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Occupational Wage Survey

WASHINGTON, D.C. -MD.-VA.
NOVEMBER 1960

Bulletin No. 1285-22




UNITED ST A T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
Arthur J. G old b erg , Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan C lag u e, Comm bsioner




Occupational Wage Survey
WASHINGTON, D. C. -MD.-VA.




NOVEMBER 1960

Bulletin No. 1285-22
January 1961
UNITED S T A T E S D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
Arthur J. G oldb erg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagwa, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

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Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page

The C o m m u n i t y W age S u r v e y P r o g r a m

In tro du ctio n ____________________________________________________
W a ge t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ---------------------------------------

1
4

T ab le s:
1.
2.

A:




rep ort w as
Y ork, N. Y.
F r e d e r ic k
W a g e s and

p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u ^ r e g io n a l
, by E llio tt A . B r o w a r , un d er the
W.
M u e lle r ,
A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l
In d u s tr ia l R e la t io n s .

3

O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s : *
A - 1.
O ff i c e o c c u p a ti o n s
_______________________________
A - 2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a ti o n s ________________
A - 3. M a in te n a n ce and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a ti o n s _______________
A - 4. C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________

1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e
p ro visio n s:
B -l.
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ____________________________________
B-2.
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f fi c e w o r k e r s ____
B-3.
S ch ed u le d w e e k l y h o u r s _____________________________
B - 4 . P a i d h o l i d a y s _______________________________________
B -5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s ______________________________________
B-6.
H ealth, i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s __________________

12
13
14
13
16
18

App endix:

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ______________________________

* N O T E : S i m i l a r t a b u la t io n s a r e a v a i l a b l e in the
W a s h in g to n , D. C . —Md. —V a . , a r e a r e p o r t f o r D e c e m ­
b e r 1959, w h i c h a l s o i n c l u d e s data on e s t a b l i s h m e n t
p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
A
d i r e c t o r y in d ic a t in g date of study and the p r i c e of
this r e p o r t , a s w e l l a s the r e p o r t s f o r o t h e r m a j o r
a r e a s , i s a v a i l a b l e upon r e q u e s t .
C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r a c t i c e s in the W a s h in gto n
a r e a a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r flu id m i l k (M a y I960),
h o t e l s ( M a r c h I960), p o w e r l a u n d r i e s and d r y c l e a n e r s
( A p r i l I960), and ba nk ing (M ay I960).
Union s c a l e s ,
i n d i c a t i v e of p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r
the fo l lo w i n g t r a d e s o r i n d u s t r i e s : B u ild in g c o n s t r u c ­
tion, p r i n ti n g , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s , and
m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s .
ii i

3

5
o

B:
T h is
o ffic e in N e w
d ir e c tio n o f
D ir e c t o r fo r

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of s u r v e y ___________
P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e in s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and
s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l
g r o u p s __________________________________________________

0o
0

The B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s r e g u l a r l y co n d u cts
a r e a w i d e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b e r of i m p o r t a n t i n d u s t r i a l
c e n t e r s . The s t u d i e s , m a d e f r o m la te f a l l to e a r l y s p r i n g ,
r e l a t e to o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d s u p p l e m e n t a r y
b enefits.
A p r e l i m i n a r y r e p o r t i s a v a i l a b l e on c o m p l e t i o n
of the study in e a c h a r e a , u s u a l l y in the m o n th f o llo w in g
the p a y r o l l p e r i o d studied . T h is b u l l e t i n p r o v i d e s a d d itio n a l
data not in clu d e d in the e a r l i e r r e p o r t .
A consolidated
a n a l y t i c a l b u l l e t i n s u m m a r i z i n g the r e s u l t s of a l l of the
y e a r * s s u r v e y s is i s s u e d a f t e r c o m p l e t i o n of the fin a l a r e a
b u lle ti n f o r the c u r r e n t ro u nd of s u r v e y s .

19




Occupational Wage Survey—Washington, D.C.-Md.-Va
Introduction
T h is a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p o rta n t in d u s tr ia l c e n te r s in
w h ich the U. S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r s B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a tis t ic s has
co n d u cted s u r v e y s o f o cc u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la te d w ag e b e n e fits
on an a r e a w id e b a s is . In th is a r e a , data w e r e o b tain ed b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s of B u r e a u fie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e s e n ta t iv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa ctu rin g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n ,1
co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il
tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in ­
d u s tr y gro u p s e x c lu d e d fr o m th e se stu d ie s a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g
f e w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d a ls o b e c a u s e
th e y fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ie d to w a r ­
ra n t in c lu s io n . W h e r e v e r p o s s ib le , s e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p ro v id e d
fo r e a c h o f the b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e co n d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . To obtain
a p p ro p ria te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p ro p o rtio n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied . In co m b in in g the d a ta , h o w ­
e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t. E s tim a te s
b a s e d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , a s r e ­
la tin g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u s tr y g ro u p in g and a r e a , e x ­
ce p t fo r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied .
O ccu p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
T he o ccu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r stu d y a r e co m m o n to a v a r ie t y
of m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s . O cc u p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo rm s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e sig n e d to
tak e a cco u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e
jo b . (See a p p en d ix f o r lis tin g o f th e s e d e s c r ip tio n s . ) E a rn in g s d a ta a r e
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p e s o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s: (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c) m a in t e ­
n an ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t.

la t e s h ift s .
N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u ses a r e e x clu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u ses and in c e n tiv e e a rn in g s a r e in clu d e d .
W h ere w e e k ly
h o u rs a r e re p o r te d , a s fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is
to the w o r k s c h e d u le s (rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) f o r w hich
s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r ie s a r e p aid ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s fo r th e se
o ccu p a tio n s h a ve b een rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s of m en and w om en a r e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a te ly
fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s in w h ich both s e x e s a r e co m m o n ly e m p lo y ed .
D iffe r e n c e s in p a y le v e ls of m en and w om en in th e se o ccu p a tio n s a r e
la r g e l y due to (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is trib u tio n of the s e x e s am ong
in d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts ; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c if ic d u ties p e r ­
fo rm e d , a lth ou gh the o ccu p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s if ie d w ith in
the s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in len g th of s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w w hen in d iv id u a l s a l a r ie s a r e a d ju ste d on this b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ould r e s u lt in h ig h e r a v e r a g e p ay
w hen both s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ith in the sa m e ra te ra n g e .
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u se d in c la s s if y in g e m p lo y e e s in th e se s u r v e y s a r e u s u ­
a lly m o re g e n e r a liz e d than th o se u se d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts to
a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c if ic d u ties
p e r fo rm e d .
O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the sc o p e o f the stu d y and not the n u m b e r a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e am ong
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s of o ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o btain ed
fr o m the s a m p le of e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ied s e r v e o n ly to in d ica te the
r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e do not m a t e r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in gs data.
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p le m e n ta ry W age P r o v is io n s

In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits a s th e y r e ­
la te to o ffic e and p la n t w o r k e r s .
The t e r m ’’o f fic e w o r k e r s , " as u se d
O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e show n fo r
in th is b u lle tin , in clu d e s w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th o se h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d fu n ctio n s, and e x c lu d e s a d m in ­
u le in the g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s if ic a t io n .
E a rn in g s d a ta e x clu d e
is t r a t iv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. ’’P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
p re m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
clu d e w o rk in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g le a d m en and tr a in e e s ) e n g ag ed in n o n o ffic e fu n ctio n s.
A d m in is t r a t iv e ,
R a ilr o a d s , f o r m e r ly e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f th e s e s tu d ie s e x e c u tiv e , and p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n str u c tio n
,
e m p lo y e e s who a r e u t iliz e d a s a s e p a r a te w o rk f o r c e a r e e x clu d ed .
w e r e in clu d e d in a ll o f the a r e a s s tu d ied s in c e J u ly 1959, e x c e p t
C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e e x clu d e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s ­
B a ltim o r e , B u ffa lo , C le v e la n d , and S e a ttle .
R a ilr o a d s a r e now in ­
t r i e s , but a r e in clu d e d as p lan t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u factu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
clu d e d in the s c o p e o f a ll l a b o r - m a r k e t w ag e s u r v e y s .

1




2
S h ift d if fe r e n t ia l data (ta b le B - l ) a r e lim ite d to m a n u fa c tu r in g
in d u s t r ie s .
T h is in fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in t e r m s of (a) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m en t, and (b) e ffe c tiv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s is o f w o r k e r s
a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c if ie d s h ift at the tim e of the s u r v e y .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g v a r ie d d if f e r e n t ia ls , the am ount a p p ly in g to
a m a jo r it y w as u s e d o r , if no am ount a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y , the c l a s ­
s ific a t io n " o t h e r 1' w as u se d .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich so m e la t e s h ift h o u rs a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if f e r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d o n ly
if it a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y of the s h ift h o u r s .
M in im u m e n tra n c e r a te s (ta b le B -2 ) r e la t e o n ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts v is it e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n te d on an e s ta b lis h m e n t, r a t h e r
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e tr e a t e d s t a t i s t ic a l l y on the
b a s is th at th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a ­
jo r i t y of su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r the
p r a c t ic e s lis te d . S ch ed u le d h o u rs a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t ic a l l y on the b a s is
th at th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y
a r e c o v e r e d . 3 B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g, su m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in th e s e
ta b u la tio n s m a y not e q u a l t o ta ls .
The f i r s t p a r t o f the p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s a c tu a lly p ro v id e d .
T he se c o n d p a r t
co m b in e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s to sh o w to ta l h o lid a y t im e .
T he s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p la n s is lim ite d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n ts , e x clu d in g in fo r m a l p la n s w h e r e b y tim e o ff w ith p a y is g ra n te d
at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S e p a r a te e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in co m p u tin g v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts , su ch
a s tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f ann ual e a r n in g s , o r fla t - s u m a m o u n ts.
H o w e v e r, in the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , p a y m e n ts not on
a tim e b a s is w e r e co n v e rte d ; fo r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
ann ual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s the e q u iv a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y .

