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Occupational Wage Survey

GREEN BAY, WISCONSIN
AUGUST 1960

Bu ietin No. 1285-2




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BU R EA U O F LA BO R STATISTICS
Ew an C lag u a, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




GREEN BAY, WISCONSIN
AUGUST 1960

B u lletin No. 1285-2
October I960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BU R EA U O F LA BO R STATISTICS
Ew a n C la g u e , Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 20 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Community Wage Survey Program
Tables:
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A prelim inary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the earlier report.
A consolidated
analytical bulletin summ arizing the results of all of the
year*s surveys is issued after completion of the final area
bulletin for the current round of surveys.

1.

Establishm ents and workers within scope of s u r v e y ____________

2

A:

Occupational earnings; *
A - 1. Office occu pation s____________________________________ .._______
A -2 .
P rofessional and technical occupations ___________________
A - 3.
Maintenance and powerplant occupations _________________
A -4 .
Custodial and m aterial movement occu pation s___________

4
5
5
6

B:
This report was prepared in the Bureau*s regional
office in Chicago, 111., by Woodrow C. Linn, under the di­
rection of George E . Votava, Regional Wage and Industrial
Relations Analyst.




Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions: *
B -l.
Shift d iffe r e n tia ls____________________________________________
B -2 . Minimum entrance salaries for women
office workers _______________________________________________
B -3 .
Scheduled weekly h o u r s _____________________________________
B -4 .
Paid h olidays__________________________________________________
B -5 .
Paid v a c a tio n s________________________________________________
B -6 .
Health, insurance, and pension plans _____________________

Appendix:

Occupational descriptions _____________________________________

* N O TE : Similar tabulations for these and other item s are
available in the reports for surveys in other m ajor a reas.
A directory indicating date of study and the price of the
reports is available upon request.

7
8
8
9
10
12
13




Occupational Wage Survey—Green Bay, Wis.
Introduction

This a rea is one o f se v e r a l im portant industrial ce n te rs in
which the U. S. Departm ent o f L a b o r 's Bureau o f L a b or S tatistics has
conducted su rveys o f occu pation al earnings and related wage benefits
on an areaw ide b a s is . In this area, data w ere obtained by person al
v isits o f B ureau fie ld e con om ists to represen tative establishm ents
within six broad industry d iv ision s: M anufacturing; tra n sp o rta tio n ,1
com m un ication , and other public u tilities; w holesale trade; retail
trade; finan ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M a jor in ­
dustry groups exclu ded fr o m these studies are governm ent op erations
and the con stru ction and ex tra ctiv e in d u stries. E stablishm ents having
few er than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w ork ers are om itted a lso b ecau se
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w a r ­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o s s ib le , separate tabulations are provided
fo r each o f the b roa d industry d iv isio n s.
T hese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis becau se o f the
u n n ecessary c o s t in volved in su rveying a ll establish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate a ccu ra cy at m inim um c o s t, a g rea ter p rop ortion o f large
than of sm all establishm ents is studied.
In com bining the data, how ­
ever, all establishm ents are given their appropriate weight. E stim ates
based on the establish m en ts studied are presen ted, th e re fo re , as r e ­
lating to all establishm ents in the industry grouping and a rea , e x ­
cep t fo r those below the m inim um size studied.
Occupations and E arnings
The occupations se le cte d fo r study are com m on to a variety
o f m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sifica tion is based on a u niform set o f jo b d e scrip tion s designed to
take account o f in terestablishm ent variation in duties within the sam e
jo b . (See appendix fo r listing o f these d e sc r ip tio n s.) E arnings data are
presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables) fo r the follow in g types o f o ccu p a ­
tions: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p ro fe ssio n a l and tech n ical; (c) m ainte­
nance and pow er plant; and (d) cu stod ia l and m a teria l m ovem en t.
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs, i. e. , those h ired to work a regu lar weekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occu pation al c la s s ific a tio n .
E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay fo r ov ertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olida ys, and

late sh ifts.
N onproduction bonuses are excluded a lso , but c o s t - o f living bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are rep orted , as fo r o ffice c le r ic a l occu p ation s, re feren ce is
to the w ork schedules (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) fo r which
straigh t-tim e sa la rie s are paid; average w eekly earnings fo r these
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d olla r.
A verage earnings o f men and wom en are presented separately
fo r selected occupations in which both sex es are com m on ly em p loyed .
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls o f men and wom en in these occupations are
la rg e ly due to (l) d iffe ren ces in the distribu tion o f the sexes among
industries and establish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp e cific duties p e r ­
fo rm e d , although the occupations are ap p ropriately c la s s ifie d within
the same su rvey jo b d escrip tion ; and (3) d ifferen ces in length o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e rit review when individual sa la ries are adjusted on this basis.
L onger average s e r v ic e o f m en would resu lt in higher average pay
when both sexes are em ployed within the same rate range.
Job
d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in these su rveys are usu­
ally m ore g en era lized than those used in individual establishm ents to
allow fo r m inor d iffe ren ces among establishm ents in s p e cific duties
p erform ed .
O ccupational employm ent estim ates rep resen t the total in all
establishm ents within the scop e o f the study and not the num ber actu­
ally su rveyed . B ecause of d ifferen ces in occupational stru ctu re among
establish m en ts, the estim ates of occu pation al em ploym ent obtained
fro m the sam ple o f establishm ents studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portan ce o f the job s studied. T hese d ifferen ces in o c c u ­
pational stru ctu re do not m a teria lly affect the a ccu ra cy of the e a rn ­
ings data.
E stablishm ent P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s

Inform ation is presen ted a lso (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on s e ­
lected establishm ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary benefits as they r e ­
late to o ffic e and plant w o rk e rs. The term "o ffice w o rk e rs, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working su p erv isors and n on su p ervisory
w ork ers p erform in g c le r ic a l o r related fu n ction s, and exclu des adm in­
istra tiv e , execu tive, and p rofession a l p erson n el. "Plant w o r k e r s " in ­
clude working fo re m e n and all n on su p erv isory w ork ers (including lea d men and tra in ees) engaged in n on office functions.
A dm in istrative,
1
R a ilroa d s, fo r m e r ly exclu ded fr o m the scope o f these studies,
execu tive, and p ro fe ssion a l em p loyees, and fo r c e -a c c o u n t con stru ction
w ere included in all of the a re a s studied since July 1959, except
em p loyees who are u tilized as a separate w ork fo r c e are exclu d ed .
B a ltim ore, B uffalo, C leveland, and Seattle.
R a ilroa d s a re now in ­
C afeteria w ork ers and routem en are exclu ded in manufacturing indus­
cluded in the scope o f a ll la b o r-m a rk e t wage su rveys.
tries, but are included as plant w ork ers in nonmanufacturing industries.




2




Table 1.

E stablishm ents and w ork ers within scope of survey and num ber studied in G reen Bay, W is. , 1 by m a jor industry division , 2 August I960

Industry division

A ll divisions -------------

-----------------------------------------------

M an u factu rin g__ _____________________________ ______
N onm anufacturing___________________________________ __
Tran sportation, com m u nication, and
other public utilities 5 __________________________
W holesale t r a d e ____________________
___________
R etail trade_________________ ____ — ____ ___ —
Finan ce, insurance, and real estate --------------------S e r v ic e s 7 ___________________________________________

Minimum
em ploym ent
in e sta b lish ­
ments in scope
of study

Number o f establishm ents
Within scope
o f s tudy 3

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope of study

Studied

Total 4

O ffice

Studied
Plant

Total 4

51

78

63

15,630

1, 770

11,300

13,150

51
51

40
38

32
31

9, 860
5, 770

820
950

7, 940
3, 360

7, 840
5, 310

51
51
51
51
51

12
7
12
2
5

11
5
9
2
4

2,890
550
1, 740
120
470

450

1,430
(?)
(?)
(?)
(6)

2, 780
490
1, 510
120
410

(.6)
(6)

