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Occupational Wage Survey

NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA
MARCH 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-48




UNITED S T A T E S D EPA R TM EN T O F LA BO R
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewcmi Clague, Commtoiofier




Occupational Wage Survey
NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA




MARCH 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-48
May 1961

UN ITED ST A T ES D EPA R TM EN T O F LA BO R
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Community Wage Survey Program

Introduction---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups_________________________

The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the earlier report.
A consolidated
analytical bulletin summarizing the results of all of the
year's surveys is issued after completion of the final area
bulletin for the current round of surveys.

Tables:

This report was prepared in the Bureau's regional
office in Atlanta, Ga. , by Donald M. Cruse, under the
direction of Louis B. Woytych, Assistant Regional Director
for Wages and Industrial Relations.




1.
2.

1
4

Establishments and workers within scope of survey-----------------Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and straighttime hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
for selected periods ----------------------------------------------------------------A: Occupational earnings: *
A - 1. Office occupations _________________________________________
A -2 . Professional and technical occupations __________________
A - 3. Maintenance and powerplant occupations ________________
A -4 . Custodial and material movement occupations___________

5
8
9
10

B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
B- 1. Shift differentials_________________________________________B -2. Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers _—
B-3 . Scheduled weekly h ou rs___________________________________
B -4 . Paid holidays ______________________________________________
B - 5. Paid vacations_____________________________________________
B -6. Health, insurance, and pension plans ____________________

12
13
14
15
16
18

Appendix:

Occupational descriptions __________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available in the New
Orleans area reports for December 1951, November 1953,
November 1955, and February of 1958, 1959, and I960.
The 195 9 report was limited to occupational earnings. A
directory indicating date of study and the price of the re­
ports, as well as reports for other major areas, is availa­
ble upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and sup­
plementary wage practices in the New Orleans area are
also available for banking (May I960), hotels (June I960),
and power laundries and dry cleaners (June I960). Union
scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are also availa­
ble for the following trades or industries: Building con­
struction, printing, local-transit operating employees, and
motortruck drivers and helpers.

iii

3
3

19




Occupational Wage Survey—New Orleans, La.

Introduction

This a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p ortan t in d u stria l ce n te rs in
w h ich the U. S. D ep artm en t o f L a b o r 's B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics has
con d u cted su r v e y s o f o ccu p a tio n a l earn in g s and rela ted w age b en efits
on an a re a w id e b a s i s . In this a r e a , data w e re o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is ts
to r e p re s e n ta tiv e esta b lish m en ts
w ithin six b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s :
M an ufacturin g; tra n sp o rta tio n , 1
c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le trad e; r e ta il
tra d e; fin a n ce , in s u r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in ­
d u stry g rou p s ex clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e g ov e rn m e n t op era tion s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u str ie s . E sta b lish m en ts having
fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m ber o f w o r k e r s a r e om itted a ls o b e c a u s e
they fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t em p loy m en t in the occu p a tion s studied to w a r ­
rant in clu s io n . W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , sep a ra te tabu lation s a r e p ro v id e d
fo r ea ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h ese su r v e y s a r e con du cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v olv ed in su rv e y in g a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts. To obtain
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g re a te r p r o p o r t io n of la rg e
than o f s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied. In com b in in g the data, h ow ­
e v e r , a ll esta b lis h m e n ts a r e given th eir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t. E stim a tes
b a s e d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts studied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , as r e ­
lating to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou pin g and a r e a , e x ­
cep t fo r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.
O ccu p ation s and E a rn in gs
The occu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a re c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u factu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p ation a l c l a s ­
s ific a tio n is b a se d on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esign ed to
take a ccou n t o f in te re sta b lish m e n t v a ria tio n in duties w ithin the sa m e
jo b . (See ap pendix fo r lis tin g o f th ese d e s c r ip tio n s . ) E a rn in gs data a r e
p r e se n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) fo r the fo llo w in g types of o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a) O ffice c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te ch n ica l; (c ) m a in te ­
n an ce and pow erp lan t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m ov em en t.
O ccu p ation a l e m p loy m en t and earn in g s data a r e show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ire d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
u le in the given o ccu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in gs data ex clu d e
p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and
1 R a ilr o a d s , fo r m e r l y e x clu d ed fr o m the s c o p e o f th ese stu d ie s,
w e r e in clu ded in a ll of the a r e a s studied sin c e July 1959, e x ce p t B a lti­
m o r e (S ep tem b er 1959 and D e c e m b e r I9 6 0 ), B u ffalo (O cto b e r 1959
C levela n d (S ep tem b er 1959), and Seattle (A ugust 1959).




late sh ifts.
N on produ ction b on u ses a re ex clu d ed a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b on u ses and in cen tive earn in g s a r e in clu d ed .
W here w eek ly
h ou rs a r e r e p o r te d , as fo r o ffic e c le r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s, r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o rk sch ed u les (rounded to the n e a r e s t h alf h ou r) fo r w hich
str a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s a re paid; a v e r a g e w eek ly earn in gs fo r these
o ccu p a tion s have b een rounded to the n e a r e s t h alf d o lla r .
A v e ra g e earn in gs of m en and w om en a r e p re se n te d se p a r a te ly
fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tion s in w h ich both s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly e m p loy ed .
D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls o f m en and w om en in th ese occu p a tion s a re
la r g e ly due to ( l ) d iffe r e n c e s in the d istrib u tion of the s e x e s am ong
in d u stries and e sta b lis h m e n ts; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the o ccu p a tion s a r e a p p ro p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin
the sa m e su r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in length of s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w when in dividu al s a la r ie s a r e ad ju sted on this b a s is .
L on g er a v e ra g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ould r e s u lt in h igh er a v e ra g e pay
when both se x e s a re em p loyed w ithin the sa m e rate ran ge.
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese su rv ey s a r e u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in dividu al esta b lish m en ts to
a llow f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong esta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific duties
p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p ation a l em p loy m en t estim a tes r e p r e s e n t the total in a il
esta b lish m en ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m ber a ctu ­
a lly s u rv e y e d . B eca u se of d iffe r e n c e s in occu p a tion a l s tru ctu re am ong
e sta b lis h m e n ts, the e stim a tes of o ccu p a tion a l em p loym en t obtained
fr o m the sa m p le o f esta b lish m en ts studied s e r v e on ly to in dicate the
r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce of the jo b s studied.
T h ese d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tion al s tru ctu re do n ot m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
ings data.
E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and S u pplem en tary W age P r o v is io n s
In form ation is p resen ted a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c te d esta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry b e n e fits as they r e ­
late to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
The term " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u sed
in this b u lle tin , in clu d es w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c le r i c a l or rela ted fu n ction s, and e x clu d e s ad m in ­
is tr a tiv e , e x e cu tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. "P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
clude w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in cluding le a d m en and tr a in e e s ) engaged in n o n o ffic e fu n ction s.
A d m in istra tiv e ,
e x e cu tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e -a c c o u n t con s tr u c tio n
e m p lo y e e s who a re u tiliz e d as a sep a ra te w o rk fo r c e a re ex clu d ed .
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and rou tem en a r e ex clu d ed in m a n u factu rin g in du s­
t r ie s , but a r e in clu ded as plant w o r k e r s in n onm an ufacturin g in d u strie s .

2
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (table B - l ) a re lim ite d to m anu factu ring
in d u str ie s .
This in form a tion is p r e se n te d both in te r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lish m en t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f total plant w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m en t, and (b) e ffe c tiv e p r a c t ic e , p r e se n te d on the b a s is o f w o rk e r s
a ctu a lly e m p loy ed on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the su rv ey .
In esta b lish m en ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n tia ls , the am ount applying to
a m a jo r ity was u sed o r , if no am ount ap plied to a m a jo r ity , the c l a s ­
s ific a tio n " o t h e r " was u sed.
In esta b lish m en ts in w hich so m e la t e sh ift h ou rs a re p a id at n o rm a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n tia l was r e c o r d e d on ly
if it ap plied to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift h ou rs.
M inim um en tran ce rates (table B -2 ) re la te on ly to the e s t a b ­
lish m en ts v is ite d .
Th ey a re p r e se n te d on an esta b lish m en t, rath er
than on an em p loym en t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; pa id v a c a tio n s ; and
health, in su ra n ce, and p en sion plans a re trea ted s t a t is t ic a lly on the
b a sis that th ese a re a p p lica b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o rk e r s if a m a ­
jo r it y o f su ch w o rk e r s a re e lig ib le o r m a y even tu ally qu alify f o r the
p r a c t ic e s lis te d . Sch eduled h ou rs a re tre a te d s ta tis tic a lly on the b a sis
that th ese a re a p p lica b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o rk e r s if a m a jo r ity
a re c o v e r e d . 3 B e ca u se o f rounding, su m s o f in dividu al item s in th ese
tabulations m a y not equal tota ls.
The fir s t p a rt o f the paid h olid a ys table p r e s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r o f w hole and h a lf h olid a ys a ctu a lly p r o v id e d .
The s e c o n d p a rt
com b in es w hole and h a lf h olid a ys to show total h olid a y t im e .

Data a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll health, in su r a n ce , and p en sion
plans fo r w hich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b orn e by the e m p lo y e r ,
ex cep tin g on ly le g a l re q u ire m e n ts su ch as w o rk m e n 's com p en sa tion ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such plans in clu d e th ose
u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in su ra n ce com p a n y and th ose p r o v id e d
through a union fund o r p a id d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r re n t
op era tin g funds o r fr o m a fund se t a sid e f o r this p u rp o s e .
D eath
b en efits a r e in clu d ed as a fo r m o f life in su ra n ce .
S ick n e ss and a ccid e n t in su ra n ce is lim ite d to that type o f in ­
su ra n ce u nder w hich p r e d e te r m in e d ca sh paym en ts a r e m a de d ir e c t ly
to the in su red on a w eek ly o r m on th ly b a sis du ring illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ility .
In form a tion is p r e se n te d f o r a ll su ch plans to w hich the
e m p lo y e r co n trib u te s.
H ow ev er, in New Y o rk and N ew J e r s e y , w hich
have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ility in su ra n ce law s w hich r e q u ire e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 plans a r e in clu d ed on ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
trib u tes m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ire d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p loy ee
w ith b en efits w hich e x c e e d the re q u ire m e n ts o f the law . T abulations
o f p a id s ic k -le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l plans 5 w hich p r o v id e
fu ll pa y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's pay du ring a b se n ce fr o m w ork
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S ep arate tabu lation s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
(1) plans w hich p r o v id e fu ll pa y and no w aiting p e r io d , and (2) plans
p r o v id in g eith er p a rtia l pay o r a w aiting p e r io d .
In addition to the
p re se n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o rk e r s who a r e p r o v id e d s ick n e s s
and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u nduplicated total is
show n o f w o rk e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both types o f b e n e fits.