2

A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d a s h a v in g a p o lic y if it m e t
e it h e r o f the fo llo w in g co n d itio n s: (1) O p e ra te d la te s h ifts a t the tim e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) had f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ift s .
S ch ed u le d w e e k ly h o u rs f o r o ffic e w o r k e r s ( f ir s t s e c tio n o f
ta b le B -3 ) in s u r v e y s m a d e p r io r to J u ly 1957 w e r e p r e s e n te d in
t e r m s o f the p ro p o rtio n o f w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o f fic e s
w ith the in d ic a te d w e e k ly h o u rs f o r w om en w o r k e r s .

3




D a ta a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
p la n s fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
e x c e p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts s u ch a s w o r k m e n ^ c o m p e n s a tio n ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
S u ch p la n s in clu d e th o s e
u n d e rw ritte n b y a c o m m e r c ia l in s u r a n c e co m p an y and th o s e p ro v id e d
th ro u g h a union fund o r p a id d ir e c t l y b y the e m p lo y e r out of c u r r e n t
o p e r a tin g funds o r fr o m a fund s e t a s id e f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D eath
b e n e fits a r e in clu d e d as a fo r m o f lif e in s u r a n c e .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim it e d to th at ty p e o f in ­
s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t l y
to the in s u r e d on a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s is d u rin g i lln e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll s u ch p la n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s .
H o w e v e r , in N ew Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich
h ave e n a cte d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n tr ib u t io n s ,4 p la n s a r e in clu d e d o n ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
t r ib u te s m o r e than is l e g a l l y r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the re q u ir e m e n ts o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s
o f p a id s ic k - l e a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d to f o r m a l p la n s 5 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll p a y o r a p r o p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r l s p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e fr o m w o r k
b e c a u s e o f ill n e s s .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
(1) .plans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2) p la n s
p r o v id in g e it h e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In ad d itio n to the
p r e s e n ta tio n o f the p r o p o rtio n s of w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lica te d to ta l is
show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e it h e r o r both ty p e s o f b e n e fits .
C a ta s tro p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to a s e xte n d e d
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o s e p la n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s beyo n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e of h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p ro v id in g fo r c o m p le te o r p a r t ia l
p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s 1 f e e s . S uch p la n s m a y be u n d e rw ritte n b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in s u r a n c e co m p a n ie s o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th e y m a y be
s e lf - in s u r e d . T a b u la tio n s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim it e d to
th o s e p la n s th at p r o v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's l if e .

4
5

T he t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lifo r n ia and R hode Isla n d
do not r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r co n tr ib u tio n s .
A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h a v in g a f o r m a l p la n if
it e s ta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s o f s ic k le a v e th a t
co u ld be e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . S u ch a p la n n ee d n ot be w ritte n ,
but in fo r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is ,
w e r e e x c lu d e d .

3

Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Washington, D. C .- M d .-V a .

A ll divisions

Number of establishments

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

by m ajor industry division,2 November I960
W orkers in establishments
Within scope of study

W ithin
scope of
study 3

Studied

Studied
Total 4

Office

Plant

T o ta l4

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

50

705

219

177,700

35, 000

108, 700

118, 940

Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------ ---------- ------------Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5 ------- ------------------------------------------Wholesale trade ---------------------------------------------------------------Retail trade (except lim ited-price
variety stores) ------------------------------------------------ ------- -------Finance, insurance, and real estate ----------------------------Services 7 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

50
50

108
597

46
173

23, 700
154, 000

3, 100
31, 900

14, 800
93, 900

16, 060
102, 880

50
50

68
72

26
29

36, 200
10, 500

6, 600
2, 200

23, 400
5, 200

29, 410
6, 060

50
50
50

168
105
184

36
34
48

54, 700
16, 200
36, 400

5, 300
9, 600
8, 200

44, 500
6 2, 500
18, 300

39, 630
8, 760
19 , 020

1 The Washington Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (Washington, D. C. ; Alexandria and Falls Church Cities, and Arlington and Fairfax Counties, Virginia; and Montgomery and Prince
Georges Counties, Maryland).
The "w orkers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included
in the survey.
The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other area employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (1)planning
of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
Major changes from the earlier edition (used in
the Bureau's labor market wage surveys conducted prior to July 1958) are the transfer of m ilk pasteurization plants and ready-m ixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or retail)
to manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting from services to the transportation, communication, and
other public utilities.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the m inim um -size limitation.
All outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto
repair
service, and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 Estimate relates to real estate establishments only.
7 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m embership organizations; and engineering and architectural services.




Table 2. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups in Washington, D. C . —
Md. —
Va. , December 1959 to November I960
A ll industries

Occupational groups

Offi re rlprir^l (women)
Industrial nurses (women)
Skilled maintenance (men)
Unskilled plant (men)

_
_

_

..........

.

.

4 .2
4 .7
4 .6
4 .2

4

W Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
age
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e p e r c e n t s o f ch a n ge in s a l a r i e s o f
w om en o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
ce n ts o f ch an ge r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u rs
o f w o r k , th at i s , the sta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y m e a s u r e ch a n g e s
in s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r ­
tim e and f o r w o r k pn w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s . T he p e r ­
c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on d a ta f o r s e le c t e d k e y o cc u p a tio n s and in clu d e
m o s t of the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ith in e a c h g ro u p .
T he o f ­
fic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a se d on w om en in the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i l l e r s ,
m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ); b o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A
and B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c l e r k s , f i l e , c la s s A and B ; c l e r k s ,
o r d e r ; c l e r k s , p a y r o ll; k e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s ; o ffic e g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r i e s ;
s te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ; s w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ; t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p ­
e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and t y p is t s , c l a s s A and B .
T he in d u s t r ia l n u r s e
d ata a r e b a s e d on w om en in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s .
M en in the fo llo w in g
10 s k ille d m a in te n a n c e jo b s and 3 u n s k ille d jo b s w e r e in clu d e d in the
p la n t w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is t s ; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; m illw r ig h ts ; p a in t e r s ; p ip e f it t e r s ;
s h e e t - m e ta l w o r k e r s ; and to o l and d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s ,
p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; l a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h an d lin g; and w a tch m en .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a l a r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
co m p u ted fo r e a c h o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s .
T he a v e r a g e s a l ­
a r ie s o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d b y the a v e r a g e e m p lo y ­
m en t in the jo b d u rin g the m on th s in d ic a te d in the t it le o f ta b le 2.




T h e s e w e ig h te d e a r n in g s f o r in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d
to o b ta in an a g g r e g a t e f o r e a c h o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p . F in a lly , the r a tio
o f th e s e gro u p a g g r e g a t e s f o r th e one y e a r to th e a g g r e g a t e fo r the
o th e r y e a r w a s co m p u ted and the d iffe r e n c e b e tw e e n the r e s u lt and
is the p e r c e n t o f ch a n ge fr o m the one p e r io d to the o th e r .

10
0

T he p e r c e n t o f ch an ge m e a s u r e s , p r in c ip a lly , the e ff e c ts o f
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e c h a n g e s; (2) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s
in p a y r e c e iv e d b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e jo b ; and
(3) ch a n g e s in the la b o r f o r c e s u c h a s la b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n ­
s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and ch a n g e s in the p r o p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t p a y l e v e l s . C h an ge s in the
la b o r f o r c e can c a u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a c tu a l w ag e c h a n g e s. F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n sio n
m ig h t in c r e a s e the p ro p o rtio n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c if ic
o cc u p a tio n and r e s u lt in a d rop in the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a re d u c tio n
in the p ro p o rtio n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ou ld h a ve the o p p o s ite e ffe c t.
T he m o v e m e n t o f a h ig h -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a co u ld
c a u s e the a v e r a g e e a r n in g s to d ro p , e v e n though no ch an ge in r a te s
o c c u r r e d in o th e r a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
The u se o f constan t em p loym en t w eigh ts e lim in a tes the e ffe cts
o f changes in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o rk e r s r e p re s e n te d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
N or a re the p e r c e n ts o f change in flu en ced by
changes in stan dard w ork sch e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r tim e ,
s in c e they a re b a se d on pay f o r str a ig h t-tim e h ou rs.
In d exes fo r the p e r io d 1953 to I960 f o r w o r k e r s in 20 m a jo r
la b o r m a r k e ts w ill a p p e a r in B L S B u ll. 12 6 5 -6 2 , W ages and R e la te d
B e n e fit s , 60 L a b o r M a r k e t s , W in ter 19 5 9 -6 0 .

Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Washington, D. C .— d.—Va. , November I960)
M
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Avnuan
Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

* 4 0 . 0 0 * 4 5 . 0 0 * 5 0 . 0 0 * 5 5 . 0 0 *6 0 . 0 0 * 6 5 . 0 0
Weekly
and
earnings 1
(Standard) u n d e r
7 0. 00
6 5. 00
5 5 . 00 6 0 . 0 0
4 5 . 00
50. 00

$
$
$
7 0 . 00 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0

$
$
$
8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00
9 5 .0 0

f
100.00

$
1 0 5 .0 0

S
$
<
$
1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0

1 0 5 ,0 0

110.00

1 1 5 .0 0

and
8 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 5 , 00

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

100.00

1 2 5 .0 0

over

25
---------8
17
3

1

6
3
3

9
9
9
_
_
_

120.00

M en
39. 0
39. 0

8
8

12
12

19
19

"

-

79
77

C le r k s , a cco u n tin g , c la s s A
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------M a n u f a c t u r in g

195
51
144
30

39.
39.
39.
40.

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B ------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
_________________________________________

145
99

39. 5
39. 5

7 8. 00
7 7 . 50

-

C le r k s , o r d e r
__________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
--------------------------------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________________________

1 27
10F ~
100

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

9 0 . 50
9 4. 00
9 4 . 00

4
4
4

-

O ffic e b o y s
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
---------------------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------------------------------------------ ___
F i n a n c e 2 _________________________________________________
S e r v i c e s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

311
ZT5~
68
110
78

39. 0
39. 0
38. 5
38. 5
4 0 .0

55.
56.
66.
52.
54.

