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Occupational Wage Survey

S A L T L A K E C IT Y , U TA H
D E C E M B E R

B u lle t in




1 9 6 0

N o . 1 2 8 5 -3 2

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagtie, Commissioner




O ccupational Wage S u rv e y
S A L T




L A K E

C IT Y ,

U T A H

D ECEM BER 1960

B u lletin N o . 1 2 8 5 -3 2
February 1961

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagae, CoauaiasioMr

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

P ag e

The B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics r e g u la r ly con d u cts
a r e a w id e w ag e s u r v e y s in a n u m ber o f im p orta n t in d u stria l
c e n t e r s . The s tu d ie s, m a d e fr o m la te fa ll to e a r ly sp rin g ,
r e la t e to o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and r e la te d su p p lem en ta ry
b e n e fits . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on co m p le tio n
o f the study in ea ch a r e a , u su a lly in the m on th fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied. T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s ad d ition a l
data n ot in clu d ed in the e a r lie r r e p o r t .
A co n s o lid a te d
a n a ly tica l b u lle tin su m m a r iz in g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the
y e a r 's s u r v e y s is is s u e d a fte r c o m p le tio n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lletin f o r the c u r r e n t roun d o f s u r v e y s .

In trod u ction

1

T a b le s :
1.

O ccu p a tion a l e a rn in g s: *
A - l . O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s ----------------------------------------------A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s _______
A - 3. M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a t i o n s ------A - 4 . C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o ccu p a tio n s

B:




2

A:

T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o ffic e in San F r a n c is c o , C a l i f ., b y W illia m P . O 'C o n n o r,
under the d ir e c tio n Of John L. Dana, A s s is ta n t R eg ion a l
D ir e c to r f o r W a ges and In d u stria l R e la tio n s .

E sta b lish m en ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y ______—

-4 O ' O '

The C om m u nity W age Su rvey P r o g r a m

E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry
w age p r o v is io n s : *
B - l . Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls ---------------------------------------------------- —
-----— .
8
B -2 .
M inim u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en
o ffic e w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------- —
—
9
B -3 .
S ch eduled w e e k ly h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------9
B -4 . P a id h o l i d a y s _________________________________________________10
B -5 .
P a id v a c a tio n s ---- ----H
B -6 . H ealth, in su ra n ce , and p e n sio n p l a n s -------------- — — —— 13

A pp en dix:

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip tio n s —------------------ ---------------------------------15

* N O TE : S im ila r ta bu la tion s f o r th e se and oth er ite m s a r e
a v a ila b le in the Salt L ake C ity a r e a r e p o r t f o r D e ce m b e r
1951.
A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g date o f study and the p r ic e
o f th is r e p o r t , a s w e ll a s o f r e p o r t s f o r oth er m a jo r a r e a s ,
is a v a ila b le u pon re q u e st.
Union s c a le s , in d ica tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pa y le v e ls
in the Salt L ake C ity a r e a , a r e a ls o a v a ila b le f o r the fo l~
low in g tr a d e s o r in d u str ie s : B u ild ing c o n s tr u c tio n , p rin tin g ,
lo c a l-t r a n s it op era tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s
and h e lp e r s .

iii




Occupational Wage Survuy—Salt Lake City, Utah

Introduction
T h is a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p orta n t in d u stria l c e n te rs in
w hich the U. S. D epartm en t o f L ab or*s B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics has
con d u cted su r v e y s o f o ccu p a tio n a l earn in g s and re la te d w age b en efits
on an a rea w id e b a s is . In this a r e a , data w e re obtain ed b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p re s e n ta tiv e e sta b lish m en ts
w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s :
M an ufacturin g; tr a n s p o r t a tio n ,1
com m u n ica tion , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il
tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in ­
d u stry g rou p s e x clu d ed fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e g ov ern m en t op e ra tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u str ie s . E sta b lish m en ts having
fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m ber o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itted a ls o b e c a u se
th ey fu rn ish in su ffic ie n t em p loym en t in the occu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r ­
rant in clu s io n . W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , sep a ra te tabu lation s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r e a ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h ese su r v e y s a r e con du cted on a sa m p le b a sis b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e ce s s a ry c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv ey in g a ll esta b lis h m e n ts. To obtain
a p p ro p ria te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la rg e
than o f s m a ll e sta b lish m en ts is studied. In com b in in g the data, h ow ­
e v e r , a ll esta b lish m en ts a r e g iven th e ir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t. E stim a tes
b a se d on the esta b lish m en ts stud ied a r e p r e s e n te d , th e r e fo r e , as r e ­
latin g to a ll esta b lish m en ts in the in d u stry g rou pin g and a r e a , e x ­
cep t f o r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.
O ccu p ation s and E arn in gs
The occu p a tion s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u factu rin g and nonm an ufacturin g in d u str ie s . O ccu p a tion a l c l a s ­
s ific a tio n is b a se d on a u n ifo rm s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esig n ed to
take a ccou n t o f in te re sta b lish m e n t v a r ia tio n in du ties w ithin the sa m e
jo b . (See appendix f o r lis tin g o f th ese d e s c r ip t i o n s .) E a rn in gs data a re
p r e se n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b les) f o r the fo llo w in g types o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a) O ffice c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c) m a in te ­
nan ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) cu stod ia l and m a te r ia l m ov em en t.

la te sh ifts.
N on production bon u ses a re ex clu d ed a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g bon u ses and in cen tiv e earn in gs a r e in clu ded .
W here w eekly
h ou rs a r e r e p o rte d , as fo r o ffic e c le r i c a l occu p a tio n s, r e fe r e n c e is
to the w ork sch ed u les (roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) f o r w hich
s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s a re pa id; a v e ra g e w eek ly earn ings f o r th ese
o ccu p a tion s have been rounded to the n e a r e s t h alf d o lla r .
A v e ra g e earn in gs o f m en and w om en a re p r e se n te d sep a ra tely
f o r s e le c t e d occu p a tion s in w hich both s e x e s a r e co m m o n ly em p loyed .
D iffe r e n c e s in pa y le v e ls o f m en and w om en in th ese occu p a tion s a re
la r g e ly due to (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d istrib u tion o f the s e x e s am ong
in d u stries and esta b lish m en ts; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the occu p a tion s a r e a p p ro p ria te ly c la s s ifie d within
the sa m e su r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in length o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w when in dividu al s a la r ie s a r e adju sted on this b a s is .
L o n g e r a v era g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ould r e su lt in h igh er a v era g e pay
when both se x e s a r e em p loy ed within the sa m e rate ran ge.
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese su rv e y s a re u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in dividu al estab lish m en ts to
a llow fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong esta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific duties
p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p ation a l em p loym en t estim a tes r e p re s e n t the total in a ll
esta b lish m en ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m ber a ctu ­
a lly su rv e y e d . B e ca u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tion a l stru c tu re am ong
esta b lish m en ts, the e stim a te s o f o ccu p a tion a l em p loym en t obtained
fr o m the sa m p le o f esta b lish m en ts studied s e r v e on ly to in dicate the
r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s studied.
T h ese d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
pa tion al stru ctu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
ings data.
E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and S u pplem en tary W age P r o v is io n s

