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Occupational Wage Survey

NEWARK AND JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY

FEBRUARY 1 9 6 1

Bulletin No. 1285-40




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan C la g u e, Com m issioner




Occupational Wage Survey

NEWARK AND JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY




FEBRU A RY

1961

Bulletin No. 1285-40
March 1961

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan C la g u e, Com m issioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 20 cents







Contents

Preface

Page
The Community Wage Survey Program

Introduction _______________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups -------------------------------------------

The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the earlier report. A consolidated
analytical bulletin summarizing the results of all of the
year’ s surveys is issued after completion of the final area
bulletin for the current round of surveys.

Tables:

This report was prepared in the Bureau’ s regional
office in New York, N .Y ., by Elliott A. Browar, under
the direction of Frederick W. Muller, Assistant Regional
Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.

1.
2.

1
3

Establishments and workers within scope of survey ----------------------Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents of
increase for selected periods _____________________________________

2

A: Occupational earnings: *
A- 1. Office occupations___________________________________________
A-2. Professional and technical occupations ------------- .-------------------A-3. Maintenance and powerplant occupations -------------------------------A-4.
Custodial and materialmovement occupations _______________

4
8
9
10

Appendix: Occupational descriptions ______________________________________

13

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available in the Newark
and Jersey City area reports for November 1951 and 1952,
December 1953, 1954, 1955, 1957, 1958, and February I960.
Most of the reports also include data on establishment
practices and supplementary wage provisions. A directory
indicating date of study and the price of the reports, as well
as reports for other major areas, is available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and sup­
plementary wagfe practices in the Newark and Jersey City
area are also available for hotels (March I960), fluid milk
(April I960), power laundries and dry cleaners (April I960),
banking (May I960), nonferrous foundries (May I960), and
women’ s and misses'dresses (August I960). Union scales,
indicative of prevailing pay levels, are available for the
following trades or industries: Building construction, print­
ing, local-transit operating employees, and motortruck
drivers and helpers.

2




Occupational W age Survey—Newark and Jersey City, N.J.
Introduction
T h is a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p orta n t in d u str ia l c e n t e r s in
w h ich the U. S. D ep artm en t o f L a b o r 's B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics
con d u cts s u r v e y s o f o ccu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and r e la te d w age b e n e fits
on an a r e a b a s is .
The b u lle tin p r e s e n ts c u r r e n t o c cu p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t and
e a rn in g s in fo rm a tio n obtain ed la r g e ly b y m a il fr o m the esta b lis h m e n ts
v is it e d b y B u rea u fie ld e c o n o m is ts in the la s t p r e v io u s su r v e y fo r o c c u ­
p a tion s r e p o r t e d in that e a r lie r study.
P e r s o n a l v is it s w e r e m a de
to n on resp on d en ts and to th ose r e sp o n d e n ts r e p o rtin g unusual ch a n g es
s in c e the p r e v io u s su rv e y .

In e a c h a r e a , data a r e obtain ed fr o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s p o r ­
tation , 1 co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ­
ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r
in d u stry g ro u p s e x clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having
fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n um ber o f w o r k e r s a r e om itte d a ls o b e c a u s e
they fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t e m p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n s stud ied to w a r ­
ran t in clu s io n . W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , se p a r a te ta bu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d
fo r ea ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h e se su r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v olv ed in s u rv e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts. T o obtain
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts is studied. In co m b in in g the data, h o w ­
e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv en th e ir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t. E s tim a te s
b a s e d on the esta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , a s r e ­
latin g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a , e x ­
cep t f o r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.
O ccu p a tion s and E a rn in gs
The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tion a l c l a s ­
s ific a tio n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to

1

R a i l r o a d s , f o r m e r l y e x c l u d e d f r o m the s c o p e of t h e s e s t u d i e s ,
w e r e in c lu d e d in a l l of the a r e a s stu d ie d s i n c e J u ly 1959, e x c e p t B a l t i ­
m o r e ( S e p t e m b e r 1959 and D e c e m b e r I9 6 0 ), B u f f a l o (O c t o b e r 1959),
C l e v e l a n d (S e p t e m b e r 1959), and S e a t t l e ( A u g u s t 1959).




take a c c o u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u ties w ith in the sa m e
jo b . (S ee a p p en d ix fo r lis tin g o f th e se d e s c r i p t i o n s .) E a rn in g s data a r e
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) fo r the fo llo w in g ty p e s o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c ) m a in te ­
n an ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t.

O ccu p a tion a l e m p lo y m e n t and ea rn in g s data a r e show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o se h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
u le in the g iv e n o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in g s data e x clu d e
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
la te sh ifts.
N on p rod u ction b o n u s e s a r e e x clu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u s e s and in ce n tiv e e a rn in g s a r e in clu d ed .
W h ere w e e k ly
h o u r s a r ^ r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is
to the w orlT s c h e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) fo r w h ich
s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r th ese
o c cu p a tio n s h ave b e e n rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f m e n and w o m e n a r e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a te ly
f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s in w h ich both s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D iffe r e n c e s in pa y le v e ls o f m en and w om en in th e se o c cu p a tio n s a r e
la r g e ly due to (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am on g
in d u s tr ie s and e sta b lis h m e n ts ; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific d u ties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the o c cu p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s if i e d w ithin
the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in len gth o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w w hen in d iv id u a l s a la r ie s a r e a d ju ste d on th is b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m e n w ou ld r e s u lt in h ig h e r a v e r a g e pa y
w hen both s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ith in the sa m e r a te ra n g e .
Job
d e s c r ip t io n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th e se s u r v e y s a r e u s u ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o se u se d in in d iv id u al e sta b lis h m e n ts to
a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s a m on g e sta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ifi c d u ties
p e r fo r m e d .

O ccu p a tion a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and n ot the n u m b er a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e a m on g
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s t im a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t obtain ed
f r o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the
r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s stud ied.
T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tion a l str u c tu r e d o n ot m a t e r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in g s data.

2

Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Newark and Jersey City, N. J
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll divisions

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

by major industry division, 2 February 1961

Number of establishments
Within
scope of
study 3

Workers in establishments
Within
scope of
study 3

Studied

Studied

1, 144

2 63

407, 200

230,6 4 0

100
“

608
536

132
131

248, 300
158,900

127,980
102,660

100
50
100
50
50

74
184
46
94
138

22
34
19
27
29

4 9,400
2 0 ,1 0 0
2 6 ,5 0 0
2 9 ,2 0 0
33,700

37, 190
5, 720
19,870
19,770
20, 110

-

Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------------- ----Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------- --------------Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 4 ----------------------------------------------------Wholesale tra d e -------------------------------------------- ----------------------Retail trade (except lim ited-price variety s t o r e s )-------Finance, insurance, and real e s ta te -------------------------------Services 5’ 6 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 The Newark and Jersey City Metropolitan Areas (E ssex, M orris, Union, and Hudson Counties). The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table
provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.The estimates are
not intended, however, to serve as a
basis of comparison with other area employment indexes to m easure employment trends or levels since (l) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data
compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division. Major changes from the earlier
edition (used in the Bureau's labor market wage surveys conducted prior to July 1958) are the transfer of m ilk pasteurization plants and ready-mixed concrete establishments
from trade (wholesale or retail) to manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting from services to the transportation, communication, and other public
utilities division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the m inim um -size limitation. All outlets
(within thearea) of companies insuch industries as trade,
finance, auto repair service, and m otion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
5 Hotels; personal services; business serv ice s; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and engineering and architectural services.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the series A tables. Separate presentation of data for this division
is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (l) Employment in the division is too '•mall to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was
not designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, (4) there is possibility of disclosure of
individual establishment data.

Table 2.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Newark and Jersey City, N. J.,
February 1961 and February I960, and percents of increase for selected periods

Industry and occupational group

Indexes
(November 1952 = 100)
F ebruary
1961

February
1960

Percent changes from February I960
to
February 1961

December 1958
to
February I960

December 1957
to
December 1958

December 1955
to
December 1957

December 1954
to
December 1955

December 1953 November 1952
to
to
December 1954 December 1953

A ll industries:
Office clerical (women)---------------------------------Industrial nurses (women) ---------------------------Skilled maintenance (m e n )--------- ---------------Unskilled plant (men) ------------------------------------

139.
142.
142.
144.

1
6
0
3

135. 6
136. 6
137. 4
138.9

2. 6
4. 4
3. 4
3 .9

4 .9
3 .4
3. 8
3. 0

3 5
4. 7
3 .9
5. 0

9.
13.
10.
8.

6
4
4
6

3. 8
1 .4
5. 4
6. 0

3 .9
4. 3
3. 7
4 .2

5. 7
5. 2
5. 6
7. 1

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (women)--------------------------------Industrial nurses (women) ---------------------------Skilled maintenance (men) ---------------------------Unskilled plant (m en)-------------------------------------

139.
142.
142.
150.

9
6
3
7

136.
136.
137.
144.

