View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Wage Survey

OKLAHOMA CITY, OKLAHOMA
AUGUST 1960

Bulletin No. 1285-3




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
OKLAHOMA CITY, OKLAHOMA




AUGUST 1960

Bulletin No. 1285-3
October 1960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington 25, D.C.

Price 2 5 cents




Contents

Preface

The C om m u n ity W age S u rv e y P r o g r a m

Introduction —_

____________________________________________________________ _

Page
1

T able s :
The B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s r e g u la r ly con d u cts
a rea w id e w age s u r v e y s in a n u m b er o f im p orta n t in d u stria l
c e n t e r s . The stu d ie s , m ade fr o m la te fa ll to e a r ly sp rin g ,
re la te to o ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la te d su p p lem en ta ry
b e n e fit s . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in ea ch a r e a , u su a lly in the m onth fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied . T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s a d dition a l
data n ot in clu d ed in the e a r lie r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly tica l b u lle tin su m m a r iz in g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the
y e a r 's s u r v e y s is is s u e d a fte r c o m p le t io n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lletin fo r the c u r r e n t rou n d o f s u r v e y s .

The s u r v e y in the O klahom a City a r e a w as planned
in con su lta tion w ith the O klah om a E m p loy m en t S ecu rity
C o m m is sion .

T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o ffic e in A tlan ta, Ga. , by D onald M . C ru se, u nder the
d ir e c tio n o f L o u is B. W oytych , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c to r
fo r W ages and In d u stria l R e la tio n s .




1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey—____________

2

A:

Occupational earnings:*
A - 1.
Office occupations ____________________________________________
A - 2 . Professional and technical occupations_____________________
A - 3.
Maintenance and powerplant occupations___________________
A - 4 . Custodial and m aterial movement occu p ation s____________

4
6
6
7

B:

Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions: *
B - 1. Shift differen tials_____________________________________________
B -2 . Minimum entrance salaries for women office
workers - ____________________________________________
B - 3. Scheduled weekly h o u rs______________________________________
B -4 . Paid h o lid a y s______________________________
B - 5. Paid vacations _________________________________________
B -6 . Health, insurance, and pension plans_-____________________

Appendix:

Occupational descriptions ______________________________________

* N O T E : S im ila r ta bu la tion s f o r m o s t o f th ese ite m s a re
a v a ila b le in the O k lah om a C ity a r e a r e p o r t fo r O c to b e r
1951, as w e ll as in s im ila r r e p o r t s f o r the o th e r m a jo r
areas.
A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g date o f study and the p r ic e
o f the r e p o r t s , is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.
U nion s c a l e s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e /a ili n g pay l e v e ls ,
a re a ls o a v a ila b le f o r the fo llo w in g tr a d e s o r in d u s tr ie s :
B u ild in g c o n s tr u c tio n ,
p rin tin g , lo c a l- t r a n s it o p e r a tin g
e m p lo y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

8
9
10
11
12
14
15




Occupational W age Survey—Oklahoma City, Okla.
Introduction
T h is a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p o rta n t in d u str ia l c e n t e r s in
w hich the U .S . D ep a rtm en t o f L ab or* s B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s has
co n d u cte d s u r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and r e la te d w age b e n e fits
on an a re a w id e b a s i s . In this a r e a , data w e re ob ta in ed by p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u rea u fie ld e c o n o m is t s to r e p re s e n ta tiv e e sta b lis h m e n ts
w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s :
M an u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s p o r t a t io n ,1
c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il
tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in ­
d u stry g rou p s e x clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a re g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts having
fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d a ls o b e c a u s e
they fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r ­
ran t in c lu s io n . W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , se p a ra te tabu lation s a re p r o v id e d
f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h e se s u r v e y s a re c o n d u cte d on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su r v e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . T o obtain
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied .
In co m b in in g the data, h o w ­
ev e r, a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a re given th e ir a p p ro p ria te w eig h t. E s tim a te s
b a s e d o n the e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , as r e ­
la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a , e x ­
c e p t f o r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied .

O ccu p a tion s and E a rn in g s
The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a re c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to
take a cco u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in du ties w ithin the sa m e
jo b . (See a p pen dix f o r lis tin g o f th ese d e s c r ip t io n s .) E a rn in g s data a r e
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p es o f o c c u p a ­
tion s: (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c ) m a in te ­
nan ce and p o w e r plant; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t.
O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and ea rn in g s data a re show n f o r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose h ir e d to w ork a r e g u la r w eek ly s c h e d ­
ule in the g iv en o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in g s data ex clu d e
p re m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and

1 R a ilr o a d s , f o r m e r l y e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f th e se stu d ie s,
w e r e in clu d e d in a ll o f the a r e a s stu d ied s in c e J u ly 1959, e x ce p t
B a ltim o r e , B u ffa lo , C le v e la n d , and S ea ttle.
R a ilr o a d s a r e n ow in ­
clu d ed in the s c o p e o f a ll la b o r -m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s .




la te s h ifts .
N on p rod u ction b o n u s e s a r e e x clu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u se s and in ce n tiv e e a rn in g s a r e in clu d e d .
W h ere w eekly
h ou rs a re r e p o r t e d , as f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o rk sc h e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) f o r w hich
s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a re paid; a v e r a g e w eek ly ea rn in g s fo r th ese
o c cu p a tio n s have b e e n rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
A v e r a g e e a rn in g s o f m en and w om en a re p r e s e n te d s e p a r a te ly
fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s in w hich both s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls o f m en and w om en in th ese o c cu p a tio n s a re
la r g e ly due to (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong
in d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts ; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific d u ties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the o c cu p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s if i e d w ithin
the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in len gth o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w w hen in d iv id u al s a la r ie s a re a d ju sted on this b a sis.
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ou ld r e s u lt in h ig h er a v e ra g e pay
w hen both s e x e s a r e
e m p lo y e d w ithin the sa m e ra te r a n g e .
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u se d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese s u r v e y s are u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u se d in in d iv id u a l e sta b lis h m e n ts to
a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific du ties
p e r fo r m e d .

O ccu p a tio n a l em p loym en t e s t im a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and n ot the n u m b er a ctu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l stru c tu re am ong
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t obtain ed
fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the
r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied . T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tion al s tru c tu re do n ot m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n *
in gs data.
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c te d e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry b e n e fits as they r e ­
late to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s . The te r m " o ffic e w o r k e r s , " as u sed
in th is b u lle tin , in clu d e s w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , and e x c lu d e s a d m in ­
is t r a t iv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. "P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
clu d e w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu din g le a d m en and t r a in e e s ) en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s.
A d m in is tra tiv e ,
e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
e m p lo y e e s who a r e u tiliz e d as a se p a r a te w o rk f o r c e a r e e x clu d e d .
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and r ou tem en a r e e x clu d e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s­
tr ie s , but a r e in clu d e d as plant w o r k e r s in n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u stries.

2

T a ble 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and num ber studied in O klahom a C ity, O kla. , 1 by m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n ,2 August I960
Minim vim
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

Number of establishments
W ithin
scope of
study 3

W orkers in establishments
Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
T otal 4

Office

Plant

Total 4

______________

50

295

108

4 8 ,1 0 0

10,600

29,400

29,540

Manufacturing ______ __ __ „ ______________________ ___________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________________________
Transportation, communication, and other
public utilities 5 _______________________________________________
Wholesale trade _______
__ ------- ------------------------------------------Retail trade _______________ ___________________________________
Finance, insurance, and real estate _________________________
Services 7 ________________________________________________________
Crude petroleum and natural gas ________________ ___________

50

60
235

29
79

13,900
34,200

2,000

9,7 0 0
19,700

10,150
19,390

35
43
85
36
23
13

19
13
20
10
11
6

8 ,8 0 0
3,8 0 0
12,800
3,8 0 0
2, 500
2, 500

A ll divisions

_____________________________ ________

50
50

50
50
50
50
50

8 ,6 0 0
2 , 200

(!)
(!)
(6)
(!)
(6)

4 ,8 0 0
(6)
(6

(6)
(6)
(6)

7 ,5 3 0
1,550
5, 970
1,540
1,030
1,770

1 The O klahom a C ity Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tica l A r e a (C le ve la n d and O klahom a C o u n tie s). The "w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f stu d y" e s tim a te s show n in this table p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly
a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and co m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y .
The e s tim a te s a re not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er a r e a e m p lo y ­
m ent in dexes to m e a s u r e em ploym en t tren ds o r le v e ls s in ce (1) planning o f w age s u rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied,
and (2) s m a ll esta b lish m e n ts are ex clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u rv e y .
'2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d ition o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts b y in du stry d iv isio n . M a jor changes fr o m the e a r lie r edition (u sed in the
B u re a u 's la b o r m a rk e t w age s u r v e y s con d u cted p r io r to July 1958) a r e the tr a n s fe r o f m ilk p a s te u r iz a tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e sta b lish m en ts fr o m tra d e (w h o le s a le o r reta il) to m an u ­
fa ctu rin g , and the tr a n s fe r o f ra d io and te le v is io n b r o a d c a s tin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 Inclu des a ll esta b lish m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p loym en t at o r above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (w ithin the a re a ) o f c om p a n ies in such in d u s trie s as tr a d e , fin a n ce , auto r e p a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic tu r e th e a te rs a re c o n s id e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 Inclu des e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and o th e r w o r k e r s ex clu d e d fr o m the se p a ra te o ffic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en ta l to w a te r tra n s p o rta tio n w e re e xclu d e d .
6 T h is in du stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the s e r ie s A and B t a b le s . S eparate p re s e n ta tio n o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade
fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m ploym en t in the d iv isio n is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it se p a ra te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d esig n ed in itia lly to p e r m it sep a ra te
p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u fficie n t o r inadequate to p e rm it se p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , (4) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in divid u al e sta b lish m en t data.
7 H otels: p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir sh op s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n on p rofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




3
Sh ift d iffe r e n tia l data (ta ble B - l ) are lim ite d to m a n u factu rin g
in d u s tr ie s . T h is in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in te r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lish m en t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f total plant w o rk e r e m p lo y ­
m en t, and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s is o f w o r k e r s
a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
In esta b lis h m e n ts h aving v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount applying to
a m a jo r ity w as u se d o r , i f no am ount a p p lied to a m a jo r it y , the c l a s ­
s ific a tio n ' ‘o t h e r " w as u s e d .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w hich som e la t e sh ift h ou rs a re paid at n o r m a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n tia l w as r e c o r d e d on ly
if it ap p lied to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift h o u r s .

M in im u m en tra n ce ra te s (table B -2 ) r e la te on ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts v is it e d .
T h ey a re p r e s e n te d on an e s ta b lis h m e n t, ra th er
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and
h ealth , in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n plans are tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the
b a s is that th ese are a p p lica b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a ­
jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s a re e lig ib le o r m a y ev en tu a lly q u a lify fo r the
p r a c t ic e s lis t e d . S ch ed u led h o u r s a re tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is
that th ese a re a p p lic a b le to all plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y
a re c o v e r e d . 3 B e c a u s e o f rou n din g, sum s o f in div idu al ite m s in th ese
ta bu la tion s m a y not eq u a l to ta ls .

The f i r s t p a rt o f the paid h o lid a y s table p r e s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r o f w hole and h a lf h o lid a y s a ctu a lly p r o v id e d .
The se c o n d p a rt
c o m b in e s w hole and h a lf h o lid a y s to show total h olid a y t i m e .