In form a tion is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c te d esta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su pplem en tary b en efits as they r e ­
late to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
The te r m no ffic e w o r k e r s , " as u sed
O ccu p ation a l em p loym en t and ea rn in g s data a r e show n fo r
in this bu lletin , in clu d es w orkin g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th ose h ir e d to w ork a re g u la r w eek ly s c h e d ­
w o rk e r s p e r fo r m in g c le r i c a l o r rela ted fu n ction s, and ex clu d es ad m in ­
u le in the g iven occu p a tion a l c la s s ific a tio n .
E a rn in gs data ex clu d e
is tr a tiv e , e x e cu tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r so n n e l. "P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r tim e and f o r w ork on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
clude w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o rk e r s (in cluding le a d m en and tra in e e s ) engaged in n o n o ffic e fu n ction s.
A d m in istra tiv e ,
e
1
R a ilr o a d s , fo r m e r ly ex clu d ed fr o m the s c o p e o f th ese stu d ies,x e cu tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e -a c c o u n t c o n s tru ctio n
e m p lo y e e s who a r e u tiliz e d as a sep a ra te w ork f o r c e a r e ex clu d ed .
w e re in clu d ed in a ll o f the a r e a s stud ied s in c e July 1959, e x ce p t
C a fe te ria w o rk e r s and rou tem en a r e ex clu d ed in m anu factu ring in d u s­
B a ltim o r e , B u ffa lo, C levela n d , and S ea ttle.
R a ilr o a d s a re now in ­
t r ie s , but a re in clu d ed as plant w o rk e r s in nonm anufacturing in d u strie s .
clu d ed in the s c o p e o f a ll la b o r -m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s .




2

T a b le

1.

E s t a b lis h m e n t s

and w o rk e rs

w it h in

scope

o f su rv e y

and n u m b er

s tu d ie d in

S a lt L a k e

C it y ,

U ta h , 1 b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d iv is io n , 2 D e c e m b e r

W o rk e rs

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
I n d u s try d iv is io n

in

W it h in

e s t a b lis h ­

m e n ts

in

scope

scope

o f s tu d y

A 1J d iv is io n s

-------

_

.

-------

---------

W it h in

scope

in

I9 6 0

e s t a b lis h m e n t s

o f s tu d y

S t u d ie d

S t u d ie d

of

O f f ic e

T o t a l4

s tu d y 3

P la n t

T o t a l4

50

T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n ,
o t h e r p u b lic u t i lit ie s 5
W h o le s a le

T he

s iz e

2

1 2 ,9 6 0

193

67

3 1 ,9 5 0

7 ,1 5 0

1 8 ,7 0 0

1 9 ,5 4 0

1 0 ,6 0 0

2 ,3 0 0

33

16

41

13

4 ,2 0 0

60

1 0 ,4 0 0
3 ,1 5 0

S a lt L a k e

50

a n d r e a l e s ta te
. .

C it y

a n d c o m p o s it io n

la b o r

m a n u f a c t u r in g ,

3 2 ,5 0 0

1 2 ,0 0 0

50

S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n
o f th e

o r le v e ls

la b o r f o r c e

s in c e

m a rk e t

w age

su rv e y s

a n d th e t r a n s f e r o f r a d io

I n c lu d e s

a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s

S t a t is t ic a l A r e a

in c lu d e d

(1 ) p la n n in g

in

o f w age

31

9

( S a lt

s u rv e y .

su rv e y s

L a k e
T he

r e q u ir e s

p r io r

to

J u ly

1958)

b r o a d c a s t in g

e m p lo y m e n t

at

o r

th e

th e

fo r

one

T a x ic a b s a n d s e r v ic e s
T h is in d u s t r y d iv is io n
o r m o re

p r e s e n t a t io n ,
7

(3 )

H o t e ls ;




o f th e

f o llo w in g

re sp o n se
p e rso n a l

w as

re a so n s:

(1)

in s u f f ic ie n t

s e r v ic e s ;

b u s in e s s

E m p lo y m e n t in
o r

in a d e q u a t e

s e r v ic e s ;

to

th e

d iv is io n

p e r m it

a u t o m o b ile

is

to o

se p a ra te

r e p a ir

to

se p a ra te
and
s m a ll

in

o f

th e

m o tio n

s tu d y "

se rve

as

e s t a b lis h m e n t s

p a s t e u r iz a t io n

p la n t s

9 ,2 2 0

(*)
(*)
m

5 ,5 0 0

o u t le t s

( w it h in

(‘

e s t im a t e s
a

by

and

c o m m u n ic a t io n ,

A ll

b a s is
in

1 ,6 4 0

o f

advance

in d u s t r y
o th e r

th e

a re a )

o f

th e

d iv is io n .

r e a d y - m ix e d
and

show n

t h is

t a b le

w ith

p a y r o ll
M a jo r

c o n c re te

p u b lic
o f

in

c o m p a r is o n

a re a

a

r e a s o n a b ly

ch anges

a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n

e m p lo y m e n t

s tu d ie d ,
fro m

e s t a b lis h m e n t s

u t ilit ie s

c o m p a n ie s

p r o v id e

o th e r
p e r io d

1 .8 8 0
1 ,3 0 0

and

th e

fro m

(2 )

in d e x e s
s m a ll

e a r lie r

tra d e

to

m e a s u re

e s t a b lis h m e n t s

e d itio n

( w h o le s a le

(u se d
o r

in

r e t a il)

th e
to

d iv is io n .
in

such

in d u s t r ie s

as

tra d e ,

f in a n c e ,

a u to

r e p a ir

a n d p la n t c a t e g o r ie s .

" n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g "
to

o f

to

c o n s id e r a b ly

lim it a t io n .

o ffic e

scope

h o w e v e r,

c la s s if y in g

m ilk

p r o v id e

p r e s e n t a t io n ,

shops;

w it h in

5 ,4 0 0
/4\

(!)

