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Occupational Wage Survey

WATERLOO, IOWA

NOVEMBER 1960

Bulletin No. 1285-20




UNITED

STATES

DEPARTMENT

A rthur

OF

LABOR

J. G o l d b e r g , S e c r e t o r y

BUREAU

O F L A B O R S T A T I STI CS

Ewan Cl a gu e , C o m m i s s i o n e r




Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices

Occupational Wage Survey
WATERLOO, IOWA
NOVEM BER




1960

Bulletin No. 1285-20
January 1961
UNITED

STATES

DEPARTMENT

OF

LABOR

A r t h u r J. G o l d b e r g , S e c r e t a r y
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTI CS
Ewan Clague, C ommi ss ioner

For solo by iho Suporintondont of Documents, U.S. Govommont Printing Offico, W ashington 25, D.C. - P rko

2 0 conts




Contents

Preface

Page
The C om m u n ity W age S u rvey P r o g r a m
The B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistic s r e g u la r ly con d u cts
a r e a w id e w age su r v e y s in a n u m b er o f im p o rta n t in d u str ia l
c e n t e r s . The stu d ies, m a de fr o m la te fa ll to e a r ly sp rin g ,
r e la te to o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d su p p lem en ta ry
b e n e fits . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in ea ch a r e a , u su a lly in the m on th fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d stud ied. T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s a d d ition a l
data not in clu d ed in the e a r lie r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly tica l b u lletin su m m a r iz in g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the
y e a r ’ s su r v e y s is is s u e d a fte r c o m p le tio n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lletin fo r the c u r r e n t roun d o f s u r v e y s .

In trod u ction

------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y __________

2

A:

O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1.
O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s -----------------------------------------------------A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s __________________
A - 3.
M a in ten an ce and p o w e rp la n t o c cu p a tio n s _______________
A - 4. C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c cu p a tio n s _________

4
5
5
6

I ’a b le s :

B:
This r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o ffic e in C h ica g o, 111. , by W o o d ro w C. Linn, u nder the
d ir e c t io n o f G e o rg e E. V otava, A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c to r
fo r W ages and In d u stria l R e la tio n s .




E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age
p r o v i s io n s :*
B -l.
Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls ------------------------------------------------------B -2 , M in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e
w o r k e r s ____________________________________________________
B -3 . S ch ed u led w e e k ly h ou rs __________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s ______________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a tio n s _____________________________________
B -6 . H ealth, in su r a n ce , and p e n sio n p l a n s ______________________

A p p en dix:

O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s ___________________________________

* N O TE : S im ila r ta b u la tion s fo r th e se and oth er ite m s
a r e a v a ila b le in the r e p o r t s fo r s u r v e y s in oth er m a jo r
areas.
A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g date o f study and the p r ic e
o f the r e p o r t s , is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.

7
8
8
9
10
12

13




Occupational W age Survey—Waterloo, Iowa
Introduction
T h is a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p orta n t in d u str ia l c e n te r s in
w hich the U. S. D ep a rtm en t o f L ab or*s B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistic s has
con d u cted s u r v e y s o f o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d w age b en efits
on an a re a w id e b a s is . In this a r e a , data w e r e obtain ed b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is t s to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e sta b lis h m e n ts
w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s :
M an u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s p o r t a t io n ,1
co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il
tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in ­
d u stry g rou p s e x clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts having
fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d a ls o b e c a u s e
th ey fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t e m p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r ­
ran t in clu s io n . W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , se p a r a te ta bu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r e a ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h e se s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv e y in g al] e s ta b lis h m e n ts . To obtain
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is stud ied. In com b in in g the data, h o w ­
e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv en th e ir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t. E s tim a te s
b a se d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , th e r e fo r e , as r e ­
latin g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a , e x ­
cep t f o r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied.
O ccu p a tion s and E arn in gs
The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e co m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tion a l c l a s ­
s ific a tio n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to
take a ccou n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in du ties w ithin the sa m e
jo b . (See ap pendix f o r lis tin g o f th e se d e s c r ip t i o n s .) E a rn in gs data a r e
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p es o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c) m a in te ­
n an ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (d) cu s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m ov e m e n t.

la te s h ifts.
N on p rod u ction b on u ses a r e ex clu d ed a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b on u ses and in ce n tiv e ea rn in g s a r e in clu d ed .
W h ere w eek ly
h ou rs a r e r e p o rte d , as fo r o ffic e c le r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o rk sch e d u le s (rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w hich
s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a re pa id ; a v e ra g e w eek ly earn in g s f o r th ese
o ccu p a tio n s have b een rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
A v e ra g e ea rn in g s o f m en and w om en a re p r e s e n te d s e p a r a te ly
f o r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s in w hich both s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly em p loy ed .
D iffe r e n c e s in p a y le v e ls o f m en and w om en in th ese o ccu p a tio n s a re
la r g e ly due to (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong
in d u strie s and e sta b lis h m e n ts; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific du ties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the occu p a tio n s a r e a p p ro p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d within
the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in len gth o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w when in dividu al s a la r ie s a r e ad ju sted on this b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e ra g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ould r e s u lt in h igh er a v e r a g e pay
when both s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ithin the sa m e rate ran ge.
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese su r v e y s a re u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in dividu al e sta b lish m en ts to
a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e sta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific duties
p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p a tion a l em p loy m en t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the tota l in a ll
e sta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b er a c tu ­
a lly su r v e y e d . B e c a u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re am ong
e sta b lis h m e n ts, the e stim a te s o f o ccu p a tio n a l e m p loy m en t obtain ed
fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the
r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied.
T h ese d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tion a l s tru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in gs data.
E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en tary W age P r o v is io n s