D ata a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll h ea lth , in s u r a n ce , and p e n s io n
p la n s f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
ex ce p tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ire m e n ts su ch as w ork m en *s co m p e n sa tio n ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such p la n s in clu d e th ose
u n d erw ritten b y a c o m m e r c i a l in su r a n ce com p a n y and th o se p r o v id e d
th rough a union fund o r p a id d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r re n t
o p e ra tin g funds o r fr o m a fund set a s id e f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D eath
b e n e fits a r e in clu d ed as a fo r m o f life in s u r a n ce .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce is lim ite d to that type o f in ­
su ra n ce under w hich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h pa ym en ts a r e m ade d ir e c t ly
to the in su r e d on a w eek ly o r m on th ly b a s is during illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d fo r a ll such plans to w hich the
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s .
H o w e v e r , in New Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w hich
have en a cted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in su r a n ce la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s , 4 plans are in clu d e d o n ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
trib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w hich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n ts o f the la w . T ab u lation s
o f paid s ic k -le a v e plans a re lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 5 w h ich p ro v id e
fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r 's pay during a b se n ce fr o m w o rk
b e c a u s e o f ill n e s s .
S ep arate ta bu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
( l ) plans w hich p ro v id e fu ll pay and no w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) plans
p r o v id in g e ith e r p a rtia l pay o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In ad d ition to the
p re se n ta tio n o f the p r o p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s who a re p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce o r paid s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lica ted tota l is
show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p es o f b e n e fit s .

The su m m a ry o f v a ca tio n plans is lim ite d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n ts , ex clu d in g in fo r m a l plans w h e re b y tim e o ff with pay is gra n ted
at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep arate e s tim a te s a re p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c tic e in com p u tin g v a ca tio n p a y m en ts, such
as tim e p a ym en ts, p e r ce n t o f annual e a r n in g s , o r fla t -s u m am ou n ts.
H o w e v e r, in the tabu lation s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , paym en ts not on
a tim e b a s is w e re c o n v e r t e d ; f o r e x a m p le , a paym en t o f 2 p e r ce n t o f
annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as the e q u iv a len t o f 1 w e e k 's pa y.

C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to as .e x te n d e d
m e d ic a l in s u r a n ce , in clu d e s th ose plans w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v olv in g e x p e n s e s bey on d
the n o rm a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s.
M e d ic a l in su r a n ce r e fe r s to plans p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le te o r p a rtia l
paym en t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . Such plans m a y be u n d erw ritten b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in su ra n ce c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y be
s e lf-in s u r e d .
T ab u lation s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n sio n plans are lim ite d to
th ose plans that p r o v id e m on th ly paym en ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's lif e .

2 An e sta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as h aving a p o lic y if it m e t
e ith er o f the fo llo w in g c o n d itio n s : ( l ) O p era ted la te sh ifts at the tim e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g late s h ifts .
3 S ch ed u led w eek ly h o u r s f o r o ffic e w o r k e r s (f ir s t s e c tio n o f
ta b le B -3 ) in su r v e y s m a d e p r io r to J u ly 1957 w e r e p r e s e n te d in
t e r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w om en o f f ic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o f f ic e s
w ith the in d ica te d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r w om en w o r k e r s .

4 The te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lifo r n ia and R h ode Islan d
do n ot r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s .
5 An e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as having a fo r m a l plan i f
it e s ta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m ber o f da ys o f s ic k le a v e that
c o u ld be e x p e cte d b y e a ch e m p lo y e e . Su ch a plan n eed n ot be w ritte n ,
but in fo r m a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u al b a s i s ,
w e re e x clu d e d .




A* Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-1. O ffice Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Oklahoma City, Okla. , August I960)
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Num
ber
Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

w
orkers

W
eekly
W
eekly
earnings1
hours 1
(Standard) (Standard)

$
3 0. 00

$
35. 00

$
4 0 . 00

$
4 5 . 00

4 0 . 0 0 , 4 5 . QQ.

5 0 . 00

50. 00

$
55. 00

$
6 0 . 00

$
65. 00

$
70. 00

$
$
7 5 . 00 8 0 . 00

$
85. 00

55.00

6 0 . 00

65. 00

70.00

75. 00

80. 00

90. 00

$
$
$
$
$
5
$
S
90. 00
9 5. 00 100. 00 105. 00 110. 00 115. 00 120. 00 125. 00

and
under
35-00

and
8 5 . 00

95. 00 100. 00

1 05. 00 110. 00 115. 00 120. 00 125. 00

over

Men
1

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A ______________
N onm an ufactu ring-----------------------------------

73
52

40. 0
40. 0

$94.00
9 6. 50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss B --------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------

58
42

40. 0
40. 0

71.00
70. 00

_

_

_

_

5
5

2
2

8
6

C lerk s, o r d e r ----------------------------------------------M an ufactu ring------------------------------------------

43

40. 0
40. 0

7 3. 00
76. 50

_

29

Office boys ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------

70
52

40.0
40. 0

53. 00
52. 00

_

Tabulating-m achine op erators,
c la ss A ---------------------------------------------------------

28

40. 0

9 8 . 50

-

45

40. 0
40. 0

8 6 . 00

-

36

8 9 . 00

B ille r s, machine (billing machine) -------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------

35
31

40. 0
40. 0

59 . 00
5 9 - 00

1
1

B ille r s, machine (bookkeeping
machine) -----------------------------------------------------N onm an ufactu ring-----------------------------------

34
27

40. 0
40. 0

51.00
4 8 . 50

-

52
39

40. 5
41.0

6 6 . 50
63. 50

B ookkeeping-m achine op erators,
c la ss B --------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------

182
171

39. 5
39.5

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A --------------------N on m an ufactu ring-----------------------------------

96
80

39.5
39.5

Tabulating-m achine op erators,
c la ss B --------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------------

-

_

2
2

2
1

4
4

12
4

9
6

12
8

9
6

7
7

6
4

3
3

5
5

2
2

4
2

15
10

18
15

5
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
6

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

10

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

7
5

11
11

13
13

13
10

13
8

16
13

9
3

5
4

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

4

.

"

-

-

"

"

“

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

2

2

9

1

10
8

11
11

1
1

"

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

"

-

4

-

-

-

3

-

2

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

2
2

.

.

-

1

4

"

3

12
11

_

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Wom en

B ookkeeping-m achine op erators,
c la ss A --------------------------------------------------------N onm an ufactu ring_______________________

2
2

11

-

9

12
12

4
2

11
11

6
6

7
4

3
3

5
3

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
13

13
13

9
3

1

-

7
7

-

-

5 6 . 00
55. 50

-

1
1

14
14

34
32

37
35

35
35

34
32

16
13

5
5

3
1

1
1

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

4
4

2
2

2
2

12
11

21
15

2

11

1

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

6

13
12

11

-

1
1

7

-

-

-

-

-

81.00
8 0 . 50

-

-

1

3

40. 0
40.0
40. 0

59. 50
6 7 . 00
5 8 . 00

_
-

40

40. 0

69. 50

-

C lerk s, file, c la ss A ---------------------------------N onm an ufactu ring-----------------------------------

36
26

40. 0
40. 0

6 2 . 00

_

59. 00

C lerk s, file, c la ss B ---------------------------------N onm an ufactu ring_______________________

144
122

39-5
39.5

C lerk s, p a y r o ll--------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------

66

40. 0
40.0

7

7

41

38

65

-

-

37

41

3
35

65

44
24
20

24

7

17

14
12
2

10

-

-

9

8

3

3

1

1

-

_

_

-

-

12
10

4
2

8
2

_

-

7
7

_

-

5
5

4 7 . 50
4 6 . 00

7
7

4

28
28

59
58

25
14

15
5

3
3

_

-

70. 50
7 0. 50

_

_

2
2

2
2

3

9
1

4

37

-

3
3

7

7

i

3
3
18
15

7

1

i _____
_

17

7

5
2

7

9

-

-

-

9

2
1

_

.

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

4

8 !

1
1

3
3

7

2

17
17
14

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

322

See footnotes at end o f table.

-

-

-

58
264




'

-

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss B --------------------M an u factu rin g-----------------------------------------N onm an ufactu ring----------------------------------Public u tilitie s 2 --------------------------------

51

_

1
1

1
1

-

_
-

!
i

-

-

-

-

3
3

2
2

_

_
-

_
i
1

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

.

_

~
_

"

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

4
4

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

-

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Oklahoma City, Okla. , August I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A vebaok

Number
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of

workers

$
Weekly . 3 0 . 0 0
earnings
and
(Standard) u n d e r
35. 00

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

$
$
$
$
4 0 . 00 4 5 . 00 50. 00 55. 00

$
3 5 .0 0

_

“
4 0 . 00

5 5. 00

2
2

7
1
6

30
5
25

23
3
20

59
33
26

4 5 . 00

6 0. 00

S
$
$
$
$
6 0. 00 65. 00 7 0. 00 75. 00 8 0. 00

50. 00

65. 00

~
7 0. 00

$
S
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
8 5 . 00 90. 00
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0

7 5 . 00

■
8 0. 00

8 5 . 00

~
90. 00

40
18
22

29
8
21

10
2
8

15
3
12

2
1
1

i
_
i

19
17
13

17
16
11

5
5
3

2
1

4
4

“

-

"

~
9 5 . 00

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0

and
over

W o m e n — C o n t in u e d
______________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

224
75

39. 5
40. 0

149

39. 5

$ 6 4 . 00
6 5. 00
6 3 . 50

K e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s _____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ________________________

165
150
42

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

6 2 .0 0
6 1 .5 0
6 7 . 50

O f f i c e g i r l s _________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

49
48

39. 5
39. 5

_

-

4
4

4 3 . 00
4 3 , 00

C o m p tom eter o p e ra to rs

-

-

_

11

24

14

23

20

26

-

-

11

24

14

“

"

“

9

-

22
2

17
1

19
3

8
8

28
28

8
8

2

3

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

.

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

■

"

-

-

_
-

_
“

3

1

_
-

_

"

1
1

1
1

-

!

*

~

“

9
4

1

-

9
1

1

_

.

.

12

-

-

-

-

35
2

41

-

-

57
2

12

39

33

41

55

3
41

8 8 . 50

-

-

-

-

-

3

4

6

0
0
0
0

6 7 . 50
7 0 . 00
6 7 .0 0

_

_
-

32

-

1

32

19
55

59
16
43

6 £ . 50

-

-

-

-

29
5

8
64

71
13
58

74

-

33
4

72

-

26

13

15

3

39
4

89
89
58

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

8 2 . 50
8 2 . 50
7 8 .0 0

_

_

_

-

.

_

-

-

-

-

“

1
1
1

7
7
7

12
12
10

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------

113
98

4 1 .0
41. 5

5 3 . 50
5 1 .5 0

3 33
33

2
2

13
13

5
5

5
5

3
2

6
4

23
15

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s _____
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

118
105

40. 0
40. 0

5 9 . 50
59. 00

_

8
8

_
■

10
10

18
16

36
34

9
8

21

"

S e c r e t a r i e s -------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------

54

40. 0

468

40. 0

7 8 . 50
8 8 . 50
7 7 .0 0

---------------------------------

78

40. 0

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------------------------------

477
90
387
83

40.
40.
40.
40.

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , t e c h n i c a l _____________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ________________________

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

522

40. 0

-

1

39

“

-

44

67
4

66
13

47
12

33
7

9
1

22
4

16
1

63
10

53
12

35
10

26
7

8
1

18
14

15

59
20

27

22

4

2

1
3

_
-

2

-

4
4

-

“

5
17
1

17
1
16
10

4

3
24

17
17
15

22
22
17

10
10
6

10
10
1

3

11
8

2

2

_

1

8
8

_

2

“

1
1

8

2
2

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

6

4
3

_

17

■

"

~

■

■

"

"

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

15

'

15

9

8
1

_
-

_
-

j

I

-

2

5
5
1

-

-

"

2

5
1

_

1

-

-

_

_

2

-

-

-

-

"

“

-

-

■

_

_

.