32
27
20
6

36
32
18
10

95
75
8
38
21

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B
________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _______________________________________
F i n a n c e 3 _________________________________________________

1 60
144
26
59

39.
39.
40.
38.

8 5 . 50
8 5 .0 0 1
1 0 2 . 00
7 9. 00

-

-

-

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C
________________
---------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _______________________________________

71
56
25

8 2 . 50
8 3 . 00
9 6 . 00

_
-

_
-

-

-

0
5
0
0

5
0
0
5

39. 5
39. 5
40. 0

$ 6 6 . 00
6 5 . 50
97.
102.
95.
105.

00
00
50
50

50
50
50
00
50

12
12

-

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ______________
_________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

11
11

1
1

2

14
14

2

2

6

9

2

-

2

6

9

21
6
15

24
3
21

27
8
19

15
-------13

17
9

24
19

23
rs

32
12

10
3

3
3

1

12
12
12

12
9
9

5
5
5

2

10
10
10

13
10
10

85
80
26
25
25

27
27
9
8
10

7
7
3
1
2

7
6
1
4

2
2
1
-

9
9
9
-

11
11
11
-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
1

11
11
4

13
13
11

23
21
12

19
18
10

26
22
2
11

19
18
6

14
12
4
1

10
6
4
1

19
17
16

_
-

_

_

-

-

_
_

-

4
4
2

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

1
1

2
2

11
11

9
7

1
1
1

2
2
1

6
-------- 5
6

8
8
8

_
-

_
-

"

5
1
1

_
-

-

14
8
3

_
-

"

12
9
5

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

4

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

.

.

.

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
3
-

3
4
4
4
-

-

7

6
1

-

—

2
2

17
4
13

19
6
11

13
---------r ~
ii
10

23
9
14
5

6
2
1
1
2
8 2 1
1
1 8 2
1
7
---------7— ---------5

1 2

-

12

5

8

2

10
10

3
3
3

_
_

.
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

-

1
1
10
10
.
_
_

W om en
_______________________

50

40. 5

6 0 . 50

-

12

7

10

6

7

2

2

-

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e )
-----------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
----------------------------------------------------------------

1 15
94

40. 0
40. 0

6 5 . 50
6 4 . 00

_
“

7
7

13
13

10
10

16
15

19
14

17
14

24
14

9
7

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A --------------- ---N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
---------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 3
________________________________________________

20 2
197
1 59

38. 5
38. 5
38. 0

7 8 . 00
7 7 . 50
7 7 . 00

-

-

1
1

23
23
20

53
51
47

35
35
26

11
11
3

40
39
37

6
6
5

14
14
9

1
1

1

1

_
-

_
_

_
_

-

10
10
8

2
-

-

5
5
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B
--------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
---------------------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 4 ------------------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e 3 ------------------------------------------- ------------------------------

878
866
52
739

38.
38.
42.
38.

5
5
0
5

63.
63.
68.
61.

-

42
42

100
100
9
91

181
181
17
147

21 0
210
4
204

2 11
210
2
197

52
47

36
35

13
12

-

.
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

-

-

7
7
5

8
6

-

18
16
14

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

35

21

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

486
459
116
121
86
122

39.
39.
38.
39.
38.
39.

0
0
5
5
0
5

8 2 . 00
8 2 . 00
8 8 . 50
8 1 .0 0
7 6 . 50
7 9 . 50

8
8
4
4

26
26
7
3
16

50
44
2
13
22
7

35
31
7
10
13

63
58
2
17
20
18

63
61
9
15
17
19

128
124
75
24
-

51
50
14
23

_

22

5

32
30
4
11
4
11

1
1

-

C le r k s , a cco u n tin g , c la s s A
------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
___________________________ ___________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 4 -------------------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e 3 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------S e r v i c e s --------------------------------------- -----------------------------------

B ille r s ,

m a c h in e (b il li n g m a c h in e )

See footnotes at end of table,




00
00
00
50

-

-

_

1

37

_

-

-

_
-

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

2

6

6
6 6
_

16
13

_

5
5
3

_
-

_

1
_

_

2

_

3

4

_
_

_
-

_

_

_

_

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n ,
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . —M d . —V a . , N o v e m b e r I 9 6 0 )
Avebage
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly,
hours
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
Weekly j 4 0 . 00
and
earnings
(Standard) u n d e r
4 5 . 00

4 5 . 00

5 0. 00

55. 00

^>0 . 0 0

$
6 5 . 00

$
7 0 . 00

$
7 5 . 00

$
8 0. 00

§ 5 . 00

$
9 0 . 00

50. 00

5 5. 00

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

70. 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00 1 0 0 . 0 0

25
25
20
5

161
18
143
30
36
56
21

1 68
20
148
17
28
49
46

108
25
83
11
18
6
38

55
16
39
15
5
3
12

72
15
57
32
3
5
15

15
5
10
3
7

-

1 20
3
117
15
24
76
2

44
43
40

94
93
78

88
87
74

129
127
114

117
11 0
102

29
29
21

21
21
17

335
22
3 13
136
149

277
9
2 68
30
99
117

118
17
101
12
18
56

70
4
66
1
6
53

19
1
18
-

1
1
1
-

_
-

_
-

17

5
5
2
2

-

"

-

21
14

7
7

2
2

2
2

1

$
9 5 . 00

$
100.00

$
$
$
$
1 0 5 . 00 n o . o o n 5 . o o 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 00
and

1 0 5 . 00 n o . o o 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 00

over

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d
C le r k s , a cco u n tin g , c la s s B
____________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________ ____________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
R e t a il t r a d e 4
F in a n e e 3 __ _________ _____ __ __ _____________ __
S e r v ic e s

792
1 10
682
134
1 69
208
147

39.
40.
39.
38.
40.
38.
39.

0
0
0
0
0
5
0

$ 6 7 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
6 6 . 00
7 3 . 00
5 9 . 00
6 3 . 00
7 1 . 50

11
11
11
-

28
28
23
1
4

C le r k s , file , c la s s A
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
__
S e r v ic e s
__________

551
538
470

39. 0
39. 0
39. 0

6 6 . 00
6 6 . 00
6 6 . 00

-

-

-

-

39.
39.
39.
38.
38.
40.

54.
56.
53.
58.
54.
53.

______________
__ _________

_________________
_____ _________

C le r k s , file , c la s s R
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________ __________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________ __ _____ _____ __
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ______________________________________
F i n a n c e 3 ________________ ____________________
______
S e r v ic e s
--------------------------------------------------------------------------C l e r k s , o r d e r __ ____
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

_____
_

____ ______________________
_ _

1 ,1 1 7
55
1,062
53
282
590

5
0
5
0
5
0

00
50
50
50
50
50

33
33
-

2 59
2
257
7
23
196

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

10
8
2
1
1
-

3
-

12
-

3
-

3
3
_
_

12
3
_
_

3
3
_
_

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

19
18
18

8
8
6

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

1

_

_

.

_

-

"

-

-

-

-

2
2
1
_

3
3
2
_

i

_
i
i

_
_

108
67

40. 0
40. 0

6 4 . 50
6 2 . 00

1
1

10
10

11
10

28
19

4
"

16
2

C le rk s . p a y ro ll
______ ______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ______ _
_ _
_ _________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 4 ____________________________________________
S e r v i c e s _____ _ ______ _________ ______________ __

2 68
222
56
56
59

39.
39.
39.
40.
39.

5
5
0
5
5

79.
79.
87.
75.
78.

50
50
00
50
50

-

-

1
1
1
-

29
28
2
9
9

40
33
9
5
10

36
17
2
3
10

45
35
4
11
13

30
24
4
12
2

15
15
2
2
5

20
20
12
3
4

6
6
5
-

"

17
17
3
6
3

7
7
7
-

"

15
14
3
4
1

1

"

-

C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ____ _____ __ __________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
W h o le s a le t r a d e
_______________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e 4 _
_ _
_ ___ _____ ______ _______ _
_

2 64
222
87
113

39.
39.
38.
40.

5
0
0
0

72.
72.
70.
72.

00
50
00
00

_
-

_
-

56
47
26
20

23
21
11
9

62
46
16
29

44
41
22
17

38
36
9
22

12
8
7

7
7
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
-

_
_
_

-

15
10
2
8

6
5
1

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

K eyp u n ch o p e r a to r s
__
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _ _____ __________________________ __
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
W h o le s a le t r a d e
_________ __________________________
R e ta il t r a d e 4
F i n a n c e 3 _________________________________________________
S e r v ic e s
________________________________________________

501
462
96
66
56
92
1 52

39.
39.
39.
39.
40.
38.
39.

5
5
0
5
0
5
5

70.
70.
80.
72.
67.
72.
63.

50
00
00
50
00
50
00

3
3
3
-

-

84
83
14
4
13
15
37

91
87
3
13
11
15
45

75
62
11
16
5
21
9

60
51
7
10
9
13
12

23
21
7
1
5
8

18
18
13
5
-

24
23
23
-

2
1
-

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

1
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

-

43
43
12
8
7
2
14

40
32
6
7
2
17

-

37
37
1
1
35

-

"

-

"

-

-

39. 5
39. 0

5 4 . 50
5 4 . 50

9
9

1
1

12
11

24
23

13
13

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

"

-

"

-

-

"

39.
39.
39.
39.
39.
40.
38.
39.

89.
88.
89.
96.
93.
82.
87.
87.

9

.