2.
4.
3.
4.

3. 1
3. 4
3 .9
3. 5

4.
4.
3.
5.

10. 8
1 3 .4
10. 3
10. 1

3. 8
1 .4
5. 8
6 .9

3.
4.
3.
4.

5.
5.
5.
7.




1
6
4
5

8
4
6
3

6
7
6
6

7
3
7
1

9
2
5
8

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , and o f a v e r a g e e a rn in g s o f s e le c t e d
plan t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
In a r e a s w h ich w e r e n ot su r v e y e d d u rin g the
f i s c a l 1953 b a s e y e a r (Ju ly 1952 to June 1953) th is ta b le is lim ite d
to p e r c e n t s o f ch a n ge b etw een s e le c t e d p e r io d s .
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , the in d e x e s
r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s o f w o rk , that is ,
the sta n d a rd w o r k s ch e d u le f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e paid.
F o r plant w o r k e r g ro u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g es in s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly
e a rn in g s, ex clu d in g p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k ­
en ds, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts.
The in d e x e s a r e b a s e d on. data fo r
s e le c t e d k e y o c cu p a tio n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t
jo b s w ith in e a ch g rou p . The o f f ic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on w om en in
the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i lle r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ); b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , file ,
c la s s A and B ; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; k eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s ;
o ffic e g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; sten og ra p h ers* g e n e r a l; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a ­
t o r s ; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a ­
t o r s ; tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A
and B .
The in d u s tr ia l n u r se data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in d u stria l
n u r s e s . M en in the fo llo w in g 10 s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s and 3 u n s k ille d
jo b s w e r e in clu d e d in the pla n t w o r k e r data: Skilled-— c a r p e n t e r s ;
e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; m i l l ­
w r ig h ts ; p a in t e r s ; p ip e fit t e r s ; s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s ; and t o o l and d ie
m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a ­
t e r ia l han dlin g; and w atch m en .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
com p u ted f o r e a ch o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s .
The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a rn in g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d b y the a v e r a g e o f 1953 and
1954 e m p lo y m e n t in the jo b . T h e se w eig h ted e a rn in g s fo r in d iv id u a l
o c cu p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to obtain an a g g re g a te f o r e a c h o c c u p a ­
tio n a l g rou p . F in a lly , the r a tio o f th e s e jgroup a g g r e g a te s f o r a giv^n
y e a r to the a g g re g a te f o r the b a s e p e r io d (s u r v e y m on th , w in ter 1952—53)
w as com p u ted «and the r e s u lt m u ltip lie d b y the b a s e y e a r in d ex (100) to
g e t the in d ex f o r the g iv en y e a r .




S im ila r p r o c e d u r e s w e r e fo llo w e d in c o m p ilin g "p e r c e n t s o f
ch a n g e" in a r 4 a s n ot s u r v e y e d du rin g 1953.

A d ju s tm e n ts h ave b e e n m a d e w h ere n e c e s s a r y to m a in tain
c o m p a r a b ility so that the y e a r - t o - y e a r c o m p a r is o n s a r e b a s e d on the
sa m e in d u stry and o ccu p a tio n a l c o v e r a g e .
F o r ex a m p le , r a ilr o a d s
h ave b e e n in clu d ed in the c o v e r a g e o f the s u r v e y s on ly s in c e Ju ly 1959.
In com p u tin g the in d e x e s fo r the f i r s t y e a r in w h ich r a ilr o a d s w e r e
in clu d ed , data re la tin g to r a ilr o a d s w e r e e x clu d ed . In d exes f o r s u b s e ­
quent y e a r s in clu d e data f o r r a ilr o a d s .

The in d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l
s a la r y and w ag e ch a n g es; (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s in pa y r e c e iv e d
b y in d iv id u al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and (3) ch a n g es in the
la b o r f o r c e su ch a s la b o r tu r n o v e r, f o r c e e x p a n sion s, f o r c e r e d u c ­
tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
C hanges in the la b o r fo r c e can
c a u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o ccu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout
a ctu a l w a g e ch a n g es. F o r ex a m p le, a f o r c e ex p a n sion m ig h t in c r e a s e
the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific o c cu p a tio n and r e ­
su lt in a d r o p in the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a re d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n
o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ou ld h ave the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . The m o v e m e n t
o f a h ig h -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u ld c a u se the a v e r a g e
ea rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though n o change in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
a r e a esta b lis h m e n ts.
The u se o f con stan t e m p loy m en t w eig h ts elim in a te s the e ffe c t s
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
N or a r e the in d e x e s in flu en ced b y ch a n g es in
stan dard w o rk sc h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r tim e , s in c e they
a r e b a s e d on p a y f o r s tr a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .
In d exes fo r the p e r io d 1953 to I9 60 f o r w o r k e r s in 20 m a jo r
la b o r m a rk e ts w ill ap p ea r in B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -6 2 , W a ges and R ela ted
B e n e fits, 60 L a b o r M a rk ets, W in ter 1959—
60.

A* Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Newark and Jersey City, N. J. , February 1961)
Avbxaok
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber
of
w orkers

W e e k ly ,
hou rs
(S ta n da rd)

N U M B E R O F W O B X E B S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F —

W e e k ly ,
earnings
(Sta n da rd)

*
35. 00
and
under
4 0 . 00

S

40 . 00
45. 00

*

45 . 00
50. 00

S

50. 00
55. 00

S

55. 00

S
60. 00

$
65. 00

S

70. 00

t
75. 00

S
80. 00

$
85. 00

S

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00 100. 00 105. 00 n o . oo 115. 00 12 0 .0 0

90. 00

$
$
S
$
$
$
95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 105. 00 110. 00 115. 00 120. 00
and
over

Men

00
50
00
00
00
50

_
-

39. 0
39. 0
39. 0

94. 00
90. 50
97. 00

-

37. 5
37. 5

64. 00
63. 00

249
98
151
123

38.
37.
38.
38.

92.
93.
91.
93.

107
80

Office boys ________________ _________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _
Public utilitie s 2
_____
Fin an ce4 ____________________________________________

C lerk s, accounting, class A ____________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________
Public utilities 2
__
.
W holesale trade
_
F in ance4
_____

472
223
249
51
84
74

38.
39.
37.
36.
38.
36.

C le r k s, accounting, class B
.
Manufacturing _________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________

266
114
152

_T
_
____________________________________

75
61

C le r k s, order __________________ __________________________
Manufacturing ______________________ ___________________
Nonmanufa,cturing _____________________________________
W holesale trade ___________________________________
C le r k s, payroll
Manufacturing

C lerk s, file , class B
Nonmanufacturing

0
0
5
0
5
0

$101.
101.
100.
97.
119.
87.

_
-

_

7
7
7

1
1
1

10
10
1
7

13
13
4

15
8
7
3
2

16
5
11
2
8

44
21
23
8
3
6

41
9
32
7
13
8

34
26
8

7
1
6

3
3

5
3
2

8
1
7

10
6
4

36
16
20

10
8
2

-

9
9

14
13

19
9

5
5

2
2

10
10

-

"

_
"

■

8
1
7
~

1
1
“

18
1
17
17

1

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

■

_

8
8

_

00
00
50
00

'

39. 0
38. 5

99. 00
97. 50

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

472
188
284
43
159

37.
38.
37.
37.
37.

59.
59.
59.
72.
56.

00
00
00
00
50

12
12
-

6
5
1
-

55
18
37
15

131
22
109
9
75

78
48
30
1
20

57
31
26
5
21

Tabulating-m achine op erators, class A
______________
Manufacturing _________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________

212
77
135

38. 5
39. 5
38. 0

98. 50
101. 00
97. 00

_
-

_
"

_
-

.
-

_
'

_
-

Tabulating-m achine op erators, cla ss B _______________
Manufacturing __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________
Public u tilities 2 ___________________________________
Finance 4 _____________________________________________

331
116
215
25
149

37.
38.
37.
36.
36.

5
5
0
5
5

87.
94.
83.
97.
78.

00
50
00
50
50

-

-

-

5
5
5

1
1
1

12
12
-

Tabulating-m achine op erators, class C
_ _ _ _ _
Manufacturing _________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________
Fin ance4 ____________________________________________

212
111
101
60

38.
39.
37.
36.

5
5
5
5

73.
74.
71.
68.

