
4

38
8
30
24

-

-

“

-

-

-

1. 94
2. 11
1 .8 0
2. 12
2. 14
1. 64

57
57
-

2 64
2 64
1

505
50
455
-

399
42
357
-

-

-

2

204
24
180
53

996
152
844
4
2
719

2 ,9 8 0
211

1. 7 5
2 .4 0

56

238

65

68

57

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ( w o m e n ) ____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
F i n a n c e 3 ________________________________________
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) _____________________________________
M o t io n p i c t u r e s ______________________________

2 ,6 1 1
401
2, 210
996

1.
1.
1.
1.

70
99
65
57

1
1

1 ,0 1 0
62

1. 68
2. 39

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g _____________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 4 _____________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e
_____________________________

1 0 ,2 2 1
3 ,0 5 8
7 ,1 6 3
3 ,1 3 4
2 ,0 3 1

2. 37
2. 32
2. 39
2 .4 2
2 .4 9

O r d e r f i l l e r s __________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e
----------------------------------------------

3 ,7 9 9
653
3 ,1 4 6
1 ,8 3 6

2. 39
2. 18
2 .4 4
2 .4 1

P a c k e r s , s h ip p i n g
( m e n ) --------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e
_____________________________

1 ,4 6 3
7 24
739
667

2.
2.
2.
2.

P a c k e r s , s h ip p in g
( w o m e n ) _____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
R e c e iv in g c le r k s
____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________ ______________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________________

See footnotes at end of table,




-

57
57

“
-

-

“

"

279

~

$

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

“
2. 20

2. 30

“
2 .4 0

“
2. 50

3
3

-

-

20
20
20

70
13
57
17

201
141
60
60

102
96
6
6

215
202
13
10
1

1 16
90
26
-

-

-

-

-

-

10
15

1138
1029
109
28
-

1281
170
1111
3
12
189

1606
482
1124
10
32
86

1096
500
596
93
45
19

965
643
322
197
27
15

1974
131 7
6 57
27
17
2

668
494
174
136
17

704
417
2 87
42
43

-

“

-

-

876

941

437

62

92

21

5

-

11
191

178
173
5

20
20
-

71
13
58

-

58

-

-

-

61
39
22

16
6
10

-

-

-

21

97

353

498

28

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

1
1
-

_
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

27
27
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

64
63
1
1

1 65
131
34
14

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

9
2
7
7

60
2
58
53

-

_

-

-

1 ,3 1 6
723
593
367

2 .4 9
2 .4 4
2. 55
2. 53

-

-

-

-

-

-

$
3 . 20

3. 00

3 . 20

over

-

and

_
-

-

-

“

"

"

“

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

38
34
4
4

_

_
-

-

-

-

4
4
4

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

345
260
85
85
-

166
166
-

240
13
2 27
227

274
242
32
3
28

66
47
19
-

10
4
6
6

-

-

-

2

-

-

1

19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

4
4

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

~

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

556
493
63
43
15

_

“

-

“
2

-

-

4

“

-

272
65
2 07
3
22

720
408
312
1
54

1490
615
875
101
90

914
193
721
127
308

1677
177
1500
1048
239

1838
436
1402
1009
371

1614
420
1194
841
206

767
301
466
386

288
61
2 27
4
120

2 07
127
80
80

64
8
56
56

n o
26
84
84

_
-

_
-

58
6
52
15

86
63
23
19

373
238
1 35
61

184
56
128
60

121
70
51
51

539
93
446
296

1353
60
1293
711

369
44
325
325

140
8
132
1 05

391
11
380
17

1 16
1 16
116

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

58
44
14
14

10
10

68
47
21
20

65
10
55
40

89
87
2
1

234
186
48
47

477
254
2 23
211

17 4
67
107
107

137
4
13 3
111

25
9
16
16

16
16
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
“

21

122
59

74
60

200
200

9
2

7

2
2

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
7

9
8

11

1

1

“

-

-

208
1 16
92
89

13 4
37
97
97

209
78
131
86

80
50
30
29

-

-

83
64
19
19

214
201
13

-

43
24
19
19

34

15

18
18
-

34

2 6

5
5

-

-

25
25
20

-

_

1

17

15

37

-

6

“

-

“

-

'

$
3 . 10

“
3 . 10

10

40
40
40

-

-

-

-

2. 03
2. 08

.
-

-

156
110
46
4

$
3. 00

-

-

-

-

462
329

-

-

595
3
592
67

_
-

-

-

“

-

669
27
642
264

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

650
2
648
546

40
40
40

-

-

-

2. 90

$
2. 90

-

-

_

“

-

_

79
8
71
46

$
2. 8 0

.
-

-

-

_
-

“
2. 80

6
-

91
91
69

-

2. 6 0

“
2. 70

12
-

-

22
25
20
20

$
2. 7 0

-

20
20

"

$
2 . 60

-

1

49
-

-

$
2. 50

“

33

1
1

8

-

“
109
1 09
17

37
14
23

44

-

2

14
30

“

-

33

1

-

14

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los A ngeles—
Long Beach, C alif. , M arch 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n 1 a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

S h ip p i n g c l e r k s
_ ................ .
M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
W h o le sa le tra d e

.........