1 The G reen Bay Standard M etropolitan Statistical A re a (Brown County).
The "w ork ers within scope o f study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably
accurate d escrip tion o f the size and com p osition o f the labor fo rc e included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, h ow ever, to serve as a basis of com p arison
with other area em ploym ent indexes to m easure em ploym ent trends o r le v e ls since (1) planning of wage surveys requ ires the use o f establishm ent data com p iled c o n ­
sid erably in advance o f the payroll p eriod studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded fro m the scope o f the su rvey.
2 The 1957 r e v ise d edition o f the Standard Industrial C la ssifica tio n Manual was used in c la s sify in g establishm ents by industry division .
M ajor changes fro m the
e a r lie r edition (used in the B u re a u 's labor m arket wage surveys conducted p rio r to July 1958) are the tran sfer o f m ilk pasteurization plants and rea d y-m ixed con crete
establishm ents fro m trade (w holesale o r retail) to m anufacturing, and the tran sfer o f radio and te le v isio n broadcasting fro m s e r v ic e s to the transportation, com m u nication,
and other public utilities d ivision .
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at o r above the m in im u m -size lim itation.
A ll outlets (within the area) o f com panies in such industries as trade,
finance, auto rep air s e r v ic e , and m otion -p ictu re theaters are co n sid e re d as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes execu tive, p ro fe ssio n a l, and other w ork ers excluded fro m the separate o ffice and plant ca te g o r ie s .
5 T axicabs and s e r v ic e s incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
6 This industry division is represen ted in estim ates fo r "all in d u s trie s " and "nonm anufacturing" in the s e r ie s A and B tables.
Separate presentation of data for
this d ivision is not made fo r one o r m ore o f follow ing reason s: ( l ) Em ploym ent in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, ^2) the sam ple
was not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) respon se was insufficien t o r inadequate to perm it separate presentation, (4) there is possib ility o f d is c lo ­
sure o f individual establishm ent data.
7 H otels; personal s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile re p a ir shops; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em bership organization s; and engineering and a rch itectu ral
s e r v ic e s .

3
Shift d ifferen tial data (table B - l ) are lim ited to manufacturing
in d u stries. This in form ation is presen ted both in term s o f (a) e sta b ­
lishm ent p olicy , 2 presented in te rm s o f total plant w orker e m p lo y ­
m ent, and (b) effe ctiv e p r a c tic e , presen ted on the b a sis o f w ork ers
actually em ployed on the s p e cifie d shift at the time o f the su rvey.
In establishm ents having va ried d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used o r , if no amount applied to a m a jo rity , the c l a s ­
sifica tion "o th e r ” was u sed.
In establishm ents in which som e la te shift hours are paid at n orm al ra te s, a differen tial was re co rd e d only
if it applied to a m a jority o f the shift h ours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the esta b ­
lishm ents v isite d .
They are presen ted on an establishm ent, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a s is .
P aid h olidays; paid vacations; and
health, in su ran ce, and pension plans are treated sta tistica lly on the
ba sis that these are applicable to all plant o r o ffic e w ork ers if a m a ­
jo r ity o f such w ork ers are elig ib le o r m ay eventually qualify fo r the
p ra ctices liste d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistica lly on the ba sis
that these are applicable to all plant or o ffic e w ork ers if a m a jo rity
are c o v e r e d .3 B ecause o f rounding, sums o f individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal totals.
The fir s t part o f the paid holidays table presen ts the num ­
b e r o f whole and half holidays actually provided.
The secon d part
com bines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .

Data a re p resen ted fo r a ll health, in su ran ce, and pension
plans fo r w hich at le a st a part o f the co s t is born e by the em p loyer,
excepting only leg a l requ irem en ts such as workm en*s com pensation,
s o c ia l secu rity , and ra ilroa d retirem en t.
Such plans include those
underw ritten by a c o m m e rcia l insurance com pany and those provided
through a union fund or paid d ire ctly by the em p loyer out o f cu rren t
operating funds or fro m a fund set aside fo r this pu rpose.
Death
ben efits a re included as a fo rm o f life in su ran ce.
S ick n ess and a cciden t insurance is limited- to that type o f in ­
surance under which p redeterm ined cash payments are made d irectly
to the insured on a w eekly o r monthly b a sis during illn e ss o r acciden t
d isa b ility .
Inform ation is presen ted fo r all such plans to which the
em p loyer con trib u tes.
H ow ever, in New Y ork and New J e rs e y , which
have enacted tem pora ry disability insurance law s which requ ire e m ­
ployer c o n trib u tio n s,4 plans are included only if the em p loy er (1) c o n ­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly requ ired , o r (2) provid es the em ployee
with benefits which e x ceed the requ irem en ts o f the law. Tabulations
o f paid s ic k -le a v e plans are lim ited to fo rm a l p la n s5 which provide
full pay o r a p rop ortion o f the w o r k e r ’s pay during absence fr o m w ork
becau se o f illn e s s .
Separate tabulations are provided a ccord in g to
( l ) plans which provide full pay and no waiting p eriod , and (2) plans
providing either partial pay o r a waiting p eriod .
In addition to the
presentation o f the p roportion s o f w ork ers who are provided sick n ess
and accid en t insurance o r paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown o f w ork ers who re ce iv e either o r both types o f b en efits.

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form a l a rra n g e ­
m ents, excluding in form al plans w hereby tim e o ff with pay is granted
at the d iscre tio n o f the e m p lo y e r.
Separate estim ates are provided
a ccord in g to em p loyer p ra ctice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as time paym ents, percent o f annual earnings, o r fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations o f vacation a llow a n ces, payments not on
a time b asis w ere con v erted ; fo r exam ple, a payment o f 2 p ercen t o f
annual earnings was co n sid e re d as the equivalent o f 1 w eek 1s pay.

C atastrophe in su ran ce, som etim es r e fe r r e d to as extended
m ed ica l in su ran ce, includes those plans which are designed to p rotect
em p loyees in ca se o f sick n ess and in ju ry involving expen ses beyond
the n orm al co v e ra g e of h osp italization, m e d ica l, and su rgica l plans.
M edical insurance r e fe r s to plans providing fo r com plete or partial
payment o f doctors* fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by c o m m e r ­
c ia l insurance com panies o r nonprofit organ izations o r they m ay be
s e lf-in s u r e d .
Tabulations o f retirem en t pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that p rovide monthly payments fo r the rem aind er o f the
w o r k e r 's life .

2 An establishm ent was c o n sid e re d as having a p o licy if it m et
either o f the follow in g con ditions: (1) O perated late shifts at the tim e
o f the su rvey, o r (2) had fo rm a l p ro v isio n s co v e rin g late sh ifts.
3 Scheduled w eekly h ours fo r o ffic e w o rk e rs (first section of
table B -3 ) in su rveys made p r io r to July 1957 w ere p resen ted in
term s o f the p rop ortion o f wom en o ffic e w o rk e rs em ployed in o ffic e s
with the indicated w eekly h ours fo r wom en w o rk e rs.

4 The tem p ora ry disability laws in C a liforn ia and Rhode Island
do not req u ire em p loyer con tribu tion s.
5 An establish m en t was con sid ered as having a fo rm a l plan if
it establish ed at lea st the m inim um num ber o f days o f sick leave that
cou ld be exp ected by each em p loy ee. Such a plan need not be w ritten,
but in form al s ic k -le a v e allow an ces, d eterm in ed on an individual b a s is ,
w ere exclu ded.




A* Occupational Earnings
Table A-1. O ffice Occupations
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , G reen Bay, W is. , August I960)
Avbkagb
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
workers

Weekly
W
eekly .
hours1 earnings
(Sunderd) (Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
40.00 45.0 0 50.00 55.00 1 0 .0 0
and
under
4 5.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00

*65. 00

70.00

%

70.00

$
75. 00

$
80.00

$
85.00

90.00

75. 00

80.00

85.00

90.00

95.00

$
I
$
S
$
S
S
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00
and
100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 over

Men
27

4 0 .0

104.50

_

_

_

.

.

_

1

_

3

Bookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , c la s s B _____________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________________

20
16

4 0 .5
4 1 .0

54.00
53. 50

4
4

2
2

3
2

7
5

1
“

2
2

1
1

"

_

.

_

“

-

"

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ___________________ ____
M an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------------------------

23
18

4 0.0
3 9.5

77. 50
76. 50

.

_

.

_

5
4

3
2

2
2

6
5

1
1

2
"

2
2

_

"

2
2

_

-

C le rk s , accounting, c la s s B __________________________
M anufacturing-. ___________ ______ ______________

69
28

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

61.50
62. 50

1
1

7
“

17
8

10
2

8
3

10
9

7
1

3
2

3

1
"

_

_

_

t

2
"

37
25

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

69. 50
68. 50

_

2
------ 2

2
2

7
2

7
6

3
2

5
4

3
2

2
2

2
1

1
1

2
1

_

1
“

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

"

“

"

“

C lerk s , accounting, c la s s A ___________________________

1

4

3

4

_

_

_

"

“

1

3

3

2

2

_

W omen

C lerk s , p a y r o l l ____ __ _________ ________ ______ ___
M an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------------------------

"

"

_

_

-

-

-

"

_

_

_

"

"

_
-

“

"

"

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

.