The su m m a ry o f v a ca tion plans is lim ite d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m en ts, exclu din g in fo rm a l plans w h e re b y tim e o ff w ith pa y is granted
at the d is c r e tio n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep arate e stim a te s a re p r o v id e d
a c c o rd in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com pu tin g v a ca tion p a ym en ts, such
as tim e pa ym en ts, p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in g s, o r fla t-s u m am oun ts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations o f v a ca tion a llo w a n ce s , paym en ts not on
a tim e b a sis w e re c o n v e rte d ; fo r e x a m p le, a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual earn ings was c o n s id e r e d as the equ ivalen t o f 1 w e e k 's pay.

C atastroph e in su ra n ce , s o m e tim e s r e fe r r e d to as exten ded
m e d ic a l in su ra n ce , in clu d es th ose plans w hich a re d esig n ed to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in volvin g ex p en ses beyon d
the n o rm a l c o v e r a g e o f h o sp ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s.
M e d ica l in su ra n ce r e fe r s to plan s p r o v id in g f o r co m p le te o r p a rtia l
paym en t o f d octors* fe e s . Such plans m a y be u n d erw ritten by c o m m e r ­
c ia l in su ra n ce com p a n ies o r n on p rofit o rg a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y be
s e lf-in s u r e d . Tabu lations o f r e tir e m e n t p e n sio n plans a re lim ite d to
th ose plans that p r o v id e m on th ly pa ym en ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life .

2 An esta b lish m en t was c o n s id e r e d as having a p o lic y if it m et
eith er o f the follow in g con d ition s; (1) O p era ted late sh ifts at the tim e
o f the su rv e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g late sh ifts.
3 Sch eduled w eek ly h ou rs f o r o ffic e w o rk e r s (fir s t s e c tio n o f
table B -3 ) in su rv e y s m ade p r io r to July 1957 w e re p r e s e n te d in
te r m s o f the p r o p o r tio n o f w om en o ffic e w o rk e r s e m p lo y e d in o ffic e s
w ith the in d icated w eek ly h ou rs f o r w om en w o r k e r s .

4 The te m p o r a r y d is a b ility law s in C a lifo r n ia and R hode Islan d
do not re q u ire e m p lo y e r co n trib u tio n s.
5 An e sta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as having a fo r m a l plan i f
it e sta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m ber o f days o f s ic k le a v e that
cou ld be e x p e cte d by ea ch e m p lo y e e . Such a plan n eed not be w ritten ,
but in fo rm a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n ce s , d e te rm in e d on an in dividu al b a s is ,
w e re e x clu d ed .




3

Table 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s within scope of su rve y and num ber studied in New O r le a n s, L a . , 1 by m a jo r in du stry d iv isio n , 2 M a rc h 1961

Industry d ivision

M in im um
em ploym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m en ts in scope
of study

N u m ber of estab lish m en ts
Within
scope of
study 3

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts
W ithin scope of study
T o t a l4

_______________________________________________________

A ll d ivision s
M anufacturing

50

613

180

50
50

155
458

54
126

97
119
120
62
60

34
22
33
17
20

2 7 ,4 0 0
1 1 ,3 0 0
2 3 ,2 0 0
8, 100
9, 000

Plant

T otal 4

1 7 ,5 0 0

36, 900
7 9 , 000

50
50
50
50
50

O ffice

115, 900

_____________________________________________________

T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and
other public u t ilit ie s 5 ______________________________________
W h o lesa le trade _______________________________________________
R etail trade ____________________________________________________
F in an ce, in su ran ce , and re a l estate --------------------------------S e r v ic e s 7 _______________________________________________________

Studied

Studied

7 1 ,9 0 0

6 7 ,5 4 0

2, 900
14, 600
Nonm anufacturing

20, 970
4 2 , 800
------------------------------------------------------------------------4 6 , 570
2 9 , 1 0 0

4 , 100

10, 300

( 6)
2, 200

( 6)
1 8 ,4 0 0

( 6)

( 6)

20, 400
3, 160
1 3 ,9 4 0
4, 010
5, 060

(!)

1 The New O rlean s Standard M etrop olitan S ta tistica l A r e a (J e ffe r so n , O r le a n s, and St. B ern ard P a r is h e s ).
The "w o r k e r s within scope o f stu d y " e stim a te s shown in this table p rovide a
rea so n a b ly accu rate d esc rip tio n of the siz e and com p o sitio n of the lab or fo r c e included an the su rv e y .
The e stim a te s a r e not intended, h ow ever, to se r v e as a b a sis of c o m p a r iso n with other
a r e a em ploym en t in dexes to m e a su r e em ploym en t trends or le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of w age su rv e y s req u ir e s the u se of estab lish m en t data c om p iled c o n sid e r a b ly in advance o f the p ayroll
p eriod studied, and (2) sm a ll esta b lish m en ts a re excluded fr o m the scope o f the su rve y.
2 The 1957 r e v ise d edition of the Standard In dustrial C la ssific a tio n Manual w as u sed in c la ssify in g esta b lish m en ts by in du stry d iv isio n .
M a jo r changes fr o m the e a r lie r edition (used in
the B u reau ’ s la b o r m ark et w age su rve ys conducted p rior to July 1958) are the tra n sfe r of m ilk p a ste u rization plants and r e a d y -m ix e d con crete esta b lish m en ts fr o m trade (w h olesale or retail)
to m an ufacturin g, and the tr a n sfe r of radio and te le v isio n b road castin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 Includes a ll esta b lish m en ts with total em ploym en t at or above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (within the area) of com p an ies in such in d u strie s as tra d e , fin a n ce, auto rep air
s e r v ic e , and m o tio n -p ictu r e th e a te rs a re con sid ere d as 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 Includes ex ecu tive, p r o fe ssio n a l, and other w o rk ers excluded fr o m the sep arate office and plant c a te g o r ie s .
5 T axicab s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tran sp ortation w ere exclu ded.
6 This in du stry d ivision is r ep rese n ted in e stim a te s for " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n on m an u factu rin g" in the S e r ie s A and B ta b le s.
Sep arate p r esen tation of data fo r this d ivision is not m ade
for one or m o r e of the follow in g r e a so n s:
(1) E m p loym ent in the d ivision is too sm a ll to provide enough data to m e r it sep arate study, (2) the sam p le w as not design ed in itia lly to p erm it
sep arate p resen tation , (3) r esp o n se w as in su fficie n t or inadequate to p e r m it sep arate p resen tation , (4) there is p o s sib ility of d is c lo s u r e of individual esta b lish m en t data.
7 H otels; p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin ess s e r v ic e s ; autom obile rep a ir shops; m otion p ictu re s; nonprofit m e m b e r sh ip org a n iza tio n s; and en gin eerin g and a rc h itec tu ra l s e r v ic e s .

T ab le 2 .

P e r c e n ts of in c r e a se in standard w eekly s a la r ie s and stra ig h t-tim e h ourly ea rn in g s fo r selec te d occu pation al groups in New O r le a n s, L a . , for selec te d p eriod s
P erc en t in c r e a s e s fr o m —

Industry and occu pation al group

A ll in d u strie s:
__ __ __ __ __ __ __
O ffice c le r ic a l (w om en) _________
In d ustrial n u r se s (w om en) __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
Skilled m aintenance (m en) — __ __ __ __
__ __ __ __
U n sk illed plant (m en)
_____ __ __ __ __
__ _________
M anufacturing:
O ffice c le r ic a l (w om en) __ _ _ _ _
In d ustrial n u r se s (w om en) _____
S killed m aintenance (m en)
__
U n sk illed plant ( m e n ) ______
__

_
__ __ __ __ __ __ __
__ __ _____ __ __ __ __
_____ __

F e b ru a ry I9 6 0
to
M a rc h 1961

F e b ru a ry 1959
to
F e b ru a ry I9 60

F e b r u a r y 1958
to
F e b r u a r y 1959

N ove m b er 1955
to
F e b ru a ry 1958

N ove m b er 1953
to
N o v e m b er 1955

3. 5
9 .9
5. 6
3 .5

2. 1
7. 1
.9
'.1

2 .7
5. 6
5 .2
4 .2

1 3 .4
13. 5
1 5 .2
18. 1

8.
8.
9.
6.

0
5
0
0

1 0 .2
23. 8
21. 8
1 0 .7

3. 5
12. 0
5 .2
7 .9

5. 0
9 .8
1 .7
6 .6

1. 4
4. 8
6. 1
4 .6

1 2 .4
16. 1
1 6 .4
1 5 .2

8. 1
8. 3
7. 6
8 .7

1 1 .4
2 5 .7
2 2 .2
4 .7

D e c e m b e r 1951
to
N o v e m b e r 1953

1 In c r e a s e s for this group in m anufacturing in d u strie s w ere o ffse t by a d ecline in nonm anufacturing in d u str ie s; the d ecline in the latte r group la r g e ly r e fle c t s sh ifts in em p loym en ts in this
jo b group betw een h igh - and lo w -r a t e e sta b lish m e n ts rather than wage d e c r e a s e s .