$
Average
hourly ,
1.10
earnings 6
an d
under
1. 20
55
50
62
60

_
-

$
1. 30

$
1 .4 0

$
1. 50

$
1 .6 0

$
1. 70

$
1 .8 0

$
1. 90

$
2 . 00

$
2 . 10

$
2. 20

$
2 . 30

$
2 . 40

$
2 . 50

$
2. 60

$
2 . 70

$
2. 80

1. 30

1 .4 0

1. 50

1. 6 0

1. 70

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2. 00

2 . 10

2 . 20

2. 30

2 . 40

2 . 90

_
-

_

9
9
-

24
24
_

_
_

102
102
-

_
-

.
_

_
-

_
_

$

2 . 90

$

3 . 00

$
3 . 10

$
3 . 20
and
over

2 . 50

2 .6 0

2 . 70

2 . 80

3 . 10

3. 20

78
54
24
24

98
24
74
54

163
67
96
52

85
25
60
60

10
3
7
7

28
5
23
23

87
77
10

1
1
1

18
18
-

28
_
28

3 . 00

.

864
530
334
260

-

-

-

"

-

"

-

-

-

-

68
48
20
20

-

93
74
19
19

2 . 51
2 . 45
2. 62

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
-

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
3
19

61
58
3

79
63
16

93
63
30

18 7
133
54

142
131
11

25
25

60
44
16

1 07
26
81

1
1

26
25
1

_
-

-

5
4
1

4
4

_ _ _ _ _ _

848
562
286
426
634
792
815
489

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

69
71
68
63
71

_
_
_

_
_

.
_
_

20
_
20
_

13
13
_
_
_

4
4
4
-

92
92
3
_

25
25
-

50
40
10
-

263
188
75
16
27

4136
507
3629
3148
421

2406
498
1908
1465
377

764
303
461
293
99

1540
618
922
-

139

509
246
263
76
1 27

9 51
444
507
-

7

225
86
1 39
9
1 29

421
218
203
41

20

_
_
_
_
_

253

690

1424
149
1275
720
-

173
99
74
40
-

168
483

2 . 15
3. 0 4

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

84

-

2

-

28

18

-

24

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

483

-

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d e r 1V 2 ton s )
M a n u fa c tu r in g _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

1, 391
751
640

2 . 50
2 . 41
2 . 60

.
-

_
_

_
-

_
-

_
-

13
13

-

-

-

-

84
84

302
302

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d iu m ( I V 2 to and
in c l u d i n g 4 t o n s !
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________ ________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
________
_
_
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4
... ....
W h o le sa le tra d e
........... .... _

4,
1,
3,'
2,

655
329
326
221
867

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

64
74
60
63
53

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

20
20
_

_
_
_

_

_

99
99
-

3
3
-

-

-

-

20

-

-

-

2
2
2
-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
t r a il e r tv p e!
...... . ...
M a n u fa c tu r in g _
_
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4
. _
......
W h o le s a le tra d e
_________________________

3,
1,
2,
1,

960
044
916
665
858

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

77
92
72
61
84

_

_
_

_

_

_
_

_

_

5
5
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

933
197
736
139
389

2.
1.
2.
2.
2.

73
68
75
54
76

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

3, 7 3 5
2, 5 5 8
1, 177
226
567

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

54
48
69
62
67

_
_
_

_
_
_

.
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

.
-

50
50
-

26
26
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

21

38

31
1
30
17

135
86
49
47

57
47
10

....... ......... .
...

S h ip p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_

_

T r u c k d r iv e r s 5
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 4 _ ___
W h o le sa le tra d e
...
..... .
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p ic tu r e s !
............. ..............................
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s .......................... .......... .................

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 ton s,
o t h e r t h a n t r a i l e r t y p e ) ______________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b lic u t il it ie s 4
W h o le s a le tra d e
_ ...........................
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (fo r k lift)
M a n u fa c tu r in g
__
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4
W h o le sa le tra d e

......... ...
_
_ ....

13,
3,
9,
5,
2,

$2.
2.
2.
2.

$
1. 20

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )
M a n u fa c tu r in g
... ........ .
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
.... ...

705
520
185

2 . 53
2 . 43
2 . 79

W a tch m e n
_
.. .
M a n u fa c tu r in g
......... .
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
F in a n c e 3
______

599
377

2 . 01
2 . i6 "
1.74
1.55

1
2
3
4
5

___

.

222
88

"

_
_
_

_

_

_

11
-

21

8

8

38
6

-

Data lim ited to m en w orkers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
Includes all d rivers regard less of size and type of truck operated.

