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Occupational Wage Survey

MINNEAPOUS-ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA

JANUARY 1 9 6 1

Bulletin No. 1285-39




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices

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_______

New Eaglaad Region
18 Oliver Street
Boston 10, Mass.
Liberty 2-2115

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Occupational Wage Survey

MINNEAPOLIS-ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA




J A N U A R Y

1961

B u lle tin N o . 1285-39
March 1961

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary

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BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

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For sale by the Superintendent of Documents; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents

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Preface

Contents
Page

The C om m u n ity W age S u rvey P r o g r a m
W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s _______________________
The B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics r e g u la r ly con d u cts
a rea w id e w age su r v e y s in a n u m ber o f im p orta n t in d u stria l
c e n t e r s . The stu d ies, m ade fr o m late fa ll to e a r ly sp rin g ,
rela te to o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d su p p lem en tary
b e n e fits . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in ea ch a r e a , u su a lly in the m onth fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d stud ied. T h is b u lletin p r o v id e s additional
data not in clu d ed in the e a r lie r r e p o r t .
A co n s o lid a te d
a n a ly tica l b u lle tin su m m a rizin g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the
y e a r ’ s su r v e y s is is s u e d a fter c o m p le tio n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lletin fo r the c u r r e n t round o f s u r v e y s .
T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u re a u ’ s re g io n a l
o ffic e in C h ic a g o , 111., by W ood row C . L in n , under the
d ir e c tio n o f G e o rg e E . V otav a, A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r
fo r W ages and In d u stria l R e la tio n s .




4

T a b le s :
1.
2.

E sta b lish m en ts and w o rk e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y -------- ----Indexes o f stan dard w eek ly s a la r ie s and stra ig h t-tim e
h ou rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tio n a l g ro u p s,
and p e r ce n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s —____________—

A.

B.

O ccu p a tion a l ea rn in g s: *
A -l.
O ffic e occu p a tion s — ________________________________
A -2 .
P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s _______________
A -3 .
M aintenance and pow erp lan t o c c u p a t io n s _____________
A -4 .
C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m ov em en t o c c u p a t io n s _______
E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age
p r o v is io n s : *
B -l.
Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls ____________________________________
B -2 . M in im u m en tran ce s a la r ie s f o r w om en o ffic e
w o r ke r s ______________ _____—______ ________ —
----------B -3 . S ch ed u led w eek ly h o u r s ________________________________ —
B -4 .

P a i d h o l i d a y s —_____________________________________________

B -5 .
B -6 .

P a id v a c a t i o n s ___________________________________________
H ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p en sion p la n s _________________

A ppendix:

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip t i o n s ________________________________ —

❖ N O TE: S im ila r tabu lation s a r e a v a ila b le in the M in n ea p olis—
St. P aul a r e a r e p o r t s fo r N ov em b er 1951, 1952, 1953, and 1954,
D e ce m b e r 1955, M a rch 1957, January 1958, 1959, and I960. M ost
o f the r e p o r t s a ls o in clu de data on th ese o r re la te d esta b lish m en t
p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en tary w age p r o v is io n s .
A d ir e c t o r y in d i­
cating date o f study and p r ic e o f the r e p o r t s , a s w e ll as r e p o r t s
fo r oth er m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.
C u rren t r e p o r t s on occu p a tio n a l earn in g s and su p ­
p le m e n ta ry w age p r a c t ic e s in the M in n ea p olis—
St. P au l a r e a
a r e a ls o a v a ila b le fo r m a ch in e ry (F e b r u a r y I960), flu id m ilk
(M ay I960), h o te ls (A p r il I960), p o w e r la u n d rie s and d r y c le a n ­
e r s (A p r il I960), banking (June I9 6 0 ),and h o sp ita ls (July I960).
Union s c a le s , in d ica tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le
fo r the fo llo w in g tr a d e s or in d u str ie s :
B uilding co n s tru ctio n ,
prin tin g, lo c a l-t r a n s it op era tin g e m p lo y e e s ,
and m o to rtru ck
d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

3

3

5
9
10
11

14
15
16
17
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Occupational W age Survey—Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.

Introduction

T h is a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p orta n t in d u s tr ia l c e n t e r s in
w h ich the U. S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r *s B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s has
co n d u cted s u r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d w age b e n e fits
on an a r e a w id e b a s is . In this a r e a , data w e r e ob ta in ed by p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u rea u fie ld e c o n o m is t s to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e sta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s :
M an u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s p o r t a t io n ,1
c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il
tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in ­
d u stry g ro u p s e x clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a re g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts having
fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e om itte d a ls o b e c a u s e
th ey fu rn is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r ­
ran t in c lu s io n . W h e r e v e r p o s s ib le , se p a r a te ta bu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h e se s u r v e y s a r e co n d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su r v e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . To obtain
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied . In co m b in in g the data, h o w ­
e v e r , a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t. E s tim a te s
b a s e d on the • sta b lish m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , as r e ­
la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a , e x ­
ce p t f o r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied.
O ccu p a tion s and E a rn in gs
The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to
take a cco u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in du ties w ithin the sa m e
jo b . (See ap pendix f o r lis tin g o f th e se d e s c r i p t i o n s .) E a rn in g s data a r e
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p es o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c) m a in te ­
n an ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t.

la te s h ifts .
N on p rod u ction b o n u se s a r e ex clu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b on u ses and in ce n tiv e e a rn in g s a r e in clu d ed .
W h ere w eek ly
h ou rs a r e r e p o r te d , as fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o rk sc h e d u le s (rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf h our) f o r w hich
s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w eek ly ea rn in g s f o r th ese
o c cu p a tio n s have b een rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
A v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f m en and w om en a re p r e s e n te d s e p a r a te ly
fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s in w h ich both s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D iffe r e n c e s in p a y le v e ls o f m en and w om en in th ese o ccu p a tio n s a r e
la r g e ly due to (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong
in d u str ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts ; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific du ties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the occu p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin
the sa m e su r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in len gth o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w when in div id u al s a la r ie s a r e ad ju sted on this b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ould r e s u lt in h ig h er a v e r a g e pay
when both s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ithin the sa m e rate ran ge.
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese s u r v e y s a re u s u ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in d iv id u al esta b lis h m e n ts to
a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong esta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific duties
p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p a tion a l e m p loy m en t e stim a te s r e p r e s e n t the tota l in a ll
e sta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b er a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l str u c tu r e am ong
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t obtain ed
fr o m the sa m p le o f esta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the
r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tion a l s tru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
ings data.
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s

In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c te d e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry b en efits as th ey r e ­
late to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
The te r m " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u se d
O ccu p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t and ea rn in g s data a r e show n f o r
in this b u lletin , in clu d e s w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th o se h ir e d to w ork a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r re la te d fu n ctio n s, and e x clu d e s a d m in ­
u le in the g iv en o ccu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in gs data e x clu d e
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. "P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
clud e w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g le a d m en and tr a in e e s ) en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n ctio n s.
A d m in is tr a tiv e ,
R a ilr o a d s , f o r m e r l y e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f th ese stu d iee x e cu tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
s,
e m p lo y e e s who a r e u tiliz e d as a s e p a r a te w ork fo r c e a r e e x clu d ed .
w e r e in clu d ed in a ll o f the a r e a s stu d ied s in c e Ju ly 1959, e x c e p t B a lti­
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and rou tem en a r e e x clu d e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s­
m o r e (S e p te m b e r 1959 and D e c e m b e r I9 6 0 ), B u ffa lo (O c to b e r 1959),
t r ie s , but a r e in clu d ed as plant w o r k e r s in n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
C le v e la n d (S e p te m b e r 1959), and S eattle (A u gu st 1959).

1




2
Shift d iffe r e n t ia l data (ta ble B - l ) a r e lim ite d to m a n u fa ctu rin g
in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in te r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f tota l plant w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m en t, and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s is o f w o r k e r s
a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the su r v e y .
In esta b lis h m e n ts h aving v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount ap plying to
a m a jo r it y w as u se d o r , if no am ount a p p lied to a m a jo r it y , the c l a s ­
s ific a t io n " o t h e r " w as u sed .
In e sta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich s o m e la t e sh ift h ou rs a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d on ly
if it a p p lied to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u r s.

M in im u m e n tra n ce ra tes (ta ble B -2 ) r e la te on ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts v is it e d .
T h ey a r e p r e s e n te d on am e sta b lis h m e n t, ra th er
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and
health, in s u r a n ce , and p e n s io n plans a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the
b a s is that th ese a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a ­
jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y ev en tu a lly q u a lify f o r the
p r a c t ic e s lis te d . S ch ed u led h ou rs a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is
that th e se a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r ity
a r e c o v e r e d . 3 B e c a u s e o f roun din g, su m s o f in d iv id u a l item s in th ese
tabu la tion s m a y not equ al to ta ls .
The f ir s t p a rt o f the p a id h olid a y s ta ble p r e s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r o f w hole and h a lf h o lid a y s a c tu a lly p r o v id e d .
The s e c o n d p a rt
c o m b in e s w hole and h a lf h o lid a y s to sh ow total h o lid a y t im e .
The su m m a r y o f v a c a tio n plans is lim ite d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n ts , ex clu d in g in fo r m a l plan s w h e r e b y tim e o ff w ith pay is gra n ted
at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep a ra te e s tim a te s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com pu tin g v a ca tio n p a y m e n ts , su ch
as tim e p a y m e n ts, p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s, o r fla t -s u m am ou n ts.
H o w e v e r, in the tabu lation s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , p a ym en ts not on
a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r te d ; f o r exam ple,* a p a ym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as the eq u iv a len t o f 1 w e e k 's pay.

2

An e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as h aving a p o li c y if it m et
e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g co n d itio n s: (1) O p era ted la te sh ifts at the tim e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts.
S ch ed u led w eek ly h ou rs f o r o ffic e w o r k e r s (fir s t s e c tio n o f
ta b le B -3 ) in s u r v e y s m a de p r io r to Ju ly 1957 w e r e p r e s e n te d in
te r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o ffic e s
w ith the in d ica te d w e e k ly h ou rs f o r w om en w o r k e r s .

3




D ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h ealth , in s u r a n ce , and p e n s io n
plan s fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
e x ce p tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ire m e n ts su ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n sa tio n ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such pla n s in clu d e th o se
u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n ce c om p a n y and th o se p r o v id e d
th rou gh a union fund o r p a id d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t
op e r a tin g funds o r fr o m a fund se t a s id e f o r this p u r p o s e .
D eath
b en e fits a r e in clu d ed as a fo r m o f life in s u r a n ce .
S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce is lim ite d to that type o f in ­
s u r a n ce u n der w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a sh p a ym en ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in su r e d on a w eek ly o r m on th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch plan s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s .
H o w e v e r , in N ew Y o rk and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich
have en a cted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n ce la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 plan s a r e in clu d e d o n ly if the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
trib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
with b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n ts o f the law . T ab u lation s
o f p a id s i c k - le a v e p la n s a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 5 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's pa y d u rin g a b s e n ce fr o m w o rk
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S ep a ra te ta bu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
(1) .plans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y and no w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) p la n s
p r o v id in g e ith e r p a r tia l pay o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In ad d ition to the
p r e s e n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n du plica ted tota l is
show n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p es o f b e n e fits .
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n ce , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to as exten d ed
m e d ic a l in s u r a n ce , in clu d e s th o se pla n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v olv in g e x p e n s e s b ey on d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and % u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in su r a n ce r e fe r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le te o r p a r tia l
pa ym en t o f d o c t o r s 1 fe e s . Such plan s m a y be u n d e rw ritte n b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in su r a n ce c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y be
s e lf-in s u r e d . T ab u lation s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n s io n pla n s a r e lim ite d to
th o se pla n s that p r o v id e m on th ly p a ym en ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life .