4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in ta ble 2 a r e p e r ce n ts o f change in s a la r ie s o f
w om en o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o rk e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , and in a v era g e
ea rn in gs o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g rou p s.
F o r o ffic e c le r i c a l w o rk e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
cen ts o f change re la te to a v e ra g e w eek ly s a la r ie s f o r n o rm a l h ou rs
o f w ork , that is , the stan dard w ork sch ed u le f o r w hich str a ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a re p a id. F o r plant w o r k e r g ro u p s, they m e a s u re changes
in str a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s, ex clu d in g p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r ­
tim e and fo r w ork on w eek en ds, h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts. The p e r ­
cen ta g es a r e b a s e d on data fo r s e le c t e d k ey o ccu p a tio n s and in clu de
m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p ortan t jo b s w ithin ea ch grou p .
The o f ­
f ic e c le r i c a l data a r e b a sed on w om en in the follow in g 18 jo b s : B ille r s ,
m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e); b o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A
and B ; C om p tom eter o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , file , c la s s A and B ; c le r k s ,
o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; keypunch o p e r a t o r s ; o ffic e g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ;
ste n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e r a l; sw itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r s ; sw itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g-m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ; tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p ­
e r a to r s , g e n e ra l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B.
The in d u stria l n u rse
data a re b a se d on w om en in d u stria l n u r s e s .
M en in the follow in g
10 s k ille d m ain ten an ce jo b s and 3 u n sk illed jo b s w e re in clu d ed in the
plant w o r k e r data: S killed— c a r p e n te r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a ch in is ts ; m e ­
ch a n ics ; m e c h a n ics , a u tom otiv e; m illw rig h ts ; p a in te rs ; p ip e fitte r s ;
sh e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ; and to o l and d ie m a k e r s ; u n sk illed — ja n ito r s ,
p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a te r ia l handling; and w atchm en.
A v e ra g e w eek ly s a la r ie s o r a v e ra g e h o u rly ea rn in g s w ere
com pu ted f o r ea ch o f the s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s.
The a v e ra g e s a l ­
a r ie s o r h o u rly ea rn in gs w e re then m u ltip lie d by the a v e ra g e e m p lo y ­
m en t in the jo b during the m onths in d ica ted in the title o f table 2.




T h e se w eigh ted earn in g s f o r in dividu al occu p a tio n s w e re then tota led
to obtain an a g g reg a te f o r e a ch o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p. F in a lly , the ra tio
o f th ese grou p a g g re g a te s fo r the one y e a r to the a g g reg a te fo r the
o th e r y e a r w as com pu ted and the d iffe r e n c e b etw een the re s u lt and
100 is the p e r c e n t o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the o th er.
The p e r c e n t o f change m e a s u r e s , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c ts o f
(1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w age ch a n g es; (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s
in p a y r e c e iv e d b y in dividu al w o rk e r s w hile in the sa m e jo b ; and
(3) changes in the la b o r fo r c e su ch as la b o r tu r n o v e r, f o r c e ex p an ­
s io n s , f o r c e re d u ctio n s , and changes in the p r o p o rtio n s o f w o rk e r s
em p lo y e d by esta b lish m en ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls . Changes in the
la b o r f o r c e can ca u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o ccu p a tion a l
a v e r a g e s w ithout actu al w age ch a n g es. F o r e x a m p le, a f o r c e expan sion
m igh t in c r e a s e the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r pa id w o rk e r s in a s p e c ific
o ccu p a tio n and r e su lt in a d rop in the a v e r a g e , w h ereas a red u ction
in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r paid w o rk e r s w ould have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t.
The m ov em en t o f a h ig h -p a y in g e sta b lish m en t out o f an a r e a cou ld
ca u se the a v e ra g e ea rn in gs to d ro p , even though no change in rates
o c c u r r e d in oth er a r e a e sta b lis h m e n ts.
The u se o f constan t em p loym en t w eights elim in a tes the e ffe c ts
o f changes in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p re s e n te d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
N or a re the p e r c e n ts o f change in flu en ced by
changes in stan dard w o rk sch ed u les o r in p r e m iu m pa y fo r o v e r tim e ,
s in c e they a re b a se d on pay f o r stra ig h t-tim e h ou rs.
Indexes fo r the p e r io d 1953 to I960 f o r w o rk e r s in 20 m a jo r
la b o r m a rk ets w ill ap p ear in BLS B u ll. 12 65 -62, W ages and R ela ted
B e n e fits, 60 L a b o r M a rk ets, W inter 1 9 59 -60.

A* Occupational Earnings

5

Table A -l. O ffice Occupations
(A v er a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w eekly h ours and earnings for se le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by in du stry d iv isio n , New O r le a n s , L a . , M arch 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STI IAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average
S ex , occu p ation , and in du stry d ivision

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
Weekly,
Weekly , 30. 00
hours 1
earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard)
3 5. 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
35 00 4 0 . 00 4 5 . 00 50. 00 55. 00 60 . 00 65. 00 70. 00 75 . 00 80. 00 85. 00 90 . 00 9 5 .0 0 100.00 1 0 5.00 1 1 0.00 11 5.00 12 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0
and
40 00 4 5 . 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65 , 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 3 3 ,_0j0. 100,0.0. 10 5 .0 0 11 0 .0 0 11 5.00 1 2 0.00 12 5 .0 0 over

M en
B ook keep in g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
________________________ __________
N onm anufacturing ______ _____________

40
34

C le r k s , accou ntin g, c la s s A ____________
M anufacturing
__________________________
N onm anufacturing ______________________
P ublic u tilities 2 ____________________
R e ta il trade __________________________

395
97
298
107
40

40.
40.
40.
39.
42.

0
0
0
5
0

95.
101.
93.
87.
95.

C le r k s , accou ntin g, c la s s B ____________
M anufacturing __________________________
Nonm anufacturing ______________________
P ublic u tilities 2

231
58
173
76

40.
40.
39.
40.

0
0
5
0

69.
75.
67.
64.

C le r k s , ord er ______________________________
Nonm anufacturing ______________________

259
237

40. 0
40. 0

75 . 00
74. 50

C ler k s , p a y r o ll
___________________________
M anufacturing ___________________________
N onm anufacturing ______________________

66
39
27

40. 0
39. 5
40. 0

93. 50
95 . 50
90. 00

_
-

O ffice boys _____________________________ ,____
M anufacturing ___________________________
N onm anufacturing ______________________
P ublic u tilities 2

184
32
152
58

39.
40.
39.
39.

52.
52.
52.
59.

T ab u latin g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A
____________________________________

30

T ab u latin g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
____________________________________
Nonm anufacturing ______________________
T a b u latin g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s C
____________________________________

39. 5
39 . 5

-

-

-

1
1

3
3

6
-

13
13

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

12
12

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

50
00
50
50
50

-

-

-

_
-

-

4
4
-

-

15
15
-

7
2
5
3
1

25
1
24
13
8

58
9
49
32
1

26
4
22
18
1

81
24
57
24
7

43
9
34
11
1

41
4
37
3
14

30
17
13
2
5

00
50
00
00

-

..

-

10
10
10

43
7
36
_

24
2
22
7

35
1
34
28

30
7
23
19

14
4
10
6

25
18
7
2

3
1
2
_

10
9
1
_

8
5
3
_

7
1
6
4

22
3
19
_

_

_

_

-

22
21

30
24

45
38

20
20

24
24

23
23

26
26

33
33

12
10

8
2

_

-

12
12

_

-

4
4

_

-

-

-

_
-

_

_
-

_

1
1

2
2

2
1
1

4
4
-

2
2

6
6

16
11
5

6
~ ii
-

10

4
3
1

_
-

$ 6 6 .0 0
64. 50

_

-

-

1
20 j
15 1
5
-

-

-

-

9
6
3
-

-

36
6
30
1
2

_

_

-

-

-

-

4
4 !

1
l
-

6
3
3

_

-

-

4

2
2

00
50
00
00

1
1

_

2
2
1

50
13
37
8

49
4
45
15

29
5
24
2

25
5
20
• 11

10
2
8
7

2
2
1

_
-

_
-

13
13
13

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

40. 0

101. 50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

3

2

1

3

4

5

l

1

80
66

39. 0
39. 0

83 . 00
82. 50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

6
3

8
8

19
17

14
13

6
4

6
3

3
2

10
8

2
2

2
2

"

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

26

40. 0

72. 00

-

-

-

2

1

1

1

1

10

1

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

.

.

5
0
5
5

-

_

_

19

39. 5

B ille r s , m achine (b illin g m achine) ____
Nonm anufacturing
_____________________
P ublic u tilities 2
.................

80
62
35

39. 0
39. 0
38. 5

64. 00
6 l . 50
67 . 50

_
-

_
-

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) ___________________________________
N onm anufacturing ______________________
R eta il trade __________________________

65
59
42

40. 5
41. 0
40. 0

52. 50
52. 00
52. 50

-

4
4
4

8

1

2

-

18
18

10
9
9

5
4
4

8
5
5

19
12
4

4
3
2

9
6
6

4
4

17
17
12

11
11
11

14
14
6

8
3
3

6
5
5

1
1
1

-

56. 50

__________________________

-

-

36

T y p is t s , c la s s B

-

t~ \

1

3

1

_

-

1
1
1

_
-

4
4
4

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

W om en

_______
See footnotes at end of table.




NOTE:

E stim a te s for a ll in d u str ie s, n onm anufacturing, and public u tilities include data for ra ilr o a d s (SIC 4 0 ) , om itted fr o m the scope
of a ll lab or m a rk et w age su rv e y s m ade b efo re July 1959W h ere sig n ifica n t, the effe ct of the in clu sion of ra ilr o a d s is grea test
on the data shown se p a r a te ly for the public u tilities d ivision .

f

6
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(A v er a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and ea rn ings fo r se le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by in du stry d iv isio n , New O r le a n s, L a . , M arc h 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average
Sex, occupation, and in du stry d ivision

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
$
$
S
$
S
S
$
$
$
t
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
W
eekly
Weekly
30. 00 35. 00 40 . 00 45 . 00 5 0 . 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70 . 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90 . 00 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 10 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 11 5 .0 0 12 0 .0 0 1 2 5.00
hours 1 earnings1
(Standard) (Standard) under
”
~
■
■
■
~
■
“
“
“
and
3 5 .0 0 4 0 . 00 4 5 . 00 50. 00 55 . 00 60 . 00 65. 00 70. 00 7 5 . 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95 . 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 11 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 12 5 .0 0 over

W om en — -Continued

B ook keep in g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s,
c la s s A
_ .
_
Nonm anufacturing ______________________

113
89

3 9 .5
39. 0

B ook keep in g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s,
c la s s R
M anufacturing __________________________
Nonm anufacturing ______________________
R etail trade __________________________

414
52
362
53

39. 5
40 . 0
3 9 .5
40. 0

57 .
66.
55.
51.

00
00
50
00

C le r k s, accounting, c la s s A
M anufacturing __________________________
N onm anufacturing _
_
_ _ _ _ _
P ublic u tilities 2
R etail trade

227
58
169
54
36

39. 0
40. 0
39. 0
38. 5
4 1 .0

79.
80.
79.
81.
79 .

50
00
50
00
50

-

"

-

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s R
M anufacturing
__ _
Nonm anufacturing ______________________
R etail tra de __________________________

530
49
481
103

39.
40.
39.
40.

61.
70.
60.
55.