3 ,6 0 0

c o m p ile d

t r a n s p o r t a t io n ,

m in im u m - s iz e

in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s "

"w o rk e rs

n o t in t e n d e d ,

tra n s fe r

s e r v ic e s

s e r v ic e r a n d m o t io n - p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s
1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4
I n c lu d e s e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e
*
4

T he
a re

o f e s t a b lis h m e n t d a t a

M a n u a l w as u sed

a re

fro m

above

C o u n ty ).

e s t im a t e s

th e u s e

I n d u s t r ia l C la s s if ic a t io n

c o n d u c te d

a n d t e le v is io n

w ith t o t a l

th e

28

19
10

50

------

e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2
T h e 1 9 5 7 r e v is e d e d itio n o f th e S ta n d a r d

B u r e a u 's

3 0 ,7 0 0

2 ,8 0 0

50

e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s
a re

9 ,9 5 0

1 8 ,5 0 0

50

tra d e

F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e ,
S e r v ic e s 7

1

5 0 ,4 5 0

36

and

R e t a il tr a d e

o f th e

103

92

50

N o n m a .r iiif a .c t ii r i n g

285

50

(4)

enough
th e re

is

in

th e

d a ta

to

s e r ie s
m e r it

p o s s ib ilit y

p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f it

o f

A

and

B

s e p a ra te

t a b le s .
s tu d y ,

d is c lo s u r e

m e m b e r s h ip

o f

S e p a ra te
(2 )

th e

in d iv id u a l

o r g a n iz a t io n s ;

and

p r e s e n t a t io n

s a m p le

w as

e n g in e e r in g

o f

not

e s t a b lis h m e n t
and

d a ta

fo r

d e s ig n e d

t h is

d iv is io n

in it ia lly

to

d a ta .
a r c h ite c t u r a l

s e r v ic e s .

is

p e r m it

not

m ade

s e p a ra te

3
Shift d iffe r e n t ia l data (ta ble B - l ) a r e lim ite d to m a n u fa ctu rin g
in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in te r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o lic y , * p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f to ta l plan t w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m en t, and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s is o f w o r k e r s
a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the su r v e y .
In e sta b lis h m e n ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am oun t ap plying to
a m a jo r it y w as u se d o r , i f no am ount a p p lied to a m a jo r ity , the c l a s ­
s ific a t io n " o t h e r " w as u sed .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich s o m e la t e sh ift h ou rs a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d on ly
i f it ap p lied to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u r s .

M in im u m en tra n ce ra te s (ta ble B -2 ) r e la te on ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts v is it e d .
T h ey a r e p r e s e n te d on an e sta b lis h m e n t, ra th er
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and
h ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n plan s a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the
b a s is that th e se a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll plan t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s if a m a ­
jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y ev en tu a lly q u a lify f o r the
p r a c t ic e s lis te d . S ch ed u led h ou rs a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is
that th e se a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y
a r e c o v e r e d . 3 B e c a u s e o f roun din g, su m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in th ese
ta bu la tion s m a y not equ al to ta ls .
The f i r s t p a rt o f the p a id h olid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r o f w h ole and h a lf h o lid a y s a c tu a lly p r o v id e d .
The s e c o n d p a rt
c o m b in e s w h ole and h a lf h olid a y s to sh ow tota l h o lid a y t i m e .

D ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h ealth , in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n
pla n s f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
e x ce p tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ire m e n ts su ch as w o r k m e n ^ c o m p e n sa tio n ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such p la n s in clu d e th ose
u n d erw ritten b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n ce com p a n y and th o se p r o v id e d
th rou gh a u nion fund o r p a id d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r re n t
op e r a tin g funds o r fr o m a fund s e t a s id e f o r this p u r p o s e .
D eath
b en e fits a r e in clu d e d as a fo r m o f life in s u r a n ce .
S ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce is lim ite d to that type o f in ­
su r a n ce u n d er w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d ca s h p a ym en ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in s u r e d on a w eek ly o r m on th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch p la n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s .
H o w e v e r , in N ew Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich
have en a cted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n ce la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 pla n s a r e in clu d e d o n ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
tr ib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n ts o f the law . T abu lation s
o f p a id s i c k - le a v e pla n s a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l pla n s 9 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r fs p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e fr o m w ork
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S ep a ra te ta bu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
(1) p la n s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y and no w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) plans
p r o v id in g e ith e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In ad d ition to the
p r e s e n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lica ted tota l is
show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p es o f b e n e fits .

The s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p la n s is lim ite d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n ts , ex clu d in g in fo r m a l plans w h e r e b y tim e o ff w ith p a y is g ra n ted
at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep a ra te e s tim a te s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e fn p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com p u tin g v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts , su ch
as tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , o r fla t -s u m am ou n ts.
H ow e v e r, in the tabu lation s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , p a ym en ts not on
a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r te d ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a ym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as the eq u iv a len t o f 1 w e e k ’ s pay.

C a ta strop h e in s u r a n ce , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to as ex ten ded
m e d ic a l in s u r a n ce , in clu d e s th o se p la n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s bey on d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s.
M e d ic a l in s u r a n ce r e fe r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le te o r p a r tia l
p a y m en t o f d o c t o r s 1 f e e s . Such pla n s m a y b e u n d e rw ritte n b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in su r a n ce c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y be
s e lf-in s u r e d . T ab u lation s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n s io n pla n s a r e lim ite d to
th o se pla n s that p r o v id e m on th ly p a ym en ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life .

2 An e sta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as having a p o li c y if it m e t
e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g c o n d itio n s: (1) O p era ted la te sh ifts at the tim e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts.
3 S ch ed u led w eek ly h ou rs f o r o ffic e w o r k e r s (fir s t s e c tio n o f
ta b le B -3 ) in s u r v e y s m a d e p r i o r to Ju ly 1957 w e r e p r e s e n te d in
te r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w om en o f f ic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o ffic e s
w ith the in d ica te d w eek ly h ou rs f o r w om en w o r k e r s .

4 The t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lifo r n ia and R h ode Islan d
do n o t r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s .
5 A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as h aving a fo r m a l p la n if
it e s ta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er o f da ys o f S ick le a v e that
co u ld be e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . Such a p la n n e e d n ot b e w ritten ,
but in fo r m a l s i c k - le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is ,
w e r e e x clu d e d .




A* Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Salt Lake City, Utah, December I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Atuaoi
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
warkm

W
eekly
Weekly ^ 0 .0 0 ^ 5 . 00
and
(minpl
hours*
(Standard) (Standard) under
45. 00 50. 00

S.00
o

*55.00 *60. 00 *65. 00 *70. 00 *75. 00 *80. 00 *85. 00 *90. 00 *95.00 1*00.00 ?05.00 f i o . o o f 15.00 f 20 00 f 25.00
and
55.00 60.00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80.00 85.0 0 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 over

Men
4 0 .0
46. 0
40. 5

$101.00
163.00
99.50

Clerks, accounting, class A ---------------Manufacturing----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing-----------------------------

97
49
48

Clerks, accounting, class B ----------------

30

4 0 .5

81.50

-

Clerks, order ---------------------------------------Manufacturing ---- -----------------------------Nonmanufacturing-----------------------------

103
37
66

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

86.00
99.00
79.00

_
-

-

-

-

Clerks, p a y r o ll-------------------------------------

26

4 0 .0

100.50

_

39

4 0 .0

56.50

3 9.5
~3975“

110.50
168.06

Office b o y s ---------------------------------- ---------Tabulating -machine operators, class A
VnnTin^mifartiiring___________________

-------

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

3
3

3
3
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

11

2

7

2

9

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

10

-

1
1
-

23
1
22

-

1

3

2

_

_

-

-

-

-

11
3
8

17
17

9

-

9

8

-

2
1
1

12
1
11

12
8
4

-

-

5

_

1

1

_

_

_

9
2
7

1

2

4

-

-

1

14
14

4
4

_

2

2

-

6
4
2

2
2

1

-

-

-

1

1

3

1

6

4

_

6

1

1

1

_

1

_

1

1

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

’

1
1

3
3

6
6

-

1
1

3
-

4
2

6

13

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

*
_
-

13
V

3

2
1

5
5

2
2

1
1

4
4

3
3

-

13
4

15
14

7
4

-

-

-

_

_

-

1
1

9
6

17
13

12
11

22
18

68
66

31
24

12
12

3
-

4
2
2

15
3
12

10
2
8

17
12
5

6
1
5

5
1
4

15
11
4

1
1

31
19
12

7
7

5
5
-

1
1

-

"

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
2
3

. .

