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Occupational Wage Survey

COLUMBUS, OHIO
JANUARY 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-38




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




New Eaglttd Region
18 Oliver Street
Boston 10, Mass.
Liberty 2-2115

Occupational Wage Survey
C O L U M B U S , O H IO




JANUARY 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-38
March 1961

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
C o m m u n ity W ag e S u r v e y P r o g r a m

T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t ic s r e g u l a r l y c o n d u cts
a r e a w id e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b e r of im p o r t a n t i n d u s t r ia l
ce n te rs.
T h e s t u d ie s , m a d e f r o m la t e f a l l to e a r l y s p r in g ,
r e la t e to o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d s u p p le m e n t a r y
b e n e f it s . A p r e l i m i n a r y r e p o r t i s a v a ila b le on c o m p le t io n
of the stu d y in e a c h a r e a , u s u a lly in th e m o n th fo llo w in g
the p a y r o l l p e r io d s tu d ie d . T h i s b u lle t in p r o v id e s a d d it io n a l
d a ta n ot in c lu d e d in th e e a r l i e r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a t e d
a n a l y t i c a l b u lle t in s u m m a r iz in g th e r e s u l t s of a l i of the
y e a r ’ s s u r v e y s i s is s u e d a f t e r c o m p le t io n of the f in a l a r e a
b u lle t in f o r the c u r r e n t ro u n d of s u r v e y s .

In t ro d u c t io n
T a b le s :




1.

E s t a b l is h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e of s u r v e y _____________

A:

O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s :*
A - 1. O f fic e o c c u p a tio n s ________________________________________
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s _________
A - 3. M a in te n a n c e an d p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s ______
A - 4. C u s t o d ia l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s

B:
T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o ff ic e in C h ic a g o , 1 1 , b y W o o d ro w C . L in n , u n d e r the
1.
d ir e c t io n of G e o r g e E . V o ta v a , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r
f o r W a g e s and I n d u s t r i a l R e la t io n s .

1

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w ag e
p r o v i s i o n s :*
B - l.
S h ift d if f e r e n t ia ls ___________________
B - 2. M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o ff ic e
w o r k e r s ___________________________________________________________________
B - 3. S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s _____________________________________________
B - 4.
P a id h o lid a y s _____________________________________________________________
B - 5. P a id v a c a t io n s __________________________________________________________
B - 6. H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p l a n s ___________________________

A p p e n d ix :

O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r ip t io n s ______________________________________________

*
N O TE:
S i m i l a r ta b u la t io n s f o r th e s e an d o th e r it e m s
a r e a v a ila b le in the r e p o r t s f o r s u r v e y s in o th e r m a jo r
are a s.
A d ir e c t o r y in d ic a t in g d ate of stu d y an d the p r ic e
of the r e p o r t s i s a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t .
U n io n s c a l e s , in d ic a t iv e of p r e v a ilin g p a y l e v e l s
in the C o lu m b u s a r e a a r e a v a ila b le f o r the fo llo w in g t r a d e s
o r i n d u s t r i e s : B u ild in g c o n s t r u c t io n , p r in t in g , l o c a l - t r a n s i t
o p e r a t in g e m p lo y e e s , an d m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s an d h e l p e r s .

2
o -a o^ ^
o

The

10
11
11
12
13
15
17




Occupational W age Survey—Columbus, Ohio
Introduction
T h is a r e a i s one of s e v e r a l im p o r t a n t i n d u s t r ia l c e n t e r s in
w h ic h th e U . S . D e p a r tm e n t of L a b o r rs B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t ic s h a s
co n d u cte d s u r v e y s of o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d w ag e b e n e fits
on an a r e a w id e b a s i s . In t h is a r e a , d a ta w e r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s of B u r e a u f ie ld e c o n o m is t s to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s
w it h in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s :
M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , 1
c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l
t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r i n ­
d u s t r y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a t io n s
an d the c o n s t r u c t io n an d e x t r a c t iv e i n d u s t r ie s . E s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g
f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d a ls o b e c a u s e
th e y f u r n is h i n s u f f ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d to w a r ­
r a n t in c lu s io n . W h e r e v e r p o s s ib le , s e p a r a t e ta b u la t io n s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r e a c h of th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e co n d u cte d on a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e of the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s . T o o b ta in
a p p r o p r ia t e a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n of la r g e
th a n of s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s i s s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g the d a ta , h o w ­
e v e r , a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t. E s t im a t e s
b a s e d on th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e , a s r e ­
la t in g to a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e in d u s t r y g ro u p in g and a r e a , e x ­
ce p t f o r th o s e b e lo w the m in im u m s i z e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a t io n s an d E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e co m m o n to a v a r i e t y
of m a n u f a c t u r in g an d n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g i n d u s t r ie s . O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n i s b a s e d on a u n if o r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to
ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w it h in the s a m e
jo b . (S e e a p p e n d ix f o r l is t in g of th e s e d e s c r i p t i o n s .) E a r n i n g s d a ta a r e
p r e s e n t e d (in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) f o r th e fo llo w in g ty p e s of o c c u p a ­
t io n s : (a) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (c) m a in t e ­
n a n c e an d p o w e rp la n t ; an d (d) c u s t o d ia l an d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t.

la t e s h if t s .
N o n p ro d u c tio n b o n u se s a r e e x c lu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u se s and in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d .
W h e re w e e k ly
h o u rs a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is
to the w o r k s c h e d u le s (ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ic h
s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e s e
o c c u p a tio n s h a v e b e e n ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s of m e n and w o m e n a r e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly
f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w h ic h both s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D if f e r e n c e s in p a y l e v e l s of m e n and w o m e n in th e s e o c c u p a tio n s a r e
l a r g e l y due to ( 1 d if f e r e n c e s in the d is t r ib u t io n of the s e x e s am on g
)
in d u s t r ie s and e s t a b lis h m e n t s ; ( 2) d if f e r e n c e s in s p e c if ic d u tie s p e r ­
fo r m e d , alth o u g h the o c c u p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly c l a s s i f i e d w ith in
the s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n ; and ( 3) d if f e r e n c e s in le n g th of s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r i t r e v ie w w h e n in d iv id u a l s a l a r i e s a r e a d ju s te d on th is b a s i s .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v i c e of m e n w o u ld r e s u l t in h ig h e r a v e r a g e p a y
w hen both s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ith in the s a m e r a t e r a n g e .
Jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u ­
a l l y m o r e g e n e r a liz e d th an th o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s to
a llo w f o r m in o r d if f e r e n c e s am o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
p e rfo r m e d .
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a l l
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e of the stu d y and not the n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e am o n g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s , the e s t im a t e s of o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d
f r o m th e s a m p le of e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e the
r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e do not m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y of the e a r n ­
in g s d ata .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s

and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v i s io n s

In f o r m a t io n i s p r e s e n t e d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y b e n e f it s a s th e y r e ­
la t e to o ff ic e and p la n t w o r k e r s .
T h e t e r m " o ff ic e w o r k e r s , " a s u s e d
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r
in t h is b u lle t in , in c lu d e s w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
w o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c t io n s , and e x c lu d e s a d m in ­
u le in the g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s d a ta e x c lu d e
i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t iv e , an d p r o f e s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. " P la n t w o r k e r s " i n ­
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
clu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n an d a l l n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) e n g ag ed in n o n o ffic e f u n c t io n s .
A d m in is t r a t iv e ,
1
R a i lr o a d s , f o r m e r l y e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e of th e s e s t u d iee x e c u t iv e , and p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c t io n
s,
e m p lo y e e s who a r e u t iliz e d a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
w e r e in c lu d e d in a l l of the a r e a s s tu d ie d s in c e J u ly 1959, e x c e p t B a l t i ­
C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and r o u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u f a c t u r in g in d u s ­
m o r e (S e p te m b e r 1959 an d D e c e m b e r I 960), B u f f a lo ( O c t o b e r 1959),
t r i e s , but a r e in c lu d e d a s p la n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s t r ie s .
C le v e la n d (S e p te m b e r 1959), and S e a tt le (A u g u s t 1959).