50
50
50
50

_
-

5
5
5

18
18
2

C le r k s, file , c la s s A _____ _______________
Nonm anufacturing ______________________

50
45

38. 5
38. 5

61. 00
59 . 00

_

_

_

-

-

C le r k s , file , c la s s B _____________________
Nonm anufacturing ______________________
R etail trade __________________________

278
52

3 9 .5
39 . 0
40. 0

48 . 00
48 . 00
46. 00

_
-

1
1

-

-

C le r k s, ord er ______________________________
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing ______________________
R etail trade

164
28
136
47

40.
42.
40.
40.

5
5
0
0

58 .
63.
56.
58 .

00
00
50
50

_
-

_
-

C le r k s, p a y ro ll
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing
P ublic u tilities 2
R etail tra de
_

183
80
103
28
39

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39 . 0
40. 0

68.
70.
67.
74.
62 .

50
50
00
00
00

C om p to m eter o p era to rs __________________
N onm anufacturing
_________________
R etail tra de __________________________

255
231
80

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

64. 50
64 . 00
57. 50

Keypunch o p era to rs _______________________
M anufacturing __________________________
Nonm anufacturing ______________________
P ublic u tilitie s 2 ____________________

299
50
249
56

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

64.
76.
62 .
61.

O ffice g ir ls
Nonm anufacturing

_ _ _
__________

82
______________________

See footnotes at end of table,




2 9 2

79

0
0
0
0

$ 7 0 . 50
69. 50

50
00
50
50

44. 50
3 9 .0
"39."0 ■'^ * 4 7 0 0 "

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
6

-

-

9
9

-

-

27
22

-

-

22
19

-

-

27
23

5

-

10
10

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
13
8

64
64
11

89
5
84
13

112
15
97
8

92
12
80
9

18
4
14

4
2
2

7
7
-

5
1
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
3
2
2

3
3
-

-

2
2
2

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

5
5
-

18
9
9
3

2
2
1

33
5
28
10
8

30
16
14
1
4

35
1
34
21
2

29
10
19
4

29
2
27
2
13

7
7
3

3
1
2
2

1
1
-

4
4
-

5
2
3
-

2
2
-

-

19
5
14
12
1

4
2
2
2

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

32
1
31
17

118
3
115
19

76
3
73
18

91
12
79
29

43
4
39
6

30
6
24
2

101
13
88
5

11
2
9
-

2
2
-

2
2
“

_
-

1
1
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

6
6

3
3

18
18

12
12

3
2

2
2

-

5
2

1

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

75
73
29

115
107
6

67
65
8

19
19
6

-

1
-

2
------2

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

7
7
7

27
27
8

39
8
31
3

34
2
32
5

24
3
21
10

11
6
5
5

8
7
1
1

10
2
8
8

_
-

_
-

2
2

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

9
2
7

22
14
8
3
5

27
15
12
3
5

23
10
13
1
1

14
7
7
1
3

22
7
15
10
3

5
1
4
2
2

15
10
5
1
1

5
5
1
4

10
8
2
1

_
-

-

-

-

__
-

12
“ i'i— 1
3

-

~

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

.
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

_
-

1
1

-

-

-

_
-

2
1
1
1

-

-

_
-

6
6
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

2

6

18
5
13
4
7

_

_

10
10
10

19
19
12

28
27
17

43
38
7

60
57
11

26
25
7

12
8
5

17
12
6

11
9
4

8
7
1

14
13
-

3
3
-

2
1
~

8
8

28
28
6

38

41
4
37
5

62
8
54
15

33

28
7
21
2

23
2
21
5

8
7
1
1

4

13
3
10
1

5
1
4
1

7
6
1
1

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

4
4

42
'' 41 '

19
IT ”

-

38
15
4
4

—

7
r~

_

—

r

r

22
4

_

1

_

1
1

-

4
-

_

-

_
-

_
-

_

1
1

_
-

1
----- 1
-----

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

7
Table A-1. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and ea rn ings fo r se le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by in du stry d iv isio n , New O r le a n s, L a . , M a rc h 1961)
Average
Sex, occupation, and in du stry d ivision

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING ST^LAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
W
eeklyWeekly
3 0 . 00 3 5 . 00 4 0 . 00 45 . 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 7 0 . 00 75 . 00 80 . 00 85 . 00 9 0 . 00 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0
hours 1 earnings 1
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
3 5 . 00 4 0 . 00 4 5 . 00 50. 00 55 . 00 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 . 001JLSJliLm m m m
Q9 0 . Q 95^ Q l o o m 1Q5.QQ 11Q.QQ LL5.JDQ. 120-00 1 2 5 .0 0 OY.ar_
Q

W om en— Continued

54
1
53
20
5

42
6
36
10
8

71
13
58
13
11

80
23
57
14
3

73
3
70
18
9

86
31
55
17
4

77
28
49
19
7

66
18
48
20
4

30
7
23
9
2

30
3
27
21
1

22
1
21
11
"

26
15
11
5

-

15
15
6
3

41
5
36
12
13

149
10
139
45
18

101
13
88
41
2

185
39
146
41
2

94
31
63
20
10

97
33
64
21
11

111
27
84
40
2

59
19
40
3
1

24
8
16
7
1

18
18
8

21
1
20
14

-

-

15
l6
5
3
“

1
1
-

“

5
5
5

57
57
3

42
42
4

25
25
25

32
4
28
18

37
6
31
4
9

44
2
42
9
12

25
1
24
10
3

17
4
13
1
3

22
12
10
4
1

3
1
2
1

5
3
2
2

18
3
15
13

5
5
3

-

~

-

-

-

9
9
-

.

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

28
4
24
1

23
9
14
9

26
21
5
4
1

3
1
2
2

-

57
29
28
12
9

7
1
6
4

-

34
9
25
4
6

_

_

4
4

16
16

16
16

40
40

3
3

11
11

_

-

4
4

-

“

-

"

-

-

-

“

"

"

7
7
'

41
41
4

26
26
4

34
34
15

18
4
14
7

14
7
7
2

22
14
8
4

6
4
2
1

2

15

63

75
3
72
7
13

54
2
52
18
3

106
4
102
24
22

44
8
36
1
5

50
7
43
7
11

19
11
8
2

11
7
4
4

S e c r e ta r ie s _________________________________
M anufacturing --------------------------------------N onm anufacturing -------------------------------P ublic u tilitie s 2 ----------------------------R etail trade _________________________

719
160
559
200
58

39 .
40.
39 .
39 .
40.

5
0
5
5
0

$82.
87 .
80.
86 .
73 .

00
50
50
00
00

-

Sten ograp h ers, g en eral __________________
M anufacturing __________________________
N onm anufacturing _____________________
P ublic u tilitie s 2 ----------------------------R eta il trade _________________________

925
200
725
255
65

39 .
39.
39.
39 .
39 .

5
5
5
0
5

67 .
71.
65.
67.
57.

00
50
50
00
50

-

.
-

“

Sw itchboard o p era to rs ___________________
M anufacturing --------------------------------------N onm anufacturing -------------------------------Public u tilitie s 2 ------------ --------------R etail trade _________________________

333
36
297
47
78

42. 5
4 1 .5
42. 5
39 . 5
40. 5

52.
66 .
51.
72.
47.

50
00
00
00
50

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts ___
M anufacturing __________________________
N onm anufacturing -------------------------------Public u tilitie s 2 ___________________
R etail trade _________________________

202
82
120
32
26

3 9 .5
40. 0
39 . 5
40. 0
4 1 .0

63.
66 .
60.
70 .
59.

00
50
50
50
00

T r a n sc r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s,
g en eral ____________________________________
N onm anufacturing --------------------------------

100
100

39 . 0
39. 0

61 . 00
61. 00

T y p ists, c la s s A ---------------------------------------M anufacturing __________________________
N onm anufacturing _____________________
Public u tilities 2 -----------------------------

185
39
146
41

39.
39.
39 .
38.

0
0
0
5

65.
81 .
61.
67 .

50
50
50
50

T y p ists, c la s s B ___________________________
M anufacturing __________________________
Nonm anufacturing _____________________
Public u tilities 2 ___________________
R etail trade _________________________

441
42
399
80
82

39.
40.
39.
39.
40.

5
0
5
0
5

54.
66 .
53.
54.
51.

50
00
50
50
50

-

7
7
-

.

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

15
5

63
17
19

.

.

10
3
7
6

1 8 ..
4
14
7

-

-

4
4
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

“

-

“

-

-

-

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

■

■

“

-

-

-

4
4
-

-

-

-

9
3
6
6
-

6
6

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

4
3
1
■

5
2
3
1

!
1
-

5
2
3
3

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

"

2

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em p lo y ee s r e c e iv e their reg u la r stra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and the earn ings c orresp on d to these w eekly hours,
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s .




12
4
8
4
1

-

-

-

-

8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , N ew O r le a n s , L a . , M a r c h 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARN INGS OF

Average
Number
S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of
workers

Weekly^
(Standard)

$

1

Weekly
U nder
earnings
(Standard) $

7 0 . 00

$

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
8 0 . 00 8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 1 6 5 .0 0 1 7 0 .0 0

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00 9 5 . 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 .3 5 ,0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 1 6 5 .0 0 1 7 0 .0 0

and
over

M en

D r a f t s m e n , s e n i o r __________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------

197
113
84

4 1 .0
41. 5
40. 0

$ 1 2 3 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0

D r a f t s m e n , j u n i o r -----------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________

77
46
31

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

8 7 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

41
27

40. 0
40. 5

9 9 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0

-

-

"

2 14
2
12

-

"

6
4
2

7
5
2

-

1
1

15
5
10

14
14

15
12
3

5
3
2

"

11
2
9

6
4
2

37
11
26

14
8
6

4
2
2

3
1
2

17
13
4

18
14
4

8
6
2

3
2
1

5
5

8
4
4

9
7
2

5
2
3

6
5
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

'

11
8
3

10
5
5

8
4
4

4
2
2

9
7
2

-

-

-

_

_

.

'

"

'

“

*

W om en

N u r s e s , i n d u s t r i a l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) _________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------

1
2

4

8

2

3

1

3

3

4

2

1

2

4
4

3

2

1
1

7
7

S ta n da rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 2 at $ 55 to $ 6 0 ; 2 at $ 60 to $ 6 5 ; 10 at $ 6 5 to $ 7 0 .

NOTE:

S ee note on p. 5,




r e la t iv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a il r o a d s .