00
50
50
00

9
9
1

25
25
23

5
5
5
0
0

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

12
35
28
7

6




53
27
26
10
13
1

18

85

7
11
3
3
-

37
48
3
3 39

16
8
8

88
12
76

2
2

_
-

'

-

5

2

_
2

4

35
22
13

22
15
7

13
12
1

11
8
3

1
-

4
3

1

2
2

“

-

-

-

-

23
14
9
9

11
2
9
9

36
2
34
25

20
20
-

59
40
19
8

33
8
25
25

13
9
4
4

17
17
16

8
8
8

2
2
2

6
4

7
7

18
17

10
3

7
7

23
16

12
10

12
10

7

-

4
-

48
25
23
1
16

25
7
18
2
2

16
4
12
7
5

31
6
25
18
5

9
8
1
-

4
2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_

_

_

_
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

42
13
29

35
21
14

25
7
18

31
4
27

6
1
5

14
11
3

11
2
9

5

-

2
2

5
-

5 34
13
21

14
14
1
9

38
9
29
20

49
9
40
2
34

40
19
21
1
18

57
17
40
6

19
9
10
1
6

23
14
9
1

12
7
5
3

15
5
10
8

14
9
5
1

8
8
-

32

24
10
14
2
11

-

-

18
6
12
9

57
46
11

21
14

10
1
9
6

5

18

6

4
4

5

7
3

18
8

-

5

4
4

5
3

13

-

4

See footnotes at end of table.

NOTE:

45
19
26
4
3
18

33
25
8
3
2
2

-

. .. . . .. .
.............
_________________________________________

0
5
5
5

57
39

Estimates for all industries, nonmanufacturing, and public utilities include data for railroads (SIC 40), omitted from the scope
of all labor market wage surveys made before July 1959.
Where significant, the effect of the inclusion of railroads is greatest
on the data shown separately for the public utilities division.

3
3

-

-

--------

_

_

-

-

4

_

.
-

5

Table A-l. Office Occupatbns-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Newark and Jersey City, N. J. , February 1961)
A m ia i
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

W
eekly
Wee«y x I s . 00
and
hours 1
(Standard) (Standard) under
40. 00

l o . 00

^ 5 . 00

l o . 00

I s . 00

l o . 00

I s . 00

l o . 00

? 5 . 00

l o . 00

§5 . 00

$
9 0 .0 0

$
S
$
$
$
$
95. 00 '.00. 00 105. 00 n o . 00 115. 00 1 2 0 .0 0
and

45. 00

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

9 0 .0 0

95. 00

100. 00 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . 00 115.0 0 120. 00

2
2
-

14
2
12
-

65
52
13
2
9

56
54
2
-

66
47
19
3
12

30
4
26
1
21

27
12
15
10
5

11
4
7
7
-

7
7
4
3

6
3
3
2
1

2
2
_
2

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

.
_
_
-

over

Women
B ille r s, machine (billing machine) _______________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 -------------------------------------------------------W holesale trade ______________________________________

303
~T 82
121
40
53

37. 5
37. 5
38. 0
38. 0
3 8 .0

$ 6 8 .5 0
66. 00
72. 50
79. 00
74. 00

_
-

-

-

-

17
4
13
11
-

-

-

-

B ille r s, machine (bookkeeping machine) -----------------------Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------

173
83
90

38. 5
37. 5
39. 5

66. 00
68. 00
63. 50

-

-

13
13

22
7
15

18
8
10

34
19
15

34
21
13

9
5
4

20
14
6

3
2
1

13
13

7
7

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Bookkeeping-machine op erators, c la ss A _______________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

218
131
87

37. 5
38. 5
36. 0

77. 00
80. 00
73. 00

-

-

-

_
-

35
18
17

53
39
14

51
85
16

12
9
3

12
8
4

10
10
-

-

2
2
_

_
_

-

26
9
17

_
_

-

6
1
5

_

-

11
11

_
-

-

-

-

-

Bookkeeping-machine op erators, c la ss B _______________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
W holesale trade ---------------------------------------------------------F in an ce4 ______________________________________________

822
261
561
110
381

37.
38.
36.
38.
36.

0
0
5
0
0

67.
73.
64.
68.
61.

00
60
00
00
00

-

36
36
35

95
15
80
4
73

118
44
74
10
59

120
20
100
17
74

145
30
115
37
74

77
20
57
9
41

117
54
63
24
16

33
13
20
9
1

35
33
2
_
1

18
13
5
_
2

13
12
1
_

7
7
_
_

3
_
3
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
.
_

-

5
5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

C lerk s, accounting, class A --------------------------------------------Manufacturing
--------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
Public utilities 2 -------------------------------------------------------F in an ce4 ______________________________________________

682
374
308
56
150

38.
38.
37.
37.
37.

0
5
5
5
0

89.
92.
85.
94.
73.

00
00
00
00
50

-

-

-

22
22
22

36
3
33
32

38
18
20
19

56
36
20
18

75
31
44
20
16

69
40
29
14

37
16
21
3
8

69
46
23
_
7

100
83
17
15
-

61
45
16
3
2

43
13
30
1
11

43
26
17
14
-

11
4
7
_

21
13
8
_

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss B --------------------------------------------Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
W holesale trade
------ -----------------------------------------------Retail trade 6 -------------------------------------------------------------Fin an ce4 ----------------------------------------------------------------------

1,230
535
695
50
159
187

37.
38.
36.
37.
38.
36.

5
5
5
0
0
5

69.
73.
67.
71.
68.
64.

50
00
00
00
50
00

-

C lerk s, file , c la ss A _______________________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
Public utilities 2 _____________________________________
Fin an ce4 ______________________________________________

323
97
226
31
140

3 8 .0
39. 0
38. 0
38. 5
37. 0

69.
74.
67.
72.
61.

00
00
00
00
50

-

38. 0
55. 50
3 9 .6 1 63._0'0
37. 5
53. 50
54. 50
39. 0
37. 0
52. 50

C lerk s, file , c la ss B ----------------------------------------------------------- 1,244
1-----Manufacturing ___________________________________________
990
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
70
W holesale trade ______________________________________
761
F in an ce4 —------------------------------------------ ------------------------- "
C lerk s, order _______________________________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
W holesale trade ______________________________________
Retail trade 6 --------------------------------------------------------------

486
290
196
121
68

38.
38.
38.
38.
39.

5
0
5
5
0

69.
73.
64.
69.
53.

50
50
00
50
00

C lerk s, payroll _____________________________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
Public utilities 2 _____________________________________

856
641
215
27

38.
38.
37.
36.

0
5
5
5

78.
78.
80.
67.

50
00
50
50

See footnotes at end of table.




_
-

-

-

1
1
1

-

-

3
3
3
-

39
39
10
15

130
16
114
4
15
44

121
26
95
8
16
38

202
96
106
39
20

151
88
63
8
12
23

205
83
122
14
17
10

124
95
29
10
9
6

90
59
31
8
2

69
38
31
12
14

55
8
47
3
7
15

12
7
5
5
-

15
10
5
2
2
-

9
6
3
1
2
-

4
3
1
_
1
-

1
1
_
1
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

16
16
16

29
3
26
7
19

36
7
29
6
20

58
25
33
25

47
20
27
1
15

10
3
7
7

13
4
9
7
2

30
6
24
6

33
17
16
7
4

2
2
-

16
6
10
2
6

7
7
1
2

7
4
3
_
2

1
1
_

2
2
_

_
_

-

16
16
16

-

-

-

10
10
10

77
77
68

144
— n ri
126
14
97

459
43
416
41
337

248
40
208
165

145
63
82
9
67

57
37
20
11

37
10
27

15
12
3

18
18
-

_
_
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
_
-

-

-

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_
_

3

30
12
18
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
4

20
20
20

56
9
47
24
23

36
17
19
10
9

60
42
18
12
6

76
38
38
36
2

33
24
9
8
1

98
80
18
12
2

52
44
8
4
1

23
23
-

10
10
-

3
3
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
_

-

15
15
15
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

2

-

-

-

-

2

27
15
12
2

57
45
12
4

94
79
15
8

84
60
24
7

94
79
15

129
103
26
1

90
56
34
4

96
59
37

50
45
5

34
30
4

21
13
8

36
32
4

9
8
1
1

18
9
9

15
8
7

-

-

-

-

-

6
Table A-1. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Newark and Jersey City, N. J. , February 1961)
Avuuob
S ex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
35. 00
Weekly
hours
i K S 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40 . 00

$
$
$
$
65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00

$
40 . 00

S
45 . 00

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

$
60. 00

4 5 . 00

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

16
3
13
6
7

43
18
25
3
6
16

54
21
33
19
13

99
42
57
10
3
35
9

87
49
38
8
20
10

147
81
66
9
1
40
7

79
36
43
2
18
5
13

63
27
36
1
11
18
1

33
8
25
5
8
11
1

25
8
17
4
6
6
1

20
8
12
1
10
1
-

19
14
5
4
_
1

4
4
4
-

2
2
_
2
_

_
.
_

-

-

-

$
$
$
$
*
$
$
$
85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100. 00 105. 00 11 0 .0 0 115. 00 120. 00
and
95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 105. 00 1 1 0 .0 0 115. 00 120. 00

over

W omen— Continued

Com ptom eter operators _______ __________________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ________________ ___________________
Public u tilit ie s 2 _ __ _____ ______________________
W holesale trade ___________ ______________________
R etail trade 6 _______________________________________
Fin an ce4 _____________ _____________ ______________

699
315
384
49
67
170
72

Duplicating-m achine operators
(M im eograph or Ditto) __________________________________

76

50
00
50
00
00
00
50

_
-

.
-

-

-

38. 0

64. 00

-

3

-

30

6

11

4

5

1

1

10

3

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

181
31
150
4
54

171
83
88
7
43

159
42
117
4
9
71

203
69
134
8
17
86

265
129
136
12
30
51

160
81
79
4
9
57

102
59
43
4
11

59
43
16
10
-

46
40
6
6
-

39
32
7
-

13
10
3
2
_

14
10
4
4
-

-

_

_

37.
37.
37.
35.
39.
37.
36.