NOTE:

See note on p. 5 ,




relative to the inclusion of railroads,

-

-

200

22
22

-

-

-

268
203
65
-

1 60
148
12
-

4 21
421
418

-

514
338
176
161

-

-

-

317
219
98
40

97 1
257
714
497

221
149
72
-

56
56
40
-

238
1 88
50
_
40

88
52
36
32

427
30
397
213

53
21
32
32

-

18
18
-

9
9
-

-

-

262
112
150
50
100

382
242
140
28

366
56
310
114

95
10
85
60

224
194
30
30

-

96
68
28

-

-

-

-

28

16 5
165

100
100

45
45

6
6

5

-

-

113
113

-

-

5

-

24
5
19

28
28
-

9

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

9

42
42
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

49
34
15

131
108
23

244
157
87

18 0
82
98

185
170
15

_

_
-

-

-

150
30
1 20
120

110
68
42
20

96
49
47
25
-

154
47
107
33
74

2085
82
2003
1740
230

-

25
25
_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

40
40
40

123
103
20
_
20

865
36
829
747
67

1008
51
957
870
87

91
16
75
8
67

_

22
22
-

12
12
-

-

2
2
-

-

-

14
14
14
-

14
14
14
-

177
35
142
78
64

97
16
81
33
48

5
5
-

34
34
_

47
47
-

579
567
12
12

-

-

-

-

524
471
53
5
38

556
4 21
13 5
28
80

489
255
234
101
11 9

_
-

7
7

1

-

7

148
148

-

-

-

-

76
60
16

33
33

-

-

12

26
20
6

9

32

4
5
2

22

26
24

20
12

78
78

10

2

8

-

-

-

-

-

410
200
210
_

-

48
40
8

8

-

-

12
12

-

4

-

-

117
113
4
573
2&2“
311
3
242

-

-

-

-




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table 6-1. Shift Differentials
(Shift d iffe r e n tia ls of m an ufacturin g plant w o r k e r s by type and am ount of d iffe r e n tia l,
L o s A n g e le s —Lon g B ea c h , C a lif. , M a r c h 1961)
P e r c e n t o f m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s—
In e s ta b lish m e n ts having f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

Second shift
w ork

T h ird or other
shift w ork

A c tu a lly w orking on—

Second shift

T h ird or other
shift

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

91. 8

82. 5

17. 1

4. 2

W ith sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l _________________________

91. 8

82. 5

17. 1

4. 2

U n ifo rm c en ts (p er hour) ______________________

66 . 6

27 . 2

12. 2

2. 2

T otal

4 c en ts _________________________________________
5 c en ts _________________________________________
6 c en ts _________________________________________
l x l z cen ts
______________________________________
8 cen ts _________________________________________
9 c en ts _________________________________________
10 c en ts _______________________________________
11 c en ts _______________________________________
12 c en ts _______________________________________
13 c en ts _______________________________________
14, 14V4 or 14 1/ 2 cen ts ____________________
15 cen ts _______________________________________
16 c en ts _______________________________________
18 c en ts _______________________________________
20 c en ts _______________________________________
22 cen ts _______________________________________
O ve r 22 c en ts _________________________________

.
6.
2.
.
3.

3
1
5
5
5

-

1 9 .6
1. 0
27. 3
2. 2
1. 1
1. 7

_
1 .4
1 .6
. 5
-

. 9
6 .4
1. 6
. 3
-

. 1
.9
.7
. 1
. 6
2. 5
. 3
5. 7
.4
.4
. 5
_
. 2
_
_

_
.4
. 3
( 2)
. 2
. 2
. 2
( 2)

-

9. 0
2. 0
1 .0
.9
1. 0
.7

-

.
.
.
.
.
.

____________________________

12. 7

5. 9

2. 4

( 2)

5 p ercen t ______________________________________
6 p erc en t ______________________________________
10 p erc en t _____________________________________

4. 0
2. 5
6. 2

_

-

5 .9

.7
1. 1
.6

( 2)

F u ll d ay’ s pay fo r red u ced h ours ____________
F u ll d a y 's pay fo r red u ced h o u r s, plus
c en ts d iffe r e n tia l ______________________________
P aid lunch p e r io d , plus cen ts
d iffe r e n tia l ______________________________________

. 4

.4

_

_

1. 3

1. 4

3. 4

3 .4

. 5

. 5

Other f o r m a l pay d iffe r e n tia l

2. 3

6. 6

.6

U n ifo rm p ercen tage

No sh ift-p ay d iffe r e n tia l

_________________

-

. 8
_
-

6. 3

-

3 9 . 0

___________________________

_

. 1
“

'

1 In clud es e sta b lish m e n ts c u r r e n tly operatin g late
even though they w ere not c u r r e n tly operatin g late sh ifts.
2 L e s s than 0 . 0 5 p erc en t.

1
2
1
1
2
1

'

sh ifts,

'

and e sta b lish m e n ts with f o r m a l p r o v isio n s c o v er in g late

sh ifts

16
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W orkers
(D istr ib u tio n of e sta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by m in im u m en tran ce s a la r y fo r se le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in e x p e r ie n c e d w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , L o s A n g e le s —Long B ea c h , C a lif. , M a r c h 1961)
-

In exp e rie n c ed ty p ists
M an ufactu ring

M in im u m w ee k ly s a l a r y 1

_______________________________________________

M an ufactu ring

B a se d on standard w ee k ly h ours 3 of—

A ll

A ll
sch e d u les

E sta b lish m e n ts studied

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 2

N on m anufacturing

40

A ll
sc h e d u les

37l / 2

3 8 3/ 4

A ll
in d u str ie s

■
A ll
sch e d u les

40

N onm anufacturing

B a se d on standard w ee k ly h ours 3 of---40

A ll
sc h e d u les

37V 2

3 8 3/ 4

40

329

119

XX X

210

XXX

XX X

XXX

329

119

XXX

210

XX X

XXX

XX X

179

75

72

104

15

9

72

185

72

2
2
7
9
14

_

_

-

-

1
1
4
7
10
14
7
4
2
7
6
4
2

1
1
4
6
9
14
7
4
2
7
6
4
2

4

4

1
_

1
_

2
2
6
8
10
15
10
16
5
1
2
1
1
1
6
3
6
2
3

_

2
3

-

-

1

E sta b lish m e n ts having no sp e c ifie d m in im u m ___________________

54

E sta b lish m e n ts w hich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a te g o r y ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