2
2

h ou rs.

"

1
1

9
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v era g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h ourly earn ings for m en in se le c te d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by in du stry d iv isio n . New O r le a n s , L a . , M arch 1961)
NUM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGH T-TIM E HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Number
of
workers

$
s
$
s
$
$
s ,
Average
hourly j U n d er 1. 20 1. 30 1. 4 0 1. 50 1 .6 0 1. 70 °1. 80 V 90 2. 00
and
earnings $
under
1. 20
1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1. 60 1 .7 0 ,
1. 90 2. 00 _2. 10
o

O c c u p a t io n an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

10

s
!
$
2. 20 2. 30 2. 4 0 *2. 50

2..20 _2_. 30

2. 40

2. 50

~2 .

$
S
is
;5
60 °2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10
1
1

2. 60 ! 2. 7 0

i
C a r p e n t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e _______________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------

154
78
76
31

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e _____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
-------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------

288
220
68

E n g i n e e r s , s t a t io n a r y ___________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
R e t a il t r a d e _________________________

250
115
135
41

F i r e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r _____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_________________________

92
71

H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e
_________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
____________________
P u b l ic u t il it i e s 3 ___________________

313
182
131
108

1.
2.
1.
1.

94
04
82
90

M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e ________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u b l ic u t il it i e s 3 ___________________

199
166
33
28

2.
3.
2.
2.

94
01
55
51

M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t iv e
(m a in t e n a n c e ) ___________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u b l ic u t il it i e s 3 ___________________

424
117
307
267

2 .4 1
2. 31
2 .4 5
2. 51

-

-

-

-

M e c h a n ic s , m a in t e n a n c e ________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________

507
466
41

2. 60
2. 6o
2. 59

_

1

-

-

M i ll w r i g h t s _______ ________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________

56
56

3. 15
3. 15

O ile r s
_______________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________

80
76

P a i n t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ---------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------

$ 2.
2.
2.
2.

42
60
23
89

2
2

10
10

"

14
5
9
"

-

“

-

2
2

5
3
2

4
4

2
2

2
2

3
-

6
6
-

2
2
“

14
14

12
12
1

16
15
1
-

4
4
1

5
4
1

4
4

3
3

3
3

_

_

_

_

-

12
12

-

-

- '

8
6
2

11
8
3

-

-

22
12
10
10

13
8
5
5

30
14
16
15

21
21
-

22
2
20
20

8
8
6

-

-

2. 87
2. 95
2. 60

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2.
2.
2.
2.

30
50
14
58

5
5
-

2
2
“

10
10
-

1. 98
2. 25

2 18

2
2

"

11
3
8

-

5
3
2

2

_

_

-

-

-

-

1

2

"

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

-

-

2. 24
2. 31

4
-

_

_

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

163
83
80

2 .4 4
2. 81
2. 06

-

_

1
1

10
4
6

5
5

13
13

11
11

2
2

_

P i p e f i t t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e _______________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_________________________

106
102

2 .9 6
2. 95

S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ___
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_________________________

27
25

2. 90
2. 89

8 1
8
-

14
13
1
1

_
-

1
1

5
5
-

22
22
-

10

6
6

- |
10
8

-

5 I
si
2 j
1 |

45 :

6 :
5~l
1 i

2 i
1 |
1

7
4 '
3 1

1

2 1
1
15 !
4 !
11
|

1 !
19 |
12 1
7 '

14

17 !
15 I
2 !
1

8
2
6
5

9
5
4 i
3

_

_

_

*

17
17

24 !
24 i
_
_
1

40 |
21 !
19 i
2

3
in

_

35 1
10
1
19 ‘
- :
19 1
10

10 ;
4

l

1
1
1

5
4
1
"

17
16
1
1

14
8
6
6

11
11
11

12
8
4

16
9
7

13
8
5

53
50
3

55
54
1

_
-

32
27
5
5

3
2
1
1

1
1
-

4
4
4

"

1
1
-

4
4

_

_

_

-

-

8
8

_

-

45
9
36
36

2
1
1
-

4
1
3
3

79
79
“

14
14
-

-

12
12
-

3
3
-

-

-

6
3

12
12

18
12
6
6

26
25
1
1

14
1
13
9

3
3

26
26

14
14

20
20
"

13
10
3
1

21
21
"

6
6
-

5
5
5

16
14
2

-

29
29

14

3. 30 A 4JL 3. 50

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

47
12
35
25

27
21
6
5

20
4
16
16

36
12
24
10

10
4
6
6

20
5
15
14

1
1
-

46
9
37
29

28
11
17
17

14
3
11
10

99
99
97

16
16
16

10
10
-

26
4
22
22

-

"

"

“

_
-

17
11
6

44
43
1

15
15
-

5
5
"

37
37

7
7

46
46
-

64
64
-

42
39
3

50
44
6

2
1
1

3

29
29
-

14
14

4
4

125
125
-

_
-

-

_

-

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

35
35

_

'

12
12

_

-

8
8

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

3
3

24
24

16
16

3
3

12
12

17
17

16
16

4
4

4
2
2

2
2

10
8
2

6
1
5

_
-

19
11
8

12
3
9

16
16
-

7
7

_

25
25

_
-

-

-

"

3
3

-

-

4
3
1
-

3
3

-

_

15
15

2
2

1

_

-

7
7

-

-

10
10

1
-

4
3

60
59

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

1
1

_

_

15
15

1

1

5
5

-

1 E xclu d es p rem iu m pay for o v e rtim e and for w ork on w ee k e n d s, h olid ays , and late sh ifts.
2 W o r k e r s w ere d istribu ted as fo llo w s: 12 at $ 0. 80 to $ 0. 90; 6 at $ 0. 90 to $ 1.
3 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s.




-

6
1
5
3

3. 20

5
5 j

17
6
n
-

4
4
-

See note on p.

3 |

"

$
3. 40

3. 10

5

-

1
1
-

NOTE:

16
4
12
4

2. 80 1 2_. 9?_ 3. 00
|

3. 20 *3. 30

5, r ela tiv e to the in clu sion of r a ilr o a d s.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

3

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

10
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, New O rleans, L a . , M arch 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation 1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly 2
earnings

$

0 .6 0
.7 0

$

S

s

$

Under 0. 50
find
$
under
0. 50
.6 0

0 .7 0
. 80

0 .8 0
.9 0

0 . 9 0

1 . 0 0

s

1 . 0 0

1

.

1 0

1

1

.
.

1 0

2 0

*1

. 2 0

1 .3 0

s

s

1 .3 0
1 .4 0

1 .4 0
1 .5 0

s

s

1. 50
1 . 6 0

1 .6 0
1 .7 0

s

S

1 .7 0
1 .8 0

1 .8 0
1 .9 0

$

!S
1

2

.9 0
.

2

0 0

2

.
.

0 0

1 0

$

$

2

2

.
.

1 0

2 0

2

.

2 0

2. 30

!s

2. 30
2. 40

s

2 .4 0
2. 50

s

S

2. 50
2

. 60

2

. 60

2. 70

$

•
3

2. 70
2

. 80

2

2

. 80

2

. 90

and
over

.

9 0

1

E levator op erators, passenger
(men) -------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________

197
187

$ 0 . 89
. 87

172
172
77

. 72
. 72
. 78

2
2

71
71

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

56
56

30
30

19
19
19

30
30
18

.
-

_

_

Elevator op erators, passenger
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Retail trade ________________________
Guards -------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------

351
54
297
36

Janitors, p orte rs, and clean ers
(men) ..................................... .............................
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
DtiKIi r
oc ^
Retail trade ________________________

1. 758
325
1 ,4 3 3
123

Janitors, p orte rs, and clean ers
(women) __________________________________
Manufacturing -------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Potail traHp

539
38
501

L a b o re rs, m aterial handling ----------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public u tilities 3 ---------------------------Retail trade ________________________

6 2 0

2 1 6

2. 358
1, 047
1, 311
574
313

1.
2.
1.
2 .

51
24
37
28

1. 55
1. 71
1 .4 3
1 .4 8
1 .4 0

1. 35
1. 32
1. 17

31
91
44

-

-

_

-

9
9
9

7
7
4

_

65

118

-

-

-

-

64
.
64

103

139

156

15

103

139

148

80
80

15

19

48

124

1 2 2

75

176
176
152

26
26
26

6 6

6 6

19

8

156
156
7

.
-

_
-

2

6

8

_
-

-

-

-

8

1

2

6

-

-

-

1

2

6

-

_
-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

65

560
36
524
4
1 6 0

4 9

18
31
8

1

_
.
-

270
94
176
78
42
58
1 2

46

118

1 6 6

38
128
16
25
1 0

161
75

247
42
205
47

1 .9 8
2 .0 8
1 .9 6
2. 07

*

8

1

8

1

See footnotes at end of table.




1. 89

5
5

-

5

17

5

89
26
63
17
23

17
7

44
14
30
3
5
2

2

-

2 1

2

2

1

321
155
166
15
28

78
17

1 0 2

73
17
56

1 0 2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

7
' |
7

_
-

4
4
-

6 1
6

3

243
52
191

7

2

2 0

-

6

2

3
17

6 1
1 0

51
41
4
5
4
i !

85
37
48
40

-

_
-

-

3

67
63
1 2

8

123
1 0 2

171

45
45
-

2 2

1 6

3
18
* j
15
15
-

25
1 7
8

2 6

24
2

1
1

8
1

3
5

25

2 2

1 1

1 6

14

6

5
5

_
-

2
2

2

_
2

_
_
_

_
_

2 2
1 2
2

2 0 2
6 8

134
129
3

99
51
48
48

1

60
60
56

3?
17
2 2

244
237
7
-

27

31

38
33
5
-

57
55

29

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

9

1 0

16

_

_

_

2

9
4

1 0

16
"

-

2

_
-

_

5

7

1

2

6

4

5

1

10

4

14

30

9
2

5
-

6

18

28
16

5

15
14

1

1

2

-

1 2

17
-

-

-

-

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
_

.
-

.
-

-

4
4
-

1
1
_

-

-

_

-

-

-

2
2
-

6

9

_

_

_

_

10

1

1

2

-

.

28

1

2

1

38
4
34
34

28
_
28
28
-

15
-

3

.