4
5

The t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lifo r n ia and R h ode Isla n d
do not r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s .
An e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as h avin g a fo r m a l pla n if
it e s ta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er o f da ys o f s ic k le a v e that
cou ld be e x p e cte d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . Such a p la n n eed n ot be w ritten ,
but in fo r m a l s i c k - le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is ,
w e re e x clu d e d .

3

Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in M inneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. , 1 by m ajor industry division,

Industry division

All divisions

___

_

Number of establishments

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

__ _

_
_

2 January

1961

W orkers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within
scope of
study 3

Studied

Studied
T o ta l4

Office

Plant

T o ta l4

50

1, 033

255

255,800

55, 200

144, 900

157, 530

50
50

428
605

94
161

119, 200
136, 600

17, 000
38, 200

75, 800
69, 100

73, 240
84, 290

50
50
50
50
50

Manufacturing __
_ _
Nonmanufacturing
_
_ .... ... .... .
Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5 _________________________________
.........
... . _ .
W holesale trade
Retail trade
.
.
.
Finance, insurance, and real estate
S e rv ic e s7

88
144
190
93
90

33
38
40
29
21

8,
7,
5,
15,

21, 900
7, 800
30, 700
6 800
(8)

32,
9,
25,
13,
3,

41,
20,
40,
21,
13,

200
500
500
400
000

500
100
400
700
(8)

210
540
440
160
940

1 The Minneapolis—
St. Paul Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (Anoka, Dakota, Hennepin, Ramsey, and Washington Counties).
The "w orkers within scope of study" estim ates shown
in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of
comparison with other area employment indexes to m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in
advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
Major changes from the earlier edition (used in
the Bureau's labor market wage surveys conducted prior to July 1958) are the transfer of m ilk pasteurization plants and ready-m ixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or retail) to
manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting from services to the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the m inim um -size limitation.
A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair
service, and m otion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 Estimate relates to real estate establishments only.
7 H otels; personal service s; business serv ice s; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit mem bership organizations; and engineering and architectural service s.
8 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A and B tables.
Separate presentation of data for this division is not made
for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to permit separate
presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Table 2.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. ,
January 1961 and January I960, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(November 1952 = 100)

Industry and occupational group
January 1961

January I960

Percent increases from —
January I960
to
January 1961

January 1959
to
January I960

January 1958
to
January 1959

March 1957
to
January 1958

Decem ber 1955
to
March 1957

November 1954 November 1953 November 1952
to
to
to
Decem ber 1955 November 1954 November 1953

All indu stries;
Office clerical (women) ___________
Industrial nurses (women)
Skilled maintenance (men) ________
Unskilled plant (men)
____

137.
145.
142.
148.

7
7
0
7

133. 3
138.6
137. 1
142. 6

3.
5.
3.
4.

3
1
6
3

3.
3.
3.
3.

2
5
4
9

3.
3.
4.
4.

4
7
6
9

3.
3.
4.
5.

0
8
1
1

6. 3
5. 3
5. 3
6 .4

3.
3.
4.
4.

8
4
9
9

3.
4.
3.
4.

3
3
3
9

6. 3
9. 4
6 .6
6. 4

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (women)
______ __
Industrial nurses (women)
Skilled maintenance (men)
Unskilled plant (men) _____________

135.
145.
139.
143.

1
3
4
1

130.
137.
134.
138.

3. 2
5. 7
3. 6
3 .6

3.
2.
3.
3.

3
9
3
3

3.
3.
4.
5.

1
6
1
5

3.
4.
4.
4.

0
4
4
1

5. 3
5. 3
5. 1
5 .4

3.
2.
5.
4.

4
0
4
2

3. 6
5. 0
1 .4
4. 8

5. 8
9 .4
6. 7
5. 8




9
5
5
1

4

W
age Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , and o f a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d
p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
In a r e a s w h ich w e r e n ot s u r v e y e d d u rin g the
f i s c a l 1953 b a s e y e a r (J u ly 1952 to June 1953) th is ta b le is lim ite d
to p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e b e tw e e n s e le c t e d p e r io d s .

F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the in d e x e s
r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s o f w o rk , that is ,
the sta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g e s in s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s , e x clu d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k ­
en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts.
The in d e x e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r
s e le c t e d k e y o c c u p a tio n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t
jo b s w ith in e a c h g ro u p . The o f f ic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in
the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i lle r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ); b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , f ile ,
c la s s A and B ; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s , p a y r o ll; k eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s ;
o f f ic e g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; s te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a ­
t o r s ; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a ­
t o r s ; t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A
and B .
The in d u s tr ia l n u r s e data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in d u s tr ia l
n u r s e s . M en in the fo llo w in g 10 s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s and 3 u n s k ille d
jo b s w e r e in clu d e d in the p la n t w o r k e r data:
S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ;
e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; m i l l ­
w r ig h ts ; p a in t e r s ; p ip e fit t e r s ; s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s ; and t o o l and d ie
m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a ­
t e r ia l h an dlin g; and w a tch m en .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
c o m p u te d f o r e a c h o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s .
The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e then m u lt ip lie d b y the a v e r a g e o f 1953 and
1954 e m p lo y m e n t in the jo b . T h e s e w e ig h te d e a r n in g s f o r in d iv id u a l
o c c u p a tio n s w e r e th en to ta le d tp o b ta in an a g g r e g a te f o r e a c h o c c u p a ­
tio n a l g ro u p . F in a lly , the r a t io o f th e s e g ro u p a g g r e g a te s f o r a giv^ n
y e a r to the a g g r e g a te f o r the b a s e p e r io d (s u r v e y m on th , w in te r 1952—53)
w a s co m p u te d «and the r e s u lt m u lt ip lie d b y the b a s e y e a r in d e x (1 0 0 ) to
g e t the in d e x f o r the g iv e n y e a r .




S im ila r p r o c e d u r e s w e r e fo llo w e d in c o m p ilin g " p e r c e n t s o f
c h a n g e " in a r £ a s n ot s u r v e y e d d u rin g 1953.

A d ju s tm e n ts h a v e b e e n m a d e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to m a in ta in
c o m p a r a b ility s o that the y e a r - t o - y e a r c o m p a r is o n s a r e b a s e d on the
sa m e in d u str y and o c c u p a tio n a l c o v e r a g e .
F o r e x a m p le , r a ilr o a d s
h av e b e e n in clu d e d in the c o v e r a g e o f the s u r v e y s on ly s in c e Ju ly 1959.
In com p u tin g the in d e x e s fo r the f i r s t y e a r in w h ich r a ilr o a d s w e r e
in clu d ed , data r e la tin g to r a ilr o a d s w e r e e x clu d e d . In d exes f o r s u b s e ­
quent y e a r s in clu d e data f o r r a ilr o a d s .

T h e in d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l
s a la r y and w a g e c h a n g e s; (2) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s in pa y r e c e iv e d
b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and (3) ch a n g es in the
la b o r f o r c e su ch a s la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n sio n s, f o r c e r e d u c ­
tio n s , and ch a n g e s in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pa y le v e ls .
C h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e can
c a u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t
a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s. F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e ex p a n sio n m ig h t in c r e a s e
the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c ifi c o c cu p a tio n and r e ­
su lt in a d r o p in the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n
o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ou ld h ave the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . The m o v e m e n t
o f a h ig h -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u ld c a u s e the a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s to d r o p , ev en though n o ch a n ge in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
a r e a e sta b lis h m e n ts .

The u se o f con sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t s
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
clu d e d in the data.
N or a r e the in d e x e s in flu e n c e d b y ch a n g es in
sta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e , s in c e they
a r e b a s e d on p a y f o r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .

In d ex es f o r the p e r io d 1953 to I9 6 0 f o r w o r k e r s in 20 m a jo r
la b o r m a r k e t s w ill a p p e a r in B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -6 2 , W a ges and R ela ted
B e n e fits , 60 l<abor M a r k e ts, W in ter 1959—
60.

5

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. O ffice Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , January 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Avbhagb
S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

$
4 0 . 00
Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings *
and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r
4 5 . 00

$
9 5 . 00

S
$
$
$
S
S
1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 n o . o o 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 00

$
4 5 . 00

$
5 0 . 00

$
5 5 . 00

$
6 0. 00

$
65. 00

$
7 0 . 00

$
7 5 . 00

$
8 0 . 00

$
8 5 . 00

$
9 0 . 00

5 0 . 00

5 5 .0 0

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00 L 0 0 .00

.
-

-

1
1
1

5
5
4

10
10
7

41
21
20
1
13

48
12
36
3
23

52
26
26
1
21

64
31
33
11
10

105
55
50
25
14

63
18
45
24
12

60
20
40
28
9

33
8
25
20
3

40
3
37
11
17

39
11
28
4
10

31
5
26
17
1

69
56
13
6
3

44
30
14
6
7

38
21
17
7
4

34
22
12
7
3

10
_

4
.

2
_
2
2

-

14
1
13
12
1

-

-

-

-

-

12
12
12

5
5
5

18
18
18

23
23
23

54
20
34
34

40
14
26
26

43
14
29
29

97
11
86
78

28
1
27
21

49
15
34
28

78
37
41
36

30
2
28
20

4
3
1

21
_

10

2

10

2

4

6

2

7

2
2
1

_

_

.

_

_
_

-

_

_
_
_

_
_

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and
1 0 5 . 0 0 n o . o o 1 1 5 . OQ 12Q..QQ 1 2 5 . on

over

M en

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A ______________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________ ______________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ______________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______________________________________

584
211
373
179
1 30

39. 5
" 3 9 :3 "
39. 5
40. 0
40. 0

$ 9 9 .5 0
9 7. 50
1 0 0 . 50
1 1 0 .0 0
9 1 . 50

_

_

-

-

-

-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B ______________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ______________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e
______________________________________

345
1 52
193
96
51

39.
39.
39.
40.
40.

5
5
5
0
0

78.
79.
76.
82.
71.

-

9
-

-

1
1
1

1

8
3
5
3

C l e r k s , o r d e r _________ _____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e -------------------------- --------------------------------

502
117
385
343

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

9 7 . 50
100. 00
9 7 .0 0
9 5 . 00

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

■

39. 5

9 3 . 00

58.
53.
59.
76.
57.