96

E sta b lish m e n ts having a sp e c ifie d m in im u m
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

$

45. 00
4 7 . 50
50. 00
5 2 . 50
5 5. 00
57. 50
60. 00
6 2 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
7 0 . 00
7 2 .5 0
7 5. 00
7 7 . 50
8 0 . 00
8 2 . 50
85. 00
8 7 .5 0
9 0 . 00
9 2 . 50
9 5 .0 0

1
2
3

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

$
$
$
$
$
$

4 7 .5 0
50. 00
52 . 50
5 5. 00
5 7 . 50
6 0 .0 0
6 2 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
7 2 . 50
7 5 .0 0
7 7 . 50
8 0 .0 0
8 2 . 50
85. 00
8 7 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
9 2 . 50
9 5 . 00
9 7 .5 0

____________________

_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
___________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
____
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________

22
20
30
12
5
4
8
7
5
8
7
7
2
3

1
2

2
1
3
1

2
1
-

_
1
1
1
1

2
1
1
_
_

2
-

1
_

-

-

"

2
2

18

XXX

36

26

XXX

70

2
3
4
7
10
5
12
3
2
1
1
6
3

68

113

15

9

81

_

_
_

2
1
8
6
7
15
5
4
_

2
1
8
5

1
2
2
-

.

-

2
3
1

3
1

1
1
12
8
_

15
5
4
_

2

1
_

6

6

9
1

9
1

14

1
4

9
1
1

3
5
15
10
5
17
11
11
5
2
3
_
_
_

3
5
17
11
13
23
18

26
10
6
3
6

7

4

4

2
3

-

2
2

1
6
1
1

XXX

XXX

XX X

XXX

XXX

XXX

1
_

6

4

See note on p. 17 , r e la tiv e to the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s .




3
3
1

2
_

_

-

-

1
1

56

19

XX X

88

28

XXX

L o w e st sa la r y rate f o r m a lly e sta b lish e d fo r h irin g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s fo r typing or other c le r ic a l jo b s .
R a tes a p p licab le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g i r ls , or s im ila r su b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e not c o n sid e r e d .
H ou rs r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s .
Data a re p re se n te d fo r a ll w ork w eek s co m b in e d , and fo r the m o s t

NOTE:

13

1
_
_

4

_
_
_
_
_
_
2
_
_
_
_

2
_
_

_

1
1
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_

11

9
7
5
1
2
_

_

_
11
3
3
1

4

.

_

-

-

1
1

37

XX X

XXX

XXX

60

XX X

XXX

XXX

c o m m o n w ork w eek s re p o r te d .

17

Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by schedu led w ee k ly h ours
of f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , L o s A n g e le s —Lon g B e a c h , C a lif. , M a r c h 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

W e e k ly h ours

A ll w ork ers

All
.
industries 1

___________________________________________________

3 5 h ours
..................... .
3h h ours
.......
........................ .....
h ours
3 7 1fa hour s
O ver 37 V 2 and under 383A h ours ____________ ^___
3 83 /* hour s
4 0 h ours
.......
4 2 h ours
_
O ver 4 2 and under 4 5 h ours ____________________
.. ____
...........
4 5 h ours -------- ... _
4fi h ours

100

1
(6)
1
7
1
6
83

P LAN T WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Finance3

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion 4
pictures

100

100

100

100

100

100

5

2

1

_

(6)

6

_

2

1

7

2
95

1
93

6
87

3
15
4
15
63

(6 )
1

1

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

( 6)
67
(!)
(6)

Wholesale
trade

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion
pictures4

100

100

100

100

100

100

2

3

(6 )
1

3
25

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

1

All
5
industries

2

(6 )

(6)

95
1

94
1

-

_
98
-

_

_

(!)
(6 )
1

-

_




2

_

_

_

94

93

_

1
_

100

2

_

_

1
1
4

1 In cludes data fo r r e t a il tra de (excep t d ep artm en t sto r e s ) in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s .
3 F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
4 L im ite d to esta b lish m e n ts p r im a r ily engaged in the p rodu ction of m otion p ictu r e s (G roup 7811) and e sta b lish m e n ts p r im a r ily engaged in p e r fo r m in g s e r v ic e s
p rodu ction but a llie d th e re to (G roup 7821) as d efin ed in the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a tio n M anual (1 9 5 7 edition) p r e p a r e d by the B ureau of the Budget.
5 Includes data fo r r e t a il tra d e (excep t d ep artm en t sto r e s ) and r e a l esta te in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.

NOTE:

_

2

_
99
-

1
_

independent of m o tio n -p ic tu r e

E s tim a te s fo r a ll in d u strie s and public u tilitie s include data for r a ilr o a d s (SIC 4 0 ) , om itted fr o m the scope of a ll la b o r m a r k e t
w age su rv e y s m ad e b e fo r e J uly 1959.
W h er e s ig n ific a n t, the e ffe ct o f the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s is g r e a te st on the data shown
se p a r a te ly fo r the public u tilitie s d iv isio n .

