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O c c u p a tio n a l W age S u rv e y

MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
JANUARY 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-35




U N IT E D S T A T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
JANUARY 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-35
March 1961

U N IT ED S T A T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
Arthur J . Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Ciague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 20 cents

L

if c J
BB J )




Contents

Preface

Page
In trod u ction ______________________________________________________________
W age tren d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s _______________________

The B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s r e g u la r ly con d u cts
a r e a w id e w age s u r v e y s in a n u m b er o f im p o rta n t in d u str ia l
c e n t e r s . The s tu d ie s , m a d e fr o m la te fa ll to e a r ly s p r in g ,
r e la t e to o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and r e la t e d su p p le m e n ta ry
b e n e fit s . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in e a ch a r e a , u su a lly in the m on th fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied . T h is b u lletin p r o v id e s a d d ition a l
data not in clu d e d in the e a r lie r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly tica l b u lletin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the
y e a r 's s u r v e y s is is s u e d a fter c o m p le t io n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lletin fo r the c u r r e n t rou n d o f s u r v e y s .

T a b le s :

T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o ffic e in A tlan ta , G a. , by D onald M . C r u se , under the
d ir e c t io n o f L o u is B. W o y ty ch , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r
fo r W a ges and In d u s tria l R e la tio n s .

A pp en dix:




1.
2.

A.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y _________
In d ex es o f stan d ard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e
h o u r ly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s and
p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s ________________
O cc u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s: *
A - 1. O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s ________________________________
A - 2 . P r o fe s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s ________
A - 3 . M ain ten an ce and p ow er plant o c c u p a t io n s ______
A - 4 . C u sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c cu p a tio n s
O cc u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s __________________________________

* N O T E : S im ila r ta bu la tion s fo r m o s t o f th ese ite m s a r e
a v a ila b le in the M em p h is a r e a r e p o r t s fo r N o v e m b e r 1951;
Janu ary 1953 and 1954; F e b r u a r y 1955, 1956, and 1957;
and J a n u a ry 1958, 1959, and I9 6 0 .
The 1957 and 1959
r e p o r t s w e r e lim it e d to o c cu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s .
M ost o f
the o th e r r e p o r t s a ls o in clu d e data on th ese o r r e la te d
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s .
A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g date o f study and the p r ic e o f the
r e p o r t s , as w e ll as r e p o r t s fo r o th e r m a jo r a r e a s , is
a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.
C u rren t r e p o r t s on o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and su p ­
p le m e n ta r y w age p r a c t ic e s in the M e m p h is a r e a a r e a ls o
a v a ila b le fo r flu id m ilk (M ay I9 6 0 ), banking (M ay I 9 6 0 ),
p ow er la u n d r ie s and d ry c le a n e r s (June I9 6 0 ), and h o s ­
p ita ls (J u ly 19 60 ).
Union s c a l e s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g
pay l e v e l s , a r e a v a ila b le fo r .he fo llo w in g tra d e s o r in ­
d u s t r ie s : B u ilding c o n s tr u c tio n ,
p rin tin g , lo c a l- c r a n s it
o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

1
3

2

2

00 -g O ^
'

The C o m m u n ity W age S u rv ey P r o g r a m

H




Occupational Wage Survey—Memphis, Tenn.
Introduction

This a rea is one of s e v e ra l im portant industrial cen ters in
which the U. S. Departm ent of L abor*s Bureau of L abor Statistics
conducts su rveys of occupational earnings and rela ted wage benefits
on an area b a s is .
The bulletin p resen ts cu rren t occu pation al em ploym ent and
earnings inform ation obtained la rg e ly by m a il fr o m the establishm ents
v isited by Bureau fie ld econ om ists in the la st p rev iou s survey fo r o c c u ­
pations rep orted in that e a r lie r study.
P e rso n a l v is its w ere made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
sin ce the p rev iou s survey.
In each area, data a re obtained fr o m rep resen ta tiv e esta b lish ­
m ents within six b road industry d iv isio n s: M anufacturing; tra n sp o r­
tation, 1 com m unication, and other pu blic u tilities; w h olesa le trade; r e ­
tail trade; finance, insurance, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor
industry groups excluded fr o m these studies a re governm ent operations
and the con stru ction and extractive in d u stries. E stablishm ents having
few er than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o rk e rs a re om itted a lso b eca u se
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occu pation s studied to w a r­
rant in clusion. W h erever p o ssib le , separate tabulations a re p rovid ed
fo r each of the b roa d industry d iv isio n s.
These su rveys a re conducted on a sam ple b a sis b eca u se of the
u n n ecessary c o s t involved in surveying a ll establishm ents. T o obtain
appropriate a ccu ra cy at m inim um co st, a g rea ter p ro p o rtio n o f la rg e
than of sm all establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
ev er, a ll establishm ents a re given th eir a p propriate weight. E stim ates
based on the establishm ents studied a re presen ted , th e re fo re , as r e ­
lating to a ll establishm ents in the industry grouping and a rea , e x ­
cept fo r those b elow the m inim um s iz e studied.
Occupations and E arnings
The occupations selected fo r study a r e com m on to a v a riety
o f m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sifica tion is b a sed on a u niform set o f jo b d e scrip tio n s design ed to

1 R a ilroa d s, fo r m e r ly excluded fr o m the scop e o f these studies,
w ere included in a ll of the a rea s studied sin ce July 1959, excep t B a lti­
m o re (Septem ber 1959 and D ecem ber I960), B uffalo (O ctober 1959),
C leveland (Septem ber 1959), and Seattle (August 1959).




take accou nt of inter establishm ent variation in duties within the sam e
jo b . (See appendix fo r listing of these d e s c r ip t io n s .) E arnings data are
presen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tables) fo r the follow in g types of o ccu p a ­
tions: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p ro fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l; (c) m ain te­
nance and pow erplant; and (d) cu stod ial and m a teria l m ovem ent.
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data a re shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs, i. e . , those h ired to w ork a regu lar w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occu pation al cla ss ifica tio n .
Earnings data exclude
prem ium pay fo r o v ertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olidays, and
late shifts.
N onproduction bon u ses a re excluded a lso , but c o s t - o f living b on uses and incentive earnings a re included.
W here w eekly
h ours a re rep orted , as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occu p ation s, re fe r e n c e is
to the w ork sch edules (rounded to the n ea rest h alf hour) fo r which
stra ig h t-tim e salaried a re paid; average w eekly earn in gs fo r these
occu pation s have been rounded to the n e a re st h alf d o lla r.