14

-

-

_

_

B illers, machine (billing machine) -------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------

45
33

4 0 .0
40. 0

64.50
66.50

1
1

2
2

10
8

8
4

7
2

Billers, machine (bookkeeping machine)
Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------

76
60

4 0 .0
40. 0

59.00
58.00

1
1

7
7

21
21

12
9

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A
Nonmanufacturing_____________________

78
66

4 0 .5
40. 5

75.50
76.50

.

-

-

1
1

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B
Nonmanufacturing - ■- .......... ................

230
216

4 0 .0
40. 0

54.50
54.66

1
1

54
54

Clerks, accounting, class A -------------------Manufacturing-------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------

77
35
42

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0

80.00
83.66
78.00

-

Clerks, accounting, class B --------- ---------Manufacturing-------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------

236
64
172

4 0 .0
40. 0
3 9 .5

60.00
54.56"
59.00

-

Clerks, file, class B ------------------------------Nonmanufacturing —------------- ----------------

228
127

4 0 .0
40. 0

Clerks, order ------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------

44
31

Clerks, p a y r o ll----------------------------------------Manufacturing-------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing_____________________

92

8
-------5“
3

1

14
12

87.00
8330"

9
7
2

21
3
18

8
6

4 0 .0
373773”

1
1

9
9

_

-

15
7
8

2
2

58
34

Tabulating-machine operators, class B
Nonmanufacturing-----------------------------

1
1

-

_

Women

See footnote




at end of table.

------ J T ~
59

_

61
59

_

-

4
4

1
1

■

-

-

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

27
3
24

44
6
38

42
9

1

33

48
10
38

29
rr~
17

54.50
49.56

36
32

34
31

56
47

17
9

57
4

27
3

-

1
1

4 0 .0
40. 0

53.50
52.50

13
13

7
6

9
6

4
4

4
4

3

-

-

-

-

"

4
4

4 0 .5
40. 0
4 0 .5

72.50
74.50
71.50

_

_

1

-

-

-

6
1
5

15
5
10

13
3

19
6
13

20
16
10

9
6
3

1

1

-

10

_

-

9
9

-

2
2

_

.

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

-

“

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

2

-

-

-

5
Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Salt Lake City, Utah, December I960)
A
tiuqi
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N me
u b r
o
f
w rk rs
o e

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

S
*4 00 *45. 00 *50. 00 *55. 00 *60. 00 *65. 00 70. 00 *75. 00 *80. 00 *85. 00 *90. 00 *95. 00 foo. 00 ?05.00 fio . 00 f 15. 00 ?20.00 125.00
0.
We
e kly
hu 1
o rs
and
(Stan ard
d
)(Stan ard under
d
)
and
45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100. 00 105.00 110. 00 115.00 120.00 125.00 over

W omen— Continued

1
Comptometer operators ---------------------------------------------------- 22
Nonmanufacturing ------------ -------------- --------------------- 109

40. 0 $61.50
40. 0 60. 00

--------------------------- 199
Keypunch operators — -----------------------Manufacturing -------------------------- _ --------------------_
52
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------147
Public utilities 2 -------------------------------------------------------27

40. 0
40. 0

Secretaries ----- --------------------------- — — --------------------- 380
Manufacturing -------------— — — ------------------------ ----97
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------283
Public utilities2 --------- ------------- ----------------------81

40. 0 80. 00
40. 0 80.50
40. 0 80. 00
40. 0 88.50

48. 50
47. 50

10
10

-

-

22

10
7

19
_

6

-

-

12
1
4
1
1
45

41. 0
41. 0

60. 50
59. 00

1
1

22
22

40. 0 64.00
62.50
40. 0
64. 50
40. 0

_

9
3
6

98
Switchboard operator-receptionists -------------------------Manufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ -_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 28
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
—
70
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------- —
—
34
Transcribing-machine operators, general -----------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------13

40. 0
40. 0

-

Typists, class A ---------------------------------------------------------------299
Manufacturing — -----------------------------------------------------------79
220
Nonmanufacturing ------ -------------------------------------------Public utilities2 --------------— -------------------------------- 55

64. 00
40. 0
40. 0 70.00
61. 50
39. 5
40. 0 70. 50

154
Typists, class B -----------------— --------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------87

40. 0
40. 0

55. 50
49. 50

2

_

25
22

2
6
15
15

34
8
26
-

45
27
4

10
6

1

39
15
24
7

1
1
4
7
1

12
3
9
3

5

1

-

1
1

_

1
1

_

_

-

-

10

41
10
31
4

61
19
42
8

46
20
26
11

46
14
32
9

34
7
27
9

79
31
48
6

57
28
29
1
1

46
23
23
15

7

7

1

9
7

2
1

_

5
3
2

-

1

-

24
3
21
5
65
17
48
9
13
10

22
3
19
5
1

5
1

10

17
17

66
14
52

21
13

3
1

14
8

11
2

13
7

6
6
8

6
1

54
20
34
17

29

34

_

1

_

-

-

-

7

6

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

4

-

-

-

"

-

-

_

1

-

6
5
1
1

_

9

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

_

_
-

-

_

8
1
1

-

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

1
_

-

-

.

1
1

_
-

_

.
-

_
-

-

-

.

_
1

1
_

-

1
-

1

3

-

_

1

3

-

_

-

-

7

-

-

_

_

3

-

4

_
_

-

-

7

9
-

-

7

3
6
4

_
_

_

10

3

_

-

_

9

-

_

-

_

9
9

5

4

_

_

8
8

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




_

“

4
-

1

_

-

8
-

_

1

-

_

5

1
1

-

-

18
3
1
5
3

6

_

2

-

-

_
_
_

_

_
-

-

_
_

_
-

7
7

2

2
16
1
1

_
_

4

-

18

1

-

1
-

-

4
-

_
-

60
21
39
7

-

5

14
26
22

2

7

1
1

40

-

49
18

49

1
1

-

3

21
5
16

8

49
49

9
9

_

16
13

41

5
5

2

7
2

-

8

24
14
10

6
1
5

_

-

65. 00
69.00

49
18

-

-

12

-

,_

13

1

-

68.50
69.00
68. 00
79. 00

30
12
18

2
_

10
10

3

3

3

_

-

24
1
23
1

17
17

3
1

39
2
37
12

10
10

4
Stenographers, general ---------------------------------------------------- 24
40. 0
40. 0
Manufacturing -------------— -------- — -------------— ----137
40. 0
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------------- 287
Public utilities 2 ------------------------------------------------------93 40. 0
Switchboard operators — — — — — -------------------------- 110
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------90

19
25

18

1
1
-

.. 39.5 _ 64. 50
40. 0 68.00
63.50
39. 5
40. 0
63.50

Office girls _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 46
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------34

8
8

-

“

-

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

_

6
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division* Salt Lake City, Utah, December I960)
Avuuox
N m er
u b
w rk
o er!