2

T able 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s within scope of su rv e y and num ber studied in C olu m b u s, O hio, 1 by m a jo r in du stry d iv isio n , 2 January 1961

Industry d iv isio n

A ll d iv ision s

_______________________________________________________

M an ufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------------------------N on m anufacturing _________________________________________________
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and
other public u tilitie s 5 ______________________________________
W h o lesa le tra de ________________________________________________
R e ta il tra de ____________________________________________________
F in a n c e, in su ra n ce , and r e a l estate ______________________
S e r v i c e s 7 ___________________________.____________________________

M in im um
em ploym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in scope
of study

N u m b er of esta b lish m en ts
W ithin
scope of
study 3

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts
Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
T otal 4

O ffice

Plant

T o t a l4

50

44 4

140

1 1 1 , 100

2 1 ,4 0 0

66, 100

75 , 270

50
50

183
261

64
76

60 , 400
50, 700

8, 400
13, 000

4 0 , 900
25, 200

4 3 , 170
3 2 ,1 0 0

50
50
50
50
50

34
54
86
42
45

20
10
20
12
14

13, 700
4, 600
1 6 ,8 0 0
7, 600
8, 000

3, 000

5, 800

(*)

( )
( )
( 6)

(‘ )
( )
( )
( 6)

10,
1,
9,
5,
5,

650
380
660
200
210

1 The C olu m bus Standard M e trop olitan S ta tistica l A r e a (F ra n k lin County).
The "w o r k e r s within scope of stu d y " e stim a te s shown in this table p rovide a rea so n a b ly accu rate d esc rip tio n of
the siz e and c o m p o sitio n o f the lab or fo r c e included in the su rv e y .
The e stim a te s a re not intended, h ow ever, to se r v e as a b a sis of c o m p a r iso n with other a r e a em ploym en t in dexes to m e a su r e
em ploym en t trend s or le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of wage su rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se of e sta b lish m en t data co m p iled c o n sid e r a b ly in advance of the p a y r o ll p erio d studied, and (2) sm a ll esta b lish m en ts
are exclu d ed fr o m the scope of the su rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d edition of the Standard In d ustrial C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
M a jo r changes fr o m the e a r lie r edition (u sed in
the
B u r e a u s la b o r m a rk et w age su rv e y s conducted p r io r to July 1958) a r e the tr a n s fe r of m ilk p a ste u riz a tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c on crete e sta b lish m e n ts fr o m trade (w h olesale or retail)
to m an ufacturin g, and the tr a n s fe r o f radio and te le v isio n b r oad castin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 Includes a ll e sta b lish m e n ts with total em ploym en t at or above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the area) of c om p an ie s in such in d u strie s as tra d e , fin a n ce, auto rep air
s e r v ic e , and m o tio n -p ic tu r e th e a te rs a re co n sid e r e d as 1 esta b lish m e n t.
4 Includes ex ec u tiv e, p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o r k e r s exclu d ed fr o m the sep arate o ffic e and plant c a te g o r ie s .
5

T a x ic a b s an d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .

6

T h is in du stry d ivision is r e p r e se n te d in e stim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A and B ta b le s.
S eparate p resen tation of data for this d ivision is not m ade
for one or m o r e of the follow in g r e a so n s:
(1) E m p loym en t in the d iv isio n is too sm a ll to provide enough data to m e r it sep arate study, (2) the sam p le w as
not d esign ed in itia lly to p erm it
sep arate p resen tation , (3) r e sp o n se w as in su fficie n t or inadequate to p e r m it sep arate p resen tation , (4) th ere is p o ssib ility of d is c lo s u r e of individual e sta b lish m e n t data.
7 H o tels; p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile r e p a ir sh ops; m otion p ictu r e s; nonprofit m e m b e r sh ip o rg a n iza tio n s; and en gin eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




3
S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l d a ta (ta b le B - l ) a r e lim it e d to m a n u f a c t u r in g
in d u s t r ie s .
T h is in f o r m a t io n i s p r e s e n t e d both in t e r m s of (a) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s of to ta l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m e n t, and (b) e ff e c tiv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n t e d on the b a s i s of w o r k e r s
a c t u a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c if ie d s h if t at th e tim e of the s u r v e y .
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g v a r ie d d if f e r e n t ia ls , the am o u n t a p p ly in g to
a m a jo r it y w a s u s e d o r , if no am o u n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y , the c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n " o t h e r ” w a s u s e d .
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w h ic h s o m e l a t e s h ift h o u rs a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if f e r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d o n ly
if it a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y of the s h if t h o u r s .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e r a t e s (ta b le B - 2) r e la t e o n ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s v is it e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d on an e s t a b lis h m e n t , r a t h e r
th an on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s i s .
P a i d h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; and
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on the
b a s is th a t th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a l l p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a ­
j o r i t y of s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y e v e n t u a lly q u a lif y f o r the
p r a c t ic e s l is t e d . S c h e d u le d h o u rs a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on the b a s is
th at th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a l l p la n t o r o ff ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y
a r e c o v e r e d . 3 B e c a u s e of ro u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l it e m s in th e s e
ta b u la tio n s m a y not e q u a l t o t a ls .
T h e f i r s t p a r t of th e p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s the n u m ­
b e r of w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s a c t u a lly p r o v id e d .
T h e seco n d p a rt
c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s to sh o w to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .

ita a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n
planw h ich at l e a s t a p a r t of the c o s t i s b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
e x c e t ... g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n ,
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
S u c h p la n s in c lu d e th o s e
u n d e r w r it t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y and th o s e p r o v id e d
th ro u g h a u n io n fund o r p a id d i r e c t l y b y th e e m p lo y e r out of c u r r e n t
o p e ra tin g fun d s o r f r o m a fund s e t a s id e f o r t h is p u r p o s e .
D e a th
b e n e fits a r e in c lu d e d a s a f o r m of lif e in s u r a n c e .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e i s lim it e d to th at ty p e of i n ­
s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in s u r e d on a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s is d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In f o r m a t io n i s p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p la n s to w h ic h the
e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h ic h
h a v e e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d is a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s , 4 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f the e m p lo y e r ( 1 c o n ­
)
t r ib u t e s m o r e th an i s le g a ll y r e q u ir e d , o r ( 2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fit s w h ic h e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s of the la w . T a b u la tio n s
of p a id s i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d to f o r m a l p la n s 5 w h ic h p r o v id e
f u ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n of the w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
( 1 .p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e f u ll p a y and no w a itin g p e r io d , and ( 2) p la n s
)
p r o v id in g e it h e r p a r t i a l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d itio n to the
p r e s e n t a t io n of the p r o p o r t io n s of w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s i c k le a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d to ta l is
sh o w n of w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e e it h e r o r both ty p e s of b e n e f it s .

T h e s u m m a r y of v a c a tio n p la n s i s lim it e d to f o r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n t s , e x c lu d in g in f o r m a l p la n s w h e re b y tim e off w ith p a y is g ra n te d
at the d is c r e t io n of the e m p lo y e r .
S e p a r a t e e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in co m p u tin g v a c a t io n p a y m e n t s , s u c h
a s tim e p a y m e n t s , p e r c e n t of a n n u a l e a r n in g s , o r f la t - s u m a m o u n ts .
H o w e v e r , in the ta b u la tio n s of v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , p a y m e n ts not on
a tim e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r te d ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t of
a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s the e q u iv a le n t of 1 w e e k 's p a y .

C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to a s e x te n d e d
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o s e p la n s w h ic h a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e of s ic k n e s s and i n j u r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e yo n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e of h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g i c a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le te o r p a r t i a l
p a y m e n t of d o c t o r s ' f e e s . S u c h p la n s m a y be u n d e r w r it t e n b y c o m m e r ­
c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a t io n s o r th e y m a y be
s e l f - i n s u r e d . T a b u la tio n s of r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim it e d to
th o se p la n s th a t p r o v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a in d e r of th e
w o r k e r 's l i f e .

2 A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h a v in g a p o lic y if it m e t
e it h e r of the fo llo w in g c o n d itio n s : ( 1 O p e ra te d la t e s h if t s a t the tim e
)
o f the s u r v e y , o r ( 2) h ad f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la t e s h if t s .
3 S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs f o r o ffic e w o r k e r s ( f i r s t s e c t io n of
ta b le B - 3) in s u r v e y s m a d e p r i o r to J u l y 1957 w e r e p r e s e n t e d in
t e r m s of the p r o p o rt io n of w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o f f ic e s
w ith the in d ic a t e d w e e k ly h o u rs f o r w o m e n w o r k e r s .

4 T h e t e m p o r a r y d is a b i l i t y la w s in C a li f o r n i a and R h o d e Is la n d
do not r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s .
5 A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h a v in g a f o r m a l p la n if
it e s t a b lis h e d at l e a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r of d a y s o f s i c k le a v e th a t
co u ld be e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . S u c h a p la n n e e d n ot be w r it t e n ,
but in f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e t e r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s i s ,
w e r e e x c lu d e d .