-

Keypunch o p e r a t o r s _____________________________________
M a n u factu rin g____ ________________________________

39
17

3 9.5
39.0

53.00
56. 50

2
2

20
3

3
2

5
3

4
2

5
5

_
"

-

“

S e cre ta rie s
____
M an u factu rin g___________________________________ ___
N onm anufacturing____________________________________

77
51
26

39.0
39.0
40 .0

81.00
62.50
78.00

_
"

5
1
4

4
4
"

6
2
4

5
3
2

1
1
"

2
"

8
8
“

8
5
3

8
5
3

8
4
4

11
9
2

6
3
3

4
3
1

1
1
-

_
"

_
-

.
-

Stenographers, g e n e r a l_______________________
___
M anufacturing _____________ _____________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________ _________
Public utilities 2 _________ ____________________

90
59
31
18

39.0
38. 5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

66.00
68.00
62.50
63. 50

3
1
2
"

6
3
3
1

11
4
7
5

7
3
4
3

16
14
2
1

12
10
2
1

13
8
5
5

8
6
2
1

7
4
3
-

7
6
1
1

_
-

_
-

_
“

_
“

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ____________________
M an u factu rin g______________________________________

32
20

39.0
39.0

63.00
65. 00

_

7
4

4
1

2
1

5

5

3
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

2
1

1

4

3
3

.

-

-

1

-

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e ra to rs , general

23

4 0.0

64. 50

_

1

4

5

5

_

3

2

3

_

_

_

_

50
34
16

40 .0
40 .0
4 0 .5

55.00
55. 50
54.00

3
3

9
5
4

11

15
10
5

8
7
1

2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

--------------

T yp ists, c la s s B _______________________
______________
M an u factu rin g______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________ __ _________

—

r ~

5

1
1

2

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees r e ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co rre s p o n d to these w eekly hours.
2 Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public u tilities.




-

~
_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

5
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division, G reen Bay, Wis. , August I960)
NUM BER OF WORKERS R E C EIVIN G STR A IG H T-TIM E W EEKLY EARNINGS OF

A ybbaob

s

N u m ber
of
w orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W e e k ly
h ou rs
(S ta n da rd )

W e e k ly l
(Sta n da rd)

*
9 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

and
under

9 5 .0 0

s
1 0 5 .0 0

■

“
1 0 0 .0 0

9 5 . 00

9 0 .0 0

$
1 0 0 .0 0

$

1 0 5 .0 0

“
1 1 0 .0 0

$
1 1 0 .0 0
"
1 1 5 .0 0

$
1 1 5 .0 0

S
1 2 0 .0 0

S
1 2 5 .0 0

“
1 2 0 .0 0

%
1 3 0 .0 0

“

1 2 5 .0 0

s

$
1 3 5 .0 0

1 4 0 .u0

1 4 0 .0 0

1 4 5 .0 0

”

1 3 0 .0 0

■

1 3 5 .0 0

Men
$

_

_

24

3 9 .5

1 1 1 .50

2

23

3 9 .5

~ T r .5 o "

2

3
3

4
4

3
3

8
-------- 7

2
-------- T

_

_

'

D rafstm en, sen ior __________________ _________________
M anufacturin g___________________________ __________

'

2
2

~

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings c o rre s p o n d to these weekly hours.

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , G reen Bay, W is ., August I960)
NUM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O ccupation and industry division

Average
hourly 1
earnings

$

Under
$

1. 50

E le c tr ic ia n s , maintenance ________________________
M an u factu rin g_________________________ __

$

$

1. 50
and
under
1. 60

$

$

$

$

$

1. 60

1.70

1.80

1 .90

1. 70

1. 80

1 .90

2 .00

1
1

4
4

“

3
3

2 .7 0

2. 80

2. 90

3 .00

2. 10

2.20

2. 30

2.40

2. 50

2 .60

2. 70

2 .8 0

2. 90

3.00

3. 10

3

2. 61

_

_

1

_

1

_

1

_

57
33

2 .1 6
2. 14

2

3

.
-

1
1

_

-

7
7

1
1

7
7

M achinists, maintenance — ____
__ ___
M an u factu rin g________ ______________ ___

46
44

2. 66
2 .6 5

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

1
1

M echanics, autom otive (m aintenance)______ __
Nonmanufacturing ______________ ________
Public utilities 2 ___ __ __
_________

65
57
42

2.5 2
2 .6 7
2 .6 5

_

_
-

82

2.4 1
2 .3 9

M echanics, m aintenance __________ ________
M anufacturing___ ______ ___________________

------

"

_

_

-

-

1
1

"

_

_

4

14

2
2

26
15

8

_

1
1

11
11

"

4
4
-

3
2
"

1
1
“

6
6
6

-

"

-

-

6
6

2
2

3
1

5
5

6
6

23
22
15

2
"

4
4

17
17
17

_
_
"

13
10

5
1

.

_

8

6

2
2

13
12

1
1

12
8

3
3

i
l

4
4

4
4

-

1

4

5

7

-

1

4

5

7

"

1
1

_

_

_

2

4

-

2

4

_

_

-

_

-

_
-

P a in ters, m aintenance__________________________
M anufacturing__________________________ ____

21

_

_

_

_

2

20

2 .3 0
2.32

-

-

-

-

2

P ip efitters, maintenance ___________________ __
M anufacturing _______________________________

18
18

2 .5 9
2 .5 9

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

T ool and die m a k e r s ____________________________

20
20

2 .8 4
2 .8 4

_

_

_

_

and late shifts.

1

-

_

-

-

5
-

_

_

10
10

1
"

*

_

_

9
9

-

_

12

11
11

_

1
1

.

3
3

_

-

8

-

-

3. 10
and
over

1
1

_

-

-

7
3

_

2

_

1

_

-

_




5
5

_

2 .2 5
2 .2 8

E xcludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays,
Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public u tilities.

15
14

-

_
"

25
21

_

3

-

O ilers ___________________________________________
M anufacturin g_______________________________

-

3
3

1
1

3

1
-

3

$

$

2.6 0

41

-

$

$

2 .50

F irem en , stationary b o i l e r _________
M anufacturing _ ___________________

_
-

$

2.40

E n gin eers, stationary __________________________

-

$

2. 30

$ 2 .5 0
2 .4 8

-

$

2 .2 0

47
38

________
___ ___

$

2. 10

__

-

$

2.0 0

4

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

8
8

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

_

"

-

"

-

"

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

6
6

2

-

1
1

.

10
10

_
-

1
1

-

12
12

-

_

_

-

-

1

6
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry d ivision, Green Bay, W is . , August I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Occupation 1 and industry division

Average,
hourly *
earnings

Under
$

1.00

J anitors, p o r te r s, and clean ers ( m e n ) ________
Manufacturing
..
.... .
_
Nonmanufacturing Public u tilities 3
.......... . _

156
115
41

J anitors, p o r te r s, and clean ers (women) _ __ _
Manufacturing

34
24

L a b o r e rs, m aterial handling ................
Manufacturing
.
_
.
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilities 3 ____________________________
Order fille r s
Manufacturing

_

.. .

........... ..

22

454
258
196
97

$ 1 .9 1
1 .9 4
1 .8 0
1 .9 4

1

$

1.00

and
under
..1-UQ

$ 1 . 10

1 . 20

$ 1 .9 0

* 2.00

* 2 .10

* 2.20

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$ 2 .6 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 . 70

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 . 10

2.20

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

8
2
6

10

3
5

29
27

3

-

19
14
5
4

8

-

-

2
1

72
63
9
9

3
3
3

2
2

_

_

6
6

_

-

7
7

.

-

1
1

-

-

29
17

147
147
-

42

68

32

-

10
10

4
64
64

2
2

40
3l

-

-

-

1

8
2

6

2
2

3

1
2

4

6

_

2

1.66

-

-

2 .1 4

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
1
1

-

-

1

18
18
-

29
29
-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

1

2
2

2
2

_

_

-

-

2 .0 2
2 .2 8
2 .3 1

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

.

.