.

.

_

"

"

“

-

I
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ________________________________

26

40. 0 i

7 4 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

15

2

8

-

-

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
g e n e r a l _______________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------

61
55

40. 0
40. 0

6 1 .5 0
6 3. 00

-

-

2

7
7

5
3

9
9

12
10

13
13

12
12

1
1

-

-

-

~

■

"

61
44

40. 0
40. 0

6 2 . 50
6 0 . 50

_

.

2
2

20
17

15

6
3

2

_

.

_

"

6
6

10

“

1

“

_

'

T y p is ts ,

c l a s s A _________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

.
1

9

6

|

"

-

_
-

'

.
|

i

i

T y p is ts ,

c la s s

B ________________________

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

430
65
365

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

50. 00
5 8 . 50
4 8 . 50

.

_

-

-

145
-

92
3

75
21

64
5

•145

89

54

59

36
23
13

18
13

_

_

_

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salarie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
3 Includes 6 w orkers at $ 2 5 to $ 3 0 .

.
"

1

.

.
-

-

5
i




"

-

-

6
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on a.n area basis
by industry d ivision. Oklahoma C ity, Okla. , August I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
$
$
60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00
and
under
6 5 .0 0 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00
$

Weekly j
earnings1
(Standard)

Weekly j
(Standard)

$

$

85. 00

$

$

$

s

$

$

_

31
57

$ 1 0 8 .5 0
! 1 0 2 .5 0
1 1 1 .50

60
38

40. 0
40 . 0

|

3

D raftsm en , junior ------------ __ ----------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------

7 9 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

_

-

-

|

-

"
7
5

2

3

1
1

~

8

11
6

3

$

$

$

$

$

$

and

j
40. 0
40 . 0
40. 0

88

$

95. 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 120. 00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 15 5 .OO! over

90. 00

Men
D raftsm en , s e n i o r _________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g --------- ---------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------

$

90 . 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00

18
14

i
1

23
13

10

1

4
4

-

20

5
4

!

4
4
"

3

2 !
1 |

4

5
-

16

2

4

2

!

1
4
|

i
i

1

i_________

i

2
1
1

7

j

2

2

1

I

-

-

2

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

"

'5

-

-

5

4
4

-

2

-

5

5

-

i

t

|

;

-

-

2

3

i ________

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry d ivision, Oklahoma C ity, Okla. , August I960)
N U M B E R OF W OR K E R S REC E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E HOURLY EAR N IN G S OF—
O c c u p a t io n an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly ,
earnings1

$
U nder
$
1 .4 0

1 .4 0
and
under
1. 50

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e
____________
___________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________

57
27

$ 2 . 67
2. 55

______________________

48

2 . 13

2

-

___________________________________

29

1. 99

2

-

54
35

1 .7 7
1. 7 8

2

________________

28

2. 61

M e c h a n ic s , a u t o m o t iv e (m a in t e n a n c e )
___________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
------------------------------------- ---------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________ ______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 __________________________________

201
37
164
164

M e c h a n ic s , m a in t e n a n c e
______________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
__________________________________________

60
53

$

s t a t i o n a r y ___________

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
H e lp e r s ,

tra d e s,

M a n u fa c t u r in g

m a in t e n a n c e

_______
_____________
________________________________________

M a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r s , t o o lr o o m

1. 6 0

* 1 .7 0

1. 60

1. 7 0

1 .8 0

1 .8 0

$
1. 90

$

2. 00

$ 2 . 10

2 . 10

2. 20

$

2. 20

$2 . 3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 . 50

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2. 60

$

,
2. 60

$
2. 70

2. 70

2. 80

$

$
2. 80

2. 90

2. 90

3. 00

$

3. 00
and

1. 90

2. 00

2

1

1
1

3

4

30

1

-

7

-

1

1
1

2

3

_

4

_

-

4
4

_

1
_

_

_

_

_

'

2
2

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

1

7

-

4

6

_

10

_

_

6
4

12
11
1
1

13

10
10
10

10
-

_

.

2
11
11

72
4

6
6

5
2
3
3

68
68

10
10

-

-

4
4

1
1

5

13
13

11
11

2
2

1

7
1

"

“

-

-

2

3
3

-

6

4

4

5

6

3

6
4

4

-

-

2

3

9
9

6
4

8
4

7
1

12
7

6
6

-

_

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2. 36

_

_

_

_

42

-

-

-

“

-

-

"

6
6

11
10
1
1

6
-

2. 38

42
42

-

-

-

10
4

4

2. 24
2. 38

4
4

2. 34

-

-

_

-

2

5

7

2

5

7

-

2. 27

2
2

4

over

11
11

-

Excludes p rem iu m pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.




$

1. 50

“

E n g in e e r s ,

$

4

2
2
5

1

-

"

_

_

-

_

_

7
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Oklahoma City, Okla. , August I960)
N UM BER OF W O RK ERS RECE IVIN G S T R A IG H T-TIM E H OURLY E A RN ING S OF—

O ccupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly ,
earnings i

Under
$

0. 70

$

0. 70
and
under
. 80

$

b

$

1. 00

0. 90

0. 80

$

$

1. 10 1.20

1.00 1. 10 1. 20

.9 0

1
2
1
2

1
0
1
0

$ 0 . 83
. 83

329

Guards _____________________________________________

71

1.61

_

_

_

Janitors, p orte rs, and clean ers (men) -----------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Public u tilities 4 ----------------------------------------

538
148
390
78

1. 25
1 .4 2
1. 19
1 .6 0

1
1
1
1

5
5

9

"

'

Janitors, p orte rs, and clean ers (women) -----Nonmanufacturing ____________________________

92
91

1. 14
1. 13

_

L a b o re rs, m aterial h an d lin g----------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------------Public u tilit ie s 4 _________________________________

432

-

312
185

1.9 1
1 .7 5
1 .9 7
2. 30

-

Order f i l l e r s ________________________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________

369
113
256

1 .4 8
1 .6 7
1 .4 0

_
-

-

~

P ack ers, sh ip p in g________________________________

71

1 .7 0

-

-

1

1

Receiving clerk s --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________________

67
43

1 .7 2
1 .6 2

.

.

.

_

-

-

-

-

Shipping c l e r k s ----------- :----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------

34
25

1 .8 9
1 .7 5

_

_

_

_

~

-

-

-

Shipping and receiving c l e r k s ----------------------------

26

1.90

_

-

_

-

_

T ru ckdrivers 5 ___________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Public u tilities 4 __________________________

846
296
550
328

19
04
48

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

7
4
3

-

-

-

-

-

T ru ck d rivers, light (under 11/j. t o n s ) --------Nonmanufacturing ________________________

89
78

1 .3 7
1 .3 6

-

-

-

1
1

7

-

T ru ck d rivers, m edium ( l l / 2 to and
including 4 tons) ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------Public utilities 4 -----------------------------

438
419

-

-

-

37

!

2

-

-

290

2. 13
2. 15
. 49

-

-

-

33

-

-

j
i

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1. 50

.

16

_

_

.

23

155

6
1

85
26
59

41

41
13
28

32
13
19

1
2

-

23
-

143
"

-

-

-

-

-

41
41

-

-

_

_

34

-

-

-

-

2
22
22

6
6
6

-

_

19
42

-

39
16
23

-

-

68

22
19
9

2
2

22

1
2

13
13

-

1
6
14
2
2

1
0
6
4
2

29
26
3

5
3

43

39

1

43

29

31
17
14

4

-

-

-

-

3
3

4
4

4

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

34

6
2
2

9
9

4
4

18
50

43
4
39

1
1
1
2

-

1
0

58
50

2. 12
2. 18

35

2. 33

-

T ru ck ers, power (forklift) --------------------------------Manufacturing _________________________________

64
27

_

W atch m e n --------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________________

62

2. 00
2. 02
1. 28
1. 18

45

_

-

_

_

1: 00

.

_

_

_

35
30
5

2
2

9
9
-

14

2
2
2

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

"

35

1
0

-

1
31
7
24

1

34
27

-

42
42
28

7
3

2

2
0
18
2
1
2
8

22
2
1
1
2
0
1
0

1
1
5
6

_

_

-

-

9

4

2

5------

7

-

4

2

7
7

-

2
2

4
4

3

2

_

_

2

2

"

'

8

-

-

9

4

_

19
5
14

-

48
9
39
31

31
24
7
7
-

26
24

31
29

9

9

4

9

4

15
14

-

-

-

3

1

1
1
1

33

9

-

9
9

-

-

6

-

-

-

3

5

"

-

_

22

1 Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated,
2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
3 Workers were distributed as follows: 15 at $ 0 ,4 0 to $ 0 .5 0 ; 14 at $ 0 .5 0 to $ 0 .6 0 .
4 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
5 Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.

-

-

-

.

-

6
1

_

-

-

-

.

_

-

-

.

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

2
1
2

-

1
0

2
0
2
0

-

-

-

-

4

3

31

-

6

_

.

2
2

5
5

7

-

-

-

2
1

-

30
19

16

-

11
0
11
0
11
0

2

22

-

-

18
3
3

-

3
-

18
16

24

2
1

5

18
18

-

36

1
6

4
-

16
16

9

.

-

5
-----2-----

1

_

_

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

2

-

-

-

-

1
2
6
6

-

-

"

-

31

_

_

-

30

-

_

-

36

3
"

.

-

34
-

-

-

1
6

31

47

6

2. 80

-

49

-

2. 70

2. 70

14

"

40

6

2. 60

7

42

"

2. 60

-

-

38
4
34

_

$

$

2. 50

.

14
14

2
2
2

-

-

2. 50

$

.

_

-

-

2. 40

"

-

1
1

$

_

2

-

1

2. 40

2. 30

-

3

2

2. 30

4

-

2

$

-

_

2

2. 10 $2. 20

$

2. 10 2. 20

.

_

j

9

„

-

_

-

$

1.90

1.90 2. 00

“

2

$

1
2
1
2
8
8

3

1

$
1 .8 0

9

1

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type) ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------Public utilities 4 -----------------------------------




2
2

.

5
5

i

23

-

-

1 .8 0

_

30
30

2 09

.
2.
2.
2.

1 .6 0

1. 70

.

1
2
1
2

.

$
1 .7 0

1
1

18
18

-

2
2

$
1 .6 0

1 .4 0

_

120

-

$
1. 50

.

78
78

9
-

1. 30

1. 30

Elevator op erators, passenger (w o m e n )--------Nonmanufacturing ____________________________

29

$
1 .4 0

$

I

5
“

22

9
9
9

|

i

5
5
5

3

~

1
1

.

_

_

-

“

_

28

8
2
0
2
0

47
------- 5 ~

41
41

_

_
-

|

2
228
215
13
13

-

-

-

6
6

2
2

220
8
212

-

2

209
-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1
1

"

1
1
1
1

30

5

-

-

-

-

42
36
36

4

-

3
3

-

2
2
2

9
9
9

6
6

-

1
1
1
1
1
1

_

_

20
2
0
20
-

5
5
5

-

i
|
!

