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Occupational Wage Survey
DALLAS, TEXAS
NOVEMBER 1960

Bulletin




N o.

1 2 8 5 -2 1

UNITED STA T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
Arthur J. G old b erg , Secretary
BU R EA U O F LA BO R STATISTICS
E w a n Clag uo , Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




DALLAS, TEXAS
NOVEMBER 1960

Bulletin No. 1285-21
January 1961

U N IT E D S T A T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
A rth u r J . G o l d b e r g , S e c r e t a r y
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Contents

Preface

Page
T h e C o m m u n ity W age S u r v e y P r o g r a m
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s r e g u l a r l y co n d u cts
a r e a w id e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b e r o f im p o r ta n t in d u s t r ia l
c e n t e r s . T h e s t u d ie s , m a d e f r o m la t e f a l l to e a r l y s p r in g ,
r e la t e to o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d s u p p le m e n ta r y
b e n e fit s . A p r e l im in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the s tu d y in e a c h a r e a , u s u a lly in th e m o n th fo llo w in g
th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s tu d ie d . T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s a d d itio n a l
d a ta n ot in c lu d e d in th e e a r l i e r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly t ic a l b u lle tin s u m m a r iz in g th e r e s u lt s o f a l l o f the
y e a r * s s u r v e y s is is s u e d a f t e r c o m p le tio n o f th e fin a l a r e a
b u lle tin f o r the c u r r e n t ro u n d o f s u r v e y s .
T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in th e B u r e a u 1s r e g io n a l
o f f ic e in A tla n ta , G a . , b y D o n ald M . C r u s e , u n d e r the
d ir e c t io n o f L o u is B . W o y ty ch , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r
f o r W a g e s and I n d u s t r ia l R e la t io n s .




In tro d u c tio n ___________________________________________________
W age tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s -----------------------------------

1
4

T a b le s :
1.
2.

A.

B.

E s t a b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y _________
In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a ig h t - t im e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s ,
and p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s _______________
O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s : *
A - 1.
O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s ________________________________
A - 2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s ______________
A -3 .
M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s ____________
A -4 .
C u s to d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ________
E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e
p r o v is io n s : *
B -l.
S h ift d if f e r e n t ia ls __________________________________
B - 2 . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m en o f fic e
w o r k e r s _________________________________________
B -3 .
S ch e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ____________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s _____________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a t io n s ____________________________________
B -6 .
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s _______________

A p p e n d ix :

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _____________________________

* N O T E : S im il a r ta b u la tio n s a r e a v a ila b le in th e D a lla s
a r e a r e p o r t s f o r June 1 9 5 1 , A u g u s t 19 5 2 , S e p te m b e r 19 5 3,
S e p te m b e r 19 5 4 , and O c t o b e r o f e a c h y e a r s in c e 19 5 5 .
M o s t o f the r e p o r t s in c lu d e d a ta on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c ­
t ic e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s .
A d ir e c to r y
in d ic a tin g d a te o f s tu d y and the p r i c e o f th e r e p o r t s , a s
w e ll a s r e p o r t s f o r o th e r m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon
r e q u e s t.
C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r a c t i c e s in the D a lla s a r e a a r e a ls o a v a i l a ­
b le f o r the m a c h in e r y in d u s t r ie s ( F e b r u a r y I960), p o w e r
la u n d r ie s and d r y c le a n e r s ( A p r il I960), b a n k in g (M a y
I960), flu id m ilk (June I960), and h o s p ita ls (June I960).
U n ion s c a l e s , in d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a ilin g p a y l e v e l s , a r e
a v a ila b le f o r th e fo llo w in g t r a d e s o r in d u s t r ie s : B u ild in g
c o n s tr u c tio n , p r in tin g , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s ,
and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e lp e r s .

3

3

5
9
10
11

13
14
15
16
17
19
21




Occupational Wage Survey—Dallas, Tex.
Introduction

T h is a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p o rta n t in d u s t r ia l c e n t e r s in
w h ic h the U. S. D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r rs B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s h as
co n d u cted s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d w a g e b e n e fits
on an a r e a w id e b a s is . In th is a r e a , d a ta w e r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f ie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa c tu rin g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n ,1
c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il
t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in ­
d u s t r y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s . E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g
f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d a ls o b e c a u s e
th e y fu r n is h in s u ff ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d to w a r ­
r a n t in c lu s io n . W h e r e v e r p o s s ib le , s e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e co n d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s . T o o b tain
a p p r o p r ia te a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p ro p o r tio n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is stu d ie d . In co m b in in g the d a ta , h o w ­
e v e r , a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t. E s t im a t e s
b a s e d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e f o r e , a s r e ­
la tin g to a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u s t r y g ro u p in g and a r e a , e x ­
c e p t f o r th o s e b e lo w the m in im u m s i z e stu d ie d .
O c c u p a tio n s

an d E a r n in g s

T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r s tu d y a r e co m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s . O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to
ta k e a c c o u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e
jo b . (See a p p en d ix f o r lis t in g o f t h e s e d e s c r ip t io n s . ) E a r n in g s d a ta a r e
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) f o r th e fo llo w in g ty p e s o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (c) m a in t e ­
n an ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t.

la t e s h ifts .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d a ls o , b u t c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u s e s and in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d .
W h e re w e e k ly
h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is
t o t h e w o r k s c h e d u l e s ( r o u n d e d t o t h e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h ic h
s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e
o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f m e n and w om en a r e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a t e ly
f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w h ich both s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D if f e r e n c e s in p a y le v e l s o f m en and w om en in th e s e o cc u p a tio n s a r e
l a r g e l y due to (1) d if f e r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong
in d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts ; (2) d if f e r e n c e s in s p e c if ic d u tie s p e r ­
fo r m e d , a lth o u g h the o cc u p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly c l a s s if ie d w ith in
the s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d if f e r e n c e s in le n g th o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w w hen in d iv id u a l s a l a r i e s a r e a d ju s te d on th is b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v i c e o f m e n w ou ld r e s u lt in h ig h e r a v e r a g e p a y
w hen both s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ith in the s a m e r a te ra n g e .
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u se d in c la s s if y in g e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u ­
a l ly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts to
a llo w f o r m in o r d if f e r e n c e s am o n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c if ic d u tie s
p e r fo rm e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the stu d y and not the n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l ly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e am o n g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s , the e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b tain ed
fr o m th e s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the
r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e do not m a t e r ia l l y a ff e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in g s d ata.
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta ry W age P r o v is io n s

In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e fits a s th e y r e ­
la te to o f fic e and p la n t w o r k e r s .
T he t e r m " o ff ic e w o r k e r s , M a s u s e d
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r
in th is b u lle tin , in c lu d e s w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , and e x c lu d e s a d m in ­
u le in the g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s if ic a t io n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e
is t r a t i v e , e x e c u t iv e , and p r o f e s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. " P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
clu d e w o r k in g fo r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g le a d m en and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
A d m in is t r a t iv e ,
r a i l r o a d s , f o r m e r l y e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f th e s e s t u d ie se x e c u t iv e , and p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
,
e m p lo y e e s who a r e u t iliz e d a s a s e p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
w e r e in clu d e d in a ll o f the a r e a s s tu d ie d s in c e J u ly 19 59, e x c e p t
C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s ­
B a lt im o r e , B u ffa lo , C le v e la n d , and S e a t t le .
R a ilr o a d s a r e n ow in ­
t r i e s , but a r e in clu d e d a s p la n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s .
clu d e d in th e s c o p e o f a l l l a b o r - m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y s .

1




2

S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l d a ta (ta b le B - l ) a r e lim it e d to m a n u fa c tu r in g
in d u s t r ie s .
T h is in fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in t e r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m e n t, and (b) e ff e c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on th e b a s is o f w o r k e r s
a c t u a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c if ie d s h ift at the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g v a r ie d d if f e r e n t ia ls , the am o u n t a p p ly in g to
a m a jo r it y w a s u s e d o r , if no am ount a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y , the c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n " o th e r " w a s u s e d .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ic h s o m e la t e s h ift h o u rs a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if f e r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d o n ly
if it a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y o f the s h ift h o u r s .

M in im u m e n tra n c e r a t e s (ta b le B -2 ) r e la t e o n ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts v is it e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n te d on an e s t a b lis h m e n t , r a t h e r
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; and
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t ic a l l y on the
b a s is th a t t h e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a ­
j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r the
p r a c t ic e s lis t e d . S ch e d u le d h o u rs a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t ic a l l y on the b a s is
th a t th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y
a r e c o v e r e d . 3 B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g, su m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in th e s e
ta b u la tio n s m a y not e q u a l t o ta ls .
T he f i r s t p a r t o f the p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s the n u m ­
b e r o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s a c t u a lly p r o v id e d .
The secon d p a rt
c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s to sh o w to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .
T he s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p la n s is lim it e d to f o r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n ts , e x c lu d in g in fo r m a l p la n s w h e r e b y tim e o ff w ith p a y is g r a n te d
a t the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S e p a r a te e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in co m p u tin g v a c a t io n p a y m e n ts , s u ch
a s tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f an n ual e a r n in g s , o r f la t - s u m a m o u n ts.
H o w e v e r , in th e ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , p a y m e n ts not on
a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r te d ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
a n n u al e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s th e e q u iv a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y .

2

A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h a v in g a p o lic y if it m e t
e it h e r o f th e fo llo w in g co n d itio n s: (1) O p e ra te d la te s h ift s a t the tim e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) had f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ift s .
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f fic e w o r k e r s ( f ir s t s e c t io n o f
ta b le B -3 ) in s u r v e y s m a d e p r i o r to J u ly 19 57 w e r e p r e s e n te d in
t e r m s o f th e p r o p o r tio n o f w o m en o ffic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o f fic e s
w ith the in d ic a te d w e e k ly h o u rs f o r w o m en w o r k e r s .

3




D a ta a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
p la n s f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
e x c e p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
S u ch p la n s in c lu d e th o se
u n d e r w r itte n b y a c o m m e r c ia l in s u r a n c e co m p a n y and th o s e p r o v id e d
th ro u g h a union fund o r p a id d i r e c t l y b y th e e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t
o p e r a tin g funds o r fr o m a fund s e t a s id e f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D eath
b e n e fits a r e in clu d e d as a fo r m o f lif e in s u r a n c e .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim it e d to th a t ty p e o f in ­
s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ich p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t l y
to the in s u r e d on a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s is d u r in g il l n e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll s u c h p la n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s .
H o w e v e r , in N ew Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich
h a ve e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p l o y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
t r ib u t e s m o r e than is l e g a l l y r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s
o f p a id s i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d to f o r m a l p la n s 5 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll p a y o r a p r o p o r tio n o f th e w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e fr o m w o r k
b e ca u se of illn e s s .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
(1) .p lan s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2) p la n s
p r o v id in g e it h e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d itio n to the
p r e s e n ta t io n o f th e p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lica te d to ta l is
show n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e iv e e it h e r o r both ty p e s o f b e n e fit s .
C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to a s e x te n d e d
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o s e p la n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b eyo n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a t io n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le te o r p a r t ia l
p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s 1 f e e s . S u ch p la n s m a y be u n d e r w r itte n b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a t io n s o r th e y m a y be
s e l f - in s u r e d . T a b u la tio n s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim it e d to
th o s e p la n s th a t p r o v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f th e
w o r k e r 's l i f e .