1

1 2

-

30
17
-

1 2

2

_

14

1 0
1 0

1

25

_

2 0

1 0

135
134

5

1

39
36
3

2 0

114
74
40
35

-

-

3
1

-

8

7
7

-

-

-

3

2

-

3

4
4

-

-

6
-

3
2

6

1

2

2 0

5

27

3

1 2

5
3
2

10

4

13

12

7

12

5

1

1

4

31

24

9

9

6
1
5
1

32

16

_

6
10

18
17

14

6

6
8

-

4

31

24
8

9
5

9

26
12

1
1

3

2

?
9
-

4

8
8

.8

1

9

-

_
_
-

_
.

3

-

-

_
_
_

_
_

17

-

-

_
_
-

_
-

7
7

-

-

_
_
-

_
-

15

-

-

_
_
-

_
-

9

-

-

52
52
-

3
3

9

-

-

-

2

_
-

1

.

_

-

2

_
-

1

.

_

9
9
-

-

_
-

12
12

2

.

_

2

34
14
2 0

2

1 2

.

_

_

6

1

2 1

.

_

_

5

45
40
4

.

_

_

2 0

7

14
14
14

.

_

-

1

47
25

1 8
80 ! 153
6
-

29
13

2 1

1 1

1

378
19
359
277
18

1 2

25
25
-

7
7

1

2

-

1

1

2

1. 79

Shipping and receiving clerk s _____________
Manufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________
Retail trade ________________________

-

4

2 . 01

86

8

8

1 . 60

Shipping clerk s ----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------

1

-

8

2

2

.9 9
1. 78
2. 05
1 . 69

2 0

30
25

1

15
15

249
215

36

_

. 79
1. 25
. 76
. 68

P ack e rs, shipping (men) -----------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Retail traHp

1 2 2

_

15

1 .4 4
1. 37
1. 45
1 . 80

Receiving clerk s _________________________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________
Retail trade ----------------------------------------------

6

1

1

735
90
645
114

P ack ers, shipping (women) _____________

-

. 11
.62
. 00
1 .4 7
. 88
’
1

Order fille r s ---------------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Retail trade ------------------------------------

3 9

1 2
1 2

75
75

3

_

_

-

-

2
-

5
-

-

2

5

42

8
-

3

7

42

8

1
2

3
4

8

8
3
5
8
-

8
*8

11
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, New O rleans, L a. , M arch 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

O ccupation1 and industry division

2, 702
530
2, 172
804
341

Truckd rivers 5 ____________________________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Public utilities 3 ___________________
Retail trade ________________________

T ru ck d rivers, light (under
1l U tons) _____________________________
Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
Retail trade _____________________

—

T ru ck d rivers, medium ( IV 2 to
and including 4 tons) ________________
Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
PnKli r nti liti Pfl ^
Retail trade _____________________

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra ile r type) _________________________
Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
Public utilities 3 ________________
Retail traHfi

673
Ta§“
565
135

1, 290
242
1, 048
431
131

590
—

w

492
356
74

$
$
s
$
$
S
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
s
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
Average
2 .0 0 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90
hourly , Under 0. 50 0. 60 0. 70 0. 80 0. 90 1. 00 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 . 9 0
and
earningsA $
and
0. 50 under
2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 over
. 70
. 80
. 90 1. 00 1. 10 1 .2 0 1. 30 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2. 00 2 . 1 0
. 60

$ 1 .7 6
— rrsT
1 . 7 5

2. 26
1 .5 1

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

1 .8 5
1 .8 6
1 .8 4
2. 43
1 60

-

-

-

T ru ck ers, power (forklift) ______________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Public u tilities 3 ___________________
Retail trade
_____________ ___ ___

680
399
281
172
50

1 .9 9
2. 14
1 .7 7
1.9 1
1 .7 7

T ru ck ers, power (other than
forklift) __________________________________

155

-

26
T T “
10
-

-

1. 33
1 .4 9
1 .3 0
1 .2 9

2. 02
— T799"
2. 02
2. 10
1 .7 4

-

1 9

1 9

11

78
40
38
11

306
1
305
2
24

61
6
55
1
"

252
71
181
136
14

393
83
310
256
24

128
100
28
23

99
99
20

21
21
-

10
10

8
8
-

2

■

“

54
14
40
19

5
5
-

"

116
116
"

39
14
25

97
21
76

48
10
38

181
1
180

35
35
1

227
60
167
136

58
50
8
1

5

46

11

24

144
4
140
12
37

268
30
238
16

136
35
101
37

244

108
16
92
13

81
9
72
32

149
6
143

W

215
90

676
Watchmen __________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________ -------- S T Nonmanufacturing _____________________
610
Public utilities 3 ___________________
139
32
Retail trade _________________________

1
2
3
4
5
6

1. 13
1 .5 5
1 .0 9
1. 13
1. 16

See note on p.




-

14

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
- — r
2
-

16
12
4
-

36
36
24

9
9
-

9
9
-

16
6
10
-

17
3
14
14

270
13
257
252
5

39
16
23
23

8
8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

37
20
17
-

30
16
14
2

33
8
25
8

17
17
-

58
3
55
55
"

21
12
9
-

110
21
89
70
19

12
12
-

-

6
6
6

"

140
125
15
15

50

-

-

-

67

29
21
8
7
1

6
3
3
1

10
10
6
1

-

-

-

8
8

4
4

43

-

-

-

4

-

43

332
176
2 ------ T
174
326
47
78
14
5

5, relative to the inclusion of railroad s.

6
3
3
1
1

13
6
7

20
18
2

7
7

-

-

-

5

396
2
394
390

2
2
-

17
17
-

"

"

"

1
1
-

2
2
-

-

-

■

■

■

7
7
-

1
1
-

290
290
286

-

-

2
2
-

17
6 17
-

28

35
35

Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
A ll w orkers w ere at $ 3. 10 to $ 3. 20.
Includes all d rivers regard le ss of size and type of truck operated.
A ll w orkers w ere at $ 3 to $ 3. 10.

N O TE :

49
21
28

-

13
13

41
38
3

14
14

2
2

-

4
4

13
13
-

-

-

-

"

-

-

1
1
-

■

11

1 .8 7

1
1
-

“

10
6
4
4

'

-

"

“

-

■

2?

“

2
2
-

109
4
105
36

-

13
10
3
-

-

24
16
8

1 9

63
39
24
3

10
10
-

2

32
22

-

1 9

32
6
24
4
4

51
23
28
28

3 4

■

29
14
15
-

4

3

-

3
2
1
-

6
6
-

2
1
1
-

26
ll
15
-

104
104
104

20
1
19
18

14
14
13

1
1
-

32
32
-

44
42
2
-

12
12
-

93
77
16
16

26

4

-

-

6

2

-

1
1

-

-

-

1

1
-

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-




B Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
*«
Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift d ifferen tia ls of m an ufacturin g plant w o rk ers

by type and amount of d iffe r e n tia l, New O r le a n s , L a . , M arch 1961)
P erc en t of m an ufacturin g plant w o r k e r s—

In esta b lish m en ts having fo r m a l
p ro v isio n s 1 fo r —

Shift d ifferen tia l

Second shift
w ork

T o ta l

______________________

____________________

T h ird or other
shift w ork

A ctu a lly wo rking on—

Second shift

T h ird or other
shift

__

79. 5

63 . 2

16. 2

-----------------------------------

68 . 1

53. 7

14. 9

4. 5

U n iform cents (per hour) _____________________

64 . 2

50. 9

14. 0

4 .4

8.
22.
5.
15.

8. 7
2. 2
1. 3

. 7
2. 6
9. 3
6. 8
2. 1
19. 8
2. 8
3. 3
3. 6
-

1. 1
4. 7
1. 0
2 .9
2. 9
1. 2
. 1

U n iform p ercen tage ___________________________

3. 6

-

.8

-

4 p ercen t _____________________________________

3. 6

-

.8

-

. 3

-

-

-

2. 8

-

. 1

9. 5

1 .4

. 1

W ith shift pay d iffer en tia l

5 cents _______________________________________
6 cents _______________________________________
7 cents _______________________________________
8 cents _______________________________________
9 cents _______________________________________
10 cents _____________________________ ______
11 cents ______________________________________
12 cen ts ______________________________________
I 2 V 2 cents ___________________________________
15 cents ______________________________________
16 cents ______________________________________
24 cents ______________________________________

F u ll d a y 's pay for reduced h ours
Other f o r m a l pay d ifferen tia l
No shift pay d ifferen tia l

___________

_______________

__________________________

5
1
7
6

-

1 1 .4

1
Includes esta b lish m en ts c u rren tly op erating late s h ifts ,
even though they w ere not cu rren tly op erating late sh ifts.

4. 6

_
-

.4
- 1 . 2
. 5
.4
1. 1
. 3
. 5
"

and esta b lish m en ts with f o r m a l p r o v isio n s c overin g late sh ifts

13
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office W orkers
(D istrib u tion of e sta b lish m en ts studied in a ll in d u strie s and in industry d iv ision s by m in im u m entrance sa la r y fo r se le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in exp erien ced w om en offic e w o r k e r s, New O r le a n s, L a. , M arc h 1961)
Inexp erienced typ ists
M anufacturing
M in im um w eekly sa la r y 1

A ll
in du stries

_ _

_

...

.

_

A ll
schedu les

40

Manuf actu ring
A ll
in d u strie s

B ased on standard w eekly hours 3 of—
1
A ll
schedu les

E sta b lish m e n ts studied

O ther in exp erien ced c le r ic a l w o rk ers
N onm anufacturing

A ll
sch edu les

40

Nonm anufacturing

B ased on standard w eekly hours 3 of—
40

A ll
sch edu les

40

180

54

XXX

126

XXX

180

54

XX X

126

XXX

57

12

11

45

34

74

16

14

58

45

2
_
_
2
11
3
10
4
10
3
1
5
1
3
_
1
1

_
_
_
_
1
_
4
_
2
1
1
1
1
1
_

2
_
_
2
10
3
6
4
8
2

3
_
1
2
15
6
14
5
10
3
3
4
3
1
_

_
_
_
_
2
_
5
_
2
_
3
1
2
1
_

_
_
_
_
2
_
3
_
2
_

4
_
2
_

2
_
_
1
8
2
4
4
6
_
_
3
_
2
_

-

-

-

-

_

_
_
_
1
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
_
_
_

-

-

1
1

1
1

2
2

-

-

3
_
1
2
13
6
9
5
8
3
_
3
1
_
_
_
2
2

2
_
_
2
10
5
7
3
7
1
_
3
1
_
_
_
2
2

E sta b lish m e n ts having no sp ecified m in im u m

27

11

XXX

16

XXX

32

14

XXX

18

XXX

E sta b lish m e n ts w hich did not em ploy w o rk ers
in this c ategory ..............
...................

