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Occupational Wage Survey

LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY-INDIANA
FEBRUARY 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-49




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU O F LA BO R STA TISTIC S
Ew an C la g u e , Com m issioner




Occupational Wage Survey
LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY-INDIANA




FEBRUARY 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-49
A p ril 1961

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BU REA U O F LA B O R S T A T IST IC S
Ew an C la g u e , Com m issioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
1

Tables:
1.
A:




Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations ___________________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations ______
A - 3. Maintenance and power plant occupations ____
A -4 . Custodial and material movement occupations

B:
This report was prepared in the Bureau*s regional
office in Chicago, E I. , by Woodrow C. Linn, under the
L
direction of George E. Votava, Assistant Regional Director
for Wages and Industrial Relations.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey ____________

Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions:
B -l.
Shift
differentials _____________________________________
B -2. Minimum entrance salaries for women office w o rk ers___
B -3 . Scheduled weekly hours ___________________________________
B -4. Paid
holidays _________________________________________
B -5 . Paid
vacations ________________________________________
B - 6 . Health, insurance, and pension plans _____________________

Appendix:

Occupational descriptions

10
11

12
13
14
16

___________________________________ 17

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for these and other items
are available in the Louisville area report for May 1952.
A directory, indicating date of study and the price of the
report, is available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and
supplementary wage practices in the Louisville area are
also available for fluid milk (April I960), power laundries
and dry cleaners (April I960), and banking (May I960).
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are
available for the following trades or industries: Building
construction, printing, local-transit operating employees,
and motortruck drivers and helpers.

in

2

^

The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the earlier report.
A consolidated
analytical bulletin summarizing the results of all of the
year *s surveys is issued after completion of the final area
bulletin for the current round of surveys.

Introduction

00

The Community Wage Survey Program




Occupational W age Survey—Louisville,Ky.-lnd.
Introduction

This a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p orta n t in d u stria l c e n te rs in
w h ich the U. S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r 's B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics has
con d u cted s u r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and r e la te d w age b en e fits
on an a r e a w id e b a s i s . In this a r e a , data w e r e obtain ed b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is t s
to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e sta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa ctu rin g; tr a n sp o rta tio n , 1
co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e; r e ta il
tra d e; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in ­
d u stry g ro u p s e x clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e ra tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lish m en ts having
fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e om itted a ls o b e c a u s e
they fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o ccu p a tio n s studied to w a r ­
rant in c lu s io n . W h e r e v e r p o s s ib le , se p a ra te tabu lation s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r e a ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h e se su r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v olv ed in su rv e y in g a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts . To obtain
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la rg e
than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied. In com b in in g the data, h ow ­
e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iven th eir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t. E stim a tes
b a s e d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts studied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , as r e ­
latin g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a ,
ex­
cep t fo r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stud ied.
O ccu p a tion s and E a rn in gs
The o ccu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tion a l c l a s ­
s ific a t io n is b a se d on a u n ifo r m se t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esig n ed to
take a cco u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in duties w ithin the sa m e
jo b . (See a p pen dix fo r lis tin g o f th ese d e s c r ip t io n s . ) E a rn in gs data a re
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) fo r the fo llo w in g ty p es o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a) O ffice c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c ) m a in te ­
n an ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) cu s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t.
O ccu p a tion a l em p lo y m e n t and ea rn in g s data a r e show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ire d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
u le in the g iv en o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in gs data ex clu d e
p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
1 R a ilr o a d s , f o r m e r l y e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f th e se s tu d ie s,
w e r e in clu d ed in a ll o f the a r e a s studied s in c e July 1959, e x ce p t B a lti­
m o r e (S ep tem b er 1959 and D e c e m b e r I9 6 0 ), B u ffalo (O cto b e r 1959^,
C lev ela n d (S ep tem b er 1959), and Seattle (A ugust 1959).




late s h ifts.
N on p rod u ction b o n u se s a r e ex clu d ed a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b on u ses and in cen tiv e ea rn in g s a r e in clu d ed .
W h ere w eek ly
h ou rs a r e r e p o r t e d , as fo r o ffic e c le r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o r k sch e d u le s (rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) f o r w h ich
s tr a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e paid; a v e r a g e w eek ly ea rn in g s fo r th ese
o ccu p a tio n s have b e e n roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
A v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f m e n and w om en a r e p r e se n te d s e p a r a te ly
fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s in w h ich b oth s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly em p lo y e d .
D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls o f m en and w om en in th ese o ccu p a tio n s a r e
la r g e ly due to ( l ) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is trib u tio n of the s e x e s am ong
in d u strie s and e sta b lis h m e n ts; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the o ccu p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin
the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in length of s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w w hen in dividu al s a la r ie s a r e ad ju sted on this b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ould r e s u lt in h ig h e r a v e ra g e pay
w hen both se x e s a r e em p loy ed w ith in the sa m e rate ra n ge.
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese su r v e y s a r e u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in dividu al e sta b lis h m e n ts to
a llow f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific duties
p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p ation a l em p lo y m e n t e stim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in a il
e sta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b er a c tu ­
a lly su r v e y e d . B e ca u se of d iffe r e n c e s in occu p a tio n a l stru c tu re am ong
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e stim a te s o f occu p a tio n a l e m p loy m en t obtain ed
fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts studied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the
r e la t iv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s studied.
T h ese d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
pa tion a l stru c tu re do n ot m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
ings data.
E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and S u pplem en tary W age P r o v is io n s
In form a tion is p r e se n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c te d e sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry b e n e fits as they r e ­
late to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
The te rm " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u sed
in this b u lle tin , in clu d es w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c le r i c a l o r re la te d fu n ctio n s, and e x clu d e s a d m in ­
is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. "P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
clu d e w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in cluding le a d m en and tr a in e e s ) en gaged in n o n o ffic e fu n ctio n s.
A d m in is tra tiv e ,
e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e -a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
e m p lo y e e s who a re u tiliz e d as a se p a ra te w o rk f o r c e a re e x clu d e d .
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and r ou tem en a r e ex clu d ed in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s­
t r ie s , but a r e in clu d ed as plant w o r k e r s in n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u str ie s .

2

T ab le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin scope of su rv e y and num ber studied in L o u is v ille , K y .—Ind.

Industry d iv isio n

M in im u m
em p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in scope
of study

by m a jo r in d u stry d iv isio n , 2 F e b r u a r y 1961

N u m b er o f e sta b lish m e n ts
Within
scope of
study 3

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts
W ithin scope o f study

Studied

Studied
T o t a l4

O ffice

Plant

T o t a l4

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

50

474

149

1 1 9 ,6 0 0

18, 600

7 9 ,4 0 0

7 9 ,6 0 0

M an ufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------------------------N on m anufacturing ________________________________________________
T ra n sp o rta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and
other public u t i li t i e s 5 _____________________________________
W h o lesa le tra de _______________________________________________
R e ta il trade -----------------------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e, in su r a n ce , and r e a l estate _____________________
S e r v i c e s 7 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

50
50

220
254

73
76

7 3 ,4 0 0
4 6 , 200

7, 900
1 0 ,7 0 0

5 4 ,3 0 0
25, 100

5 2 ,2 5 0
2 7 ,3 5 0

50
50
50
50
50

45
49
82
42
36

20
12
18
12
14

15,
6,
14,
6,
4,

3, 100

8, 500

A ll d iv isio n s

200
400
000
000
600

(?)
( )
( 6)
( 6)

(‘ )
( )
( 6)
( 6)

