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Occupational Wage Survey

SIOUX FALLS, SOUTH DAKOTA
NOVEMBER 1960

Bulletin N o . 1285-17




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan C la g w , Commissioner




Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
New England Region
18 Oliver Street
Boston 10, Mass.
Liberty 2-2115

Occupational Wage Survey
S IO U X F A L L S , S O U T H D A K O T A




NOVEMBER 1960

Bulletin No. 1285-17
December I960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan ClaguB, Commissionor

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U .S . Government Printing Office, Washington

25,

D .C .

Price

15 cents




Contents

Preface

Page

The B ureau of L a b or S ta tistics r e g u la r ly conducts
a r e a w i d e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b e r o f i m p o r t a n t i n d u s t r i a l
c e n t e r s . T h e s t u d ie s , m a d e f r o m late fa ll to e a r l y s p r in g ,
r e l a t e to o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s an d r e l a t e d s u p p l e m e n t a r y
b e n e fit s . A p r e l i m i n a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p l e t i o n
o f t h e s t u d y i n e a c h a r e a , u s u a l l y in t h e m o n t h f o l l o w i n g
the p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d . T h i s b u l l e t i n p r o v i d e s a d d i t i o n a l
data n o t i n c l u d e d in the e a r l i e r r e p o r t .
A consolid ated
a n a l y t i c a l b u l l e t i n s u m m a r i z i n g t h e r e s u l t s o f a l l o f the
y e a r * s s u r v e y s is i s s u e d a f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f t h e f i n a l a r e a
b u l l e t i n f o r the c u r r e n t r o u n d o f s u r v e y s .

1

T a b les:
1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y ----------------------

A:

O ccu p ation al e a rn in g s:*
A - 1.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s ----------------------------------------------------A -2 .
P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s -----------A - 3.
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s --------A - 4.
C u s t o d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s

A p pen dix:

O ccu p ation al d e s c rip tio n s

T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u ^ r e g i o n a l
o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , III. , b y W o o d r o w C . L i n n , u n d e r the
d ire c tio n of G e o r g e E. V otava, A ssista n t R eg ion al D ir e c t o r
f o r W a g e s and I n d u s t r i a l R e l a t i o n s .




* N O T E : S i m i l a r t a b u l a t i o n s a r e a v a i l a b l e in the S io u x
F a i l s r e p o r t f o r F e b r u a r y I9 6 0 , w h ic h a l s o in c lu d e s data
on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o ­
v isio n s.
A d i r e c t o r y in d ic a t in g d ate o f stu d y and the p r i c e
o f that r e p o r t and o f the r e p o r t s f o r o t h e r m a j o r a r e a s is
a v a ila b le upon req u est.
U nion s c a l e s , in d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a ilin g p a y l e v e l s ,
a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r s e v e n s e l e c t e d b u i l d i n g t r a d e s in the
S iou x F a ils a r e a .

m

2

^

I n t r o d u c t i o n -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

m co

The C o m m u n ity W age S u rv ey P r o g r a m

5




Occupational Wage Survey—Sioux Falls, S. Dak.
Introduction

T h is a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p orta n t in d u str ia l c e n t e r s in
w h ich the U. S. D ep artm en t o f L a b o r 's B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics
con d u cts s u r v e y s o f o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d w age b e n e fits
on an a r e a b a s is .
The b u lletin p r e s e n ts c u r r e n t o c cu p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t and
e a rn in g s in fo rm a tio n obtain ed la r g e ly b y m a il fr o m the e sta b lis h m e n ts
v is it e d b y B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is t s in the la s t p r e v io u s su r v e y f o r o c c u ­
p a tion s r e p o r t e d in that e a r lie r study.
P e r s o n a l v is it s w e r e m a de
to n o n resp on d en ts and to th ose re sp o n d e n ts r e p o rtin g unusual ch a n g es
s in c e the p r e v io u s su rv ey .