4
5

T h e t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lif o r n ia and R h od e Is la n d
do not r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s .
A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h a v in g a f o r m a l p la n i f
it e s t a b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s o f s i c k le a v e th a t
co u ld b e e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . S u ch a p la n n e e d n ot b e w r itte n ,
but in fo r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is ,
w e r e e x c lu d e d .

3

T a b le 1.

—

__ __

N u m b er o f e sta b lish m e n ts

M in im u m
em p lo y m en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in scop e
o f study

In d ustry d iv isio n

A l l d iv isio n s

b y m a jo r in d u stry d iv i s i o n ,2 N o v e m b e r I9 6 0

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e of su rv e y and n u m b er studied in D a l la s , T e x . ,

-----

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts
W ithin sc o p e of study

W ithin
sc o p e o f
stu d y 3

Studied

Studied
T o t a l4

O ffic e

P lan t

T o t a l4

50

942

212

1 9 3 ,0 0 0

4 0 ,9 0 0

1 1 5 ,6 0 0

1 0 2 ,8 0 0

50
50

319
623

70
142

79* 500
1 1 3 ,5 0 0

9 , 200
3 1 ,7 0 0

5 5 ,1 0 0
6 0 ,5 0 0

4 4 ,8 8 0
5 7 ,9 2 0

50
50
50
50
50

M an ufactu ring
_ _
_ __
__ __
_ __ _
N on m an ufactu ring
-----------_ _
-----------—
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other
public u tilitie s 5 _ _
_
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _
W h o le sa le tra d e ___ __ _ _ —
_
_ ______
R e ta il tra d e _ __
__ _ __ __ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te
_ --------S e r v i c e s * -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

80
159
176
126
82

32
21
38
32
19

2 8 ,2 0 0
1 6 ,6 0 0
3 5 ,3 0 0
2 1 ,1 0 0
1 2 ,3 0 0

1 5 ,3 0 0

2 0 ,7 2 0
3 ,0 9 0
2 0 ,1 2 0
9*920
4 ,0 7 0

6 ,7 0 0
(6 )
4 ,0 0 0
1 4 ,6 0 0

( 6)
2 7 ,2 0 0
7 800

(6)

( 6)

1 The D a lla s Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a {C o llin , D a l la s , D en ton , and E llis C o u n tie s).
T h e "w o r k e r s w ithin scop e of stu d y " e s t im a t e s shown in this ta b le p rovid e a r e a so n a b ly
a c c u r a te d e sc r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o sitio n o f the la b o r fo r c e in clu d ed in the su r v e y .
The e s t im a t e s a r e not in tend ed , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith other a r e a em p lo y m en t
in dexes to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m en t tre n d s o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w age su r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n sid e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ie d , and
(2) s m a ll e sta b lish m e n ts a r e ex clu d ed fr o m the sc o p e o f the su r v e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a tio n M an ual w as u se d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lish m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
M a jo r chan ges fr o m the e a r lie r ed ition (u se d in
the B u r e a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w age su rv e y s conducted p r io r to J uly 1958) a r e the t r a n s fe r o f m ilk p a ste u r iz a tio n p lants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e s ta b lish m e n ts fr o m tra d e (w h o le sa le o r r e ta il) to
m a n u fa c tu rin g , and the t r a n s fe r o f rad io and t e le v is io n b r o a d ca stin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 In clud es a ll esta b lish m e n ts with to ta l em p lo y m en t at o r above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the a r e a ) o f com p a n ie s in such in d u str ie s
as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto
r e p a ir
s e r v i c e , and m o tio n -p ic tu r e th e a te rs a re c o n sid e r e d as 1 e s ta b lish m e n t.
4 In cludes e x e c u tiv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and oth er w o r k e r s ex clu d ed fr o m the se p a r a te o ffic e and plant c a te g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w a ter tra n sp o r ta tio n w e r e ex clu d ed .
6 T h is in du stry d iv isio n is r e p r e se n te d in e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A and B ta b le s .
S ep arate p r e se n ta tio n o f data fo r th is d iv isio n is not m ad e
fo r one or m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv isio n is too s m a ll to p rovid e enough data to m e r it se p a r a te stu d y, (2) the sa m p le w as not d esig n ed in itia lly to p e r m it se p a r a te
p r e se n ta tio n , (3) r e sp o n se w as in su fficie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it se p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n , (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f in dividu al e sta b lish m e n t data.
7 E stim a te r e la te s to r e a l e sta te e sta b lish m e n ts on ly.
8 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v i c e s ; au tom obile r e p a ir sh o p s; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; nonp rofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s; and en g in eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v i c e s .

T ab le 2.

In d exes of standard w ee k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -t im e hourly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu p ation al grou ps in
D a lla s , T e x . , N o v e m b e r I 9 6 0 and O c to b e r 1 9 5 9 , and p erc en ts of change fo r se le c te d p erio d s

In d exes
(A u gu st 1952 = 100)

P e r c e n t chan ges lf r o m —
O c to b e r 1958
to
O c to b e r 1959

8
7
1
8

3.
2.
4.
2.

0
4
4
7

2 -1 . 7
. 7
2. 8

3.
1.
4.
1.

1
8
3
7

N ovem ber
1960

O cto ber
1959

O cto ber 1959
to
N o v e m b e r I9 6 0

A ll in d u str ie s:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (w om en) -----------------In d u strial n u r se s (women) -------------S k illed m ain tenan ce ( m e n ) -------------U n sk illed plant (men) ----------------------

139.
13 2.
14 1.
13 7.

3
6
9
8

13 5.
1 3 0.
13 7.
13 4.

2.
1.
3.
2.

M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (w om en) ----- -----------In d u strial n u r se s (women) ------------S k illed m ain tenan ce (men) ------------U n sk illed plant (m en) ----------------------

13 4.
12 5.
13 5.
13 6.

7
9
9
4

1 3 1 .4
128. 1
135. 0
13 2. 7

In dustry and occu p ation al group

1
2

5
3
6
1

O c to b e r 1955
to
O c to b e r 1956

3 .4
3. 7
6. 1
5. 7

4.
4.
4.
5.

3
5
4
9

5.
6.
3.
4

8
9
4
0

4.
2.
4.
4

0
8
6
7

5.
7.
3.
3.

0
6
8
3

5.
—.
5.
3.

6
8
9
6

2.
3.
4.
2.

4.
5.
4.
4.

6
1
4
4

5.
7.
4.
5.

5
5
2
7

3.
1.
3.
1.

9
4
5
1

5.
9.
3.
4.

0
9
5
0

3.
—3.
7.
9.

3
0
0
5

5
0
0
8

U n le ss oth e rw ise in d icated , a ll a r e in c r e a s e s .
T h is d ec lin e la r g e ly r e fle c t s tu rn o ver in the occu p ation and sh ifts in em p lo y m en t b etw een h ig h - and lo w -w a g e e sta b lish m e n ts




A u gu st 1952
S e p te m b e r 1954 S e p te m b e r 1953
to
to
to
S ep te m b er 1954 S e p te m b e r 1953
O cto b e r 1955

O c to b e r 1956
to
O c to b e r 1957

O c to b e r 1957
to
O c to b e r 1958

r a th er than w age d e c r e a s e s .

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e in s a l a r i e s o f
w o m en o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .

F o r o f fic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , th e p e r ­
c e n ts o f ch a n ge r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u rs
o f w o r k , th a t i s , th e s ta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y m e a s u r e ch a n g e s
in s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r ­
tim e and f o r w o r k pn w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s . T h e p e r ­
c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on d a ta f o r s e le c t e d k e y o c c u p a tio n s and in c lu d e
m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ith in e a c h g ro u p .
The o f­
f ic e c l e r i c a l d a ta a r e b a s e d on w o m en in th e fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i l l e r s ,
m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ); b o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A
and B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A and B ; c l e r k s ,
o r d e r ; c l e r k s , p a y r o ll; k e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s ; o f fic e g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r i e s ;
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ; s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ; t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p ­
e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and t y p is t s , c l a s s A and B .
T h e in d u s t r ia l n u r s e
d a ta a r e b a s e d on w o m en in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s .
M en in the fo llo w in g
10 s k ille d m a in te n a n c e jo b s and 3 u n s k ille d jo b s w e r e in c lu d e d in the
p la n t w o r k e r data:
S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is t s ; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; m illw r ig h t s ; p a in t e r s ; p ip e f it t e r s ;
s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ; and to o l and d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — j a n it o r s ,
p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; l a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g ; and w a tch m e n .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a l a r i e s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
co m p u ted f o r e a c h o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s .
T he a v e r a g e s a l ­
a r ie s o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e th en m u ltip lie d b y the a v e r a g e e m p lo y ­
m e n t in the jo b d u rin g the m o n th s in d ic a te d in the t it le o f ta b le 2.




T h e s e w e ig h te d e a r n in g s f o r in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n s w e r e th en to ta le d
to o b ta in an a g g r e g a t e f o r e a c h o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p . F in a l l y , the r a tio
o f th e s e g ro u p a g g r e g a t e s f o r th e one y e a r to th e a g g r e g a t e f o r the
o th e r y e a r w a s co m p u ted and the d if f e r e n c e b e tw e e n th e r e s u lt and
is the p e r c e n t o f ch a n g e fr o m the one p e r io d to the o th e r .

10
0

T he p e r c e n t o f ch a n ge m e a s u r e s , p r in c ip a lly , the e ff e c t s o f
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2) m e r it o r o th e r i n c r e a s e s
in p a y r e c e iv e d b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in th e s a m e jo b ; and
(3) c h a n g e s in the la b o r f o r c e s u c h a s la b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n ­
s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith d iffe r e n t p a y l e v e l s . C h a n g e s in the
la b o r f o r c e can c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s . F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n s io n
m ig h t in c r e a s e the p r o p o r tio n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c if ic
o c c u p a tio n and r e s u lt in a d ro p in th e a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a re d u c tio n
in the p r o p o r tio n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ou ld h a v e the o p p o s ite e ff e c t.
T he m o v e m e n t o f a h ig h -p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u ld
c a u s e the a v e r a g e e a r n in g s to d ro p , e v e n though no ch a n ge in r a t e s
o c c u r r e d in o th e r a r e a e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
T h e u s e o f co n sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c ts
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in e a c h jo b in ­
clu d e d in the d a ta.
N o r a r e the p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e in flu e n c e d b y
ch a n g e s in s ta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e ,
s in c e th e y a r e b a s e d on p a y f o r s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r s .
In d e x e s fo r the p e r io d 1953 to I960 f o r w o r k e r s in 20 m a jo r
la b o r m a r k e t s w ill a p p e a r in B L S B u ll. 12 6 5 -6 2 , W a ge s and R e la te d
B e n e fit s , 60 L a b o r M a r k e t s , W in te r 19 5 9 -6 0 .

A* Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, D allas, Tex. , Novem ber I960)
Avkbaos
Number
of
workers

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly
Weekly *35. 00
hours 1
earnings 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d er
4 0 .0 0

$
4 0 . 00 *45. 00 *50. 00 *55. 00 *60. 00 *65. 00 *70. 00 *75. 00 *80. 00 *85. 00 *90. 00 * 9 5 .0 0
4 5 .0 0

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

7 0 .0 0

7 5. 00

8 0 .0 0

8 5. 00

9 0. 00

1 0 0 .00

1 05 .00 110 .00 1 15 .00 120 .00

9 5. 00 1 00 .00 1 05 .00 110 .00 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .00

and
over

M en

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B -----------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------ ------------- -------- --------------

44
30

40. 0
40. 0

$ 6 2 . 50
6 1 .5 0

.

C l e r k s , a cco u n tin g , c l a s s A ------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________ _______ — ------------- N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------ ------------- ------------- —
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 __________________ ________
F in a n c e 4 __ ------------------------------------ — -

716
244
472
209
104

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 0 2 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0
9 5 . 50
9 5 .5 0
9 5 . 00

-

C l e r k s , a cc o u n tin g , c l a s s B ________ ______ — M a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------__
----------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
__ — ---------- —
--------- —
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ----- _
F in a n c e 4 ____________ — —
— ---------

369
208
161
92
26

40. 0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9. 0

8 5. 50
8 9. 00
8 1 .5 0
85. 50
6 7 .0 0

_
-

_
-

-

-

-------------- — -----------------------__
------------------------------------------

49
40

3 9 .5
3 9. 0

54. 50
52. 00

_

_

-

-

C l e r k s , o r d e r __ __
------------- _ -------M a n u fa ctu r in g -------_ __ -------- ----- — ---------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _ ______ — ---------- _
------ _

303
27
276

40. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0

7 7 . 50
8 0. 50
7 7 .0 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

16
16

18
4
14

C l e r k s , p a y r o ll _ _ —
-------- —
M a n u fa ctu rin g - _ ------ -------- - — -------_ N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __ __
_ —
------ _
_

62
25
37

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9. 0

8 7 .5 0
9 8. 50
8 0 .0 0

_
-

_
“

_
-

10
10

_
-

1
1

- —
— —
— -

308
54
254
43
167

4 0 .0
40. 0
3 9. 5
40. 0
3 9. 5

52.
5 4.
52.
5 6.
5 1.

50
50
00
50
50

3
3
51
-

82
5
77
7
44

51
10
41
12
29

61
9
52
7
42

40
16
24
5
17

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g —
—
_
_
- F in a n c e 4 ----_ _ _ _ _
__ _

111
38
73
41

40. 5
40. 0
40. 5
3 9 .5

9 7. 50
1 0 0 .5 0
9 5 . 50
9 0 . 50

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B
M a n u fa ctu rin g _ _
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
----- __
_
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3
—
__
F in a n c e 4
----- - —

312
nn—
211
63
118

3 9 .5
" 40 r o
3 9 .5
3 9. 0
3 9 .5

8 2 . 50
¥ 8 . 50
7 9 . 50
9 0 .0 0
7 2 . 50

_
-

_
-

_
-

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

4

3 9 .5
3 9. 5
39. 0

6 3. 00
6 2. 50
6 1 .0 0

_

_

-

-

19
19
19

9
9
9

16
16
16

C le rk s , file , cla s s B
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

O ffic e b o y s ---------_
M a n u fa ctu rin g _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3
F in a n c e 4 __
_

_ _
__
—
__

_

_

_

_
-----— _ ----- —
—
- _

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g — ----F in a n ce 4

-

_ —
_ _ _ _
-

-

142
137
107

1
1

14
7

4
4

2
2

14
14

1
1

8
1

.

.

_

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

11
11
-

13
13
10

-

-

-

-

29
3
26
11
15

12
4
8
7
1

84
19
65
35
20

36
1
35
6
10

80
21
59
23
15

67
3
64
35
8

87
36
51
28
1

69
6
63
28
13

37
15
22
6
8

48
22
26
12
3

1
1
1

_
-

36
7
29
15
4

18
10
8
2
5

45
37
8
6
2

27
9
18
10
2

44
17
27
16
1

20
13
7
5
2

37
19
18
9
1

66
56
10
7

20
10
10
6
-

18
13
5
4

-

11
1
10
2
8

13
7
6
6
-

2
2
2
-

15
15

16

4

7
5

7
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

33
1
32

37
37

56
13
43

25
25

4
4
"

3
1
2

3
2
1

11
11

_
-

4
4

8
8

_
-

2
2

2
2

5
2
3

15
7
8

3

11
7
4

3
3

2
1
1

3
1
2

_
-

5
4

25
10
15
15

23
3
20
2
18

11
11
2

3
1
2
2
-

6
6
4
-

2
2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

1
1
1
-

"

*

-

-

_
"

_
-

2
2
2

_
-

7
7
7

6
6
6

18
5
13
9

6
1
5
5

31
19
12
2

14
1
13
5

6
6
-

11
5
6
-

8
8
4

2
1
1
1

4
4

18
18

16
12
4
3
1

39
12
27
4
17

59
24
35
9
21

37
3
34
14
14

22
7
15
5
3

34
21
13
7
-

30
15
15
15
-

3
3
-

1
1
-

3
1
2
2

_
-

18

37
2
35
4
31

*

-

'

-

52
51
37

20
16
10

8
8
6

13
13
8

3
3
2

_

2
2

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

"

—

n

r

-------- T

~

85
-------- 2 ~
83

-

i
-

_

See footnotes at end of table.




NO TE:

E stim ate s for all in du stries, nonmanufacturing, and public u tilities include data for railroad s (SIC 40), om itted fr o m the scope
of all labor m arket wage surveys made b efore July 1959.
W here significant,
the effect of the inclusion of railroad s is greatest
on the data shown sep arately for the public u tilities division.

_

-

-

'

141
~ n j4

27
8
10
11
9
2
2
-

1

-

6
T ab le A-1. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, D a lla s, T e x ., Novem ber I960)
A n u o i

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV I N G S T R A I G H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N I N G 8 OF—
$

(Standard)

J s E ii
(Standard)

35.00

s
40. 00

under
40. 00 45. 00
"

s
45. 00
-

S
S
50. 00 55.00
-

-

50. 00

55. 00

S
S
60. 00 65.00
-

60.00

65. 00

f
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85.00 90. 00 95. 00 100. 00 105.00 n o . oo 115.00 120.00
and
70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85.00 90.00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 n o . oo 115.00 120.00 over
-

Women
67.00
69.00
66.50
84.50

.
-

.
-

11
2
9
-

11
11
“

16
16
-

29
4
25
3

26
21
5
5

15
15
-

16
1
15
5

6
6
-

0
0
0
0

57.00
70.00
53.00
51.00

_
-

5
5
5

15
15
11

39
1
38
22

32
2
30
13

10
2
8
2

17
17
-

2
2
-

1
1
"

40.
40.
40.
40.
39.

0
0
0
0
0

73.50
75.50
72.50
69.50
70.50

_
-

_
-

_
“

2
2
2

25
1
24
2
8

35
10
25
3
5

74
29
45
7
13

53
8
45
12
6

443
57
386
25
33
213

40.
39.
40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0
0
0

61.50
74.50
59.50
64.00
65.50
55.50

_
-

11
11
1
10

42
5
37
2
_
35

74
74
6
3
31

126
5
121
2
1
96

80
19
61
2
10
33

30
1
29
7
14
7

Clerks, accounting, class A _________________________
Manufacturing_______ __________ __________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------- ------- — ---------------------Public utilities 3 -----------------------------------------------Retail trade ---------------- ------- ----------------- ------Finance4 ---------------------------------------------------------------

634
136
498
118
101
188

40.
40.
40.
40.
41.
39.

0
0
0
0
0
0

80.50
88.00
78.50
91.50
76.00
70.00

-

-

-

11
11
2
9

31
31
11
17

69
69
15
50

Clerks, accounting, class B _________________________
Manufacturing, ---------------------- — — -----------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Public utilities 3 ------------- — ----------------------------Retail trade ---------------------------------------------------------Finance4 --------------------------------------------------------------

1, 531
342
1, 189
258
127
588

40.
39.
40.
40.
41.
39.

0
5
0
0
0
0

64.00
71.00
62.00
78.50
58.50
55.00

10
10
-

83
83
13
70

149
149
3
19
116

232
5
227
6
16
172

191
23
168
10
27
91

Clerks, file, class A ---------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------Finance4 -------------- ------------ — ------------ -------

321
299
252

39. 5
39. 5
39.5

61.50
61.50
60.00

_
“

_
-

30
30
26

51
49
37

1, 174
58
1, 116
74
52
826

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5
39.5
40. 0
39. 0

50.00
61.00
49.50
62.00
44.50
47.00

1

393
393
4
26
343

313
9
304
8
21
244

361
138
223

39. 5
40. 0
39.5
40. 0

63.00
66.50
60.50
56.00

10
10
10

17

Billers, machine (billing machine) -----------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------- __ ------------ __ —
Nonmanufacturing ----------- ------- __ ------- __ __ —
Public utilities 3 ----------------------- ----------------------

143
49
94
26

40. 0
40. 0
39.5
40. 0

Billers, machine (bookkeeping machine) --------------------Manufacturing _______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------- ------------------------------------Retail trade ----------- — ------------ ----------------------

126
30
96
53

41.
40.
41.
40.

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A -----------------Manufacturing --------------------------- --------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------- ----------------------------Retail trade ---------------------------------------------------------Finance4
________ — __________________ ______

302
89
213
29
45

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B ____________
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------- --------Nonmanufacturing ----------- ------- -----------------------------Public utilities 3 --------------------------------------------------Retail trade ----------- __ ------- __ __ ------- --------Finance4 --------------------------------------------------------------

Clerks, file, class B ------------------- ----------------- — ---Manufacturing _______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------- ------- ---------------------- —
Public utilities 3 -----------------------------------------------Retail trade _________________ ___________ ____
Finance4 ---------------------------------- ------------ ---- —
Clerks, order ------------------------------------- ---------------------Manufacturing _______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

66

See footnotes at end o f table.