2 .4 4

_

2.2 1
2 .4 9

-

77

2.66

2

-

-

-

T ru ck d riv ers, medium
( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons) ________________
N on m an u factu rin g__________________________

72
60

2 .4 8
2 .5 6

-

-

-

-

~

T ru ck ers, power ( f o r k li f t ) _______________________
Manufacturing _ .

165
134

2 .1 7
2 .1 3

-

_

44

1 .7 4
1 .8 1

2
-

_

_

.
.

1
_

2

Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes p rem iu m pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holid ays,
Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Includes all d rivers reg a rd le ss of size and type of truck operated.

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

“

-

-

-

95
9

86

_
-

_
-

-

-

27
4

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

6

14

_

4

_

.

.

_

5

5

4

.

5

3
3
-

_
-

1
1

11

1

18

3

-

-

8

7
7
-

2

1

6
12

-

-

-

-

2

-

“

-

3
3

-

5

-

1

6

"

-

-

1
1

-

3

3
3

-

-

1
1

1
1

1
1

8
6

13
13

7

34
34

65
63

18

14

7

1

3
3

5

6
4

2

4

15

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and late sh ifts.

-

-

.

-

1
1

-

1

_

2
2

-

1

-

_

12
1

2

-

_

-

_

1

5
4
------- 5----- ----- 4-------

.
.

.

-

-

1

1

1

7

-

_

134
24

110




* 1 .8 0

-

2 .1 3

1
2
3
4

* 1 .7 0

-

2.20

34

* 1 .6 0

1
1

25

_

1 .4 0

* 1 .5 0

-

21

_

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

-

P a c k e r s, shipping

_____
_ _
________________ __

* 1 .3 0

1

Receiving clerk s ___________________________________

Watchmen
.
Manufacturing _

$

-

1.20

1 .5 2

84
2 .0 9
----- 32------ T T T 8—

T ru ck d riv ers 4 _____________________________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
Public u tilities 3
..
. .

$

_

_

1
1

1

6
------- 5—

----- 4 -------

8
2
6

4

3

_
-------

5

_

.

_

22

_

22
22

_

1

-

77

2
75
75

52
50

_
_

B : Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

7

Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant w orkers

by type and amount, Green Bay, W is. , August I960)
Percent of manufacturing plant w orkers—

In establishm ents having form al
provisions 1 for—

Shift differential

Second shift
work

T otal

.

_

95. 3

With shift pay differential

_

Third or other
shift work

80. 0

Actually working on—

Second shift

21. 0

Third or other
shift

13. 0

88. 1

80. 0

20. 6

13. 0

_____________________________

84. 7

80. 0

2 0 .2

13. 0

cents __________________ ________ _____ ___________
4 cents
---------------------------------------- -------- ---------------------5 cents _ _
6 cents
_
.........
7 cents ________ _____________ ______________________________
7 V2 cents _________________________________________________
8 cents ____________________________________________________
10 cents ___________________________________________________
12 c e n t s ___________________________________________________
12 V2 c e n t s ________________________________________________
I 3 V3 cents _ _________
15 c e n t s __ ____ __
22 cents
____
_
. _

5. 3
.7
5. 3
14. 3
8. 2
3. 7
.9
40. 6
_
2. 0
3. 6
“

5. 3
.9
.7
.5
.9
44. 0
16. 8
.1. 1

_
. 1
.7
3. 3
2. 1
.8
.5
11. 8
-

_
-

-

-

6. 3
3. 6

. 9
-

1. 0
"

3 .4

-

.4

-

3. 4

-

.4

-

7 .2

-

.4

-

Uniform cents (per hour) ___

Z
lU

Uniform percentage
10 p e r c e n t-------------------------------------------------------------------------IN0 shift pay differential __ ________

________

____________

_

-

. 1
11. 3
.6
(2)
-

1 Includes establishm ents currently operating late shifts, and establishm ents with form al provisions covering late shifts
even though they were not currently operating late shifts.
2 L e ss than 0. 05 percent.




8

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, Green Bay, W i s . , August I960)
In e x p e rie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s a la r y 1

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 2
h. o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f —
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

M a n u f a c t u r in g
A ll

A ll
s c h e d u le s

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f —
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d _________________________________________

63

32

XXX

31

XXX

63

32

XXX

31

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ____________

12

8

6

4

4

30

18

13

12

11

-

_

_

-

_

2
-

2
-

-

-

1
2

2

-

-

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

1
2
3
3
1
1

2

-

-

5
2
1
1
2
2

1
2
3
3
2
1

2
1

1
5
2
3
1
2
2
2

_

2
1
2
3
1
2
1

2
7
5
6
3
3
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m

10

4

XXX

6

XXX

14

5

XXX

9

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y _______ ______ __________ ____ ________ ____ ___

41

20

XXX

21

XXX

19

9

XXX

10

XXX

U n der $ 4 0 .
$ 4 0 . 00 and
$ 4 2 . 50 and
$ 4 5 . 00 and
$ 4 7 .5 0 and
$ 5 0 . 00 and
$ 5 2 . 50 and
$ 5 5 . 00 and

0 0 ..................... ........................................................ —
under $ 4 2 , 5 0
_____
_ _______________________
u n d er $ 4 5 . 00
-------------------- „
„
__
u n d e r $ 4 7 . 5 0 ............................................................
u n d e r $ 5 0 . 0 0 _________________________________
u n d e r $ 5 2 . 5 0 ____________ __ __ --------- __
u n d e r $ 5 5 . 0 0 ___ _______ __ __ __ __ __
over
______ __ ________
__ __________ __

-

-

1 Lowest salary rate form ally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
2 R a te s a p p lica b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g ir ls , o r s im ila r su b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e not c o n sid e r e d .
3 H ou rs r e fle c t the w ork w eek for w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s . Data a r e p resen ted fo r a ll w ork w eek s c om b in e d , and fo r the m o s t com m on w ork w eek re p o r te d .

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift w orkers, Green Bay, W is. , August I960)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ( ----------------------------------------OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Weekly hours
All industries 3

A ll workers ___________________^----------------------------35 hours ___________________________________________
36 hours ___________________________________________
37 hour§ ___________________________________________
3 7 V2 h o u r s ________________________________________
383 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------/4
40 hours ___________________________________________
Over 40 and under 45 hours ____________________
45 hours ___________________________________________
48 h o u r s -------------- -----------------------------------------------Over 48 hours ____________________________________

1
2
3
4

100
( 4)
1
16
2
79
2
(4)

Manufacturing

Public utilities

2

All industries3

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

1
2
31
3
62
-

_
3
97
-

_
10
1
77
2
4
5
1

_
14
2
75
5
3
2

93
7
-

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0. 5 percent.




Public utilities

_

2

9

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Green Bay, W i s ., August I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Item
All industries

A ll w o rk e rs

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

_

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id h o l i d a y s ________________________________

1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

94

97

100

“

6

3

100

1

(4 )

N um ber of d a y s

3 h o l i d a y s __________________
6

h o lid a y s

_

!-------------------------------------------------

_

............

6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _
— _______________
6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s -----------------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________________
8 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________________
9 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ________ ________________

40
14
18
25
1
1

_

38
9
20
33

33

1
37

-

6

32
35

1
30
8
14
29
15

-

(4 )

-

13
27
11

"

"

”

_

11
50

.

31
-

24
45
-

Total h o lid a y t im e 5
9 V2 d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- __
8 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________

1
2

7 o r m o r e d a y s _______ _________________________________
6y2 o r m o r e d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------6 o r m o r e d a y s __________________________________________
5 o r m o r e d a y s ________________________________________
4 o r m o r e d a y s __________________________________________
3 o r m o r e d a y s __________________________________________

44

53

59

62
99
99
99
99

1
2
3
4
5
no half

99
99
99
99

(4 )

67
67
100
100
100
100

56
93
93
93
94

15

_

58
66
96
96
96

69
69

97

100
100
100
100

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0 .5 percent.
All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and
days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions were then cumulated.