-

-

-

200
200
197

-

-

1
2

1
0
1
0

1
2
4

-

-

-

"

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

■

"

_

“

"




8

B : Establishment Practices and Supplementary W age Provisions

Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s by type and am ount o f d iffe r e n tia l,
O klahom a C ity, O kla. , August I960)
P e r c e n t o f m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
Shift d iffe r e n tia l

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v i s i o n s 1 fo r —
S econd shift
w o rk

T h ird o r o th er
shift w o rk

A ctu a lly w ork in g on—

Secon d shift

T h ird o r oth er
shift

T o t a l -------------------------------------------------------------------- ------- —

78. 3

4 8 .8

1 1 .9

2. 0

W ith shift pay d iffe r e n t ia l ------------------------------------------

6 6 .4

4 8 .8

10. 8

2. 0

U n ifo rm ce n ts (p e r hour) --------------------------------------

4 9 .6

34. 2

8. 2

1 .9

7 .5

2. 2
3. 1

.7
.3
4. 3
.8
.6
1 .4
"

.2

5 ce n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------71/2 ce n ts -----------------------------------------------------------1 0 c ent s --------------------------------------------------------------1 2 c ent s --------------------------------------------------------------121/z ce n ts --------------------------------------------------------13^3 ce n ts --------------------------------------------------------15 ce n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------

9 .6
2. 3
19. 4
14. 1
1 .9
2. 2
-

U n ifo rm p e r c e n ta g e -----------------------------------------------

14. 6

1 4 .6

2. 6

.1

10 p e r c e n t ______________________________________

14. 6

14. 6

2. 6

.1

O th er ------------------------------------------------------------------------

2. 2

-

-

-

No shift pay d iffe r e n t ia l ----------------------------------------------

1 1 .9

"

1. 1

~

1
In clu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n tly o p e ra tin g late
though they w e r e not c u r r e n tly o p e ra tin g late s h ifts.

-

7. 3
14. 1
-

s h ifts,

and

-

.8
.5
-

.3
.2

e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g late sh ifts even

9
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu died in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f fic e w o r k e r s , O klahom a C ity , O kla. , A ugust I960)
O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M anufacturin g
M in im um w e e k ly s a la r y 1

A ll
in d u s trie s

____________________________________________

40

A ll
s ch e d u le s

40

A ll
s ch ed u les

A ll
sch ed u les

40

40

29

XXX

79

XXX

108

29

XX X

79

XXX

____________________

24

5

5

19

19

47

11

11

36

34

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
_ ____________________________________
______________________________________
___________________________ ___________
______________________________________
______________________________________
----------------------------------------------------------______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
_______________________________________

_
1
7
2
3
2
2
2
1
1
3
-

_
1
1
2
1
-

_
1
1

_
1
7
1
2
2

_
1
7
1
2
2

1
3
1
13
3

_
1
1
2

.
1
1
2

1
*
3
1
12
2
4
2
4
2
2
1
1

1
1
1
12
2
4

-

XXX

20

XXX

54

XXX

37

14

XXX

23

XXX

-

7

1

XXX

77

23

XXX

-

4

-

__________________

E sta b lish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m

-

~

24

2
1
1
2
-

E sta b lish m en ts w hich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s in
______________________________________________
this c a t e g o r y
_

-

-

XX X

2
1
1
2
-

"

-

5
1
1
-

6

_

-

-

5
1.
1
-

“

-

-

6

7
5
2
3
1
1
1

2
1
“

“

1 L o w e s t s a la r y rate fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d fo r h ir in g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s fo r typing o r o th e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
2 R a tes a p p lica b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o f fic e g i r ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e not c o n s id e r e d .
3 H ou rs r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s .
D ata a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll w o rk w eek s co m b in e d ,




N on m anufacturing

B a s e d on standard w eek ly h o u r s 3 o f—

108

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m

$ 30. 00 and under $ 3 2 . 50
$ 3 2 . 50 and under $ 3 5 .0 0
$ 35. 00 and under $ 37. 50
$ 3 7 .5 0 and under $ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 0 . 00 and under $ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 2 . 50 and under $ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 5 . 00 and under $ 4 7 .5 0
$ 4 7 . 50 and under $ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 0 . 00 and under $ 5 2 . 50
$ 5 2 . 50 and under $ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 5 . 00 and under $ 5 7 .5 0
$ 5 7 . 50 and under $ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 0 . 00 and under $ 6 2 . 50
$ 6 2 . 50 and under $ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 5 . 00 and under $ 6 7 .5 0
O ver $ 67. 50 ____________

M anufacturin g
A ll
in d u s tr ie s

B a se d on standard w e e k ly h o u rs 3 o f—
A ll
s ch e d u le s

E sta b lish m en ts stu died

N on m an u factu rin g

1

2
4
2
2
•
1
1
1

and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n w ork w eek r e p o r te d .

10

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y s ch e d u le d w e e k ly h ou rs
o f f ir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , O klahom a C ity , O kla. , A u gust I960)
PLANT WORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

W e e k ly h o u rs
All industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s

____________________________________

U nder 37 V2 h ou rs ______________________________
3 7 l ! z h ou rs --------------------------------------------------------------O v er 37 V 2 and under 4 0 h o u rs ________________
4 0 h ou rs ________________________________________
O v er 4 0 and under 44 h o u rs __________________
4 4 h ou rs ________________________________________
4 4 V2 h ou rs ______________________________________
4 5 h ou rs ___________________ ____________________
O v e r 4 5 and under 48 h o u rs
___________________
4 8 h ou rs ____________________________________________
O v er 48 h ou rs ______________________________________

1
2
3
4

100

M
anufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

M
anufacturing

100

100

5

-

2

1

-

-

93

98

56

68

2
2

6

-

2

1

(4 )
(4 )
(4 )
(4 )

-

(4 )

4
4

1

100

100

1

2

-

2

-

1

1

86

100

(4 )

-

(4 )
17
3
9
4

-

_
92
7
_
-

6

1

5

16

1

Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; s e r v ic e s ; and c r u d e p e tr o le u m in add ition to th os e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e sta te , s e r v ic e s , and cru d e p e tr o le u m in a d d ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




Public utilities2

11

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by nu m ber o f paid h olid a ys
p r o v id e d annually, O klahom a C ity, O kla. , A u gust I960)
OFFICE W ORKERS

PLA N T W O RK ERS

Item
All industries*

A ll w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h o l id a y s -----------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h o l i d a y s _______________________________

N um ber

of

h o lid a y

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

99

86

99

93

2

“

( 4)

14

1

7

(4 )
(4 )

2

-

1
8
(4)
49
2
23
( 4)
14

-

3
50
37
8

3
27
70
-

3
1
3
( 4)
6
( 4)
46
( 4)
20
_
5

-

-

4
_
10
_
45
_
25
_
14

_
_
5
_
36
_
52
_
-

tim e 5

9 days -------------------------------------------------------------------8 o r m o r e days _______________________________ __
7 o r m o r e days — ---------------------------------------------6 V 2 o r m o r e days ___ --------------------------------------6 o r m o r e days _________________________________
5*/2 o r m o r e days _ ____ ______________ _____
5 o r m o r e d a y s ---------------------------------------------------4 o r m o r e d a y s _____ ___________________________
3 o r m o r e d a y s ______________
_________________
2 o r m o r e days ------------------ -----------------------------1 o r m o r e days
------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
and no

Public utilitie&2

d a y s

1 h olid a y _________________________________________
2 h o l i d a y s ____ __________________________________
3 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------4 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________
5 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------5 h olid a ys plus 1 h alf day ______________________
6 h olid a ys ________________________________________
6 h olid a ys plus 1 h alf day ______________________
7 h o l id a y s ________________________________________
7 h olid a ys plus 4 h alf days ____________________
8 h o l i d a y s ________________________ ______________

T o ta l

Manufacturing

(4 )

14
37
39
87
87
96
97
97
97
98

.

.

8
45
45
95
95
98
98
100
100
100

-

70
70
97
97
99
99
99
99
99

5
26
26
72
72
78
78
81
82
86

.

14
40
40
85
85
94
94
99
99
99

-

52
52
88
88
93
93
93
93
93

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; s e r v ic e s ; and cru d e p e tro le u m in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r pub lic u t ilit ie s .
Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , s e r v ic e s , and c ru d e p e tro le u m in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
A ll com b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h alf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a ‘ total o f 7 days in clu d es th ose w ith 7 fu ll days
half d ays, 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d a ys, 5 fu ll days and 4 half d ays, and so on.
P r o p o r t io n s w e re then cu m u lated.




12

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s tr ie s and in in du stry d iv is io n s by v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , O klahom a C ity, O kla. , August I960)
PLANT WORKERS

O F FIC E W O R K E R S

V a ca tio n p o lic y

A ll w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------

All industries *

M
anufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries ^

M
anufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99

100
100

4 98
98

4 100
100

-

4 100
100
-

92
92

-

-

-

-

-

-

(5)

“

-

8

2

1
18
1

( 5)
17

Method off payment
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid v a ca tio n s ---------------------------------------------------L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent ------------------------------P e r c e n ta g e paym ent --------------------------------------F la t -s u m paym ent -----------------------------------------O ther ---------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no paid v a ca tion s -----------------------------------------------

-

Amount off vacation p a y 6
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek -------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ____________________________________________
O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------------

1
49
4
1

6
45

-

-

67
9

"

■

24
1
75

22
3
74

76

7
2
89
1
1

3
4
90
3

10
4
83

-

5
( 5)
93
1
1

1
1
94
3

_

-

49
9

"

-

61
(5)
29

70
(5)
24

63

-

33
3
56
( 5)

46
6
46
( 5)

3

-

-

2

-

16
1
75
( 5)

-

3

-

10
3
85
( 5)
"

1
( 5)
92
1

1
1
69

_

97

5

-

6
1
82
1

5

24

3

3

1

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

23
-

30
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
O v er 1 and u nd er 2_w eeks ______________________
2 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

22
3
75
-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w eek s ------------------ -------------------------------------------------O v er 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

96

4
-

96
-

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------O v er 2 and und er 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------3 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------------

See foo tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




-

6

_

3

-

85
2
2

97
-

3

13
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(Pe rcent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Oklahoma City, Okla. , August I960)
PLAN T W ORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

M anufacturing

Public utilities2

Amount of vocation p a y 6— Continued

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek _ --------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s ____________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w ee k s ---------------------------------3 w eek s ___________________________________________
4 w e e k s _________________ _________________________

_

1
74
1
24
( 5)

1
64
3
33
“

92
8
-

5
72
( 5)
15
"

4
73
( 5)
20
~

96
_
4
-

1
40
1
58
( 5)

1
23
3
73
~

17
83
-

5
49
( 5)
37
-

4
44
( 5)
49
-

31
_
69
-

1
38
1
46
14

1
23
3
73
-

5
88
7

5
47
( 5)
38
2

4
44
( 5)
49
-

14
74
11

5
83
13

5
46
(5)
29
12

4
44
(5)
33
16

7
81
12

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek _______ ___________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________
_________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w eek s ___________________________________________
4 w e e k s -------------------------------------- -------------------------A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek -------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ___________ _______________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w eek s
_ _ ------------------------------------------------------- —
4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------

.

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _____________________________ _____________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ----------------------------------3 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------------4 w eek s ___ ----------- ----------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
6
service

1
38
1
39
22

1
23
3

67
6

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; services; and crude petroleum in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, services, and crude petroleum in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Includes proportions of workers in establishments which do not provide paid vacations until after 2 y ea rs’ of service.
L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions.
For example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 yea rs’
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.