C le r k s ,

p a y ro ll

_______________________________________________

58

00
50
50
00
50

O f f i c e b o y s _____________________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
-------------------------------------------------- --------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ______________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______________________________________

270
63
2 07
50
74

39.
39.
39.
40.
39.

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A -----------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ________________________________________

1 45
61
84

39. 5
40. 0
39. 0

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B -----------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ______________________________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e
-----------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e 4 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

313
1 12
201
50
75

3 9 .5
39. 5
39. 5
40. 0
40. 0
38. 5

86.
87.
86.
93.
86.
82.

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C -----------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ________________________________________
F i n a n c e 4 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

193
151
1 20

38. 5
36. 6
38. 0

7 4 . 00
7 3 . 00
7 0 . 00

55

5
5
5
0
5

00
50
00
50
00

1 0 2 .5 0
9 8 . 00
1 0 6 .0 0

50
00
50
00
00
00

_

8

9

.

6

1

16
16
3
-

66
19
47
10

59
25
34
3
12

42
7
35
27

30
7
23
1
20

13
4
9
3
4

-

“

5
1
4

9
4
5

19
13
6

13
5
8

16
10
6

10
5
5

37
16
21

10
5
5

12
12

30
13
17
3
11

32
13
19
7
6

60
31
29
3
13
8

30
14
16
7
2
5

46
7
39
20

11
4
7

4
4

1
1
1
_

19
12
9

12
6
2

11
7

11
9

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

•

'

“

“

“

_

_

_

4

-

-

-

9
9
-

22
5
17
-

25
8
17

4

-

-

-

_

-

-

3
3
1

3
2

4

4

12

5
5

39
17
22
8
2
9

20
17
17

21
16
15

30
28
27

21
16
16

45
37
33

-

5

2
_
2
2

35
35
34
1

“

-

•

3

-

4

4
4

4
1
3
3

_

_

6

10
10

47
6
41
31
10

4

4

4

15
15
13
1

40
14
26
3 22
2

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

21
13

2

6
— 2------4

8
8

.

1
3

4

3

13

-

.

.

_

-

-

-

_

_
_
-

-

-

.

-

_
-

-

'

See footnotes at end of table.




NOTE:

Estimates for all industries, nonmanufacturing, and public utilities include data for railroads (SIC 40), omitted from the scope
of all labor market wage surveys made before July 1959.
Where significant, the effect of the inclusion of railroads is greatest
on the data shown separately for the public utilities division.

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Minneapolis-^St. Paul, Minn. , January 1961)
A nuei
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
■worker!

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly

Weekly j

(Standard)

(Standard)

$
4 0 . 00
under
4 5 . 00

S
4 5 . 00

f
5 0 . 00

5 0 . 00

5 5 . 00

*60. 0 0

*65. 0 0

7 0. 00

S

$
7 5 . 00

5 5 . 00

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

34
32
17
6
9

73
59
11
15
25

24
20
10
6

6
4
1
-

5
5

_
-

"

S

$
8 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

"
9 5 . 00 1 0 0 .0 0

"

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

$
9 5 . 00

9 0 .0 0

9 0 . 00

t
S
S
$
$
S
1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 00 1 2 5 . 00
and
_
“
"
■
1 0 5 . 0 0 n o . o o 1 1 5 . 00 1 2 0 . 00 1 2 5 . 0 0

over

Women

2 24
2 00
52
56
63

39. 5
39. 5
40. 0
38. 5
4 0 .0

$ 6 2 .0 0
6 2 . 00
6 4 . 50
6 5 . 00
5 9 . 50

1
1
1

6
6
5

57
55
14
13
12

1 20
■ Billers, machine (bookkeeping machine) _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 20
Retail trade _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 60
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

40. 5
40. 5
40. 0

6 2 . 50
6 2 . 50
56. 00

6
6
6

4
4
4

18
18
13

18
18
18

38
38
12

5
5
"

19
19
7

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _
_ _ _ _
Wholesale trade _

177
1 39
67

39. 5
39. 5
40. 0

7 6 . 00
7 4 . 50
79. 00

5
5
1

5
5
3

14
14
7

38
32
6

30
29
6

20
13
12

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _
Manufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Public utilities2 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _
_
Wholesale trade _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Retail trade _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Finance4 -------------------------------------------------------------------

906
219
687
43
160
1 05
348

39.
39.
39.
40.
40.
40.
39.

5
5
5
0
0
0
0

61.
68.
59.
75.
64.
61.
54.

50
50
50
50
50
50
50

_
-

146
7
139
-

1 32
12
1 20
5
23
18
71

212
64
148
-

75
48
27
9
5
9
4

40
27
13
-

63
18
60

140
36
1 04
11
41
37
12

17
13
4
1
3
-

Clerks, accounting, class A _
________ _
694
164
Manufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 5 3 0
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Public utilities 2 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 121
103
Wholesale trade _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _
Retail trade _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _
__
109
Finance4 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 43
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _1

39. 5
39. 0
39. 5
4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0
38. 5

81.
83.
81.
89.
77.
77.
80.

50
50
00
00
50
00
00

_
-

6
6
4

103
4
99
8
30
35
26

99
30
69
14
10
5
34

Clerks, accounting, class B _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 ,9 6 5
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Manufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 3 9 8
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 ,5 6 7
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Public utilities2 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
2 76
Wholesale trade _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 221
Retail trade _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ __ __ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _
314
682
Finance4 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_

39. 0
39. 0
39. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0
38. 0

6 4 . 00
6 6 .0 0
6 3 . 50
7 1 . 00
6 6 . 00
5 9. 00
6 2 . 00

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
2 17
Clerks, file, class A
1 02
Manufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _
_
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 15
Finance4 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 57
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

39. 0
3 9 .5
39. 0
38. 0

66.
65.
67.
65.

Clerks, file, class B
_ __ _
_ __ ...._ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 ,3 2 6
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Manufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
2 17
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ...
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ._ _
_
_
1 ,1 0 9
Public utilities 2 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 02
Wholesale trade _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
138
Retail trade _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
1 75
Finance4 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 6 3 8
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

39. 0
3 9 .5
39. 0
40. 0
40. 0
39. 5
38. 5

5 3 . 50
5 4 .5 0
5 3 . 50
6 3 . 50
5 8 . 00
5 0 . 50
5 1 . 50

.

30
16
11

Billers, machine (billing machine) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Public utilities 2 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Wholesale trade _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Retail trade --------------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table,




50
50
50
50

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1 16
2
114
2
9
1 03

11
12
98

_

2
2

4
4
3
1

3

6
6
-

-

-

-

-

1
1

6
6

_
-

■

■

■

11
10
10

12
6
4

1
1
1

9
6
6

3
2
1
-

11
-

5
1

11
2

.

4
4
4

-

.
-

9
9
9
-

14
8
6
6
_
-

“

-

_

-

84
19
65
20
23
3
7

86
41
45
4
3
5
20

46
12
34
10
5
7
12

58
19
39
10
3
19
7

■

18
3
15
7
7

26
1
25
15
10
-

2

2

13
13
-

173
26
147
-

280
43
2 37
48
25
50
98

250
54
1 96
41
32
41
73

472
66
406
34
66
91
1 73

291
84
207
36
22
62
87

205
29
1 76
43
10
10
1 12

109
55
54
5
8
3
38

66
30
36
10
10
4
11

32
5
27
11
10
5

1

-

79
45
34
12

61
21
40
25

27
16
11
7

8
2
6

6
1
5
2

1
1

3
3
1

1

1 85
49
136
12
37
8
67

1 02
26
76
2
13
5
52

46
4
42
5
12
17
8

34
5
29
9
19
-

15
5
10
3
1

_

-

-

6
2
4
3

62
62
10
6
25
21

449
51
398
14
26
52
286

412
77
335
27
23
68
197

-

1

-

-

6

2
2
1
1
-

-

-

5
5
-

-

-

-

1

-

-

_

_
-

-

_
_
_
-

-

_
_
-

_

10
10
10
-

-

2

1
1
_

-

2
1
_

9

-

-

-

-

3
3
3
_
_

4

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

4
4
_
_

_
_

-

_
_
_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

2
2
_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

.

_

-

5
5

-

“

-

29
2
27
14
4

_
-

_

_
-

-

3
-

-

-

_

-

_

5

_

.
-

-

9

-

2
2
2

5
-

.
-

-

1
1
-

_
-

19
41
83

-

.
-

_
-

-

24
14
10
7

12
1

-

“

-

23
2
21
19
2

-

-

■

2
2

37
5
32
18
4
-

-

-

_
-

_

75
29
46
1
13
17
5

_

_
-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

56
2
54
7
8
18
10

-

_

-

_
-

_

-

_
-

_
_

11
9
2
-

1
-

-

1
1
1

-

_
-

1
-

-

1
1

_
_

_

_

7
Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , January 1961)
Ayiuai
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N me
u b r
o
f
w rk rs
o e

We
e kly

W kly
ee i

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—
$
$
$
S
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00

(Stan ard
d
)(Stan ard under
d
)
45.00

-

$
$
$
55. 00 60. 00 65. 00

-

-

-

50.00 55.00

60. 00 65.00

S
S
$
9
$
S
$
90. 00 95. 00 100. 00 105.00 no. oo 115. 00 120. 00 125. 00

$
$
$
S
70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00

-

-

-

70. 00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 no. oo 115. 00 120.00 125. 00

75. 00 80. 00 85. 00

over

Women— Continued
39.5
Clerks, order --------------------------------------------------------------------293
$67. 50
Manufacturing ------- ---------------------------------------------------- no
71. 50
39. 0
39.5
Nonmanufacturing ------ ----------------------------------------------- 183
65. 00
Wholesale trade _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
97 40. 0
73. 50

3
3
-

-

612 39.5
Clerks, payroll _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Manufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 259 39. 5
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------353
39. 5
Public utilities 2 -----------------------------------------------------11540. 0
Wholesale trade ------------------------------------------------------ 74
39. 5
39.5
Retail trade -------------------------------------------------------------103

72. 50
70. 50
74. 00
84. 50
79. 00
64. 50

_

22
8
14

Comptometer operators --------------------------------------------------- 690
71. 00
39. 5
38.5
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------nnr
77. 00
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
528 39.5 69. 00
Public utilities 2 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 67 40.0
90. 50
Wholesale trade ------------------------------------------------------ 201
71. 50
39. 5
61.00
Retail trade _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 145 40. 0
Finance4 ---------- ------------- -----------------------------------88 38. 5
63. 00

4
4
4

Duplicating-machine operators
(Mimeograph or Ditto) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

54

25
25

-

29

6

-

19

-

7

39. 5
39. 5
39. 0
40. 0
40. 0
39. 5
38. 5

65. 00
64. 50
65. 50
78. 50
67. 50
60. 00
58. 00

4
Office girls ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 15
65
Manufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ -----------------_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ —
350
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------- _ -------------— _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Retail trade _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 60
Finance4
---------------------------------------------------------------232

39. 0
39. 5
39. 0
40. 0
38. 5

28
49. 50
3
50. 00
25
49. 50
51. 00
4
2
1
47. 50

See footnotes at end of table.