12,
2,
6,
3,
2,

850
960
330
160
050

1 The L o u is v ille Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistic a l A r e a (J e ffe r so n County, K y. , C la r k and F lo y d C ou n tie s, In d .) .
The "w o r k e r s within scope o f stu d y " e s tim a te s shown in this table p rovide
a rea so n a b ly ac cu ra te d e sc r ip tio n of the siz e and c o m p o sitio n o f the la b o r fo r c e in clu d ed in the su rv e y .
The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w ev er, to s e r v e as a b a s is of c o m p a r iso n with other
a r e a em p loym en t in d exes to m e a s u r e em p loym en t tren d s o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of w age su r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n sid e r a b ly in advance of the p a y ro ll p eriod
studied, and (2) sm a ll e sta b lish m e n ts a r e exclu d ed fr o m the scope o f the su rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d edition of the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as u se d in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
M a jo r chan ges fr o m the e a r lie r ed ition (used in the
B u reau ’ s la b o r m a rk et w age su rv e y s conducted p r io r to July 1958) a re the tr a n s fe r of m ilk p a ste u r iz a tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix e d corf'crete e sta b lish m e n ts fr o m trade (w h o lesa le or reta il) to m an u ­
fa c tu rin g , and the tr a n s fe r of radio and t e le v is io n b ro a d ca stin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp o rta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and other public u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 In clud es a ll e sta b lish m e n ts with total em p loym en t at or above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the area) of c om p an ie s in such in d u strie s as tra d e , fin a n ce, auto rep a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o tio n -p ic tu r e th e a te rs are c o n sid e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 Includes ex ec u tiv e, p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o r k e r s exclu d ed fr o m the sep arate o ffic e and plant c a te g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n w ere ex clu d ed .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv isio n is r e p r e se n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g " in the S e r ie s A and B t a b le s .
S ep arate p resen ta tio n of data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ade
fo r one o r m o r e of the follow in g r e a so n s:
(1) E m p lo y m en t in the d iv isio n is too s m a ll to p rovid e enough data to m e r it sep a ra te study, (2) the sam p le w as not d esign ed in itia lly to p e r m it sep arate
p resen ta tio n , (3) re sp o n se w as in su fficie n t or inadequate to p e r m it sep a r a te p resen ta tio n , (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility of d is c lo s u r e o f individual esta b lish m e n t data.
7 H o tels; p er so n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile r e p a ir sh ops; m otion p ic tu r e s; n onprofit m e m b e r sh ip o r g a n iza tio n s; and en gin eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




3
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (table B - l ) a r e lim ite d to m an u factu rin g
in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in te r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lish m en t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f tota l plant w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m en t, and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s is o f w o rk e r s
a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the su rv e y .
In e sta b lis h m e n ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount applying to
a m a jo r ity w as u se d o r , if no am ount ap p lied to a m a jo r ity , the c l a s ­
s ific a tio n " o t h e r " w as u sed .
In e sta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich s o m e la t e sh ift h ou rs a r e p a id at n o rm a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n t ia l was r e c o r d e d on ly
if it a p p lied to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift h o u rs.

M in im u m en tra n ce ra tes (ta ble B -2 ) re la te on ly to the e s t a b ­
lish m en ts v is it e d .
T h ey a r e p r e s e n te d on an e sta b lis h m e n t, ra th er
than on an e m p loy m en t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and
health, in su r a n ce , and p e n sio n plans a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the
b a s is that th ese a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a ­
jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y even tu a lly q u a lify f o r the
p r a c t ic e s lis te d . S ch ed u led h ou rs a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a sis
that th ese a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r ity
a r e c o v e r e d . 3 B e c a u s e o f roun din g, su m s o f in d iv id u al ite m s in th ese
tabu lation s m a y not equ al to ta ls .
The f ir s t p a rt o f the pa id h olid a y s ta ble p r e s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r o f w hole and h a lf h olid a y s a ctu a lly p r o v id e d .
The s e c o n d p a rt
co m b in e s w hole and h a lf h olid a y s to sh ow total h olid a y t im e .

D ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll health, in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n
plan s fo r w hich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
ex cep tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ire m e n ts su ch as w o r k m e n 's co m p e n sa tio n ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such p la n s in clu d e th ose
u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in su r a n ce com p a n y and th ose p r o v id e d
th rough a union fund o r p a id d ir e c t ly by the e m p lo y e r out o f cu r re n t
op era tin g funds o r fr o m a fund se t a s id e f o r this p u r p o s e .
Death
b en efits a r e in clu d ed as a fo r m o f life in s u r a n ce .
S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce is lim ite d to that type o f in ­
su ra n ce u n der w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a sh p a ym en ts a r e m a de d ir e c t ly
to the in su r e d on a w eek ly o r m on th ly b a s is du rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch plan s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s.
H o w e v e r, in N ew Y o rk and N ew J e r s e y , w hich
have en a cted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in su r a n ce law s w hich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 plans a r e in clu d ed on ly if the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
trib u tes m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ire d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b en e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ire m e n ts o f the law . T abu lation s
o f pa id s i c k -le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l plans 5 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll pa y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's pa y d u rin g a b se n ce fr o m w ork
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S ep arate tabu lation s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
(1) .plans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y and no w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) plans
p r o v id in g e ith e r p a r tia l pay o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In a d dition to the
p r e se n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n du plicated total is
show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both types o f b e n e fits .

The s u m m a r y o f v a ca tion plans is lim ite d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m en ts, ex clu d in g in fo r m a l plans w h e re b y tim e o ff w ith p a y is g ra n ted
at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep a ra te e s tim a te s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com pu tin g v a c a tio n p a y m en ts, su ch
as tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s, o r fla t -s u m am ou n ts.
H ow ev er, in the tabu lation s o f v a ca tio n a llo w a n ce s , p a ym en ts not on
a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e rte d ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a ym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as the equ iv alen t o f 1 w e e k 's pay.

C a ta strop h e in su r a n ce , s o m e tim e s r e fe r r e d to as exten ded
m e d ic a l in su r a n ce , in clu d es th o se plans w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v olv in g e x p e n s e s b eyon d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o sp ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s.
M e d ic a l in su ra n ce r e fe r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le te o r p a r tia l
p a ym en t o f d o c t o r s ' fe e s . Such plans m a y be u n d erw ritten b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in su ra n ce co m p a n ie s o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y be
s e lf-in s u r e d . T abu lation s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n sio n plans a r e lim ite d to
th ose plans that p r o v id e m on th ly p a ym en ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life .

2 An esta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as having a p o lic y if it m et
e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g co n d itio n s: (1) O p era ted la te sh ifts at the tim e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts.
3 S ch ed u led w eek ly h ou rs f o r o ffic e w o r k e r s (fir s t s e c tio n o f
ta ble B -3 ) in s u r v e y s m a de p r io r to Ju ly 1957 w e re p r e s e n te d in
te r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o ffic e s
w ith the in d ica te d w eek ly h ou rs f o r w om en w o r k e r s .

4 The te m p o r a r y d is a b ility law s in C a lifo r n ia and R hode Islan d
do not r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s.
5 A n e sta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as h aving a fo r m a l plan if
it e s ta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er o f days o f s ic k le a v e that
cou ld be e x p e cte d by e a ch e m p lo y e e . Such a pla n n eed n ot b e w ritten ,
but in fo r m a l s i c k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u al b a s is ,
w e re e x clu d e d .




4

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , L o u is v ille , K y . —
Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1961)
Average
S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly,
hours 1
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly,
earnings1
(Standard)

$
3 5 . 00
and
under
4 0 . 00

$
4 0 . 00

$
4 5 . 00

$
5 0 . 00

$
5 5 . 00

S
6 0 . 00

$
6 5 . 00

$
7 0 . 00

*75. 0 0

*80. 00

*85. 00

*90. 00

4 5 . 00

5 0 . 00

5 5 . 00

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

* 9 5 .0 0

S
$
$
$
f o o . 00 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0
and

1 0 0 . 00 1 0 5 . 0 0

1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0

1 2 0 . 00

over

11
4
7
7

2 34
28
6
6
_
-

M en

C le r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s A
_
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________ __________ ____________________________
...........
_
...... _ ..
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 _____________________ ___________________

227
144
83
47

3 9 .5
39. 0
39. 5
40. 0

$ 1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
9 8 . 00
1 0 6 .5 0

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s R _ .
_
.....
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________

140
56
84

39. 5
39. 5
40. 0

9 5 . 50
9 6 .5 0
9 5 . 00

68
46

40. 0
40. 0

7 9 . 50
7 3 . 50

39.
39.
39.
39.

59.
59.
59.
80.

C l e r k s , o r d e r ______________ _______________________ _____________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________

.