A* Occupational Earnings

4

'luu'iv A-l. O ffice Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly h
earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry ^v ision, Columbus, Ohio, January 1961)
Avebaos

N m er
u b
of
w rk rs
o e

NUM
BER O W
F ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM WEEKLY EARNINGS O —
E
F
$

$
45. 00

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

s
60. 00

45. 00

Sex, occupation, and industry division

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

W
eekly
W
eekly 40. 00
and
hu 1
o rs
ta d rd
(S n a ) (S n a ) u n d er
ta d rd

t

65. 00
70. 00

$
*
$
$
$
S
$
$
*
$
$
$
70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00
95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 120. 00 125. 00
75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

and
over

95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . oo 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0

Men
Clerks, accounting, class A __________
Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

81
53
28

4 0. 0
4 0. 0
40. 0

$ 98.5 0
102.30
9 1.50

-

-

-

-

Clerks, accounting, class B __________
Manufacturing _______________________

45
23

3 9 .5
39. 5

8 0.00
8 1.00

3
"

"

Clerks, order __________________________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

103
59
44

4 0. 0
4 0. 0
40. 0

9 9.50
102 .50
96.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
-

Clerks, payroll ________________________

26

4 0. 0

9 2 .0 0

-

-

-

4

1

-

Office boys _____________________________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

88
33
55

4 0. 0
40. 0
3 9 .5

5 9.00
6 5.50
5 5.50

1
1

13
3
10

25
4
21

13
3
10

11
5
6

8
6
2

Tabulating-machine operators, class A
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

74
32
42

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 5

106.50
111.50
102.50

-

_
-

_
-

.
-

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

Tabulating-machine operators, class B
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

107
47
60

3 9 .5
4 0. 0
39. 0

9 1 .0 0
9 6.00
8 7.5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Tabulating-machine operators, class C
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

53
39

3 9 .5
39. 5

7 6.50
7 7.00

-

_

3
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

18
12
6

8
4
4

10
5
5

11
6
5

4
1
3

4
3
1

7
: ------ 5
2

3
3
-

1

-

7
3

6
5

6
6

6
4

_
-

4
-

_

-

3
3

2

-

4
4

3

-

-

-

2
2

6
6

11
6
5

2
1
1

3
3
-

8
5
3

2
1
1

12
3
9

6
6
-

-

-

4

4

1

-

4

4
2
2

10
8
2

3
2
1

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

3
3
-

_
-

1
1

-

13
5
8

"

-

4
3
1

20
5
15

9
1
8

21
6
15

4
1

7
7

11
11

11
3

5
4

-

5
5

-

6
6
-

7
7
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

21
8
13

5
4
1

7
7
-

2 12
9
3

1

2

1

3

1

_

_

.

.
_

_
_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
1
4

12
12

7
1
6

7
5
2

13
4
9

6
5
1

7
7
-

12
4
8

12
7
5

16
10
6

5
5
-

5
3
2

2
2
-

_
_

1
1
-

5
5

1
1

-

1
1

_

.

_

-

"

'
"

Women
1
-

-

20
14

3
1

5
3

2
2

6
r

3
3

2
1

-

-

-

-

3
3

31
31

10
10

2
2

2
2

2
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

4
4

11
4
7

19
19

2
2

2
2

32
15
17

9
9
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

45
45

66
1
65

35
3
32

46
4
42

53
18
35

7
4
3

17
6
11

2
2

6
6
-

_

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

21
4
17

25
9
16

35
8
27

41
15
26

8
5
3

28
26
2

6
5
1

-

-

-

25
2
23

_

-

17
17

-

10

65
21
44
1

107
23
84
3

93
44
49
2

55
21
34
4

30
16
14
5

23
5
18

9
8
1
1

5
1
4
3

2
1
1
1

5
5
5

-

_

-

-

Billers, machine (billing machine) _____
Manufacturing _________________________

44
25

39. 0
38. 5

6 6.50
6 4.00

Billers, machine (bookkeeping machine)
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

51
49

4 0. 0
40. 0

5 9.0 0
5 8.0 0

.

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

83
28
55

4 0. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0

73.00
8 0.5 0
6 9.0 0

-

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

300
48
252

40. 0
4 0. 0
40. 0

59.0 0
7 3.5 0
5 6.0 0

19
19

Clerks, accounting, class A _____________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

216
74
142

4 0. 0
3 9 .5
4 0. 0

8 2.00
88^50
7 8.50

_
-

_

-

-

-

Clerks, accounting, class B _____________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Public utilities 3 ___________________

465
145
320
27

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0. 0

6 4.50
68.0 0
6 3.00
7 8.00

_
-

40

_

40

31
5
26
2

See footnotes at end of table




-

-

-

2

-

_

-

-

_

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

10

_
-

_
_

_
-

.
-

.
-

-

-

_

_

.

_

_
_

_

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , C o lu m b u s , O h io , J a n u a ry 1961)
Avbbagb
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly
Weekly,
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

$
4 0 . 00
and
u n d er
4 5 . 00

t

t

50. 00

t
55. 00

i o . 00

65. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

I s . 00

*
9 0 .0 0

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 105. 00 1 1 0 .0 0 115. 00 120. 00 125. 00

4 5 . 00

$95. 00 1*00. 00 1*05. 00 n o . 00 H 5 . 00 1*20. 00 1*25. 00
and
over

W o m e n — C on tin u ed
_
-

_
“

_
-

16
1
15

7
1
6

9
4
5

25
18
7

23
5
18

8
3
5

1
1

3
2
1

50
00
00
50

9
5
4
-

140
11
129
-

84
16
68
2

41
8
33
5

104
33
71
13

28
24
4
4

25
15
10
9

8
5
3
-

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

39. 5
39. 0

72. 50
72. 50

_

_

_
"

17
17

4
4

14
3

31
6

5
3

18
18

11
11

200
108
92

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

7 3. 50
76. 50
70. 00

_
-

5
5

11
5
6

7
4
3

32
10
22

31
21
10

32
22
10

23
7
16

19
14
5

236
98
138

39. 5
39. 5
40. 0

71. 50
81. 00
64. 50

_
-

4
4

20
20

42
13
29

33
7
26

26
9
17

27
9
18

22
9
13

11
11
-

39. 5

62. 50

-

5

2

6

11

6

3

5

1

-

-

39.
39.
39.
4 0.

66.
72.
62.
73.

50
50
00
00

1
1
-

30
30
"

51
12
39
-

53
15
38
1

86
31
55
5

78
44
34
8

38
14
24
10

15
5
10
-

31
20
11
6

10
7
3
2

9
7
2
2

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

51. 50
53. 50
50. 00

18
6
12

10
4
6

21
9
12

9
1
8

_

_

_

“

4
2
2

-

-

3
3
-

_

_

-

-

6
6
-

19
6
13
-

53
3
50
8

144
56
88
4

123
32
91
2

184
49
135
2

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A _____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g
________________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________________

92
34
58

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B _____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ___________________________________

4 42
117
325
33

39.
39.
40.
40.

C l e r k s , o r d e r _____________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ______________ _________________________

103
64

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ___________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________________
C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s _________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ________________ __________________

39. 5
38. 5
40. 0
5
0
0
0

$ 7 1 . 50
74. 00
70. 50
55.
6 l.
54.
63.

-

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(M im e o g r a p h o r D itto) _________________________________

39

K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s ______________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________ _____________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3
__________________________________

425
179
246
34

O ffic e g ir ls ____________________________ __________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________________

65
25
40

S e c r e t a r ie s
______________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ___________________________________

1 ,2 7 8
464
814
91

39.
40.
39.
40.

5
0
5
0

8 4.
87.
82.
93.

00
00
50
50

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l _________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _________ _________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ___________________________________

499
244
255
109

40.
40.
40.
4 0.

0
0
0
0

75.
81.
70.
7 2.

50
50
00
50

_
-

1
1
-

4
3
1
1

34
4
30
18

64
19
45
13

88
16
72
10

80
33
47
24

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ___________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------- --------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ___________________ ______________

150
44
106
37

40.
39.
41.
40.

5
5
0
0

69.
73.
67.
79.

00
50
00
00

1
1
-

18
18
-

19
6
13
1

2
2
-

17
5
12
1

24
12
12
4

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t i o n is t s ____________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________ _____________________ __
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______ ____________________________

181
75
106

39. 5
4 6 .0
39. 5

64. 00
6 7. 00
61. 50

-

6
6

27
5
22

34
13
21

43
20
23

25

39. 0

85. 00

_

_

.

_

_

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta ble,




______________

5
5
5
0

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

-

.
-

-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

_

1
“

_

.