In form a tion is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c te d e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry b en efits as they r e ­
O ccu p a tion a l em p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e show n f o r
la te to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
The te r m " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u sed
in this bu lletin , in clu d e s w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
f u ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th o se h ir e d to w ork a r e g u la r w eek ly s c h e d ­
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c le r i c a l o r re la te d fu n ction s, and e x clu d e s a d m in ­
u le in the g iv en o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in gs data ex clu d e
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
is tr a tiv e , e x e cu tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. "P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
clu d e w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o rk e r s (in clu din g le a d m en and tr a in e e s ) en gaged in n o n o ffic e fu n ction s.
A d m in is tra tiv e ,
1
R a ilr o a d s , fo r m e r l y e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f th ese stu d ie s,x e cu tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e -a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
e
e m p lo y e e s who a r e u tiliz e d as a se p a r a te w ork f o r c e a r e e x clu d ed .
w e re in clu d ed in a ll o f the a r e a s stu d ied s in c e Ju ly 1959, e x ce p t
C a fe te r ia w o rk e r s and rou tem en a re e x clu d e d in m an u factu rin g in d u s­
B a ltim o r e , B u ffa lo, C levela n d , and S ea ttle.
R a ilr o a d s a r e now in ­
t r ie s , but a r e in clu d ed as plant w o r k e r s in n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u str ie s .
clu d ed in the s c o p e o f a ll la b o r -m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s .




2

Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in W aterloo, Iowa, 1 by m ajor industry division, 2 November I960
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll divisions

________________

___________

_____ _______

Manufacturing __________________
— — — ---------Nonmanufacturing _____ __ ---------_ —
------------Transportation, communication, and other
public u tilitie s 5 ______ _____ ____ __ __ —
--------Wholesale trade
--------- — — --------____ __ — — ------- ----- _ ------Retail trade
Finance, insurance, and real estate _____ _______
S e rv ice s7 __ -------------- ------- __
------- __ _

1

_

Number of establishments
Within
scope of
study 3

50

57

50
50

29
28

50
50
50
50
50

8
2
1
1
4
3

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
Total 4
44

2
2
2
2
8
2
8
2
2

Office

Plant

Total 4

23, 170

2, 500

17 ,8 0 0

22 ,2 5 0

, 800
700

15, 800
, 000

1,60
90
3, 570

1, 730
240
, 200

120
0
20
0

1

300
(!)
( )
(*)
( 6)

2
90
0
( ')
( )
( 6)
( 6)

1 9,090
3, 160
1, 730
240

90
6
10
1
10
2

The Waterloo Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea (Black Hawk County).
The "w orkers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of
the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The. estim ates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of com parison with other area employment indexes to m easure
employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments
are excluded from the scope of the survey.
The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
Major changes from the earlier edition (used in the
Bureau's labor market wage surveys conducted prior to July 1958) are the transfer of m ilk pasteurization plants and ready-m ixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or retail) to manu­
facturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting from services to the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the m inim um -size limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and m otion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll indu stries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the series A and B tables.
Separate presentation of data for this division is not made for
one or
m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all toprovide enough
data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was notdesigned initially to perm it separate
presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and architectural service s.

2
3
4
5
6

7




3
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (table B - l ) a r e lim ite d to m a n u factu rin g
in d u s tr ie s .
This in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in te r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lish m en t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f tota l plant w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m en t, and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s is o f w o rk e r s
a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the su rv e y .
In e sta b lish m en ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount applying to
a m a jo r ity w as u se d o r , if no am ount ap p lied to a m a jo r ity , the c l a s ­
s ific a tio n " o t h e r " w as u sed .
In e sta b lis h m e n ts in w hich so m e la t e sh ift h ou rs a r e p a id at n o rm a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d on ly
if it a p p lied to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u r s.

M in im u m en tra n ce ra tes (ta ble B -2 ) re la te on ly to the e s t a b ­
lish m en ts v is ite d .
T h ey a r e p r e s e n te d on an e sta b lis h m e n t, ra th er
than on an e m p loy m en t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and
health, in su r a n ce , and p e n sio n plans a re tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the
b a s is that th ese a re a p p lica b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a ­
jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s a re e lig ib le o r m a y even tu a lly q u a lify f o r the
p r a c t ic e s lis te d . S ch ed u led h ou rs a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is
that th ese a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r ity
a re c o v e r e d . 3 B e c a u s e o f roun din g, su m s o f in dividu al item s in th ese
tabu lation s m a y not equ al to ta ls .
The f ir s t p a rt o f the pa id h olid a ys ta ble p r e s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r o f w hole and h a lf h olid a y s a ctu a lly p r o v id e d .
The s e c o n d p a rt
c o m b in e s w hole and h a lf h olid a ys to sh ow total h olid a y t im e .

D ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h ealth, in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
plan s fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
ex ce p tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ire m e n ts su ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n sa tio n ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such p la n s in clu d e th ose
u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in su r a n ce com p a n y and th o se p r o v id e d
th rou gh a union fund o r p a id d ir e c t ly by the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r re n t
op era tin g funds o r fr o m a fund se t a s id e f o r this p u r p o s e .
D eath
b e n e fits a r e in clu d ed as a fo r m o f life in s u r a n ce .
S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce is lim ite d to that type o f in ­
su ra n ce u n der w hich p r e d e te r m in e d c a sh pa ym en ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in su r e d on a w eek ly o r m on th ly b a s is du rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch plans to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s.
H o w e v e r, in N ew Y o rk and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich
have en a cted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in su r a n ce law s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 plans a r e in clu d ed on ly if the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
trib u tes m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ire d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b en e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ire m e n ts o f the law . T ab u lation s
o f p a id s i c k -le a v e p la n s a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l plan s 5 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's pa y du rin g a b s e n ce fr o m w ork
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S ep a ra te tabu lation s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
(1) .plans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pa y and no w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) plans
p r o v id in g e ith e r p a rtia l pay o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In a d d ition to the
p r e s e n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n du plica ted tota l is
show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p es o f b e n e fits .

The su m m a r y o f v a ca tion plans is lim ite d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m en ts, ex clu d in g in fo r m a l plans w h e re b y tim e o ff with pa y is gra n ted
at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep a ra te e s tim a te s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com pu tin g v a c a tio n p a y m en ts, su ch
as tim e p a y m e n ts, p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s, o r fla t -s u m am ou n ts.
H ow ev er, in the tabu lation s o f v a ca tio n a llo w a n c e s , p a ym en ts not on
a tim e b a s is w e re c o n v e rte d ; f o r e x a m p le , a pa ym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as the equ iv alen t o f 1 w e e k 's pay.

C a ta strop h e in su r a n ce , s o m e tim e s r e fe r r e d to as ex ten ded
m e d ic a l in s u r a n ce , in clu d es th o se plans w h ich a re d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v olv in g e x p e n s e s bey on d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in su ra n ce r e fe r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le te o r p a r t ia l
pa ym en t o f d o c t o r s ' fe e s . Such plan s m a y be u n d erw ritten b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in su ra n ce co m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y be
s e lf-in s u r e d . T ab u lation s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n sio n plan s a r e lim ite d to
th ose p la n s that p r o v id e m on th ly pa ym en ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life .

2 An e sta b lish m en t w as c o n s id e r e d as having a p o lic y if it m et
e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g c o n d itio n s: (1) O p era ted la te sh ifts at the tim e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts.
3 S ch edu led w eek ly h ou rs f o r o ffic e w o r k e r s (fir s t s e c tio n o f
ta ble B -3 ) in su r v e y s m a de p r io r to Ju ly 1957 w e re p r e s e n te d in
te r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o ffic e s
with the in d ica ted w eek ly h ou rs f o r w om en w o r k e r s .

4 The te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y law s in C a lifo r n ia and R hode Islan d
do not r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s .
5 A n e sta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as h aving a fo r m a l plan if
it e s ta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er o f days o f s ic k le a v e that
cou ld be e x p e cte d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . Such a pla n n eed not b e w ritten ,
but in fo r m a l s i c k - le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is ,
w e re e x clu d e d .




A* Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Waterloo, Iowa, November I960)
Aysbagk
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

N U M B E R OF W O RK ER S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A RN IN G S OF—
*40. 0 0

*45. 00

*50. 00

*55. 0 0

*60. 00

*65. 00

*70. 00

*7 5 . 0 0

*80. 00

*85. 0 0

*90. 0 0

* 9 5 .0 0

fo o .o o

? 0 5 .0 0

fio .o o

? 1 5 .0 0

? 2 0 .0 0

? 2 5 .0 0

50 . 00

5 5 . 00

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

80. 00

8 5 .0 0

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0

and
over

_

_

1

1

_

_

1

28

"

1

3
3

5

“

3
3

4

_

1
1

1

"

5

8

_

_

_

and
under
4 5 .0 0

M en

28
25

40. 0
4 0 .0

$ 1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0

_

_

.

.