5
5
0
0
5
0
0

$76.
77.
76.
75.
92.
74.
70.

8
8
2

Keypunch operators _____i
_________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______ _____________________________
W h olesale trade ____________________________________
R etail trade 6
_
_
F in an ce4 ---------------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,4 5 8
797
50
80
375

3 8 .0 ■
39. 0
36. 5
39. 0
38. 5
36. 5

69.
72.
66.
81.
68.
66.

00
50
50
00
00
00

-

-

46
32
14
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

O ffice girls _________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_
_
F in ance4 -------------------------------------------------------------------

338
301
136

38. 0
37. 5
37. 0

59. 00
58. 50
54. 50

"

“

8
8
5

117
104
95

84
83
22

41
36
1

63
47
10

21
21
2

'

3
2
1

1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

S ecretaries _________________________________________________
Manufacturing __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________
Public utilities 2 ___________________________________
W holesale trade ___________________________________
Retail trade 6
Fin an ce4
___ ____________________________________

4 ,3 3 1
2 ,4 1 3
1 ,9 1 8
306
228
86
740

38.
38.
37.
37.
38.
39.
36.

0
5
5
0
5
0
5

92.
93.
91.
96.
92.
82.
83.

00
00
00
00
50
00
00

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

33
28
5
2
3

41
9
32
10
22

106
37
69
4
62

144
70
74
3
5
59

268
136
132
15
22
9
81

378
2T5
162
18
17
10
87

457
223
234
25
45
5
121

600
331
269
36
40
8
120

516
317
199
57
18
7
34

526
281
245
73
8
10
77

342
200
142
17
19
2
12

293
195
98
19
32
5
7

188
109
79
11
2
7
24

175
112
63
12
10
1
19

264
149
115
20
15
1
12

Stenographers, general _________________________ ________
Manufacturing __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________
Public utilities 2 ___________________________________
W holesale trade ___________________________________
Finance * ---------------------------------------------------------------------

2 ,4 4 0
1, 117
1 ,3 2 3
327
191
454

38.
39.
37.
37.
38.
36.

0
0
0
0
5
5

75.
78.
73.
75.
78.
65.

50
00
50
00
50
50

_
-

_
-

30
30
30

60
60
27
33

163
28
135
38
14
80

196
67
129
17
20
64

394
184
210
50
27
78

377
204
173
49
3
75

369
192
177
19
44
58

353
190
163
55
19
30

130
88
42
4
9
3

145
40
105
33
32
3

97
63
34
18
16
-

73
29
44
12
1
-

27
17
10
4
3
-

10
3
7
1
1
-

6
6
_

10
6
4
2

S tenographers, technical ----------------- ---------------------------Nonmanufacturing _________ __________________________

145
102

38. 5
38. 0

77. 50
77. 00

.

.

"

"

■

2
2

18
18

14
7

25
19

33
18

6
5

18
13

26
17

2
2

1
1

-

'

Switchboard operators
__________ ________ ______,_____
Manufacturing __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________
Public utilities 2 ___________________________________
W holesale trade ___________________________________
R etail trade 6 _________________________________ ____
Fin an ce4 ----------------------------------------------- -----------------

687
256
431
124
58
57
119

38.
38.
38.
39.
38.
39.
37.

75. 00
7 8 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
83. 50
81. 50
61. 50
66. 00

_
-

10
10
-

8
8

54
14
40
-

102
61
41
15
4
4
13

84
44
40
12
3
2
7

76
29
47
19
12
2
3

57
23
34
24
8

27
14
13
4
7

16
3
13

3
1
2

3
1
2

.
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

83
33
50
5
8
4
25

76
25
51
43

-

54
1
53
2
8
15
18

2

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

5
2
1

1

-

See footnotes at end of table.




& r r

5
5
5
5
5
5
0

“

2

-

2
6

34
7
27
-

18
2

-

6
34

-

2
4

1

-

_
-

"

-

7

Table A-l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Newark and Jersey City, N. J. , February 1961)
A vjkKAOS

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N u m ber
of
w orkers

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—
$

(S ta n da rd)

W e e k ly ,
earnings
(Sta n da rd)

35. 00
and
under
40. 00

S

%. 00
0

40. 00

45. 00

50. 00

55. 00

?0 . 00

I s . 00

l o . 00

75. 00

! o . 00

I s . 00

4 5 .0 0

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

9 0 .0 0

73
44
29
2
9

67
56
11
_

150
57
93
15
40
13

100
68
32
14
8
6

74
55
19
2
10
5

31
17
14
_
13

26
10
16
_
16

19
7
12
8

9

197
132
65
2
41
10

-

-

-

*95. 00 1*00. 00 1*05. 00 1*10. 00 1*15. 00 1*20. 00
and
95. 00 100. 00 105. 00 n o . 00 1 1 5 .0 0 120. 00 over

Women — Continued

00
00
50
00
50
50

_

_

_

-

-

-

22
22
_
10

39. 0

93. 50

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

15

69

7

15

148
IT51

38. 5
39. 6

82. 50
82. 00

“

-

■

'

10
9

5
1

28
21

26
19

30
22

13
4

10
6

7

■

Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss C ------------------------

265

3 6 .0

67. 00

_

_

1

42

37

43

36

76

11

4

6

T ran scrib in g-m achin e op erators, general _______ ____
Manufacturing --------------------------------------- ----------------- _
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------- -------------F in an c e4 ---------------------------------------------------- -------------

537
241
296
232

38. 5
597TT
38. 0
37. 0

66. 50
69.T0"
64. 50
62. 00

-

8
8
8

30
30
30

32
32
25

85
34
51
39

81
35
46
44

71
47
24
23

68
46
22
22

100
53
47
33

39
19
20
7

T yp ists, c la s s A - — ----- ----- ---------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------- -----------------Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
W holesale trade _____________________________________
F in an ce4
------------------------------------------------------------------

1, 181
688
493
82
234

38. 5
39. 5
3 8 .0
39. 0
37. 0

72.
74.
69.
73.
63.

50
50
50
50
50

_

_

-

-

9
9
8

16
16
16

111
34
77
25
42

154
57
97
9
77

211
111
100
13
49

258
201
57

105
71
34
3
3

171
118
53
1
-

T yp ists, c la ss B ___________________________________________ 2, 589
fr o
Manufacturing
------------------------- --------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________ 1, 679
265
Public u tilities 2 ____________________________________
156
W holesale trade _____________________________________
74
Retail trade 6 ---------------------- ----------------------------------F in an c e4 -------------------------------- ----------------------- - 1, 007

37. 5
3 9 .0
37. 0
37. 5
3 8 .5
39. 0
37. 0

61.
65.
59.
68.
64.
58.
55.

50
50
50
00
50
50
50

389
52
337
23
16
14
278

455
166
289
21
26
31
177

531
215
316
63
21
4
175

359
175
184
20
37
9
92

257
123'
134
77
17
4
21

154

54
28
26
3
8
2
1

Switchboard o p er ator-recep tion ists _____________________
Manufacturing __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------Public u tilit ie s 2 ---------------------------------------- -----------W holesale trade _____________________________________
F in an ce4 _________________________________ ____________

780
467
313
33
138
62

38. 0
38. 5
38. 0
3 9 .5
38. 0
36. 5

T abulating - machine op erators, c la ss A

131

Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss B ________________
Manufacturing
-------------------------------------------------------- __

1
2
3
4
5
6

_______________

$72.
72.
71.
73.
76.
66.

-

6
6
-

6

102
102
8
2
92

204
41
163
4
6
153

36

51
103
55
7
_
12

7
7
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

-

-

-

-

7

5

.

10
9

■

3
3

4

3

3

_

2

4

.

.

20
4
16
1

-

-

1
1
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

58
43
15
13
-

57
38
19
11
"

18
8
10
7
3

10
5
5
-

3
2
1
-

_
_

-

-

11
7
4
2
_
2

31
20
11
_
10
_

3
2
1
1
_
_

_
-

33
30
3
_
2
_

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Workers were distributed as follows: 8 at $ 120 to $ 130; 17 at $ 130 to $ 140; 4 at $ 140 to $ 150; 6 at $ 150 to $ 160; 4 at $ 160 and over.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Workers were distributed as follows: 21 at $ 120 to $ 130; 8 at $ 130 to $ 140; 5 at $ 140 and over.
Excludes limited-price variety stores.