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

4
4

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

1
1

-

-

8
8

_

_

-

-

-

“

3
3

_

.

_

4
4

-

6
4
2
1

27
20
7
2

12
3
9
8

38
24
14
8

33
23
10
4

45
37
8
7

4
3
1

6
6

13
9
4

42
35
7

21
1
20

38
6
32

.
-

_
-

-

-

-

10
9

12
11

13
8

4

2

_

_

1

.

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
_
1
1

_
_
_

.
_
_

-

14
---------1
13
13

-

_

2

-

9
1
8
4

-

5
5

3
1
2

7
2

-

-

8
8

21
ZO
1
1

10
9
1
1

1
---------1
-

-

18
n ~
7
7

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

1

.

-

-

-

-

2
Z

7
5

8 4 . 00
8 0 . 00
8 6 . 50

-

-

-

i
i

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

"

3
1
1

3 9 .5
39. 0
39. 5
38. 5

63.
67.
60.
73.

00
00
00
00

_

1
1

ZZ
ZZ

9
3
6
Z

10
7
3
3

16
15
1
1

69
44

39. 0
39. 5

6 Z . 50
58. 50

-

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A
. . . . . .
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________

71
40
31

39. 5
39. 0
40. 0

7 6 . 50
7 7 . 00
7 5 . 50

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ______________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________

414
90
3Z4

40. 0
39. 0
40. 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A ________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ........ ....................... ............................. ..........

219
13Z
87
34

39. 5
39. 0
39. 5
3 9 .5

-

-

-

00
50
00
00

.
-

41
5
36

8
4
4

-

-

4 0 .0
40. 0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0

_

.

-

77
56

39. 0
39. 0

9 4 . 50
9 5 . 50

.

76
Zg
48

38. 5
39. 0
38. 0

108
47
61
Z7

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e )
.
.
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________

O f f i c e b o y s _______________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3
...
.. .
.....

138
65
73
3Z

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A _________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________

60
53

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B _________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________
T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C _________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
. „
_
......
....... . .

0
0
0
5

—

11
rr~ —
-

-

1
1

4
5
---------r ~ ---------T ~
3
4
4
3

_
-

-

-

-

3
3

3
2

2
2

11
8

5
5

25
24

7
7

2
2

13
8

4
4

6
6

9
6

18
8

15
15

2
2

.

.

21
lo
11

11
6
5

13
4
9

3
1
2

3
2
1

9
9

1
1

4
4

14
10
4
4

8
4
4
4

6
4
2
2

5
5
5

_

_

.

-

-

-

_

.
-

-

1
1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

_

_

1

i

_

_

_

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

20
20

-

_
-

“

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e )
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ........ .......... ....................................... ................
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ______ _______________________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .




_

-

-

16
4
1Z
5

3
3

15
5

4
4

15
15

3
3

6
6

_
-

8
8

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

1
1

6
6

15
7
8

14
12
2

15
i 3
2

3
2
1

-

-

3
3

-

6
4
2

5 9 . 50
6 9 .0 0
5 6 . 50

5
5

3Z
3Z

88
Z
86

81
3
78

55
10
45

30
16
14

29
19
10

10
5
5

57
28
29

5
5

2
2

_
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

85.
90.
79.
90.

.
-

.
-

_
-

.
-

8
8
-

13
Z
11

13
2
11
7

Z7
14
13

29
14
15

25
16
9
3

25
15
10
6

23
11
12
12

10
10

50
00
00
50

-

_

-

_

5
4
1
1

7
1
6

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

.
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

6
1
5
5

32
32

3
3

.
-

-

-

-

5
Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , L o u is v i ll e , K y .—
Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1961)
Avkraqk
S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

an d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly,
hours 1
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
Weekly , 3 5 . 00
earnings1 a n d
(Standard) u n d e r
4 0 .0 0

$
4 0 . 00

$
4 5 . 00

$
5 0 . 00

$
5 5 . 00

$
6 0 . 00

$
6 5 . 00

$
7 0 . 00

$
7 5 . 00

$
8 0 . 00

$
8 5 . 00

4 5 . 00

50. 00

5 5 . 00

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

85 . 00

9 0 . 00

54
54

80
10
70
26

124
16
108
25

69
25
44
33

97
41
56
41

68
33
35
11

99
17
82
77

25
25
-

*
9 0 . 00

S
$
$
$
$
$
9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 00 n o . o o 1 1 5 . 00 1 2 0 . 0 0
and

9 5 . 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 n o . o o 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0

over

W o m e n — C o n t in u e d
C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B ________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------- ---------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ............................................ ............................

741
1 98
543
235

38. 0
39. 5
3 7 .5
38. 5

$ 6 3 .0 0
7 0 . 50
6 0 . 50
7 0 . 50

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A __________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g — -------- ------------------------------------------------------------

63
41

38. 0
3 7 .0

7 7 . 50
7 1 . 00

-

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B __________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ................... ..................................................................
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ...........................................................................

240
31
209

38. 5
37. 5
38. 5

5 1 . 50
6 0 . 00
5 0 . 00

M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------------------------

104
45
59

38. 5
3 7 .0
3 9 .5

6 1 . 50
7 7 . 00
5 0 . 00

-

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ..................................... ...................................................
M a n u f a c t u r i n g .........................................................................- ..........
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________

244
117
127

39. 5
39. 5
39. 0

7 0 . 50
7 5 . 00
6 6 . 50

_

C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________

244
114
130

39. 5
39. 0
3 9 .5

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( M i m e o g r a p h o r D it t o ) ........ ............................................................
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g —.......................................................................

50
25

K e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ......................................................................- ............
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________

8
7
1
1

21
12
9
4

8
4
4
4

8
8
8

4
4
4

l
l
l

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

4

2

2

2

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

16
16

9
9

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
2
2

12
12

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
8
7

9
8
1

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

1
1

"

17
14
3

-

-

-

26
17
9

15
5
10

8
6
2

8
5
3

32
3
29

2
2

1
1

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

9
9
-

6
5
1

16
2
14

42
42

2
2

"

1

2

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

1

"

-

125
86
39
12

230
1 95
35
1

11 3
77
36
15

1 08
86
22
16

90
58
32
9

1 36
102
34
22

25
25

50
8
42

-

-

_

_

.

-

-

2
1

5
2

7
5

17
17

1
1

14
13

-

20
20

100
100

29
29

24
4
20

20
11
9

15
11
4

5
3
2

_
-

2
2

-

"

-

-

_

6
6

38
38

3
3

2
2

7
3
4

22
18
4

6
6

_
-

3
3

~

-

~

9
4
5

17
9
8

36
14
22

27
7
20

22
11
11

32
8
24

34
11
23

20
20

"

3
3

6 8 . 50
6 5 . 50
7 1 . 50

3
3

14
8
6

31
24
7

24
8
16

10
3
7

27
12
15

15
12
3

28
8
20

37. 5
38. 0

5 6 . 00
5 1 .0 0

-

-

11
11

15
7

3
2

16
4

3
1

330
117
213

38. 5
40. 0
38. 0

6 9 .0 0
7 3 . 00
6 6 . 50

5
5

26
26

32
32

26
3
23

7
3
4

39
20
19

53
22
31

16
11
5

51
42
9

O f f i c e g i r l s _______________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________

139
43
96

38. 0
37. 5
38. 5

5 2 . 50
6 1 .0 0
4 9 . 00

15

8

41
4
37

35
12
23

6
-

15
15

2
2

2
2

6

-

11
8
3

"

-

S e c r e t a r i e s _______________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ---------------------------------------------------------------

1. 3 9 4
792
602
155

39.
39.
39.
40.

84.
88.
77.
99.

16
16
-

33
1
32
1

45
1
44
-

98
16
82
4

130
32
98
11

119
54
65
3

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ..................................................................... .......

812
390
422

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

7 6 . 00
7 2 . 50
7 9 . 00

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , t e c h n i c a l _____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ........................................ ............................................