~

■

"

■

21

40. 5

7 9 .0 0

_

_

1

_

16

40. 0

8 1 .5 0

“

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B

22

40. 0

5 2 .0 0

2

C l e r k s , a cc o u n tin g , c l a s s A
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____

21
17

40. 0
4 0 .0

9 9 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0

C l e r k s , a cc o u n tin g , c l a s s A
M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------

----------------------------------------------

4

W om en

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A -------_
_________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _ ___ _

___
__ —

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B _ _
— — — —
M a n u fa ctu r in g __ __
—
_ -------- —
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 _
—

C le rk s , file , cla s s B

—

34
20

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

6 5 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
6 1 .5 0
6 4 .0 0

"
.
"
.

—

-------------,__
_

S ten ogra p h ers, gen era l
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _

__

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s

_ _

_

_ _

1
2
3
4

—

—

_

_

2
2

2
2

1
1

'

9
2
1

10

3

1
1

1
1

40. 5

40. 0

7 7 .0 0

_

26

40. 0

6 9 .0 0

"

17

42. 0

6 1 .0 0

47

1

.

!

!

4

3

1

3

2

2

----- 2 —

5
2

8
2
6

_

2

■
_

----- 3—

1

2
----- 2 —

3
----- 3—

"

1
1

_

.

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

"

"

"

"

'

_

.

.

.

.

.

.

2

4

2

1

4

----- 2 -----

l

-

~

6

1
4

~
2
1

3
3

4
4

8
8

8
7

“

2
3
----- 3 ----- ----- 2 —

2
2

----- 2 -----

7

----- 6—

2

2

12
10

2
----- 2 -----

4

6

4

5
5

2

16
2

10
10

1

7
4
3

7

2

1

1

1

“

1

~

"

“

29

26

15

_

_

_

_

.

_

.

1

7

“

“

■

-

■

-

18

"
16

12

18

“

1

1

1

2

_

_

4

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

.

8

4

_

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

6
4

1
1

3
3

-

4
4

7

5
5

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

4

12

9
8

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

8

12
12

-

4

10
10

1

_

12
1 2 -----

7

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Workers were distributed as follows: 5 at $130 to $135; 3 at $135 and over.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes 4 workers at $30 to $35.




_

4

-

2
2

_

_

.

-

3

1

_

7
7

2
2

4

“

2
2

4

4

~

-

5
4

7

.

1
1

9

5

.
'

4

-

3

.

'
3

7
2

1

2
----- 2 -----

2

"

4
2

_

1
1

11

-

6 7 .5 0
&9T5T)

1

3

3

_

40. 0
40. 0

_

1
1

9

”

70
60

_

_

6
3

.

8 0 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

_

_

9
5

9 3 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

40. 0
40. 0

_

_

4
3

40. 0
40. 0

27
25

_

4
4

4

“

6
1

96
81
15

T y p is t s , c l a s s A
M a n u fa ctu r in g

.

“

16

6 0 .0 0

6 4 .0 0

1

2

10

8 4 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

40. 0

2

2

8

40. 0

_

4

1

5
4

40. 0
40. 0

17

-

5

2

3

33
28

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a e h i n e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l

T y p is t s , fcla ss B
M a n u fa ctu r in g

~

35

—

_

10

138

C l e r k s , p a y r o ll
M a n u fa ctu r in g

S e c r e t a r ie s
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

79
45

4

3
2

1

5
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , W a t e r lo o , Io w a , N o v e m b e r I96 0 )
Avbbage
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly.
hours
(Standard)

NUM B ER OF W O RK ER S R E CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY E A RN ING S OF—

$
55. 00
and
u n d er
6 0 . 00

Weekly ,
earnings 1
(Standard)

$
6 0. 00

$
6 5. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

3
80. 00

$
8 5. 00

$
90. 00

$

“

~

"

“

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

8 0. 00

"
8 5 . 00

"
90. 00

"
95. 00

"
1 0 0 .0 0

2
2

1

95. 00

M en
D r a ft s m e n , j u n i o r __
M a n u fa ctu r in g __

________ — ____
__ ____
__ _____

_ —
_____

24
20

40. 0
40. 0

.

1
1

$ 7 7 . 00
77. 50

2
2

5
3

4
2

7
7

2
2

1
1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , W a t e r lo o , I o w a , N o v e m b e r I96 0 )
NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n c e

________________________

E n g i n e e r s , s t a tio n a r y __

_____

F i r e m e n , s t a tio n a r y b o ile r

_

_____
_
_

______

___

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_
_ __

_
_
_
_

P i p e f i t t e r s , m a in te n a n c e

__

___ _ __________
_ _
_
_____
__

_
_

_

24

2. 77

______

$
U n d er
$
1. 90

$

$

1. 90
and
u n d er
2. 00

2. 00
-

$
2. 10
-

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

!

_

1

2. 30
-

$

$
2 .4 0
-

2 .4 0

2. 50
-

2. 50

1

1

2

1

2.
2.
2.
2.

65
74
51
54

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

"

-

6
1
5
5

151
149

2 . 86
2 . 86

_

_

_

-

-

50

2. 76

_

-

2. 60

3

,
2. 60

_

_
4

4
2

.