72. 00
68. 50
74. 00
88. 00
73.00
65. 50
60. 50

1
4
23
10

4

1
1
1
1
1
1

49
3
46
3
5
38
259
42
217
22
172

_
_
-

1
1

-

23
_
17

23
3
3
_

65

2
28
14
8

48
17
18
12
5
14

43
15
6

_
-

“

23
1
22
5
-

3
9

31
1
39
18
8

2

5
5
1

-

~

194
217
20
68
174
149
68
29
15
32
5
18
42
59

23
3
20
8
10

-

1
5
-

1
-

-

_

97
97
_
_

_

-

-

-

387
561
469
123
235
177
264
292
326
34
20
29
36
75
86
45
21
59
39
84
124
118

102
365
524
226
224
430
117
113
224
114
95
31
41
20
219
252
112
305
206
97
71
129
34
5
42
45
24
26
40
24
1
1
23
90
57
41
49
12
13
77
38
23
39
29
104
68
73
22
1
1
69

_

“

73
32
19
12
1

154
23
131
116
15
-

-

-

_

_

_
-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

69
27
42
29
2
7

55

27
4
23
16
5
2

_ 59
8
51

55

37
37
37
-

13
13
13
-

-

-

42
15
_

-

-

-

18
1
18

40

_
_

-

24

6

_
-

_

71
10
61

25
101
4
97
88
9

_

_

-

_

-

109
41
68
21

_
-

-

-

_

-

-

330
348
159
191
189
139
12
17
63
16
42
35
58
47

_

_
-

-

_

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

_

.
-

_

_

_

-

-

_
_

_

-

.

-

_

-

-

1
_
-

-

_

-

-

1

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

_

20
17
3
_

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_
-

1
_

_

_
_
-

“

-

3
-

_

_
-

-

1

-

-

2
2
-

1

3
3

_

9

1

-

■

-

-

1

_

-

10
10

1
1
1

1

-

-

5

1
6

_

-

-

50

1

“

67
38
29
2
27
-

3

-

28
28
24
4

-

l
l

20

-

1
-

56
1

-

3
3

25
2
23
23
_

“

_

1
-

2

6
1
1
6
4

19
9
-

l
-

2

17

97
2

11
6

3
-

-

3

2
5
5

-

. 34
19
16
4
15
55
12
4
3
_
2
8
-

21
1
1

8
3

-

-

1

6

-

4

57
38
19
4
14

63
28
27
34
17
20
11
12
17
7
3
5
17

9

6

23
84
57
27
1
12
7

26
66

4

19
12
7
7

39

92

84
20
64

1
1
5

64
25

92
35
57
3
9
37

40
25
4
15

10

63
19
31

-

-

142
26
116
48
43
1
1

30

12

-

-

1
1

75

-

-

100
49
5
1
13
5
16

194
215
255
168
90
37
58
94
99
157
157
156
74
56
36
16
36
19
9
21
20
8
18
12
4
1
3
9
112
88
87
39

_
-

33
27
37
2
20
4
35
13
23
22
6
18

71
9
62
1
12
29
12

39

-

60. 50

39.5
39. 5
39. 5
40. 0
39. 5
40. 0
38. 5

41
2

29
-

39.5

Stenographers, general _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 511
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 2.
_
Manufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 892
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------ —
1, 619
582
Public utilities 2 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
358
Wholesale trade _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _
_
232
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Retail trade _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
365
----------------------------Finance4 ----------------------------

66
19
3
18
16
48
2
18
1
7
10
10

3
8

,
Keypunch operators — _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 212
_
~ 366
Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----- -------------------------------------------------- 846
Public utilities2 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _
245
Wholesale trade _ --------------------------------------------------- 111
Retail trade ------ ------------------------------- -------------54
Finance4 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _03
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _4

82. 00
Secretaries _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _2, _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 855
_
39. 0
1,
83. 00
Manufacturing _ _ _ — ----------------------------------------------- 065
_ _
39. 5
81. 00
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 790 39. 0
_ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ,
Public utilities 2 -------------- ------- ------------------------324 40. 0
84. 50
404
84. 00
Wholesale trade ------------ ------- -----------------—
40. 0
40. 0
80. 50
Retail trade _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 229
Finance4 ------------------------ --------------------------------------603 38. 0
80. 00

19
3

-

"

46
26
20
5

19
-

9
-

23
3
20
10
2

10

17

5
5

16
5

5

1

-

9

-

-

8

2

3
-

5
3

3
-

5
5

-

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , January 1961)

Avzbagx
N um ber
of
w orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W e e k ly
b o t in l
(S ta n da rd)

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

W e e k ly
earn in gs 1
(Sta n da rd)

s

$
$
S
$
$
$
f
*
$
$
S
$
$
s
$
S
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00
95. 00 100. 00 ? 0 5 . 00 n o . oo 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 125. 00
and
and
under
45. 00 5 0 .0 0 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 105. 00 n o . oo 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 over

W omen— Continued

Stenographers, technical
Nonmanufacturing

.. ..
...

..... . .
...............

_

28
23

36
24

16
9

21
15

1
1

.

-

-

2
2

1
1

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

82
2
80
23
2

94
14
80
10
12

50
16
34
1
5
16

56
19
37
2
10
7

64
17
47
14
9
14

37
23
14
1
_
7

14
5
9
2
_
3

44
5
39
35
_

17
7
10
10
_

8
2
6
6
_

2
1
1
1
_

l
l
l
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
21
10
6
1

65
23
42
18
9
11

112
15
97
7
23
34
14

139
48
91
19
30
31
7

108
62
46
8
15
15

73
56
17
12
5

46
24
22
5
9
1
7

25
16
9
2
5
2

7
3
4
2
2
_

18
8
10
5
5
-

8
2
6
6
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_

_

_
_
_
_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

4

.

5

7

12

14

11

8

4

3

1

5

40. 0
39. 5

Switchboard operators
...
_ .
Manufacturing
_
_
... ..
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilities 2
Retail trade __________________________________________
F in an c e4
___
__
...

501
111
390
73
89
61

40. 5
3 9 .5
4 1 .0
40. 0
3 9 .5
38. 5

66.
72.
64.
85.
55.
66.

00
00
50
50
00
50

6
6
6
-

26
26
26

Switchboard o p erator-recep tion ists
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Public utilities 2
. . . . . .
W h olesale trade
Retail trade
F in an ce4 ................. ..
.....
_ ....

626
257
369
66
126
87
51

39.
39.
39.
40.
39.
40.
37.

65.
68.
63.
64.
66.
57.
65.

00
50
00
50
50
00
50

4
4
4
-

5
5
5
0
5
0
0

$ 7 1 .0 0
71. 50

_

109
79

.

"

-

-

.

_

_
_
_

70

39. 5

76. 50

.

117
94
75

3 9 .0
38. 5
38. 0

62. 00
61. 00
59. 00

5
5
5

6
6
6

10
10
9

22
22
22

34
1'9
16

23
19
8

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

3

6
6
3

6

4

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Tran scrib in g-m ach in e op erators, general ____
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilities 2 ____________________________________
W h olesale trade
F in an ce4
.................
.
..................

706
235"
470
30
165
217

39. 0
39. 0
39. 0
40. 0
3 9 .5
38. 0

64.
67.
62.
61.
64.
61.

00
00
50
50
50
00

3
3
_
3

20
20
7
13

106
14
92
4
17
60

87
19
68
9
6
27

185
64
121
8
66
42

133
59
74
6
37
29

78
25
53
2
16
25

63
39
24
12
12

20
15
5
1

7

3
3
_
3

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_

"

6
_
6

1
1
1
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T yp ists, c la ss A
.............
.......
. .
.
Manufacturing __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_
. . .
Public utilities 2
_ _ _
W h olesale trade
_
....
. . . . . .
F in an ce4 ..... .

671
316
361
83
50
160

3 9 .5
39. 6
39. 0
40. 0
40. 0
38. 0

67.
66.
67.
77.
70.
61.

00
00
50
00
00
00

_
_

_
_

184
$1
93
10
7
62

141
80
61
6
12
31

59
20
39
4
19
8

49
10
39
27
1

6
6
2
_

11
11
11
_

6
6
6
_

1
1
1
_

_
_
_

_

_
_
_
_

_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

81
29
52
10
1
32

83
59
24
6
9

-

50
21
29
1
27

2, 415
7 l5
1, 700
158
267
124
996

39. 0
39. 5
38. 5
40. 0
40. 0
39. 5
3 7 .5

58.
38.
57.
78.
58.
55.
55.

00
00
50
00
00
50
00

12
12
_
3
6

382
64
318
55
18
242

635
171
464
42
42
321

619
199
420
7
70
33
246

399
155
244
19
44
22
137

180
■89'
91
25
31
1
31

86
34
52
23
15
5
9

Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss B

Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss C
Nonmanufacturing
....
F in an ce4
_

....

_ _

Typ ists, c la ss B
. .
Manufacturing
__
_ _
____
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2 ____________________________________
W h olesale trade
_____
Retail trade
__
________
F in an ce4
.

1
2
3
4

-

7
T

27

-------

25
19
2
3

1

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
24
15
8
1

5
1
4
4
_
-

23
23
23
_
_

19
19
19
_
_

3
3
3
_
_

l

_

-

_
_
_
_

.
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Workers were distributed as follows; 15 at $ 125 to $ 130; 2 at $ 130 to $ 135; 5 at $ 135 and over.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




_

l
l
_
_

9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn. , January 1961)

Average
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

Weekly

^

(Standard)

N UM BER OF W O RK ERS RE CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY EARN ING S OF

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

1
$
$
1
$
s
$
$
$
I
s
Is
$
$
$
$
S
S
$
!
s
Is
Under 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00; 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.001130.00 135.00 140.001145.00 150.00 155.00 I6 0 .0 0 ll6 5 .0 0
and
$
! and
under
65. 00
70. 00 7 5. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00
135.00 145.00*150.00 1 55.00 160 00 165.00, nvc.r
140.00

!

Men

D raftsm en , leader ________________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------

139

3 9 .5

“ ITS----- “ r r y -

$ 139.00
138.00

.

D raftsm en, senior ________________________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------- -------------------Public u tilities 2 ___________________

818
620
198
92

40.
40 .
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

113.00
111.50
118.50
124.00

_

D raftsm en , junior ________________________
Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 -------------------------------------

612
479
133
34

39.
39.
40.
40.

5
5
0
0

88.50

31

8 8 .0 0

22

91.00
101.50

9

3 9 .5
39. 5

71 .00
70 .00

Tracers

______________________

—

-------------------------

mifa rtnrinjr

89
85

.

.

.

.

_

_

-

.