In e a ch a r e a , data a r e obtain ed fr o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u factu rin g; t r a n s p o r ­
tation , 1 co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ­
ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r
in d u stry g ro u p s e x clu d ed fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving
fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m ber o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itted a ls o b e c a u s e
they fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t em p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n s studied to w a r ­
ran t in clu s io n . W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , se p a ra te ta bu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d
fo r ea ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h ese su r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v olv ed in su rv e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts. T o obtain
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is studied. In com b in in g the data, h o w ­
e v e r , a ll esta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv en th e ir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t. E s tim a te s
b a s e d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , a s r e ­
la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a , e x ­
c e p t f o r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.
O ccu p a tion s and E a rn in gs
The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u factu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tion a l c l a s ­
s ific a tio n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to

1 R a ilr o a d s , fo r m e r l y ex clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f th e se stu d ies,
w e r e in clu d ed in a ll o f the a r e a s stud ied s in c e J u ly 1959, e x c e p t
B a ltim o r e , B u ffa lo, C levela n d , and S eattle.
R a ilr o a d s a r e now in ­
clu d e d in the s c o p e o f a l l la b o r -m a r k e t w ag e s u r v e y s .




take a c c o u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u tie s w ith in the sa m e
jo b . (S ee ap p en d ix f o r lis tin g o f th ese d e s c r i p t i o n s .) E a rn in g s data a r e
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p e s o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a) O ffice c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c ) m a in te ­
n an ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t.

O ccu p a tion a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th o se h ire d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
u le in the g iv e n o ccu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in g s data e x clu d e
p r e m iu m pa y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and
la te sh ifts.
N on p rod u ction b o n u s e s a r e e x clu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u se s and in ce n tiv e ea rn in g s a r e in clu d e d .
W h ere w eek ly
h o u rs a r e r e p o r te d , a s f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o rk sc h e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) fo r w h ich
s tr a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r th ese
o c cu p a tio n s h ave b e e n rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f m e n and w o m e n a r e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a te ly
f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s in w h ich both s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly em p lo y e d .
D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls o f m en and w om en in th e se o c cu p a tio n s a r e
la r g e ly due to (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong
in d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts ; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific d u ties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the o c cu p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s ifi e d w ithin
the sa m e s u rv e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in len gth o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w w hen in d iv id u a l s a la r ie s a r e a d ju ste d on th is b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ould r e s u lt in h ig h e r a v e r a g e pay
w hen both s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ith in the sa m e r a te ra n g e.
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th e se s u r v e y s a r e u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o se u se d in in d iv id u a l esta b lis h m e n ts to
a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am on g e sta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific d u ties
p e r fo r m e d .

O ccu p a tion a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the tota l in a ll
e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and n ot the n u m b er a c tu ­
a lly s u rv e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re am ong
e sta b lis h m e n ts , the e s t im a te s o f o ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t obtain ed
fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the
r e la t iv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s studied.
T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tion a l stru c tu re d o n ot m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in g s data.




2

Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Sioux F alls, S. Dak. , 1
by m ajor industry division, 2 November I960
Number of establishments

Industry division

A ll divisions

_

Within
scope of
study 3
...................... .

Manufacturing __________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________________
Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 4 _____________________________________
Wholesale trade 5 ___________________________________________
Retail trade 5 ________________________________________________
Finance, insurance, and real e sta te5 ____________________
Services 5 , 6
_

Studied

Workers in establishments
Within
scope of
study

Studied

56

53

8, 900

8, 520

18
38

16
37

4, 700
4, 200

4, 430
4, 090

12
7
13
4
2

11
7
13
4
2

1, 900
500
1, 300
300
200

1,830
490
1, 300
280
190

1 The Sioux Falls Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea (Minnehaha County).
The "w orkers within scope of study" estimates shown in this
table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended,
however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other area employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage
surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments are e x ­
cluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division. Major
changes from the earlier edition (used in the Bureau's labor market wage surveys conducted prior to July 1958) are the transfer of milk pasteuri­
zation plants and ready-m ixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or retail) to manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television
broadcasting from services to the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the m in im u m -size limitation (50 em ployees). A ll outlets (within the area) of
companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair services, and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
5 This industry division is represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the series A tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or more of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit
separate presentation, (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
6 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and engineering
and architectural services.

A* O ccupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu p ation s stud ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , Sioux F a l l s , S. D ak . , N o v e m b e r I 9 6 0 )

Average
S ex, o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours ,
(Standard/

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly
earnings ,
(Standard/

$
40. 00
and
un d er
45. 00

$
45. 00

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

$
60. 00

$
65. 00

$
7 0 .0 0

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

50. 00

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

8 5 .0 0

-

-

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 120.00 125. 00
and
over
90. 00 95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . oo 115. 00 120.00 125.00

M en
40. 0
40. 0

$ 9 9 .0 0
104. 00

-

-

-

-

16

-

-

2
2

2
1

1
-

-

3
1

2
-

2
2

-

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B ---------------------N on m an u factu rin g -----------------------------------------------------------

32
23

40. 0
4 0 .0

54. 00
50. 50

5
5

10
10

5
4

6
2

1
1

2
-

2
-

-

1
1

-

-

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s A --------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g ------------------------------------------------------------

17
15

40. 0
40. 5

68. 50
67. 50

-

1
1

1
1

3
3

1
1

4
4

1
1

3
2

1
-

-

2
2

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s B --------------------------------------------M an u factu rin g ------------------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g -----------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 -----------------------------------------------------------

71
19
52
18

40.
40.
40.
40.