$

$
2. 70
-

2. 70

2

_

2. 80
-

2. 80

$

$
2. 90
-

2. 90

$
3 . 00
-

3 . 00

3. 10
-

3 . 10

3. 20

$

3 . 20
3 . 30

7
2
11

1

9

4

5

2

7

6

_

6

.

_

.

.

.

„
-

1
13
11
2
2

4
3
1
1

15
15
-

-

-

-

13
1
12
12

.

"

-

-

"

10
10

10
10

26
26

2

25
24

15
15

2

------ 5--------

8
8

2

40
40

_

_

1

16

9

_

22

_

_

_

2

2
1
1

2
2
-

-

-

-

"

7

_

6

7

_

$

-

„

2. 55

59
36
23
20

$

1
2

-

1

1

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




2 . 20

$ 2 . 73

31
26

M e c h a n i c s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in te n a n c e ) _
____
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _
_
_ _
_____
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 _
__
___ ____ ___

Average
hourly ,
earnings1

1

6

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , W a t e r l o o , Io w a , N o v e m b e r I96 0 )
N U M B E R OF W O RK ER S RECE IVIN G S T R A IG H T-TIM E H OUR LY E A RN IN G S OF—

O c c u p a t io n

and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

1

of
■workers

hourly ,
earnings

U n der
$

1. 20

$

1. 20
and
u n d er
1. 30

$

1. 30
-

$

1 .4 0

1
1

-

1. 70

$

1. 80
-

1. 80

7
6
1

4
3
1

”

“

6

636
592
44

2. 22
2. 25
1. 90

10
10

4

18
15

2 .4 0
2 .4 4

_

_

_

”

"

"

30
29

2 .4 8
2 .4 7

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

“

_

1
1

_

"

“

"

93
53
40
24

2 .4 3
2. 54
2. 30
2. 61

.

2
2
“

_

_

_

_

“

1
1

■

"

-

30

2. 67

-

-

-

-

-

-

81
78

2. 23
2. 21

2
2

__

___

_

-

3
3

4

S h ippin g c l e r k s __
M a n u fa ctu r in g

_

__

_

___________
_

__

____

_

_

_

__

__ _ __

_

_

_____

_____

__ ________

T r u c k d r iv e r s
__________
_____
M a n u fa ctu r in g __
____ ____ _ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __
_ __ ____
__ __
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3
__ __ __ ____

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d iu m ( l 1^ to
and in c lu d in g 4 to n s ) _ _ __

W a tch m e n ____
M a n u fa ctu r in g

1
2
3
4

__

_
__

__ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ ___
__ _ _ _
___

__ _

$

-

”

_

_

16
16

_
”

315
315

4
4

1

6
6

_

_

9
9

_
-

4
3

2
1

30
24
6

55
53
2

59
56
3

j

_

_

1

1

_

_

_

~

5
5

"

131
123
8

2 .4 0

2. 50

-

2 .6 0

$

2. 70
-

2 .7 0

$

2. 80
-

2. 80

2. 90

-

-

-

-

"

~

"

_

_

_

.

_

"

“

“

■

"

-

‘

1
1

7
7

_

-

-

“

“

1

_

_

”

“

9

‘

4
3

_

-

9

!

“

4
3

3
3

2
2

3
3

2
2

1
1
“

2
2
-

1
1

_

2
2

13
1
12

2
2
"

_

"

1
1
”

~

7
4
3
2

-

-

-

1

-

2

-

3
3

5
5

1
1

7
7

37
37

-

2 .6 0

“

-

'

"

$

-

-

_

'

*

~

“

_

$
2. 50

85
85

_

‘

-

3
1
2
2

_

_

2 .4 0

9
4
5
5

"

2. 30

$

5
4
1
1

_

-

-

2. 20

~

-

$
2. 30

2. 10

_

-

6
5

$
2. 20
-

2. 10

6
4
2
1

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , and la te s h ift s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
I n clu d e s a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s i z e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




2. 00

4
1
3
1

~

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s
M a n u fa ctu r in g

$

-

2. 00

6
3

_

1 .9 0

1 .9 0

1 .8 4
1. 98

“

$

-

31
27

_

2
2

1. 70

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s ( w o m e n ) ____
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_
----------

_

1

1 .6 0

$

5

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_ _ _ _ _
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _ ____

"

-

$ 2 .0 1
2. 14
1. 58
1 .8 4

1

"

1. 60

141
110
31
16

-

-

1. 50

$

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s ( m e n ) ________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____
__
_ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___ __
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3
-------------

5

6
1
5

1. 50
-

-

1 .4 0

$

1

15
14

_

1

33
28
5
5

17
17
17

_
-

14
14
-

1

5

7

-

14

18
18

3

1




B : Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
W a te r lo o , Iow a , N o v e m b e r I9 6 0 )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

S e c o n d s h i ft
w ork

T ota l

__

____ _ _ _

9 7. 5

W ith s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l

__

U n ifo r m c e n t s (p e r h o u r)

_____
___

__ __ _

______________________________________
5 cen ts
cen ts
______ _
______
__ __
1 0 cen ts
_____________________________________
12 cen ts
__________
__ __ _____
13 c e n t s ___
____ _________
_
_
15 c e n t s _______________ __ _____
I 8 V 2 c e n t s ----------- _ ____ ___________

8

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e
5 p ercen t
7 p ercen t

___

_____

_____

___________________________________
_________ __ __ __ __

N o s h i ft p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h i ft w o r k

____

A c t u a lly w o rk in g o
—

93.9

S e co n d s h ift

27.