A verag e earnings of m en and w om en a re p resen ted sep arately
fo r se le cte d occu pation s in which both sex es a re com m on ly em ployed.
D iffe re n ce s in pay le v e ls o f m en and wom en in these occu p ation s a re
la rg e ly due to (1) d iffe re n ce s in the distribu tion of the sex es among
in du stries and esta blish m en ts; (2) d iffe re n ce s in sp e c ific duties p e r ­
fo rm e d , although the occu pation s a re ap p rop riately c la s s ifie d within
the sam e su rvey jo b d e scrip tio n ; and (3) d iffe re n ce s in length of s e r v ­
ic e or m e r it rev iew when individual sa la rie s a re adjusted on this b a sis.
L onger average se r v ic e of m en would resu lt in higher avera g e pay
when both se x e s a re em ployed within the sam e rate range.
Job
d e scrip tio n s used in c la ss ify in g em p loyees in these su rveys a re usu­
ally m o r e g e n era lized than those used in individual establish m en ts to
a llow fo r m inor d iffe r e n ce s am ong establish m en ts in s p e c ific duties
p e rfo rm e d .

O ccupational em ploym ent estim ates re p re se n t the total in a ll
establish m en ts within the sco p e o f the study and not the num ber a ctu ­
a lly su rveyed. B eca u se o f d iffe re n ce s in occu pation al stru ctu re am ong
establish m en ts, the estim ates o f occu pation al em ploym ent obtained
fr o m the sam ple of establish m en ts studied se rv e only to in dicate the
rela tiv e im p orta n ce o f the jo b s studied. T hese d iffe re n ce s in o c c u ­
pational stru ctu re do not m a te ria lly a ffe ct the a c cu ra cy o f the ea rn ­
ings data.

2

T a b le 1.

E stab lish m en ts and w o rk e rs w ithin s c o p e o f s u rv e y and num ber studied in M em ph is, Tenn. , 1
by m a jo r in du stry d iv is io n , 2 January 1961
N um ber o f e stablish m en ts

Industry d iv isio n

A ll d iv isio n s

W ithin
s co p e o f
study3

_____________________________

W o rk e rs in establish m en ts
W ithin
scope of
study

Studied

Studied

__________

456

146

8 2 ,9 0 0

4 9 ,4 9 0

M anufacturing _______________________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________________________
T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and
oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 __________ ______________
W h o le sa le trad e 5 _________________________________
R e ta il trade 5 ______________________________________
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate 5 __________
S e r v ic e s 5 6 _______________________________________
>

174
282

60
86

3 5 ,9 0 0
4 7 ,0 0 0

2 2 ,280
27,210

53
77
89
28
35

24
17
22
10
13

11,600
8 ,0 0 0
16,600
4 ,7 0 0
6, 100

8 ,9 0 0
2 ,4 4 0
10,030
2 ,8 3 0
3 ,0 1 0

1 The M em phis Standard M etrop olita n S ta tistica l A r e a (Shelby County).
The "w o r k e r s w ithin s co p e o f study" e stim a tes show n in this
table p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a ccu ra te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e includ ed in the s u rv ey .
The e stim a tes are
not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a sis o f c o m p a r is o n w ith other a re a em ploym en t indexes to m e a s u r e em ploym en t trends o r le v e ls
sin ce (1) planning o f w age s u rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e stablish m en t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied,
and (2) s m a ll establish m en ts a re exclu d ed fr o m the sc o p e o f the su rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition o f the Standard Industrial C la s s ific a t io n M anual was u sed in c la s s ify in g establish m en ts by in du stry d iv isio n .
M a jo r changes fr o m the e a r lie r edition (used in the B u re a u 's la b o r m a rk e t w age su rv e y s con du cted p r io r to July 1958) a re the tr a n s fe r
o f m ilk p a ste u riz a tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te esta b lish m e n ts fr o m trade (w h o le sa le o r r e ta il) to m an u factu rin g, and the tr a n s fe r
o f ra d io and te le v is io n b r o a d c a s tin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilities d iv isio n .
3 Includes a ll e stablish m en ts w ith to ta l em ploym en t at o r above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n (50 e m p lo y e e s ).
A ll outlets (within
the a rea) o f com p a n ie s in such in d u strie s as tr a d e , fin a n ce , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n -p ic tu r e th ea ters are c o n s id e r e d as 1
e stablish m en t.
. .
4

and a re

T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d . M e m p h is '
e x c l u d e d b y d e f in i t io n f r o m the s c o p e o f the s tu d y .

e l e c t r i c a n d g a s u t ilit ie s a r e m u n i c ip a l ly o p e r a t e d

5 Th is industry d iv isio n is re p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r "a ll in d u s tr ie s " and "non m an u factu rin g" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s .
S eparate
p re se n ta tio n o f data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p loym en t in the d iv isio n is too sm a ll
to p rovid e enough data to m e r it separate study, (2) the sam p le was not design ed in itia lly to p e rm it separate presen ta tion , (3) r e s p o n s e
w as in s u fficie n t o r inadequate to p e rm it separate p re se n ta tio n , (4) there is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual esta b lish m en t data.
6 H o te ls; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile r e p a ir sh op s; m o tio n p ic tu re s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s ; and
e n gin eerin g and a rc h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

T a ble 2.

In dexes o f standard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tio n a l g rou p s in M em phis, Tenn. ,
January 1961 and January I960, and p e r c e n ts of in c r e a s e fo r s e le cte d p e r io d s
Indexes
(January 1953 ■ 100)

Industry and occu p a tio n a l group
January 1961
A ll in d u stries:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en) _
In du strial n u rs e s (w om en)
Skilled m aintenance (m en)
U nskilled plant (m en)
_
M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en)
In du strial n u r s e s (w om en)
Skilled m aintenance (m en)
U nskilled plant (m en)
_

___

_____
_

__
_

___

__ _

_

_
_

Data do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .




132.
146.
142.
139.

6
2
2
2

133. 2
(l )
137. 5
134. 5

January I960

127.
140.
137.
136.

7
3
1
9

127. 3
(M
131. 4
130. 1

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fr o m —
January I960
to
January 1961
3.
4.
3.
1.

9
2
7
7

4 .6
(M
4 .6
3. 4

January 1959 January 1958 F e b ru a ry 1957 F e b ru a ry 1956 F e b ru a ry 1955 January 1954
to
to
to
to
to
to
January I960 January 1959 January 1958 F e b ru a ry 1957 F e b ru a ry 1956 F eb ru a ry 1955
2.
4.
3.
3.

2
4
9
5

2. 3
n
3. 2
1 .6

3.
3.
2.
.

4
2
3
9

1. 8
(M
1. 9
1. 0

2.
3.
6.
4.

4
3
3
5

4. 6
(*)
5. 4
5. 8

4.
4.
5.
7.

3
2
4
2

5. 6
(l )
4. 8
7. 3

January 1953
to
January 1954

6. 5
5 .9
8. 1
7. 7

2.
7.
3.
3.

1
1
0
5

4.
6.
3.
5.

1
7
5
2

4. 7
n
8 .9 “
3. 6

3.
8.
2.
4.

9
7
3
2

2.
6.
1.
3.