$

-

1
1
-

_

-

7

10
10

-

-

_
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

40
7
33
4
-

17
14
3
1
2

14
7
7
1

1
1
_
1

40
2
38
4
_
-

21
7
14
2
4

x
1
_
_

43
3
40
4
6
30

71
8
63
15
4
17

69
21
48
2
17
24

218
92
126
12
17
45

148
55
93
27
14
42

114
64
50
12
5
17

97
94
92

49
40
40

31
29
21

236
17
219
22
1
167

77
3
74
7
62

30
5
25
3
2
10

43

20
14

149
48
101
2

7

36
16

6
6

13
13
13

-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
_
_
-

.
_
_
-

.
_
-

_
_
-

21
11
10
_
8

21
2
19
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

.
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

.
_
_
-

_
_

_
_

3
3
_
_
_

3
3
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

11
11
_
_
-

-

-

-

-

~

101
22
79
5
22
30

67
20
47
35
2
3

65
35
30
3
16
4

56
15
41
28
4
-

30
4
26
16
2
4

8
_
8
8
_

5
3
2
2
_

6
3
3
_
_

2
2
_

-

-

-

-

125
39
86
35
14
28

156
25
131
104
2
7

53
25
28
18
-

24
3
21
14
_

2
2
2
_

26
11
15
15
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

.
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
20
19

23
21
17

4
2
“

5
5
~

4
4
-

3
3

1
1

1
1
-

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

~

26
8
18
8
1
-

71
8
63
8
-

9
2
7
5
“

11
6
5
2

_
-

-

-

6
_
6
6
-

1
_
1
1
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
-

49
15
34
18

29

26
23
3
3

14
13
1
1

1
1
-

_

2

.

-

2

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

1
1
-

9

20

-

_
-

_
_
-

>
_

-

7
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dallas, Tex. , November I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNING8 OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$

f

35. 00 *40. 00 *45. 00 $50. 00 *55. 00 *60. 00 *65. 00 *70. 00 *75. 00 *80. 00 *85. 00 $
90. 00 *95 .00 f o o . o o f 05.00 f i o . o o
15.00
W
eekly
W
eekly
hours 1
earnings 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00

f

20.00
and
over

Women— Continued

C lerk s, payroll __ __
----- —
_
Manufacturing
_ -----Nonmanufacturing — _ _ _ _ _
Public u tilit ie s 3
----Retail trade _
— _
_ ___
F in an ce4 ___
__ __ --------

---------— _
----—
------- _ -------------

C om ptom eter operators _ __
-------- __
Manufacturing
__
__
-------- — __
Nonmanufacturing _ _
_____ _____ _
Public u tilit ie s 3 _
__
__ __ __
Retail trade ---------------—
Finance 4 -----------------------------------------------------------------

Keypunch operators __
_____ __
___
Manufacturing
___
— _
-----Nonmanufacturing _______
__
Public u tilitie s 3 —
__ ---------------Retail trade _ __ — __ __
_
F in an c e4 -----_ —
----- —

__ __
__ __
__ ------— __
----- —

Office g ir ls _____ _____ _____ __ _____ _____ __
Manufacturing ________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Public u tilit ie s 3 __ ------------------ ---------- --------- _
F in an c e4
---------------------- ----- — -----

482
153
329
70
61
76

571
116
455
58
219
25

1, 017
239
778
156
29
525

40 . 0
40 . 0
40. 0
40 . 0
40. 0
3 9 .5

39.
39.
39.
39.
39.
40.

39.
40 .
39.
40 .
40 .
39.

5
5
5
5
5
0

5
0
5
0
0
0

270
39. 5
47 — 407TT
223
39. 5
34
40 . 0
126
39. 5

$74.
74.
74.
84.
66.
74 .

00
00
00
50
00
50

67. 50
7 4 .0 0
65. 50
79. 50
65. 00
6 1 .5 0

84.
86.
83.
92.
77.
80.

00
50
00
00
50
00

Stenographers, general _____
_ ---------- __ ----Manufacturing __
__
__
---------Nonmanufacturing
-------------- _ -------- ----- _
Public u tilitie s 3 ____________________________________________
Retail trade ---------- — __ ---------- - ----------------Finance4
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2, 259
1, 012
1, 247
414
49
354

40 . 0
40 . 0
3 9 .5
40. 0
40 . 0
39. 0

73.
79.
69.
73.
69.
63.

50
00
00
00
50
00

__

__ -------

Switchboard operators
___ __
________
Manufacturing __
__ ----------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Public u tilit ie s 3
-----__ ---------_
__
_
Retail trade
_ __ __ __
------ ------ _
F in an ce4
_
_

See footnotes at end of table.




40 . 0
159
77 — 4 c n r
420
58
362
43
104
64

42.
40 .
42.
40.
40 .
39.

0
0
5
0
5
5

-

_

_

_

-

94. 50

5
5
_
2
1

7
7
_
7

“

1

0
0
0
0
0
0

____

-

52. 00
5 9 .0 0
50. 50
59. 50
45 . 00

40 .
40.
40 .
40.
40.
39.

_

_
-

50
00
50
50
00
00

65.
72.
63.
78.
66.
58.

2, 273
698
1, 575
327
198
641

—

_

_

_

— __
Secretaries __
_ ------------ -------Manufacturing __ __ ----- ------------------ ----Nonmanufacturing ____
_
_ -------- __ — — Public u tilit ie s 3- __ _
-----_
-----------Retail trade _ _
_
__
—
-----------F in an c e4
_ —
------------------

Stenographers, technical
Nonmanufacturing __ —

_

_
_
-

1
51

6

50
2
48
15
2

117

118
18
100

2

2

86

69
1
68

67
2
65
9
50

44
10
34
1

35
8
27

8

4

7
7
5
2

34
34
19

49
11
38
2
20

25
1
24
-

85
4
81
19

1
23

-

209
2
207
40
4

48

66

_

_

3

-

-

_

1

-

-

-

1

_

-

1

"
_

84". 50

-

-

-

“

2
2

67
67
1
15

26
26
19

74
2
72
1
34

5

6

2

40
5

84

-

_

7

112
1
111
10

59.
75.
57.
70.
52.
65.

50
50
00
50
00
00

8

109

124
124
2
122

_
-

_

8

38
18
20
1
11
3

18
18
1
1
16

64

_

24
3
21
-

-

6

73
28
45
1
5
13

76
30
46
8
7
-

55
17
38
17
5
9

80
20
60
11
19
10

38
7
31
4
2
20

25
2
23
3
2
9

4
2
2
2
_

2

-

"

.

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

1
1
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

15
3
12
8
1

42
11
31
26
_

10
7
3

3
_
3

3

3

_

_
_
_
_

_

_
_

-

126
26
100
10
5
85

149
62
87
6

102
43
59
18
5
16

125
48
77
31
8
34

71
20
51
32
_
10

37
22
15
6
-

3

5
_
5

5
2

-

-

_

_

2
2
2
_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
_
_

_

_

_

_
_
_

-

"

-

-

-

-

192
49
143
19
11
62

188
60
128
21
20

223
49
174
17
52
80

311
138
173
28
21
80

299
136
163
35
18
91

279
82
197
59
12
70

160
73
87
53
7

110
17
93
35
12
12

333

293

164

158
132
26

6
66

275
84
191
60
16
73

4
4

_

_

-

-

76
4
72

35
6
29

3

41
4
37
10

24
11

3

4
6

10

17

184
19
165
8
33

64

328
9 in
233
61

3
3

3

83

289
184
105

177
156
46

~Tb8----- 108

6

55
5

125
69
4

50

16

5

10
10

4

26
24

15

37

22

15

12

16
7

3
12

3

3

_

25
12

—

-

1

_

6

3

3

_

9
9
_

_
_
_

40
13
27
19
2

2
1
1
-

2
2
_

17
4
13
13
-

54
17
37
5
27
1

4
4
4
"

3

5
5
5
_

15
8
7
1
2

75
22
53
3
43
-

3

13
13
9

15
10
5
_
1
-

73
16
57
7
37
4

72

18
9
9
7
_
2

.
_
_
_

107
15
92
3
45
13

-

17
8
9
2
_
1

56
36
2
7

_

6

_

3

_

50
19
23----- ~ T 4 ----27
5
1
19

105
33
72
19
1
17

12
To----2
2

47
----- 5—
41
6
18

15
9

30
----- 5—
24
14
2
4

-

_
_
_
_
~
55
19
36
13
2
16

3
_

6

1
2

_
_

_
_

_
_

2

11

4

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

26
9

9
-

9
-

14

9

29
17

-

-

-

9

12

_

_

.

_

_

8

-

1
1

12

_

_
_

4
4

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

5
_

3

_

_

_

-

_

_

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dallas, T e x., November I960)
AB O
V tU B
Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

W
eekly
W
eekly
hours1
earnings
(Stftn
dard) (Standard)

$
35. 00

S
40. 00

$
45. 00

S
50. 00

$
55. 00

*
60. 00

$
65. 00

$
70. 00

*
75. 00

S
80. 00

S
85. 00

S
90. 00

40. 00

Sex, occupation, and industry division

45. 00

“
50. 00

“
55. 00

60. 00

“
65. 00

"
70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

_
85. 00

“
90. 00

“
95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . oo 1 1 5 .0 0 120. 00

19
7
12
12

25
3
22
2
-

83
44
39
5
2
7

124
45
79
20
14
26

26
9
17
1
9

33
8
25
11
3

16
16
2
2

14
10
4
-

21
2
19
7
4
8

$
$
$
$
$
$
95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . oo 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0
and
over

W omen— Continued

Switchboard o p erator-recep tion ists ___________________
Manufacturing __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______ ________ __________________
Public utilities 3 -------------------------------------------- -----Retail trade -------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e4 ------------------- --------------------------------------------

462
162
300
53
45
72

40. 0
40 . 0
3 9 .5
39. 5
4 1 .5
3 8 .5

Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss B ----------------------Nonmanufacturing --------- ----------------------------- ------------

66
50

40. 0
40. 0

T ran scrib in g-m ach in e op erators, general ___________
Manufacturing __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e4 ----------------------------------- ----------------------------

518
30
488
398

T yp ists, c la ss A __________________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________ _______________
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Public utilities 3 ------ --------------------------------------------Finance4 ------------------------------------------------------------------

792
98
694
166
332

T yp ists, class B ------------------------------------------------------------ _
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------- ------------------------------ Public utilities 3 -----------------------------------------------------Retail trade ____________________ ________ — -----F in a n c e4 ----------------------------- ----------------------------------

1. 539
163
1, 376
140
76

1
2
3
4
5

922

$67.
65.
68.
77.
65.
69.