Sex, occupation, and industry division

number

75.00 80. 00
£■
w d rd 2 «d rd and
h
ta
(S n a ) (S n a ) under
ta
80.00 .M , 00

or workers ?scsra*a

straight-time weekly saw ings

or

•
S
*
$
1
1
t
95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 fl5 . 00 120.00 125. 00 130. 00 135. 00 140. 00
$

85. 00

90. 00

90. 00

95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120. 00 125. 00 130.00 135. 00 140. 00 145. 00

Men
Draftsmen, senior
.... .
_.
Manufacturing
........... .
Nonmanufacturing
_ .
..
Public utilities 2 .......................
Draftsmen, junior

__ _

_

93
64
29
27

. .
.
___

4 0.0 $107.50
40. 0
107.50
40. 0
108.00
40. 0
109.50
4 0 .0

109

-

87.00

3
3

5
5

-

_

-

9
7
2
-

-

3

27

45

-

-

5
1
4
4

17
16
1
1

19
6
13
13

8
4
4
4

25

7

1

1

_

11
8
3
3

T
~

6
------

1
1

_

2
1
1
1

5
5

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

.

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tiipe salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Salt Lake City, Utah, December I960)
• -

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNING8 OF—
Num
ber
of
worken

O ccupation and industry division

s
i

C a rp enters, m aintenance
Manufacturing __

62

Average
hourly . $ 1. 70
earning!
and
under
1.80
_

$

1.80

*1. 90

1.90

2. 00

$

2. 00
2. 10

$

2. 10

*2. 20

*2. 30

* 2 .4 0

*2. 50

* 2 .6 0

2. 20

2. 30

2.40

2. 50

2. 60

2.70

$2.77
2.79

-

1
-

' “

1
1

-

1
-

1
'

"

2
1

2
2

3
-

5
4

1
-

-

6
5

1
1

E le c t r ic ia n s , maintenance
M anufacturing .

85
68

2.75
2.79

.
-

E n gin eers, stationary

25

2.75

-

.

-

.

-

-

-

5

_

F irem en , stationary b o ile r

38

2. 25

_

_

2

16

_

_

11

_

183
122
61
57

2. 35
2.41
2. 23
2. 25

1
1
-

4
4
-

9
9
-

17
1
16
15

10
2
8
7

6
2
4
3

34
2
32
32

88
82

2 .82
2.84

_

.

.

-

_

-

2
2

265
201
182

2.71
2.75
2.78

-

-

.
-

3
3
-

-

16
9
9

—f
T

2. 77
2.76

_

_

_

_

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

.

.

_

_

.

"

■

"

‘

■

H elp ers, trades . maintenance
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
P ublic utilities 2 M achinists, maintenance
Manufacturing

_

_ ... _

_

M ech an ics, autom otive (m a in te n a n c e )_______
Nonmanufacturing
P ublic utilities 2
_ M echanics, maintenance —
M anufacturing
_
T o o l and die m akers
M anufacturing __

.

_
_
__

100
-----32
32

3. 01
..'3.6l

-

2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




-

6
~5------

S

2. 70

S
2.80

2.80

2. 90

3
-

30
----- J5

S

2. 90

3. 00
4
----- 3-----

<

3. 00

S
3. 10

3. 10

3. 20

7
7

3. 20

S
3. 30

S
3.40
and

3. 30

3.40

over

s

1
_

-

1
-

_

_

1

8
8

7
-

34
34

-

.
-

4

10

1

4

_

_

_

9

.

_

.

.

.

.

.

63
63
-

39
39
-

.
-

.
-

.
“

"

-

-

-

1
1

.

9
7

18
14

3
3

1

31
31

23
23

_

_

-

-

-

21
20
12

9
4
4

12
3
3

54
14
14

30
30
30

4

2

114
114
108

2
2
-

-

_
-

_

10

35
-----

17
-

10
10

14
14

_

_

_

-

10
9

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

■

■

■

■

"

4
4

9
9

5
5

4
------ 3—

_ _16—
n

6

i

1

6
-------g—

13

~n—

1
1

_
.

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

■

“

7
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Salt Lake City, Utah, December I960)
NUMBER 07 WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$1 .

10

1 . 20

*1 .

*1.80

*1.90

1. 30

1.40

1 .50

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2.00

_

_

t

"

-

2
2

Janitors, p o rte rs , and clea n ers ( m e n ) _______
Manufacturing
_
— ------Nonmanufacturing ____
Public u tilit ie s 3 _ _
_

407
117

1.65
1 . 63
1.58
1.84

7
7

41
41
-

42
42
4

9

34

29

7

24

18
4

L a b o re rs , m aterial handling ____
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing __
—
Public u t ilit ie s 3
__
___

634

6

-

16
-

6

16
-

_
-

25
24

-

50
50
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

11

6

2

1

1

_
3

2
9
9 --------2
-

O rder fille r s — -----Nonmanufacturing
P a ck ers, shipping

---- __

433
227

----------__

158

1.86

— m ~

i:8 7

34

1. 64

83

___

2
------- 2—

1.98
ITS 5

-

4
--------r ~

_

.

-

-

2.10

.

T .D 7

-

i
-

2. 26

2. 1 6
2. 28
2.4 2

.
-

57
164

2. 07
1 . 98
2 . 10

_
-

-

T ru ck d rivers, m edium ( l 1/* to and
including 4 t o n s ) --------------------------------------Manufacturing __
—
_—
Nonmanufacturing _
- —
Public u tilit ie s 3 ......................................

402
----- "33
348
276

2. 25
“ 7713
2. 27
2 .40

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) ------— - — _
Manufacturing
---- ---Nonmanufacturing
-------

—

Receiving cle rk s .
Nonmanufacturing
Shipping cle rk s __
Nonmanufacturing

__ —

—

----

— __

---—
---- __
---------------------------------------

Shipping and receivin g cle r k s
Manufacturing
__
—

it

41
-------31

__
—

---------

53
W ~

T ru ckd river s 4 ________________________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing __ . . .
Public u tilit ie s 3 __ —

1, 072
" a t
740
510

T ru ck d rivers, light (under l 1/* t o n s ) _____
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing — _
__
_
~ __

221

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than trailer type) __
---Truckers, power (forklift) ----------Manufacturing — ------Nonmanufacturing
—
—
Watchmen _
Manufacturing

- - — —
---------

------- —
---------------------------------------------

2 .11
'2 7 0 5 ...