"

-

13
------ 1
7

13
6
7

9
8
1

2
2

_
-

_
-

3
3

-

_
-

7
3
4

15
12
3

15
11
4

8
8
-

6
-------6
■

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
20
-

3
3
-

-

-

-

"

-

-

"

-

_
-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

138
30
108
8

161
50
111
14

133
59
74
10

133
98
35
4

94
55
39
10

42
18
24
15

21
4
17
4

18
2
16
9

5
2
3
-

4
4
1

46
23
23
13

44
21
23
21

47
43
4
4

58
57
1
1

12
8
4
4

13
9
4
"

5
5
-

_

3
3
-

20
1
19
11

11
1
10
4

7
4
3
1

15
3
12
10

7
1
6
5

8
8
-

1
1
-

_

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

23
11
12

19
11
8

12
7
5

12
5
7

2
2
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

3
1
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

7

1

2

1

7

1

4

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

_

_

-

-

“

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Columbus, Ohio, January 1961)
Avsbaox
N m er
u b
of
w rk rs
o e

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUM
BER O W
P ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM WEEKLY EARNINGS O —
E
F

W
eekly
W
eekly
h u 1 e rn g
o rs
a in s1
(S n a ) (S n a )
ta d rd
ta d rd

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 n o . oo 115.00 120.00 125.00
and
~
"
“
“
~
“
under
45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 n o . oo 115. 00 120,00 125.00 over

-

Women— Continued
80

40. 0

$ 72. 50

-

-

-

-

2

26

Transcribing-machine operators, general
Manufacturing
_
.................
_ ................
Nonmanufacturing

208
72
136

39.5
39. 5
39. 0

65. 00
68. 50
63. 50

_
_

12
12

11
11

29
7
22

62
15
47

34
17
17

Tvpists. class A
......
Manufacturing
_
_
Nonmanufacturing
_
Public utilities 3

268
98
170
25

39.
40.
39.
40.

5
0
5
0

70.
78.
65.
67.

00
00
50
50

-

10
10

11
------ 1
10

16
2
14
6

34
8
26
7

919
222
697
69

39.
39.
39.
40.

5
5
5
0

59.
6$.
56.
68.

00
00
00
50

3
3
“

176
1
175
"

189
13
176
1

170
26
144
9

156
47
109
16

Tabulating-machine operators, class C

. .

...

. ...

.

_

....

Tvpists. class B
....
. . .
_
_ .
Manufacturing ______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 3 ............................................................

13

-

3

4

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

36
28
8

9
1
8

5
5

6
3
3

_
_

3
1
2

1
1

_
_

.
-

.
-

.
-

-

101
36
65
2

31
5
26
7

21
7
14
1

14
10
4
1

9
9
-

8
fi
-

6
6
-

-

6
6
-

1
1
1

-

-

_
-

96
45
51
19

40
29
11
6

61
42
19
13

19
19
-

3
3
1

2
2
“

4
4
4

“

■

"

-

-

_

32

-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Workers were distributed as follows; 9 at $ 125 to $ 130; 2 at $ 130 to $ 135; 1 at $ 135 to $ 140.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Columbus, Ohio, January 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Average
Sex, o cc u p a tio n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
$
'$
!
$
$
$
1
14
130 .00 $ 3 5 .00|S 0.00*145.00 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 l6 0 .O o jl6 5 .0 0
Weekly j 60. 00 65 . 0 0 170. 00| 75. 0 0 18 0 .0 0 85. 00 90. 00 5 9 5 .Oo'lOO.OOjl0 5.0 0 110 .00 115.00; 120.00 125.00i$
Weekly,
hours 1 earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) und er
- i
“ 1
65. 00 70 , Q0 75. 00 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 90. 00 95. 00 100.001105.00)110.00 115 .00 120 .00 125.00 130 .00 135 .00 140 .00 1 45 .00)150.00 155.00 160.00 1 6 5 .0 0 1 7 0 .0 0

1

M en
D r a ft s m e n , le a d e r

.

...................

35

4 0. 0 $ 12 8.0 0

..........................................

402
225

4 0. 0
40. 0

D r a fts m e n , ju n io r
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
__
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __________________

181
92
89
34

40.
4 0.
40.
40.

D r a fts m e n , s e n io r
M a n u fa ctu rin g

T ra cers

.................................................................

_

_

_

]

_

_

_

113.00
114.50
87.00
89.00
85.00
8 1.50

4
4
4

2
2
-

60

40. 0

8 2 .0 0

37

3

57
47

4 0. 0
4 0. 0

91.00
92.00

_

1

i

_
29

-

-

6
6

14
2
12
6

20
16
4
4

30
i'7
13
7

29
11
18
7

50
15
35
3

1

5

5

27

9

3

1

8
5

8
8

13
13

7
4

6
6

6

.

_

3

11

" |

i

70
17

48
33

69
40

65
50

64
25

15 |
14 !

12
12
-

6
6
-

2

12
11
1
1

I

1

i

5
5

-

0
0
0
0

_

I

-

-

2
2

_

7
6

3
2

9

i

1

2

19
14

,

3
-

4
2

2
-------2

1

-

-

|

I

2

j
-

.

~

|

~

|

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

_

-

1
1

3
2

1
1

-

.

“

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

.

_

“

~

“

-

_

i

W om en
N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) ..............
M a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________ ____

“

1
1

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes 6 workers at $50 to $55.




_
■

~

7
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , C o lu m b u s , O hio, J a n u a ry 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

$ 2. 75
2. 74

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .0 0

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ______________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g --------------- ---------------------------------

70
51

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n ce --------------------^-----------M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------

260
214
46

2. 93
2 .9 5
2. 85

_
-

.
-

-

-

E n g in e e r s , s ta tio n a ry ----------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------

104
52
52

2. 73
2. 96
2. 49

_
-

-

-

-

-

“

F ir e m e n , st a t io n a r y b o il e r -------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------- ---------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------

169
93
76

2. 34
2. 50
2. 15

13
3
10

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in ten a n ce -------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------

103
70

2. 24
2. 19

1
1

273
249

2. 94
2. 98

_

3. 08
3. 10

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in ten a n ce) ------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __________________________

322
84
238
169

2.
2.
2.
2.

M e c h a n ic s , m a in ten a n ce ----------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------

188
146
42

2. 64
2. 63
2. 68

72
68
74
77

2 .0 Q _ .2, IQ :
j

1
1

4
—
_
_

7
3
4

,

-

I

2-. 3Q

3
3

_
-

.

$
2. 20

1
1

!
-

7
7

2
2

"

i

7
2
5

16
_
| 16

21
17
4

12
4
8

2

9

9
-

15

i

9
5
4

4
3
1

6
■

1

6
2

_

12
12

11
11

-

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
“

1
1

.

1
1
1
i

6

4

1
j

6
6

28
25

_

-

-

-

"

4

■

!

12

22

3

1
!

l
I
j
1
i
i
1

-

4

1

35
9
26

6
6

-

_

_ 3 .. i
! 2
|

|

5
_

2
2

-

!
i
j

...9

-

$
j 2 - 70

1$
2. 80

$
I$
2. 90
3. 00

$
3. 10

2. 90_. ; 3 . 0 0 J 3. 10

2. 80 .

5
2

-

j

-

8
7

-

i

i

8
6

4
4

10

-

;

-

-

-

2 .7 0

Z,

6
6

-

-

60

2 .4 0 j_2 .5 0 -

-

10
-

i

$
2. 60

_
-

_
-

-

;$
i 2. 50

-

.
-

-

j$
;$
2. 30
2 .4 0

$
3. 20

S
3. 30

$
3. 40

$
3. 60
and
3. 5Q_. i.J.,6.0. . o v e r _

3. 20... .3. 3CL- .3, 40

$
3. 50

j

5
1
4

-

_
-

i
|

-

_

193
182

1$
2 .0 0

-

_

M a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m -----------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------

-

_
-

M a c h in is ts , m a in ten a n ce -----------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------

$
1 .9 0

$
1 .8 0

r\
i

Average $
hourly 1 1. 50
earnings
and
u n d er
1. bn

o

Number
of
workers

o

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

i
!

.

l
i
|

1

;
|

3
-

11
6
5

22
21
1

-

14
j 8
! 6
!
! 16
15

16
12
4
7
7

‘

j

2
-

1

9
9

5
3

i

1
_

5
3

! 15
15

1 39
25

i 65
, 60
: 5
i
! 5
j 5
-

, 23
! 23
-

! 17
! 2
15

55
55

1
1

20
16
4

_
-

2

_
-

-

2

1
1

1 _
-

9
9
-

4
4
-

_
-

2

_

_

_

_

i

14
16
15
1

[
1

1

4
1

,

5

|

-

1
1

-

.
-

.
-

4
4

-

-

~

-

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

_

.