00
00
00
50
50
00

.
-

-

89
34
55
5
1
17

82. 00
81. 00

.

.

_

-

-

3
3

5
3

5
5

5
3

31
29

9
2

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
39. 0

62.
64.
62.
61.

_
-

39.
40.
39.
40.
39.

64. 50
72. 00
63. 50
68. 00
6 1 .5 0

-

54.
61.
53.
56.
60.
52.

-

5
0
5
0
0

39. 5
39. 5
3 9 .5
40. 0
40. 5
3 9 .5

50
50
00
50

50
50
50
00
00
00

-

5
5
5

41
41
41

63
63
53

85
8
77
69

123
12
111
86

110
4
106
83

48
3
45
37

22
2
20
12

14
14
12

3
3
“

3

20
20
-

141
2
139
16

174
42
132
41
54

85
19
66
30
19

65
15
50
21
11

7

99

206
8
198
51
98

18
5
13

9

67
1
66
35

291
11
280
20
12
233

462
12
450
53
9
313

326
43
283
26
10
161

173
45
128
10
19
64

77
29
48
4
10
34

27
14
13
4
1

14
6
8
-

-

3
-

135
135
14
4
117

7
4

-

27

3
24
2
11

7

2
2
2
_

5
5
5

-

“

~

-

7
5

-

3
1
2

-

1
1

2
2
2
_

_
_

_

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

1

~

3
3

3
3

-

_

-

-

_

_
_

_

_

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2
-

2
2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Workers were distributed as follows: 45 at $ 120 to $ 1 30; 40 at $ 1 30 to $ 140; 17 at $ 140 to $ 150; 12 at $ 150 and over.
Transportat; on, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
1 worker at $30 to $35.




3
3
3
_

3
-

3
3
-

-

9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dallas, T e x ., November I960)
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS 0 F -

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

workers

%

Weeklyi
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

%

$
$
$
$
%
$
$
S
S
$
%
$
$
$
S
$
$
55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 8 5 .0 0 90. 00 95. 00 100. 00 1 0 5 .0 0 110. 00 1 1 5 .0 0 120. 00 1 2 5 .0 0 130. 00 135. 00 140. 00 145. 00 150. 00 1 5 5 .0 0 160. 00
and
and
under
60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 9 0 .0 0 95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . oo 115. 00 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 130. 00 135. 00 140. 00 1 4 5 .0 0 150. 00 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 over

$

Number

Men

Draftsm en, leader ----------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------

74
54

D raftsm en, senior ---------------- -------- —
Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------Public utilities 2 ----------------------------

344
274
70
29

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

$ 1 2 3 .5 0
116.50

D raftsm en , junior ----------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------- ----Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 ------------------------------------

356
257
35

4a.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

8 0 .00
79.50
81.50
69 .00

71
44
27

40. 0
40. 0
40. 5

87 .50
85 .00

“

"

~

"

“

_

7
7

3
3

9
9

9
9

11
10

.

105.50*
104.50
108.50
112.00

99

40. 0
40. 0

.

5
5
"

17
13
4
1

50
37
13
4

76
64
12
5

71
67
4
4

35
26
9
"

6
2
4
1

13
5
8
5

99
85
14
5

70
54
16
2

32
21
11

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

"

_

7
1
6
■

-

-

"

"

“

“

~

18
16
2

7
6

6
2
4

9

9

2
7

1
8

1
1

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

~

“

19
11
8
5

34
26
8
8

36
33

39
24

3

15

"

6

2

11
2

9
9

-

1

"
20
18
2

13
12

1

1
1

7

"

23

17
12
5
5

9
5
4
3

2
2
"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

-

“

-

-

-

-

18

"

5
1

"

8
1

1

1

"

1

2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

1
-

-

Women

N u rses, industrial (registered) --------------Manufacturing ------------------------ -------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------

9 1.0 0

.
-

-

11

4

-

9

2

2

3
1

1

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion of railroads.




.
-

-

-

10
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dallas, T e x ., November I960)
N U M B ER OF W O RK ER S R E CE IVIN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H OURLY EA RN IN G S OF—

Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

_

M arm fact-.n rin gr

Electricians, maintenance

__ _

Nonmanufacturing

_

Engineers, stationary
Manufacturing _
Nonmanufacturing
F in a n r p 5

_

_

____
__

. ... ............. . .. ________ . ..

Helpers, trades, maintenance__
Manufacturing __
Nonmanufacturing
__
_ __

__
_

P u b lic u tilitie s *

Machinists , maintenance
Manufacturing
__

„

Mechanics, automotive (maintenance)
■NAarmfar.tnring
...
N n n m a m i f a r t n r in g
P u b li c , u t i l i t i e s 4
R e t a i l t.rari#*

_ .... .

. . .
........... ....
..............
....
.

.
_ .

..

Mechanics, maintenance _
A y fa m ifa c t u r in g

...........

Nonmanufacturing _
P u b lic u t il it ie s 4

O i l e r s __
Manufacturing ___

_
...

Painters, maintenance
Manufacturing
_
Nonmanufacturing
Plumbers , maintenance _
Tool and die makers
Manufacturing

_______

_ _

-

_
-

~

1.68
1. 75
1. 57
1. 59

151
129

2.48
2. 54

695
139
556
510
38

2.45
2. 09
2. 54
2. 55
2.42

614
516
98
69

_

2. 29
2.63
2. 10
2. 19
2. 17
2. 14

380
248
132
97

__ _

__

2. 60
2. 61
2. 56

295
107
188
72
45
29

__

$2. 50
2. 38
2.67

241
180
61

_ ..

„

_

_ ____
_
—

97
58
39

____

----- _ ... _
__ __ „

__

$
$
$
Under 1 30 1.40
1 50
and
$
under
1. 30
JL.40 _L.J5£L_ 1 60

2.48
2.45
2. 64
2. 67

82
79

Carpenters, maintenance _
Nonmanufacturing _

Average
hourly ,
earnings 1

2. 09
2. 11

160
53
107

2. 26
2. 50
2. 14

38

2. 37

_

2. 78
2. 78

.

192
192

$
1. 60

$
1.70

$
1. 80

■1.7Q

1.80

1. 90

2

2. 00

2.00

2. 10

-

-

-

-

2

-

2

5

6
4
2

1
1

5
24

33

1
1

-

-

-

_
_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

2

4

8

8

-

2

4

2

$

2. 10
2. 20

$

$

$

$

$

$

2. 70

$
2. 80

$
2.90

$
3. 00

$
3. 10

$
3. 20

$
3. 30
and

2. 30

2.40

2. 50

2.60

2.70

2. 80

2. 90

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

3. 30

over

30
19
11

12
8
4

6
3
3

3
1
2

17
15
2

22
11
11

17
17

21
21

11
8
3
2

19
17
2

1

43
31
12
2
5
5

1

6
3
3
1
2

-

-

-

-

-

33

16
14

7
7

"

141
1
140
113
27

32
2
30
30

44
8
36
36

8
8

70
47
23
19

2. 20

2. 30

2.40

9
6
3

6
6

2
2

4
4
-

"

39
37
2

4
4

2
2

16
14
2

8
8

.

4

2. 50

5
5

-

_

4

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
1
_

8
6
2

24
10
4

33
6"
7
4

36
18
18
10
2
4

34
4
30
7
3
12

7
1
6
2
1
1

9
1
8
2
6

11
2
9
5
3

4
2
2

_
_

8
5
3

25
8
17
8

68
27
41
41

34
31
3
3

50
28
22
6

44
32
12
8

48
36
12
9

6
2
4
3

24
16
8
8

27
25
2

3
1
2
2

37
37

9

5
5

-

9
9

1
1

11

-

4
4

4

-

-

-

7
7

7
7

12
12

_

6
4
2

2

19
4
15
15

26
15
11
11

2

63
7
. 56
53
1

40
37
3
3

2

26
_
26
25
1

5
_
5
5

5
_
5
5

42
32
10

60
60

7
7

3
2

12

_

_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

5
4
1

"

-

-

8
8

_

_

_

2

-

-

2

_

_

-

-

1
1

| “
!

'

NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion of railroads.

-

6
6

12
4
8
7
1

39
20
19
16
3

37
5
32
27
1

31
7
i 24
24

22
22

94
92
2

32
30
2
2

72
72

-

6
5

19
19

31
31

_

48

12
9
3

26
24
2

_

_

-

-

-

"

"

-

48

2

_

_

2

2

_

_

2

_

.

.

.

2
2

.

-

1

6

.

_ !

1
1

i 61
j -

2.60

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

1

1

-

1

28

8

31
3
28

12
12

14
14

2

18
17

_

2

3

2

-

-

3
2

2

15
3
12
12

3
3
-

15
3 14
1

_

_
_

1

-

-

-

-

7
2

7
7

2
2

14
14

"

41
6
35

95
_
95
95

8
_
8
6

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

19
16
3
1

53
15
38
36

4
3
1
1

52
48
4

_
-

10
6
4

_

3
15

2

6

-

.

21
7
14
14

"

12

-

3

33

-

4

-

2

1

i

-

25

-

-

23
23

3
2
1

29

1
1

2
2

"

4
4

3

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Workers were distributed as follows: 7 at $ 3. 40 to $ 3. 50; 1 at $ 3. 70 to $ 3. 80.
All workers were at $ 3. 30 to $ 3 .40.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Workers were distributed as follows: 2 at $ 1 to $ 1. 10; 5 at $ 1. 10 to $ 1. 20; 10 at $ 1. 20 to $ 1. 30.