-

“

"

-

-

6
3
3
-

7
7
“

39
38
1
-

37
35
2

6
6
-

_

35
26
9

23
18
5

66

117

57
9

102

77
71

15

6

-

-

1

3

3

-

20
3 20

23
23

19
19

19
19

3

1
1

-

-

-

-

3

3
1

2
2

8
8

15

4

4

13

4

“

69
48
21
1

91
74
17
2

90
68
22
6

124
113
11
11

74
49
25
15

72
43
29
18

47
28
19
11

89
54
35
4

40
35
5
5

33

26

22

3

21

20
1

-

_
-

5

9
13

29
23

21

21
12

3

-

4

3

2

6

-

3

-

1

1

1

1

_

_

_

_

.

4

6

10
9

n

71
;

41
39

49
35
14
8

18
12
6
6

_

_

.

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

.

.

54
17
10

|

W omen

N u rses, industrial (registered) ________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------

!

106
77

39. 5
39. 5

9 2 .50
93.00

1

2

4

13

20

8

13

34
31

12
8

10
8

7
3

2
2 2

3

1 Standard hours reflect the-workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Workers were distributed as follows: 1 at $45 to $50; 4 at $ 55 to $60; 15 at $60 to $65.
NOTE: See note on p. 5 , relative to the inclusion of railroads,




I

9

1

6
6

16
15

13

;

5
5
2

— l :----j

-

-

.
_

.
_

.

-

-

_

-

-

^
2

3
-----3----- 1

2
1

14
11

1
—

-

—

-

i
i
i

10
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, MinneapolisHSt. Paul, Minn. , January 1961)
N U M B E B O F W O R K E B S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S O F —

Occupation and industry division

N m er
u b
of
w rk
o ers

A g
vera e
h rly ,
ou
e rn g
a in s

Under
$

$

2. 00
and
under
2. 10

$

2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$2.40

* 2 . 50

$ 2. 60

$ 2. 70

*2 .8 0

■
2.40

"
2. 50

"
2. 60

“
2. 70

"
2.80

"
2. 90

$

2. 90
_
3. 00

$

3. 00
“
3. 10

$

3. 10

*3. 20

■
3. 20

■
3. 30

$

3. 30

$
3.40

$3. 50

■
3.40

■
3. 50

■
3. 60

2. 20

2. 30

_
-

6
6
-

_
-

_
"

9
9
9

45
45
45

21
13
8
1

23
9
14
9

9
4
5
-

39
36
3
-

27
27
-

5
2
3
3

2
2
1

1
1
-

8
8
-

-

3
3
-

2
1
1
1

16
i6
-

46
15
31
29

10
5
5
-

26
25
1
-

53
53
-

49
49
-

22
21
1
-

43
42
1
1

62
35
27
25

15
15
-

4
4
"

-

78
82
73
53

-

31
28
3
3

19
2
17
11

21
21
20

69
48
11
3

25
10
15

63
28
35
13

117
54
63

63
34
29
-

28
24
4
2

36
24
12
-

7
7
-

2T
&
~
136
45

2. 55
2. 6l
2.45
2. 50

23
9
14
-

14
13
1
-

20
16
4
-

35
23
12
-

35
19
16
10

55
29
26
19

18
4
14
5

52
37
15
8

58
32
26
-

22
17
5
-

11
8
3
3

_
-

_
"

Helpers, trades, maintenance ________________
Manufacturing _______________ ____________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

301
239
62

2.47
2.45
2. 57

1
1
-

8
8

23
22
1

19
15
4

34
29
5

57
51
6

101
91
10

38
6
32

2
2

5
5
-

4
4

9
9
"

Machine-tool operators , toolroom ___________
Manufacturing ______________________________

154
154

2. 61
2. 61

-

-

-

-

-

47
47

38
38

39
39

11
11

13
13

-

Machinists, maintenance ______________________
Manufacturing _________ ____________ ____

487
473

3. 04
3. 05

-

-

-

-

■

-

10
10

49
40

24
24

39
38

Mechanics, automotive (maintenance) ________
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------Public utilities 2 __________ ____________

842
To5
736
668

2. 75
2. 78
2.75
2. 75

_
-

_
-

57
57
57

3
2
1
1

23
19
4
4

8
5
3
3

17
1
16
2

196
37
159
143

Mechanics, maintenance _____________________
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

600
428
172

2. 72
2. 67
2. 84

16
6
10

_
2
2

26
24
2

22
22
-

19
l6
3

68
67
1

66
49
17

59
50
9

39
25
14

Millwri ght s __________________________
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------

187
187

2. 91
2.91

-

"

-

-

-

-

3
3

1
1

21
21

Oilers _________________________ _______________
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------

120
114

2.46
2.44

.
-

4
4

2
2

10
10

41
41

17
17

19
19

12
10

Painters, maintenance ________________________
Manufacturing ____________ __ ____________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Public utilities 2 ________________________

157
56
101
29

2. 99
2.89
3. 04
2. 74

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

16
16
7

4
3
1
-

Pipefitters, maintenance --------------------------------Manufacturing ______________________________

172
158

3. 04
3. 02

_
-

_

_
-

_
-

-

_

Tool and die makers ----------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------- ---------------------- —

633
633

3. 15
3. 15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Carpenters, maintenance _____________________
Manufacturing _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Public utilities 2 ________________________

242
110
132
68

$ 2. 84
2. 83
2. 85
2.48

Electricians, maintenance ___________________
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Public utilitie's 2 ________________________

371
281
90
62

3.
3.
3.
3.

07
05
14
03

Engineers, stationary ------------------------------------Manufacturing ____________ ___ ______
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Public utilitie s 2 ________________________

528
317
211
52

2.
2.
2.
2.

Firemen, stationary boiler ________ ________
Manufacturing ___________________ ________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Public utilities 2 ________________________

382

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Workers were distributed as follows: 15 at $ 3. 70 to $ 3. 80; 2 at $4 and over.
NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion of railroads.




-

4
4

.
-

$3. 60
and
over

-

44
4
40
-

3
3
-

5
5
-

7
1
6
6

4
4
-

1
1
-

35
35
-

27
10
3 17
_
-

5
5
“

34
34
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

4
4

_
-

2
2

_
-

_
"

_
-

78
78

42
42

168
168

8
8

35
31

_
-

_
-

34
• 34

493
24
469
438

27
27
20

_
-

13
13
-

_
-

3
2
1

119
32
87

6
4
2

2
2

_
_
-

_
_
-

2
2
-

129
107
22

3
3
-

6
4

59
59

16
16

3
3

20
20

_
“

_
-

-

8
4

1
1

_

_
-

6
6

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

-

-

12
3
9
6

21
10
11
7

20
19
1
-

1
1

3
3

48

_

-

-

-

-

-

5
1
4
"

2
2

7
3

4
4

36
36

4
6

11
11

4
4

20
20

112
112

'

64

_
-

46

61
6l

25
16
9
9

-

"

48
-

3
3

37
37

14
13

8
-

12
12

122
122

26

238
238

26

_

_

_

"

-

_

23
23

24
24
_

1
-

1
15
14
_
-

11
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , January 1961)
N UM BER OF W O RK ERS R E CE IVIN G ST R A IG H T-TIM E H OURLY EA RN IN G S OF—
Number

Occupation1 and industry division

Average

workers

earnings 2

of

hu
o rly

$
Under 1. 10
under
1. 20

$
1. 20

$
1. 30

1.30

$
1.40

■
1.40

~

$
1. 50
"
. 1. 60

$
1. 60
■
1.70

$
1. 70

20
20

25
25

■

■

1
1

73
73
31

7
7
2

5
5
4

38
38
21

25
23
4

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

29
29

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

29

-

1.87
2. 02
1.72
2. 06
1.85
1.61
1.78

27
27
3

30
30

185
19
166
7

139
15
124
6

-

-

18
-

9
"

103
11
92
6
10
12
-

66
20

113
1

101
22
79
2
20
14
18

637
148
489
67
79
238

1. 54
1.71
1.49
1.78
1. 29
1.47

19

18
7
11

37
6
31
-

11
-

27
2

294
1
293
25
16
225

67
1
66

-

57
31
26
6
9
2

Laborers, material handling ---------------------- ---Manufacturing ________________________________ ________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Public utilities 3 ___________________________________
Wholesale trade -------------------------------------------------------Retail trade __________________________________________

5.405
1,613
3, 792
2, 012
1, 102
650

2. 33
2. 21
2. 38
2.49
2. 44
1.99

57
8
49

30
30

41
30
11

Order fillers ----------------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________
Public utilities 3 __________________________
Wholesale trade __________________________
Retail trade ______________________________

2, 528
461
2, 067
317
1, 219
531

2. 31
2. 17
2. 34
2.41
2.40
2. 16

Packers, shipping (men) _______________________
Manufacturing __ _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
Wholesale trade __________________________
Retail trade ______________________________

865
364
501
420
81

2. 28
2. 12
2. 39
2.40
2. 33

Elevator operators, passenger (men) -------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________________

77
77

$1. 54
1. 54

■

-

Elevator operators, passenger (women) ----------Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
Retail trade _______________________________

162
160
63

1.47
1.46
1.39

l
l
l

-

Guards ------- — --------------------------- ------- — -----Manufacturing ------------------------------- --------Nonmanufacturing ------ -------------------------------

516
359
157

2. 24
2. 28
2. 17

-

Finance4 ________—
________________________

117

1. 98

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (men) ________
Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Public utilities 3 ___________________________________
Wholesale trade ____________________ ______________
Retail trade ----------------------------------------------------------------Financ e 4 __________________________________

2, 686
1, 286
1,400
236
88
455
332

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (women) ----------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Public utilities 3 -------------------------------------Retail trade ______________________________
Finance4 ----------------------------------------------------

19
3
510
5
42

17

53

-

-

-

42

17

53

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

42

17

25

9
40

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

.

-

3
-

3

-

-

-

6
4

19
19

7
7

$
;$
1$
1.90 12. 00 2. 10

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2. 20 2. 30 2. 40
2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10
"
j "
i
.2,J O . 2.40.J 2. 50... .. 2, 60. 2. 7.0._ .2.8.Q_ _Z.,90.
-2.Q0 J 2..L0 .2. .20 _ 1
.JLJLQ-. 3. 20

"

I

“

1
1

3
3

1
1

-

4 i
4
"

5
5
“

4
4
*

■




-

-

■

“

"

-

-

■

-

30
12
18
18

11
-

-

-

-

11
11

-

5
5

-

13
11
2

64
57
7

92
92
-

20
20
-

18
18
-

43
43
-

2

7

113
73
40
3
37

43
14
29

-

29
19
10
3
7

29

-

-

-

-

76
21
55
1
2
11
35

175
56
119
10
5
31
61

445
68
377
14
9
132
168

395
334
61
7
11
17
14

397
305
92
46
2
30
8

249
164
85
66
10
2
4

116
94
22
9
10

93
52
41
33
5

134
105
29
26
3

17
17

.