14
14
_
_

-

_
_

n

3

2
1

_
-

_
-

_
_
_

-

-

-

.
-

.
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

8

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division. Newark and Jersey City, N. J. , February 1961)
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F

A ebaqe
v
S ex, occupation, and industry division

of
w
orkers

*
1s
is
s
s
s
s
$
S
$
$
$
$
S
1s
S
I s
I
s
1 r
!t
I
s
Weekly
W
eekly j 60. 00 6 5 .0 0 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 9 0 . 00 95 .0 0 100.00 105.00 1 10.00 115.00 120 .00 125.00 13 0 .0 0 ;135 .00 140.001145.00 150.00 155.00)160.00 165.00
earnings
hours
_
i and
and
- i
(Standard) (Standard) under
1
6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 85. 00 9 0 .0 0 95. 00 100.00ll05.00l 110 .00 115.00 120 .00 125.00 130.00 l
L35^00 141L00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 over
$

f

1

|
j

,
1

i

Men

_
-

3 9 .5
39. 5
39. 5

123. 50
120. 00
1 3 4 .5 0

-

-

-

856
654
202

39. 5
39. 5
39. 0

89. 50
89. 50
89. 50

15
11
4

32
13
19

47
20
27

125

39. 0

73. 00

31

12

92

220
170
50

D raftsm en , senior _______________________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________ ________

1 ,0 8 1
815
266

D raftsm en , junior _______________________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
T r a c e r s _________________________

__ _____

.

39. 5 $145. 00
142. 00
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
1 5 4 .5 0

D raftsm en , leader ____________ _____ __
Manufacturing _____ __ ___________
Nonmanufacturing _____ __ ________

-

.

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
-

2
2
-

8
3
5

27
27
-

82
77
5

166
156
10

71
52
19

91
77
14

227
206
21

97
70
27

115
82
33

42
37
5

45
45

12

_

_

8

_

.

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

.
-

.
-

i
1
8
8
-

65
65

-

.
-

56
46
10

90
73
17

200
170
30

24
19
5

14
2
12

5
-

-

-

27
20
7

5

4

_

_

_

_

_

_ j

2
1

3
2
1

7
6
1

14
11
3

16

-

15
14
1

8
8

29
18
11

19
9
10

15 ' 2 32
4 i 27
11
5

78
43
35

60
36
24

121
97
24

37
19
18

45
25
20

29
15
14

54
10
44

16
7
9

_

_

_

-

-

!

-

_
-

-

-

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

4 |

-

_

4
3
1

_ •
■
-

-

|

Wom en

1
N u r se s, industrial (registered) _______
Manufacturing __________ _____ _____
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

j

321
264
57

39. 0
39. 5
38. 0

95. 50
95. 50
95. 00

_
-

17
16
1

10
7
3

32
28
4

20
14
6

37
29
8

41
34
7

39
30
9

24
19
5

36
33
3

35
28
7

20
19
1

4
3

j
1

j
i_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Workers were distributed as follows: 17 at $ 165 to $ 170; 13 at $ 175 to $ 180; 2 at $ 180 to $ 185.
3 1 worker at $ 55 to $ 60.
NOTE:

See note on p. 4 , relative to the inclusion of railroads.




-1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

9

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Newark and Jersey City, N. J. , February 1961)
NUM BER OF WORKERS R E CEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E HOURLY EARN INGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

$
$
S
$
$
$
Average
hourly , Under 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 20 2 .3 0
and
earnings *
1 .8 0 under
1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 . 10 2 . 20 2 .3 0 2 .4 0

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

C arpenters, maintenance -------- -----------Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ______ ________
Public u tilities 3 __________________

633
463
170
109

$ 2 .8 8
2. 86
2 .9 4
2 . 69

4
-

_

4

“

3
3
-

1
1
-

$
2 .4 0

and
2. 50 2 . 60

33
32
1
“

11
3
8
"

S
$
S
$
$
$
$
$ ,
s
$
$
S
$
2. 50 2 . 60 2 .7 0 2. 80 2 . 90 3. 00 S 10 3. 20 *3.30 3 .4 0 S 50 $ .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3. 90 $ 00 4. 10 4. 20
3.
3.
4.
3

68
45
23
23

101
51
50
50

2 . 80

2. 70

45
43
2
2

2. 90

3. 00

40

25
25
-

31
29
2
; i

32

8
"

3. 20

3. 30

33
29

3. 10

10
10
-

no
31
30

4
■

|

3 .4 0

3. 50

3. 60

3. 70

3. 80

1
! 81
! 81
|
"

3
3
3

-

1
1
-

-

~

10
10
-

|
E le ctricia n s, maintenance ______________
Manufacturing _______
-----------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public u tilities 3 ----------------------------

1, 242
1, 069
173
109

3.
3.
3.
3.

03
02
13
09

_
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

E ngin eers, stationary ----------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------- -

760
559
201
1 00

3.
3.
3.
3

18
21
09
13

3
3

12

F irem en , stationary boiler ____________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u tilities 3 _________________

576
444
132
61

2 .6 3
2. 64
2 . 62
2. 65

8
3
5
~

19
7
12
_

H elpers, tra des, maintenance _________
Manufacturing -------------------------------------

716
405“
310

2. 24
2. 24
2 . 24

31
15
16

48
16
32

52
33
19

76
56
20

3 .0 0
------3 7 W

-

-

~

"

3
3

3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

M achin e-tool op erators,
toolroom _________________________________
Manufacturing -------------------------------------

581
—

m

-

-

M achinists, maintenance ________________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------

1 ,7 5 1
1, 692
59

3 .0 3
3. 02
3. 13

_
-

M echanics, automotive
(maintenance) ----------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------pnKlir ntilitiPfi ^
W holesale trade -----------------------------

1, 142
28^
856
734
81

2 .7 4
2. 94
2 .6 7
2 .6 5
2 .9 3

3
3

M echanics, maintenance -----------------------Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing --------- ------------------

1, 562
1 ,3 3 4
228

2. 97
2 .9 7
2 .9 5

M illw rights ________________________________
X Aniifa rtn ri ng
X

313
305

2. 94
2. 94

4

13
9
4

7
6
1

12

4

!
1

5
l
4
"

-

-

i
; 34
| 32
2
2

! 26
i
19
! 7
7

18
17
1
1

59
52
7
j 4

i
1 38
! 18
| 20
! 6
!

30
20
10
7

59
35
1 24
1 23

92
! 89
| 3

; 99
' 97
2

10
4
6
6

43
1
42
42

i

! 42
29
1 13
13

32
32

!

_

2

-

-

-

-

i

"

"

47
40
7
7

-

"

8
"

8
-

6
6

_

-

i

-

-

-

.
-

.
-

2
2

.
-

.
-

1

'

78
58
20

114
60
54

125
30
95

36
20
16

47
41
6

j
!

.

31

-

13
T3

54
54

;
'

197
190
7

278
28

6
6

-

—

3
3

5
-----2
3

■

18
9
9

3
3
“

r~g—

"
_

_

_

_

i
l

89
89
■

j

|

-

8
'1

"

2

!
!
i
!

1
1

-

"
*

4
_
4
_

i 48
1 40
8

!
1

4

-

-

1

-

-

22
2 22

40
40

18

24
24

-

52
33
4 19

3

-

60

-

-

4

18

3

_

18

37
35
2

-

18

1

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

l
l

_
-

_
_

-

-

1

128
128

107
107

148
148

12
12

2
2

"

-

100
90
10

115
115
"

54
51
3

87
85
2

196
196
"

328
327
1

292
291

85
83
2

34
1
33

_
-

_
-

2
2

134
134

.
-

153
72
81
56

48
34
14
12

39
11
28
19
9

66
44
22
21

82
11
71
40
30

44
20
24
8
16

48
40
8
8

-

-

-

-

_

-

6
— 5

_

-

-

-

9
9
-

-

2
1

-

_

1

7
_
7

104
104

-

-

“

1

73
36
37

43
43
“

144
143
1

19
6
13

163
150
13

97
63
34

312
281
31

219
216
3

222
155
67

9
9

24
i 24

32
32

13
13

24
23

38
38

5
3

28
28

71
66

67
67

3
3

1

5
5

23
23

23
20
3

i

-

21
21

' 242
8

8
8

55

9
9

134
10
124
117
7

l 250

1
1
-

8

227
8
219
211
8

i
'

18
15

i

-

:

-

47
47

69
69

3
i

|




-

! 127
j125
! 2
2

38
35
3
3

'

1

See footnotes at end of table,

198
T
j 93
! 5

93
69
24

-

-

, 157
j152
! 8
5

! 29
13
i 16
i 9

_
-

6
— 5

78
74
4
-

! 73
! 54
| 19
17

- n

.

-

127
90
37
14

22
10
12
12

16
T 5

| 15
9
6

.