18

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by n u m b e r o f paid h olid ays
p rovid ed annually, L o s A n g e le s —Long B each, C a l i f ., M a r c h 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s

___

___

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
paid h olid ays
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
no paid h olid ays

PLANT WORKERS

M
anufacturing

Public 2
utilities c

W
holesale
trade

Finance3

Services
(excluding
m
otion pictures)

Motion
pictures’

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

100

99

All
,
industries

( 6)

-

-

-

( 6)

All =
industries3

W
holesale
trade

Services
(excluding
m
otion pictures)

M
otion
pictures4

M
anufacturing

Public 2
utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

99

96

100

81

96

-

3

1

4

-

5
1
13
1
4
44
2
1
25
-

( 6)
-

1
1
9
1
6
59
3
1
16
1
1
-

1
3
27
—
66
-

.
11
3
2
29
8
3
37
1
6
1
-

-

-

-

-

1 9

4

N um ber of d a y s
L e s s than 5 h olid ays
5 h olid ays
6 h olid ays
6 h olid ays p lus 1 h a lf day
6 h olid ays plus 2 h a lf days
7 h olid ays __________________ ________ ________________
7 h olid ays plus 1 h a lf day _ _
7 h olid ays p lu s 2 h alf days ______________________
8 h olid ays ___________________ _____________________
8 h olid ays p lu s 1 h alf day
8 h olid ays p lu s 2 h a lf days ______________________
___
9 h olid ays
_
9 h olid ays p lus 1 h a lf day
9 h olid ays p lus 2 o r 3 h a lf days
10 h olid ays
11 h olid ays __ _____
_
_
_ _ __
11 h olid ays plus 1 h a lf day ______________________
11 h olid ays plus 2 h a lf d ays
13 h olid ays __________________________________________

_

_

( 6)
12
1
4
35
5
1
27
7

( 6)
11
1
4
58
3
2
19
1
-

_

_

( 6)
1

( 6)
-

3
20
73
4
-

( 6)

-

-

"

_
4
4
77
77
97
97
100
100
100
100

_
-

( 6)
3
1
1
1
2

25
2
1
22
6
3
36
1
5
( 6)
-

_

_

2
16
9
24
27
1
6
2
3
6
1
2
( 6)

( 6)
30
1
25
21

_
97
-

( 6)
11
11
-

( 6)
2
-

-

-

_
11
11
11
23
23
69
70
99
99
99
99

_
2
2
3
3
100
100
100
100

( 6)
1
( 6)
-

1 9

30
3
7
21
_

_
96
_
_

1
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

( 6)

Total holiday time7
13 d ays
12 o r m o r e days
I I V 2 o r m o r e days
11 o r m o r e d ays ____________________________________
I 0 V 2 o r m o r e days ________________________________
10 o r m o r e d ays ____________________________________
9 V 2 o r m o r e days
9 o r m o r e d ays _________________ __________________
8 1 l 2 o r m o r e days
__________________________________
8 o r m o r e d ays
_
_
____
7 l / z o r m o r e d ays
__________________________________
7 o r m o r e d ays
_
______
b l / z o r m o r e days
__________________________________
6 or m o r e d ays _____ _____________________________
5 o r m o r e d ays _____________________________________
2 o r m o r e d ays _____ _____________________________
1 o r m o r e d ays _____ _____________________________

( 6)
1
1
3
3
4
5
8
15
43
48
87
88
99
99
99
99

_
(?)
( 6)
1
1
22
25
87
88
99
100
100
100

(?)
( 6)
6
6
45
51
74
75
100
100
100
100

( 6)
2
3
10
12
15
15
22
49
73
82
98
98
100
100
100
100

_
( 6)
1
1
1
27
29
77
78
91
92
94
97

_
1
1
2
2
18
22
87
88
97
98
99
99

_
66
66
92
92
95
95
96
96

_
_
_
1
1
8
8
48
56
86
89
100
100
100
100

_
_
_
.
1
1
1
1
1
29
32
62
62
64
81

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_

_

96
96
96
96

1 In clud es data f o r r e ta il tra d e (e x c e p t d ep artm en t sto r e s) in addition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and oth er public u tilit ie s .
3 F in an ce, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4 L im ite d to e sta b lish m e n ts p r im a r ily en gaged in the p rodu ction o f m otion p ictu r e s (G rou p 7811) and e s ta b lish m e n ts p r im a r ily engaged in p e r fo r m in g s e r v ic e s independent o f m o tio n -p ic tu r e
p rod u ction but allie d th e re to (G rou p 7821) as d efin ed in the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a tio n M an ual (1 9 5 7 edition) p r e p a r e d by the B u reau o f the Budget.
5 In clud es data fo r r e t a il tra d e (e x c e p t d ep artm en t sto r e s) and r e a l esta te in addition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s show n se p a r a te ly .
6 L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t.
,
r _ ,
, ,
,
_
_ , ,, ,
7 A ll c o m b in ation s of fu ll and h a lf d ays that add to the s a m e am ount a r e c om b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p ro p o rtio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a to ta l of 7 d ays in clu d es th o se w ith 7 fu ll days and
no h a lf d a y s, 6 fu ll d ays and 2 h a lf d a y s, 5 fu ll d ays and 4 h a lf d a y s, and so on. P r o p o r tio n s w e r e then cum u lated .
NOTE:

S ee note on p . 17 , r e la tiv e to the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s .