45
43

40. 0
40. 0

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------ -----------------------------------

177
55
122

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s _______________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________

208
107
101

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta ble,




0
0
0
0

00
50
50
00

*

-

-

-

15

8

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

_

_
-

-

-

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

41
29
12
9

36
25
11
11

53
25
28
25

21
5
16
16
7
7

-

5

6

-

-

5

6

10
1
9

44
4
40

82
36
46

94
55
39

114
73
41

99
62
37

120
87
33

42
30
12

20
16
4

27
14
13

41
4
37

12
7
5

44
1
43

31
31

14
14

8 5 . 50
8 5 . 50

_

_

_

_

_

4
3

1
1

6
6

19
18

_

_

_

-

2
2

_

-

4
4

_

-

9
9

_

-

-

-

-

-

39. 5
39. 0
40. 0

5 9 . 00
7 1 .0 0
5 3 . 50

4 15
15

30
30

15
1
14

20
10
10

21
2
19

15
5
10

5
2
3

17
13
4

12
6
6

8
8

7
6
1

_

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
1
10

-

-

-

3 9 .5
39. 0
39. 5

6 4 . 50
6 9 . 50
5 9 . 00

5
5

_

12
4
8

17
3
14

45
18
27

21
6
15

45
22
23

24
21
3

19
17
2

5
3
2

11
9
2

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
2
2

2
2

6
Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry d ivision , L o u isv ille , K y .—
Ind. , F ebru ary 1961)
At u a o i

S ex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
worker*

Weekly,
hour*
(Standard)

NUM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM E WEEKLY EARNING8 OF—

Weekly,
(Staudud)

<
3 5. 00

4 0 . 00

4 5 . 00

50. 00

and
under

-

-

-

4 0 . 00

4 5 . 00

50. 00

5 5. 00

6 0 . 00

*6 0 . 0 0

^ 5 . 00

70. 00

7 5. 00

8 0. 00

8 5. 00

90. 00

S
9 5. 00

-

55. 00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6 5 . 00

7 0. 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

90. 00

9 5. 00

S
100. 00
-

1 0 0 .0 0

S
1 05 . 00

105. 00

110 . 00 11 5 .

-

110. 00

00

-

115. 00

120. 00

120 . 00
and
over

Wom en— Continued
Tabulating-m achine op era to rs, c la ss B

________—______

69

37. 5

$ 7 5 . 50

Tabulating-m achine op era to rs, c la ss C

__________ —___

26

37. 5

6 4 . 50

T ran scrib in g-m ach in e operators , general -----------------Manufacturing _________ _____ _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

295
105
190

39. 0
38. 0
40. 0

5 8 . 50
6 8 ." 5 0
53. 00

T y p ists, c la ss A
__ _____ _ _____________ __ ____ - __
_
Manufacturing ___________________________ ____________
Nonmanufacturing ______ ______________________________
Public utilities 3 ____________________________________

267
140

39. 0
39. 5
38. 0

6 8 . 50
7 0 . 50

T y p ists, c la ss B ___________ ________________________ _____
Manufacturing ______________________ _____ ____________ __
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

506

127
44

—
338

39. 5
39. 0
40. 0
39. 0

6 5 . 50
7 5 . 50
5 5 . 50
6 1 . 00
5 2 . 50

_

.

_

12

4

7

5

1

14

8

2

_

7

2

7

_

_

_

_

_

3

9

3

_

2

1

2

2

2

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

74

34
2
32

36
13
23

68
35
33

32
23

6
1
5

1
1

8
8

3
3

-

-

-

-

16

18

3
2

3
3

14

_

-

_
-

19
5
14

74

.
-

_
-

77

9

54

46

52

-

15

16
8

39

19
27
4

38
14

“

-

134
17

72
24

76
43

117

48

33

61
37
24

36
18
18

-

-

_
-

77

-

7

51
44

_
-

_

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

4

2

5
6
6

4
4

-

_
-

1
1

14
14
-

7
5

9
9
6

-

7
5
2
2

24

5

2

4

18
6

4

2

4

1

_

-

-

_
-

_

_

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

"

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

14

1

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.
2 W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 26 at $ 120 to $ 125; 4 at $ 125 to $ 130; 3 at $ 135 to $ 140; 1 at $ 150 to $ 155.
3 T ran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
4
Includes 1 w orker under $ 35.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage stra ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , L o u isv ille , K y. —
Ind. , Febru ary 1961)
Atbxaob
S ex, occupation, and industry division

Number

of

worker*

Weekly.
hour*
(Standard)

NUM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM E W E E KLY EARNINGS OF—

$
Weekly j 60. 00
and
(Standard) under
65. 00

$
65. 00

S

70. 00

S
75. 00

7 0 .0 0

75. 00

80. 00

9

80. 00
8 5 .0 0

S

85. 00
9 0 .0 0

$
90. 00

$
$
9
S
$
$
9
S
9
9
9
95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 105. 00 1 1 0 .0 0 115. 00 120. 00 1 2 5 ;0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 135. 00 140. 00 145. 00
and
95. 00 100. 00 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 115. 00 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 135. 00 140. 00 1 4 5 .0 0 over

Men
D raftsm en , senior _________________ - ------ -------------------------Manufacturing _____
__ — ------------------ -------------------

136
120

40. 0
40. 0

$ 1 1 8 .5 0
119. 50

D raftsm en , junior -------- -------------- --------- -----------------------Manufacturing ______________ ____ __ ___ __________________

107
104

40. 0
40. 0

89. 50
89. 50

50
45

39. 5
39. 5

9 6 .0 0
97. 00

_

>

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

6
6

2
2

10
10

14
8

7
5

14
10

2
2

1
1

12
12

5
5

16
i"6

14
14

9
8

35
33

10
10

-

"

_

_

6
4

5
4

7
7

1
1

12
12

10
9

1
1

12
11

6
6

39
36

17
17

1

-

1
1

.

-

_

“

1
1

-

1

-

-

-

-

3
3

1

_

-

_

_

_

-

7
7

1
1

W om en
N u r s e s , industrial (r e g is t e r e d ) ____________ ____________
Manufacturing __________
— __________________

1
1

4
-------3“

1 Standard hours refle ct the workweek for which em ployees r eceive their regular stra igh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings correspond to these w eekly h ours.




7
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, L ou isville, K y .— d ., February 1961)
In
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly .
earnings

C arpenters, maintenance _______________________
Manufacturing _________________________________

148
124

$ 2 .9 7
3. 03

E le ctrician s, maintenance
Manufacturing _ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Public u tilities 2 __________________________

418
321
97
91

E ngineers, stationary
_ _ _
Manufacturing _________________________________

F irem en , stationary b oiler
_
Manufacturing ___

$
$
Under 1 .6 0
1. 70
and
$
tinder
.1. 60
1 .7 0
1 .8 0

$
1. 80

$
1 .9 0

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

$
2. 70

$
2 .8 0

$
2. 90

$
3. 00

$
3. 10

$
3. 20

$
3. 30

$
3. 40

$
3. 50

1 .9 0

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2 .8 0

2. 90

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

3. 30

3 .4 0

3. 50

3 .6 0

8
8

45
45

8
8

4
3

_
_

133
133
_

50
50
_

6
6
-

-

-

12
11
1
-

"

-

11
“ T 1 ....

.

_

H elp ers, tra d es, maintenance
M a n u fa c tu r in g _________
_

_

"

"

"

■

_

6
3

2
1

12
4

3
"

11
9

3. 07
3. 12
2. 90
2 .9 3

.
-

-

-

1
1

6
5
1

_
-

9
9
_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

8
8
_

-

1
_
1
-

146
128

2. 88
2. 90

_

_

_

_

_

_

18

2

5

-

"

"

-

"

1
-

20
16

4
"

269
259

_

■

2 .5 9
2 . 6o

12
12

26
26

2
2

1
"

1

16

-

2. 22
2 .3 5

8
*

6
— 5

7
------ 5

1

7

_

_

_

_

■

"

■

224
97

"

"

449
432

3. 10
3. 10

M echanics, automotive (maintenance) ________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Public utilities 2 __________________________

325
88
237
183

2.
2.
2.
2.