-

86
84
2
1

66
65
1
■

3
---- g—

-

99
66
31
31

-

6
6

55
55

-

4. I 0 4 7.0

|
59
j 59
i | -

-

79
78
1
1

1 36
36

84
77
7
"

30
20
10

3
3

19
19

j -

29
21
8
1

1
1

-

3
3

5
5

1

-

-

13
6
7

3 QO 4. 00

_

_

-

-

10

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations .Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Newark and J ersey City, N. J. , February 1961)

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Occupation and industry division

Average Under *1. 80 s1 .9 0 s2. 00 8 10
2.
hourly ,
and
earnings 1 $
1 .8 0 under
1 .9 0 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20

NUMBER O WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
F
$
$
s
S
s
i
S
S
$
$
S
S
$
$
2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 S 10 S 20 3. 30 3. 40 *3. 50 3. 60 3. 70 3. 80 3. 90 4. 00 *4. 10 4. 20
3.
3.

2. 20

$
2. 30

2. 30

| ”
1
2. 40 ! 2. 50

2. 40 °2. 50

and
2. 60

2. 80

2. 70

!
O ilers --------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------

348
324

$ 2 .4 5
2 .4 3

18
15

5
5

10
6

40
40

29
29

18
18

63
55

j 54
53

51
51

3
3

10
10

P ainters, maintenance ---------------------------M an ufactu ring--------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------

470
333
137
72

2.
2.
2.
2.

10
4
6

! 4
1

9
9
-

21
21

4
4
-

6
6
-

1 11
11

30
20
10
9

70
! 47
j 23
1
23

70
70
-

2. 90
1

61
45
16
9

P ip efitters, maintenance ----------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------P lu m b ers, maintenance

-------------------------

S heet-m etal w ork ers,
maintenance -------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------Tool and die m akers ------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------

72
71
75
82

4
l

j

851
754

3. 04
3. 01

-

-

-

71

2. 77

_

_

.

163
157
1, 785
1, 502

3. 02
3. 02
3. 10
3. 09

14

[

-

-

I

-

"
_

-

1

_

_

"

i
j

-

12
12

"

_

■

22
! 22

36
34

64
64

_

12

42

_

3

j
-

-

_

i 14

I
!

18
18

'

3

j
18

-

i ______i ______I
_
i
_

4
4

13
12

45
45

38
38

18

3. 00

51
J 51

i
!
1

49 j
34|
15 i
15

38
34
4 1
_
i
93 |
93!

1

18i

_ j

i

8

2

i

'

12 !

1

47 1

_ i
- !
- i
!
1
1
97
97

_ j

!9
19!

10
6|
4 i

_

34
26 i
8
8 1

89
88 !

17
17

108 ;

1

24 1
24

44 i
44!

305 | 331
288 ) 316

3. 50

-

- ]

"l

1

11
2
| 66
106
!~~54” 1
89 '

3. 40

3. 60

3. 70

i
1
1
8 |

-

-

-

-

21

"

-

_

18

8
8

-

_

18

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

.
_
-

-

10
10

-

34
20

_

_

6

_

-

1
1

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

1
|

175 i
41
39 1 175 !

1
28;
25 !

3. 30

!
1

18 |
" 1

3. 20

3. 10

119
28

181
180

!

3. 90

8

_

!

-

_

_

_

12
12

-

252
122

217
217

24
24

_
i

!

_

-

-

!

-

-

- |
12
12

4. 00

4. 10

4. 20

over

21

i

17
-

!
1----- i
-

! --------- 1
-

3. 80

41
! 41

_
_
-

_

1
-

_

_

_______1

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 17 at $ 4 . 20 to $ 4 . 30; 5 at $ 4. 30 and over.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
4
W ork ers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 3 at $ 4 .2 0 to $ 4 . 3 0 ; 13 at $ 4 .3 0 to $ 4 . 40; 3 at $ 4 . 40 and over.
5 A ll w ork ers w ere at $ 4. 20 to $ 4. 30.
N O TE :

See note on p. 4 , relative to the inclusion of railroad s.

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Newark and J ersey City, N. J ., February 1961)

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

O ccupation1 and industry division

E levator op erators, p assen ger
(men)
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------

—

204
170

NUMBER O
F
1
$
$
Average Under $ .0 0 S . 10 81 .2 0 1 . 3 0 $ .4 0 $ . 50 8 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0
1
1
1
l
1
hourly and
earnings c $
1 .0 0 under
1 .1 0 1 .2 0 1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0

$ 1 .8 3
1 .8 0

Elevator op erators, p assen ger
(w^m^n)
.
. . ..
. ...
__
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------Fotail trfid< 4
3
.
..

170
168
51

1 .3 9
1 .3 9
1 .2 7

U | -r |<
Iv a r s
...........
M ^m ifartnnng
_ __ __
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------

1, 946
732
1, 214

1 .7 5
2. 29
1 .4 3

See footnotes at end of table.




_

_

5
3

1
1

3
2

28
25

12
12

10
10

73
73

23
1 23

15 14

!
i

6
6
6

!
22
7 ' 12
f— 22 -!------- T j 12 i
' 11 4
!
16 i
1

_

_

-

-

383 j 375
j
375
| 383

35
3 35

2. 20 _2._30_ 2. 40

2. 10

2. 00

j
4
-

-

WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
'$
$
r
s
$
$
$
2
2.
2.
1 .9 0 2 .0 0 $ 10 2. 20 2. 30 S .4 0 S 50 2 .6 0 2 .7 0

13
_
13

46 ! 12
46 : 12
4 ! 10

198 ! 44
_
j
' 198 , 44

i

7
7

j 20
12
!
8

!
-

39
28
11

-

i

18
8

! 10

-

i 49
; 40
9

2
84
83
1

- I

28
7

i
j
i

- ;

! 2. 50 ! 2. 60

2 1
- ;

- |

.!
i

115
136
109 1 1 5 6 ' 49
54 1 100
49
! 128 1 96
56 '
’
8
19 1 55

$
2. 90

$

3. 00 *3. 10

8
$
S
3. 20 3. 30 3. 40
and

-

-

2. 80

2. 70 ! 2. 80 JL-.90_ 3. 00
!
!
i
-

“ i

j

i

-;
122
98
24

~

"

!
21
21 i

%

3. 10

------=_j
" j

3. 20

3. 30

3. 40

l
j
“

over

“
“

“

"

j

11
11

-

~

!
i -

|

2
1 2

!
, 11
; li

"

_
-

_
-

9 ____3 - j
------ —
3 1
9 I
I
----------

11

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Newark and Jersey City, N. J. , February 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccupation1 and industry division

$ ,
$
&
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly ^ [Jnder 1 .0 0 1. 10 1 .2 0 1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1. 60 1 .7 0
and
earnin
gs $
1 .0 0 ander
1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1. 60 1 .7 0 1. 80

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

1 .8 0

S
1 .9 0

$
$
$
2. 00 2. 10 2. 20

1 .9 0

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

$

2. 30

2 .4 0

2 .4 0

2. 50

$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$ ,
5
fS
2. 50 2. 60 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3 .4 0
and
over

2. 80

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3. 10

3. 20

34 j 26
240 | 83
26
2~14'~i— 8T1— 3 T 1 2r ~ t~ 2 0
~
2
133
26 j
3
121
3 j
6 1
20 |
!
1
z\
- 1
- \
i
9
- | - j
2
- !
-

-

80
i r i
j
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

92
56
36
36

13
13
-

4
4
-

-

819
7819
-

2. 30

2. 60

2. 70

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

i
Janitors, p o rte rs, and clean ers
(men) --------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------Public u tilities 5 ---------------------------W holesale trade ----------------------------Retail trade 4 ______________________
Finance 6 ------------------------------------------

4, 439
2, 773
1 ,6 6 6
395
111
198
343

$1. 90
o n
1 .6 7
2. 10
1 .9 1
1. 44
1. 70

Janitors, p orte rs, and clean ers
(women) __________________________________
Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________

996
214
782

1. 56
1. 82
1 .4 8

L a b o re rs, m a teria l handling ----------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------Public u tilities 5 __________________
W holesale trade ___________________
Retail trade 4 ---------------------------------

8 ,9 3 9
4, 735
4, 204
2, 631
699
716

2. 39
2. 45
2. 31
2. 43
2. 28
1 .9 5

Order fille r s ____________________________
Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------W h olesale trade ----------------------------Retail trade 4 ______________________

2, 231
1, 120
1, 111
460
569

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

P ack e rs, shipping (men) ________________
Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________

1, 661
' I ', ¥49“
212
183

55
55
-

49
16
33
_
18

-

194
162
189
' 51" “ S T " I T
152
111
134
12
35
34
29
2
1
18

108
48
60

217
179
38

2

45
-

36
2

125
no
15
3
9
3

405
334

12

153
119
34
6
13
9

21
1 12
!
9
8
1

1
1
1

22
6
16
9
7

5
5
2

1
1
1

79
17
62
60
1

55
32
23
22

58
41
17
15

39
37
2

75
71
4
3

105
105
-

36
36
-

114
97
17
16

204
195
9
g

26
-

70
-

46
-

9
-

42
33

70
68

3
3

25
25

3
3
3

3
3
3

3
3
3

11
7
4
4

1
1
1

3
1

2
2

12
1
11
5

7
7
7

38
18
20
4

_

_

_

_

_
1
1

9
9
-

8
7
1

|

-

_
-

319

-

156
156

47
47

65
9
56

12
12

-

156

47

56

39
39
39
20
57

_
-

_
-

12
12
-

42
18
24
24

2. 08
OT8
2. 02
2. 10

-

3
3

26
18
8

1. 51
1. 75

-

-

2.
2.
2.
2.

