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Occupational Wage Survey

PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA
JANUARY 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-44




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg , Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ew an Clag ua, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA




J A N U A R Y 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-44
Vpril I ‘>61

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
A rth u r J. Goldberg , Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ew an Clagua, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
P ag e

T h e C om m u n ity W age S u rvey P r o g r a m

I n tr o d u c tio n ________________________________________________________________
W age tr e n d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s ___________________________

T h e B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistic s r e g u la r ly c o n d u cts
a r e a w id e w age s u r v e y s in a n u m b er o f im p o rta n t in d u s tr ia l
c e n t e r s . The stu d ies, m ade fr o m la te fa ll to e a r ly sp rin g ,
r e la te to o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la te d su p p lem en ta ry
b e n e fit s . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in e a c h a r e a , u su a lly in the m onth fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied . T h is b u lletin p r o v id e s a d d ition a l
data not in clu d e d in the e a r lie r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly tica l b u lle tin su m m a r iz in g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the
y e a r * s s u r v e y s is is s u e d a fte r c o m p le tio n of the fin a l a r e a
b u lletin fo r the c u r r e n t round o f s u r v e y s .

T able s:

T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the Bureau* s r e g io n a l
o ffic e in N ew Y o r k , N. Y ., by E llio t A . B r o w a r , under the
d ir e c t io n o f F r e d e r i c k W. M u e lle r , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D i­
r e c t o r fo r W a ges and In d u s tria l R e la tio n s .

B:




1.
2.

A:

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y _____________
P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e in stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and
s t r a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d
o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p s fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s _______________________

3

O ccu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s: *
A - 1.
O ffice o c c u p a t i o n s ___________________________________________
A -2 .
P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s ___________________
A - 3.
M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a tio n s _________________
A -4 .
C u sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________

5
9
9
11

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s : *
B - 1.
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ____________________________________________
B -2 .
M in im u m e n tra n ce r a te s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s _____
B -3 .
S ch edu led w eek ly h o u r s _____________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s _________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a t i o n s ________________________________________________
B -6 .
H ealth, in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s ____________________

13
14
15
16
17
19

A ppendix:

O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s _____________________________________

* N O T E : S im ila r tabu lation s fo r m o s t o f th ese ite m s a re
a v a ila b le in the P ittsb u rg h a r e a r e p o r t s fo r N ov em b er
1951, D e c e m b e r 1956, and D e c e m b e r 1959.
A d ir e c ­
to r y in d ica tin g date o f study and the p r ic e o f the r e ­
p o rts a s w e ll as r e p o r t s fo r oth er m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila ­
ble upon r e q u e s t.
C u rren t r e p o r t s on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and
su p p le m e n ta ry w ag e p r a c t ic e s in the P ittsb u rg h a r e a a re
a ls o a v a ila b le fo r the m a ch in e ry in d u s tr ie s (Ja n u ary i9 6 0 ),
flu id m ilk (A p r il I9 6 0 ), h o te ls (M a r ch I9 6 0 ), and pow er
la u n d r ie s and d ry c le a n e r s (A p r il I9 6 0 ).
Union s c a l e s ,
in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay l e v e l s , a r e a v a ila b le fo r the
fo llo w in g tra d e s o r in d u s tr ie s : Building c o n s tr u c tio n , p r in t­
in g , l o c a l- t r a n s it op era tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k
d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii

1
4

3

21




Occupational W age Survey—Pittsburgh, Pa.

Introduction

T h is a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p orta n t in d u stria l c e n te r s in
w hich the U. S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r ls B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistic s has
con d u cted s u r v e y s o f o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d w age b en efits
on an a r e a w id e b a s is . In this a r e a , data w e re ob ta in ed b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is t s to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e sta b lis h m e n ts
w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s :
M an u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s p o r t a t io n ,1
c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il
tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n ce , and r e a l esta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in ­
d u stry g rou p s e x clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a re g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts having
fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itted a ls o b e c a u s e
th ey fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t e m p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r ­
rant in clu s io n . W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , s e p a r a te ta bu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h e se su r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts. To obtain
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied. In com b in in g the data, h ow ­
e v e r , a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv en th e ir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t. E s tim a te s
b a se d on the esta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , th e r e fo r e , as r e ­
lating to a ll esta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a , e x ­
cep t f o r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied.
O ccu p a tion s and E a rn in gs
The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tion a l c l a s ­
s ific a tio n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to
take a cco u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in du ties w ithin the sa m e
jo b . (See appendix f o r lis tin g o f th ese d e s c r ip t i o n s .) E a rn in gs data a r e
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p es o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a) O ffic e c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c) m a in te ­
n an ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (d) cu s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t.
O ccu p a tion a l em p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ir e d to w ork a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
u le in the g iv en o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in gs data ex clu d e
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and

1 R a ilr o a d s , fo r m e r l y e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f th ese stu d ies,
w e r e in clu d ed in a ll o f the a r e a s stu d ied sin ce July 1959, e x c e p t B a lti­
m o r e (S ep tem b er 1959 and D e c e m b e r I9 6 0 ), B u ffa lo (O cto b e r 1959),
C le v e la n d (S ep tem b er 1959), and S eattle (A ugust 1959).




la te s h ifts.
N on p rod u ction b on u ses a r e ex clu d ed a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b on u ses and in ce n tiv e ea rn in g s a r e in clu d ed .
W h ere w eek ly
h ou rs a re r e p o r te d , as fo r o ffic e c le r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s, r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o rk sch e d u le s (rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) f o r w hich
s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w eek ly ea rn in g s f o r th ese
o ccu p a tio n s have b een rounded to the n e a r e s t h alf d o lla r .
A v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f m en and w om en a re p r e s e n te d se p a r a te ly
f o r s e le c t e d occu p a tio n s in w hich both s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly em p loy ed .
D iffe r e n c e s in p a y le v e ls o f m en and w om en in th ese occu p a tio n s a r e
la r g e ly due to (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong
in d u str ie s and e sta b lis h m e n ts; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the o ccu p a tio n s a r e a p p ro p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin
the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in len gth o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w when in dividu al s a la r ie s a r e ad ju sted on this b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e ra g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ould r e s u lt in h igh er a v e r a g e pay
when both s e x e s a re e m p lo y e d w ithin the sa m e rate ran ge.
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese s u r v e y s a re u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in div idu al e sta b lish m en ts to
a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e sta b lish m en ts in s p e c ifi c duties
p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p a tion a l em p loy m en t e stim a te s r e p r e s e n t the tota l in a ll
e sta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b er a c tu ­
a lly su r v e y e d . B e c a u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e am ong
e sta b lis h m e n ts, the e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t obtain ed
fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the
r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied.
T h ese d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tion a l s tru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in gs data.
E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en tary W age P r o v is io n s
In form a tion is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c te d e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry b e n e fits as they r e ­
la te to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
The te r m " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u sed
in this bu lletin , in clu d e s w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c le r i c a l o r re la te d fu n ction s, and e x clu d e s a d m in ­
is tr a tiv e , e x e cu tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. "P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
clude w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu din g le a d m en and tr a in e e s ) en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n ction s.
A d m in is tra tiv e ,
e x e cu tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e -a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
e m p lo y e e s who a r e u tiliz e d as a se p a r a te w ork fo r c e a r e ex clu d ed .
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and rou tem en a re e x clu d e d in m an u factu rin g in d u s­
t r ie s , but a re in clu d ed as plant w o r k e r s in n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u str ie s .

2
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (table B - l ) a r e lim ite d to m a n u fa ctu rin g
in d u s tr ie s .
This in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in te r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lish m en t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f tota l plant w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m en t, and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s is o f w o r k e r s
a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the su r v e y .
In e sta b lish m en ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount applying to
a m a jo r it y w as u sed o r , if no am ount ap p lied to a m a jo r ity , the c l a s ­
s ific a tio n " o t h e r 1 w as u sed .
1
In e sta b lis h m e n ts in w hich so m e la t e sh ift h ou rs a r e p a id at n o rm a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d on ly
if it a p p lied to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift h o u rs.

M in im u m e n tra n ce ra tes (table B -2 ) re la te on ly to the e s t a b ­
lish m en ts v is it e d .
T h ey a r e p r e s e n te d on an e sta b lis h m e n t, ra th er
than on an em p lo y m e n t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and
h ealth, in su r a n ce , and p e n sio n plans a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the
b a s is that th ese a r e a p p lica b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a ­
jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y ev en tu a lly qu alify f o r the
p r a c t ic e s lis te d . S ch edu led h ou rs a re tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is
that th ese a re a p p lic a b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r ity
a r e c o v e r e d . 3 B e c a u s e o f rounding, su m s o f in div idu al item s in th ese
tabu lation s m a y not equ al to ta ls .
The f ir s t p a rt o f the pa id h olid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r o f w hole and h a lf h olid a y s a ctu a lly p r o v id e d .
The s e c o n d p a rt
co m b in e s w hole and h a lf h olid a y s to sh ow total h olid a y t im e .

D ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n
plans f o r w hich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r ,
ex cep tin g on ly le g a l re q u ire m e n ts su ch as w o r k m e n 's co m p e n sa tio n ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such plans in clu d e th ose
u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in su ra n ce com p a n y and th ose p r o v id e d
th rough a union fund o r p a id d ir e c t ly by the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r re n t
op era tin g funds o r fr o m a fund se t a s id e f o r this p u r p o s e .
Death
b en efits a r e in clu d ed as a fo r m o f life in s u r a n ce .
S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce is lim ite d to that type o f in ­
su ra n ce u nder w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d ca sh pa ym en ts a r e m ade d ir e c t ly
to the in su re d on a w eek ly o r m on th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch plans to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s .
H ow e v e r, in N ew Y o rk and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich
have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ility in su r a n ce law s w hich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 plans a r e in clu d ed on ly if the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
trib u tes m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ire d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ire m e n ts o f the law . T ab u lation s
o f p a id s i c k - le a v e plans a re Tim ited to fo r m a l plans 5 w hich p r o v id e
fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's pay du ring a b se n ce fr o m w ork
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S ep a ra te tabu lation s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
(1) .plans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pa y and no w aiting p e r io d , and (2) plans
p r o v id in g e ith e r p a r tia l pay o r a w aiting p e r io d .
In a d dition to the
p r e s e n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n du plicated total is
show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both types o f b e n e fits .

The su m m a ry o f v a ca tio n plans is lim ite d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m en ts, ex clu d in g in fo r m a l plans w h e r e b y tim e o ff w ith pay is gra n ted
at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep a ra te e stim a te s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com pu tin g v a ca tio n p a y m e n ts, su ch
as tim e p a y m en ts, p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s, o r fla t -s u m am ou n ts.
H ow e v e r, in the tabu lation s o f v a ca tio n a llo w a n c e s , pa ym en ts not on
a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e rte d ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a ym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as the equ iv alen t o f 1 w e e k 's pay.