M echanics, maintenance ____ ____________________
Manufacturing _______ ___________________

733
702

3. 04
3. 05

_

_

_

■

■

■

M illwrights _______________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________

173
17 3

2. 88
2. 88

_

_

_

.

_

~

■

-

■

"

O ilers _ _ _ _ _ _
Manufacturing
________

201
r§9

2 .4 5
2 .4 5

-

P ainters, maintenance __________ _____________
Manufacturing _____________________ _________

153
141

________
P ip efitters, maintenance
Manufacturing _________________ _____________

264
263

_ __

S heet-m etal w ork ers, m aintenance
_ _
Manufacturing __________ ____________________

T ool and die m ak ers
M a n u fa c tu r in g

____________________________

67
83
61
70

~

------- 4 ~

2
2

18
18

19
19

40
32
8
7

13
9
4
4

81
2
79
79

26

1
1

14
6

16
16

10
“ TO-

2 6

_

15
21
“ 13— ------ T T

8
—

r

5
22
22
_

-

4
~

20
20

16
n r~

24

~

14

34
34

25
^ 25
“

71
71

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

16
16

10
'

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

7
7

1
1

47
34

90
90

220
220

25
25

.

.

■

"

"

25
1
24
16

44
44
43

16
16

12
12

12
12

8
8

-

-

-

_
_

-

-

-

-

25

47
1
46
45

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
12

4
-

60
53

45
45

37
37

413
4 l3

_

14
14

_

2

-

-

t

12
~ T T ~

19
19

7
7

71
71

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

48
48

.
-

2
------ T

-

-

1
----- j—

175
175

14
14

7
7

4
4

_
-

21
21

_

5
5

_

_

_

"

78
78

100
100

25
3

62
5

36
26

12
3

18
1$

16
16

7
7

_

3

~

■

33
33

28
14
14
9

45
45
39

24
10
14
5

_

_
"
3

2
1

_

_

16

.

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

16

-

-

-

-

1

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
lo
1
1

_

-

"

r

5
6

9
8

4
4

4
4

18
15

28
24

74
66

_

.

50
50

.

-

4
4

.

"

3
3

.

-

-

"

7
7

31
31

43
31

8
8

20
20

4

-

10
10

4

-

1
-

5
3

_

-

6
6

14
14

46
46

9
9

_

_

_

4
4

28

1
-------1

1
1

_

-

-

2. 94
2. 99

_

2

3. 13
3. 13

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

54
54

3. 05
3. 05

_

_

_

_

_

_

■

■

244
244

3 . 38

-

_

.

-

_

_

3. 38

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.




------ T

9
-------8“
1
1

3
3

12
12

T z—

"

_

M achinists, maintenance _______________________
Manufacturing _________________________________

1 6

-

2
1

$
3. 60
and
over

_
■

1
1

2
— z—
_

_

11
—

TT~

7
------- T ~

■

9
9

_

_

■

■

69
69

3 3
4
2 9

5
5

2

.

-

-

4
4

9
9

1 1

— To_
*

1
----- j—
4
4

3
3

26

_

8
8

27
27

12
' ' i '2

6
6

4

9

4

9

.

-

.

'
12
— IT "

~

2
—

T ~

8
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, L ou isville , K y .—
Ind. , February 1961)
N UM BER OF W O RK ERS R E CE IVIN G S T R A IG H T-TIM E HOURLY EA RN IN G S OF—

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly «
earninge

c

$
Under 0. 90
and
$
under
0 .9 0
1 .0 0

$
1. 00
1. 10

$

$
1. 10 1 .2 0
1 .2 0

1 . 30

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1. 50

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1. 80

$
1 .9 0

1 .4 0 . 1. 50

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1. 80

1. 90

2. 00

E levator op erators, passen ger (women) --------Nonmanufacturing ____________________________

116
116

$ 0 .8 8
. 88

3 53
53

10
10

49
49

4
4

"

"

"

_

Guards _____________________________________________
Manufacturing .............................................................
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________

367
277
90

2. 32
2 .4 1
2. 01

-

-

1
1

8
8

5
2
3

1
1

-

“

~

Janitors, p orte rs, and clean ers (men) _______
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Public u tilities 4 ............................... ..................

1 ,8 1 7
1, 142
675
156

1 .7 7
2. 03
1 .3 4
1 .8 8

46
46

82
82

■

-

158
5
153
-

103
24
79
3

70
30
40
■

29
5
24
9

66
21
45
21

Janitors, p orte rs, and clean ers (women) ____
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Public u tilities 4 _________________________________

392
198
194
35

1 .4 2
1 .6 9
1. 14
1 .4 9

10

8

94

67
35
32
3

29

4
4

29
21

-

9
7
2

'

_

“

31
26
5
3

199
126
73

7

L a b o r e rs, m aterial handling ________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Public u tilitie s 4 __________________________

2, 252
1 ,7 6 8
484
171

2.
2.
2.
2.

10
10
08
51

-

-

10

8

94

■

■

_

.

.

-

-

24
24

■

“

.

-

Order fille r s ______________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________

877
302
575

2. 07
2. 35
1 .9 2

■

P ack e rs, shipping (men) ______________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________

589
47 5
114

2. 03
2. 13
1. 61

■

32
31
1

"

43
18
25

7

_

40

-

.

-

-

8

31
24

-

-

-

-

-

“

■

40

8

7

12

.

_

1

-

-

-

-

18
18

31
31

-

-

1

28

“

-

28

-

12

$
2. 00

$
$
2. 10 2. 20
2. 20

7.10

“

-

■

8
8
■

16
12
4

19
1
18

13
1
12

13
13

“

8
8

78
58
20

54
36
18

-

■

74
53
21
2

107
94
13
6

234
178
56
40

9
9

9
9

21
21

-

74
66
8

11
11

-

-

-

'

-

44
3
41
6

39
17
22

145
133
12

254
242
12

“

“

”

58
12
46

45

55

-

-

45

55

33
22
11

3

4
2
2

20
1
19

33
14
19

17
6
11

31
22
9

2. 30

■

-

$
2. 30

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

-

-

-

2.

40

30

157
151

1 .4 2
1 .4 3

R eceiving clerk s --------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________________

185
120
65

2. 24
2. 39
1 .9 5

Shipping clerk s -----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------

107
76
31

2. 25
2. 30
2. 13

Shipping and receiving clerk s ---------------------------Manufacturing _________________________________

68
43

2. 20
2. 22

83
81

12
12

11
9

8
6

3

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

3

5

'

3

.

.

.

.

.

-

■

.

■

"

"

.
-

-

-

■

■

•

_

.

.

.

3
3

3

■

3

2
-

3

2

2

~

.

.

2
2

.

12
2

29
29
-

3
3
-

-

24
24

-

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

“

“

-

16
10
6
6

27
22
5
5

3
3

1
1

-

-

_

.
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

86
86

~

57
57

-

! 320
257
63
12

128
60
68
31

219
192
27
27

336
298
38
2

231
231

124
12
112

143
89
54

95
33
.62

101
100
1

96
92
4

100
100

36
36

-

132

3

-

-

132

41
|

33
8

!
;

4

-

19
19
-

269
269

8

2

-

98
97
1
1

42
24
18

-

-

108
95
13
10

7
2
5

"

-

160
96
64
64

6
2
4

-

-

81
66
15

5
3
2

■

Q
O

-

6
1
5

*

2.

"

-

-

-

-

1
1

8

4

■

10
7
3

.

5
5

5
5

12
9

4

_

_
_

-

16
16
-

_

86

_

_

-

4
4

86
86

45
45

62
62

_

.

11
11

-

~

-

-

-

12
12

_

1
1

7

_
-

-

“

-

-

_
_
-

7

1

19
19

-

SO

2

2 .9 0
and

64
64

5
5

10
10

70

$

-

8
8
-

“

2
2

2

$
2. 80

-

71
51
20

5
5

11
11

S
2. 70

-

2 . hO

"

1

P ac k e rs, shipping (women) _____________________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------

$
2. 60

|
-------

-

21
15
6

23
17
6

“

10
10

21
11
10

23
19
4

2
2
-

-

2
2

8
8

1
1

14
2

6
6

-

6
6

-

i

13

i

13
.

j
!

j

40
37
3

!