NOTE:
In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length of time, " such as percentage
to an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.




ofannual earnings or flat-su m payments, were converted

14

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percent of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension ben efits, Oklahoma City, Okla. , August I960)
PLAN T W O RK ERS

O F FIC E W O R K E R S

T yp e o f b e n e fit
All industries

A ll w o r k e r s

___________________

________________

1

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

M anufacturing

100

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

95

100

96

82

96

96

61

63

83

59

72

86

80

87

88

65

71

80

34

62

11

32

40

23

48

51

38

20

8

27

15

16

47

20

29

33

68
68
54
40
64
2‘

77
77
64
32
72

52
52
37
11
88

62
62
48
22
39
8

75
75
62
27
36
3

66
66
49
16
75

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g :
L ife in s u r a n c e _______________________________
A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e
____ _______ ___________________
S ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o th 4 __ ___________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e _______
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no w aitin g
p e r io d ) __________________________________
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r w aiting
p e r io d ) __________________________________
H os p ita liz a tio n in s u ra n ce ___________________
S u r g ic a l in s u ra n ce
__________________________
M e d ica l in s u r a n c e
_________________________
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e ____ ________________
R e tir e m e n t p en sio n __________________________
No h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n plan ____

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; service s; and crude petroleum in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, serv ice s, and crude petroleum in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below.
Sick-leave plans are limited to those which definitely
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each em ployee.
Informal sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




establish

at least

15

A ppendix:

Occupational Descriptions

T h e primary p u rp ose o f preparin g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s for the B u reau ’ s w age s u rv e y s is to a s s i s t its
fie ld s ta ff in c la s s if y in g in to ap propria te o c c u p a t io n s w ork ers w ho are em p loy ed under a v a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll
t itle s and d iffe r e n t w ork arrangem ents from e s ta b lis h m e n t to e sta b lis h m e n t and from area to a rea . T h is is
e s s e n t ia l in order to perm it the grou pin g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e ra tes re p resen tin g com p a ra b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a sis on in te re sta b lish m e n t and in terarea c o m p a ra b ility o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, the
B u reau ’ s jo b d e s c r ip t io n s may d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly from th o se in u se in in d iv id u a l e sta b lis h m e n ts or th o s e
prepared for oth er p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u reau ’ s fie ld e c o n o m is t s are
in stru cted to e x c lu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s , a p p r e n tic e s , le a rn e rs , b e g in n e r s, tr a in e e s , h a n d ica p p ed w ork ers,
part-tim e, tem porary, and p rob a tion a ry w ork ers.

O F F IC E
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

P re p a re s sta te m e n ts, b i lls , and in v o i c e s on a m ach in e other
than an ordin ary or e le c tr o m a tic ty p ew riter. May a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as
to b illin g s or s h ip p in g c h a rg e s or perform oth er c l e r i c a l w ork in c id e n ta l
to b illin g o p e r a tio n s . F or w ag e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i lle r s , m a ch in e, are
c l a s s i f i e d by type o f m a ch in e, a s f o llo w s :

O p era tes a b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e (R em in g ton R a n d , E llio t t
F is h e r , Sundstrand, B u rrou gh s, N a tion a l C a sh R e g is te r , w ith or w ith ou t
a ty pew riter k ey b oa rd ) to k e e p a r e co r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c t io n s .

Biller , machine (hilling machine)— U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g ma­
ch in e (M oon H o p k in s, E llio t t F is h e r , B u rrou gh s, e t c . , w h ich are
com b in a tion ty p in g and ad din g m a ch in e s ) to prepare b ills and in ­
v o i c e s from c u s to m e r s ’ p u rch a se o r d e rs , in tern a lly prepared ord ers,
sh ip p in g m em orandum s, e t c . U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n o f p red e­
term ined d is c o u n ts and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s and entry o f n e c e s s a r y
e x t e n s io n s , w h ich may or may n ot be com p u ted on the b illin g ma­
c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich are a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u la te d by m a ch in e.
T h e o p era tion u su a lly in v o lv e s a la rg e number o f ca rb on c o p ie s o f
the b i l l b e in g prepared and is o ften d on e on a fa n fo ld m a ch in e.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g
m achine (Su n dstrahd, E llio t t F is h e r , R em in gton R a n d , e t c . , w h ich
may or may not have ty p ew riter k e y b o a r d ) to prepare c u s t o m e r s ’
b ills a s part o f the a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n . G e n e r a lly in ­
v o lv e s the sim u lta n eou s en try o f fig u re s on c u s to m e r s ! le d g e r r e c ­
ord. T h e m ach in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s fig u r e s on a num ber
o f v e r t ic a l colu m n s and c o m p u te s and u s u a lly prin ts a u to m a tica lly
the d e b it or c re d it b a la n c e s . D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
Works from uniform and stan dard ty p e s o f s a le s and
c re d it s l i p s .




Class A — K e e p s a s e t o f r e co r d s req u irin g a k n o w le d g e o f
and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s and fa m ilia rity w ith
the structure o f the p a rticu la r a c c o u n tin g s y s te m u s e d . D eterm in es
proper re co rd s and d is trib u tio n o f d e b it and c r e d it item s to be u se d
in e a c h p h a se o f the w ork . May prepare c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r ts , b a la n c e
s h e e t s , and oth er r e c o r d s by hand.
Class B — K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e or more p h a s e s or s e c t i o n s o f
a s e t o f re co r d s u s u a lly req u irin g little k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k ­
k e e p in g P h a s e s or s e c t io n s in clu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s to m e r s ’ a c c o u n ts (n ot in clu d in g a sim p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
under b ille r , m a ch in e), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u tio n , in ­
v en tory c o n tro l, e t c .
May c h e c k or a s s i s t in p reparation o f tr ia l
b a la n c e s and prepare c o n tr o l s h e e ts for the a c c o u n tin g departm en t.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A — Under g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n o f a b o o k k e e p e r or a c c o u n t ­
ant, h as r e s p o n s ib ilit y for k e e p in g o n e or more s e c t i o n s o f a c o m ­
p le te s e t o f b o o k s or r e co r d s re la tin g to on e p h a s e o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m ent’ s b u s in e s s tr a n s a c t io n s . Work in v o lv e s p o s tin g and b a la n c in g
s u b s id ia r y le d g e r or le d g e r s s u c h as a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le or a c c o u n ts

16

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— C on tin u ed
p a y a b le ; ex a m in in g and c o d in g in v o i c e s or v o u c h e r s w ith p rop er a c ­
c o u n tin g d is tr ib u tio n ; r e q u ire s ju dgm en t and e x p e r ie n c e in m aking
proper a s s ig n a t io n s and a l lo c a t i o n s . May a s s i s t in p rep a rin g , a d ­
ju stin g and c lo s in g jou rn a l e n tr ie s ; may d ir e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n tin g
c le r k s .

Class B — U nder s u p e r v is io n , p erform s on e or more ro u tin e a c ­
c o u n tin g o p e r a tio n s su ch a s p o s tin g sim p le jou rn a l v o u c h e r s o r a c ­
c o u n ts p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , en terin g v o u c h e r s in v o u c h e r r e g is t e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n t s ; p o s tin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n t r o lle d
by g e n e ra l le d g e r s , or p o s tin g sim p le c o s t a c c o u n tin g d a ta . T h is
jo b d o e s not requ ire a k n o w le d g e o f a c c o u n tin g and b o o k k e e p in g
p r in c ip le s but is fou n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich the more rou tin e a c c o u n t ­
in g work is s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s is am ong s e v e r a l w o rk e r s .

CLERK, PAYROLL
C om p u tes w a g e s o f com p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s ­
sa ry data on the p a y r o ll s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la tin g w o rk e r s '
ea rn in g s b a s e d on tim e or p ro d u ctio n r e c o r d s ; p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d data
on p a y r o ll s h e e t, sh o w in g in form ation su ch a s w o r k e r 's n am e, w orkin g
d a y s , tim e, ra te, d e d u c tio n s for in s u r a n ce , and to ta l w a g e s d u e. May
make ou t p a y c h e c k s and a s s i s t pa ym a ster in m aking up and d is tr ib u t­
in g p a y e n v e lo p e s . May u se a c a lc u la tin g m a ch in e.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Prim ary duty is to op era te a C om ptom eter to perform m athem a­
t i c a l c o m p u ta tio n s. T h is jo b is not to be c o n fu s e d w ith that o f s t a t is ­
t i c a l or oth er type o f c le r k , w h ich may in v o lv e frequ en t u s e o f a C om p ­
tom eter but, in w h ich , u se o f th is m ach in e is in c id e n ta l to p erform a n ce
o f oth er d u tie s .

CLERK, FILE
Class A — In an e s t a b lis h e d filin g s y s te m c o n ta in in g a num­
ber o f v a ried s u b je c t m atter f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s c o r r e s ­
p o n d e n c e or oth er m a teria l; may a ls o file th is m a teria l. May k e e p
r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in c o n ju n c t io n w ith f i l e s or may su p e r ­
v i s e oth ers in filin g and lo c a t in g m a terial in the f i l e s . M ay p e r ­
form in c id e n t a l c l e r i c a l d u tie s .
Class B — P erform s rou tin e f ilin g , u s u a lly o f m a terial th at h a s
a lrea d y b een c l a s s i f i e d or w h ich is e a s ily id e n t ifia b le , or l o c a t e s
or a s s i s t s in lo c a t in g m a teria l in f i l e s .
May perform in c id e n t a l
c l e r i c a l d u tie s .

CLERK, ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s 'o r d e r s for m a terial or m erch a n d ise by m a il,
p h on e, or p e r s o n a lly . D u tie s in v o lv e any combination o f the following:
Q u otin g p r ic e s to c u s to m e r s ; m akin g ou t an order s h e e t lis t in g the item s
to make up the order; c h e c k in g p r ic e s and q u a n titie s o f item s on order
s h e e t; d is trib u tin g order s h e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e departm en ts to b e f ill e d .
May c h e c k w ith c r e d it departm en t to d eterm in e c r e d it ratin g o f c u s to m e r ,
a c k n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f ord ers from c u s to m e r s , fo llo w up o rd ers to s e e
that th ey h ave b een f ill e d , k e e p file o f ord ers r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k s h ip ­
pin g in v o i c e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e rs .




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i­
b i l i t i e s , re p ro d u c e s m u ltip le c o p i e s o f ty p ew ritten or h andw ritten matter,
u sin g a M im eograph or D itto m a ch in e. M akes n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en t su ch
as for ink and pa p er fe e d co u n te r and c y lin d e r s p e e d . Is n ot req u ired to
prepare s t e n c il or D itto m a ster. May k e e p file o f u se d s t e n c ils or D itto
m a ste rs . May so r t, c o lla t e , and sta p le c o m p le te d m a teria l.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
U nder g e n e ra l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i­
b i l i t i e s , r e c o r d s a c c o u n tin g and s t a t is t ic a l data on ta b u la tin g c a r d s by
p u n ch in g a s e r ie s o f h o le s in the ca rd s in a s p e c if i e d s e q u e n c e , u s in g
an a lp h a b e t ic a l or a n u m erica l k eyp u n ch m a ch in e, fo llo w in g w ritten in ­
form ation on r e c o r d s . May d u p lic a te c a r d s by u sin g the d u p lic a t in g d e ­
v i c e a tta ch e d to m a ch in e. May k e e p f i l e s o f pu nch c a r d s . May v e rify
own w ork or w ork o f o th e r s .

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
P erform s v a riou s rou tin e d u tie s su c h as running erra n d s, o p ­
era tin g minor o f f i c e m a ch in es su ch a s s e a le r s or m a ile r s , o p e n in g and
d is trib u tin g m a il, and oth er m inor c l e r i c a l w ork.