10

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v ac atio n pay
p r o v is io n s , G r e e n B ay, W is . , A u g u st I9 6 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a c a tio n p o lic y
All industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s __________________________________________

M
anufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 2

M
anufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

10 0

100

10 0

10 0

10 0

99
99

99
98

100
100

2

-

98
93
5

-

-

-

-

99
92
7
-

100
100

1

( 4)

( 4)

■

2

1

3
44

3
46

6
2

-

4
35
3

4
9

1

35
65

19
80

62
38

88
10

97

68

2

32

12
2

25
14
61

74
5
19

82

3

M e t h o d off p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovid in g
paid v a catio n s ______________________________________
L e n g t h -o f-tim e p a y m e n t _______________________
P e r c e n ta g e p aym e n t ____________________________
O t h e r _______________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
no p aid v a c a tio n s ___________________________________

A m o u n t off v a c a t i o n

*
-

pay 5

A fte r 6 m onths of s e r v ic e
U n der 1 week _________________________________________
1 w eek
__________________ '____________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________

1

_
26

6

A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e

1 week _____________________ _________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________ ______
A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1 w e e k ____ ____________ ____________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s -------- -----------------------2 w eeks ________________________________________________

20
5
76

85

52

8

-

9

48

62
3
34

76
4
19

66

A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

10

1 w eek _________________________________________________

7

O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s __ ___________________________________________

-

-

-

93

89

97

34
_

A f t e r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1 w eek _________________________________________________
2 w eeks ______________________________________________

2

1

_

5

95

94

100

88

O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w eeks ________________________________________________

2
1

2
2

-

4

4
89
5

-

1

1

4
47
3
44

2

_

38
4
55

70

1

1

100
-

A fte r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
_________
1 week ________________________________________ 1
2 w eeks ________________________________________________
O ve r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w eeks ______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w eeks _________________________

See footnotes at end of table.




2

1

_

47

39

63

2

-

51

57

37

( 4)

1

( 4)

-

30

11

Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of o ffic e and p lant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v acatio n pay
p r o v is io n s , G r e e n B ay, W is . , A u g u st I9 60 )
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Vacation policy
All industries

1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

_

4
15
3
60
15
1

2
8
4
67
17
1

4
13
3
55
15
7

2
6
4
65
17
5

Public utilities 2

Amount off vacatio n p a y 5— Continued
After 15 years of service
1 week _____________________________________________
2 weeks ____________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 weeks ____________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s_______________________
4 w e e k s _______1 ____________________________________________________

1
7
2
89

2
15
1
72
9
1

( 4)

2
14
1
66
8
9

1
7
2
88
1

2

1
7

-

3
_

65
32

_

3
-

74
24
“

After 20 years of service
1 week _____________________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________ ____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________________________
3 weeks ____________________________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s ________________________________
4 weeks ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

_

3
_

43
32
22

_

3
-

56
24
18

After 25 years of service
1 week ___________________________________________
2 weeks ____________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s_____________________
3 weeks
___________ ____________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s____ _ --------- --------4 weeks
__________________________________________
Over 4 weeks _____________________________________

1
2
3
4
5

14
1
41
8

34
1

2

41
49

_

4

2

_

3
-

13

6

3

3

4

43

34

36

56

32
22

3

-

24

38

48

18

3

4

In cludes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and other public u tilitie s .
In clud es data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l estate-, and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.
P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e r e a r b itr a r ily ch osen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individual p r o v isio n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r ex am p le, the chan ges in p ro p o rtio n s
s e r v ic e include chan ges in p r o v isio n s oc cu r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .




indicated at 10 y e a r s '

12
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percent of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, Green Bay, W is. , August I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

Type of benefit

A ll workers

____ _____ ________

All industries 3

__

------------------

100

Manufacturing

100

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities

100

2

All industries

3
Manufacturing

100

100

Public utilities 2

100

W orkers in establishments providing:

4

Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both
-------------- ----------

----------

Sickness and accident in su r a n ce ___ _ ___
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) ______ ________
_____
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) ______________________ __
Hospitalization insurance __ ------------ ----- ------Surgical insurance _______________________ —
Medical insurance ____________________________
Catastrophe insurance — _______________ ____ —
Retirem ent p e n sio n ___________________________
No health, insurance, or pension p la n _____

84

90

71

77

85

66

70

Life insurance_______ _________ _____________
Accidental death and dism em berm ent

81

40

66

77

42

90

85

97

81

84

60
21

60

85

25

76

84

36

23

47

4

3

18

13

-

46

4

“

24

96
94
65
48

99
99
63
18
80

89
89
49
64
61

96
92
62
23
64

98
98
65
12
67

85
85
56
67
63

2

2

68
1

1

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below.
Sick-leave plans are lim ited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each em ployee.
Informal sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.

4




13

A ppendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O FFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing machine)— Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done oh a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)—-Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrahd, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves^the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




Class A — Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B — Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping* Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

14

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— .Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.
Class B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is hot to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE
Class A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , cla ssifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may aliso file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
Class B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or a ssists in locating material in file s. May perform incidental
clerical duties.

CLERK, ORDER

R eceives custom ers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing onder sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, fellow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple cop ies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon si­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL

Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

15

SECRETARY

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep file s in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work

.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls .
May record toll calls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who ca ll in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.




Class A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp e cific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May a lso include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C — Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp e cific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

16

TYPIST— Continued

TYPIST
U s e s a ty p e w r ite r to m ak e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia l or to m ak e
o u t b i l l s a fte r c a l c u l a t i o n s h a v e b e e n m ad e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n .
c lu d e

t e r ia l ; p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s

ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , or s im ila r m a t e r ia ls fo r u s e in d u p lic a t ­

in g p r o c e s s e s .
su ch

tu a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n ic a l or u n u s u a l w o r d s or fo r e ig n la n g u a g e m a ­

M ay in ­

as

to m a in ta in u n ifo rm ity and b a l a n c e

M ay d o c l e r i c a l w ork i n v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c i a l t r a in in g ,

Class B — P e r fo r m s one or more o f the following: C o p y ty p in g
from rou g h or c l e a r d r a f t s ; r o u tin e ty p in g o f fo r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s ,

Class A — P e rfo r m s one or more o f the following: T y p in g m a­

e t c . ; s e t t in g u p s im p le sta n d a r d t a b u la t i o n s , or c o p y in g m ore c o m ­

te r ia l in fin a l form w h en it i n v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l from s e v e r a l
sou rces

( A s s i s t a n t d r a fts m a n )
D ra w s

to

s c a le

u n its or p a r ts

o f d r a w in g s p re p a re d b y d r a f t s ­

v a r io u s t y p e s o f d r a ftin g t o o l s a s r e q u ir e d .
or s k e t c h e s , or perform

M ay p r e p a r e d r a w in g s

o th er d u t ie s u nder d ir e c t io n

o f a d r a fts m a n .

a n d d ir e c t s

s p e c i f i c a t i o n s . M ay in k in l i n e s a n d le t t e r s on p e n c il d r a w in g s ,

p re p a re

d e t a i l u n its o f c o m p le t e d r a w in g s , or tr a c e d r a w in g s . W ork i s fr e q u e n tly
in a s p e c i a l i z e d

a c t i v i t i e s o f o n e or m ore d r a ftsm e n in p r e p ­

a n d d e t a i l d r a w in g s from rou g h or p r e lim in a ry

s k e t c h e s for e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , or m a n u fa c tu rin g p u r p o s e s . D u t i e s

a combination o f the following: In te rp re tin g b lu e p r in t s , s k e t c h e s ,
verbal

to s u b o r d in a t e s

f i c u l t p r o b le m s .

a nd t r u s s e s ; v e r if y in g c o m ­

fie ld

su ch

a s a r c h ite c tu r a l, e l e c t r i c a l , m e c h a n i c a l, or

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

a ra tio n o f w o rk in g p la n s

a n d w ritte n or

m a t e r ia l s , b e a m s

p le t e d w o rk , c h e c k in g d i m e n s i o n s , m a t e r ia ls to b e u s e d , a n d q u a n t it i e s ;
w r itin g s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; m a k in g a d ju s t m e n ts or c h a n g e s in d r a w in g s or

str u c tu r a l d r a ftin g .

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
P la n s

T E C H N IC A L

i n v o lv e d in str e n g th o f

m an or o th e r s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , or m a n u fa c tu rin g p u r p o s e s .
from s im p le p la n s

AND

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

d u t ie s

p l e x t a b l e s a lr e a d y s e t u p a nd s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

or r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c -

P R O F E S S IO N A L

in v o lv e

M a y t y p e r o u tin e

k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f i l in g r e c o r d s and r e p o r ts , or s o r tin g

a n d d is tr ib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.