9

38
2
36
4
12
19
1

78
5
73
10
5
14
26
18

2 46
11
235
25
11
19
38
1 42

362
18
344
39
32
23
81
1 69

515
63
452
34
40
22
81
275

4 20
40
380
41
36
35
73
195

278
23
255
36
17
17
62
123

223
17
206
35
35
12
36
88

118
11
107
27
10
2
23
45

85
6
79
31
8
3
19
18

O ffic e g ir ls
________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

_

____

_______________________

S e c r e ta r ie s
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____
___ ___
__ __ _________ _____
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _______________________
____________
W h o le s a le tr a d e
______________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 4 ___________________________________________
F in a n c e 3
_________ _
_ _ ___________________________
S e r v ic e s

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le




60
58
2 ,9 2 7
239
2 ,688
394
2 68
215
550
1,261

0
5
0
0
0
0
0
5

00
50
00
50
50
50
00
50

-

-

-

-

-

9
-

-

9
-

9
-

9

384
35
349
51
34
45
69
150

1

1
_
_

-

49
3
46
8
12
1
8
17

1
_
_

"

62
2
60
43
11
3
3

_
51
3
48
14
13
1
3
17

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Washington, D. C. —
Md. —
Va. , November I960)
Avbbaqe
S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly^
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
4 0 . 00
Weekly
earnings1
and
(Standard) u n d e r
4 5 . 00

$
4 5 . 00

$
50. 00

$
5 5 . 00

*60. 0 0

$6 5 . 00

$
7 0 . 00

$
7 5 . 00

$
8 0 . 00

*85. 00

$
9 0 . 00

5 0 . 00

5 5. 00

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

75. 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

47
46
6
7
18
15

94
90
2
9
28
48

125
117
12
22
9
72

48
32
5
3
6
16

55
45
11
6

$

9 5 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
f o o . 00 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0
and

1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . oo 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0

over

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l _____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 4 -------------------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e 3 --------------------------------------------------------------------------S e r v ic e s
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

648
604
131
57
72
253

3 9 .5
39. 5
39. 5
4 0 .0
38. 5
39. 0

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 4 -------------------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e 3 ________________________________________________
S e r v ic e s
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

806
770
102
138
268
226

40.
40.
39.
40.
39.
40.

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s
--------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e
------------------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 4 -------------------------------------------------------------------S e r v ic e s
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

325
77
2 48
28
64
54
84

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
37. 5
39. 5
4 1 .5
39. 0

69.
68.
70.
80.
72.
64.
70.

51

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C ________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------------------------------

65
59

T r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l ------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 3
-------------------------------------------------------------------------S e r v ic e s
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

-

_
-

2
2
1
1

19
19
4
-

20

19
5
44

32
32
18
_
-

-

30
27
11
6
3
5

26
26
15
1
10

15
15
7
5
1

20
20
17
_
1

2
2
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

11
3
8
2
6

15
1
14
8
5
1

1
1
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

37
1
36
7
9
20

-

-

-

-

-

3

23

1

2

_

2

1

_

_

_

.

7
6

5
5

7
5

13
10

2
2

1
1

-

"

-

-

-

38
36
21
14

102
95
13
82

22
22
15
7

19
19
12
7

7
7
2
5

2
2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

"

-

"

-

-

84
70
21
35

1 18
1 06
3
57
37

208
195
17
109
54

1 29
1 28
16
45
59

43
38
2
6
22

33
33
2
21
7

15
15
2
6
4

2
2
2
-

9
9
3
5

-

3
3
2
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

423
46
377
40
29
25
180
103

410
21
3 89
30
3
15
72
269

159
18
141
13
5
11
28
84

70
10
60
5
14
6
24
11

31
31
6
5
20

6
6
6
-

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

- •
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6 1 . 50
6 1 . 00
8 1 .0 0
5 9 . 50
5 4 . 00
5 9 . 00

5 1 12
1 12
2
80
30

66
66
10
54
2

I ll
111
33
10
68

113
112
7
21
36
45

99
92
4
40
24
17

79
76
4
9
32
20

71
64
10
12
15
22

62
47
27
5
8
5

50
00
00
50
00
50
50

9
9
9

2
2
-

29
8
21
4
3
10

20
3
17
2
6
5

75
17
58
2
20
18
11

73
26
47
6
15
3
22

37
11
26
5
7
14

-

16
6
10
10

38. 5

7 8 . 50

_

_

_

_

4

9

6

39. 0
3 9 .0

7 1 . 50
7 0 . 50

15
15

10
10

5
5

233
224
84
1 34

39.
39.
38.
39.

0
0
0
5

71.
71.
71.
71.

00
00
00
50

8
8
4

5
5
1
4

30
30
18
11

T y p i s t s , c l a s s A -----------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e 3 --------------------------------------------------------------------------S e rv ice s
_________________________________________________

670
623
52
2 79
230

38.
38.
39.
37.
39.

5
5
0
5
0

73.
73.
78.
73.
72.

00
50
50
50
00

2
2
2

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B -----------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g -----------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e
-------------------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 4 -------------------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e 3 --------------------------------------------------------------------------S e rv ice s
_________________________________________________

1, 6 9 8
124
1, 5 7 4
109
61
126
640
638

39.
39.
39.
39.
40.
40.
38.
40.

0
5
0
0
0
0
0
0

62.
63.
62.
68.
65.
58.
60.
63.

50
50
00
00
50
50
50
50

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,

1
2
3
4
5

c la s s B

________________

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

24
22
3
7
12

14
2
12
12
-

62
62
16
30
16

200
3
197
4
21
114
58

323
24
299
9
6
15
1 72
97

-

-

-

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Excludes limited-price variety stores.
Includes 17 workers at $35 to $40.




_

70
70
34
_
27

24
23
11
1
10
1

0
0
5
0
0
5

84
82

31
29
8
3
10

$ 8 0 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
8 6 . 50
7 2 . 50
6 6 . 00
7 8 . 00

11
11
1
_
-

2
2
_
-

4
4
_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

-

-

8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Washington, D. C. —
Md. —
Va. , November I960)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

N U M BER OF W O RK ERS RECE IVIN G STR AIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY E A RN ING S OF

$
Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

S

$

60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 $85. 00 90. 00 $9 5 . 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . oo 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 130. 00 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 145. 00 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0
and
and
under
65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . oo 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 135. 00 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 over

Men
40 . 0 '$ 132 .00

-----------------------------------

64

Draftsm en, senior ----------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------Public utilities 2 ---------------------------S ervices ------------------------------------------

325
86
239
33
192

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

Draftsm en, junior ----------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------Services ------------------------------------------

261
75
186
128

40.
40.
40.
40.

D raftsm en, leader

111.50
121.00
108.00
124.50
104.00

0
0
0
0

88.00
84.00
89.50
86.00

3 9 .5

90.00

_

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

2

_

5

_

2

9

5

18

7

4

4

3

5

3

_

6
6

14

23
2
21
21

22

16
3
13
13

22
5
17
11

39
6
33
10
23

41
16
25
1
24

32
12
20
20

36
7
29
4
25

15
1
14
4
8

17
6
11
6
5

9
6
3
2
1

20
12
8
6

2

2

-

-

6
6

2
-

2
-

-

"

-

-

-

18

70

15

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

6
64
34

6
9

6

18
18
10

7

3

7

2

6

_

_

_

_

-

3

1

14
-

-

3

6

14

9
-

23
10
1 1 5
18
9
9 1 18

19

8
11

46
28
18

10

11

33
19
14
14

6

6

6

9
9

4
18
18

2
16

-

1

j

W omen
N u rses, industrial (registered)




-----------

51

1

3

4

3

3

1

_

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2

T ra n s p o rta tio n ,

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

a n d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

_

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Washington, D. C .— d.—
M
Va. , November I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
Average
$
hourly | Under 1 .5 0
1 .6 0
earnings
and
$
under
1. 50
1 .7 0
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 . 00

$
2 . 10

$
2 . 20

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

$ ,
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 . 80

$
2 .90

$
3. 00

$
3. 10

$
3. 20

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

"
2.00

2 . 10

2 . 20

2. 30

"
2 .4 0

"
2. 50

2 . 60

2. 70

“
2 . 80

2. 90

3. 00

“
3. 10

“
3. 20

$
3. 30
and

3. 30

over

C arpenters, maintenance _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------S ervices ------------------------------------------------------

195
171
81

$ 2 . 61
2 . 59
2 .4 4

-

-

-

9
9
5

1
1
-

3
3
-

4
3
-

8
7
4

14
14
14

9
9
5

17
14
12

53
52
17

12
12
12

25
17
10

-

E le ctricia n s, maintenance -------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----- _ ------------------------------S ervices -------------------------------------------------- _

118
96
53

2.66
2. 58
2. 45

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
1

2
2
2

1
1
1

17
17
17

3
3
3

6
5
5

8
7
3

43
41
13

5
4
1

12
7
7

E ngin eers, stationary ---------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 __________________________
F in an ce3 ---------------------------- ----------------------S ervices ------------------------------------------------------

318
284
37
51
136

2 . 80
2 .7 7
2 .9 7
2. 36
2 . 66

2
2
2

8
8
8

4
4
4

8

-

1
1
1
-

8
-

4
1------ 4
3
1

F irem en , stationary b oiler ------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 --------------------------------------

92
84
28

1 .8 2
1 .8 0
2. 17

21
421
3

12
12
-

15
15
7

3

8
4
-

1
1
-

5
5

H elpers, tra d es, maintenance -----------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 -------------------------------------

508
488
443

2 .0 8
2 . 08
2. 13

37
31
10

12
11
5

69
69
67

24
22
21

31
31
26

M achinists, maintenance __________________ ___
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------

98
62

2. 81
2. 80

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

"

-

-

-

-

“

M ech anics, automotive (maintenance) _______
Manufacturing _________________________ ______
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 __________________________

591
124
467
375

2. 52
2 .4 3
2. 54
2. 53

_
-

_
-

-

6
1
5
5

17
17
17

2
2
"

20
19
1
1

M echanics, maintenance -----------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------

133
82
51

2. 75
2. 89
2. 53

7
2
5

3
2
1

2
2

P ainters, maintenance --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------Financ e 3 ___________________________________
S ervices ------------------------------------------------------

175
168
52
75

2. 34
2. 33
1 .9 6
2. 23

1
2
3
4
5

-

2

_

-

-

-

2

2

-

_

_

2

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

1

—

-

1

17
16
15 !