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h i ft

0

6.4

97. 5

9 3 .9

27. 0

6

.4

96. 4

93. 3

26.

8

6

.4

6 .
1.
7.
33.
47.
.

.

8

6

-

7
0
5
7

9 .3
33. 0

_

0

-

3. 6
47. 5

_
-

-

.
12.
12.
.
1

1

.

0

-

8

_

1
6

-

1

.

1

.6

.

2

1

.

1

_

.

2

.6

-

2

.

2

-

_
-

___________

1
I n c l u d e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e
e v e n t h o u g h t h e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s .

s h ifts ,

and e s t a b lis h m e n t s

w it h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s

co v e rin g

la t e

s h ifts

8

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , W a t e r lo o , Iow a , N o v e m b e r I96 0 )
I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p ists
M a n u fa c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k l y s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

M a n u fa c t u r in g

B a se d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

B a s e d o n sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u rs • o f—
5
40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

—

44

22

XXX

22

XXX

44

22

XXX

22

XXX

-

13

9

9

4

4

32

18

18

14

10

--------------------- ----------- ---------------------------------------$ 4 2 . 5 0 ------- ----------- — __ ----- ---------$ 4 5 . 0 0 ----- ----------— ----------------- $ 4 7 . 50 ____________
_______ ___
$ 5 0 . 0 0 ----------- -------------- ----— $ 5 2 . 50 ____
___
___
- - $ 5 5 .0 0 _ _ —
_ -------- — _ — — — - $ 5 7 . 5 0 ----- __
$ 6 0 .0 0 _
_
_
------$ 6 2 . 5 0 ----- —
----------- _ _ _ _ _
$ 6 5 . 00 ---------- ----------- ------$ 6 7 .5 0 —
__ __ —
—
_ —
------- -

-

-

-

-

-

5
1
2
2
1
2

4
1
2
2

4
1
2
2

1
2
1
-

1
2
1
-

2
6
1
1
1
3

_
5
1
1
3

-

7
1
4
3
1
2

7
1
4
3
1

"

2
13
2
5
4
4
2

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m ------------------------------E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4

2

XXX

2

XXX

5

2

XXX

3

XXX

27

11

XXX

16

XXX

7

2

XXX

5

XXX

E s t a b li s h m e n t s s t u d ie d

-

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m
U nder $ 4 0 .
$ 4 0 .0 0 and
$ 4 2 . 50 a n d
$ 4 5 . 00 a n d
$ 4 7 . 50 a n d
$ 5 0. 00 a n d
$ 5 2 . 50 a n d
$ 5 5 . 00 a n d
$ 5 7 .5 0 and
$ 6 0 .0 0 and
$ 6 2 . 50 a n d
$ 6 5 .0 0 and

00 —
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

1 L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d f o r h i r in g i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t y p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
2 R a te s a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o f f i c e g i r l s , o r s i m il a r s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s a r e n ot c o n s id e r e d .
3 H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r
re p orted .

a ll

w ork w eek s

-

c o m b in e d ,

-

-

2

-

-

and fo r

-

-

-

th e m o s t c o m m o n

w ork w eek

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , W a te rlo o , Iow a, N o v e m b e r I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

W e e k ly h o u r s
All industries 1

M anufacturing

Public utilities2

--------

100

100

100

U n d e r 4 0 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------4 0 h o u r s ____________________________ — O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s ----------------------------4 4 h o u r s ____________________________________________
O v e r 4 4 a n d u n d e r 4 8 h o u r s _ __
— _
4 8 h o u r s --------

1

_

_

93

97

2
2

2

91
3

1

-

A ll w o r k e r s

1
2
3
4

—

—

—

-----

—

-

(4)

1

(4)
5

All industries3

100

(4)

96

100

Pu blic utilities 2

100

(4)

99

93

(4)

-

1
1
1

-

_
2
5

I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




M anufacturing

1

sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .

9
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v e m b e r I 9 6 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Item
All industries *

A ll w o r k e r s

______

_________

____

_

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id h o l id a y s
______
__ _ __ _____
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a id h o l id a y s
__ ___________
_
_

__ __

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

_

100

100

100

100

100

99

__

100

100

100

99

100

95

“

1

-

5

16

13
1
52
32
1

(4 )
■

N um ber o f

days

6 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________
6
7
8
9
9

h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y _ __ _____ _______
h o l id a y s
.
_
_........ .
h o l id a y s
_ _____ ___
__
__ _ __ _
_
h o l id a y s
_ _________ __ ____
_______ __
h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ___ ___ _ _ ___

15
1
43
39
1
1

13
1
45
40
2

-

84
-

-

11

9
1
54
35
2

-

84
-

"

'

T ota l h o lid a y

tim e 5

9 V2 d a y s
-------- ---------- _ _
-------- —
— ----- _
9 o r m o r e d a y s __
_ ----8 o r m o re days
___ ___
____
____
7 o r m o re days
__ _ _
__ __
6 V2 o r m o r e d a y s
_ ----- __ — —
6 o r m o re days
__ __ ___
______ _ _

_

1
2
41
84
84
99

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in
4 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e
and no h a lf d a y s , 6 fu ll d a y s and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll d a y s and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o on .




2
42
87
88

100

84
84
100

1
33
85
86

99

84
84
95

2
37
91
91
100

e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
a d d i t io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
P r o p o r t io n s w e r e th e n c u m u la te d .

r e c e iv in g a to ta l o f 7 d a y s

i n c lu d e s

th o se

w it h

7

fu ll

days

10

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v is i o n s , W a t e r lo o , Iow a , N o v e m b e r I96 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
All industries1

A ll w o rk e r s

_

_ __

M eth od

_

-----------

--------

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

1 00

100
98
2
-

100
99
(4)
(4)

100
100
-

100
46
53
(4 )

1 00
41
58

1 00
100

Public utilities 2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

o f paym ent

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s ----_ —
L e n g th -o f-tim e p aym en t
------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t __
_ F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t --------------------------------------O th er W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a i d v a c a t i o n s __ __ ---------

(4)

-

1

"
-

~

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n

p a y 5

A fte r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
_

—

_

2
43

3
48

-

-

49
51

89
11

99
1

99
1

100

8
3
89

_

_
46

51
49

_ -----------

-

39

U nder 1 w eek
1 w eek _

7
-

5
24
71

89
1
10

97
3

31
5
64

-

9
47
44

7
52
42

29
5
66

(4 )
99
(4)

99
1

(4)
48
46
5

45
51
4

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
2 w eeks

—
-----

_

_ _

-

A fte r 2 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_
O ve r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
2 w eeks
—

_

_ -

93

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w eek s
2 w eeks
_ __

(4 )
93

6
94

(4)
98
1

99
(4)

(4 )
57
2
40

_

-

53
2
45

100
-

6
-

-----

100

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
____
—
_
2 w e e k s ____
O ver 2 and un d er 3 w eek s

—
_ __ —

_

-

1 00
-

-

_

100
“

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
- ----------2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O ver 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s
3 w eeks —

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




-

-

100
-

11

Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v is i o n s , W a te r lo o , Iow a , N o v e m b e r I96 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
All industries1

A m o u n t off v o c a t i o n

p a y 5—

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

C o n tin u e d

A f te r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __
2 w eeks _
O ver 2 and
3 w eeks
O ver 3 and
4 w eeks

—

----- -------_
_
______
under 3 w eek s
-------------- ----____ __
___________ _
_
u n d e r 4 w e e k s _____________________
_______
___
_
___

(4)
6
3
90
1

_

_

3
4
93
-

16
84
-

-

-

-

(4)
3
3
92
_
1

_
1
3
95
_
1

2
5
93
-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _ ___________________________________________
_
2 w e e k s ____________________________ _______ _ __
_
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----3 w eeks
__
_
_ _ _ _ _ _
4 w eeks
----—
---------

(4 )
6

_

_

3

16

-

-

-

83
10

97
-

53
32

(4)
3
1
92
3

_
1
1
97
1

2
_
64
34

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek _
__
---------- — ------2 w eeks
__ —
__
— __ ___
O ver 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s
_
_
__
__
__ _
3 w eeks
4 w eeks
O ver 4 w eeks _ —

(4 )
6
26
66
1

_

_

3
21
76

16
_
34
50

(4 )
3
1
19
77

_

_

1
1
16
81

2
_
34
64

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
5 P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p l e , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s
s e r v i c e i n c l u d e s c h a n g e s i n p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
N O T E : In th e t a b u la t io n s o f v a c a t i o n a l l o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s
to a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .




o r fla t-s u m

i n d i c a t e d a t 10 y e a r s '

p a y m e n ts,

w ere

co n v e r te d

12

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d i n e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s , W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v e m b e r I 9 6 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

T y p e o f b e n e fit
All industries *

A ll w o r k e r s

---------------------------

-------------------------------

1 00

Manufacturing

100

Public utilities 2

1 00

All industries 3

1 00

Manufacturing

100

Public utilities 2

100

W o r k e r s i n e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :
L i f e i n s u r a n c e ---------------------------------------------- —
A c c i d e n t a l d e a t h an d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ----------------------------------------------------------S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 4 ---------------------------- --------

95

99

76

96

99

74

85

92

61

90

96

71

92

94

93

93

97

74

S ic k n e s s an d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ----------S ic k le a v e ( f u l l p a y a n d n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ------------------------------- -------S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) -------------------------------------------

46

54

48

90

97

42

49

44

59

4

2

28

3

-

18

2

1

30

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ------------------------ —
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------- —
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e --------- ------------------------------C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------------R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n ------------------------ -------------N o h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n p l a n -------

89
89
79
46
82
2

98
98
92
40
88
1

82
82
50
42
50

95
95
87
5
86
2

98
98
93
2

70
70
36
56
64

91

1 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s i n a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y
th e m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n a n in d iv i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .




e s t a b lis h at le a s t

13

Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller , machine (hilling machine)— Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon cop ies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E lliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slip s.