.

.

j
I

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

36
35

43
43

20
20

1

28
28

44
44

4
4

.

.

5
5

80
80

-

-

'

-

-

-

1

“

I
4
4

1 14
14

14
14

48
48

15
14

i 4

9
5
4
l

63
18
45
35

116
17
99
74

22
4
18
15

-

5
5
5

6
6
-

-

-

-

-

-

'

8
8

_
-

1
1

.
-

.
-

.
-

“

-

'

36
36

_

.

7
4
3
3

15
10
5
3

16
1
15
12

57
16
41
| 21

13
13
“

i 29
I 29
1
-

9
5
4

1
1

17
12
5

3
1
2

26
22
4

34
20'.
14

33
33
“

-

1

-

60
59

!

6
3
3
-

;

6
5

1
-

6
1
i

i
(
I

9
9

~

1
M illw rig h ts ---------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------

181
180

2. 77
2. 77

O ile r s _____________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------

80
79

2. 41
2. 41

_

P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ---------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------

55
38

2. 67
2. 83

_

_

-

-

P ip e fit t e r s , m a in ten a n ce _______________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------

102
93

3. 00
2. 96

_

_

3
3

1
1

14
14

26
26

30
30

21
21

12
12

17
16

-

8
8

_

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

1
1

_
-

3
3

2
2

17
| 17

18
18

9
9

10
9

20
20

4

5
-

_

_

_

-

5
3

3
3

2
-

_

-

2
2

2
2

_

.
-

3
3

1
1

15
15

_

_

_

_

_

-

5
1

4

-

-

-

_

_

_

3

1

-

-

S h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a in ten a n ce _ _________
M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------

45
37

2 .9 6
3. 05

T o o l and die m a k e r s ------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------

507
495

3. 22
3. 23

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




13
13

|
_

_

_

_

9

9

2
-

-

-

_

|

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

9
8

1
1

_

.

1

-

14
13

1
1

14
14

10
10

1
1

3
3

4
4

9
9

_

.

-

-

17
14

53
51

71
71

42
40

8

2
-

7

46
46

-

-

_
-

1
-

_

5

_

.

.

-

-

-

20
20

_

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

35
35

36
36

210

22
22

210

_

8
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , C o lu m b u s , O hio, J an u a ry 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS! OF—

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r (w om en ) ______
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________________

M a n u fa ctu rin g

------------------------------ ------------------

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s (m en ) -----------

of
workers

hourly
earnings

89
89

$0. 99
.9 9

193
177

2. 34
2. 37

1, 525
839
686
127

1 .6 9
1 .8 8
1 .4 7
1 .8 7

i

$
0. 80

$
0. 90

$
1 .0 0

u n d er
. 90

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u str y d iv is io n

1 .0 0

1. 10

54
54

s
"" S
S
S
$
>
!$
$
13
1. 10 | 1. 20 J 1. 30 |1 .4 0 j 1. 50 | 1 .6 0 j 1. 70 | 1 .8 0
1
1
; , 1 .2 0 ' 1. 30 ' 1 .4 0
1. 50
1 .6 0 1 1 .7 0
1 .8 0 . 1 1 .9 0
i

1
1
_

7
7

_

5
5

_ ,

18
18

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

18
_

27

107
_

18
_

27

107
5

62
18
44
_

127
42
85
-

i 137
! 84
! 53
| 12

4
4

-

-

_

1

_

1
-

_

59
24
35
4

63
27
36
2

j

2
2

!

"

90
29
61
4

____________________________

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s (w om en ) -----M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________________

196
82
114

1. 36
1. 53
1. 24

-

1

L a b o r e r s , m a te r ia l handling ___________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________________
■Pnhlir n ti 1i H s 3

1, 567
938
629
187

1 .9 5
2. 07
1 .7 7
2. 23

-

O r d e r f i l l e r s ______________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________________

807
308
499

2. 10
2. 20
2. 03

P a c k e r s , shipp ing (m en ) _______________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------

250
183
67

1 .9 5
2. 08
1 .6 0

21
21

1

28
28

52 ,
43 :
9 |

1
1

;
!
!

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

41
4 I
37 |
5 ;
!

6
4
2

!
1
j

54 !
5 !
49 !

-

84
14
70

1
!

86 1
36
50
6

70
35
35
10

2! |
- |

34
1
33

!
1
i

1

3 |
2
1

1

-

!8
1 .9 0

j$
iS
;$
2. 00 | 2. 10
2. 20
2. 10,

2.. 00

'

"

-

2 '

9
4

15
14

-

-

j
i

185
165
135 ! 115
50
50 I
34
5

10 '

1

10
'

-

89
75
14
5

70
65
5
1

j
!
;

;

'

-

'

4
4

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

7
7
"

$
2. 60

-

-

1

-

1

-

29
29

;
!

54
53

>

.

,

-

;

45
35 :
10
2

74
71
3
3

15
15
_

$
2. 70

$
2. 80

2. 6Q_. ,2. 70. . 2..8Q__ 2 . qo

18
13

16
15

155 1 155
133 | 107
22 1 48
45
6 i

1

$
2. 30

2 . 2 Q ; 2^3_Q_ 2 .4 0 . 2 . 5Q„
i
1
j

-

-

44
44

_

and
.ov er.

.

_
_

$
2. 90

-

-

-

-

.
_

.

_
_

-

|

5
5
■

-

-

-

-

.

-

'

•

"

*

-

-

'

317
245
72
22

82
65
17
17

50
11
39
io

238
196
42
| 17

22
13
9

47
12
35
35

12
7
5
5

30
30

-

“

-

9
9
"

3
3

10
10

13
13

"

■

‘

-

-

3
3
-

-

15
2
13

:

-

1
-

i
j

P a c k e r s , sh ipp in g (w om en ) _____________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________________

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s _________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________________

70
70

194
104
90

1 .6 1
1. 61

2. 15
2. 06
2. 25

i
_
j
— :—
i
j

-

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

6 !
6 !
-

f i

1

!

-

-

"

6 j
6
- i
!

j

.

.

" I
70 !
3

-

6
2
2
2

1
!
i

21
32 j
11 !
21 !

-

Shipping and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________________

149
70
79

2. 15
2. 19
2. 11

-

-

70
56
14
9

!
:
|

52
1
51

37
7
30

i

22
22

i

29
24
5

23
15
8

55
55
I
i
1

-

i
i
46
30
2 1
43 ! 16
j

40
34
6

118
8
110

174
111
63

85
85
"

124
124

8
8
"

15
15
“

4
4
“

34
34

3
2
1

15
15

15
15

2
2

-

18
18

3
3

21
L3j
8 l

30
-

-

1

45

15
15

34
34

"

~

"

1
1
"

-

-

-

"

1
1
1

-

3
3

10
10

4
3
1

20
19
1

24
24
"

6
5
1

6
2
4

25
13
12

35
12
23

24
18
6

5
1
4

10
2
8

3

3

1
1

1
1

7
6
1

22
13
9

2
2

20
9
11

16
11
5

8
3
5

1
1

2
2

2
2

1
1

8
8

7
4
3

26
14
12

20
1
19

22
12
10

5
5

11
11

16
10
6

11
1
10

24
9
15

_

_

_

3
3

1

'

2. 23
2. 22
2. 24

72
48
24
3
1

:— :

■

100
66
34




70
'

[

_

Shipping c l e r k s ---------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .

90
90
6

13
5
8
8

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

---- ^

-

-

3

-

9

Table A-4. Custodial and Material M
ovement Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , C o lu m b u s , O h io , J a n u a ry 1961)
NUM BER OF WORKERS R E CEIVING ST R AIG H T-TIM E HOURLY EARN INGS OF—

O cc u p a tio n 1 and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly ,
earnings

$
0. 80
and
u n d er
. 90

$
0 . 90

$
1. 00

1. 00

1. 10

1. 10

$
1. 20

1. 20

1. 30

$

1. 30

$
1 .4 0

$
1. 50

$
1. 60

$
1. 70

$
1 .8 0

$
1. 90

$
2. 00

1 .4 0

1. 50

1. 60

1. 70

1. 80

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

$

$

2. 10

2. 20

$

$

$

$

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

$

2. 60
2. 70

$

2. 70
2. 80

j$
2. 80 | 2. 90
and

$

over

2. 90
i

T r u c k d r iv e r s 4 -------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 __________________________

1 ,4 2 1
293
1 ,1 2 8
341

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

1

55

_

_

75
10

41
25
16
1

31
20
11
6

19
1

24
10
14
"

56
34
22
18

27
13
14
3

193
22
171
39

98
8
90
40

10
10
-

_

10
~

1
1

1
1

_

23
23

25
16
9

10
10
'

4
4

1
1

20
19
1

6
5
1

8
7
1

3
3

.