16
— n r~
16

26
26
15
11

5
6
9
------ 5— -----?----— 6—
1
5
6
3
"

_
-

3
-

-

-

31
30
30

8
8
3

24
24
23

-

2

-

2
2

_

_

-

10
— n r2 1
8 I
!
i
—

-

2
2
2

i ______
_

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Workers were distributed as follows: 8 at $ 0 .8 0 to $ 0 .9 0 ; 6 at $ 1 .2 0 to $ 1 .3 0 ; 7 at $ 1 .4 0 to $ 1 .5 0 .
Workers were distributed as follows: 4 at $ 3 .3 0 to $ 3 .4 0 ; 6 at $ 3 .4 0 and over.




3
3
3

23
35
~ 2 3 ----- “ 35
18
23
17

8
7
1
4
_
-

7
6
'

-

-

2
-

1
1
“

2
-

7
7
-

8
-

20
20
12
4
2

22
21
13
5
1

56
48
8
1
35

49
37
_
-

21
14
7

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

23
— zri
2
3
18

5
3
2

-

-

-

-

“

_

_

.
-

3
-

11 j
— rri
1
1
3

10
10
8

245
244
243

1
-

1
-

-

-

6
2
-

5
3

6
6

7
6

27
14

4

-

11
11
9
2

10
10
10

-

-

33
3
30
19

101
41
60
52

47
3
44
36

148
7
141
135

112
38
74
56

26
12
14
4

24
24
1

4
4
-

2
2
-

4
4
-

25
4
21

3
-

8
1----- g

25
25
4
21

20
19
19

9
8
1

3
2
1

4

------- f - \
-

7
4

“

1
1

17
16
-

-

2

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

“

_

14
14

19
19

2
-

9
-

3
-

4
4
1

27
27
27

21
21
21

1
1
-

_
-

1

18
2
16

18
15
---- —
-

10
5 10

3

-

22
19 !
4
9

1
1
1

9
------- g n
3
3
-

-

1
3
3
-

3
3
1

12
11
-

3
3
-

5
5
-

10

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s t r y d iv is io n , W a sh in g ton , D . C . —M d .—V a. , N o v e m b e r I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of
workers

hourly 2 U n der
earnings $
0. 80

$
$
0. 80 0. 90
and
u n d er
.9 0
1. 00

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r (m e n ) ________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __
__ _____ ___________
F in a n c e 3
S e r v i c e s __ ___ ___ __
__ __ _ __ _

237
237
81
151

$ 1.
1.
1.
1.

07
07
15
03

37
37
5
4 32

18
18
18
-

E l e v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r (w o m e n ) _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
__
_
________ __
R e t a il t r a d e 5 __ _________________ _ __ __
S e r v i c e s ____ __ __ ______________________

212
212
86
76

1.
1.
1.
1.

16
16
09
18

18
18
-

-

-

G u a rd s ____ ______
_____ „ __ __ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 6
S e rv ice s
. . _ ...... . .

4 39
431
121
27 5

1.
1.
2.
1.

74
73
14
58

_
-

"

1 .4 0
1. 53
1. 38
1. 86
1. 63
1. 29
1. 12
1. 37

63
63
8 63
-

19
19
19
-

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s (m e n ) _______
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_____ _____ __
____
_ _
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 6 __________ __ __
___
W h o le s a le tra d e __________________________
R e t a il t r a d e 5 __ __ __ _____ __ _ __ _
F in a n c e 3 --------------------- ------------------------- S e r v i c e s ______________________ ________ __

2 ,0 4 3
253
1 ,7 9 0
260
73
600
361
496

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
(w o m e n ) _____________________ __ ______________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 6 __________________________
R e t a il tr a d e 5
F in a n c e 3 ___ ___ ___ __ ___
____ ____
S e r v i c e s _______________________ ___________

711
682
116
154
227
179

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

19
19
53
07
12
16

-

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g ___________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________ ___
__ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 6 ______ ____________ __ _
W h o le s a le t r a d e __________________________
R e t a il t r a d e 5 __ _________________ _ _____

2 ,0 0 3
4 06
1 ,5 9 7
838
297
421

1.
1.
1.
2.
1.
1.

89
83
90
10
78
59

O rd er fille r s
_____
M a n u fa ctu r in g _ _
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g
W h o le s a le tr a d e
R e t a il t r a d e 5

___ _____ __ ___________
_____ __ __ ________ _
__
____________ __ ___
__
___ _______ — __
__________ _______________

1 ,0 0 8
53
955
407
4 45

1.
2.
1.
1.
2.

89
01
88
63
06

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g __ ______________ ______ ___
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g
_________________ ________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _____
— -----__ —

154
117
63

1. 62
1. 60
1. 58

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s ________ __ _______ __________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _ __ _____________________
W h o le s a le tra d e ___ __ __ ____ ____ __
R e t a il tr a d e 5 _
_____________ __________

260
239
54
138
95
66

S h ip p in g c l e r k s ________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____

____________
___
___________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le,




_
_

$
1. 00

$
1. 10
-

$
1. 20
-

$
1. 30
"

$
1 .4 0
-

$
1. 50

1. 10

1. 20

1. 30

1 .4 0

1. 50

1. 60

$
1. 70
-

S
1. 80
-

$
1. 90
-

$
2. 00
"

$
2. 10

$
2. 20
-

$
2. 30
-

$
2 .4 0
-

$
2. 50
"

$
2. 60
-

$
2. 70

$
2. 80
and

1. 70

1. 80

1..90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2. 60

2 .7 0

2. 80

over

1
1
l

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

4
4
-

-

3
3
-

_
-

80
80
2
77

44
44
44
-

9
9
8
~

2
2
2
-

2
2
2
-

1
1
-

-

41
41
39

"

1
1
1

50
50
50
"

98
98
27
67

21
21
9
2

4
4
2

6
6
4

1
1
-

6
6
-

-

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

25
24
24

3
3
2

28
28
4

21
21
19

34
34
32

45
45
19
23

22
22
4
18

49
49
6
43

16
16
6
10

66
66
56
10

29
29
29

7
7
7

2
2
1

3
3
1

7
-

-

52
52
52

44
44
19
25
-

198
198
123
39
36

367
2
365
4
116
82
163

273
30
243
17
106
89
31

193
25
168
8
12
64
40
44

202
75
127
17
2
31
7
70

143
15
128
58
4
23
11
32

142
58
84
16
3
7
3
55

129
27
102
17
7
59
1
18

31
3
28
5
3
1
19

64
9
55
24
3
2
26

51
2
49
41
6
1

80
80
68
10
1
1

7
1
6
6
-

33
2
31
5
26
-

4
4
-

-

-

-

13
13
13
-

3
3
3
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

70
47
18
9
-

276
49
227
212
15
-

31
20
11
11
-

378
2
376
320
52
4

-

-

13
13
1
12

24
24
21
3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

-

"

_
-

_
-

_
-

4
4 1
4 !

1 .8 9
1. 90
2. 10
1. 76

_
-

_
-

_
-

2. 04
1. 97

_

_

_

-

1 .6 0

$

126
341
120 [ - 3 3 5 3
;
67 i 57
4 2 ! 155
8
121

50
39
5
4
11
15

26
26
3
3
12
8

6
98
94 —
2
82
1
4
4
7

1

1
1
1

3
3
3

6
5
5
-

-

! 117

|
:
I

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

"

"

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

12
12
12
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

18
18
7 18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

114
6
108
12
96

6
6
-

3
3
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

1

80
80
7
4
65

73
73
28
16
27

99
18
81
14
30
37

83
27
56
8
48

83
13
70
14
56

107
34
73
24
46

161
66
95
6
50
37

138
29
109
94
6
5

142
16
126
99
26
-

no
45
65
28
32
"

-

"

-

27
27
24
3

44
44
40
4

63
63 j
28
35

82

59
59
30
23

55
6
49
34
3

95
95
24
66

22
3
19
9
5

15
15
5
3

122
28
94
83
4

41
16
25
8

34
34
8
3

30
30
28
1

52
52
6
35

208
208
3
205

9
9
-

_

82
56
26

50
50
29
21

-

“

"

6
5
4

17
16
4

12
9
-

11
11
4

16
14
14

32
23
16

18
8
8

6
6
4

14
3
2

8
8
-

4
4
-

3
3
-

2
2
2

_
-

1
1
1

_
-

_
-

-

"

_
-

9 i
9
9

9
9
9

14
14
12

10
10
10

14
12
4
7

17
14
4
9

18
16
4
2

28
25
12
10

19
16
2
12

14
13
6
4

25
25
1
20

16
12
4
5

2
-

26
26
4
22

10
9
-

9
9
1
6

8
8
1

4
4
4
-

8
8
98
“

9
9

_

_

_

_

1
1

4

10
9

14
13

8
5

4
4

14
5

4
4

5

5
1

3

6
6

6
5

2

3

I
1
!

1

-

_
-

11

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Washington, D. C .— d .—
M
Va. , N ovem ber I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Shipping and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s --------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _______ __________________

70
60

T r u c k d r iv e r s 10 --------------------------- ----------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ----------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 6 --------------------------------------W h o le s a le tr a d e __________________________
R e ta il t r a d e 5 _____________________________
S e r v i c e s ___________________________________

2 , 909
822
2, 087
586
650
663
169

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d er l l / z ton s) ------M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e - -------------------------------S e r v i c e s ________________________________
T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( l V 2 to and
in clu d in g 4 ton s) ----------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 6 ______________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e ----------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e 5 --------------------------------------S e r v i c e s _______________________________
T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
t r a il e r ty pe) _________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e ----------------------------------R e t a il tr a d e 5 ---------------------------------------

$
1.00

$ 2 . 28
2. 31

$
1. 10

$
1. 20

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1. 90

$
2.00

$
2. 10

$
2 . 20

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

$
2. 70

$
2. 80
and

1.10

Average
$
$
hourly 2 U n der 0. 80
0.90
earnings
and
$
0. 80 u n d er
1 .0 0
. .9 0

1. 20

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1. 50

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1. 90

2. 00

2.10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

over

"

2
2

6
3

2
2

12
12

1
-

7
7

-

3
2

-

"

27
27

1

-

2
2

3

-

-

3
3

171
28
143
38
40
60
2

71
19
52
_
40
11
1

128
19
109
75
8
22
4

259
18
241
210
24
5
2

806
503
303
210
40
53
-

258
6
252
2
_
247
3

55
_
55
_
34
21
-

132
_
132
_
108
24
-

3
3
_
_
_
_

16
15
1
1

9
1
8
4
4

11
11
_
2

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
_
_

39
15
24
2
4
18
-

58
10
48
4
36
8

3
3
_
_
_

26
_
26
_
26
_

_
_ I
_ I
_ |
_
_

_

-

"

"

-

-

'

14
22
11
32
01
19
51

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
13
12
1
-

no
3
107
16
18
73

47
3
44
32
4
8

62
3
59
10
42
7
-

111
3
108
55
33
19

153
25
128
5
42
46
35

233
117
116
21
36
37
7

162
32
130
58
61
11

135
40
95
15
63
13
4

360
50
310
173
79

1 .6 5
1 .8 3
1 .6 2
1 .6 2
1 .6 1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
4
-

36
36
8
10

27
3
24
16
8

29
29
28
"

62
62
41
17

72
9
63
22
27

52
22
30
14
4

13
13
10
3

10
10
8
2

618
91
527
246
141
66
68

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
1.
1.