U ses

in s p a c i n g .

form le t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

A

r e g is t e r e d

n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e to i l l or in ju r e d

e m p lo y e e s or o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l or s u ff e r an a c c i d e n t on th e
D u t i e s i n v o lv e a combina­
tion o f the following: G iv in g f i r s t a id to th e i l l or in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to

p r e m is e s o f a fa c to r y or o th e r e s t a b l is h m e n t .

o r d e r s ; d e te rm in in g w ork p r o c e d u r e s ; a s s i g n i n g

s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p lo y e e s * i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f p a t ie n t s

a n d in s p e c t i n g th e ir w o r k ; p e rfo rm in g m ore d i f ­

t r e a t e d ; p r e p a rin g a c c i d e n t r e p o r ts fo r c o m p e n s a t io n or o th e r p u r p o s e s ;

M ay a s s i s t

s u b o r d in a t e s du rin g e m e r g e n c ie s

r e g u la r a s s ig n m e n t , or p e rform r e la t e d d u t ie s

or a s

o f a s u p e r v is o r y

a

or a d ­

m in is t r a t iv e n a tu r e .

c o n d u c tin g p h y s i c a l e x a m in a t io n s a nd h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f a p p l ic a n t s
a n d e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g a n d c a r r y in g o u t p ro g ra m s i n v o lv in g h e a lth
e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t, or o th e r
a c tiv itie s

a ffe c tin g

th e h e a lt h , w e lf a r e , a n d s a f e t y

of

a ll

p e r s o n n e l.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
TRACER
P rep ares

w o rk in g p l a n s a n d d e t a i l d r a w in g s from n o t e s , rou g h
C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s , b y p l a c i n g t r a c ­

or d e t a ile d s k e t c h e s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , or m a n u fa c tu rin g pur­
p oses.

D u t ie s in v o lv e

a combination o f the following: P r e p a r in g w o rk ­

in g p l a n s , d e t a il d r a w in g s , m a p s , c r o s s - s e c t i o n s , e t c . , to

s c a le by u se

o f d r a ftin g in s tr u m e n t s ; m a k in g e n g in e e r in g c o m p u ta tio n s s u c h a s t h o s e




in g c lo t h

or p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g a n d t r a c in g w ith p e n or p e n c i l .

T - s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , a nd o th e r d r a ftin g t o o l s .
in g s a n d d o s im p le le t t e r in g .

U ses

M ay p rep a re s i m p le d ra w ­

17
M A IN T E N A N C E

D POW ER PLANT
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

F ir e s

P e rfo r m s th e ca rp e h try d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a nd m a in ­

s t a t io n a r y

b o ile r s to fu r n ish th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ich

ta in in g o o d re p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o rk an d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r ib s ,

e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r , or s t e a m .

c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r tit io n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s ,

o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , or o i l b u rn e r; c h e c k s w a ter a n d s a f e t y

s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and trim

m ade o f w o o d in an e s t a b l is h m e n t . Work in v o l v e s

most o f the following:

v a lv e s .

M ay c le a n ,

o il,

Feeds

fu e ls

or a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g

to fire b y han d or

b o ile rr o o m

e q u ip m e n t.

P la n n in g a nd la y in g o u t o f w ork from b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , or
v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n te r ’ s h a n d t o o l s , p o r ta b le

HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE

pow er t o o l s , an d sta n d a r d m e a s u rin g in s tr u m e n t s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd s h o p
o f w o rk ; s e l e c t i n g m a te r ia ls n e c ­

A s s i s t s o n e or m ore w o rk e rs in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s ,

In g e n e r a l, th e w ork o f th e m a in te n a n c e ca r p e n te r

b y p e rfo rm in g s p e c i f i c or g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g

c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s
essary

for th e w o rk .

r e q u ire s rou n d e d tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d through a fo r ­

a w orker s u p p lie d w ith m a te r ia ls

a nd t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a ­

m al a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

c h in e , a nd e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g

w o rk er b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls

or t o o l s ;

p e rform in g o th e r u n s k ille d t a s k s a s d ir e c t e d b y jo u rn e y m a n . T h e k in d o f

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

w ork th e h e lp e r i s

p e rm itte d to perform v a r i e s from trade to tr a d e :

In

so m e tr a d e s th e h e lp e r i s c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , l i f t i n g , a nd h o ld in g m a­
P e rfo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e l e c t r i c a l trad e fu n c t io n s s u c h

a s th e

in s t a lla t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , or rep a ir o f e q u ip m e n t for th e g e n e r a t in g , d i s ­
trib u tio n , or u t il iz a t io n
i n v o lv e s

o f e le c tr ic

e n e r g y in an e s t a b l is h m e n t .

Work

t e r ia ls a n d t o o l s

a nd c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o th e r s

he is per­

m itted to p erform s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , or p a r ts
th at are a l s o p e rfo rm ed b y w o rk ers on a fu ll-t im e b a s i s .

o f a tra d e

most o f the following: I n s t a ll in g or r e p a irin g a n y o f a v a r ie ty

o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , tr a n s fo r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s ,

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o to r s , h e a tin g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s ,
or oth er t r a n s m is s io n e q u ip m e n t; w o rk in g from b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , l a y ­
o u t, or o th er s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;.l o c a t i n g an d d ia g n o s in g tro u b le in th e e l e c ­

t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s , c y lin d r ic a l or s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s ,

t r ic a l s y s t e m

or m illin g m a c h in e s

or e q u ip m e n t; w o rk in g s ta n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g

lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts

to

o f w irin g or e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; u s in g a v a r ie ty o f

e l e c t r i c i a n ’ s h a n d to o ls and m e a s u rin g an d t e s t in g in s tr u m e n ts .

S p e c ia liz e s

in th e o p e ra tio n
in th e c o n s tr u c tio n

j i g s , f i x t u r e s , or d i e s .

Work in v o lv e s

o f one

or m ore t y p e s o f m a c h in e

o f m a c h in e -s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s ,
m ost

o f the following: P la n n in g

In g e n ­

and p e rfo rm in g d i f f i c u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g ite m s req u irin g

e r a l, th e w ork o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g

c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s or a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f p re ­

and e x p e r ie n c e

e q u iv a le n t tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .

c i s io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o lin g and o p ­
e ra tio n s e q u e n c e ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n ts du rin g o p e r a tio n to

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

n iz e

u s u a l ly

a c q u ire d

through a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

or

a c h ie v e r e q u is it e
c o o la n t s
O p e r a te s an d m a in ta in s an d m ay a l s o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a tio n
o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s

and e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l or e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p ­

t o le r a n c e s

w h en t o o l s n e e d

or d im e n s i o n s .

d r e ssin g ,

to d r e s s

a nd c u ttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s .

M ay b e req u ire d to r e c o g ­

to o ls ,

a n d to s e l e c t

proper

F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y

p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , to o lr o o m , in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g s h o p s
are e x c lu d e d from t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

p ly th e e s t a b l is h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t , r e fr ig e r a ­
tio n , or a ir -c o n d it io n in g .

Work

in v o lv e s :

O p e r a tin g and m a in ta in in g

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

eq u ip m e n t s u c h a s s te a m e n g i n e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o to rs
tu r b in e s , v e n t ila t in g an d r e frig e r a tin g e q u ip m e n t, s te a m
b o ile r -fe d

b o ile r s

and

w a te r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a ir s ; k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f

M ay also
Head or chief engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer are excluded .

o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y , te m p e ra tu re , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n .
s u p e r v is e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s .




P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts a n d n e w p a r ts in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a te d in an e s t a b l is h m e n t . Work
i n v o lv e s most o f the following: In te rp re tin g w ritte n in s tr u c tio n s and
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f m a­
c h i n i s t ’ s h a n d to o ls a n 4 p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up and

18

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued
a re r e q u ir e d .

o u t o f th e w o r k ; in te rp re tin g b lu e p r in ts or o th er s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a

t o o lin g , f e e d s

v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls and r ig g in g ; m a k in g sta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e ­

e r t ie s

of

th e

a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e

o f th e w o rk in g p ro p ­

c om m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g sta n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a nd

e q u ip m e n t re q u ir e d fo r h is
c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t.

w o rk ; fit t in g a nd a s s e m b l i n g

In g e n e r a l, th e m a c h in is t ’ s

p a r ts

in to m e­

w ork n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s

a rou n ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a l ly

a c q u ir e d through a

W ork in v o l v e s

most o f the following: P la n n in g a nd la y in g

o p e r a tin g s ta n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e ta l p a r ts to c l o s e toler-*
a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ,

la t in g to s t r e s s e s , s tr e n g th o f m a t e r ia l s , a nd c e n t e r s o f g r a v ity ;

a lin in g

a n d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e l e c t i n g s ta n d a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r ts
to b e u s e d ; i n s t a l l i n g a nd m a in ta in in g in g o o d order p o w e r t r a n s m is s io n
e q u ip m e n t

su ch

as

d r iv e s

and sp e e d

redu cers.