'

10

52

21
10
11
6

15

19
6
13
"

27
6
21
18

7
4
3
3

$ 2 .4 0

2 .4 0
2 .4 0
2. 57

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d er I V 2 to n s) --------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________

148
To5”
42

2. 09
2. 28
1. 61

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( I V 2 to and
in clu d in g 4 to n s) _______________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g
____________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 _________________________

708
131
577
243

2. 31
2 .4 4
2. 28
2. 51

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s ,
t r a il e r ty p e) -------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 _________________________

421
31
390
40

2.
2.
2.
2.

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (fo r k lift) _______________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________________

1

_

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

55

10

75

19
-

27
7
20
8

221
9
212
16

292
125
167

1
1

.

-

-

45
45

-

“

"

164
7
157
30

39
3
36
36

-

15
4
11

125
76
49

“

18
6
12
2

"

-

1

192

115
4
111

-

-

-

-

32
-

-

-

32

10

“

“

■

_

"

"

"

52
10

16
9
7
1

60
59
60
76

-

-

-

-

-

22

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

9
9

2
2

1
1

40
-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

40

-

1

"

'

■

"

"

"

~

■

"

"

"

_

"

192
16

576
428
148

2. 32
2. 31
2. 35

_

_

.

.

.

20

2

.

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

_

20

2

■

1

14
13
1

5
5

"

5
4
1

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lift ) _________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________________________

113
102

2. 03
2. 01

_

_

36
36

_

4
4

_
"

W a tch m en ______________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________________

163
87
76

1. 59
1. 66
1. 50

6

13
7
6

3

18
11
7

1
2
3
4
5

10
10
“

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

■

"

“

-

_

-

11
10
1

36
10
26

5
2
3

21
19
2

6
4
2

3
53

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and oth e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In clu d es a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a te d .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 0. 70 to $ 0. 80.




2
-

-

2

6

"

-

-

3

~

.

.

-

-

“

-

_

“

'

54
53
1

112
109
3

102
87
15

74
9
65

133
133

4
4

"

"

40
1
39

18
18

3
3

32
24

13
13

3

4
4

_

_

“

22
8
14

-

11
10
1

-

-

-

-

'

17
6
11

"

-

15
1

224
4
220
199

147

1

-

-

147
136

1

27
3
24
24

6
6

_

.

■

-

-

“

■

6
6

_

_

“

"

■

-

-




B : Establishment Practices and Supplementary W a g e Provisions

Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant w orkers by type and amount of differential,
Columbus, Ohio, January 1961)
Percent of manufacturing plant w orkers—
In establishm ents having form al
p ro v isio n s1 for—

Shift differential

Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

Actually wo rking on—

Uniform cents (per hour)
3 cents
4
5
6
7

rents
rents
rents
rents
rents
8 rents _
Q rents

....

...........

.

. _

..
.

1 0 c ent s
11 rents
12 rents

82. 7

15. 4

4. 1

82. 1

15. 2

4. 1

53. 4

______________________________________________

Third or other
shift

88. 3

Total

Second shift

46. 7

9. 9

3. 1

89. 6

.
.
5.
3.
.
1.
17.
2.
11.

7
9
2
9
9
0
7
0
5

.7
.7
.5
1 .4
1 .7
3. 6
3. 4
8. 6

1.4

18. 4

3. 5

12*/» cents
13 cents ___________________________
1 5 c ent s
16 cents

.
.
.
.

1
1
7
8

_

3.
.
2.
.
.

6
3
5
2
7

.1
_
_
.3
.8
.5
1. 1

.9
4. 7
_
_

.8
2. 1
4. 7

_

-

_

.2
( 2)

_________________

27. 5

25. 1

4. 6

.5

__________________________

10. 2
17. 3

.9
24. 2

.5
4. 1

( 2)
.4

8 hours' pay for
hours' work
8 hours' pay for 7 hours' work _____

1. 3
2. 2

2. 5

Other shift pay differential

_________

3. 9

7. 7

.4

.4

________________

1 .3

.7

.2

(2)

Uniform percentage
5 percent
10 percent

l^
lz

No shift pay differential

.4
. 1

1 Includes establishm ents currently operating late shifts, and establishm ents with form al provisions covering late shifts
even though they w ere not currently operating late shifts.
2 L e ss than 0. 05 percent.

11

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , C o l u m b u s , O h io , J a n u a r y 1 961)

I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c t u r in g

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

M in im u m w e e k l y s a l a r y 1
B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f-

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
s c h e d u le s
E s t a b li s h m e n t s s t u d ie d

40

140

64

XXX

76

XXX

XXX

140

64

XXX

76

XXX

XXX

61
1
4
10
6
15
3
4
4
3
2
5

28
1
1
3
3
7

25
1
1
3
3
5

33

6
_
1
_
1
2

32
1
1
4
3
8

29
1
1
4
3
6

-

_

1
3
2
2

4
2
1
3

4
2
1
2

45
1
6
11
2
10
4
4
1
1
1
4

6

1
3
2
2
1

77
2
7
15
5
18
4
4
5
3
2
7

34
1
4
8
2
8
3
4
1
1
1
1

_

_

_

1

1

1

_

_

_

3
18

3
12

3

.
_

XXX

6

XXX

61

_____________________________ _____ _______

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m ________________
$ 4 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 4 2 . 50 ____________________________________
$ 4 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 4 5 . 00 -----------------------------------------------------$ 4 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 4 7 . 5 0 ____________________________________
$ 4 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 5 0. 00 -----------------------------------------------------$ 5 0. 00 a n d u n d e r $ 5 2. 50 ____________________________________
$ 5 2. 50 a n d u n d e r $ 5 5. 00
__________________________________
$ 5 5. 00 a n d u n d e r $ 5 7 .5 0 ____________________________________
$ 5 7. 50 a n d u n d e r $ 6 0. 00 ____________________________________
$ 6 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 2 .5 0 ____________________________________
$ 6 2. 50 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 .0 0 -----------------------------------------------------$ 6 5 . 0 0 an d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 50 ____________________________________
$ 6 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 7 0 . 00 ____________________________________
$ 7 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 7 2. 50 ____________________________________
$ 7 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 7 5 . 00 ____________________________________
$ 7 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 7 7 . 50 _____________________________ _____ _
E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m
--------------------E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y -------------------------------- ------- ------------------------------------

24

XXX

37

XXX

_

A ll
s c h e d u le s

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

3 8 3/4

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

3 8 3/ 4

40

_

25
_
2
6
2
6
3
3
1
1

_

_

_

4

2

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_
_

_

_

1

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

4
18

4

XXX

4
35

.
_

XXX

17

XXX

XXX

XXX

28

14

XXX

14

XXX

XXX

-

3
7
3
8
3
3
1
1

_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d f o r h i r in g i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t y p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
R a t e s a p p l ic a b l e t o m e s s e n g e r s , o f f i c e g i r l s , o r s i m i l a r s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d .
H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d ,

_

1
2
_
1
_
_
_
_
_

2

_

_

a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , C o l u m b u s , O h io , J a n u a r y 1961)
PLAN T W O RK ERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

W e e k ly h o u r s
All industries *

A ll w o rk e r s

________________________________________

U n d e r 3 7 V 2 h o u r s _________________________________
3 7 V 2 h o u r s ----------------------------------- —
--------------3 8 3/4 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------4 0 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s ------------------------------4 4 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 4 a n d u n d e r 4 8 h o u r s ------------------------------48 h o u r s ____________________________________________
O v e r 4 8 h o u r s _____________________________________

1
2
3
4

100

M anufacturing

Public utilities 2

-

81
2

89
3

8
1

82

90

99

0
(4)

_

6

-

5

(4)

100

1

2
3

10

1

(4)

1

-

5

-

1

-

2
4

(4 )

■

1

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




Pu blic utilities 2

100

100

.
-

100

M anufacturing

100

(4 )

(4)
1

All industries 2

-

97
-

3

-

-

1

-

1

-

12

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Columbus, Ohio, January 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Item
All industries*

A ll w o r k e r s

_ __ _ ....

.

. ...........................