1
7
SECRETARY
P erform s s e c r e ta r ia l and c l e r i c a l d u tie s for a su p e rio r in an a d ­
m in istrative or e x e c u tiv e p o s it io n . D u tie s in clu d e m aking a p p oin tm en ts
for su p erior; r e c e iv in g p e o p le co m in g in to o f f i c e ; a n sw erin g and m aking
phone c a l l s ; h a n dlin g p e r s o n a l and im portant or c o n fid e n t ia l m a il, and
w ritin g rou tin e c o rr e s p o n d e n c e on ow n in it ia t iv e ; ta k in g d ic ta tio n (w h ere
tra n scrib in g m a ch in e is not u s e d ) e ith e r in shorthand or by S ten oty p e or
sim ila r m a ch in e, and tra n scrib in g d ic ta tio n or the r e co r d e d in form ation
rep rod u ced on a tra n scrib in g m a ch in e. May prepare s p e c ia l r e p o rts or
mem orandum s for in form ation o f su p e rio r.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to take d ic ta tio n from on e or more p e r s o n s ,
e ith er in sh orth an d or by S ten otyp e or sim ila r m a ch in e , in v o lv in g a n or­
mal rou tin e v o ca b u la r y , and to tr a n sc r ib e th is d ic ta tio n on a ty p ew riter.
May a l s o ty p e from w ritten c o p y . May a l s o s e t up and k e e p f i l e s in or­
der, k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , e t c . Does not include transcribing-machine
work ( s e e tra n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e ra to r).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Prim ary duty is to take d ic ta tio n from on e or m ore p e r s o n s
eith er in sh orth an d or by S ten otyp e or sim ila r m a ch in e, in v o lv in g a v a r ie d
t e c h n ic a l or s p e c ia liz e d v o ca b u la r y su ch a s in le g a l b r ie fs or rep orts on
s c ie n t ifi c re s e a r c h and to tr a n sc r ib e th is d ic ta tio n on a ty p ew riter. May
a ls o ty p e from w ritten c o p y . May a ls o s e t up and k e e p f i l e s in ord er,
k eep sim p le r e c o r d s , e t c . Does not include transcribing-machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O p era tes a s in g le - or m u ltip le -p o s itio n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d .
D u ties in v o lv e h an d lin g in co m in g , o u tg o in g , and in traplan t or o f f i c e c a l l s .
May re co r d t o l l c a l l s and take m e s s a g e s . May g iv e in form ation to p e r­
s o n s w ho c a l l in , or o c c a s io n a l ly take te le p h o n e o r d e rs . F o r w ork ers
w ho a ls o a c t a s r e c e p t io n is t s s e e s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t .

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In a d d ition to perform ing d u tie s o f o p era tor, on a s in g le p o s i ­
tion or m on itor-type sw itch b o a rd , a c t s a s r e c e p t io n is t and may a l s o ty p e
or perform rou tin e c le r i c a l w ork a s part o f regu lar d u tie s . T h is ty p in g
or c le r i c a l w ork may take the m a jor part o f th is w o rk e r 's tim e w h ile at
s w itch b o a rd .




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A — O p era tes a v a rie ty o f ta b u la tin g or e le c t r ic a l a c ­
c o u n tin g m a ch in e s, t y p ic a lly in clu d in g s u c h m a ch in es a s the ta bu ­
la tor, c a lc u la to r , in terpreter, c o lla t o r and o th e r s. P erform s c o m ­
p le te r ep ortin g as sig n m e n ts w ith ou t c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , and perform s
d iffic u lt w irin g a s req u ired . T h e c o m p le te re p ortin g and ta bu la tin g
a s sig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie ty o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e ­
p orts w h ich often are o f irregu lar or n on recu rrin g ty p e requ irin g
som e p la n n in g and s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to be ta k en . A s a more
e x p e r ie n c e d op erator, is ty p ic a lly in v o lv e d in trainin g new o p e ra ­
tors in m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s , or p a rtia lly train ed o p e ra to rs in w iring
from diagram s and op eratin g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g and c o m p le x re p o rts.
Does not include w orkin g su p e r v is o r s perform in g ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e
o p e r a tio n s and d a y -to -d a y s u p e r v is io n o f the w ork and p r o d u ctio n o f
a grou p o f ta b u la tin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to rs .
Class B — O p era tes more d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g or e le c t r ic a l a c ­
co u n tin g m a ch in es su ch as the ta b u la tor and c a lc u la t o r , in ad d ition
to the so rte r, re p ro d u ce r, and c o lla t o r . T h is w ork is perform ed under
s p e c i f i c in stru ctio n s and may in clu d e the p erform a n ce o f som e w ir­
in g from d ia gra m s. T h e w ork t y p ic a lly in v o l v e s , for e x a m p le , ta bu ­
la tio n s in v o lv in g a r e p e titiv e a c c o u n tin g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te but
sm a ll ta b u la tin g stu d y , or parts o f a lo n g e r and m ore c o m p le x rep ort.
Such rep orts and s tu d ie s are u s u a lly o f a recu rrin g nature w here
the p r o ce d u r e s are w e ll e s t a b lis h e d . May a l s o in c lu d e the trainin g
o f new e m p lo y e e s in the b a s ic op era tion o f the m a ch in e.
Class C — O p era tes sim p le ta b u la tin g or e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t­
in g m a ch in es su ch as the sorter, r e p ro d u c in g p u n ch , c o lla t o r , e tc .,
w ith s p e c i f i c in s tr u c tio n s . May in clu d e sim p le w irin g from diagram s
and som e filin g w ork. T h e w ork t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s p o rtio n s o f a
w ork unit, for e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o rtin g or c o lla t in g run s, or re­
p e t itiv e o p e r a tio n s .

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to tra n scrib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a norm al routine
v o ca b u la r y from tra n scrib in g -m a ch in e r e c o r d s . May a l s o ty p e from w ritten
c o p y and do sim p le c le r i c a l w ork. W orkers tra n scrib in g d ic ta tio n in ­
v o lv in g a v a rie d te c h n ic a l or s p e c ia liz e d v o ca b u la r y s u c h a s le g a l b r ie fs
or reports on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h are n ot in c lu d e d . A w orker w ho ta k es
d ic ta tio n in sh orth an d or by S ten otyp e or sim ila r m a ch in e is c l a s s i f i e d
a s a sten og ra p h er, g e n e ra l.

18

TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued
U s e s a ty p e w r ite r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia l or to m ak e

o u t b i l l s a ft e r c a l c u l a t i o n s h a v e b e e n m ad e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n .
c lu d e

t e r ia l ; p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s

ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , or s im il a r m a t e r ia ls fo r u s e in d u p lic a t ­

in g p r o c e s s e s .
such

tu a tio n , e t c . , o f t e c h n ic a l or u n u s u a l w o rd s or fo r e ig n la n g u a g e m a ­

M a y in ­

as

to m a in ta in u n ifo rm ity

M ay d o c l e r i c a l w ork i n v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c i a l tr a in in g ,

k e e p in g

s im p le

and b a la n c e

in s p a c i n g .

M a y ty p e r o u tin e

form le t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

r e c o r d s , f i l in g r e c o r d s a nd r e p o r ts , or s o r t in g

an d d is tr ib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.

Class B — P e r fo r m s one or more o f the following: C o p y ty p in g
from rou gh or c l e a r d r a f t s ; r o u tin e ty p in g o f fo r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s ,

Class A — P e r fo r m s one or more o f the following: T y p in g m a ­

e t c .;

te r ia l in fin a l form w h e n it i n v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l from s e v e r a l
sources

P R O F E S S IO N A L

( A s s i s t a n t d r a fts m a n )
to

sc a le

u n its or p a r ts

o f d r a w in g s p re p a re d b y d r a f t s ­

v a r io u s t y p e s o f d r a ftin g t o o l s a s r e q u ir e d .

from s im p le p la n s

T E C H N IC A L

in v o lv e d in str e n g th o f

m an or o th e r s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , or m a n u fa c tu rin g p u r p o s e s .
U ses

AND

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

D ra w s

s e t t in g u p s im p le sta n d a r d t a b u la t i o n s , or c o p y in g m ore c o m ­

p le x t a b l e s a lr e a d y s e t up a nd s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

or r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c -

M ay p r e p a r e d r a w in g s

or s k e t c h e s , or perform o th er d u t ie s un d er d ir e c t io n

a nd t r u s s e s ; v e r if y in g c o m ­

s p e c i f i c a t i o n s . M ay in k in l i n e s a nd le t t e r s on p e n c il d r a w in g s ,

p re p a re

d e t a i l u n its o f c o m p le t e d r a w in g s , or tr a c e d r a w in g s . W ork i s fr e q u e n tly
in a s p e c i a l i z e d

o f a d r a fts m a n .

m a t e r ia l s , b e a m s

p le t e d w o rk , c h e c k in g d i m e n s i o n s , m a t e r ia ls to be u s e d , a n d q u a n t it i e s ;
w ritin g s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; m a k in g a d ju s t m e n ts or c h a n g e s in d r a w in g s or

fie ld

su ch

a s a r c h ite c tu r a l, e l e c t r i c a l , m e c h a n i c a l, or

s tr u c tu r a l d r a ftin g .

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
P la n s

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

an d d ir e c t s

a r a tio n o f w o rk in g p la n s

a c t i v i t i e s o f o n e or m ore d r a ftsm e n in p r e p ­

a n d d e t a i l d r a w in g s from rou g h or p r e lim in a ry

s k e t c h e s for e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , or m a n u fa c tu rin g p u r p o s e s . D u t i e s
i n v o lv e

a combination o f the following: In te r p r e tin g b lu e p r in t s , s k e t c h e s ,

a n d w ritte n or
d u t ie s

to

verbal

s u b o r d in a t e s

f i c u l t p r o b le m s .

o r d e r s ; d e te r m in in g w ork p r o c e d u r e s ; a s s i g n i n g
a n d i n s p e c t i n g th e ir w o r k ; p e rfo rm in g m ore d i f ­

M ay a s s i s t

s u b o r d in a t e s

du rin g e m e r g e n c ie s

r e g u la r a s s ig n m e n t , or p e rform r e la t e d d u t ie s

or a s

o f a s u p e r v is o r y

a

or a d ­

m in is t r a t iv e n a tu r e .

A

r e g is t e r e d

n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e to i l l or in ju r e d

e m p lo y e e s or o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l or s u ff e r an a c c i d e n t on th e
D u t ie s in v o lv e a combination o f the following: G iv in g f i r s t a id to th e i l l or in ju r e d ; a tt e n d in g to

p r e m is e s o f a fa c to r y or o th e r e s t a b l is h m e n t .

s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f p a t ie n t s
tr e a t e d ; p re p a rin g a c c i d e n t r e p o r ts fo r c o m p e n s a t io n or o th e r p u r p o s e s ;
c o n d u c tin g p h y s i c a l e x a m in a t io n s and h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p l ic a n t s
a nd e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g a n d c a r r y in g o u t p ro g ra m s i n v o lv in g h e a lth
e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t, or o th e r
a c tiv itie s

a f f e c t in g

th e h e a lt h , w e lf a r e , a n d s a f e t y

of

a ll

p e r s o n n e l.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
TRACER
P rep ares

w o r k in g p l a n s a n d d e t a i l d r a w in g s from n o t e s , ro u g h
C o p i e s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s , b y p l a c i n g t r a c ­

or d e t a ile d s k e t c h e s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , or m a n u fa c tu rin g pur­
p oses.

D u tie s i n v o lv e

a combination o f the following: P r e p a r in g w o rk ­

in g p l a n s , d e t a il d r a w in g s , m a p s , c r o s s - s e c t i o n s , e t c . , to

s c a le by u se

o f d r a ftin g in s tr u m e n t s ; m a k in g e n g in e e r in g c o m p u ta tio n s s u c h a s t h o s e




in g c lo t h

or p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g a n d tr a c in g w ith p e n or p e n c i l .

T -s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , and o th e r d r a ftin g t o o l s .
in g s a n d d o s im p le le t t e r in g .

U ses

M a y p rep a re s i m p le d ra w ­

19

M A IN T E N A N C E

D

POW ERPLANT

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

F ir e s

P e rfo r m s th e c a rp e n try d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a in ­

s t a t io n a r y

b o ile r s to fu r n ish

th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ich

ta in in g o o d re p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o rk and e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r ib s ,

e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r, or s t e a m .

co u n ters,

o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , or o i l bu rn er; c h e c k s w a ter and s a f e t y

b e n c h e s , p a r tit io n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s ,

s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and trim

m ade o f w o o d in an e s t a b l is h m e n t . Work in v o l v e s
P la n n in g

most o f the following:

v a lv e s .

