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Occupational Wage Survey

SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA
JANUARY 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-36




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan C la g u e, Com m issioner




New England Region
18 Oliver Street
Boston 10, Mass.
Liberty 2-2115

Occupational Wage Survey
SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA




J A N U A R Y 1961

Bulletin No. 1 2 8 5 -3 6
A p ril 1961

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan C la g u e, Com m issioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Community Wage Survey P rogram
Wage trends fo r selected occupational groups ___________________ _____ _
The Bureau of L abor Statistics regu larly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number o f im portant industrial
cen ters. The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A p relim in ary report is available on com pletion
of the study in each area, usually in the month follow ing
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the e a rlie r report.
A consolidated
analytical bulletin sum m arizing the results of all of the
year*s surveys is issued after com pletion of the final area
bulletin for the current round of surveys.
This report was prepared in the Bureau* s regional
office in San F ra n cisco , C a lif., by W illiam P. OfConnor,
under the d irection of John L. Dana, A ssistant Regional
D irector for Wages and Industrial Relations.




4

T ables:
1.
2.

Establishm ents and w ork ers within scope of survey _____________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of in crease for selected p e r io d s __________________

3

A: Occupational earnings: *
A - 1. O ffice o c c u p a tio n s ________________________________________ —
A -2 . P rofession a l and technical occupations __________________ —
A - 3. Maintenance and powerplant occupations __________________
A -4 . Custodial and m aterial m ovement o ccu p a tio n s ____________

5
9
10
11

B: Establishm ent p ra ctices and supplement wage p rovision s: *
B - l . Shift d iffe r e n tia ls ________________________________________
B -2 . Minimum entrance salaries for women office w o r k e r s ___
B -3 . Scheduled weekly h o u r s ____________________________________
B -4 . Paid holidays ______________________________ —_______________
B -5 . Paid vacations ______________
B -6 . Health, insurance, and pension p la n s ---------------------------- ----

13
14
15
16
17
19

Appendix:

Occupational description s ____________________________________

* NOTE:
Sim ilar tabulations are available in the San
F ra n cisco —
Oakland area rep orts for January of each year
since 1950. M ost of the rep orts also include data on these
or related establishm ent p ra ctices and supplementary wage
p rov ision s.
A d ire ctory indicating date of study and the
p rice of the rep orts, as w ell as rep orts for other m ajor
areas, is available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and sup­
plem entary wage p ra ctices are a lso available fo r m achinery
(January I960), fluid milk (May I960), hotels (May I960),
power laundries and dry clean ers (May I960), banking (May
I960), hospitals (August I960), and candy and other c o n fe c­
tionary products (November I960). Union sca les, indicative
of prevailing pay le v els, are available for the follow ing
trades or industries:
Building construction, printing,
lo ca l-tra n sit operating em ployees, and m otortruck d rivers
and h elp ers.

iii

3

21




Occupational Wage Survey—San Francisco - Oakland, Calif.
Introduction

T h is a r e a is on e o f s e v e r a l im p orta n t in d u s tr ia l c e n t e r s in
w h ich the U .S . D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r s B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s h as
con d u cted s u r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d w a g e b e n e fits
on an a r e a w id e b a s is . In th is a r e a , data w e r e ob ta in ed b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u re a u fie ld e c o n o m is t s 1 to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o rta tio n , 2
co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il
tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in ­
d u stry g ro u p s e x clu d e d fr o m th e se stu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts having
fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m ber o f w o r k e r s a r e om itte d a ls o b e c a u s e
th ey fu rn is h in s u ffic ie n t em p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r ­
rant in c lu s io n . W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , se p a ra te tabu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r ea ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h e s e su r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv ey in g a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts . T o obtain
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied. In com b in in g the data, h o w ­
e v e r , a ll esta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv en th e ir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t. E s tim a te s
b a s e d on the esta b lis h m e n ts stud ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , as r e ­
la tin g to a ll esta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a , e x ­
c e p t f o r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied.

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e sh ow n f o r
f u ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o se h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
u le in the g iv e n o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in g s data e x c lu d e
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k On w ee k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ifts .
N on p rod u ction b o n u se s a r e e x clu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u se s and in ce n tiv e e a rn in g s a r e in clu d e d .
W h ere w e e k ly
h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o rk sc h e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) f o r w h ich
s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e se
o c cu p a tio n s h av e b een rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
A v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f m e n and w om en a r e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a te ly
f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s in w h ich both s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D iffe r e n c e s in p a y le v e ls o f m e n and w om en in th e s e o c c u p a tio n s a r e
la r g e ly due to (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong
in d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts ; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c if i c d u ties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the o c cu p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s if i e d w ithin
the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in len gth o f s e r v ­
i c e o r m e r it re \ ie w / w hen in d iv id u a l s a la r ie s a r e a d ju sted on th is b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ould r e s u lt in h ig h e r a v e r a g e p a y
w hen both s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ith in the sa m e ra te ra n g e .
Job
d e s c r ip t io n s u s e d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th e se s u r v e y s a r e u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o se u se d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts to
a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c if i c d u ties
p e r fo r m e d .

O ccu p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s ific a tio n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m se t o f jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to
take a ccou n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u tie s w ith in the sa m e
jo b . (S ee ap pen dix f o r lis tin g o f th e se d e s c r ip t i o n s .) E a rn in g s data a r e
p r e s e n te d (in the A -B e r ie s ta b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p es o f o c c u p a ­
tion s: (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c) m a in te ­
n an ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t.

1 D ata

w e r e ob ta in ed b y m a il f r o m s o m e o f the s m a lle r e s ­
ta b lish m en ts f o r w h ich v is it s b y B u rea u fie ld e c o n o m is t s in the la s t
p r e v io u s s u r v e y in d ica te d em p lo y m e n t in r e la t iv e ly fe w o f the o c c u ­
p a tion s stu d ied.
U nusual ch a n g es r e p o r t e d b y m a il w e r e v e r ifie d
w ith e m p lo y e r s .
2 R a ilr o a d s , fo r m e r l y e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f th ese stu d ie s,
w e r e in clu d e d in a ll o f the a r e a s stu d ied s in c e July 1959, e x ce p t B a lti­
m o r e (S ep tem b er 1959 and D e c e m b e r I960), B u ffa lo (O c to b e r 1959),
C le v e la n d (S e p te m b e r 1959), and S ea ttle (A u gu st 1959).




O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b er a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c tu r e am ong
e sta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t ob ta in ed
fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the
r e la tiv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tion a l str u c tu r e d o n ot m a t e r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in g s data.
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c te d e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta r y b e n e fits a s th ey r e ­
la te to o f f ic e and p la n t w o r k e r s .
T h e te r m " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u se d
in th is b u lle tin , in clu d e s w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n su p erv isofry
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d fu n c tio n s , and e x c lu d e s a d m in ­
is t r a t iv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. "P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
clu d e w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g le a d m e n and tr a in e e s ) en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
A d m in is tr a tiv e ,

2
e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
e m p lo y e e s w ho a r e u tiliz e d a s a s e p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x clu d e d .
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and r o u te m e n a r e e x clu d e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s­
t r ie s , bu t a r e in clu d e d a s p la n t w o r k e r s in n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
Shift d iffe r e n t ia l data (ta b le B - l ) a r e lim ite d to m a n u fa ctu rin g
in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d b oth in t e r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o lic y , 3 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l pla n t w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m en t, and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s is o f w o r k e r s
a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the su rv e y .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ou n t ap p lyin g to
a m a jo r it y w a s u s e d o r , i f n o am oun t a p p lie d to a m a jo r ity , the c l a s ­
s ific a t io n " o t h e r " w a s u sed .
In e sta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich so m e la t e sh ift h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d on ly
if it a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u r s .
M in im u m e n tra n ce r a t e s (ta b le B -2 ) r e la t e on ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts v is it e d .
T h ey a r e p r e s e n te d on an e sta b lis h m e n t, r a th e r
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and
h ealth , in s u r a n ce , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the
b a s i s that th e se a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a ­
jo r i t y o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y ev en tu a lly q u a lify f o r the
p r a c t ic e s lis te d . S ch ed u led h o u r s a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is
that th e se a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y
a r e c o v e r e d . 4 B e c a u s e o f rou n d in g, su m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in th ese
ta b u la tion s m a y n ot equ al to ta ls .
The f i r s t p a r t o f the p a id h o lid a y s ta ble p r e s e n t s the n u m ­
b e r o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s a ctu a lly p r o v id e d .
The s e c o n d p a r t
c o m b in e s w h ole and h a lf h o lid a y s to sh ow to ta l h olid a y t im e .
The su m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p la n s is lim ite d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n ts , e x clu d in g in fo r m a l p la n s w h e r e b y tim e o ff w ith pa y is g ra n ted
at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep a ra te e s tim a te s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com p u tin g v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts, su ch
a s tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s, o r fla t -s u m a m ou n ts.
H o w e v e r , in the ta b u la tion s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , p a y m en ts n ot on
a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r te d ; .for e x a m p le , a p a ym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s the e q u iv a len t o f 1 w e e k 's pay.

3

A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h avin g a p o lic y if it m e t
e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g c o n d itio n s : (1) O p era ted la te sh ifts a t the tim e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) had f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts.
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s f o r o ffic e w o r k e r s ( f i r s t s e c tio n o f
ta b le B -3 ) in su r v e y s m a d e p r io r to Ju ly 1957 w e r e p r e s e n te d in
t e r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o ffic e s
w ith the in d ica te d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r w o m e n w o r k e r s .

4




Data a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n
p la n s f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
ex ce p tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts su ch a s w o r k m e n 's co m p en sa tion ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such p la n s in clu d e th ose
u n d erw ritten b y a c o m m e r c i a l in su r a n ce c om p a n y and th ose p r o v id e d
th rough a union fund o r p a id d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r re n t
o p e ra tin g funds o r fr o m a fund se t a s id e f o r th is p u rp o s e .
Death
b e n e fits a r e in clu d ed a s a fo r m o f lif e in su r a n ce .

S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce is lim ite d to that type o f in ­
s u r a n ce u nder w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a y m en ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in su r e d on a w e e k ly o r m on th ly b a s is du rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d fo r a ll su ch pla n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s.
H o w e v e r, in New Y o rk and New J e r s e y , w hich
h ave en a cted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n ce la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s, 5 p la n s a r e in clu d ed on ly i f the e m p lo y e r ( l ) c o n ­
tr ib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n ts o f the law . T abu lation s
o f pa id s i c k -le a v e p la n s a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 6 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's p a y du rin g a b s e n c e fr o m w o rk
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S ep arate ta bu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
(1) p la n s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y and n o w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) p la n s
p r o v id in g e ith e r p a r t ia l pa y o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In a d d ition to the
p r e s e n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n du plicated tota l is
show n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e iv e e it h e r o r b oth ty p es o f b e n e fits .
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n ce , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to a s exten ded
m e d ic a l in s u r a n ce , in clu d e s th ose p la n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v olv in g e x p e n s e s bey on d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s.
M e d ic a l in s u r a n ce r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le te o r p a r tia l
p a y m en t o f d o c t o r s ' fe e s . Such p la n s m a y b e u n d erw ritten b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in su r a n ce c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y b e
s e lf-in s u r e d . T ab u lation s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n sio n p la n s a r e lim ite d to
th o se p la n s that p r o v id e m on th ly p a y m en ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life .