1

-

-

-

1

7
7

41
35
6

14
10
4

25
25

-

31
23
8
8

22
1
21
21

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

83
55
28

138
86
52

231
217
14

191
152
39
10

-

-

41
24
17
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

347
211
136
43
60
33

426
247
179
106
18
55

1460
227
1233
735
435
63

690
146
544
261
226
57

385
86
299
72
119
108

891
9
882
785
96
1

179
96
83
16
57

~1
3

552
94
458
5
413
40

458
30
428
65
335
28

682

39
35
4

337
47
290
255
35

111
25
86
72
14

13
9
4
4
-

-

14

29

-

-

73
16
57

88
70
16 r i'4-...
72
46

31
16
15

-

-

-

-

_

-

85
55
30
18

'

57

72

46

15

79
42
37
18
12
7

.

11
11

.

6
5
1

43
40
3

46
34
12
12

72
66
6

67
66
1

-

-

6

1

-

-

-

1

3

-

-

12

!

10

-

-

-

3
3

-

1
1

-

-

-

52

-

-

3

-

.

-

-

1

28

-

2
2

3

1
1

-

-

-

-

17

5

.

172

.

149
20
112
17

63
43
20
20

i
See footnotes at end of table.

•

-

-

-

-

-

"

11

-

"

■

-

-

-

~

|

30

7
7

-

$
1. 80

~
■
_1. 80 . 1.S.0

-

682
175
283
224

i

-

1

173
6
167
-

139
28
19
— nr
5

-

-

2
2

4
1

76
8
68
50
18

2
1
1
1

-

26
26
-

48
48
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

35
35

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

'

1
-

2

4

.

-

-

2
2

4
4

-

2
— Z
-

12

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., January 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

O ccupation1 and industry division

P ackers, shipping (women)
Nonmanufacturing
. _.
Retail trade
__

Receiving clerk s
...
Manufacturing __
Nonmanufacturing
W h olesale trade
Retail trade

Shipping clerk s _____
Manufacturing __
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade

... ............ _ _
_
....... .
_
..
......... ....

_ .

_

....

'

13
13
13
_
-

_ .

T ru ck d rivers 6
_______
Manufacturing __ _ _ _____
___
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 3
________
___ ______
W holesale trade
Retail trade
_
______

2. 35
2. 37
2. 33
2 .4 6
2. 20

_
-

-

370
196
174
133

_
__
____
.. _ .

Shipping and receiving clerk s _______
Manufacturing ....
.......... . .
Nonmanufacturing
_ _
_ .
W h olesale trade

$ 1 .6 7
1 .4 7
1 .4 5 *

500
253
237
97
113

_

. _

___

_____
______
_____

295
133
135

Average
$
hourly , Under *1 .1 0 1. 20
earningsA
and
$
under
1. 10
1 .2 0 1. 30

2. 49
2 .4 7
2. 50
2 .4 7

.
-

.
-

238
113
125
84

2.
2.
2.
2.

38
45
32
36

_
-

_
-

-

-

3, 353
421
2, 932
1, 728
575
570

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

63
64
62
65
58
60

.
_

21
21
21

$
1. 30
1 .4 0

30
23
23

28
28
28

$
1. 60

S . 70
l

$
1 .8 0

■
'
_ 1 .6 0 _ _1., 70__ __L M ...

16
16
16

4
4
4

_
-

_
-

-

-

.
'

.
-

.
-

"

14
14
14

37
19
19

90
\
~

-

17
6
11
11

2
2
2

-

-

-

3
3
3

“

_
-

_
-

2
2

“

"

-

_
-

.
-

-

-

-

.
-

_
-

-

20
'
20
20
-

-

■

-

3
3
3
_

.
_

.
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
4

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

3
3
3
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1, 453
176
1, 277
836
244
189

2 .6 2
2. 66
2 .6 2
2 .6 3
2 .5 9
2. 57

_

_

_

-

-

-

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra ile r type)
- _
Nonmanufacturing ______
_____
Public utilities 3 _______ _________
W h olesale trade _______________________
Retail trade ____________________________

917
SST
566
107
200

2 .6 8
2. 68
2 .6 7
2. 77
2. 67

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

31

-

4
4

Tru ck d rivers, m edium ( I V 2 to and
including 4 tons) ____________________________
Manufacturing _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing
________ ________
Public utilities 3 _ _
____
W h olesale trade ______
___
_
Retail trade
__________

“
2, 20..

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

$2 .5 0

"
■
2. 30 . 2. 4.0...1 2. 50 . 2 , 60
1
j
!

i

4

!

-

1
1
1

2. 62
2. 72
2. 55
2 .4 0
2. 57

$
2. 10

12 i _ 4 _
- !
1
1

6
25
21

9
9
9

_

$
2. 00

"
1 .9 0 , _ 2 t.0_Q _2._ 10..
_

1
1
1

•

$
1 .9 0

$
2. 60

$
2. 80

$
2. 90

_
_2, .7 0_ 2. 80_ _ 2 , 90.

3, 00

$ 70
2.

$
3. 00

$
3. 10

3. 10 —3^.2Q_

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

60
27
33
25
7

76
40
36
7
25

20
16
4
3

_
_
_

4
4
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

“

-

-

-

-

_
_

9
4
5

_
_

-

“

-

i

"

348
135
213
37
125




1 .5 0

$
1 .5 0

_
-

T ru ck d rivers, light (under 11/ 2 tons)
Manufacturing
_
_
Nonmanufacturing
_____________
Public utilities 3 _______________________
Retail trade ____________________________

See footnotes at end of table.

$
1 .4 0

5
5
5
.

9
4
5

34

70
36
34
9
25

27
7
3
4

61
47
14
10
3

100
34
66
40
10

47
37
10
9

27
24
3
3

50
25
25
12

52
19
33
32

90
------ 2 T
64
57

28
9
19
12

50
46
4
4

14

37
26
11

10
10
-

68
33
35
35

26
7
19
9

20
2
18
10

12
3
9
9

5
1
4
3

8
8
-

163
4
159
9
150
-

200
32
168
108
17
4

418
94
324
4
148
169

1869
1519
42
292

329
r
324
42
200
82

36
19
17
2
1

17
2
15
_
-

136
23
113
20
90

121
9
112
106
3
3

281
42
239
4
130
105

4
-

19
11
3

59
25
34
24
10

48
25
23
5
18

14
14
4
10

18
13
5
5
-

_
_

-

13
13
3
9

4
4
4

-

2
2
-

29
9
20
20
-

13
4
9
9
-

-

-

20
2
18
18
~

8

15
2
13
3
_
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

145

_

-

-

-

-

-

8
1

3
_
3
3

14
----- T 4 ~
_

120
109
11
11
_

10
lo
_
_

6
-------5“
_
_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

33
33
_
15

77
77
_

.

_
_

.
_
_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

800
54
746
654
27
57

127
127
41
66
20

34
32
2
2
_

10
16
_
_

_
_

-

-

-

745
728
565
10

142
142
1
94
47

_

_
_

6
_
_

1

1964
~ ~ W ~

—

-

5
5
_
14
n
.
_

1
1

12
"1 2 "
_
_
_

-

_
_

13
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Minneapolis—
St, Paul, Minn. , January 1961)
NU M B ER OF W O RK ERS R E CE IVIN G S T R A IG H T-TIM E H OURLY EA RN IN G S OF—

Occupation 1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

$
Average
$
hourly , Under 1. 10
1. 20
earnings
and
$
under
1. 10
1. 20
1 .3 0

$
1. 30
1 .4 0

$

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

$

_L 50 . l, 60 _1_,70_ ._1,._8.0l . 1, 90 ._2,.QjQ_ ..2,.10.. 2 ,2 0 . .2 , 30.. . 2 .4 0

2. 50

2 ,6 0

2 .7 0

$
1. 50

$
1 .4 0

$
1. 60

$
1. 80

$
1. 70

$
1. 90

$
2. 00

2. 10

$
2. 20

2. 60

$

2. 70
2 .8 0

%

2. 80

$

2. 90

_2^9Q. 3. 00

$

$

3. 10

3. 20

3. 00

3. 10

Truckdrivers: 6— Continued
Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than trailer type) ------------ ------------Manufacturing ________________ ________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________

159
67
92

$ 2. 54

Truckers, power (forklift) ___________________
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________ ________
Public utilities 3 --------------------- ------------Wholesale trade --------------------- ------------Retail trade _____________________________

859
458
401
196
82
123

2 .4 2
2. 31
2. 56
2. 56
2. 54
2. 56

_
-

Truckers, power (other than forklift) ________
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________ ________
Public utilities 3 ________________________

352
200
152
144

2.
2.
2.
2.

.
-

Watchmen ______________________________________
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________ ________ __
Public utilities 3 ________________________

1
2
3
4
5
6

228
57
171
55

16

2 .4 2
2. 62

1.
1.
1.
2.

37
38
35
35

84
95
80
22

16

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-




7
7

26
26
2

46

6
6
60

61
61

.
-

184
24
160

6
■

-

18
8

38
57

20
52

30
17
13
13

175
56
119
119

15
15

67
59
8

_
”

88

"

■

■

"

.
-

.

.
-

.

-

_
-

_
-

6
6

3
3

13
13

30
18
12
12

-

22

10

17
4
13

8

6

-

6
-

8

4
1
3

3

3

50
8
42
2

26
13
13
8

11
10
1

226
71
155

-

10

2

-

101
29
72

-

-

25
3
22

9

2

68
65
3

"

22

97
38
59

89
83
6

"

-

-

50
46
4

"

“

-

-

4

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
All workers were at $ 1 to $ 1. 10.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.

NOTE: See note on p. 5 , relative to the inclusion of railroads.

6
6

10

10

20
10
10
8

14
6
8

29

6
23
22

1

■

3
3

12

-

12
11

-

“
_
-

4

4
4

-

-

“

8
8
-

12
12
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

1

■

'

"

13
13

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

~
_
-

9

'

'

_
-

_
-

_

“




B : Establishment Practices and Supplementary W age Provisions
14
Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant workers by type and amount of differential,
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , January 1961)
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—

Shift differential

In establishm ents having form al
provisions 1 for—
Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

Actually working on—
Second shift

Third or other
shift

89. 2

With shift pay differential ______________________
Uniform cents (per hour) ____________________
4 rfint.s

5 cents _____________________________________
6 r.p.ntfi

7 ce n ts ______________________________________
8 cents _____________________________________
10 cents ___________________________________
11 cents ___________________________________
12 cents ___________________________________
I 2 V 2 cents ---------------------------- -------------------13 cents ___ ~ ------- -----------------------------14 r e n t s

8 0 .7

13. 6

2. 5

87. 2

80. 7

13. 5

2. 5

6 7 .0

61. 2

10. 1

2. 3

.7
1 1 .8
1 .8
2 .7
2 .9
2 4 .7
.7
8 .7
.5
5. 1
-

_

_

4. 2

1 .7
.1
.4
.3
2 .9
.2
1 .0
. 1
1 .4

-

1. 2
11. 7
1. 0
15. 6
. 5
-

15 cents ----- ------------- -----------------------------Over 15 and under 20 cents _____________
20 cents ________________ __ ____________
Over 20 cents ---------------------------------------------

.8
6. 2
.6

2 .7
13. 7
1 .9
3 .7
5. 1

Uniform percentage __________________________

1 9 .4

18. 6

5 percent _______________________________ __
6 percent ___________________ ___________
percent ___ ________________________
8 percent ________________________________ _
10 percent _______________________________
1 21/2 percent _____________________________
13 percent --------------------------------------------------

2 .0
.8
1 1 .8
.9
4. 0

-

Other shift pay differential --------------------------

.8

No shift pay differential -------------------------------------

1 .9

1U
X

-

"

1 Includes establishm ents currently operating late shifts,
even though they were not currently operating late shifts.
2 L e s s than 0. 05 percent.