M ay c le a n ,

o il,

or a s s i s t

Feeds

fu e l s

in r e p a ir in g

to fire b y hand or

b o ile rr o o m e q u ip m e n t.

an d la y in g o u t o f w ork from b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , or

v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o l s , p o r ta b le

HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE

p o w er t o o l s , and sta n d a r d m e a s u rin g in s tr u m e n t s ; m a k in g sta n d a r d s h o p
o f w o rk ; s e l e c t i n g m a te r ia ls n e c ­

A s s i s t s o n e or m ore w o rk e rs in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s ,

In g e n e r a l, th e w ork o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a rp e n te r

by p e rfo rm in g s p e c i f i c or g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g

c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s
essary

for th e w o rk .

re q u ir e s rou n d e d tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d through a fo r ­

a w ork er s u p p lie d w ith m a te r ia ls

and t o o l s ; c le a n in g

m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

c h in e , and e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g

w o rk er b y h o ld in g m a te r ia ls

w o rk in g a r e a , m a­
or t o o l s ;

p e rform in g o th er u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d ir e c t e d by jo u rn e y m a n . T h e kin d o f

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

w ork th e h e lp e r is

p e rm itte d to perform v a r ie s from trad e to tr a d e :

In

so m e tr a d e s th e h e lp e r i s c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , li f t i n g , and h o ld in g m a­
P e rfo r m s

a v a r ie ty

o f e l e c t r i c a l trad e

fu n c t io n s s u c h

a s th e

in s t a l l a t io n , m a in te n a n c e , or re p a ir o f e q u ip m e n t for th e g e n e r a t in g , d i s ­
trib u tio n , or u t il iz a t io n

o f e le c tr ic

e n e rg y in an e s t a b l is h m e n t .

Work

t e r ia ls a nd t o o l s

and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; a nd in o th e r s

he i s p e r ­

m itted to perform s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , or p a rts
th at are a l s o p erform ed b y w o rk e rs on a fu l l-t im e b a s i s .

o f a trade

most o f the following: I n s t a ll in g or re p a irin g a n y o f a v a r ie ty

i n v o lv e s

o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , tr a n s fo r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s ,

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o to r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s ,
or oth er t r a n s m is s io n e q u ip m e n t; w o rk in g from b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y ­
o u t, or o th er s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;.lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g tro u b le in th e e l e c ­
t r ic a l s y s t e m

or e q u ip m e n t; w o rk in g sta n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g

lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts

to

o f w irin g or e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; u s in g a v a r ie ty o f

e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls and m e a s u rin g and t e s t in g in s tr u m e n ts .

S p e c ia liz e s

in the o p e r a tio n

of one

or m ore t y p e s o f m a ch in e

t o o l s , s u c h a s ji g b o r e r s , c y l in d r ic a l or s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , e n g in e la t h e s ,
or m illin g

m a c h in e s

in th e c o n s tr u c tio n

j i g s , f ix t u r e s , or d i e s .

Work in v o lv e s

o f m a c h in e -s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s ,

most o f the following: P la n n in g

In g e n ­

and p e rform in g d i f f i c u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g ite m s req u irin g

e r a l, the w ork o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g

c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s or a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r ie ty o f p r e ­

and e x p e r ie n c e

e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

c i s io n m e a su r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o lin g and o p ­
e ra tio n s e q u e n c e ; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n ts du rin g o p e r a tio n to

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

n iz e

u s u a l ly

a c q u ire d

through a fo rm a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

or

a c h ie v e r e q u is it e
c o o la n t s
O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s
o f s ta tio n a r y

e n g in e s

an d m ay a l s o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a tio n

and e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l or e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p ­

t o le r a n c e s

w h en t o o l s n e e d

or d i m e n s io n s .

d r e s s in g ,

to d r e s s

and c u ttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s .

M ay b e req u ire d to r e c o g ­

to o ls ,

and to s e l e c t

proper

F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w a g e stu d y

p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a to r s , t o o lr o o m , in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g s h o p s
are e x c lu d e d from th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

p ly th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t , r e fr ig e r a ­
tio n , or a ir -c o n d it io n in g .

Work

in v o lv e s :

O p e r a tin g and m a in ta in in g

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s s te a m e n g i n e s , air c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m otors
tu r b in e s , v e n t ila t in g an d r e fr ig e r a tin g e q u ip m e n t, s te a m
b o ile r -fe d

b o ile r s

a nd

w a te r p u m p s ; m ak in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a ir s ; k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f

M ay also
Head or chief engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer are excluded .

o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y , te m p e ra tu re , an d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n .
s u p e r v is e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s .




P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts and n e w p a r ts in m a k in g r e p a irs o f
m e ta l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m e n t o p e r a te d in an e s t a b l is h m e n t . Work
i n v o lv e s most o f the following: In te rp re tin g w ritte n in s tr u c tio n s and
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r ie ty o f m a­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in s tr u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up and

20

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued
o p e r a tin g s ta n d a r d

m a c h in e t o o l s ;

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

s h a p in g o f m e ta l p a rts to c l o s e t o le r -

are r e q u ir e d .

Work i n v o l v e s

most o f the following: P la n n in g and la y in g

a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w ork,

o u t o f th e w o r k ; in te rp re tin g b lu e p r in ts or o th er s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a

t o o lin g , f e e d s

v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls and r ig g in g ; m a k in g sta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e ­

e r t ie s

of

th e

an d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e
c om m o n m e t a l s ;

e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d fo r h is
c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t.

o f th e w o rk in g p ro p ­

s e l e c t i n g s ta n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and

w o rk ; fit t in g and a s s e m b l i n g

In g e n e r a l, th e m a c h i n i s t 's

p a rts

in to m e­

w ork n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s

a rou n ded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a l ly

a c q u ir e d through a

la t in g to s t r e s s e s , s tr e n g th o f m a t e r ia l s , a nd c e n t e r s o f g r a v ity ;

a lin in g

a n d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e l e c t i n g sta n d a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r ts
to b e u s e d ; in s t a l l i n g a nd m a in ta in in g in g o o d order p o w e r t r a n s m is s io n
e q u ip m e n t

su ch

as

d r iv e s

a nd s p e e d

red u cers.

In g e n e r a l, the m i l l ­

w r ig h t 's w ork n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a r o u n d e d tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e in th e

fo rm a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

tra d e a c q u ir e d through a fo rm a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g a n d

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

e x p e r ie n c e .

R e p a ir s a u t o m o b il e s , b u s e s , m o to r tru c k s, and tr a c to r s o f an e s ­
t a b lis h m e n t .

Work in v o l v e s

e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e
p e rfo rm in g r e p a ir s

OILER

most o f the following: E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e

s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t and

th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o ls a s w r e n c h e s ,

L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o i l or g r e a s e , th e m o v in g p a r ts or w e a r in g su r ­
f a c e s o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t .

g a u g e s , d r i l l s , or s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g or fit t in g p a r ts ;
r e p la c in g

b rok en

or d e f e c t i v e

p a rts

from s t o c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju s t in g

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE

v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g an d i n s t a lli n g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e
and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a lin in g w h e e l s , a d ju s t in g b r a k e s and
li g h t s , or tig h te n in g
m e c h a n ic

body b o lt s .

r e q u ir e s rou n d e d

In g e n e r a l , th e w ork o f th e a u to m o tiv e

tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e

u s u a l ly

P a in t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a nd fix tu r e s o f an e s ­
t a b lis h m e n t . Work involves the following: K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u ­

a c q u ir e d

l i a r i t i e s and t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ire d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p l ic a t i o n s ; p re p a rin g

th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

s u r fa c e for p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f i n i s h or b y p l a c i n g p u tty or f i l l e r in
n a il h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a p p ly in g p a in t w ith sp r a y g un or b r u sh . M ay
m ix c o l o r s , o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n ts to o b ta in proper

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

c o lo r or c o n s i s t e n c y .
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y or m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W ork i n v o lv e s

most o f the following: E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ­

In g e n e r a l,

th e

w ork o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r

r e q u ir e s rou n d e d tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d through a fo r ­
m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

i c a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g or p a r tly d i s ­
m a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e rfo rm in g r e p a ir s th at m a in ly in v o lv e the u s e o f
h a n d to o ls

in s c r a p in g

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

and fit t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g broken or d e f e c t i v e

p a r ts w ith ite m s o b ta in e d from s t o c k ; o rd erin g the p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p l a c e ­

I n s t a l l s or r e p a ir s w a te r , s t e a m , g a s , or o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a nd

most o f the following:

m en t p a rt b y a m a c h in e s h o p or s e n d in g o f the m a c h in e to a m a c h in e s h o p

p ip e fit t in g s

fo r m ajor r e p a ir s ;

L a y i n g out o f w ork and m e a su rin g to lo c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e from d r a w in g s

p rep a rin g w r itte n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s

for m ajor r e p a ir s or

in an e s t a b l is h m e n t .

W ork i n v o l v e s

fo r th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r ts o rd e re d from m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l in g m a ­

or o th e r w ritte n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u tt in g v a r io u s

c h i n e s ; an d m a k in g a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n ts fo r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l ,

le n g t h s w ith c h i s e l and ham m er or o x y a c e t y l e n e to rc h or p ip e -c u t t in g m a­

s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t

th e w ork o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n d e d tra in in g and e x ­

c h i n e ; th re a d in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s

p e r ie n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t

or p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d fa s t e n in g

tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

p ip e to h a n g e r s ;.m a k in g sta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s ,

w h ose

E x c lu d e d

from th is

c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a re w o rk e rs

primary duties in v o lv e s e t t in g up or a d ju s t in g m a c h in e s .

f l o w , and

s iz e

of

a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d riv e n

p ip e r e q u ir e d ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d

w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s m a in te n a n c e

MILLWRIGHT

te sts

to d e te rm in e

In g e n e r a l , th e w ork o f th e

p ip e fitte r r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e

u s u a l ly

a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo rm a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g a n d e x ­
I n s t a l l s n ew m a c h in e s or h e a v y e q u ip m e n t and d is m a n t le s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s or h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s




in th e p la n t la y o u t

p e r ie n c e . Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating system s are excluded .

21

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
K eeps

th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t

( D i e m a k e r; jig m a k er; t o o l m a k e r ; fix tu r e m ak er; g a u g e m ak er)

in g o o d o rd e r .

Work i n v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e o f s a n it a r y c o d e s re g a r d in g in s t a lla t io n o f
v e n t s and tra p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a l l i n g or r e p a irin g p ip e s and
fix t u r e s ; o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a in s w ith a p lu n g e r or p lu m b e r 's

sn ak e.

In

C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s ,

jig s ,

tu re s or d ie s for f o r g in g s , p u n c h in g and o th e r m e ta l-fo r m in g w o rk .

fix ­
Work

most o f the following: P la n n in g and la y in g o ut o f w ork from

g e n e r a l, th e w ork o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b er r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g

i n v o lv e s

and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo rm a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip or e q u iv ­

m o d e ls ,

a le n t tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

u s in g a v a r ie t y

b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s ,

or o th er o r a l and w ritte n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

o f t o o l and d ie

m a k e r 's

u rin g in s tr u m e n ts , u n d e rsta n d in g

h a n d to o ls and p r e c is io n m e a s ­

o f th e w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s

o f com m on

m e t a ls a nd a l l o y s ; s e t t in g up and o p e r a tin g o f m a c h in e t o o l s and r e la te d

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

e q u ip m e n t; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in ta in s

in g o o d re p a ir th e

sh e e t-

a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e

p an s,

p a r ts d u rin g fa b r ic a tio n a s w e l l a s o f f i n i s h e d t o o ls and d i e s to a c h ie v e

s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e ta l r o o fin g ) o f an

req u ire d q u a l i t i e s ; w o rk in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; fit t in g and a s s e m b l i n g

most o f the following: P la n n in g and l a y ­

o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p ro p ria te

m e ta l e q u ip m e n t a n d fix tu r e s
e s t a b l is h m e n t .