19
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v acatio n pay
p r o v is io n s , L o s A n g e le s—Lon g B each , C a l i f . , M a r c h 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLAN T WORKERS

V a c a tio n p o lic y

A ll w o rk ers

____________________________________________________

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion
pictures4

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100

100
100

100
99

100
100
_
_

100
82
17

100
90
10

697
95

_
_

99
85
13

100
100

_

_

_

96
9
87

_

_
_

_

(7 )

_

1

1

_

_

3

_

-

-

1

“

-

-

3

4

_

12
16

16
11

5
34

12
27

7
14
1
1

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100
95
5

100
90
10

100
98
2

All
,
industries

F inance3

All
industries 3

Manufacturing

Public
utilities L

Wholesale
trade

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion)
pictures4

Method of payment
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
paid vac atio n s _____________________________________
L e n g t h -o f -tim e p aym ent ____________________________
P e r c e n ta g e p aym ent ___________________________
F la t -s u m p aym ent ---------------------------------------------------------Other ___________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
no paid vac atio n s _________________________________________

-

-

-

-

(7 )

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
45
1
1

6
30

1
47

3
45

_

_

-

-

23
2
71
(7 )
2
1

21
5
69
1
5

82
1
17

69

_

Amount of vacation p a y 8
A fte r 6 m onths of s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek _______________________________________
1 w eek ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks ________________________
2 w eek s _______________________________________________

(7 )

4
71
2
-

_
28
1
8

91
4
(7 )

_

96

(7 )
(7 )

-

3

"

56
9
32
1
2

67
19
12

63

57

35

35
1

96

1

-

-

A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e

1 w eek ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks ________________________
2 w eek s _______________________________________________
O ve r 2 and under 3 w eeks ________________________
3 w eek s _______________________________________________
4 w eeks
__
__

5

_

_

71
1

2

_

_

_

60
8
29
(7 )
2

-

-

29

-

8

-

(7 )

_

17
7
69
3
3

_

(7 )

19
_

_

99

95
_

_

3

2

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek _ _____
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s _
2 w eeks
__
.
._ .
O ver 2 and under 3 w ee k s ________________________
3 w eeks ___________
___
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s ________________________
4 w eeks ________________________________________________ ________

3
1
92
1
3
(7 )
1

3

_

(7 )

5
13
82

-

_

96

100

_

_

_

11
(7 )
79
1

_
_

2

_
_

_

_
_

-

-

90
2
6

-

-

8

-

3

_

100
_

(7 )
(7 )

22
6
63
5
4
1

12
27
57
1
3
-

11
87

24
2
67
3

_

96

2
-

1

98

96

2

90
1
3

“

1

■

-

A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____________________________________________________________
O ve r 1 and under 2 w eek s ______________________________
2 w eeks ___________________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks ______________________________
3 w eeks __________________________
O ve r 3 and under 4 w eek s ______________________________
4 w eeks
... . .

See footn otes at end o f table,




(7 )
(7 )
94
1
4
(7 )
1

1
89
2
8
(7 )

_

_

_

_

99

97

100

83
8

100

_

_

_

3

_

_

_
_
_

(7 )
8

_
_

_

2
4
86
3
4
(7 )
(7 )

3
6

80
5
5
1

3
2
94
1
3
“

20
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v acatio n pay
p r o v is io n s , L o s A n g e le s—Lon g B ea c h , C a l i f . , M a r c h 1961)

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n

All
industries

1

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities

W
holesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Finance3

Services
(excluding
m
otion pictures)

Motion
pictures4

All .
industries 3

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion 4
pictures

p a y 8 ------- C o n t in u e d

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s __________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w ee k s _____________________
3 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w ee k s _____________________
4 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------------------

(7 )
84
5
10
(7 )
1

(7)
86
3
11
(7)
-

_
94
1
5
-

_
83
(7 )
17
-

_
85
7
8
-

_
53
33
6
(7 )
8

100
-

1
78
7
13
(7)
(7)

1
81
9
8
1
-

_
92
3
2
3

_
75
( 7)
25
-

_
93
1
_
3
1

_
96
_
_
-

(7)
57
3
38
1
1

(7)
55
4
38
2
(7)

_
72
1
27
-

_
37
1
61
(7 )

_
62
5
33
-

_
43
3
45
1
8

95
5
-

1
48
8
38
3
2

1
50
12
32
4
1

_
77
5
15
3

_
36
(7)
63
1

_
51
7
35
1
3

_
86
_
11
-

(7)
9
(7 )
85
3
3

(7)
7
84
4
4

_
1
99
-

_
8
91
(7)