$

1. 90

4
4

"

1
1
2
3
4
5
4

$

2
2

35
35

14
14

------- 6“

"

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

-

2
2

-

1

8
4
4

1

-

-

8

5

10

_

-

1
-

13
13

30
30

23
23

16
l6

41
41

-

-

3

-

6
4

-

2

3

_

_

_

6

_

9
9

6

-

11
Table A-4. Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dallas, T e x ., November I960)

o

$1 .4 0

ui
o

©

o

1. 50

o
00

o
fO

Occupation1 and industry division

Average
S0 .7 0 '0 . 80 S0. 90 51 . 00 $1. 10
0
hourly 2 Under $ .6 0
and
earnings
$
under
0. 60
.7 0
. 80
. 90 1. 00 1. 10 1. 20

©
©

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

1.7 0
$1 .6 0 S

$1 .9 0 $2. 00 *2 .1 0 $2. 20 $2. 30 * 2 .4 0 *2. 50 *2. 60 $2 .7 0 $2. 80 *2 .9 0 $3. 00
and

o
O
'

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2. 60

2 .7 0

2. 80

2. 90

3. 00 over

i
Elevator op erators, passenger
— _
(men) ------ -------Nonmanufacturing __
-------

-

12
12

20
20

-

3
3

11
11

1

4
4

1
-

1
-

5
1

3
-

4
-

1
1

1
1

67
54

$ 1 .0 3
.9 0

E levator op erators, passenger
(women)
— __
Nonmanufacturing
— __

194
192

. 81
.8 1

-

99
99

5
----- 5

20
20

5
5

48
48

7
5

5
5

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Guards
— ..
— —
Manufacturing ---------------------------------Nonmanufacturing __
F in a n c e3 -------------------------------------

266
155
111
88

1 .8 6
2 .0 7
1. 57
1. 62

_
-

_
-

4
4
"

_
-

2
2
"

14
2
12
8

28
13
15
15

19
2
17
17

14
9
5
5

41
18
23
10

22
11
11
11

1
1
1

18
9
9
9

15
3
12
12

19
19

44
44

_
-

11
11

_
-

14
14

_
-

_
-

.
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

3, 150
1, 072
2 ,0 7 8
328
591
359

1 .2 9
1. 57
1. 14
1 .5 3
1. 10
1 .0 5

30
30
_

64
64
12
-

107
28
79
-24

155
155
42
86

103
103
63
36

799
56
743
25
136
146

334
7?
259
15
159
11

225
85
140
12
77
19

190
65
125
37
31
24

222

257
159
98
70
2
26

181
147
34
16
11
4

186
64
122
87
22
-

22
ll
11
10
1
-

13
T2
1
1
-

133
IT T "
22
9
1
-

15
15
2
2

32
28
4
1
-

32
26
6
_

23
22
1
1
-

26
24
2
2
_

_

1
1
1
_

_

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Janitors, p o rte rs, and clean ers
( w o m e n )-----------------------------------------------Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _ _
Public utilities 4
Retail trade _
F in a n c e3 __

838
28
810
64
131
64

1 .0 4
1 .4 6
1 .0 2
1 .4 0
.9 4
1 .0 3

12
12
12
-

8
8
-

12
12
2

22
22
22
-

30
30
21
9

639
4
635
55
50

52
9
43
28
12
3

5
5
3
2

4
4
4
-

29
5
24
24

6
4
2
-

3
3
3

3
3
-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

6
1
5
5
~

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

L a b o re rs, m aterial handling
_ _
Manufacturing ----N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __________________
Public u tilit ie s 4 __
__ _
Retail trade --------------------------------

3 ,4 2 3
1,4 5 1
1 ,9 7 2
1, 113
426

1 .6 7
1. 57
1 .7 3
1 .9 9
1. 61

_
-

_
-

6
4
2
2

433
275
158
53

228
62
166
33

314
146
168
59
50

256
76
180
116
23

322
69
253
104
58

146
81
65
39
26

220
186
34
22
12

314
159
155
152
3

121
111
10
2
8

14
11
3
1
-

33
25
8
6

376
167
269
120
149

245
47
198
198

31
31
-

16
6
10
10

217
45
172
172

124
6
118
118

4
4
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

Order fille r s
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Retail t r a d e ---------------------------------

1, 582
526
1, 056
350

1 .7 1
1 .9 3
1 .6 0
1 .7 2

36
36
36

272
10
262
48

168
12
156
22

99
5
94
7

135
27
108
44

171
90
81
22

68
48
20
1

43
37
6
6

53
33
20
7

62
44
18
2

55
54
1
1

259
94
165
138

32
11
21

79
33
46

24
18
6

2
2
-

_

_
-

_
_

_

_

495
178
317
79

1 .5 6
1 .4 9
1 .6 0
1 .2 9

59
30
29

140

64
31
33
23

51

12
2
10

23
16
7

6
4
2

22
-

11
10
1
1

_
-

14
14
-

3
-

_

_

_

3

-

58
58

_

3

-

-

-

-

41
35
6
6

11
10
1

10
8
2
2

21
10
11
9

24
23
1

25
19
6
2

3

11

-

-

-

37
26
11
11

3
3
-

10

42
12
30
19

8
8

_

3

-

3

Janitors, p orte rs, and clean ers
(men)
__
_
— —
Manufacturing __
Nonmanufacturing
_
Public u tilitie s 4
Retail trade
F in an c e3 — —

P ac k e rs, shipping (men)
Manufacturing —
Nonmanufacturing
----- __

P ack ers, shipping (women)

152
336
155
181
66

1 .8 7
2. 14
1 .6 4
1 .6 5

Shipping clerk s
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Retail t r a d e ___

278
120
158
56

-

-

_
-

3
3
3

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

.
-

1

24
8
16
16
15
13
2

-

-

5

2

1 .5 2

Receiving clerk s
__ _
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing —
Retail trade __

“

2 .0 2
2. 18
1 .9 0
1 .9 9

14
.
-

-

_
-

"

-

8

12

2

_

7

-

2

-

28
10
18
12

60
6
54
12




63
40
7
7

23

2

10

4

-

4

2
1

99
24

8

22
2

5
3
2
2

7
r -

10
----- T -

-

8

6

8
8
8

3
3

2

2
6

1

22
1

15

23

36

15
1

-

7
5

15
13

29

7

8

1
See footnotes at end of table,

16
124
42

1W

2

4
33
4
29
1

29
16
13
2

10

11
2
9
1

18
16

2
8

1

2
2

1

4
6
6

-

29
22
7

-

-

5

4
4

3
-

6

-

-

-

3
3
-

4
2

1
1

-

6

12
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dallas, T e x ., November I960)
NUM BER OF WORKERS R E CEIVING ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY EARN INGS OF—

Occupation1 and industry division

N m er
u b
of
w rk rs
o e

$
S
$
$
S
$
S
$
$
$
$
S
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
5
$
A g Under $
vera e
0.60 0. 70 0 . 80 0. 90 1 .0 0 1 . 10 1 . 20 1. 30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1 .90 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 20 2. 30 2.40 2. 50 2.60 2. 70 2.80 2. 90 3. 00
hu ,
o rly
and
ea in s* $
rn g
under
and
0 . 60
. 80
.90 1 .0 0 1 . 10 1 . 2 0 1. 30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1. 70 1.80 1.90 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 20 2. 30 2. 40 2.50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2. 90 3. 00 over
. 70
i

Shipping and receiving clerks ------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------Nonmanufacturing __________________
Public utilities 4 _________________

387
164
223
147

$1. 94
1.87
1.99
1. 94

Truckdrivers5 __________ _____________
Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________
Public utilities 4 -------------------------Retail trade _____________________

3, 282
487
, 2, 795
1, 657
322

2. 13
1.82
2. 19
2.55
1.80

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

153
10
143

68
24
44

105
24
81

-

-

-

-

-

25

6

590
136
454
117

1.56
1.48
1.58
1 . 60

-

-

-

-

-

49
10
39
25

2 . 28
1.81
2. 32
2. 58
75

-

-

-

-

-

Retail trade __________________

2, 264
205
2, 059
1 S7Q
140

-

-

-

-

-

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
trailer type) ---------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------T i r nfi li ac ^
-.1

387
111
276
67

2 . 12
2. 04
2. 14
2 O
Q

Truckers, power (forklift) -----------------Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------Public utilities 4 _________________

803
384
419
296

1. 90
1.89
1. 91
1. 90

Truckers, power (other than
forklift) ----------------------------------------------Manufacturing1 ----------------- ------- —

244
75

Watchmen ---------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing __________________
Retail trade ---------------- ------- ----

315
140
175
87

l1
/
z

Truckdrivers, light (under
tons) --------------------------------------Manufacturing ___________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------Retail trade ---------------------------Truckdrivers, medium ( l 1^ to
and including 4 tons) --------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------Nonmanufacturing _______________

1
2
3
4
5

1
.

-

-

-

-

12
7
5

22
22
22

38
24
14
10

46
16
30
17

41 .... .1
.9
8
17
24
11
10
11

29
21
8
8

31
a
20
13

19
7
12
12

19
7
12
12

9
8

46
22
24
22

25

266
52
214
15
40

146
60
86
17
16

159
32
127
24
11

83
9
74
10
10

61
18
43
1
7

116
48
68
50
11

87
13
74
37
13

111
27
84
10
62

182
47
135
9
26

86
17
69
54
15

38
23
15
3
10

70
25
45
_
45

58
14
44
6

64
22
42
9

126
26
100
14

19
19
-

39
10
29
2

21
8
13
3

28
28
6

5
5
5

23
2
21
1

44
4
40
29

97
12
85
9

9
3
6
6

1
1
1

4
3
1
1

104
104

10
10
-

41
2
39
16

71
20
51
2
8

11
1
10
1
1

71
8
63
50
6

52
7
45
37
4

65
22
43
5
33

66
21
45
7
14

63
3
60
51
9

11
11
3
6

10
10
-

-

98
37
61
10
16

26
12
14

-

140
26
114
15
26

-

2?
4
25
7

-

48
2
46
22

49
49
3

7
6
1
1

40
40
-

11
4
7

2
1
1
1

17
14
3

14
11
3
3

18
15
3

44
44

-

12
12

l
..

1

9

27
12
15
2

4
_
4
-

13
_
13
-

_
_
-

-

-

114 1389
55
3
59 1386
59 1368
-

4
_
4
_
-

12
_
12
_
-

12
_
12
_
-

20
_
20
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

_
_
_
-

84 1341
25
1
59 1340
C
Q

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

13
13
-

47
1
46

4
4

12
12

12
12

20

2
2
-

1
1
_

-

-

D
y

_
_

_
_

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

17
17

25
5
20
20

71
1
70
45

85
25
60
60

86
55
31
7

61
42
19
12

99
96
3
3

29
7
22
22

42
27
15
9

112
22
90
78

86
54
32
-

2
2
-

9
9
-

15
15
-

25
23
2
2

38
38
38

_
-

-

.
_
-

2. 14
2. 13

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

20
20

-

-

-

-

5
5

9
3

43
-

21
-

24
-

71
5

7
6

-

23
15

-

21
21

-

-

-

1.45
1. 59
1. 33
1. 30

2
-

_
-

12
12
11

12
12
12

4
4

52
17
35

27
14
13
5

35
18
17
4

27
15
12
5

21
12
9
7

34
12

9
6

3
3

12
12
8

3
3
3

13
8
5

23
23
-

7
7

2
-

-

_
-

6
6

2

11
2
9

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

2

6

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.

NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion of railroads,




-

22

21

3
3

2

-




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

13

Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant workers by type and amount of differential,
D allas, T e x ., November I960)
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
In establishments having form al
provisions 1 for—

Shift differential

Second shift
wo rk

72. 6

Third or other
shift work

Actually working on—

Second shift

Third or other
shift

5 7 .7

10. 1

3. 5

70. 8

57. 7

9 .4

3. 5

_________________

6 4 .8

4 3 .8

9. 1

3. 2

cents
_
_
—
------- __ __
cents »
__________________________________
cents
-------------------cents
----_ _
_ _ __ -----7l /z cents ____ _____ _____ __ _
_ _
8 cents
_ __ __
__________________
10 rpntR
.
....... ..... ....
12 cents ----------------------- _ ------------141/3 cents __ __ ____
____ _____ _
15 cents ------------------ ---------------------- --16 cents __ ____________ _
____
20 cents __________________ __ ____ _
282A cents ------- __ — __ ____

.7
8 .6
1 .5
9 .3
1 .4
5. 0
2 3 .4
10. 6
1 .6
1 .9
.8

_
.9
.7
3 .4

.2
1. 2
.2
1. 0
.2
.6
4. 0
1. 1
.2
.2

_
.3
. 1
.7
( 2)
.4
.4

-

-

.2

.1
.5

With shift pay differential

— —

Uniform cents (per hour)
3
5
6
7

Uniform percentage

_ ----- _

5 percent --------- — — _
10 percent --------- — __
O ther3

_________

__

-

1. 8
9 .6
6. 5
-

1 6.9
.5
1.7
1. 6

__ -------

6 .0

4. 0

_

3. 3
2. 6

-

-

_
_ ----- -----

_ __ __ ______

No shift pay differential ______________________

1 .8

-

.8

.3

.1

-

-

4. 0

.3

.1

9 .9

-

.1

.7
‘

1 Includes establishm ents currently operating late shifts, and establishments with form al provisions covering late shifts
even though they were not currently operating late shifts.
2 L e ss than 0 .0 5 percent.
3 Full day’ s pay for reduced hours, and either
or 10 cents per hour.

7z
l/

14
T a b le B-2. Minimum En tran ce S a la rie s for W o m e n O ff ic e W o r k e r s
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minumum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, D allas, T e x ., November I960)
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly salary 1

1

A ll
industries

__

_

Establishments having a specified minimum
Under $ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 0 . 00 and under
$ 42. 50 and under
$ 4 5 . 00 and under
$ 47. 50 and under
$ 50. 00 and under
$ 52. 50 and under
$ 55. 00 and under
$ 57. 50 and under
$ 60. 00 and under
$ 62. 50 and under
$ 65. 00 and under

.

.

.

.

_

_______ __________
_______ _
$ 4 2 . 50 __
_ __ _
_
..
$ 4 5 .0 0 ___
$ 4 7 . 50 ____________________________________
$ 50. 00 _
__ _ ___
$ 52. 50 „
_
_
$ 55. 00
------ _ ..
$ 57. 50
—
___
_ _
$ 60. 00 __
_
_ _ _
$ 62. 50 __ __ _
$ 65. 00
$ 67. 50
_ _
$ 67. 50 and under $ 70. 00
. . .. _ ...
_
....... ....... .....
$ 70. 00 and under $ 72. 50 __
_ _
$ 72. 50 and under $ 75. 00 ..................................
Over $ 7 5 . 00
__
.

40

A ll
schedules

Manufacturing
A ll
Industrie s

Based on standard weekly hours * of—
A ll
schedules

Establishments studied __

Other inexperienced clerical workers 2
Nonmanufacturing

A ll
schedules

40

Nonmanufac tur ing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—
A ll
schedules

40

40

2 12

70

XXX

142

XXX

2 12

70

XXX

142

XXX

72

20

19

52

42

96

28

25

68

55

_
7
10
12
8
9
4
5
3

_
1
1
3
4

_
7
9
11
5
5

_
7
9
6
5
5
1

1
16
16
15
8
8
6
3
8
5

_
2
5
1
6

_

1
16
14
10
7

1
15
10
8
6

2

2
2

1
1
1

_
1
1
3
4
1
1
1
1

2

2

3
-

3

-

-

2

2

4

2

-

2
4
1
6
1
1
3
3
1
2

4

1

1

1
1
1
1
2
1
-

1

1
4
3
1
2
_
_
1

-

-

Establishments having no specified minimum

32

9

XXX

23

XXX

38

12

XXX

26

XXX

Establishments which did not employ workers
in this category
_

108

41

XXX

67

XXX

78

30

XXX

48

XXX

2

3
4
1
2
1
1

1
2
3

-

-

2

2
2
-

1
1
1
1
1
-

2

4
3
_
-

_
_
1

2

4
2

1
2
3
_
_

1
3
2

2
3
_
_

Lowest salary rate form ally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
Rates applicable to m e sse n g e rs, office g ir ls , or sim ilar subclerical jobs are not considered.
Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e sa la ries.
Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the m ost common workweek reported.

NOTE:

See note on p. 15,




relative to the inclusion of railroads.

15
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift workers, D allas, T e x ., November I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

Weekly hours

A ll workers

A
U ,
industries1

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 2

Retail trade

Finance 3

All
industries4

100

100

100

--------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

Under
hours ---------------------------------------------3 7 V2 hours ------------------------------------------------------373/ 4 hours ------------------------------------------- ----------383/ 4 hours - _____________________________________
Over 383 4 and tinder 40 hours ----------------------/
40 hours ------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 421/ 4 hours ----------------------4 2 V4 hours ---------------------------------------------------------Over 4 2 V4 and under 43 3/4 hours - ------------4 3 3 hours ------------------------------------------------------/4
44 hours ________________________________________
44 V 2 hours ---------------------------------------------------------45 hours ________________________________________
Over 45 and under 48 hours ---------------------------48 hours -------------------------------------------------------------Over 48 and under 54 hours ---------------------------54 hours and over ----------------------------------------------

3
4
1
5
3
75
2
3
2

1
4
2
77
1
11
5

3
3
91
3

-

-

-

1
1
1
(5)

-

-

2l
>
llz

1
2
3
4
5

4
88
2
(5)

7
3
3
14
9
65
-

5

-

“

1
2
_
59
1
4
7
6
(5)
8

1
8

-

2
1

M
anufacturing

100
2
63
1
14
6
11
2
2

Includes data for wholesale trade and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0. 5 percent.




N OTE:

Estim ates for all industries and public utilities include data for railroads (SIC 40), omitted from the scope of all labor market
wage surveys made before July 1959.
Where significant, the effect of the inclusion of railroads is greatest on the data shown
separately for the public utilities division.

Public,
utilities2

Retail trade

100

100

_
_
_
81
_
7
1
3

8
42
3
_
9
_
14
2
_
14
3
4

5

_
1
3

16
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, D allas, T e x ., November I960)
PL AN T WORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Item

A ll w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid h o lid a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------------W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid h o lid a y s ---------- -------------------------------------------------------

4

M anufacturing

Pu blic 2
utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

98

100

88

92

All
x
industries

R etail trade

2

Finance 3

All
industries

12

Manufacturing

Pu blic 2
utilities

98

82

8

2

18

(* )

"

“

1

1
2
21

1

5

1

10

-

5

3

5

58

24

34

27
-

"

Retail trade

N um ber o f d a y s
L e ss than 4 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------h o lid a y s ------------------------- ----------------------------------------------------------5 holidays plus 1 half d a y ----------------------------------------------5 holidays plus 2 half d a y s -------------------------------------------5 holidays plus 6 half d a y s -------------------------------------------6 h o li d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 holidays plus 1 half d a y ----------------------------------------------6 holidays plus 2 half d a y s -------------------------------------- —
7 h o li d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------7 holidays plus 1 half d a y ----------------------------------------------7 holidays plus 3 half d a y s -------------------------------------------8 h o lid a ys -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9 holidays — --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

_

(5)

_

3

6

4

-

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

9
-

7
-

<5 )

1
2

1
6
2
6

-

4

-

-

-

-

39
-

-

43

18

26

4

33
-

-

-

4

4

5

26

31

2
4

22

(5)

29

1
6
26

1

1

-

3

9
4

1

(5)

1

4
63
-

-

-

-

5

3

5

-

-

43
-

28
-

11
-

20
1

22
2

45
-

9
-

-

2

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

1

-

-

"

■

“

1
2

3

-

-

2
2
2

5

-

-

-

-

Total h o lid a y t im e 6
9 days ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8 V 2 or more d a y s ---------------------------------------------8 or m ore d a y s ---------------------------------------------------7 V 2 or m ore d a y s ------------------------------------------------

1
1
6

_

_

_

4

-

-

13

3

-

2
6

6

14

3

-

4

6

3

3
3

-

_

or m ore d a y s ---------------------------------------------------

32

46

46

28

22

25

6
34

45

9

6 V 2 or m ore d a y s ------ ----------------------------------------6 or m ore d a y s --------------------------------------------------5 V 2 or m ore d a y s -----------------------------------------------

33

47

46

28

26

26

35

45

9

66

76

93

28

45

61

84

9

70

76

94

28

69
76

46

61

86

95

97

99

87

80

88

100
100
100
100
100

91
92

9
72

99

97

100
100
100
100
100
100

7

or m ore d a y s --------------------------------------------------4 or m ore d a y s ----------------------------------------- --------------------------or m ore d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------3 or m ore d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------—
2 or m ore d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------1 or m ore days ----------------— --------------------------------------------------5

3z
l/

1
2
3
4
5
*
no half

99
99

99

99

100
100
100

99
99

97
97
97
98

85
85

91
92

86

92

76

92

76

98

76

87

92

98

78

88

92

98

82

Includes data for wholesale trade and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0 .5 percent.
All combinations of full and half days that add to the sam e amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and
days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated^

NOTE:

See note on p. 15, relative to the inclusion of railroad s.




17
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, D allas, T e x ., November I960)
OFFICE W
ORKERS
Vacation policy

A ll workers

All j
in u
d stries

......-

M
anufacturing

P
ublic^
u
tilities

PLANT WORKERS
R
etail trad
e

F
inance3

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

99
99
-

99
99
-

10 0
10 0
-

10 0
100
-

10 0
10 0
-

(5)

( 5)

-

-

-

8
40
10
3

17
41
1
1

9
60
1
~

( 5)
9
1
-

4
41
20
8

31
(*)
67
1
1

35
1
64
-

55
45
-

78
22
"

11
1
84
2
1

12
1
87
-

18
3
78
-

22
78
-

_
93
4
3

7
1
89
2
1

7
92
-

9
2
88
-

7
93
-

93
4
3

2
1
92
3
1
1

3

_

7

_

A
ll 4
in u
d stries

10 0

M ufactu g
an
rin

P
ublic2
u
tilities

R
etail trad
e

10 0

10 0

10 0

98
90
8
-

10 0
10 0
_

98
96
21
_

3

2

-

2

19
14
2
-

34
6
_

2
11
_

-

12
44
6
-

71
2
24
( 5)

72
3
23
_

63
_
37
_

83
_
14
_

-

-

-

43
5
50
-

28
5
67
_

-

-

31
_
67
-

17
4
76
1
-

20
2
75
1
-

6
6
87
-

17
81
-

-

-

10
1
83
1
1

9

_

16

1
99

80

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W orkers in establishments providing
paid vacations
..... _
Length-of-tim e payment __ __ ... ..........
Percentage payment
Flat-sum payment __ __
. .. .................
Other _
__
__ __ __
W orkers in establishments providing
no paid vacations _ ....................