12
12

-

--------1—
!

“

l
l

1
1

_

1
1

i

See footnotes at end of table.




9
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, L ou isville, K y .—
Ind. , February 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
$
hourly
Under 0 . 9 0
earnings 2
$
under
1 .0 0

T ruckdrivers 5 ___________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Public u tilities 4 ___________________ _______

1, 6 0 9

$ 2 . 45

463
1, 146
646

2. 34
2. 50
2. 68

T ru ck d rivers, light (under l 1/ 2 tons) _____
Manufacturing ......................................................
Nonmanufacturing _________________________

119
42
77

1 .6 7
1 .9 2
1. 54

T ru ck d rivers, m edium ( l V 2 to and
including 4 tons) ------------------------------------------Manufacturing _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________

460
222
238

2. 26
2 .4 5
2. 07

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type) __________________________________
Manufacturing _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________

323
55
268

2. 73
2. 55
2. 77

T ru ck ers, power (forklift) ______________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Public u tilities 4 __________________________

858
698
160
73

2. 31
2. 31
2. 30
2 .4 1

T ru ck ers, power (other than forklift) ________
Manufacturing _________________________________

122
66

2. 29
2. 37

Watchmen _____________________________
. ......
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________

350
241
109

1. 57
1 .7 1
1. 25

1
2
3
4
5
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

$
1 .0 0

$
1. 10

1 .1 0

1 .2 0

$

$

$

$

$

$

8

$

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1. 60

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 . 00

2 . 10

2. 20

2. 30

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

$

1 .2 0

2. 70

$
2. 80

$
2. 90

1 . 30

1 .4 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 . QO

7, 00

2 10

2 . ?-0

2 30

2. 4 0

2 50

2. 60

2 . 70

2. 80

2. 9 0

and
over

-

-

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

$

12

4

10

12

84

5

6

53

96

12

163

60

60

292

64

324

2 61

45

12

4

10
_

_
12

44
40

1
4

_
6

"

_
17
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

50
3
3

18
78
4

7
5
-

46
117
4

20
40
40

31
29
-

35
257
170

30
34
-

155
169
168

4
257
257

45
-

17
17

15
15

-

10
10
-

12
12

6
6
-

4
4

2
_
2

10
10

11
5
6

2
2

20
5
15

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

12
12

2
2

12
12

40
40

1
1
-

2
_
2

40
40

48
11
37

3
_
3

92
4
88

41
1
40

14
14

17
17
"

136
136

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

2
2
-

_
-

4
4

24
9
15

94 _
7
87

144
51
93
53

91
79
12

12
17

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

-

“

-

"

-

15
_
15

60
18
42

_

-

_
-

-

-

"

_

_

-

-

_

_
-

-

-

-

_

_
_

-

-

-

"

-

34
2
32

_
-

_

"

_

■

645
45

60
26
34

56
1
55

4
4

101
101
-

46
46
-

1
1
-

28
28
-

-

-

-

-

15
15
15

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

15
15
_

15
15
_

5
5
_

14
9
5

8
4
4

109
85
24

57
57
-

-

"

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

209
202
7
5

1

2

-

-

-

“

3
3

53
12

12
10

10

18
8
10

"

22
22

19
19

-

-

-

-

26
22
4

17
15
2

15
15

11
6
5

14
12
2

23
22
1

2
2

_

-

-

56
56

-

-

-

-

57
43
14

21
20
1

15
2
13

-

_
-

-

Data lim ited to m en w orkers except where otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
W ork ers were distributed as follow s: 1 at $0. 60 to $ 0 . 7 0 ; 52 at $ 0. 70 to $ 0. 80.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Includes a ll d rivers reg a rd le ss of size and type of truck operated.
A ll w orkers w ere at $ 3. 80 to $ 3. 90.




-

S

$

17

29

-

_
-

-

$

-




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

10

Table B-1. Shift Differentials
(Shift d iffe r e n tia ls o f m a n u fa c tu rin g plant w o r k e r s by type and am ou nt o f d iffe r e n tia l,
L o u is v ille , K y .—Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1961)
P e r c e n t o f m an u fac tu rin g p lant w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b lis h m e n ts h aving fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

A c t u a lly w ork ing on—

S econd sh ift
w ork

T o ta l

___________________________________________________

T h ird o r oth er
sh ift w ork

88. 1

73. 0

2 13. 3

24 . 5

24. 4

S econ d sh ift

86. 7

72. 7

2 13. 2

U n ifo r m c en ts (p er hour) ______________________
5 c en ts -------------------------------------------------------------6 c en ts -------------------------------------------------------------7 c e n t s _____________________'------------------------------7 1l z c en ts _____________________________________
8 c en ts _________________________________________
9 c en ts _________________________________________
10 c e n ts _______________________________________
11 c en ts _______________________________________
12 cen ts _______________________________________
13 c en ts _______________________________________
134/ 5 c e n ts ------------------------------------------------------14 c en ts -----------------------------------------------------------15 c en ts _______________________________________
17 c en ts ----------------------------------------------------------18 c en ts ----------------------------------------------------------2 8 3/ 4 c e n ts ____________________________________

61. 1
12. 8
2 .9
4. 1
2. 3
9 .3
7 .7
14. 2
3. 2
-

47. 8
. 5
1. 1
2 .9
8 .7
1 .4
10. 0
4. 1
4. 4
7 .7
1. 7
2. 4
2 .9

11.
3.
.
.
.
1.
.
2.
.
.
.
-

U n ifo r m p e r c e n ta g e ------------------------------------------5 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------------------------8 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------------------

19 .
3.
2.
14.

W ith sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l -------------------------------------

2 .9
1 .7
5
2
2
1

18 . 8
18 . 8

-----------------

1. 5

O ther fo r m a l pay d iffe r e n tia ls -----------------------

F u ll d ays* p ay fo r red u ce d h ou rs

No sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l

__________________________

T h ird o r oth er
sh ift

0
5
1
7
7
2
8
2

4. 0

7

.9
. 2
.4
. 5
. 2
. 5
. 7

7
4

-

2 1. 1

(3 )
(3)
.7
-

1

. 3
. 8
( 2)

2.
2.

1. 5

. 2

-

4. 5

4. 5

.9

. 3

1 .4

.

1

(3)

4

.

1

1 In c lu d es e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n tly op era tin g la te s h ift s , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te
ev en though they w e r e not c u r r e n tly o p era tin g la te s h ift s .
2 N u m b er o f w o r k e r s on sec o n d and th ird sh ifts not a v a ila b le fo r a ll p la n ts.
3 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t.

sh ifts

11
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W orkers
(D istrib u tion o f e sta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by m in im u m en tran ce s a la r y for s e le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in ex p erien c ed w om en offic e w o r k e r s , L o u is v ille , K y . —
Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1961)
Other in ex p erien c ed c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 2

In exp erienced typ ists
M an ufacturing
M in im u m w eek ly s a la r y 1

A ll
in d u strie s

w

N on m an ufactu ring
A ll

B a sed on standard w eek ly h ours 3 of—

$ 30 .
$ 32 .
$ 35 .
$ 37.
$40.
$42.
$45.
$47.
$ 50.
$ 52 .
$ 55 .
$ 57.
$ 60.
$ 62.
$ 65.
$ 67 .
$70.
$ 72.
$ 75 .

00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 32 . 50
$ 35 . 00
$ 37 . 50
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 50 . 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 57 . 50
$ 60 . 00
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 7 0 . 00
$ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 . 50

____________________

________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________ ,
______________________________________ _
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________

40

A ll
sch ed u les

40

149

E sta b lish m e n ts h aving a sp e c ifie d m in im u m

N onm anuf a c tur in g

B a sed on standard w eek ly h ours 3 of—

in d u strie s
A ll
sch ed u les

E sta b lish m e n ts studied

,

M an ufactu ring

A ll
sch ed u les

40

A ll
sch e d u les

40

73

XXX

76

XX X

149

73

XX X

76

XXX

63

40

30

23

17

1

-

-

1

1

89

49

37

2

-

-

2

3

_

_

3

1

2

_

_

1
4
1
10
1
11
4
4

2

3
2
14
3
2
2
6
3

1
12
1
2
1
5
3

4

4
0

29

.