.9
2 .4
1 1 .4
4. 0
.8

-

_

.1
-

.8
.4
(2)

-

. 1
.2
.2
.4

.3

.1

1 .7

3 .3
.1

(2)
1 .8
.2
1. 1
-

.2
-

(2)

.2

"

-

.1

-

.2

and establishm ents with form al provisions covering late shifts

15
Table B-2. M um Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
inim
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, Minneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., January 1961)
Inexperienced typists
Manufa ctu ri ng
Minimum weekly sa la ry 1

All
industries

Other inexperienced clerical workers 2

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing
A ll
industries

Based on standard weekly hours • of—
5
All
schedules

40

All
schedules

37l /»

383/ .

All
schedules

40

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 2 of—
1
All
schedules

40

37»/i

383 4
/

40

Establishments studied

255

94

XXX

161

XXX

XXX

XXX

255

94

XXX

161

XXX

XXX

XXX

Establishments having a specified minimum

141

52

44

89

13

7

65

144

48

41

96

12

7

74

4
16
27
19
31
11
5
12
1
4
2
3
1
1
4

_
2
6
8
14
6
5
6
2
_
1
1
1

_
2
4
6
12
6
5
5
2
1
1

4
14
21
11
17
5
6
1
2
2
2
1
3

_
2
5
2
3
1
-

_
3
2
1
1
-

10
20
24
6
16
4
4
3
1
1
3
2
2

2
8
_
2
-

-

10
23
36
12
25
9
4
7
4
3
1
4
3
3

_
2
9
5
8
5
4
3
1
2
1
1

_
4
2
1
_
_
-

-

4
9
13
6
12
5
5
1
2
2
2
1
3

_
3
12
6
9
5
4
3
1
2
1
1
1

-

-

8
15
14
4
13
4
4
3
1
1
3
2
2

Establishments having no specified minimum

56

23

XXX

33

XXX

XXX

XXX

61

24

XXX

37

XXX

XXX

XXX

Establishments which did not employ workers
in this category ------------------------------------------------ —

58

19

XXX

39

XXX

XXX

XXX

50

22

XXX

28

XXX

XXX

XXX

$ 40. 00 and under $ 42. 50 ------------------------$ 4 2 . 50 and under $ 45. 00 ---------------------------$ 45. 00 and under $ 47. 50 ---------------------------$ 47. 50 and under $ 5 0 .0 0 ---------------------------$ 5 0 .0 0 and under $ 5 2 .5 0 ---------------------------$ 5 2 .5 0 and under $ 5 5 .0 0 ---------------------------$ 55. 00 and under $ 5 7 .5 0 ---------------------------$ 5 7 .5 0 and under $ 6 0 .0 0 ---------------------------$ 6 0 .0 0 and under $ 6 2 .5 0 ---------------------------$ 62. 50 and under $ 6 5 .0 0 ---------------------------$ 65. 00 and under $ 67. 50 ---------------------------$ 6 7 .5 0 and under $ 7 0 .0 0 ---------------------------$ 70. 00 and under $ 7 2 .5 0 ---------------------------$ 7 2 .5 0 and under $ 7 5 .0 0 ---------------------------Over $ 75. 00 ---------------------------------------------------

________________
... ........
________________
.
________________
.
________________
....... _ ...

________________
—

1 Lowest salary rate form ally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
2 Rates applicable to m essen gers, office girls, or sim ilar subclerical jobs are not considered.
3 Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries. Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the most common workweeks reported.
NOTE;

See note on p. 16, relative to the inclusion of railroads.




16

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift w orkers, Minneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., January 1961)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Weekly hours

A ll workers

All
.
industries

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

35 hours ________________________________________________________
Over 35 and under 37 V 2 hours -----------------------------------37^/2 hours _________ ____ ______ ___ __ __ ____ __ ___
Over 3 7 V2 and under 383/4 hours ---------------- --------383/4 hours ------------------------------------------ -----------------------------------Over 383/4 and under 40 hours _______________________
40 hours __________________________________________
Over 40 and under 44 hours -----------------------------44 hours __________________________________________
45 hours and over _______________________________

1
2
3
4
5

M anufacturing

Public ,
utilities 2

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

(5)
1
11

-

1
6

-

-

-

4
8
75

-

-

-

-

100

93

1
2
17
(5)
8
3
69
(S)
<f>
(S)

<!>
(*)
(S)

PLAN T WORKERS

Retail trade

100

-

4
1
4
2
88

Finance 3

Services

All
4
industries

M anufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

-

100

100

100

4
4
40

4

7
-

-

-

4

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

(5)

-

-

-

-

-

-■

1
97
1

5

_

23
-

29

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

0

(5)
89
1
1
2

84
1
1
2

99
1

95

-

Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L e ss than 0. 5 percent.




NOTE:

Estim ates for all industries and public utilities include data for railroads (SIC 40), omitted from the scope of all labor market
wage surveys made before July 1959.
Where significant, the effect of the inclusion of railroads is greatest on the data shown
separately for the public utilities division.

Services

17
Table B 4 Paid Holidays
~.
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Minneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., January 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s

PLANT WORKERS

All ,
industries1

_________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
paid h olid ays --------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
no paid h olid ays ---------------------------------------------------

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities2

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

99

100

100

( 5)

“

( 5)

40
5
6

39
12
6

( 5)
21
3
4
1
11
4
2
2
1

( 5)
12
10
5
11
3
-

18
1
65
-

35
2
7
18
3
13
20
-

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities i

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

98

100

100

“

“

AH .
industries*

1

"

2

“

29

28
-

39
2
7
26
2
3
17
1
3

Services

Services

N um ber o f d a y s

3 h olid ays -----------------------------------------------------------------6 h olid ays -----------------------------------------------------------------6 h olid ays p lu s 1 h a lf day ------------------------------------6 h olid ays p lus 2 h a lf d ays ---------------------------------6 h olid ays p lu s 3 h a lf days ---------------------------------7 h olid ays -----------------------------------------------------------------7 h olid ays plus 1 h a lf day ------------------------------------7 h olid ays p lus 2 h a lf d ays ---------------------------------7 h olid ays p lus 5 h a lf d ays ---------------------------------8 h olid ays -----------------------------------------------------------------8 h olid ays p lu s 1 h a lf day ------------------------------------8 h olid ays p lus 2 h a lf d ays ---------------------------------9 h olid ays -----------------------------------------------------------------9 h olid ays p lu s 2 h a lf d ays ---------------------------------10 h olid ays ----------------------------------------------------------------10 h olid ays p lus 4 h a lf d ays ---------------------------------

T o ta l h o l i d a y

1

-

~

-

-

“

16
-

“

40
3
8
14
2
8
10
7
5
3

34
37
63
65
100
100

3
3
4
4
20
22
100
100

3
15
15
25
25
35
35
57
60
100
100

( 5)
42
8
12
26
1
1
8
(5)
-

11
23
24
1
( 5)
11
-

(5)
60
10
-

2
73
9
15
-

1
(5)
-

-

-

1

2

-

“

~

“

“

2
2
2
2
13
14
61
71
100
100

10
10
70
70
98
98

3
4
24
26
59
61
100
100

1
1
16
25
98
100

( 5)

-

-

-

tim e 6

12 d ays ----------------------------------------------------------------------10 or m o r e d ays -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9 or m o r e d ays -------------------------------------------------------8 V 2 o r m o r e d ays --------------------------------------------------8 o r m o r e d ays ------------------------------------------------------7 V 2 o r m o r e d ays --------------------------------------------------7 or m o r e d ays -------------------------------------------------------6 V 2 o r m o r e d ays --------------------------------------------------6 o r m o r e days -------------------------------------------------------3 or m o r e d ays --------------------------------------------------------

9 V 2 o r m o r e d ays

-

-

78
3
1
14
1
3
-

1
5
5
9
9
24
28
55
60
99
99

1
1
5
5
21
31
49
61
100
100

16
16
81
81
99
99

1
1
1
1
10
11
49
57
99
99

1 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
4 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 L ess than 0. 5 percent.
6 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and
no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.
NOTE:

See note on p. 16, relative to the inclusion of railroads.




18

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provision s, Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , January 1961)
OFFICE W
ORKERS
Vacation policy

A ll workers

_____________________________________

A
ll
!
in u
d stries

PLANT WORKERS

M ufactu g
an
rin

P
ublic 2
u
tilities

W olesale
h
trad
e

R
etail trad
e

F ce 3
inan

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
(5)
-

100
99
1
-

99
99
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
93
7
-

100
87
13
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

(5)

"

(5)

-

_

“

(5)

"

-

-

6
43
9
1

4
42
22
-

1
5
2
"

_
27
3
-

24
10

7
82
5
2

28
9
(s)
(5)

32
8
_

13
22
3
-

46
11
_

"

3
6
_
2

31
(5)
68
(5)
(5)

19
(5)
80
1

79

28
71
1
-

79

4
96

77
4
17
(S)
1

81
8
10
1

82
16
_
2

59
_
40
1

70
_
30
_

7
5
87
1
(5)

6
1
93
1

8
32
59
-

13

18

-

-

47
7
43
2
1

59
12
25
3
1

40
6
52
2

27
1
71
1
-

(*)
(5)
98
1
1
(5)

1
1
96

_
100

6
5
83
3
1
1

11
9
72
5
2
1

5
1
92

_
4
95
1
_

_
100
_

-

-

(*)
(5)
89
5

(*)
(5)
80
9
10
1

(!)
(5)
81
10

1
1
68
20
10
1

_

_

100

S
ervices

A
ll 4
in u
d stries

M ufactu g
an
rin

P
ublic 2
u
tilities

W olesale
h
trad
e

R
etail trad
e

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
Workers in establishments providing
paid vacations -------------------------------------------------Length-of-tim e payment ___________________
Percentage payment ------------------------------------F lat-su m payment __________________________
Other --------------------------------------------------------------Workers in establishments providing
no paid vacations -------------------------------------------Am ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 6
After 6 months of service
Under 1 week ___________________________________
1 week ___________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ________________ ___
2 weeks __________________________________________

-

3

-

After 1 year of service
1 week ___________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _____________________
2 weeks ________________________________ _______
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _____________________

-

21
-

-

21
"

-

-

-

After 2 years of service
1 week ___________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _____________________
2 weeks
______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ---------------------------------