5
6

The te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lifo r n ia and R h ode Islan d
d o n ot r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s.
A n e sta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h aving a fo r m a l plan i f
it e sta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m ber o f da ys o f s i c k le a v e that
c o u ld b e e j e c t e d b y ea ch e m p lo y e e . Such a pla n n eed n ot b e w ritten ,
but in fo r m a l s i c k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te rm in e d on an in div id u al b a s is ,
w e r e ex clu d e d .

3

T a b le 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in San F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d ,

C a li f . , 1 b y m a j o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 J a n u a r y

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

In d u s try d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

--------------

1961

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y

W ith in
scope of
stu d y 3

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
O ffic e

T o ta l4

P la n t

T o ta l4

1, 188

260

3 6 4 ,5 0 0

99, 700

1 8 4 ,5 0 0

2 0 3 ,8 7 0

-

362
826

85
175

1 3 7 ,1 0 0
2 2 7 ,4 0 0

2 3 ,0 0 0
76, 700

88, 700
9 5 , 8 00

6 7 , 370
1 3 6 ,5 0 0

1 00
50
100
50
50

75
277
104
191
179

32
37
43
36
27

7 1 , 100
3 5, 7 0 0
42, 900
5 0 ,3 0 0
2 7 ,4 0 0

16,
10,
5,
3 8,

2 9 ,3 0 0
1 6 ,6 0 0
32, 900
6 1 , 700

6 1 ,9 2 0
9, 0 70
3 0, 200
2 6 ,1 9 0
9 , 120

-----------------------------------------------------------------100

M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d
o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 _____________________________________
W h o l e s a le t r a d e _______________________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e -----------------------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e -------------------------------S e r v i c e s 7 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

700
8 00
400
500
( 8)

( 8)

1 T h e Sa n F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a (A la m e d a , C o n t r a C o s t a , M a r in , S a n F r a n c i s c o , S a n M a t e o , a n d S o la n o C o u n t i e s ).
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s
s h o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e riot in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s
o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in
a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
M a j o r c h a n g e s f r o m th e e a r l i e r e d i t io n ( u s e d in
th e B u r e a u ’ s l a b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y s c o n d u c t e d p r i o r to J u ly 1 95 8) a r e th e t r a n s f e r o f m i l k p a s t e u r iz a t io n p la n t s a n d r e a d y - m i x e d c o n c r e t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s f r o m t r a d e ( w h o l e s a l e o r r e t a il ) to
m a n u fa c t u r i n g , a n d th e t r a n s f e r o f r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g f r o m s e r v i c e s to th e t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a ll e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e l i m it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h in d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r
s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
San F r a n c i s c o ’ s t r a n s i t s y s t e m i s m u n i c ip a l ly o p e r a t e d a n d is e x c l u d e d b y d e f in i t io n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s t u d ie s .
6 E s t i m a t e r e l a t e s t o r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s o n ly .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n iz a t io n s ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .
8 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in th e s e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n ot m a d e
f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l lo w i n g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 ) th e s a m p le w a s n ot d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e ,
p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta .

T a b le 2.

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s in San F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d ,
J a n u a r y 1961 a n d J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 , a n d p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s
Inde ix e s
________ (J a n u a r y L953..— KQQl

I n d u s t r y a n d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p
J a n u a r y 1961

J a n u a ry I9 6 0

C a li f. ,

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fr o m —
Jan u a ry I96 0
to
J a n u a r y 1961

J a n u a r y 1959
to
J a n u a ry I960

J a n u a r y 1 958
to
J a n u a r y 1959

J a n u a r y 1957
to
J a n u a r y 1958

J a n u a r y 1956
to
J a n u a r y 1957

J a n u a r y 1955
to
J a n u a r y 1956

J a n u a r y 195 4
to
J a n u a r y 195 5

J a n u a r y 1953
to
J a n u a r y 1 95 4

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) ____________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n ) -----------S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) ________
U n s k i ll e d p la n t (m e n ) _______________

138. 5
1 5 1 .0
140. 9
145. 8

1 32 .
1 39 .
1 36 .
139.

8
9
0
1

4.
7.
3.
4.

3
8
6
8

2.
2.
2.
4.

8
7
9
3

4. 8
5. 6
5. 3
5 .9

4.
6.
5.
5.

2
6
9
4

5.
6.
7.
5.

0
4
5
5

4.
2.
3.
4.

8
6
7
4

3.
6.
2.
3.

0
3
4
0

4.
4.
4.
6.

4
3
0
1

M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) ____________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n ) ________
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) ________
U n s k i ll e d p la n t (m e n ) ______________

1 38 . 3
152. 2
1 4 4 .4
144. 6

132. 5
1 4 1 .3
137. 3
138. 4

4.
7.
5.
4.

4
7
2
5

2.
2.
2.
3.

5
6
2
7

5. 1
5. 6
5. 1
6 .9

4.
6.
6.
5.

2
5
4
5

4.
7.
8.
6.

7
0
5
0

5.
2.
4.
4.

4
6
1
3

2.
6.
2.
4.

4
2
2
2

4.
5.
4.
4.

5
1
0
2




4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , and o f a v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d
pla n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
In a r e a s w h ich w e r e not su r v e y e d d u rin g the
f i s c a l 1953 b a s e y e a r (Ju ly 1952 to June 1953) th is ta b le is lim ite d
to p e r c e n t s o f change b e tw e e n s e le c t e d p e r io d s .

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the in d e x e s
r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s o f w o rk , that is ,
the stan dard w o r k sch e d u le f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e p a id.
F o r plant w o r k e r g ro u p s, th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g es in s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly
e a rn in g s, e x clu d in g p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k ­
en ds, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts.
The in d e x e s a r e b a s e d on data fo r
s e le c t e d k e y o c cu p a tio n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t
jo b s w ith in e a ch g rou p . The o ffic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on w om en in
the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i lle r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ); b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , file ,
c la s s A and B ; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; keyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s ;
o ffic e g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; ste n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a ­
t o r s ; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a ­
to r s ; tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A
and B .
The in d u s tr ia l n u r s e data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in d u str ia l
n u r s e s . M en in the fo llo w in g 10 s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s and 3 u n s k ille d
jo b s w e r e in clu d ed in the pla n t w o r k e r data: Skilled-— c a r p e n t e r s ;
e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; m i l l ­
w r ig h ts ; p a in te r s ; p ip e fit t e r s ; s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ; and t o o l and d ie
m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a ­
t e r ia l h andling; and w atch m en .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
com p u ted f o r e a ch o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s .
The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a rn in g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d b y the a v e r a g e o f 1953 and
1954 e m p lo y m e n t in the jo b . T h e s e w eig h ted e a rn in g s fo r in d iv id u a l
o c cu p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to obtain an a g g re g a te f o r e a c h o c c u p a ­
tio n a l g rou p . F in a lly , the r a tio o f th e s e jgroup a g g r e g a te s f o r a g iv *n
y e a r to the a g g re g a te f o r the b a s e p e r io d (s u r v e y m on th , w in te r 1952—53)
w a s com p u ted *and the r e s u lt m u ltip lie d b y the b a s e y e a r in d ex (100) to
g e t the in d ex f o r the g iv e n y e a r .




S im ila r p r o c e d u r e s w e r e fo llo w e d in co m p ilin g ' ‘p e r c e n ts o f
c h a n g e " in a r £ a s n ot su r v e y e d du rin g 1953.

Adjustments have been made where necessary to maintain
comparability so that the y e a r -to -y e a r comparisons are based on the
same industry and occupational coverage.
For example, railroads
have been included in the coverage of the surveys only since July 1959.
In computing the indexes for the first year in which railroads were
included, data relating to railroads were excluded. Indexes for subse­
quent years include data for railroads.

The in d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f (1) g e n e ra l
s a la r y and w a g e ch a n g es; (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s in pa y r e c e iv e d
b y in d iv id u al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and (3) ch a n g es in the
la b o r f o r c e su ch a s la b o r tu r n o v e r, f o r c e ex p a n sion s, f o r c e r e d u c ­
tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pa y le v e ls .
C hanges in the la b o r f o r c e can
c a u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o ccu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout
a ctu a l w a g e ch a n g e s. F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e ex p a n sion m ig h t in c r e a s e
the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r pa id w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific occu p a tio n and r e ­
su lt in a d r o p in the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a re d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n
o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ou ld h ave the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . The m o v e m e n t
o f a h ig h -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u ld ca u se the a v e r a g e
ea rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though n o change in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
a r e a e sta b lis h m e n ts.
The u se o f con sta n t em p lo y m e n t w eig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t s
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
N or a r e the in d e x e s in flu en ced b y ch a n g es in
stan dard w o r k sc h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e , s in c e they
a r e b a s e d on p a y f o r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s.
In d exes fo r the p e r io d 1953 to I9 60 f o r w o r k e r s in 20 m a jo r
la b o r m a rk e ts w ill a p p e a r in B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -6 2 , W a ges and R ela ted
B e n e fits, 60 L a b o r M a rk ets, W in ter 1959—
60.

A* Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o —O ak land, C a lif. , J a n u a ry 1961)
A v iu s i

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

N u m ber
of
w orkers

W e e k ly
h o u rs 1
(S ta n da rd )

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

W e e k ly
earn in gs 1
(S ta n da rd)

$
4 5 . 00
and
u n d er
50. 00

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

S
60. 00

S
65. 00

$
70. 00

$
7 5. 00

$
8 0. 00

$
85. 00

$
9 0 . 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00 100. 00 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . 00 1 1 5 .0 0 120. 00 1 2 5 .0 0 130. 00

-

.

-

-

-

-

21
10
11
11

49
3
46
8
7
29

101
50
51
12
_
30

104
60
44
11
7
16

102
48
54
15
24
9

92
56
36
27
9
-

94
55
39
3
24
4

61
48
13
2
8

$
S
S
S
S
S
S
$
95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 105. 00 n o . 00 115. 00 1 2 0 .0 0 125. 00 1 3 0 .0 0
and
over

M en

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ---------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ----------------------------- ---------- ------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 --------------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le tr a d e ---------------------------- ----------------------------F in a n c e 4 ----------------------------------------------------------------------

718
381
337
98
84
103

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
40. 0
38. 5

$ 1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0
9 2. 50

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
16
5
1

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------- -------------------- ----------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ---------------------------------------------------------

344
202
142
70

3 9 .5
39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

96. 00
99. 00
9 1 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

11
11
-

2
2
1

5
2
3
"

48
20
28
2

35
26
9
1

42
31
11
5

35
18
17
4

5
3
2
2

36
10
26
26

63
46
17
17

27
11
16
12

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B _______________________________________

150

4 0. 0

7 8. 50

_

8

8

9

5

1

55

30

12

12

10

_

_

C l e r k s , o r d e r _______________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g -----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------- --------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------------

1, 060
279
781
739

6
6
6

7
7
7

14
14
-

31
3
28
16

39
14
25
25

125
41
84
80

161
18
143
137

164
21
143
143

C l e r k s , p a y r o ll --------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ---------------------------------------------------------

1
1
-

7
7

19
5
14

-

-

-

-

5
5
5

34
7
27
17

O ffic e b o y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ----------------------------------- ------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 --------------------------------------------------------F in a n ce 4 ______________________________________________

49
7
42
11
12

58
16
42
40
-

13
5
8
7
-

5
4
1
1
-

4 0.
39.
40.
40.