59.
7 l.
55.
64.

50
50
50
00

10
1
9
3

16
5
13
1

12
2
10
2

8
2
6
-

7
1
6
5

2
2
2

-

1
1
1

2
2
2

7
5
2
2

C le r k s , f il e , c la s s B -----------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g ------------------------------------------------------------

22
20

40. 0
40. 0

46. 50
44. 50

12
12

4
3

5
5

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

--

-

1
-

_

-

-

K eypunch o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------------------------------

21

40. 0

72. 00

-

2

4

1

-

-

1

5

1

6

1

-

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s A ----------------------------------------------.N onm an ufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------

24

2
2

l
1

1
1

2
-

2
2

-

-

-

“

-

"

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

l

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
4

W om e n

0
0
0
0

_

S e c r e t a r i e s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g ------------------------------------------------------------

29
16

40. 5
40. 5

75. 50
82. 50

-

S te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l -------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g -----------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilitie s 2 -----------------------------------------------------------

95
7b
28

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

64. 00
6 l . 00
67. 50

7
7
1

T y p is ts , c la s s B --------------------------------------------------------------------

47

40. 0

53. 50

12

6
------5—
1
-

1
1

2
-

6
2

2
-

2
2

3
2

1
1

2
1

4
2

3
2

-

1
1

14
5

13
ll
3

10
9
3

11
7
1

4
4
1

6
6
2

9
7
5

7
-

8
4
4

4
2
2

1
-

-

i

-

11

9

6

2

1

1

3

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

12

1 Standard h ou rs r e f le c t the w ork w eek for w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s and the ea rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 W o r k e r s w e r e d istrib u te d as fo llo w s : 1 at $ 1 2 5 to $ 1 3 0 ; 2 at $ 1 3 0 to $ 1 3 5 ; 1 at $ 1 4 0 to $ 1 4 5 .
3 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s .




_

-

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations

S a la r ie s of p r o fe s s io n a l and tec h n ica l w o r k e r s a r e o m itted
fr o m this r e p o r t .
D ata do not m e e t p u b lic ation c r it e r ia .

i

-

1
1
------1----- ------ j----

-

-

-

4

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , Sioux F a ll s , S. D ak. , N o v e m b e r I960)
NU M BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGH T-TIM E HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O ccu p a tion and in d u s try d iv is io n

22

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in te n a n ce )

$

$

Average j
hourly
earnings

1. 50
and
un d er
1 .6 0

$ 2 .4 5

$

1. 60
1. 70

$

1. 70
1. 80

1

$

1. 80
1. 90

$

1. 90

$

2. 00
2. 10

2. 00

h o lid a y s ,

2 .2 0

$
2. 30

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2. 60

8

2. 20

1

1 E x clu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,

$

2. 10

2

2

$

$

2. 70

2. 70

$
2. 80

$
2. 90

2. 80

2. 60

2. 90

3. 00

3

$

$

3. 00

3. 10

3. 10

3. 20

4

1

and la te s h ifts .

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , Sioux F a ll s , S. Dak. , N o v e m b e r I960)

1. 10

J a n ito r s, p o r te r s , and r le a n e r s
... ----M an u fac tu rin g _ _____ ___________________________
N on m an u factu rin g __________________________ ___
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l handling ___________________
M a n u factu rin g _______________ _____________ __

$1 . 60
63
----- IB-----1. 84
37
1 .4 3
185
113

8
1
7

$

1. 30

$

$

1. 50

$ 1. 60

$ 1. 70

$ 1. 80

$ 1. 90

$2. 00

$ 2. 10

$ 2. 20

1 .6 0

1. 70

1 .8 0

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2

2
2

11
11
"

2
1
1

-

49
49

_

2

"

$ 1. 20

1 .2 0

1. 30

7
7

6
4
2

4
2
2

7
2
5

5
2
3

1
1

5
5

-

1 .4 0

1 .4 0
1. 50

3
1
2

T

48
1

_

_
“

_
“

8
8
“

~

1 .9 3
1.91

_

_

_

"