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l id a y s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l id a y s

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

92

96

98

1

1

-

8

4

2

59
29

5
3
33
1
7
33
2
9
1

29
29
29

1

_

8

9
11

13
16
67
68
95
95
95
95
96

8
8

N um ber off d a y s
L e s s th a n
5 h o lid a y s
6 h o l id a y s
6 h o l id a y s
6 h o l id a y s
7 h o l id a y s
7 h o l id a y s
8 h o l id a y s
9 h o lid a y s

5 h o l id a y s
...

.

.

1
51
2
3
31

(4)

-

29
2
7
56

8
4

( 4)
8
4

(4)
6
■

4
12
12

6
6

(4)
.

p lu s 1 h a lf d a y
p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s
_
p lu s 1 h a lf d a y

. . .

__________________________________________

-

1

(4)
27
1
12
40
3
13

25
1
64
_
8

Total h o lid a y tim e 5
9 days
_______________________________________________
8 o r m o r e d a y s _____________________________________
71/ 2 o r m o r e d a y s _________________________________
7 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
6V 2 o r m o r e da y s
6 o r m o re days
5 o r m o re days
3 o r m o r e d a y s . ...
2 o r m o re days
1 o r m o re days

1
2
3
4
5
no half

46
48
98

99
99
99
99

.

69
70

99
99
99
99
99

88
92
100
100
100
100
100

51
52
85

88
89
90
92

72
73
98
98
98
98
98

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0. 5 percent.
All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and
days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions were then cumulated.




13
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Columbus, Ohio, January 1961)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy
All in u
d stries*

A ll workers

--------------------------------------------------------

100

M
anufacturing

100

P
ublic utilities2

A in u
ll d stries^

M
anufacturing

P
ublic u
tilities2

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

98
87
10
1

99
81
16
2

100
100
-

2

1

“

12
8
4
1

20
2
3
~

_
7

_
89
1
8
2

M e th o d o f p a y m o n t
W orkers in establishments providing
paid vacations ________________________________
Length-of-tim e payment ___________________
Percentage payment -----------------------------------F lat-su m payment __________________________
Other ________________________________________
W orkers in establishments providing
no paid vacations _____________________________

99
99
(4 )
(4 )

99
99
(4 )
(4 )

(4 )

1
'

Am ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 5

After 6 months of service
Under 1 week ___________________________________
1 week -----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks _____________________
2 weeks __________________________________________

3
47
11
(4 )

7
47
3
(4 )

4

(4 )
28
(4 )
72
"

(4 )
18

_
93
(4 )
6

1
74
5
17
(4 )

(4 )
79
8
11
"

-

(4 )
52
14
32

(4 )
54
23
22
“

-

'

-

2

After 1 year of service
Under 1 week ___________________________________
1 week ___________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _____________________
2 weeks __________________________________________
3 weeks _________________________________________

-

81
"

~

After 2 years of service
Under 1 week __________________________________
1 week ___________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _____________________
2 weeks __________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____________________
3 weeks __________________________________________

(4 )
9
2
89
(4 )

(4 )
9
-

90
"

24
12
64
(4 )

~

0
(4 )

-

59
-

38
1
2

After 3 years of service
Under 1 week ___________________________________
1 week ___________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _____________________
2 weeks __________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____________________
3 weeks __________________________________________

See footnotes at end of table,




(4 )
1
-

98
(4 )

(4 )
1
-

98
-

_

100
(4 )

(4 )
23
21
52
2
(4 )

(4 )
26
33
37
3

_

-

97
1
2

14

Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v ac atio n pay
p r o v is io n s , C o lu m b u s, O hio, January 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a c a tio n p o lic y
All industries 1

A m ount

of

v a c a tio n

A fte r
1
O
2
O
3

p a y 5—

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

5 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
(4)
-

(4)
-

96
1
2

95
4

(4 )
65
2
32

(4 )
71
2
25

_
-

6
1
82
6
3

(4 )
■

5
2
78
10
4

5
54
13
25

100

4
56
21
18

_
_
97
1
2

10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1
2
O
3
4

w e e k ______________________________________________________
w e e k s ________________________________ _________________
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________________________
w e e k s ____________________________________________________
w e e k s __ ________________________________________________

1
2
3
O
4

w e e k ______________________________________________________
w e e k s _____________________________________________________
w e e k s ____________________________________________________
v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------- _ ------------------___________________________________________________
w eeks

1
2
3
O
4

w e e k ______________________________ ________________ _____
w e e k s _________
________________________________________
w e e k s ____________________________________________________
v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ___________________________
w e e k s _____________________________________________________

1
2
3
O
4
O

w e e k ______________________________________________________
w e e k s _____________________________________________________
w e e k s _____________________________________________________
v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------w e e k s ____________________________________________________
v e r 4 w e e k s ____________________________________________

A fte r

Public utilities 2

C o n tin u e d

w e e k _____________________________________________________
v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------w e e k s ____________________________________________________
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________________________
w e e k s ____________________________________________________

A fte r

Manufacturing

-

_
51
1
48
“

(4)

_

5
16
75
2

"

_
58
3
37
2

15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
(4)
19
80

(4)
7
92

-

-

3
97
"

-

(4 )

_
91
-

5
14
58
2

6

19

_

_

4
6
87
3

98
_

"

2

-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
(4)
18
68
-

(4)
7
79
-

14

13

(4 )
18
49
-

(4)
7
66
-

-

5
14
47
1

31
2

22
4

82

29

3

4
6
73
3
14

_
_
83
17

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1
2
3
4
5
s e r v ic e

3
15

2

4
6
63
2
21
3

_
28
-

72

In clud es data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n c e, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s .
In cludes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b itr a r ily ch o se n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in dividu al p r o v isio n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the chan ges in p r op ortion s in dicated
include chan ges in p r o v isio n s o c c u r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .

N O T E : In the tabu lations o f v ac atio n a llo w a n c e s by y e a r s of s e r v ic e , p aym en ts other than "le n g th o f t i m e "
an equ ivalent tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a paym ent o f 2 p ercen t o f annual ea rn in g s w as c o n sid e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.




such as p erc en ta g e o f annual e a rn in g s or f la t -s u m

at 10 y e a r s ’

p a y m e n ts, w ere co n v e rte d to

15

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s em p loyed in esta b lish m e n ts providin g
h e a lth , in su r a n c e , or pen sion b en efits , C o lu m b u s, O h io , Janu ary 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

T yp e o f ben efit
All industries *

A ll w o r k e r s

________________________________________

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

100

100

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

75

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g:
L ife in su ran ce _________________________________
A cc id e n ta l death and d ism e m b e r m e n t
in su ran ce ______________________________________
S ick n ess and accid en t in su ra n ce or
s ic k le a v e or b o th 4 _________________________

90

96

87

86

96

62

83

53

69

80

64

79

86

97

84

92

75

S ick n ess and a ccid en t in su ra n ce _______
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p eriod ) ___________________________
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay or
w aiting p eriod ) ___________________________

43

75

35

70

86

38

46

44

51

13

10

24

17

8

45

11

6

37

H o sp ita liza tio n in su ra n ce ___________________
S u r g ic a l in su ran ce ____________________________
M e d ic a l in su ran ce ____________________________
C ata strop h e in su ra n ce _______________________
R e tire m e n t p en sion ___________________________
No h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , or p en sion plan ___

81
81
51
57
78
5

88
88
48
55
80
2

72
72
63
90
86

85
85
43
34
66
5

89
89
43
34
75
1

76
76
51
75
78

1 Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s .
3 Includes data fo r w h o le sa le tr a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
4 Unduplicated total of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g sic k le a v e or s ic k n e ss and accid en t in su ran ce shown se p a r a te ly b elo w .
S ic k -le a v e p lans are lim ite d to th ose w hich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m n um ber of d a y s ' pay that can be ex p e cted by each e m p lo y e e .
In fo r m a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n ces d e term in ed on an in divid u al b a s is a re ex clu d ed .







17

Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in cla ssifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essen tial in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes.
In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E
B IL L E R , MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE O P E R A T O R

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E lliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

B ille r , machine (h illin g machine ) — U se s a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, E lliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandum, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

B ille r , machine (bookkeepin g m achine)— U s e s a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E lliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and
credit s lip s .




C la s s A — Keeps a set of records requiring -a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
C la s s B — Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping • P hases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
C L E R K , ACCOUNTING

C la s s A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an esta b lish ­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

18

C LE R K , ACCOUNTING— Continued

CLERK, PA Y R O LL

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad­
justing and clo sin g journal entries; may direct c la s s B accounting
clerks.

Class B

— Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sh eets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COM PTOM ETER O P E R A T O R
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of sta tis­
tical or other type o f clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

C L E R K , F IL E

Class A

DUPLICATING-M ACHINE O P E R A T O R (MIMEOGRAPH OR D IT T O )

Class B

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilitie s, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple completed material.