30
29
31
19

_
-

89
-T E ~

Shipping clerk s ___________________________
Manufacturing ---------- -----------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________

2. 42
2. 25
2. 85

_
-

-

Shipping and receiving clerk s
------------Manufacturing _____________________ ___
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
W holesale trade ___________________

488
227
261
108

2.
2.
2.
2.

38
39
37
50

_
-

_
-

848
773
075
930
281
425

2, 86

_

3. 21
2. 67
2. 70
Z . 72
2. 76

-

-

-

-

-

_

4
4

_
-

_
-

_

6
6 |

1




-

! 101
] 45'
56
’

36
-

1

7 i
7 !

i
-

j

-!

" i
! ---- 1— 1
-

-

_ j
-

j

-

j

1

409
, 381
28
'
3
9
2

430
355
75
5
2

i 1032 639
443 254
589 385
420 207
100 i 158
55
20

2307
813
1494
1112
221
151

1271
345
926
870
9
41

267
119
148
6
140

71
56
15
2
13

164
147
17
12
5

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

110
71
| 39
j 20

202
195
7

142
59
83
!
80

304
119
185
143
42

436
122
314
84
224

352
170
182
1
181

213
117
i 96
5
91

34
20
14
2
12

26
26
-

21
21
-

28
28
-

1
1
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

2

-

123
73
50
2
4

-

-

-

68
: 60
8

81
57
24
24

83
75
8
g

129
no
19
16

105
25
80
80

231
218
13
13

144
144

90
90

27
27

14
14

4
4

3
3

3
3

6
6

5
5

8
8

2

12
12

2
2

14
14

48
39
9
5

77
76
1
1

34
28
6
6

88
39
49
23

99
34
65

22

14
6
8
8

44
39
5
5

15
1
14
14

8
8
-

2
2

5
1

16
16
-

4
3
1
“

-

3
3
-

25
ZT~

9
9
-

32
16
16

17
16
1

28
28
-

38
28
10

39
39
-

52
52

19
15
4

3
3
-

28
----- 3
25

_
-

_
-

13
3
10

39
39

_
-

7
4
3

_
-

18
9
9

31
4
27

152
60
92
36

1
-

24
14

10
10

17
3
14

_
-

_
-

1
1

17
4
13

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

22

82
46
44
34
12 | 38
4
4

50
44

4

42
7
35

14
1 8

23

10

no
50
60

56
30
26

711
172
539

439

6

?

62
4
58
1
36
15

867
326
541
309
178
54

i 26
' '26 '
-

4
S

6

j
See footnotes at end of table,

|
698

|

9

71
3
45

i
j 412
1 71
T
i 41
: 26
! n
1 4
-

9

-

392
283
109

W holesale trade ----------------------------Retail trade 4 ______________________

1
j 45
! 45
"
-

129
127
2

71
17

562
------- 3TV
246
106

7.
2,
5,
2,
1,

394
441
2T)S 1 37T
186
70
8
17
6 !
1
4 i
6
137 i

16
7

46

Receiving clerk s _________________________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------Retail trade 4 ______________________

T ruckdrivers 8 ___________________________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------

~

232
TZ1
111
4
13
22
50

72
7
65

10
10

321
~

58

259
T ZU
139
15
24
! 27
40
3
37
3

18
6
12

-

177
51
124
2
19
5

149
14
135
75

71

320
----- j —

22
22

P ac k e rs, shipping (women) _____________
Manufacturing ________________________

m

157
I T
88
2
7
29

i
|531
IT 7 3
!2 5 8
i 191
1 27
I 6
13

-

;

j

6

9
14
!
1

7
3

9

_

-

|

2
7

2

50

382
34
348

16

25

5

2

293
45
248
72
75

2

6
1037
274
763
486
273

12
10
9

86

80

353
348
4

16

1

-

-

-

12

10

-

-

-

1758
156

314
196
118

179
179
-

239
47
192

238
40
198

42
42

1068

111

_

192

198

_

1602
1248
34
320

<51068

_

12

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Newark and Jersey City, N. J ., February 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly 2 U n d e r 1 .0 0 1. 10 1. 2 0 1 . 3 0
and
earnings $
under
1 .0 0
1. 10 1 . 2 0 1 .3 0 1 . 4 0

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n 1 a n d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

$
1 .4 0

$
$
$
1. 5 0 1. 6 0 1 . 7 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
%
1 . 8 0 1 . 9 0 2 . 0 0 2 . 10 2 . 2 0 2 . 3 0 2 . 4 0 2 . 5 0 $2 . 6 0 2 . 7 0 2 . 8 0 2 . 9 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 10 3 . 2 0 3 . 3 0 3 . 4 0
and

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

14
8

12
7

2 . 00

2 . 10

2. 20

3

19
-

21
11

14
12

327

-

7
7

1. 50

7
4
3
-

68
3b
32
32

42
18
24
16

1 .^ 0

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

-

28
lb

36
16

8
8

6
5

21
21
16

142
20
122
24
6

945
243
702
470
232

490
468
388
64

399
5?
342
342

32
30

16
15
1

30

“

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2. 80

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 . 10

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

over

T r u c k d r i v e r s : 8— C o n t i n u e d
T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t
( u n d e r 1 1/ 2 t o n s ) __________ _____ __
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------ —
-------------------

494
$ 2 . 19
-----------7 7 “ — T T RT ~

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d i u m ( l l /z to
a n d i n c l u d i n g 4 t o n s ) --------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 -------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ---------------------------

3 , 281
~ T 7 W
1, 9 4 2
1, 3 6 8
429

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
t r a i l e r t y p e ) ____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ______________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ----------------------------T r u c k d r iv e r s , h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
o t h e r t h a n t r a i l e r t y p e ) ---------- ------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________ ________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
------- --------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _________ _____
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (fo r k lift)
__ __ _____
M a n u f a c t u r in g ________________________ _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ____________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 4 --------------------------------------

2, 600

—

'

2 .8 3
3'. ZB"
2. 52
2 . 56
2. 45

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

114
1 07
7
-

-

16
16
-

16
16
-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

97
79
18
6
12

20
10
10
6
4

252
46
204
165
39

1453
' 14'5
1308
978
10

83
26
57
57

-

207
16
192
192

1 78
178
1 78

-

262
™ 262
-

~

-

23
23
-

10
lo
-

117
63
54
54

-

-

-

20
20
20

18
18
-

"

305
il
294
24

10
10
-

-

118
2
116
76

3
3
-

-

43
13
30
30

32
32
32

-

-

1 78
1 58
20

1 49
14 3
6

298
209
89
38
21

225
188
37
37

173
80
93
60
33

53
36
23
23

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

102
162
-

"

-

-

-

-

2 .9 7

2

778
T 69
609
299
1, 7 6 5
1 ,3 8 7 '
378
189
142

2 .9 1
2. 85
3. 05

2 .7 4
~ z ;7 9
2. 72
2 . 58
2 .4 5
ZTO
2. 5 4
2 . 56
2. 60

176
1 38

W a t c h m e n _______________________________ __
M a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________ _
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ____________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _____________________
F in a n c e 6 ______________________________

9 51
634
3 17
67
90
68

1 .8 7
1 .9 5
1. 7 2
1 .9 9
1. 62
1 .6 6

11
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
9
9

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

"

-

-

-

-

36
36
36

21
3
18
18

-

11
11
-

11
3
8

1
1
-

_
-

15
13
2

157
15?
-

30
21
9

-

-

-

2

"

-

-

20

6

1 60
69
91
91
“

12
12

2
-

10
10
-

2

-

1
1

19
19

72
72

9
8

38
2

8
7

11
11

6
6

68
46
22
2
20

54
54

48
48
-

53
45
8
3

10
10

16
15
1

36
35
1

5

1

1

1

2 . 22
2 . 18
_

-

1
1
-

14
14
-

8

67
7
60
37

65
47
18
3

10
9
1
-

70
37
3
3
16
3

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
All workers were at $ 0. 90 to $ 1.
Excludes limited-price variety stores.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
All workers were at $ 3. 50 to $ 3. 60.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.
All workers were paid under bonus plans except 18 workers.
All workers were paid under bonus plans.