Work in v o lv e s

(su c h

o f w o rk , s p e e d s , f e e d s , and t o o lin g

o f m a c h in e s ; h e a ttr e a tin g o f m e ta l

in g o u t a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t -m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w ork from b lu e p r in t s , m o d e ls ,

m a t e r ia l s , t o o l s ,

or oth er s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g up and o p e r a tin g a l l a v a il a b le t y p e s o f

w ork r e q u ir e s a rou n ded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lr o o m

s h e e t-m e t a l-w o r k in g m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls

u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d through a fo rm a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g

b e n d in g , fo r m in g , s h a p in g , fit t in g ,
m e ta l a r tic le s

a s re q u ir e d .

an d a s s e m b l i n g ;

In g e n e r a l , th e

w ork o f

s h e e t -m e t a l w orker r e q u ir e s rou n d e d tra in in g
a c q u ir e d

th rou gh

#

fo rm a l

a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

and

in

c u tt in g ,

in s ta llin g

sh e e t-

and p r o c e s s e s .

In g e n e r a l ,

th e t o o l and d ie

m a k e r 's
p r a c t ic e

a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

th e m a in te n a n c e

e x p e r ie n c e

u s u a l ly
F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y

or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and

in t o o l a n d d ie

e x p e r ie n c e .

w age

jo b b in g s h o p s

s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t o o l and d ie m a k e rs

are e x c lu d e d

from t h is

c la s s ific a tio n .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
T r a n s p o r ts
a p artm en t h o u s e ,

passen gers

d e p a rtm en t

b e tw e e n

sto re,

fl o o r s

h o tel

or

o f an o f f i c e
s im ila r

b u ild in g ,

e s t a b l is h m e n t .

or o th er e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e a combination of the following:
S w e e p in g , m o p p in g or s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; re m o v in g c h i p s ,

t h o s e o f s t a r te r s a n d ja n ito r s are e x c lu d e d .

t r a s h , and o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, fu r n itu r e , or fi x t u r e s ; p o l i s h ­
in g m e ta l fix tu r e s or tr im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p l i e s a nd m inor m a in te ­

GUARD

w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g are e x c lu d e d .

W orkers w h o o p e r a te e l e v a t o r s

in c o n ju n c tio n w ith o th e r d u t ie s s u c h a s

nance

s e r v ic e s ;

c le a n in g

la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .

W orkers

P e rfo r m s ro u tin e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e ith e r a t fix e d p o s t or on to u r,

Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.

m a in ta in in g o rd er, u s in g arm s or fo r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r and s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; tru c k e r; s t o c k -

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

man or s t o c k h e lp e r ; w a r e h o u se m a n or w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )

(S w e e p e r ; c h a r w o m a n ; j a n i t r e s s )
A w o rk er e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t , s t o r e ,
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in an o rd erly c o n d it io n fa c to r y w o rk in g a r e a s
and w a s h r o o m s , or p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , ap artm e n t h o u s e , or c o m m e r c ia l




or o th er e s t a b l is h m e n t w h o s e d u t ie s

ing:

L o a d in g

a nd u n lo a d in g v a r io u s

in v o lv e

one or more o f the follow­

m a t e r ia ls

a n d m e r c h a n d is e on or

22

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

from fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , or o th er tr a n s p o r tin g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v ­

For w age

s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o rk e rs

a re c l a s s i f i e d

a s fo llo w s :

in g , or p l a c in g m a t e r ia ls or m e r c h a n d is e in p ro p er s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; tr a n s ­
p o rtin g

m a t e r ia ls

or m e r c h a n d is e

b y h an d tru c k ,

car,

or w h e e lb a r r o w .

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded .
ORDER FILLER

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

(O rd e r p ic k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e s t o c k m a n )
D r iv e s a tru ck w ith in a c i t y
F ills

s h ip p in g or tr a n s fe r o rd ers for f i n i s h e d g o o d s from s to r e d

m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s to m e r s *
o r d e r s , or o th e r in s t r u c t i o n s .
c a t in g ite m s

fille d

M a y , in a d d itio n to f i l l i n g o rd e rs a n d in d i­

or o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is i ­

tio n a d d it io n a l s t o c k , or rep ort s h o r t s u p p li e s to s u p e r v is o r , and perform
o th e r r e la te d d u t i e s .

or in d u s t r ia l a re a to tra n sp o rt m a­

t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m e n t, or m en b e t w e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s

su ch

w h o le s a le

a nd r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t s , or b e t w e e n r e t a il e s t a b l is h m e n t s

as:

M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s ,

and c u s to m e r s ' h o u s e s
tru ck w ith or w ith o u t

fr e ig h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s ,

or p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s .

M a y a l s o lo a d or u n lo a d

h e l p e r s , m ak e m inor m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e e p

tru ck in g o o d w o rk in g o rd e r .

Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded .

PACKER, SHIPPING
For w age
P r e p a r e s fi n i s h e d
them in s h ip p in g

p r o d u c ts fo r s h ip m e n t or s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g

c o n t a in e r s , th e

d e p e n d e n t u p on th e

s p e c ific

o p e r a t io n s

p e rform ed

b e in g

a n d n um ber o f u n its

ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m eth o d o f s h ip m e n t.

Work r e q u ir e s th e

a re c l a s s i f i e d

by s i z e

( T r a c t o r -t r a ile r s h o u ld b e r a te d on

to b e p a c k e d , th e

p l a c in g o f ite m s

ty p e, s i z e ,

s t u d y p u r p o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s

and ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t, a s f o l l o w s :
th e b a s i s o f t r a ile r c a p a c i t y .)

in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s a n d

may involve one or more o f

the following: K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s t o c k in o rd er to v e r ify
c o n te n t; s e le c tio n
e n c lo s u r e s
b reak age

o f a p p ro p ria te

in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g

or d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g

ty p e and s i z e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r tin g

e x c e l s i o r or o th e r m a te r ia l

and s e a l i n g

e n te r in g id e n t ify in g d a ta on c o n t a in e r .

to p r e v e n t

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under lV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

c o n t a in e r ; a p p ly in g l a b e l s or

Packers who also make wooden

TRUCKER, POWER

boxes or crates are excluded .
O p e r a te s

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o l i n e - or e l e c t r ic -p o w e r e d

tru ck or tra c to r to tra n sp o rt g o o d s

and m a t e r ia ls

o f a l l k in d s

about a

w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t , or o th e r e s t a b l is h m e n t .
P repares

m e r c h a n d is e for s h ip m e n t, or r e c e i v e s and i s r e s p o n ­

Shipping
work involves: A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s ,

s i b l e for in c o m in g s h ip m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e or o th e r m a t e r ia l s .

For w age
tru c k , a s f o l l o w s :

s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s

are c l a s s i f i e d

b y ty p e

of

a v a il a b l e m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n and r a t e s ; and p r e p a rin g r e c o r d s o f th e
goods

s h ip p e d ,

m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t and s h ip p in g

c h a r g e s , a n d k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
p rep a rin g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h ip m e n t.

M ay d ir e c t or a s s i s t in

Receiving work involves: V e r i ­

fy in g or d ir e c t in g o th e r s in v e r if y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n t s a g a in s t
b ills

o f l a d in g , i n v o i c e s , or o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s

r e je c t in g d a m a g e d g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e or m a t e r ia ls
p a r tm e n ts ; m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s a n d f i l e s .




Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN

and

to prop er d e ­

M a k e s ro u n d s

o f p r e m is e s

p e r i o d i c a l ly

in p r o te c t in g p ro p erty

a g a in s t f i r e , t h e f t , a nd i l l e g a l e n tr y .
U.S. G V R M N P IN G O FIC : I960 0 —573254
O E N E T R TIN F E







O c c u p a tio n a l

Wage

S u rv e y s

Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D .C ., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.

Pittsburgh, Pa.-—Bull. 1285Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285Portland, Oreg.—Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence—Pawtucket, R .I.—
Mass.— Bull. 1285Raleigh, N .C .— Bull. 1285-5
Richmond, V a .— Bull. 1285Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285St. Louis, Mo.—111.— Bull. 1285Salt Lake City, Utah— Bull. 1285-

Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285Albany—
Schenectady—Troy, N .Y .— Bull. 1285
Albuquerque, N.Mex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—Bethlehem—Easton,
P a . - N . J . — B u ll. 1285A tla n ta, G a .— B u ll. 1285B altim ore, M d.— B u ll. 1285B eau m on t—P ort Arthur, T e x .— B u ll. 1285Birm ingham , A l a .— B u ll. 1285-

Green Bay, Wis.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S .C .— Bull. 1285Houston, Tex.— Bull. 1285Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285J a c k s o n , M is s .— Bull. 1285Jacksonville, F la .— Bull. 1285-

B o is e , Id ah o— B u ll. 1285B o s to n , M a s s .— B u ll. 1285B u ffa lo , N .Y .— B u ll. 1285B u rlin g ton , V t .— B u ll. 1285C an ton , O h io — B u ll. 1285C h a rle sto n , W .V a .— B u ll. 1285C h a rlo tte , N .C .— B u ll. 1285C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n .—G a .— B u ll. 1285C h ic a g o , 111.— B u ll. 1285-

Los Angeles—Long Beach, C alif.— Bull. 1285Louisville, Ky.—Ind.— Bull. 1285Lubbock, Tex.— Bull. 1285Manchester, N .H .— Bull. 1285-1
Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285M iam i, F l a .— B u ll. 1285Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285Muskegon—Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285-

San Antonio, T ex .— Bull. 1285San Bernardino—Riverside—Ontario,

Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.— Bull. 1285Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285Dallas, Tex.— Bull. 1285Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111.—
Bull. 1285D ayton , O h io — B u ll. 1285D en ver, C o l o .— B u ll. 1285D e s M o in e s, Io w a — B u ll. 1285D e tro it, M ich .— B u ll. 1285F ort Worth, T e x .— B u ll. 1285-

Newark and Jersey City, N .J.— Bull. 1285New Haven, Conn.-—Bull. 1285N ew O r le a n s , L a .— B u ll. 1285New Y ork , N .Y .— Bull. 1285Norfoik—Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a.— Bull. 1285Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285-3
Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa— Bull. 1285Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N .J.— Bull. 1285Philadelphia, Pa.— Bull. 1285Phoenix, Arix.— Bull. 1285-

Spokane, Wash.-—Bull. 1285Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285Trenton, N .J.— Bull. 1285Washington, D .C .—
Md.— a .— Bull. 1285V
Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285Wilmington, D e l.-N .J .— Bull. 1285Worcester, M ass.— Bull. 1285York, Pa.— Bull. 1285-




K a n sa s C ity , M o.—K a n s .— B u ll. 1285-

Lawrence—Haverhill, Mass.—N .H .— Bull. 1285Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark.— Buil. 1285-6

An asterisk preceding a labor market indicates the availability and
price of the bulletin.
Please do not order copies in advance.

Calif.— Bull. 1285-4
San Francisco—Oakland, C alif.— Bull. 1285Savannah, G a.— Bull. 1285Scranton, Pa.— Bull. 1285Seattle, Wash.— Bull. 1285-7
Sioux Falls, S. Dak.-—Bull. 1285South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285-





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102