97
92
4
( 5)

Am ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 6
After 6 months of service
Under 1 week _
_
1 week __
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks
_ ... ...........

........

....... .

-

After 1 year of service
1 week
_
-----Over 1 and under 2 weeks _
2 weeks __
_
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s ___________________
4 weeks
_

-

_
97
3

After 2 years of service
1 week
_
_ __ _
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 wep.ks
...
---- -------- _
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
4 weeks

37
5
55
(*)

After 3 years of service
1 week _
_ __
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _ _
2 weeks
Over 2 and tinder 3 weeks
4 weeks

_

After 5 years of service
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 wpp Ics
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks
4 weeks

See footnotes at end of table,




-

92
2
3

2
97

-

-

92

-

-

92
5

1

(5)

-

3

-

86
2
2

-

-

_

(*)

2

18
Table B-5. Paid Vqcations-Continued
(Percent distribution o£ office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, D allas, T e x ., November I960)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

All .
industries

Manufacturing

Public,
utilities*

PLANT WORKERS
Finance3

Retail trade

All 4
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Retail trade

A m ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 6— C ontinued
A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

2
1

w eek
w eek s
...... ---O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w ee k s _____
3 w eek s _
O v er 4 w eek s

.................
. ..
....... . _
_ . ...........

2
75

3
72

8

1

14

24
“

1

_
96
4
-

5
63
32
-

_
73
14

_
15
85
-

5
47
48
-

_
31

10
3

10
2

9
74
3

9
-

12
-

10

9
35
53

76

_
97
3
-

14
71
_

12
-

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

2

1 w eek
2 w eek s

_
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w ee k s _
3 w eek s
_
O v e r 3 and un d er 4 w eek s _
O v er 4 w eek s _

31

2
62

1
1

3
31
-

66
-

2

__

3 w eek s _
O v e r 3 and u nd er 4 w ee k s
4 w eek s
O v e r 4 w eek s _

56
4
3

_
90
-

14
55
29
-

"

_
9
77
14
"

14
50
34
"

9
34
25
28

_
9
56
35

14
50
19
15

1
-

10

i

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek
2 w eek s

6

38
49
( 5)

30
58

1
7

1

3
31
55
( 5)

10
-

_

10
84
7
-

5
44
51
-

_
31
52
3

5
44
18
33

31
31
35
3

11
3

10

9
34
51

35
48

1

2
2

3
-

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

2

1 w eek
2 w eek s
3 w eek s _
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s
4 w eek s
O ver 4 w eeks _

1
2
3
4
5
4
service

30
33

1
33

1

3
31
23
43

-

10
56
34

Includes data for wholesale trade and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not n ecessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions.
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 yea rs.

10
35
28
( 5)
23
( 5)

1

F or exam ple, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 y e a r s 1

NOTE: See note on p. 15, relative to the inclusion of railroad s.
In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service , payments other than "length of t i m e ," such as percentage of
annual earnings or fla t-su m paym ents, were converted to an equivalent time basis; for exam ple, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay.




19

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fit s , D a lla s , T e x . , N o v e m b e r I9 6 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS
T y p e o f b e n e fit

PLANT WORKERS

All
industries1

Manufacturing

Public,
utilities2

Retail trade

Finance 3

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e
—-----------------------------------------------------A c c id e n t a l d e a th an d d is m e m b e r ih e n t
i n s u r a n c e ------ ---------------- — -------------------------S ic k n e s s an d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 5 --------------------------------------------

95

94

87

95

97

48

57

67

64

58

71

60

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e -----------S ic k le a v e (f u ll p a y a n d n o
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) ------------------------------- -----------S ic k le a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) -----------------------------------------------

23

47

17

38

50

9

2

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ---------------------------------S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e
--------- — ---------------- --------C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e ---------------------------------------R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n ----------------------------------------------N o h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n p l a n ------

85
82
54

98
97
52
42
82

A ll w o r k e r s

----------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g :

39
75
2

1
2
3
4
5
6

( 6)

AH
industries

Manufacturing

100

S e e n o t e o n p . 15 ,




r e la tiv e to th e in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s .

100

Retail trade

100

8
6

89

8
8

79

24

52

51

71

50

50

50

49

49

77

38

12

4

35

43

40

14

23

13

45

11

5

26

14

27

30

1

11

5

25

14

90
90
58
46
71
3

90
84
60
41
74
3

81
81
42
25
62

94
93
43
22
67
2

65
65
42
45
73
3

76
76
46
26
55
13

6
6
6
6
54
43
75
2

6

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e ly .
U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w .
S ic k -l e a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d
th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n fo r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
NOTE:

100

Public 2
utilities

to

th ose

w h ic h d e fin it e ly e s t a b lis h at

le a s t




21

Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureaus wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

B ille r , m achine (b illin g m ach in e) —

Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B ille r , m achine (b o o k k e e p in g m ach in e) — Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstraiid, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




C la s s A — Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
C la s s B — Keeps a record o f one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keepingPhases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C la s s A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment's business transactions, Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

22

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— .Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.
C la s s B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices iq which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE
C la s s A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s, cla ss ifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
C la s s B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or a ssists in locating material in file s. May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any com bination o f the fo llo w in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled , keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH

OPERATOR

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work o f others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

23

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office ; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. D o e s n ot in clu de tran scribing-m ach in e
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. D o e s not in clu d e tran scribing-m ach in e work .
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls .
May record toll calls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this worker's time while at
switchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C la s s A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does n ot in clu de working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C la s s B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
C la s s C — Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp ecific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sortihg or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

24

TYPIST— Continued

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing p rocesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.
C la s s A —

Performs on e or more o f the fo llo w in g ; Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

P R O F E S SIO N A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to sca le units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p oses. Duties involve a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g : Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




tuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
C la s s B — Performs on e or more o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licie s,
etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

AND T E C H N IC A L
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a com bina­
tion o f the fo llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. Uses
T-square, com pass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

25

M A IN T E N A N C E

D

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May a ls o
supervise these operations. H ead or c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts
em p loyin g more than o n e en g in eer are e x c lu d e d .




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp e cific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is nermitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using .a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

26

M A CH IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E — Continued

M ILLW R IG H T — Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se tolerances; making standard shop computations re la ting to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

M EC H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T EN A N C E)

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
M EC H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
M IL LW R IG H T

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout



O IL E R

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various size s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating system s are excluded

.

27

T O O L AND D IE M A K ER

P L U M B E R , M A IN T EN A N C E

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K ER , M A IN T E N A N C E

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

C U STO D IA L AND M A T E R IA L MOVEMENT
E LE V A T O R O PER A TO R , PA SSEN GER

JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R — Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures;polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.
JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office , apartment house, or commercial




L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

28

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G — Continued

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

,

Longshoremen who load and unload ships are excluded

.

O RD ER F IL L E R

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
T R U C K D R IV E R

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slip s, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders* requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D river-sa lesm en and over-the-road d riv e rs
are exclu d ed .

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden
boxes or crates are excluded

.

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in v oices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s.




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssifie d by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)
T ru ck d riv e r (com bination o f s iz e s lis t e d se p a ra te ly )
T ru ckd rive r, lig h t (under 1% to n s)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver heavy (over 4 tons trailer type)
Truckdriver heavy (over 4 tons other than trailer type)

,
,

,
,

T R U C K E R , P O W ER

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of
truck, as follow s:

,

Trucker power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆

u. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1961

O — 581429

Occupational Wage Surveys

Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D .C ., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.

Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Albuquerque, N . M ex.— B u ll. 1285Allentown—Bethlehem—E aston ,
P a .- N .J .— B ull. 1285Atlanta, G a .— Bull. 1285Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285Beaumont—Port Arthur, T e x .— Bull. 1285Birmingham, A la .— Bull. 1285"

Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285Boston, Mass.— Bull. 1285-15
Buffalo, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Burlington, V t.— Bull. 1285Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Charleston, W. V a .— Bull. 1285Charlotte, N .C .— Bull. 1285* * Chattanooga, Tenn.—G a.— Bull. 1285-14
Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285Cincinnati, Ohio—K y .— Bu ll. 1285* * Cleveland, Ohio— B ull. 1285-11
Columbus, Ohio— B u ll. 1285D a lla s, T e x .— B ull. 1285-21
Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111.—
Bull. 1285-16
Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Denver, C o lo .— Bull. 1285D es Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285Detroit, M ich.— B ull. 1285Fort Worth, T e x .— B u ll. 1285-23

* Green Bay, Wis.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S .C .— Bull. 1285Houston, T ex .— Bull. 1285Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285Jackson, M iss.— Bull. 1285Jacksonville, F la .— Bull. 1285Kansas City, Mo.—Kans.— Bull. 1285-18
Lawrence—Haverhill, Mass.—N .H .— Bull. 1285* * Little Rock—North Little Rock, Ark.— Bull. 1285-6
Los Angeles—Long Beach, C alif.— Bull. 1285Louisville, Ky.—
Ind.— Bull. 1285Lubbock, Tex.— Bull. 1285* Manchester, N .H .— Bull. 1285-1
Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285Miami, F la .— Bull. 1285Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285Muskegon—Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285Newark and Jersey City, N .J.— Bull. 1285New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285New Orleans, L a .— Bull. 1285New York, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Norfolk—Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a.— Bull. 1285* * Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285-3
* * Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa— Bull. 1285-13
Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N .J.— Bull. 1285Philadelphia, P a.— Bull. 1285-24
Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-

Pittsburgh, P a.— Bull. 1285Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285-19
Portland, Oreg.—Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence—Pawtucket, R. I. — ass.— Bull. 1285M
* * Raleigh, N .C .— Bull. 1285-5
Richmond, V a.— Bull. 1285Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285* * S t . Louis, M o .-I ll.— Bull. 1285-10
Salt Lake City, Utah— Bull. 1285San Antonio, Tex.— Bull. 1285* San Bernardino—Riverside—Ontario,
C alif.— Bull. 1285-4
San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif.— Bull. 1285Savannah, G a.— Bull. 1285* * Scranton, Pa___ Bull. 1285-8
* * Seattle, Wash.— Bull. 1285-7
* * * Sioux Falls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285-17
South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285Trenton, N .J.— Bull. 1285Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a ___ Bull. 1285-22
Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285*20
* * Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285-9
* * Wilmington, D e l.-N .J .— Bull. 1285-12
Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285York, P a.— Bull. 1285-

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