174
2. 37
30“ ' ... 2: 28" ■
134
2.40
239

74
-------5S
36
100
79

2.32
2. 10
2 .15 ~
2.06
1.74
1.63

-

2

-

2
-

2

10

2

1

1

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

21
12

8

11

1

13

11

>
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

12

26
14

66
21

71
zs
45
7

1

_

-

-

2

33

22
11

20
-

12

12

-

-

21

16
16
12

3

45
-

—

45

4

----- ZB

2

2
3
-------- 3

—

2
2

10

11
6

10
6

l

“

_
-

_

-

_
“

1

_
-

49
49
-

10

25

4

21
6

-

15
-

13
-

20

18

12
8

-

51
24
27

23

20

2
2

13
4
9

15

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

29
29
-

8
2
6
-

3
3
-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

■

6
12

8
8

-

14

12
10
10
-

12

4

11
11
74
36
44
3

6

9
-

8

-

8

8
--------j —
50

8

42

2

5
3

1

2
2
118
87
31

10

_

.

.

2
2
1

4
-------2

1
-

-

-

8

5

_

------- 8 -------- 4 ------- 9
7—
g—
Z“

1
1
8
------- g—
49
29

20
7

11

--------

5
---------5-

-

-

-

*

62

371
371

54
54

3
3
-

27
27

7

71

5

70

4
4
-

58

1

4

28
24
4
"

48
45

224
224
224

20
20

27
lo
17

14
5
9

22
22
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

69

3

4
4

_

16

_

-

7
7
-

27

-

_
"

_

-

_
-

21

-

8

_

8

“

27
----- IE — —

13
rz

1
-------j-----

"

2
------- z—

2

1

8

1

_

“

-

1
1

-

-

24
24

29
29

3
3
-

27
27

110

53

4

-

-

10

9
6
4

1

_

_

1

"

”

15
15

“

“

10

6

14
2

■

4

-

-

1

”

-

2

372

6
8

_

_

.

209
144
65
62

16

-

“

_
_

-

7
7
2

4

------- 1—
_

4

4
4

8

_
-

_

6
2

15

_
_

_
“

1
3
-------- j - ------- 1
----

204
13
191
191

_

-

rr~

23
23
-

_

.

12

-

1
1

8

-

—

-

6

------- 3—

_

6

5

2

44
57
------- 33“ ------ I T 14
30
2
27

-

1

6

9
7

50
9
--------? W ~ -----50—
12
1

1

4
4

2

6

2.8Q

32

_
-

4

7Q..-

-

“

-

-L

.

11
1
10

-

-

.

$
2.70

-

-

1

j u a

$
2.60

48
13
35

_

1

$
2. 50

-

_

-

$

58
38

.
-

2 . 10

“

2

1

--------- r -

$

55
4
51

-

5
---------5“

1 Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
1
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




11

_

_
“

2

2. 50

*1.70

2

___

2,40

.

* 1 . 60

1
1

-

2.30

.

$1. 50

43
43

IU I

2 . 20

_

*1.40

$ 1 .0 5
1.65

2.05
2. < 1
5
2.08
2.40

$
2.40

*1.30

48
48

62

$
2 .3 0

20

E levator op era tors, passen ger ( w o m e n ) _____
Nonmanufacturing
. ..
—

290

2 . 20

o

Average $
hourly 2 1.00
earnings
and
under
1 . 10

o
o

Num
ber
of
workers

O ccup ation 1 and industry division

3
-------3—

1

-

-




B : Establishment Practices and Supplementary W a g e Provisions

Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant workers by type and amount of differential,
Salt Lake City, Utah, D ecem ber I960)
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—

Shift differential

In establishm ents having form al
provisions 1 for—
Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

8 2 .4

6 5 .1

Actually working on—

Second shift

Third or other
shift

1 5 .5

6 .4

--------------------------------

7 6 .6

5 9 .3

1 4 .2

5 .5

-----------------------------

5 7 .4

4 6 .5

1 2 .2

5 .5

5 cents -------------------------------------------------------6 cents ——--------------------------------------------- ----7 z cents --------------------------------------------------l/
8 cents —--- --------- ---------------- -- -- -10 cents ----------------------------------------------------11 cents ----------------------------------------------------12 cents ----------------------------------------------------15 cents ----------------------------------------- --—-----16 cents -----------------------------------------------------

3 5 .9
2 .0
3 .6
5 .5
7 .3
3. 1

3 .4

6 .6
.3
.6
1.1
2 .2
1 .5
-

Uniform p e rc e n ta g e ------------------------- — ----------

1 1 .7

5 percent ----------------------------------------------------10 percent -------------------------------------------------15 percent --------------------------------------------------

1 0 .0
1 .7

"

8 .2
4 .6

-

-

8 hours* pay for 71/* hours w o r k -------Other provisions for full days* pay
for reduced hours -----------------------------

3. 1

-

-

-

4 .4

"

~

“

No shift pay d iffe r e n t ia l -------------------------------

5 .8

5 .8

1 .3

.9

With shift pay differential
Uniform cents (per hour)

-

-

-

1
Includes establishm ents currently operating late shifts,
even though they were not currently operating late shifts.

-

3 .6
-

1 7 .0
-

1 .4
1 7 .7
3 .2
1 2 .8
-

.2
-

1. 7
-

-

.4
2 .7
.5

2 .0

-

-

1 .9
.1

-

and establishm ents with form al provisions covering late shifts

9
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W orkers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office workers, Salt Lake City, Utah, December I960)
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly salary 1

All
industries

Other inexperienced clerical workers 2
Nonmanufacturing

All
schedules

40

All
schedules

Manufacturing
All
industries

Based on standard weekly hours '5 of—

A ll
schedules

40

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—
40

All
schedules

40

------------

103

36

XXX

67

XXX

103

36

XXX

67

XXX

Establishments having a specified minimum ----------------------------

Establishments studied ------------------ ----------------------------

38

18

18

20

17

49

22

22

27

24

and under $ 42. 50 -------------------------------------------------------___________
and under $ 45. 00 — ------------------ —
and unde r $ 47. 50 -------------------------------------------------------and under $ 5 0 .0 0 -------------------------------------------------------and under $ 52. 50 ------------------------ ------- ------- ------and under $ 55. 00 -------------------------------------------------------and under $ 57. 50 -------------------------------------------------------and under $ 6 0 .0 0 — „ __ __ — __ — __ — — ~
and under $ 6 2 .5 0
- ------- __ ------- — -----------------and over —
— — ------------------ — — — — — —

12
5
1
1
7
1
3
4
2
2

5
1
_
1
3
1
1
4
1
1

5
1
1
3
1
1
4
1
1

7
4
1
4
2
1
1

7
3
3
2
1
1

16
4
4
1
10
3
3
4
2
2

7
1
2
4
2
1
3
1
1

7
1
2
4
2
1
3
1
1

9
3
2
1
6
1
2
1
1
1

9
2
1
1
5
1
2
1
1
1

Establishments having no specified minimum
— — — — —
Establishments which did not employ workers
in this category — — — — — ------- — — — __ — — — —

24

2

XXX

22

XXX

24

2

XXX

22

XXX

41

16

XXX

25

XXX

30

12

XXX

18

XXX

$ 40. 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 45. 00
$ 47. 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 60. 00
$ 62. 50

1 Lowest salary rate form ally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
2 Rates applicable to m essengers, office g irls, or sim ilar subclerical jobs are not considered.
3 Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries.
Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the most common workweek reported.

Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift workers, Salt Lake City, Utah, December I960)
PLAN T W O RK ERS

O F FICE W O R K E R S

Weekly hours
A ll industries1

All workers

— -------------------

-----------

—

__

-----------------

hours ---------- __ — —
---------- -----------------3 7 V 2 hours ------------------------- -------------------------------------------------Over 3 7 V 2 and under 4 0 hours
__ --------------------4 0 hours
------------------- ---------- — __ „
--------------------Over 4 0 and under 4 4 hours
--------------------- ---------4 4 hours
------------------- — — ______
___________
____
4 5 hours
___ __ __ __ _______ __ __ __ — ____
Over 4 5 and under 4 8 hours --------------------------------------4 8 hours
-------------------- __ __ __ __ ________________
Over 4 8 hours — ------------------ ------------- — -----

100

M anufacturing

100

Public utilities 2

100

Manufacturing

100

2

3 6 * /4

1
2
3
4

All industries 3

4

-

( 4)
93

-

-

-

96

100
_

73
1

-

3

2
( 4)
(4)

( 4)

3
-

-

1
-

-

-

"

-

7

-

1

-

12
(4)

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0. 5 percent.




Public utilities 2

100

100

3
-

-

75

-

2

97
-

4

-

2

-

6
6

3
~

10
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Salt Lake City, Utah, December I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Item
All in u
d stries 1

All workers -----

------------

-------

M ufactu g
an
rin

P
ublic utilities2

A in u
ll d stries 2

M ufactu g
an
rin

P
ublic utilities2

— _

100

100

100

100

100

100

W orkers in establishments providing
-------------- ------- ----paid holidays
W orkers in establishments providing
no paid holidays
----- — - ----- —

98

94

100

91

94

100

2

6

-

9

6

-

_
1
(4)
1
18
66
3
2
3
4
(4)

.
_
34
66
-

2
(4)

n

_
_
_
3
25
62
4
1
-

(4)
1
5
8
10
12
78
96
97
97
98
98

_
1
1
1
1
5
67
92
94
94
94
94

Number off days
L e ss than 4 holidays
—
- —
4 holidays ----------------------------------------------------------5 holidays
---------------6 holidays
—
______ — _ ____
_____
7 holidays —
-----------— --------------- _
8 holidays --------------------8 holidays plus 1 half day ------------9 holidays —
- - — ------------------9 holidays plus 1 half day
— - — ------10 holidays
----- —
---------— — . —
11 holidays
- ----------- -------------13 holidays --------------------------------------------------------

3
37
42
2
5
-

.
_
_
6
56
27
3
3
_
_
"

_
_
3
37
59
_
_
_
_
"

Total h o liday timo*
13 days ---------------------------------------------------------------11 or m ore days -----------------------------------------------10 or more days
----- —
_ _ _ _ _ ___
9 V2 or m ore days
—
— - ------ — - — 9 or more days -----------------------------------------------8V2 or m ore days ---------------------------------------------8 or more days
------- — —
------- —
_
7 or more days — — — ------------- ----- 6 or more days -----------------------------------------------5 or more days
----— —
----__ _
------- — ---------- ------------- _
4 or more days
1 or more days
------------------------

*

_
-

66
100
100
100
100
100

_
_
_
-

5
7
49
86
89
89
89
91

_
_
3
6
32
88
94
94
94
94

_
_
_
_
59
97
100
100
100
100

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Less than 0 .5 percent.
5 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and
no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.




11
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provided annually, Salt Lake City, Utah, December I960)
O F FIC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

Vacation policy
All industries!

A ll workers

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

M anufacturing

Public utilities*

All industries^

M anufacturing

Public utilities*

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99

99
99

100
100

99
99

-

-

99
99
-

100
100

-

-

_

"

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t

Workers in establishments providing
paid vacations -------------------------------------------------------------------Length-of-tim e payment --------------------------------------Percentage payment -------------------------------------------------Flat- sum payment -----------------------------------------------------Other -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W orkers in establishments providing
no paid vacations -------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

(4)

(4)

”

1

1

5
26
11

2
7
29

_
36

1
8
2

3
3
6

-

Am ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 9

After 6 months of service
Under 1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------------1 week -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------—
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
-----------------------------------------

-

.
28
-

After 1 year of service
Under 1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------------1 week ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks
----------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------- — ------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s --------------------------------

_

_

37

81

1
47
1
50
2

-

-

58
5

19
-

11
4
82
1
2

15
(4)
79
1
5

3
16
81

2
95
2
2

1
94
2
3

_

_

(4 )
84
(4)
14
(4 )

76
22
1

93
_
7
-

51
2
44
2
1

28
15
57

-

41
7
50
1
(4)

5
89
1
5

1
99
-

13
84
1
(4)

24
73
2
1

11
89
-

1
91
1
7

_

100
-

2
91
1
4

3
91
2
4

100
-

After 2 years of service
1 week ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks
—------- —---------------2 weeks ------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks
----------------------------3 weeks -------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

After 3 years of service
1 week ----------—------------------------------- ------------------2 weeks
----------- ------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks ----------------------------3 weeks -------------------- ------------ —--------------- —-----After 5 years of service
1 week --------------------------------------------------------------2 weeks
—---- — ------—---------- -— —---------—---------Over 2 and under 3 weeks
----------------------------3 w e e k s ------- --------------------------------- —-------- -------

See footnotes at end of table




_

12
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Salt Lake City, Utah, December I960)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy
A in
ll dustries1

M ufactu g
an
rin

P
ublic u
tilities2

A in u
ll d stries ^

M ufactu g
an
rin

P blic utilities2
u

Am ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 5 — Continued
After 10 years of service
1 week -----------------------------------------------------------------2 weeks
---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks
-------------------------------3 weeks
---------------------------------------------------------------4 weeks
----------------------------------------------------------------

1
70
2
25
2

1
62
2
30
5

_
87

1
27
2
69
2

1
13
1
80
5

13

1
19
2
68
10
2

1
13
1
72
8
5

1
19
2
58
(4)
19
2

13
1
61
1
17
5

-

13
'

2
74
2
20
(4)

3
68
4
24
1

_
98

2
34
2
59
(4)

3
25
4
66
1

_
-

2
34
1
57
3
(4)

3
25
2
65
3
1

2
34
1
50
1
8
(4)

3
25
2
53
4
11
1

-

2
-

After 15 years of service
1 week -----------------------------------------------------------------2 weeks — ____—________ ___ _____________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks -------------------------------3 weeks
----------------------------------------------------------- -—
Over 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------

-

87

-

100
-

After 20 years of service
1 week -----------------------------------------------------------------2 weeks ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks -------------------------------3 weeks ---------------------------------------------------------------4 weeks
—
- —
Over 4 weeks
—
—
-

_
13
-

87
-

-

_
-

100
-

-

After 25 years of service
1 week -----------------------------------------------------------------2 weeks
---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks — - —
3 weeks
---------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks
-------------------------------4 weeks
____ ___
- - _
______
____
Over 4 weeks
----- —
-----—

1
2
3
*
5
service

_
13
-

84
-

4

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0 .5 percent.
Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions.
For example, the changes in proportions
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 yea rs.