3
7
6
4

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P resen ted in table 2 a re indexes o f s a la rie s o f o ffic e c le r ic a l
w o rk e rs and industrial n u rses, and o f av era g e earnings of selected
plant w ork er grou p s.
In a re a s which w e re not surveyed during the
fis c a l 1953 b a se y ea r (July 1952 to June 1953) this table is lim ited
to p e rce n ts of change betw een s e le cte d p e rio d s.
F or o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in du strial n u rses, the indexes
rela te to avera ge w eekly sa la rie s fo r n orm a l h ours o f w ork, that is,
the standard w ork schedule fo r w hich stra ig h t-tim e sa la rie s a re paid.
F or plant w ork er grou ps, they m ea su re changes in stra ig h t-tim e hourly
earnings, excluding p rem iu m pay fo r ov ertim e and fo r w ork on w eek ­
ends, h olida y s, and late shifts.
The indexes a re b a sed on data fo r
selected key occupations and include m o st of the n u m erica lly im portant
jo b s within each group. The o ffic e c le r ic a l data a re based on wom en in
the follow in g 18 jo b s : B ille r s , m achine (billin g m ach in e); bookkeepin gm achine o p e ra to rs , c la s s A and B; C om ptom eter o p e ra to rs; c le r k s , file ,
c la s s A and B; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y ro ll; keypunch o p e ra to rs;
o ffic e g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; sten ograp h ers, gen eral; sw itchboard o p e ra ­
to r s ; sw itch board o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts ; tabulating-m achine o p e ra ­
to r s ; tra n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e ra to rs , gen era l; and typists, c la ss A
and B.
The in du strial n urse data a re b a sed on w om en industrial
n u rses. Men in the follow in g 10 sk ille d m aintenance jo b s and 3 unskilled
jo b s w ere included in the plant w ork er data: Skilled-— ca rp en ters;
e le c tr ic ia n s ; m a ch in ists; m ech a n ics; m ech a n ics, autom otive; m ill­
w righ ts; p a in ters; p ip e fitte rs; sh e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ; and to o l and die
m a k ers; u nskilled — ja n ito rs , p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs; la b o r e r s , m a ­
te r ia l handling; and watchm en.
A vera g e w eekly sa la rie s or average hourly earnings w ere
com puted fo r each of the selected occu p ation s.
The average sa la rie s
or h ou rly earnings w e re then m u ltiplied by the a v era g e o f 1953 and
1954 em ploym ent in the jo b . T hese w eighted earnings fo r individual
occu p ation s w e re then totaled to obtain an a ggregate fo r each o ccu p a ­
tional group. F in ally, the ra tio o f these crou p a ggrega tes fo r a giv^n
y ea r to the aggregate fo r the b a se p e r io d (su rv e y month, w inter 1952—
53)
was com puted «and the re su lt m u ltiplied by the b a se y ea r index (100) to
get the index fo r the given y e a r.




S im ilar p ro ce d u re s w ere follow ed in com pilin g "p ercen ts of
change" in a r6as not su rveyed during 1953.
Adjustm ents have been m ade w h e re n e ce s s a ry to m aintain
com p a ra b ility so that the y e a r -t o -y e a r com p a rison s a re based on the
sam e industry and occupational cov era g e.
F or exam ple, ra ilroa d s
have been included in the cov e ra g e of the su rveys only sin ce July 1959.
In com puting the indexes fo r the fir s t yea r in which ra ilroa d s w ere
included, data relating to ra ilro a d s w ere excluded. Indexes fo r su b se­
quent y e a rs include data fo r ra ilro a d s.
The indexes m easu re, p rin cip a lly, the effects of (1) general
sa la ry and wage changes; (2) m e rit or other in cre a se s in pay re ceiv ed
by individual w o rk e rs w hile in the sam e jo b ; and (3) changes in the
labor fo r c e such as labor tu rn over, fo r c e expansions, fo r c e re d u c­
tions, and changes in the p rop ortion of w ork ers em ployed by estab­
lishm ents with d ifferen t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the labor fo r c e can
cau se in c r e a se s or d e cre a s e s in the occu pation al averages without
actual wage changes. F or exam ple, a fo r c e expansion m ight in crea se
the p ro p o rtio n o f low er paid w ork ers in a s p e cific occupation and r e ­
sult in a d rop in the average, w h ereas a reduction in the p rop ortion
o f low er paid w o rk e rs would have the opposite effect. The m ovem ent
o f a high-paying establishm ent out of an area could cause the average
earnings to d rop, even though no change in rates o ccu rre d in other
a rea establishm ents.
The use of constant em ploym ent weights elim inates the effects
of changes in the p ro p ortion o f w o rk e rs rep resen ted in each job in ­
cluded in the data.
Nor a re the indexes influenced by changes in
standard w ork schedules or in prem iu m pay fo r ov ertim e, sin ce they
a re based on pay fo r straig h t-tim e h ours.
Indexes fo r the p e rio d 1953 to I960 fo r w ork ers in 20 m ajor
la b or m arkets w ill appear in BLS B ull. 1265-62, W ages and Related
B enefits, 60 L abor M arkets, W inter 1959—
60.

O c c u p a t io n a l

4

E a r n in g s

Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w eek ly hou rs and earn in gs f o r s e le cte d o ccu p a tio n s studied on an a r e a basis
by in du stry d iv isio n , M em phis, Tenn. , January 1961)
Aveba.uk
Sex, o ccu p ation , and in du stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF-

9
0

M en
44

C le r k s , accou n tin g, c la s s A -----------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------N onm anufacturing -------------------------------

12
1

o
O

B ille r s , m achine (b illin g m achine) -------

$ 86.00

_

_

_

_
-

1
0
2
1 1
0 2
2 1 8
0 2
1
2 6 8
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
2
1
0
1
1 1 1
1 0 1
1 1
_

_

_

_

_

.

.

-

-

-

.
-

_

_

67

40. 0
40. 0
40. 5

160
0.0
10
9.0

-

C le r k s , accou n tin g, c la s s B ----------------M anufacturing -------------------------------------

41
28

4 1 .5
42. 0

83.50
87.50

-

C le r k s , o r d e r ___________________________
M anufacturing
----------------------------------N onm anufacturing -------- -------------------

109
51
58

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

73.50
71.50
75.00

_

_

-

-

O ffic e boys ----------------------------------------------M anufacturing -------------------------------------

56
34

40. 0
40. 0

52.00
49.50

_

T a b u la tin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A ---------------------------------------------------

48

40. 0

104.00

-

T a b u la tin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B --------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing -------------------------------

46
32

3 9 .5
39. 0

83.00
81.00

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

B ille r s , m ach in e (b illin g m achine) -----M anufacturing ------------------------------------N onm anufacturing -------------------------------

99
30
69

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

60.00
57.00
61.50

_

_

-

-

-

-

B ille r s , m ach in e (bookkeepin g
m achine) ------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing -------------------------------

60
57

40. 0
40. 0

52.00
50.00

6
6

4
4

B ook k e e p in g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B ----------------------------------- ------- —
M anufacturing ------------------------------------N onm anufacturing -------------------------------