C a ta strop h e in s u r a n ce , s o m e tim e s r e fe r r e d to as ex ten ded
m e d ic a l in s u r a n ce , in clu d e s th o se plans w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v olv in g e x p e n s e s b ey on d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in su ra n ce r e fe r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le te o r p a r tia l
p a ym en t o f d o c to r s* fe e s . Such plan s m a y be u n d erw ritten b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in su ra n ce co m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y be
s e lf-in s u r e d . T ab u lation s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n s io n plans a r e lim ite d to
th o se p la n s that p r o v id e m on th ly pa ym en ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life .

2 An esta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as having a p o lic y if it m e t
e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g co n d itio n s: (1) O p era ted la te sh ifts at the tim e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts.
3 S ch edu led w eek ly h ou rs f o r o ffic e w o r k e r s (fir s t s e c tio n o f
ta b le B -3 ) in su r v e y s m a de p r io r to Ju ly 1957 w e re p r e s e n te d in
te r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o ffic e s
w ith the in d ica ted w eek ly h ou rs f o r w om en w o r k e r s .

4 The te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y law s in C a lifo r n ia and R h ode Islan d
do not r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s.
5 A n e sta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as h aving a fo r m a l plan i f
it e s ta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er o f days o f s ic k le a v e that
cou ld be e x p e cte d by e a c h e m p lo y e e . Such a plan n eed not b e w ritten ,
but in fo r m a l s i c k - le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u al b a s is ,
w e re e x clu d e d .




3

T ab le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s within scope of su rv e y and num ber studied in P ittsb u rgh , P a . , 1 by m a jo r in d u stry d iv isio n , 2 January 1 9

M in im um
em ploym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in scope
o f study

Industry d iv isio n

A ll d iv isio n s

_______________________________________________________

M anufacturing _____________________________________________________
N onm anufacturing _________________________________________________
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and
other public u t i l i t i e s 5 ______________________________________
W h o lesa le tra d e ________________________________________________
R eta il trade ____________________________________________________
F in an ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l estate ______________________
S e r v i c e s 7 _______________________________________________________

N um ber of esta b lish m en ts
W ithin
scope of
study 3

_

6

1

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts
Within scope o f study

Studied

Studied
T o t a l4

O ffice

Plant

T otal 4

816

211

3 9 0, 200

62, 80 0

26 0, 600

2 4 2 ,6 1 0

-

362
45 4

86
125

2 5 8, 800
1 3 1 ,4 0 0

32, 000
30, 800

188, 700
71 , 900

154, 190
8 8 ,4 2 0

100
50
100
50
50

54
144
57
81
118

25
31
22
23
24

4 8 , 800
15, 800
31, 100
1 7 ,1 0 0
1 8 ,6 0 0

7, 600
5, 200
2, 900
1 1 ,5 0 0

100

( 8)

2 9 , 1 0 0

6, 000
2 5 ,0 0 0
6 1, 300
( 8)

4 2 , 280
4, 700
24, 590
1 0 ,5 3 0
6, 320

1 The P ittsb u rg h Standard M etrop olitan S ta tistica l A r e a (A lle g h e n y , B e a v e r , W ashington, and W e stm o r e la n d C ou n tie s).
The "w o r k e r s w ithin scope of stu d y " e stim a te s shown in this table
provide a r ea so n a b ly ac cu rate d e sc r ip tio n of the siz e and c o m p o sitio n of the lab or fo r c e included in the su rv e y .
The e s tim a te s are not intended, h ow ever, to se r v e as a b a sis of c o m p a r iso n
with other a r e a em p loym en t in dexes to m e a su r e em ploym en t trend s or le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of w age su rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se of esta b lish m e n t data c o m p iled c o n sid e r a b ly in advance of the
p a y r o ll p eriod studied, and (2) s m a ll e sta b lish m e n ts are exclu d ed fr o m the scope of the su rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d edition of the Standard In d ustrial C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in du stry
d iv isio n .
M a jo r chan ges fr o m the e a r lie r edition (u se d in
the
B u r e a u 's
la b o r m a rk et w age su rv e y s conducted p rio r to July 1958) a re the tr a n s fe r of m ilk p a ste u riza tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix e d co n c rete e sta b lish m e n ts fr o m
trade (w h o lesa le or
to m an ufacturin g, and the tr a n s fe r of radio and te le v isio n b ro a d ca stin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 Includes a ll e sta b lish m e n ts with total em p loym en t at or above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the area) of com p an ies in such in d u strie s as tra d e , fin a n ce, auto rep air
s e r v ic e , and m o tio n -p ic tu r e th e a te rs a r e co n sid e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 Includes ex ec u tiv e, p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o r k e r s exclu ded fr o m the sep arate o ffic e and plant c a te g o r ie s .
5 T axic ab s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tra n sp ortation w ere ex clu d ed .
6 E stim a te r e la te s to r e a l estate e sta b lish m e n ts only.
7 H o tels; p er so n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile r ep a ir sh ops; m otion p ictu r e s; nonprofit m e m b e r sh ip org a n iza tio n s; and en gin eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .
8 T h is in du stry d iv isio n is rep r e se n te d in e stim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A and B t a b le s . S ep arate p resen tation of data fo r this d iv isio n is
not m ade
fo r
one
or m o r e of the follow in g r e a so n s: (1) E m p loym en t in the d ivision is too s m a ll to p rovide enough data to m e r it sep arate
study, (2) the sam p le w as not d esign ed in itia lly to p erm it
sep arate p resen tation , (3) r e sp o n se w as in su fficie n t or inadequate to p e r m it sep arate p resen tation , (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility of d is c lo s u r e of individual esta b lish m e n t data.




T ab le 2.

P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a se in standard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h ourly earn ing s for
se le c te d occu p ation al groups in P ittsb urgh , P a . , fo r se le c te d p eriod s
P er c en t in c r e a s e s fr o m —

Industry and occu p ation al group

D e ce m b er 1959
to
January 1 9 6 1

D ecem D er 1956
to
D e ce m b er 1959

A ll in d u strie s:
O ffice c le r ic a l (w omen) ______________________
In d u strial n u r se s (w om en) ---------------------------S killed m ain tenan ce (m en) ---------------------------U n sk illed plant (men) _______________ _________

4.
2.
4.
2.

3
5
6
6

15.
15.
13.
13.

8
2
8
0

M anufacturing:
O ffice c le r ic a l (w omen) ______________________
In d ustrial n u r se s (w omen) ---------------------------S killed m ain tenan ce (m en) __________________
U n sk illed plant (m en) --------- ----------------------------

5.
2.
4.
3.

7
5
2
3

16.
15.
13.
13.

8
1
2
0

retail)

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in ta ble 2 a r e p e r c e n ts o f change in s a la r ie s o f
w om en o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e
ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g ro u p s.

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
cen ts o f change r e la te to a v e r a g e w eek ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h ou rs
o f w o rk , that is , the stan dard w ork sch e d u le f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g ro u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g es
in s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly e a rn in g s, e x clu d in g p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r ­
tim e and f o r w ork pn w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts . The p e r ­
cen ta g es a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e le c t e d k e y o c cu p a tio n s and in clu d e
m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ithin ea ch g rou p .
The o f ­
f i c e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a se d on w om en in the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i lle r s ,
m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ); b o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A
and B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , f ile , c la s s A and B ; c le r k s ,
o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; keyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s ; o ffic e g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ;
ste n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e r a l; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ; t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p ­
e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B.
The in d u str ia l n u rse
data a r e b a s e d on w om en in d u stria l n u r s e s .
M en in the fo llo w in g
10 s k ille d m a in ten an ce jo b s and 3 u n sk illed jo b s w e re in clu d ed in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k illed — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e ­
ch a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u tom otiv e; m illw r ig h ts ; p a in te r s ; p ip e fit t e r s ;
s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ; and to o l and d ie m a k e r s ; u n sk illed — ja n it o r s ,
p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a te r ia l h andling; and w atch m en .
A v e r a g e w eek ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s w e re
com p u ted f o r e a ch o f the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s .
The a v e r a g e s a l ­
a r ie s o r h o u r ly ea rn in g s w e re then m u ltip lie d by the a v e r a g e e m p lo y ­
m en t in the jo b du ring the m onths in d ica te d in the title o f ta ble 2.




T h e se w eigh ted e a rn in g s f o r in d iv id u al o c cu p a tio n s w e r e then tota led
to obtain an a g g re g a te f o r e a c h o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p . F in a lly , the ra tio
o f th ese g rou p a g g re g a te s f o r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r the
o th e r y e a r w as com p u ted and the d iffe r e n c e betw een the r e s u lt and
100 is the p e r c e n t o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the o th e r.

The p e r c e n t o f change m e a s u r e s , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f
(1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w age ch a n g es; (2) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s
in p a y r e c e iv e d b y in d iv id u al w o r k e r s w hile in the sa m e jo b ; and
(3) ch a n ges in the la b o r f o r c e su ch as la b o r tu r n o v e r, f o r c e e x p a n ­
s io n s , fo r c e r e d u c tio n s , and ch a n ges in the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d b y e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pa y le v e ls . Changes in the
la b o r f o r c e can ca u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c cu p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s w ithout actu a l w age ch a n g es. F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e ex p a n sion
m igh t in c r e a s e the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r pa id w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific
o c cu p a tio n and r e s u lt in a d rop in the a v e r a g e , w h erea s a r e d u ctio n
in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r pa id w o r k e r s w ould have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t .
The m o v e m e n t o f a h ig h -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a cou ld
ca u se the a v e r a g e ea rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though no change in ra tes
o c c u r r e d in o th e r a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
The u se o f con stan t em p lo y m e n t w eigh ts elim in a te s the e ffe c t s
o f ch a n ges in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
N o r a r e the p e r c e n ts o f change in flu en ced b y
ch a n ges in stan dard w o rk sc h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e ,
s in c e they a re b a se d on pay f o r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u rs.
In dexes f o r the p e r io d 1953 to I960 f o r w o r k e r s in 20 m a jo r
la b o r m a rk e ts w ill a p p ea r in B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -6 2 , W ages and R ela ted
B e n e fits , 60 L a b o r M a r k e ts, W in ter 1 9 5 9 -6 0 .

A* Occupational Earnings
5
Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, P a ., January 1961)

See footnotes at end of table.




NOTE:

E stim ates for all industries, nonmanufacturing, and public utilities include data for railroads (SIC 40), omitted from the scope
of all labor m arket wage surveys made before July 1959.
W here significant, the effect of the inclusion of railroad s is greatest
on the data shown separately for the public utilities division.

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision, P ittsburgh, P a. , January 1961)
Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly,
hours
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Weekly , 3 5 . 0 0
earnings
(Standard)

$
40

$

0 45.
0

00

50. 00

5 5 . 00

6 0 . 00

“

-

4 0 . 0 0 AZl JQ - 5 0 . 0 0
LQ

"
5 5 . 00

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

17
17
15

2
2
2
2
6
1
1

"

$
$
$
$
$
$
6 5 . 00 70,. 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 80 ., 0 0 8 5 . 0 0

90. 00

'

_

,00

7 0 . 0 0 JZJL

“

8 0 .0 0

85,, 00

-

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

$

$
9 5 .0 0
~

$

S

$

$

100.00 1 0 5 . 0 0 110.00 1 1 5 .0 0 120.00 1 2 5 .0 0
“

100.00 1 0 5 .0 0

■

~

n o . o o 1 1 5 .0 0

“

120.00 1 2 5 .0 0

$
S
1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0
and
“

1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0

over

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e ( b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) _____
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 _____________________
_____________________
W h o le s a le tra d e

1 79
54
1 25
29
59

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 5
38. 5
39. 0

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h i n e ) _____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ___________________________

183
57
126
60

39.
38.
40.
40.