0
5
0
0

1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0

167
68
99
52

39. 5
3 9 .5
39. 5
3 9 .5

n o . 00
1 1 8 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0

717
210
507
89
259

3 8.
38.
38.
39.
3 8.

5
5
5
5
0

64.
65.
64.
7 7.
6 0.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

-

-

1
1
1

00
00
00
00
50

20
20
6

123
39
84
47

143
24
119
9
84

157
69
88
11
45

115
29
86
5
58

28
16
12
7

_

_

_

S e c r e t a r ie s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

52

39. 5

1 0 7 .0 0

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________________________

200
59
141

39. 5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 --------------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 4 ----------------------------------- -----------------------------------

696
212
4 84
76
69
262

39.
39.
39.
39.
39.
3 8.

0
0
0
5
5
5

9 7. 50
9 9. 50
9 6. 50
9 6. 50
1 0 6 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

T a b u la tin g - m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C ------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 4 ______________________________________________

253
218
127

39. 5
39. 5
3 9 .0

8 3. 50
8 3. 00
7 7. 50

-

-

-

-

_

11
7
4
3
-

-

11
11
-

_
-

5
5
-

19
19
-

_

_

_

_

_

104
56
48
48

115
14
101
101

61
38
23
18

85
15
70
59

74
15
59
57

74
s 30
44
42

1
1
1

20
12
8
5

7
3
4

18
14
4
4

22
2
20
17

11
10
1
1

21
6 14
7
1

1
1
-

5
5
5

_

.

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-




-

-

-

_

_

_

2

6

9

10

10

7

2

2

1

3

-

"

2
2

5
5

5
2
3

5
1
4

11
2
9

18
3
15

37
4
33

48
11
37

19
8
11

10
8
2

23
12
11

17
78
9

28
1
27
6
-

9
9
1
8
-

2
1
1
-

_

.

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

“

-

-

11
11
11

18
3
15
15

10
10
3
5

82
14
68
5
9
54

53
15
38
6
32

107
39
68
4
6
57

148
46
102
28
5
52

85
36
49
22
11
15

68
30
38
7
10
9

54
10
44
11
11

21
17
4
3
1

_

_

_

-

-

50
46
42

17
12
10

24
22
18

55
53
25

29
20
15

26
23
8

27
24
6

11
10

9
3

_

-

3
3
3

2
2

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .

NOTE:

-

-

43
*4 0
3
_

-

-

_

_

24
4
20
15
2
3

E s tim a t e s f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s , n on m a n u fa ctu r in g , and p u b lic u t ilit ie s in c lu d e data f o r r a il r o a d s (SIC 4 0 ), o m it t e d f r o m the s c o p e o f
a ll la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y s m a d e b e f o r e J u ly 1959.
W h ere s ig n ific a n t , the e ff e c t o f the in c lu s io n o f r a il r o a d s is g r e a t e s t o n
the data sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly f o r the p u b lic u t ilit ie s d iv is io n .

-

-

6
Table A-1. Office Occupatbns-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a lif. , J a n u a ry 1961)
O
AvjB A
R aB
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
Weekly,
Weekly , 4 5 . 00
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d er
50. 00

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

*60. 00

6 5. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

S
85. 00

$
90. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

7 5. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00 100. 00 105. 00 n o . oo 115. 00 120. 00 125. 00 1 3 0 : oo

13
8
-

16
12

$
S
$
s
s
$
$
$
95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 105. 00 1 1 0 .0 0 115. 00 120. 00 125. 00 1 3 0 .0 0
and
over

W om en
$ 87. 00
86. 50
97. 00

_
"

-

_
-

5
0
5
0

74.
76.
74.
76.

50
00
00
00

"

■"

12
12
-

17
17
15

39.
38.
39.
39.

0
5
0
0

88.
8 8.
8 8.
90.

50
50
50
50

-

_
-

-

1 ,6 2 8
170
1 ,4 5 8
247
1 ,1 0 8

39.
39.
40.
40.
40.

5
0
0
0
0

68.
8 3.
6 7.
79.
63.

50
00
00
00
50

9
9
9

59
59
59

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A -------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __________ _____ ________ ____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ____________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________________________
R e t a il tra d e __________________________________________
F in a n c e 4 _____________ ______________________________

1 ,0 5 1
297
754
91
178
118
253

39.
39.
38.
39.
39.
39.
38.

0
5
5
5
5
5
0

91. 50
9 9 .5 0
88. 00
101. 50
90. 50
87. 00
8 3. 00

_
-

_
-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B _____________________________
-------------- ---------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ______ ______________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ____________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e __________________________________________
F in a n c e 4 _____________________________________________

1 ,9 7 2
433
1 ,5 3 9
311
178
276
671

39.
39.
39.
40.
39.
39.
38.

0
0
0
0
5
5
0

7 6.
8 7.
73.
8 1.
8 4.
72.
6 7.

50
00
50
50
00
50
00

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A ______________________________ _____
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ___________ _______________________
F in a n c e 4 ---------------------------------------------------------------------

416
70
346
72
176

39.
39.
39.
39.
38.

0
0
0
5
5

8 2.
81.
8 2.
90.
75.

00
50
00
00
50

-

8
8
8

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ________________ ___________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________________ _____
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________ _______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ________ ___________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ______— __ ____________ ________
R e t a il t r a d e __________________________________________
F in a n c e 4 ---------------------------------------------------------------------

2 ,4 8 7
135
2 ,3 5 2
225
127
109
1 ,7 0 7

38. 5
38. 5
38. 5
3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 5
38. 0

60.
74.
60.
78.
6 6.
64.
56.

50
325
50
325
00
50
50
50
50 8 325

504
4
500
1
2
447

C le rk s , o rd e r
_________________ __ _______________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________ ________ ___________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ----------------------- ------------------------------

412
163
249
179

39.
39.
40.
40.

83.
8 6.
8 0.
8 5.

00
50
50
50

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) ______________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ____________________________________

210
175
54

39. 5
39. 5
39. 0

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) _______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________
R e t a il tr a d e ----------------------------------------------------------------

235
64
171
121

39.
38.
39.
40.

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A _____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
__________________________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________________________

324
137
187
101

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B _____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________________ ___________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________________________
F in a n c e 4 _______________________________ ____________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le.




5
0
0
0

_
-

-

-

1
1
1

_
-

.
"

_
-

.
-

_
-

“

-

_
-

_
-

23
15
15

20
12
8
4

52
24
28
6

100
17
83
73

15
15
15

1
1
1

10
9
1
1

4
2
2
2

2
2
2

1
1
1

_
-

_
-

3
3
-

3
3
-

19
3
16
16

39
3
36
22

47
32
15
1

55
34
21
4

66
31
35
16

52
34
18
9

6
6
1

32
32
32

2
2

_
-

205
205
205

457
1
456
4 40

279
11
268
32
224

220
12
208
58
117

139
35
104
48
42

96
30
66
31
12

124
50
74
71

22
16
6
6
-

13
10
3
1
-

1
1
-

4
4
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

2
2
-

7
7
7

64
64
8
44

118
6
112
5
12
23
70

223
40
183
8
64
29
36

116
14
102
10
34
15
25

132
41
91
8
19
12
31

153
66
87
16
13
24
25

48
30
18
6
6
4
2

53
33
20
9
3
8

52
26
26
7
18
1
“

49
31
18
6
7
2

33
10
23
16
2
2
3

1
1
_
-

_
_
_
-

-

-

253
17
236
24
5
197

387
20
367
25
16
174
150

260
33
227
73
12
28
94

273
79
194
40
28
26
75

172
47
125
16
32
38
18

199
80
119
71
27
2
17

123
54
69
6
58
2
-

48
29
19
9
3
-

23
9
14
6
2
1
4

62
55
7
5
-

30
2
28
28
-

6
6
-

_
-

2
2
-

_
-

-

-

64
11
53
12
39

65
4
61
13
40

96
30
66
10
42

33
-------6 ~
27
5
15

34
34
2
4

7
1
6
5
1

33
16
17
2
5

6
2
4
4
"

9
9
1
2

14
14
10

10
10
-

-

19
19
10

18
18
18
-

488
14
4 74
3
6
3
462

538
26
512
17
58
61
274

236
21
215
36
41
35
103

104
11
93
12
15
6
36

135
12
123
72
1
1
49

42
4
38
26
1
11

33
17
16
13
1
-

61
25
36
25
5
-

20
20
20
-

-

-

-

"

15
2
13

18
18

16
8
8

34
10
24
6

5
4
1

155
33
122
114

80
56
24
24

37
13
24
20

26
20
6
6

14
5
9
9

12
12
-

-

-

-

3
3
3

_
-

-

15
15
15

80
80
8
62

-

_

20
15
7

-

_

-

87
87
14

54.
54
54

_

5
-

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

19
17
-

-

_

_
-

7
1
"

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

7

Table A-l. Office Occupatbns-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o —O ak la nd, C a lif. , J a n u a ry 1961)
Aviraqb
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly i

NUMBER OF WORKER8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
Weekly x 4 fh 0 0

(Standard) (Standard)

under
50. 00

$
S
$
$
$
$
$
%
9 5 . 00 100. 00 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . 00 115. 00 120. 00 1 2 5 .0 0 130. 00
and
over

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

$
60. 00

*
65. 00

$
7 0. 00

$
7 5. 00

$
8 0. 00

$
85. 00

$
9 0 . 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

7 0. 00

7 5. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00 100. 00 105. 00 n o . 00 115, 00 120. 00 125. 00 1 3 0 .0 0

33
14
19
7
4

85
28
57
26
9

123
62
61
7
12
18
11

58
17
41
14
13
6

146
56
90
29
24
9
26

120
69
51
15
8
16
6

34
13
21
9
5
5

59
30
29
13
10
5

51
20
31
1
25
1

21
2
19
8
9
-

52
23
29
6
13
10

31
13
18
2
16
-

12
12
12
-

3
3

-

-

W om en — C on tin u ed

M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------- ----------------- -------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ____________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e --------------------------------------------------------R e t a il tra d e --------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 4 ---------------------------------------------------------------------

783
332
451
99
102
96
75

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s __________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ------------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e --------------- -------------- ------------------------R e t a il tra d e ..................... ........................................................
F in a n c e 4 ---------------------------------------------------------------------

_

2
2
-

-

-

27
13
14
2
2

_
-

17
1
16
16

23
4
19
6
3
8

150
29
121
3
37
65
16

91
17
74
3
24
25
20

247
83
164
4
54
92
10

257
144
113
14
38
53
8

89
45
44
8
18
9
8

196
87
109
55
9
35
-

149
62
87
57
19
8
3

8
8

7
1
6

21
8
13

31
2
29

15
11
4

20
3
17

35
23
12

12
10
2

9
5
4

4
4

18
18
-

142
16
126
3

228
21
207
1
6

377
81
296
42
9
38
187

419
107
312
46
81
11
161

343
85
258
45
96
20
50

218
70
148
27
42
9
38

204
55
149
60
24
15
29

206
45
161
130
17

6
1
5
-

1
1
"

1
1
-

0
0
0
5
5
5
5

$ 9 1 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

1, 317
511
806
164
234
300
89

3 9 .5
39. 0
39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
4 0. 0
39. 0

8 3 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
7 8.5 0
7 0.5 0

D u p lic a tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(M im e o g r a p h o r D itto) ---------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________

162
63
99

39. 5
39. 5
39. 0

7 4.0 0
7 7.5 0
7 1.5 0

K e yp u n ch o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ____________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________________________
R e t a il tra d e --------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 4 _____________________________________________

2. 498
551
1, 947
446
321
98
924

39.
39.
39.
39.
4 0.
4 0.
38.