226

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

54.00
59.50
52.50

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A -----------------M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing -------------------------------

157
53
104

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

C le r k s , accou n tin g, c la s s B -----------------M anufacturing
------------ ------------------N onm anufacturing -------- -------------------

558
160
398

C le r k s , file , c la s s A ----------------------------N onm anufacturing ____________________

38
29

179

99.00

_

_




1
0
5
5
-

_

-

_

_

-

-

_

17

15

5

5

“

13

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5

60.00
62.00
59.50

_

-

31
3
28

83
15

3 9 .5
39. 5

61.50
61.00

3

_

36

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

7
7

_

5

14
4

14
14

17
-

41
13
28
-

-

4
4
"

70
13
57

72

4
-

62

55

34
13

2
1
2
2

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

-

1
1
2
2
-

16

17
7

16

4

119
38
81

75
16
59

4
3

19
19

28
4
24

84
31
53

18
9
9

-

-

26

-

53
13
40

7
3

32

3

3

9

7
7

9

3
3

_

7

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

3

_

_

-

-

-

-

7

5

4

4
3

6

3
3

3

4

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

4

~

3
-

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

18

26
7
19

42
13
29

7
3
4

3

_

9

1 1
1 1
1 8
6 8
1
1
-

~

7

~

5
5
-

5

4
_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

2 1 6
2
1
2
-

4

-

-

3
3

33
24
9

5

4

_

4

_

-

-

"

•

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

6 2 8 1 1
2 2 1 1
1
6
1
1
1 1
1
1
1 1
1
1
5

-

7

-

_

-

-

7

-

_

_

See foo tn o te s at end o f ta b le .

N O T E:

1 1
1
1 1 82
2 1
8 6 1
1
2 1
1
2 1
2 1

_

-

3
3
~

16

30

4
4
-

9

_

_

3

-

1 6
6 '1 6 2

49

-

23
7
16

*

1 6 1 1
0
6
0 0
2 6
1 1 8
0 0
2 1
1
0
0
2
2
6
8
1
0
2 2 2
2
2

28

-

7
4

-

76.00
82.50
72.50

-

14
14
-

3

17

2
2 1
0
1 1
0 0
1 1
0 0
_

-

-

1
1

4

19

-

_
-

-

4
4
“

2
0
1 2 2 2
0 1 1 1
1
1
1
1
1
1 1
2
2
1 1
0
1
8

_

13
3

_

-

_

7

~

1
1 8

[

_
-

-

W om en

26
9
2
6

100 100 100
0.0
1.0
2.0
100 100 100
0.0
1.0
2.0

S
S
$
S
$
$
*
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
W
eekly
W
eekly 30. 00 35. 00 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00
. 00 95.00
105.00
115.00
hours1 earnings1
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
“
~
~
"
~
~
105.00
115100
3 5 .0 0 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00
over

E stim a te s f o r a ll in d u s trie s , nonm an ufacturing, and p u b lic u tilitie s in clu d e data f o r r a ilr o a d s (SIC 40), om itted fr o m the s c o p e
o f all la b o r m a rk e t w age su r v e y s m ade b e fo r e July 1958.
W here sign ifican t, the e ffe c t o f the in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s is g r e a te s t
on the data shown se p a ra te ly fo r the pu b lic u tilitie s d iv isio n .

_

2
1
1
1
1

-

_

5
T a b le A - l. O ffic e O ccu p a tb n s-C o n tin u e d
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly h ours and earnings fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s studied on an a rea b a sis
by in du stry d iv isio n , M em ph is, Tenn. , January 1961)
N UM BER OF WORKERS R E CEIVING STR A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y EAR NING S OF

A verage

S ex, occu p a tio n , and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Weekly,
hours
(Standard)

$
Weekly , 3 0 . 0 0
earnings
and
(Standard)
under
35. 00

$
35. 00

$
4 0 . 00

$
4 5 . 00

$
5 0 . 00

$
55. 00

$
t
S
s
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0
6 0 . 00 6 5 . 00 7 0 . 00 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00

4 0 .0 0

4 5 . 00

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

and
7 0 . 00

8 0 . 00

7 5 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 J 3 0 1 .1 5 ,0 0 1 2 Q .0 Q

over

1
|

C le r k s , o r d e r ___________________________
M anufacturin g ________________________
N onm anufacturing ------------------------------

9 0 .0 0

!

W om en — Continued
C le r k s , f il e , c la s s B ___________________
M anufacturing •_______________________
N onm anufacturing -------------------------------

8 5 .0 0

250

40. 0

38

40. 0
40. 0

52. 00

$ 5 1 . 50

2

65

4

12

2

9
56

-

4

11
-

6

n r^

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

8

11

8

10

6

1

4

-

2

-

-

-

-

28

-

1

4

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

37
-

41

37

33

28

—

8

8
j

10

4

44

4
4

50. 00

212

I

40. 0

6 4 .0 0

_

-

9

41

35

31

3

2

3

40. 0

6 4 . 50

-

-

10
-

3

64

1

9

12

16

4

14

3

2

2

1
-

107

40. 0

6 4 . 00

-

-

10

2

-

29

19

24

17

"

-

1

1

-

-

4

C le r k s , p a y r o ll __________________________
M anufacturin g ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

211

40. 0

7
-

6
-

26

17

37

25

22

13

11

5

2

3

16

8

5

12

4

1

2

1

-

1

7

6

9
8

23

6 3 . 00

9
17

1
-

116

5
12

11
-

7

39. 5
40. 0

1
-

17

95

6 5 . 50
6 8 . 50

14

9

14

11

2

1

7

4

"

2

-

1

C om p tom eter o p e r a to r s ------------------------M anufacturin g _______________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

235

39. 5

5
-

17
-

21
-

54
-

24

5

5

-

-

-

-

3

12

2

1

1
-

5

1

11
-

16

4

29
2

6

39. 5
4 0 .0

3
-

33

30

6 0 . 00
8 0 . 00

5

-

-

-

-

5 7 . 50

3

5

17

21

54

29

23

27

11

3

4

3

4

1

-

"

-

"

■

59. 00
5 9 .0 0

.

_

.

1

18

1

_

_

_

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

"

9
5

5

-

3

-

18

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

"

-

-

"

-

6 3 . 50

_

_

18

6

20

24

43

8

6

12

5

-

_

.