7
1
88
3
1

30
61
1
8

8
92
-

1
8
2
82
3
3

1
6
2
83
5
3

_
2
94
1
3

.
5
94
1

43
7
42
1
3

_
96
-

(7 )
9
(7 )
75
2
14

(7)
7
70
4
18

_
1
99
-

_
7

_
7
77
16

_
30
61
9

1
8
2
77
3
9

1
6
2
76
5
10

_

8
92
-

2
94
1
3

_
4
87

_
43
7
42

(7 )
9
(7 )
61

(7)
7
66

_
27
46
27

_
8
92
-

1
6

_
-

2

2

2

68

72
6
13

46

5
22

_
7
70
20

1
8

2

_
1
29
70

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ___________________________________________
2 w eek s __________________________________________
O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w eek s -------------------------------3 w eeks ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s -------------------------------4 w eek s __________________________________________
A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ___________________________________________
2 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s --------------------------------3 w eek s __________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w ee k s --------------------------------4 w eek s __________________________________________

-

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s __________________________________________
O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w ee k s _____________________
3 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and u nd er 4 w eek s _____________________
4 w eek s __________________________________________

-

75
18

-

_
-

96

-

-

-

9

4

-

_
43

1

_
4
74
-

51

22

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s -------------------------------- ----------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w ee k s --------------------------------3 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w ee k s _____________________
4 w eek s __________________________________________
O ver 4 w eek s ___________________________________

27
1

_
7
60
33

4

17

41
6

_
96
-

3

1 In clud es data fo r r e t a il tra d e (ex c ep t d ep artm en t s to r e s) in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n se p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s .
3 F in a n c e, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
4 L im ite d to e sta b lish m e n ts p r im a r ily en gaged in the p rodu ction of m o tio n p ictu r e s (G rou p 7811) and e s ta b lish m e n ts p r im a r ily en gaged in p e r fo r m in g
p rodu ction but a llie d th e re to (G rou p 7821) a s d efin ed in the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a tio n M anual (1 9 5 7 edition) p r e p a r e d by the B u reau of the B udget.
5 In cludes data fo r r e t a il tra d e (ex c ep t d ep artm en t sto r e s) and r e a l esta te in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
6 In cludes p ro p o rtio n s of w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts w hich did not p rovid e v a c a tio n s until a fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e .
7
8

7

L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
,
n
,
.
•
P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily ch o se n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in divid u al p r o v isio n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .

For

e x a m p le ,

s e r v ic e s independent o f m o tio n -p ic tu r e

the c h an ges in p ro p o rtio n s

j* j
* m
,
in d icated at 10 y e a rs*

s e r v ic e in clu de ch an ges in p r o v isio n s o c c u r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
In the tabu lations of v acatio n a llo w a n c e s by y e a r s of s e r v ic e , p aym en ts other than “le n gth of t i m e "
N O T E : See note on p. 17 , r e la tiv e to the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s ,
tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a paym ent o f 2 p erc en t of annual e a rn in g s w as c o n sid e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p ay.
of annual ea rn in g s or f la t -s u m p a y m e n ts, w ere c o n v e rte d to an equ ivalent




su ch a s p ercen tage

21
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s em p loyed in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , or p en sion b en efits , L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a c h , C a lif. , M a r c h 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

P LAN T WORKERS

T yp e of ben efit
Finance3

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion
pictures4

100

100

100

100

99

97

98

97

93

95

96

98

9 3

9 0

100

55

64

31

73

93

77

86

61

76

51

100

85

83

82

73

56

92

64

68

68

74

20

24

30

39

12

2 9

22

37

32

27

33

15

37

11

24

70

77

68

65

69

50

92

36

41

52

37

7

-

4

1

12

5

1

-

14

8

10

33

5

-

93
92
80
63
78

98
98
80
69
73

98
94
80
43
74

99
99
91
73
91

99
99
88
48
76

58
58
55
41
82

92
92
79
28
74

94
94
91
8
48
6

100
100
100
11
100

(7)

49
49
27
28
92
3

94
94
84
37
77

(7 )

53
53
51
43
86
1

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities^

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

L ife in su ran ce __________ __ __________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d ism e m b e r m e n t
in su ra n ce __________________ __________________
S ick n e ss and accid en t in su ran ce or
sic k le a v e or b o th 6 __________________________

98

98

66

91

79

S ick n e ss and accid en t in su ran ce ________
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p eriod ) ____________________________
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay or
w aiting p eriod ) ____________________________
H o sp ita liza tio n in su ran ce ____________________
S u r g ic a l in su ran ce _____________________________
M e d ic a l in su ran ce _____________________________
C ata strop h e in su ran ce ________________________
R e tire m e n t p en sion ____________________________
No h ea lth , in su r a n c e , or p en sion plan ____

All
industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

_____________________

__________________

All
,
industries 3

100

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion
pictures4

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g:

(7 )

95
95
87
60
77
1

(7 )

(7)

1 Includes data fo r r e t a il trade (excep t d ep artm en t s t o r e s ) in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
4 L im ite d to e sta b lish m e n ts p r im a r ily engaged in the p rodu ction of m otion p ictu r e s (G roup 7811) and e sta b lish m e n ts p r im a r ily engaged in p e r fo r m in g s e r v ic e s independent o f m o tio n -p ic tu r e
p rodu ction but a llie d th e re to (G roup 7821 ) as d efin ed in the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a tio n M anual (1 9 5 7 edition) p r e p a r e d by the B ureau of the Budget.
5 Includes data fo r r e t a il tra d e (excep t d ep artm en t s t o r e s ) and r e a l estate in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n se p a r a te ly .
6 U nduplicated total of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e or sic k n e ss and accid en t in su ran ce shown se p a r a te ly b elo w .
S ic k -le a v e plans are lim ite d to those w hich d efin ite ly e sta b lish at le a s t the
m in im u m num ber o f d a y s ' pay that can be ex pected by ea ch e m p lo y e e .
In fo r m a l s ic k -le a v e allo w a n c es d eterm in ed on an in dividu al b a s is are ex clu d ed .
7 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
NOTE:

See note on p .