-

| -

-

-

60
60
-

3
3
3

6
6
6
-

-

-

-

-

9
9
6
3
-

19
7
12
4
7
1

39
20
19
_
16
-

54
17
37
26 |
5 [
6

23 1 64
5 1------ 3 ~
18 i
61
15
33
22
1
2
2
,
1

-

16
16
16

17
17
17

29
29
2
6

45
45
10
35 1

17
3
14
10

3
3
-

16
9
7
5

12
12
-

19
7
12
-

16
16

3
3

13

7
3

11
10
9

10
10

7
-

15
15

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
1.

09
03
10
31
19
95
32

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s ,
o t h e r than t r a il e r ty pe) ----------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 6 ---------------------------------

588
492
96
52

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (fo r k lift )
------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------

88
54

W a tch m en -------------------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ---------- ----- -----------------R e ta il tr a d e 5 _____________________________

178
157
56

2. 41
2. 41
2 .4 2
2. 51
2. 41

-

-

-

-

1
-

!

j

!
,

31
37
04
15

"

| ~

1

1 .9 0
r; 6 6 _

_

_

!

1.35
1.34
1. 26

-

-

-

1 "

!
1

V.
1
-

,

-

17
15
15

|
!

; 16
14
4

3
3

i

_

1

-

1

_

■

-

i

-

1
1
1

I

!
I

'
-

-

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 0. 50 to $ 0. 60.
E x c lu d e s li m i t e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 3 to $ 3 . 10.
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as fo llo w s : 36 at $ 0. 60 to $ 0 . 7 0 ; 27 at $ 0. 7 0 to $ 0 . 8 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 4 at $ 3 to $ 3. 10; 4 at $ 3. 50 to $ 3. 60.
In clu d es a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




1
j
j
i

2.
2.
2.
2.

i
I

-

1
1
2
3
4
5
8
7
8
9
10

60

!

703
74
629
182
415

!

|
j
!
!

6
6
39
38
2

-

j 58
51
1 19

6

1
4

1
l
j
,

_ I
!
-

2
2
2

7 |
3 !
4

5
r

19
19
18
1 1

"

-

-

-

-

I
1

120
63
57
4
45

250
250
247

29
29
8
21

126
126
102
24

!
1
;
'

6
6

_

4
4
4

25
11
14
14

-

3
3
-

460
430
30
30

5
3
2
2

-

-

3
3
-

-

-

2 ’
3
1 ! ----- 2

3
3

9
1

17
"

3
1

_

_

_

-

-

2
2

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

30
25
5
5 j

40
40
40

211
7
204
192
10
2 |
-

1

1
-

,
i
3
3
-

-

'

i
1_______
_




12

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary W age Provisions

Table B Shift Differentials
-1.
(Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s b y type and am ount o f d iffe r e n tia l,
W ashington, D . C . — d .—V a . , N o v e m b e r I960)
M
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

A c tu a lly w ork in g on—

S e co n d shift
w o rk

T o ta l

-------

----- — —

W ith shift pay d iffe r e n tia l
U n ifo rm ce n ts (p e r hour)
5 c e n ts and u n d e r ---------------------------------7 ce n ts
_ _
10 ce n ts __
— __ — __
----- —
12 c e n ts _ --------- -------- _
131/3 c e n ts ----- ------------- _
141/3 c e n ts ________________ _____
15 ce n ts _________________________________
16 c e n t s _______
___
171/ 2 ce n ts __ ----------- — - —
20 ce n ts _________________________________
24 ce n ts
--------_ —
_
26V 4 c e n t s _ — ----------- ----------------------282/ 3 ce n ts
------------------ -------------- ------30 ce n ts and o v e r
----—
__
U n ifo r m p e r c e n ta g e

__ __

_____

5 p e r c e n t _ ----------- -------------- ----------- __
—
-----------10 p e r c e n t
1 21/2 p e r c e n t ----------------------- — __ —
1 5 p e r c e n t ----- ----- -------_ ------F u ll d a y 's pay f o r r e d u c e d h o u rs
plus ce n ts d iffe r e n t ia l ----- — —
O ther fo r m a l p a y d iffe r e n tia l
No sh ift pay d iffe r e n t ia l

3

-------

-------------------------------------

8 3 .7

7 3 .4

14. 1

6. 1

68. 2

13. 0

6. 0

5 1 .3

— ---------

S econ d sh ift

75. 5

-----------

T h ird o r o th er
sh ift w o rk

44. 0

8. 3

3. 3

4 .9

1 .3

-

-

2. 0

.5
( 2)
2. 2
1. 1
.4
2. 1
-

9 .6
2. 8
3 .6
1 .9
6 .4
8. 3
5 .0
8 .9

1.6

4 .8
-

4. 0
-

1.6

-

-

8. 6

8. 6

1.

2. 0
6. 6

2. 0

-

-

.4
-

.6

1. 0
5 .9
6 .4
8 .3
5. 3

3. 2

T h ird o r oth er
shift

.
.
-

1
1

.4
-

.9
.4
.9
( 2)

-

2

.

2

.4
.8

.

2

-

2. 1

-

-

4. 5

“

2. 3

2 .3

. 1

13. 3

1 3 .3

3. 3

2. 5

8. 2

5. 2

1. 1

. 1

1 In clu d es e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts
e v e n though th e y w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts .
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .
3 P r im a r ily c e n t s -p e r - h o u r d iffe r e n t ia ls , v a r y in g b y o c c u p a tio n .

13
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts studied in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by m in im u m e n tra n ce sa la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w om en o f fi c e w o r k e r s , W ashington, D . C. — d. — a . , N o v e m b e r I960)
M
V
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts

M in im u m w e e k ly s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
un d er
u nd er
under
under
u nd er
u nd er
under
under
u nd er
u nd er
u nd er
under
un d er
u nd er

$ 42.
$ 45.
$ 47.
$ 50.
$ 52.
$ 55.

50
00
50
00
50
00
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 . 00
$ 7 7 . 50

40

A ll
s ch e d u le s

37V 2

A ll
sch e d u le s

40

N onm an u factu rin g

B a sed on standard w eek ly h ou rs 3 o f—
40

A ll
s ch e d u le s

37 l / a

40

2 19

46

XXX

173

XXX

XXX

2 19

46

XXX

173

XXX

XXX

---------------------

83

13

10

70

10

48

90

16

13

74

11

48

------------------------------------------------

6
1
8

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

15
5
12
6
3
7
3
1
1
1
2

1
1
1

10
3
9
5
3
3
3

1
7
2
2
2

1
5
2
2
2

-

-

6
2
12
4
16
7
9
7
4
3

1

-

7
2
12
5
23
9
11
9
4
3
1
2

1

3

3
1
5

1

-

5
1
8

4
2
8
3
9
4
5
6
2
2

----------------------------------------------------------

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 5 0 . 00
$ 5 2 . 50
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 . 00
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 . 00

M anufacturin g
A ll
in d u s tr ie s

B a sed on stan dard w e e k ly h o u rs 3 o f—
A ll
s ch e d u le s

E sta b lish m en ts stu died

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

N on m anufacturing

M anufacturin g

___________________________________

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ —
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

3

3

1
3
2

19
6
15
8
4
7
4
1
1
1
2

4
1
3
2
1

-

-

2

-

2

-

------------------

43

13

XXX

30

XXX

XXX

47

16

XXX

31

XXX

XXX

E sta b lish m en ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a te g o r y --------------------------------------------------------------------

93

20

XXX

73

XXX

XXX

82

14

XXX

68

XXX

XXX

E sta b lish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m

1

1
2
2
1

3

-

1
2

-

1

2

-

1

1

2

L ow est s a la r y rate fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d f o r h irin g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s fo r typing o r o th er c le r i c a l jo b s .
R ates a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o f fic e g ir ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a re not c o n s id e r e d .
H ours r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s .
D ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll w o rk w eek s co m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t co m m o n w o rk w eek s r e p o rte d ,




14

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y sch ed u led w e e k ly h ou rs
o f f ir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s , W ashington, D. C. — d. —Va, , N o v e m b e r I960)
M
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T WORKERS

W eek ly h o u rs
All
industries

A ll w o r k e r s

_____________

_____

______ _ _

35 h ou rs
O ver 35 and un d er 3 7 l / z h o u rs _____ ___
h ou rs ------ --------__ ------— _
38 h ou rs ------ ----------------- --------- _ —
383/4 h ou rs ------- --------------------------_ _
O ver 383/4 and under 40 h o u rs
----__ __
------------------------- __
40 h ou rs
O ver 40 and u n d er 44 h o u rs __ --------- ----44 h ou rs
_ __ ------- ------O ver 44 and u nd er 48 h o u rs ________________
48 h ou rs __ ------------- -------------------------- _
O ver 48 h ou rs _____________ ________
_____