-

_

-

1

1

3

6

7

6

5

6

9
5

4

-

9
4

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

17

5

17

18

36

5

2

1

6

4

2

3

-

-

-

19
15

14

17
14

22
22

14
13

2

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

-

'

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

"

32
1

30

54

66
35

86

59
26

67
31

65

22

14

23

24

9
5

8

5

36

15

1

3

9

5

9

19
2

9
5
4

4
3

33

29
36

7
6
"

4

-

46

92

23
23

44

16
2

5
7

D u p lica tin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s
(M im eog ra p h o r D itto) ________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

171

205

37

40. 0

28

40. 0

164

K eypunch o p e r a to r s _____________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

48

39. 0
40. 0

116

39. 0

7 1 . 50
6 0 . 00

O ffic e g ir ls ______________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

89
74

40. 0

5 1 . 50

_

1

40. 0

52. 00

-

1

S e c r e t a r ie s _______________________________
M anufacturin g ------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ----------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 __________________

613

39. 5
40. 0

7 4 . 50

_

_

7 5 . 50

-

6

31

7
23

33

7 3 . 50

-

6
-

9 1 . 00

-

-

-

-

-

-

31
1

S ten og ra p h ers, ge n e ra l _________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
P u b lic u tilitie s 3 ___________________

493

39. 5

6 6 . 50

_

_

55

39. 5

-

-

6
-

60

215

27

51
10

60
38

28
2

41
4

22
2

S w itchboa rd o p e r a to r s __________________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ____________________

6
2

S w itchboa rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ___
M anufacturing ------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ____________________
T a b u latin g-m ach in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B _________________________________
T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g en era l _________________________________
M anufacturin g ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

248
365
46

39. 5
40. 0

8

21

29
57
-

5

45
16

5

17
2

29
6

34

37

10

15

11

16
21

9
1

13

5

48

19
15

2

6

5

6

4

-

-

6

14
12

5

4
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

278

39. 0

6

46

39. 5

8 1 . 00

-

-

-

-

134

41. 5

14
-

32
-

7
-

8

7
3

4

5
3

5

1
1

-

-

108

39. 5
41. 5

33
-

12

26

4 7 . 50
64. 00
4 3 . 50

33

14

32

7

4

4

4

3

2

-

-

4

-

-

177

40. 0

6 1 . 00

_

_

31

33

32

25

20

2

12

1

7

_

3

-

6

10

8

16

8

2

25

23

24

9

12

2

5

5

1

72

23

63

40. 0

6 3 . 00

-

-

114

40. 0

6 0 . 00

-

-

4

26

38. 5

6 8 . 00

_

_

247

40. 0

5 9 . 50
-

-

57

40. 0

55. 00

190

40. 0

6 0 . 50

_

3
'

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

_

-

_

-

18

1

3

-

1

-

-

4

3

8

7
-

"

4

-

2

7

-

-

4

5

1

_

.

.

_

.

_

.

-

-

2
-

1
-

2
-

-

-

-

-

2

1

2

38

1
2

30

56

6
32

29
1

10

8

1

2

2
-

46

64

22

16

2

1




-

i

See footn otes at end o f table,

1

-

9
51

4
-

_

-

6 9 . 50
6 4 . 50

•

-

6
T ab le A-1. O ffic e O ccup ation s-C on tin ued
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w eek ly hours and e a rn in gs f o r s e le c t e d occu p a tio n s studied on an a re a b a s is
by in du stry d iv isio n , M em phis, Tenn. , January 1961)
Average
Sex, o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G

S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

1
$
$
s
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
1
$
$
$
$
$
I$
1
$
5
W
eekly
W
eekly 30. 00 35. 00 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00! 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00| 110.00jll5.00 120.00
hours 1 earnings 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
and
“
"
“
“
"
"
"
"
- I
1
35. 00 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 7 5. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 1 00 .00 105.00 TlfLOO 115.001120.00 o v e r

W om en— Continued
T y p ists, c la s s A _________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

169
36
133

T y p ists, c la s s B __________________________
M anufacturing ---------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ---------------------------------

442
87
355

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

-

-

_
-

49. 00
52. 50
48. 50

-

-

40. 0 $ 6 3 . 00
74. 00
40. 0
40. 0
59. 50

5

_
-

2
2

5

-

54
6
48

14
5
9

60
3
57

16
2
14

1
1

4
3
1

-

101
15
86

-

-

151
17
134

120
29
91

32
4
28

17
12
5

5
4
1

6
6

2

_
-

3
3

1

2

-

2

5
5
-

_
-

1

-

9
9
"

_

_

_

_

.

2

-

!

1
1

_

-

1
!
!

-

_

-

_

_
_

_
_

1_______
_
1 Standard hou rs r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and the earnings c o r r e s p o n d to these w eek ly h ou rs.
2 W o rk e rs w e re d istrib u te d as fo llo w s : 17 at $ 120 to $ 125; 5 at $ 125 to $ 130; 5 at $ 130 to $ 135; 4 at $ 135 to $ 140; 2 at $ 140 and o v e r .
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th er pub lic u tilitie s .

T a b le A -2. Professional and Techn ical O ccupations
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w ee k ly h ours and e arn in gs fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv isio n , M em phis, Tenn. , January 1961)
Average
Sex, occu p a tion , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

N U M B E R OF W ORKERS RE CE IV ING STR A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E AR NING S OF—

$

W
eekly
W
eekly 6 0 . 0 0
hours 1 earnings 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
6 5 . 00

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

65 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

80 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

-

-

-

-

-

-

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

$

$

S

9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0

-

-

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0

$

S

$

$

S

*

S

s

1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0

-

-

liP.OQ - 1 3 5 , 0 0

-

-

-

1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0

and
over

M en
$ 1 1 5 .0 0

_

2

_

_

_

5

6

3

1 1 6 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

5

6

-

7 8 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

24

6

17

11

5

1

40. 0

6

17

11

5

1

_

3 9 .5

8 7 .0 0

-

4

1

5

4

4

1

4

D ra ftsm en , s e n io r ---------------------------------M anufacturing -------------------------------------

56

40. 0

48

3 9 .5

D ra ftsm en , ju n io r -----------------------------------MarNlf^otiiring
............

53

40. 0

49

29

_

1

_

1

2

1

-

-

-

2
2

10
10

3

1

1

_

1

1

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

3

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

3
3

10
10

1
1

2

1
1

_
-

1

2

1

4

1

1

-

3
3

W om en
N u rs e s, in d u stria l (re g is t e r e d )




------------

1 Standard h ou rs r e fle c t the w o rk w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in gs c o r r e s p o n d to th ese w eek ly h ou rs.
2 Includes 2 w o rk e rs at $ 5 0 to $ 5 5 .
NOTE:

See note on p. 4 , re la tiv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s .

7

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M em phis, Tenn. , January 1961)
NUM BER OF W ORKERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

•
S
S
Under 1 .0 0 1. 10
earnings1 $
and
under
1. 00
_1,J0_ 1 .2 0

C arpenters, maintenance ---------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------

96
53
43

$ 2 . 30
2. 24
2. 36

E le ctrician s, maintenance -------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------

151
137

2. 78
2. 85

Engineers, stationary ---------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------

118
67
51

2. 48
2. 62
2. 28

F irem en , stationary boiler -----------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------

162
132
30

1. 53
1 .4 6
1 .8 1

H elpers, tra d e s, maintenance ------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------PnKIj r

213
125
88
51

1.
1.
1.
1.