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s A
_
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________

5
5
0
0

$ 7 0 .0 0
8 1 . 50
6 4 . 50
7 1 . 50
6 0 . 50

67.
71.
65.
60.

00
50
00
50

_
-

2
2

-

-

-

_
-

-

1
0
1
0
1
0

4
4
4

-

15
3

4

29

27

55

27

19

53
30
4

-

13
5

50
4
46
19
15

84
84

C le r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c la s s A
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ,_____________ _______
R e t a il tr a d e

354
1 58
196
80
62

39.
40.
38.
38.
39.

-

_
-

4
4
4

37
37
3

57
3
54
3

256
159

C le r k s , f il e , c la s s A
______________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
F in a n c e 4

265
105
160
44

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

C le r k s , f il e , c la s s B
______________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
W h o le sa le tra d e
________________ _
_
R e t a i l t r a d e ___________________________
F in a n c e 4

790
219
571
82
94
335

39.
40.
^9.
40.
40.
38.

C le r k s , o r d e r
_______________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________ _
_
R e t a il tr a d e

275
96
1 79
1 26

39.
39.
39.
39.

11
0

00
00
00
00
50
50
50

71.
79.
.
.

66
66

50
50
00
50

0
0
0
0
0
5

60.
75.
54.
56.
56.
54.

00
00
50
50
00
00

5
5
5
5

76.
94.
67.
64.

50
50
00
50

66

66

_
-

2
8

-

-

-

-

30

50
50
3

-

1
1

16
3
3

1
11
1

1
2
8

7
7
-

6 3 . 50
7 1 . 00

73.
82.
.
96.
72.
.
60.

-

1
0
2
2

61. 00

39. 0
39. 5
39. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
3 8 .0

-

77
42
35
16
18

38. 5
3 9 .5
38. 5
4 0 .0
37. 5

1 ,1 5 8
486
672
48

"

65
32
33

719
1 64
555
104
361

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B _____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 _____________________
W h o le sa le tra d e
_____________________
R e t a il tr a d e
F i n a n c e 4 _______________________________

9
9
-

104
35
69
17
41

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s R
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________
F in a n e e 4 _______________________________

-

16
-

164
24
140

-

_

1
6

14
7
-

37
7
30

-

-

9 3 . 00
1 0 7 .0 0
8 1 . 50
8 1 . 50
8 1 . 50

-

2
1

56
16
40

2
2
2
2

-

0
0
5
0
0

2

13
9
4

6
2

-

-

-

-

15

4

-

6 2 . 50
6 0 . 50

4
15

1
1
1
1
8

-

7 1 . 50
. 50
7 4 . 00

8
2

1
2
2
2

-

39. 0
39. 5
38. 5

66

29
14

34

59
4
55
40

1
2

79
137

26
1

28
25
3

29
-

2

79

6
8
8
60
4
30
24
33

8

129
5
124
18
90
7
7
1 54
78
76
14

1
2

26
39

2

25
3

37
3

123
123
26

82
7
75
13

56

55

4
4

2
2
1
1
1
1

2
2

89

1
0
1
0
4
6
224
50
1 74

6
1
2

105
39
47
13
34
15

18
6

9
-

19
-

9
5

19
-

6

73

2
2

51
7
25
9
30

1
0
2
0
1
2

1
0

1
1
1

1
1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

l
l
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
5

-

i

2

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

9
9
-

-

-

-

-

"

-

1
6
4
1
2

1
1
2

2
1
8

18

17
5

3

3

9

13

5
5

2
1
2
1
1
8
6
28
58
9
28
15
9
3

6
3

8
8
6

97
31

6
6
1
28
17

2
0
23
9
14

2

2

72
49
23
4

8
5
-

2
2
17
5

2

6
1
2

18

8
1
0
1
19
3

1
6
7
2

40
34

6
2
3
1

25
19

6
2

—

r
7

1
2
5
5
-

2
1
1
1

-

1
2

6
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

54
26
28

41
29

13

1
1
1
0

57
48
9
5
3

1
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
1

1
2
8
2

1
1
2
2

'l l

8
3
3

29
16
13
9
4

64
54

-

-

“

1
0
9
1

_
-

1
0

-

-

45
29

1
6
1
0
6

5
5
_

5
5
-

-

-

-

-

-

13
7

28
26

17
17
-

_
-

18
18
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
0

17

1
1

_

_

_

_
_

6
6

26
17
9
3
5

2
-

7
3

1
2

1

2
1

5
3
-

-

2

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

_

-

_
-

-

“

.

4
4
_

-

-

-

1

1
1

-

_

1

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-




1
2

30

35

_

4

-

-

-

4
4

I ll
14
15
58

1
1

2
2

2

5

59
1 09
19
25
55
99
99
99

77
32
45
4

1
6

24
25
25

6

41

2
0
2
1
1
2
0
6
1
5
5

40
38

2
-

1

31
14
17

1

19
16
3

25
24

1
1

1
1
1

-

5
4

6
6

1
1

-

-

-

-

1
0
4
6
2

5
5
-

-

-

4
4
-

-

_

-

-

-

4
3

2
0
2
0

5
5

-

-

1
2
1
1

1
1

18
14
4

1

_

_

-

_

_

_

_
_

_

-

-

13

_
-

"

-

-

--

2
2

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

‘

See footnotes at end of table,

-

30
-

_

1
0

1

_

'

"

'

7
Table A-1. Office Occupations—
Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , P it t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n u a r y 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Average
S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

$
•
■
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
3 5 . 00 4 0 . 00 4 5 . 00 5 0 . 0 0 5 5 . 0 0 6 0 . 00 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard) u n d e r
“
4 0 . 00 4 5 . 00

50 . 00

“
5 5 . 00

6 0 . 00

“
~
“
"
6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 00 .M J L O

■
8 5 .0 0

-

■
~
“
■
■
9 5 . 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0

9 0 . 00

and
over

j
!
i
i

W o m e n — C o n t in u e d

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ---------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 -------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e __________________________
F i n a n c e 4 ______________________________

631
383
248
30
72
40

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39. 0
39. 0
39. 5
38. 5

C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s __________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ____________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e --------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e __________________________

470
184
286
25
83
130

39.
40.
39.
38.
40.
39.

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( M i m e o g r a p h o r D it t o ) __________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________

25
19
6
3
2
1

42
23
19
4
8

49
38
11
3
3

10
6
4
3
-

18
16
2
1
_

-

-

-

80
46
34
7
14
8

24
17
7
2
-

10
6
4
4
_

14
11
3
2
_

1
_
_

-

1

3
1
2
_
2

1
_

5

27
16
11
1
2
8

1

8
8

-

4
4

8
8

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

74
32
42
24
8
8

77
41
36
15
3
13

84
60
24
13
4
4

88
64
24
5
6
1

176
158
18
15
3

57
17
40
9
30

8
6
2
2
_

5
5
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
8
1

1
1
-

10
9
1

12
9
3

5
4
1

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

294
152
1 42
9
49
17
52

282
120
162
26
36
6
43

283
154
1 29
35
20
4
57

295
16 7
128
13
43
1
52

287
191
96
19
14
3
39

369
275
94
36
17
_

304
257
47
15
5
3
5

173
136
37
25
4
1
7

76
64
12
7
3
_

120
101
19
9
9
_

-

1

320
198
122
31
63
1
22

324
237
87
41
5
1
33

227
183
44
22
4
4
10

185
134
51
42
2
2
5

377
3 01
76
68
8
_

122
48
74
17
57
_

146
128
18
16
2
_

22
9
13
11
_

17
14
3
_

4
4
_
_

2

3
_

21
21
_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

32
20
12

44
16
28

20
12
8

28
24
4

34
31
3

11
11

20
20

1
1

_

.

_

.

_

_

_

_

53
34
19
4
8
7

59
18
41
1
20
4

47
28
19
1
3
8

61
37
24
4
14

48
39
9
2
2

-

26
17
9
1

6
6
4

13
13
8

1
1
-

29
-

88
2
86
2
12
54

45
10
35
2
18
15

65
41
24
3
6
10

51
30
21
2
14
5

-

-

4

-

-

"

2
2

10
6

18
14

10
10

12
11

-

22
22
-

17
17
-

-

22

17

_49
2
47
9
8
30

61
14
47
8
15
18

163
32
131
31
30
44

127
48
79
12
10
37

_
-

14
6
8

35
6
29

1 08
44
64
24

23
14
9
4

_
-

-

91
56
35
7

-

-

8
8

20
20

87
16
71

216
67
149

4
9
7

29
4
25
3
1
9

12
2
43

40
10
39

150
56
94
9
16
15
28

268
105
163
i
1
39
17
74

100
11
89
16
4
29

1 21
22
99
11
42
5
27

3 37
134
203
40
37
22
68

431
191
240
32
102
28
53

314
135
179
53
46
16
56

5
5

17
9
8

40
22
18

33
7
26
2

-

5
0
5
5
0
5

7 5 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
69.00
7 2 .0 0

2
2
2

76
63

4 0 .0
40. 0

6 9 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

K e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ____________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _____________________
F i n a n c e 4 -----------------------------------------------

1 . 008
479
529
143
117
194

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 0
38. 5
40. 0
38. 5

7 5 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
5 9 .5 0

O f f i c e g i r l s ___________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 _____________________

309
157
152
35

39.
40.
39.
39.

5
0
0
0

5 8 .0 0
61.00
5 5 .0 0
5 7 .5 0

-

-

S e c r e t a r i e s ------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ____________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e --------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e __________________________
F in a n c e 4 ______________________________

3, 296
1, 8 7 9
1 ,4 1 7
2 23
313
96
479

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 0
39. 5
39. 5
40. 5
38. 0

9 4 .5 0
100.00
8 7 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

_
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

2

-

-

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ___________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ____________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e --------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e __________________________
F i n a n c e 4 -----------------------------------------------

3. 124
1, 7 7 8
1, 3 4 6
384
387
89
319

_ -3 9 .5
40. 0
38. 5
39. 0
39. 5
3 9 .5
3 7 .0

7 9 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

64
4

3
3

-

-

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , t e c h n i c a l _________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------

252
171
81

40. 0
40. 0
39. 5

8 5 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
8 0 .0 0




35
15
20
7
7
2

11
4
7
5
2

-

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b le .

51
40
11
4

26
11
15
2
1

$ 8 1 .5 0
86.00
7 4 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

-

4
4

29
17

-

-

4

_
_

41
41
_
_

-

3

13

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'
.