95

31

XXX

64

XXX

73

24

XXX

49

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

1

XXX

1

XXX

E sta b lish m e n ts having a sp ecified m in im u m
$ 30. 00 and under $ 32. 50
$ 32. 50 and under $ 35. 00
$ 35. 00 and under $ 37. 50
$ 37. 50 and under $ 40 . 00
$ 4 0 . 00 and under $ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 2 . 50 and under $ 4 5 . 00
$ 45. 00 and under $ 47 . 50
$ 4 7 . 5 0 and under $ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 0 .0 0 and under $ 5 2 .5 0
$ 52. 50 and under $ 55. 00
$ 55. 00 and under $ 57. 50
$ 57. 50 and under $ 60. 00
$ 6 0 .0 0 and under $ 6 2 .5 0
$ 62. 50 and under $ 65. 00
$ 6 5 .0 0 and under $ 6 7 .5 0
$ 6 7 .5 0 and under $ 7 0 .0 0
$ 70. 00 and under $ 72. 50
O ver $ 7 2 .5 0
.............

Data not availa ble

_____________________

_

. . . . . .

__ _______ ______________________________
_
_ _
_ _
,
_ ... _
. .. _.......... ..
_ .
.
............... .......................
_
.
__ .
_ ....... .
________________________________________
_
.
. _
___

_

_ _ _ _ _
_ _

_

_

_____ _________________ ______ ______________________

-

1
'

1
2
3

-

_

3
1
2
1
_
_
_

'

Low est sa la r y rate fo r m a lly e stab lish ed fo r h irin g in exp erien ced w o rk ers fo r typing o r other c le r ic a l jo b s .
R ates ap plicab le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g ir ls , or s im ila r s u b c le ric a l job s are not co n sid ere d .
H ours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em p lo y ee s r e c e iv e th eir regu lar str a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s .
Data are p resen ted fo r a ll w orkw eeks com bined, and fo r the m o st com m on w orkw eek rep orted .

NOTE:




See note on p.

14, rela tiv e to the in clu sion o f r a ilr o a d s.

14

Table B-3. Scheduled W eek ly Hours
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv ision s by scheduled w eekly hours
of f ir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s, New O r le a n s, L a . , M a rc h 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

W eek ly hours

A ll w ork ers

AU
industries

________________________________________

Under 3 7 V 2 hours ----------------- ---------- ---------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------3 7 1/ 2 h ours
O ver 3 1 1 /z and under 4 0 hours
-------- --------------------4 0 hours ____________ __________ ________________________________
O ver 4 0 and under 4 4 hours
---------- ----------------------4 4 hours ___________________________ ________ ___________________
4 5 hours -------- ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------O ver 4 5 and under 4 8 hours
4 8 hours ------ ------------------- -------- ------------------ -------------Over 4 8 hours ________________ ____________________

100

Manufacturing

100

Public 7
utilities2

100

PLANT WORKERS

Retail trade

100

Finance

All
*
industries-3

100

3

3

5

12

7
-

21

3

(4 )

1

2

78

69
4

82

68

8
69
2

1

(4 )
9
2
-

1

1

3
1

(4 )

(4 )
1
-

Manufacturing

100




100

Retail trade

100

(4 )

5

1

2

3
84
-

(4)

8

93

50

3
-

4

2

3

-

1

7

-

8

-

-

11
-

-

3
-

5

13

1

4

24

1

3

1

(4)

Includes data fo r w h o lesa le trade; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce , and r ea l estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv ision s shown se p a r a te ly .
T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s .
Includes data fo r w h o lesale trade, r e a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
L e s s than 0. 5 p ercen t.

NOTE:

6

Public ,
utilities

E stim a te s fo r a ll in d u strie s and public u tilitie s include data for r a ilr o a d s (SIC 4 0 ), om itted fr o m the scope of a ll lab or m ark et
wage su rv e y s m ade b efore July 19 59 .
W h ere sign ifican t, the e ffe ct of the in clu sion of r a ilr o a d s is g r e a te st on the data shown
se p a r a te ly fo r the public u tilitie s d iv isio n .

3

15

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P erc en t d istrib u tion of offic e and plant w o rk ers in a ll in du stries and in in du stry d ivision s by num ber of paid holidays
p rovided annually, New O r le a n s , L a . , M arch 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o rk ers

AU ,
industries

--------------------- --------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts p roviding
paid holidays _______ _ ___ ____ ___________________
_
W o r k e r s in estab lish m en ts p roviding
no paid h olidays __________________________________

M
anufacturing

1 0 0

1 0 0

99
1

Public,
utilities

1 0 0

95
5

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance

1 0 0

All 3
industries

1 0 0

M
anufacturing

1 0 0

1 0 0

99

1 0 0

"

Public2
utilities

76

6 8

1

24

32

5
4
23

14

Retail trade

1 0 0

9 2

82

8

18

N um ber of d a y s

L e s s than 5 holidays _____________________________
5 h olid ays -----------------------------------------------------------------6 h olidays
------------------------- -------------------------------------6 h olidays plus 1 h a lf day
________________________
_______________________
6 h olidays plus 2 h a lf days
6 h olidays plus 3 h alf days
----------------------------------6 holid ays plus 4 h a lf days
_______________________
6 holid ays plus 5 h a lf days
_______________________
7 h olid ays __________________________________________
7 holid ays plus 1 h alf day ________________________
7 holid ays plus 2 h alf days _______________________
8 h olidays
_______________ _________________________
8 holid ays plus 1 h alf day
________________________
8 h olidays plus 2 h alf days
_______________________
9 holid ays
---------------------------------------------------------------1 0 holidays
_________________________________________
1 0 h olidays plus 1 h alf day _______________________
1 1 h olid ays
_________________________________________

(4 )
1

30
1
6

3
3
3

_
31
7
1

-

2 1

1 0

1

8

2

16

3
1 6

2

-

6

1

3
(4 )
(4 )
1

1 1

3
4

.
(4 )
7
1

4

1

56
4

4
1 2

44
(4 )
3
19
4
“

1

!
13
n
2

17
-

1

2

3

6

1

1

5
-

1

(4 )
(4 )
18
(4 )
1

13
-

1 6

(4 )
2

3
7
-

1 2

55
2

(4 )
58
-

4
-

2 2

8

(4 )

-

(4 )

1

2

1

-

3
1

1 6

6

3

-

“

T o ta l h o l i d a y t i m e 5

days ______________________________________________
IOV 2 or m o r e days ------------------------------------------------1 0
or m o r e days ----------------------------------------------------9 or m o r e days
____________________________________
8 V2 or m o r e days
-------------------- -------------------------8 or m o r e days
_________ _________________________
7 V2 or m o r e days -------------------------------------------------7 or m o r e days ------------------------------------------------------6 V 2 or m o r e days _________________________________
6 or m o r e days
____________________________________
5 or m o r e days ------------------------- -------------------------4 or m o r e days ____________________________________
3 or m o r e days ____________________________________
2 or m o r e days ------------------------- -------------------------1 or m o r e days ____________________________________
1 1

1
1
1
1 0

15
36
40
67
6 8

98
99
99
99
99
99

4
7
7
19
19
40
48
65
65
95
95
95
95
95
95

_
23
35
42
43
92
93
1 0 0
1 0 0
1 0 0

100
100
100

_
19
19
38
42
98
98
99
99
99
99

1
1

4
5
5
19
2 0

42
44
67
71
71
72
74
76

3
3
8
1 0
1 0

27
27
49
51
65
67
67
67
68
68

_
1
1

23
23
82
82
89
89
89
89
89
92

_
8
8
1 2

15
69
69
69
70
72
82

1 Includes data for w h o lesale tra d e; fin a n c e, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te; and se r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d ivision s shown se p a r a tely .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s .
3 Includes data for w h o lesale tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d ivision s shown se p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.
5 A ll com binations of fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e amount are com bined; for e x a m p le , the p roportion of w ork ers rec eiv in g a total of 7 days includes those with 7 fu ll days and
no h alf days , 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on. P rop ortion s w ere then cum ulated.
NOTE:




See note on p.

14, r ela tiv e to the in clu sion of r a ilr o a d s .

16

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P erc en t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv ision s by vacation pay
p r o v isio n s, New O r le a n s, L a . , M arc h 1961)
O F FICE W O RK ER S

V acation p olicy

A ll w o rk ers

AH
industries

________________________________________
M e th o d

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n

6

1

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities L

P L A N T W O RK ER S

Retail trade

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

Finance

All
industries

1 0 0

1 0 0

5

Manufacturing

1 0 0

4

Public 2
utilities

1 0 0

Retail trade

1 0 0

of paym ent

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m en ts providing
paid vacations ------------------- ---------------------------------L e n g t h -o f-tim e paym ent _____________________
P ercen tage paym ent ------ -------------------------------F la t -s u m paym ent --------- --------- -------- ----------------------- ----------------------------- ------------------------Other
W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts providing
no paid vacations ------------------------------------------------

A fte r

i

p ay

1 0 0

99
1

95
90
5

-

-

■

-

-

-

-

-

■

( 5)

■

5

99
99
-

92
89
3

-

-

-

1

( 5)

8

99
90
1 0

6

m onths of se r v ic e

Under 1 week ______________________________________
1 w eek
______________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks _______________________
2 w eeks _____________________________________________

1

57
3
4

6

60
5
1

_

67
3
4

_

4
24

44
-

1

-

9
13
3
-

_
33
( 5)

_
41
-

-

A fte r 1 year of se r v ic e
Under 1 week ---------------------------------------------------------1 w eek
______________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ----------------------------------2 w eeks
_____________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks _______________________

_

_

16

41

( 5)
44

( 5)
63

-

-

-

-

1

75

83

59
-

55

(5)
25

1

-

24
5

1

_
83
4
9
-

_

50
-

44
5

( 5)
53
-

35
4

A fte r 2 y e a rs of se r v ic e
Under 1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------1 w eek
---------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ----------------------------------2 w eeks
_____________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks _______________________

( 5)
1 0

5
85
1

_
1 2

8 8

_

4
19
77

-

-

_

_

( 5)
17

( 5)
46
4
40
5

-

82
1

_
63
1 0

25
-

_

30
-

65
5

( 5)
36
_

52
4

A fte r 3 y e a rs of se r v ic e
Under 1 w eek --------------------------------------------------------1 week
______________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ----------------------------------2 w eeks
_____________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks -----------------------------------

( 5)
7
( 5)
90
3

1 0

-

90

-

(5)
17

(5)

-

1 0 0

-

-

( 5)
33
3
55
5

82
1

_
42
7
50
-

_
4
-

91
5

( 5)
36
-

52
4

A fte r 5 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------1 w eek
______________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks _______________________
2 w eeks
_____________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks _______________________
3 w eeks _____________________________________________

See footnotes at end of tab le.