M achin ists, maintenance ---------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------

143
130

2. 74
2. 75

M echanics, automotive
(maintenance) ---------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------T 1- tc ^
j j *

72
71
74

-

"

-

$
$
S
$
30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70

1. 30

40. J ,50.. .-L-60. 1, 70 _ L 80_ ..1,20. .2 ,0 0 .. 2. 10 _2. 20 .2 . 30. 2 ,4 0 . 2 ,5 0

-

-

2.
2.
2.
2.

47
09
59
65

_
6
6
-

!

-

2
-

4
4

_
-

2
2
-

5
5

3
-

-

7
2
5

45
45

4
4

-

39
39
-

12
2 12

6
5
1

30
12
18
18

-

-

-

-

-

3

!

9
t

2

-

I
!

-

-

-

i
!

-

-

4
-

4
4

7
7

_

_

-

-

1
1

_

5
5

4
4

5
5

2

_

-

-

2

-

O ilers -------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------

67
63

2. 08
2. 15

P ainters, maintenance --------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------

68
30
38

2. 11
2. 44
1. 84

P ip efitters, maintenance ---------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------

62
62

2. 98
2. 98

T ool and die m akers ------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------

57
57

_
-

4
4
-

5
5

9

See note on




p.

2 1!

4
4

-

i
>

7
7

i
i

2
i
2
1

4 , relative to the inclusion of railroad s.

-

1

i
I

!
j

1

;
|

4
3
1

i
1
j

3
3
-

6
5
1

-

2
2

,
;

3
3

1

!

-

;
1

3
3

64
60

-

4

_ j
-

7
7
-

_
- ;

_
-

3
3

1

!

1

!
1
;
;

4

- i

3
3

4 1

8
6

5

10

9
1

7
7

! 12
1 3

:

5

9

!

_
-

4
4

! 13
13

j

_
-

'

|

23
6
17
14

_
-

-

3
3

9

65

21
2
19
14

13

61
! 40
! 21

i

.
-

1L _j
_
j 1 1
6

1
1

i
i
-

7
6
1

7
4
3

5
4
1

_
-

_
-

.
-

9

!
1

-

-

9

!

7
5
2

10
7
3

18
4
14
9

12
10
2
1

3
3

4
4

11

7

7

11
11
-

24
24
-

2
2

4
4

-

7
6
1

3
3
-

5
3
2
1

54
39
15

22
15
7
1

1
1

17
12
5

26
21
5

33
31
2

29
29
-

26
26
-

76
76
-

43
43
-

24
24

1
1

9
9

.

8
8

1
1

7
7

4
4

1
1

3
3

_

_

_

-

-

1
1

6
6

_

2
2

1
1

4
3
1

1

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

i
!

3

j

! 11

j
i

8
8

2
2

$
$
S
$
3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40
and
3. 30

3. 40

over

6
5
1

12
4
8

2
2

_
-

29
29

-

1
1

4
1
3

10
10
-

6
4
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

j

_

9

1

!

I
_ i
- |

5

!
!
!
1
!
i

8

7

i
|
!

2
1

!
1

19
17
2

2
2

j

l
1
1
!
!

-

Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 5 at $ 0. 80 to $ 0. 90; 7 at $ C. 90 to $ 1.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
A ll w orkers w ere at $ 3. 40 to $ 3. 50.

N O TE :

!
1
i

!

8
8^
8
3
5

,

-

1
1
-

!
1
i

7
i
6

-

!
|

l
i

---------- 1--------'
! "
1
i
J______1______
_
_

1
2
3
4

3. 20

16
15
1

2. 99
2. 99

-

3. 10

2

1
1
---------[ "

1
1
-

1
I
2 ,6 0 J ,7 0 . 2. 80. 2. 90 3. 00
.2

s
i
2. 60 1 2. 70

i

9 ‘
8
1

_

|

“ j

1
!

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
19

17
7

1
1

-

3
3

52
52

-

-

-

4 15
15

i 11
4
7

7
1
6

67
67
65

134
'7
127
1 27

9
9

11
11
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

40
40
-

3
1
2

20
19
1

42
42
-

-

113
113
-

3
3
-

18
18
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

2
2

9
9

3
3

10
10

-

32
32

-

27
27

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

18
18

_

-

11
11

1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

9
9
~

6
5
1

8
8

_
-

1
1

2
2

42
42

_

12
12

9
9

6

I 4
! 61
61

13

5

8
[

-

_

3. 00

50

15
12

-

-

_

$
2. 80 1 2. 90

2. 40 Y

13
4
9

j
1
1

.

2. 72
2. 72

-

S
2. 20 ^2. 30

i
-

_

116
116

-

3
3

2

!

_

M illw rights ----------------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------

-

-

-

_

u <L _j
5 1

_
-

7
2
5

2
2
-

2. 43
2. 45
2. 22

2. 10

-

-

2
2
-

583
547
36

-

$
2. 00

i
6
3
3

1
I

1 .9 0

l

M echanics, maintenance -----------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------

-

I

1 .8 0

19 1
16
3

I

-

3
-

_

-

|
444
108
336
293

13
8
5

_

92

i
i

2
1
1

-

_

_
-

H

1. 20

A
verage

4
4
1
1

4
4

-

2
2
.

-

_

-

!

1
1

'

-

1
1

1
1

1
1

_
-

-

-

2
2

_

2
2

21
21

2
2

j

-

-

3
3

-

-

_
-

_
-

.
-

-

-

-

4 27
27

8
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision, M em p his, Tenn. , January 1961)

X MK O WR E SR C IV GS R IG T IM HUL ER INSO—
U B it F OKR E E IN T A H-T E O RY AN G F
N ber
um
of

S
S
A
verage
h
ourly . 0. 30 0 .4 0 0. 50
earnings* and
inder
.4 0
. 60
. 50

0 . 60
. 70

•
S
0. 70

0 . 80

$
0. 90

1. 00

1. 10

s
1. 20

. 80 __.3P

1. 00

1. 10

1. 20

1. 30

"l.

s
s
s
3
1 .4 0 1 . 50 1. 60 1 .7 0 1. 80 *1. 90

30

1 .4 0

1. 50

1. 60 _1_._70_ -I J W . 1. 90
;

E levator op erators, passenger
(men) ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

45
41

$ 0. 77
. 75

15
15

2
2

6
6

6
6

-

-

Elevator op erators, p assenger
(women)
_________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

125
125

. 72
. 72

18
18

4
4

11
11

10
10

10
10

50
50

Guards _
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

110
83
27

2. 22
2. 26
2. 11

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

_

_

J anitors, p o r te r s, and cleaners
(men) ____________________________________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public utilities 3 __________________

J anitors, p o r te r s, and cleaners
(women) _________________________________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public u tilitie s3

4

5
5

3
3

8
5
3

-

j
1

1 ,0 7 7
422
655
100

352
92
260
30

1.
1.
1.
1.