In g e n e r a l, th e m i l l ­

w r ig h t’ s w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a ro u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e in th e

fo rm a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g a nd e x p e r ie n c e .

tra d e a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g a n d

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

e x p e rie n c e .

R e p a ir s a u t o m o b il e s , b u s e s , m o to r tru c k s, and tr a c to r s o f an e s ­
t a b lis h m e n t .

W ork i n v o l v e s

eq u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e
p e rfo rm in g r e p a ir s

OILER

most o f the following: E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e

s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t and

th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o ls a s w r e n c h e s ,

L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o i l or g r e a s e , th e m o v in g p a r ts or w e a r in g su r ­
f a c e s o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t .

g a u g e s , d r i l l s , or s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g or f it t in g p a r t s ;
r e p la c in g

b ro k en

or d e f e c t i v e p a r ts from s t o c k ; g rin d in g a nd a d ju s t in g

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE

v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g an d in s t a l l i n g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e
and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a lin in g w h e e l s , a d ju s t in g b r a k e s and
l i g h t s , or tig h te n in g
m e c h a n ic

body b o lt s .

r e q u ir e s rou n d e d

In g e n e r a l , th e w ork o f th e a u to m o tiv e

tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e

u s u a l ly

a c q u ir e d

th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

P a in t s

a nd r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu r e s o f an e s ­

t a b lis h m e n t . Work involves the following: K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u ­
l i a r i t i e s and t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ire d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p l ic a t i o n s ; p re p a rin g
s u r fa c e fo r p a in tin g b y re m o v in g o ld f i n i s h or b y p l a c i n g p u tty or f i l l e r in
n a il h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a p p ly in g p a in t w ith sp r a y g un or b r u s h . M ay
m ix c o l o r s , o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th er p a in t in g r e d ie n ts to o b ta in pro p er

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

c o l o r or c o n s i s t e n c y .
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y or m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W ork i n v o lv e s

most o f the following: E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ­

In g e n e r a l, th e w ork o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r

r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tra in in g a nd e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d through a fo r ­
m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

i c a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g or p a r tly d i s ­
m a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e rfo rm in g r e p a ir s th at m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e o f
h a n d to o ls

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

in s c r a p in g and fit t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g broken or d e f e c t i v e
I n s t a l l s or r e p a ir s w a te r , s t e a m , g a s , or o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d

p a r ts w ith ite m s o b t a in e d from s t o c k ; o rd erin g th e p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p l a c e ­

most o f the following:

m en t pa rt b y a ,m a c h in e s h o p or s e n d in g o f the m a c h in e to a m a c h iu e s h o p

p i p e fit t in g s

fo r m ajor r e p a ir s ;

L a y i n g o ut o f w ork and m e a su rin g t o lo c a t e p o s it io n o f p ip e from d r a w in g s

p rep arin g w r itte n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s fo r m ajor r e p a ir s or

in an e s t a b l is h m e n t .

W ork i n v o l v e s

fo r*th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r ts o rd e re d from m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l in g m a -

or o th e r w ritte n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u tt in g v a r io u s

c h i n e s ; an d m a k in g a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n ts fo r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l ,

le n g t h s w ith c h i s e l and ham m er or o x y a c e t y l e n e to rch or p ip e -c u t t in g m a­

th e w ork o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n d e d tra in in g a nd e x ­

c h i n e ; th re a d in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s

p e r ie n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t

or p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a nd fa s t e n in g

tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .
w h ose

E x c lu d e d

from t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n are w o r k e r s

primary duties in v o lv e s e t t in g up or a d ju s t in g m a c h in e s .

s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t

a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e by h a n d -d riv e n

p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g sta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s ,
flo w ,

and

siz e

of

p ip e r e q u ir e d ; m a k in g sta n d a r d

w h e th e r fin is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c if i c a t i o n s *

tests

to d e te rm in e

In g e n e r a l , th e w ork o f th e

m a in te n a n c e p ip e fit te r r e q u ir e s rou n d e d tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e

MILLWRIGHT

u s u a l ly

a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g a n d e x ­
I n s t a l l s n e w m a c h in e s or h e a v y e q u ip m e n t and d is m a n t le s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s or h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s




in th e p la n t la y o u t

p e r ie n c e . Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating system s are excluded .

19

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
K eeps

th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t

Work i n v o l v e s :
v e n ts

K n o w le d g e o f s a n it a r y c o d e s

and tra p s

( D i e m a k e r; jig m a k er; t o o l m a k e r ; fix tu r e m a k e r; g a u g e m ak er)

in g o o d o rd e r .

re g a r d in g i n s t a lla t io n

of
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o l s ,

in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a l l i n g or r e p a irin g p ip e s and

fix t u r e s ; o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a in s w ith a p lu n g e r or p lu m b er’ s

snake.

In

gau ges,

jig s ,

tu re s or d ie s for f o r g in g s , p u n c h in g and o th e r m e ta l-fo r m in g w o rk .

fix ­
Work

most o f the following: P la n n in g a nd la y in g out o f w ork from

g e n e r a l, th e w ork o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b er r e q u ir e s rou n d e d tra in in g

i n v o lv e s

and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo rm a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv ­

m o d e ls , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s ,

a le n t tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

u s in g a v a r ie t y

or o th er o r a l a nd w ritte n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

o f t o o l and d ie

m a k er’ s

h a n d to o ls and p r e c is io n m e a s ­

u rin g in s tr u m e n ts , u n d e rsta n d in g o f th e w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s

o f com m on

m e t a ls a nd a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p and o p e r a tin g o f m a c h in e t o o ls and r e la te d

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

e q u ip m e n t; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , an d m a in ta in s

in g o o d rep a ir th e

sh e e t-

a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e

pan s,

p a r ts du rin g fa b r ic a tio n a s w e ll a s o f fi n i s h e d t o o l s and d ie s to a c h ie v e

s h e l v e s , lo c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t il a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e ta l r o o fin g ) o f an

req u ire d q u a l i t i e s ; w o rk in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; fit t in g and a s s e m b l i n g

most o f the following: P la n n in g and l a y ­

o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p ro p ria te

m e ta l e q u ip m e n t a n d fix tu r e s (s u c h
e s t a b l is h m e n t .

W ork i n v o lv e s

o f w o rk , s p e e d s , f e e d s , and t o o lin g

m a t e r ia l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s .

o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a ttr e a tin g o f m e ta l

In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l and d ie

m a k er’ s

in g out a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t -m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w ork from b lu e p r in t s , m o d e ls ,
or oth er s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g up and o p e r a tin g a l l a v a il a b le t y p e s o f

w ork r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lr o o m

s h e e t-m e t a l-w o r k in g m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls

u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d through a fo rm a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g

b e n d in g , fo r m in g , s h a p in g , fit t in g , an d a s s e m b l i n g ;
m eta l a r tic le s

as

r e q u ir e d .

In g e n e r a l , th e

w ork o f

s h e e t -m e t a l w orker r e q u ir e s rou n d e d tr a in in g
a c q u ir e d

th rou gh

a

fo rm a l

a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

and

in

c u tt in g ,

in s ta llin g

sh e e t-

p r a c t ic e

a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

th e m a in te n a n c e

e x p e r ie n c e

u s u a l ly
F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w a g e

or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and

in t o o l a n d d ie

e x p e r ie n c e .

jo b b in g s h o p s

s t u d y p u r p o s e s , t o o l and d ie m ak ers

are e x c lu d e d

from t h is

c la s s ific a t io n .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
T r a n s p o r ts
ap artm e n t h o u s e ,

passen gers

d e p a rtm en t

b e tw e e n f lo o r s

sto re,

h o te l

or

o f an o ffic e
s im ila r

b u ild in g ,

e s t a b l is h m e n t .

W orkers w h o o p e r a te e l e v a t o r s in c o n ju n c tio n w ith o th e r d u t ie s s u c h a s
t h o s e o f s t a r te r s a n d ja n ito r s are e x c lu d e d .

or oth er e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e a combination of the following:
S w e e p in g , m o p p in g or s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h i p s ,
tr a s h , and o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, fu r n itu r e , or f ix t u r e s ; p o l i s h ­
in g m e ta l fix tu r e s or tr im m in g s; p r o v id in g s u p p l i e s a nd m inor m ain te*
n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; c le a n in g

la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s .