-

!

j

-

-

-

-

-

19

34
31
3
1
2

2
2
_

_
_

_
_
_

1
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
_

3
_

_

2
_
_

6
4
2
_
_

3
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

.
_
_
_

2

2

3

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_
.

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_

1
_

-

-

-

14
7
7
6
_
1

9
3
6
6
_
_

10
4
6
4
2
_

-

-

.

_

8
8
_
_
_

-

-

“

.
_

_

-

-

_
_

.
-

_

_

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision, Pittsburgh, P a. , January 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARN!INGS OF-

Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Weeklyj
hours 1
(Standard)

$
s
$
$
$
$
$
%
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Weekly j 3 5 .0 0 4 0 . 0 0 4 5 . 0 0 5 0 . 00 5 5 . 00 6 0 . 00 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 00 9 0 . 0 0
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0
earnings1
and
and
"
(Standard) u n d e r
4 0 .0 0 4 5 . 0 0 5 0 . 00 5 5 . 0 0 6 o . on 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 00 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 o v e r
1

W o m e n — C o n t in u e d

4
4

72.
75.
69.
69.

525
204
321
82
61
66

39.
39.
39.
39.
40.
37.

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
W h o le s a le tra d e
_____________________

360
154
206
114

39. 5
3 9 .5
39. 5
39. 5

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A _______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________

58
52

40. 0
40. 0

1 0 3 . 50
1 0 3 .5 0

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B _______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________

163
103
60

40. 0
40. 0
39. 5

8 8 . 00
9 1 . 00
8 2 . 50

0
5
0
5
5
5

$

7 6 .0 0
8 3 . 00
7 1 . 00
8 4 . 50
5 8 . 50
7 1 . 50

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s _____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 _____________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ___________________________
F in a n e e 4 ________________________________

00
50
50
50

T y p is t s , c la s s B
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
M a n u fa c tu r in g _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
P u b lic u tilitie s 3 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
W h o le sa le tra d e
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
R e t a il t r a d e _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
F i n a n c e 4 _______________________________

1

3
4
5
6

-

4

2

-

“

-

1

_
-

3
3

1
1

-

"

" •

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

66
8
58
13
13

78
14
64
1
10
17

73
32
41
15
9
4

33
33
24

35
12
23
12

42
19
23
7

59
35
24
12

-

- -

-

“

24
7
17
1
4

-

-

45
40
5
1

2

7

-

15
12
3

19
9
10
3

9
3
6
6

4
3

68
41
27
21

12

4

29
10
19
12

51
20
31
20

53
25
28
18

-

-

6
6

-

-

~

-

“

j
I
!

32
1
31
24

60
35
25
13

39
17
22
7

'

1
“

2
2
-

4
4

-

-

-

9
9
-

1
1

_
-

_
-

"

"

-

3
2

9
8

25
24

2
T

5
4

2
2

11
7
4

18
13
5

2
2

2
2

2
2

-

3
3
--

4

-

"

4

6
6

8
8

"

-

13
13

20
20

28
27

41
5
36

-

-

"

“ “

3
3

27
22
5

25

26
24
2

10 i
6
1
4

19

25

28
20

19
17

2
2

13
8

15
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

1
1

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

"

"

49
3
46
32

24
4
20
7

41
6
35
23

23
9
14
11

18
12
6
6

25
12
13 '
13

2
2

-

83
10
73
42

52
10
42
6
31

53
8
45
1
40

88
65
23

73
45
28
3
25

63
54
9
5

77
69
8
6
1

17

50
49
1
1

306
73
233
8
73
5
1 24

328
118
210
12

111
70
41
7
12
12
8

104

127
112
15
5
6

96
82
14

74
63

-

-

-

-

-

17
2

5
0
5
0

_ 7_ 3_5 _ _ _ 3 9 . _ 5_ _
_ _

388
347

40. 0
39. 0

_ _ 50 _ _ _ 3 9 . 0
_
_
_ 1_9 5 _ _ _ 3 9_ . _ 0 _ _ _
_
_

_
_
1 , _6 _4 9 _
_ _ 6_7 _8 _
_ _ 9_ 7_1 _
_ _ _4 3 _
_
_ _ 2_3 9 _
_
_ _ 1 0 2_
_ _
412

_
_
_
_
_
_

_ 3 9 . _ 0_ _
_ _
_ 3 9 . _ 5_ _
_ _
_ 38. 5
_ _
_ 38. 5
_
_ 4_ 0 . 0
_ _3 9 . 5_ _
_ _

38. 0

68.
76.
66.
73.

00
50
00
00

-

77.
82.
70.
80.
59.

00
50
50
50
00

_

65.
74.
58.
67.
63.
61.
55.

00
50
50
50
50
50
00

-

37
5
32
2

8

40

44

8

40

-

-

-

29
227 -

-

-

-

8

-

65

-

-

44
-

65

6
36

181
9172

130
13
117

30

- 24 -

10
25

4
90

-

34
13
68

44
40
78

-

19

44
60
9
6

4

1 1

1

16

2
2

4
13
6
1

1 1

1 1

-

91
65
26
24
2

-

139

64
75
12

4
2
2
2

-

-

-

-

"

"

1
1

"

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

■

"

-

-

5

-

-

.

-

-

“

-

“

-

-

- -

1

4

-

-

-

5
5

4

-

-

- -

3

-

~

-

-

3
2
1

"

29
24
5
2
3

-

j

23
14
9

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salarie s and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 20 at $ 140 to $ 145; 51 at $ 145 to $ 150; 20 at $ 150 and over.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Finance, in suran ce, and real estate.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 9 at $ 140 to $ 145; 8 at $ 145 to $ 150.
Includes 2 w orkers at $ 30 to $ 35.




-

op era tors,
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -3- 7 6 - - - - - 3 9 .
- 40.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ 7 2
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 3 0_4 _ _ _ 3 9 .
_
_ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1_ 38 _ _ _ 4 0 .
_
_

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
T y p is ts , c la s s A
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b lic u t il it ie s 3 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
F in a n c e 4 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2

24
24
22
2

1
1
-

'

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s C
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 139 _ _ _ 3 8 . _ 5 _ _ _ 6 8 . _ 0 0
_ _
_ _
_
_ _
6 5 . 00
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_____ ______________
38. 0
109

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e
gen eral - - - - - - - - - - - - - - M a n u fa c tu r in g _ _ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
W h o le s a le tra d e

2
2

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

- - -

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-_

-

-

-

2

-

_

-

-

"

2

"
_ .

-

_

-

_ _

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, P a ., January 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings*
(Standard)

s
60.

0 0

$
$
$
65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80.

under
65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80.

0 0

0 0

$
$
85. 00 9 0 .

$
0 0

85. 00 90. 00 95. 00

95.00
-

1 0 0 .0 0

$
1 0 0 .0 0

105.00

$
$
105.00 1 1 0
1 1 0 . 0 0

. 0 0

■
115.00

$
S
115.00 1 2
■
1 2 0 .0 0

0 .0 0

$
$
$
S
$
S
$
$
130.00 140.00 150.00 160.00 170.00 180.00 190.00 2 0

■
■
■
130.00 140.00 150.00 160.00 170.00 180.00 190.00

S
0 .0 0

-

2 0 0 .0 0

2 1 0 .0 0

2 1 0 .0 0

and
over

Men
Draftsm en, leader ________________________
Manufacturing _________________________

507
476

40. 0
4 0 .0

D raftsm en, senior ________________________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Public u tilities 2 ___________________

1, 711
1, 438
273
42

40. 0
40 . 0
40. 0
39. 0

! 136.50
138.50
125.00
128.50

Draftsm en, junior ________________________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Public utilities 2 ___________________

907
232
61

40. 0
40. 0
3 9 .5
39. 0

94

40. 0

347
322

40. 0
40. 0

4
4

!$166.00
167.00

T racers

T 75

_____________________________ _______

_

_

-

_
-

-

_
-

6

2

—

2 1

2 2

74

r ~ —

2

r r

14

21

-

-

4
-

45
T9
26

-

83
25
58

90
39
51
7

163
126
37

2

98.50

7
7
-

"

"

2

74.00

30

2 2

4

_

34

_

24
24

2

4
3

14
13

27
24

1 0 2 .0 0

3

107.00
8 8 .0 0

1 0

2

2

-

8

8

-

81

78

6 6

59
40
19
7

173
156
17
3

27
17

73
69
4
"

1

1 0

7

1

8

4

_

-

-

-

172
152

45
41

33
31

46
42

31
30

54
49

2 1

1 1

1

2 0

8

28
28
-

15
15
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 0

-

5
4

1
1

_
-

5
5

8
6

4
4
“

27
27
3
3
-

1 0
1 0

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

_
-

7

9
9

53
52

2 l3

113
113

-

1 0

2

2 2 1

58
61

-

8

6

79
77

8

49
49
-

-

-

1 0

311
266
45
5

125
119

15
15

8

91
82

245
224

261
194
67

48
47

2

8 6

15
9

lo

84
70
14
5

50

8

97
90

1 0

_

-

_

"

“

“

Wom en
N u rses, industrial (registered) ------------Manufacturing _________________________

_

1 0 1 . 0 0

101.50

"

“

'

i

____ ___

1
2
3

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
A ll w orkers w ere at $ 55 to $ 60.

N O TE :

See note on p. 5 , relative to the inclusion of railroad s.

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, P a ., January 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

Number

of

workers

Average
hourly .
earnings1

$
1. 90
under
2 . 0 0

Carpenters, maintenance
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Public utilities 2 _ _
E le ctrician s, maintenance
Manufacturing
_
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2 __________________________________
Engineers, stationary ______
Manufacturing __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2 __________________________________
Retail trade _________________________________________
F in a n c e 3 ____________________________________________

See footnotes at end of table.




$
2

.

2

.

$
0 0

1 0

2

2

.

$

.

2

2 0

2. 30

.

914
697
217
115

$ 3. 00
2 .9 9
3. 02
2 .5 9

, 228
1, 884
344
296

3. 08
3. 12
2 . 8 6
2 .8 2

748
541
207
52
55
60

2 . 9 2

1

3

2 .9 7
2 .7 9
2 .6 9
3. 19
2 . 80

-

2

1

1

_

1

1

_

_

2

.

1 0

2 0

-

-

-

-

6

-

2

-

-

-

-

'

2. 40
5
3

6

-

$
2. 30

-

$
2. 40

2. 50 _2^60_
35
28
7
-

-

-

-

-

-

28
24
4

-

23
18
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

44
40
4

38
•27

-

1

17
-

-

17

15
4
_

3

49
49

2
2

“

$
2. 50

1 1

_

9

1 2 2

23
99
99
60
6o
2 2

14
8

_
1

"

$
2

. 60

$
2. 70

$
2

. 80

$
2

.

9 0

$
3. 00

2, 70 _2,.80 : 2. 90 _ 3 ._ 0 0 _ _3.
_
30
30
-

65
57

63
62

8

1

7

-

293
280
13
-

176
197
74
67
109 i 123
117
107

67
63
4

147
134
13

64
35
29
6
8

15

92
71
2 1

13
2

-

2

79
39
40
24

_

16

6

87

~ U '"

10

$
3. 10
_ _3.