37V 2

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

6

1
1
20
2

2
29
14
1
54
-

2
17
1
8
( 5)
64
1
1
( S)
( 5)

-

74
1
2

-

Retail trad e2

F inance3

Services

100

100

100

2
3
9
-

1
5
-

14
5
27
2
18

-

-

-

81

86

5

3
4
1

-

-------------i
—
1 T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
2 E x clu d e s l im i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
3 F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4 In clu des data f o r r e a l esta te in a dd ition to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
s L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




34
1
-

7
( 5)
6

1
85
1

M anufacturing

Public
utilities1

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

3
1
4
73
1

19

-

1
-

2
3
_
_
_
63

A1
1

industries

6
2
8
2

*
*

-

19
-

56

1
2
2

-

97
1
2

88

3

Retail trad e2

5

2
8

3
-

3
17
3

Services

100

( 5)
_
_
_
81
1
11
_
2

4

15

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by n u m b er o f pa id h olid a y s
p r o v id e d an n u ally. W ash in gton . D . C. — d. — a . , N o v e m b e r I960)
M
Y
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s

_

__ __

PLANT WORKERS

All
industries

__ __

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid h olid a y s _
_
__
_ —
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no paid h o lid a y s
____
_______________

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade2

Finance3

Services

All 4
industries

Manufacturing

Public j
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade2

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

97

100

100

100

99

99

97

95

99

100

97

98

1

3

~

-

1

“

3

2

_
-

_
1
2
7
8
9
26
( 5)
43
1
( 5)
-

_
4
11
6
17
17
3
35
3
2
3
-

_
3
3
36
56
-

_
6
18
1
6
17
42
4
5
-

_
9
1
2
3
2
22
8
19
31
-

3
2
23
33
22
6
8
1
( 5)
1
( 5)

'

'

"

1

( 5)

3

5

_
6
( 5)

_
3
2
23
( 5)
14
10
23
12
4
7
2

( 5)
5
( 5)
1
1
6
( 5)
18
4
2
24
1
33
1
( 5)
1
( 5)

_
2
1
2
13
( 5)
12
25
36
1
2
-

‘

"

2
2
2
14
26
48
58
72
72
95
97
99
99
99
99

(? )
?

N um ber o f d a y s
2 h a lf h olid a y s ___ __ _______ _____ ______
1 h o lid a y _
______ __
__
-----2 h olid a y s plus 6 h a lf days
__ __
_ _ __
3 h o lid a y s __ _ __ __ __ _____ __
_ ______
4 h o lid a y s ___ __
__ __
__ __ ______
5 h o lid a y s _____________________________________
5 h o lid a y s plus 1 o r 2 h a lf days ____________
6 h o lid a y s _____________________________________
6 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day _________
__ _
6 h o lid a y s plus 2 o r 3 h a lf days ------------------7 h o lid a y s
____ _____ __ ____ ___ _____
7 h o lid a y s plus 1 o r 2 h a lf days __ _
__ __
8 h o lid a y s ___________________
__ — __
8 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day _________________ _
8 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf days
„ ___ _ __ __
9 h o lid a y s _ __
_
9 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day ____ __ __ ___ _ _
______ ___
_ _____
___
10 h o lid a y s __
10 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf days ------- -----11 h olid a y s __ __ ___ __ __ _______ __ -----

-

'

(?)
( 5)
1
1
14
2
2
21
4
37
7
2
5
( 5)
1
1
2

_
1
38
( 5)
59
2
"

_

_

_
( 5)
3
1
36
5
37
17
-

5
5
44
15
2
10
2
4
6

T o ta l h o l i d a y t im e 6
i,
10 o r m o r e days ____ __________ __
______
9V2 o r m o r e days — ------- --------- ----9 o r m o r e days ________________________________
8V2 o r m o r e days ____________________________
8 o r m o r e days ____ __ __ _________ _ __
7 l/z o r m o r e days __ __ _ __ — -------------7 o r m o r e days __
_ ------------------— _
6 l/z o r m o r e days __
_____ ________
6 o r m o r e days
_____ ___ ______ _ _____
5 V2 o r m o r e days ____________________________
5 o r m o r e days _
--- ------------- __ _ ------4 o r m o r e days __ ___ __ __________ ___ __
3 o r m o r e days __
------------------- _
----1 o r m o r e days __ __ ________ __________

2
4
4
10
18
56
59
81
83
97
98
99
99
99
99

( 5)
2
45
45
80
88
96
96
97
97
97
97

2
2
61
61
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
3
3
5
7
43
45
79
85
96
96
100
100
100
100

_
-

17
17
54
59
95
95
97
100
100
100

6
11
12
24
39
88
88
92
93
99
99
99
99
99
99

n

1
1
35
36
61
65
83
83
90
91
92
97

_
2
3
39
39
77
77
91
91
93
95
95
95

_

-

56
56
92
92
96
96
96
96
96
99

_
5
9
51
51
75
76
94
94
100
100
100
100

_
-

31
31
50
58
80
80
84
86
88
97

(?)
*)
( 5)
1
2
10
15
38
38
71
71
93
-93
93
98

1 T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
2 E x clu d e s lim i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
3 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4 In clu des data f o r r e a l e sta te in ad d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
All. com b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sa m e am ount a r e co m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 days in clu d es th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and
no h a lf d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on. P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cu m u lated .




16
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , W ashington, D . C. — d. —V a . , N o v e m b e r I960)
M
OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

A ll w o r k e r s

--------------------------------------------------------

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

W
holesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

PLANT WORKERS
Finance 3

Services

A
U
industries

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

5 99
99
( 6)
( 6)

597
92
3
2

100
100
-

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

100
100
_

1

Retail trade 2

3

-

-

-

-

3
54
19
2

8
29
5
( 6)

10
31
16
-

49
1
-

16
26
6
-

3
20
4
-

25
24
4
3

_
21
70
9
-

( 6)
52
3
41
1
1

1
36
1
54
4
-

43
1
56
-

_
53
_
44
3
-

57
5
34
4

_
3
77
9
11
-

( 6)
26
( 6)
66
2
4
( 6)

1
17
1
72
5
_

_
26
1
73
_

_
28
69
3
_

( 6)

-

-

14
( 6)
74
2
9
( 6)

10
1
61
5
19
( 6)

23

4
1
82

-

16
78
3
4
-

13
-

27
_
62
8
4
-

5
( 6)
77
2
15

87
13
-

5
83
3
10
-

2
85
13
-

19
3
64
7
5
1

Manufacturing 5

Retail trade 2

Services

M eth od o f p aym on t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s ________________________________
L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent ----------------------------P e r c e n ta g e paym ent -----------------------------------F la t -s u m paym ent --------------------------------------O ther -------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no p aid v a ca tion s _____________________________

-

-

A m ount o f v a c a t io n p a y 7
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and u nd er 2 w ee k s ____________________
2 w eek s _________________________________________

2
48
10
4

3
61
5
3

1
65
-

4
49
5
-

3
28
6
-

2
37
12
12

_
26
72
2
-

_
36
58
2
4

5
95
( 6)
-

8
83

-

_
13
85
2
-

-

-

-

_

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------------O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------2 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

_

19
( 6)
77
3
1

16
_
80
4
-

22
( 6)
77
1
-

_
3
4
86
3
4
( 6)

_
7
88
4
_
1

_
( 6)
20
79
1

2
( 6)
86
3
8
( 6)

3
63
4
28
1

( 6)

_

_

-

-

51
3
44
2
1

94
5
1

_

_

_

_
62
4
33
2
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------------O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------2 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------4 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------

-

9
-

.
100
( 6)
-

-

-

_
30
-

60
10
-

_
29
_
64
5
1
-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

_
-

99
1
-

_

-

6
87
2
5
-

4
2
86
9
-

-

2
69
11
18
-

1
89
2
8
-

( 6)
88
12
-

85
4
11
-

( 6)
64
8
14
15

'

1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ------------------------------2 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and und er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------4 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------

'

-

100
( 6)
-

-

77
-

-

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w ee k s ------------------------------2 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------O v er 3 and un d er 4 w ee k s ------------------------------4 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------

See foo tn o te s at end o f table,




79
3
13
4
( 6)

(*)

( 6)

-

53
4
37
2
( 6)

17
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , W ashington, D. C . — d .—Va. , N o v e m b e r I960)
M
OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

All
industries

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade 2

Finance 3

_
21
76
2
1

_
59
7
33
1
-

1
47
2
49
-

( 6)
21
3
75
-

_
24
5
71
-

_
18
51
2
29

_
1
95
1
3

1
19
79
-

( 6)

_
17
45
2
37

_
17
35
2
47

Services

A
U .
industries 4

Manufacturing

Public
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade 2

Services

2
27
3
68
-

19
3
53
4
16
5

A m ou n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 7 — -C o n tin u e d
A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _____ ____ _ _ _______
__ --------O ver 1 and u nd er 2 w eek s _
__
--------------2 w eek s
_____ _ _
__ ------------- __ —
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s -----------------------------3 w eek s _____
____ __ ----------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s ___________________
4 w eeks --------------------------------------------------------------

( 6)
32
4
58
( 6)
5

4
( 6)
41
2
50
( 6)
1

_
22
72
3
( 6)

_
63
2
34
-

5
51
3
42
-

-

( 6)
28
2
48
22

-

-

( 6)
16
( 6)
42
6
35

4
( 6)
23
1
60
1
10

_
17
58
3
19

_
4
82
13

5
24
71
-

-

17
74
8

_
10
( 6)
81
7
2

2
27
64
7

19
3
36
4
28
1
8

_
1
94
1
3

1
19
61

( 6)
15
52

10
( 6)
72

-

-

19

33

18

4
( 6)
19
1
52
1
22

_
12
55
3
26

_
4
81
15

5
24
56
16

2
19

-

( 6)
16
( 6)
42
6
35

19
3
36
4
28
1
8

_
1
68
1
30

1
19
49
30

( 6)
15
35
49

10
( 6)
59
31

( 6)
15
( 6)
42

4
( 6)
19
1
45
1
29

12
54
3
28

-

5
24
36
35

-

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ___ ------------- ------2 w eeks
________ ____________ ______ _____
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks
------------- ------------3 w eeks
------------------ _ — -------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks
-------------------------4 w eeks __ ------------ ------- ------ ---------------------

( 6)
12
( 6)
71
3
13

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _ __________ __________ ____
______
-------------- _
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s _ —
2 w eek s _ __ ____________ _____ __ ---------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s
-------------------3 w eeks ____________
__________ _____________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s
_ __ __ _ —
4 w eeks
_ -------------------- _ — -------------

( 6)
12
( 6)
63
2
23

-

47
32

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek --------------------------------- ------------------- _
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ------------------- ------2 w eeks _______
___________
______
_
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s __ __ ------ __
3 w eeks
_______ _______ _______________ ______
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks __________
___
4 w eeks __ — ----------- -----------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
s e r v ic e

( 6)
12
( 6)
50
2
36

6

37

T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilit ie s .
E x clu d es lim i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
Inclu des data fo r r e a l estate in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
Inclu des p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not p r o v id e paid v a ca tio n s until a fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r il y r e fle c t the in divid u al p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
in clu d e chan ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .

F o r ex a m p le,

4

60
36

19
3
36

44

28
1
9

36

4

the ch an ges in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s '

N OTE: In the tabulations o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , paym ents o th e r than "le n g th o f t im e " such as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual ea rn in gs o r fla t -s u m pa ym en ts,
an equivalent tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a paym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in gs w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.




2
19
-

w e re c o n v e r te d to

18

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s tr ie s and in in du stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
health, in s u ra n ce , o r p e n s io n b e n e fits , W ashington, D. C . - M d . - V a . , N o v e m b e r I960)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Type o f b e n e fit

A ll w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------- ---------------

PLAN T WORKERS

All
industries

M anufacturing

Public .
utilities

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

Retail trade2

Finan ce5

Services

100

100

All
4
industries

M anufacturing

Public j
utilities

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

Retail trade2

Services

100

100

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g :
L ife in s u ra n ce -------------------------------------------------------------------A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------------S ick n es s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k lea v e o r b o t h 5 -----------------------------------------------------

87

83

76

94

89

92

89

82

87

73

86

88

76

45

49

44

54

30

48

49

51

50

46

46

51

55

87

94

84

89

97

79

88

83

84

72

86

92

79

S ick n es s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce ---------------S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d ) ------------------------------------------------------S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d ) ---------------------------------------------------------

30

47

24

47

32

30

22

52

68

35

38

56

58

72

61

82

79

54

66

82

39

14

55

57

37

41

7

11

( 6)

10

37

-

-

17

8

14

18

27

3

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u ra n ce ----------------------------S u r g ic a l in s u ra n ce ----------------------------------------M e d ica l i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------C a ta strop h e in s u ra n ce ----------------------------------R e tir e m e n t p en s io n --------------------------------------No health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n -------

69
67
45
52
75
1

82
79
46
42
65
( 6)

63
62
40
74
76

81
60
55
47
82

78
76
25
40
76
2

63
63
55
54
80
1

67
67
46
42
70
( 6)

77
75
36
33
57
7

83
77
38
21
38
1

66
65
51
72
71
5

72
61
55
33
66
5

84
82
25
19
65
5

74
74
39
28
36
18

1

T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
E x clu d es lim i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
3 F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4 In clu des data fo r r e a l esta te in add ition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 U n du plica ted total o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce show n se p a r a te ly b e lo w .
S ic k -le a v e plans are lim ite d to th ose w h ich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t the
m in im u m num ber o f days* pay that can be e x p e c te d by ea ch e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n ce s d e te r m in e d on an in divid u al b a s is are e x clu d ed .
6 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




19

Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E
B ILL E R , MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE O P E R A T O R

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
chan an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

B ille r , machine (h illin g m achine)— Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon cop ies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B ille r , machine (bookkeepin g m achine)— Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




C la ss A — Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
C la s s B — Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
C L E R K , ACCOUNTING

C la s s A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

20

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — .Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.
Class B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine accountingwork is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

C LER K , PA YRO LL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker*s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
CO M PTO M ETER O P ER A TO R

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

C LER K , F IL E
Class A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , cla ssifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
Class B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or a ssists in locating material in file s . May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

C L E R K , O RD ER

R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM EO GRAPH O R D IT T O )

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple cop ies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPU N CH O PERA TO R

Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon si­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.
O F F I C E B O Y O R G IR L

Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

21

SECRETA RY

Performs secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STEN O G RAPH ER, G E N E R A L

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
S T E N O G R A P H E R , T E C H N IC A L

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
SW ITCH B O A RD O P E R A T O R

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls .
May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SW ITCH B O A RD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker*s time while at
switchboard.




T A B IIL A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
Class A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations arc(/day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter,,reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C — Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp ecific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

22

T Y P IS T

T Y P I S T — Continued

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing p rocesses. May do clerica l work involving little sp ecia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.
Class /I— Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class B — Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licie s,
e tc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PR O F E SSIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
D R A FT S M A N , JU N IO R

(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.
D R A FT SM A N , L E A D E R

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their vork; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates di *ing emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

D R A FT S M A N , S E N IO R — Continued

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L ( R E G I S T E R E D )

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

-

D R A FT SM A N , S E N IO R
TRA CER

Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. Uses
T-square, com pass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

23

MAINTENANCE

D PO W E R PL A N T

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer are excluded




.

H E L P E R , T R A D E S , M A IN T E N A N C E

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp e cific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time basis.
M A C H IN E-T O O L O P E R A T O R , TO O LR O O M

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
M A CH IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch inist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

24

M A CH IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E — Continued

M ILLW R IG H T — Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

M EC H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T EN A N C E)

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
M EC H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
M ILLW R IG H T

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




O IL E R

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating system s are excluded

.

25

T O O L AND D IE M A K E R

P L U M B E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K ER , M A IN T E N A N C E

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker* fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification .

C U STO D IA L AND M A T E R IA L MOVEMENT
E LE V A T O R O PER A TO R , PA SSEN GER

JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R — Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.
JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office , apartment house, or commercial




L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

26

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G — Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

,

Longshoremen who load and unload ships are excluded.
O RD ER F IL L E R

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d as follow s:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
T R U C K D R IV E R

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l l2 tons)
/
Truckdriver, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
T R U C K E R , PO W ER

boxes or crates are excluded.
S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in v oices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s.




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type of
truck, as follow s:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆

U . S . G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F I C E : 1961

O - 582595







Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 196l. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D .C ., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.

Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285Albany—
Schenectady-Troy, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Albuquerque, N. Mex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—Bethlehem—Easton,
P a .-N .J .— Bull. 1285"
Atlanta, Ga.— Bull. 1285“
Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285Beaumont—Port Arthur, T ex.-—Bull. 1285Birmingham, A la.— Bull. 1285Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285Bull. 1285-15
Buffalo, N . Y . — Bull. 1285Burlington, V t.— Bull. 1285Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Charleston, W. V a.— Bull. 1285Charlotte, N .C .— Bull. 1285❖ ❖ Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga.— Bull. 1285-14
Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285-

❖ ❖

B o sto n , M a ss .—

Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.— Bull. 1285“
* * Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285-11
Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285Dallas, Tex.— Bull. 1285-21
* * Davenport—Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.—
Bull. 1285-16
Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Denver, Colo.-— Bull. 1285Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285Detroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285Fort Worth, Tex.— Bull. 1285-23

❖ Green Bay, W is.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S .C .— Bull. 1285Houston, T e x .— Bull. 1285Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285Jackson, M i s s .— Bull. 1285Jacksonville, F la .— Bull. 1285Kansas City, M o.—K a n s.— Bull. 1285-18
Lawrence—Haverhill, M a ss.—N .H .— Bull. 1285* * Little Rock—North Little Rock, Ark.— Buil. 1285-6
L os A n geles—Long Beach, C a lif.— Bull. 1285L o u isv ille, K y .—Ind.— Bull. 1285Lubbock, T e x .— Bull. 1285* Manchester, N .H .— Bull. 1285-1
Memphis, T enn.— Bull. 1285Miami, F la .— Bull. 1285Milwaukee, W is.— Bull. 1285M inneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285Muskegon—Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285Newark and Jersey City, N .J .— Bull. 1285“
New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285New Orleans, L a .— Bull. 1285New York, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Norfolk—Portsmouth and Newport N ew s—
Hampton, V a .— Bull. 1285* * Oklahoma City, O k la.— Bull. 1285-3
* * Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa— Bull. 1285-13
Paterson—Clifton—P a ssa ic , N .J .— Bull. 1285Philadelphia, P a .— Bull. 1285-24
Phoenix, A riz .— Bull. 1285-

Pittsburgh, Pa.— Bull. 1285Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285- 19
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence—
Pawtucket, R .I.—
Mass.— Bull. 1285* * Raleigh, N.C.— Bull. 1285-5
Richmond, Va.— Bull. 1285Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285* * St. Louis, Mo.—
111.— Bull. 1285-10
Salt Lake City, Utah— Bull. 1285San Antonio, T ex.— Bull. 1285❖ San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario,
C alif.— Bull. 1285-4
San Francisco—
Oakland, C a lif.— Bull. 1285Savannah, Ga. — Bull. 1285* * Scranton, P a.— Bull. 1285-8
Seattle, Wash.— Bull. 1285- 7
* * * Sioux Falls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285-17
South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285Trenton, N.J.— Bull. 1285-

Washington, D.C.-Md.-Va.— Bull. 1285-22
Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285“
Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285-20
* * Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285-9
* * Wilmington, D e l.-N .J .— Bull. 1285-12
Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285York, P a.— Bull. 1285-

An asterisk preceding a labor market in d ica tes the a v a ila b ility and
price of the bu lletin .
P le a s e do not order c o p ie s in advance.

*
❖ ❖
***




Price, 20 cents.
Price, 25 cents.
Price, 15 cents.





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102