Class A — Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B— Keeps a record o f one or more phases or section s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

14

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—
-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.
C la s s B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in o ffices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE
C la s s A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , cla ssifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerica l duties.
C la s s B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or a ssists in locating material in file s . May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives custom ers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any com bination o f the fo llo w in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple cop ies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon si­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

15

SECRETARY

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work

.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls .
May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerica l work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.




Class A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C— Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp ecific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

16

TYPIST—-Continued

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing processes. May do clerical work involving little sp ecia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.
Class A — Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class B — Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licie s,
e tc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E SSIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes*
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




-

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

17
M AINTENANCE

D

PO W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer are excluded




.

HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp e cific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time basis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

18

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo s e tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the m achinist's work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machiue shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex->
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or con sistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating system s are excluded

.

19

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool

m aker;

fixture maker; gauge maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die maker's
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

C U STO D IA L AND M A T E R IA L MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte-*
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering

.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

20

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING—-Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

,

Longshoremen who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden
boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in voices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s.




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under lV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

%

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of
truck, as follow s:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆ U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1961 O - 580806

Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 2$, D .C ., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.

Akron, Ohio— B ull. 1285Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N .Y .— Bull. 1285
Albuquerque, N . M ex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—Bethlehem—E aston ,
P a .- N .J .— Bu ll. 1285Atlanta, G a .— Bull. 1285Baltimore, Md.— B ull. 1285Beaumont—Port Arthur, T e x .— Bull. 1285Birmingham, A la .— Bu ll. 1285B o ise, Idaho— Bull. 1285Boston, M a ss.— Bull. 1285-15
Buffalo, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Burlington, V t .— B u ll. 1285Canton, Ohio— B ull. 1285Charleston, W. V a .— Bull. 1285Charlotte, N .C .— Bull. 1285* * Chattanooga, T en n .—G a .— Bull. 1285-14
Chicago, 111.— Bu ll. 1285Cincinnati, Ohio—K y .— Bull. 1285* * C le v e la n d , Ohio— B u ll. 1285-11
Columbus, Ohio— B u ll. 1285D a lla s, T e x .— Bu ll. 1285-21
Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111.—
Bu ll. 1285-16
Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Denver, C o lo .— Bull. 1285Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285Detroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285Fort Worth, T e x .— B u ll. 1285-23

* Green Bay, Wis.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S .C .— Bull. 1285Houston, Tex.— Bull. 1285Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285Jackson, M iss.— Bull. 1285Jacksonville, F la .— Bull. 1285Kansas City, Mo.—Kans.— Bull. 1285-18
Lawrence—Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H.— Bull. 1285* * Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark.— Bull. 1285-^
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif.— Bull. 1285Louisville, Ky.—Ind.— Bull. 1285Lubbock, Tex.— Bull. 1285* Manchester, N.H.— Bull. 1285-1
Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285Miami, F la .— Bull. 1285Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285Muskegon—Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285Newark and Jersey City, N .J.— Bull. 1285New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285-

New Orleans, L a.— Bull. 1285New York, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Norfolk—Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va.— Bull. 1285* * Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285-3
* * Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa— Bull. 1285-13
Paterson—
Clifton—Passaic, N .J.— Bull. 1285Philadelphia, Pa.— Bull. 1285-24
Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-

Pittsburgh, Pa.— Bull. 1285Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285-19
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence—Pawtucket, R .I.—
Mass.— Bull. 1285* * Raleigh, N .C .— Bull. 1285-5
Richmond, V a.— Bull. 1285Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285* * St. Louis, Mo.—
111.— Bull. 1285-10
Salt Lake City, Utah— Bull. 1285San Antonio, Tex.— Bull. 1285* San Bernardino—
Riverside—Ontario,
C alif.— Bull. 1285-4
San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif.— Bull. 1285Savannah, Ga.— Bull. 1285* * Scranton, Pa.— Bull. 1285-8
* * Seattle, Wash.— Bull. 1285-7
* * * Sioux Falls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285-17
South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285Trenton, N .J.— Bull. 1285Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a .— Bull. 1285-22
Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285-20
* * Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285-9
* * Wilmington, D el.—N .J.— Bull. 1285-12
Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285York, Pa.— Bull. 1285-

An asterisk preceding a labor market indicates the availability and
price of the bulletin.
Please do not order copies in advance.

*
P rice , 20 ce n ts.
* * P r ice , 25 ce n ts.
* * * P r ice , 15 ce n ts.








Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102