67
52
15
446
424

1

- 3 _.

2 0

26
25
1

419
411

2 2

8

18

6

52
51

45
42
3

1

1

_
_

_

_

1

3

-

-

$
3. 20

$
3. 30

$
3. 40

$
3. 50

$
3. 60

$
3. 70

30_ 3. 40

3. 50

3. 60

3. 70

3. 80

1 0

3
7
7
138
134
4
4
106
69
37
_
2 1

16

34
26
28 — Z T
_
6
1
125
1 2 0

9

_
_

8

_
8

-

30
30

5

2 0

43
28
15

2 0

1 1

1 2

1 0

$
3. 90

-

4. 00

3. 90

_

_

42

5

3

42

5

-

_
-

78
78

44
44

7

7

5

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

2 2

18
18

2

7
3

_

1

_

_
_

9

2

3

1

_

-

-

_

_

_

9

1 0

$
4. 00
and
over

3

-

~TzT

_

58
58

_

146

5
5

16
16

$
3. 80

2 1

2

4
4

6

4 '

1

_
_
_

-

-

-

1

_
1

_

2

2

10
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, P a. , January 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number

of

Occupation and industry division

workers

Average
hourly .
earnings 1

$

$

under
2 . 0 0

500
455

$2 . 6 8
2 .7 1

. 12 1
1 ,8 3 6

M achin e-tool op erators, toolroom -------------------Manufacturing __________________________________

F irem en , stationary b oiler --------------------------------Manufacturing __________________________________

$

2

1 . 9 0

.

2

“
. 10

0 0

8

2

4 2

2

2 .6 4
2 .6 7

28
s 25

6

768
768

3. 20
3. 20

_

_

-

M achinists, maintenance _________________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

2. 032
1 ,9 4 7

3. 13
3. 14

M echanics, automotive (maintenance) _________
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 -----------------------------------------

779
367
412
299

M echanics, maintenance ------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _____________________________

H elpers, tra des, maintenance ---------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

2

6

$

2

.

2

“
. 20

1 0

.

2 0

2 .3 0

2. 30

$

2. 40

2. 50

2 40

2. 5 0 .

6

71
70

32
24

72
67

36
36

80
76

281
75

798
762

147
113

_

8

6

169
34
135
123

148
131
17

44
40
4
4

356
354

833
822

2

163
158
5

30
30

42
42

31
31

265
265

230
230

34
34

28
28

_

_

55
45

157
147

-

-

_
-

_
-

104
104

39
38

-

3
3
-

-

"

M illw rights _________________________________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

1 ,2 0 4
1 , 2 0 2

3. 19
3. 19

_

_

_

-

-

O ilers _______________________________________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

610
560

2. 63
2. 63

P ainters, maintenance -----------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ___________________________

443
355

2

35

. 82
2. 83
2 .7 9
2. 85

P ip efitters, maintenance -------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _____________________________

1 .3 2 3
1 , 281
42

3. 02
3. 02
2 .9 2

Tool and die m ak ers ______________________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------- --------------------

949
889

3. 23
3. 27

1
2
3
4
5

38
38

_
-

-

.
-

_

_

_

2

1

2

-

See note on p. 5 , relative to the inclusion of r ailroad s.




8

13
-

_

4
4

52
52
1 1 0

78

2 0
2 0

-

6 0

1 0 1

97
4

1 0

5

1 0

1 0
1 0

17
13
4

1

27
24
24

7
3

2

-

9
9
_

32

9

8

1 2

6

8

2 0

3

2

79

1 1

2

2 0

1 1

614
602

'

6

1 0 0

99

2

1

1 0 0

99
1

1 1

-

1 2

7
3

40
30

1 0 6

105
1 0
1 0

18
18

-

-

-

_

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

253
253

31
31

69
69

29
29

_

2

58

77
77

44
44

13

1 1

17
15

-

2 2 0

2 0 1

-

32
32

7
7

14
14

_

28
28

46
46

33
32

8

5
5

-

8

1

1

3

6

-

5
-

29
25
4

34
32

■

23
18
5

79
78

45
45

117
117

173
173

2

-

89
89
-

4

8 6

6 6

-

2

1

59
54
5

42
42
-

3
3
-

3
3
3

-

14
8
6

2
2

over

-

9

87

$
4. 00
and

.

2 0 1

1 2

$
3. 90
4. on

-

1 0

1 0

$
3. 80
3. 90

-

228

-

$
3. 70
3. 80

_

-

8

$
3. 60
3. 70

80
80

131
127

-

$
3. 50
3. 60

236 _
236

6

3

1

1 1

5

_

92
83
9

23
83

37
36

14

"

8

25
5

67
51
16

1 1

-

_
-

2

1 2

3
3

_
"

2

39
24
15

-

-

E xcludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
A ll w orkers w ere at $ 1 .7 0 to $ 1 .8 0 .
Includes 7 w orkers at $ 1 . 7 0 to $ 1 . 8 0 .

NO TE :

73
55

24
24
"

-

_
-

205
205

_
-

-

-

67
67

2 1

1

1

50
50

18
15
3
-

-

3. 03
3. 08
2. 84

87

5

_
-

_

187
147
40

S~

6 6

5
5
-

-

S h eet-m etal w ork ers, maintenance -----------------Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------

6

8 8

17
17

_

53
32

1

71

35
35

_

.86
2. 73
2 . 6 8

2

63
63

73
13
60
46

3. 00
3. 00
3. 07

8 8

_

1 0 6

2. 572
2, 512
60

P lu m b ers, maintenance --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 ------------------------------------------

8 6

3
3

33

6

2

8 6

67
16
51
51

1 0

-

2 0

3
3
-

-

_
-

2 2

16

-

3 .4 0
3. 50

1 2

750
749

-

~
3 .4 0

1 2

234
228

-

$

3. 30

■
3. 30

1 2

116
1 1 6

$

3. 20

1 2

213
213

_

2

2 1 0

v zn

126
117

_

_

53
53

-

59
3

4
4
-

-

35
33

3. 10

34
34

_
"

8

42
42

2 1 0

3. 10

-

2. 97
3. 10
2. 84
2 .8 3

8

40
36

$

$

3. 00

-

-

_
"

113
113

9 0

8

-

8 8

31
28

38
36

2

$

.

75
75

-

1 0

2 .7 0

■
3. 00

29
29

-

1 2

2

~
2. 90

55
55

-

2

2 .8 0

■
. 80

43
43

2

2

$

2. 70

64
64

2

1 0

$

29
29

-

30
30 —

$

. 60

2

7
7

2

-

2

~
. 60

23
9

2

1 2

$

$

$
2

1
1

_
■
36
36

13

1

151
145
6

1 1

27
26
1

9

_

6 6

1 0

-

6 6

1 0

_
-

38
38
-

-

2 1

5

17
4

3

2

-

-

7
7

1

2

48
48

_
■

-

_
-

2

27

2

2 2

_ -

5

218
218

_

_

1

96
96

24

-

-

_

_

_

.

.

.

-

-

-

"

-

1

2

-

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

36
36
-

44
44

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1 0
1 0

-

2 2

~
8
8

"

_
-

_
-

6

6

8

6

6

8

■

■

"

150
150

161
161

1 2

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

7
7
"

_

_

-•
-

■

.
"

8 6

2

_

_

2

8 6

2

2

11
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision, Pittsburgh, P a. , January 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccup ation 1 and industry division

Elevator op erators, passen ger
(men) ______ ________ _____ __ „

of
w
orkers

____

E levator op era to rs, passenger
(women) __________________________________
lNTnnmarmfa rtuvino

143
109

8

Guards _____________________ __ ___________
Manufacturing _____ __ __ __ __ __ _
Nonmanufacturing _______________ __ _
Public utilities 3 ___________________
J anitors, p o r te r s, and cleaners
(men) ______________________________________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------

Retail trade
TTinanrp ®

---------------------------------

219
202

_

J anitors, p o r te r s, and clean ers
(women)
__________________________________
Maniifa rtnrin g
Nnnmaniifa rtnringr
PnKlir iiH 11 ti ^ r ^
'Rptail trarfp
TTinanrp ®

1 ,5 3 6
1 ,4 0 5
131
65
4 ,0 1 8
2 ,3 8 9
1 ,6 2 9
?91
103
330
454

S
$
S
S
$
$
$
s
S
$
$
$
3
$
3
hourly 2 Under 1. 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2. 60
earnings $
and
1. 20 under
1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70

$ 1. 87
1. 83

1. 64
; 60

2. 51
2. 52
2 .4 3
2 . 60

_
-

. 00
. 16
1. 76
7 O
R
1 75
l! 56
1 . 8 8

62
62

2

Lab orers , m a teria l handling ___________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _____________________
PnKlir iitilitipQ ^
W h olesale trade ______ ___________
R etail trade
------------------------------------

4 ,7 1 1
3 ,0 9 6
1 ,6 1 5
366

.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

Order fille r s ___________________________ _
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
W holesale trade _________ _______
Retail trade _________________________

1

6

—

r
-

_
-

4

g
44

63
63

47

9

2

4

29
30
27
47
25
27

47
14
33

24
24

1 ,5 6 5
498
1 ,0 6 7
628
439

2 .4 5
2. 30
2. 52
2. 34
2 .7 9

_
-

Receiving clerk s ________________ _______
Manufacturing --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _____________________
WVinlpealo frarlp

436
252
184
81

2 .4 9
2 .4 9
2. 50
2 . 46

_
-

Shipping clerk s ___________________________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
W holesale trade ___________________

464
325
139
80

2.
2 .
2.
2.