0
0
0
5
0
0
5

7 8.5 0
8 0.00
7 8.5 0
8 9 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
7 0 .0 0

_
-

O ffic e g ir ls __________________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________
F in a n c e 4 _____________________________________________

453
165
288
174

39.
38.
39.
39.

0
5
0
0

6 2 .5 0
6 8 .5 0
59.5 0
5 7.0 0

38
38
26

S e c r e t a r ie s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ------------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________________________
R e ta il tra d e --------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 4 ---------------------------------------------------------------------

4, 309
1 ,4 7 6
2, 833
392
485
257
1, 213

39.
39.
39.
39.
39.
39.
38.

0
0
0
0
5
5
5

9 6 .5 0
101 .50
9 4 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
100 .00
9 1 .0 0
9 0 .5 0

_
_
-

_
-

S te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l -----------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ____________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e --------------------------------------------------------R e t a il tr a d e --------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 4 ---------------------------------------------------------------------

3. 808
1, 150
2, 658
535
358
78
1, 239

3 9. 0
3 9. 0
39. 0
3 9 .5
3 9. 0
3 9. 0
39. 5

8 4 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
8 8 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

_
_
-

3
3
_
3

10

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , t e c h n ic a l --------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------

265
241

40. 0
40. 0

8 7 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

_

_

32
32

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




39.
39.
39.
39.
39.
39.
38.

_
_

-

-

8
2
6
6
-

-

-

-

-

-

74
5
69
40
27
1
"

35
6
29
25
4

3
3
3
-

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

18

123

200

231
60
171
27
12
4
118

53
12
41
29

79
14
65
57

130
45
85
56

71
35
36
4

14
6
8
2

36
28
8
“

23
21
2

_
-

-

6
6
6

43
43
6
18
15

94
1
93
5
12

314
24
290
36
31
33
144

559
147
412
45
25
47
223

617
225
391
31
41
40
214

652
200
452
39
63
48
247

478
174
304
54
81
31
115

399
152
247
54
44
23
114

353
168
185
36
75
16
37

11
11
1
-

120
12
108
5
_

4 44
51
393
70
33
17
207

639
167
472
55
16
24
355

667
161
506
52
108
18
209

516
206
310
62
69
2
140

370
168
202
73
35
8
67

271
155
116
56
35
3
10

156
69
87
35
34
1
6

109
72
37
12
14

95

361
49
312
30
6
5
135

16
l6

8
8

16
16

47
45

8
6

12
7

32
27

9
9

21
21

36
27

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_

_
-

-

-

-

15
3
12
11
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_
-

-

"

-

“

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
“

"

227
135
9Z
13
23
5
17

234
75
159
17
37
6
58

137
74
63
30
11
1
6

66
40
26
3
12
3

130
60
70
28
24
2
2

73
23
50
35
8
_

11
5
6
5
_

48
3
45
44
-

4
4
_

5
5
_
-

_

_

2

-

16
15

-

3
3

9
9

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a lif. , J a n u a ry 1961)
O
Avzbagb
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly.
Weekly j
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

$
4 5 . 00
and
u n d er
50. 00

$
50. 00
55. 00

$
$
55. 00 60. 00
60. 00

S
6 5. 00

$
70. 00

S
75. 00

1
8 0. 00

S
8 5. 00

$
90. 00

65. 00

70. 00

7 5. 00

8 0. 00

8 5. 00

90. 00

95. 00 100. 00 105. 00 110. 00 115. 00 1 2 0 .0 0 125. 00 1 3 0 .0 0

$
S
S
$
$
$
S
$
95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 105. 00 110. 00 115. 00 120. 00 125. 00 1 3 0 .0 0
and
over

W o m e n — C on tin u ed
-

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ___________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _
___
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ___________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e
_
_ _
R e t a il t r a d e _________________________________________
F in a n c e 4 --------------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,0 7 6
186
890
128
93
109
266

39.
39.
39.
39.
40.
40.
39.

0
0
0
5
0
0
0

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s _
_ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _________ __________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ___________________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e
F in a n c e 4
_
_
_ _

828
293
535
39
300
104

39.
39.
39.
39.
39.
38.

0
5
0
5
5
0

78.
79.
78.
93.
8 0.
7 1.

50
50
50
50
00
50

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______ ________ __________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ___________________________________
F in a n c e 4 ____________________________________________

387
145
242
148
88

39.
39.
39.
40.
38.

5
5
5
0
5

91.
97.
8 7.
8 9.
8 3.

00
50
00
00
50

_
-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C _______________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________________
F in a n c e 4 _________________ __________________________

86
60
52

39. 0
39. 0
39. 0

78. 50
78. 00
7 6. 00

_
-

2
2
2

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l ___________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______ __ „_____ ______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ___________________________________
F in a n c e 4 ____________________________________________

873
241
632
166
407

39.
39.
38.
40.
38.

0
5
5
0
0

78.
8 1.
76.
78.
7 6.

00
50
50
00
00

-

-

T y p is t s , c l a s s A _______ _____ __________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ___________________________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e ______________________ ___________
F in a n c e 4 --------------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,6 8 8
366
1 ,3 2 2
190
124
849

39.
39.
39.
40.
40.
39.

0
5
0
0
0
0

76.
83.
74.
86.
78.
7 1.

50
00
50
00
50
00

_
-

T y p is t s , c l a s s B __________ _____________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
____________________ _________ _______
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ______ ___ ________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 _______ __________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________________________
R e t a il tr a d e
________________________________________
F in a n c e 4 ----------------------------------- ----------------------------

3 ,3 7 5
555
2 ,8 2 0
207
260
91
2, 105

39.
39.
39.
39.
40.
39.
38.

0
0
0
5
0
5
5

66.
7 3.
6 5.
79.
6 8.
6 8.
6 3.

50
50
50
00
00
50
50

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

$ 7 8 .5 0
8 7. 50
76. 50
9 4. 50
8 5. 50
7 5. 50
73. 50

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

-

_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

1
1
_

i
i
_

-

4
1
3
3

-

-

_
-

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

1
1
_
1

1
1
_
1

_
_

-

3
3
_
3

-

5
5
_
5

9
5
4
4
-

12
12
12
t-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

61
61
1
30

323
7
316
2
6
7
72

164
7
157
9
12
56
65

101
24
77
14
14
12
37

113
12
101
12
16
33
32

104
71
33
6
7
_
10

73
25
48
26
15
_
7

64
35
29
5
16
_
8

32
2
30
21
7
_

-

3
3
3

-

-

1

-

.
-

_
-

45
8
37
22
9

130
23
107
42
32

91
32
59
6
40
12

208
122
86
31
24

170
51
119
99
9

47
18
29
6
15
5

52
21
31
22
3

23
8
15
14
-

_
_

_
_

-

43
6
37
8
29
-

9
4
5
5
_

-

10
10
10

-

-

.
-

-

4
4
1
3

26
26
11
15

38
9
29
21
8

67
29
38
9
28

51
35
16
2
14

128
40
88
74
10

39
17
22
15
7

18
3
15
14
-

7
g
1
1
-

1
1
-

-

_
-

-

10
10
10

5
5
5

17
13
10

21
6
6

3
3
3

10
9
8

12
8
6

2
2
2

_
-

2
-

41
41
33

114
24
90
6
79

159
15
144
60
76

233
63
170
41
112

185
74
111
33
69

75
27
48
21
24

19
18
1
-

30
20
10
3

3
3
2
-

-

-

4
4
4

2
2
2

22
22
22

192
192
3
186

340
7
333
41
35
218

261
39
222
28
12
153

365
104
261
19
30
167

203
80
123
8
32
70

100
72
28
2
20

50
30
20
1
1
11

95
23
72
51
4
-

37
6
31
23
8
"

24
24

160
160

-

114
52
62
19
8
11
16

46
21
25
13
4
2
2

-

-

145

312
121
191
25
31
2
128

87
25
62
47
3
2

24

398
91
307
24
63
15
187

6
1
5
5

15

829
178
651
55
54
28
4 30

12
3
9
7
2

-

772
59
713
11
55
23
596

3
3
-

-

611
611
1
25
8
577

-

-

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 18 at $ 130 to $ 135; 3 at $ 135 to $ 140; 16 at $ 140 to $ 145; 1 at $ 145 to $ 150; 2 at $ 160 to $ 165.
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s . .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s :
5 at $ 135 to $ 140; 5 at $ 140 to $ 145; 5 at $ 145 to $ 150; 5 at $ 155 to $ 160; 5 at $ 160 to $ 165; 5 at $ 170 to $ 175.
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s :
1 at $ 130 t o $ 135; 4 at $ 135 to $ 140; 2 at $ 140 to $ 145; 1 at $ 150 to $ 155; 6 at $ 160 to $ 165.
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 4 at $ 130 to $ 135; 3 at $ 135 to $ 140; 1 at $ 145 to $ 150.
I n clu d e s 48 w o r k e r s at $ 3 5 to $ 4 0 ; 16 at $ 4 0 to $ 4 5 .