W ork ers

w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g are e x c lu d e d .

GUARD
P e rfo r m s ro u tin e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e it h e r a t fix e d p o s t or on to u r,

Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.

m a in ta in in g o rd er, u s in g arm s or fo r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r and s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; tru c k e r; s t o c k -

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

man or s t o c k h e lp e r ; w a r e h o u se m a n or w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )

(S w e e p e r ; c h a r w o m a n ; j a n i t r e s s )
A w o rk er e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t , s t o r e ,
C l e a n s an d k e e p s in an o rd erly c o n d it io n fa c to r y w o rk in g a r e a s
and w a s h r o o m s , or p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , a p artm e n t h o u s e , or c o m m e r c ia l




or o th er e s t a b l is h m e n t w h o s e d u t ie s

ing:

i n v o lv e

one or more o f the follow­

L o a d in g a nd u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls

a n d m e r c h a n d is e on or

20

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

from fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , or o th e r tra n s p o rtin g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v ­

For w age

s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o rk e rs a re c l a s s i f i e d

a s fo llo w s :

in g , or p l a c i n g m a t e r ia ls or m e r c h a n d is e in p ro p er s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; tr a n s ­
p o r tin g

m a t e r ia ls

or m e r c h a n d is e b y h an d tru c k , c a r , or w h e e lb a r r o w .

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded .
ORDER FILLER

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

(O rd e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e s t o c k m a n )
D r iv e s a tru ck w ith in a c i t y
F ills

s h ip p in g or tr a n s fe r o rd ers for fi n i s h e d g o o d s from s to r e d

m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s 9
o r d e r s , or o th e r in s t r u c t io n s .
c a t in g ite m s

fille d

M a y , in a d d itio n to f i l l i n g o rd e rs a n d in d i­

or o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is i ­

tio n a d d it io n a l s t o c k , or rep ort s h o r t s u p p li e s to s u p e r v is o r , and perform
o th e r r e la te d d u t i e s .

or in d u s t r ia l a re a to tra n sp o rt m a ­

t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m e n t, or m en b e tw e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s

such

w h o le s a le

a nd r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t s , or b e tw e e n r e t a il e s t a b l is h m e n t s

as:

M a n u fa c tu rin g p l a n t s ,

a n d c u s to m e r s * h o u s e s
tru ck w ith or w ith o u t

fr e ig h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s ,

or p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s .

M a y a l s o lo a d or u n lo a d

h e l p e r s , m ak e m inor m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e e p

tru ck in g o o d w o rk in g o rd er.

Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded .

PACKER, SHIPPING
For w age
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c ts fo r s h ip m e n t or s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g
th em in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s , th e
d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e ,

s p e c ific

o p e r a t io n s p e rform ed

b e in g

a n d num ber o f u n its

Work r e q u ir e s th e

a re c l a s s i f i e d

by s iz e

( T r a c t o r -t r a ile r s h o u ld b e r a te d on

to b e p a c k e d , th e

ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m eth od o f s h ip m e n t.

s t u d y p u r p o s e s , tru c k d riv e r s

and ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t, a s f o l l o w s :
th e b a s i s o f t r a ile r c a p a c i t y .)

p l a c i n g o f it e m s

in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s a n d

may involve one or more o f

the following: K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s t o c k in o rd er to v e r ify
c o n te n t; s e le c tio n
e n c lo s u r e s
b re a k a g e

o f a p p ro p ria te ty p e a n d s i z e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r tin g

in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r or o th e r m a t e r ia l

to p r e v e n t

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% ton s)
Truckdriver, medium (7 % to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

or d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a in e r ; a p p ly in g l a b e l s or

e n te r in g id e n t ify in g d a ta on c o n t a in e r .

Packers who also make wooden

TRUCKER, POWER

boxes or crates are excluded .
O p e r a te s

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o l i n e - or e l e c t r ic -p o w e r e d

tru ck or tra c to r to tra n sp o rt g o o d s

a n d m a t e r ia ls

o f a l l k in d s

about a

w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t , or o th e r e s t a b l is h m e n t .
P repares

m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h ip m e n t, or r e c e i v e s a nd i s r e s p o n ­

Shipping
work involves: A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s ,

s i b l e for in c o m in g s h ip m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e or o th e r m a t e r ia l s .

For w age
tru c k , a s f o l l o w s :

s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o rk e rs

are c l a s s i f i e d

b y ty p e

of

a v a il a b l e m e a n s o f tra n s p o rta tio n a n d r a t e s ; a nd p re p a rin g r e c o r d s o f th e
goods

s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a nd s h ip p in g

c h a r g e s , a n d k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
p rep a rin g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h ip m e n t.

M ay d ir e c t or a s s i s t in

Receiving work involves: V e r i ­

fy in g or d ir e c t in g o th e r s in v e r ify in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n t s a g a in s t
b ills

o f l a d in g , i n v o i c e s , or o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s

r e je c t in g d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u tin g m e r c h a n d is e or m a t e r ia ls
p a r tm e n ts ; m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s a n d f i l e s .




Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN

a nd

to p rop er d e ­

M a k e s ro u n d s

o f p r e m is e s p e r i o d i c a l ly

in p r o te c t in g p ro p erty

a g a in s t f i r e , t h e f t , a nd i l l e g a l e n tr y .
U.S. G V R M N PR TIN O F E : I960 0 —568895
O E N E T IN G F IC

O c c u p a tio n a l

Wage

S u rv e y s

Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D .C., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.
Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N .Y .— Bull. 1285
Albuquerque, N. Mex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—
Bethlehem—Easton,
P a.— J.— Bull. 1285N.
Atlanta, Ga.— Bull. 1285Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285Beaumont—Port Arthur, T ex .—-B ull. 1285Birmingham, Ala.— Bull. 1285-

Green Bay, Wis.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S.C .— Bull. 1285Houston, T ex .— Bull. 1285Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285Jackson, M iss.— Bull. 1285Jacksonville, F la.— Bull. 1285Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans.— Bull. 1285Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H.— Bull. 1285Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark.— Buil. 1285-

Pittsburgh, P a.— Bull. 1285Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285Portland, Oreg.—
Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence—Pawtucket, R .I.—
Mass.— Bull. 1285Raleigh, N .C.— Bull. 1285Richmond, V a.— Bull. 1285Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285St. Louis, Mo.-111.— Bull. 1285Salt Lake City, Utah— Buli. 1285-

B oise, Idaho— Bull. 1285Boston, Mass.— Bull. 1285Buffalo, N.Y.— Bull. 1285Burlington, Vt.— Bull. 1285Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Charleston, W. Va.— Bull. 1285Charlotte, N .C.— Bull. 1285Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga.— Bull. 1285Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285-

Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif.— Bull. 1285Louisville, Ky.—
Ind.— Bull. 1285Lubbock, T ex.— Bull. 1285Manchester, N.H.— Buil. 1285-1
Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285Miami, F la .— Bull. 1285Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285-

San Antonio, T ex.— Bull. 1285San Bernardino—Riverside—
Ontario,
C alif.— Buil. 1285San Francisco—
Oakland, C a lif.— Bull. 1285Savannah, Ga.— Bull. 1285Scranton, Pa.— Bull. 1285Seattle, Wash.— Bull. 1285Sioux Falls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285South Bend, Ind.-—Bull. 1285-

Cincinnati, Ohio— y.— Bull. 1285K
Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285Dallas, Tex.— Bull. 1285Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.—
Bull. 1285Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Denver, C olo.-—Bull. 1285Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285Detroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285Fort Worth, T ex.— Buil. 1285-

Newark and Jersey City, N.J.— Bull. 1285New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285New Orleans, L a.— Bull. 1285New York, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Norfolk—Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va.— Bull. 1285Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa— Bull. 1285Paterson—
Clifton—Passaic, N .J.— Bull. 1285Philadelphia, Pa.— Bull. 1285Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-

Spokane, Wash.-—Bull. 1285Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285Trenton, N.J.— Bull. 1285Washington, D .C .—
Md.— a.— Bull. 1285V
Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285Wilmington, D ei.— .J.— Bull. 1285N
Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285York, P a.— Bull. 1285-




An a s te r is k p reced in g a labor market in d ic a te s the a v a ila b ility and
p rice

of

the

b u lle tin .

P le a s e

do

not

order

c o p ie s

in

advance.





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102