6

5
1
5
1
5
2

2
-

-

2

2
-

-

2

3
3
18
4
12
3
17
7
4
3

2

2

1

-

4

4

1

-

-

2

2

-

-

1

1

1
1

-

3
3
1
1

2

2

2

2

1
1

\

1

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
3
9
2
12

2

2

6

-

-

8
2
6

6
3
1
-

-

6

5

2

2

-

-

8

-

1

-

4
1
7
-

7

3
3
1
1
1

3

3

2

2

1

1
1
1

1
1.
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

2

__________________

22

13

XXX

9

XX X

24

13

XXX

11

XX X

E sta b lish m e n ts w hich did not em p lo y w o rk ers
in this c a te g o r y ______________________________________________________

64

20

XX X

44

XXX

36

11

XXX

25

XX X

E sta b lish m e n ts h aving no sp e c ifie d m in im u m

1 L o w e st s a la r y rate fo r m a lly esta b lish e d for h irin g in ex p erien c ed w o r k e r s for typing or other c le r ic a l jo b s .
2 R ates ap plicab le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g i r l s , or s im ila r su b c le r ic a l job s are not c o n sid ere d .
3 H ou rs r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich e m p lo y ee s r e c e iv e th e ir r eg u la r s t r a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s .
Data are p resen ted for a ll w ork w eek s c om b in e d ,




1

and fo r the m o s t co m m o n w ork w eek rep orted .

12
Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s b y schedu led w eekly h ours
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , L o u is v ille , K y .—Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1961)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
W e ek ly h ours

^
All industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

---------------------------------------------------------------

Under 35 h ours _____________________________________
35 hours ______________________________________________
O ver 35 and under 3 7 1lz h ours ---------------------------3 7 V 2 h ours
---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 7 V 2 and under 40 h ours ---------------------------40 h ours ---------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 40 and under 44 h ours -------------------------------44 h ours ---------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 4 4 and under 48 h ours -------------------------------48 h ours --------- --------------- -------------------------------------------O ver 48 h ours ----------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

M
anufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

9
4
7
5
68
4
3
1

7
1
7
4
81

-

-

(4)

-

16
-

84

-

(4 )

-

-

-

-

-

-

All industries2

100

M
anufacturing

100

2
1
2
6
1
78
2
4
1
4
1

Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and other public u tilit ie s .
In clud es data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.




Public utilities 2

100

3
(4 )
2
6
-

84

_

-

96
1

3

-

(4)
1

3

-

13
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by num ber of paid h olid ays
p rovided annually, L o u is v ille , K y .—Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Item
All industries 1

A ll w o rk ers

--------- ---------------------------------------------------

W o rk e rs in e sta b lish m e n ts providing
paid h olidays ------------ --------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p roviding
no paid h olid ays -------_------------------------------------------

Public utilities 2

M
anufacturing

100

100

99

100

100

100

|

l
l

j
I
I

(4)
'

All industries 3

M
anufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

98

99

100

2

(4 )

1

N u m b e r off d a y s

!
S
i
l
!!

1
2
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
6
7
7
7
8
8
9

holiday
h olid ays
h olid ays
h olid ays
h olid ays
h olid ays
h olid ays
h olid ays
h olid ays
h olid ays
h olid ays
h olid ays
h olid ays
h olid ays
h olid ays
h olid ays

------------------------------------------------------------------_________________________________ _________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
plus 2 h alf days --------------------------------____________________ '____ _....______ _________
plus 1 h alf day _______________________
___________________________________________
plus 1 h alf day ---------------------------------plus 2 h alf d ays ______________________
___________________________________________
plus 1 h alf day ----------------------------------plus 2 h alf days ______________ ________
_________________________ _____ ___ ____ ___
plus 1 h alf day ----------------------------------___________________________________________

-

-

(4 )
1
1
1
1
43
2
1
37
2
(4)
9
(4 )
1

3
22
3
1
45
6
1
15
1
3

1
2
11
13
51
53
96
97
99
99
99
99
99

3
4
20
26
73
76
97
97
97
100
100
100
100

j
;
!
j
19
(4 )
81
-

-

“

i
i[
;
1

1
2
(4 )
1
1
(4 )
32
1
2
44
1
11
1
1

18
2
3
56
2
14
1
2

1
2
13
15
61
62
94
94
96
96
96
98
98

2
3
17
19
79
80
98
98
98
98
98
99
99

1
-

-

47
-

53
-

T o ta l h o l i d a y t im e 5

9 days -----------------------------------------------------------------------8 1/ 2 or m o r e days ________________________________
8 or m o r e days ____________________________________
7Vz or m o r e days ------------------------------------------------7 or m o r e days ____________________________________
b x ! z or m o r e days
------------------------------------------------6 or m o r e days ------------------------------------------------------5 l Jz or m o r e days ------ -----------------------------------------5 or m o r e days ------------------------------------------------------4 or m o r e days ------------------------------------------------------3 or m o re days ____________________________________
2 or m o r e days ____________________________________
1 or m o r e days ____________________________________

-

81
81
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

53
53
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1 Includes data for w h o lesa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su r a n ce , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 T ran sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ication , and other public u tilit ie s .
3 Includes data fo r w h o lesale tra de, re ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.
5 A ll com b ination s of fu ll and half days that add to the sam e amc ..it are com bined; fo r ex a m p le, the p rop ortion of w o r k e r s r ec eiv in g a total o f 7 days in clu d es th ose with 7 fu ll days and
no h a lf d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d a y s, 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf d ays, and so on. P rop ortion s w ere then cu m u lated .




14
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by v acatio n pay
p r o v is io n s , L o u is v ille , K y .—Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V acation p o lic y
All industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s

-------------------------------------------------------------

100

M
anufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100
99
(4 )
-

100
100
-

All industries 3

|

M
anufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

99
93
5
2

100
90
7
2

100
99
(4 )

Method of payment
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
paid va c a tio n s ___________________________________
L e n g t h -o f-tim e paym ent _____________________
P er c en ta g e paym ent --------------------------------------F la t -s u m p aym ent -------------------------------------------Other _____________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providin g
no paid vacatio n s ------------------------------------------------

99
99
(4 )
(4)

_

(4 )

Amount of vacation p a y 5
A fte r 6 m onths o f se r v ic e
Under 1 w eek ______________________________________
1 week ----------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ----------------------------------2 w eeks ______________________________________________

_

(4 )
38
7
3

(4 )
53
4
1

22
7
-

2
21
2
2

3
18
2
2

29
1
68
-

17
82

90
10

67
_
32

89

-

-

(4 )

69
_
30
-

10
11
78
-

12
1
86

12
55
33

38
15
46

37
20
42

-

-

(4 )

-

55
9
32
3

3
2
94

3
4
93

_

12
24
63

-

-

-

(4 )

11
34
55
-

96
3

4
90
5
2

2
94
1
3

_
96
2
2

5
90
1
3

3
92
1
3

96
1
3

23
_
3

A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
1 w eek _______________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ----------------------------------2 w eeks ______________________________________________
3 w eek s ______________________________________________

7
3

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ----------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks _______________________
2 w eeks ______________________________________________
3 w eek s ______________________________________________
A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ----------------------------------------------------------------------O ve r 1 and under 2 w eeks ----------------------------------2 w eek s ______________________________________________
3 w eek s ______________________________________________

(4 )
100

1
_

A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eeks ______________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ----------------------------------3 w eek s ______________________________________________

See footn otes at end o f ta b le .