_
_
_
_

1
1
1

-

10
3
7
7
_
_

—

27
27
26
_
_

-

_
_
_
_
_
_

9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o —O akland, C a lif. , J a n u a ry 1961)
Average

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

N u m ber

S ex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of

W e e k ly
h o u rs 1
(S ta n da rd )

W e e k ly
earn in gs 1
(S ta n da rd)

U n der
$
8 0. 00

9
0

$
. 00 95. 00

$
80. 00

$
85. 00

$

u n d er
85. 00

90. 00

95. 00

10
0

10
0
S

$
$
$
. 00 105. 00 n o . oo 115. 00

. 00 105. 00

100
1.0
-

-

115. 00

10
2

100
2.0

$
$
$
$
%
S
$
125. 00 1 3 0 .0 0 135. 00 140. 00 145. 00 1 5 0 .0 0 155. 00

$

. 00 125. 00 130. 00 1 3 5 .0 0 140. 00. 145. 00 150. 00 155. 00

10
6

. 00

10
6
$

. 00

and
over

M en

D r a ft s m e n , le a d e r _________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________________________

137
67

39. 5
39. 0

$ 1 3 7 .5 0
143 .00

D r a ft s m e n , s e n io r -------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------- -------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------

667
499
168

40. 0
4 0. 0
4 0. 0

118 .00

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r __________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------- -----------------------------------------------

239
164
75

39. 5
39. 5
4 0. 0

9 3 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
9 8 .5 0

12
1

4 0. 0
4 0. 0

3
-

-

24

-

5
5
36
31
5

34
26

0
190 1
1.0 1
0
22
2

1 14.50

22

_

-

-

-

2 2 1 2
2 2
6
2
1
0
1
0
8
26

19
18

36

37
28
9

23
14
9

42

19
15

31
25

32

55

5

5

-

61
42
19

80
65
15

65
46

24
15
9

14
13

4
3

14

4

1 2
0 2
8
1 6
1
1
1
1
6
1
1
1
0
2
1
1 1 2
1
13

-

78
55
23

70
69

46
15

39
29

_

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

■

-

W om en

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) ................................................
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________________________

146

104 .00
105 .00

2

4
3

1
0

13

1 1
1 2
7

15
7

1 1 6
0 1 6
6
6
9

1 S ta n da rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 6 5 to $ 7 0 .
N OTE:

See n ote on p. 5, r e la t iv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a il r o a d s .




4
3

2

4
4

18
18

4

7

28
23
5

_
-

1
1
2 6
1
1 1

23

5
5

5
5

-

-

.
-

_
-

"

-

_
-

10

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t -t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o —O a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a ry 1961 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_

2. 50

2 . 50

2

22
14
36
01

_

_

_

_

-

_

3.
3.
2.
.

14
33
89
86

_

-

576
312
264

3. 14
3 . 32
2. 94

2

.
-

2

. 68
2 . 72

71
56

H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n c e
___________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b lic u tilit ie s 2

899
506
39 3
36 8

2.
2.
2.
2.

M a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m ______________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________________

23 5
23 5

3 . 11
3. 11

___

, 890
1, 33 3

. 12
3. 27

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in te n a n c e )
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
____ _ _
__________ _ _ _
P u b lic u tilit ie s 2
R e ta il tr a d e ____ _
_ _
_____
_

976
o6
770
613
64

56
67
42
41

39

2
2
1
-

-

4

-

-

-

16 2

. 60
2 . 58

P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n c e
_____________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____________ ___________________
P u b lic u tilit ie s 2
...... . . ...

32 6
151
175
37

3.
3.
3.
2.

P ip e f i t t e r s , m a in te n a n c e
_________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________________

502
382

3 . 12
3. Z3

S h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s ,
M a n u fa c tu r in g

m a in te n a n c e

_____________

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
__ _
____ ____
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________________

89
---------- 5 i i
659
--------

2

. 96
3. 12

3 . 53
3 . 53

1
2
3
4

1
0
1
0
_
-

NOTE:

S e e n ote on p . 5,




r e la tiv e to th e in c lu s io n o f r a i l r o a d s .

-

3. 10

$

3 . 20
-

$

$
3. 30
-

$
3 . 40
-

3. 20

3. 30

3. 40

37
25

52
50

_

$
3. 50
-

3. 50

$
3. 60
-

3. 60

6
2 1

S
3. 70
-

3. 70
.

-

3. 80

$

$
3. 80

3. 90
-

3. 90

4 . 00
and

4 . 00

over

91
72
19
18

214

15
15

91
4
87

71
14
57

7
7

26

156

83
77

-

24

30

26
19
7

4

-

_

_

-

-

"

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

18 2
182

27
27

.
-

“

“

“

-

-

244
24(5

4
4

73
73

65
65

82
82

15
15

-

1
1
1
1

75
5
70
64

61
25
36

13
7

_
-

-

.
-

_
-

1
1
1
1
2 1
2
2 0
1
8
-

lo

1 1
2
1 1
2
8
8

1
2
1
2

59
59
-

5
5
-

18
18

-

-

-

1

_

2
1 1
1 1
2

2
_

_

12 1
0 2
2
10 1
1 1
1 1
0
2 16
2
6

6
6
8
8

_

_

3
3
_
9
9

1
2
2

62
7
55
_

5
5
_

_

80
80
_

_

_

-

60
60
-

-

1
1

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

14

_

1
1 1
2

15
3

_

-

.

2
2
_

_
_

_
_

27
26

27
27
_
_

1

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

“

_

-

-

-

5
3

15
9

43
14
29
17

310
23
287
280

386
nnr
286
213
7

57
57

191
170

94
73

226
226

259
217
42

115
115
“

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

7
7

.

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

41
26
15

50
41
9
7

16
13
3
3

40
38

8

_
-

_

_

76

_
-

-

-

38
38

11 5
96

34
30

148
TW~

-

-

-

2
0
2
0

16

3

7
7

_

_

_

24
24

7
7

34
34

-

-

63
63

37
32

60
17

32
32

28
28

_
-

-

26
26

-

6
6
6

85

_
-

6
1
0
16

-

-

-

-

-

4
3

_

_

.

31

_

_

.
“

and la te s h ift s .

339
30 5

_

_

-

6
2

356
283

16
15

28
28
27

2
2

197
176

4

83
79

-

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p ay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
In c lu d e s 1 w o r k e r at $ 2 to $ 2 . 1 0 .
I n c lu d e s 2 w o r k e r s at $ 2 . 20 to $ 2. 3 0 .

3. 10

11 3
83
30
18

1

"

$

63
63
_

-

8

-

5
5
_

8
8
8
6
6

-

3. 00

4
4
4

-

420

-

$

199

-

_

-

3 . 00

_

5

.

3 . 16
3 . 16
3 . 12

2. 90

61
44
17

19
19
_

.

, 012
920
92

_

$

39
39
_

4
4
4

"

-

15
14
16
83

. 90

"

_
-

____
_____________________________________

. 80

.

-

O ile r s
_
M a n u fa c tu r in g

. 80

$

-

-

1
20 2
1

2. 70

"

22
29
20
18
42

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________________

2. 70

$

344
33 6

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

. . .

1
2

2
2 2
8
6
1
21
0
21
0
. 60

180
64
11 6
104

60
28
32
32

3

_____
_

2

.

23 7
23 7
232

-

_ _

. 60

$3.
3.
3.
3.

_______________________
______ _

M a c h in is ts , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u fa c tu r in g

$

$
2 . 40

854
484
37 0
33 9

_______

E n g in e e r s , s ta tio n a r y
... ...........
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________________
F i r e m e n , s ta tio n a r y b o ile r
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_

$

311
19 3
11 8
27

.......... . .
... ...........

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

Average
$
hourly ,
2 . 30
earnings1
u n d er
2 . 40

2 2
1 1
1
1
1
2

2 0
2
2 1
2
1
.

"

“

2

2
1

0
2 1
1

6
6
8 6
8 6

36

-

"
_
-

84

2
1

-

56
56

_

_

_

3
3

9
9

34 3
34 3

13 9
13 9

-

-

-

-

48
46

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

.
-

19
19
-

lo

“

2
0
1
2
1
2
2
2
32

8
6
8
6

_

1
2
1
2

11

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Fran cisco—Oakland, C alif. , January 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Average
hourly

$

$
1 .4 0

u n d er
1. 50
E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r (m e n ) _________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------

1

. 60

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1. 90

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

-

$
1. 50

1

. 60

262
242

$ 1 . 83
1 .8 0

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r (w o m e n ) ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------

176

2 . 05
. 01

G u a r d s __________________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ---------------------------------------------F i n a n c e 4 _______________________________________

1, 3 3 2
290
1, 0 4 2
54
13 0

.
2.
1.
2.
1.

08
51
96
32
96

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s (m e n ) ________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 .....................................................
W h o le s a le tra d e ______________________________
R e ta il tr a d e ____________________________________
F i n a n c e 4 -------------------------------------------------------------

4 ,9 9 3
1, 51 7
3, 476
474
17 6
226
614

2.
2.
.
.
.
2.
2.

15
35
06
06
21
05
13

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
(w o m e n ) ___
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ...... ............................ .....................
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 _____________________________

589
58
531
51

-

-

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h an d lin g .......................................
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 _____________________________
W h o le s a l e tra d e ______________________________
R e ta il tr a d e _________ _____ ____________________

4 , 609
1 ,8 7 3
2, 7 3 6
955
1 ,3 5 3
426

2.
2.
.
.
2.
2.

58
48
66
82
54
67

_

.

-

-

-

-

O r d e r f i l l e r s __________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e ----------------------------------------------R e ta il tr a d e ------------------- ------- ---------------------------

2, 3 3 0
57 6
1, 7 5 4
1 ,4 1 1
28 3

2.
2.
.
.
2.

65
73
62
62
56

_

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (m e n ) __________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------ -------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________
W h o le s a l e tra d e ----------------------------------------------R e ta il tr a d e ___________________________________

832
349
483
389
93

2.
2.
.
2.
.

45
40
49
54
28

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (w o m e n ) _______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------R e ta il tr a d e ___________________________________

18 2
9
2

2
2
2
2
2
2

. 08
. 16
. 08
1 .8 9

2
2

2
2

2
2

8
8
10 2
9
99

52

21 7
63
15 4
13 0

.
2.
.
2.

2
2

4
4

18
18

215
21 5
5

-

-

17

189
-

7
7

215
21 5
3
_
18

-

-

-

189
26
_

2

-

“

8
8

15
_

-

25

386
32
354
197
16

1
0

1
2

.

-

-

9
-

-

9

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

3

_

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

1
1
1
8
8
8
-

-

-

-

7
7
7

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

|__ "
_

-

-

2
-

•i
.. 2* 5QL

. 60

3
-

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

2 2
2 2

$
2. 70

44
23

1
!

7
5

_2,_7_0_

. 90

-

...8.0—

. QO

-

-

-

-

-

58
57

63
37
26
25

13 5
130
5
_

3
3
_
_

_

9

$

. 80

-

-

!

$

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
.
_

.
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

.
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

81
7
_

_

_
_
_
.
_

_
.
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

.
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

195
130
65
_
_
_

136
57
79
_

268
209
59
7
_

.
_
_
_
_
_

7
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

.
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

8 1
8
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

114

346
10 5
241
185
32
24

393

416
275
141

1598
864
734

569
236
33 3
_

227

25
24

_
_

-

20 5
_
32
173

581
5
576
576
_

-

232
14
218
36
74
10 8

9

35
3
32

32

156
28
128
12 8

20 3
3

25
_

-

15

-

1
6
6 6 1 2
6 6 1 2
1
2
20
2
1
11 1 10
6 20
2
6
6
6
6
6

25

15

9

33
_

173

129

-

26
26

562
71

318
14

1085
29 9
786
774

487

34
9
25
24

_

9

26

“

128
128
_

50
34
16
_

13 0
76
54
54

4

-

16

-

39 6
97
29 9
275
24

-

7
-

4

-

-

_

_

-

4

18
18
18

_

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

4

-QY.e.r._

-

42
42
32

-

_3..-4Q_ 3. 50

-

_

-

$
3. 50
and

-

-

-

25

3 . 30

$
3. 4 0

-

81
30
51

15

-

-

282
4
278

_

3. 20

$
3. 30

-

138
138
3

1
6

-

-

154

25

-

.3, IfL .