Shipping and receiving clerk s ___________

229
51
178

2. 56
2. 53
2. 57
2 .4 5




15
4

5
5

6

278
7

5

6

6

6

4

-

2

4

_
1 2

_
8

-

_
-

-

-

7
7

128
5

123
14
76
19
26
15
1 1

_

_
7

8

4
4
4
-

4
4
4
-

4
4
-

1 1

8

_
-

_
-

486
60
426
18
3

74
8
6 6

260
34
226
3

g
4
24

4

165
26

140
13
127

39
23

6 6

16

16

2

2. 80

2. 90

232
218
14
14

123
104
19

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

3

3. 20
3. 30

$
s
$
$
3. 30 3 .4 0 3. 50 3. 60
and
3 .4 0

3. 50

3. 60

over

75
75

80
80

35
32
3

35
33
2

-

37
34
3

9
1

128
115
13

3

389

56

16
16

46

_
15
2

2

-

1 2

34
_
34
_
-

2

-

1 2

190
182
8

380
160

152
64

2 2 0

8 8

79

6

1 2

2 1

7

7
249

113

338
281
57
19

1586
1473
113
107

4

5

6

247
2 1 2

35
30

6 6

2
2

2 1
9
1 2

1

388
383
5
5

1

5
5
5

_
-

_

_

1

-

-

_
-

4
4
-

-

1

1

1
1

2 2

-

1

-

-

-

2

2

1

_

-

_

19
3

-

1

-

-

-

2

2

1

-

-

-

10

3

_

_

1

_

_

_

2

2

1

_

_

_

317
190
127

96
26
70
70

74
50
24

83
72

16
16
-

9
9

69
69

-

26
26

24
-

72
"

_

_

-

9

6 8

2

67

-

1 2

-

-

73
73
72

-

-

-

1

2 0

16
15

3
3
-

_
-

-

1

6 8

60
g

104
103

51
44

1

7

1

7

2

1

1

1 2

1 2

2

33

137
136

5

2

43
23

178
139
39
36

8

386
55
331

6 1 6

8 9 6

494

320

4Q
** 7
50
23

617
279
62

2

3

85
24
61

495
435
60

46

2

54

87

-

1 0

2

2

2

3
3

1

1

-

37
30
7
_
5

16
45

1 2

-

404
103
301
15

9

3

5

2

2

$
$
$
3
2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10

5

15
15

-

2. 70

5

6

2

14

See footnotes at end of table,

6

33

17

34
16

6 1

6 6

2 6

10

27

Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Public utilities 3 ___________________

26

15
28

4

32

58
59
55
34

27
27

137
5
132
13

56

343

-

83
83

56

8 6 1

_

20
20

30
162

1 9 2

271

2

-

2

2

1. 58
1. 97
1 .4 4
1 . 6 8
1. 33
1. 55

-

1 2

-

1 2

1

1,4 7 1
374
1 ,0 9 7
137
141
489

-

8
8

3

44
44
"
8

5
3

1 2

8

79
16
63
28
28
4

9

9

1 1

158
54
104
94

1 2 2

217
56
161
1 0 2

2 1 1
6

183
~ 14£~

37
27

59

10

18
14
4

25
9

37
25

16

1 2

2

1 1

52
32

9

38
30

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

1

8

9

1 2

2 0

8

10

15

_

_

_

_

_

6

1

4

2

1 0

8

2 1

-

-

-

-

-

6

1

4

-

1 0

8

13

1

2

2

2 0

537
509
28
26

1 2 0

10

14

469
329
140

8

5

1 2

“

2

147
106
41
41

307
85

42
32
10

10

61

8

1 2

2 2 2

1

218
4

-

49
47

1

2

36
19
17

92
76
16

4

16

16

45
34

35
27

31
27
4

1 1

9
25

8

1

10

45
37
8

g

17
3

54

61

1 2
1 2

49
49
41

5

42
33
9
1

1 1

_

1
1

-

1

2

2

_

55
55

_

30
19

1

------

1 1

-

6

5
5
-

_

8

2 2

-

2 2

8

_

_

_
-

-

2 6

8

166
166
-

1 2

9
9
9

1 6 6

1 2

1 2

_
-

8

1

2

1

-

-

-

-

8

1

2

1

31
31

4
4

2

2 2

9

4
4
-

g

3

6 2

2

2

_
-

6 6

7

8

8
2 0

-

9

304
247
57
33
24
-

6
6

-

15
14
1

-

1

1

2

2 1

8

1 1

13

2

17

_

_

_

_

6

14

2

13

1

17

-

-

-

-

6

14

2

1

1

1

12
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, P a. , January 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

S
8
Average
hourly , U n d e r 1 . 20 1 . 3 0
and
earnings $
1 . 20 u n d e r
1 .3 0 1 .4 0

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
S
8
S
S
8
$
8
$
2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 20 2 . 30 2 . 4 0 2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0 2 . 70 2 . 8 0 2 . 9 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 10 3 . 2 0 3 . 3 0 3 . 4 0 3 . 5 0 3 . 6 0

$
1 .4 0

8
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

8
1 .7 0

8
1 .8 0

8
1 .9 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 . 00

2 . 10

1
1
1
_

7
7
_
_

_
_

16
7
9
1

and

7
7
1
_

2 . 20

2 . 30

2. 40

2 . 50

2 . 60

2 . 70

24
6
18
6
4
8

18
14
4
4

44
42
2
1

224
97
127
23
104

428
54
374
294
78

-

-

192
16
176
76
84
16

-

-

1610
402
1208
847
140
191

2 . 80

2 . 90

3 . 00

478
126
368 I 108
110
18
2
40
70
15

197
24
173
_

366
579
787
435
755
550

$ 2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
3.

78
84
75
68
70
05

453
241
212
26

2.
2.
2.
2.

65
73
55
36

-

-

-

-

1

7

-

1

-

6

-

-

-

-

1
1

7

-

1
1

-

6
2

-

4
3
1

8
1
7
7

52
21
31
15

6
6

179
27
152

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

70
92
58
59
58
49

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

16
7
9
1

12
12
4

18
14
4
4

36
35
1
1

1 06
5
101
1

W h o le sa le tra d e
_________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________

2, 0 1 3
703
1, 3 1 0
761
4 31
81

358
38
320
294
26

8

8

-

-

84
16

1 26
30
96
8
88
“

-

746
109
637
448
116
43

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h ea v y (o v e r
4 t o n s , t r a i l e r t y p e ) __________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 _________________

1, 0 7 0
21 2
858
503

2 .9 7
2 . 70
3. 04
2 . 88

9
9

42
2
40

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h ea v y (o v e r
4 t o n s , o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )
___
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________

291
224
67

2 . 69
2 . 68
2. 74

1, 8 31
1, 7 1 0
51

2 . 50
2. 48
2. 83
2 .6 9

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( o t h e r th a n
fo r k lift)
______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________

1, 0 7 9
957

2 . 73
2. 75

W a tch m en
_____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
_____________________
W h o le sa le tra d e

587
383
204
54

3 . 20

3. 30

3. 40

3. 50

_
_

52
52
_
_

631
420
2 11
66

143
3
140
72

-

n o
18
92
1
88
3

52

145

68

56

2

21
18
3

1
1

298
297
1

-

-

_
-

_

_
1

_

_

_

_

3

1

-

-

-

-

41
41

210
210
66

143
3
140
72

56
56

2
2

-

-

3. 60

over

56
-

2
2

189
189

-

3 . 10

T r u c k d r i v e r s 7 .................................... ...................
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________

R e t a il t r a d e

___________________________

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d e r
-------------------------------------------------I V 2 ton s)
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d i u m ( 1V 2 t o
an d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
_________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g .......... ............................ .....
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (fo r k lift)
_______________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 _____________________

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

4,
1,
2,
1,

1 2 1

1 . 8 6

'"

1

: 9& "

1 . 6 8

1 .5 5

-

_

_

_
_

-

-

_

_

_

_

8

_

_

-

6
6
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_
-

_
-

_

10

-

_
-

1 0

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

79
53
26

5
-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
"

-

"

"

214
213

178
170

224
216

359
357

8

2

"

104
87
17
5

155
62

"
58
58

22
2 2

1

-

-

-

-

8 72
48
24
1 2

19

19
1 2

44
5
39

9

13

-

1 0

9
9

3
3

40
36

4
4

5

~

70
70

52
14
38
6

8

1 2

2 2

1 2

2 2

34
34

92
91

45
36

1

9

3

3

10
10

15
1 0

5

14
14

14
14

53
53

62
51
1 1

1 97
1 27
70

39
23
16

33
33

-

70

15
-

32
1

_

-

459
132
327
323

91
51
40
40

11
9
2
2

6
6
-

-

142
8$
54

-

70
70

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

~

1
1

-

-

20
1$
2

-

-

-

303
303
-

21 1
167

46
38

6

2

6

6

2

6

8
-

8

-

31
31
-

-

8

14
14

31
24
7

4
4

_

233
232

4

8

Data lim ited to m en w orkers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s; 36 at $1 to $ 1 . 1 0 ; 8 at $ 1 . 1 0 to $ 1 . 2 0 .
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s; 4 at $ 0. 70 to $ 0. 80; 12 at $ 0. 80 to $ 0. 90; 6 at $ 0. 90 to $ 1; 126 at $ 1 to $ 1. 10; 130 at $ 1. 10 to $ 1. 20.
Includes all d rivers regard less of size and type of truck operated.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s; 56 at $1 to $ 1 . 1 0 ; 16 at $ 1 . 1 0 to $ 1 . 20.

NOTE:

See note on p. 5 , relative to the inclusion of railroad s.




_

-

23
19

2 1

_

_

172
1

2

2 1

56

10

-

44
44

-

"

81
81

14
14

_

4

-

4

"

-

-

■

~

-

30

42
42

-

1

2 1 2

1

208

28
28

_

_

_

_

.

.

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
24

2 2

2 2

6

25
25

1 0

-




B : Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
13

Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift d iffe r e n tia ls o f m an ufacturin g plant w o rk ers by type and amount of d iffe r e n tia l,
P ittsb u rgh , P a . , January 1961)
P erc en t o f m an ufacturin g plant w o r k e r s—

Shift d ifferen tia l

In e sta b lish m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v isio n s 1 fo r —
Second shift
w ork

T h ird or other
shift w ork

A ctu a lly wo rking on—

Second shift

9 8

.

6

9 7 .6

2 2

With shift pay d ifferen tia l ------------------------------------

9 8

.

0

9 7 .6

U n iform cen ts (per hour) _____________________

8 8

T otal

------------------------------------------------ ---------------------------

.

1 2

.

1

2 1 . 8

1 2

.

1

1 1

.

6

0

.4

87. 9

19.

1 .4
. 5
1 . 0
8 . 3
1 . 1
2 . 2
58 . 9
3. 3
4. 4
. 9
3. 0
2. 5
. 8

.6
_
.5
1 .7
1. 7
1 . 1
7. 3
3 .9
1 .4
63. 3
3. 9
2. 5

.2
. 1
.4
1 .9
.3
. 5
13. 7
.4
.8
.7
.3
. 2
. 2

U n iform p ercen tage ____________________________

9.

6

9.

6

2

5 percen t ___________________________________
7 p ercen t _____________________________________
1 0
p ercen t ___________________________________
1 5 p ercen t
___________________________________

1.
.
•6.
.

9
6
6
5

1 .
.
7.
.

2
6
4
5

.3
. 1
1. 5
(2)

3 cen ts ________________________________________
4 cen ts ________________________________________
5 cen ts ________________________________________
6 cen ts
_________________________________________
6 1 /2
cen ts ____________________________________
7 l l 2 cen ts
____________________________________
8 cen ts
________________________________________
8 l / 2 cen ts
____________________________________
9 cen ts
------------------------------------------------------------1 0
cen ts ______________________________________
1 1
cen ts ______________________________________
1 2
cen ts ______________________________________
1 2 1 / 2 cen ts
___________________________________
O ver 12 1 / 2 cen ts ____________________________

No shift pay d ifferen tia l

__________________________

. 5

T h ird or other
shift

.

.