1 7

,

r e la tiv e to the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s .




23

A ppendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

B iller , machine (billing machine) — Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B iller , machine (bookkeeping machine)— Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrahd, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slip s.




Class A— Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B— Keeps a record o f one or more phases or section s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping • Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A— Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

24

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE

Class /4—-In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s, cla ssifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
Class B— performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or a ssists in locating material in file s. May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing onder sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple cop ies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters* May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such a^ sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

25

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. D oes not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. D oes not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office ca lls ,
May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who ca ll in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerica l work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.




TABLLATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A— Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others, Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D oes not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations arcrfday-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B— Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter,,reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp e cific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C— Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp e cific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included, A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

26

TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing processes. May do clerical work involving little specia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.
Class A— Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class B— Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licie s,
etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E SSIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the follow ing: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
TRACER
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, com pass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

27

M A IN T E N A N C E

D PO W ERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications j.locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician 's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, tfie work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded .




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp e cific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o t a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

28

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— -Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop-*
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or con sistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various size s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded .

29

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures;polish ­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

30

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders3 requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges; and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in voices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s.




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
* U S. GOVERNMENT P R IN TIN G OFFICE : 1961 0 — 5 96324







Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.
Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285♦Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y.— Bull. 1285-51
Albuquerque, N. Mex.— Bull. 1285♦Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton,
Pa.-N .J.— Bull. 1285-47
Atlanta, Ga.-—Bull. 1285♦Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285-34
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, Tex.-—Bull. 1285Birmingham, Ala.— Bull. 1285-53

♦ Green Bay, Wis.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S.C.— Bull. 1285Houston, Tex.— Bull. 1285♦ Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285-28
♦Jackson, Miss.— Bull. 1285-42
♦ ♦Jacksonville, Fia.— Bull. 1285-30

♦ Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans.— Bull. 1285-18
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H.— Bull. 1285♦♦ Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark.— Bull. 1285-6

Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285♦♦Boston, Mass.— Bull. 1285-15
♦♦Buffalo, N.Y.— Bull. 1285-31
Burlington, Vt.— Bull. 1285-57
♦Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285-29
Charleston, W Va.— Bull. 1285.
Charlotte, N.C.— Bull. 1285♦♦Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga.-—Bull. 1285-14
Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285-

Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif.— Bull. 1285-52
♦♦Louisville, Ky.—
Ind.— Bull. 1285-49
Lubbock, Tex.— Bull. 1285♦ Manchester, N.H.— Bull. 1285-1
♦ Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285-35
♦ Miami, Fla.— Bull. 1285-33
Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285♦♦ Minneapolis— Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285-39
St.
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285-

Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.— Bull. 1285♦♦Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285-11
♦♦Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285-38
♦♦Dallas, Tex.-—Bull. 1285-21
♦ *Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.—
Bull. 1285-16
’{'Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285-41
♦Denver, Colo.— Bull. 1285-27
♦Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285-43
♦♦Detroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285-37
♦♦Fort W
orth, Tex.— Bull. 1285-23

♦ Newark and Jersey City, N.J.— Bull. 1285-40
♦ New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285-46
♦ ♦New Orleans, La.— Bull. 1285-48
New York, N.Y.— Bull. 1285Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News —
Hampton, Va.— Bull. 1285♦♦ Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285-3
♦♦ Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa— Bull. 1285-13
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J.— Bull. 1285♦ ♦ Philadelphia, Pa.— Bull. 1285-24
Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-55

♦ ♦ Pittsburgh, P a.— Bull. 1285-44
♦ Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285_J-9
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence—
Pawtucket, R .I.—
Mass.— Bull. 1285'
♦ ♦R aleigh, N.C.— Bull. 1285-5
♦ Richmond, Va.— Bull. 1285-26
Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285♦ ♦ St. Louis, Mo.—
111.— Bull. 1285-10
♦ ♦ Salt Lake City, Utah— Bull. 1285-32
San Antonio, T ex.— Bull. 1285♦ San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario,
C alif.— Bull. 1285-4
* * San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif.— Bull. 1285-36
Savannah, Ga.— Bull. 1285♦ ♦ Scranton, Pa.— Bull. 1285-8
♦ ♦ Seattle, Wash.— Bull. 1285-7
♦ ♦♦ Sioux Falls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285-17
South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285-54
Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285♦ ♦ Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285-50
♦ ♦ Trenton, N.J.— Bull. 1285-25
♦ ♦ Washington, D .C.—
Md.—
Va.— Bull. 1285*22
Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285*56
♦ Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285-20
♦ ♦ Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285-9
♦ ♦ Wilmington, D e l.-N .J .— Bull. 1285-12
Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285♦ York, Pa.— Bull. 1285-45

An asterisk preceding a labor market indicates the availability and
price of the bulletin.
Please do not order copies in advance.

♦
Price, 20 cents.
♦ ♦ Price, 25 cents.
♦♦♦ Price, 15 cents.








Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102