-

-

w r " T .T 8 " "
1 ,9 9 8
1, 1 5 5
522

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( o t h e r th a n
f o r k l i f t ) ----------------------------------------------------------"\/fq
fa n y i Y cr
* i

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

-

472
251
221
144
63

22

83
58
25
12
12

4
30
20

252
~ 2 tT “
21
21
-

201
201“
-

54

9
9
-

50
IT
39
3
3

9

542
4T
_

13

Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes Iq applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and in voices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work inciden­
tal to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine,
are cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller , machine (billing machine)— U ses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry o f necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies
of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger
record. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a num­
ber of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.




Class A — Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to
be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated re­
ports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B— Keeps a record of one or more phases or section s
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic
bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, pay­
roll, customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing
described under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense d is­
tribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in prep­
aration of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the a c­
counting department.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or a c­
countant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s of a
complete set of books or records relating to one phase of an e s ­
tablishment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and

14

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

balancing subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receiv­
able or accounts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouch­
ers with proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and ex­
perience in making proper assignations and allocations. May
assist in preparing, adjusting, and closin g journal entries; may
direct cla ss B accounting clerks.

Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers. This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in office s in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distrib­
uting pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)

CLERK, FILE

Class A — Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. C lassifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files. May perform incidental clerical duties.

Class B— Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been cla ssified , or locates or a ssists in locating ma­
terial in the files. May perform incidental clerical duties.

CLERK, ORDER

R eceives customers' orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled. May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled , keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sib ilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjust­
ments such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is
not required to prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used
stencils or Ditto masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed
material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine. May keep files of punch
cards. May verify own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL

Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

15

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and
making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidental
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the re­
corded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May pre­
pare special reports or memorandums for information o f superior.

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may
type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this w orkers
while at switchboard.

TABULAT1NG-MACHINE

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing
machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

posi­
also
This
time

OPERATOR

Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype Or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type
from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing
dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such
as legal briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A
worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar
machine is cla ssified as a stenographer, general.

machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
TYPIST

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information to
persons who ca ll in* or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.




Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping
simple records, filing records and reports or sorting and distributing
incoming mail.

16

T Y P IS T — Continued

T Y P IS T —-C ontinued

Class A— Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form from very rough and involved draft; copying
from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent and varied
use of technical and unusual words or from foreign-language copy;
combining material from several sources, or planning layout of
complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance

in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in final form. May type
routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B— Performs one or more o f the following: Typing from
relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance
p o licie s, e tc., setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR

Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p oses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cr o s s-s e ctio n s , e tc., to scale by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those
involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings* Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combinar
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety o f all personnel.

TRACER

Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

17

M A IN T E N A N C E

3 PO W ERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record ot
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded .




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp e cific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety ot pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

18

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is ­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE

Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or con sistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various size s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general, the work o f the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded .

19

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to c lo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office , apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

20

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded .
ORDER FILLER

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specification s on sales slip s, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and pertorm
other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various tvpes of estab­
lishments such a s: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded .

PACKER, SHIPPING

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size o f container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded .
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means o f transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness o f shipments against
bills of lading, in v oices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s .




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( l l to and including 4 tons)
A
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER

Operates a manually controlled ga soline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
* U.S. G
OVERNM
ENT PRINTIN O
G FFICE : 1961 0 —589317

Occupational

Wage

Surveys

O c c u p a t i o n a l wag e su rv ey s w ill be c o n d u c t e d in the 82 major labor markets lis t e d b e lo w during late I96 0 and early 1 9 6 l . B u lle t in s , when a v a i l a b l e , may be
p u r c h a s e d from the Superintendent o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. Government Printing O f f i c e , Washington 25, D . C . , or from any o f the BLS r e g io n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on the
i n s id e front c o v e r .
A summary bu lleti n c on tain in g data for 80 labor markets, c o m b in e d with a d d iti ona l a n a l y s i s , w ill be i s s u e d ea rly in 1962.

Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Albuquerque, N. M ex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—Bethlehem—Easton,
P a .- N .J .— Bull. 1285Atlanta, G a .— Bull. 1285* Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285- 34
Beaumont—Port Arthur, T e x .— Bull. 1285Birmingham, A la .— Bull. 1285“
B o ise, Idaho— Bull. 1285❖ ❖ Boston, M a ss.— Bull. 1285-15
❖ ❖ Buffalo, N .Y .— Bull. 1285- 31
Burlington, V t.— Bull. 1285*Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285- 29
Charleston, W. V a .— Bull. 1285Charlotte, N .C .— Bull. 1285❖ ❖ Chattanooga, T enn.—G a .— Bull. 1 28 5 -1 4
Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285Cincinnati, Ohio—K y .— Bull. 1285❖ ❖ Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285-11
C o lu m b u s, O h io — B u ll. 1285- 38
❖ ❖ D allas, T e x .— Bull. 1285-21
❖ ❖ Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111.—
Bull. 1 28 5 -1 6
Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1 2 8 5 -4 1
❖ Denver, C o lo .— Bull. 1285* 27
Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285*
Detroit, M ich.— Bull. 1285*37
❖ ❖ Fort Worth, T e x .— Bull. 1285- 23




❖ Green B ay , W is .— Bull. 1285-2
G r e e n v ille , S . C . — B ull. 1285H ou st on , T e x . — Bull. 1285❖ in d ia n a p o lis, In d .— Bull. 1 2 8 5 - 2 8
J a c k s o n , M i s s . — B ull. 12 8 5 -4 2
❖ ❖ J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . — B ull. 1285- 30
❖ K a n s a s C ity , M o.—K a n s . — Bull. 12 85 -1 8
L a w r e n c e —Haverh il l, M a s s . —N .H .— Bull. 1285❖ ❖ L it tle R o c k —North L itt le R o c k , A r k . — Bull. 1 2 85-6
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . — Bull. 1285L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —In d .— Bull. 1285L u b b o c k , T e x . — B ull. 1285❖ M an chest er , N . H . — B ull. 1285-1
Memphis, T e n n . — B ull. 1285- 35
❖ Miami, F l a . — B ull. 12 8 5 -3 3
M ilwa uk ee, W is .— B ull. 1285M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, Minn.— B ull. 1 2 8 5 -3 9
M uskeg on—M uskeg on H eig h t s, M ich .— Bull. 1285Newark and J e r s e y C ity , N . J . — B ull. 1285- 40
New Haven, C o n n . — Bull. 1285New Orleans , L a . — Bull. 1285New York, N . Y . — B ull. 1285N o r fo lk —Portsmouth and Newport N ew s —
Hampton, V a . — B ull. 1285❖ ❖ Oklahoma C ity , O k l a . — Bull. 1285- 3
❖ ❖ Om ah a, N e b r .—I o w a — B ull. 1285- 13
P a t e r s o n —C l i f t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . — Bull. 1285❖ ❖ P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . — B ull. 1 2 8 5 - 2 4
P h o e n ix , A r i z . — B ull. 1285*

Pittsbu rgh, P a . — B ull. 1285❖ Portlan d, Maine— Bull. 1285*19
Portlan d, O r e g .—W as h.— B u ll. 1285P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k et, R . I . —M a s s . — B u ll. 1285❖ ❖ R a leig h , N . C . — B ull. 1 2 8 5 - 5
❖ Richmond, V a . — Bull. 1285- 26
R o c k fo r d , 111. — Bull. 1285❖ ❖ St. L o u i s , Mo.-111. — Bull. 1285- 10
❖ ❖ Sa lt L ak e City , Utah— B ull. 1 2 8 5 -3 2
San A ntonio, T e x . — B ull. 1285❖ San Be rna rdino—R i v e r s i d e —Ontario,
C a l i f . — Bull. 1285- 4
San F r a n c i s c o —Oakla nd, C a l i f . — B ull. 1285- 36
Savannah, Ga. — Bull. 1285❖ ❖ Scranton, P a . — Bull. 1 2 8 5 -8
❖ ❖ S e a tt le , Wash.— Bull. 1 2 8 5 - 7
❖ ❖ ❖ S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k .— B ull. 12 85-17
South Bend, In d .— B ull. 1285-

❖ ❖
❖ ❖
❖
❖ ❖
❖ ❖

Sp ok an e, Wash.— B u ll. 1285*
T o l e d o , O h io — B ull. 1285T re nton, N . J . — Bull. 1285- 25
W as hing ton , D . C . - M d . - V a ___ B ull. 12 8 5 -2 2
Waterbury, C o n n . — Bull. 1285Waterloo, I ow a — B ull. 12 85 -2 0
W ic hita, K a n s . — B ull. 1 2 8 5 * 9
Wilmington, D e l . —N . J . — B ull. 1285*12
W orc es ter , M a s s . — B ull. 1285York , P a . — B ull. 1285-

An asterisk preceding a labor market indicates the availability and
price of the bulletin.
Please do not order copies in advance.

P r i c e , 20 cents.
P r i c e , 25 cents.





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102