8

0

_
_
( 2)

1

8

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

1

3
3
2

5
1

7
2
2

. 5
_
( 2)
.4
( 2)

2

'

1
Includes e sta b lish m e n ts c u rren tly op erating late
even though they w ere not cu r r e n tly op erating late sh ifts.
2
L e s s than 0. 05 p ercen t.

sh ifts, and e sta b lish m e n ts with f o r m a l p r o v isio n s co v erin g late sh ifts

14
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W omen O ffice W orkers
(D istrib u tio n o f e sta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u str ie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by m in im u m en tran ce s a la r y fo r s e le c te d c a te g o r ie s
o f in ex p erien c ed w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , P ittsb u rgh , P a. , January 1961)
Other in ex p erien c ed c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 2

In exp e rie n ced ty p ists
M an ufacturing
M in im u m w eekly s a la r y 1

A ll
in d u strie s
A ll
sch e d u les

E sta b lish m e n ts studied

_______

_________________________________

E sta b lish m e n ts having a sp ec ified m in im u m
Under $ 4 0 . 0 0
_
$ 4 0 . 00 and under
$ 4 2 . 50 and under
$ 4 5 . 00 and under
$ 4 7 .5 0 and u nder
$ 5 0 . 00 and under
$ 5 2 . 50 and under
$ 5 5 . 00 and under
$ 5 7 .5 0 and under
$ 6 0 . 0 0 and under
$ 6 2 . 50 and under
$ 6 5 . 00 and under
$ 6 7 .5 0 and under
$ 70 . 00 and under
$ 7 2 .5 0 and under
$ 7 5 . 00 and under
$ 7 7 . 50 and under
$ 8 0 . 00 and under
$ 8 2 .5 0 and under
$ 8 5 .0 0 and under

_

.

_

____
___ _______
$ 4 2 . 50
_
_ _ _
$ 4 5 . 00 ___
_
$ 4 7 . 50 .
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 . 50
$ 5 5 . 00
......... _ .
$ 5 7 .5 0 _
. . . .
$ 6 0 . 00 ___________________________________
$ 6 2 . 50 ___________________________________
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 . 50 _ _
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 . 5 0 ___________________________________
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 . 50
_
$ 8 0 . 0 0 ___________________________________
$ 8 2 . 50 ___________________________________
$ 8 5 .0 0 _
$ 8 7 .5 0

A ll
sch ed u les

40

37Vz

40

A ll
sch ed u les

37Vz

40

125

XXX

XX X

211

86

XXX

125

XX X

XXX

118

57

51

61

13

39

133

63

54

70

15

45

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

11
2
11
7
16
10
7
10
5
8
3
9
1
2
5
6
2
1
2

3
_
1
3
6
4
3
7
3
6
2
5

2
_
1
1
6
4
3
6
3
5
2
5

1
1
1
2
3
1
1
1
2
_
-

4
_
3
2
7
4
5
8
2
8
2
5
1
4
5
2

2
_
3
6
4
4
7
2
7
2
5
4
5
2

1
5
_
8
3
9
3
4
3
_

1

1

2
8
2
11
5
12
6
6
6
2
1
3
2
1
1
1
1

1
1
_
1
1
2
3
2
2
2
_
_
_
_
_

-

5
_
6
4
6
3
3
2
1
2
1
2
1
1
1
1

2
12
2
14
7
19
10
11
14
2
10
3
8
3
5
6
2
1
2

-

1
1
_
1
1
1
_
1
1

XXX

XX X

46

16

XXX

30

XXX

XXX

7

XXX

24

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

1

1

1
4
5
2

_
4
5
2

1

1

_
8
2
10
4
10
6
4
3
2
2
1
4
1
1
1
1
1

XX X

26

XX X

37

XX X

XX X

31

XXX

1

XX X

XX X

1

_

15

51

14

1
2
3

A ll
sch ed u les

XXX

41

_________________________________________________

40

N onm anufacturing

B ased on sta:ndard w eekly h ours 3 o f-

86

______________

Data not a v a ila b le

A ll

211

E sta b lish m e n ts w hich did not em p loy w o r k e r s
in th is ca te g o ry __________________________________________________

E sta b lish m e n ts having no sp e c ifie d m in im u m

M an ufacturing

N on m anufacturing

B a sed on sta:ndard w eekly h ou rs 3 o f-

1

_

_

_

_

_

2

L ow e st s a la r y rate fo r m a lly e sta b lish e d fo r h irin g in ex p erien c ed w o r k e r s for typing o r other c le r ic a l jo b s .
R a tes ap p licab le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g ir ls , o r s im ila r su b c le r ic a l jo b s are not c o n sid e r e d .
H ou rs r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s .
D ata are p r e se n te d fo r a ll w ork w eek s com b ined, and fo r the m o s t co m m o n w ork w eek s rep o rted .

NOTE:

See note on p. 1 5 ,




re la tiv e to the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s .

15

Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by schedu led w eek ly h ours
of f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , P ittsb u rg h , P a . , January 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS
W e ek ly h ours

A ll w o r k e r s

All
1
industries

________________________________________

35 hours ---------------------------- -------- — _____________
O ve r 35 and under 37 V 2 h ours _________________
37 Vz h ours _________________________________________
383/t h ours _________________________________________
O ver 383/i and under 40 h ours ___ ____________
40 h ours ____________________________________________
O ver 4 0 and under 48 h ours ____________________
48 h ours ------------------------------------------------------------------50 h ours ___________ _______________________________

1 0 0

M
anufacturing

1 0 0

2

( 5)
3

.

1 0 0

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1

1

Public 2
utilities

19
3
1

73

<
!>
( 5)

PLANT WORKERS

6

-

2

2

1 0

1

-

2

-

-

93
( 5)

56
( 5)

4

( 5)
5

42
-

85
-

85
3
-

Services

All 4
industries

M
anufacturing

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

4
6

56
5
5
23
-

-

-

2

3

-

-

-

94

95

( 5)
_

2

1

1

1

-

92
7
1

( 5)

1 Includes data for s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and other public u tilitie s .
3 F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
4
Includes data for r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.




NOTE:

E s tim a te s for a ll in d u strie s and public u tilitie s include data for r a ilr o a d s (SIC 4 0 ) , om itted fr o m the scope o f a ll lab or m a rk et
w age su rv e y s m ad e b efo re July 1959.
W h ere sig n ifica n t, the effe ct of the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s is g r e a te st on the data shown
se p a r a te ly fo r the public u tilitie s d iv isio n .

( 5)
_
-

78
4
9
9

-

92
7
1

Services

16
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by n um ber o f paid h olid ays
p rovided annu ally, P ittsb u rgh , P a . , January 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s

All
industries

-------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts providin g
paid h olid ays _____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providin g
no paid h olid ays __________________________________

1 0 0

99
( 5)

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities 6

W
holesale
trade

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

”

“

"

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

1 0 0

99
1

Finance3

1 0 0

1 0 0

“

Services

All
industries

1 0 0

98
2

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities

W
holesale
trade

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

“

Retail trade

Services

1 0 0

89

■

~

1 1

2

9
7
4

17
7
15

32
3
37
-

7
47
35
-

-

-

N u m b e r off d a y s

L e s s than 6 h olid ays ______________________________
h olid ays ___________________________________________
6 h olid ays plus 1 half day
_______________________
6 h olid ays plus 2 half days
---------------------------------6 h olid ays plus 3 h alf d ays
---------------------------------7 h olid ays ___________________________________________
7 h olid ays plus 1 half day ----------------------------------7 h olid ays plus 2 half days ---------------------------------8 h olid ays
___________________________________________
8 h olid ays plus 1 h alf day
_______________________
9 h olid ays ___________________________________________
1 0
holid ays _________________________________________
1 0
holid ays plus 1 h alf day ______________________
1 2
h olid ays _________________________________________
6

( 5)
1 2
1 1

4
2

41
5
3
13
3

.

.

4
4
63
9
4
14
-

( 5)
-

2

2

3

(5)

1

-

1

34
24
13
26

1
2 2

7
1 1

27
5
27
-

3
6 8

26
3
-

.
8

57
4
3
7
2

14
3

1

13
( 5)
1

( 5)
64
1

8

1

74
1

1

2

1 2

1 2

2

1

59
1

T o ta l h o lid a y

-

(5)

2

1

-

-

-

'

2

'

8

-

'

2

“

tim e 6

days ---------------------------------------------------------------------IO V 2 or m o r e days ________________________________
or m o r e days __________________________________
9 or m o r e days
------------------------------------------------------8 V 2 or m o r e days
-------------------------------------------------8 or m o r e days
____________________________________
7 l / z or m o r e days
-------------------------------------------------7 or m o r e days ____________________________________
6 1 / z or m o r e days
-------------------------------------------------6 or m o r e d ays
------------------------------------------------------5 o r m o r e days ____________________________________
4 o r m o r e days ____________________________________
1 or m o r e days
____________________________________
1 2

1 0

(5)
1

4
7
9
25
32
76
8 8

99
99
99
99

.
-

(5)
2
2
2 0

29
96
96

.

.

_

2

-

-

-

-

28
41
41
65
6 6
1 0 0
1 0 0

-

27
32
71
77
99

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

-

3
3
29
29
97
97
97
99

2

5
5
5
19
2 1

24
35
92
1 0 0
1 0 0
1 0 0
1 0 0

.
2

4
4
17
18
83
84
97
97
97
98

_
1

_
15

2

2 2

2

16
17
92
92
1 0 0

2 2

39
40
98
98
98

_
37
40
80
84
91

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 0

_
_
_
_
_
35
35
82
82
84
89

Includes data for s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s .
F in a n c e, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te .
Includes data fo r r e a l esta te and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.
^JLl com b ination s of fu ll and h alf days that add to the sa m e amount a r e com b ined; fo r ex a m p le , the proportion o f w o r k e r s rec e iv in g a total o f 7 d ays in clu d es th ose with 7 fu ll days and
rays, 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d a y s, 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf d a y s, and so on. P ro p o rtio n s w ere then cu m u lated .
NOTE:

See note on p.




1 5

, re la tiv e to the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s .