$
3 . 20

-

8
8
1 1
0
1 1
0

2
8
16
0
2
2
8
8
81 8
0
2
0
2
0
20
0
2
0
1
62
1
62
2
1
62
2 6
2
2 1
2
1
2
2
0
2
1 6
2
1
8
2 1 2
1
6
1 2
1
2
1
2
2
0
1 2
1
1
8
8
1
1
1 1
2
6 2
8
~
_

-

462
33 3
12 9
84
3
35
3

43

-

$
3 . 10

-

819
417
402
37
27

51

13
4

3 . 00

$
3. 00

1490
196
1294
19
74
33
374

2 8
0
6
19

,

. 60

-

3

-

-

30
13
17
4
13

2

$

19

-

525
_
52 5

46

-

-

-

209

429
38
391
64
_

_

8
8
8
6 6
6 6

j$
2 . 50

-

2 . 3 0 J 2. 4 0

-

11 8

14

5
5
5

13
13
13

7
7

$
2 .4 0

\®
| 2. 30
i

82

3

20 8
20 8

-

-

. 20

, 20

9

33
4
29
19

3
_

_ 2._ 10 _

90
14
76
25
16

9
-

"

$

. 10

-

15

32
16

-

|$

. 00

15
1
1
0
1
1
1 1 18 8
0
2 2 1
1
9
2
1
1 1 1
2 1

4

8
5 2 6
6 2 6
6

82
72
86
85

Ship p ing c l e r k s _______________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________
W h o le s a l e tra d e ______________________________

-

-

_

28 6
184
80

113
113

-

68
75
64
67
71

.
2.
2.
2.
2.




6
6
1 6
1 6
1 6
1
0

4
4
4

476

46
46

17
17

2 . 07
2 . 05
1 .7 9

R e c e iv in g c le r k s _____________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le tr a d e ........................ - --------- --------------R e ta il tr a d e ___________________________________

See footnotes at end of table.

-

2 2 2
1
2
8 -^1
$

o
o

Number
O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

42 1
312
73

_
_
_

_
_
_

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17

43
40
3

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

17
5

3
3

29
29

_

~

“

-

-

24

3

-

■-

19 6
51
14 5
119

3

-

1
6

3

-

76
54

-

_
_
_

_

19
18

-

_
_
_

3
_

7
5

“

_
_
_

42
36

44
3
41
32
7

"

-

_

-

-

-

15
15
_
_

.
_
_
_

-

-

-

171
155
16
_

1
2

_
_

_

-

-

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

_

-

_
_
_
_

3
_

-

3

_
_
_
_

9

-

_

50
32

47
35

42
_

-

_

25

_
_
_
_

5
3

"

_

1

51

_
_
_

-

.
_

-

1
6

-

47

117
83

16
16

-

1
1

2
2

4

35
14

76

17

2 2
0
1
6
1
2
1
1
0
1 2 1
1 1
6
4

3
13

15
15

-

24
4

5

-

5

9

-

_
_

-

-

18
18
16

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

_

_

12
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif. , January 1961)
NUM B ER OF W O RK ERS R E CE IVIN G S T R A IG H T-TIM E HOURLY EA RN IN G S OF—

N me
u b r
o
f
w rk rs
o e

Occupation1 and industry division

Shipping and receiving clerks
Manufacturing _ _ _
_ _ _
Nonmanufacturing
_
_ _
Wholesale trade
Retail trade

_ _
_
321
111

Truckdrivers6
_
............ . _
. .
_ _
_ _
Manufacturing
_ .
665
Nonmanufacturing
.. _
.
Public utilities 3 _
_
_ _
_ _
Wholesale trade
..
.
.. . _ . . _
.. _
Retail trade
_
_ _ .. _
.
Truckdrivers, light (under IV 2 tons)
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
__
Public utilities 3
_ _
_

485
164
2. 77
198

4, 641
3 976
,
2, 105
1 249
,
466
617

145
472
152

.

$ 2. 76
2. 72

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

311
237

2. 78
2. 66

_

317
173

2. 16
2. 34
1.93
2. 14

Watchmen _
_ _ _
_ _
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Finance4

1
2
3
4
5
6

__

_ _ _ _ __ _ _
_
_ _ _ _ _
.

. .
__

144
51

-

-

-

-

_
-

13
-

1

13
"




-

-

-

-

4
4

15
6
9

“

75
28
47
39

8

“

-

_

_
-

42

2l
15
1
1

8

22

60
-

"

-

-

"

-

-

147
144
3

374
373
1
-

78
24

39
35

-

-

28
3

15
15 '
-

-

18
17
1

46
39
7

45
43
2

846
583
263
104
36

61
49
12

9
9

2
2

“

5
2
-

231
231
-

112
61
51
51

376
79
297
274

252
29
223
147
76

200
24
176
82
94

120
120
6

26
26

A ll
288

-

-

6

41

"

6

1
1
1
1

_

_

-

-

-

5

“

-

122
122

-

_
-

-

100
3
97

“

“

“

-

-

2

21
----- ---g
13

-

-

2
_

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
_

-

-

_

_
-

8
8
8
"
_
-

15
15'
-

2

2
6
-

-

-

2

8

-

_
-

6
6

-

-

13
6

"

-

~

10

10

16

_

36
16
_
23
16
13
_
6
_
_

61

19
-

_

-

10

19
16
-

_
_

73
2
71
_
_

_

-

-

_

-

59

over

3. 50

_
_

369
33
336
254

25

-

5

7

-

323
114
209
177
12

791
766

54
34
20

12
7

197
176
21
18
2

-

-

1071
796
82
254
817 714
533
269
241 137
308
43
31

3. 40

18
18
18

41
41

-

-

-

34
34

"

3. 30

-

82
16
66

-

~

8

-

75
38
37

-

-

42
34
8

10
-

-

18
18

-

-

2

200
17
183
120
27

12
60
24
36

18

-

-

19
3
16
16

2
-

112
4
108
90

-

-

-

6
6
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

5
5
1

-

-

-

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
All workers were at $ 1. 30 to $ 1.40.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.

NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion of railroads

-

5

-

"

\2

14

526 1450
83 153
443 1297
895
210
401
197
1
-

166

3. 20

20

1

-

-

_
-

13
13
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

4
"

_
-

63
3
60
49
1
1

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

14
“

-

14

“

-

11

7
7

3. 10

148
93
36
35
8
32
12
58
28
116
17
16
98
1
1
42
18

32
7
25
23

-

-

-

-

14
5
9
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

24
24

-

-

_

-

12
12
12

-

3. 00

212
212

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

-

14
6

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

283
35
248
-

-

14

4
4

-

-

96
12
84
24
52
8

78
9
69
57
1
1

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

136
10
126
67
44
15

23
23
13

7

-

-

-

12
3
9
6
3

21
14

-

-

-

-

"

2.66
on
2.81
2. 76
2.77

-

4
13
3

-

2. 70 _ 2. 80_ 2. 90

83
65
18
6
12

17

21
21

2
1

18
18
10
-

4
-

10
2

-

-

-

2

-

4
4

12

2
1

-

5

23

-

-

-

-

-

-

Truckers, power (forklift)
1 818
,
Manufacturing
1 326
,
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 492
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Wholesale trade _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 152
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Retail trade _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 98
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

3. 1
1
3700
3. 13
3. 10
3. 09

Truckers, power (other than forklift)
Manufacturing
_
_

"

-

-

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than trailer type)
655
Manufacturing
104
Nonmanufacturing
551
Public utilities 3 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 229
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Wholesale trade
_ _
196

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
2
10
2
-

2
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

13
2
13
13

5

2

-

-

5
-

2. 50 _ 2. 60

2. 30 JL4Q_

1

_
-

2. 20

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

.
-

-

"

-

3. 03
3. 09
3. 02
3. 00
3. 02

14
15
14
15

-

_
-

.
-

-

-

.

2. 89
3 1 5
7 T
2.84
2. 80

3.
3.
3.
3.

2

-

-

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30
2. 40 I $ 50 2. 60 2. 70
2.
2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40
3. 50

2. 00 _2. 10

1.90

2

-

_
-

$
1.90

and
1.80

.

-

_
-

$
$
1 70 1.80
.

1.70

-

-

3. 04
3. 08
3. 04
3. 04
3. 00
3. 20

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
trailer type)
_ .....
Manufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing
F^ublic utilities 3

.

-

2. 86
2.66

Truckdrivers, medium (IV 2 to
and including 4 tons)
1 744
,
Manufacturing
179
Nonmanufacturing
1 565
,
Public utilities 3 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
848
Wholesale trade _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 433
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

977
204
773
597

$
1.60

A e ge $
v ra
$
h u
o rly
1.40
1.50
earn gs2 and
in
under
1.50
1.60

_

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

■




13
B : Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant workers by type and amount of differential,
San Francisco—Oakland, Calif. , January 1961)
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—

Shift differential

In establishments having form al
provisions 1 for—
Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

Actually working on—
Second shift

Third or other
shift

Total _____________________________________________

94. 2

92. 2

15.9

4. 7

With shift pay differential ______________________

94. 2

92. 2

15. 9

4. 7

Uniform cents (per hour) ___________________

54. 2

37. 7

10. 7

3. 9

5 cents ____________________________________
6 cents -------------------------------------------------------8 cents ____________________________________
9 cents -------------------------------------------------------10 cents ___________________________________
I I V 2 cents ________________________________
12 cents ____________________________ ____—
I 2 V 2 cents ________________________________
13 cents ___________________________________
141U cents ________________________________
141/3 cents ------------------------------------------------15 cents ___________________________________
16 cents ___________________________________
20 cents ___________________________________
Over 20 cents _____________________________

3. 8
2. 8
11. 8
1. 5
16. 7
.2
.2
1. 2
7. 8
4. 2
3. 1
.9

2. 6
3. 7
1 .8
.2
4. 3
.2
.4
9. 2
7. 6
3. 1

1 .0
.7
1 .9
.2
3. 3
.1
_

4. 4

(2)
’
2. 0
1 .0
.2
.2

_
.9
.
.6
.1
.1
.5
.8
(2)
.9

Uniform percentage --------------------------------------5 percent __________________________________
10 percent ------------------------------------------------15 percent -------------------------------------------------

12. 1
4. 2
7 .9
-

11. 2
6. 3
5. 0

1 .0
.3
.7
-

.2
.1
.1

O ther3

2 7.9

43. 3

4. 2

_______________________________________

No shift pay differential

________________________

(2)

”
'

.6
■

'

1 Includes establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments with formal provisions covering late shifts
even though they were not currently operating late shifts.
2 Less than 0. 05 percent.
3 Primarily combination plans providing full days* pay for reduced hours plus percentage differential. Most other plans
provide full days’ pay for reduced hours plus either a flat sum per shift or per week, or paid lunch period not provided to
first shift workers.