.
1.
.
1.

24
53
05
54

90
31
75
27

'

-

26
26
"

23
23
“

65
65

67
67
_

38
38
_

6
285
- 1 44
241
6
17
■

104
74
30
5

-

-

-

12 !
12

-

4
4
-

2
2
-

34
21
13

20
20
-

2
2
-

1
1

'

2. 80

- i
- I
i

8

-

8 !
i

1

" I
!

-

_
6
5
1

1 i
1

ii
li

5
5

3 !
- :
3 '

57
136 j
21 i 99 1
36 j 37 !
33
4

47
32 1
15
“

10
9
1
"

21 1

"

-

2
2

-

6
6
-

82
79
3
-

186
106
80
-

312
300
12
-

115
83
32
-

42
22
20

44
23
|
21 ,

2
"

1
1 !
i

-

1
1

32
13
19
19

12
6
6
5

42
40
2
■

14
13
1
"

'

5
5
5

"

'

-

4
4
4

1
1
"

10
10
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

~

6
2
4

2
2
-

92
54
38
38

3
3
-

7
7
-

59
58
1
-

144
144
144

12
12
12

1
1
-

9
9
-

-

-

79
7
72

5
5
-

_
-

.
-

22
22
-

6 !
6
■

1

2
2

408
218
190
34

-

"

_
-

.
-

-

133
17
116

50
19
31

28
3 ;
25

63
12
51

147
32
115

64
12
52

30
30

17
17

11
11

39
39

4
4

2
2
-

1
1
-

9
9

-

-

73
30
43

25
9
16

25
2
23

15
8
7

88
12
76

46
10
36

17
12
5

20
20

30
28
2

4
4
"

-

-

19
19
“

9
9
-

50
50

2
2
-

-

-

12
12
-

22
6
16

41
11
30

3
3

15
2
13

12
1
11

13
4 !
9

8
6
2

5
2
3

6
3
3

3
1
2

2
2
-

10
2
8

1
1

2
2
-

1
1
-

-

5
3
2

-

27
27

18
17
1

27
22
5

16
7
9

14
1
13

4
4
"

17
4
13

4
4
-

3
3
■

6
6
'

5
2
3

2
2
’

2
2
~

1
1
-

-

9
9
"

12
5
7

20
11
9

"

10
10

17
17
‘

11
11
‘

19
15
4

4
4
"

3
2
1

20
1
19

5
4
1

10
2
8

2
2

2
2

2
2

70
22
48

44
9
35

63
25
38

370
306
64

128
110
18

34
34
-

5
5
-

1
1

2
1
1
1

3
3
-

70
70

50
3
47
5

35
34
1

80
22
58

743
743
743

-

-

6
6
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

63
59
4
-

27
7
20
15

704
141
563

1. 57
1. 80
1. 51

_
-

P a c k e rs, shipping _______________________
Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________

436
157
279

1. 63
1. 76
1. 55

-

-

-

1
1

Receiving clerk s ________________________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------

167
43
124

1. 64
1 .8 3
1. 57

-

-

_

.

-

6

-

1

3

13

-

-

"

6

-

1

3

13

Shipping clerk s _______________________ __
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

156
83
73

1. 85
1. 90
1 .8 0

Shipping and receiving clerk s _________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

150
91
59

1. 94
1. 84
2. 08

.

_

-

-

T ru ck d rivers 5
Manufacturing _
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public u tilitie s 3 .
_

2 ,0 4 8
627
1 ,4 2 1
749

1.
1.
2.
2.

_
-

_
-

-

276 ! 132
141 i 37 |
95 !
135
2
-

5
5
.

-

-

4

_
-

-

-

2. 50

8
8
-

1
1
-

61
8
53
10

Order fille r s
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

96
61
11
67

over

2 .4 0

4
4
-

2
2
-

-

2. 70

2. 30

-

2
2

-

2. 60

2. 20

"

15
15
-

-

$
2. 80
and

-

107
107
-

1. 50
1 .4 8
1. 53
2. 27

-

1
1
I

2 . 10

2. 60 *2. 70

-

48
48
-

1 ,9 5 5
1, 145
810
230

-

34
16
18 '
9

47
30
17
3

s
!
S
2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 *2. 40 "2. 50

j

!

L a b o r e rs, m aterial handling __________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public u tilitie s3 __________________

-

-

4 j

1
1

8
8

16
16 i
j




1
I

.
-

See footnotes at end of table,

-

'

4
4

13
13

~ ;
i

-

-

2 .0 0

o
o

Occupation 1 and industry division

-

-

|
22
188 ! n s
- !
7 H -4 T 22
181
69
1
J
1

2
1 !
1 1
1

3
3

' |

-

*

-

9
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M em phis, Term ., January 1961)
NUMBKll
Occupation1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Average
h
ourly
earnings2

8
8
8
0. 30 0. 40 0. 50 0. 60
and
under
. 40
. 60
. 50
. 70

8
$
0. 70 0. 80 0 . 9 0

of workers receiving straight -time hourly earnings of—

1 .0 0

8
$
8
s
1. 10 1 .2 0 1 . 3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 °1 ’ 7 0

1. 10

1 .2 0 ..1,_30_ 1,4 0_ 1 .5 0

242
30
212

$ 1. 35
1. 58
1. 32

_
-

-

"

Tru ck d rivers, medium ( I V 2 to and
including 4 tons) -------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------Public utilities 3 ------------------------

736
240
496
260

1 .8 5
1. 67
1 .9 4
2. 66

-

-

-

Tru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type) --------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------ -----Nonmanufacturing -------------------------Public utilities 3 ------------------------

452
57
395
160

2.
1.
2.
2.

T ru ck ers, power (forklift) --------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------

605
327
278

1 .5 7
1. 76
1. 35

T ru ck ers, power (other than
forklift) ---------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------

128
95

2. 13
2. 41

Watchmen --------------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------K^
1
fi dc ^

258
133
125
70

1 .0 7
1. 14
1. 00
1 .0 8

.9 0

1 .0 0

1 .6 0

-

1
1

4
4

7
7

_

4
4

9
9

20
20

35
1
34

56
7
49

1
1
“

5
5

2
2

111
6
105

45
25
20

59
19
40

! 33
i
1 3
30




1. 70 JL80J

9
7
2

61
1
60

18

36
12
24

i

8
8
S'
8
$
2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2. 60

1
1

-

1
1

“

"

-

1
1

-

3
3

-

-

-

1
1
1

4
4
4

30
30
-

20
18
2

-

-

-

-

-

70
70

45
3
42

5
4
1

46
11
35

_

10
8
2

8
3
5

_

-

29
29
_

2. 70

2 .8 0

and
over

93
93

1 29
! 29
i -

9
9

18

i
i

10
10

-

_
-

-

~

255
255
255

-

-

56
56

160
160
160

-

12
2
10

52
52

-

-

4
4

-

16
16
-

1
1

-

7
7

29
29

12
12

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

23
76
30
67

!
|

i
1
i

-

5
5
-

I
!
i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

42

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

42

-

10
2
8

-

12
12

4
4

23
23
-

25
25
-

_
-

.