17

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of offic e and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by vacatio n pay
p r o v is io n s , P ittsb u r g h , P a . , January 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS
V acation p o lic y

A ll w o rk ers

All .
industries

_______________________________________

M e th o d

PLANT WORKERS

M
anufacturing

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

100

100

100

100

100

100
100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

"

~

“

3
42
16

4
50
13

_
27
13

All 4
industries

100

100
100
-

"

M
anufacturing

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

100

100

100

100

, 100

100
100
-

100
93
7
-

100
91
8
-

( 5)

( 5)

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
99
1
-

"

~

“

-

■

■

-

8
34
-

4
3

( 5)

( 5)

3
21
_
-

10
9
3
-

4
10
_

-

1
27
37
-

4
6

( 5)

5
34
15
-

Services

Retail trade

of paym ent

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts providin g
paid vacatio n s ___________________________________
L e n g t h -o f-tim e paym ent _____________________
P erc en ta g e paym ent __________________________
F la t -s u m paym ent ____________________________
Other ______________ ____________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
no paid vacations

A m ou nt o f v a c a tio n

( 5)
-

.

pay6

A fte r 6 m onths of se r v ic e
Under 1 w eek
_____________________________________
--------------------------------------------------------------------1 w eek
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks _______________________
2 w eeks ______________________________________________

( 5)

-

20
2
77
1

14
3
83
-

60
2
38
"

22
78
-

54
46
-

96
4

90
2
8
-

95
2
3
-

92
2
6
-

66
34
-

71
-

5
3
90
2

7
( 5)
92
-

5
22
73
-

7
93
-

6
2
92
-

_
96
4

72
10
18

85
9
5

( 5)

( 5)

49
4
48
-

34
18
48
“

28
10
61
-

_

19
48
33

23
64
12

8
20
72

6
3
91

( 5)
( 5)

( 5)
( 5)

5
4
91
-

-

_

-

-

-

1
1
95
1
2

1
2
95
2
2

-

A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
1 w eek
________________ :_____________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks _______________________
2 w eeks ______________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks _______________________

_

29
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek
______________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks _______________________
2 w eeks __________________ ________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks _______________________
A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ________________________ ____________________
O ve r 1 and under 2 w eeks _______________________
2 w eeks _____________________________________________
O ve r 2 and under 3 w eeks _________ ____________
3 w eeks ______________________________________________

4

6

5

( 5)
92
3

( 5)
91
2

( 5)
95
-

1
92
7

2
1
97
-

96
4

( 5)

( 5)

-

-

-

-

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
--------------------------------------------------------------------O ve r 1 and under 2 w eeks ____________ _________
2 w eeks ______________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ----------------------------------3 w eeks ______________________________________________

See footnotes at end of table,




( 5)

1
-

93
4
2

93
2
4

-

_

2

_

-

-

-

-

100

93
7

95

91
9

-

-

4

_

_

6

-

100

10
90

90

-

-

-

4

Services

18
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by vacatio n pay
p r o v isio n s, P ittsb u rgh , P a . , January 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

V acation p olicy

PLAN T WORKERS

All
.
industries

Manufacturing

( 5)
51
24
24
1

38
43
19

62
2
36

77
9
14

-

_

_

_

60
4
31
4

(5)

( S)

-

-

-

-

(5)
39
47
13
(5)
( 5)

( 5)
7
89
3
1

3
93
2
2

(5
")
94
6
-

12
88

1
1
98

12
83
5
"

( 5)
6
77
2
15

3
77
2
18

( 5)
92

(5)
6
39
22
33

.

3
25
40
33

c

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

Services

All
industries

.

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

29
63
7
1

71
4
25

52
16
31

_

_

( 5)

-

-

-

( 5)
4
92
2
2

1
94
2
3

-

97
3

9
91

3
8
89

( 5)
2
80
2
15

1
84
3
12

Retail trade

Amount of vacation pay6---- Continued

A fte r 10 y e a r s of se r v ic e

1 w eek
______
2 w eeks _
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks _______________________
3 w eeks
O ve r 3 and under 4 w eeks _____________________________
4 w eeks _________________________________________________________

1
67
-

32

3
49
48
_

A fte r 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1 w eek ____________________________________________________________
2 w eeks
_
3 w eeks
O v e r 3 and under 4 w eeks
4 w eeks _
_ ____

-

-

-

-

12
80

1
1
55

_

_

-

-

-

_

9
77

3
2
48

A fte r 20 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1 w eek ________________________________________________
2 w eeks
3 w eeks
_
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks _______________________
4 w eeks ______________________________________________

.

-

-

8

8

43

8
77
4
10

.

.

( 5)
31
2
67

12
60
7
22

1
1
38

8
70

-

86
_

_

_

14

14

47

A fte r 25 y e a r s of se r v ic e

1 w eek ________________________________________________
2 w eek s _________________________________________________________
3 w eek s _________________________________________________________
O ve r 3 and under 4 w eeks
4 w eek s
_________________________________________________________

.

( 5)
2
27

-

4

44

60

17

27

1 In cludes data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s .
3 F in an ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te .
4 In clud es data fo r r e a l esta te and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.
6 P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b itr a r ily ch osen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in dividu al p r o v isio n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .
s e r v ic e include changes in p r o v isio n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .

For

.

1
19
60
20

ex a m p le,

.
-

48
2
50

9
57
2
32

_

57

the changes in p r op ortion s in dicated at 10 y e a r s '

N O T E : See note on p. 1 5 , r ela tiv e to the in clu sio n o f r a ilr o a d s .
In the tabu lations o f v acatio n allo w a n c es by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , p aym en ts oth er than "le n g th o f t i m e "
o f annual ea rn in g s or f la t -s u m p aym e n ts, w e r e con verted to an equivalent tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le, a paym ent o f 2 p ercen t of annual ea rn in g s w as c o n sid e r e d as 1 w e e k 's p ay.




3
2
38

such as p ercen tage

19
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s em p loyed in e sta b lish m e n ts providing
h ealth, in su ra n ce , or p en sion b e n e fits, P ittsb u rgh , P a . , January 1961)
O F F IC E W O RK ER S

Type of ben efit

A ll w o r k e r s

All
industries

_________________________________________

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

PL AN T WORKERS

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

Services

All
industries

Manufacturing

c

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

Retail trade

Services

100

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providing:
L ife in su ran ce __________________________________
A cc id e n ta l death and d ism e m b e r m e n t
in su ran ce -------------------------------------------------------------------------S ick n ess and accid en t in su ran ce or
sic k le a v e or b o th 5 ---------------------------------------

95

98

73

93

94

100

94

99

60

78

91

44

36

36

63

84

46

44

39

33

58

74

85

92

70

85

94

78

90

97

58

70

90

S ick n ess and accid en t in su ran ce -----------S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p eriod) -----------------------------------------S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay or
w aiting p eriod) ------------------------------------------

51

70

17

57

74

15

85

96

29

63

73

73

79

68

75

15

78

6

1

17

20

29

1

-

-

3

16

“

4

1

28

3

4

H o sp ita liza tio n in su ran ce ------------------------------S u rgical in su ran ce _____________________________
M e d ic a l in su ran ce ______________________________
C ata strop h e in su ran ce ------------------------------------R e tire m e n t p en sion -----------------------------------------No h ealth, in su r a n ce , or p en sion plan ------

80
80
52
42
83
1

99
99
66
38
92

70
70
65
60
70

71
70
44
31
60
4

94
94
15
16
76
5

43
41
24
55
90

95
94
43
16
86
1

79
79
67
56
58

73
73
53
18
72
13

90
90
46
4
72
9

( 6)

100
99
38
12
94

1 Includes data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 T r an sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s .
3 Fin an ce, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te .
4 Includes data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
5 U nduplicated total of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g sic k le a v e o r sic k n e ss and accid en t in su ran ce shown s e p a r a te ly b elo w .
S ic k -le a v e plans a re lim ite d to those w hich d efin ite ly e sta b lish at le a st
the m in im u m n um ber o f days* pay that can be ex pected by ea ch e m p lo y e e . In form al s ic k -le a v e allo w a n c es d eterm in ed on an individual b a s is a r e exclu d ed .
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.
NOTE:

See note on




p.

15,

r e la tiv e to the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s .




21

A ppendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau*s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller , machine (hilling machine)— Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon cop ies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slip s.




Class A — Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the w ork. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B— Keeps a record o f one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

22

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE

Class A — In an established filing system containing *a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
Class B ~ Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or a ssists in locating material in file s . May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives custom ers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple cop ies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH

OPERATOR

Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon si­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
Own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

23

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superiorj receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls .
May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerica l work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.




TABLLATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B— Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp e cific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C— Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp e cific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

24

TYPIST—-Continued

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing processes. May do clerica l work involving little specia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.

Class A— Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

Class B— Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licie s,
e tc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E SSIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p oses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident* on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

25

M A IN T E N A N C E

D PO W ERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, ^portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
o f electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications;.locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp e cific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts ot a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges.,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

26

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se tolerances; making standard shop computations re la ting to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machiue shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER
Lubricates, with o il or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
fa ce s of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and* types o f paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consisten cy. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size o f pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded .

27

TOOL AND-DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

C U STO D IA L AND M A T E R IA L MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gale and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office , apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

28

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers *
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various tvpes of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D rivers ale smen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in v oices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s.




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( l l to and including 4 tons)
A
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
*

U. S. G O V E R N M E N T P R I N T I N G O F F I C E : 1961 0 — 5 9 1 6 0 4

Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 196l. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.

Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y.— Bull. 1285Albuquerque, N. Mex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton,
Pa.-N .J.— Bull. 1285-47
Atlanta, Ga.— Bull. 1285* Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285*34
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, Tex.— Bull. 1285Birmingham, Ala.— Bull. 1285Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285**Boston, Mass.— Bull* 1285-15
* * Buffalo, N.Y.— Bull. 1285- 31
Burlington, Vt.— Bull. 1285* Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285-29
Charleston, W Va.— Bull. 1285.
Charlotte, N.C.— Bull. 1285* * Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga.— Bull. 1285-14
Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.— Bull.

1285"
Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285-11
Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285-38
**Dallas, Tex.— Bull. 1285-21
* * Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.—
Bull. 1285-16
Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285*41
* Denver, Colo.— Bull. 1285-27
Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285-43
Detroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285-37
**Fort Worth, Tex.— Bull. 1285-23

'•'Green Bay, Wis.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S.C.— Bull. 1285Houston, Tex.— Bull. 1285* Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285-28
Jackson, Miss.—
-Bull. 1285-42
* * Jacksonville, Fla.— Bull. 1285- 30
* Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans.— Bull. 1285-18
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H.— Bull. 1285* * Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark.—Buil. 1285-6
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif.— Bull. 1285Louisville, Ky.-Ind.— Bull. 1285-49
Lubbock, Tex.— Bull. 1285'•'Manchester, N.H.— Bull. 1285-1
Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285-35
* Miami, Fla.— Bull. 1285*33
Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285“
Minneapolis— Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285-39
St.
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285-

Pittsburgh, Pa.— Bull. 1285-44
* Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285*19
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I.—
Mass.— Bull. 1285* * Raleigh, N.C.— Bull. 1285*5
* Richmond, Va.— Bull. 1285-26
Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285**S t. Louis, Mo.-Ill.— Bull. 1285- 10
**Salt Lake City, Utah— Bull. 1285-32
San Antonio, Tex.— Bull. 1285*
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario,
Calif.— Bull. 1285-4
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif.— Bull. 1285-36
Savannah, Ga.— Bull. 1285* * Scranton, Pa.— Bull. 1285-8
* * Seattle, Wash.— Bull. 1285*7
* * * Sioux Falls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285-17
South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285*

Newark and Jersey City, N .J.— Bull. 1285*40

New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285-46
New Orleans, L a .— Bull. 1285-48
New York, N.Y.— Bull. 1285Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News —
Hampton, Va.— Bull. 1285* * Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285-3
* * Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa— Bull. 1285-13
( ^ Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J.— Bull. 1285Philadelphia, Pa.— Bull. 1285-24
Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-

**
',;v
*
**
**

Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285Trenton, N.J.— Bull. 1285-25
Washington, D.C.—
Md.—
Va.— Bull. 1285-22
Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285-20
Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285-9
Wilmington, Del.—
N.J.— Bull. 1285-12
Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285York, Pa.— Bull. 1285-45

An asterisk preceding a labor market indicates the availability and
price of the bulletin.
Please do not order copies in advance.

*
**




Price, 20 cents.
Price, 25 cents.
Price, 15 cents.





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102