14
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif. , January 1961)
In exp erien ced typ ists
M an ufactu ring
M in im u m w ee k ly sa la r y

1

A ll
in d u strie s

A ll
sch ed u les

37 V 2

383/4

N on m anufacturing

B a sed on standard w eekly h o u r s 3 of—
A ll
sch ed u les

40

A ll
sch e d u les

40

37 V 2

383/4

40

260

85

XXX

175

XXX

XXX

XXX

260

85

XXX

175

XXX

XXX

XXX

132

47

37

85

16

7

55

139

46

35

93

15

7

63

$ 4 7 . 50 ____________________________________
____________________________________
$ 52. 50 _________________________________________________
$ 55. 00 ____________________________________
$ 57. 50 ____________________________________
$ 60. 00 _________________________________________________
$ 62. 50 _________________________________________________
$ 65. 00 _________________________________________________
$ 67. 50 _________________________________________________
$ 70. 00 _________________________________________________
$ 7 2. 50 ____________________________________
$ 7 5 .0 0 ------------------------------------------------------$ 77. 50 ____________________________________
$ 80. 00 ____________________________________
$ 8 2. 50 ____________________________________
$ 85. 00 ____________________________________
$ 87. 50 _______________________________________

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

2
8
14
9
16
14
17
12
6
8
5
3
3
3
2
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
4
1
2
2

-

2
4
10
3
8
5
5
4
2
3
2

-

-

2
8
14
7
11
8
9
6
5
4
2

1

-

___________________________________________________

_____________________________________________

E sta b lish m e n ts having a sp e c ifie d m in im u m
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
ove r

40

A ll
in d u strie s

-------------------------------------

E s ta b lish m e n ts studied

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

M an ufactu ring

B a sed on stand ard w eekly h ours 3 of ----A ll
sch edu les

$ 4 5 . 00
$ 47. 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 57. 50
$ 60. 00
$ 62. 50
$ 65. 00
$ 67. 50
$ 70. 00
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 75. 00
$ 77. 50
$ 80. 00
$ 82. 50
$ 85. 00
$ 87. 50

Other in ex p erien c ed c le r ic a l w o rk ers 2

N on m anufacturing

$ 50. 00

-

-

4

2
5
6
8
6
1
4
3
3
1
2
2
2
2

---------------------------

60

17

XXX

43

E sta b lish m e n ts w hich did not em p loy w o r k e r s
in this c a te g o r y ______________________________________________________

68

21

XXX

47

E sta b lish m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m

4
5
6
4
1
3
3
3
1
2
2
2
1

-

2
1
4

-

3
2

1
7
12
12
7
18
15
13
15
10
4
2
4
4
3
6
3
3

XXX

XXX

XXX

59

17

XXX

XXX

XXX

62

22

1
-

1
-

-

1
2

2

-

-

1

2

1
-

1
-

-

1
1
-

-

2
6
6
7
7
4
1

5
6
4
4
4
1

-

-

3
1
2
2
2
2

3
1
2
2
2
1

-

1
7
11
12
5
12
9
6
8
6
3
2
1
3
1

_

1

.

2
2

-

3
7
12
1
7
6
5
5
3
2
2
1
3
1

1

-

-

4
2
2

-

-

1
3

-

2

4

-

1
1

1
-

XXX

42

XXX

40

-

-

1
-

4
-

-

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1 Lowest salary rate form ally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
2 Rates applicable to m essen gers, office g irls, or sim ilar subclerical jobs are not considered.
3 Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries.
Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the most common workweeks reported.
NOTE:

See note on p. 15, relative to the inclusion of railroads.




15

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift w orkers, San Francisco—
Oakland, C a lif., January 1961)
PL AN T W O RK ERS

O F F IC E W O RK ER S

W e ek ly hours

All
,
industries 1

Manufacturing

________________________________________

100

100

Under 35 h ours ---------------------------------------------------------------------35 h ours ---------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------O ver 35 and under 3 6 2/ 3 h ours .............. ............. ........
3 6 2/ 3 h ours _____________________________ ________ _______
O ver 3 62/3 and under
/z h ours _________________
3 7 V 2 h ours ___________________________________________________
O ver 3 7 V 2 and under 3 8 3/4 h ours _________________
383/4 h ours ___________________________________________________
40 h ours ________________________________________________________
O ver 40 hours _______________________________________________

_

_

2
1
1

3
1
5
1
14

A ll w ork ers

1
2
3
4
5

(S)
18
4

9
65

c

Public ,
utilities

100

Wholesale
trade

100

.

-

100

Finance3

100

.

1

Retail trade

Services

All
4
industries

100

(5)

Manufacturing

100

Public 2
utilities

100

Wholesale
trade

100

100

.

( 5)

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

13

-

-

-

-

(5)

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-




-

6

6

12

29

7

1

5

6

10

-

-

-

-

1

-

_

-

18
59

6
86

(5)

-

-

-

-

86
(5)

85

94

94

90

7

7

11
7

85

81

53

2

Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0. 5 percent.

NOTE:

Retail trade

Estim ates for all industries and public utilities include data for railroads (SIC 40), omitted from the scope of all labor market
wage surveys made before July 1959.
Where significant, the effect of the inclusion of railroads is greatest on the data shown
separately for the public utilities division.

Services

16
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, San Francisco—
^Oakland, C a lif., January 1961)
OFFICE W
ORKERS
Item

All workers

............... ....

1

A
ll .
industries

.... _

Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays __________________________________
W orkers in establishments providing
no paid holidays ______________________________

M u
an factu g
rin

100

PLANT W
ORKERS

P blic 2
u
u
tilities *

W olesale
h
trad
e

R
etail trad
e

F an 3
in ce

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

"

-

"

.

.

.

(5)
1
1
23
(5)
5
51
2
(5)
10
1
1
1
3
1
2

1
2
25
1
16
45
3
(5)
5
_
2
-

43
3
53
(5)
1
“

4
13
4
73
2

A
ll 4
in u
d stries

M u
an factu g
rin

P
ublic 2
u
tilities

W olesale
h
trad
e

R
etail trad
e

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

100

100

-

1

(5)

_

3
(5)
6
1
31
8
43
1
1
4

.
3
27
15
46
2
2
3
1
■

S
ervices

-

S
ervices

-

N um ber o f d a y s
L ess than 5 holidays
_
_ __
5 holidays
_
_
6 holidays _______________________________________
6 holidays plus 2 half days _________ __ _ __
7 holidays _______________________________________
7 holidays plus 1 half day ______________________
7 holidays plus 2 half days ____________________
8 holidays _______________________________________
8 holidays plus 1 half day ______________________
8 holidays plus 2 half days ____________________
9 holidays _______________________________________
9 holidays plus 1 half day ______________________
9 holidays plus 2 half days
9 holidays plus 3 half days
___ _
_ _ _
__
10 holidays _____ _ _ _ _ _
10 holidays plus 1 half day ____________________
11 holidays ___ __ __ ___________________
_
13 holidays __________________________________

-

3
-

■

.
2
76
15
7
■

(5)
5
53
3
-

21
4
2
2
6
2
4

-

1
(5)

3
35
_
54
-

(5)
3
2
85
3

-

-

8
_
(5)
‘

6
_
_
_
"

17
5
57
21
1
_
_
'

Total h o lid a y tim e6
13 days _ _ _
_
11 or m ore days ________________________________
101/ 2 or more days _____________________________
10 or m ore days ________________________________
9x/ 2 or m ore days
9 or m ore days _________________________________
81/ 2 or more days
_ __ __ _____ _
_____
8 or m ore days
_
_ _
7l/ 2 or m ore days
7 or m ore days _________________________________
6 or m ore days
_____
________
5 or m ore days _________________________________
4 or m ore days _________________________________
2 or m ore days _________________________________

2
2
3
7
8
18
20
76
76
99
99
100
100
100

.
-

2
2
7
10
72
72
99
100
100
100
100

.
1
1
57
57
100
100
100
100
100

.

3
5
82
82
96
100
100
100
100

-

7
7
23
23
98
100
100
100
100

4
4
8
16
19
40
43
95
95
99
100
100
100
100

(?)
(5)
1
1
5
7
57
57
90
95
96
96
99

-

1
1
7
9
70
70
99
99
99
99
99

(5)
"
0

0

(5)
8
8
62
62
97
100
100
100
100

_

_
6
10
97
97
99
100
100
100
100

»
_
1
1
22
22
78
83
83
87
100

1 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 L ess than 0. 5 percent.
6 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and no
half days, and 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.

4

NOTE:

See note on p. 15, relative to the inclusion of railroads.




17
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif. , January 1961)
OFFICE W
ORKERS
Vacation policy

A ll workers

___________________________________ _

6

PLANT W
ORKERS

A
ll
in u
d stries 1

M u
an factu g
rin

P blic ,
u
u
tilities

W olesale
h
trad
e

R
etail trad
e

F ce3
inan

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
(5)
-

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100

"

-

-

1
60
4
1

1
65
3
-

2
45
_

-21
(5)
78
1
( 5)

3
96
_
1

77
_
23
1
-

(5)
5
93
1
( 5)

_

99
(5)
1

1
29
70
1
-

A
ll
in u
d stries

.

M u
an factu g
rin

P
ublic »
u
tilities

W olesale
h
trad
e

R
etail trad
e

100

100

100

100

-

99
95
5
(5)
( 5)

100
91
9
_
_

100
100
_
_

97
97
_
_

100
100
_
_

-

(5)

-

-

3

-

1
63
5
16

5
27
2
-

8
30
3
-

5
52
5
-

_
15
_

3
10
_

-

-

_
97
3
-

58
9
27
2
4

51
17
24
_
8

56
_
31
13
"

73
2
21
_

70
_
30
_

-

-

13
5
74
2
5

20
8
60
1
10

11
1
76
13
-

_

97
3
-

_
97
_

2
1
97
_

-

-

_
97
3

2
6
84
( 5)
7

3
12
74
1
10

1
_
86
_
13

_

_

_
85
12
3

( 5)
74
( 5)
25

_

_

_

_

83
1
17

83
17

71
25

42
_
58

S
ervices

100

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
Workers in establishments providing
paid vacations ________________________________
Length-of-tim e payment ----------------------------Percentage payment _______________________
F lat-sum payment __________________________
Other _________________________________________
Workers in establishments providing
no paid vacations --------------------------------------------

-

Am ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 6

After 6 months of service
Under 1 week ___________________________________
1 week ----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks _____________________
2 weeks _________________________________________

-

_

_
38
4
-

19
_

22
4
75
_

59
41
_

-

-

-

After 1 year of service
1 week __________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks -------------------------------2 weeks __________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____________________
3 weeks __________________________________________
After 2 years of service
1 week __________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks -------------------------------2 weeks _________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks -------------------------------3 weeks __________________________________________

_

_

_

100
-

100
-

-

-

-

After 3 years of service
1 week __________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _____________________
2 weeks _______________________________________ __
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____________________
3 weeks __________________________________________

( 5)
96
(5)
4

_

_
91
( 5)
8

1

_

_

-

-

97

99

100
-

-

-

3

1

-

_
97
_

1
99
_
-

After 5 years of service
Over 1 and under 2 weeks -------------------------------2 weeks ___________ _____________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____________________
3 weeks _________________________________________
4 weeks _________________________________________

See footnotes at end of table




_
81
5
15
( 5)

_

86
(5)
14

_

_

_

86
14

87
13

45
55

18
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif. , January 1961)
OFFICE W
ORKERS
Vacation policy

A
ll x
in u
d stries

M u
an factu g
rin

P blic 2
u
u
tilities

W olesale
h
trad
e

PLANT WORKERS
R
etail trad
e

F an
in ce3

S ices
erv

All 4
in u
d stries

M u
an factu g
rin

P
ublic 2
u
tilities

W olesale
h
trad
e

R
etail trad
e

A m ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 6 -------C ontinued

After 10 years of service

Over 1 and under 2 weeks _____________________
2 weeks _________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____________________
3 weeks _________________________________________
4 weeks _________________________________________

.