.
-

_
-

_

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

209
38
171

28
28

55
55

-

22
9
13

14
12
2

39
39
-

26
26
-

34
26
8

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

9
9

8
1

_

_

_

_

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24

-

"

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

_

8
8

_

_

-

-

3
3

11
11

13
13

119
49
70
57

68
58
10
6

-

8
6
2
2

24
18
6
5

;

2
-

1

1
1

i
_______

See note on p. 4 ,

2. 30

|
. 80

Data lim ited to men w orkers except w here otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilitie s.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 2 at $ 3. 10 to $ 3. 20; 2 at $ 3. 20 to $ 3. 30; 14 at $ 3. 30 to $ 3. 40; 4 at $ 3. 40 to $ 3. 50.
Includes all d rivers regard less of size and type of truck operated.

N O TE :

8
8
$
$
1 .9 0 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20

1
I

Truckd r iv ers:5— Continued
Tru ck d rivers, light (under
1V 2 tons) -------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

1 .8 0

relative to the inclusion of railroad s.

1
1

-

30
30
"

-

-

"
-

-

_




11

A ppendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E
B IL L E R , MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE O P E R A TO R

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
thaa an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

B iller , machine (billing machine)— U ses a special billing ma­

chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry ot necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller , machine (bookkeeping machine) — Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform an<J standard types of sales and
credit slip s.




C lass A — Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
C lass B — Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

C L E R K , ACCOUNTING
C la ss A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

12

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.
Class B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE
Class A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
Class B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or a ssists in locating material in file s . May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

CLERK, ORDER

R eceives custom ers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple cop ies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL

Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

13

SECRETARY

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office ; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work

.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls .
May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who ca ll in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerica l work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.




Class A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations andday-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp e cific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C— Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp e cific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

14

TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

Uses a typewriter to make cop ies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of ste n cils , mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing processes. May do clerica l work involving little specia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.
Class A — Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­

terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class B — Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licie s,
etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
TRACER

Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




Copies plans and drawings prepared by others,by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

15

M A IN T E N A N C E

D PO W ERPLA N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casin gs, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
o f stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors >
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer are excluded




.

HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp e cific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items reauiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety or pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
sp ecifica tion s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

16

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
M ILLW RIG H T
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and

installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layour




OILER

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE

Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types o f paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or con sistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipe fittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating system s are excluded

.

17

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

C U S T O D IA L AND M A T E R IA L M O V EM EN T
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

18

LA B O R E R , M ATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C L E R K — Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d e v ice s; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

,

Longshoremen who load and unload ships are excluded

.

ORDER F IL L E R

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d as follow s:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TR U CK D R IV ER

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slip s, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded

.

PA C K E R , SHIPPING

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp e cific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden
boxes or crates are excluded

.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in v oices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s .




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (V/i to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TR U CK ER , POWER

Operates a manually controlled ga soline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of
truck, as follow s:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
'fc U.s. G V R M N P IN IN O
O E N E T R T G FFICE: 1961

0 — 587084







Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25> D.C., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.

A k ro n , O h io — B u ll.

1285N .Y .— B u l l . 1285B u l l . 1285-

A l b a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y ,
A lb u q u e rq u e ,

N.

M e x .—

A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n ,

P a .-N .J .— Bull. 1285Atlanta, Ga.— Bull. 1285Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285- 34
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T ex .— Bull. 1285Birmingham, A la.— Bull. 1285“
Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285Boston, Mass.— Bull. 1285-15
Buffalo, N .Y .— Bull. 1285-31
Burlington, Vt.— Bull. 1285Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285-29
Charleston, W . Va.— Bull. 1285Charlotte, N .C.— Bull. 1285❖ ❖ Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga.— Bull. 1285-14
Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o —K y . — B u l l .

12851285-11
C o l u m b u s , O h i o — B u l l . 1285-38
* * D a l l a s , T e x . — B u l l . 1285-21
❖ ❖

C le v e la n d , O h io — B u ll.

*❖

D a v e n p o r t —R o c k I s l a n d —M o l i n e , I o w a —111.—

Bull. 1285-16
1285*41
D e n v e r , C o l o . — B u l l . 1285-27
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a — B u l l . 1285*
D e t r o i t , M i c h . — B u l l . 1285-37
* * F o r t W o r th , T e x . — B u l l . 1285-23
D a y to n , O h io — B u l l .

* Green Bay, Wis.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S.C .— Bull. 1285Houston, T ex.— Bull. 1285Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285-28
Jackson, M iss.— Bull. 1285Jacksonville, F la.— Bull. 1285-30
* Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans.— Bull. 1285-18
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H.— Bull. 1285* * Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark.— Bull. 1285-6
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif.— Bull. 1285Louisville, Ky.—
Ind.— Bull. 1285Lubbock, T ex.— Bull. 1285* Manchester, N.H.— Bull. 1285-1
Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285-35
Miami, F la.— Bull. 1285-33
Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285*
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285-39
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285Newark and Jersey City, N .J.— Bull. 1285-40
New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285New Orleans, L a .— Bull. 1285New York, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Norfolk—Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va.— Bull. 1285❖ ❖ Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285*3
❖ ❖ Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa— Bull. 1285-13
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N .J.— Bull. 1285❖ ❖ Philadelphia, P a.— Bull. 1285-24
Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-

Pittsburgh, P a.— Bull. 1285❖ Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285-19
Portland, Oreg.—Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence—Pawtucket, R .I.— ass.— Bull. 1285’
M
❖ ❖ Raleigh, N .C .— Bull. 1285-5
Richmond, V a .— Bull. 1285-26
Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285❖ ❖ St. Louis, Mo.—111.— Bull. 1285-10
Salt Lake City, Utah— Bull. 1285-32
San Antonio, Tex.— Bull. 1285❖ San Bernardino—Riverside—Ontario,
C alif.— Bull. 1285-4
San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif.— Bull. 1285*36
Savannah, Ga.— Bull. 1285❖ ❖ Scranton, Pa.— Bull. 1285-8
❖ ❖ Seattle, Wash.— Bull. 1285-7
❖ ❖ ❖ Sioux Falls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285- 17
South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285“

❖ ❖
❖
❖ ❖
❖ ❖

Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285Trenton, N .J.— Bull. 1285-25
Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a .— Bull. 1285-22
Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285“
Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285*20
Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285-9
Wilmington, D el.—N .J.— Bull. 1285-12
Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285*
York, Pa.— Bull. 1285-

An asterisk preceding a labor market in d ica tes the a v a ila b ility and
price of the bu lletin .
P le a s e do not order c o p ie s in advance.

❖
**
***




Price, 20 cents.
Price, 25 cents.
Price, 15 cents.





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102