_

15

Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by vacatio n pay
p r o v is io n s , L o u is v ille , K y . —Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1961)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

V a c a tio n p o lic y
All industries

1

M anufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

M anufacturing

4
47
14
33
(4 )

2
37
21
39
1

4
17
1
76
1
1

2
9
2
84
1
1

4
15
1
71
1
7

2
8
2
79
1
7

4

2
8
2
59

Public utilities2

Amount of vacation p a y 5-—
—Continued

A fte r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1 w eek
_______ _____ __ ________________
2 w eeks _______ ____________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ______________________
3 w eek s ______________________________________________
4 w eeks ______________________________________________

2
65
6
28
■

1
49
5
46
"

2
21
(4 )
77
-

1
9
1
89
-

2
98
-

“

-

-

2
19
(4 )
72
7

1
9
1
83
6

2
96
2

87
13

88
12
-

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f se r v ic e

1 w eek ___________________________________ _________
2 w eeks ______________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ---------------------------------3 w eeks _____________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w eeks _______________ _____
4 w eeks ___________ _____ ________________________

_
_
100
_
"

A fte r 20 y e a r s of se r v ic e

1 w eek _________ _____________ _____________ _____
2 w eeks _________:________________ _________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s _______________________
3 w eeks
__________________ __________________ ___
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks _________ ____________
4 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------------

.

_
_
90
10

A fte r 25 y e a r s of se r v ic e

1 w eek
2 w eeks __________________ ________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks _______________________
3 w eeks
___
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks _______________________

1
2
3
4
5
s e r v ic e

2

_

1
17
(4 )
51
1
29

9
1
53
3
33

2
77
21

15
1
52
3

4

24

23

_
_
_
62
_
38

Includes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s .
Includes data for w h o le sa le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e r e a r b itr a r ily ch o se n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individual p r o v isio n s for p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the changes in p rop ortion s in dicated at 10 y e a r s *
include changes in p r o v isio n s o c c u r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .

N O T E : In the tabulations o f v acatio n allo w a n c es by y e a r s of s e r v ic e , p aym ents other than "le n g th o f t i m e " such as p ercen tage o f annual ea rn in g s or f la t -s u m p a y m e n ts, w e r e con verted
to an equivalent tim e b a s is ; for e x a m p le , a paym ent o f 2 p erc en t of annual earn ing s w as co n sid e r e d as 1 w e e k 's p ay.




16
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t of offic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s em ployed in e sta b lish m e n ts p roviding
h ealth, in su r a n ce , or pen sion b e n e fits, L o u is v ille , K y .—Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT W ORKERS

Type of ben efit
All industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities

2

3

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

2

!

100

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in su ran ce _________________________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d ism e m b e r m e n t
in su ran ce _____________________________________
S ick n ess and accid en t in su ran ce or
sic k le a v e or b o th 4 _________________________

90

98

90

86

95

83

59

76

79

61

71

51

66

79

44

78

84

67

S ick n ess and accid en t in su ran ce _______
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting period) ___________________________
Sick le a v e (p a rtia l pay or
w aiting period) -----------------------------------------

38

72

14

66

81

24

40

47

14

10

8

6

11

2

27

12

4

41

H osp ita liza tio n in su ran ce ----------------------------S u rg ic a l in su ran ce -----------------------------------------M e d ic a l in su ran ce -------------------------------------------C ata strop h e in su ran ce _______________________
R e tire m e n t pen sion ----------------------------------------No h ealth, in su r a n ce , or pen sion plan ___

85
81
57
53
64
3

95
95
72
58
79
1

79
79
70
88
38

86
86
65
28
74
4

95
96
75
27
80
1

78
78
66
80
67

A ll w o r k e r s

-------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providin g:

( 5)

1 Includes data fo r w h o lesa le trade; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ication , and other p ublic u tilit ie s .
3 Includes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
4 U nduplicated total of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e or s ic k n e ss and a ccid en t in su ra n ce shown se p a r a te ly b elo w .
S ic k -le a v e plans are lim ite d to those w hich d efin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t the
m in im u m num ber of days* pay that can be ex pected by ea ch e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n c es d eterm in ed on an individual b a s is are ex clu d ed .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.




17

Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions.

Biller , machine (billing machine)— Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
snipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry ol necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) — Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.




Class A — Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to betused
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B— Keeps a record o f one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping*
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A— Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

18

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine accountingwork is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE

Class A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the files, May per­
form incidental clerica l duties.
Class B— Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or loca tes
or a ssists in locating material in file s . May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled , keep file o f orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple cop ies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Undet general supervision ana with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sevjuence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
v ice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work o f others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

19
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls .
May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who ca ll in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerica l work may take the major part o f this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B— Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp e cific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May a lso include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C— Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp ecific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

20

TYPIST

TY PIST—-Continued

Uses a typewriter to make cop ies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing processes. May do clerica l work involving little sp ecia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.

Class A— Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

Class B— Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance p o licie s,
e tc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E SSIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
TRACER
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p oses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc ., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, com pass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

21
MAINTENANCE

D P O W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casin gs, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selectin g materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
o f electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load Requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, m otors»
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded .




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp e cific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts ot a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items reauiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety or pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to se le ct proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

22

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consisten cy. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various size s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded .

23
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office , apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockmar: or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

24

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded .
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such a s: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded .

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing o f items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded .
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves; A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in v oices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s .




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under lV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1 9 6 1

O — 592658

Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.
Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285Albany—
Schenectady—Troy, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Albuquerque, N. Mex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—Bethlehem—Easton,
P a .-N .J .— Bull. 1285-47
Atlanta, Ga.— Bull. 1285*Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285-34
Beaumont—Port Arthur, T ex .— Bull. 1285Birmingham, A la.— Bull. 1285"

* Green Bay, Wis.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S.C .— Bull. 1285Houston, T ex.— Bull. 1285* Indianapolis, lnd.— Bull. 1285-28
* Jackson, M iss.— Bull. 1285-42
* * Jacksonville, F la.— Bull. 1285-30
* Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans.— Bull. 1285-18
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H.— Bull. 1285* * Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark.— Bull. 1285*6

Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285* * Boston, Mass.— Bull. 1285-15
* * Buffalo, N .Y .— Bull. 1285-31
Burlington, V t.— Bull. 1285* Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285-29
Charleston, W. Va.— Bull. 1285Charlotte, N .C .— Bull. 1285£ ^Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga.— Bull. 1285-14
Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285-

Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif.— Bull. 1285Louisville, Ky.—
Ind.— Bull. 1285*49
Lubbock, T ex.— Bull. 1285* Manchester, N.H.— Bull. 1285-1
Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285- 35
* Miami, F la.— Bull. 1285-33
Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285* * Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285-39
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285-

Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.— Bull. 1285* * Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285-11
* * Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285-38
* * Dallas, Tex.— Bull. 1285- 21
s,cs!e
Davenport—Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa— —
111.
Bull. 1285-16
* Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285-41
* Denver, Colo.— Bull. 1285-27
Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285-43
**D etroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285-37
* * F o r t Worth, T ex.— Bull. 1285-23

* Newark and Jersey City, N .J.— Bull. 1285*40
New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285-46
New Orleans, L a.— Bull. 1285-48
New York, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va.— Bull. 1285* * Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285-3
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa— Bull. 1285-13
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J.— Bull. 1285* * Philadelphia, P a.— Bull. 1285-24
Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-

Pittsburgh, P a.— Bull. 1285-44
*Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285- 19
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash.— Bull. * 285 Providence—
Pawtucket, R .I.—
Mass.— Bull. 1285“
**RaIeigh, N.C.— Bull. 1285*5
* Richmond, Va.— Bull. 1285-26
Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285* * S r Louis, Mo.—
111.— Bull. 1285-10
**5alt Lake City, Utah— Bull. 1285-32
San Antonio, T ex.— Bull. 1285*San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario,
C alif.— Bull. 1285-4
San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif.— Bull. 1285*36
Savannah, Ga. — Bull. 1285^ S cra n ton , Pa.— Bull. 1285-8
**S eattle, Wash.— Bull. 1285-7
* * * Sioux Falls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285-17
South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285“
Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285* * Trenton, N.J.— Bull. 1285-25
sjcsjeWashington, D .C .-M d .-V a .— Bull. 1285-22
Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285* Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285-20
* * Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285*9
**Wilmington, D e l.-N .J .— Bull. 1285-12
Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285
York, P a.— Bull. 1285-45

An asterisk preceding a labor market indicates the availability and
price of the bulletin.
Please do not order copies in advance.

*
Price, 20 cents.
**
Price, 25 cents.
* * * Price, 15 cents.








Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102