NOTE: In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length of tim e " such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments,
an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week* s pay.




_
-

100
-

indicated at 10 years*

were converted to

13
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percent of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, Salt Lake City, Utah, December I960)
O F FIC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W O RK ERS

Type of benefit
All industries

A ll workers --------------------------------------------------------

1

M anufacturing

Public utilities*

All industries *

M anufacturing

Public utilities *

100

100

Life insurance --------------------------------------------Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance --------------------------------------------------Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both4 -----------------------------------

94
53

Sickness and accident i n s u r a n c e --------Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) ------------------------------------Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) —
---------------- ----------

49
9

15

-

10

14

-

Hospitalization insurance --------------------------Surgical insurance ------------------------------------Medical insurance
------------------------------------Catastrophe insurance -------------------------------Retirement pension -----------------------------------No health, insurance, or pension p l a n -----

92
92
86
56
72
1

98
98
88
26
77

77
77
77
76
64

92
92
77
50
55
(5)

98
98
83
45
65

75
75
75
63
69

100

100

100

99

83

90

96

77

50

83

72

73

77

74

98

68

72

87

57

41

62

37

42

54

32

65

56

34

33

49

100

Workers in establishments providing:

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below.
Sick-leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days* pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
5 Less than 0 .5 percent.







15

A ppendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped Workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O FFICE
B I L L E R , M A CH IN E

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller , machine (billing machine)— Uses a special billing ma­

chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry ot necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)—-Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers ’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




Class A — Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B— Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping* Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G

Class A— Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ments business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

16

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal entries; may direct class B accounting
clerks.
C la s s B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

C LER K , PA YRO LL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
CO M PTO M ETER O P ER A TO R

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

C LER K , F IL E

C la s s A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the files. May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
C la s s B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been classified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or assists in locating material in files. May perform incidental
clerical duties.

C L E R K , O RD ER

Receives customers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any com bination o f the fo llo w in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




D U P U C A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM EO GRAPH O R D IT T O )

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPU N CH O PERA TO R

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.
O F F I C E B O Y O R G IR L

Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

17

SECRETA RY

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STEN O G RA PH ER, G E N E R A L

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. D oes not in clu de transcribing-m achine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
S T E N O G R A P H E R , T E C H N IC A L

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. D oes not in clu d e transcribing-m achine work .
SW ITC H B O A RD O P E R A T O R

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office calls.
May record toll calls and take messages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SW ITCH B O A RD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.




T A B U LA T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

C la ss A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D oes not in clu de working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C la s s B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some f ir ­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
C la s s C — Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

18

TYPIST— Continued

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing processes. May do clerical work involving little special training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.
Class A — Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­

terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class fi-—
Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com-*
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specifications; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May assist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

19
MAINTENANCE

D POWERPLANT

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the follow in g: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipm&tt nttch as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors $
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May a lso
supervise these operations. Head or c h ie f en gineers in establish m ents
em ploying more than one engineer are exclu ded .




H E L P E R , T R A D E S , M A IN T E N A N C E

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , TO O LR O O M

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety or pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.
M A CH IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the follow in g: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

20

M A CH IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E — Continued

M ILLW R IG H T — Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations re la ting to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

M EC H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T EN A N C E)

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
M EC H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
die work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
M ILLW R IG H T

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




O IL E R

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded .

21

T O O L AND D IE M A K ER

P L U M B E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K ER , M A IN T E N A N C E

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. W
ork
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D IA L AND M A T E R IA L M O V EM EN T
E L E V A T O R O P ER A TO R , PA SSEN GER

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.
JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

22

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G — Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded .
O RD ER F IL L E R

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
T R U C K D R IV E R

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded .

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden
boxes or crates are excluded .
S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and files.




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
T R U C K E R , PO W ER

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1961 O - 584691







Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.
Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Albuquerque, N. Mex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—Bethlehem—
Easton,
P a .-N .J .— Bull. 1285Atlanta, Ga.— Bull. 1285Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T ex .— Bull. 1285Birmingham, A la.— Bull. 1285Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285* * Boston, Mass.— Bull. 1285-15
Buffalo, N .Y .— Bull. 1285-31
Burlington, Vt.— Bull. 1285Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285-29
Charleston, W. Va.— Bull. 1285Charlotte, N .C .— Bull. 1285* * Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga.— Bull. 1285-14
Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285Cincinnati, Ohio— y.— Bull. 1285K
* * Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285-11
Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285* * Dallas, T ex.— Bull. 1285-21
* * Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.—
Bull. 1285-16
Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285*
Denver, C olo.— Bull. 1285-27
Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285Detroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285* * F o r t Worth, T ex.— Bull. 1285-23

* Green Bay, Wis.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S .C .— Bull. 1285Houston, Tex.— Bull. 1285Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285-28
Jackson, M iss.— Bull. 1285Jacksonville, F la.— Bull. 1285-30
* Kansas City, Mo.—Kans.— Bull. 1285-18
Lawrence—Haverhill, M ass.— .H . — Bull. 1285N
* * Little Rock—North Little Rock, Ark.— Buil. 1285-6
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif.— Bull. 1285Louisville, Ky.—Ind.— Bull. 1285Lubbock, Tex.— Bull. 1285* Manchester, N .H .— Bull. 1285-1
Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285Miami, F la .— Bull. 1285Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285Newark and Jersey City, N .J.— Bull. 1285New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285New Orleans, L a .— Bull. 1285New York, N .Y .—-Bull. 1285Norfolk—Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a.— Bull. 1285* * Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285-3
* * Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa— Bull. 1285-13
Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N .J.— Bull. 1285* * Philadelphia, Pa.— Bull. 1285-24
Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-

Pittsburgh, P a.— Bull. 1285* Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285-19
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence—
Pawtucket, R .I.—
Mass.— Bull. 1285**R a leig h , N.C.— Bull. 1285-5
Richmond, Va.— Bull. 1285-26
Rockford, 111.j Bull. 1285—
* * S t . Louis, M o .-Ill.— Bull. 1285-10
Salt Lake City, Utah— Bull. 1285- 32
San Antonio, T ex.— Bull. 1285* San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario,
C alif.— Bull. 1285-4
San Francisco—
Oakland, C a lif.— Bull, 1285Savannah, Ga.— Bull. 1285**Scranton, P a.— Bull. 1285-8
**S ea ttle, Wash.— Bull. 1285-7
* * * Sioux Falls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285-17
South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285Trenton, N.J.— Bull. 1285-25
Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a .— Bull. 1285-22
Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285* Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285-20
* * Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285-9
* * Wilmington, D e l.-N .J .— Bull. 1285-12
Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285York, P a.— Bull. 1285-

An asterisk preceding a labor market indicates the availability and
price of the bulletin.
Please do not order copies in advance.

*
**
***




Price, 20 cents.
Price, 25 cents.
Price, 15 cents.





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102