(5)
3

_

_

4

_

-

-

92
3

93

92

2

-

1

3

7

( 5)
7

(5)
1 2

-

1

74

92
1

6
2

_

_

7

2

1

-

84
4
3

93
5
( 5)

( 5)
23
_

65
4

17

Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P erc en t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u strie s and in industry d iv ision s by vacatio n pay
p r o v isio n s, New O rle a n s, L a . , M arch 1961)
O FFICE W O RK ERS

V a c a t io n p o l i c y

All
,
industries 1

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

P L A N T W O RK ER S

Retail trade

Finance

All
3
industries J

Manufacturing 4

Public 2
utilities

Retail trade

Amount of vacation pay 6---- Continued
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

U n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________________
............. ............
_
4 w eeks

3
76
4
17
(5)

4
56
5
34
1

3
47
1
46
3
1

4
40

21

-

-

91
-

9
-

12
59
15
8
1

8
91
1
1
-

6
51
25
14
3

2
87
5
5

12
38
11
32
2
1

6
32
14
40

2
16
5
76

23
62
4
2
"

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

U n der 2 w eek s
_____________________________________________
2 w eeks
_________________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
_______________________
3 w eeks
_______ T______________________________________
____________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s
4 w eeks
_________________________________________________________

54
1
1

76
-

8
75
1
17
-

3

!

23
56
4
9

4

-

-

3

( 5)

-

6

2
16
5
67

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

U n der 2 w eek s
______________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
____________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s
____________________________
4 w eeks
_____________ ___________________________________________

3
42
1
37
3
15

66

8
72
1
20

-

-

14

-

4

37

21

_

-

48
1
10

12
36
8
32
1

6

30
9
40
2
12

12
36
8
22
1
16

30
9
31
2
22

23
51
4

13

-

-

9

-

2
16
5
44

23
51

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

U n d e r 2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s
____________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
6
se r v ic e

3
42
1
24
( 5)
30

4
37
-

35
1
22

21
-

39
-

40

8
72
1
7
-

13

Includes data for w h o lesale tra d e ; finance, in su ran ce, and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
Tran sportation , com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s .
Includes data for w h o lesale trade, r ea l esta te, and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
Includes p roportion s of w o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts w hich did not p rovide paid vacations until a fter 2 or 3 y e a r s of se r v ic e .
L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.
P erio d s of se r v ic e w ere a r b itr a r ily chosen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individual p ro v isio n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r ex am p le,
include changes in p ro v isio n s oc cu rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .

6

-

32

7
-

6

the changes in p roportion s indicated at 10 y e a r s '

N O T E : See note on p. 14, rela tiv e to the in clu sion of r a ilr o a d s .
In the tabulations of vacation allo w a nces by y e a r s o f se r v ic e , p aym ents other than "le n g th of t i m e "
of annual earn ings or fla t -s u m paym en ts, w ere converted to an equivalent tim e b a s is ; for ex am p le, a paym ent of 2 p ercen t of annual earn ings w as c on sid ere d as 1 w e e k 's pay.




4

such as p ercen tage

18
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t of offic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s em ployed in esta b lish m en ts providing
health, in su ra n ce , or pen sion b en efits, New O r le a n s, L a . , M arch 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

Type of benefit

A ll w o rk ers

------------------------------------------------------------

All
industries 1

Manufacturing

100

100

6

Public ,
utilities

100

PLANT WORKERS

Retail trade

100

Finance

All
.
industries'5

100

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

100

100

Retail trade

100

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts providing:
L ife in suran ce _________________________________
A cc id en ta l death and d ism e m b e r m e n t
in su ran ce -------------------------------------------------------S ick n ess and acciden t in su ran ce or
sic k le ave or b o th 4 _________________________
S ick n ess and acciden t in su ran ce _______
Sick le a v e (full pay and no
w aiting period) ___________________________
Sick le ave (p artial pay or
w aiting period) __________________________
H osp italization in suran ce ----------------------------S u rgical in suran ce ____________________________
M e d ical in suran ce ____________________________
C atastrop he in su ran ce ----------------------------------R e tire m e n t pen sion ----------------------------------------No h ealth, in su ran ce , or pen sion plan ___

95

85

98

91

80

77

99

78

52

61

34

48

45

48

54

40

50

67

57

66

55

72

57

49

25

46

14

30

42

66

27

32

23

28

27

21

6

5

8

5

27

20

73
72

38

8

3

19

25

11

4

79
75

82

80

65

71

82

80

68
46

58

52

42

72

22

33

69
33

56

55
18

53

18

90

16

20

11

67

4

64
3

73

66
2

59
7

47
15

49
17

68
1

51
16

8

1 Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e; fin a n ce, in su ran ce , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv ision s shown se p a r a te ly .
2 T r an sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s .
3 Includes data for w h o lesa le tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and se r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d ivisions shown se p a r a te ly .
4 Unduplicated total of w o rk ers r ec eiv in g sick le a v e or sic k n ess and accid en t in su ran ce shown se p a r a te ly b elow .
S ic k -le a v e plans a re lim ite d to those w hich d efin itely e sta b lish at le a st
the m in im u m num ber of d a y s’ pay that can be expected by each e m p lo y ee . In form al s ic k -le a v e allow ances d eterm in ed on an individual b a sis a r e exclu ded.
NOTE:




See note on p.

14, rela tiv e to the in clu sion of r a ilr o a d s .

19

A ppendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller , machine (billing machine) — Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slip s.




Class A — Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B— Keeps a record o f one or more phases or section s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b a sic book­
keeping*
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

20

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE

Class A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
Class B— Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or loca tes
or a ssists in locating material in file s . May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives custom ers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple cop ies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon si­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical Keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

21
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls .
May record toll calls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who ca ll in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo s e supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B— Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp e cific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C— Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp ecific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

22

TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of ste n cils , mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing p rocesses. May do clerica l work involving little sp ecia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.

Class A — Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

Class B— Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance p o licie s,
e tc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E SSIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p oses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc ., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

23

M A IN T E N A N C E

D PO W ERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded .




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp e cific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: *In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts ot a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
sp ecifica tion s; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

24

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his "work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various size s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded .

25

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die maker's
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte*
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or prem ises.of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)'
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

26

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded .
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesm en and over-the-road drivers
are excluded

.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded .
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in v oices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s.




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s iz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under lVi ton s)

Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type of
truck, as follow s:
Trucker, power (forklift)

Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
■fr U .S . GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1 9 6 1

O — 594043







Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.
Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285Albany—
Schenectady-Troy, N.Y.— Bull. 1285-51
Albuquerque, N. Mex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton,
Pa.-N .J.— Bull. 1285-47
Atlanta, Ga.— Bull. 1285♦ Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285-34
Beaumont-Port Arthur, Tex.— Bull. 1285Birmingham, Ala.— Bull. 1285-53

♦Green Bay, Wis.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S.C.— Bull. 1285Houston, Tex.— Bull. 1285♦Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285-28
♦Jackson, Miss.— Bull. 1285-42
♦♦Jacksonville, Fia.— Bull. 1285-30
♦Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans.— Bull. 1285-18
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.-N.H.— Bull. 1285♦♦Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark.,— Bull. 1285-6

Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285♦♦Boston, Mass.— Bull. 1285-15
♦♦ Buffalo, N.Y.— Bull. 1285-31
Burlington, Vt.— Bull. 1285-57
♦ Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285-29
Charleston, W Va.— Bull. 1285.
Charlotte, N.C.— Bull. 1285♦♦Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga.— Bull. 1285-14
Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285-

Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif.— Bull. 1285-52
Louisville, Ky.-Ind.— Bull. 1285*49
Lubbock, Tex.— Bull. 1285♦Manchester, N.H.— Bull. 1285-1
♦Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285-35
♦ Miami, Fla.— Bull. 1285-33
Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285♦♦Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285-39
Muskegon-Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285-

Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.— Bull. 1285♦♦Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285-11
♦ ❖ Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285*38
♦♦Dallas, Tex.— Bull. 1285-21
♦♦Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—1 .
11
Bull. 1285-16
* Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285-41
* Denver, Colo.— Bull. 1285-27
Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285-43
♦♦Detroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285-37
**Fort Worth, Tex.— Bull. 1285-23

♦ Newark and Jersey City, N.J.— Bull. 1285-40
New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285-46
New Orleans, La.— Bull. 1285-48
New York, N.Y.— Bull. 1285Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va.— Bull. 1285♦^Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285-3
♦♦Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa— Bull. 1285-13
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J.— Bull. 1285**Philadelphia, Pa.— Bull. 1285-24
Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-55

Pittsburgh, Pa.— Bull. 1285-44
♦ Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285-19
Portland, Oreg.-Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence-Pawtucket, R.I.-Mass.— Bull. 1285♦♦ Raleigh, N.C.— Bull. 1285-5
♦Richmond, Va.— Bull. 1285-26
Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285♦♦St. Louis, Mo.—
111.— Bull. 1285-10
♦♦Salt Lake City, Utah— Bull. 1285-32
San Antonio, Tex.— Bull. 1285♦San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario,
Calif.— Bull. 1285-4
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif.— Bull. 1285*36
Savannah, Ga.— Bull. 1285♦♦Scranton, Pa.— Bull. 1285-8
♦♦Seattle, Wash.— Bull. 1285-7
♦♦♦Sioux Falls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285-17
South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285-54
Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285-50
♦♦Trenton, N.J.— Bull. 1285-25
♦♦Washington, D.C.—
Md.-Va.— Bull. 1285-22
Waterbury, Conn.-—Bull. 1285-56
♦ Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285-20
♦♦Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285-9
♦♦Wilmington, Del.-N.J.— Bull. 1285-12
Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285York, Pa.— Bull. 1285-45

An asterisk preceding a labor market indicates the availability and
price of the bulletin.
Please do not order copies in advance.

♦

Price, 20 cents.
Price, 25 ceuis.
♦♦♦Price, 15 cents.








Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102