.
12
13
75
( 5)

.

.

38
3
58
2

30
68
1

6
(5)
91
2
1

_
3
(5)
94
3

.
3
94
3

_
12
87

_
5
(5)
84
1
10

3
(5)
75
2
20

39
9
52
1

_
17
83
“

.
64
13
23
_

( 5)
17
11
69
3

_

.

.

15
15
68
1

.

32
21
36
11

19
69
9

4
96
-

(5)
3
( 5)
91
5

_
2
1
95
3

.
84
16

_
88

.

After 15 years of service

Over 1 and under 2 weeks _____________________
2 weeks _________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____________________
3 weeks _________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _____________________
4 weeks _________________________________________

.

-

1

_

_

7
93
~

8
88
5
■

1
96

-

-

9

3

_

_

-

-

_
1

After 20 years of service
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ____________________
2 weeks _________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ____________________
3 weeks _________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ____________________
4 weeks _________________________________________

_

_
3
-

_

_

_

12

7

5

-

94

74

-

-

3

14

-

-

90
3

86
1
8

_

(5)
3
(5)
81
14

2
1
82
15

84
16

77
19

87
12

( 5)
3
(5)
64
2
30

_
2
1
63
5
30

_
42
58

_
75
22

_

-

-

-

After 25 years of service

Over 1 and under 2 weeks ____________________
2 weeks -------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks ____________________
3 weeks _________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ____________________
4 weeks ____________________ __________________
Over 4 weeks ___________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
6
service

_
4
(5)
59
3
33
( 5)

_
3
( 5)
50
10
37

_

3
45
52

.

12
63
26

_

_

7
71
23

4
64
3
28
1

Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0. 5 percent.
Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions.
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.

1
78
21

For example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 y ea rs'

NOTE: See note on p. 15, relative to the inclusion of railroads.
In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length of t i m e ," such as percentage
of annual earnings or flat-su m payments, were converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.




19

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percent of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif. , January 1961)
O F FIC E W O RK ER S

Type of benefit

All workers

All
industries1

100

PLAN T WO RK ERS

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities 4

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 3

100

100

100

100

100

Services

All
industries

100

4

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

Services

Workers in establishments providing:
Life insurance
_
_
___
Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance ___________________________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both5 _______________________
Sickness and accident insurance _______
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) _________________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) _________________________
Hospitalization insurance __________________
Surgical insurance __________________________
Medical insurance
Catastrophe insurance ______________________
Retirement pension
__
__ _
No health, insurance, or pension plan ____

91

95

66

96

76

100

94

99

84

96

89

49

64

45

58

32

45

58

68

59

71

30

79

71

97

79

76

77

64

45

86

81

87

26

33

14

18

7

35

20

26

25

6

13

63

60

63

.72

30

65

20

12

50

28

14

8

"

30

7

45

-

33

13

35

53

69

87
87
77
70
83
(6)

94
94
87
45
85
1

70
70
70
92
62

85
84
81
50
78

86
86
84
63
50

92
92
72
83
99

93
92
90
38
83
(6)

99
99
95
29
89

69
69
69
79
88

92
86
85
38
94

95
95
94
45
58

1 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below.
Sick-leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick-leave allowances determined on atn individual basis are excluded.
6 Less than 0. 5 percent.

4

NOTE: See note on p. 15, relative to the inclusion of railroads.







21

Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workeis,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E
B IL L E R , MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE O P E R A T O R

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

B iller , machine (billing machine)— U ses a special billing ma­

chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon cop ies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller , machine (bookkeeping machine) — Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slip s.




C lass A — Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
C la ss B — Keeps a record of one or more phases or section s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping*
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

C L E R K , ACCOUNTING
C la ss A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish ­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

22

C LE R K , ACCOUNTING— Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.
C la ss B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in office s in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PA YR O LL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COM PTOM ETER O P E R A T O R

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

C L E R K , F IL E
C la ss A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
C la ss B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or a ssists in locating material in file s . May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

C L E R K , ORDER

R eceives custom ers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the follow in g:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-M ACHINE O P E R A T O R (MIMEOGRAPH OR D IT T O )

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple cop ies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.
O F F IC E B O Y OR GIRL

Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

23

SE C RE TAR Y

Performs secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GEN ERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. D o es not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
STEN OGRAPH ER, TE C H N IC A L

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. D oes not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD O P E R A TO R

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls .
May record toll calls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who ca ll in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD O P E R A TO R -R E C E PT IO N IST

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerica l work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE O P E R A TO R
C lass A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D o es not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C lass B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp e cific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May a lso include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
C la ss C — Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp e cific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE O P ER A TO R, GEN ERAL

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

24

T Y P IS T

T Y P IS T — Continued

Uses a typewriter to make cop ies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of s te n cils , mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing p rocesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.
C lass A — Performs one or more o f the follow in g:

Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
C lass B — Performs one or more o f the follow in g: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance p o licie s,
e tc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, L E A D E R

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the follow ing: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (RE G ISTE R ED )

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records o f patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
TRACER

Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p oses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. Uses
T-square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

25

M A IN T E N A N C E

D PO W ERPLA N T

C A R P E N T E R , MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIO N ARY B O ILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

E L E C TR IC IA N , MAINTENANCE

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications ;_locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATION ARY

Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or c h ie f engineers in establishm ents
employing more than one engineer are excluded.




H E L P E R , TR A D E S, MAINTENANCE

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp e cific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL O P E R A T O R , TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

26

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo s e tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is ­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PA IN TE R , MAINTENANCE

Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in volves the follow in g: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types o f paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing pntty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consisten cy. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating sy ste m s are exclu ded .

27
T O O L AND DIE MAKER

PLUM BER, MAINTENANCE

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

C U S T O D IA L AND M A T E R IA L M O V EM EN T
E L E V A T O R O P E R A T O R , PASSENGER

JANITOR, P O R T E R , OR C LE A N E R — .Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte-*
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.

JANITOR, P O R T E R , OR CLE A N E R

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an o ffice , apartment house, or commercial




LA B O R E R , M ATERIAL HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow ­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

28

LA B O R E R , M ATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen , who load and unload sh ips are excluded,

ORDER F IL L E R

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers9
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C L E R K — Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
R eceiv in g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

TRU CK D RIVER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

P A C K E R , SHIPPING

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may in volve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s i z e s liste d separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l l2 ton s)
/
Truckdriver, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, h eavy (over 4 tons, trailer typ e)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer typ e)

TRU CK ER, POWER

boxes or crates are excluded,

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C LE R K

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work in v o lv es: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. R eceivin g work in v o lv e s: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in v oices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s .




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of
truck, as follow s:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
* U.S. G O VER NM ENT P R IN TIN G O FF IC E : 1961 0 — 590809

Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 2$, D .C ., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.

Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285Albany—
Schenectady-Troy, N .Y .— Bull. 1285'
Albuquerque, N. Mex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—Bethlehem—
Easton,
P a .-N .J .— Bull. 1285-47
Atlanta, Ga.— Bull. 1285♦Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285-34
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T ex .— Bull. 1285Birmingham, A la.— Bull. 1285"
B oise, Idaho— Bull. 1285❖ ❖ Boston, Mass.— Bull. 1285*15
♦♦Buffalo, N .Y .— Bull. 1285-31
Burlington, V t.— Bull. 1285* Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285-29
Charleston, W. V a.— Bull. 1285Charlotte, N .C .— Bull. 1285♦♦Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga.— Bull. 1285-14
Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285Cincinnati, O h io-K y .— Bull. 1285❖ ♦Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285-11
Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285*38
❖ ❖ Dallas, T ex .— Bull. 1285-21
❖ ❖ Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.—
Bull. 1285-16
Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285-41
♦Denver, C olo.— Bull. 1285-27
Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285*43
Detroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285-37
♦♦Fort Worth, T ex.— Bull. 1285-23

♦Green Bay, Wis.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S .C .— Bull. 1285Houston, T ex.— Bull. 1285♦Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285-28
Jackson, M iss.— Bull. 1285-42
♦ ♦Jacksonville, F la .— Bull. 1285-30
❖ Kansas City, Mo.—Kans.— Bull. 1285-18
Lawrence—Haverhill, M ass.—N .H .— Bull. 1285♦♦Little Rock—North Little Rock, Ark.— Bull. 1285-6
Los Angeles—Long Beach, C alif.— Bull. 1285Louisville, Ky.—Ind.— Bull. 1285-49
Lubbock, Tex.— Bull. 1285*Manchester, N .H .— Bull. 1285-1
Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285-35
♦Miami, F la .— Bull. 1285-33
Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285-39
Muskegon—Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285Newark and Jersey City, N .J.— Bull. 1285-40
New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285-46
New Orleans, L a .— Bull. 1285*48
New York, N .Y.-— Bull. 1285Norfolk—Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a.— Bull. 1285♦ ♦ Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285*3
♦ ❖ Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa— Bull. 1285*13
Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N .J.— Bull. 1285❖ ❖ Philadelphia, Pa.— Bull. 1285-24
Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-

Pittsburgh, Pa.— Bull. 1285*44
❖ Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285-19
Portland, Oreg.—Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence—Pawtucket, R. I. — ass.— Bull. 1285M
♦♦Raleigh, N .C .— Bull. 1285-5
♦Richmond, V a.— Bull. 1285-26
Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285* * S t . Louis, M o .-I ll.— Bull. 1285-10
❖ ♦Salt Lake City, Utah— Bull. 1285-32
San Antonio, Tex.— Bull. 1285♦San Bernardino—Riverside—Ontario,
C alif.— Bull. 1285-4
San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif.— Bull. 1285-36
Savannah, Ga.— Bull. 1285**Scranton, Pa.— Bull. 1285-8
* * S e a ttle , Wash.— Bull. 1285*7
♦♦♦Sioux Falls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285-17
South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285* * Trenton, N .J.— Bull. 1285*25
* * Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a ___ Bull. 1285-22
Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285❖ Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285-20
♦ ♦Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285-9
❖ ❖ Wilmington, D e l.-N .J .— Bull. 1285-12
Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285York, Pa.— Bull. 1285-45

An asterisk preceding a labor market indicates the availability and
price of the bulletin.
Please do not order copies in advance.

♦
Price, 20 cents.
**
Price, 25 cents.
❖ ♦ ♦ Price, 15 cents.








Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102