— In an establish ed filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , c la s s ifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may a lso file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with file s or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the fi le s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
— Performs routine filin g, usually of material that has
already been cla ssifie d or which is ea sily identifiable, or locates
or a s s is t s in locating material in file s .
May perform incidental
clerical duties.

C LE R K , ORDER
R eceives custom ers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled , keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




any combination of the following:

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilitie s, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.

O F F IC E B O Y OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

19

SEC RE TAR Y
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice; answering and making
phone c a lls ; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GEN ERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May a lso type from written copy. May a lso set up and keep file s in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. D oes not in clu de transcribing-m achine
work (se e transcribing-machine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TE C H N IC A L
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep file s in order,
keep simple records, etc. D oes not in clu d e transcribing-m achine work .

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A TO R
Operates a sin g le- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls .
May record toll ca lls and take m e ssag es. May give information to per­
sons who ca ll in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A TO R -R E C E PT IO N IST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE O P E R A TO R

C la s s A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. A s a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D oes not in clu de working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C la s s B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically in volves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May a lso include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.

C la s s C — Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE O P ER A TO R, GEN ERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

20

T Y P IS T

T Y P IS T — Continued

U ses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of s te n c ils , mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing processes. May do clerical work involving little sp ecia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.

C la s s A — Performs one or more o f the fo llo w in g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for co rre ct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, e t c ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated sta tistic a l tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

C la s s B — Performs one or more o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o lic ie s,
e tc .; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N I C A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(A ssistan t draftsman)
Draws to sca le units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

DRAFTSMAN, LE A D E R
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints, sk etch es,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a s s is t subordinates during emergencies or a s a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of materials, beams and tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing sp ecification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (RE G ISTE R ED )
A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a com bina tion o f the fo llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
TRACER
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from n otes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p o se s. Duties involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, c ro ss-sectio n s, e t c ., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such*as those




Copies plans and drawings prepared by oth ers,by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. U ses
T-square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

21

M A IN T E N A N C E

D POW ERPLANT

C A R P E N T E R , MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATION ARY B O ILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, ca sin g s, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power to o ls, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. F eeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, g as, or oil burner; checks water and safety
v a lv es. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipment.

E L E C T R IC I\ N , MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for tfye generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May a lso
supervise these operations. Head or c h ie f engineers in establish m ents

em ploying more than one engineer are e xclu d e d .




H E L P E R , TR A D E S, MAINTENANCE
A s s is t s one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and to o ls; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assistin g worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time b a sis.

MACHINE-TOOL O P E R A TO R , TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jig s, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feed s, sp eeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, tc dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this cla ssification .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

22

MACHINIST, M AINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine too ls; shaping of metal parts to clo se toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to str e sse s, strength of materials, and .centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard too ls, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, bu ses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
v alv es; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
andmaking necessary adjustments; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the fo llo w in g : Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making a ll necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary du ties involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
in stalls machines or^ heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishm ent.

PA IN TE R , MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w a lls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s­
tablishment. Work in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or con sisten cy. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, g a s, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various s iz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ie s; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet sp ecification s. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers prim arily engaged in in sta llin g and repairing building

san itation or heating system s are e xclu d e d .

23

TO O L AND DIE MAKER

PLUM BER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, in sta lls, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and lay­
ing out a ll types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other sp ecification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installing sh eetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop too ls, gauges, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and a llo ys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qu alities; working to c lo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow an ces; selecting appropriate
materials, too ls, and pro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssific a tio n .

C U STO D IA L AND M A TE R IA L MOVEMENT
E LE V A T O R O P E R A T O R , PASSENGER

JANITOR, P O R T E R , OR C LE A N E R — Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g :
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who sp ecialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In clu d e s gate-

men who are sta tio n ed at gate and ch eck on id e n tity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, P O R T E R , OR CLE A N E R
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




L A B O R E R, M ATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the fo llo w ­
in g: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

24

LA B O R E R , M ATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C L E R K — Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

,

Longshoremen who load and unload ships are excluded

.

ORDER F IL L E R

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TR U CK D R IV ER

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specification s on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various tvpes of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded

.

PA C K E R , SHIPPING

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden
boxes or crates are excluded

.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C LE R K

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in voices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s.




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f siz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under lV2 ton s)
Truckdriver medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver heavy (over 4 tons other than trailer type)

,
,
,

,

TRU CK ER, POWER

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type of
truck, as follow s:

,

Trucker power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
* U .S . G O V E R N M E N T P R I N T I N G O F F I C E : 1961 0 — 5 8 9 5 5 0













Occupational W
age Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.
Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Albuquerque, N. Mex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—Bethlehem—
Easton,
P a .-N .J .— Bull. 1285-47
Atlanta, Ga.— Bull. 1285♦Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285-34
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T ex .— Bull, 1285Birmingham, A la.— Bull. 1285“
Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285♦ ♦Boston, Mass.— Bull. 1285-15
♦♦Buffalo, N.Y.— Bull. 1285-31
Burlington, Vt.— Bull. 1285♦Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285-29
Charleston, W. Va.— Bull. 1285Charlotte, N .C.— Bull. 1285♦ ♦Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga.— Bull. 1285-14
Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.— Bull. 1285♦♦Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285-11
Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285-38
♦♦Dallas, T ex.— Bull. 1285-21
♦♦Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.—
Bull. 1285-16
Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285-41
♦ Denver, C olo.-—Bull. 1285-27
Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285*43
Detroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285-37
♦♦Fort Worth, T ex.— Bull. 1285-23

♦ Green Bay, Wis.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S.C .— Bull. 1285Houston, T ex.— Bull. 1285♦ Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285-28
Jackson, M iss.— Bull. 1285-42

♦ ♦Jacksonville, Fia.— Bull. 1285-30
♦ Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans.— Bull. 1285-18
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H.— Bull. 1285♦ ♦ Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark.— Bull. 1285-6
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif.— Bull. 1285“
Louisville, K y.-In d.— Bull. 1285-49
Lubbock, T ex.-—Bull. 1285♦ Manchester, N.H.— Bull. 1285-1
Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285-35
♦ Miami, F la.— Bull. 1285-33
Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285-39
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285Newark and Jersey City, N.J.— Bull. 1285-40
New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285-46
New Orleans, L a.— Bull. 1285-48
New York, N.Y.— Bull. 1285Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va.— Bull. 1285♦ ♦ Oklahoma City, Okla.-—Bull. 1285-3
♦♦ Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa— Bull. 1285-13
Paterson—
Clifton— assaic, N.J.— Bull. 1285P
♦ ♦ Philadelphia, Pa.— Bull. 1285-24
Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-

P ittsb u rg h , P a .— B u ll. 1 2 8 5 -4 4
♦ P ortla n d , M aine— B u ll. 1285-19
P ortlan d , O r e g .—W ash.— B u ll. 1285P r o v id e n c e —P a w tu ck e t, R .I .—M a s s .— B u ll. 1285
♦ ♦ R a le ig h , N .C .— B u ll. 1285-5
♦ R ich m on d , V a .— B u ll. 1285-26
R o c k fo r d , 111.— B u ll. 1285♦ ♦ St. L o u is , M o.—111.— B u ll. 1285-10
♦ ♦ Salt L ak e C ity , U tah— B u ll. 1285*32
San A n to n io , T e x .— B u ll. 1285♦ San B ern ard in o—R iv e r s id e —O n tario,
C a l i f .— B u ll. 1 2 85-4
San F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a l i f .— B u ll. 12 8 5 -3 6
Savannah, G a .— B u ll. 1285♦ ♦ S cranton, P a .— B u ll. 12 8 5 -8
♦ ♦ S e a ttle , W ash.— B u ll. 1 2 8 5 -7
♦ ♦ ♦ S ioux F a lls , S. D a k .— B u ll. 1285-17
South B end, In d .— B u ll. 1285-

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S p ok an e, W ash.— B u ll. 1285*
T o le d o , O h io — B u ll. 1285T ren ton , N .J .— B u ll. 1285-25
W ashington, D . C . - M d . - V a . — B u ll. 1 2 8 5 -2 2
W aterbury, C o n n .— B u ll. 12 85W aterloo, Iow a — B u ll. 1285*20
W ich ita, K a n s .— B u ll. 1285-9
W ilm ington, D e l.—N .J .— B u ll. 1285*12
W orcester, M a s s .— B u ll. 1285*
Y ork , P a .— B u ll. 1 2 8 5 -4 5

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