-

86
1
-

82
-

_
99
1
-

2
98

_
100
-

20
_
80
_
-

After 3 years of service
1 week ________________________________ _________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks --------------------------------2 weeks __________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____________________
3 weeks ----- --------------------------------------------- --------Over 3 and under 4 weeks _____________________

-

-

2
1

-

_
100

-

-

-

-

_
95
-

_

-

2

_

After 5 years of service
1 weelr
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ------------------- ---------2 weeks ____________________ ___________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ------------------ ----------3 weeks ---------------------------------------------------------- —
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ---------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table




5

(5)

100
-

93
1

6

5

-

93
7
-

7

_
98
-

2

98
1
1

90
10

19
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Minneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., January 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy

PLANT WORKERS

A
ll
industries1

M ufactu g
an
rin

P blic ,
u
utilities2

W olesale
h
trad
e

R
etail trad
e

Finance3

44
4
51

71
29
-

34
4
63
-

51
49
-

50
10
40
-

(5)

27
2
69
1
1

-

-

-

-

5
(5)
92
2
1

5
93
1
1

6
93
1

11
1
89
-

10
90
-

-

-

92
7
-

5
(5)
70
(5)
25

5
49
1
44

6
_
85
9

11
1
60
29

10
79
11

83
17

5
(5)
41
2
48
3

5
43
51
1

6
_
50
44

11
1
36
_
46
7

10
21
69

S ices
erv

All .
in u
d stries

M ufactu g
an
rin

P
ublic >
u
tilities

W olesale
h
trad
e

R
etail trad
e

47
6
44
1
2

36
12
48
1
3

72
26
2
-

39
4
58
_

48
_
52
_

-

-

8
2
85
2
2

7
3
84
3
3

6
87
2
5

1
1
98
_

12
88
_

-

-

8
2
67
1
22

6
3
62
2
28

6
64
2
28

1
1
67
30

12
_
79
8

8
2
48
1
42

6
3
52
(5)
39

6
32
2
60

1
1
50
_
48

12
_
41
_
46

Amount off vacation p a y 6 — Continued
After 10 years of service
2 weeks __________________________________________
-----------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks -------------------------------4 weeks __________________________________________

(!)

After 15 years of service
2 weeks ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks
-----------------------------3 weeks
------------------ ----------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks -------------------------------4 weeks ----------------------------------------------------------------

(5)

AJter 20 years of service
2 weeks ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks
-----------------------------3 weeks ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks --------------------------------4 weeks ----------------------------------------------------------------

(5)

After 25 years of service
2 weeks ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks
-----------------------------3 weeks
----------------------------- -----------------------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks --------------------------------4 weeks ______ _______ _____________________ ______
Over 4 weeks ------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
6
service

(5)
40
6
46
7

Includes data fo r services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes data fo r real estate and serv ices in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0. 5 percent.
Periods of s erv ice w ere arbitrarily chosen and do not n ecessarily reflect the individual provisions fo r p rog ression s.
include changes in provisions occu rrin g between 5 and 10 yea rs.

F or example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 y ea rs'

NOTE: See note on p. 16, relative to the inclusion o f railroads. In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of s ervice, payments other than "length of tim e" such as
of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, were converted to an equivalent tim e basis; fo r example, a payment of 2 percent o f annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay.




percentage

20

Table B-6. Health, Insurance and Pension Plans
(Percent of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , January 1961)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Type of benefit

All
,
industries

PL AN T WORKERS

M anufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

F inan ce3

100

100

100

100

Services

All
4
industries

M anufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

—

100

100

Life insurance ________________________________
Accidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance ___________________________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 5 ________________________

88

96

58

90

89

96

86

91

66

96

82

40

34

33

47

44

49

43

34

43

69

Services

47

A ll workers

__________________________________

W orkers in establishments providing:

72

82

93

64

90

54

88

94

67

87

89

Sickness and accident insurance ---------------Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) -------- ------------------ --------Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) __________________ — -----

34

56

11

39

60

11

72

88

21

64

66

47

44

86

32

31

44

15

12

21

35

18

2

(6)

2

5

12

"

11

10

27

6

6

Hospitalization insurance ___________________
Surgical insurance __________________________
Medical insurance ___________________________
Catastrophe insurance ---------------------------------Retirement pension ______________ _________
No health, insurance, or pension plan ------

85
83
75
54
78
2

93
91
78
35
79
1

72
72
68
70
53
( 6)

90
89
85
41
75
5

77
70
3.6
63
68
5

86
86
86
73
99

87
86
71
21
64
2

96
95
77
10
71
2

70
70
66
54
68
2

100
98
92
17
59

73
72
52
31
59
2

1 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
4 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below.
Sick-leave plans are lim ited to those
the minimum number of days* pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
6 L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
NOTE:

See note on p. 16 , relative to the inclusion of railroads.




which definitely establish at least

21

A ppendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a yariety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

B ille r , m achine (h illin g m achine ) —

U ses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon cop ies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) — Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrahd, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slips.




C lass A — Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
C lass B — Keeps a record o f one or more phases or section s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C lass A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

22

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.
C la ss B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE
C la ss A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
C la ss B ~ Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or a ssists in locating material in file s . May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives custom ers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the follow in g:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple cop ies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

23

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep file s in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. D oes not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. D oes not include transcribing-machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls .
May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerica l work may take the major part o f this worker's time while at
switchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

-

C lass A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D o es not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C lass B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
C lass C — Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp e cific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

24

TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing processes. May do clerica l work involving little specia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.
C lass A — Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
C lass B — Performs one or more o f the follow in g: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licie s,
e tc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PR O F E SSIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the follow in g: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their vork; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates dv ing emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p oses. Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

. NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina tion o f the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p encil. Uses
T-square, com pass, and other drafting^ to o ls • May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

25

M A IN T E N A N C E

D PO W ERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May a ls o
supervise these operations. H ead or c h i e f en g in e e r s in esta b lish m e n ts
em p loyin g more than o n e en g in eer are e x c lu d e d .




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

26

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machiue shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary d u ties involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily en g a g ed in in sta llin g and repairing building
sa n ita tion or h eating s y s t e m s are e x c lu d e d .

27

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker* fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g :
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures;polish ­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In clu d es g a te men who are sta tio n ed at g a te and c h eck on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
oth er person s en terin g.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve on e or more o f the fo llo w ­
in g: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

28

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded .
ORDER FILLER

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

PACKER, SHIPPING

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in voices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s.




For wage study purposes, truekdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (com bin ation o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a te ly )
Truckdriver, ligh t (under lV2 to n s )

Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons , trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons , other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
* U.S. G VE N EN P IN IN O F E : 1961 0 —589414
O R M T R T G F IC

Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D .C., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.
Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N .Y .— Bull. 1285*
Albuquerque, N. Mex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—Bethlehem—
Easton,
P a .-N .J .— Bull. 1285-47
Atlanta, G a.— Bull. 1285* Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285-34
Beaumont—Port Arthur, T ex .— Bull. 1285Birmingham, A la.— Bull. 1285'
Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285❖ * Boston, Mass.— Bull. 1285-15
❖ ❖ Buffalo, N .Y .— Bull. 1285-31
Burlington, V t.— Bull. 1285* Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285-29
Charleston, W. Va.— Bull. 1285Charlotte, N .C .— Bull. 1285❖ ❖ Chattanooga, T en n .—G a .— Bull. 1285-14
Chicago, 111.— B ull. 1285-

Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.— Bull. 1285* * Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285-11
Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285-38
❖ ❖ Dallas, T ex .— Bull. 1285-21
❖ ❖ Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.—
Bull. 1285-16
Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285-41
* Denver, C olo.— Bull. 1285-27
Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285-43
Detroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285-37
❖ ❖ Fort Worth, T ex .— Buil. 1285-23

❖ Green Bay, Wis.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S .C .— Bull. 1285Houston, T ex.— Bull. 1285❖ Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285-28
Jackson, M iss.— Bull. 1285-42
❖ ❖ Jacksonville, F la .— Bull. 1285-30
❖ Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans.— Bull. 1285-18
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H.— Bull. 1285* * Little Rock-North Little Rock, A rk .— Bull. 1285-6
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C a lif.— Bull. 1285Lou isville, Ky.—
Ind.— Bull. 1285-49
Lubbock, T ex.— Bull. 1285❖ Manchester, N.H.— Bull. 1285-1
Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285-35
❖ Miami, F la .— Bull. 1285-33
Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285-39
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285Newark and Jersey City, N .J.— Bull. 1285-40
New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285-46
New Orleans, L a .— Bull. 1285-48
New York, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Norfolk—Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a.— Bull. 1285❖ ❖ Oklahoma City, Okla.-—Bull. 1285-3
*❖ Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa— Bull. 1285-13
Paterson—
Clifton— assaic, N.J.— Bull. 1285P
❖ ❖ Philadelphia, P a.— Bull. 1285-24
Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-

P ittsb u rg h , P a .— B u ll. 12 8 5 -4 4
❖ P o rtla n d , M aine— B u ll. 1285-19
P ortla n d , O r e g .—W a sh .— B u ll. 1 2 85P r o v id e n c e —P a w tu c k e t, R . I. —M a s s .— B u ll. 1285* * R a le ig h , N .C .— B u ll, 1 2 8 5 -5
❖ R ich m on d , V a .— B u ll. 1 2 8 5 -2 6
R o c k fo r d , 111.— B u ll. 12 85* * S t . L o u is , M o . - I l l . — B u ll. 1285*10
❖ ❖ S a lt L a k e C ity , U tah— B u ll. 1285-3 2
San A n to n io , T e x .— B u ll. 1 2 8 5 *S a n B ern a rd in o—R iv e r s id e —O n tario,
C a l i f .— B u ll. 12 8 5 -4
San F r a n c is c o —O a k la n d , C a l i f . — B u ll. 1 2 8 5 -3 6
S avan nah , G a .— B u ll. 12 85* * S c r a n t o n , P a .— B u ll. 1 2 8 5 -8
* * S e a t t l e , W ash .— B u ll. 12 8 5 -7
* * * S i o u x F a lls , S. D a k .— B u ll. 1285-17
South B en d , In d .— B u ll. 1 2 85S p ok a n e, W ash.— B u ll. 1 2 85T o le d o , O h io — B u ll. 12 85* * T ren ton , N .J .— B u ll. 1285-25
❖ ❖ W ash in g ton , D . C . - M d . - V a . — B u ll. 1 2 85-2 2
W aterbury, C o n n .— B u ll. 1 2 8 5 ❖ W aterloo, Iow a — B u ll. 1 2 8 5 -2 0
* * W ich ita, K a n s .— B u ll. 12 85-9
❖ ❖ W ilm ington, D e l . - N . J . — B u ll. 12 8 5 -1 2
W orcester, M a s s .— B u ll. 1 2 8 5 Y o rk , P a .— B u ll. 1 2 8 5 -4 5

An asterisk preceding a labor market indicates the availability and
price of the bulletin.
Please do not order copies in advance.

*
Price, 20 cents.
❖ ❖
Price, 25 cents.
❖ ❖ ❖ Price, 15 cents.








Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102