-

-

2
2

5
4

26
24

18
14

21
5

6
6

8
8

_
-

_
“

3
3

3
------ 1
-----2

20
14
6

3
1
2

23
23

1
-

2

1

~

_
”

9
9

13
13

9
9
"

18
18

_
“

_
“

_
"

O rd er fille r s
. .
M an u factu rin g ____________________________________
N o n m an u factu rin g __ _____ ___________________

63
----- IB-----37

1. 73
T7K3
1 .6 6

_
"

T r u c k d r iv e r s 3 ______________ _________ ___________
M an u fac tu rin g ............................. .
....................... .
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________

97
------3?-----62

1 .9 9
2. 03
1 .9 7

_

_

• -

-

-

-

1
1
"

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m {l^/z to and
in clu d ing 4 tons)
.. . ..

51

2. 22

-

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a ile r t y p e ) _______ _ _____ ___________________

32

1. 75

-

-

1 Data lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s .
2 E x clu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
3 In clu d es a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f s iz e and type o f tr u c k o p e r a te d .




$

1. 10

o

Average 2 $
hourly
1. 00
earnings
and
under

3
--------3—

$2. 50

$ 2. 60

$ 2. 70

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

-

-

-

_
-

_

_

_

-

“

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
1
1

12
5
7

—
2

12

-

-

1
1
“

1

-

-

2

-

-

1

8

18

-

-

-

8

1

-

3

-

4

6

4

12

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

and la te s h ifts .

11
8
-------2----- ------5-----3
9

2

$2 .4 0

o

Number
of
workers

w
M
N
• 1 •
^
U
>

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccu p ation 1 and in d u stry d iv isio n

8
— s—
2

-•

2
-------

l

5

Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E
B I L L E R , M A CH IN E

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (hilling machine)— Uses a special billing ma­

chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




Class A — Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B — Keeps a record o f one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keepingPhases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

6

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— -Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allo ca tio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal entries; may direct c la s s B accounting
clerks.

Class B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine accountingwork is subdivided on a functional b asis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e c e s­
sary data on the payroll sh eets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of sta tis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE
Class A — In an establish ed filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , c la s s ifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
Class B — Performs routine filin g, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is ea sily identifiable, or locates
or a s s is ts in locating material in file s .
May perform incidental
clerical duties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilitie s, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilitie s, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

7
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone c a lls ; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May a lso set up and keep file s in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (se e transcribing-machine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand Qr by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a sin gle- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls .
May record toll ca lls and take m e ssag es. May give information to per­
sons who ca ll in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. A s a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically in volves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May a lso include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C — Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

8

TYPIST— Continued

TYPIST
U ses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of ste n cils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing pro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.

tuation, e tc ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated sta tistica l tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

Class B — Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licie s,
e tc .; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

Class A — Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

P R O F E S S IO N A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(A ssistan t draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketch es,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a s s is t subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

AND

T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of materials, beams add tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
sp ecification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishm ent. Duties in v o lv e'a combina­
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
TRACER
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p o ses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, c r o ss-sectio n s, e tc ., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pen cil. U ses
T-square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

9

M A IN T E N A N C E

D POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, ca sin g s, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power too ls, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
v a lv es. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications ;.locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A s s is ts one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and too ls; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; a ssistin g worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time b a sis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jig s, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most o f the following P l a n n i n g
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requ iring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, sp eeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this cla ssification .

:

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

10

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine too ls; shaping of metal parts to clo se tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to str e sse s, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, bu ses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
v alves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is ­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
fa ce s of mechanical equipment of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w a lls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or con sisten cy. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, g a s, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written sp ecification s; cutting various s iz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ie s; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating system s are excluded.

11

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, in sta lls, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installing sh eetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop too ls, gauges, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and a llo ys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker's
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssification .

C U S T O D IA L AND M A T E R IA L MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

12

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d ev ic es; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.
ORDER FILLER

SrtlPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sa le s slip s, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such a s : Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of bu sin ess. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, s iz e , and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are c la ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER

boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in voices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s .




Operates a manually controlled g a so lin e- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d
truck, as follow s:

by type of

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆

U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1960

O — 577968

Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D .C., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.

Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Albuquerque, N . M ex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—Bethlehem—Easton,
P a .- N .J .— Bull. 1285Atlanta, G a .-— Bull. 1285Baltimore, M d.— Bull. 1285Beaumont—Port Arthur, T e x .— Bull. 12 85Birmingham, A la .— Bull. 1285

*G reen B a y , W is .— B u ll. 1285-2
G r e e n v ille , S .C .— B u ll. 12 85H ou ston , T e x .— B u ll. 12 85In d ia n a p o lis , In d .— B u ll. 12 85J a c k s o n , M i s s .— B u ll. 12 85J a c k s o n v ille , F l a .— B u ll. 12 85K a n sa s C ity , M o.—K a n s .— B u ll. 1285-1 8
L a w r e n c e —H a v e rh ill, M a s s .—N .H .— B u ll. 1285* ^ L it t le R o c k —North L ittle R o c k , A r k .— B u ll. 1 2 8 5 -6
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a c h , C a l i f s — B u ll. 1285L o u is v ille , K y .—In d .— B u ll. 1285L u b b o c k , T e x .— B u ll. 12 85* M a n ch ester, N .H .— B u ll. 1285-1
M em phis, T e n n .— B u ll. 1285M iam i, F l a .— B u ll. 1285M ilw au k ee, W is .— B u ll. 12 85M in n e a p o lis—St. P a u l, M inn.— B u ll. 1285M u sk egon —M uskegon H e ig h ts, M ich .— B u ll. 1285-

B o ise, Idaho— Bull. 1285Boston, M a ss.— Bull. 1285-15
Buffalo, N .Y .— Bull. 12 85Burlington, V t .— Bull. 1285Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Charleston, W. V a .-— Bull. 12 85Charlotte, N .C .— Bull. 12 85Chattanooga, T enn.—G a .— Bull. 1285-1 4
Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285-

An a s t e r is k
p r ic e

Price, 20 cents.
Price, 25 cents.




San A n ton io, T e x .— B u ll. 12 85*S an B ern ard in o—R iv e r s id e —O n tario,
C a l i f .— B u ll. 1 2 8 5 -4
San F r a n c is c o —O akland, C a l i f .— B u ll. 1285S avannah, G a. — B u ll. 1285S cranton, P a .— B u ll. 1285-8
S e a ttle , W ash.— B u ll. 1285-7
Sioux F a lls , S. D a k .— B u ll. 1285-17
South B end, In d .— B u ll. 1285-

N ewark and J e r s e y C ity , N .J .— B u ll. 1285New H aven , C o n n .— B u ll. 1285N ew O rlea n s, L a .— B u ll. 1285N ew Y ork, N .Y .— B u ll. 1285N o r fo lk —P ortsm outh and N ew port N e w s —
Ham pton, V a .— B u ll. 12 85n ^ O k la h om a C ity , O k la .— B u ll. 1 2 85-3
Om aha, N e b r.—Io w a — B u ll. 1285-13
P a te r s o n —C lift o n —P a s s a i c , N .J .— B u ll. 12 85P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— B u ll. 12 85P h o e n ix , A r iz .— B u ll. 1285-

Cincinnati, Ohio—K y .— Bull. 1285Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1 2 8 5 -1 1
Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285D a lla s, T e x .— Bull. 1285Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111.—
Bull. 1285-1 6
Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 12 85Denver, C o lo .— Bull. 1285Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285Detroit, M ich.— Bull. 1285Fort Worth, T e x .— Bu ll. 1285-

*
**

P ittsb u rg h , P a .— B u ll. 12 85P ortla n d , M aine— B u ll. 1285P ortla n d , O r e g .—W ash.— B u ll. 1285P r o v id e n c e —P a w tu ck e t, R . I. —M a s s .— B u ll. 1285* * R a le ig h , N .C .— B u ll. 1 2 8 5 -5
R ich m on d , V a .— B u ll. 1285R o c k fo r d , 111.— B u ll. 12 85St. L o u is , M o.—111.— B u ll. 1 2 8 5 -1 0
Salt L ak e C ity , U tah— B u ll. 12 85-

of

th e

p r e c e d in g
b u lle tin .

a la b o r m ark et i n d i c a t e s
P le a s e

do

not

order

S p ok an e, W ash.— B u ll. 1285T o le d o , O h io — B u ll. 1285T ren ton , N .J .— B u ll. 1285W ashington, D .C .—M d.—V a .— B u ll. 1285W aterbury, C o n n .— B u ll. 1 2 85W aterloo, Iow a — B u ll. 12 85W ich ita, K a n s .— B u ll. 12 85-9
W ilm ington, D e l . - N . J . — B u ll. 1 2 8 5 -1 2
W orcester, M a s s .— B u ll. 12 85Y ork , P a .— B u ll. 1285-

th e a v a i l a b i l i t y
c o p ie s

in

an d

ad van ce.





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102